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Lamina Stiffness and Compliance Calculator

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Composite Materials

Given the material properties of a unidirectional lamina, this calculator constructs the stiffness matrix [C] and
the compliance matrix [S] of the lamina in the principal directions.

If the angle of rotation of the lamina is given (other than 0 degree), this calculator also constructs the
stiffness matrix [ ] and the compliance matrix [ ] in the rotated directions.

Input

Unit

Unit of Stiffness: GPa

Material Properties

Material:
Material: as4
Custom
If the material is not in the list, please select 'Custom' and enter the Young's Modulus along Fibers
data. 136.0
E1 :

Young's Modulus Normal to Fibers


9.370
E2 :

Shear Modulus G12 : 5.290

Poisson's Ratio 12 : 0.290

Angle of Rotation

Rotating Angle :
90 degree

(0 degree is the principal direction)

Calculate Again

Answer

The stiffness and compliance matrices of as4 in the principal directions and 90 degree direction are calculated
as follows:

Stress-Strain Relations for Lamina for Principal Directions

The stiffness matrix [C] in the principal directions is

[C]=

136.8 2.733 0

= 2.733 9.425 0 GPa

0 0 5.290

The compliance matrix [S] in the principal direction is

[S]=

0.007353 -0.002132 0

= -0.002132 0.1067 0 GPa^-1

0 0 0.1890

Coordinate Transformation Matrix

The coordinate transformation matrix is

[T]=

0 1.000 0

= 1.000 0 0

0 0 -1.000

where = 90 degree.

The engineering-tensor interchange matrix [R] is

Stiffness and Compliance Matrices for Angled Lamina


The stiffness matrix for a lamina of 90 degree can be expressed in terms of the stiffness matrix in the
principal direction,

[ ]=

9.425 2.733 0

= 2.733 136.8 0 GPa

0 0 5.290

The complicance matrix for a lamina of 90 degree can be obtained in a similar manner.

[ ]=

0.1067 -0.002132 0

= -0.002132 0.007353 0 GPa^-1

0 0 0.1890

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