Sie sind auf Seite 1von 15

Imagery, Automation, and Applications

FINAL ASSIGNMENT

Floods in North California

Carlos Torres Henao

Geographic information systems (GIS)


University of California, Davis
September 2018
CONTENT
1. REQUIRED INFORMATION FOR ANALYSIS ................................................................................... 3
2. QUESTIONS .................................................................................................................................. 4
3. METHODOLOGY .......................................................................................................................... 5
4. DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY AREA ........................................................................................... 5
5. CLASSIFICATION OF SATELLITE IMAGERY AND MAPPING OF COVERAGE................................... 5
6. MAPPING OF FLOOD THREAT AND RISK AREAS – MODELBUILDER ............................................ 8
6.1. PROCESS .............................................................................................................................. 9
6.2. EXECUTING THE MODEL .................................................................................................... 11
6.3. RESULTS ............................................................................................................................. 12
FINAL ASSIGNMENT
FLOODS IN NORTH CALIFORNIA

For the final work I have chosen to make flood risk analysis for the northern
region of California proposed by Nick Santos.

1. REQUIRED INFORMATION FOR ANALYSIS

To this target I have compiled the following information:


TYPE DATA SOURCE
SATELLITE IMAGES  ID:LT05_L1TP_044033 https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/
LANSAT 4-5 TM C1 _19970114_20160924
Level 1 _01_T1
 Acquisition Date:14-
JAN-97

 ID:LT05_L1TP_044033
_19961026_20160924
_01_T1
 Acquisition Date:26-
OCT-96

Shape File  USGS NED 1/3 https://viewer.nationalmap.gov/basic/#pr


arc-second oductSearch
Contours (1:24,000- Contours for
scale) Ukiah E,
California
20180211 1 X 1
degree
Shapefile
 USGS NED 1/3
arc-second
Contours for
Sacramento E,
California
20180211 1 X 1
degree
Shapefile
 USGS NED 1/3
arc-second
Contours for
Chico E,
California
20180211 1 X 1
degree
Shapefile
 USGS NED 1/3
arc-second
Contours for
Ukiah E,
California
20180211 1 X 1
degree
Shapefile

Shape file File Naming https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-


Convention: data/data/cbf/cbf_ua.html
Urban Areas cb_2017_us_ua
10_500k.

2. QUESTIONS

Due of the flood of January 1997 in North Carolina:

 What areas are considered high risk flood?


 What was the flood area in January 1997?
 What are the areas of flood risk in each urban area located in the study
area?
3. METHODOLOGY

In the following analysis the following were developed:

a. Delimitation of the study area


b. Search and Data Acquisition
c. Analysis and classification of satellite images
d. Determination of flood sheet and identification of areas with natural
water
e. Determination of high risk flood areas
f. Determination of flood risk areas

4. DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY AREA

After having compiled the base cartographic information, a study area was
delimited in order to eliminate the areas with cloudiness and focus the
analysis on the "Valle" geoform, which is where the floods occur, as shown in
the following figure:

Figure 1. Definition of study area

5. CLASSIFICATION OF SATELLITE IMAGERY AND MAPPING OF


COVERAGE
As we mentioned earlier, to determine the stain flood and natural water were
analyzed and classified two satellite images: The first 24th October 1996 and
the second 14th January 1997 which have a cloud area insignificant.

As was suggested for this year, four categories (water, urban areas,
agriculture and open spaces), each with 10 control points as shown in the
following figures were determined:

Figure 2. Analysis and classification of image LT05_L1TP_044033_19970114_20160924_01_T1

Figure 3. Analysis and classification of image LT05_L1TP_044033_19961026_20160924_01_T1


Figure 4. Analysis and classification of LT05_L1TP_044033_19961026_20160924_01_T1 image.
Union of samples

After making sampling the two images where shown before and after the
January 1997 flood proceed to make the coverage maps as shown in the
following figures:

Figure 5. Coverage Map. 26th October 1996


Figure 6. Coverage Map. January 1997.

6. MAPPING OF FLOOD THREAT AND RISK AREAS – MODELBUILDER

In order to determine the flood sheet, areas of hazard and risk defined in the
study is necessary to understand the concepts of vulnerability, hazard and
risk:
Figure 7: Schematic representation of risk as the multiplication of hazard, vulnerability and
quantification of the exposed elements-at-risk. The various aspects of hazards, vulnerability
and elements-at-risk and their interactions are also indicated. This framework focuses on
the analysis of physical losses, using physical vulnerability data.

For this exercise alone will be taken into account population centers as
vulnerable zones, in real life should analyze all types of infrastructure, crops
and other elements that may constitute a loss.

As requested, all operations were performed in the ArcGis ModelBuilder. The


following input data were determined:

 Level of contour lines


 Determination of the height of the water layer (SQL Expression)
 Map of coverage before the flood (Coverage map 1)
 Map of coverage after the flood (Coverage map 2)
 Map of cities

Figure 8. ModelBuilder Flooding hazard and risk

6.1. PROCESS

First step: extraction of the sheets of water before and after the flood
Second step: Determination of the flood sheet in January 1997 and the high
flood zone:

Third step: delimitation of the area of interest (valley) and entrance of the
level of the sheet of water:

Fourth step: determination of flood hazard map:


Fourth step: determination of flood risk map:

6.2. EXECUTING THE MODEL

Once all the input data have been entered, it is expected to obtain the
following results:

 High flood hazard map


 Risk map
 Map of natural water sheet

A level curve of 100 meters to water height was determined and was
previously merge the four contour sheets and subsequently the study area
for the clip was made.

Figura 9. Modelbuilder.
Figure 10. Data input and output addresses of modelBuilder.

Figure 11. Results

6.3. RESULTS

Natural water:
OBJECTID * Shape * Shape_Length Shape_Area
1 Polygon 4619531,239112 378554978,996881
Flooding January 1997
OBJECTID * Value Count Area_m ts2
1 1 794460 715014000
Flooding hazard and risk
Value Area_mts2 Zone
1 396137700 Medium flooding risk
2 397809000 High flooding risk
3 274474800 Low flooding risk