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THE PAPER ENGLISH LANGUAGE

READING

Compiled To Complete The Task Of English


Supporting Lecturer : Herry Prasetyo, MN

Compiled By :

Ica Marisa

(P1337420217113)

1C

HEALTH POLYTECHNIC OF SEMARANG


STUDY PROGRAM DIII OF NURSING PURWOKERTO
2018

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PREFACE

First of all, the writer wants to express his thanks to Allah SWT who gives
us guidance to finish this paper. We would like to express gratitude to all those who
help us to finish this paper, both morally and materially in the form of
encouragement, for we believe that without help and support of them it is very
difficult for us to finish it.

We realize that in preparing this paper, we have the criticism and


suggestions that are built in this paper. We hope this paper usefull for the readers.

Purwokerto, March 30, 2018

Compiler

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER ............................................................................................................. i
PREFACE ......................................................................................................... ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................. iii

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
A. The Background of the Analysis ..................................................................... 1
B. Purpose ............................................................................................................ 1

CHAPTER II DISCUSSION
A. Possibility & Certainty ..................................................................................... 2
B. The Present Perfect Continuous ...................................................................... 9
C. Topic of Ability ............................................................................................... 13
D. Present Continuous Tense ............................................................................... 17
E. Topic of Permission ......................................................................................... 22
F. Present Perfect Tense ........................................................................................ 26
G. State & Action Verbs ....................................................................................... 31

CHAPTER III CLOSING


A. Conclusion........................................................................................................ 43
B. Advice ............................................................................................................ 43

REFERENCES .................................................................................................. 44

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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A. The Background of the Analysis

Reading is an important part of learning English. This guide to how to improve


your reading skills will help you improve reading by using skills you use in your own
language. In other words, one of the best tips on improving reading is to think about
how you read in your own language.
Reading is an activity process to obtain information. By reading we can know
something we do not know yet, reading also provides a broad insight into our
knowledge. So many benefits of reading, but this activity is very difficult to make in
daily routine. Reading has a very important social role in human life of all time. Which
is used by the reader to obtain information messages, which will be conveyed by the
author through the media words or written language.
The fluent reader creates hypotheses for the text they will read based on what
they have read, their knowledge in the field, and their knowledge of the language, and
only uses the printed aspect they need to confirm their hypothesis.
Reading activity is to understand the content, ideas or ideas either expressed
or implied in the reading material. Thus, understanding becomes a measurable product
in reading, not physical behavior at the time of reading. The essence or the essence of
reading is understanding.
In reading, we must also understand and pay attention to correct sentence
patterns. there are some English sentence patterns that need to be known in this paper
along with examples of reading and sentence in it.

B. Purpose

1. To know example of sentences about Possibility & Certainty


2. To know example of sentences aboutThe Present Perfect Continuous

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3. To know example of sentences about ability
4. To know example of sentences about Present Continuous Tense
5. To know example of sentences about permission
6. To know example of sentences about present perfect tense
7. To know example of sentences about state & action verbs

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CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION

A. POSSIBILITY & CERTAINTY

1. Text 1

The Fox and The Crow

Eventually there was a fox that saw a Crow flying off with an item of
cheese in its beak as well as clear up pleasantly on a branch of a tree.
” That’s my food, because I am a Fox,” Master Reynard stated, while he was
mosting likely to the foot of the tree.
” Good day, Girlfriend Crow,” he welcomed. “Just how gorgeous you are
looking today: how shiny your softy plumes; exactly how brilliant your eagle
eye. I feel certain your voice must surpass that of various other birds, just as
your number does; allow me take pleasure in one tune from you that I may greet
you as the Queen of Birds.”

The Crow lifted up her head and also croaked her ideal, but the minute
she opened her mouth the item of cheese dropped to the ground, and directly
got by Master Fox.

” That will certainly do,” he said. “That was all I actually desired. As the
substitution for your cheese I will give you an item of sensible suggestions for
the future: “Do not depend on phonies.”

Analysis A Possibility & Certainty


a. May : allow me take pleasure in one tune from you that I may greet you as
the Queen of Birds.
b. Must : I feel certain your voice must surpass that of various other birds

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2. Text 2

Golden Snail

Once, there was a couple living in a royal residence. They were Prince
Raden Putra and also Dewi Limaran. Royal prince Raden Putra’s papa was the
king of the kingdom.
One day, Dewi Limaran was walking in the royal residence yard. All of a
sudden she saw a snail. It was awful as well as disgusting.
” Yuck!” stated Dewi Limaran and afterwards she threw it away right into a
river.
She did not know that the snail was actually an old and also powerful witch.
She might transform herself right into anything. The witch was mad to Dewi
Limaran. The witch put a spell on her and also changed her into a gold snail.
The witch after that tossed it away into the river.
The golden snail was drifting away in the river as well as got caught
into a net. An old lady was angling as well as utilized her net to catch some
fish. She was surprised to see a gold snail in her web. She took it and brought
it residence. When the old woman got up in the morning, she was stunned that
the house was in the excellent condition.
The floor was wiped. And also she also had food on the table. She was thinking
very hard.
” That did this to me? The person is really kind.” It took place repeatedly every
early morning.
The old lady was very interested. One night she chose to stay up late.
She was peeping from her room to know that prepared for her. Then, she could
not believe what she saw. The gold snail she caught in the river became a lovely
female. The old female approached her.
” Who are you, girl?”
“I am Dewi Limaran, Ma’am. A witch cursed me. I can alter back as a human
just in the evening,” explained Dewi Limaran.
“The spell could be broken if I listen to the tune from the divine gamelan,”
proceeded Dewi Limaran.

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The old woman after that rushed to the palace. She spoke with Royal
prince Raden Putra concerning her other half. Royal prince Raden Putra was
so happy. He had actually been seeking his better half all over. He then prayed
and meditated. He asked the gods to offer him the divine gamelan. He wanted
to break the witch’s spell. After numerous days hoping as well as meditating,
lastly gods provided his dream. He immediately brought the divine gamelan to
the old woman’s house. He played it beautifully. And then remarkably the gold
snail turned into the beautiful Dewi Limaran.
The couple was so happy that they could be together again. They also
said thanks to the old lady for her kindness. As a return, they asked her to
remain in the palace.

Analysis A Possibility & Certainty


a. Might : She might transform herself right into anything.
b. Could : The spell could be broken if I listen to the tune from the divine
gamelan,”
c. Could in the negative : Then, she could not believe what she saw.

3. Text 3
My Mom

My mother is a very beautiful woman. Her tall is about 165 cm and her
weight is about 55 kg. She has a black and shiny curly hair. She also has a
pointed nose and a dimple that makes her beautiful. Her eyes are brown like
my eyes. My mother has a light brown skin color like most common women
in Indonesia. Her red lips and white teeth combine to form a beautiful smile.
My mom is not fat and skinny too. I think her body is pretty proportional.
She is a very nice, a friendly, and a patient woman. My mom loves her
family so much. She is the best mother in the world. She plays her role as a
housewife nicely. She never forgets her responsibilities as a mother. Although
she is very busy at work, she never forgets her family. My mom really loves
cleanliness. She always keeps her home clean and healthy. Besides being a

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good mom, she is the greatest chef who ever existed. She is very smart to make
a tasty food. I loved food made by her especially her fried chicken.
My mom is also good with others. She is happy to help friends and
neighbors who are in trouble. Because she has a very high social soul, my mom
always takes pity on people who need help. My mother is so disciplined with
religion. She is very diligent in worship and always reminds us to continue
praying to god. There are still a lot of things that I could not say about my
mother because I think my mother is a perfects mom for myself and my family.
I wish I could find a mother like her for my children in the future.

Analysis A Possibility & Certainty


a. Could : I wish I could find a mother like her for my children in the future.
b. Could in the negative : There are still a lot of things that I could not say
about my mother because I think my mother is a perfects mom for myself
and my family.

4. Text 4
Report Text about Cat

Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong, flexible
body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws, and teeth adapted to killing small
prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear
sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made
by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most
other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than
humans. Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species and cat
communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring,
trilling, hissing, growling, and grunting), as well as cat pheromones and types
of cat-specific body language.
Cats have a high breeding rate. Under controlled breeding, they could
bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy.
Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by neutering and the abandonment

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of former household pets has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide,
requiring population control. This has contributed, along with habitat
destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird species.
Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific regions
and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations. Cats
are thought to be primarily, though not solely, responsible for the extinction of
33 species of birds, and the presence of feral and free ranging cats makes some
locations unsuitable for attempted species reintroduction in otherwise suitable
locations.

Analysis A Possibility & Certainty


a. Could : They could bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby
known as cat fancy.
b. May : Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific
regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island
populations

5. Text 5
A Lesson from a Police

I won’t forget my first experience facing the police. It was such an


embarassing yet funny day. When I walked home after school, my friend
offered me a ride. At first, I refused her offer because she didn’t have any
helmet for me to wear. But she insisted and told me that ther would be no
police. Besides, she asked me to accompany her to buy a second-hand book.
Finally, I agreed to accompany her and go home together.
On the way to the bookstore, she rode carefully and chose the alternative
way. Even it took longer time and distance, finally we could arrive the
bookstore. The, my friend bought a classic book with lower price, while I was
looking at the bookshelf filled with the novels.
After that, we went to the parking area. We rode the motorcycle and
passed the same way went to the bookstore. We thought that the way was safe

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from the police. But unfortunately, when we just turned left at the intersection,
we saw a police standing near the tree. The police stopped us and asked for the
riding license and all the equipments in riding motorcycle. Then the police
asked to me, “Where is your helmet?” I was afraid to answer, and I just said
with shaking voice, “Sorry, sir. It’s just my mistake.” Surprisingly, my friend
was also realizing her fault, “No, sir. I have asked her to accompany me. Let
me get the traffic ticket.”
Guess what happened next! The police which has strict face showed us
his wide smile. He said, “You are all funny. I won’t give you the punishment
letter, but please do something.” My friend starred at me. We thought we had
to give the police some money, but we only had a few . Then, the police said,
“Don’t you think I ask some money from you. Okay, I’ll make it clear. You
are the students, right. Then tell me what lesson you learned today at school.”
Feeling surprised and worried at the same time, I tried to recall my mind about
the lesson at school. “Oh, I just learned how to write a diary in English. May
be I’m gonna write about today’s incident – I don’t wear the helmet.” The
police couldn’t stand not to laugh. “Okay, I release you. But remember to wear
the helmet when you ride the motorcycle, even there is a police or not. Please
stay safe!” We felt relived and thanked him. Later, he told us that my friend
and I reminded him to his daughter who stayed in other city to study.
After that moment, I promise to always wear the helmet when going by
motorcycle and refuse for a ride if there is no helmet. I won’t let that funny
moment happened twice!

Analysis A Possibility & Certainty


a. Could : Finally we could arrive the bookstore
b. May : May be I’m gonna write about today’s incident
c. Could in the negative : The police couldn’t stand not to laugh.

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B. THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
1. Text 1

Adi has been living in Surabaya for all his life. He has a book. He has
had that books for three months. Now, he wants to read. Adi reads book in
a room. Adi has a friend. Her name is Anna. She is not from Surabaya. She
has been living in Surabaya since 2012.
His mother has cooked and his father is taking a bath when Anna calls
him. She wants to play with him. Anna asks Adi, “Do you want to play with
me?”
Adi answers, “Ok. Come here. I have finished reading a good book and I
am watching TV with my mom.”
Adi and Anna play together. After hours, Adi asks Anna, “Have you
eaten already?”
Anna replies, “No, I haven’t. I am hungry.”
At last, they go to kitchen for eating. Adi does not like chicken. He eats
vegetables. Anna eats chicken but she does not like vegetables. They do not
like eggs.
Adi’s mother comes and think “What are they been doing here”
And then say “Don’t eat here.“
Adi and Anna go to dining room.

Analysis The Present Perfect Continuous


a. Adi has been living in Surabaya for all his life. He has a book. He has
had that books for three months.
b. She has been living in Surabaya since 2012.
c. “What are they been doing here”

2. Text 2

Today, Chiya is visiting her grandparents. She loves cooking with


her grandmother. Her grandma usually teaches her how to cook delicious
dishes. At this moment, Chiya is learning how to make tasty chicken soup.

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Chiya has been helping to cut some onions, chilies, carrots, potatoes
and other vegetables. She is also writing her grandmother’s recipe. She
plans to make chicken soup at home next Monday. She has been making
the chicken soup for her mother. Next Monday is her mother’s birthday.

An hour later, Chiya and grandparents have finished eating chicken


soup. Now, Chiya has been listening to her grandfather’s story. Chiya also
loves listening to her grandpa’s story.

Her gandpa has many stories about life, joke, culture and many
more. Now, Chiya with grandmother are listening to one story of The
Arabian Nights (1001 nights). They’re enjoying their time together.

Analysis The Present Perfect Continuous


a. Chiya has been helping to cut some onions, chilies, carrots, potatoes and
other vegetables
b. She has been making the chicken soup for her mother. Next Monday is
her mother’s birthday
c. Now, Chiya has been listening to her grandfather’s story.

3. Text 3

Today is 16th March and tomorrow is my sister’s birthday. Her name


is Kristal. I want to give her a surprise. I have talked to some of her friends.
They have helped me to prepare a surprising party. We have discussed it
since July.
We are going to celebrate my sister’s birthday in a small restaurant
near my house. Our parents have also agreed it. The restaurant has been
booking by our parents.
What about the birthday present? No worries, I have prepared it too.
She loves art very much. I have made a painting for her. I hope she will
like it. But I haven’t wrapped the painting because it hasn’t dried yet.

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Have you ever celebrated someone’s birthday?

Analysis The Present Perfect Continuous


The restaurant has been booking by our parents.

4. Text 4
Preety Carpet

We have just moved into a new house and I have been working hard all
morning. I have been trying to get my new room in order. This has not been
easy because I own over a thousand books on the floor. At the moment, they
cover every inch of floor space and actually have to walk on them to get in
or out of the room. A short while a go, my sister helped me to carry one of
my old bookcases up the stairs.She went into my room and got a big surprise
when she saw all those books on the floor. "this is the prettiest carpet I have
ever seen," she said. She gazed at it for some time then added,"you don't
need bookcase at all. you can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet.

Analysis The Present Perfect Continuous


a. We have just moved into a new house and I have been working hard all
morning.
b. I have been trying to get my new room in order.

5. Text 5

Going The Zoo

Today tom and janice have been going to the zoo around one.
They have been sleeing many kinds of animal. Like girrafe, lion, monkey,
crocodile, elephant and animals in the zoo. They have been staying at the

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zoo for two hours. While they been walking to their home, it begin to rain.
So, they have been stopping at a small café and have a cup of coffee together
in the café.

Analysis The Present Perfect Continuous


a. Today tom and janice have been going to the zoo around one.
b. They have been sleeing many kinds of animal.
c. They have been staying at the zoo for two hours.
d. While they been walking to their home.
e. So, they have been stopping at a small café and have a cup of coffee
together in the café.

6. Text 6
My Family Daily Activities

It is past 30 in the morning and my family in our kitchen. My


mother has been sitting. At the breakfast table. She has been reading the
morning newspaper. My father has been pouring a cup of coffee every
morning before he go to work. And about me, I have been tie my shoeslace
and ready to go to school this morning and obviously I go with my father, so
I have been waiting my father ready for drink his coffee this morning.

Analysis The Present Perfect Continuous


a. My mother has been sitting.
b. She has been reading the morning newspaper.
c. My father has been pouring a cup of coffee every morning before he go
to work.
d. So I have been waiting my father ready for drink his coffee this
morning.

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C. TOPIC ABILITY
1. Text 1

Rabbit & Crocodile

Once upon a time, a Bunny wished to go across a river, however he


can’t swim. He had a concept, he saw a boss of Crocodiles swimming in
the river. The Bunny asked he go across of crocodile.
“how many crocodile exist in the river?” in charge of crocodile
answered, “we are twenty below”.
“where are they?”the Bunny requested the second time. “just what
is it for?” in charge crocodile asked.
“all you are good, mild and also kind, so I wish to make a line in
order. Later, I will certainly understand exactly how kind you are,” said the
Rabbit.
After that the boss of the Crocodiles called all his good friend an
asked then making a line in order from one side to the order side of the
river. Fust after that, the Bunny began to count while jumping from one
crocodile to an additional: one … 2 … three … four … till twenty. And
finally, he said thanks to all Crocodiles because he can across the river.
In the myth we could discover massage is, prior to act, we think
to do first, so that we able to finish the challenging problem.

Analysis of Ability
a. Can’t : Once upon a time, a Bunny wished to go across a river, however
he can’t swim.
b. Can : And finally, he said thanks to all Crocodiles because he can across
the river.
c. Able to : so that we able to finish the challenging problem.

2. Text 2

Fox and A Cat

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One day a cat and a fox were able to meet in the park. The fox,
who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. 'Why, I know at
least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,' she
said.

'I know only one trick to get away from dogs,' said the cat. 'You should
teach me some of yours!'
'Well, maybe some day, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the
simpler ones,' replied the fox airily.

Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance.
The barking grew louder and louder - the dogs were able to come in their
direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its
branches, well out of reach of any dog. 'This is the trick I told you about,
the only one I know,' said the cat. 'Which one of your hundred tricks are
you going to use?'

The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use.
Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the
fox and tore her to pieces.

Analysis of Ability
a. Were able to : One day a cat and a fox were able to meet in the park.
b. Were able to : The barking grew louder and louder - the dogs were
able to come in their direction
c. Could : Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived

3. Text 3

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Once upon a time as a merchant set off for market, he asked each
of his three daughters what she would like as a present on his return. The
first daughter wanted a brocade dress, the second a pearl necklace, but the
third, whose name was Beauty, the youngest, prettiest and sweetest of
them all, said to her father:

"All I'd like is a rose you've picked specially for me!"

When the merchant able to finish all his business, he set off for
home. However, a sudden storm blew up, and his horse could hardly
make headway in the howling gale. Cold and weary, the merchant had
lost all hope of reaching an inn when he suddenly noticed a bright light
shining in the middle of a wood. As he drew near, he saw that it was a
castle, bathed in light.

"I hope I'll find shelter there for the night," he said to himself.

When he reached the door, he saw it was open, but though he


shouted, nobody came to greet him. Plucking up courage, he went inside,
still calling out to attract attention. On a table in the main hall, a splendid
dinner lay already served. The merchant lingered, still shouting for the
owner of the castle. But no one came, and so the starving merchant sat
down to a hearty meal.

Overcome by curiosity, he ventured upstairs, where the corridor led into


magnificent rooms and halls. A fire crackled in the first room and a soft
bed looked very inviting. It was now late, and the merchant can’t resist.
He lay down on the bed and fell fast asleep.

When he woke next morning, an unknown hand had placed a


mug of steaming coffee and some fruit by his bedside. The merchant had
breakfast and after tidying himself up, went downstairs to thank his
generous host. But, as on the evening before, there was nobody in sight.
Shaking his head in wonder at the strangeness of it all, he went towards
the garden where he had left his horse, tethered to a tree.

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Suddenly, a large rose bush caught his eye. Remembering his
promise to Beauty, he bent down to pick a rose. Instantly, out of the rose
garden, sprang a horrible beast, wearing splendid clothes. Two bloodshot
eyes, gleaming angrily, glared at him and a deep, terrifying voice
growled:

"Ungrateful man! I gave you shelter, you ate at my table and slept in my
own bed, but now all the thanks I get is the theft of my favorite flowers! I
shall put you to death for this slight!"

Trembling with fear, the merchant fell on his knees before the Beast.
"Forgive me! Don't kill me! I'll do anything you say! The rose wasn't for
me, it was for my daughter Beauty. I promised to bring her back a rose
from my journey!"

The Beast dropped the paw it had clamped on the unhappy


merchant.

"I shall spare your life, but on one condition, that you bring me your
daughter!" The terror-stricken merchant, faced with certain death if he did
not obey, promised that he could do so. When he reached home in tears,
his three daughters ran to greet him. After he had told them of his
dreadful adventure, Beauty put his mind at rest immediately.

"Dear father, I'd do anything for you! Don't worry, you'll be able to keep
your promise and save your life! Take me to the castle. I'll stay there in
your place!" The merchant hugged his daughter.

"I never did doubt your love for me. For the moment I can say thank you
for saving my life." So Beauty was led to the castle. The Beast, however,
had quite an unexpected greeting for the girl. Instead of menacing doom
as it had done with her father, it was surprisingly pleasant.

In the beginning, Beauty was able to frighten of the Beast, and


shuddered at the sight of it. Then she found that, in spite of the monster's
awful head, her horror of it was gradually fading as time went by.

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She had one of the finest rooms in the Castle, and sat for hours,
embroidering in front of the fire. And the Beast would sit, for hours on
end, only a short distance away, silently gazing at her. Then it started to
say a few kind words, till in the end, Beauty was amazed to discover that
she was able to enjoy its conversation. The days passed, and Beauty and
the Beast became good friends.

Analysis of Ability

a. Able to : When the merchant able to finish all his business, he set off
for home.
b. Could : A sudden storm blew up, and his horse could hardly make
headway in the howling gale.
c. Can’t : It was now late, and the merchant can’t resist. He lay down
on the bed and fell fast asleep.
d. Could : Faced with certain death if he did not obey, promised that he
could do so.
e. Able to : you'll be able to keep your promise and save your life
f. Can : For the moment I can say thank you for saving my life.
g. Was able to : Beauty was able to frighten of the Beast, and
shuddered at the sight of it
h. Was able to : Beauty was amazed to discover that she was able to
enjoy its conversation

D. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS


1. Text 1

Onion And Garlic

In the ancient time, lived a little family. The family consists of


father, mother, and a beautiful girl named Garlic. They are a harmonious
and happy family despite his father worked as an ordinary merchant. One

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day, the happiness in this family was lost because the mother died. Garlic
was very sad because she was very fond of her mother. Her father was also
so sad because he loved his wife so much.
After Garlic’s mother died, her house was visited frequently by a
widow who had a daughter named Onion. The widow often came with
Onion to the Garlic’s home by bringing food, helping to clean the house,
and chatting with Garlic’s father. Finally, the father thinks that he should
marry the widow and made the widow as a new mother for Garlic.
He asked for consideration of the proposal to Garlic. After being
allowed to get married by Garlic, then her father immediately carried out
the marriage. They become a new family and lived in a house. At first, the
mother and Onions behaved Garlic very well. However, the good behavior
did not to be last long. Soon, the Onion and her mother began to show their
bad attitude. Garlic was often scolded and given heavy works when the
father went to trade. She had to do a lot of housework while the Onions just
sit and did not work at all. However, the situation was never told by her to
his father, so the Garlic continued to be treated badly by Onions and her
mother.
One day, his father was sick and passed away. Since then, Garlic
was treated worse than before. Garlic almost never had a break every day.
In the morning, she had to get up in order to prepare breakfast and the water
for Onion and her mother. Later, she also gave eating to the livestock,
washing clothes, and even watering the entire garden. Although she should
do so many works, she always did it happily. She hoped, with such
sincerity, her mother would love her sincerely someday.
On the morning, Garlic went to the river to wash the clothes. She
was so excited and washed vigorously. Because of getting too excited, she
was not aware that there was a shirt that washed away. She realized that the
shirt had been washed away when the flow carried it far enough. Later, she
pursued but did not get the shirt. She felt hopeless and immediately went
home.
The shirt was her mother’s favorite. Of course, the mother was
angry and told her to look for the shirt until she could found it. Garlic came

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back to the river and walked to the west to seek her mother’s favorite shirt.
She walked along the river up to tens of kilometers. After that, Garlic
suddenly saw someone who was bathing the buffalo in the river. She asked
the man about the clothes were washed away. Later, she was informed that
the shirt drifting and it was not far from where she was standing. At that
moment, Garlic immediately ran down the river to find the shirt.
It was getting dark and the Garlic found a home. Because of
completely exhausted, she decided to take a break in the house. Apparently,
it housed an old lady who had previously found the shirt. The old lady
wanted to return the shirt to her, but she should accompany the old lady
during a week. She agreed to stay with the lady for a week. Within a week,
she made the old lady to be so happy because she was diligent and never
complained even though felt so tired.
After accompanying for a week, she was given a pumpkin as the
gift. When opening it, she was very surprised because there were so much
gold and gems. She immediately went home and told the happening to her
mother and also Onion. However, the gold and jewels that she got
immediately seized and she was forced to tell where the jewelry could be
obtained. Garlic immediately said that she got it from an old lady who lived
near the river.
In the next day, Onion came to that house and stayed for a week
like what Garlic did. However, because Onion was a lazy girl, the old lady
gave a different pumpkin from Garlic. Onion did not care and Onion
immediately went home to open the pumpkin with her mother. Apparently,
the content was not gems or gold, but the venomous snake that bit of Onion
and the mother. Both of them died because of their greed.
After the happening, Garlic was living alone, but she was more
calm and lived happily with its gold and gems.

Analysis of Present Continuous

a. The widow often came with Onion to the Garlic’s home by bringing
food, helping to clean the house, and chatting with Garlic’s father.

19
b. After being allowed to get married by Garlic, then her father
immediately carried out the marriage.
c. Later, she also gave eating to the livestock, washing clothes, and even
watering the entire garden. Although she should do so many works, she
always did it happily.
d. Because of getting too excited, she was not aware that there was a shirt
that washed away.
e. When opening it, she was very surprised because there were so much
gold and gems.
f. She immediately went home and told the happening to her mother and
also Onion.
g. After the happening, Garlic was living alone, but she was more calm
and lived happily with its gold and gems.

2. Text 2

Princess Rose and the Golden Bird

Most of us remember and cherish Cinderella as our most favorite

character for decades. There are many more fabulous and cherishing fairytales

featuring beautiful characters. There are many unforgettable and cherishing

imaginary characters live forever in everyone’s heart. One such beautiful and

attractive girl is Princess Rose. Princess Rose and the Golden Bird is one of the

unforgettable fairy tales. The tale of the Princess Rose is here.

Once upon a time there lived a beautiful Princess named Rose. She had

long, wavy and shiny golden red hair! She was named perfectly as she loved

and adored the roses. She had one glowing golden bird who will visit her in the

evenings.

20
The princess and the golden bird will sing mesmerizing song, where all

people in the kingdom peacefully sleep with sweet dreams. The bird will begin

making the sounds seeing the beautiful hair of the princess and she will join

with the bird. Both of them used to sing lullaby to make people sleep and keep

singing the lullabies until sun rise.

While people lived peacefully, a wicked witch came to know about the

golden bird and the hair color of the princess rose. She cursed the princess and

her hair turned ugly black!

As usual, the bird started singing seeing the black hair of the princess

and she continued. While people fell asleep, none of them had sweet dreams;

rather they were terrible and fearful. Princess heard about the nightmare dreams

and was so worried!

She asked the golden bird what she should do to turn her hair red. The

bird asked her to dip her hair in rose water and she did. Surprisingly, the hair

turned beautiful red with the usual glow. Undoubtedly, everyone fell asleep

hearing the lullaby and had sweet dreams. Knowing this, the witch cursed again

and now removed all rose flowers and petals from the kingdom.

Analysis of Present Continuous

a. There are many more fabulous and cherishing fairytales featuring beautiful

characters.

b. There are many unforgettable and cherishing imaginary characters live

forever in everyone’s heart.

21
c. She had one glowing golden bird who will visit her in the evenings.

d. The princess and the golden bird will sing mesmerizing song, where all

people in the kingdom peacefully sleep with sweet dreams.

e. The bird will begin making the sounds seeing the beautiful hair of the

princess and she will join with the bird.

f. Both of them used to sing lullaby to make people sleep and keep singing

the lullabies until sun rise.

g. Everyone fell asleep hearing the lullaby and had sweet dreams.

E. TOPIC PERMISSION

1. Text 1

Bro Time

After a year working in Australia, I finally managed to come back


to my hometown last month. It is in Cimahi, a city located in the west side
of Bandung. I spent a week staying here. During this time at home, I learned
that my best friend, Richie, had become a successful medic in the
government’s hospital in my hometown. So I called him and we decided to
have a “Bro Time” at the weekend.

Richie picked me up at 4 pm, and he said "Could you accompany


me to the new water park there?" and I replied "No problem, come on there".
We parked our car in the parking area and walked straight to the entrance
gate. after arriving at the front gate, Richie asked the counter attendant
"How much is the entrance fee?" the clerk replied "just 80.000". Richie paid
our ticket, he said "You may think of this as a treat for you." And I replied,
"Thank you"

22
We handed over the ticket to the gate keeper and he allowed us to
enter. After that went to a counter where we took the key for our locker. In
this counter, we need to give them something as the assurance if we want
to use the locker, so we gave them our car’s key. They said that we will get
the car’s key back when we return the locker key. After that we went to the
locker room, where we changed our clothes and get ready to swim. Before
we enter the pool, we decided to rent a dual swimming float, the price was
Rp.20.000 and I decided to pay it. We brought it to the pool and sat on it.
After that we also swim and took some picture together. After playing in
the water for about an hour, we were so hungry and we decided to go to the
foodcourt. We order two plates of fried noodle and two cup of ice tea. I paid
the food as a treat for Richie. After finishing our food and drinks, we went
to the locker room to change our clothes and went back home at 6 p.m.

Analysis of Permission
a. Asking permission : "Could you accompany me to the new water park
there?" a
b. Giving permission : And I replied "No problem, come on there".
c. Giving permission : Richie paid our ticket, he said "You may think of
this as a treat for you."
d. Allowed : We handed over the ticket to the gate keeper and he allowed
us to enter.

2. Text 2
Stay At The Hospital

At that time the condition I was very drop, initially I was


exposed to typhus then became dengue fever. My platelets also decreased.

My mother said "You may should be hospitalized". doctors also suggest


like that. I was afraid, but finally I was willing to be hospitalized.

23
When it arrived, the scariest thing was infused. the nurse said
"Can I start putting the infusion on you now?". I had to nod my head. I was
very scared and yelled.
it was not long before the IV was stuck in my hand.

My pink infusion water is said to contain food and nutrients


because of my few weeks of lack of food and nutrition. After I was given
the pink infusion, my face was gradually fresh from 'pale'. Around 10 pm,
the nurse came and said "Excuse me, Could I move you to the Dahlia room
for an overnight stay?" . “Sure, nurse” . I replied

In one-third of the night, I had to feel the pain of having a skin-


test to check if I was allergic to the antibiotics that would be given. Sister
asks "Can I start my skin test now?" again I nodded my head forcedly. after
being examined, luckily the antibiotic was acceptable on my skin. Because
I can not keep quiet, then the blood had climbed into the infusion tube. At
that time I was shocked and crying, remembering the story that says if his
blood goes up, then the infusion will be replaced into the other hand. Wow,
I did not panic to cry.

Analysis of Permission
a. Giving Permission : My mother said "You may should be
hospitalized".
b. Asking Permission : The nurse said "Can I start putting the infusion on
you now?”
c. Asking Permission : Could I move you to the Dahlia room for an
overnight stay?"
d. Giving Permission : “Sure, nurse” . I replied

3. Text 3

I was sitting again in the lobby at a doctor's office. I was a toothache


at the time, wanted to get sick with the way to go to the dentist.

24
With little experience, I went to the doctor's office for my sick dental
treatment. On the way to the practice, I imagine what I have to do to get
to the doctor's office. Arriving at the practice, I immediately park the
motor. Then ask the same of Pharmacy officers, "Can you show me where
the receptionist?". She said “Sure, you can go ahead and then turn right,
receptionist there.
From the Pharmacy I walked a little and the reception desk was instantly
visible.
"Can I help you, sir?" Ask the receptionist.
"Yes, I want treatment."
"Who's the doctor?"
After calling his doctor's name back, "The doctor is still practicing here?”
"Yes, that's right sir.”
"Could I take you to the doctor's office?" Ask the nurse next to the
receptionist.
"Sorry, I want to be alone" I replied that, because I want to walk alone.
then I walked.
Apparently quite a lot of places here. The last time I went to the doctor's
office on the second floor.
Now ... the lobby is big enough. The practice site is moved to the
ground floor. There are many doctors who practice here. It turns out a lot
of progress here.

Analysis of Permission
a. Asking permission : "Can you show me where the receptionist?".
b. Giving permission : She said “Sure, you can go ahead and then turn
right, receptionist there.
c. Asking permission : "Can I help you, sir?" Ask the receptionist.
d. Giving permission : "Yes, I want treatment."
e. Asking permission : "Could I take you to the doctor's office?" Ask
the nurse

25
f. Refusing permission : "Sorry, I want to be alone" I replied

F. THE PRESENT PERFECT

1. Text 1

Birthday Party

Today is 16th March and tomorrow is my sister’s birthday. Her


name is Kristal. I want to give her a surprise. I have talked to some of her
friends. They have helped me to prepare a surprising party. We have
discussed it since July.
We are going to celebrate my sister’s birthday in a small restaurant
near my house. Our parents have also agreed it. The restaurant has been
booking by our parents.
What about the birthday present? No worries, I have prepared it too.
She loves art very much. I have made a painting for her. I hope she will
like it. But I haven’t wrapped the painting because it hasn’t dried yet.
Have you ever celebrated someone’s birthday?

Analysis of The Present Perfect


Yet : But I haven’t wrapped the painting because it hasn’t dried yet.

2. Text 2

This is about my younger sister, Leenda. She is a High School


student. She has always imagined herself just as a musician. She has told
me about her dream many times. It has been her dream since elementary
school.

Who has inspired her to be a musician? A great singer named


Whitney Houston has been her favourite singer. Leenda has always listened

26
to Whitney’s songs many times in a day. She loves the song entitled “I have
nothing” by Whitney Houston.

Leenda has also learned how to play a guitar for a year. She has made
one youtube channel since 2017. She has covered many songs and
uploaded in her channel. Many viewers have written positive comments
about her covers.

Sometimes Leenda has music performances with her friends. Leenda


and her friends have just done a music performance this month. They are
also great playes. They have won five music competitions this year. They
all want to be great musicians.

Analysis of the present perfect

a. Just : She has always imagined herself just as a musician.


b. Just : Leenda and her friends have just done a music performance this
month.

3. Text 3

Juni has always loved the rain. She has played in the rain many times
before. Playing in the rain has been her favourite activity since kindergarten.

She has special boots and a favourite umbrella. The boots have been
worn by Juni since morning. The umbrella already to protect her body from the
rain.

Sometimes, Juni doesn’t wear her boots yet. She doesn’t even use her
favourite umbrella. She feels the rain on her skin. Her mother has let her to play
in the rain.

27
Analysis of the present perfect

a. Already : The umbrella already to protect her body from the rain.
b. Yet : Sometimes, Juni doesn’t wear her boots yet.

4. Text 4
In the ancient time, lived a young man named Galoran. He was
respected because of his wealth and honor. His parents were nobleman so he
just live with luxury. However, he One day, his parents died, but he did not care
and already to spend money as well as before. Because his life was so
extravagant, all the treasure that he had was running out and he became an
unemployed person. Many people sympathized with him and offered a job. But
every time he got the job, he just dallied and it made him always be fired.
Several months later, there was a wealthy widow who interested him. He
married the widow and of course, he was very happy to be living in luxury
again.
The widow had a daughter who was very diligent and clever to weave.
Her name is Jambean, a beautiful girl and had been famous because of her
weaving. However, Galoran didn’t like the girl, because the girl often scolded
him because of his laziness. Finally, he threatened to torture and kill Jambean.
He revealed the plan to his wife and the wife was very sad to hear of the threat.
Hearing the news, Jambean was very sad but she volunteered herself to
be killed by her father. She told that she wanted to be dumped into a dam and
did not burry under the ground after the death. The mother agreed and did all
of her wants. In the dam, her body and head suddenly turned into the golden
slugs.
Several years later, there are two widows who were looking for
firewood. They were kindred, the first widow named Mbok Sambega Rondo
and the second called Mbok Rondo Sembagil. When looking for the firewood
in the jungle, they were very surprised because of finding the beautiful golden
slugs. They brought it and maintained at home.

28
Once they brought the snails, there was always a miracle every day.
Their kitchen was always already fill with the delicious food when they came
home from work. They were very surprised, and wanted to know the person
who made those foods. They pretended to go to work and hid in the back of the
house. A few moments later, there was a beautiful girl came from the inside of
the conch and she began to cook the delicious meals.
Both widows then secretly held and did not let the girl yet, to get into
the snail anymore. The girl apparently was Jambean who had been killed by her
father. Both widows then allowed her to stay with them. Because of their
versatility in weaving, she got her famous back and made a handsome prince
attracted. In the end, she married the prince and lived happily.

Analysis of the present perfect

a. Just : His parents were nobleman so he just live with luxury.


b. Already : However, he One day, his parents died, but he did not care and
already to spend money as well as before.
c. Just : But every time he got the job, he just dallied and it made him always
be fired.
d. Already : Their kitchen was always already fill with the delicious food
when they came home from work.
e. Yet : Both widows then secretly held and did not let the girl yet, to get into
the snail anymore.

5. Text 5

Handycrafts

Making handicrafts can increase creativity and channel your


imagination, we can start by beautifying the ornament that is in our room, that
is decorative lights.

29
It just takes things that we often meet, plus a little movement just to be quite
encouraging. Let's try it!

Material:
- Plastic spoon
- Bottle
- Scissors or razor blades
- Plastic adhesive glue

Steps:
- Cut the used bottle into two parts
- Cut and spoon plastics
- Stick the pieces into used bottles by using glue until all the bottles are
covered with a plastic spoon
- Decorative lamps from plastic bottles are already for use

Analysis of the present perfect

a. Just : It just takes things that we often meet, plus a little movement just to
be quite encouraging.
b. Already : Decorative lamps from plastic bottles are already for use

6. Text 6

Rules In The Library

The rules and regulations that have been made must be announced in
order to be known by all library users. This can be done by attaching an
announcement of the rules and regulations on the bulletin board, distributing
an announcement sheet to each user who signs up as a member of the new
library.

30
In the service section, this announcement can be permanently affixed
to the bulletin board near the entrance of the service room to be immediately
known by every user entering the library room. Specifically for regulations
on the utilization of special facilities or collections, announcements should
be placed near the entrance of the service room, for example the rules and /
or procedures of the Audio Visual collection service must be located near the
entrance of the Audio Visual Reading Room.

The applicable restrictions include:


1. Smoking, eating and drinking in the library room.
2. Not be allowed to Making noise, talking loudly, joking so disturbing the
quietness of other library users.
3. Destroy and / or scribble library materials and library facilities.
4. Put the book directly to the ranks of the collection.
5. Bring library materials out of the library without going through the
lending process.
6. Throw garbage carelessly.
7. Late return of borrowed library materials

Analysis of the present perfect

Be allowed : Not be allowed to Making noise, talking loudly, joking so


disturbing the quietness of other library users.

G. STATE & ACTION VERB

1. Text 1

My Mom

My mother is a very beautiful woman. Her tall is about 165 cm and


her weight is about 55 kg. She has a black and shiny curly hair. She also

31
has a pointed nose and a dimple that makes her beautiful. Her eyes are
brown like my eyes. My mother has a light brown skin color like most
common women in Indonesia. Her red lips and white teeth combine to form
a beautiful smile. My mom is not fat and skinny too. I think her body is
pretty proportional.

She is a very nice, a friendly, and a patient woman. My mom loves


her family so much. She is the best mother in the world. She plays her role
as a housewife nicely. She never forgets her responsibilities as a mother.
Although she is very busy at work, she never forgets her family. My mom
really loves cleanliness. She always keeps her home clean and healthy.
Besides being a good mom, she is the greatest chef who ever existed. She
is very smart to make a tasty food. I loved food made by her especially her
fried chicken.

My mom is also good with others. She is happy to help friends and
neighbors who are in trouble. Because she has a very high social soul, my
mom always takes pity on people who need help. My mother is so
disciplined with religion. She is very diligent in worship and always
reminds us to continue praying to god. There are still a lot of things that I
could not say about my mother because I think my mother is a perfects
mom for myself and my family. I wish I could find a mother like her for
my children in the future.

Analysis of State & Action Verbs

a. State Vebs :
1) My mom loves her family so much.
2) She never forgets her responsibilities as a mother.
3) Although she is very busy at work, she never forgets her family.
4) My mom really loves cleanliness.
5) I loved food made by her especially her fried chicken.
6) Because she has a very high social soul, my mom always takes pity
on people who need help

32
7) There are still a lot of things that I could not say about my mother
because I think my mother is a perfects mom for myself and my
family.
Think = believe
8) I wish I could find a mother like her for my children in the future.

b. Action Verbs
1) Besides being a good mom, she is the greatest chef who ever existed.
She is very smart to make a tasty food.
2) She is very diligent in worship and always reminds us to continue
praying to god.

2. Text 2

Pinoccio And The Wicked Witch

Once upon a time... In a large pine forest in the country Italy, lonely. He
always dreamed about having a child. Every day, he went to cut wood for the
city people. One day, an idea illuminated his mind, the idea of crafting a
puppet, that he would give the name of Pinocchio. He made the doll and at
night, the puppet come to life! One year of happiness and thriller passed, on
Sunday morning, Gepetto told Pinocchio: it's my birthday soon, my little boy!
I hope you do not forget it! Oh, sure, I'm not! Pinocchio felt awkward.

He did not think about it. Gepettos birthday comes just three days
ahead, and he had not prepared a gift. After a long night of reflecting, Pinocchio
finally decided to offer a homemade chocolate cake to her as a gift. When the
sun rose, Pinocchio was ready to go outside to find the ingredients. The main
problem was not even known he was in and the recipe.

So after school, he decided to go ask someone for the ingredients to


bake a cake. During his walk, Pinocchio, the wooden puppet, met shamans city.
Hey, little boy, do you need help for your chocolate cake? Hum You can help

33
me?, ask Pinocchio. Sure, I could. Follow me! After walking a few minutes so,
Pinocchio saw big, big, big huge candy house. They entered together and
Pinocchio was caught by a large enclosure. Mouahahaha! I was finally able to
catch you! You are mine, you will work for me! , Said the evil witch.

Pinocchio was terrified. When the guards came and took him out of the
cage, he immediately ran very fast and he managed to escape. At the same time,
the evil wizard , summoned all his troops with him, ran after him and he pulled
out his wand. Evil devil changed the little wooden puppet into a chocolate
cake! he told the whole story to his father and they went.When he returned
home, to find a fairy god.
After a long journey, they finally found the fairy god and they had a
magic potion for Pinocchio, Pinocchio to treat the poor.

Analysis of State & Action Verbs

a. State Verbs
1) He did not think about it.
Think = believe
b. Actions Verbs
1) He always dreamed about having a child.
2) An idea illuminated his mind, the idea of crafting a puppet, that he
would give the name of Pinocchio.
3) After a long night of reflecting, Pinocchio finally decided to offer a
homemade chocolate cake to her as a gift
4) After walking a few minutes so, Pinocchio saw big, big, big huge candy
house

3. Text 3

MAN 16 Jakarta Barat

34
School wide groove tegals only in MAN, school wide groove tegals only
in West Jakarta MAN 16, MAN 16 schools taught by the ministry
of religion, At school MAN 16 Jakartaclosely watched by teacher, At school
MAN 16 Jakarta school environment is always maintained by students,
teachers, and citizens MAN 16 Jakarta.
Man 16 Jakarta in school environment is not dirty, clean, and not
carelessly discarded rubbish by residents MAN 16 Jakarta, I left school escorted
by my neighbor until cengkareng, after that I went for a ride, and then scaled
by the driver in tegal groove, I wake up in the morning woken up by my father
at 05.00 am, after that I hurried up and water cooked me to hot for a shower,
after the water has been boiling hot water in the mix to warm water by me to
shower. I rushed to take ablution for prayer, my prayer rug prepared by me for
prayer.
After I pray I get ready for school because I was called by my neighbor
to go together, my book trim by me, looking for socks difficult to find socks
for trimming by my mother, I wear shoes and hurry hurry because awaited by
my neighbor, upon arrival in a strict school teacher and supervised by a teacher
and a security guard.
Every Monday ceremony once three weeks because already in the
regulations by the school, and always maintained checked by the
teacher, if not full of students sent home bythe teacher, and school
supplies furnished by the student, if the student late for schoolstudents were
told to wait outside the school environment or at the school gate by a
teacher, after waiting for a late student penalized by teachers picputket and get
points 5-10,
MAN 16 teachers there is a good, stern it depends on the properties owns
by teachers, schools in MAN 16 Jakarta wonderful to park visited by butterflies,
gardens and green trees due to be cared for by the residents MAN 16, I was
never punished by the teacher, because My late entry and late so penalized and
punished by the teacher, the teacher is never too late and were told to wait at
the gate for being late.
Teachers at the school MAN 16 his fierce, both clever, my physics like
physics teacher because educated assertive, disciplined and smart, I also liked

35
the teacher ICT because it is my hobby, in the school environment is very clean
because there are no residents MAN 16 Jakarta littering, MAN 16 guard in a
very disciplined as it gets the job of principals and vice-principals,
My homeroom is mistress Nonny my homeroom fun, slang and student
or students in grade twelve ipa two received more attention should like his son,
mistress Nonny is a Mathematics teacher and he taught mathematics to students
MAN 16 Jakarta
Mr. Sukandi is vice-principals in the field of student he taught the lesson
of civic education to students in the mosque, the lady of the crossfade is a vice
principal in the field of curriculum he teaches a lesson of art and culture, fathers
widodo is the vice principal at field facilities and infrastructures she teaches the
lessons of history, MAN 16 principals is the father Syamsurial he taught.
Every morning at MAN 16 no events habituation Duha prayer, any
activity during midday prayers habituation, students break twice, namely at
09:00 am the first and the second rest break on the hour after prayers dzuhur.Di
canteen sell a lot of food and beverages such as fried rice , rice uduk, iced tea,
iced mango, ice coffee. In the cafeteria there is also a cooperative that provides
snacks and soft drinks.

Analysis of State & Action Verbs

a. State Verbs
1) Teachers at the school MAN 16 his fierce, both clever, my physics like
physics teacher because educated assertive.
2) I also liked the teacher ICT because it is my hobby
3) Students in grade twelve ipa two received more attention should like his
son
b. Action Verbs
1) In the school environment is very clean because there are no residents
MAN 16 Jakarta littering
2) The teacher is never too late and were told to wait at the gate for being
late.

36
3) At the school gate by a teacher, after waiting for a
late student penalized by teachers picputket .
4) I was called by my neighbor to go together, my book trim by me,
looking for socks difficult.
5) After the water has been boiling hot water in the mix to warm water by
me to shower.

4. Text 4

Fishing at The River

When I was in Junior High School, my father once took me to go fishing


with him at the river on Sunday morning. The river lies across our oil palm
plantation. We had breakfast first at home and then left early in the morning by
motorcycle.

When we arrived in our plantation, my father parked the motorcycle


under the hut. He asked me to collect some dry wood and dry grass or leaves.
When I already collected enough wood and dry leaves, my father set a fire in
the center of the fireplace. He said that the smoke from the fire would scare
some dangerous animal like bear and boar to come closer to the hut and so it
would make us safer.

After cleaning some wild grass around the hut, my father gave me a hoe
and asked me to dig some soil to find worms. When I already had enough worm,
I brought it to my father and we went straight to the river. We put the worm on
the fishing hook as a bait to catch the fish. As a beginner fisher, I cannot apply
the worm on the fishing hook well, and it look like it was about to fall of the
hook, but my father said that it was okay. I threw the fishing hook into the river
and wait for the fish to eat the bait, but nothing happened after a while. When I
was about to get bored I saw a big prawn was slowly walking in the water. I
placed the fishing hook slowly into the face of the prawn and move it up and
down so the worm seemed alive. I never expected it to happen but suddenly the

37
prawn move its hand and grabbed the worm on my fishing hook. I lift it very
slowly and the prawn was still there hanging tight on the worm until I placed
it on the ground and I caught it right away with my hands. My father was so
surprise to see it. Before we went home, we cooked it at the hut and enjoyed it
together.

Analysis of State & Action Verbs

a. State Verbs :
1) He said that the smoke from the fire would scare some dangerous animal
like bear
2) It look like it was about to fall of the hook, but my father said that it was
okay.
3) I placed the fishing hook slowly into the face of the prawn and move it
up and down so the worm seemed alive.
4) My father was so surprise to see it
b. Action Verbs :
1) My father once took me to go fishing with him at the river on Sunday
morning.
2) After cleaning some wild grass around the hut, my father gave me a hoe
and asked me to dig some soil to find worms.
3) We put the worm on the fishing hook as a bait to catch the fish.
4) When I was about to get bored I saw a big prawn was slowly walking in
the water.
5) I lift it very slowly and the prawn was still there hanging tight on the
worm.

5. Text 5

My First Time In Yogyakarta

My family and I went to my grandmother’s house in Yogyakarta last


month. It was my first trip to this city. We went there two days after my sister’s

38
gradution ceremony in Semarang. We arrived at Yogyakarta at night. We spent
a week staying in my grandmother’s house which is 5 minutes away by foot to
Malioboro street.

In the first morning, we were still too tired after a long trip from Semarang
to Yogyakarta. So we decided to stay at home to recharge our energy. I walk
around the neighborhood with my sister just to experience how it is like to be
in Yogyakarta. There were too many house, I think, which made the space
between a house and the other was so small, even the road was also small that
only bicycle and motorcycle can go through.

On the second day, all of us went to Malioboro street. We saw so many


merchant with various of product which they claim to be a traditional product
of Yogyakarta. I bought some wooden figurine and T-shirt with the word
“Yogyakarta” printed on it, while my sister bought some leather handbag. My
mom and dad were busy choosing some merchandise to be brought home when
we go back.

On the third day, we went to Taman Sari and Keraton Ngayogyakarta


Hadiningrat to see some historical building in Yogyakarta. We took a lot of
picture there. We also took some picture of the building so we can check it again
at home. We found some place providing Yogya traditional food around the
building and we jumped in right away.

We spent the rest of our week in Yogyakarta by visiting some Shopping


Malls such as Jogja City Mall, Malioboro Mall, Hartono Mall and Ambarrukmo
Plaza. We realized that Yogyakarta turned out to be very warm during the day,
that was the reason why we decided to spend more time in air conditioned
building like this.

Analysis of State & Action Verbs

a. State Verbs
1) We went to Taman Sari and Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat to see
some historical building in Yogyakarta

39
b. Action Verbs
1) We spent a week staying in my grandmother’s house which is 5 minutes
away by foot to Malioboro street.
2) My mom and dad were busy choosing some merchandise to be brought
home when we go back
3) We found some place providing Yogya traditional food
4) We spent the rest of our week in Yogyakarta by visiting some Shopping
Malls

6. Text 6

Traveling Abroad

My first overseas trip was when I went to Thailand with my father. At

that moment I was still in Junior High School level and it was a school day off.

My father took this trip because he needed a data for his research about the

legendary bird “Garuda”, which turned out to be a legend too in Thailand. We


spent only 1 day in Thailand, but I already experience a lot of new things.

When we first landed at the Suvarnabhumi Airport in Bangkok, we got

a taxi and asked the driver to take us to the nearest hotel. He drove us to Windsor

Suites Hotel located on Sukhumvit Road. We went straight to the receptionist

and booked a room for tonight and tomorrow. The receptionist gave us a card

that we can use as a key to unlock our room. We went to our room and took a
quick shower, change our clothes and then went down to the lobby again.

From the lobby, we went out to the street. My father order a ride to a

local driver. It looked like a becak motor but a lot bigger and the people called

it “tuk-tuk”. My father asked the driver to take us to Chatuchak Market and find

us a restaurant that served Halal food for Moslem. Then we arrived at a small

40
restaurant which turned out to be owned by Indonesian. The owner was very

nice, he gave us a free meal when we were about to left his restaurant. He said

that it was for our breakfast, just in case we couldn’t find any Halal food at the

hotel. My father thanked him and ask to exchange their phone number. Before

we went back to the hotel, my father took me around the Chatuchak Market. I

saw so many toys that I have never seen before in Indonesia. My father bought

me one of those toys, it was rubber chicken. It was so funny, because when we

squeeze it, it will make sound just like rooster. After that we went back to the
hotel and go to bed.

In the morning, we enjoy free breakfast at the hotel. We had a lot of

Halal food to choose. I took a couple glass of free milk for myself. After that

my father order an Uber and ask the driver to take us to three archaeological

sites in Thailand which were Ayutthaya Historical Park, Ban Non Wat village,

and the temple of Prasat Ta Muen Thom. When we arrived on each destination,

my father started collecting the data. While my father was working, I walked

around the historical site and took a lot of picture of myself. We finished the

job at 5 p.m, and we still have enough time to head back to the hotel, took a

quick shower and drove right away to the airport. We went back to Indonesia

that night at 9 p.m. My father and I were exhausted but I was so happy.

Analysis of State & Action Verbs

a. State Verbs
1) My father took this trip because he needed a data for his research about
the legendary bird “Garuda”
2) It looked like a becak motor but a lot bigger and the people called it
“tuk-tuk”.

41
3) Then we arrived at a small restaurant which turned out to be owned by
Indonesian.
4) The owner was very nice, he gave us a free meal when we were about
to left his restaurant.
5) I saw so many toys that I have never seen before in Indonesia.
6) It was so funny, because when we squeeze it, it will make sound just
like rooster.

b. Action Verbs
1) When we arrived on each destination, my father started collecting the
data.
2) While my father was working, I walked around the historical site and
took a lot of picture of myself.

42
CHAPTER III
CLOSING

A. Conclusion

Based on the materials we have discussed, we draw the following


conclusion that reading activity is to understand the content, ideas or ideas either
expressed or implied in the reading material. Thus, understanding becomes a
measurable product in reading, not physical behavior at the time of reading. The
essence or the essence of reading is understanding.

In reading, we must also understand and pay attention to correct sentence


patterns. there are some English sentence patterns that need to be known in this
paper along with examples of reading and sentence in it.

B. Advice

Similarly, we can describe the material that concerning examples of pattern


reading passages. There are still many shortcomings and weaknesses, because
they lack the knowledge and the lack of reference or the reference has to do with
the title of this proposal. Author much hope dear readers, providing constructive
criticism and suggestions for the perfect proposal to the author in the writing of
the proposal in the next opportunities.
Hopefully this paper is useful for writers in particular are also dear readers
in general. Such review this time, may be useful for readers.

43
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