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Instituto Tecnológico De

Saltillo
Unidad de Educación a
Distancia
Cálculo Vectorial
Actividad 4.7

Alumno: Oscar Servando Lemus Nuncio


# De control: 15050798
Docente: MC. César Silva Beltrán

Miércoles 9 de mayo de 2018


Con la lectura del material de estudio resuelve lo siguiente:

Gradiente.

Siendo ∅(𝑥, 𝑦, 𝑧) = 2𝑥 3 𝑦 2 − 𝑦 2 𝑧 3 𝐻𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑟 ∇∅ (𝑜 𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑑 ∅) 𝑒𝑛 𝑒𝑙 𝑝𝑢𝑛𝑡𝑜 (1, 3, −1)

Solución:

𝜕 𝜕 𝜕
∇∅ = ( 𝑖 + 𝑗 + 𝑘) (2𝑥 3 𝑦 2 − 𝑦 2 𝑧 3 )
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑧

𝜕 𝜕 𝜕
=𝑖 (2𝑥 3 𝑦 2 − 𝑦 2 𝑧 3 ) + 𝑗 (2𝑥 3 𝑦 2 − 𝑦 2 𝑧 3 ) + 𝑘 (2𝑥 3 𝑦 2 − 𝑦 2 𝑧 3 )
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑧

= (6𝑥 2 𝑦 2 )𝑖 + (2𝑥 3 − 2𝑦𝑧 3 )𝑗 − (3𝑦 2 𝑧 2 )𝑘

= 6(1)2 (3)2 𝑖 + 2(1)3 − 2(3)(−1)3 𝑗 − 3(3)2 (−1)2 𝑘

= 27𝑖 + (2 − 6 − 1) 𝑗 − 27(1)𝑘

=27𝑖 − 5𝑗 − 27𝑘

Divergencia.

Siendo 𝐴 = 2𝑥 2 𝑧 𝑖 − 3𝑦 2 𝑧 3 𝑗 − 𝑥 3 𝑦𝑧 2 𝑘 𝐻𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑟 ∇ ∙ 𝐴 (𝑑𝑖𝑣. 𝐴) 𝑒𝑛 𝑒𝑙 𝑝𝑢𝑛𝑡𝑜 (3, −2, 1)

𝜕 𝜕 𝜕
∇∙𝑉 =( 𝑖+ 𝑗 + 𝑘) (2𝑥 2 𝑧 𝑖 − 3𝑦 2 𝑧 3 𝑗 − 𝑥 3 𝑦𝑧 2 𝑘)
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑧

𝜕 𝜕 𝜕
= (2𝑥 2 𝑧) + (−3𝑦 2 𝑧 3 ) + (𝑥 3 𝑦𝑧 2 )
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑧

= 4𝑥𝑧 − 6𝑦𝑧 3 + 2𝑥 3 𝑦𝑧

= 4(3)(1) − 6(−2)(1)3 + 2(3)3 (−2)(1)

= 12 + 12 − 108

= −84
Rotacional.

Si 𝐴 = 2𝑥 3 𝑧 2 𝑖 − 𝑥 3 𝑦 2 𝑧 2 𝑗 + 𝑦 3 𝑧 3 𝑘, 𝐻𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑟 ∇𝑥𝐴 (𝑜 𝑟𝑜𝑡 𝐴) 𝑒𝑛 𝑒𝑙 𝑝𝑢𝑛𝑡𝑜 (2,2,2)

𝑖 𝑗 𝑘
𝜕 𝜕 𝜕
∇𝑥𝑉 = ( 𝑖 + 𝑗 + 𝑘) 𝑥(2𝑥 3 𝑧 2 𝑖 − 𝑥 3 𝑦 2 𝑧 2 𝑗 + 𝑦 3 𝑧 3 𝑘) = | 𝜕 𝜕 𝜕 |
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑧 2𝑥 2𝑦 2𝑧
2𝑥 3 𝑧 2 −𝑥 3 𝑦 2 𝑧 2 𝑦 3 𝑧 3

𝜕 𝜕 𝜕 𝜕 𝜕 𝜕
= [ (𝑦 3 𝑧 3 ) − (−𝑥 3 𝑦 2 𝑧 2 )] 𝑖 + [ (2𝑥 3 𝑧 2 ) − (−𝑦 3 𝑧 3 )] 𝑗 + [ (−𝑥 3 𝑦 2 𝑧 2 ) − (2𝑥 3 𝑧 2 )] 𝑘
𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑧 𝜕𝑧 𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦

= (3𝑦 2 𝑧 3 + 2𝑥 3 𝑦 2 𝑧)𝑖 + 4𝑥 3 𝑧 𝑗 − 3𝑥 2 𝑦 2 𝑧 2 𝑘

= 4𝑗 + 3𝑘

Laplaciano.

Siendo ∅(𝑥, 𝑦, 𝑧) = 2𝑥 3 𝑦 − 3𝑦 2 2𝑧 4 𝐻𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑟 ∇2 ∅ 𝑒𝑛 𝑒𝑙 𝑝𝑢𝑛𝑡𝑜 (1, −1, −1)


𝜕 𝜕 𝜕
∇2 = + + (2𝑥 3 𝑦 − 3𝑦 2 2𝑧 4 )
𝜕𝑥 2 𝜕𝑦 2 𝜕𝑧 2

𝜕 𝜕 𝜕
=𝑖 (2𝑥 3 𝑦 − 3𝑦 2 2𝑧 4 ) + 𝑗 (2𝑥 3 𝑦 − 3𝑦 2 2𝑧 4 ) + 𝑘 (2𝑥 3 𝑦 − 3𝑦 2 2𝑧 4 )
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑧

= (6𝑥 2 𝑦)𝑖 + (2𝑥 3 − 6𝑦2𝑧 4 )𝑗 + (−3𝑦 2 8𝑧 3 )𝑘

𝜕2 2
𝜕2 3 4)
𝜕2
=𝑖 (6𝑥 𝑦) + 𝑗 (2𝑥 − 6𝑦2𝑧 + 𝑘 (−3𝑦 2 8𝑧 3 )
𝜕𝑥 2 𝜕𝑦 2 𝜕𝑧 2

= (12𝑥𝑦)𝑖 + (−12𝑧 4 )𝑗 + (−3𝑦 2 24𝑧 2 )𝑘

= (12(1)(−1))𝑖 + (−12(−1)4 )𝑗 + (−3(−1)2 24(−1)2 )𝑘

=-12 𝑖 − 12 𝑗-72 𝑘