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Sheet-3

1- Complete the following table for H₂O


T (°C) P, (kPa) (m³/kg) u (kJ/kg) h (kJ/kg) x Phase
description
50 12.349 4.16
200 1 Saturated vapor
250 400
110 600
130 2300
600 Saturated liquid
400 500
90 700
325 0.4
160 1682
950 0
80 500
800 3161.7
125 0.53
1000 Saturated liquid
25 750
325 2452
170 Saturated vapor
4000 3040
190 2000
500 0.13

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2- Complete the following table for refrigerant-12

T (°C) P (kPa) (m³/kg) u (kJ/kg) h x Phase


(kJ/kg description
)
-10 600
20 0.022
320 Saturated
vapor
100 600
30 120
-10 Saturated
liquid
400 200
8 600
240 81
4 0.27
-20 500
1400 262
20 1
3- A cooking pan whose inner diameter is 20 cm is filled with water and covered
with a 4-kg lid. If the local atmospheric pressure is 101 kPa, determine the
temperature at which the water will start boiling when it is heated.

4- Water is being heated in a vertical piston-cylinder device. The piston has a mass
of 20 kg and a cross-sectional area of 100 cm². If the local atmospheric pressure
is 100 kPa, determine the temperature at which the water will start boiling.

5- A rigid tank with a volume of 2.5 m³ contains 5 kg of saturated liquid-vapor


mixture of water at 75 °C. Now the water is slowly heated. Determine the
temperature at which the liquid in the tank is completely vaporized. Also show
the process on P-v, and T-v diagram with respect to saturation line.

6- A rigid vessel contains 2 kg of R-12 at 900 kPa and 80 °C. Determine the
volume of the vessel and the total internal energy.

7- A 200-L rigid tank contains 5 kg of water at 150 kpa, determine a) the


temperature, b)the total enthalpy, c) the mass of each phase of water.

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8- A 0.5 m³ vessel contains 10 kg of refdigerant-12 at -20 °C. Determine a) the
pressure, b) the total internal energy, c) the volume occupied by the liquid phase.

9- A piston-cylinder device contains 0.1 m³ of liquid water and 0.9 m³ of water


vapor in equilibrium at 800 kPa. Heat is transferred at constant pressure until the
temperature reaches 350 °C. Determine: initial temperature of water - total mass
of water – final volume. Also show the process on P-v and T-v diagrams.

10- Superheated water vapor at 1 MPa and 300 °C is allowed to cool at constant
volume until the temperature drops to 150 °C. At the final state, determine a) the
pressure, b) the quality, and c) the enthalpy. Also show the process on T-v and P-
v diagrams.

11- A piston-cylinder device initially contains 50 L of liquid water at 25 °C and


300 kPa. Heat is added to the water at constant pressure until the entire liquid is
vaporized.
a) What is the mass of the water?
b) What is the final temperature?
c) Determine the total enthalpy change.
d) Show the process on a T-v diagram with respect to saturation lines.

12- A piston-cylinder device contains 0.8 kg of steam at 300 °C and 1 MPa. Steam
is cooled at constant pressure until one-half of the mass condenses. a) Show the
process on T-v, P-v diagrams, b) Find the final temperature, c) Determine the
volume change.

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