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# Calculation

At Pump A
H = H0 – Aq2
H = 40 – 0.053(Q2)
Q = 27.47 Lpm
27.47 Lpm = 4.578 x 10-4 m3/s

At Pump B
H = H0 – Aq2
H = 0.001408 (Q2)
Q = 90.18 Lpm
90.18 Lpm = 1.503 x 10-3 m/s

## From the Bernnoulli equation:

𝑃1 𝑉12 𝑃2 𝑉22
+ + 𝑧1 + ℎ𝑝 = + + 𝑧2 + ℎ𝑇 + ℎ𝐿
𝜌𝑔 2𝑔 𝜌𝑔 2𝑔

ℎ𝑝 = 6.7 + ℎ𝐿

𝐷2
A = 𝜋 4

0.032
= 𝜋( )
4

## We choose volume of pump B

Q = AV
1.503 x 10-3 m/s = 7.069 X 10-4 Vel
= 2.126 m/s
𝜌𝑉𝐷
Re = 𝜇

998.2(2.126)(0.03)
= 1.002 𝑋 10−3

= 63538.12
 It is turbulent.

## Thus, the friction factor for turbulent:

1 𝜖 ⁄𝐷 6.9
= −1.8 𝑙𝑜𝑔 ( 3.7 + )
√𝑓 Re

𝜖 ⁄𝐷 6.9
= −1.8 𝑙𝑜𝑔 ( 3.7 + )
63538

= 0.0228

𝑓𝐿𝑉 2
hmajor = 2𝑔𝐷

(0.0194)(40)(2.126)2
= 2(9.81)(0.03)

= 5.959 m

∑ 𝑘𝑉 2
Hminor = 2𝑔𝐷

## where k = 0.5 + 2.0 + 2(6.8) + 0.34(3) + 1.05

= 18.17 m
18.17(2.126)2
= 2(9.81)

= 4.185 m

Hp = hL + 6.7
= 5.959 + 4.185 + 6.7
= 16.844 m
DISCUSSION

Based on the pump curve fig..?? which obtained from the calculation at the result section the
system curve is parabolic because the exponent on the head loss equation is 2.0, or nearly 2.0.
The system curve will start at zero flow and zero head if there is no static lift, otherwise the
curve will be vertically offset from the zero head value. The most frequent use of pump curves
is in the selection of centrifugal pumps, as the flowrate of these pumps varies dramatically with
system pressure. Pump curves are used far less frequently for positive-displacement pumps. A
basic pump curve plots the relationship between head and flow for a pump. The pump curve
shows the measured relationship between flowrate (Q) is on the horizontal axis and head (H)
is on the vertical axis A plot of the system head over a range of flowrates, from zero to some
value above the maximum required flow, is called the system curve. To generate a system
curve, the system head calculations for a range of expected process flowrates was calculated at
the result section. System head can be plotted on the same axis as the pump curve. The point
at which the system curve and the pump curve intersect is the operating point. The operating
point that obtained from the pump curve was at 45.09 Lpm for the head pump B while 24.8
Lpm for the head pump A. For the Pump A the volume flow rate much greater than the Pump
B. So that, we suggest that Pump B is the most suitable for the application. Even though the
head pump A got the higher values but the flow rate much lower that the Pump B. So, to choose
the best pump, it does not need to specify the maximum total head that the pump can deliver
since this occur at zero flow. Instead of that, specified the total head that occur at your required
flow rate. The head will depend on the maximum height you need to reach with respect to the
suction tank fluid surface and the friction loss in the system. If you want to supply the tank
quickly as possible the Pump B is much suitable.
CONCLUSION

In conclusion, using this methodology on this question will prove extraordinarily useful to
ensuring the piping systems are efficient, serviceable and safe. The pump in the system need
high value of volume flow rate to fulfil the tank much faster as the reservoir 2 is at elevation
over the reservoir 1. Hence, the best pump was Pump B as the volume flow rate is higher than
Pump A.