Sie sind auf Seite 1von 89

August 2018 @qualcomm Hanoi, Vietnam

4G and 5G Technology
Seminar
Qualcomm Workshop on Spectrum management
for 5G and IoT
Agenda

1 2 3 4

5G NR Cellular V2X Gigabit LTE Cellular IoT

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 2
Mobile is the largest technology platform in
human history

~ 8B
Total mobile
connections
1

1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s


Analog voice Digital voice Mobile data Mobile broadband
AMPS, NMT, TACS D-AMPS, GSM, WCDMA/HSPA+, LTE, LTE Advanced,
IS-95 (CDMA) CDMA2000/EV-DO Gigabit LTE

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 3
The insatiable demand for faster, better mobile broadband
Advancing wireless technology …to meet growing demand for
for faster throughput… mobile data — especially video
Peak download speed supported in modem (Mbps) Global mobile data traffic (Petabytes per month)

1,400 80,000

1,200
1.2
Gbps
70,000
60,000
1,000
50,000
800
40,000
600
30,000
400
20,000
200 10,000
0 0
2006 2006 2007 2009 2009 2010 2012 2013 2015 2015 2016 2017 2018 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Approximate Date of Commercialization by Qualcomm Technologies

> 650x growth > 250x growth


in peak download speeds in data traffic between
from early 3G devices 2010 and 2022

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam Source: Ericsson's Mobility Report 2017 4
Progress LTE capabilities towards 5G
In parallel driving 4G and 5G to their fullest potential

Advanced MIMO Unlicensed spectrum eLAA


5G
256QAM
Internet of Things Enhanced CA
FeICIC
Carrier aggregation FDD-TDD CA Massive/FD-MIMO
CoMP Device-to-device Shared Broadcast
SON+ V2X
Dual connectivity Low Latency
Rel-10/11/12

LTE Advanced LTE Advanced Pro

2015 2020+
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 5
Progress LTE capabilities towards 5G
In parallel driving 4G and 5G to their fullest potential

5G
• Unified, more capable platform for spectrum bands below/above 6 GHz
• For new spectrum available beyond 2020, including legacy re-farming
• Fully leverage 4G investments for a phased 5G rollout
• Significantly improve cost and energy efficiency

Rel-10/11/12
• Further backwards-compatible enhancements
LTE Advanced LTE Advanced Pro
• For spectrum opportunities available before 2020

2015 2020+
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 6
5G NR
A unified connectivity fabric to
expand into new industries

7
A unifying connectivity
fabric for society Scalable to
extreme simplicity
Like electricity, you will just
expect it everywhere

8
NR Our 5G Vision: A unifying connectivity fabric
Enhanced mobile
broadband High-bands
Above 24 GHz (mmWave)

Mid-bands
5G 1 GHz to 6 GHz

NR
Low-bands
Mission-critical Massive Internet Below 1 GHz
services of Things

Diverse services Diverse spectrum Diverse deployments


Scalability to address an extreme Getting the most out of a wide From macro to indoor hotspots, with
variation of requirements array of spectrum bands/types support for diverse topologies

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam

A unifying connectivity fabric for future innovation


A platform for existing, emerging, and unforeseen connected services
9
5G will address the
insatiable demand
for mobile broadband

Over 30x growth in mobile data


traffic from 2014 to 2020

~8B Gigabytes
Daily global mobile data traffic in 2020

Over 75% of mobile data


traffic from multi-media
streaming in 2020

Source: Nokia Bell Labs Consulting Report, 2016 10


Consumer excitement
is building for 5G
smartphones

> 86% ~ 50%


Need or would like Likely to purchase a
faster connectivity phone that supports
on next smartphone 5G when available

Top 3 reasons for 5G:

10x
faster
10x
quicker
More
cost-effective
speeds response time data plans

Source: “Making 5G a reality: Addressing the strong mobile broadband demand in 2019 and
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for
beyond,” September 2017, jointly published by Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and Nokia. 11
5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam
Mobilizing media Rich user-generated Congested High-speed
and entertainment content environments mobility

Connected cloud Immersive Connected Augmented


computing experiences vehicle reality

5G is essential for next •



Fiber-like data speeds
Low latency for real-time interactivity

generation mobile experiences •



More consistent performance
Massive capacity for unlimited data
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 12
More autonomous Safer, more autonomous Reliable access Smarter
manufacturing transportation to remote healthcare agriculture

More efficient use Improved public Sustainable cities Digitized logistics


of energy and utilities safety and security and infrastructure and retail

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam

Powering the digital economy


5G will expand the mobile
ecosystem to new industries
* The 5G Economy, an independent study from IHS Markit, Penn Schoen Berland
> $12 Trillion
In goods and services by 2035*
and Berkeley Research Group, commissioned by Qualcomm
13
Reconfigurability
Wireline replacement and full mobility
of connected workers, robots, devices
5G NR URLLC1 enables
advanced Industrial IoT
applications
Single network for entire factory New user interfaces
Ultra reliable low latency Head-mounted displays
with AR / VR
Deterministic latency
Unified and global ecosystem Enabling
Licensed and unlicensed spectrum
Industry 4.0
Sub-6 GHz and mmWave spectrum

New kinds of devices


Example: AGV with robotic arm
1 URLLC – Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 14
Industry-first demo of
wireless PROFINET
Industrial Ethernet
over 5G NR
Precise command-and-control of
high-demand factory apps

Previews 5G NR URLLC with


sub-millisecond latencies

Highlights factory automation with


5G NR Private Networks

Supports Industry 4.0 with wireline


replacement and reconfigurable
factories
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for
5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 16
3GPP Rel-15 establishes a solid foundation for 5G NR
For enhanced mobile broadband and beyond
Scalable OFDM- Flexible slot-based Advanced Massive Mobile
based air interface framework channel coding MIMO mmWave

Scalable OFDM Self-contained Multi-Edge LDPC and Reciprocity-based Beamforming


numerology slot structure CRC-Aided Polar MU-MIMO and beam-tracking

Efficiently address Key enabler to low Efficiently support large Efficiently utilize a large Enables wide mmWave
diverse spectrum, latency, URLLC and data blocks and a reliable number of antennas to bandwidths for extreme
deployments/services forward compatibility control channel increase coverage/capacity capacity and throughput
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam

Our technology inventions are driving Rel-15 specifications


Early R&D investments | Best-in-class prototypes | Fundamental contributions to 3GPP
17
First 5G NR standard complete — the global 5G standard
Approved
study items

Rel-15 work items Rel-16 work items Release 17+ evolution

Standalone (SA)
NSA
Phase 1 Phase 2

IoDTs
NR Commercial launches Commercial launches
Field trials
Accelerate eMBB deployments, Deliver new fundamental 5G NR
We are here plus establish foundation for technologies that expand and
future 5G innovations evolve the 5G ecosystem

Continue to evolve LTE in parallel as essential part of the 5G Platform

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 18
Driving a rich 5G NR technology roadmap beyond eMBB
3GPP Release-16 and beyond

5G NR 5G NR Non-Orthogonal
C-V2X Multiple Access (NOMA)

Wireless Industrial 5G NR Spectrum Sharing in


Ethernet unlicensed/shared spectrum

5G NR 3GPP Rel-15 5G NR Integrated Access


URLLC 5G NR eMBB design and Backhaul
provides the foundation
Sub-6 GHz | mmWave
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 19
5G NR will natively High bands above
support all different 24 GHz (mmWave)
spectrum types Extreme bandwidths

NR shared spectrum will support


new shared spectrum paradigms

5G Licensed Spectrum Mid bands


1GHz to 6 GHz
NR Exclusive use
Wider bandwidths for e.g.
enhanced mobile broadband &
mission-critical
Shared Spectrum
New shared spectrum paradigms

Unlicensed Spectrum Low bands


Shared use below 1 GHz
Longer range for e.g. mobile
broadband and massive IOT

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 20
<1GHz 3GHz 4GHz 5GHz 24-28GHz 37-40GHz 64-71GHz

24.25-24.45GHz 37-37.6GHz
3.45- 3.55- 3.7- 24.75-25.25GHz 37.6-40GHz
600MHz (2x35MHz) 2.5GHz (LTE B41) 3.55GHz 3.7GHz 4.2GHz 5.9–7.1GHz 27.5-28.35GHz 47.2-48.2GHz 64-71GHz
37-37.6GHz
600MHz (2x35MHz) 3.55-3.7 GHz 27.5-28.35GHz 37.6-40GHz 64-71GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 5.9–6.4GHz 24.5-27.5GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.46–3.8GHz 26GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.6–3.8GHz 26.5-27.5GHz

3.3–3.6GHz 4.8–5GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 37.5-42.5GHz

3.42–3.7GHz 26.5-28.9GHz

3.6–4.2GHz 4.4–4.9GHz 27-29.5GHz

3.4–3.7GHz 24.25-27.5GHz 39GHz

New 5G band
Designed for diverse spectrum bands/types Licensed
Unlicensed / shared
Global snapshot of 5G spectrum bands allocated or targeted
Existing band
21
Opening more spectrum for 5G is a global effort
 On sub-6 GHz, focusing on 3.3-3.6 GHz (3.3-3.4 GHz indoor only) & 4.8-5.0 GHz
 mmWave in longer term. Chinese gov’t solicited public opinion for candidate bands of 24.75-27.5 GHz & 37-42.5 GHz non-exclusively in Jun’17
China  Chinese government approved small scale trial frequencies usage in 24.75-27.5 GHz & 37-42.5 GHz mmWave ranges in Jul’17

 In June 2018 Korea completed the auction of 3.4 – 3.7 GHz (3GPP band n78) and 26.5 – 28.9 GHz (3GPP band 257). A further 1 GHz may be
assigned (2021 – 2026)

Korea
 Trials have started at 4.4-4.9 GHz & also looking at 3.6-4.2 GHz; mmWave: 27.5-29.5 GHz
 Official 5G bands: 3.7 GHz, 4.5 GHz (max 500 MHz in sub-6 GHz), and 28 GHz (max 2 GHz)
 Actual band(s) allocation and technical rules are expected in 2018
Japan
 Regulator issued a public consultation on 5G spectrum, including bands below 1 GHz, between 1 and 6 GHz, and above 6 GHz.
 Regulator announced it is considering 3.5 GHz, 4.8 GHz, 26 GHz, 28 GHz, 38 GHz as candidate spectrum and will publish recommendations
Singapore in 2018 and finalize 5G spectrum and regulatory frameworks in 2019

 Regulator has allocated mid-band (3.3 – 3.4, 3.4-3.7, 4.8 – 4.99 GHz) and mmWave (24.25 - 28.35 GHz) spectrum to mobile and plans to
assign the spectrum in 2019
Hong Kong
 28 GHz showcased by Telkomsel during Asian Games 2018
 Announced it will consult on 5G policy in 2019 with 3.5 GHz and 26 GHz as candidate, and finalize policy in 2020
Indonesia
 Government announces 5G auction of remaining 125 MHz in 3.6 GHz band for Oct. 2018 (total 3.4-3.7 GHz)
 Australia: regulator will consult on mmWave spectrum arrangements in 3Q18 and plans to auction of 26 GHz in late 2019
Australia  Many other governments in the region initiating 5G stakeholder consultations this year
Qualcomm Confidential Information - "The Way to approach 5G" workshop - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 22
Mobilizing mmWave with 5G NR technologies
Key properties for robust mmWave operation in a NLOS mobile environment

Directional antennas with adaptable 3D


beamforming and beam tracking

Seamless NLOS operation


mobility

Macro
(Sub-6 GHz)

Very dense network Fast beam steering & Tight integration


topology and spatial switching within/across with sub-6 GHz
reuse (~150-200m ISD) access points (LTE or NR)
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 23
Example: San Francisco Collaborating with global
>65% outdoor coverage
>50% users above 1 Gbps
operators to simulate 5G
NR mmWave coverage

• Significant outdoor coverage possible utilizing


actual existing LTE sites (10+ global cities)
• Will further benefit from LTE infrastructure
(LAA small cells) to support ongoing
Gigabit LTE launches
• Outdoor coverage only; frees up sub-6 GHz
resources for out-to-indoor capacity
• Based on our extensive over-the-air testing
and channel measurements
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 24
Significant 5G NR mmWave coverage via co-siting
Simulations based on extensive over-the-air testing and channel measurments
Outdoor Indoor

28 GHz 81% 81% 85%


74% 76%
downlink 65% 66%
coverage % 49% 49%
Co-siting with LTE 41%

US US US US EU Korea Korea Hong Japan LVCC


City 1 City 2 City 3 City 4 City 1 City 1 City 2 Kong City 1 Venue

Site Total 48 36 32 31 28 41 31 39 37
134
density Macro 0 8 15 14 7 33 31 39 37 antenna
(per km2) locations
Small 48 28 17 17 21 8 0 0 0

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 25
5G NR Sub-6 GHz Massive MIMO Simulation

5G NR massive
MIMO increases
coverage & capacity
Faster, more uniform data rates throughout cell

195 Mbps

3.8x
5G NR
79 Mbps
Massive
MIMO 2.9x
52 Mbps 5G NR
Massive
27 Mbps MIMO
4x4 MIMO
4x4 MIMO

Median user Cell edge user


perceived throughput perceived throughput

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 26
NSA stepping stone to SA 5G NR for full 5G capability

Control & user plane


LTE EPC

SA provides full
LTE RAN NSA SA user/control plane
UE UE capability for 5G NR,
seamlessly coexisting
User plane with NSA UEs

5G NGC
Control & user plane

5G NR RAN

Standalone (SA) utilizes 5G NextGen Core Network (NGC)


Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 27
Spectrum aggregation Dual Connectivity across LTE and NR
essential to 5G NR Fully leveraging LTE investments and coverage, including
NSA operation for early 5G NR deployments

deployments CA across spectrum bands


E.g., tight CA between 5G NR mmWave and sub-6 GHz
to address mmWave coverage gaps

CA across FDD and TDD bands


Sub-1 GHz and mid/high band aggregation; supplemental
uplink for better coverage, supplemental downlink for capacity

Carrier Aggregation (CA) and Dual CA across spectrum types


Connectivity enable deployments with E.g., Licensed and unlicensed with 5G NR Licensed
tightly and loosely coordinated cells Assisted Access (LAA) — approved Rel-15 Study Item

5G NR
Building on solid LTE CA Rel-15+ LTE/5G NR NSA
and Dual Connectivity Supplemental DL
Supplemental UL
Supplemental DL
foundation LTE FDD/TDD CA FDD/TDD CA
Rel-10+ LAA CA NR LAA CA
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MICDual
VietnamConnectivity
Dual Connectivity 28
5G Modem family

World’s first 5G-NR


multimode modems
5G NR standard compliant

Sub-6 + mmWave

Premium-tier
smartphones in 2019

Qualcomm Snapdragon is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. 29


Continued, fast-paced
October, 2017 February, 2018
progress towards
commercial devices
in the first half of 2019
Multi-Gigabit transmission
over mmWave spectrum
on working Snapdragon X50 silicon
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on
Qualcomm
SpectrumSnapdragon is afor
Management product
5G andofIoT
Qualcomm
- ARFM, MIC
Technologies,
Vietnam Inc. and/or its subsidiaries. 30
Commercializing mmWave in a smartphone form factor
76 mm

157.25 mm

mmWave (60 GHz) viability Qualcomm 5G NR 9.7 mm


in handset form factor mmWave prototype
11ad in Asus 5G NR mmWave
Zenfone 4 Pro Qualcomm Reference Design

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 31
Qualcomm® Smartphone
form factor
Fully-integrated Newly supported
mmWave RF mmWave bands
Advanced
mobility features
QTM052 mmWave
antenna modules
Suitable for compact Including transceiver, Supporting for up to 800 Supporting beamforming,
smartphone industrial PMIC, RF front-end MHz of bandwidth in beam steering, and beam
designs with four components, and a n257, n260, and n261 tracking for bi-directional
Making mobile mmWave mmWave modules phased antenna array 5G NR mmWave bands mmWave communications
viable and ready for
commercialization

Qualcomm QTM052 is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.


and/or its subsidiaries.
32
World’s first 5G NR milestones led by Qualcomm

World’s first interoperable World’s first interoperable Successful multi-band Interoperable 5G NR sub-6 5G NR interoperability Rel-15 5G NR trials
5G NR sub-6 GHz data 5G NR mmWave data 5G NR interoperability GHz & mmWave testing preparing for the based on Snapdragon
connection connection testing connections with 5 vendors Chinese mass market X50 modem chipset

November 2017 December 2017 February 2018 MWC 2018 June 2018 2H-2018

Driving the 5G ecosystem towards 2019 launches in collaboration with


18+ global mobile network operators and 20+ device manufacturers
33
Global Mobile
Operators Select
Qualcomm®
Snapdragon™ X50
5G Modem for
Mobile 5G NR Trials
in 2018
World’s First Announced
Standard-Compliant Trials based
on a 5G Modem Chipset for
Mobile Devices, including
Smartphone Form-Factors Vodafone
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on
Group
Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC
Vietnam 34
Global OEMs Select
Qualcomm®
Snapdragon™ X50
5G NR Modem
Family for Mobile
Device Launches in
2019
Qualcomm and Mobile Device
OEMs Focus on Delivering Next-
Generation 5G Mobile
Experiences with Low Latency,
Extreme Capacity and Fiber-Like
Connectivity to the Cloud
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on
Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC
Vietnam 35
Cellular V2X

36
Our vision for the always-connected vehicle of the future
A safer, more efficient, more enjoyable driving experience

Always connected
Highly intelligent Increasingly
autonomous

Increasingly
Highly secure electric (or hybrid)

Safer—towards zero Greener—reduce air More predictable and


road accidents pollution & emissions productive travel
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 37
Delivering significant economic and societal impact
1
Total potential economic impact of over $1 Trillion USD per year

Fewer driving More predictable, Less greenhouse


fatalities/injuries productive travel gas emissions

>1.2M 3.1B 14%


people die each year gallons of fuels wasted due of all global warming
2 3
on the roads worldwide traffic congestion in the US emissions from transportation4

1 Rocky Mountain Institute 2016; 2 Global Status Report on Road Safety, World Health Organization 2015; 3 Texas Transportation Institute Urban Mobility Report, 2015;
4 U.S, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 2014

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 38
Requires new levels of connectivity and intelligence

Heterogeneous On-device
connectivity intelligence

Vehicle-to-Everything Bluetooth Intuitive Computer vision


communications instrumentation
Wi-Fi / Hotspot Intuitive security
Connected Immersive
Cellular 3G/4G/5G multimedia Machine learning
infotainment
Always-on Augmented
Wireless EV
telematics reality
charging
CAN / Ethernet / Always-on
Real-time
Powerline sensing
navigation

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 39
V2V
Vehicle-to-vehicle
e.g., collision avoidance safety systems
C-V2X
V2I
Establishes the foundation for
Vehicle-to-infrastructure safety use cases and a continued
e.g., traffic signal timing/priority
5G NR C-V2X evolution for future
V2P autonomous vehicles
Vehicle-to-pedestrian
e.g., safety alerts to pedestrians, bicyclists

V2N
Vehicle-to-network
e.g., real-time traffic/routing, cloud services
C-V2X Release 14
completed in 2017
Broad industry support — 5GAA
Global trials started in 2017
Our 1st announced C-V2X
product in September, 2017
Learn more at: https://www.qualcomm.com/c-v2x

Enhanced range and reliability for direct


communication without network assistance
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 40
C-V2X enables network independent communication
Direct safety communication Network communications
independent of cellular network for complementary services
Low latency Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle to Vehicle to Network (V2N) operates in a mobile
Infrastructure (V2I), and Vehicle to Person (V2P) operator's licensed spectrum
operating in ITS bands (e.g. 5.9 GHz)
Direct PC5 interface Network Uu interface
e.g. location, speed, local hazards e.g. accident 2 kilometer ahead

V2I V2I
(PC5) (PC5)

2
RSU

V2V V2N V2N


(PC5) (Uu) (Uu)
V2P V2P eNodeB
(PC5) (PC5)

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 41
V2X requires regionally harmonized ITS spectrum
Recommend at least 70 MHz of spectrum to support technology / use case evolution

Example 5.9 GHz

30 MHz to accommodate today’s existing/emerging use

+
cases (802.11p and/or C-V2X)
Dedicated

20 MHz for future intelligent transportation use cases or


technology migration

+ Primary

20 MHz Shared
may be shared with unlicensed spectrum
access technologies1

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 42
C-V2X has a strong evolution path towards 5G NR
While maintaining backward capabilities

Autonomous driving use cases


Evolution to 5G NR, while being backward compatible 5G NR C-V2X Rel-16
C-V2X Rel-14 is necessary and operates with Rel-16
Backward compatible with Rel-14/Rel-15 enabled vehicles
Basic and enhanced safety Higher throughput Wideband ranging/positioning
C-V2X Rel-14 / Rel-15 with enhanced range and reliability
Higher reliability Lower latency

Basic safety
IEEE 802.11p

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 43
Qualcomm is driving C-V2X Qualcomm 9150 ®

towards commercialization C-V2X Chipset

Qualcomm Technologies’ first-announced C-V2X


solution supports C-V2X Direct Communications
(V2V, V2I and V2P) based on 3GPP Release-14 Qualcomm
9150
C-V2X

The Qualcomm 9150 C-V2X chipset with integrated


GNSS will be featured as a part of the Qualcomm®
C-V2X Reference Design to deliver a complete C-V2X
solution for automotive road safety

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 44
Qualcomm 9150 C-V2X Chipset is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
Gigabit LTE

45
Global 4G LTE spectrum landscape
Over 1,000 band combinations now supported for LTE

Europe
• 450/800/900 MHz (FDD)
• 1800/2100 MHz (FDD)
U.S. / Canada • 2600 MHz (FDD/TDD)
South Korea
• 600/700/850 MHz (FDD)
China • 850/900 MHz (FDD)
• 1700/1900 MHz (FDD)
• 1800/2100/2600 MHz (FDD)
• 2300/2600 MHz (FDD/TDD) • 800/1800/2100 MHz (FDD)
• 2500 MHz (TDD) • 1900/2300/2500/2600 MHz (TDD)

Japan
• 700/850/900 MHz (FDD)
• 1500/1800/2100 MHz (FDD)
• 2500/3500 MHz (TDD)
MENA
Latin America SE Asia
• 800/1800 MHz (FDD)
• 700 MHz (FDD)
• 2300 MHz (TDD) • 700/850/900 MHz (FDD)
• 1700/1800/1900 MHz (FDD) India
• 2600 MHz (FDD/TDD) • 1800/2100/2600 MHz (FDD)
• 2600 MHz (FDD/TDD) • 850/1800 MHz (FDD) • 2300 MHz (TDD)
• 2300 MHz (TDD)

Australia
• 700/850/900 MHz (FDD)
• 1800/2100/2600 MHz (FDD)
• 2300 MHz (TDD)

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 46
Rich media User-generated Immersive Instant
anywhere content virtual reality apps

Gigabit LTE
• Real- world download speeds of 100-300 Mbps
• More consistent speeds across coverage
• Faster speeds in typically congested areas
Essential for next-gen experiences
• Improves speeds for all users

Connected Immersive Interactive Connected


vehicle gaming education cloud computing
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 47
Gigabit LTE provides the coverage foundation for 5G
Spectrum aggregation with 5G NR to fully leverage LTE investments

Existing deployments 5G augmented deployments

Gigabit LTE, VoLTE

Gigabit LTE, VoLTE 5G NR below 10 GHz 5G NR mmWave

5G NR above 10 GHz

Ubiquitous LTE coverage Seamless mobility 5G NR


Simultaneous dual-connectivity low / mid-band and
640+ 9,500+ 2.3B+ across 5G NR and 4G LTE
Commercial Commercial LTE/LTE-A LTE coverage
networks devices subscriptions

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam

Enabling gigabit Providing VoLTE leveraging Supplementing 5G NR


experiences everywhere LTE’s ubiquitous coverage mid-band and mmWave
48
Gigabit LTE enables a more consistent 5G experience
Optimizing existing LTE networks to deliver faster throughput and more capacity

Faster experienced More capacity with fewer Higher spectral LTE Cat-12 smartphone
user throughput 1
licensed resources 2
efficiency
3
Gigabit LTE smartphone with LAA

+32%

+164%
Unlicensed
carrier 3 +48%

154
285
-76% Unlicensed
carrier 2 117 Mbps +38%
Mbps Mbps 83
56 Mbps
Unlicensed
108 Licensed Mbps 47
Mbps
100% carriers
carrier 1
34 Mbps
Licensed Mbps
carrier ~24%
Near cell Mid cell Far cell
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam

49
Strong Gigabit LTE
operator momentum

88 39
Operators launched
9
Operators close to 1Gbps
Operators invest with Gigabit
Class LTE technology commercial services speed in commercial network

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 50
Gigabit LTE is here!

Sony Samsung HTC Moto Asus


Xperia XZ Premium / Galaxy S9 / S9+ U11 Z Force Edition
2
Zenfone 5Z /
XZ1 / XZ2 S8 / S8+ 4 Pro

Xiaomi Samsung Sharp LG ZTE


Mi MIX 2 / 2S Galaxy Note 8 Aquos R V30 Nubia Z17

Many OEM flagship design models support Gigabit LTE


51
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam
Technology Enablers for Achieving Gigabit Class LTE

Carrier aggregation (CA) evolution Higher peak rate


Aggregating more carriers across diverse spectrum up to 2 Gbps

Higher-order modulation More capacity and


Introducing 1024-QAM in downlink and 256-QAM in uplink higher peak rate

Gigabit Enhanced LAA (eLAA) More capacity


LTE Even better use of spectrum and foundational to 5G NR SS

Evolving to massive MIMO More capacity and


3D beamforming and a testbed for 5G NR massive MIMO better uniformity

Ultra-low latency Improved throughput and


New FDD/TDD design to reduce round trip time (RTT) real-time performance

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 52
Evolving Carrier Aggregation for faster data rates
Enable mobile operators to maximize use of spectrum assets

Across more carriers Across diverse spectrum types


Cat 18 Licensed Licensed Licensed Unlicensed Shared
paired paired unpaired spectrum licensed
FDD FDD TDD LTE-U/LAA2 LSA3
Cat 16
Cat ~1,200
9/10/12 Mbps
~1,000
Mbps
Cat 6
~600
Cat 4 Mbps
~300
~150 Mbps
Mbps

20 MHz1 40 MHz 60 MHz 100 MHz 100 MHz

Note: UE category bandwidth shown are for 2x2 MIMO


implementation; 256-QAM for Cat 11 and above

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 53
Using higher-order modulation (256-QAM)
Increases spectral efficiency for faster downlink throughput

64-QAM 256-QAM
⓪ ① ⓪ ①

① ① ⓪
① ⓪ ⓪
⓪ ⓪ ①

Each symbol Each symbol


represents 6 bits represents 8 bits

33% more
bit per transmission

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 54
Achieving peak throughputs up to 2 Gbps
New Gigabit LTE
device categories

Higher peak rates by adding more,


Category 20
higher-efficiency ~100 Mbps streams 1,2

(2.0 Gbps)
X24 LTE Modem
Utilizing higher-
order modulation
Category 19
(e.g., 256-QAM
(1.6 Gbps)
and beyond)

Adding up to Category 18
4 MIMO layers (1.2 Gbps)
X20 LTE Modem

1st LTE Carrier 2nd LTE Carrier 3rd LTE Carrier 4th LTE Carrier 5th … Category 16
(1 Gbps)
Aggregating more carriers across licensed and unlicensed with LAA3 X16 LTE Modem

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 55
Leveraging more antennas for higher spectral efficiency
Advanced MIMO (Multiple Input, Multiple Output)

Relative spectral
efficiency
4x4 MIMO

1.8x
2x2 MIMO
1x LTE Advanced supports:
4 antennas also support receive • Downlink MIMO up to 8x8
diversity in 2x2 & 4x2 MIMO setup • Uplink MIMO up to 4x4
• Enhanced multi-user MIMO
* Continues to evolve with FD-MIMO in Rel-13+

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 56
Many more antennas to increase capacity and coverage
Significant spectral efficiency gains by introducing Full Dimension (FD) MIMO

Elevation beamforming
Exploit 3D
beamforming utilizing
Azimuth beamforming a 2D antenna array

Release 13 Release 14 and beyond Evolving towards


2D codebook support for 8-, 12- and Support higher-order massive MIMO Massive MIMO—
16-antenna elements with Reference >16-antenna elements—a key setting the path to 5G
Signal enhancements for beamforming enabler for higher spectrum bands

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 57
Elevation Beamforming and Full Dimension MIMO
• To enable massive MU-MIMO by exploiting both • 3D channel model is used for FD-MIMO
Azimuth & Elevation Beamforming using 2D Performance Evaluation
Antenna Arrays at eNB
• captures both azimuth and elevation angles of
• Enables Higher System Capacity & Improved Cell propagation and thus clusters can be distinguished
Edge User Performance in both azimuth and elevation domains

R14 eFD-MIMO Introduced Enhancements to Improved FD-MIMO Performance


No increase in DL MU-MIMO users in R14 eFD-MIMO (i.e 8 MU-MIMO Users based
on R13 FD-MIMO)

Average throughput
Cell edge throughput
α: Azimuth angle
z β: Elevation angle z

β=0
4.0x α β α
3.5x x x
3.1x
2.8x
2.2x y y
1.5x 2D Cross
1x 1x
Polarization 2D Channel Model 3D Channel Model
Antenna Array
4 x 2 MIMO 8 x 2 MIMO 16 x 2 MIMO 32 x 2 MIMO

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 58
Advantages of Full Dimension MIMO (FD-MIMO)
• Ability to use Beamforming in both Azimuth & Elevation Angles
Beamforming • Narrow Focused Beams for UEs using 2D Antenna Arrays at eNB

• Improved Cell Edge Coverage for Beam formed UEs in both Azimuth & Elevation Angels
Coverage • Reduced Inter-Cell Interference due to Narrow Focused Beams
• Improved SINR for UEs in Vertical Dimension

• Enables Higher number of MU-MIMO UEs Operation (Higher Spatial Multiplexing gain)
Capacity • Higher Cell Capacity through Improved Spatial Multiplexing of UEs
• Improved Cell Edge UE Throughput Performance

Interference • Reduced Intra-Cell UEs Interference while using MU-MIMO


• Reduced Inter-Cell Interference due to Narrow Focused Beams

Efficiency • Higher Energy Efficiency due to narrow focused beams


• Higher Spectral Efficiency -> Lower Cost per bit

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 59
LAA – a key enabler of Gigabit LTE

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 60
Use Cases of 5 GHz unlicensed band
LTE-U/LAA, LWA, MulteFire™ and Wi-Fi will coexist in 5 GHz

Pico/ Small Venues Residential/


Enterprises Businesses Neighborhood

Large amounts of Aggregation with Multiple technologies will


spectrum available at licensed spectrum for co-exist— LTE-U, LAA/eLAA,
5 GHz (~500 MHz1) best performance Wi-Fi/LWA2, MulteFire™
1 Regionally dependent 2LTE - Wi-Fi Link Aggregation
61
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam
Fair Wi-Fi coexistence a key principle in LAA design
Extensive over-the-air testing performed in the lab and in the field

>2x

1x 1x ≥1x
Gain
(Median throughput)
1

Operator Operator Operator Operator


A B Operator B A B
Wi-Fi Wi-Fi switches Wi-Fi to Wi-Fi LAA
LAA

In many cases a better neighbor to


Wi-Fi than Wi-Fi itself
1 Assumptions: 3GPP LAA evaluation model based on TR 36.889 two operators, 4 small-cells per operator per macro cell, outdoor, 40 users on same 20 MHz channel in 5 GHz, both uplink and downlink in 5 GHz, 3GPP Bursty traffic model 3
with 1MB file, LWA using 802.11ac, DL 2x2 MIMO (no MU-MIMO), 24dBm + 3dBi Tx power in 5 GHz for LAA eNB or Wi-Fi AP.

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 62
LAA is designed to protect Wi-Fi
Select clear channel: Dynamically avoid Wi-Fi

20
MHz
20 Up to 500 MHz available
MHz

Sharing the channel fairly: “Listen before talk” (LBT)

Busy Wait
LAA

Wi-Fi

Release unlicensed channel at low traffic

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 63
LBT ensures fair sharing in unlicensed 5 GHz
LBT is standardized in ETSI EN 301 893
Channel clear, start Ready to transmit, but
to transmit channel is busy ED – Energy Detect Threshold
Introducing1 a more sensitive threshold that is
Channel is clear, start common for all technologies when sensing each other.
random wait period

Done waiting, starting


<10ms on-time transmission CCA – Clear channel assessment
If no signal is sensed based on ED threshold, then go
ahead with transmission right away.
Busy Wait
LAA TX

CCA eCAA eCCA – Extended CCA


If channel is busy (CCA), then wait for it to become
clear. Once it is clear, wait for a random number of
additional CCAs indicating that the channel has
Wi-Fi remained clear before starting transmission.
TX

Designed for fair Meets global Same rule for everyone1,


sharing of 5 GHz regulations including Wi-Fi and LTE

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 64
∼2X coverage improvement outdoors
Downlink throughput in unlicensed spectrum for each location on test route1

LWA (Wi-Fi) LAA Coverage2 in unlicensed

Mbps Wi-Fi LAA

x2.5
>10 24% of route 60% of route

x1.8
>1 39% of route 71% of route

X1.7
>0 47% of route 82% of route
©2009 GeoBasis-DE/BKG, ©2016 Google ©2009 GeoBasis-DE/BKG, ©2016 Google

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 65
LAA outperforms Wi-Fi in challenging radio conditions
Averaged downlink throughput in 5 GHz during mobility1
70
Performance when it matters
Downlink throughput in unlicensed [Mbps]

LAA’s performance gains grows with more


60
challenging radio conditions, providing more
consistent throughput over a larger area.
50

40 Increased coverage
Providing same performance at a higher
path loss (further distance) contributes to
30
+150% 2 LAA’s improved coverage over Wi-Fi.

20

+8 dB 3 Higher averaged throughput


10 In challenging radio conditions LAA offers
significantly higher averaged throughput at
the same distance (same path loss).
0
80 85 90 95 100 105 110
Path Loss [dB] — increases with distance

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 66
LAA benefits everyone sharing the same 5 GHz channel
A better neighbor to Wi-Fi than Wi-Fi itself
Downlink throughput in 5 GHz1

Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi Wi-Fi
10.8 Mbps

Baseline with 4 Wi-Fi pairs

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi
Imagery ©2016 Google. Map data ©2016 GeoBasis-DE/BKG (©2009). Google

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 67
LAA benefits everyone sharing the same 5 GHz channel
A better neighbor to Wi-Fi than Wi-Fi itself
Downlink throughput in 5 GHz1

16.3 Mbps

LAA
Wi-Fi

LAA Wi-Fi
10.8 Mbps

Switching 2 Wi-Fi pairs to LAA

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi
LAA

LAA
Imagery ©2016 Google. Map data ©2016 GeoBasis-DE/BKG (©2009). Google

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 68
Cellular IOT
Addressing the growing needs of
low-power, wide-area IoT use
cases

69
What is IoT?

Powerline Cellular

Ecosystem of smart
“things” that can interact
Bluetooth seamlessly and provide a Wi-Fi

platform for applications


and services

15.4 GNSS /
Location

NFC
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 70
The Main Components of IoT

Data Data Data

Things Connectivity Computing Application


Sensors, Devices, Machines, Cellular, LPWAN, Wi-fi, Bluetooth Cloud, Data Storage, AI Application Module, User Interface
Intelligent Edge Nodes of all Types The Network that Connects Them The System that Process Data

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 71
IoT Connectivity Options

Short Range, Short Range, Long Range, Long Range,


High Speed Medium Speed High Power Low Power
Ethernet, Wifi NFC, Bluetooth, 802.15.4, Cellular, Satellite LPWA
Zigbee Proprietary: Lora, Sigfox
Cellular IOT: NB1, Cat M1

optimized for different


task of communication
Existing Technologies – address short range and long range & high power cases

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 72
Global IoT Efforts
Proprietary Standardized (3GPP)

LTE Rel 13 LTE Rel 13


IoT Technologies SIGFOX LoRa EC-GSM
IoT Technologies Cat M1 Cat NB1
Rel 13
(eMTC) (NB-IoT)
Range (MCL) 160dB 157dB
Range (MCL) 164dB 156dB 164dB
Unlicensed Unlicensed
Spectrum
900MHz 900MHz Licensed Licensed Licensed
Spectrum
Bandwidth 100Hz < 500kHz 800-900MHz FDD/TDD bands FDD bands only

Data Rate < 100bps < 10kbps Bandwidth 2.4MHz 1.08MHz 180kHz
Battery Life > 10 years > 10 years Data Rate 10kbps < 1Mbps < 20kbps
Availability Today Today Battery Life > 10 years > 10 years > 10 years
Network Dedicated Dedicated Availability 2016 2016 2016
Network Shared Shared Shared

• Ad-hoc technique • Less efficient • Most efficient


Proprietary
• Lacks ecosystem GSM • Two network operation LTE • Global ecosystem

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 73
Cellular technologies enable a wide range of IoT services

Smart cities Connected building

5B
Mobile health Connected industrial

>
Smart utilities IoT connections Connected retail
by 2025
2

Environmental monitoring Asset tracking

Bringing significant value for LPWA use cases over non - 3GPP solutions
Always-available, Mature, interoperable Scalable Seamless coexistence High reliability and
ubiquitous connectivity global ecosystem performance of different services proven security
74
Tracking trends
Technology Qualcomm Technologies Use Cases
LTE IoT

Highly Low
Technology Intersection

Multi-year Deeper
battery life coverage integrated power
Industrial asset Container tracking
Ubiquitous Security

Ubiquitous location

GNSS Wi-Fi

Package handling Bike tracking


BT

Cellular BLE Robust Certified


Sensor Management security modules

Cold chain tracking Logistics

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 75
Smart Metering overview

Electric
1.9Billion1
Connected meters by 2024

Gas Drivers
 Efficiencies & Environmental concerns
 Automated meter reading
 Remote service management
 Demand response & load balancing
Water  Energy theft detection
 MNO revenue stagnation

12016 Machina report on Smart metering


Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 76
LTE today provides a scalable IoT connectivity platform

Smartphones Connected Industrial Wearables Vending Parking Sensors Utility Smart city
cars handhelds machines meters meters

IoT gateways Cameras Asset trackers Health Security Security Lighting / Agriculture
monitors systems systems HVAC monitors

LTE Cat-1 and above eMTC Cat-M11 NB-IoT Cat-NB11


For high-performance IoT and eMBB For the broadest range of low-complexity IoT use cases For delay-tolerant, ultra-low complexity IoT use cases
— scalable to Gigabit LTE

Peak data rate Up to 1 Mbps2 <100 kbps


Bandwidth 1.4 MHz 200 kHz
Rx antenna Single Rx Single Rx
Duplex mode Full or half duplex FDD/TDD Half duplex FDD
Mobility Limited-to-full mobility Cell reselection only
Voice VoLTE No voice support
Transmit power 23, 20 dBm3 23, 20 dBm3
Deployment In-band Standalone, in-band, guard band

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 77
Lowering power: achieve 10+ year device battery life
For eMTC and NB-IoT, allowing devices wake up on a per-need basis

Data transfer
Data transfer
Power consumption

Page Page Power save mode (PSM)


monitoring
PSM
monitoring
Eliminates page monitoring between data transmissions
Device not reachable for device-originated or scheduled applications, e.g.,
smart metering, environmental monitoring
Time
Data transfer
Power consumption

Extended DRx
Up to 40+ minutes
vs. today’s upper limit
Extended discontinuous receive (eDRx)
of 2.56 seconds Extends time between monitoring for network
messages for device-terminated applications,
Idle Idle
e.g., object tracking, smart grid
Time

Also features such as reduced complexity and overhead optimizations extend battery life
1

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 78
Deepening coverage: provide ubiquitous IoT connectivity
To reach the most challenging locations, e.g., penetrating more walls and floors
NB-IoT enhancements
• Further relaxed timing requirements
• Lower-order modulation, e.g., QPSK4
• Single-tone UL transmissions

eMTC and NB-IoT enhancements


• Repetitive transmissions
• TTI bundling
3

LTE Cat-1 and above eMTC Cat-M1 NB-IoT Cat-NB1


Baseline 140.7 dB 1
>155.7 dB 164 dB or better
2

Trading off spectral efficiency and latency

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 79
Coexist with today’s mobile broadband services
Flexible deployments in FDD & TDD ; leveraging existing infrastructure and spectrum
1

In-band Guard-band Standalone

eMTC NB-IoT
NB-IoT NB-IoT NB-IoT 2G/GPRS

Regular Regular
LTE Data LTE Data

Guard-band Guard-band

eMTC reuses LTE sync.2


NB-IoT utilizes1 RB 3
Utilizing unused resource Utilizing standalone 200 kHz carrier,
data channel operates (180 kHz) within a blocks within a LTE carrier’s e.g., re-farming spectrum currently
across entire LTE band normal LTE carrier guard-band used by 2G/GPRS

Easy migration to NB-IoT with re-farmed 2G/GPRS spectrum


Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 80
Strong global momentum for LTE IoT—January 2018 status
Over 35 mobile operators committed to deploy Cat-M1 and / or Cat-NB1 networks

Telia

TELUS Vodafone
MegaFon
Bell Orange SK Telecom
EE DT
KPN Swisscom
T-Mobile Sprint
Telefonica KT NTT DoCoMo
DISH Verizon SFR Softbank
AT&T KDDI
TIM LG U+
AT&T Etisalat Chunghwa
China Telecom
America Movil/Telcel Far EasTone
China Mobile
M1
China Unicom
Singtel
America Movil/Claro

Telstra
MTN
Cat-M1 Vodacom

Cat-NB1
Cat-M1 + Cat-NB1
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 81
LTE IoT Device Options
Single-mode Dual-mode
Cat-M1 vs. Cat-NB1 vs. Single-mode

Cost Cost
optimization optimization

Deployment Power Deployment Power


flexibility efficiency flexibility efficiency

Mobility Coverage Mobility Coverage

Data rate Data rate

Cat-M1 Cat-NB1 Multi-mode


Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam

Dual Mode is Most Optimal Approach - Combining the benefits of both


technologies to address full range of use cases
82
Driving broad ecosystem adoption of LTE IoT
Enabling global deployments today

MDM9206
Flexible LTE IoT chipset platform for
Cat-M1, Cat-NB1, E-GPRS

• Multiple design wins across leading module OEMs


and operators
• Announced support for Verizon ThingSpace Platform
with modules from Quectel and Telit in Jan. 2017
• Jointly demonstrated the performance of a successful
IoT VoLTE call with Ericsson and AT&T in Feb. 2017
• Announced 1st multi-mode trial with Mobike and China
Mobile, May 2017
• Pre-certified for major global mobile operators that
shortens time-to-market

MDM9206 is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.


83
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam
LTE IoT starts to connect the massive IoT today
Complemented with early 5G NR eMBB deployments starting in 2019

LTE RAN
5G Enhanced mobile broadband
Ubiquitous coverage
NR
(Rel-15) Mission-critical services with URLLC1

LTE EPC
LTE Enables accelerated
IoT Continued evolution for the massive IoT 5G NR deployments2
(Rel-13+) 5G NR RAN
Starting in 2019
Migration to NB-IoT with
2G /GPRS re-farmed GSM spectrum

Complementary use cases Leveraging LTE’s global footprint & coverage


5G NR Rel-15 focuses on enhanced mobile broadband, also suitable LTE IoT leverages existing LTE infrastructure & coexist with other
for high-performance IoT, while LTE IoT address the massive IoT services such as Gigabit LTE — the anchor to the 5G experience

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 84
A rich roadmap of enhancements in 3GPP Rel-14 & 15
Enhancing VoLTE1 Better mobility
eMTC For wearables to more efficiently Full support for inter-frequency measurements1
handle voice in half-duplex mode and higher velocity in extended coverage2

Single-cell multicast1 Lower latency


Efficient OTA firmware update for More HARQ processes1, faster system
large number of devices acquisition2, early data transmission2
eMTC Device positioning1 Energy reduction
and Providing location services Wake-up radio for low-power channel
for e.g., asset tracking and eCall monitoring4 and lower transmit power classes5
NB-IoT
Higher data rate1 Higher density support2
Supporting wider bandwidth, e.g., Improved load control with
5 MHz, and more3 level-based access class barring

Cell size extension2 TDD support2


NB-IoT Additional cyclic prefixes to support For deployment in higher TDD bands, also
cell radius of at least 100km further optimizing for small cells

Release 14 and 15 enhancements


1. Rel-14 feature; 2. Rel-15 feature; 3. FeMTC adds support for 5 MHz, larger TBS, more HARQ processes, eNB-IoT increases TBS and HARQ process; 4. Also relaxed monitoring for cell
reselection, semi-persistent scheduling, quicker RRC release in Rel-15; 5. eNB-IoT adds 14 dBm in Rel-14, lower transmit power proposed for eFeMTC in Rel-15;

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 85
New device categories to address broader IoT use cases
Evolving to deliver faster peak rates, new capabilities, and efficiency optimizations
Rel-13 Rel -14 Rel -15+

• 5 MHz carrier bandwidth


eMTC evolution

• Peak rate1: DL ~2.4 Mbps; UL ~2.6 Mbps


Cat-M2 • Enhanced mobility and half-duplex voice
• Supporting positioning and single-cell multicast

• 1.4 MHz carrier bandwidth • Increase peak rate3: UL ~1 Mbps; DL ~600 kbps
Cat-M1 • Peak rate : DL ~300 kbps; UL~375 kbps • Enhanced mobility and half-duplex voice
2

• Supporting limited-to-full mobility, VoLTE • Supporting positioning and single-cell multicast


Potential for
additional LTE IoT
device categories
NB-IoT evolution

• Peak rate4: DL ~120 kbps; UL ~160 kbps


Cat-NB2 • Supporting positioning and single-cell multicast
• Energy/latency optimizations
eNB-IoT
• 200 kHz carrier bandwidth
• Supporting positioning and single-cell multicast
Cat-NB1 • Peak rate: DL ~20 kbps; UL ~60 kbps
• Energy/latency optimizations
• Supporting cell re-selection only

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam 86
Summary

87
LTE Advanced Pro accelerates the 5G mobile expansion
Providing ubiquitous coverage and essential services that complement 5G NR
Drone
communications

Public safety /
Existing LTE New 5G NR mmWave Emergency
deployments nx10 Gigabit 5G services

New 5G NR Sub-6 GHz, Private LTE


and LTE coverage networks Digital broadcast
Gigabit LTE nx1 Gigabit 5G
VoLTE LTE IoT
Ubiquitous LTE Automotive
(C-V2X)
Gigabit LTE, VoLTE

Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam

Gigabit LTE is here now LTE IoT, private LTE network, LTE Advanced Pro leadership
and delivers a seamless C-V2X are enabling new is essential to success
5G mobile experience mobile use cases today in the 5G Era
88
Making 5G NR a commercial reality for 2019
For standard-compliant networks and devices

Best-in-class 5G 5G NR standards and 5G NR interoperability Modem and


prototype systems technology leadership testing and trials RFFE leadership
Designing and testing 5G Our technology inventions are Leveraging prototype systems and Announced the Qualcomm
technologies for many years driving the 5G NR standard our leading global network experience Snapdragon X50 5G modem family
Qualcomm Confidential Information – Workshop on Spectrum Management for 5G and IoT - ARFM, MIC Vietnam

LTE foundational technologies


89
Thank you!
Follow us on:
For more information, visit us at:
www.qualcomm.com & www.qualcomm.com/blog

Nothing in these materials is an offer to sell any of the References in this presentation to “Qualcomm” may mean Qualcomm
components or devices referenced herein. Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other subsidiaries
or business units within the Qualcomm corporate structure, as
©2017 Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and/or its affiliated
applicable. Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomm’s licensing
companies. All Rights Reserved.
business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent portfolio. Qualcomm
Qualcomm is a trademark of Qualcomm Incorporated, Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm
registered in the United States and other countries. Other Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of
products and brand names may be trademarks or registered Qualcomm’s engineering, research and development functions, and
trademarks of their respective owners. substantially all of its product and services businesses, including its
semiconductor business, QCT.