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CE COR 3 | STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION

LECTURE NO 02: DYNAMICS DEC 02, 2018

Dynamics includes two broad areas of study: Curvilinear Motion


1. Kinematics, which is the study of the 4) A sack slides off the ramp, shown in
geometry of motion. The principles of Fig. DYN-03, with a horizontal
kinematics relate the displacement, velocity of 12 m/s. If the height of
velocity, acceleration, and time of the ramp is 6 m from the floor,
a body’s motion, without reference to determine the time needed for the
the cause of the motion. sack to strike the floor and the
2. Kinetics, which is the study of the range R where sacks begin to pile up.
relation between the forces acting on
a body, the mass of the body, and the
motion of the body. We use kinetics
to predict the motion caused by given
forces or to determine the forces
required to produce a given motion.

Part I. KINEMATICS
Variable Acceleration
1) The car in Fig. DYN-01 moves in a
straight line such that for a short
time its velocity is defined by v =
(3t^2 + 2t) ft/s, where t is in
seconds. Determine its position and FIG DYN-03
acceleration when t = 3 s. When t = 5) The chipping machine is designed to
0, s = 0. eject wood chips at Vo = 25 ft/s as
shown in Fig. DYN-04. If the tube
is oriented at 30° from the
horizontal, determine how high, h,
the chips strike the pile if at
this instant they land on the pile
FIG DYN-01
20 ft from the tube.
Rectilinear Motion
2) During a test a rocket travels upward
at 75 m>s, and when it is 40 m from
the ground its engine fails.
Determine the maximum height sB
reached by the rocket and its speed
just before it hits the ground. While
in motion the rocket is subjected to
a constant downward acceleration of
9.81 m>s^2 due to gravity. Neglect
FIG DYN-04
the effect of air resistance.
6) Refer to Fig DYN-05. If the car
3) Refer to Fig. DYN-02. The velocity of
decelerates uniformly along the
a car is plotted as shown. Determine
curved road from 25 m/s at A to 15
the total distance the car moves
m/s at C, determine the acceleration
until it stops (t = 80 s). Construct
of the car at B.
the a–t graph.

FIG DYN-02
FIG DYN-05

MAAM Page 1 of 4
CE COR 3 | STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
LECTURE NO 02: DYNAMICS DEC 02, 2018

7) Refer to Fig DYN-06. The motorcycle Part II. KINETICS


is traveling at a constant speed of
60 km/h. Determine the magnitude of Equation of Motion
its acceleration when it is at point 10) The 50-kg crate shown in Fig DYN-09
A. rests on a horizontal surface for
which the coefficient of kinetic
friction is uk = 0.3. If the crate is
subjected to a 400-N towing force as
shown, determine the velocity of the
crate in 3 s starting from rest.

FIG DYN-06
Absolute Dependent Motion
8) Determine the speed of A in Fig DYN-
07 if B has an upward speed of 6 ft/s.
FIG DYN-09
11) A smooth 2-kg collar, shown in Fig
DYN-10, is attached to a spring having
a stiffness k = 3
N/m and an
unstretched length
of 0.75 m. If the
collar is released
from rest at A,
determine its
acceleration and the
normal force of the
rod on the collar at
the instant y = 1 m.

FIG DYN-10
FIG DYN-07
12) The 3-kg disk D is attached to the
Relative Motion
end of a cord as shown in Fig DYN-11.
9) Refer to Fig DYN-08. At the instant
The other end of the cord is attached
shown, cars A and B are traveling at
to a ball-and-socket joint located at
speeds of 55 mi/h and 40 mi/h,
the center of a platform. If the
respectively. If B is increasing its
platform rotates rapidly, and the
speed by 1200 mi/h^2, while A
disk is placed on it and released from
maintains a constant speed,
rest as shown, determine the time it
determine the velocity and
takes for the disk to reach a speed
acceleration of B with respect to A.
great enough to break the cord. The
Car B moves along a curve having a
maximum tension the cord can sustain
radius of curvature of 0.5 mi.
is 100 N, and the coefficient of
kinetic friction between the disk and
the platform is uk = 0.1.

FIG DYN-08 FIG DYN-11

MAAM Page 2 of 4
CE COR 3 | STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
LECTURE NO 02: DYNAMICS DEC 02, 2018

Work and Energy 16) The man in Fig DYN-15 pushes on the
13) The 10-kg block shown in Fig DYN-12 50-kg crate with a force of F = 150
rests on the smooth incline. If the N. Determine the power supplied by the
spring is originally stretched 0.5 m, man when t = 4 s. The coefficient of
determine the total work done by all kinetic friction between the floor
the forces acting on the block when a and the crate is Uk = 0.2. Initially
horizontal force P = 400 N pushes the the create is at rest.
block up the plane s = 2 m.

FIG DYN-15
FIG DYN-12
17) Refer to Fig DYN-16. The 5-kg collar
14) The 3500-lb automobile shown in Fig
has a velocity of 5 m/s to the right
DYN-13 travels down the 10° inclined
when it is at A. It then travels along
road at a speed of 20 ft/s. If the
the smooth guide. Determine its speed
driver jams on the brakes, causing his
when its center reaches point B and
wheels to lock, determine how far s
the normal force it exerts on the rod
the tires skid on the road. The
at this point. The spring has an
coefficient of kinetic friction
unstretched length of 100 mm and B is
between the wheels and the road is uk
located just before the end of the
= 0.5.
curved portion of the rod.

FIG DYN-13

15) Refer to Fig DYN-14. The 5-lb


cylinder is falling from A with a
speed Va = 10 ft/s onto the platform. FIG DYN-16
Determine the maximum displacement of Impulse and Momentum
the platform, caused by the
collision. The 18) The 100-kg crate shown in Fig DYN-17
spring has an is originally at rest on the smooth
unstretched length horizontal surface. If a towing force
of 1.75 ft and is of 200 N, acting at an angle of 45°,
originally kept in is applied for 10 s, determine the
compression by the final velocity and the normal force
1-ft long cables which the surface exerts on the crate
attached to the during this time interval.
platform. Neglect
the mass of the
platform and
spring and any
energy lost during
the collision.
FIG DYN-17
FIG DYN-14

MAAM Page 3 of 4
CE COR 3 | STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
LECTURE NO 02: DYNAMICS DEC 02, 2018

19) Refer to Fig DYN-18. A man kicks the Assignment No. 3


150-g ball such that it leaves the 1) Refer to Fig DYN-22. Determine the
ground at an angle of 60-deg and speed of block A if the end of the
strikes the ground at the same rope is pulled down with a speed of
elevation a distance of 12 m away. 4 m/s.
Determine the impulse of his foot on 2) Refer to Fig DYN-23. If blocks A and
the ball at A. B of mass 10 kg and 6 kg
Neglect the respectively, are placed on the
impulse caused inclined plane and released,
by the ball’s determine the force developed in the
weight while link. The coefficients of kinetic
it’s being friction between the blocks and the
kicked. inclined plane are mA = 0.1 and mB =
FIG DYN-18 0.3. Neglect the mass of the link.
3) Refer to Fig DYN-24. A pitching
20) Refer to Fig machine throws the 0.5-kg ball toward
DYN-19. Determine the wall with an initial velocity vA
the coefficient of = 10 m/s as shown. Determine (a) the
restitution e velocity at which it strikes the wall
between ball A and at B, (b) the velocity at which it
ball B. The rebounds from the wall if e = 0.5,
velocities of A and B and (c) the distance s from the wall
before and after the to where it strikes the ground at C.
collision are shown. 4) Refer to Fig DYN-25. The two disks A
FIG DYN-19 and B have a mass of 3 kg and 5 kg,
respectively. If they collide with
21) Refer to Fig DYN-20. The ball strikes the initial velocities shown,
the smooth wall with a velocity of determine their velocities just
(Vb)1 = 20 m/s. If the after impact. The coefficient of
coefficient of restitution is e = 0.65.
restitution between
the ball and the wall
is e = 0.75, determine
the velocity of the
ball just after the
FIG DYN-23
impact.

FIG DYN-20

22) Refer to Fig DYN-21. Two smooth disks


A and B have the initial velocities
shown just before
they collide. If
they have masses FIG DYN-22
mA = 4 kg and mB =
2 kg, determine
FIG DYN-24
their speeds just
after impact. The
coefficient of
restitution is e =
0.8.
FIG DYN-21

FIG DYN-25

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