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MEEEGS BIOLOGY BOTS 2019 -02 KINGDOM PLANTAE & KINGDOM ANIMALIA

1. Unique feature of bryophytes as compared 13. Which of the following are called as amphibian
to other plant group is that plants?
(A) lack vascular tissues (1) Pteridophytes (2) Algae
(B) they produce spores (3) Bryophytes (4) Gymnosperms
(C) lack roots 14. If a female plant has 46 chromosome in its
(D) their sporophyte is attached to the cotyledon cells then what will be the total number
gametophyte of chromosomes in its endosperm cells if the pollen
2. The labeling B, C, D in following diagram grain of male plant has 24 chromosomes
represents- (A) 60 (B) 46
(C) 57 (D) 70
15. Mermaid’s purse refers to
(1)Egg capsules of sharks and skates
(2)A colony of skates and rays
(3)Brood pouch of sea horse
(4) All of these
16. Largest ovule of plant kingdom belongs to __
(1) cycas (2) Pinus
(3) selaginella (4) dryopteris
17. Which of the following is not involved in the
(1) Antheridiophore, Gammacup , Rhizoid fertilization of fern?
(2) Archegoniophore, Gamma cup, Rhizoid (1) pollen tube (2) water
(3) Sporophyte, Gametophyte, Rhizoid (3) Flagellated sperms (4) Archegonia
(4) Gametophyte, Sporophyte, Rhizoid 18. Which of the following is heterosporous
3. The artificial system of classification based on pteridophyte?
vegetative characters and androecium structure is (1) Dryopteris (2) Salvinia
not acceptable because we know that- (3) selaginella (4) Both (2) & (3)
(1)the vegetative characters are more easily affected 19. Which of the following characters can be used to
by environment. distinguish gymnosperms from pteridophytes?
(2) the vegetative characters are not affected by (1 Presence of naked ovules in gymnosperms
environment. (2) Presence of antheridum in gymnosperms
(3) androecium always produces genetically similar (3) Presence of arechegonium
pollen grain. (4) Absence of vessels
(4) All of these. 20. Ampulla of Lorenzini in fishes is a
4. Gametes are non flagellated in - (1) Thermoreceptor (2) Rheoreceptor
(1)Chlamydomonas (2) volvox (3) Phonoreceptor (4) Photoreceptor
(3) Spirogyra (4) Fucus 21. A unique phenomenon observed in the embryo
5. Sex organs in bryophytes are – sac of angiosperms is ____
(1) Unicellular and jacketed (1) Fusion of gametes
(2)Unicellular and non-jacketed (2) Double fusion
(3) Multicellular and jacketed (3) Triple fusion
(4) Multicellular and non jacketed. (4) Triple fusion and double fertilization
6. Mannitol is obtained from – 22. Consider the following statements regarding
(1) Green algae (2) Red algae gyrnosperms and choose the correct option
(3) Brown algae (4) All of these a) In gymnosperms, the male and female
7. Phylogenetic system of classification is based on gametophytes have an independent existence
(1) Only anatomical structure of plants. b) The multicellular female gametophyte is
(2) Morphological structure of plants. retained within megasporangium
(3)Evolutionary relationship between the various c) The gymnosperms are heterosporous. Of
organisms. these statements :
(4) Computer bases observation (1) b and c are true but a is false
8. Male and female gametophyte is independent in (2) a and b are true but c is false
(1) Riccia (2) Marchentia (3) a and c are true but b is false
(3)Nephrolepis (4) Chara. (4) b and c are false but a is true
9. Huge macroscopic sea weeds which measure more 23. Holdfast, stipe and frond constitutes the plant
than 60 meter in length is body in case of
(1) Chlorella (2) Spirogyra (1) Rhodophyceae (2) Chlorophyceae
(3) Saragassum (4) Chara (3) Phaeophyceae (4) All of the above.
10. The major role in the dehiscence of a fern 24. The secondary growth is absent in-
sporangium is played by its ____ (1) Dryopteris (2) Ophioglossum
(1) Annulus (2) indusium (3) Pteris (4)All of these
(3) sorus (4) veins 25. Which one of the following is called horsetails?
11. In dryopteris / fern at maturity archegonium (1) Lycopodium (2) marselia
secretes chemical substances chemotactically. It is (3) Equisetum (4) Selaginella
(1) Malic acid (2) sugars 26. A spore bearing leaf is called as ___
(3) soluble proteins (4) lactic acid (1) Sporophyll (2) sporophore
12. Coralloid roots are associated with- (3) Indusium (4) Sorus
(1) Mycorrhiza 27. Fern gametophyte does not have _____
(2) Alage (1) Chlorophyll (2) rhizoids
(3) N2 fixing cyanobacteria (3) sex organs (4) tracheids
(4) N2 fixing bacteria
28. Following are the division and characters of algae 39.In spirogyra, pyrenoids stores –
found the correct classes in the following column (1) Proteins (2) Starch
(3) Fats (4) Water.
40. Photosynthetic organ found in brown algae is –
(1) Algin (2) Frond
(3) Holdfast (4) Stipe.
41. Find out the group of brown algae from the
following set-
(1) Chlamydomonas, Spirogyra, Chara, Ulothrix,
Volvox
(2)Ectocarpus, Dictyota, Laminaria, Sargassum,
focus.
(3) Polysiphonia, Porphyra, Gracilaria, Gelidium
(4) All of these
42. Match the algae given in column-I with their
(1) A- Brown algae, B-Red algae, C- Green algae. major pigments given in column-II
(2) B- Brown algae, C-Red algae, A- Green algae. column-I column-II
(3) A- Brown algae, C-Red algae, B- Green algae. (A) Chlorophyceae i.Chlorophylla,d,
(4) C- Brown algae, A-Red algae, B- Green algae. phycoerythrin
29. A typical gymnospermous plant has 18 (B) Phaeophyceae ii. Chlorophyll a, c,
chromosomes in leaf cells. What will be number of fucoxanthin
chromosomes in the cell of the endosperm? (C) Rhodophyceae iii Chlorophyll a, b.
(1) 18 (2) 27 (3) 9 (4) 24.
30. Last stage of haploid gametophytic generation is (1) (A)-i, (B)-iii, (C)- ii,
(1)Zygote (2) Spore mother cells (2) (A)- ii, (B)- i, (C)- iii
(3)Gametes (4) Spores (3) (A)-iii, (B)-ii, (C)- i
31. Natural system of classification has considered (4) (A)-ii, (B)-iii, (C)- i
(1) Embryology of plants. 43. Anemophilous direct pollination is found in
(2) Phytochemistry of plants (1) Bryophytes (2)Gymnosperm
(3) Anatomy of plants (3) Monocots (4) Dicots
(4) All of these. 44. The most commonly found spores in algae are-
32. Leaves of moss plant contain (1) Aplanospores (2) Zygospore
(1) Stomata and chlorophyll (3) Zoospores (4) Hypnospore
(2) No stomata no chlorophyll 45. Gymnosperms generally lack ______
(3) Stomata and no chlorophyll (1) Xylem tracheids and sieve tubes in the phloem.
(4) No stomata but chlorophyll. (2) Xylem vessels a sieve cells in the phloem
33. Match the name of scientist given in column-I (3) Xylem vessels and companion cells in phloem
with their system of classification of plants given in (4) Xylem tracheids and companion cells in phloem
column-II 46. If the haploid number of chromosomes in cycas
column-I column-II is 12, the number in its endosperm cells will be ___
(A) Linneaus i. Numerical taxonomy (1) 12 (2) 24 (3) 36 (4) 6
(B) Bentham & Hooker ii. Phylogenetic system. 47. Chloroplast in Ulothrix is
(C) Engler&Prantle iii Artificial system (1) Stellate (2) Cup shaped
(D) Snokal& Sheath iv. Natural system. (3) Ribbon shaped (4) Girdle shaped.
(1) (A)-iv, (B)-iii, (C)- ii, (D)-i. 48. Which of the following pteridophytes are
(2) (A)- ii, (B)- iv, (C)- iii, (D)-i. homosporous?
(3)(A)-iii, (B)-iv, (C)- ii, (D)-i. (1) Nephrolepis (2) Selaginella
(4) (A)-iv, (B)-iii, (C)- i, (D)-ii. (3) Salvinia (4)Both (2) & (3)
34. The algal form which form massive bodies in 49. The phenomenon of neoteny leading to larva
marine water are commonly called as – reproducing like adult is present in:
(1) Kelps (2) Colonial form (1) Colotes. (2) Bufo.
(3)Thallus (4) Zoospores. (3) Salamander. (4) Labeo
35. The unicellular microscopic form of algae which 50. The following three diagram belongs to plant
form colony are- respectively-
(1)Volvox (2)Chlamydomonas
(3)Ulothrix (4)Fucus.
36.Certain marine brown and red algae produces
large amount of water holding substances called as-
(1) Hydrocolloids (2)Phycocolloids
(3)Mycocolloids (4) Mucilage.
37. In Mosses the juvenile gametophyte which shows
prostrate structure with green, branched and
filamentous body is
(1)Protonema (2) Prothallus
(3) Thallus (4) All of these. (1) Silagenella,Salvinia and equisetum,
38. Agar is one of the commercial products obtained (2)Silagenella,equisetum and salvinia
from (3) Equisetum, moss and salvinia
(1) Gelidium (2) Gracilaria (4) Equisetum, Silageneall and salvinia
(3) Ulothrix (4) Both (1) & (2)
51. One of the following is a very unique feature of 63. Ommatidia serve the purpose of photoreception
the mammalian body in
(1) homeothermy (1)House fly (2) frog
(2)presence of diaphragm (3) humans (4) Earthwarm
(3) four chambered heart 64. When a fresh-water protozoan possessing a
(4) rib cage. contractile vacuole, is placed in a glass containing
52. Malpighian tubules are marine water, the vacuole will
(1)excretory organs of insects (1) increase in number (2) becomes spherical.
(2) excretory organs of annelids (3) increase in size (4) decrease in size.
(3) respiratory organs of insects 65. Gymnosperms bear seeds but lack fruits
(4) respiratory organs of annelids. because they lack
53. Which of the following has diplontic life cycle (1) Cotyledon (2) Ovary
(1) Ectocarpus (2) Fucus (3) Ovule (4) Embryo.
(3) Polysiphonia (4) Spirogyra 66. Syncytial epidermis is found in
54. Classification of Porifera is based on (1) Pheretima (2)Ascaris
(1) branching (2) spicules (3) starfish (4) Hydra.
(3) reproduction (4) symmetry. 67. Which among the following groups of plants is
55. Match the following column known as vascular cryptogams
Column-I Column-II (1) Conifers (2) Liverworts
A. Porifera 1. Nephridia (3) Ferns (4) Mosses.
B. Annelida 2. Comb plates 68. Which of the following pairs of animal are similar
C. Coelenterata 3. Choanocytes to each other representing the feature stated
D. Platyhelinthes 4. Cnidoblast against them?
E. Ctenophora 5. Flame cells (1)Scoliodon&Duck bill platypus–Vivipary
(2) Lizard and Crocodile - 3 chambered heart
A B C D E (3) Ascaris & Ancylostoma - Metameric
(1) 4 2 3 1 5 segementation
(2) 3 2 1 4 5 (4)Sea horse & Exocetus - Gill with operculum
(3) 3 1 4 5 2 69. Which one occurs in echinodermata?
(4) 2 3 1 5 4 (1) bilateral symmetry (2) radial symmetry
56. Which one of the following animals has 10 pairs (3) porous body (4) soft skin.
of cranial nerves and poikilothermic animals 70. Pick out the wrong statement:
(1) Scoliodon, Chimpanzee, Rana tigerina, Naja naja, (1)Double fertilization is unique to gymnosperms
(2) Echidna, Ostrich, Naja naja, Rana tigerina and monocotyledons
(3) Catla, Salamander, Frog, Bat (2)Sequoia, a gymnosperm is one of the tallest tree
(4) Scoliodon, Rana tigerina, Naja naja, (3)Phaeophyceae members possess chlorophyll, a, c,
57. Alimentary canal is absent in – carotenoids and xanthophylls
(1) Taenia and Schistosoma (4)Moss is gametophyte which consists of two
(2)Ascaris and Fascioloa stages namely protonema stage and leafy stage
(3)Taenia and Echinococcus 71. Two common characters found in centipede,
(4) Earth worm&Fasciola. cockroach, and crab are
58. Which one of the following plant is monoecious ? (1) book lungs and antennae
(1) Marchantia (2) Cycas (2) compound eyes and anal cerci
(3) Pinus (4) Papaya. (3) jointed legs and chitinous exoskeleton
59. Find out the correct character of aves- (4) gills with operculum.
(1) Presence of sweat gland on the skin. 72. Alternation of sexual and asexual generation is
(2)Two occipital condyle in skull known as
(3)Presence of crop and gizzard. (1) Digenesis (2)Metagenesis
(4) Well developed external ear. (3) Metamorphosis (4) Dimorphism
60. Which one of the following groups of three 73. Which of the following are amniotes
animals each is correctly matched with their one (1) Fishes, amphibian, reptiles
characteristic morphological feature? (2) Amphibian, reptiles, birds
Animal Morphological characters (3)Reptiles, birds, mammalia
(1) cockroach, Locust, Metameric segmentation (4) All nonchordates
Taenia solium. 74. The animal in which Coelom originates as space
(2) Liverfluke, Bilaterally symmetry in the mesoderm are termed as
Sea anemone, (1) Acoelomate (2)Pseudocoelomates
sea cucumber. (3) Metameric (4)Schizocoelic
(3) Centiped, Prawn, Jointed appendages 75. Bilateral symmetry, metameric segmentation,
Sea urchin. Coelom and open circulatory system are
(4) Scorpion, spider, Ventral solid, central characteristic of phylum-
Cockroach nervous system (1) annelid (2)Arthropod
61. What is common between- Parrot, platypus, and (3) Mollusca (4) Echinodermata
kangaroo? 76.What is common about Trypanosoma, Amoeba,
(1) toothless jaws (2) will developed pinna Paramoecium and Giardia ?
(3) oviparity (4)homeothermy (1) these are all vectors for diseases.
62. Uricotelism is found in (2)these are all unicellular protists
(1) mammals and birds (3) they have flagella
(2) fish and fresh water protozoans (4) they produce spores
(3)birds, land reptiles and insects
(4) frogs and toads.
77. In Arthropoda, head and thorax are often use to 84. Animal without exoskeleton, tympanic
form cephalothorax, but in which one of the membrane on lateral side of head with 3 chambered
following classes, is the body divided into head heart is –
thorax and abdomen? (1) Platypus (2)Turtle
(1)insecta (2) myriapoda (3)Frog (4) All of these.
(3) Crustacea (4) arachnida 85. The largest antherozoids occur in
78. Sex organs in pteridophytes are (1) Cycas (2)Pinus
(1)Multicellular and jacketed (3) Ephedra (4)Cedrus
(2)Unicellular and jacketed 86. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
(3)Unicellular and nonjacketed (1) In cockroaches and prawns excretion of waste
(4) Multicellular and nonjacketed. matetial occurs only through malpighian tubules
79.The difference between male and female ascaris (2) In ctenophores, locomotion is mediated by comb
is that- plates.
(1) Male is longer than female (3) In Fasciola flame cells take part in excretion
(2) Female having curve tail with pineal setae. (4) Earthworms are hermaphrodite and yet cross
(3) Male is broader than female. fertilization takes place among them.
(4) Male having curve tail with pineal setae. 87. How many animal has nucleated RBC, with single
80. The phylum of animal in which the body is occipital cyndyle?
divided in to proboscis, collar and trunk with open Kiwi, Chamelion, Frog, Owl, pigeon, Ostrich, Crow,
circulatory system and respiration by gill is Koel, Bulbul, Psittacula, Echidna
(1)Hemichordata (2) Platyhelminthes (1) 6 (2) 7 (3) 8 (4)9
(3) Protozoa (4) Echinodermata 88. Which of the following do not form missing link?
81. Match the following: (1) Seymouria, Archaeopteryx, dodo
(i) Operculum (a) Ctenophora (2) limulus, peripetus, Neopelina
(ii) Parapodia (b) Mollusca (3) Echidna, sphenodon, peripetus
(iii) Scales (c) Porifera (4) All of these.
(iv) Comb plates (d) Reptilia 89. Centipede belongs to phylum-
(v) Radula (e) Annelida (1) Annelid (2)Arthropoda
(vi) Hairs (f) Cyclostomata and (3) Mollusca (4) Echinodermata
Chondrichthyes 90. Excretory organ of spider is
(vii) Choanocytes (g) Mammalia (1) Coxal glands (2) Flame cells
(viii) Open gill slits (h) Osteichthyes (3) Malpighian tubule (4) Nephridia
(1)i-h, ii-a, iii-d, iv-e, v-b, vi-g, vii-c, viii-f
(2) i-f, ii-b, iii-d, iv-a, v-e, vi-g, vii-c, viii-h Biology @ Jodhsir 7350441606
(3) i-h, ii-d, iii-e, iv-a, v-b, vi-g, vii-c, viii-f
(4)i-h, ii-e, iii-d, iv-a, v-b, vi-g, vii-c, viii-f
82. Pteridophytes are called vascular cryptogams,
because they are non-seeded plants containing
(1) Only xylem
(2) Only phloem
(3) Neither xylem nor phloem
(4) Xylem and phloem.
83. Match the following columns and choose the
correct option.
Column-I Column- II
(A) Cyclostomes (1) Hemichordata
(B) Aves (2) Urochordata
(C) Tunicates (3) Agnatha
(D) Balanoglossus (4) Pisces
(E) Osteichthyes (5) Tetrapod
Codes :
A B C D E
(a) 1 2 3 4 5
(b) 2 3 4 1 5
(c) 3 5 2 1 4
(d) 3 1 5 2 4
12th NEET Chemistry 22.12.2018
MEEEGS, AKOLA.
COTS - 2
1. The correct statement for the molecule CsI3 is 10. Which of the following has maximum number of
(1) It is a covalent molecule lone pairs associated with Xe?
(2) It contains Cs+ and I -3 (1) XeO3 (2) XeF4
(3) XeF6 (4) XeF2
(3) It contains Cs3+ and I- ions 11. Using MO theory, predict which of the following
(4) It contains Cs+, I- and lattice I2 molecule species has the shortest bond length?
2. For which of the following molecule significant   0 (1) O22  (2) O2
(3) O2 (4) O22 
12. Which of the following species exhibits
diamagnetic behaviour?
(1) O22  (2) O2
(3) O2 (4) NO
13. In which of the following ionisation processes, the
bond order has increased and the magnetic behaviour
has changed?
(1) C2  C2 (2) NO  NO 
(1) Only (i) (2) (i) and (ii) (3) O2  O2 (4) N 2  N 2
(3) Only (iii) (4) (iii) and (iv)
3. Which one of the following molecules is expected to 14. Which of the following hydrogen bond is the
exhibit diamagnetic behaviour? strongest?
(1) C2 (2) N2 (1) O H…N (2) FH…F
(3) O2 (4) S2 (3) O H…O (4) OH…F
4. In which of the following pairs of molecules/ions 15. In which of the following molecules/ions, all the
both the species are not likely to exist? bonds are not equal?
(1) SF4 (2) SiF4
(1) H 2 , He22  (2) H 2 , He22 
(3) XeF4 (4) BF4-
(3) H 22  , He2 (4) H 2 , He22  16. The decreasing values of bond angles from NH3
5. Stability of the species Li2, Li-2 and Li 2 increases in (1070) to SbH3 (91o) down group-15 of the periodic
table is due to
the order of (1) increasing bp – bp repulsion
(1) Li2  Li2  Li2 (2) Li2  Li2  Li2 (2) increasing p-orbital character in sp3
(3) decreasing lp-bp repulsion
(3) Li2  Li2  Li2 (4) Li2  Li2  Li2 (4) decreasing electronegativity
6. The molecule having smallest bond angle is 17. Which of the following molecules/ions does not
(1) NCl3 (2) AsCl3 contain unpaired electrons?
(3) SbCl3 (4) PCl3 (1) O22 - (2) B2
7. In which of the following pairs, the two species are
not isostructural? (3) N 2 (4) O2
(1) CO32  and NO3 (2) PCl4 and SiCl4 18. Lattice energy of an ionic compound depends upon
(1) charge on the ion and size of the ion
(3) PF5 and BrF5 (4) AlF63 and SF6 (2) packing of ions only
8. Among the following, the maximum covalent (3) size of the ion only
character is shown by the compound (4) charge on the ion only
(1) FeCl2 (2) SnCl2
(3) AlCl3 (4) MgCl2
9. The hybridization of orbitals of N atom in
NO3 , NO2 and NH 4 are respectively
(1) sp, sp2, sp3 (2) sp2, sp, sp3
(3) sp, sp , sp
3 2 (4) sp2, sp3, sp
12th NEET Chemistry 22.12.2018
19. The molecular shapes of SF4, CF4 and XeF4 are 29. The number of lone pairs on Xe in XeF2, XeF4 and
(1) different with 1, 0 and 2 lone pair of electrons on XeF6 respectively, are
the central atom, respectively (1) 3, 2, 1 (2) 2, 4, 6
(2) different with 0, 1 and 2 lone pair of electrons on (3) 1, 2, 3 (4) 6, 4, 2
the central atom, respectively 30. Bond angle of 109 28’ is found in
o

(3) the same with 1, 1 and 1 lone pair of electrons on (1) NH3 (2) H2O
the central atom, respectively  
(4) the same with 2, 0 and 1 lone pair of electrons on (3) C H 5 (4) N H 4
the central atom, respectively 31. Hybridisation of the underline atom changes in
20. Which one of the following species is diamagnetic (1) AlH3 changes to AlH 4
in nature?
(2) H2O changes to H3O+
(1) H 2 (2) H 2
(3) NH3 changes to NH 4
(3) H 2 (4) He2 (4) In all cases
21. The maximum number of 90o angles between bond 32. Increasing order of bond strength of O2,
pair-bond pair of electrons is observed in O-2 , O22 - , and O2 is
(1) dsp3 hybridisation (2) sp3 d hybridisation
(3) dsp2 hybridisation (4) sp3 d2 hybridisation (1) O2  O 2  O2  O2
22. Which one of the following has the regular (2) O2  O2  O2  O22 
tetrahedral structure?
(Atomic number : B = 5, S = 16, Ni = 28, Xe = 54) (3) O-2  O22   O2  O2
(1) XeF4 (2) SF4 (4) O22-  O 2  O 2  O 2
(3) BF4 - (4) [Ni(CN) 4 ]2 -
33. Which of the following represents the correct
23. The correct order of bond angles (smallest first) order of increasing first ionization enthalpy for Ca,
in H2S, NH3, BF3 and SiH4 is Ba, S, Se and Ar?
(1) H2S < SiH4 < NH3 < BF3 (1) Ca < S < Ba < Se < Ar (2) S < Se < Ca < Ba < Ar
(2) NH3 < H2S < SiH4 < BF3 (3) Ba < Ca < Se < S < Ar (4) Ca < Ba < S < Se < Ar
(3) H2S < NH3 < SiH4 < BF3 34. The first ionisation potential of Na is 5.1 eV. The
(4) H2S < NH3 < BF3 < SiH4 value of electron gain enthalpy of Na+ will be
24. The states of hybridisation of boron and oxygen (1) -2.55 eV (2) -5.1 eV
atoms in boric acid (H3BO3) are respectively (3) -10.2 eV (4) +2.55 eV
(1) sp2 and sp2 (2) sp2 and sp3 35. The increasing order of the ionic radii of the given
(3) sp3 and sp2 (2) sp3 and sp3 isoelectronic species is
25. The pair of species having identical shapes for (1) Cl-, C2+, K+, S2 (2) S2-, Cl-, Ca2+, K+
molecules of both species, is
(1) CF4, SF4 (2) XeF2, CO2 (3) Ca2+, K+, Cl-, S2- (4) K+, S2-, Ca2+, Cl -
(3) BF3, PCl3 (4) PF5, IF5 36. Which one of the following orders presents the
26. Which one of the following compounds has the correct sequence of the increasing basic nature of the
smallest bond angle? given oxides?
(1) SO2 (2) OH2 (1) Al2O3 <MgO < Na2O < K2O
(3) SH 2 (4) NH3 (2) MgO < K2O < Al 2O3 < Na2O
27. Which one of the following pairs of molecules will (3) Na2O < K2O < MgO < Al2 O3
have permanent dipole moments for both members? (4) K2O < Na2O < Al2O3 < MgO
(1) SiF4 and NO2 (2) NO2 and CO2 37. The charge/size ratio of a cation determines its
(3) NO2 and O3 (4) SiF4 and CO2 polarizing power. Which one of the following
28. Select the correct statement. sequences represents the increasing order of the
(1) When a covalent bond is formed, transfer of polarising power of the cationic species, K+, Ca2+,
electrons takes place Mg2+, Be2+ ?
(2) Pure H2O does not contain any ion (1) Mg2+ < Be2+ < K+ < Ca2+
(3) A bond is formed when attractive forces overcome (2) Be2+ < K+ < Ca2+ < Mg2+
repulsive forces (3) K+ < Ca2+ < Mg2+ < Be2+
(4) HF is less polar than HBr (4) Ca2+ < Mg2+ < Be2+ < K +
12th NEET Chemistry 22.12.2018
38. Which one of the following sets of ions represents 44. The formation of the oxide ion O2- (g) requires first
a collection of isoelectronic species? an exothermic and then an endothermic step as shown
(1) K+, Cl-, Ca2+, Sc3+ (2) Ba2+, Sr2+, K+, S2- below
(3) N3-, O2-, F-, S2- (4) Li+, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+ O(g) + e- = O- (g) ;  Ho = - 142 kJ mol-1
39. The ionic mobility of alkali metal ions in aqueous O-(g) + e- = O2- (g) ;  Ho = 844 kJ mol-1
solution is maximum for This is because
(1) K + (2) Rb + (1) oxygen is more electronegative
(3) Li + (4) Na + (2) oxygen has high electron affinity
40. The increasing order of the first ionisation (3) O- ion will tend to resist the addition of another
enthalpies of the elements B, P, S and F (lowest first) is electron
(1) F < S < P < B (2) P < S < B < F (4) O- ion has comparatively larger size than oxygen
(3) B < P < S < F (4) B < S < P < F atom
41. Following statements regarding the periodic 45. Which among the following factors is the most
trends of chemical reactivity of the alkali metals and important in making fluorine the strongest oxidising
the halogens are given. Which of these statements give agent?
the correct picture? (1) Electron affinity
(1) The reactivity decreases in the alkali metals but (2) Ionisation enthalpy
increases in the halogens with increase in atomic (3) Hydration enthalpy
number down the group (4) Bond dissociation energy
(2) In both the alkali metals and the halogens the
chemical reactivity decreases with increase in atomic
number down the group
(3) Chemical reactivity increases with increase in
atomic number down the group in both the alkali
metals and halogens
(4) In alkali metals, the reactivity increases but in the
halogens it decreases with increase in atomic number
down the group
42. In which of the following arrangements the order is
not according to the property indicated against it?
(1) Li < Na < K < Rb Increasing metallic radius
(2) I < Br < F < Cl Increasing electron gain enthalpy
(with negative sign)
(3) B < C < N < O Increasing first ionisation enthalpy
(4) Al3+ < Mg2+ < Na+ < F- Increasing ionic size
43. Based on lattice energy and other considerations
which one of the following alkali metal chlorides is
expected to have the highest melting point?
(1) RbCl (2) KCl
(3) NaCl (4) LiCl