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Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

NEWTONS LAWS OF MOTION EXERCISES

Take g = 9.81 ms -2

1

(a)

(b)

(c)

Air resistance, friction, the womans weight, the reaction to her weight exerted by the ice. If air resistance and the friction between the skates and the ice can be neglected, the skater will continue in a straight line with constant velocity.

2

3

Force from the engine is given as

 

With a new total mass of 3000 kg

4

For the shell

 

For the gun the force will be numerically the same but in the opposite direction

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

5

Let the distance moved =S

height above ground after 2 seconds = 30 - 19.62 = 10.38 m

6

(a)

(b)

(c)

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

  • 7 Taking each mass a free body

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 7 Taking each mass a free body
Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 7 Taking each mass a free body
Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 7 Taking each mass a free body

For 10 kg mass

For 5 kg mass

……… (1)

..

……… (2)

..

(1) - (2)

  • 8 Weight of elevator W Net downward force F Tension in cable T

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

  • 9 The scales will read the

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 9 The scales will read the Second

Second Law.

(taking downwards as positive)

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 9 The scales will read the Second
  • (a) If the elevator is ascending with an acceleration of 1 ms -2 , a = -1 ms -2

  • (b) The elevator is descending with an acceleration of 1 ms -2

  • (c) The elevator is ascending at a constant speed of 10 ms -1 i.e. zero acceleration

  • (d) The elevator is in free fall. gravity (9.81 ms -2 )

i.e. the man is falling with the acceleration due to

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

10

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 10 Initial horizontal speed Initial vertical speed
Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 10 Initial horizontal speed Initial vertical speed
Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 10 Initial horizontal speed Initial vertical speed
Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 10 Initial horizontal speed Initial vertical speed
Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 10 Initial horizontal speed Initial vertical speed
Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics 10 Initial horizontal speed Initial vertical speed

Initial horizontal speed

Initial vertical speed

In the vertical direction acceleration = -g

In the horizontal direction acceleration = 0

In the vertical direction.

When the shell lands S = 0

Using

When the shell lands S =

0

(

)

Either t=0 (at the start) or

So time at end of flight is

As there is no acceleration horizontally

The maximum value of D is when

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics

Centre of Advanced Design Engineering ENG4083 Mathematics and Dynamics