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Problem 7.

44 Page 477 Reklaitis

In the acetic anhydrate process, 100 mol/h of a process stream consisting of 4%


ketene, 10% acetic acid, 43% methane, and 43% carbon diokside ( all mol %) at 700oC is to
be cooled to 400oC by direct quenching with liquid glacial acetic acid at 50oC.

a.Given the data below, calculate the flow of quench acetic acid required and the
composisition of the cooled gas.

Gas Heat Capacity (cal/gmol.K)


a b x 102 c x 105 d x 109
CH4 4.750 1.2 0.303 -2.63
CO2 6.393 1.01 -0.3405 -
CH3COOH 8.20 4.805 -3.056 8.31
CH2O 4.11 2.996 -1.793 4.72

∆Hvl (CH3COOH, 391,4 K) = 5.83 kcal/gmol

Mean Cp (CH3COOH, liquid) = 36 cal/gmol.K

b. Suppose it was specified that 40 mol/h acetic acid was used as quench, calculate the outlet
of gas temperatur.

Answer :

a. Diasumsikan bahwa proses secara adiabatis

̂3 (4000 𝐶) − 𝐻
0 = 𝑁 3 [𝐻 ̂3 (𝑇𝑟)] − 𝑁1 [𝐻
̂1 (7000 𝐶) − 𝐻 ̂2 (500 𝐶) − 𝐻
̂1 (𝑇𝑟)] − 𝑁 2 [𝐻 ̂2 (𝑇𝑟)]

Tr = 4000C

Persamaannya menjadi

̂1 (7000 𝐶) − 𝐻
𝑁1 [𝐻 ̂2 (4000 𝐶) − 𝐻
̂1 (4000 𝐶)] = 𝑁 2 [𝐻 ̂2 (500 𝐶)]

Penyelesaian ruas kiri

4 973,2

∑ 𝑁𝑠1 ∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑠 𝑑𝑇
𝑠=1 673,2
4 4
1
(973,22 − 673,22 )
= (300) ∑ 𝑁𝑠 𝑎𝑠 + ∑ 𝑁𝑠1 𝑏𝑠
2
𝑠=1 𝑠=1
3 3 4 4
(973,2 − 673,2 ) (973,2 − 673,24 )
4
+ ∑ 𝑁𝑠1 𝑐𝑠 + ∑ 𝑁𝑠1 𝑑𝑠
3 4
𝑠=1 𝑠=1
4

∑ 𝑁𝑠1 𝑎𝑠 = (4,750)(43) + (6,393)(43) + (8,2)(10) + (4,11)(4) = 577,89


𝑠=1

∑ 𝑁𝑠1 𝑏𝑠 = (1,2𝑥10−2 )(43) + (1,01𝑥10−2 )(43) + (4,805𝑥10−2 )(10)


𝑠=1
+ (2,966𝑥10−2 )(4) = 1,54944
4

∑ 𝑁𝑠1 𝑐𝑠 = (0,303𝑥10−5 )(43) − (0,3405𝑥10−5 )(43) − (3,056𝑥10−5 )(10)


𝑠=1
− (1,793𝑥10−5 )(4) = −3,93445𝑥10−4
4

∑ 𝑁𝑠1 𝑑𝑠 = −(2,63𝑥10−9 )(43) + (8,31𝑥10−9 )(10) + (4,72𝑥10−9 )(4) = −1,111𝑥10−8


𝑠=1

4 973,2

∑ 𝑁𝑠1 ∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑠 𝑑𝑇 = 473133,7353 𝑐𝑎𝑙


𝑠=1 673,2

Penyelesaian ruas kanan


391,4 673,2

̂2 (4000 𝐶) − 𝐻
𝑁 2 [𝐻 ̂2 (500 𝐶)] = 𝑁 2 ( ∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑙 𝑑𝑇 + ∆𝐻𝑉𝐿 (391,4𝐾) + ∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑣 𝑑𝑇)
323,2 391,4

391,4
𝑐𝑎𝑙
∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑙 𝑑𝑇 = 36 (391,4 − 323,2) = 2455,2 𝑐𝑎𝑙/𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙. 𝐾
323,2

∆𝐻𝑉𝐿 = 5830 𝑐𝑎𝑙/𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙


673,2
4.805𝑥10−2
∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑣 𝑑𝑇 = 8,20(673,2 − 391,4) + (673,22 − 391,42 )
2
391,4
3.056𝑥10−5 8,31𝑥10−9
− (673,23 − 391,43 ) + (673,24 − 391,44 )
3 4
= 7025.054 𝑐𝑎𝑙/𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙
̂1 (7000 𝐶) − 𝐻
𝑁1 [𝐻 ̂2 (4000 𝐶) − 𝐻
̂1 (4000 𝐶)] = 𝑁 2 [𝐻 ̂2 (500 𝐶)]

𝑐𝑎𝑙
473133.7353 𝑐𝑎𝑙 = 𝑁 2 (15310.254 )
𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙

𝑁 2 = 30.903 𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙/ℎ

Komposisi gas yang telah didinginkan adalah :

CH4 = (43 mol/h ÷ 130.903 mol/h) x 100% = 32.85 %

CO2 = (43 mol/h ÷ 130.903 mol/h) x 100% = 32.85%

CH3COOH = 10 mol/h + 30.903 mol/h = (40,903 mol/h÷130.903mol/h)x100% = 31.25%

CH2O = ( 4 mol/h ÷ 130.903 mol/h) x 100% = 3.05%

∑ 𝑁3 = 130.903 𝑚𝑜𝑙/ℎ

b. proses di asumsikan adiabatis

̂3 (𝑇3 ) − 𝐻
0 = 𝑁 3 [𝐻 ̂3 (𝑇𝑟)] − 𝑁1 [𝐻
̂1 (7000 𝐶) − 𝐻 ̂2 (500 𝐶) − 𝐻
̂1 (𝑇𝑟)] − 𝑁 2 [𝐻 ̂2 (𝑇𝑟)]

Tr = 7000C

Persamaannya menjadi

̂3 (𝑇3) − 𝐻
𝑁 3 [𝐻 ̂3 (7000 𝐶)] = −𝑁 2 [𝐻
̂2 (7000 𝐶) − 𝐻
̂2 (500 𝐶)]

Penyelesaian ruas kanan


391,4 973,2

̂2 (7000 𝐶) − 𝐻
−𝑁 2 [𝐻 ̂2 (500 𝐶)] = −𝑁 2 ( ∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑙 𝑑𝑇 + ∆𝐻𝑉𝐿 (391,4𝐾) + ∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑣 𝑑𝑇)
323,2 391,4

391,4
𝑐𝑎𝑙
∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑙 𝑑𝑇 = 36 (391,4 − 323,2) = 2455,2 𝑐𝑎𝑙/𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙. 𝐾
323,2

∆𝐻𝑉𝐿 = 5830 𝑐𝑎𝑙/𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙


973,2
4.805𝑥10−2
∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑣 𝑑𝑇 = 8,20(973,2 − 391,4) + (973,22 − 391,42 )
2
391,4
3.056𝑥10−5 3 3)
8,31𝑥10−9
− (973,2 − 391,4 + (973,24 − 391,44 )
3 4
= 16881.003 𝑐𝑎𝑙/𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙

̂2 (7000 𝐶) − 𝐻
−𝑁 2 [𝐻 ̂2 (500 𝐶)] = −1006648.12 𝑐𝑎𝑙

Penyelesaian ruas kiri

4 𝑇3

∑ 𝑁𝑠3 ∫ 𝐶𝑝𝑠 𝑑𝑇
𝑠=1 973,2
4 4
3
(𝑇3 2 − 973,22 )
(𝑇
= 3 − 973,2) ∑ 𝑁𝑠 𝑎𝑠 + ∑ 𝑁𝑠3 𝑏𝑠
2
𝑠=1 𝑠=1
3 3 4 4 4 4
(𝑇3 − 973,2 ) (𝑇3 − 973,2 )
+ ∑ 𝑁𝑠3 𝑐𝑠 + ∑ 𝑁𝑠3 𝑑𝑠
3 4
𝑠=1 𝑠=1

∑ 𝑁𝑠3 𝑎𝑠 = (4,750)(43) + (6,393)(43) + (8,2)(50) + (4,11)(4) = 905,589


𝑠=1

∑ 𝑁𝑠3 𝑏𝑠 = (1,2𝑥10−2 )(43) + (1,01𝑥10−2 )(43) + (4,805𝑥10−2 )(50)


𝑠=1
+ (2,966𝑥10−2 )(4) = 3,47144
4

∑ 𝑁𝑠3 𝑐𝑠 = (0,303𝑥10−5 )(43) − (0,3405𝑥10−5 )(43) − (3,056𝑥10−5 )(50)


𝑠=1
− (1,793𝑥10−5 )(4) = −1,616𝑥10−4
4

∑ 𝑁𝑠3 𝑑𝑠 = −(2,63𝑥10−9 )(43) + (8,31𝑥10−9 )(50) + (4,72𝑥10−9 )(4) = 3,2129𝑥10−7


𝑠=1