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7/12/2018 Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear Wall Building – Structural Engineering Stuff

Structural Engineerings Sgsswdq

All about the analytical

JANUARY 13, 2016


RK ADHIKARI

Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear


Wall Building

( For manual calculation of lateral force distribution see paulay and pristely example of 8 story
building)

MAJOR STEPS:

A) Modeling

a) Importing model from auto-cad if possible

Importing the whole plan if available and modeling is easy… Refer video of CSI available in
Youtube “ETABS – 06 CAD Import- Watch _ Learn”

b)Defining material with non linear, time dependent, damping properties

Hysteresis type for Rcc: Takeda, Plain concrete: Concrete, and Rebar: Kinematic…. Refer Etabs
manual “Analysis Reference” Manual. Damping for rcc 5%

poisonon’s ratio =0.2 for serviceablity, 0.15 for strength design …… (See “Illustrated Desing of
Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-25)

Strain acceptance criteria provided here is for fiber hinge modeling (used generally in shear wall).

c)Defining section of different shape using section designer if possible

……See the video “Draw User Defined Tie Bar in Section Designer of ETABS 2015”

Beam Width (Minimum 200 mm)…….. See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L
Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-99)

Beam depth :L/10 to L/16

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7/12/2018 Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear Wall Building – Structural Engineering Stuff

Two way ss slab Depth: L/28 (ss), L/32(Continuous)….. (See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced
Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-96))

one wayy slab ss=20, cantilever=7 and continuous=26

Stairs, thickness of Waist slab =L/25 to L/20

…..See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-98)

d)Defining load pa ern including earthquake and wind forces

If we don’t include seismic load case in etabs, it will design shear reinforcement for minor shear only.

e)Defining response spectrum and time history function

For response spectrum, intial scale factor must be equal to I*g/2R, where I-importance factor,
g=9.806,R-Response reduction factor

… for detail search csi website

Initial Scale factor for Indian code( Response Spectrum Analysis)


(h ps://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/etabs/Scale+factor+for+IS+1893+Indian+code)

f) Defining modal/response spectrum load case and time history load case- both dynamic linear

g) Defining Load Combination

Load Combination-Waseem Blog (h p://waseemrana.com/2013/08/29/load-combinations-for-etabs-


safe/)

h)Assigning mesh for slab and Shear Wall

Divide the slab if frame element is divided for adjacent slab ( for example in case of stair case) let the
other left default for slab, same for shear wall, provide auto constraint if vertical or horizontal
irregularity is there

……see youtube video on “How to Model Stair in ETABS 2015 Easily.”

“ETABS – 08 Wall Modeling- Watch _ Learn”

i) Assigning static load cases

j)Assigning rigid Zone factor, offset, local axis,diaphragm

Put rigid zone factor =0.5 for rcc

……see Rigid Zone Factor- CSI Web


(h ps://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/etabs/Panel+zone+and+rigid+offset)

k)Assigning support restraint

j) Assigning moment release for secondary Beam

….. How to partial fixity in etabs – waseemrana (h p://waseemrana.com/2013/04/16/how-to-partial-


fixity-in-etabs/)

…… See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-41,42)
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k)Modeling staircase as ramp

can be model by two method: by extrusion of inclined beam or by direct

see video on youtube “How to Model Stair in ETABS 2015 Easily.”

l)Modeling infill wall as diagonal compression strut

Calculate the width from Fema formula and other parameter. For modeling as compression strut see

……seee Modeling tension only Strut- Youtube (h ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JkhYzTtwsKE)

m)Define non-linear static load case (not pushover)

i.e for Construction sequecne analysis

…….See youtube Video “ETABS – 17 Sequential Construction- Watch _ Learn”

n)Run P-Delta Analysis

If P-delta is activated, The frame/column is taken as non-sway(i.e. it prevents further sway), so the
effective height is calculated accordingly (ANNEX E,Fig 26, etabs use formula). But etabs take the
value of 1 for effective length ratio conservatively.

If P-delta in not activated, The frame/Column is taken as sway, and effective length ratio is calculated
accordingly (Annex E, Fig 27).

For local P-delta, Either we have to break the column into at least two element or the etabs will use
the codal provision of additional moment for slender column which is assumed to capture local p-
delta effect.

o) Define non-linear static analysis (pushover analysis)load case and plastic hinge

Plastic hinge properties can be taken from FEMA or ATC-40

Stress strain acceptance criteria for material property in compression and tension ???

p)Define non linear dynamic load case (using time history) for progressive collapse analysis

q) Specify the Stiffness/Property modifier

Use ACI Code for this

Compression members:

columns: 0.7 Ig

walls-uncracked :0.7 Ig

wall cracked:0.35 Ig

Flexural Member:

Beam:0.35*Ig

Flate plates and flat slabs : 0.25*Ig

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See “Stiffness-Modifiers ” Article

B) Analysis

a)check model

……. Etabs check list :-waseemrana (h p://waseemrana.com/2013/09/06/etabs-check-list/)

b)check the check box for centre of rigidity calculation

c)Run analysis

d) Check for deflection i.e. inter story drift and overall deflection of building

Deflection of beam Span/250 (IS 456,23.2)

Overall deflection for seismic load: H/250

……see 7.11.1 of IS 1893 part 1

Overall deflection for wind load: H/500

……See Limiting Deflection Value:- skghoshassociates


(h p://skghoshassociates.com/SKGAblog/viewpost.php?id=26)

……See “ASCE 2005 commentary CC.1.2”

……. Building drifts in Etabs :- waseemrana (h p://waseemrana.com/2012/07/15/building-drifts-in-


etabs/)

Interstory drift:

Search Relevant source

…….. Calculation procedure in safe etabs :-waseemrana


(h p://waseemrana.com/2013/08/29/calculation-procedure-in-safe-etabs/)

C) Design the Structure

a) Specify the design preferences

b)Check the design combination

c)Run Design/Check

Overwrite the design parameter by right clicking any member for ordinary, non-sway or ductile
frame

d) For shear wall design: CT-Type design, Uniform reinforcing design and general design

…….. see video “ETABS – 09 Shear Wall Design and Optimization- Watch _ Learn”

D) run pushover analysis

Pushover Analysis :-RK (h ps://strlengineering.wordpress.com/2016/01/07/pushover-analysis/)

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E) Start Detailing

…….. Ws beam schedule :-waseemrana (h p://waseemrana.com/2013/08/21/ws-beam-schedule/)

Beam Auto Detailing after export from etabs (h ps://drive.google.com/open?


id=0B0ruR_0lUoYVTUZ4WUwteVFjbEU)

G) Formatoin of Beam Schedule, Column Schedule, Slab Schedule and Shear wall Schedule

For Beam schedule , design all beams and group the beams having same number and size of bars for
both longitudinal and transverse reinforcement

…….. See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-286)

For Curtailment in Beam .. ..See IS Code 456 (Cl 26.2.3)

ETABS 2015 15.0.0-Beam shear_Design Details


(h ps://strlengineering.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/etabs-2015-15-0-0-beam-shear_design-
details.pdf)

ETABS 2015 15.0.0-Design Flexural Details (h ps://strlengineering.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/etabs-


2015-15-0-0-design-flexural-details.pdf)

ETABS 2015 15.0.0-Design Shear Details (h ps://strlengineering.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/etabs-


2015-15-0-0-design-shear-details.pdf)

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