You are on page 1of 6

# 7/12/2018 Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear Wall Building – Structural Engineering Stuff

## Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear

Wall Building

( For manual calculation of lateral force distribution see paulay and pristely example of 8 story
building)

MAJOR STEPS:

A) Modeling

## a) Importing model from auto-cad if possible

Importing the whole plan if available and modeling is easy… Refer video of CSI available in

## b)Deﬁning material with non linear, time dependent, damping properties

Hysteresis type for Rcc: Takeda, Plain concrete: Concrete, and Rebar: Kinematic…. Refer Etabs
manual “Analysis Reference” Manual. Damping for rcc 5%

poisonon’s ratio =0.2 for serviceablity, 0.15 for strength design …… (See “Illustrated Desing of
Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-25)

Strain acceptance criteria provided here is for ﬁber hinge modeling (used generally in shear wall).

## c)Deﬁning section of diﬀerent shape using section designer if possible

……See the video “Draw User Deﬁned Tie Bar in Section Designer of ETABS 2015”

Beam Width (Minimum 200 mm)…….. See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L
Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-99)

## Beam depth :L/10 to L/16

https://strlengineering.wordpress.com/2016/01/13/modeling-analysis-and-design-of-shear-wall-building/ 1/6
7/12/2018 Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear Wall Building – Structural Engineering Stuff

Two way ss slab Depth: L/28 (ss), L/32(Continuous)….. (See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced
Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-96))

## Stairs, thickness of Waist slab =L/25 to L/20

…..See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-98)

## d)Deﬁning load pa ern including earthquake and wind forces

If we don’t include seismic load case in etabs, it will design shear reinforcement for minor shear only.

## e)Deﬁning response spectrum and time history function

For response spectrum, intial scale factor must be equal to I*g/2R, where I-importance factor,
g=9.806,R-Response reduction factor

## Initial Scale factor for Indian code( Response Spectrum Analysis)

(h ps://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/etabs/Scale+factor+for+IS+1893+Indian+code)

f) Deﬁning modal/response spectrum load case and time history load case- both dynamic linear

safe/)

## h)Assigning mesh for slab and Shear Wall

Divide the slab if frame element is divided for adjacent slab ( for example in case of stair case) let the
other left default for slab, same for shear wall, provide auto constraint if vertical or horizontal
irregularity is there

## ……see Rigid Zone Factor- CSI Web

(h ps://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/etabs/Panel+zone+and+rigid+oﬀset)

## ….. How to partial ﬁxity in etabs – waseemrana (h p://waseemrana.com/2013/04/16/how-to-partial-

ﬁxity-in-etabs/)

…… See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-41,42)
https://strlengineering.wordpress.com/2016/01/13/modeling-analysis-and-design-of-shear-wall-building/ 2/6
7/12/2018 Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear Wall Building – Structural Engineering Stuff

## l)Modeling inﬁll wall as diagonal compression strut

Calculate the width from Fema formula and other parameter. For modeling as compression strut see

## n)Run P-Delta Analysis

If P-delta is activated, The frame/column is taken as non-sway(i.e. it prevents further sway), so the
eﬀective height is calculated accordingly (ANNEX E,Fig 26, etabs use formula). But etabs take the
value of 1 for eﬀective length ratio conservatively.

If P-delta in not activated, The frame/Column is taken as sway, and eﬀective length ratio is calculated
accordingly (Annex E, Fig 27).

For local P-delta, Either we have to break the column into at least two element or the etabs will use
the codal provision of additional moment for slender column which is assumed to capture local p-
delta eﬀect.

o) Deﬁne non-linear static analysis (pushover analysis)load case and plastic hinge

## Plastic hinge properties can be taken from FEMA or ATC-40

Stress strain acceptance criteria for material property in compression and tension ???

p)Deﬁne non linear dynamic load case (using time history) for progressive collapse analysis

## Use ACI Code for this

Compression members:

columns: 0.7 Ig

walls-uncracked :0.7 Ig

wall cracked:0.35 Ig

Flexural Member:

Beam:0.35*Ig

## Flate plates and ﬂat slabs : 0.25*Ig

https://strlengineering.wordpress.com/2016/01/13/modeling-analysis-and-design-of-shear-wall-building/ 3/6
7/12/2018 Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear Wall Building – Structural Engineering Stuff

B) Analysis

a)check model

## b)check the check box for centre of rigidity calculation

c)Run analysis

d) Check for deﬂection i.e. inter story drift and overall deﬂection of building

## ……See Limiting Deﬂection Value:- skghoshassociates

(h p://skghoshassociates.com/SKGAblog/viewpost.php?id=26)

## ……. Building drifts in Etabs :- waseemrana (h p://waseemrana.com/2012/07/15/building-drifts-in-

etabs/)

Interstory drift:

## …….. Calculation procedure in safe etabs :-waseemrana

(h p://waseemrana.com/2013/08/29/calculation-procedure-in-safe-etabs/)

## b)Check the design combination

c)Run Design/Check

Overwrite the design parameter by right clicking any member for ordinary, non-sway or ductile
frame

d) For shear wall design: CT-Type design, Uniform reinforcing design and general design

…….. see video “ETABS – 09 Shear Wall Design and Optimization- Watch _ Learn”

## Pushover Analysis :-RK (h ps://strlengineering.wordpress.com/2016/01/07/pushover-analysis/)

https://strlengineering.wordpress.com/2016/01/13/modeling-analysis-and-design-of-shear-wall-building/ 4/6
7/12/2018 Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear Wall Building – Structural Engineering Stuff

E) Start Detailing

## Beam Auto Detailing after export from etabs (h ps://drive.google.com/open?

id=0B0ruR_0lUoYVTUZ4WUwteVFjbEU)

G) Formatoin of Beam Schedule, Column Schedule, Slab Schedule and Shear wall Schedule

For Beam schedule , design all beams and group the beams having same number and size of bars for
both longitudinal and transverse reinforcement

…….. See “Illustrated Desing of Reinforced Concrete Buildings)- V.L Shah, S.R. karve-(Page-286)

## ETABS 2015 15.0.0-Beam shear_Design Details

(h ps://strlengineering.ﬁles.wordpress.com/2016/01/etabs-2015-15-0-0-beam-shear_design-
details.pdf)

## ETABS 2015 15.0.0-Design Flexural Details (h ps://strlengineering.ﬁles.wordpress.com/2016/01/etabs-

2015-15-0-0-design-ﬂexural-details.pdf)

## ETABS 2015 15.0.0-Design Shear Details (h ps://strlengineering.ﬁles.wordpress.com/2016/01/etabs-

2015-15-0-0-design-shear-details.pdf)

https://strlengineering.wordpress.com/2016/01/13/modeling-analysis-and-design-of-shear-wall-building/ 5/6
7/12/2018 Modeling, Analysis and Design of Shear Wall Building – Structural Engineering Stuff

ETABS GUIDING STUFF UNCATEGORIZED

## Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.

Save

https://strlengineering.wordpress.com/2016/01/13/modeling-analysis-and-design-of-shear-wall-building/ 6/6