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GERUNDIO O INFINITIVO

1.Completa las frases con la forma de infinitivo o de gerundio de los verbos entre paréntesis.
I don't mind (work) in an open-space office.
2. He promised (help) me with the project.
3. He is worried about (lose) his job.
4. (study) for exams is very tiring.
5. I'm saving money (buy) a new car.
5. She managed (not laugh) when he came in.
6. I enjoy (not go) shopping on Saturdays.
7. I'm looking forward to (see) you again soon.
8. She is afarid of (fly).
9. (read) is relaxing.
10. I've come (visit) my grandmother.

2.Escoge la mejor opción para completar las frases.

I'm going to the post-office ..... some stamps.


It's difficult ..... at the same time.
for to buy
working and studying
to buy
to work and study
..... from home can be stressful.
I can't afford ..... a flat on my own.
Working
renting
Work
to rent
I would like ..... English well.
They enjoy ..... their weekends at the seaside.
speaking
to spend
to speak
spending
I'm worried about ..... enough money at the end of the
month. He suggested ..... the Modern Tate in London.

not having visiting


having not
to visit
don't have
I hope ..... this year.
I'm planning ..... anything this weekend.
to graduate
to not do graduating
not to do
3. COMPLETA

1. If you are a beginner, you need (use) a biligual dictionary. Bilingual dictionaries are good not just for
(translate) but also for (compare).
2. Spend time (study) - if you don't study regularly, you won't become fluent.
3. Don't be afraid of mistakes - every time you are wrong, you are also able (learn) something correctly.
4. Don't translate! It's easier (learn) English if you can think in English.
5. Grammar isn't boring. (learn) English grammar will help you understand the language.
6. Find a friend (practice) with! (share) your learning adventure is a great way to go further and to
have some fun along the way.
7. A qualified teacher is the best person (help) you learn English.
8. Remember (do) things that you enjoy in English. If you are interested in gardening, read about it in English.
9. Try (practice) all the areas of English: listening, reading, writing and speaking.
10. Remember that (learn) a language is not like cycling: if you don't use it, you lose it!

4. COMPLETA

1. I like (lie) on the beach and (read) a good book.


2. I would love (travel) to Japan one day.
3. I would hate (work) in a factory.
4. I hate (do) the washing-up after dinner.
5. I prefer (rent) a flat to (stay) in a hotel.
6. I would like (do) a parachute jump one day.
7. I would prefer (take) the train if I had more time.
8. I love (work) in my garden on Sundays.
9. I would love (become) a pop singer one day.
10. I hate (stand) while I eat.

5.TRANSLATE
 Me olvidé que escribí ese correo electrónico.)
 .(Me olvidé de escribir el correo electrónico.)
 .(Deja de ver las noticias)
 Para, para ver las noticias.)
 Me alegro de verte.)
 me sorprendió al encontrar la puerta abierta.)

6. completa
∆∆ He’s good at Escucha bien.)
∆ I always read before to bed.(Siempre leo antes de acostarme.)
∆∆ You can’t leave without goodbye.(No puedes salir sin despedirte.)
7. completa

I hope ____ (go) to England next year. Q6 of 10


I have no experience in ____ (work) with children.
Q1 of 10
They enjoy ____ (work) together. Q7 of 10
We're looking forward to ____ (meet) you!
Q2 of 10
David quit ____ (smoke) a year ago. Q8 of 10
Carla doesn't feel like ____ (cook) tonight, so we are
Q3 of 10 going to a restaurant.
Do you want ____ (study) with me tonight?
Q9 of 10
Q4 of 10 Sue was relieved ____ (learn) that she didn't have
We were anxious ____ (take) the exam. cancer.

Q5 of 10 Q10 of 10
He always takes a nap after ____ (eat) a big meal. We can't afford _____ (go) on holiday.
We can't afford (go) on holiday

8. Elige la respuesta correcta.


Q1 of 8 Q5 of 8
We finally finished _____ the house last week. _____ just one day a week is beneficial to your health.
painting Exercising
to paint To exercise
Q2 of 8 Q6 of 8
John is a vegetarian. He stopped _____ meat 2 years What is the advantage of _____ early?
ago.
leaving
eating
to leave
to eat Q7 of 8
Q3 of 8 We agreed _____ them at the train station.
I forgot _____ the summary for my teacher. I have to
do it tonight. meeting
to meet
writing
Q8 of 8
to write She has decided _____ art at university.
Q4 of 8
Do you want _____ to the beach with us? studying

coming to study

to come
9. remember

I remember football with my friends after Did you remember your mum for her birthday?
school when I was a child. play call

There might be someone in the house because I don’t You must remember the door. lock
remember the door open. leave
Sorry, I didn’t remember the money.
Do you remember to her before? Bring
speak

10. forget

Don’t forget me a present! buy I’ll never forget Robert De Niro . meet

Have you ever forgotten the keys with you? I forgot you at the party. see
take
How could you forget to that concert? go
She forgot her homework. Do

11. stop

I stopped at 10. study I was running and I got thirsty, so I stopped some
water. dring
Could you stop ? talk
We stopped at the map because we were lost.
I’ll never stop the guitar. Play look

After 5 hours studying, I stopped something. eat


INFINITIVO O GERUNDIO
key
1. I don't mind working (work) in an open-space office.
2. He promised to help (help) me with the project.
3. He is worried about losing (lose) his job.
4. studying (study) for exams is very tiring.
5. I'm saving money to buy (buy) a new car.
5. She managed not to laugh (not laugh) when he came in.
6. I enjoy not going (not go) shopping on Saturdays.
7. I'm looking forward to seeing (see) you again soon.
8. She is afarid of flying (fly).
9. reading (read) is relaxing.
10. I've come to visit (visit) my grandmother.

I'm going to the post-office ..... some stamps.


It's difficult ..... at the same time.
for to buy
working and studying
to buy
to work and study
..... from home can be stressful.
I can't afford ..... a flat on my own.
Working
renting
Work
to rent
I would like ..... English well.
They enjoy ..... their weekends at the seaside.
speaking
to spend
to speak
spending
I'm worried about ..... enough money at the end of the
month. He suggested ..... the Modern Tate in London.

not having visiting


having not
to visit
don't have
I hope ..... this year.
I'm planning ..... anything this weekend.
to graduate
to not do graduating

not to do

1. If you are a beginner, you need to use (use) a biligual dictionary. Bilingual dictionaries are good not just for
translating (translate) but also for comparing (compare).

2. Spend time studying (study) - if you don't study regularly, you won't become fluent.
3. Don't be afraid of mistakes - every time you are wrong, you are also able to learn (learn) something correctly.
4. Don't translate! It's easier to learn (learn) English if you can think in English.
5. Grammar isn't boring. learning (learn) English grammar will help you understand the language.

6. Find a friend to practice (practice) with! sharing (share) your learning adventure is a great way to go further and to
have some fun along the way.
7. A qualified teacher is the best person to help (help) you learn English.

8. Remember to do (do) things that you enjoy in English. If you are interested in gardening, read about it in English.
9. Try to practice (practice) all the areas of English: listening, reading, writing and speaking.
10. Remember that learning (learn) a language is not like cycling: if you don't use it, you lose it!

además de la diferencia de significado entra los dos verbos (“like” significa “gustar” y “would like” significa “gustaría”),
hay también una diferencia entre el tipo de estructura de dos verbos que permiten: “would like” acepta únicamente la
forma de infinitivo (” I would like to go on holiday”/ Me gustaría ir de vacaciones), mientras que “like” suele ir
acompañado por un gerundio cuando hablamos de aficiones o pasatiempos (“I like swimming”/Me gusta nadar).
La misma diferencia existe también entre “hate” y “would hate”, “love” y “would love”, “prefer” y “would prefer”.

1. I like lying (lie) on the beach and reading (read) a good book.
2. I would love to travel (travel) to Japan one day.
3. I would hate to work (work) in a factory.
4. I hate doing (do) the washing-up after dinner.
5. I prefer to rent (rent) a flat to staying (stay) in a hotel.
6. I would like to do (do) a parachute jump one day.
7. I would prefer to take (take) the train if I had more time.
8. I love working (work) in my garden on Sundays.
9. I would love to become (become) a pop singer one day.
10. I hate standing (stand) while I eat.

TRANSLATE
Gerundio:
I forgot writing that email.(Me olvidé que escribí ese correo electrónico.)
Infinitivo:
I forgot to write that email.(Me olvidé de escribir el correo electrónico.)
Gerundio:
Stop watching the news.(Deja de ver las noticias)
Infinitivo:
Stop to watch the news.(Para, para ver las noticias.)

I’m glad to see you.(Me alegro de verte.)


She was surprised to find the door unlocked.(Se sorprendió al encontrar la puerta abierta.)

He’s good at listening.(Escucha bien.)


I always read before going to bed.(Siempre leo antes de acostarme.)
You can’t leave without saying goodbye.(No puedes salir sin despedirte.)
Q1 of 10 Q7 of 10
They enjoy WORKING together. We're looking forward to MEET you!
Respuesta correcta Respuesta incorrecta: La respuesta correcta es:
We're looking forward to meeting you!
Q2 of 10 Se usa el gerundio después de expresiones o verbos
David quit SMOKING a year ago. frasales.
Respuesta correcta
Q8 of 10
Q3 of 10 Carla doesn't feel like COOKING tonight, so we are
Do you want TO STUDY with me tonight? going to a restaurant.
Respuesta correcta Respuesta correcta

Q4 of 10 Q9 of 10
We were anxious TO TAKE the exam. Sue was relieved TO LEARN that she didn't have
Respuesta correcta cancer.
Respuesta correcta
Q5 of 10
He always takes a nap after EATING a big meal. Q10 of 10
Respuesta correcta We can't afford GOING on holiday.
Respuesta incorrecta: La respuesta correcta es:
Q6 of 10 We can't afford to go on holiday.
I have no experience in WORKING with children. Cuando un verbo sigue otro verbo, siempre
Respuesta correcta necesitamos usar el infinitivo o el gerundio.
Normalmente usamos el infinitivo después de unos
verbos y el gerundio después de otros. Siempre usamos
el infinitivo después del verbo "to afford"

Q1 of 8 Q5 of 8
We finally finished painting the house last week. Exercising just one day a week is beneficial to your
Respuesta correcta health.
Respuesta correcta
Q2 of 8
John is a vegetarian. He stopped eating meat 2 years Q6 of 8
ago. What is the advantage of leaving early?
Respuesta correcta Respuesta correcta

Q3 of 8 Q7 of 8
I forgot to write the summary for my teacher. I have to We agreed to meet them at the train station.
do it tonight. Respuesta correcta
Respuesta correcta
Q8 of 8
Q4 of 8 She has decided to study art at university.
Do you want to come to the beach with us? Respuesta correcta
Respuesta correcta
Ejercicio 9
I remember playing football with my friends after school when I was a child.
There might be someone in the house because I don’t remember leaving the door open.
Do you remember speaking to her before?
Did you remember to call your mum for her birthday?
You must remember to lock the door.
Sorry, I didn’t remember to bring the money.

Ejercicio 10
Don’t forget to buy me a present!
Have you ever forgotten to take the keys with you?
She forgot to do her homework.
I’ll never forget meeting Robert De Niro.
I forgot seeing you at the party.
How could you forget going to that concert?

Ejercicio 11
I stopped studying at 10.
Could you stop talking?
I’ll never stop playing the guitar.

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