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12/28/2018

Roads & Highways


Presentation By
Department, Ministry of
Road Transport And Bridges
Abu Saleh Md. Nuruzzaman, PEng
B.Sc. Engineering in Civil 1986 BUET
M.Sc. Engineering in Civil 1993 BUET

MISSION OF RHD M.Sc. Engineering in Bridge 1995


with Distinction from
University of Surrey, England

TO PROVIDE SAFE, Life Fellow of IEB
COMFORTABLE, COST Life Member of IRC
MASCE
EFFECTIVE, WELL MAINTAINED ■
AND ENVIRONM ENT FRIENDLY Superintending Engineer
ROAD NETWORK Road and Highways Department
Government of Bangladesh

Performance As A Bridge Engineer

 Bridge Inventory of 460 Bridges of Dhaka Zone


 Involvement in Bridge Work: Road
Bridge Design & Revised Design 64 nos.
Emergency & Temporary Bridge Design 16 nos.
Network Of
Well Foundation Rectification 2 nos. Bangladesh
Bridge Rehabilitation 5 nos. Before
Bridge Restoration 1 nos. Independence
Bridge Construction & Supervision 22 nos.
1971
Total 110 nos.

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Present RHD RHD is following


Road Net-Work AASHTO LRFD
National Highways 3,791 km BRIDGE DESIGN
Regional Highways 4,206km SPEIFICATION
Zilla Roads 13,130 km

Total Roads 21,127 km

Bridges: 4,825 nos


Culverts: 13,432 nos

Span in Feet Usually Used in RHD Balanced Cantilever Bridge

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Multi-span Balanced Cantilever Bridge Standard PC-I Girder Used by RHD

COMPOSITE STEEL BRIDGES IN PRE


COMPOSITE LIBERATION PERIOD
STEEL
BRIDGES IN
BRITISH
PERIOD

 During the British


period there were few
road exist

 Small span bridges (5.0


m) are made of circular
brick arch

 Medium span (10.0m)


bridge decks are made
of steel trough plate
rests on steel joist

Steel trough plates are


Cross Section Of A I-Section Steel Deck

covered with lime
mortar. But there were
Steel trough plate Bridge at
not any composite
connection/action
Modhupur-Mymensing Highway Bridge

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COMPOSITE STEEL BRIDGES IN Composite Box Girder Bridge With Rectangular


BANGLADESH PERIOD Steel Box Sections

Cross Section Of A Multi-girder Highway


Bridge

Erection Of 2nd Dhaleswari Bolted Steel Truss Foundation Work OF Kanchan Bridge

Erection by Full Staging Erection by Full Staging


Method Driving of Steel Casing Driving of Steel Casing
Method

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Foundation Work of Cast In Situ Bored Pile ARIAL KHAN BRIDGE

Cast In Situ Bored Pile Cast In Situ Bored Pile

DRIVING OF PERMANENT STEEL CAISING.


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Construction of Working Pile of Main Bridge at ARIAL KHAN BRIDGE


River

PILOT PILE LOAD TEST


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PC Girder casted on Ground. Preparation of PC girder by staging


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PC Girder Lifting in position by Barge Crane. Picture and Cross- Section Of Meghna Bridge
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Gantry and Cross-Section of Bangabandhu Bridgr Box Girder

Pier cap

Pier

Pile Cap

Pile

Steps for Casting of Box-


Box- Girder using Moveable
Shuttering of Box-
Box-Girder on the Launching
Launching Truss
Truss
Pre-stress Box Girder

Stopper
Block Launching Truss

Roller Trestle
Trestle Foundation
Existing Pile Cap

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Steps for Casting of Box-


Box- Girder Concreting Steps of Box-
Box-Girder
using Moveable
Construction of
Launching Truss
Construction of Top Slab
Next Girder First Girder
Placement of
Expansion Joint
Shifting of Launching Truss
Web

Bottom Haunch

Bottom Slab

Concreting of Box-Girder (Bottom Slab) Stressing & Grouting of Box-Girder


Pressure Gauge

Grouting

Stressing Jack

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Long and Cross Section of Third Karnaphuli


Project Location-Chittagong and Karnaphuli River Bridge

Proposed Intersection - 01
(Chittagong end) at Bakulia 830.0

115.0 3x200.0 =600.0 115.0


BAKULIA

SHIKALBAHA
KOLARPOOL

MOYZZERTEK P6 A2
Proposed Intersection - 02
P7 P8 P9 P10
(Cox's bazar end) at Mozzartek

Cable
Profile of Superstructure
Strut
L

24.470
0.305 1.500 1.650 7.300 2.360 7.300 1.650 1.500 0.305
Model of Main Girder
0.300 0.300
Side Slow 2 Lane Slow Side
2 Lane
Location of the new walk Vehicle
2.5% 2.5%
Vehicle Walk

bridge will be 50m

~ 6.750
4.000
upstream of the existing 2

Shah Amanat Bridge 1

BAY OF BENGAL Cross Section of Superstructure


Inside of Box Girder

Characteristics of 3 Types of Bridge Pile Foundation

Arrangement of Load Cell in Progress of O-Cell Pile Load


Rebar Cage Test

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A Schematic View of Form Traveler used in Third


Installation of Form Traveller Karnaphuli Bridge

Rear upper cross beam


Column

Main Truss chord

Front upper
Rear Anchor 4.0
Cross beam Form

Guide rail
Suspender
Outer guide beam Lower chord

Rear Lower cross beam

Front Lower Cross beam

Cross beam

Longitudinal beam of bottom form

Main Components of Form Traveler

A Typical Cable System for Third Karnaphuli Bridge Installation of Saddle at Top of Tower

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Anchoring of Stay Cables Segment Construction Over Pier 10

Anchoring of Stay Cable


Sensor Used in Pre-Stressing of
Stay Cable

Longest Extra-dosed Curved Span in the World


Bridge Movement
The Location of Bearing, STU and Shear Keys of Third Karnaphuli Bridge

P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 A2

SK SK

Legend

Metal Pot Vertical Load Bearing Fixed STU


Free to translate and Rotate (Longitudinal and Transevere)

Longitudinal Guided Bearing Concrete Shear Key With


Elastomeric Buffers

Metal Shear Key


Shock Transmission Unit (Transverse Load Only
SK
No Vertical Load)

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Long and Cross Section of Voided RCC Slab of


Third Karnaphuli Bridge RCC Voided Slab
Form Work of Voided Slab Form Work Wrapped with PVC
Sheet

RCC Voided Slab Material and Material Testing

Trial Concreting of Voided Slab Concrete Batching Plant


Placing of Form Work in Voided Material Testing Facility at Bridge
Slab Site

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Material and Material Testing Quality Control of C-50 Concrete

Jack Calibration in Progress C50 Individual Test Results


Material Testing Facility at Bridge Concrete cast during October 2008

Site
80

70

60

50

40

N/mm2
30

20

10

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31/10/08
Pour Date

Individual Test Results Minimum Individual Test Result

Health & Safety and Environmental Issues Third Karnaphuli Bridge

Notice in the Bridge Site The Trestle Bridge

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250
CHOICE OF STRUCTURAL FORM
RC/PC Bridge
Steel Bridge
OF BHULTA FLYOVER
200
Third Karnaphuly BR IN A yl
he
t En
d

NUTSHELL
S
Span in meter

2 Stor
ied Bu
ilding
Hazrat Shah Amanat BR
150 1
G G2 G3 G4
G
5

Gab Khan BR
5.116

Lama Kazi BR
The proposed four lane
31.451 6
G
6.267
7
31.548 G

Bangabondhu BR 31.611 G
8

Tins

1 St
Tinshed Structure

hed

orie
Stru

d Bu
cture

ildin
g
2.091

1 St
orie

1 St
First Buriganga BR

d Bu
100

orie
31.690 p

ildin

d Bu
g

ildin
g
Pum
toilet
Tinshed Structure

Bhulta flyover was simply


Oill
khall 9.378
Semi Pucca Structure

Tinshed

Structure

Sayed Nazrul Islam BR


Tinshed Structure

Building e
0.991 Tinshed

Structure

3 Storied Structur Tinshed

Structure

Katchpur BR Semi Pucca

Semi Puc
Semi Pucca

ca Structu
6.975

Structure

re

ure
ruct
Structure

supported post tensioned


4.511

d St
Pucca

Tinshe
Semi

4.021

ure
ruct
Tinshed

d St
Structure

Tinshe
7.230

Bridge
11.945 Tinshed
Structure

g
ildin
Semi Pucca Structur
e

d Bu
orie
Semi Pucca Structur

Amin Bazar BR
e

5 St
11.630 Semi
Pucca
Structure

Semi Pucca Structure


9.000

Structure

Semi Pucca Structure

Structure

ure

Semi Pucca Structure


Semi Pucca

ca Struct
10.598

Semi Pucca

Semi Puc
0.626
3 Storied Building

8.150 Tinshed

pre-stressed standard I-
Structure
1 Storied
Building

re
ctu
3.074

d Stru
Semi Pucca
Structure Tinshed
Structur

Tinshe
e

50
Tinshed Structure

Semi Pucca Tinshed Structure

ure
Structure

Vulta Gaucia

ruct
d St
5.702

G5

Tinshe
To Rupgonj

ure
Semi

ruct
Pucca

d St
Semi Pucca Structur

Road Tinshed Structure Structure


e
6.090

Tinshe

ure
ruct
d St
Tinshe
Tinshed Structure

Tinshed Structure

G6 2.013

G7 10.227

3 Storied Building
mosque

G8 1.948
3 Storied Building

Tinshed Structure
section.
2 Storied Building
Under Constriction

4 Storied Building

G4 khall
Jaghir BR
3 Storied Building
1 Storied Building

8.756
G3
G2 3 Storied Building

4.074
G1

ture
Semi Pucca Struc
Semi Pucca
Structure
Tinshed
Structur
e

Semi Pucca
Structur
e
Tinshed
Structur
e

0
4.233

Tinshed Structur
e

Semi Pucca
Structure

Which was changed to


Tinshed Structure

ure
7.15

Struct
4 Storied
Building

hed
Tinshed Structure

Tins
2 Storied Building
Tinshed Structure

1962 1972 1982 1992 2002 2012


Semi Pucca
Structure

Semi Pucca Structur Tinshed Structure


e

Toilet
5
Tinshed Structure

seven span continuous

30.42
1.372 Semi Pucca Structure

Tinshed Structure

Tinshed Structure
Tinshed Structure
e
Structur
Tinshed

e
Tinshed Structur

19
e

10.0
Tinshed Structure Tinshed Structur
Tinshed Structure

Year
1 Storied Building

Semi Pucca Structur


e

khall
Structure

Toilet
Tinshed

2 Storied Building

Structure
Tinshed

RCC twin cell box girder.


e
Structur
Tinshed

e
Tinshed Structur

Tinshed Structure
Tinshed Structure

re
Tinshed Structure

Tinshed Structu

ructure
Tinshed Structure
Tinshed Structure

Tinshed St
Tinshe
Structure
Semi Pucca

d St
ruct
ure
e
Structur
Pucca
Semi

cture

ure

ure

Tinshed Structure
Tinshed Structure

Tinshed Stru

Tinshed Struct
Tinshe

Tinshed Struct
e Tinshed Structure
Tinshed Structur

d St
ruct
ure
The presentation gives an
Progress of Center Span of Long Span

End
ka
overview of the design

Dha
Bridges of Bangladesh development process. Location of the Bhulta Flyover

THE STRUCTURAL FORM- DESIGN PROCESS


SUPERSTRUCTURE
 The bridge deck is continuous between expansion joints
ORIGINAL DESIGN giving a total expansion length of ±215.0m.
REVISED DESIGN
 At each pier there are 3 nos. vertical bearings which
transmit the deck loads through the substructure directly
into each pile.
 Horizontal fixity in both longitudinal and transverse
SOLID CONCRETE MEDIAN 50mmW/C
SLOPE SLOPE

300X1000

VENTILATION
directions is provided at middle Pier (alternately at Pier 4
and Pier 5 in the subsequent modules) and horizontal
300X300
HOLE 50 Ø @
1500 C/C.
DRAIN PIPE 50 Ø

transverse fixity only is provided at other piers thus allowing


@3000 C/C.

Composite I- section
the deck to move relative to the fixed pier..
RCC twin box section
Gross concrete area of the
section was 11.37 m2/meter Gross concrete area of the
of length. box section is 9.21 m2/meter
of length.

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AESTHETIC VIEW OF THE FLYOVER


In-fill Material The Pile Cap &
Column

Dry Two Rows


Water Level
Working of Sheet Piles
Space

River Bed Level

Mass Concrete
Water Plug
Bored Pile

 Osama El Garf Use of Lift Slab Technique in the Constuction of Under Water Pile Caps

Lifting Jacks Spring


The Pile Cap
Pack
Lifted off
Shutter
The Kanchpur, Meghna and Gumti
2nd Bridges Construction
Lifting And Existing Bridges Rehabilitation Project
Rods JICA Loan Agreement No. BD-P72 & BD-P94
(connected to
the pile cap)
Water Level

River Bed Level


Application of Steel Pipe Sheet Pile
(SPSP) Foundation

 Osama El Garf Use of Lift Slab Technique in the Construction of Under Water Pile Caps

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Locations of the Project


N2 Development of SPSP Foundation
Kanchpur Bridge Pile Foundation + Cofferdam (temporary) SPSP
N1
Dhaka
Meghna Bridge

Gumti Bridge

N8

N1 Comilla

SPSP Foundation

Reduction of Foundation Size (Large scale bridge)


Temporary Cofferdam cum Permanent Foundation
Less Influence by Scouring (Well foundation)
Chittagong Faster Construction

General Structure of SPSP Foundation Top Slab Connection to SPSP

Pie
r
Schematic DWG of pile Steel
timberin
Steel pipe sheet
cap pile g

Pile cap
connectio
Stud n
welding
Moment Precuttin
g Underwate
rebar
r cutting

Shear Pile cap


Steel pipe sheet concret
pile rebar
e
paving
sand

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Load Distribution Assumption for Design Calculation


Top Slab Connection
 Dead Load – Existing Bridge

 Dead Load – 2nd Bridge

 Seismic Load – Existing &


2nd Bridges
Hsn Hso

DN DE
Msn Mso

Narrow Box Girder 1. Superstructure of 2nd Bridges


Conventional Box Girder Narrow Box Girder  Cross
Cross--section of Superstructure

Narrow box girder is a rationalized box girder based on reduction of number of


structural members and parts by narrowing the box shape.

68
Gumti Bridge Girder Cross Section

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 Kanchpur Bridge (Bridge L = 397.3m)  Meghna Bridge


(Bridge L = 930m)

Minimum yield stress Minimum yield stress

SM570
50mm

69 70

Failure of Pustakmari Bridge


Failure of Pustakmari Bridge

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Failure of Pustakmari Bridge Solving Engineering Problems with Proper Safety


. [Elevation of Khilkhet Foot Over Bridge]

Solving Engineering Problems with Proper Safety


[Cross Section of Khilkhet Foot Over Bridge]
Steel Pipe Bailey Bridge

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Managing Engineering Works in Economic Way


Steel Pipe Foundation – Cum- Pier [Bridge Rehabilitation]

Managing Engineering Works in Economic Way Managing Engineering Works in Economic Way

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Sarail BRIDGE
MIK KADIM BRIDGE
It is on Mir Kadim Khal
of Mir Kadim Municipal
of Munshigonj.
The bridge is on
The bridge was not
Comilla-Sylhet highway.
affected by Great Indian
It is not in usable
Earthquake in 1897.
condition.
It is a three span four
It is a single span four
centered arch bridge.
centered arch bridge.
The central span is larger
and 4.24 m wide and
other two is smaller and
Photograph of Mir Kadim Bridge symmetrical and 2.17 m Photograph of Sarail Bridge
wide.

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