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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Smart Grid Implementation in India -A Case Study of


Puducherry Pilot Project, India

Er. Ramakrishnan Kappagantu


IEEE RIO Director

Abstract
The basis of the smart grid concept is the extension of information and communication
technologies to the existing energy infrastructure. The improved communication between
different parts of the energy system is expected to increase the quality, reliability and efficiency
of the overall system in smart grid. This talk covers the implementation and analysis of load
management by using the platform of Smart Grids for residential consumer setup, a pilot project
of utility in Puducherry under open collaboration. The analysis is done with the data outcome of
smart meters installed in the utility, which have features of two way communication, polling
interval & data measurement, storage and display of consumption data to consumers, support for
variable tariff and micro generation. The practical issues of concern faced in the implementation
of Smart Grid in distribution system are also highlighted.

Brief Biography:

Ramakrishna Kappagantu did his B.E. in Electrical Engineering from MNIT, Jaipur and M.
Tech (Automation & Control) from JNTU, Hyderabad. He has Advance Diploma in
Management & Human Resources. He is currently in the advanced stages of completing Ph. D in
Electrical Engineering from NIT, Tiruchirappalli.

He is an active IEEE Senior Member, Fellow ofInstitution of Engineers (India) and now serving
as IEEE Region 10 (Asia-pacific) Director 2015-16. By profession, he served the Indian Power
Sector for 30 years through NTPC and POWERGRID and implemented Availability Based
Tariff besides pioneering the first Pilot Project of Smart Grid/City in India at Pondicherry.

Having publications in various conferences, he is invited speaker at many Industries, Academic,


Research and Training Institutes. His interests include Power System Operation & Economics,
Energy Accounts & Audit, Regulatory Affairs, SCADA-EMS, Smart Grids and Renewables.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Key Issues and Challenges in Smart Grid Implementation

Dr. S. N. Singh
Chair Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India

Abstract
Due to the increased interconnections and loading of the network with liberalization and
environmental pressure, the power systems have become complex and facing many challenges in
their optimal, secure and efficient operation. Smart grid initiatives seem to provide remedial
measured to these problems by computational intelligence, automation, advanced measurements,
and application of information and communication technology (lCT). Several countries have
already taken the first step in the direction of smart grid by unbundling the power system to bring
competition with the introduction of renewable energy sources. Future power system structure,
operation, control and management will be quite different from the existing one as it will foresee
large market players with direct involvement of consumers, more renewable energy sources and
trading of electricity. Increased integration of new and renewable energy sources in the existing
grid is one of the major concerns in the recent years which will have a significant influence on
the operation and control of power systems. New grid codes are being set up by several countries
to specify the relevant requirements to integrate these generations in the existing electric power
system. The main objective of this talk is to discuss the key issue in the smart grid
implementation. The talk provides a platform to an in-depth discussion on the various challenges
and their possible remedies in smart grid initiatives which will benefit participants from
academic and R&D institutions, engineers of utilities and policy makers

Brief Biography:

Prof S. N. Singh obtained his M. Tech. and Ph. D. in Electrical Engineering from Indian
Institute of Technology Kanpur, in 1989 and 1995, respectively. Presently, he is a Chair
Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur,

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

India. Before joining lIT Kanpur as Associate Professor, Dr Singh worked with UP State
Electricity Board as Assistant Engineer from 1988 to 1996, with Rookree University (Now lIT
Rookree) as Assistant Professor from 1996 to 2000 and with Asian Institute of Technology,
Bangkok, Thailand as Assistant Professor from 2001 to 2002. Dr Singh received several awards
including Young Engineer Award 2000 of Indian National Academy of Engineering, Khosla
Research Award of lIT Roorkee, and Young Engineer Award of CBIP New Delhi (India), 1996.
Prof Singh is receipt of Humboldt Fellowship of Germany (2005, 2007) and Otto-monsted
Fellowship of Denmark (2009-10).

His research interests include power system restructuring, FACTS, power system optimization &
control, security analysis, wind power, etc. Prof Singh is a Fellow of Indian National Academy
of Engineers (INAE) , Fellow of Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers
(IETE) India, a Senior Member of IEEE, USA, a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering &
Technology (UK) and a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers (India). Recently he received 2013
IEEE Educational Activities Board Meritorious Award in Continuing Education which is very
prestigious award, first time won by a person of RIO region (Asia-Pacific).

Prof Singh has published more than 370 papers in International/national journals/conferences. He
has also written two books one on Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution and
second is Basic Electrical Engineering, published by PHI, India and five book chapters.

Presently He is IEEE Region 10 Conference and Technical Seminar Coordinator.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Power Factor Correction (PFC) Converters Feeding


Brushless DC Motor Drive

Dr. Bhim Singh


Fellow IEEE, lET, INAE, INSA, IASc, NASI, TWAS, IE(I), IETE
CEA Chair Professor and Head
Department of Electrical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110 016, India

Abstract
High efficiency, high power density, compact size, silent operation, high reliability and low wear
and tear of the magnet brushless DC (PMBLDC) motor, makes it a suitable choice in many low
and medium power applications. Due to these features, PMBLDC motors are widely used in
household equipments, industrial tools, heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC),
robotics, automation and medical applications. This seminar aims to present power factor
correction (PFC) converters for feeding PMBLDC motor drives as a cost effective solution for
low power household appliances. The selection of suitable PFC converter for particular
application depends upon various aspects such as total number of components of PFC converter,
voltage and power rating of BLDC motor, requirement of galvanic isolation, cost and efficiency
of the overall system. This work presents various configurations of the PFC converters, which
are classified into five different categories of non-isolated PFC converters, bridgeless non-
isolated PFC converters, isolated PFC converters, bridgeless isolated PFC converters and
integrated and high quality rectifiers. A PFC converter operating in discontinuous conduction
mode (DCM) is used to control the PFC converter via an approach of voltage follower; which
requires a single voltage sensor for PFC and DC link voltage control. Analysis, design and
control of these PFC converters for improvements in power quality at AC mains of the
PMBLDC motor drive is presented in this seminar. The speed of PMBLDC motor is controlled
by adjusting the DC link voltage of the VSI feeding PMBLDC motor which allows the VSI to
operate in fundamental frequency switching for reducing the switching losses in VSI. The other

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

major aspect of the seminar includes simplicity in control, reducing the number of sensors and
cost and increasing the overall efficiency of the system.

Brief Biography:

Dr. Bhim Singh received the Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical) degree from the University of
Roorkee, Roorkee, India, in 1977, and M.Tech. (Power Apparatus and Systems) and Ph.D.
degrees from the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD), New Delhi, India, in 1979 and
1983, respectively.

In 1983, he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Roorkee, as a


Lecturer. He became a Reader there in 1988. In December 1990, he joined the Department of
Electrical Engineering, lIT Delhi, India, as an Assistant Professor. Where he has became an
Associate Professor in 1994 and a Professor in 1997. He has been ABB Chair Professor from
September 2007 to September 2012. Since October 2012, he is a CEA Chair Professor.
Presently, he is Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering, lIT Delhi.

He has received Khosla Research Prize of University of Roorkee in the year 1991. He is
recipient of JC Bose and Bimal K Bose awards of The Institution of Electronics and
Telecommunication Engineers (IETE) for his contribution in the field of Power Electronics. He
is also a recipient of Maharashtra State National Award of Indian Society for Technical
Education (ISTE) in recognition of his outstanding research work in the area of Power Quality.
He has received PES Delhi Chapter Outstanding Engineer Award for the year 2006. Professor
Singh has also received Khosla National Research Award of lIT Roorkee in the year 2013.

He has been the General Chair of the IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics,
Drives and Energy Systems (PEDES'2006), Co-General Chair of (pEDES'2010) held in New
Delhi. He has guided 53 Ph.D. dissertations 150 MEIM.Tech. Theses and 65 BEIB.Tech.
Projects. He has been granted one US patent and filed 15 Indian patents. He has executed more
than seventy sponsored and consultancy proj ects.

His fields of interest include power electronics, electrical machines, electric drives, power
quality, renewable energy, FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission Systems), HYDC (High Voltage
Direct Current) transmission systems.

Prof. Singh is a Fellow of The Indian National Science Academy (FNA), the Indian National
Academy of Engineering (FNAE) , The National Academy of Science, India (FNASc), The
Indian Academy of Sciences, India (FASc), The World Academy of Sciences (FTWAS),
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (FIEEE), the Institute of Engineering and
Technology (FIET), Institution of Engineers (India) (FIE), and Institution of Electronics and
Telecommunication Engineers (FIETE) and a Life Member of the Indian Society for Technical
Education (ISTE), System Society of India (SSI), and National Institution of Quality and
Reliability (NIQR).

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Condition Monitoring of Oil-Paper Com posite Insulation


System of Transformers

Dr. S. Chakravorti
Senior Member IEEE, FNAE, FNASc, AvH Fellow
Department of Electrical Engineering
J adavpur University
Kolkata, India

Abstract
Serious failures in power transformers owing to insulation breakdown cause considerable
financial losses due to power outage and costs for replacement or repair. Another important
motivation for the efforts to develop and apply better diagnostic tools for assessing the condition
of large power transformers is the increasing age of the transformer in use. Since the solid
insulation within the transformer is not accessible, the main aim of modem diagnostic procedure
is to carry out measurement without having to open the transformer. Researches carried out at
High Tension Laboratory of Jadavpur University on such non-invasive transformer insulation
diagnostic methods are presented in this article.

Brief Biography:

Dr. Sivaji Chakravorti (FNAE, FNASc) did his BEE, MEE and PhD from Jadavpur University,
Kolkata, India, in 1983, 1985 and 1993, respectively. From 1985 he is a full-time faculty
member of Electrical Engineering Department of Jadavpur University, where he is currently
Professor in Electrical Engineering. In 1984 he worked at the Indian Institute of Science
Bangalore as Indian National Science Academy Visiting Fellow. He worked at the Technical
University Munich as Humboldt Research Fellow in 1995-96, 1999 and 2007, respectively. He
served as Development Engineer in Siemens AG in Berlin in 1998. He has also worked as
Humboldt Research Fellow in ABB Corporate Research at Ladenburg, Germany, in 2002. He

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

worked as US-NSF guest scientist at the Virginia Tech, USA, in 2003 and as guest scientist at
Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, Germany, in 2005. He is the recipient of Technical
University Munich Ambassador Award in 2013 and AICTE Technology Day Award for best
R&D project in 2003. He is Fellow of Indian National Academy of Engineering, Fellow of
National Academy of Sciences India, Senior Member of IEEE and Distinguished Lecturer of
IEEE Power and Energy Society. He is an Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics
& Electrical Insulation. He has published more than 160 research papers including 40 papers in
IEEE Transactions, has authored three books, edited three books, developed three online courses
and owns one US patent and two software copyrights. His current fields of interest are numerical
field computation, computer aided design and optimization of insulation system, condition
monitoring of transformers and lifelong learning techniques.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

INDIAN GRID OPERATIONAL CHALLENGES WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE


INTEGRATION & ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY

Prof. Rajendra Kumar Pandey, Senior Member IEEE


Department 0/ Electrical Engineering, liT (SHU), Varanasi-221 005

ABSTRACT

The operational complexities of large interconnected power system are matter of great concern from
voltage and frequency view point due to massive network interconnections and dynamical changes. Since
the expansion of overall system is a continuous process, the Grid parameter's maintenance is a major
challenge. It is known that Indian power network is operating as "One Nation One Grid" from Dec 31,
2013; the sensitivity to any minor change locally may be viewed by the global network at large due to
interactive features of various components such as generators, transmission network and loads at different
levels. The concept of Smart Grid recently evolved ensures the deployment of sensory devices such as
Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) at strategic location of entire network to get the system parameters
such as voltage, current, angle, frequency, rate of change of frequency for effective monitoring of
network in real time to understand the overall system functionality. Till date most of the utilities are using
PMUs information for visualization and manual decision, however the system demands real time control
generation utilizing the signals received through PMUs. The Smart Grid can only be conceptualized if an
intelligent automation with integration of Information, communication and control (lCT) technologies is
developed to monitor the Grid parameters and subsequently utilized for precise control injection in real
time. The Smart Power Flow Control (SPFC) strategy driven with ICT using PMUs signals can be
evolved for the purpose. The usage of SPFC is required at each level of generation, transmission and
distribution systems in a clustered from. The forming of clustered control may be conceptualized by
dividing the entire distribution network in groups, on the same line entire transmission network and the
generators are also clustered. The hierarchy of control, using ICT which is linked with PMUs signaling at
each level, is developed and suitably interfaced at distribution, transmission and generation level. This
results in a fast coordinated control with changing power injection statistics using FACTS controllers, and
thus becomes an ideal control option for self healing Grid. In next decade, with renewable integration the
power system is going to witness a major change of technology integration and adoption of new
controllers in form of intelligent controller to drive the large power network to a relatively safe
operational mode with PMUs with integrated ICT module. The Grid interface technology along with
control is another area of research and required a careful Grid Architecture design in case of RES
integration. The integration of Renewable Energy Resources (RES) is another big challenge in large

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

power network due to variability of RES and intermittency, this poses serious concern to Grid operators
while interfacing with existing Grid structure.

Brief Biography:

Prof. (Dr_) R. K. Pandey received Ph. D. in Electrical Engineering from lIT Kanpur in 1992. He is
currently a Professor of Electrical Engineering (Power Systems) in the Department of Electrical
Engineering, lIT (BHU), Varanasi. He has been in academics since last 31 years and working in HYDC
Transmission Technology and FACTS along with the operation of Power System in Open Access. He has
been Member of Indian Delegation for joint Research meeting by EPSRC-DST on Smart Energy Grids
and Energy Storage at Bath (UK) during June 2012 and delivered a talk on HYDC Technology at
Westing House Energy Centre at Pittsburgh in July 2008. Recently he visited Washington DC in July
2014 for IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting and also participated as Member of Taskforce
on HVDC and FACTS in finalizing the future activities. He has supervised the work injoint collaboration
with Pulsed Power Division at BARC, Mumbai. Also, he had headed Industry Institute Partnership Cell as
Chief Coordinator. Currently he is heading two Projects as Principal Investigator (PI) (i) Ministry of
Power (MoP) Government of India entitled "Stabilization of AC/DC Network with UPFC" and (ii)
Ministry of Science and Technology, DST entitled "Design and Development of Smart Energy Grid
Architecture with Energy Storage". He had been the Convener of a National Workshop on HVDC
Transmission Technology organized at BHU during May 15-16, 2000, International Conference on
Power System Operation in Deregulated Regime 2006 (ICPSODR-2006) during March 6-7, 2006,
Workshop on Grid Security in Open Access Regime during Aug.8-9, 2007 (GSIOAR 2007) along with
POWERGRID, NPTI, Ministry of Power and National Seminar in collaboration with Institution of
Engineers (India), Lucknow Centre on Dec 18, 2009 . He has delivered invited lectures/workshops to
Members, Chief Engineers/Executives of many utilities/institutions some of them are: Central Electricity
Authority (CEA), POWERGRID (NLDC, SRLDC, WRLDC, ERLDC, and NRLDC), Central Board of
Irrigation & Power (CBI & P), West Bengal Electricity Distribution Company Limited (WBEDCL),
Vidyut Bhawan Kolakata and Bihar State Electricity Board at Vidyut Bhawan Patna and NPTI, Andhra
University, State Universities allover India and NITs etc. He has chaired many utility sessions both at
IEEE International Conferences and workshops within India & abroad. He has been on the various
technical committees of National and International ConferenceslWorkshops organized by
utilities/academic institutions such as utilities of Govt & Private sectors, IITs, NITs, Central and State
Universities. He is professionally active Senior Member of IEEE having Membership of Power and
Energy Society (PES), Smart Grid Community (SGC), Communication Society and contributing in Power
and Energy Systems globally. He is a Member of India Smart Grid Forum (lSGF) and associated with
WG1, WG2 and WG6. He has published more than 100 peer reviewed papers in both national,
international journals & conferences of repute. He has headed UGC SAP/FIST committee for funding
Projects for many Universities as a Chairman. He has been Member of selection committee of UPSC,
State Public Service Commission, Universities, IITs and Member Examination Board of IITs, NITs, State
and Central Universities. He is Team Leader of Indian Consortium (POWERGRID, BESCOM and
CSTEP) on Smart Energy Grid and Energy Storage. He is also on the editorial board/review committee of
many international journals.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Making the Power Grid Smarter

Dr. Saikat Chakrabarti


Associate Professor
P. K Kelkar Young Faculty Research Fellow
Department of Electrical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology
Kanpur 208016

Abstract
Conventional power grids are being transformed into 'smart grids' with the help of advanced
power engineering, widespread use of communication technology, and advanced IT
infrastructure. The talk will give an introduction to the basic concepts of smart grid, its various
constituent domains, and the requirements for making the existing grid smarter. The discussion
will involve various sub-systems of the power system, starting from the generation to the
consumers, and also the electricity market, operators, and service providers. Technological
advancements in various fields of engineering, including measurement and instrumentation,
power systems and power electronics, material science, and control systems are the backbones of
a smart grid. The social, economic, and technical characteristics of the smart grid will pose
significant regulatory challenges. The talk will address some of these issues. The smart grid
initiatives in India will also be highlighted.

Brief Biography:

Dr_ S_ Chakrabarti completed his PhD in Electrical Engineering from Memorial University of
Newfoundland, Canada in 2006. Before completing PhD, he worked in Asea Brown Boveri (ABB)
Limited, India, and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India. After completing PhD, he worked as
a Special Scientist in University of Cyprus, Cyprus, and first as a Research Associate and then as

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

a Lecturer in Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Since 2009, he has been
working in the Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur,
India, where he is currently an Associate Professor, and holds the position of P. K. Kelkar Young
Faculty Research Fellow.

His research interests are in the areas of Power system dynamics and stability,
application of synchronized measurement technology to power systems, state estimation, and
reliability. Currently, he is the Chairperson of the IEEE PES and lAS, Uttar Pradesh section, India.
He is a senior member of IEEE, USA.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Future Meshed HVDC Grids: Feature, Challenges and


Opportunities

Dr. Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, FHIA, SMIEEE, MIET, MCIGRE


Lecturer in Electrical Power Systems
Loughborough University
School of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering
W2.63, Loughborough, LEI I 3TU, United Kingdom
+44(0)1509227061, F.Gonzalez-Longatt@lboro.ac.uk
Skype: fglongatt Twitter: @fglongatt
Website: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/eese/ourpeople/a-z/atozlistlfrancisco-gonzalez-longatt.html
Personal Website: http://www.fglongatt.org
Vice-President
Venezuelan Wind Energy Association

Abstract
AC technology has been the key on the development of the electricity business for almost hundred years.
It allows a simple and the cheapest way to produce electricity, ease way to convert power from one AC
voltage to another, and more important, because the regular current zeros makes it easy to interrupt the
current. HYDC is not a new technology, it was introduced in 1954, since then, it has been used for very
special applications where the controllability of the DC power transmitted is an issue and where the
absence of reactive power flow between the terminals is significant benefit. Those very specific
applications made HYDC technologies the most economic or the only technically feasible choice (e.g.
interconnection asynchronous AC networks with different rated frequencies, 50 and 60 Hz). Two main
HYDC technologies are available Line Commutated Converter (LCC HYDC) and Voltage Sourced
Converter (VSC HYDC) technology. LCC is a mature technology and has reached the voltage level of
±800kVDC in Xiluodo - West Zhejiang Project in China, it is rated at 7.2 GW. VSC HYDC technology
has developed very fast in recent times with schemes rating up to ±320kVDC and power up to 800MW.
VSC HYDC schemes with 1.4 GW power, 623 km is expected to interconnect Norway and Germany
(NordLink). The most HYDC schemes in service today are point to point schemes using LCC which
limits the use of more converter stations, VSC HYDC offers a great potential of multi-terminal
topologies. An example is the 2,000 MW Quebec - New England Transmission system opened in 1992,
which is currently the largest multi-terminal HYDC system in the world. The first ever VSC HYDC

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

multi-terminal was designed to bring wind power generated on Nanao Island into the China mainland, it
was put into operation on 14th December 2013, a three terminal ±160kV/200MW-I00MW-50MW, based
on MMC (Multilevel Modular Converter) technology. A multi-terminal North-East Agra project is
planned for commissioning in 2016, (8000 MW, 800 kV using four bipolar lines). Looking to the future,
the creation of large multi-terminal HYDC systems, or even meshed HYDC Grids, will take the
opportunity of potential economic benefits those configurations (or even complex). HYDC is changing
the way the power system looks like and it will do more in the future. However, building meshed HYDC
grids will result in a number of technical challenges: protection schemes of heavily meshed HYDC grid,
functional control strategies for the HYDC grid, development of central co-ordinating controllers,
development of efficient DC/DC converters, etc. The aim of this workshop is to present a general
overview about the main challenges and opportunities of Future DC Systems. Many question will rise
from this workshop, much of them have not being answered yet but at least are we asking the correct
questions (?).

Brief Biography
Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt is currently a Lecturer in Electrical Power System at Electrical Power System en
School of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering en Loughborough University. His academic qualifications
include first Class Electrical Engineering of Instituto Universitario Politecnico de la Fuerza Armada Nacional,
Venezuela (1994), Master of Business Administration (Honors) of Universidad Bicentenaria de Aragua, Venezuela
(1999) and PhD in Electrical Power Engineering from the Universidad Central de Venezuela (2008). He is former
associate professor (1995-2009) and Chair (1999-2001) of the Department of Electrical Engineering of Universidad
Nacional Politecnico de la Fuerza Armada Nacional, Venezuela (1995-2009). He is a former academic staff of
Department of Aerospace, Electrical and Electronic Engineering at University of Coventry where he started as
Lecturer in Electrical Engineering in 2012 and promoted to Senior Lecturer in Electrical Engineering in 2013. He
was formerly with the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Manchester as
Postdoctoral Research Associate (2009-2011).

He is the author or editor of several books (Spanish and English) including editor of the book "Power Factory
Applications for Power System Analysis", Springer (2014), and He has written 9 book chapters, 10+ journal and
magazine papers and 60+ conference papers. His work has over +370 citations and he has been the keynote speaker
a several conferences. He was the session chair at IECON 2013, IEEE Powertech 2011, IEEE ISGT Europe 2011,
etc. He is a reviewer of the top conferences (PSCC 2014, IEEE PES GM 2013, IECON 2013, etc.) and journal
papers research area (IEEE Transaction on Power Systems, IEEE Transaction on Smart Grids, lET Renewable
Power Generation, Elsevier Renewable Energy, etc.)

He is Vice-President of Venezuelan Wind Energy Association, Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, Senior
Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (IEEE), member of The Institution of Engineering
and Technology - The lET (UK) and member of International Council on Large Electric Systems -CIGRE. He
received the professional recognition as FHEA - Fellow ofthe Higher Education Academy in January 2014.

His research interest includes innovative (operation/control) schemes to optimize the performance of future energy
systems. His research is or has been supported by Royal Society -UK. Two special research projects financially
supported by the Royal Society deserve mention: "Smart Multi- Terminal DC Micro-grids for autonomous Zero-Net
Energy BUildings" and "Exploring beyond the Frontiers to Build a Smarter Grid (EBF2BSG)".

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Smart Grid and Low Carbon Society

Dr. Jai Govind Singh


Assistant Professor and Coordinator
Energy Field of Study in School of Environment, Resources and Development
AIT Bangkok

Abstract
The integration of Renewable Energy Systems (RES) and Distributed Generations (DG) into
existing and future unified electricity systems will represent an enormous technological as well
as energy management challenges.Energy research is the pillar of any long-term energy policy,
providing scientific knowledge and technical options to make energy systems more efficient,
affordable, accessible and environmentally friendly. The specific nature of some of renewable
sources, viz., solar and wind power as a distributed and variable generation source requires
specific infrastructure investments and the implementation of new technology and energy
management concepts to tackle the issues like grid stability, congestion management, and
transmission efficiency and transmission adequacy. There are manyother 'soft' measures
possible, but expansion of transmission lines will also be needed.Expansion and reinforcements
are needed to accommodate whichever power generation technology is chosen to meet a rapidly
growing demand capacity. In one of IEA estimation, by 2030, over 1.8 trillion USD will have to
be invested in transmission and distribution networks in the DE CD alone.

Brief Biography:

Dr. Jai Govind Singh received his Ph.D. (2008), M. Tech. (2003) and B.E. (2001) degrees, from
lIT Kanpur, lIT Rookree, and MNNIT Allahabad, respectively, all in Electrical Power
Engineering. Dr. Singh joined Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) in December 2009 and
currently working as an Assistant Professor and Coordinator of Energy Field of Study in School
of Environment, Resources and Development, AIT Bangkok. Before joining AIT Bangkok, he
has worked as a Postdoctoral research associate (2008-2009) at Royal Institute of Technology
(KTH), Stockholm, Sweden and followed by the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia,
as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in 2009.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

His teaching and research works include power system planning, operation and control; FACTS
controllers; deregulation; generations and integration of renewable energy into power system;
Smart Grid; Microgrid and distributed generations; and power distribution system.

Dr. Singh has published more than 36 articles in different international journals and conference
proceedings including IEEE, ETEP, EPCS, and IJRET etc. He has supervised two Doctoral
dissertations and 23 master theses apart from involved as a committee member of another 66
master Thesis work completed so far. He is also professional member of IEEE Power and Energy
System.

For more details see link http://www.asdu.ait.ac.th/facultylFacultyBylD.cfm?FacultylD=764.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Regulatory Framework for Grid Connectivity of Resources


To Enhance Grid Security

D K Srivastava
(B.E. Electrical Engineering)
Director, CEA, New Delhi, India
dhiraj cea@gmail.com

Abstract
Sub-section (b) of Section 73 of the Electricity Act, 2003 gives the mandate to Central
Electricity Authority (CEA) to specify technical standards for connectivity of electrical plants
and electric lines to the grid and Section 177 of the Act empowers CEA to specify such
standards by notification. In compliance of these provisions in the Act, CEA had notified
"Technical Standards for connectivity to the Grid" Regulations, 2007 on 21 st February 2007.
These regulations are required to be complied with by all the Generating Stations, Transmission
Licensees, Distribution Licensees and Bulk Consumers for connecting their plants, substations
or network with the grid at 33kV level or above. As far as generating stations are concerned,
these regulations were drafted keeping in view primarily the conventional thermal and hydro
generating stations. With Renewable Energy Resources (RES) like wind & solar power stations
including rooftop solar power stations coming in a big way and their increasing penetration into
the grid, the grid performance might get affected adversely unless technical standards were
appropriately amended. Further, such power stations were to be connected at voltage level of
less than 33 kValso.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Brief Biography:

D. K. Srivastava, Director - CEA, Grid Management Div., New Delhi

(B.E. Electrical Engineering 1993 and M. Tech. Control Systems 1996)

Started carrier as Asst. Engineer in Tata Consulting Engineers, New Delhi in year 1996.

Joined Central Power Engineering Services (CPES Cadre Group- A Officer) through UPSC in
1998 and served as Asst. Director in PST! B angal ore, Asst. Executive Engineer-NERPC
Shillong, Dy. Director in Operation Performance Monitoring Grid management, OSD in PGCn.,
Lucknow, and presently working as Director, Grid management, CEA since 2012.

Formulated the guidelines for accreditations under Ring Fencing of Load Despatch Centre,
amendments in grid connectivity regulation, new regulation on connectivity of distributed
generation resources, CEA regulations on operation and maintenance of Sub-stationlLines, grid
connectivity ofRE Sources, Delhi islanding scheme and other islanding schemes like UP, Punjab
etc., Nodal person for grid enquiry committee ( 30th and 31 8t July 2012) report, All grid security
matters, inter regional operational and commercial issues, Member Secretary of Central level
Task Force on study of power system under contingency for long term grid security measures.

Present Special assignments: Monitoring the implementation of recommendations of the Grid


Disturbance Enquiry Committee, implementation of the protection audit and relay settings across
the country, Renovation and Upgradation of protection system all over the country and all
funding examination through PSDF, National power committee, Amendment in CEA regulation
for power quality issues.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Intelligent Control of Power Electronic Systems for Wind


Turbines

Dr. B. S. Rajpurohit
School of Computing and Electrical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi

ABSTRACT

Grid integration is one of the major concerns in recent years as renewable power generation level
keeps on increasing continuously in the power system. Therefore, renewable will have a
significant influence on the operation and control of emerging power system, which is expanding
in terms of interconnections, network capacity, load demand and addition of new devices for
improving the performance of the system. New grid codes are being set up in several countries
by specifying the relevant requirements for efficient, stable and secure operation of power
system and these specifications have to be met in order to integrate wind power into the modem
electric grid. Several states of India have high penetration of wind power and specific grid
connection requirements (GCR) for wind power are yet to be established. Present discussion is to
discuss about several technical solution with Intelligent Control of Power Electronic Systems for
Wind Turbines for Indian power systems for better and efficient large scale grid integration of
renewable power generation.

Brief Biography:

Bharat Singh Rajpurohit received the M. Tech. in 2005 from the Indian Institute of
Technology Roorkee, India and Ph.D. in 2009 from Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur,
India. Presently, he is working as Asst. Professor in the School of Computing and Electrical
Engg. at Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Mandi, H.P., India. His research interests include
power electronics and grid integration of renewable energies. He is a member of ISTE and IEEE.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Optimization for Energy Systems

Vivekananda Mukherjee
Department of Electrical Engineering,
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
Jharkhand, India

Abstract
Electric power systems have experienced continuous growth in all the three major sectors of the
power system, namely, generation, transmission and distribution. Electricity cannot be stored
economically, but there has to be continuous balance between demand and supply. The goal of
an optimization problem is to find the combination of parameters (independent variables) that
optimize a given quantity, possibly subject to some restrictions on the allowed parameter ranges.
The quantity to be optimized (maximized or minimized) is termed the objective function; the
parameters that may be changed in the quest for the optimum are called control or decision
variables; the restrictions on allowed parameter values are known as constraints. The classical
methods present some inconveniences due to the danger of convergence, the long execution
time, algorithmic complexity, and the generation of a weak number of non-dominated solutions.
Because of these inconveniences, evolutionary algorithms are more popular. Recently, the
advances in computer engineering and the increased complexity of the power system
optimization problem have led to a greater need for and application of specialized programming
techniques for large-scale power system problems.

Brief Biography:
V. Mukherjee was born in 1970 at Raina, Burdwan, West Bengal, India. He received his
graduation in electrical engineering and post graduation in power system from B.E. College,
Shibpur, Howrah, India and B.E. College (Deemed University), Shibpur, Howrah, India,
respectively. He received his Ph.D. degree from NIT, Durgapur, India. Presently, he is an
assistant professor in the department of electrical engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad,
lharkhand, India. His research interest is application of soft computing intelligence to various
fields of power systems. He will be available at vivek_agamani@yahoo.com.
Dr. Mukherjee is a member of IEEE and The Institution of Engineers (India).

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Development of Renewable Energy Sources: An Indian Scenario

Dr. S.P. Pandey


Director, IMS Engineering College
Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh

ABSTRACT
Energy is an essential component for economic development and social progress of any nation.
The economic and political security of developing countries greatly depends on their access to a
secure supply of fossil fuel energy at reasonable cost. Energy is at present devised largely from
fossil fuels. The major sources of conventional energy at present are crude oil, natural gas which
are constantly depleting.

The present available resources are capable of meeting a small part of this demand. Under the
circumstances to achieve part of the goal, we must adopt energy conservation measures. For the
future power generation, the energy shortage will pose a recurring problem due to fast depletion
of fossil fuels and the increase in demand of energy due to increase in population and the growth
of industry. Developing countries are going through a challenging task of addition of generating
capacity to bridge the ever increasing gap between supply and demand of electric power with the
constraints of resources and the conflicting demand of petroleum of the environment. India is a
developing country with a large agriculture base and a growing industrial infrastructure.

Energy Sector had more than 30% or the plan allocation in recent years of which the oil had the
second largest allocation. With the rapidly growing demands for liquid petroleum product, India
is faced with the prospect of substantial increase in imparts, despite an increase in domestic
production of crude & gas.

The export earnings are not sufficient to cover the increasing oil inputs. We have to take some
urgent step, to reduce our dependence on oil through energy conservation, development of
renewable energy sources and energy research planning. The objective should be to assume the
development and applicable of low cost renewable energy technologies which offer the potential
of making significant contribution to our energy needs and which can hel p in reducing long term
dependence in import oil. To face this situation, a need to search for renewable energy sources of
energy has emerged as an option to the conventional energy sources. Development of renewable
energy technologies therefore should be at an economically & environmentally accepted cost.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Brief Biography:

Prof. S.P. Pandey, he holds a B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering from KNIT Sultanpur and
M.Tech in Mechanical Engineering with specialisation in Automobile Engineering and the
degree of Ph.D in Mechanical Engineering in the area of Micro Hydro Power ( a renewable
energy resource) from Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Gorakhpur (Formerly
known as Madan Mohan Malaviya Engineering College). Prior to his current assignment, he was
Professor and Head of Kumaon Engineering College, Dwarhat, Dist. Almorah (A state
government college of Uttrakhand Governement). He was offered assignments by two
international Universities namely Al Jabal Al Garbi University, Gherion State, Libiya and Multi
Media University, Malaysia at their University. He has around 25 years of experience in teaching
and research and academic administration). He has been the Member and working executive of
different professional bodies like Institution of Engineers, ISTE, IAGE. He had been member of
Board of Studies and Dean of Mahamaya Technical University and is a member of Research
Degree Committee in Uttrakhand Technical University, Dehradun, and other few national
Universities. He had been a member of Local Enquiry Committee Nagpur University from 1995
-2000. He has taught a wide spectrum of courses related to Mechanical Engineering. He has
guided 02 Ph.D thesis, 20 M.Tech and 37 B.Tech level major projects on Mechanical
Engineering. He has published more than 20 research papers in national and international reputed
journals and more than 25 publications in National or International refereed Conferences
proceedings. He participated in more than 25 Workshops, Refresher Courses, & National &
International Seminars in abroad as Guest speaker, Invited speaker, plenary speaker, Session
Chair or Co-Chair and paper presentation. Prof. S.P. Pandey has received a number of prizes and
award including best model prizes in Technical Models Exhibition during undergraduate
studentship. He has delivered more than 75 invited talks, Lectures, Keynote Addresses and
Skype talks to Texas A & M University and PNG University Australian subcontinents.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Power Quality Monitoring and Detection

Dr. Asheesh K. Singh


Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engineering
MNNIT, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract
In last decade, power quality (PQ) has become an ever more present consumer
requirement, thus having an impact on competition in the electricity market. The phrase 'power
quality' includes all aspects of events in the power systems that represent any deviation from
normal operation. The term power quality (PQ) refers to the deviations from the pure sinusoidal
waveform of the voltage or current waveform, or both. The IEEE Std. 1100-1999 defines these,
these deviations, namely, PQ disturbances (PQDs), as "any deviation from the nominal value (or
from some selected thresholds based upon tolerance) of the AC input power characteristics", in.
These PQDs include a broad spectrum of events ranging from very slow steady-state variations
to fast varying transients and high-frequency distortion.
Nowadays, widespread use of sophisticated energy-efficient equipment in power systems,
has led to attracting greater attention of the researchers to develop precise techniques for
monitoring and detection of PQDs. The interest in PQ is two-fold; i.e., equipment has become
more sensitive to PQDs and at the same time, these industrial equipment cause PQDs. Further,
costs of downtimes, associated with these PQDs, are also an important issue, which needs to be
accounted and addressed. Recently, the annual cost of downtimes, related with these PQDs, is
estimated as 10% of the annual company turnover.
Considering the importance of PQ, significant investments are being made on PQ monitoring, to
achieve the real PQ improvements by employing effective mitigation techniques, as these
improvements are coupled with revenue. PQ monitoring is a process of gathering, analysing, and
interpreting the huge database collected through continuous measurement of voltage and current.
Also, the PQ monitoring is vital requirement to obtain valuable information for the end users and
to implement best possible solution to reduce the cost of downtime. Detection of PQDs is
another significant aspect of finding efficient mitigation scheme for these PQDs. In this talk,
both the issues, i.e., monitoring and detection are covered. Also, the various limitations of

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

existing PQ monitoring and detection schemes are highlighted, and possible solutions to reduce
these limitations are suggested.

Serious failures in power transformers owing to insulation breakdown cause considerable


financial losses due to power outage and costs for replacement or repair. Another important
motivation for the efforts to develop and apply better diagnostic tools for assessing the condition
of large power transformers is the increasing age of the transformer in use. Since the solid
insulation within the transformer is not accessible, the main aim of modem diagnostic procedure
is to carry out measurement without having to open the transformer. Researches carried out at
High Tension Laboratory of Jadavpur University on such non-invasive transformer insulation
diagnostic methods are presented in this article.

Brief Biography:

Dr. Asheesh K. Singh (SM'2013, M'08) received the B.Tech. degree in electrical engineering
from HBTI, Kanpur, India, in 1991, the M.Tech. degree in control systems from the REC,
Kurukshetra, India, in 1994, and the Ph.D. degree in electronics and computer engineering from
the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India, in 2007.

Since 1995, he has been on the academic staff of MNNIT Allahabad, Allahabad (V.P.), India,
where he is currently Associate Professor with the Department of Electrical Engineering. His
research interests are the application of soft computing techniques to power systems, distributed
generation, power quality, and reliability.

Page 24
IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Classification, Design and Analysis of AC-DC Converters

Dr Sanjay Gairola, LMISTE


Professor & Head of Department,
Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engg., NIET, Greater Noida, UP, India
(Email-id:sanjaygairola@gmail.com)

Abstract
Serious failures in power transformers owing to insulation breakdown cause considerable
financial losses due to power outage and costs for replacement or repair. Another important
motivation for the efforts to develop and apply better diagnostic tools for assessing the condition
of large power transformers is the increasing age of the transformer in use. Since the solid
insulation within the transformer is not accessible, the main aim of modem diagnostic procedure
is to carry out measurement without having to open the transformer. Researches carried out at
High Tension Laboratory of Jadavpur University on such non-invasive transformer insulation
diagnostic methods are presented in this article.

Brief Biography:

Dr. Sanjay Gairola was born in Chandigarh, India, in 1968. He received the BE degree in
Electrical Engineering from the MNNIT(formerly known as Motilal Nehru Regional Engineering
college(MNREC)), Allahabad, India, in 1991, and the M.Tech and Ph.D degrees in Electrical
Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (lIT), Delhi, India, in year 2001 and 2008,
respectively. Presently he is working as Professor & Head of Department (Electrical &
Electronics Engineering) at NIET, Greater Noida.
Dr. Gairola has published more than 40 papers in international and national journals and
conferences of repute. He received the prestigious Indian National Academy of Engineers
(INAE) award for innovative research work done in the year 2009. He is also a Life Member of
Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE) and reviewer of IEEE journal research papers.

His field of interest includes power electronics, electrical machines and drives with main focus
on power quality improvements techniques.

Page 25
IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Low Voltage VLSI design in Sub 20nm FinFET CMOS for


Mobile and Smart Grid Sensor Applications

Er. Prashant Dubey, Staff Engineer


Embedded Memories and Logic Libraries,
Synopsys India Pvt. Ltd.
N oida, India

Abstact
Low power consumption and high yield of embedded SRAMs are critical for mobile application
SoCs and loT smart grid sensor nodes. Power consumption can be minimized by operating at
lowest voltage called (VDDmin). Working at VDDmin has become challenging day by day as
the technology scales down and we cram more and more transistors on a die, due to increased
variations. As more than 80% of a SoC is an embedded SRAM, it consumes a lot of power.
However in applications like mobile the access is not always needed at the same speed.
Techniques like process aware assist, Dynamic Voltage Frequency Scaling (DVFS) are used to
reduce the dynamic as well as the static power consumption in CMOS SoC and they are also
applied on the logic and analog such that they can work at VDDmin across process and
temperature comers. This tutorial focuses towards, the understanding of sources of power
consumption in SoC and Smart Grid Sensors nodes. And then the challenges in reducing the
power consumption are discussed along with the solutions for the same. We discuss the
application of such techniques in designing an adequate assist methodology for SRAMs. Using
an on-chip information from the sensor, we have implemented a programmable Read Write assist
circuit in a test chip for 1Mb High Density (HD) and 128Kb High Speed (HS) SRAM in sub-
15nm Finfet process. We have achieved write ability till 0.4 Vwith minimum SNM of 20m V and
an improved access time by39% at the slowest process and temperature comers. The maximum
energy consumption is reducedby at least 24% at 0.4 V. The area impact of this implementation
is less than 5%.

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IEEE International Conference on Energy, Economic and Environment ICEEE-2015 26th-28th March 2015

Brief Biography:

Prashant Dubey received the B.E. degree in Electronics Engineering from the Madan Mohan
Malviya Engineering College of Gorakhpur University, India in 1998 and the MS degree in
Electrical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India in 2013. From
1998 to 2012 he worked for STMicroelectronics India as a Senior Design Expert, Analog & RF,
where he designed embedded memories, BISTIBISC for memories and PLLs and low phase
noise oscillators and PLLs. From 2012 he is with Synopsys Inc. as Staff Engineer where he is
involved in the design of high speed and low power embedded memories in 20nm Bulk CMOS
and 20nm FinFET technology involving improved techniques for SRAM characterization, write
and read assist techniques, meta-stability free synchronizer designs. He represents Synopsys in
the Working Group for IEEE Standard 1450.6.2 CTL (Core Test Language) Extension to
Memory. He is currently pursuing his PhD from lIT Delhi in Digitally Assisted AMS and RF
Circuits and Techniques. He has filed more than 20 patents in which 14 have been granted, while
he has got 10 IEEE publications.

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