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CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb Example 6.

2: Volumetric Analysis of Marshall Asphalt Paving Mixtures

Example 6.2: In a Marshall test, the percentage of asphalt binder by


total weight of aggregate is 5.26 percent. The bulk specific gravity of
aggregate (Gsb) = 2.455, the specific gravity of asphalt binder (Gb) =
1.020, and the density of water (γw) = 1.000 g/cc. If the effective asphalt
binder content (Pbe) is 3.6 percent by total weight of mixture, and the
voids in mineral aggregate (VMA) is 14.0 percent by the total (bulk)
volume of mixture, determine the following volumetric properties of
the asphalt mixture:

1. The absorbed asphalt (Pba), percent by total weight of


aggregate.

2. The bulk specific gravity of the compacted mixture (Gmb).

3. The voids in total mixture (VTM), percent by total volume of


mixture.

4. The theoretical maximum specific gravity of the loose mixture


(Gmm).

5. The voids filled with asphalt (VFA), percent by volume of total


voids.

6. The effective specific gravity of the aggregate (Gse).

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CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb Example 6.2: Volumetric Analysis of Marshall Asphalt Paving Mixtures

Solution:

Percentage of asphalt (by total


5.26
weight of aggregate)
Gsb 2.455
Gb 1.020
γw (g/cc) 1.000
Pbe, % 3.6
VMA, % 14.0

Percentage of aggregate (by


95.00
total weight of mixture)
Percentage of asphalt (by total
5.00
weight of mixture)

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CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb Example 6.2: Volumetric Analysis of Marshall Asphalt Paving Mixtures

Pba, % 1.47
Gmb 2.222
VTM 6.16
Gmm 2.368
VFA 56.03
Gse 2.545

Vv = (VTM/100)Vmb
Vbe = (Pbe/100)VmbGmb/Gb
VMA = 100(Vv+Vbe)/Vmb = VTM+PbeGmb/Gb

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CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb Example 6.2: Volumetric Analysis of Marshall Asphalt Paving Mixtures

Air Va = VV

Vma
Vfa = Vbe Vb
Asphalt
Vba
Vmb = VT
Vmm

Vsb = VAgg-bulk
Aggregate Vse
Vsa

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CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb Example 6.2: Volumetric Analysis of Marshall Asphalt Paving Mixtures

⎡ Gmb (Ps / 100 ) ⎤


VMA = 100 ⎢1 − ⎥
⎣ G sb ⎦

⎡ Gmb (1 − Pb / 100 )⎤
VMA = 100 ⎢1 − ⎥
⎣ Gsb ⎦
⎛ Gmb ⎞
VTM = ⎜⎜1 − ⎟⎟100
⎝ Gmm ⎠

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CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb Example 6.2: Volumetric Analysis of Marshall Asphalt Paving Mixtures

⎛ Pba ⎞
Pbe = Pb − ⎜ ⎟ Ps
⎝ 100 ⎠
⎡ Pbe (Gmb / Gb ) ⎤
VFA = 100 ⎢ ⎥
⎣ VMA ⎦
⎡VMA − VTM ⎤
VFA = 100 ⎢ ⎥
⎣ VMA ⎦
⎛ G se − G sb ⎞
Pba = 100⎜⎜ ⎟⎟Gb
⎝ G sb G se ⎠