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MEASUREMENT OF MASS, WEIGHT AND

DENSITY
 
I. Tick (t') the most appropriate answer.
1. The SI unit of weight is
(a) kg (b) newton (c) newton-metre (d) km
2. We use a beam balance to measure
(a) weight (b) mass (c) force (d) length
3. Mass is a
(a) Scalar quantity (b) vector quantity
(c) nmmal quantity (d) none of these
4. The SI unit of density is
(a) g/m3 (b) kg/m3 (c) g/cm 3 (d) kg/cm3
5. The density of aluminium is 2.7 g/cm3 . Its density in kg/m 3 is
(a) 27 kg/m 3 (b) 2700 kg/m 3 (c) 270 kg/m3 (d) 27000 kg/m 3
6. To dete1mine the density of a solid, we have to dete1mine its
(a) mass and area (b) weight and area
(c) mass and volume (d) weight and volume
7. When a fluid is heated , it expands and becomes
(a) lighter (b) heavier (c) no change (d) none of these
8. In convection cunents, heat is transfened upwards
(a) horizontally (b) diagonally (c) ve1tically (d) none of these
9. A body of density 5.34 g/cm3 in water (density 1.0 g/cm3 ) will
(a) float (b) sink (c) rise (d) none of these
10. When a substance is heated its density
(a) increases (b) decreases
(c) remains same (d) none of these
11. The SI unit of mass is
(a) milligram (b) kilogram (c) gram (d) quintal
12. A body weighs 1kgf at the equator. Its weight at the north pole will be
(a) more than 1 kgf (b) less than 1 kgf
(c) same as on equator (d) none of these
13. The density of a body is represented by the expression
(a) D = VIM , (b) D= MxV, (c) D = 1/MxV, (d) D = MN
14. The density of wood is 0.65 gcm-3 in CGS system. Its density in SI
system is
(a) 65 kgm-3 (b) 6.5 kgcm-3 (c) 650 kgm-3 (d) 0.65 kgm-3
15. When water is heated , it expands and
(a) rises upward (b) moves downward
(c) rema in at the same place (d) none of these
16. When air is cooled, its density
(a) mcreases (b) decreases
(c) remams same (d) none of these
 
II (A). Fill in the blanks.
1. The SI unit of mass is ------
2. A knob at the baseboard can be used to raise or lower the
of the physical balance.
3. A is used to measure the weight of a body at a
given place.
4. The pointer will read when there is no load on the
pan of the spring ba lance.
5. Equal volumes of water and kerosene have masses.
6. One kilogram of sugar occupies space than one
kilogram weight of iron.
7. The volume of a stone can be determined by displacement method
usmg a _
8. The relative density of a liquid is detem1ined by using a _
9. The continuous movement of a fluid when heated is called
---
10. We use a to test whether the milk is pure or not.

 
II (B). Fill in the blank spaces by choosing the correct words from the
given list.
List : zero, 1.04, poles, equator, never, spring, newton, kg, kg/m 3,
more, unit, 100, less
1. Mass per volume is called density.
2. An iron needle sinks in water as its density is than 1g/cm3 .
3. The SI unit of density is _
4. A body X floats in a liquid Y. The density of body X is _
than liquid Y.
5. The weight is found by balance.
6. The unit of mass in SI system is and the unit of
weight in SI system is _
7. One Newton is the force by which a mass of g IS
attracted towards earth.
8. The weight of a body is maximum at and minimum
at of the earth.
9. The density of milk is 1.04 g/cm 3 . Therefore, 1 cm3 of milk has a
 
mass of g.  
10. The mass of a body zero, whereas the weight of a
body can be _
 
III (A). Statements given below are incorrect. Write the correct statements.
1. The quantity of matter in a body is called its weight.
2. The value of mass varies from place to place.
3. Physical balance is used to measure the weight of a body.
4. The density of a substance is defined as the weight per unit volume
of that substance.

 
5. Equal masses of iron and common salt have same volume .
6. The density of water is 1 g/cm3 in the SI unit.
7. The SI unit of relative density is g/cm3 .
8. Multiplying relative density by 100, we get density of the liquid in
kg/m 3 .
9. When an object is placed in a liquid whose density is lower than the
object, the object will float.
10. SI unit of weight is kilogram force.
11. More is the density of liquid than a solid, more the volume of solid
will submerge in it.
12. A piece of iron (density 7.6 gcm-3), sinks in mercmy (density
13.6 gcm-3) .
13. Milligram is a multiple of kilogram.
14. With the rise in temperature of a liquid its density increases.
15. A ship loaded fully in sea water, submerge less in river water.

 
III (B). Write 'true' or 'false' for each statement given below.
1. The quantity of matter contained in a body is called ma ss.
2. The multiple of SI unit of mass is milligram .
3. The weight of body can be zero.
4. Ma ss of a body changes on the surface of the moon .
5. Density of water at l0°C increases when heated to 30°C.
6. The unit of density is kgm-3 .
7. A body having density less than 1 gcm-3 float in water.
 
IV. Find the odd-one out. Give reasons for your choice.
1. Beam balance, spring balance, physical balance .

2. g/cm3 , kg/m3 g/m 3


3. Scale pan, stirrups, pointer, stopper
,

4. Ma ss, beam balance , kilogram , spring balance


5. Weight , spring balance , newton, kilogram
 

V. Match the following.


1. mass (a) relative density bottle
2. weight (b) hydrometer
3. relative density (c) physical balance
4. purity of milk (d) spring balance

 
VI. Give reasons for the following.
1. A jeweller uses only physical balance.
2. The physical ba lance is enclosed in a glass case.
3. The beam of a physical balance is raised gently by the lever.
4. A ship sinks to a greater depth in river water than in sea water.
5. The lower end of the hydrometer is filled with mercury or lead.
 

VII. Differentiate between the following.


1. Mass and weight
2. Beam balance and spring balance
3. Density and relative density
The relative density of a substance is defined as the ratio of
the density of the substance to the density of water at 4°C.
It has no unit.
VIII. Answer these questions.
1. Define density. Write its SI unit.
2. Define relative density. Why there is no unit of relative
density?
3. Relative densities of substances A, B, C and Dare 0.38, 2.75,
0.85
and 1.52 respectively. Which of these
substances are
(a) heavier than water? (b) lighter than
water?
4. Describe a physical balance.
5. How is the mass of an object measured with a physical
balance?
6. Describe a spring balance.
7. How is the weight of an object measured with a spring balance?

8. How is the density of a solid (insoluble in water) determined?


9. How is the relative density of a liquid measured?

10. How are convection cunents fmmed when a liquid is heated?


 
11. What are Plimsoll lines?
12. (a) Define mass (b) State the SI unit of mass (c) Name two multiples
and two submultiples of SI unit of mass.
13. (a) Define weight. (b) State and define SI unit of weight
14. (a) What do you understand by the tem1 "density" as applied to
matter. (b) State units of density in (i) CGS system (ii) SI system.
15. The density of lead is 11.6 g/cm3 and that of wood is 800 kg/m3 .
What do you understand by these statements.
16. Briefly describe how will you experimentally fmd the density of
kerosene oil with the help of a "density bottle".
 

17. How does the density of a liquid change with the rise in temperature?
18. Two solids A and B of density 25 g/cm 3 and 0.80 g/cm3 are placed
in a liquid L of density 1.2 g/cm 3 . Which solids is likely to float and
why?
19. Why do the bodies like stone and metals sink in water?
20. Why do the bodies like cork and wood float in water?
21. Why does an iron needle sink in water, but an iron ship float in
water?
IX. Practice for numerical problems.
1. A piece of wood of mass 160 g has a volume of200 cm3 . Find the
density of wood in the (a) CGS system (b) SI system.
2. A block of metal of dimensions 4 em, 5 em and 25 em has a mass
 
of 1.280 kg. Find the density of the block in kg/m3 .
3. Calculate the volume of when the density of wood is
wood of mass 200 kg 800 kg/m3.
4. The volume of a metal cube is 125 cm3. If the density of the metal is
13.6 g/cm3, find the mass of the metal in kilograms.

5. An empty relative density bottle weighs 23.4 g. When fully filled


with water, its weight is 46.8 g. When filled with a liquid, its weight
is 52.4 g. Find the relative density of the liquid.

6. Find the relative density of a liquid from the following observations.


(a) Mass of empty R.D. bottle= 25.2 g
(b) Mass of empty R.D. bottle + water= 57.7 g
(c) Mass of empty R. D. bottle+ liquid= 52.7 g
 
7. Calculate the density of a solid from the following data .
(a) mass of solid= 75.8 g
(b) initial volume of water in measuring cylinder= 24 cm3 .
(c) final volume of water+ solid in measuring cylinder= 42 cm3
8. (a) Density of aluminium is 2.7 g/cm3 . Express the density in
kg/m 3.
(b) Density of alcohol is 800 kg/m 3 . Express the density in g/cm3 .

 
 

9. 5 litres of kerosene oil is found to weigh 4.40 kg. Find the density of
kerosene oil in (a) CGS system and (b) SI system.

10. Calculate the density of solid from the following data:


(a) Mass of solid = 72 g
(b) Initial volume of water in measuring cylinder= 24 cm3
(c) Final volume of water when solid is immersed in water= 42 cm3 .
 

11. An empty density bottle weighs 22 g. When completely filled with


water it weighs 50 g and when completely filled with brine solution it
weighs 54 g. Calculate (a) volume of density bottle (b) density of
brine solution.