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12 : CELL DIVISION

Objective questions

1. Which of the following is true of meiosis ?

A. The daughter cells get half the number of chromosome from the parent cell.
B. The daughter cells get the same number of chromosome as the parent cell.
C. Homologous chromosomes do not pair up in meiosis.
D. It contributes to asexual reproduction.

2. A pair of chromosome is homologous when

A. They are same of the same length.


B. Their centromeres are in the same position.
C. The same genes are located at the same loci.
D. All of the above.

3. Movement of chromosome during anaphase is due to

A. Centrioles move towards the opposite poles.


B. Spindle fibers contract and pull the chromatids to opposite poles.
C. Crossing over occurs.
D. Cytokinesis.

4. List four phases of mitosis in correct order.

A. Anaphase, Telophase, Metaphase and Prophase.


B. Metaphase, Telophase, Prophase and Anaphase.
C. Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase.
D. Prophase, Anaphase, Telophase and Metaphase.

Biology Unit, Kolej Matrikulasi Melaka 1


5. In the cell cycle, S is

A. the longest phase in intephase


B. the phase of cell growth
C. the phase of chromosomes replication
D. the phase cell prepares for mitosis

6. If a cell containing 20 chromatids at metaphase of mitosis , how many chromosome present


in each nucleus when cell division has completed ?

A. 20
B. 10
C. 30
D. 40

7. All of the following occur during prophase I in animal cells except

A. the chromosomes condense


B. the homologous chromosomes pair up
C. tetrads are formed
D. the chromosomes separate

8. The longest phase in mitosis is

A. anaphase
B. prophase
C. metaphase
D. telophase

9. “ Each chromatid starts moving to different poles. Cell is haploid “ During which phase does
this event take place in the cell ?

A. Anaphase II
B. Interphase I
C. Telophase I
D. Metaphase II

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10. DNA duplication takes place during

A. interphase
B. prophase
C. metaphase
D. anaphase

Structure Questions

1. Figure 1 show two stages in a cell division.

Cell 1 Cell 2

Figure 1

a) Identify the stages for cell 1 and cell 2.

Cell 1 : _______________________________________________________________

Cell 2 : _______________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

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b) Name the structures labelled A and B.

A : ___________________________________________________________________

B : ___________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

c) State the chromosomal behaviour for cell 1 and cell 2.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

d) How many chromosomes in each daughter cell at the end of the cell division for cell 1 and cell
2?

Cell 1 : _______________________________________________________________

Cell 2 : _______________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

e) State TWO importance of mitosis in multicellular organisms.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

2. The figure 2 shows a cell that undergoes cell division in anaphase I.

Figure 2

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a) State if the division above occur in animal or plant cell. Give a two reasons to your
answer.
__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________
(3 marks)

b) Name the process that lead to exchanging chromatid segments between the non sister
chromatids X and Y.
__________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

c) Give two importance of the process to an organism stated in (b).


__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

d) Draw the behavior of chromosome that occur in anaphase II of meiosis in each cell
below.

(4 marks)

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Essay Questions

1. (a) Explain the differences between cytokinesis in animals and plants.


(5 marks)
(b) Describe the behavior of the chromosomes at each stage in mitosis.
(5 marks)

2. State the significance of mitosis and meiosis.


(10 marks)

Biology Unit, Kolej Matrikulasi Melaka 6