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c

A
PROJECT
ON
SEISMIC ANALYSIS OF CONCRETE ARCH DAMS

BY

VVKS SAI CHARAN

GUIDED BY

Dr. D. NEELIMA SATYAM

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ABSTRACT:

#c$$%c&'c(c&c&'c$ )&ccc$c&$c&%cc# c
'%c &'c $#*+$,c --.c /#(#c ($&c c +c (&-c #c +(+c $c $c
&%$c&c+c#c'%+(c&'c+'&c$c&&0c#c$c&$c''(c+c&c
$(c +&c &'c #c 1($&.c #c $ )/$.c $)'&+$&.c /$ )'&+$&.c #$c
$,c($c&'c2c&%c$c$(&c/c#0c #c/$cc$+c&cc
(&%c%$-c&c%%c$%+0 c#c/$c%%cc#c&c#$c$c-'($c
''(c&c#c& )%$c$(c$$%c&'c$c$0c $%.c#c&c&'c$(#c$c+c
&c $#*+$,c &&c c +0c #c $(c ''(c &'c $#*+$,c $%&-c /#c $&c
&c$(&c$c+c#&+-#c(&+c+%0c c(&+c&-$c&&% c
/#(#ccc''(cc'c%c$$% cc&cc(#&&c$ c+c&c+c$(c
&c&'c$(#c$c$%&-c/#c$&c&c$(& 0ccc

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[. INTRODUCTION

[.[ Reservoir:

c &c c $c %$-.c $'($%c %$,c ($c c (&+( -c $c $c $(&c $c 0c &$%c
$,-.c$c/$c&&%c&c$c%$,c$c cc$c&0c &/.c#c c&c
c/$c&+(c--cc+ cc$c(cc'&c$c(&$$%c%$- c&c
&'c/$c&c&c#c+$c&'c$c$ c(&+(c'&c#c+&0c#+c$c$c$c$ c
&c 1c &-#0 c #c (#$-c c $c  c -$%%c $c (&$%c +-c
''c&c&'c$c$0c#cc($%%c&c'&c$ c(&+c%,c $cc/#(#c$&+c 345c&'c
#c&$%c($&c&((+c+-c#c&&& c$&c'&c6+c&c0c &c&'c
#c c ($c c %%c &c &c /$c +-c & )&&&c &.c 1(c #c $%$$c
.c/#(#c$%&c($c$c+$$%c(#$-cc# c&)&&&c&c+c&c%-c&'c
&/0c+-c#c&c&'c%&/c'%&/.ccc&c&% c&cc#c/$c$ c'&c$&+c
+&c +(#c $c -$&.c /$c +%c $c #&%((c &/0c &c -+%$c #c /$c
+%.c $c &c c ($c &c #c c &c &c /$c +-c #c $c $&0c #c
&c/$c c%$c%$c+-c# c&c&'c%&/c'%&/c &cc#c$0c c# c
&&&c$&.c# c&c&c1(c/$c /#c#c(#$-cc#cc c#-#0c
#+cc%$-c#c/$ c+-c#c&c&'c%&/ c'%&/.c#c&c$%&c
#%cc'%&&c(&&%0 c
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c&'c&c
'c$c&cc&%c&c+&.ccc($%%c$c-% )+&c&0cc#c&# c
#$.c'ccc&c#$c&c+&.cccc$c+%+&c&0c($+c c
&c&'c#c($.c$c-%c+&c&cc&c(&&($%%c'$%.cc c#c-$%c
$((cc $c&c%&c+% +&c&0c


-+)!78c9(&$%c/c&'c$.c&c$c%%/$c

Some Basic Definitions Related to Reservoir:

70cFull reservoir level (FRL) 8c#c'+%%c&c%%c


cc#c#-#c/$c %%c&c
/#(#c#c/$c+'$(c/%%cc+-c&$%c&$-c(&&0c#c''(c&$-c&'c
#c&cc(&+c+&c#c'+%%c&c%%0c#c
cc#c#-#c%%c$ c

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/#(#c/$ccc&cc#%c'&c$&+c+c/#&+c$ c$$-c&'c/$c#&+-#c# c
%%/$0c c($c&'c$c/#&+c%%/$c-$.c#c
cc*+$%c&c#c(c%%c&'c# c
%%/$0c &/.c'c#c%%/$cc-$.c#c
cc*+$%c&c#c%%c&'c#c&c&'c# c
-$0c
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0cMaximum water level (MWL)8c#c$1+c/$c%%cc#c$1+c%%c& c
/#(#c#c/$c+'$(c/%%cc/#c#c-c'%&&c$c&c#c%%/$0c# c
$1+c/$c%%cc#-#c#$c#c'+%%c&c%%c&c#$c&c+(#$-c&$-c c
$$%$%c/c#c/&c% %c&c$&c'%&&0c#c$1+c/$c%%cc$%&c($%%c# c
$1+c&&%c%%c 9c&c$1+c'%&&c%%c
0 c
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20cMinimum pool level8c#c+c&&%c%%cc#c%&/c%%c+c&c/#(#c# c
/$cc/#$/c'&c#c&c+c&$c (&&0c#c+c&&%c%% c
-$%%c(&&c&c#c%$&c&'c#c%&/c&+%c&c%+(/$c&'c#c$0 c
&/.cc#c($c&'c$c&c'&c#&%((c&/:c#c+c&&%c%%cc'1 c
$'c(&-c#c+c/&,-c#$ c*+c'&c#c''(c/&,-c&'c+0 c
#c&$-c%&/c#c+c&&%c%%cc&c+'+%c$cc($%%c#c$c&$-0 c
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[.2 DAMS:

cc $c c $c #$+%(c +(+c &'c '$%c &+c $$%c +%c $(&c $c c &c
($c$ &c&cc+$cc'&c&+ -c/$c'&c$&+c+&c0-0.c'%&&c
(&&%.c /$c +%c '&c #+$c &c %&(,.c -$&.c -c -$&.c ($&.c &c
&%%+&c(&&%0 c$c$c$ &c$c(&%c&'c$(#c&#0cc(&c#&+ %c
c$c/c$c/c$c$ $0cc/cc$%&c$c+(+ +%c$(&c$c:c#&/.c
 +&c c &c &c &c /$c + &c c 0$c $c -$%%c (&+( c #c
&+$&+c $(#c &'c # c /#c #c $%%c c $&/ $c #c '&+$&c c -&&0
$%%.c $c #&&/c $& c $%&c (&+(c $c &c $c # $c c &c %&c
#&&/0c

[.3 Arch Dams:

(#c$cc$c&%c(&(c$.c(+c+$cc%$0c  c $&c&c-c
$c&'c#c+c&' c#c&ccc&/c/-#.cc&$c$ c %$-c$+c&'c$%c
c$-c# c $c&'c#c/$c+c$c&# c %&$cc$(#c$(&c&c#c
($&c /$%%0 c +(('+%c $(#c $(&c c c &c $ c +'c &&%#(c +(+.c $c
($%c($ c +cc$,cc#c(&+(&c&'c$c$(# c $c&c+c#$c&c+(+$% c
(&+.c +(#c $c &c ;&c &c ($(,. c 1c $c #c c #c +(+c $+c  c
/$c%&$0 c#c(&%c-c&'c$c(&(c$(#c$ c(%+c&c&%c#c$ &c
&'c# c&c''(c$c(&&($%c&&&c'& c#c/$c&+-c+(+.c+c$%&c
# c $&c&'c#c&c+$%c$+$ c +(+c'&c#c(&&%c$c%$c&'c
#c &+c /$c (&c /#c #c +& c &c '+(&c &'c #c &;(0c #c $+$% c
c #c $(c $+&.c - c (&$&.c #&c &'c $$%.c $ c
&(+c +c c -c /#c # c --c $c $(#c .c +$+c &' c
(%$$&.c'&c#c-c&'c$c$(#c$c$ cc$+$c/&, 0c

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-+c) 8c$(c$%-c&'c(#c$c

[.4 Basics of Arch Dams

(#c $c *+c $c #-#c %%c &'c c $c '&(c $$%c c &c &c ($c $c +''(c
-0c #c $c '&(c $-$c $c $(#c $c c #c #&$(c +c &c c #c
&c #c.c +%'c /#(#c c /$c +c $#c #c$.c #c /-#c &'c #c$c
%'c$c'$%%c$%%c#c'&(c(&0c#c'&(c#$c''(c$c$c(%+c+c$c&c
%c &c $c $+.c (#($%c $(&.c %-.c %c$((++% $&c$c$#*+$,0 c
#c $(#c *+<c &-#c $c #c /$c +#c $-$c 0c #c /-#c &'c #c $c $%&c
+#c#c+(+c&/c&c#c-&+0 c

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-+)28c$(c
&(c$(-c&c(#c$c

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c &c&'.c#c$(#c$cc$c&'c(&(c$c%$(cc$c=>=c#$c$%%0c#c
'&+$&c&c$+c'&c$c$(#c$c+ccc$%c$c&&&$c&c#c
(&(0c#c$c/&c$(c-c'&c$c$(#c$8c ^   c/#(#c#$c(&$c
$+c&'c(+$+c$c
   c/#(#c#$c&#c+$c$c&/$c
(+c#$c$($%%c($-cc$+c%&/c#c(0cc$c#$cc  ^ 
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c&#cc#&<&$%c$c($%c%$c$cc($%%c$c &c$0c(#c$c/#c&c
#$c&c(&-+&+c$(#c&c%$c$c(c$c +%%)$(#c$0cc$c($c
(&.c$c$(#c$c($c#$c %c&c&c)c%c($%c'&(c$c
#'&c*+c%c(&(c#$c&c$c -$c$c&c$(#)-$c$0cc$(#c$c
$c(&&%c(&+(cc&c&+$&+c$$.c%c$$%cc'($%c/#cc
#$c&cc%c/#c''(+%c&c#c0c c

(#c$c$c-$%%c(%$'c$c#.c+c&c#(,0c 'c/#c&'c$ c$(#c$?c$cc


@7!c &'c #c$?c#-#c &c%c cc #0cc $c$c #-#c $&c-$c #$c @7!c +c
%c#$c2@7!cc(&c+0c#(,cc$c$&c&'c2@7!c&c-$0c&$%%.c$c$(#c
$?c$cc#&($%%c;+c$c#(,c$c# c(c+c&'ccc/(c$c#(,c$c#c(0 A7!Bc
&$(&c;&c$c&$%%c%$(cc !ccc#c$(#c$c$c$c%$c'%%c/#c
-&+c$'c#c(&&%c(&&%c$c(+0 c

2 DEFINITION OF SAFETY OF ARCH DAM:

$'cc'c$c#c$*+$(c$-$c$c+(&&%%c%$c&'c&c/$0 c
#c+(+$%c-cc$$c$c#c$cc(& c$'c'c&-.c
%-.c$c&#c&%c&c&'c'$%+c/%%c&c&((+0cc$'c$%+$&.c#'&. c
#&+%c'c$%%c-'($c'$%+c&c$c(&+(c$&$c$$%c&c$+ c
#$c #c +(+$%c $%c &'c #c$c c $$ 0c -c &'c (&(c $(#c $c
$c1#c$c(c&/$c%&-c$c$$% c'$%+.c'c%$-c%cc'&c#c
%$)%$(c $$%c ($c 1c ;& c &-c $c ($(,-c 0c &-c #$c #c
+%$c%&$ )-c($$(c&'c$c$(#c$cc%cc#c(&c-#c&'c#c
(&(c +%c '&+$&c &c &# c &c &'c '$%+c &((+c '.c c $c /$c
;&c &-c $c ($(,-c -# c +$%%c 1#$+c #c ($$(c &'c #c (&(c &c ($c
(&&c +c &c +*+ c %&$c +&.c &c -#c '&c +'$(c $%&-c /#(#c
$$%c %-c (&+%c &((+0 c C##c +(#c $$%c '$%+c (&+%c $(+$%%c &((+c c +,&/.c
($+c #c #$c & c c &c &+%.c $c $%&c ($+c &'c #c #c
+$(c c $(#c $c $c #c '$(c #$c $(#c $(&c -#c $c &c &'c #c
&&c$$cc;& c&-c$c($(,-0cC#c(c&c%-c'$%+.c/&cc
&'c &$%c '&+$&c %-c $%c ($ c #&+%c c (&0c #c 'c c c
&$%c%-c&'c&(,c/-c/#c#c'&+$& c$cc(&$(c /#c#c$.c$c#c
(&c c &$%c %-c $%&-c #c (&$( c /c #c $c $c '&+$&c &(,0c #c
%-c &'c &(,c /-c ($%%c &((+c $%&- c &c &$%c '$ %+c %$c %$c %-c &c
$%&-c#c%c&'c(&c&'c/&c&'c# c%$c/-c%-0c
&c$c&(,c/-c&cc
,$($%%c ($$%c &'c '$%+.c #c (& c &'c %-c +c (c &c =   =c $c 'c
+'$(c&/$c'&c#c$0 c
c
C#%c$c$(#c$c-#cc($$%c&'c--c$c$%%c+$%c'&+$&c%&(,c$c# c
&&.c%$-.c+$%c/-c&'c&(,cc#c$+c(&+%c$-c#c$'c&'c# c

c
c

$0c c '$(.c #c 'c '$%+c &'c $c $(#c $c $c $%$c $c c 7D4Dc +%c ' &c
%$(c&'c$c%$-c/-c&'c&(,cc#c%'c$+0 c%-c$%c$%&-c#c$ )
'&+$&c(&$(c&'c$c(&(c$(#c$cc%c%,% c($+c&'c#c/--c&+(cc
$(#c $(&c $c c &'c #c +(+c &c # c &(,0c &/.c $(#c $c /#c
%$%c'%$c$+c%&.c&c$(#c$c/#c$+ c#+c%&(,c+&cc&(,c
'&+$&c /#c $*+$c #$c -#c (&+%c  c +(%c &c %-c $%&-c #c
'&+$&c(&$(c$c#&+%cc(&0 c
c
#c ($c *+-c ($%c (&$&c (%+c +(+$%c '&$&c $c
&$& c&'c(&(c($+cc$%,$% )$---$c$(&.c$c'&+$&c&c$+c
&&c+c&c&&-.c/#(#c'c.c(&+%c%$c&c$%0 c
c
3 METHOD OF ANALYSIS:

+$%%.c #c &$%c ' )%c $$%c c 'c '&c #c $(c $c $(c
$$%c&'c$(#c$0c$%c%&$c#&c$cc+c'&c$(cc$$%c&%.c'c#c
$c #$c $c %c -&c $c +'&c $$%c $$c ($c c $+ c '&c #c
(&(c$c'&c#c'&+$&c&(,0c#c$#$($%c'&+%$&c$c$&$(#c($c
$%&cc%&.c+c#c$((+$(c&'c+(#c#&c#&+%cc'cc(&$&c/#c
#c')%c$$%0c

4 Evaluation for Static Loading

#c'&$(c&'c(&(c$(#c$c+c$(c%&$-c(&&c#&+%cc$%+$ c
+-c'%(&c$c 0c &(c$c'&+$&c &(,c $$%c $$ c+c c
#c$$%c#&+%ccc&c#c$c&'c'%c$c%$&$&c-$& c
c c+$&c/#c$&c&'c($c$$% c$$cc#c(&c''(c&c
(&(%+.c#c''(c&c#c$c& c#&+%cc$%+$cc$$c c
$$%0c%%c$%($%c$(c%&$c#&+%cc(&c$c(& c$((&-c&c#c
&$%c &'c &((+( c c #c ($-&c &'c +$%.c ++$%.c $c ($%c %&$-c
(&$&0c
c
#c$(c+%c&'c$$%c#&+%c(%+c&#c'%(&c$cc%&cc# c
$0c9%&c&'c(&+c'%(&c &c$c+$%c$c'&c(#(,-c#c+($% c
+%.c$c/#c&%c#c#&+%cc(&%$c/#c#c&c'%(& c
$+cc+$&c&&-c(&c77 )3.cc&c&c'c$c&% c
($%$c#c$#$($%c&%0c #c$%c&&c$c$+c&'c#c$cc& c
($%%c ,&/0c
&c #c $&.c /#c (&$-c (&+c '%(&c &c &c
'%(&.c c c #c ''$%c '%(&c $#c #$c #c $&%+c '%(&c #$c c
$-'+%0c c +%c $c +c &c $%+$c #c $c '&$(c c #c &c &c
$(#c%&$- c(&$&0c
c
5 Evaluation for Seismic Loading

#c'&$(c&'c(&(c$(#c$c+c$#*+$,c%&$-c#&+%cc$%+$c c
(&+(-c $c # )&$%c %$ )%$(c $(c $$%c +-c #c ' )%c
#&0c#c
c&%c&'c#c$cc#&+%c$((&+c'&c#c$/$ c$c#c$)
'&+$&c&(,c$(&c''(0c $$%c$$c'&c#c(&( c$c'&+$&c&(,c
#&+%cc$%#cc--c+c(& $&c&c#c''( c&'c#c$c&'c%&$-c($%c
&'c$#*+$,c&0c#c-c$#*+$,c'&c#c$' c$%+$&c&'c$(#c$cc#c
$1+c (%c $#*+$,c  0c #c c c $ c 1%c $c c ($$%c &'c
&+(-c#c%$-c-&+ c&&c#$c(&+%cc&((+ c$c#c$c0cc c#&+%c
c (&c &c c $c 1c %&$-c (&&.c '& c /#(#c -'($c $$-c /&+%c c
$(($%.c+c#c$c+c&c++c$c#+ c#$c%'c$c&c&/$0c

c
c

(c+c-&+c&&c'&c#c  c#&+%cc%&c'&c$c(c-&+c
&&c$$%.c+c$cc+% cc$c&$%(c-&+c&&c$$%c#&+%c
$%+$&c&'c#c%,%#&&c&' c#c c-&+c&&c(&c$%0c#c$#*+$,c
&c &'c #c $c $c  c (&+c +-c #c & )(+c &)+&&c
#&.c+c'c$1+ cc1(c#c$%%&/$%c$%+c$c%$c )#&c$$%c
($cc#%'+%c&c$- c#cc&'c;&c&-c$c%c($(,-c0# c$c$c
c (&c $'c '&c #c c '. c $'c #c ''(c &'c ($(,c $c ;&c &-c #$c c
$((&+c'&.cc($cc#&/c#$ c#c(&(cc&c& )(&c$c'c($%c
&c&c&%0 c
c
  Post-earthquake Safety Evaluation

c &)$#*+$,c $'c $%+$&c c *+c &c $+c #c $'c &'c #c $c '.c $c
$$--c c #&+%c &((+c $c #c $c .c &c #c (c '&$(c &'c #c $c
+c &c $c &+%$c c #&+%c ($c +$$%c $$-0c #c $%+$&c #&+%c
(&c#c''(c&'c$(c%&$c$c/%%c$cc$'#&(,c$#*+$,c#$c$$%c
&((+c $'c $c $;&c *+$,0c
$(&c &'c $'c '&c #c & )$#*+$,c (&&c $c #c
$c$c#&c-c'&c#c++$%c($0c
c
7 Sliding Stability

&c$+c$'c$-$c%-c$%&-c'c,$($%%c$%c'$%+c%$c c
#c$c.c$c#c$c'&+$&@'$(.c&cc#c'&+$&.c#c#$c'(&c'$(&c&' c
$'c$+-c&c(&#&c#$%%cc704c'&c&$%c$c+++$%c%&$-.c$c-$c #$c
7c'&c1c%&$-0c#c$'c'$(&c$+c#$c$%c#$cc$%+$c/# c
(c&c(&$c#$c-#c$$ 0c
c
8 LOADING:
c
(#c$c$c+;(c&c$&+c%&$0c&$c($cc($-&<c&c c$(c. c
$(c$c$(0c$(c%&$c$c+$c%&$c#$c&c&c(#$-.c&c(#$-c c
%&/%c(&$c&c#c$+$%c&c&'c$&c&'c#c+(+0cc$Ec&c& c
$(c%&$cc-&ccc''0c1$%c&'c$(c%&$c(%+c$c%&$.c# $+%(c
%&$c '&c &$%c &c '%&&c (&&.c '&(c '&c '%&/-c /$c (#$--c (&. c +%'.c
'&(c'&c(c1$&.c$c$%cc($+cc$+ c(#$-0c$(c
%&$c$c$&cc$+0c#c$c($%%c(&c&c%c c+$&0c($+c&'c#c
c$c /#(#c #c $(.c #c$%c $c $-c (#$$(( c&'c#c$c$c /%%c$cc
''c$''(c#c$?c#$&0c1$%c&'c$(c%&$ c(%+c$#*+$, )+(c
'&(.c%$)+(c'&(.c'%+-c$c '&(.c&c'&(c($+cc#c$(c&'c(.c
.c&c&$0c
c

8.[ Dead Load

$c%&$cc$(#c$cc#c/-#c&'c#c(&(c%+c$+$c+(+c+(#c$ c
-$.c-.c$c&+%c/&,0c#c+c/-#c&'c#c(&(cc$c&c#c%$& $&c
c+%c&'c#c1c-c$@&c#($%c$+c&'c(&(c(&0c &/. c
$c(&(c(&$-c$+$%c$c$c-$%c&c(+# )&(,c$---$c-$%% c
/-#c$&+c74!c&+cc(+(c'&&c('0c c#c$(c&'c$+c$ $.c
#c +c /-#c ($c c $+c '&c #c (&(0c $c %&$c c &$%%c &c &c
($%c&&%#c&c&c#c-&+-c&'c#c(&$(&c;&0c#c#&+%cc$,c& c
$((&+c/#c$$%<-c #c$0c
c
&$c&c#c$c%'.c#c/-#c &'c$+$(cc($%%c-%-%c$c$ c

c
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c-&cc#cc$$%0c $c&+%c/&,c$c&'%&/ )&-)/c%%/$.c


#&/.c$c#$c&($%c''(c&c#c$(c$c$(cc$c# c
/-#c#&+%cc(&0 c

Hydraulic Loading

8.2 Normal Water Loads

&$%c/$c%&$c(%+c#&$(c+c&c#c$c'$(c+%-c'&c# c
&c$c$%/$c+-c#c&$%c&$&c&'c#c#&%((c&;(0c#c& c
%%c#&+%c(&&c&c#c $1+c&$%)#-#)/$)%%c C.c/#(#cc++$%%c
#c %%c &'c #c %%/$c (c '&c +-$c %%/$c $c #c &c &'c # c %%/$c -$c '&c
-$c%%/$0c&$%c$%/$c($cc&$c'&c#&($%c&$& c(&0c
c

&c(&+$&c&'c& $%c/$c%&$.c#$/$c$c$%/$c+c$c(& c
&c$c%$%c/#c#c$c&c$(c&$%c&c#c$c+'$(0c c$&c&c#c$ c
+'$(.c#$/$c+c#&+%c$%&cc$%c&c#c'&+$&c&(,c$c#c$%% c
'%&&c$c'%$,c(c&c/$c%&$c($+c'&+$&c&(,c&c'&c$c&+( c
$&$%c'&$&c$ccc#c$0c c(&+$&c&'c/$c%&$.c$c(&$ c
+c/-#c&'cF 0Gc('c$cc$+c'&c'#c/$0 c
c
(-cc#c&&c( &.c$%/$c-$%%c&+(cc/#c&&c- c
&'c#&c+(cc#c#$/$0c#c''(c&'c$%/$.c#'&.cc&c+(c&# c
%c$c(&cc%&/c#c$%/$c%$&0c#c''(c# c
/#c #c $%/$c #c c %c #$c !5c &'c #c $c #-#0c
&c #c $&.c c c
-$%%c(&c(&$c&c-&c$%/$c%&$cc$c$(#c$cc$$%. c
$c$cc&c'&c%(0c '.c#&/.c$%/$c''(c+%'c+c&c$c'$%+ c
%$c&c/#(#c%-c$%cc-c$$%<.c+%'c#&+%cc(&0 c
c
8.3 Flood Loads

#c$(c'%&&c%&$c(%+c#&$(c+c&c#c$c'$(c+%-c'&c# c
&c$c$%/$c%$&c/#(#c&((+c+-c#c$$-c&' c#c'%&/c- c
'%&&c 
0c#c /$c+c+c&c'%&&c$c$%&c$+c&c$c%$%c /#c#c
$c&c$(c&$%c&c#c$c+'$(c$c&c$%%c'%&&c$c'%$,c&'c#c'&+$&c&(,0 c
c
8.4 Uplift

%'c&c&c/$c+c%&c/ #c/$cc#c$%c$(c/#c# c
&c&'c$c$(#c$c$c/%%c$cc#c'&+$&c;&.c($(,.c$c$0c c$( c
%&$-c(&&.c#c''(c&'c&c/$c+cc&c+(c&$%c(& c
c/#c#c(&(c $c&c($c#c(&&-c&$%c%c c
#&+%c#c1c c7DD!0cc(&+c$$%c&'c#c''(c&c &&/c9& c
$.c$cGF4)')#-#c#c$(#c$.c$c&c$c#(,c$(#c$c&'c%$c#-#c$c( c
%-#.c#&/c$cc(#$- c&'c%c#$c !cc ))c00c$&+c%c#$c45c&'c#c% c
-#c&'c#c(&(0c($+c&'c#c&c(#$-cc.c#c''(c&'c&c/$ c
+c&cc/#c$c$(#c$c$cc-&cc#c$(c&'c$c($(,0 c
C#c#c c+%c$c'%c(&&c'&c$c-$c#(,c$(#c$c($c#$ c
%c($(,-c/%%c%&c$c#c$ )'&+$&c'$(.c+%'c#&+%cc(& c
$c $%c $c 1$%c %&$c &c &#c '$(c &'c #c ($(,0c %'c &c &c c &c c
(&cc#cc$$%c'&c#c$(#c$0 c
c
%'c#&+%c$%/$cc(&cc#c%-c$%c$$%c&'c#c&$%c'$%+ c
%$c /#c #c '&+$& c &c $%&-c #c $)'&+$&c '$( c C#c *+.c
+&c&'c+%'c +c$c#c(&$(c+'$(c/c$c$(#c$ c$c#c'&+$&c

c
c

&(,c ($c c c +-c #c '%c $$c '&c <&c $- c &c c '&-c
$-c $$%0c c -$%.c #c +&c &'c +%'c +c c '%+( c c #c
-&%&-($%c( &&c&'c#c'&+$&c&(,c$c#c$c&'c#c$.c c%&($&c$c%-#c
&'c$.c$cc#c($(,c%-# 0c

8.5 Silt Load


c
1-c $(#c $c $c ++$%%c +;(c &c %c +c +c &c $c $$%c
&cc#c&c&c$ c$0c &/.c#c-'($(c&'c%c+c$c$ c
$&$%c$(c%&$cc&c#cc#0c
&c )#$c$c&$c$c$(# c
$.cc#c&'c%c#$c7@Gc&'c#c$c#-#c&+(c-%-%c'&$& c
$cc7!c&c74c .c$c#+c#c''(c$cc-&0 c
c

8.  Ice Load

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8.9 Hydraulic Loading of Spillways

        


 
   

 
  
 
 

 
   

  
'  
 
   
    
  
c

c
c

8.[ Thermal Loading

$+c %&$c c $(#c $c +%c '&c #c ''(c /c #c (%&+c
$+c /#c (&+(&c;&c/c ($%c &&%#c$c -&+c&c'%%cc
(&(c&cc#c&-#.c$c#c(&(c$+c+-c#c&$&c&'c# c
$0c
c
8.[[ Temperature Distribution

>$$&c&'c$+c#&+-#c#c$c#(,c$%cc&c#c#(, c
&'c#c$0c
&c%$%c#c$(#c$.c$c%$c$+c+&c'&c#c& c
$+c&c#c+$c&c#c$c$+c&c#c&/$c'$(c& c
$c$&$%c$&1$& 0c
c
Air Temperature

$c &'c $c $+ c $c $c $c c $c $c &c #c $c $c $+c
$+c $c #c $c c &c $c $ c %&($&0c $$c '&c #c $c $&c #&+%c c
$;+c'&c# c''(cc%$&c$c%$+c#$c$c1c/c#c$&c$c
#c$c0c
#c$(+$%c$c$+c$$c'&c$c&c&'c4c$c&c%&-cc*+c&c$%c$ c
(#$c#&/-c$&+c$c$+c$c/%%c$c#c$1+c$c+c(& c
$+0c
c
Reservoir Water Temperature

#c&c/$c$+c$c /#c#c$c$&0c$c&'c$+ c
'&c#c&+c/$c$c&$cc$+-c$+c(%c$c$c%&/ c
#c/$c+'$(c$c%&($&c$c#c$0c+(#c$$c++$%%c(%+c&c(&-c c
&#c'&c$%c&#c$(#c$ c$c'&c$c&c&'c$%c$0c

Solar Radiation

&%$c$$&c&c#c1&c'$(c&'c$c$c($c#c$+c&'c#c+(+0 c
#c&%$c$$&.c#'&.c#$c#cc''(c&'c+(-c$+c%&$c'&c# c
/c (&&c $c ($-c '&c #c +c (&&0c #c $c (&(c
$+c#&+%cc$;+c'&c#c''(c&'c&%$c$$& c&c#c&/$c'$(c$c
&c#c&&c&'c+$c'$(c&c(&cc& c/$0c#c$&+c&'c$+c
c+c&c&%$c$$&cc&c#c%&c$ c&$&c&'c#c1&c+'$(c$c
/%%c$c#c%$+0 c
c
Concrete Temperatures

#c$-c&c$%+c&'c(&(c$+c$-c'&c1&+c&c$c$c/$ c
($cccc$c%'c#&c&c#c ')%c#&0c c#c%' c
#&c$+c1$%c+&$%c$+c$$&c$c$%c&c#c-c&'c$ c
#&($%c'%$c%$.c/#$cc
 c#c$c$%c&c#c'$(c&'c$c' )%c
&%c&'c#c$c+-c$c(&+(c&+ $c(&&0c
c

8.[2 Earthquake Loading


c
Safety Evaluation Earthquakes and Associated Ground Motions

#c$'c$%+$&c$#*+$,c'&c$$%c&'c1-c$(#c$c*+-c$#*+$, c

c
c

%&$-cc#c$1 +c(%c$#*+$,c 0c c


c
Response Spectrum Earthquake Input

)('(c &c ($c &'c $#*+$,c -&+c & &c $c *+0c #c &c
(+c+cc&&#%c%&c&c$&c#c&%c&'c%&/c- c&(#cc#c
&c (+c (&(-c /#c #c $+$%c '*+ (c &'c #c $0c &c ($c
#&+%cc%&c'&c&#c#&<&$%c$c($%c-&+c&&0 c#c($c#&+%cc
%&c'&c 45c $-0c c $&. c #c %$&#c &c'$(&c $c  c$c &c$c
&(+c )('(c +:c $%$ %.c #c %$&#c c  c /$,c $c
$%%c7D" c$cc+0 c
c
Spatial Variation of Ground Motion

(&c $#*+$,c -&+c &&c $c 9$(&$c $c +-c #c 7DDGc &#-c
$#*+$,c   .c  9.c 7DDGc ($c #$c #c (c +c '&c $ (#c $c #&+%c
$c $%&-c #c $c '&+$&c '$(0c &/.c #c (&c $+c &&c $c
9$(&$c $c (%+c (&+&c '&c &#c #c ($&c &&-$#c $c #c $ )
'&+$& c$(&0c#c&&.c#'&.c$c&c' )'%c$((%&-$c#$c/&+%c
#$cc(&c'c#c$c/c&c#0c1(c'&c&c(&-c$c$c$(#c$c c
$/$.c/#(#c(%+c' )'%c&&c$c%&($&c&c#c($&c%&c$c$%% c
'%&&c$/$c'&c#c$.c&#c($c&'c$+c' )'%c-&+c&&c$(&c#c
($&c+$%c'&c$$%c&'c$(#c$c#$c&cc &0c
c

9 LOAD COMBINATIONS

(#c$c#&+%cc$%+$c'&c$%%c$&$c%&$c(&$&c+-c#c$' c
'$(&0c -c &c #c &$%c &'c &((+(.c #c $(c %&$-c (&$&.c
@  .c @   .c $c    #&+%c c (&0c # c ++$%c %&$-c (&$&c
(&c#c''(c&'c$%%c%&$c#$c$c1c+-c# c&$%c&$&c&'c#c$0c#c
+++$%c%&$-c (&$&c 'c &c#c %&$c $(-c &c #c $c+-c #c'%&&c $-0c
#c 1c %&$-c (&$&c(%+c $c &'c # c ++$%c %&$-c (&$&c %+c #c
''(c &'c #c $1+c %c $#*+$, 0c C#c $c c %&/c /$c %%c &c c
&c $c c 1(.c c ''(c #&+% c c (&c c $c ($%c %&$-c
(&$&0c
c
Usual Loading Combinations

a. Summer Condition:
Uc $1+c$c(&(c$+ c
Uc&$%c#-#c/$c%%c C.c&c#c&c&$%c/$c%%c&((+-c$ c#cc&'cc
cc$1+c$c$+c
Uc$c%&$c
Uc%c%&$c'c$%($% c
Uc$%/$c'c$%($% c
c
x. Winter Condition:
Uc +c$c(&(c$+ c
Uc&$%c#-#c/$c%%c C.c&c#c&c&$%c/$c%%c&((+-c$ c#cc&'c
cc+c$c$+ c
Uc$c%&$c
Uc%c%&$c'c$%($% c

c
c

Uc (c%&$c'c$%($% c
Uc$%/$c'c$%($% c
c

Unusual Loading Combinations (IDF)

-c&c#cc&'c'%&&-.c&c&c&#c&'c#c'&%%&/-c+++$%c%&$-c(&$& c
#&+%cc(&0c#c$1+c$c (&(c$+c#&+%cc+ c/#c#c
+c '%&&-c $c #c +c $c (&(c $+c #&+%c c %& c /#c
#c /c '%&&-.c +%c #c &c &$%c $c (&(c $+c $ c #c c &'c
(c'%&&-c($cc$%#0 c
c
a. Summer Flooding:
Uc
%&&c/$c%% c
Uc $1+c$c(&(c$+.c&c$c(&(c$+c&((+-c$ c#c
ccc&'c'%&&c
Uc$c%&$c
Uc%c%&$c'c$%($% c c
Uc$%/$c'c$%($% c

x. Winter Flooding:
Uc
%&&c/$c%% c
Uc +c$c(&(c$+.c&c$c(&(c$+c&((+-c$ c#cc
ccc&'c'%&&c
Uc$c%&$c
Uc%c%&$c'c$%($% c
Uc (c$(c'c$%($% c
Uc$%/$c'c$%($% c
c
^. Spe^ial Loading Comxination:
($%c%&$-c(&$& c(&&c&c#c$&$%c+c/$c%%cC c
&c$c(&%c&c$/&/c(&&0c#c$c(&c$c$c$'-+$c$-$ c
&%c$%c(&&c+c&c#c+(c&c%$(,c&'c/$c+0 c
c
Uc +cCc&c&c#$/$. c/#(#c$%($% c
Uc &c&$%c$c(&(c$+c$c#$c c
Uc$c%&$c
Uc%c%&$c'c$%($% c
77)F c
Uc$%/$c'c$%($% c
c
Extreme Loading Combinations (MCE)

1c%&$-c(&$&c(%+c$c&'c#c++$%c%&$-c (&$&c%+c#c
''(c&'c#c$1+c(%c$#*+$,0 c
c
Uc+c++$%c%&$-c(&$&cHc  c
UcCc++$%c%&$-c(&$&cHc  c
c
C#c&c#$c&c c-&+c&&c-&.c#c''(c&'c$(#c c#&+%c c
(&c/#c$(#c&'c# c++$%c%&$-c(&$&c(c$&0 c
c
c c

c
c

[ STATIC ANALYSIS
c
#c$(($%c#&c&'c$$%c'&c(&+-c'%(&c$cc%&cc#c
$c(%+c#c&$% c'c%c
c$cc($c($c(&++c&%+&c
&(+.c $c $%($%0c # c
c c $$%c #&+%c c (&+(c c %&-c $c
$((+$c #)&$%c &%c &' c #c $)'&+$&c 0c #c $c c /#(#c
$&+c$(c%&$c$c$%c#&+%cc(0 c
#c+%c&'c$$%c#&+%c cc$&$%cc&c&c'$(%$c1$$&. c
$&.c$c$%+$&c&'c#c'-0 c
c
Finite Element Analysis

#c 'c %c &(+c c #c +($%c #&c &c &'c +c '&c #c +(+$%c
$$%c &'c $(#c $0c #c -+%c $+c #$c #c $c c $%$c '$%$c /#c #c
-$%c #&c &'c 'c %c $$%c &'c %$(c &%c I,/(.c 7D37:c $#c $c
C%&.c7D3F0c
c

c c

-+)48c-%c
c%c&%c

#.c#c$(c%&$c$c&cc$%c$c#c +%c&cc+0c $1+c%c$c


(&c c c $c $(#c $c ++$%%c &((+c $c #c '$(c &' c #c $.c #'&c
$%+$&c &'c c &c #c '$(c &' c #c $c c *+0  ›c $&c &c #c $(#c $c
($%c .c #c $-+c &'c  #c #$c c ($+c c #c -c $c
/-c &c #&+%c c 1$.c ($%%c '&c c #c $(# c $c $c #&c /#c
($(,c(&0c
c

c
c

[[ DYNAMIC ANALYSIS

%%c $c c (c <&c 2c $c #-#c #&+%c c $%+$c +-c $(c $$%c
(#*+0c $c c <&c c $c $%&c *+c $(c $$%c &c $c ($c c ($c $0c
+%.c #)&$%c %$ )%$(c ')%c $$%c c #c &c (&&c
(#*+c+c'&c$(c$$%0c
c
c%$)%$(c$(c$$%c&'c$(#c $c($%%c(&c&'c#c'&%%&/-c'&+ c
$(c8c
70c$&c&'c-c&c$%+$&c$#*+$,c$c#c$&($c-&+c&&: c
0c%&c&'c$&$c# )&$%c' )%c&%c(%+- c
$)'&+$&c$c$ )/$c$(&c''(:c
20c('($&c&'c$(c$$%c&.c$-.c$c& )&&c$&&.c
'c$%($%:c$ c
G0c &+$&c&'c#c$#*+$,c&c$c$&.c$&.c$ c
$%+$&c&'c#c+%0 c
c
#c -c &c $%+$&c $#*+$,c '& c $(#c $c c #c $1+c (%c $#*+$,c
 0c#c$#*+$,c-&+c&& c(%+c#c#&<&$%c$c($%c&c($.c
&c #c(&&c&'c$((%$& c c#&0c #c $c$%c +'&%c $c#c'1c
&+$c&'c#c'&+$& c&%0c
c
#)&$%c' )%c&%c'&c#c$(#c$c$c#c'&+$&c&(,c$ c
$%%c ($%c &c #&c (c '&c #c $(c $$%.c 1(c #$c #c $)/$c
$(&c''(c#&+%c$%&ccc c#c$c#&$( c$c&%c&c
c #c '*+()c #&$(c .c $ c $&$0c c (c $'c
$%+$&c&'c$c$(#c$c#&+%cc$c&c#c$(c$$% c&c&'c#c$c
(&(.c '&+$&c &(,.c $c #c -c %&c $c #c &c &&. c 'c $%($%0c
$(c &+%+c &'c %$(c $c $(c -#c &'c #c (&( c '&c $#*+$,c
1($&c $c  0c $-c $&($c /#c $&c &'c -c c #c (&(c
$(#c+(+c$c#c'&+$&c&(, c+cc(&c/#c#c%%c&'c-&+c#$,-.c
$&+c&'c& )%$c&c%& cc#c$c$c'&+$&.c$c#c&c&'c
#c'&+$&c &(,0c
&c # c +&c &'c $'c $%+$&.c $c $-c$%+c &'c45c &c 7!5c
#&+%cc+0cc45 c$-c#&+%cc$%c&cc$c%-c$% c$$%c&'c$%%c
$0c
&$%cc*+c'&c#c$%+$&c&'c#c$#*+$,c'&$(c&'c#c$c$ c
&$c c $%-$(c $&c &'c #c $%c $(c c +c &c #c ++$%c %&$-c
(&$&c $c #c $(c c #&0c c $c %$c &c $$%.c $(c $c
$(c &c $c ++$%%c (&+c c /&c $$c $$%c $c (&c
$'/$c&c&$c#c&$%c&0 c
c
Reservoir and Foundation Effects

$(c&c&'c$(#c $c&c$#*+$,c-&+c&&cc$''(cc$(& c
/c#c$c$c&+c/$.c$(&c/c#c$c$c'&+$& c
&(,.c$-.c$c#c(#$$((c&'c$#*+$,c-&+c&&0cc$%(c$$$% c
&'c#c(c$'c&'c#c$cc$(#.c'c#c''(c&'c#c'$(&c$c+&& c
$c&%ccc#c$$%0 c

Dam-Water Interaction

$(&c &'c $c $(#c $c /#c #c &+c /$c %$c &c $c ($c c #c $c
$&c&0c#cc($+c#c $c($&c&c/#&+c%$(-c#c/$c c
(&$(c/#c0c#c'$(c#$c/$c&c/#c#c$c($c#c&$%c$c#$cc c
&&0c#c$c$c($c#c$+$%c&c&'c#c$.c/#(#cc+c$''( c

c
c

#c&c(+c&$ c$c#(c#c''(c$#*+$,c$c'&(0c c($ c


$%&c ($+c $c ($c c $-c +c &c $$%c $&&c &'c +c /$c $c #c
&c&+$c$c$$&c&/$c#c+$0c#c''(cc&c(#$-c# c
$#*+$,c&c& 'c#c$c/#c(c&c#$c'&c#c$c/#cc&. c
/#c#cc+%c-c&c#c(#$$((c$c(&&c&'c$#*+$,c-&+ c
&&c$c&c#c$ )/$c$(&c&%c+0 c
c
c

c
c

Dam-Foundation Interaction

$(&c&'c# c$c/#c#c'&+$&c&(,c%$c&c$c($cc$&c&. c
$%c+c&c'%1%c&'c#c'&+$&c&(,0c$ )'&+$&c$(&c$%&c($ c
#c$c&c'c$-c$-c'&c$$%c$-cc#c'&+$& c&(,c$c#c
$$&c$-c$&($c/#c/$c&$-$&c$/$c'&c#c$c$ c(&cc
#c$$%0c#c''(c&'c$ )'&+$&c$(&cc&c# c'&+$&c'%1%c
 #&$c $c $c7DDF0c c#c'&+$&c &(,c(&c & c'%1%.c $$&c$-c
($c$c$&c&c%&-$c'+#0 c
c$((.c$)'&+$&c$(&c''(c$c($%%ccc$c=  =c
$%c'&+$&c&%.cc/#(#c&%c'%1%c&'c#c'&+$&c&(,cc(& c
+cc$c$c$-c$c-&0 c
c
cc

[2 Historical incidents and failures involving arch dams:


c
requipa èPeru. #c#)$(#c(&(c$c'$%cc7DF4c$c$c+%c&'c'$(+ c
($+cc$c$-c&(,c/#(#c$c#&+-#c#c$0c '%&/c /$c&$%c$c#c

c
c

0c

Matilija, California . #c(&(c$c/$c(&%cc7DGDc$c/$c$c(&$&c&' c


-$c$c$(#c+(+0c c/$c7F2c'c#-#c/#c$c(c%-#c&'cF !c'0c c7DF4 c
#c$c/$c;+-c&cc+$'c$c$c+%c&'c &$&c&'c#c(&(c+c& c
1$c$---$0c
&+$&c(&&c/c$%&c;+-c&cc&&0c#c& c
/$c$.c#c$c/$c+$%%c&%#.c$c#cc/$c+-cc$c/ c
$c&/$0c

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[4 REFERENCES:

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