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Name of Event: Industrial Visit to 400kV Substation.

Address of the Visit: MSETCL 400/220 kV Substation, Babhaleshwar Substation Ahmednagar

Date of the Visit : 11th June 2018 to 26th June.

Name of staff accompanied :Katore Sir.

Training time & Period : Five days class room training ,Ten days practical training .

Objectives :

 To understand the real electrical power system viz. Generation,transmission and


distribution.
 To understand the practical working of a substation and its components coordination in
the substation.
 To understand the different department in the substation like maintainance,testing
,operation,training & control.

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 To practically understand the various connections,incoming ,outgoing lines and the the
way of connecting the different components like bus-bar, Isolators, various switchgear
equipments, transformers etc.

Outcome :

 Understood the basics of power system components and the concept of


transformers,reactors ,different connections of the transformers etc.
 Understood the functioning of various components involved in the substation designing.
 understood the various switchgear equipments which plays the major role in substation
protection in the power system .Even they understood some of the latest technologies
used in the substation designing.
 Understanding the relay panel,PLC SCADA Pannel ,different types of automation in the
control .

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1] Single Line Diagram of 400kv substation :

Single line diagram helps to understand the sinario of hole subatation . No of incoming lines and
outgoing line nature i.e voltage level . No of interconnected transformers .Number of buses .

Voltage level: 400kv & 220kv

Number of bus : Two main bus and one auxillary bus.

Number of ICT : Four ICT of total 1632MVA

Shunt Reactor :80 MVAR each ( 1BHEL+1CGL)

Main ICT : Four ICT of TELK,CGL,BHEL total 1632MVA

Spare ICT : 1phase 2unit 105MVA,167MVA

Feeder:16 Feeders of 400kv ,12 Feeders of 220kv

OUTDOOR EQUIPMENT USED IN SUBSTATION:


Four ICT 1632 MVA Capacity , 400/220KV transformer
Shunt reactor
Capacitor bank
SF6 circuit breaker
Isolators
Lightning arresters
Current transformer
Capacitor voltage transformer
Wave trap

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Isolators

INDOOR EQUIPMENT USED IN SUBSTATION:


Control Panel .
Battries & charger .
Relay panel .
Controlling Equipment.
Monitoring equipment.
Communication panel

1]Lightning Arrester:

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Guard ring

LA

LA is used to protect the Equipment from lightning .Its use to make system safe
from overvoltage of lightning .it ground the overvotaage .LA internally uses linear
resistance .

The modern gapless Metal


Oxide arresters comprise of
the following main parts -

Zinc Oxide Blocks :


These blocks are stacked in
series to obtain required
voltage level of the arrester.

Porcelain/polymeric Housing:
Is a hollow insulator in which
the ZnO blocks are stacked and
sealed so that the blocks are not
exposed to the atmosphere

2] Inter connected transformer :

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Conservator tank

Main ICT
Cololing fins

This is inter connected transformer .


which switches one voltage level to another voltage level from 400kv to 220 kv .
This is manufactured by CGL .
It is the heart of the substation . its Capacity is 501MVA of three units.
Its Air cooled Oil cooled Type transformer.

Parts of ICT :Breather & Fins

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Visiting at Yard:

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