Figure 6 shows the contours of the velocity magnitude on 2
planes which correspond to the mesh of Fig.
1 (d) . The flow
velocity increases when water flows through the gap between
the valve base and the spool. It has the highest value of
92.5m/s in the center of the gap.
Figure 8 illustrates the vector distribution of the velocity on
the same plane as the one in Fig.5. The velocity vector has the
highest value of 94.6m/s in the gap, and where water flows
from the inlet into the cavity, 2 big vortices appear near to the
wall of the cavity.
When the cavitation phenomenon is investigated, the
volume fraction of vapor is also considered specially as one of
the most important parameters that are used to evaluate if the
cavitation occurs and to which extent it influences the internal
flow of this servo valve.
Comparing Fig. 8 with Fig. 5, it can be concluded that even
if the highest value of velocity vector distribution (94.6m/s)
under the cavitation state is a little smaller than the
correspondent value (105.51 m/s) when only turbulent model is
considered, the cavitation phenomenon occurs actually in this
hydraulic valve.
CONCLUSIONS
i?)
2,10o,01
S.4TeO~Z
In this paper, the interval flow in a hydraulic servo valve
was investigated for the turbulent flow situation. Besides,
cavitation phenomenon in the valve was also studied.
According to the analysis of the vapor volume fraction,
cavitation phenomenon occurs also in the gap between the
valve base and the spool. It can be concluded that cavitation
occurs in the region where the static pressure decreases below
the vaporization pressure of water. This cavitation region also
accords with the region where the flow velocity reaches a very
high value.
2.6Be.g4
¢.~nlour=of volu~
REFERENCES
Figure 7: Contours of vapor volume fraction
[1] Feuser, A., and Seifert, V., 2002, "Simulation Technology
Support for Improvements in Modern Fluidic Drives,"
In Fig. 7, vapor volume fraction is well represented. An
Proc., 3 ra International
Fluid
Power Conference, Shaker
obvious
cavitation phenomenon
occurs on
the
vertical
face
Publishing Corp., Aachen, pp. 269289.
which
is close
to
the
gap and
the volume fraction of vapor
[2] Schuster, G., 2002, "Possible Use of CFD in Research and
reaches 84.5%.
Development,"
Proc.,
3 ra
Internationl
Fluid
Power
By referring to Fig.2 in turbulent flow situation where no
cavitation is taken into account, it can be concluded that
cavitation arises just in the region where the value of the static
pressure is a little smaller than the vaporization pressure.
Conference,
Shaker Publishing Corp., Aachen,
pp. 341
348.
[3] Buerk, E., 2002, "Numerical (CFDSimulation) and
Experimentally Determined Pressure Distributions and
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International Fluid Power Conference, Shaker Publishing
Corp., Aachen, pp. 383396.
[4] Kipping, M.,
1997,
"Experimental
Investigation and
Numerical Calculation of Internal Flow in a Hydraulic Slide
Valve," Ph.D. Thesis, Darmstadt University of Technology,
pp. 1176.
.te,
a~
~,.~.
,
;
:~Tf.
0~"~
7 ,~,~'a~'
"
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~

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:

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.~
~i4.,
'
,
,
•
,
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0~
Or"
%
.'
,'
2
"
"i
'
[5] Dietze, M., 1996, "Measurement and Calculation of the
Internal Flow in Hydraulic Seat Valves," Ph.D. Thesis,
Darmstadt University of Technology, pp. 1159.
[6] Stoffel, B., and Striedinger, R., 2000, "Cavitation" lecture
manuscript, Darmstadt University of Technology, pp. 23.
I
[7] Gao, H., Fu, X., Yang, H. and Tsukiji, T., 2002, "Numerical
......
~¢ Veiny ~
0U~'.] (~U~t, ~TIIIIeQ4
I
'o,%,~.,,~
..........
I
and Experimental Investigation of Cavitating Flow within
Hydraulic Poppet Valve,"
Proc., 3rd
International
Fluid
Figure 8: Velocity vector distributions (cavitation)
Power Conference, Aachen, Germany, Vol. 1, pp. 331339.
[8] Leino, T., Koskinen, K.T., and Vilennius, M. ,2003, "CFD 
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