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SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203




EI 6002– Power Plant Instrumentation

Regulation – 2013

Academic Year 2016 – 17

Prepared by

Dr.K.Ayyar, Assistant Professor (Sel. G) /EIE

Mr.I.Andrew Xavier Raj, Assistant Professor (O.G)/EIE

SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203.





Survey of methods of power generation:–hydro, thermal, nuclear, solar and wind power –
Importance of instrumentation in power generation–Thermal power plant–Building blocks–
Combined Cycle System – Combined Heat and Power System – sub critical and supercritical
Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. Identify the two important use of surge tank. 1 Remember
2. Name the four commonly used moderators in nuclear power 1 Remember
3. Mention the functions of two important components of 4 Analyze
Nuclear power plant.
4. Classify the types of Wind power plant. 3 Apply
5. Explain about enriched uranium. 5 Evaluate
6. List out the Advantages and Disadvantages of solar power 1 Remember
7. Predict the role of instruments in solar and wind power 2 Understand
generation system.
8. Examine the basic factors to be considered for thermal 1 Remember
power plant?
9. Differentiate Sub-Critical Power and Super-Critical Power 2 Understand
10. Give the disadvantages of Nuclear Power Plant. 2 Remember
11. Differentiate between Renewable and Non-Renewable 2 Understand
energy sources.
12. Generalize the essentials of a good steam boiler. 6 Create
13. Name the three basic cycle of Thermal Power Plant. 1 Remember
14. Point out the four significant need of instrumentation in 4 Analyze
power generation.
15. Classify the methods of power generation. 3 Apply
16. Combine Heat and Power System. 6 Create
17. Explain the role of Economiser in thermal power plant. 5 Evaluate
18. Define the term Cogeneration. 1 Remember
19. Point out the two important working principle of Solar 4 Analyze
Photo Voltaic Cell.
20. Express the two major importance of instrumentation in 3 Apply
power generation
1. Distinguish between sub critical and supercritical boilers with 2 Understand
example. (16)
2. Discuss in detail with a schematic diagram the hydro power 2 Understand
plant generation. (16)
3. Describe about the layout of thermal power plant, also 1 Remember
discuss its advantages and disadvantages. (16)
4. i) Describe in detail the need of combine cycle power 1 Remember
generation? (4)
ii) Explain any two types of combined cycle power 4 Analyze
generation unit with neat sketch and working.(12)
5. With a block diagram explain the operation of nuclear 4 Analyze
power plant and also mention the important parameters to
be monitored in each blocks. (16)
6. What is meant by cogeneration? Also explain the topping 4 Analyze
cycle and bottoming cycle operation of cogeneration
system. (16)
7. i) Describe the various operations involved in thermal 1 Remember
power plant. (10)
ii) Describe the importance of instrumentation in power 1 Remember
generation. (6)
8. i) Describe briefly the importance of instrumentation in 1 Remember
nuclear power plant. (6)
ii) Illustarte the schematic diagram and explain the 3 Apply
operations of Pressurized water Nuclear Reactor &
Boiling water reactor. (10)
9. Discuss the various role of instrumentation system in 2 Understand
thermal power plant. Also list the desirable qualities of
measurement requirements. (16)
10. i) Compare and evaluate the performance 4 Analyze
characteristics of thermal and nuclear power plants
based on each component. (8)
ii) Describe in detail the basic instrumentation 1 Remember
required in thermal plant. (8)
11. i) Illustrate with a neat sketch, the process of electric 3 Apply
power generation using Wind Energy. (8)
ii) Explain with a neat sketch, the process of electric 3 Apply
power generation using Solar Energy. (8)
12. Explain the applications of cogeneration in power plant. 5 Evaluate
13. i) Describe the characteristics of different wind mill 1 Remember
types and their relative advantage. (8)
ii) Label the PI diagram of cogeneration plant.(8) 1 Remember
14. i) Write short notes on Harnessing the wind.(8) 6 Create
ii) Write short notes on Once through Boiler. (8) 6 Create
Measurement of feed water flow, air flow, steam flow and coal flow – Drum level
measurement – Steam pressure and temperature measurement – Turbine speed and vibration
measurement – Flue gas analyzer – Fuel composition analyzer.

Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. Write the two types of feedwater heaters in a steam power 6 Create
planting terms of uses.
2. List various methods of feed water flow measurement in 1 Remember
power plant.
3. Examine the suitability of float type in boiler drum level 3 Apply
4. Classify the types of turbine speed measurement. 3 Apply
5. Give the need of vibration monitoring in turbine. 2 Understand
6. Explain the principle of Dall tube? 5 Evaluate
7. Point out the significance of Stagnation point? 4 Analyze
8. Demonstrate the principle of steam purity measurement. 3 Apply
9. What is pulverized coal? 1 Remember
10. Analyze the importance of drum level measurement? How 4 Analyze
is it taken care of?
11. Quote the digital methods of measuring speed. 1 Remember
12. Summaries the two importance of feedwater Analysis. 2 Understand
13. Explain the working principle of Orsat flue gas analyzer. 5 Evaluate
14. Quote the objective of Fuel Analysis? 1 Remember
15. Name the five sensors used in measuring vibration 1 Remember
16. Interpret the need of correction factor in temperature 2 Understand
measurement of Steam in High Pressure Boiler?
17. Give the two scales used for temperature measurements in 2 Understand
power plants?.
18. Define the term Cogeneration. 1 Remember
19. Pointout the need of connecting thermocouples in series and 4 Analyze
parallel during temperature measurement?
20. Generalize the types of orifice? 6 Create
1. With a neat sketch illustrate the working of flue gas oxygen 3 Apply
analyser. (16)
2. How do you measure the speed of the turbine and what are 6 Create
the control mechanisms required for maintaining the
optimum speed of the turbine. (16)
3. State the importance of vibration analysis in turbine. What 1 Remember
are the various techniques used for vibration measurement?
Explain anyone vibration measurement technique in detail.
4. i) Explain with a neat diagram to measure the steam 4 Analyze
temperature. (8)
ii) Explain with a neat diagram to measure the steam 4 Analyze
pressure. (8)
5. Classify the transducers based on Low, Medium and High 3 Apply
temperature applications? Also list the major temperature
measurement points and suggest suitable sensors in Thermal
power plant. (16)
6. Explain the method of measuring smoke, density in thermal 4 Analyze
power plant with a conceptual diagram. (16)
7. i) Why conventional float type level measurement is not 1 Remember
suitable for level measurement in high pressure boiler
drum? (4)
ii) Explain the method of measuring drum level using 5 Evaluate
differential pressure method. (12)
8. Describe in detail about Electrical and non electrical 2 Understand
parameters measured in a power plant. (16)
9. List the parameters to be measured in Flue gas of Boiler. 1 Remember
10. i) How do you measure current, voltage, power in a 1 Remember
power plant? Explain their basic principles. (8)
ii) Describe about the flow control measurements 1 Remember
required in power plants. (8)
11. i) With suitable diagram, explain the principle of 5 Evaluate
Electromagnetic type flow meters. (12)
ii) mention its advantages and limitations of 4 Analyze
Electromagnetic type flow meters. (4)
12. Describe the need of Fuel Analysis in Thermal Power plant. 2 Understand
Also explain the Fuel Analysis method in detail.(16)
13. i) Describe a primary and secondary element each in the 1 Remember
measurement of feedwater flow.(8)
ii) Discuss the principle behind vortex flow meter. (8) 2 Understand
14. i) Discuss the operation of LP and HP heaters in a steam 2 Understand
power plant. (8)
ii) What are the basic impurities in feed water and how do 4 Analyze
you analyze them.(80
Combustion of fuel and excess air – Firing rate demand – Steam temperature control –
Control of deaerator – Drum level control – Single, two and three element control – Furnace
draft control – implosion – flue gas dew point control – Trimming of combustion air – Soot

Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. Describe the concept of excess air. 1 Remember
2. List the two basic types of deaerators. 1 Remember
3. Explain stoichiometric condition of combustion in fuel? 4 Analyze
4. Evaluate the necessity for Steam temperature control. 5 Evaluate
5. Define Firing rate demand. 1 Remember
6. Design split-range control. 6 Create
7. Examine the need for "Air/fuel ratio" control. 3 Apply
8. Predict the role of attemperator. 2 Understand
9. List the methods of Trimming 1 Remember
10. Quite the need of deaerator control. 1 Remember
11. Examine the role of boiler control. 3 Apply
12. Give the function of a deaerator in power plant and its 2 Understand
13. Quote the Steam temperature control methods. 1 Remember
14. Give the requirements to be considered for firing due to 2 Understand
load change.
15. Combine the two methods of Furnace draft control. 6 Create
16. Differentiate the advantage of three element control with 2 Understand
single element control.
17. Explain balanced draft in Boiler. 4 Analyze
18. Infer Soot blowing. 5 Evaluate
19. Examine the predominant factor in setting of automatic 3 Apply
controllers for optimum combustion efficiency?
20. Point out furnace draft and how to quantify furnace draft? 4 Analyze
1. Explain with neat diagram about the two element and three 4 Analyze
element drum level control.(16)
2. List the types of drafts in furnaces and also explain about 1 Remember
the control employed for furnace draft system. (16)
3. List the two basic types of deaerators. Explain any one of 1 Remember
them. (16)
4. i) What is the main function of super heater? What are 1 Remember
advantages of super heated steam? (8)
ii) Name and explain briefly the different methods used 5 Evaluate
for controlling super heated steam. (8)
5. i) What is meant by the term oxygen trim control in 1 Remember
boiler operation? How is it performed. (8)
ii) Describe fireside and waterside control mechanisms for 2 Understand
control steam temperature in boilers. (8)
6. Draw the diagram of five element feed water control 3 Apply
system and explain its working. (16)
7. i) Discuss about the three-element scheme of boiler drum 2 Understand
level control. (8)
ii) Explain briefly the requirements to operate an 5 Evaluate
automatic combustion control system for a pulverized
coal fired boiler. (8)
8. Describe how air is delivered to the furnace at the right 1 Remember
conditions of now and temperature using air heater and
different types of fans in the draught plant. (16)
9. Write the methods of measurement of combustion air flow 6 Create
and explain in detail. (16)
10. i) Analyze the need of Air/fuel ratio control? What is 4 Analyze
meant by the term Oxygen trim control in Boiler? (6)
ii) Explain the method of controlling the combustion 4 Analyze
by Oxygen trim control. (10)
11. Explain the flue gas dew point control. (16) 4 Analyze
12. Discuss about Steam temperature control in detail. (16) 2 Understand
13. i) Discuss briefly the requirements to operate an 2 Understand
automatic combustion control system for a pulverized
coal fired boiler. (8)
ii) Discuss in detail the significance of interlocks in boiler 2 Understand
operation. (8)
14. Illustrate with a SAMA diagram, explain a simple feedback 3 Apply
control in a process. Assume a proportional plus integral
control function. (16)
Burners for liquid and solid fuels – Burner management – Furnace safety interlocks – Coal
pulverizer control – Combustion control for liquid and solid fuel fired boilers – air/fuel ratio
control – fluidized bedboiler – Cyclone furnace.
Q.No Questions BT Level Competence

1. Classify the functions performed by all burners. 3 Apply

2. List the non-control problems when burning waste fuels. 1 Remember
3. Summarize the coal burning problems that affect boiler. 2 Understand
4. Distinguish single-point positioning control and parallel 2 Understand
positioning control.
5. Compare liquid and solid fuel fired boilers 6 Create
6. Classify atomizing for different burners. 3 Apply
7. Give cyclone furnace purge logic. 2 Understand
8. Classify the basic elements for unit pulverizer system. 3 Apply
9. Explain boiler purge logic. 5 Evaluate
10. List the hazardous conditions arise when main fuel trip 1 Remember
11. Predict where we are in need of air fuel ratio control? 2 Understand
12. Classify the coal feeders of volumetric coal feeders. 3 Apply
13. Explain gas burner management logic. 4 Analyze
14. Compare gravimetric and volume triccoal feeders for excess 6 Create
air effect
15. List the factors affecting combustion efficiency of boiler. 1 Remember
16. Pointout the predominant factor in setting of automatic 4 Analyze
controllers for optimum efficiency
17. Explain the degree of burner automation. 5 Evaluate
18. What is the use of pulverizer? 1 Remember
19. List the types of combustion control for liquid and gaseous 1 Remember
fuel boilers.
20. Describe the effects of fuel Btu variation. 1 Remember
1. Describe in detail about the burner management system.(16) 1 Remember
2. Describe with a schematic diagram the furnace safety 1 Remember
interlocks. (16)
3. Describe in detail with a neat diagram about cyclone 1 Remember
furnace. (16)
4. i) Explain air-fuel ratio control with neat sketch. (10) 4 Analyze
ii) Explain in detail about safety interlocks in furnaces. 4 Analyze
5. i) Explain in detail about burners for liquid fuels. (8) 4 Analyze
ii) Describe about burners for solid fuels. (8) 1 Remember
6. Classify various burner management in detail. (16) 3 Apply
7. i) Design combustion control scheme for liquid fuel fired 6 Create
boiler. (8)
ii) Design combustion control scheme for solid fuel fired 6 Create
boiler. (8)
8. Summarize about the various combustion control 2 Understand
system adapted in Power plant. Explain the principle
and operation of "Cross-limited" combustion control
system with necessary diagram. (16)
9. Discuss about fluidized bed boiler with neat diagram. (16) 2 Understand
10. i) Draw and explain about coal pulveriser in detail. (8) 3 Apply
ii) Describe coal pulveriser control with neat 1 Remember
diagram. (8)
11. Discuss boiler purge logic in brief with logic diagram. (16) 2 Understand
12. Explain in detail about burners for gaseous fuel. (16) 5 Evaluate
13. i) Discuss about Gravimetriccoal feeders. (8) 2 Understand
ii) Illustrate with neat sketch on Volumetric coal feeders. 3 Apply
14. Explain about circulating bed fluidized bed boiler with a 4 Analyze
neat diagram. (16)
Types of steam turbines – impulse and reaction turbines – compounding – Turbine governing
system – Speed and Load control – Transient speed rise – Free governor mode operation –
Automatic Load Frequency Control – Turbine oil system – Oil pressure drop relay – Oil
cooling system – Turbine run up system.

Q.No Questions BT Level Competence

1. What is steam turbine? 1 Remember

2. Give the methods available for turbine governing system. 2 Understand
3. Compare impulse turbine with reaction turbine. 3 Apply
4. Classify steam turbines. 3 Apply
5. Compare throttle and nozzle control governing. 4 Analyze
6. List the advantages and disadvantages of velocity 1 Remember
compounded impulse turbine.
7. Design automatic load frequency control. 6 Create
8. Give the control scheme for turbine speed control. 2 Understand
9. List the types of power in steam turbine practice. 1 Remember
10. Give the control scheme for turbine load control 2 Understand
11. Point out the significance of oil cooling system. 4 Analyze
12. List the types of cooling tower. 1 Remember
13. Give the parameters to be measured and controlled in a 2 Understand
14. Explain the transient speed rise in turbine. 5 Evaluate
15. Define blade velocity coefficient in turbine. 1 Remember
16. Analyze the control objective of turbine runup system. 4 Analyze
17. Examine the forms of cooling apparatus employed in power 3 Apply
18. Develop oil pressure drop relay in turbine. 6 Create
19. Define speed ratio in turbine. 1 Remember
20. Summarize the problems occurs in design turbine governing 5 Evaluate
1. Discuss the various control schemes for speed and load 2 Understand
control in turbine.(16)
2. Describe in detail about free governor mode operation. (16) 1 Remember
3. Describe briefly oil cooling system in turbine. (16) 1 Remember
4. i) Discuss in detail about the procedure employed for 2 Understand
automatic load frequency control with neat diagram.
ii) Explain about oil pressure drop relay. (6) 4 Analyze
5. i) Discuss in detail about the turbine governing system. 2 Understand
ii) Explain the control system employed for oil cooling 4 Analyze
system. (6)
6. Describe briefly various methods of steam turbine 1 Remember
governing. (16)
7. i) Illustrate with neat block diagram explain Impulse 3 Apply
turbine. (8)
ii) Illustrate with neat block diagram explain Reaction 3 Apply
turbine. (8)
8. Write in detail the various cooling systems in turbine. (16) 6 Create
9. Classify various methods of compounding steam turbine. 3 Apply
10. i) Explain about Automatic Load Frequency Control 4 Analyze
(ALFC) basic generator control loops. (8)
ii) Explain about Automatic Voltage Regulator (AVR) 4 Analyze
basic generator control loops. (8)
11. With neat block diagram explain turbine run up system. (16) 5 Evaluate
12. List the components in lubrication system and explain any 1 Remember
two. (16)
13. Discuss about oil coolers in turbine with neat sketch. (16) 2 Understand
14. Explain with the control diagram the boiler-turbine 4 Analyze
coordinated firing rate control. (16)