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1.) Floodplain

It is the natural place for a river to dissipate its energy. An area

of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the
banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls,
and which experiences flooding during periods of high
discharge. Meanders form over the floodplain to slow down the
flow of water and when the channel is at capacity the water
spills over the floodplain where it is temporarily stored. In terms
of flood management the upper part of the floodplain is crucial
as this is where the flood water control starts.

PVC device that uses the pressure of oncoming water to
stabilize itself. While more expensive than sandbags, it has been
proven to be a highly effective means of containing flood
damage. A single person can deploy the product in a few hours
to protect a home, or larger devices can be purchased to protect
entire areas and unrolled trucks.
The product is lighter than sandbags, reusable and doesn’t
require filler material that will be contaminated after use.
3. ) Quick Dam: Flood Barrier Socks

Flat sacks contain super absorbent polymer powder that swells on

contact with water to form a solid, heavy barrier.

Dry, unactivated product is lightweight, compact and easy to

handle; place in flood-prone areas when you know water is
4. )

FloodBlock is another Lego-like invention that can be

interlocked, stacked and positioned to protect homes and
commercial spaces from flooding. The device is a self-filling
crate with foam padding on the bottom creating a seal which
prevents water seeping from underneath. The stacking feature
ensures a minimal footprint when stored away.
The Parañaque Spillway
In the early seventies, the Philippine government had already
started to evaluate flood mitigation and disaster risk measures
after Central Luzon was struck by severe flooding in 1972
brought by the southwest monsoon. The result was the
Manggahan Floodway-Paranaque Spillway Complex proposal,
studied and conducted by the PPDO, Metro-Manila Ring
Development Project Office, and DPWTC-UPIP-UNDP.
In this plan, the Laguna Lake will act as the initial floodwater
container and the Manila Bay a secondary container. When the
Pasig and Marikina rivers reach critical levels, its excess water
is diverted to Laguna Lake through the Manggahan floodway
while the Parañaque spillway will flush out excess water from
Laguna Lake toward Manila Bay to protect the 29 Laguna
lakeshore towns. The two most important elements in this plan
are: (1) The Manggahan floodway and (2) The Parañaque
Spillway to be simultaneously constructed, but only the
Floodway was built. The Spillway project would have cost the
government P18 billion (roughly $1 billion). Every time flood
waters are diverted into the Laguna Lake via the Manggahan
floodway, Laguna Lake becomes a toilet without a flush, which
was what exactly happened during the onslaught of typhoon
Ondoy, where 4,600 cubic meters per second of flood waters
came down from the mountains and flooded more than 80,000
hectares of low-lying urban land in Metro Manila and around
Laguna Lake. Singapore, in comparison, has only 71,000
hectares of land.
1. Building the Spillway from Laguna Lake to Manila Bay.

2. Establish 100-year flood lines and rising water levels, then

build higher than them

3. Control development in areas liable to flooding

4. Encourage new developments and retrofit elevated walkways,

sky bridges that connect buildings above flood waters

5. Focus on solid waste management

6. Reforestation of the catch basins

7. Update Daniel Burnham’s 1905 Plan, 1976-77

MMETROPLAN, and the 2003 Manila Megalopolis Concept
Plan 2020

8. Establish an Urban Metropolitan Management Review (too

many overlapping functions among local, metropolitan, regional
and national agencies)
9. Construct road dikes around Laguna Lake and relocate
settlers to higher areas

10. Make hazard mapping (for earthquakes, floods, fire, and

other hazards) a priority

11. Enforce 10-20 meter easements along rivers and lakes, and
3.5 meter easements along creeks and esteros.