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# NPTEL Syllabus

## Basic Electrical Technology -

Video course

Lecture
Lecture Title Topics to be covered

NPTEL
No.
Sources of energy, Power generation: steam, hydel,
1 gas, wind & nuclear; Power generation in Indian
context.
Introduction
General structure of electrical power system; power http://nptel.ac.in
2 transmission & voltage levels; power distribution
through overhead lines & underground cables.
Basic concepts; concepts of linear, nonlinear,
active, passive, unilateral and bilateral elements;
Electrical
3
ideal and practical voltage & current sources –
conversion from one from the other.
Engineering
Kirchoff’s laws – statements & explanation with
example.
4
Mesh current method – definition of mesh & loop,
Node voltage method – Definition of a node, Coordinators:
5 formation of equations, advantage & illustrative
Prof. L. Umanand
example.
Centre for Electronics Design
D.C Networks Delta-Star & Star-Delta conversion; necessity, and TechnologyIISc
6
equivalence & relations; illustration with example. Bangalore
Superposition principle – statement, limitations;
7 explanation & illustration with examples; practical
verification.
Thevenin’s theorem – statement, advantages in
8 case of complex networks; explanation &
illustration with examples.
Norton’s theorem – concept of duality; explanation
9
& illustration; practical verification.
Nonlinear circuits – d.c circuits with one nonlinear
10
element; its solution with example.
R-L & R-C transients – solution for current , voltage
or charge as a function of time; time constants; R-L-
D.C. Transients 11 & 12
C transients – under damped, over damped and
critically damped conditions.
Generation of single phase a.c. voltage and
determination of average (mean) and RMS
13 (effective) values of voltage and current with
special reference to sinusoidal waveforms; Form
factor and peak factor for various waves.
Representation of sinusoidal time varying quantities
as phasors; concepts of reactance, impedance and
14
their representation in complex forms using j
operator.
Single Phase Steady state analysis of series R-L-C circuit & its
A.C. Circuits 15
phasor diagram.
Concept of power & power factor; expression of
16
power in complex notation.
Concept of admittance, susceptance in parallel
17 circuits; calculation of branch currents in parallel
circuits.
Analysis of series parallel circuits & phasor
18
diagrams.
19 Resonance in series and parallel circuits.
Generation of 3-phase balanced sinusoidal voltage;
20 star & delta connections; line & phase quantities
(current & voltage)
Solution of 3-phase star/delta circuits with balanced
Three phase 21 supply voltage and balanced load; phasor diagram;
A.C. Circuits 3-phase, 4-wire circuits.
Measurement of three phase power by two
wattmeter method; phasor diagram with balanced
22
Ampere circuital law; magnetic circuit & its
23 similarity with electric circuits; solution of series,
parallel & series parallel magnetic circuits.
Magnetic
Iron losses – hysteresis & eddy current losses;
Circuit 24
relationship between B-H loop & hysteresis loss
Energy stored in a magnetic field and force of
25
attraction between pole faces.
Constructional features and principle of operation;
26 concept of ideal transformer under no load &
27 Practical transformer rating & its equivalent circuit.
Regulation – definition & importance; derivation of
28 & 29 expression for it: Losses & efficiency, condition for
maximum efficiency.
Transformer
O.C & S.C. tests and determination of equivalent
30
circuit parameters.
Various types of three phase connections of
31
transformers.
Autotransformer – principle of operation & relative
transformer.
Introduction of general constructional features
33 (stator, rotor & air gap); conditions for production of
Rotating Multi polar machine & concept of mechanical &
Machines 34 electrical angle and their relation; importance of the
relation n = 2f/p.
Expression for generated emf in a coil rotating
35
relative to a field.
Elementary balanced 3-phase distributed winding &
36 production of revolving magnetic field; comment
on its strength, speed and direction of rotation.
Constructional features and principle of operation;
types of induction motors; definition of slip and its
37
importance; relation between stator & rotor
frequencies.
Three phase Per phase equivalent circuit; relation between air
induction gap power, rotor copper loss and mechanical
38
motor. power developed; expression for electromagnetic
torque developed.
Torque-slip characteristic, stable & unstable zones;
39 modification of torque-slip characteristic for supply
voltage, rotor resistance and frequency variation.
Basic principles of starting induction motor by
40 direct on line, reactor, autotransformer, star-delta
and rotor resistance starters.
Constructional features; elementary lap & wave
41 & 42
windings; parallel paths in armature circuit.
EMF & torque expressions and their uses in both
43
generating & motoring modes.
Classification of d.c. generators; characteristics of
44 & 45 shunt, separately and compound generator;
D.C. Machines armature reaction & its effect.
Classification of d.c motors; characteristics of shunt
46
& series motors.
Starting of d.c shunt motor; 3-point starter for shunt
47
motor.
Speed control of shunt and series motors; field of
48
applications.
DC PMMC instruments – constructional feature and
49 & 50 principle of operation; moving iron meters –
Measuring construction and principle of operation.
Instruments
Dynamometer type wattmeter; induction type
51 & 52
energy meter construction & principle of operation.

A joint venture by IISc and IITs, funded by MHRD, Govt of India http://nptel.ac.in