Sie sind auf Seite 1von 7

Name : ……………………………………………………………

htt
Roll No. : ……………………………………………..…………..
Invigilator's Signature : ………………………………………..

CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-4/CHE-401/2011
p:/
2011
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
Time Allotted : 3 Hours Full Marks : 70
/q
The figures in the margin indicate full marks.
pap
Candidates are required to give their answers in their own words as
far as practicable.

GROUP – A
( Multiple Choice Type Questions )
er.

1. Choose the correct alternatives for any ten of the following :

10 × 1 = 10
wb

i) PV

Error!
ut .

a) isothermal b) isentropic

c) isobaric d) adiabatic.
a c.

ii) Degrees of freedom at triple point will be

a) 0 b) 1

c) 2 d) 3.
in

4209 [ Turn over


CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-4/CHE-401/2011

iii) Which of the following is not an intensive property ?


htt
a) Volume b) Density

c) Temperature d) Pressure.

iv) The first law of thermodynamics is a statement of


p:/
conservation of

a) heat b) momentum
/q
c) energy d) work.

v) What is the value of Joule-Thomson coefficient for an


pap

ideal gas ?

a) + ve b) – ve

c) 0 d) ∞.
er.

vi) Variation of equilibrium pressure with temperature for

any two phases of a given substance is given by the

................ equation.
wb

a) Gibbs-Duhem b) Maxwell's

c) Clayperon d) none of these.

vii) Which of the following is Virial equation of state ?


ut .

 a 
a)   P + V 2    ( V – b ) = nRT

b) PV = nRT
a c.

B B D
c) PV = A + + + + ...........
V V   2 V 3
RT a
d) T = – .
V – b T.V ( V + b )
in

4209 2
CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-4/CHE-401/2011

viii) The main feature of Carnot refrigeration cycle is that it


htt
a) does not need the addition of external work for its
functioning

b) transfers heat from high temperature to low


p:/
temperature

c) accomplishes the reverse effect of the heat engine


/q
d) none of these.

ix) Entropy is a/an


pap
a) state function b) macroscopic property

c) extensive property d) none of these.

x) High ................. is an undesirable property for a good


refrigerant.
er.

a) specific heat

b) latent heat of vaporisation


wb

c) viscosity

d) specific vapour volume.

xi) A solution is called an ideal solution if


ut .

a) it obeys Raoult's law b) ∆Hmix = 0

c) ∆Vmix = 0 d) all are valid.


a c.

xii) What is the unit of fugacity coefficient ?

a) same as pressure b) has no unit

c) mol/lit d) deg centigrade.


in

4209 3 [ Turn over


CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-4/CHE-401/2011

GROUP – B
htt
( Short Answer Type Questions )
Answer any three of the following. 3 × 5 = 15

2. a) Explain the term state function and path function with


p:/
example.

b) Show that for adiabatic reversible process, TV γ–1 = cont.


2+3
/q
3. One mole of a gas which obeys the relation PV = RT, where

R = 8.31 4J/( mol K ) is initially at 300 K and 0.1 MPa. The


pap

gas is heated at constant volume till the pressure rises to


0.5 MPa and then allowed to expand at constant temperature
till the pressure reduces to 0.1 MPa. Finally the gas is
returned to its original state by compressing at constant
er.

pressure. Calculate the work done by the gas in each of the


processes and estimate the net work done by the gas.
wb

4. Deduce Gibbs Duhem equation in light of chemical potential


to a multicomponent system.

5. State and derive the Lewis-Randall rule.

6. The standard heat of formation and standard free energy of


ut .

formation of ammonia at 298 K are – 46100 J/mol and


– 16500 J/mol, respectively. Calculate the equilibrium
constant for the reaction N2 ( g ) + 3H 2 ( g ) → 2NH3 ( g ) at
a c.

500 K assuming that the standard heat of reaction is


constant in the temperature range 298 to 500 K.
in

4209 4
CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-4/CHE-401/2011

7. a) Compare Margules equation and van Laar equation.


htt
b) Estimate the fugacity of liquid acetone at 110˚C and

275 bar. At 110˚C the vapour pressure of acetone is

4.360 bar and the molar volume of standard liquid


p:/
acetone is 73 cm 3 /mol. 2+3

GROUP – C
/q
( Long Answer Type Questions )
Answer any three of the following. 3 × 15 = 45
pap

8. a) Show that for steady state process ∆H = Q – Ws.

b) In a frictiomnless piston - cylinder assembly, an ideal

gas undergoes a compression process from an initial


er.

state of 1 bar at 300 K to 10 bar at 300 K. The entire

process comprises the following two mechanically

reversible processes :
wb

i) Cooling at constant pressure followed by heating at

constant volume.

ii) Heating at constant volume followed by cooling at


ut .

constant pressure.

Calculate Q, ∆U, ∆H for the two processes.


a c.

Given Cp = 29.1 kJ/k mol.K, Cv = 20.78 kJ/k mol. K

and volume of the gas at initial state = 24.942 m 3 /k

mol. 10 + 5
in

4209 5 [ Turn over


CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-4/CHE-401/2011

9. a) Find the second and third virial coefficients of the van


htt
der Waals equation of state.
  ∂ U  Tβ
b) Show that    = – P, where β = coefficient of
∂V  T
k
p:/
volume expansion and k = isothermal compressibility.

c) The heat capacity at 1 atmospheric pressure of solid


magnesium, in the temperature range of 0 to 560˚C is
/q
given by the expression Cp = 6.2 + 1.33 × 10– 3 T +

6.78 × 10 – 4 T 2 cal/deg. Gm atom. Determine the


pap
increases of entropy per gm atom for an increase of
temperature from 300 K to 800 K at 1 atmospheric
pressure. 5+5+5

10. a) Show that Joule-Thomson coefficient ( µJT ) of an ideal


er.

gas is zero.

b) A steam turbine generating 34 kW receives steam at


wb

15 bar with an internal energy of 2720 kJ/kg and


specific volume of 1.07 m3 /kg and velocity of
110/m/s. Stream is exhausted from turbine at 0.1 bar
with internal energy 2177 kJ/kg, specific volume of
ut .

15 m 3 /kg and velocity 320 m/s. The heat loss over
the surface of the turbine is 20 kJ/kg. Neglecting
a c.

change in potential energy, determine

i) work done per kg of stem.

ii) steam flow through the turbine in kg/hr. 10 + 5


in

4209 6
CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-4/CHE-401/2011

11. a) The following equations have been proposed to


htt
represent activity coefficient data for a system at fixed
T and P :
In γ1 = x 2 2 ( 0.5 + 2 x1 )
p:/
In γ2 = x 1 2 ( 1.5 – 2 x2 )

Do these equations satisfy Gibbs Duhem equation ?


Determine an expression for GE /RT for the system.
/q
b) What is the basis for the Group Contribution methods
in the prediction of activity coefficients ? Explain the
pap
UNBIQUAC and UNIFAC methods. 8+7

12. a) Derive and expression showing the effect of


temperature on equilibrium constant K.

b) Define fuel cells. Give the basic construction of the cell,


er.

mentioning the half-cell reactions.

c) In a laboratory investigation, ethanol is esterified to


produce ethyl acetate and water at 100˚C and 1 atm
wb

according to the following equation :


CH3 COOH ( 1 ) + C2 H5 OH ( 1 ) = CH3 COOC2
H5 ( 1 ) + H2 O ( 1 )
ut .

What will be the equilibrium constant for the reaction at


100˚C ?
∆G˚298 = 1160 cal, ∆H˚298 =1713 cal
a c.

Assume ∆H˚ to be independent of temperature.


5+5+5
in

4209 7 [ Turn over