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PROJECT : PAGE :

CLIENT : DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. : DATE : REVIEW BY :
Concrete Column Design Based on ACI 318-14

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH fc ' = 6 ksi, (41 MPa)
REBAR YIELD STRESS fy = 60 ksi, (414 MPa)
SECTION SIZE Cx = 40 in, (1016 mm)
Cy = 36 in, (914 mm)

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD Pu = 1700 kips, (7562 kN)


FACTORED MAGNIFIED MOMENT Mu,x = 1800 ft-kips, (2440 kN-m)
Mu,y = 100 ft-kips, (136 kN-m)
FACTORED SHEAR LOAD Vu,x = 130 kips, (578 kN) THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.
Vu,y = 150 kips, (667 kN)
COLUMN VERT. REINFORCEMENT 8 # 8 at x dir.
(Total 22 # 8)
3 # 8 at y dir.
LATERAL REINF. OPTION (0=Spirals, 1=Ties) 1 Ties
LATERAL REINFORCEMENT 4 legs,# 4 @ 12 in. (305 mm), o.c., at x dir.
3 legs,# 4 @ 12 in. (305 mm), o.c., at y dir.

ANALYSIS
5000
4500
4000 e
3500
3000
f Pn (k) 2500
2000 e
1500
1000
500
0
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500

f Mn (ft-k)

f Pn (k) f Mn (ft-k) 
2 0.85 f C'  , E c = 57 f C' , E s = 29000ksi
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY 4315 0
e o = e max or
Ec
AT MAXIMUM LOAD 4315 1196
AT 0 % TENSION 3724 1744    e   e 2
 c  c  , for 0 
0.85 f C  2 
'
AT 25 % TENSION 3149 2121    ec  eo
AT 50 % TENSION 2700 2305
fC=   e o   e o  
 '
AT e t = 0.002 2064 2433 0.85 f C , for e c  e o

AT BALANCED CONDITION 2043 2457
e s E s , for e s  e t

AT e t = 0.005 fS=
1517 2917
 f , for e s  e t
AT FLEXURE ONLY 0 1273
 y

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY


f Pmax =F f [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] = 4315 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-14 22.4)
where f = 0.65 (ACI 318-14 21.2) > Pu [Satisfactory]
F = 0.8 Ag = 1440 in2 Ast = 17.38 in2
0.75 + ( et - 0.002 ) (50), for Spiral
f= = 0.656 (ACI 318-14 21.2)
0.65 + ( et - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties

where Cb = d ec / (ec + es) = 22.2 in et = 0.0021 ec = 0.003


d = 37.5 in, (ACI 20.6) D = 40.0 in Cover = 1.5 in, (ACI 318 20.6.1)
f Mn = 2757 ft-kips @ Pu = 1700 kips > Mu = 1803 ft-kips [Satisfactory]
rmax = 0.08 (ACI 318-14 10.6) rprovd = 0.012
rmin = 0.01 (ACI 318-14 10.6) [Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-14 10 & 22.5)


f Vn = f (Vs + Vc) (ACI 318-11 22.5)
> Vu [Satisfactory]
where f = 0.75 (ACI 318-11 21.2) fy = 60 ksi
d A0 Av Vc = 2 (fc')0.5A0 Vs = MIN (d fy Av / s , 4Vc) f Vn
x 37.5 1240 0.80 192.1 150.0 257
y 33.5 1240 0.60 192.1 100.5 219

smax = 16 (ACI 318-14 25.7) sprovd = 12 in


smin = 1 [Satisfactory]
PROJECT : PAGE :
CLIENT : DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. : DATE : REVIEW BY :
Magnified Moment Calculation for Concrete Column Based on ACI 318-14

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTOR k = 1.6 , (ACI 6.2.5)
COLUMN UNSUPPORTED LENGTH Lu = 12 ft
LARGER FACTORED MOMENT M2 = 200 ft-k
SMALLER FACTORED END MOMENT M1 = 100 ft-k, (positive if single curvature.)
CONCRETE STRENGTH fc' = 4 ksi
COLUMN DIMENSIONS h = 20 in
b = 20 in
FACTORED AXIAL LOAD Pu = 400 k
SUMMATION FOR ALL VERTICAL LOADS IN THE STORY S Pu = 1200 k
SUMMATION FOR ALL CRITICAL LOADS IN THE STORY S Pc = 13600 k, (ACI 6.6.4)

THE MAGNIFIED MOMENT: Mu = 236.7 ft-k , Sway

ANALYSIS
MAGNIFIED MOMENT - NONSWAY
r = 0.3 h = 6.0 in, ACI 6.2.5.1
k Lu / r = 38.4 > 34 - 12(M1 / M2) = 28 < = = Slenderness effect must be considered. (ACI 6.2.5)
Ec = 57000 (fc')0.5 = 3605.0 ksi, ACI 19.2.2
Ig = b h3 / 12 = 13333 in4

0.4 E c I g 0.4 E c I g
EI = = = 0.25E c I g = 1.2E+07 k-in2 , ACI 6.6.4.4.4
1  d 1  0.6

 2EI =
Pc = 2234.18 k-in2 , ACI 6.6.4.4.4
 k Lu 
2

M2,min = MAX[ M2 , Pu (0.6+0.03 h) ] = 200 ft-k, ACI 6.6.4


Cm = MAX[ 0.6 + 0.4 (M1 / M2, min) , 0.4 ] = 0.8 , ACI 6.6.4.5

 
 
C m
d = MAX  , 1.0  = 1.05 , ACI 6.6.4.5.2
 1  Pu 
 0.75 P c 
 

Mu, ns = d M2, min = 210.2 ft-k, ACI 6.6.4.5.1 > 1.05 M2 = 210.0 ft-k [Unsatisfactory] ,(ACI 6.6.4.3)
The column is sway. See calculation as follows.

MAGNIFIED MOMENT - SWAY


k Lu / r = 38.4 > 22 < = = Slenderness effect must be considered. ACI 6.2.5)

   
   
1
d s = MIN  MAX  , 1.0  , 2.5 = 1.13 , ACI 6.6.4
  1  S Pu  
  0.75S P c  
   

Ag = b h = 400 in2
Lu / r = 24.00 < 35 / [Pu / (fc' Ag)]0.5 = 70.00 [Satisfactory]
M2s = M2 = 200.0 ft-k, as given
M2ns = 5% M2s = 10.0 ft-k, assumed conservatively
Mu, s = M2ns + ds M2s = 236.7 ft-k, ACI 6.6.4.6

Note: For column subject to bending about both principal axis, the moment about each axis shall be magnified separately based
on the conditions corresponding to that axis.
PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. : DATE :
Rectangular Concrete Column Design

INPUT DATA
f 'c = 4 ksi
fy = 60 ksi
x = 48 in
y = 32 in
Bar Size ==> # 11
No. of Asx = 8 8 # 11
No. of Asy = 9 9 # 11
Total Bars ==> # 30 # 11
r = 3.0%
Pu = 1700 k
Mux = 2900 ft-k ex = 20.5 in
Muy = 1200 ft-k ey = 8.5 in

CHECK COLUMN CAPACITY BY THE BRESLER METHOD


1
P u   0.80   0.70  P o Pn 
1 1 1
 
P ox P oy Po
1700.0 < 4407.9 ok 2428.6 < 2953.0 ok

ANALYSIS

eu = 0.003 d =
d' =
As =
f = 0.70 b =

Mn =
1 Mno
= 0.85 =
Po =

MOMENT STRENGTH (Pn=0)

 
2
A s f y  A'se u E s  3.4  1 f cb As e u E s d
'
A s f y  As e u E s 
' ' '

c= =
1.7  1 f 'cb
 
2
PROJECT
As f y  A e u E s 
'
s  A'se u:E s
A s f yCLIENT  3.4  1 f 'cb As' e u E s d '
:
c= =
1.7 NO.
JOB
1
'
f b:
c
DATE :

'  c d'
f = E se u 
s =
 c 

  1c 
M n = 0.85 f c  1cb  d 
'
  As' f 's  d  d '  =
 2 

AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH (Mn=0)

'
P o = 0.85 f c( A g  A st )  A st f y =

BALANCED CONDITION

e u E s  1d
ab = =
e uEs  f y

'  d '  e uE s  f y 
f sb = e u E s 1    =
 d  e u E s 
' '
P b = 0.85 f cba b  As f sb  A s f y =
'

'  h ab  ' h ' h 


M b = 0.85 f cb a b     A s f sb   d   A s f y   d  =
'

2 2  2  2 
PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

M nx  M ny  1.0
M nox M noy

1.270 > 1.0 NG

x DIRECTION y DIRECTION
45.295 in 29.295 in
2.705 in 2.705 in
12.48 in2 14.04 in2
32 in 48 in

4142.9 ft-k 1714.3 ft-k


5237.1 ft-k 3581.1 ft-k
3626.1 k 5265.9 k

4.100781 in 3.701729 in
PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

29612.16 psi 23425.65 psi

4034.011 ft-k 3052.887 ft-k

7871.28 k = 7871.28 k

22.78616 in 14.73718 in

60000 psi 60000 psi

2479.134 k 2405.108 k

5262.137 ft-k 3596.574 ft-k