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MAY 12, 2017 VOLUME 17 ISSUE 821

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Contents 5

Editor’s letter
A century ago, economists believed that you could predict how You could argue these executives are doing what they love, and
poor someone was by how much he or she worked. The whole that meaningful work provides a real sense of fulfillment. But all
point of earning wealth, they argued, was that it afforded you less that industriousness probably isn’t making them more creative or
toil and more downtime. But somewhere in the annals of Ameri- productive. Some of history’s most accomplished figures across
ca’s workaholic culture, putting in inhuman hours at your job be- science, math, and literature—people like Charles Darwin, Henri
came a status symbol, especially for the elite. Today’s high-flying Poincaré, and Charles Dickens—insisted on working just four or
executives are some of the worst offenders. Apple CEO Tim Cook five hours a day. (See Last Word.) The rest of their mornings and
gets up at 3:45 a.m. each day to fire off work emails, and is often afternoons were filled with long walks and other leisurely pur-
the first one in the office and the last one to leave. Yahoo CEO suits that recharged their mental batteries and gave rise to cre-
Marissa Mayer has bragged about pulling all-nighters at her desk. ative ideas. Studies of exceptional performers and athletes reveal
Billionaire entrepreneur Mark Cuban once didn’t take a vacation similar work/rest patterns, with just a few hours a day of serious,
for seven years. These executives continue to put in grueling 100- focused effort. No one expects corporate America to suddenly
hour workweeks long after they’ve made more money than they start breaking for afternoon naps. But the next time your col-
could hope to spend in a lifetime. Why? Because in our work- league sends an urgent 10 p.m. email, you might tell him, quite
obsessed society, busyness has become something that we aspire literally, to go take a hike. Carolyn O’Hara
to. It signals that we are in demand, and that our time has value. Managing editor

NEWS
6 Main stories
Congress makes a deal Editor-in-chief: William Falk
on spending; Trump Managing editors: Theunis Bates,
praises a strongman; the Carolyn O’Hara
Deputy editor/International: Susan Caskie
GOP looks to try again Deputy editor/Arts: Chris Mitchell
Senior editors: Harry Byford, Alex
on healthcare Dalenberg, Richard Jerome, Dale Obbie,
Hallie Stiller, Frances Weaver
8 Controversy of the week Art director: Dan Josephs
Photo editor: Loren Talbot
Who would benefit most Copy editors: Jane A. Halsey, Jay Wilkins
from Trump’s tax plan? Chief researcher: Christina Colizza
Contributing editors: Ryan Devlin,
Bruno Maddox
9 The U.S. at a glance
VP, publisher: John Guehl
Hillary Clinton slams
VP, marketing: Tara Mitchell
Comey; pool party Sales development director:
shooting in San Diego Samuel Homburger
Account director: Steve Mumford
Account managers: Shelley Adler,
10 The world at a glance Alison Fernandez
A power grab in Detroit director: Lisa Budnick
Midwest director: Lauren Ross
Venezuela; U.S. Marines Congress agreed to a $1 trillion spending package to avoid a shutdown. (p.6) Southeast director: Jana Robinson
return to Afghanistan’s West Coast directors: James Horan,
Rebecca Treadwell
Helmand province ARTS LEISURE Integrated marketing director: Nikki Ettore
Integrated associate marketing director:
12 People 24 Books 30 Food & Drink
Betsy Connors
Integrated marketing managers:
Sienna Miller on the joys How Harvard Business Culture clashes that click Matthew Flynn, Caila Litman
Research and insights manager:
and struggles of single School shapes our CEOs in the kitchen Joan Cheung
parenthood; the world’s Marketing designer: Triona Moynihan

first intersex model 26 Author of the week 31 Travel Marketing coordinator: Reisa Feigenbaum
Digital director: Garrett Markley
Valerie Luiselli on the An escape to Ischia, Senior digital account manager:
13 Briefing lives of child migrants inspired by Elena Ferrante Yuliya Spektorsky
Digital planner: Jennifer Riddell
Will Great Britain emerge
from Brexit in one piece? 27 Art & Music 32 Consumer Chief operating & financial officer:
Kevin E. Morgan
Photographer The best photo gifts for Director of financial reporting:
14 Best U.S. columns Mother’s Day Arielle Starkman
Irving Penn’s EVP, consumer marketing & products:
The foolishness of ending Sara O’Connor
revolutionary
the war on drugs; the Consumer marketing director:
eye BUSINESS Leslie Guarnieri
cruelty of jailing women Production manager: Kyle Christine Darnell
HR/operations manager: Joy Hart
for abortions 28 Film 36 News at a glance
Adviser: Ian Leggett
17 Best international Tom Hanks Tech giants extend a profit Chairman: John M. Lagana

columns and Emma streak; Saudis take over U.K. founding editor: Jolyon Connell

South Korea stunned by Watson explore biggest U.S. refinery Company founder: Felix Dennis

Trump’s demands for cash the perils of 37 Making money


social media in The pitfalls of Parent Plus
18 Talking points The Circle Visit us at TheWeek.com.
Obama cashes in; Trump student loans For customer service go to www
.TheWeek.com/service or phone us
marvels at his tough new 38 Best columns at 1-877-245-8151.
job; Ivanka’s precedent- Looking for a “Trump Renew a subscription at www
AP, Getty

shattering role; why Sienna bump”; where full .RenewTheWeek.com or give a gift
at www.GiveTheWeek.com.
ESPN is struggling Miller (p.12) employment doesn’t work
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
6 NEWS The main stories...
Congress agrees on spending deal
What happened This deal is a “victory for common
Republican and Democratic congressional sense,” said The Washington Post.
leaders avoided a government shutdown by Democrats “skillfully” leveraged what
agreeing to a $1 trillion spending pack- little power they had; Republicans did
age this week that did not include most of what was necessary to prevent a “politi-
President Trump’s policy initiatives. The deal cally costly” shutdown. In an era of deep
funds the federal government through the polarization, it is heartening to see a bit
end of September, and fulfills several GOP of “good old-fashioned political horse-
demands, including an extra $12.5 billion trading” pay off. The only loser was
in military funding, and $1.5 billion more President Trump. By ignoring so many of
for border security. But because Republicans his demands—not least the funding for
only control 52 seats in the Senate, eight his precious border wall—congressional
short of the 60 required to overcome the Democrats and Republicans made it
filibuster, Democrats were able to extract perfectly clear “their priorities are not
Schumer: Winning at Trump’s expense? [his] priorities.”
a number of significant concessions. The
spending package contains no money for the president’s proposed
border wall, doesn’t defund Planned Parenthood, and leaves largely What the columnists said
intact funding for government agencies that Trump wanted to gut. The GOP leadership actually had a “surprisingly weak negotiating
The Environmental Protection Agency’s budget will be reduced by position,” said Matt Yglesias in Vox.com. To get this spending bill
only 1 percent, not 31 percent; the National Institutes of Health, an- passed, they needed the support of at least eight Senate Democrats,
other target for cuts, will receive an increase in funding of $2 billion. as well as at least some House Democrats, because hard-right
House Republicans “will defect from any deal” that Democrats
Democratic leaders immediately celebrated the deal as a victory. support. That left GOP leaders needing a bill with enough conces-
“Early on in this debate, [we] clearly laid out our principles,” said sions to win over Democrats in both chambers—and the Democrats
Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer. “This is an agreement that are determined to deny Trump any victories.
reflects those principles.” Trump initially said he was “very happy”
with the agreement, calling it a “clear win” for the American That’s why Trump is right to call for a shutdown next time, said Jake
people. But as the Democrats’ victory lap continued, the president Novak in CNBC.com. The “conventional wisdom” in Washington is
angrily complained on Twitter that Republicans had been boxed in that temporarily bringing the government to a halt amounts to “po-
by filibuster rules, saying “a good shutdown” in September would litical suicide.” But Republicans initially took the blame for the last
“fix this mess.” shutdown, in 2013—only to retain the House and regain the Senate
the following year “in a massive midterm election landslide.” With
What the editorials said Democrats acting like obstructionists, and congressional Republi-
For Republicans, “it’s hard to chalk the bill up as anything but a cans acting like cowards, “a shutdown is likely the only way for the
loss,” said NationalReview.com. Sure, they boosted military spend- Trump team to shake the leaders of both parties” out of their inertia.
ing, and broke the damaging Obama-era precedent that all defense
funding increases must be matched by rises in nondefense spending. As usual, Trump is blaming others for “his own inept bargain-
But the $1.5 billion for border-security improvements can be spent ing,” said Jonathan Bernstein in Bloomberg.com. He could have
only on technology and repairs to existing infrastructure—not on refused any concessions this time, but didn’t. Neither Republicans
new barriers or additional Immigration and Customs Enforcement nor Democrats are “likely to be impressed with Trump’s threat”
agents. Granted, Republicans had their hands tied by the filibuster, of a September shutdown, because his wall and spending cuts are
and knew they’d “shoulder the blame for any shutdown—justifiably unpopular, and he “already has a reputation as a paper tiger.”
or not.” But for a party that controls all three branches of govern- Unfortunately, Trump may decide next time that he needs to force a
ment, they didn’t seem to put up much of a fight. shutdown to avoid looking weak. If he does, it will backfire.

It wasn’t all bad QPhil Coyne is a familiar face to generations of Pittsburgh QA terminally ill Springfield, Mass.,
Pirates fans. Coyne was 18 when he took a job as an usher man is making the time he has left
QThe members of Metallica tribute with the Pirates in 1936, and 81 years later, he’s still showing count. After Bob Charland, 44, was
act Blistered Earth have a new rea- Bucs fans to their seats. Over those eight decades, Coyne diagnosed with a neurodegenera-
son to love their heavy-metal heroes. has seen nearly all the great moments in the team’s history, tive brain disease earlier this year,
After the Washington-based cover like Bill Mazeroski’s walk- the mechanic decided he wanted to
band played a gig in Portland, Ore., off home run that won give something back to his commu-
last month, their van was broken into the Pirates the World Se- nity. So Charland began fixing up
and $20,000 worth of gear—their gui- ries in 1960. To celebrate old bicycles for Springfield children
Getty, Matt Freed/Pittsburgh Post-Gazette/TNS

tars, amps, and drums—was stolen. Coyne’s 99th birthday in need. Last month, he handed
Blistered Earth wrote about the theft last week, team president over 35 finished bikes to local
on Facebook and were stunned when Frank Coonelly presented elementary school students, many
Metallica’s management got in touch Coyne with a No. 99 Pi- of whom come from poor families
to say that the metal legends wanted rates jersey in a pregame and have never owned a set of
to pay for all the missing gear to be ceremony on the field. wheels. “It’s really exciting to see
replaced. “It’s pretty awesome that “It’s the people that keep all these kids so happy,” Charland
they would do that,” says Blistered bringing me back,” Coyne says. “I’m going to keep doing this
Earth drummer Shawn Murphy. Coonelly and Coyne says of his job. as long as I physically can.”

Illustration by Howard McWilliam.


THE WEEK May 12, 2017 Cover photos from Getty (3)
... and how they were covered NEWS 7

Trump’s hand of friendship to Philippine strongman


What happened Pakistan, said Yochi Dreazen in Vox.com. The
President Trump stunned human rights advocates difference with Trump is that he seems to admire
and some members of his administration this dictators and would-be dictators more than he
week by inviting Philippine President Rodrigo does “democratically elected leaders with liberal
Duterte—who is accused of orchestrating the values.” His meeting with German Chancellor
extrajudicial killings of more than 7,000 drug Angela Merkel was frosty, his phone call with
suspects—to the White House. Trump made the Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull
offer in “a very friendly” phone conversation, the downright hostile. This is “good news for the
White House said, during which he and Duterte world’s autocrats; it’s terrible news for those
discussed the North Korean nuclear threat, who care about human rights.”
among other issues. “The Philippines is very
important to me strategically and militarily,” Duterte: Invited to the White House Duterte “might well be mentally ill,” said Tom
Trump told an interviewer, adding that Duterte Rogan in NationalReview.com, “but America
had been “very, very tough on that drug problem.” Two senior needs him on its side.” Beijing is building a series of artificial islands
administration officials said the State Department and the National in the East and South China Seas, with the aim of controlling the
Security Council were caught off guard by Trump’s invite. Duterte, vast trade flows through those waters and pushing out U.S. military
who called former President Obama a “son of a whore” and has forces. Duterte is now deciding whether to join with the U.S. and
claimed to have personally killed criminals while mayor of his home- stand up to China’s territory grab, by defending the Philippines’
town of Davao, said he may be too “tied up” to visit the U.S. claim to part of the crucial Spratly Islands, or accept Chinese
control in return for a favorable trade deal. Do Duterte’s domestic
Trump also told interviewers that he “would be honored” to meet atrocities “override all other American concerns?” I don’t believe
with North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un, calling him “a pretty so, and “Trump is right to engage him.”
smart cookie” who has clung to power despite the efforts of “a lot
of people.” Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) said Trump’s warm words If Duterte “crosses the threshold of the White House,” said Noah
for Kim and Duterte, as well his past praise for other strongmen, Rothman in CommentaryMagazine.com, “it will forever taint
including Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian Trump’s presidency.” The images that have emerged from his drug
President Vladimir Putin, were “very disturbing.” war are horrifying. Victims of death squads lie bloody in the streets,
tossed on garbage piles, or in morgues, “stacked on top of one
What the columnists said another like cordwood.” Of course, the U.S. must occasionally suffer
U.S. presidents from both parties have always maintained warm unsavory allies for the sake of larger objectives. “But expressing ad-
relations with brutal rulers of countries like Saudi Arabia and miration for and rehabilitating butchers like Duterte is indefensible.”

GOP scrambles for health-care votes


What happened What the columnists said
House Republicans struggled this week to secure enough votes to The GOP’s attempt to replace Obamacare is beginning to seem
pass their latest attempt to replace the Affordable Care Act, amid like Groundhog Day, said David Leonhardt in The New York
a fierce debate over how the new legislation would affect people Times. Each time Republicans get close to a vote, the process
with pre-existing medical conditions. Under the latest version of becomes mired in chaos, potential rebellions, and overpromises by
the bill, states would be able to opt out of Obamacare’s “com- Trump. This week, the president almost undercut his own party’s
munity rating” rule, which requires insurers to charge custom- repeal attempt by blithely promising that people with pre-existing
ers the same amount, regardless of pre-existing conditions. The conditions would be covered “beautifully.” The opposite is true.
change was designed to appeal to the House Freedom Caucus,
a group of hard-line conservative lawmakers who refused to Republicans have no choice but to rethink protections for pre-
endorse the GOP’s original replacement plan in March. But the existing conditions, said Chris Pope in NationalReview.com. By
amendment initially alienated influential moderate Rep. Fred preventing insurers from “pricing plans in proportion to indi-
Upton (R-Mich.), who said he would never vote for a bill that viduals’ expected costs of care,” Obamacare has forced healthy
“torpedoes” protections for people with cancer and other ill- people to cover the costs of the chronically ill, sending premiums
nesses. “They need to be covered,” said Upton. “Period.” soaring. Still, high-risk pools aren’t the answer, said Jennifer
Rubin in WashingtonPost.com. “States using pools in the past
As a compromise, House Republican leaders proposed spending had to restrict coverage, create waiting lists,” and charge high
an additional $8 billion to help fund high-risk pools or other premiums. Offsetting those problems nationwide would cost up
mechanisms that would help states lower costs for people with to $50 billion each year—“a sum the GOP will never guarantee.”
pre-existing conditions. After meeting with President Trump at
the White House to discuss the proposal, Upton said he was on The reason Republicans have struggled to repeal Obamacare is
board—adding new momentum for a floor vote before a week- because many Republicans “do not want to repeal Obamacare,”
long recess. The votes of many lawmakers remained uncertain, said Byron York in WashingtonExaminer.com. Millions of Ameri-
though, and the GOP could afford to lose only 22 lawmakers for cans have gained coverage through the Medicaid expansion and
the legislation to pass the House. The bill faces an even steeper the community-rating provision. Wherever this chaotic repeal ef-
climb in the Senate, where many moderate Republicans have fort takes us, one thing seems increasingly probable: “Large parts
already expressed strong reservations. of Barack Obama’s legacy legislation will remain standing.”
Reuters

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


8 NEWS Controversy of the week
Trump’s tax plan: Who would benefit?
During his campaign for president, Donald Trump prom- income brackets—10, 25, and 35 percent—will provide tax
ised that if elected he’d raise taxes on the rich, him- relief for millions of lower- and middle-income families. And
self most definitely included. “It’s going to cost me a the plan won’t explode the deficit, said John Steele Gordon
fortune—which is actually true,” Trump told reporters in CommentaryMagazine.com. These cuts, if enacted, will
in late 2015. Well, guess what? said Jonathan Chait in “supercharge the economy, offsetting much of the revenue
NYMag.com. It was “not actually true.” Last week, in a lost through lower rates.”
scramble for achievements ahead of the symbolic 100-day
milestone, the Trump White House released a single-page, Some myths never die, said Steven Rattner in NYTimes
bullet-pointed tax plan that is effectively just a “mas- .com. Since the days of Ronald Reagan, the GOP
sive tax cut for the rich,” himself in particular. has been in thrall to this “alchemistic belief
The tax rate on corporations and so-called that huge tax cuts can pay for themselves
pass-through businesses (such as Trump’s by unleashing faster economic growth.”
own) would be slashed from 35 percent to There’s little empirical evidence for this
Mnuchin: Trump’s plan will ‘pay for itself.’
15 percent, saving Trump tens of millions “magical thinking”—at most, studies show,
each year. He would also scrap the Alternative Minimum Tax, about 30 percent of revenue lost in a tax cut will ever be recouped
which cost Trump $31 million in 2005, and the Estate Tax, which through resulting growth—but there was Treasury Secretary Steven
by itself would save the Trump family up to $4 billion, if the Mnuchin last week again nonsensically assuring reporters that
patriarch is really worth the $10 billion he claims. If all of his pro- Trump’s plan will “pay for itself.” Even for Trump, the deception
posed tax cuts are passed, Trump will add an incredible $7 trillion and delusion is mind-boggling, said Paul Krugman in The New
to the deficit over a decade. Even more shocking than the naked York Times. Trump “plans to blow up the deficit, bigly, largely to
self-interest, said E.J. Dionne in The Washington Post, is that his own personal benefit.”
Trump campaigned as a champion of the working poor. In reality,
Trump’s views on taxation are “about as ‘populist’ as the member- Republicans “should ignore the debt consequences and pass the
ship list at Mar-a-Lago.” Trump tax cuts,” said Ed Rogers in WashingtonPost.com. After
“eight years of Obama-era stagnation” we badly need a surge in
When liberals howl this way, said Kimberley Strassel in WSJ growth to restore “our nation’s vitality.” Reform of our sprawling,
.com, that’s when you “know a Republican president has scored antiquated tax code is long overdue, said Douglas Holtz-Eakin
big on a proposed tax reform.” What Trump has laid out in in The Washington Post, and Trump is right to look for ways to
this succinct document is a “swashbuckling vision for enacting jump-start our “anemic” economic recovery. But a “responsible
pro-growth principles.” A steep cut to the U.S. corporate tax tax plan” would accomplish these goals without ballooning our
rate—currently the highest in the developed world—will open already unsustainable national debt. If Trump wants to make
the floodgates to foreign investment. His proposal to double the America great again, he needs to come up with a tax-reform plan
standard deduction and simplify the personal tax code into three “built on realistic growth assumptions, not economic fairy tales.”

Good week for:


Only in America Boring but important
Just desserts, after a Brooklyn bakery began decorating cakes
QA political activist is facing a Comey defends Clinton
with the nasty comments cyberbullies and trolls sent to its cus-
year in jail for laughing during email revelations
Attorney General Jeff Ses-
tomers. Troll Cakes founder Kat Thek said she finds it satisfying
to take an online insult from “some idiot,” put it on a cake, and FBI Director James Comey this
sions’ confirmation hearings. week offered the first public
Desiree Fairooz, 61, burst into “make them see how it looks.”
explanation of his controver-
loud laughter when one sena- Herd words, after Merriam-Webster announced it is adding sial decision to inform Con-
tor testified that Sessions treat- “sheeple” to its official dictionary. A combination of “sheep” and gress about a reopened inves-
ed “all people equally under “people,” the derogatory term is used to describe “people who are tigation into Hillary Clinton’s
the law.” Pointing to Sessions’ docile, compliant, or easily influenced.” emails less than two weeks
anti-LGBT and anti-immigrant before Election Day. Testifying
Resistance training, after a San Francisco bookstore began
positions and “jokes” about before the Senate Judiciary
the Ku Klux Klan, “I felt it was hosting an “Anti-Trump Aerobics” workout session. Participants
were led through a series of exercises accompanied by chants such Committee, Comey said that
my responsibility as a citizen failing to notify Congress
to dissent,” Fairooz said. She as “Don’t read his tweets,” and “F--- Mar-a-Lago.”
would have been “an act of
was convicted of “disorderly Bad week for: concealment” that would have
and disruptive conduct.” “been catastrophic” to the
Revisionist history, after President Trump said in an interview that
QWorkers at a North Carolina bureau’s integrity. Democratic
a strong leader like his hero Andrew Jackson, or perhaps himself,
fast-food restaurant sparked senators castigated Comey for
could have prevented the Civil War. “Why was there the Civil War?” going public with the Clinton
outrage by singing the rap
song “F--- Tha Police” while Trump said. “Why could that one not have been worked out?” probe but saying nothing
cops ate. One of the officers Public outreach, after a federal hotline asking citizens to report about the FBI’s investigation
described the incident on crimes committed by “criminal aliens” was overwhelmed with into Russian meddling in the
Facebook, facetiously thanking prank calls about UFO sightings, abductions by extraterrestrials, election until March. “It makes
the employees of Smithfield’s and visits by Bigfoot, Superman, and “Muggle-borns.” me mildly nauseous to think
Chicken ’N Bar-B-Q in Raleigh Fond farewells, after baseball fan Tom McDonald began flushing we might have had some im-
for their “class and profession- pact on the election,” Comey
the cremated remains of his friend Roy Riegel down toilets at stadi- said. But in hindsight, “I would
alism.” The franchise owner
said he would investigate. ums around the country. “He was the best plumber you ever saw,” make the same decision.”
McDonald said, “and as big a Mets fan as I know.”
AP

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


The U.S. at a glance ... NEWS 9
San Diego Washington, D.C. New York City
Pool party shooting spree: One person Trump and Putin chat: In their first pub- Clinton lets rip: In her
was killed and six injured this week licly acknowledged conversation since most forceful comments
when a San Diego man, holding a beer the U.S. launched a missile strike in Syria since her November
in one hand in April, President Trump and Russian defeat, Hillary Clinton
and a gun President Vladimir Putin this week agreed this week blamed
in the other, to work together to establish a cease-fire FBI Director
opened in the war-torn country’s six-year con- James Comey
fire at a flict. The White House characterized the for her loss in
poolside phone call as “a very good one”—though the 2016 elec- ‘I’d be your president.’
birthday Russian and American officials diverged tion, and ripped
party at his on whether the discussion involved a plan President Trump for his conduct in
Police at the crime scene apartment to establish safe zones in Syria, as the office. Speaking at a Women for Women
complex. White House claimed in its readout of International event in New York City,
Authorities said Peter Selis, 49, was “dis- the call. The two leaders also agreed to Clinton said that while she took “abso-
traught” after breaking up with his girl- try to organize a personal meeting at the lute personal responsibility” for her
friend when he carried out his rampage. G-20 summit in Germany in July. Trump defeat, she had been “on the way to
Selis allegedly began firing shots and then has repeatedly vowed to forge a new, winning” until Comey released a let-
sat down on a lounge chair and called constructive relationship with Russia, ter on Oct. 28 announcing his agency
the woman—keeping her on the phone but relations became frosty following was conducting a review of Clinton’s
as he continued shooting. Selis was killed last month’s strike. Trump ordered the emails. “If the election were on Oct. 27,”
when police arrived and opened fire. strike in response to a chemical attack by said Clinton, “I’d be your president.”
Though the gunman was white and five the regime of Syrian President Bashar al- The former Democratic candidate also
of his seven shooting victims were Assad, a key Russian ally. denounced Trump for firing off
black, authorities said there was tweets on sensitive foreign pol-
“zero information” to indicate icy issues, and for his obses-
race had played a role. But sion with her 3 million–vote
witnesses at the party disputed majority in the popular vote.
that conclusion, saying Selis Trump hit back on Twitter, say-
had waved away a white man ing that Comey “was the best
rather than shooting him dur- thing that ever happened to Hillary”
ing the attack. because he gave her a “free pass,” and
that his own team had run “a great
campaign.”
Arkansas, Mississippi,
Missouri, Tennessee, and Texas
Storms wreak havoc: At least 20 people Charleston, S.C.
were killed and dozens more were injured Walter Scott shooting: Former South
when deadly Carolina police
storms Dallas officer Michael
swept Black teen shot dead: A Dallas-area police Slager pleaded
through the officer was fired this week after using an guilty in federal
South and AR-15 rifle to shoot into a moving vehicle court this week
Midwest full of black teenagers, killing 15-year-old to violating the
this week, Jordan Edwards. Balch Springs Officer civil rights of
unleashing Roy Oliver, who is white, had arrived on Walter Scott,
tornadoes the scene to investigate a report of under- an unarmed Slager testifying last year
Flooding in Missouri
and tor- age drinking at a house party. According black motor-
rential flooding. At least four fatalities to the police department’s initial state- ist who was shot dead by Slager as he
occurred in East Texas, where tornadoes ment, Oliver and other officers heard tried to flee a routine traffic stop. In
split trees in half, downed power lines, gunshots and saw a vehicle “backing cellphone footage of the 2015 incident,
and sent cars flying through the air. In down the street toward the officers in an Slager, 35, is seen firing upon Scott, 50,
Canton, Texas, one twister touched down aggressive manner”—prompting Oliver as the motorist ran away—striking Scott
near an outdoor market. “We saw the to shoot at the car. But after reviewing five times in the back. Slager, who was
Newscom, Getty, St. Louis Post-Dispatch/TNS, Newscom

tornado drop out of the sky,” said one body-camera footage, Balch Springs Police fired and charged with murder follow-
witness. “It looked like a can opener Chief Jonathan Haber said the vehicle ing the shooting, said he had acted in
opened this truck right in front of me.” was actually driving away when Oliver self defense and feared for his life. His
Another seven people were killed by opened fire. An attorney for Edwards’ state murder trial ended in a hung jury
flooding and high winds in Arkansas, and family said that the teenagers in the car in December. As part of Scott’s plea
a 7-year-old Mississippi boy died after hadn’t been drinking, and that they fled bargain, prosecutors agreed to drop his
being electrocuted in floodwaters. Three after being fired upon—only stopping retrial if the former officer pleaded guilty
deaths were reported in Missouri, and in when they noticed Edwards, a straight-A to a single federal count of using exces-
Tennessee, a 2-year-old was killed after student and standout athlete, wasn’t talk- sive force to deprive Scott of his civil
being struck by a soccer goalpost that was ing. Authorities said evidence would be rights. That charge carries a maximum
blown over by high winds. presented to a grand jury. of life in prison.
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
10 NEWS The world at a glance ...
Ankara London
Another purge: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Brexit clash: British Prime Minister Theresa
Erdogan cracked down further on dissent last May held a disastrous Brexit meeting with EU
week, firing nearly 4,000 public officials, shut- Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker,
ting down dozens of civic groups and health German media reported this week. Juncker report-
clinics, and blocking access to Wikipedia. edly emerged from the summit saying he was
An estimated 140,000 journalists, teachers, “10 times more skeptical than I was before” that
police, judges, bureaucrats, and soldiers have negotiations on Britain’s exit from the EU would
Erdogan: Autocrat now been purged since last summer’s failed produce a deal within the two-year deadline. May
coup attempt—which Erdogan blamed on insisted that exit talks and trade deal talks proceed
U.S.-based Turkish cleric Fethullah Gulen. The president accused May: ‘Difficult’
simultaneously, which the EU rules out, and the
the latest batch of fired officials of being linked to Gulen, who two leaders disagreed over Britain’s outstanding liabilities to the bloc
was once allied to Erdogan. Also this week, Erdogan said he and how quickly they could settle the rights of U.K. citizens living
would say “goodbye” to the European Union if it did not speed in the EU and EU citizens in the U.K. May downplayed the squab-
up talks on Turkey’s membership in the bloc, which the EU is all ble but said she intended to be a “bloody difficult woman” in talks.
but certain to decline to do.
Skopje, Macedonia
Mob storms parliament: Macedonia is in a political standoff
after a mob of 200 nationalists stormed the legislature, beat-
ing up Social Democratic party leader Zoran Zaev. The country
has had no government since December, when elections resulted
in a near tie between the Social Democrats and the conservative
VMRO-DPMNE party. Even though the conservatives—who won
a narrow majority—failed for months to form a governing coali-
tion, President Gjorge Ivanov refused to let Zaev try. So last week
the Social Democrats and parties representing the country’s ethnic
Albanian minority got together and elected an ethnic Albanian
as parliament speaker, who can petition the president on Zaev’s
behalf. That prompted the nationalist mob to rush the building,
railing about a plot to make Macedonia part of Albania. The EU
and U.S. are pressing Ivanov to allow Zaev’s coalition to proceed.

Mexico City
Underage brides: Child marriage is still common in
Mexico, even though the practice was outlawed in
2014, a new report has found. More than 10 percent
of Mexican girls are married before age 15, mostly to
men at least a decade older. Tens of thousands more
are cohabiting with older men, intending to marry
legally once they turn 18, according to the Mexico
City–based Investigación en Salud y Demografía. A young wife
These girls are more likely than their single peers to
experience domestic violence and early pregnancy and to drop
out of school. “Regionally, there is a strong perception that if you
have a younger woman you are more masculine,” said Heather
Hamilton of the charity Girls Not Brides. “But it’s also about
control—the younger the girl, the more you can control her.”

Great Exuma Island, Bahamas Caracas


Festival fiasco: The luxury Fyre Festival was canceled last week Power grab: As hundreds of
after music lovers who had paid up to $50,000 for opulent thousands of hungry Venezuelans
accommodations and celebrity-chef meals in the Bahamas showed protested against President Nicolás
up to find a tent city on a trash-strewn beach, with no amenities Maduro this week, the leftist leader
and no musical acts. In a $100 million lawsuit against organizers decreed that a citizens’ assembly be
Billy McFarland and rapper Ja convened to write a new constitu-
Rule, plaintiff Daniel Jung says tion that will wrest power from the
Maduro: Defying protesters
he and hundreds of partygoers opposition-controlled national legis-
were stranded on the island with lature. The document would be composed by representatives of
AP, Getty, Newscom, Reuters, AP

little food or water. The event, pro-Maduro community groups, and would likely transfer political
his suit says, “was closer to The power to local communal councils. Maduro argued the new consti-
Hunger Games or Lord of the tution was needed to stop his opponents from carrying out a “fas-
Flies than Coachella.” Ja Rule cist coup.” Critics said the plan would replace democratic institu-
said on social media that the tions with a patronage system. Maduro is struggling to retain power
debacle was “NOT MY FAULT” amid his oil-rich country’s economic collapse. Food and medicine
The not-so-luxurious lodgings and “NOT A SCAM.” are in short supply, and the local currency is all but worthless.
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
The world at a glance ... NEWS 11
Moscow Lashkar Gah, Afghanistan
Acid attack: Russian opposition leader Alexei Back to Helmand: The U.S. Marines
Navalny may lose sight in one eye after a man hurled have returned to Helmand, the
a green liquid at him, burning his face. A video of Afghan province where the Corps
the attack was broadcast by Kremlin-friendly spent years battling the Taliban.
REN-TV, which blurred out the face of the Some 350 Marines were killed and
assailant as if to protect his identity. Navalny thousands wounded as they fought
accused the Russian intelligence services of tip- to secure the province from 2001 to
ping off the attackers as to his whereabouts. 2014, when Helmand was handed
Navalny: Dyed
“The presidential administration organized over to Afghan government forces.
this attack,” he wrote on his blog. Navalny, an anti-corruption Since then, the Taliban have surged The Marines will face a familiar foe.
crusader, was jailed for two weeks in March after he helped orga- back, killing entire Afghan units. Last week, 300 Marines arrived
nize nationwide protests against the Kremlin. He plans to run for in Helmand to train Afghan forces and assist in clearing the area.
president next year; election officials say he’s ineligible because of “It’s kind of disheartening, the sacrifices you and your Marines
his February embezzlement conviction—a case that international made, and to see it go back to where it was,” Gunnery Sgt. Ronnie
observers said was politically motivated. Mills told The New York Times. ISIS has also gained ground in the
country, carrying out a suicide attack this week on a NATO convoy
near the U.S. Embassy in Kabul that killed eight civilians.
Beijing
China’s own Wikipedia: China is building a state-sanctioned,
online version of its national encyclopedia as an alternative
to Wikipedia. More than 20,000 scholars, selected from state
universities and research institutes, are working on the Chinese
Encyclopaedia project. Unlike Wikipedia, the site will not be open
to editing by the public. Access to most of Wikipedia is blocked
in China, because Beijing disagrees with its presentation of topics
like the Tibetan independence movement and the 1989 massacre
of protesters at Tiananmen Square. The site, which will go live
next year, will be “a Great Wall of culture,” said the project’s
editor-in-chief, Yang Muzhi.

Bhopal, India
Wives get bats: A top official in the
Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is
handing out thousands of paddles to
newlywed brides so they can beat their
husbands if they drink. The 15-inch
bats are usually used to beat dirt out of
clothes or rugs, but Gopal Bhargava,
Husbands, watch out!
the state’s minister for rural develop-
ment, instructed the women to use them to punish their husbands
should the men become drunk and abusive. Inscriptions on the
paddles include “This bat is given to reform alcoholics” and
“Police will not say anything.” Alcohol abuse is an increasing
problem in rural parts of India, where, civic groups say, many
men spend most of the family’s wages on booze. Five Indian states
have banned liquor sales, and at least four more plan to do so.
Lagos, Nigeria
Piracy soars: Pirate attacks off the Gaza
coast of West Africa have nearly Hamas rebrands: The Palestinian terrorist group Hamas
doubled in the past year, a watchdog attempted to project a more moderate image this week, unveil-
group says. Incidents of piracy rose ing a new document of principles that waters down its charter’s
from 54 in 2015 to 95 in 2016, anti-Semitic language, drops references to the group’s Muslim
according to the U.S.-based Oceans Brotherhood roots, and accepts the idea of a provisional
Beyond Piracy. Unlike in East Africa, Palestinian state based on 1967 borders. But Hamas, which con-
Arrested Nigerian pirates
where pirates tend to stay aboard trols the Gaza Strip, said it still rejects Israel’s right to exist and
the ship they’ve commandeered, West African attackers have been supports “armed struggle” against it.
snatching crew members and holding them on land for ransom. The group’s outgoing leader, Khaled
There were 18 incidents of kidnap for ransom off Nigeria last Mashaal, said the new focus could
year, and only one incident of cargo-theft hijacking off all of West allow overtures to Egypt and Saudi
AP, Getty, Newscom, AP (2)

Africa. “Most of these attacks are linked to Nigerian criminal Arabia. Israel was unimpressed. When
groups operating in the Niger Delta,” Oceans Beyond Piracy’s Hamas “stops educating children
Dirk Siebels told Newsweek. Those groups previously focused on to hate Israelis, that would be real
attacking oil facilities in the delta, but last year Nigeria deployed change,” said Prime Minister Benjamin
troops to protect pipelines, and the gangs turned to piracy. Netanyahu’s office. Mashaal: Makeover attempt
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
12 NEWS People
Odiele’s gender odyssey
Hanne Gaby Odiele is the world’s only known
intersex model, said Will Pavia in The Times
(U.K.). Odiele, 29, was born with androgen
insensitivity syndrome, which gave her the
genetic traits of a man—XY chromosomes and
undescended testes—and the outward physical
traits of a female. As a child, Odiele identified
as a female and underwent surgeries to remove
her internal testicles and make her more feminine, an ordeal she
now resents. “I feel like something was taken away from me,” she
says. She thought she was unique until she read an article about
a Dutch intersex teen. Odiele contacted the girl, who hooked her
up with a self-help group of intersex people. “That changed my
whole life, knowing that I was not alone.” Odiele took up model-
ing after being told she was beautiful, but remained worried that
people would find out her secret. Last year Odiele married fellow
model John Swiatek—one of a select few aware of her condition.
This year, Odiele went public with a video, staring squarely into
the camera to proclaim, “Hi, I’m Hanne and I was born intersex.
That means my body isn’t clearly male or female.” Now she’s an
advocate, hoping to spare intersex kids the surgical traumas she
endured. “I’m very happy and comfortable being the sex I am, not
wanting to change it for anything, actually, in the world.”
The boy ISIS couldn’t break
Ahmed al-Hardani was captured and tortured by ISIS—but sur- Miller’s maternal instinct
vived, said Josie Ensor in The Daily Telegraph (U.K.). Two years Sienna Miller is neck-deep in single motherhood, said Devin
ago, the slight, freckle-faced boy, then 14, was seized along with Friedman in Allure. The actress shares a brownstone in New York
thousands of other Yazidis by ISIS militants in northern Iraq. Most City’s West Village with 4-year-old daughter Marlowe, and while
of the men were killed—Ahmed hasn’t seen his father since—but the girl’s father, Miller’s ex-fiancé Tom Sturridge, lives nearby and
he was taken to the city of Tal Afar and interrogated for two visits often, she’s essentially on her own for most of Marlowe’s
weeks. One day an informant told Ahmed’s captors that the boy ups—and downs. “I had an amazing moment the other day where
I just heard this ‘Mama!’ from upstairs,” recalls Miller, 35. Her
had broken the rules by keeping his cellphone and secretly texting
daughter, it seems, had projectile-vomited off the top of her bunk
his mother. He was tortured but refused to reveal where he’d hid-
bed. “The splatters were like: Pow! Like all four walls.” Racing to the
den the phone. “They whipped me around 250 times over a few scene, Miller “skidded on the sick and fell. Whacked my head. Then
days, until the skin began to fall off my back,” Ahmed recalls. “I I get her out of the bunk; she’s crying, covered in sick. I take her to
would rather have died than have no way to communicate with the bathroom, take all her clothes off, and then the dog comes up
[his mother] to tell her I was still OK.” He was sent to an ISIS and starts eating the sick. And I get her in the bath and in my bed,
training camp, where he was shown graphic videos of beheadings and I’m just, like, literally naked, mopping, and crying at midnight.
and trained to use suicide vests. Ahmed escaped, walking 75 miles You know, and that’s parenthood.” The responsibility seems “crip-
to safety. Now he lives in a refugee camp with his mother, grand- pling” at times, Miller says, but she’d love more children and envi-
mother, and siblings, and copes with the physical and psychic scars sions living out her days as a “matriarch” with many grandchildren.
left by his captors. “I still hear their voices in my head,” he says. “I want to be that wise, happy granny, with a sort of wrap around
“But I am strong and I think they would never have broken me.” my head and a few beads, cooking and looking after little babies.”

year, when former co-host Michael Strahan love.” During a Reddit.com “Ask Me Any-
reportedly blindsided Ripa, 46, by jumping thing” session this week he revealed, “I did
QRyan Seacrest this week
to Good Morning America. She has since have a healing of cancer, but my tongue is
joined Kelly Ripa as co- appeared with rotating guest co-hosts. This still swollen although healing all the time.’’
host of Live With Kelly, fall Ripa and Seacrest will begin a ratings QBrian Williams received a reprimand from
ending more than a duel with Megyn Kelly, who launches an MSNBC for “patronizing” liberal host Ra-
year of turmoil on NBC show in their 9 a.m. time slot. chel Maddow, the network’s top-rated star.
ABC’s morning QAfter months of denials, Val Kilmer this Last month Williams interrupted Maddow’s
show. “The next chapter of week confirmed that he had cancer, the prime-time show to break news of the
the Live story is about to be New York Post reports. Rumors about the U.S. missile strike against Syria. After his
written,” Ripa proclaimed on actor’s health have swirled since 2015, segment, he turned to Maddow and said,
the broadcast, unveiling the when he was spotted entering UCLA Medi- “Thanks for visiting tonight. Glad you were
new Live With Kelly and Ryan cal Center and began covering up his neck a part of our coverage.” A source tells the
marquee. Calling Ripa “a very with scarves. Then last November his friend New York Post that MSNBC chief Phil Griffin
dear friend,” Seacrest, 42, said Michael Douglas—who was successfully gave Williams “a very stern rebuke” over
Getty (2), Pawel Kaminski

whenever they work together— treated for oral cancer—said the Tombstone the Maddow incident, warning, “Don’t you
hosting Disney’s Christmas Day parade, for star was “dealing with exactly what I had.” ever do that again.” Williams lost his job
example—“we have a blast.” Best known Kilmer, 57, a Christian Scientist, acknowl- as NBC Nightly News anchor in 2015 after
as the longtime host of American Idol, edged last year he was dealing with “a admitting he invented heroic details of his
Seacrest ends a search that began last physical challenge” through “prayer and coverage of the Iraq War and other stories.

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


Briefing NEWS 13

The great British crack-up


Could Brexit spell the end of the United Kingdom—leaving ‘Little England’ to go it alone?

Why might the U.K. break up? been completed in 2019. But momentum for
Britain’s decision to leave the European independence is growing.
Union has left the kingdom’s four countries  
deeply divided. While England and Wales Why is that?
voted for Brexit last June, both Scotland and The unionists’ most powerful argument for
Scotland
Northern Ireland voted to remain in the EU, staying in the U.K.—that independence threat-
by majorities of 62 percent and 56 percent, ened Scotland’s EU membership—has been
respectively. Now faced with being dragged flipped on its head by Brexit. Independence,
out of Europe, both are seriously reconsider- though, would have its own economic costs:
ing their historic position within the U.K. Northern It would mean establishing a real border
In March, the Scottish Parliament voted Ireland
between Scotland and England, from the
for the right to hold a second independence Solway to the Tweed, cutting the Scots off
Republic
referendum, which could lead to Scotland of from their biggest market—and at a time
seceding from the U.K. and rejoining the EU. Ireland when the country’s income from dwindling
Irish nationalists are demanding their own England North Sea oil has plunged 97 percent. During
border poll on unification with the Republic Wales the first referendum campaign, says Aberdeen
of Ireland. If the Scots and Irish choose University’s Michael Keating, Scots were told
independence, England and Wales will stand independence would be a leap in the dark,
alone. Ironically, the vote for Brexit was sup- while staying in the U.K. would mean eco-
posedly a vote for a resurgent Britain—one nomic stability. “This time,” says Keating,
that would wrest back power and national “they’ll be offered two leaps in the dark.”
A union of four countries, forged in 1801
pride from Brussels. Instead, says Richard  
Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations, it may have What about Northern Ireland?
triggered “the beginning of the end of the United Kingdom.” While Westminster frets about Scotland, Northern Ireland is qui-
  etly undergoing its own constitutional turmoil. Northern Ireland
When was the U.K. formed? doesn’t want to lose billions in regional development and farm-
The British Isles have a complicated history, filled with conquests, ing funds from the EU—though it depends on billions in U.K.
rebellions, and reconquests. But the loose origins of the U.K. subsidies too. But Brexit poses another disturbing consequence
date back to the early 10th century, when the Anglo-Saxon King for the Irish: the prospect of a hard, 300-mile land border between
Athelstan unified England’s disparate kingdoms and secured the the North and independent South, which remains a member of
reluctant allegiance of the Scots and the Welsh. But the relation- the EU. That border wouldn’t just disrupt trade and the jobs
ship between England, Scotland, and Wales only became official in of the 30,000 people who commute between the two countries
1707, when the Acts of Union formally created “One Kingdom by every day, but could also jeopardize the 1998 Good Friday
the Name of Great Britain.” That kingdom merged with Ireland in Agreement, which ended the region’s three-decade Troubles. The
1801 to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. hope was that the divisions between North and South “would
When most of Ireland seceded in 1922, with just six Ulster coun- eventually become redundant and float away like a sticking plaster
ties in the north remaining under British control, that left the U.K. from a wound that has healed,” says Irish historian Roy Foster.
as we know it—stretching from Land’s End in the south to John “All this has been destroyed by Brexit.”
o’Groat’s at the tip of Scotland.
  The future of ‘Little England’ Will the U.K. break up?
Could a ‘Scoxit’ be next? The breakup of the U.K. would raise some immedi- British politics are too volatile now
If Scotland’s First Minister Nicola ate questions for the English. Would the former for anyone to make reliable predic-
Sturgeon has her way, yes. The country world power retain its permanent seat—officially tions. But before 2011, national-
held its first independence referendum held by the U.K.—on the United Nations Security ists were just a noisy minority in
in 2014, when 55 percent of Scots Council, and its influential positions within NATO Scotland. Today, they are a power-
voted to stay in the U.K. Sturgeon said and the World Bank? With the political and financial ful force, and are on the cusp of
she would hold another only if there hub of London still in English hands, the nation’s a second historic independence
was a “material change” in Scotland’s GDP would likely remain in the world’s top 10. The referendum in just three years.
circumstances—such as Scotland being English would also keep their military capabilities— Brits seem pessimistic about staying
removed from the EU against its demo- though they would face troubling questions over together: More than half think the
cratic will. Scotland currently receives their nuclear weapons, which are currently based U.K. will no longer exist in a decade
more than $260 million a year in EU in Scotland with no viable location to re-house in its current form, according to a
funding, and sends about $16 billion in them in England. After all of that, “Little England” BBC poll. “Historical change is like
exports to the Eurozone; in addition, would face its own identity crisis. Would people in an avalanche,” says British historian
Manchester or Bristol consider themselves English,
many Scots resent the ruling conserva- Norman Davies. “The starting point
or British? Would they continue to sing the U.K.
Map by FreeVectorMaps.com

tives in London far more than they do is a snow-covered mountainside


national anthem at England’s football games, or
the bureaucrats in Brussels. To hold sing the English anthem, “Land of Hope and Glory,”
that looks solid. All the changes
another plebiscite, though, Sturgeon instead? In the post-Brexit era, says British historian take place under the surface and
needs the permission of British Prime Norman Davies, the English “are appallingly con- are rather invisible. But something
Minister Theresa May, who refuses to fused about who they are.”  is coming. What is impossible is to
give it before Brexit negotiations have say when.”
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
14 NEWS Best columns: The U.S.
“As the opioid crisis takes lives on a historic scale, it’s time to kill a bad
Forget about idea,” said David French. “Just say no to legalizing hard drugs.” Since It must be true...
legalizing the war on drugs took off in the 1980s, many thoughtful conservatives,
libertarians, and liberals have argued for legalization. Their rationale is
I read it in the tabloids
all drugs that the drug war’s costs—“in lives lost, lives squandered in prison, and
civil liberties curtailed”—outweigh any potential harm from the drugs
QA South Dakota man was
arrested after he pushed past
David French themselves. The opioid epidemic proves them wrong: The consequences police and firefighters and
NationalReview.com of hard-drug use are indeed “more horrific than prohibition.” The ran into his burning home to
scourge began when the federal government approved and pharma- rescue his beer. While emer-
ceutical companies aggressively marketed addictive prescription opioid gency workers were helping
painkillers such as Percocet and OxyContin. It was, in essence, the people, police said, Michael
legalization of heroin in pill form. “Communities were suddenly awash Casteel, 56, barged his way
in narcotics,” and when prescriptions became more tightly restricted, into the apartment building.
He emerged clutching two
already-addicted people simply turned to cheaper street heroin. In 2015,
cans of Bud Ice Premium,
52,404 Americans lost their lives to drug overdoses, more than the but officers quickly cuffed
number who died from car crashes or guns. People don’t choose to use Casteel and charged him with
opioids—they become slaves to them. While we may never win the war obstruction. A police spokes-
on drugs, “there is no choice but to continue the fight.” man said Casteel had dem-
onstrated “poor judgment.”
If abortion becomes totally illegal or strictly limited in half the coun-
When women try, said Irin Carmon, women won’t need to get the back-alley or coat
QTeenage girls and young
women in Finland are going

are jailed hanger abortions of the 1950s. They’ll be likely to turn to the easily
available drugs mifepristone and misoprostol to “end a pregnancy by
wild for a strange new sport:
competitive hobbyhorse rid-

for abortions their own hands.” That means ambitious local prosecutors in red states
could hold only one person—the woman—legally accountable, and
ing. Some 10,000 Finns now
compete in traditional
equestrian events like
Irin Carmon “there is little doubt that states would delight in prosecuting her.” For dressage and show
The Washington Post public relations purposes, the anti-abortion movement has long insisted jumping, but sitting on
on a logical inconsistency: “Abortion is murder, but women shouldn’t sticks
be held accountable.” Yet at least 17 women have been arrested since topped
2005 and accused of self-inducing abortions. If Roe v. Wade is over- with
turned, or states restrict abortion to the point where it’s unavailable, stuffed
tens of thousands of desperate women will obtain abortion pills from horses’
pro-choice activists or online pharmacies. (That phenomenon is already heads rather
occurring.) The women most likely to be caught and prosecuted, of than on real
course, will be poor women of color. “Supporters of abortion rights animals. The sport isn’t
should get ready for what illegal abortion in America will look like.” cheap—aspiring jockeys can
Abortion will go underground, and women will be sent to prison. pay up to $200 for a fine
hobbyhorse, most of which
are homemade. “Hobby hors-
One of the strangest aspects of the Trump era is that “nearly everyone ing has a strong therapeutic
Why everyone seems convinced their side is losing,” said Will Rahn. Liberals, of course, side to it,” says Alisa Aarnio-
maki, 20. “It has helped me a
thinks are morose because a man they view as “a racist, a sexist, a crook, and
perhaps even a traitor” occupies the White House, while his fellow great deal that I can occasion-
ally just go galloping into the
they’re losing Republicans control Congress and a majority of state legislatures. Tradi-
tional conservatives are unhappy that the GOP has become “unmoored” woods with my friends.”
Will Rahn from their small-government, respectable ideology, that “a charlatan” of QA Silicon Valley man ended
CBSNews.com incoherent views now rules the party. Even the right-wing populists feel up in handcuffs after he al-
like they’re losing, because “a clique of elite Manhattan Democrats,” legedly assaulted a robot se-
including Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump, have pushed aside fire- curity guard. Jason Sylvain,
breathing nationalist Steve Bannon. Besides, Trump can’t get any legisla- 41, allegedly pushed over the
300-pound K5 bot—a five-
tion passed because of a hopelessly fractured congressional GOP. The
foot cylinder on wheels—as
widespread sense of panic and loss is probably responsible for the fact it patrolled a Mountain View,
that the militant left and Trumpists both now justify censoring opposing Calif., parking lot. But the
views. “It’s a remarkable, and perhaps unprecedented, moment in our robot automatically called the
history.” Everyone—regardless of ideology—has a sinking feeling that in police as it hit the ground,
the battle for the nation’s soul, “we’ve already lost.” and Sylvain was soon ar-
rested and charged with
prowling and being drunk in
Viewpoint “As his supporters like to point out, Trump makes the right enemies, and that’s
public. “He claimed to be an
enough for them. Journalists, scientists, policy wonks—as long as ‘the elites’
are upset, Trump’s voters assume that the administration is doing something right. There is a seri- engineer that wanted to ‘test’
ous danger to American democracy in all this. When voters choose ill-informed grudges and diffuse the security robot,” said Stacy
resentment over the public good, a republic becomes unsustainable. The temperance and prudent Dean Stephens, a vice presi-
reasoning required of representative government gets pushed aside. The Washington Post recently dent at the K5’s manufac-
changed its motto to ‘Democracy dies in darkness,’ a phrase that is not only pretentious but inaccu- turer, Knightscope. “I guess
rate. More likely, American democracy will die in dumbness.” Tom Nichols in USA Today he now has his answer.”
AP

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


16 NEWS Best columns: Europe
The nation that perpetrated the Holocaust will most important allies. I get it: It’s frustrating when
GERMANY never be in a position to lecture Israel on human Israel doesn’t listen to us, even though they are
rights, said Jan Fleischhauer. Foreign Minister clearly harming Palestinian civil rights. But you
Let others Sigmar Gabriel was inundated with praise last
week after he refused to cancel meetings with
know what? “There are plenty of other countries
that also know what Israel should do, and that
criticize pro-Palestinian groups in Israel that Prime Min- don’t have 6 million Jews on their consciences.”
ister Benjamin Netanyahu claimed were actively Sure, it’s a “heavy burden” for Germans to bear,
Israel working to undermine Israeli security. Gabriel’s and the temptation is strong to throw it back at
intransigence prompted Netanyahu to cancel his Israelis, to say that they, too, have sinned, so we’re
Jan Fleischhauer
own planned meeting with the foreign minister, off the hook. That old saying “The Germans will
Der Spiegel
and Gabriel’s visit ended with “mutual recrimina- never forgive the Jews for Auschwitz” still holds
tions and a badly damaged relationship.” Yet Ger- true. Gabriel, who has spoken of his shame at
man pundits feted Gabriel as if he had stood up having a “committed Nazi for a father,” is its liv-
to a tyrant, rather than spurned one of Germany’s ing embodiment.

UNITED KINGDOM Britain is supposed to be a meritocratic society, the proceeds on to their children or grandchildren,
said Ian Jack. But whether you wind up rich or who will invest in more property. That’s great for
Inheritance: poor will increasingly depend on a single factor:
inheritance. Today, the average inheritance is worth
those who inherit, but it will have a dire impact on
inequality, deepening the gulf between the proper-
the enemy just 3 percent of all the other income the inheritor
can expect to get in a lifetime. But that percent-
tied classes and those for whom owner-occupation
is an ever more distant dream. Renters accounted
of equality age is set to shoot up, thanks to the soaring rise in for 9 percent of the housing market in 1985—now
real estate prices in recent decades. The housing they account for more than 20 percent. “We are re-
Ian Jack
bubble means the older generation now sits on a entering the world of the Victorian novel, in which
The Guardian vast stock of wealth. Britons 65 to 85 years old suitable marriages, contested wills, and misplaced
today own some $517 billion worth of property, legacies drive the plot.” The poor, meanwhile,
according to a new study. Most of them will pass “press their faces against the window.”

Hungary: Will the EU stand up for its values?


European lawmakers pulled no punches on Hungarian soil. Fortunately, Orban
last week in their dressing-down of Hun- “remained steadfast, led astray neither
gary’s increasingly authoritarian leader, by intimidations nor by blackmail.”
said Andrew Byrne in the Financial
Times (U.K.). Prime Minister Viktor This whole flap is an election stunt
Orban went to the European Parliament staged by the prime minister, said
in Brussels to defend Hungary’s draco- Tamas Torba in Magyar Nemzet (Hun-
nian new education law, which would gary). Orban is simply trying to make
effectively shut down Budapest’s Central sure his Fidesz party doesn’t lose votes
European University—the nation’s last to the even-further-right-wing Jobbik
bastion of academic freedom. CEU was party in the 2018 national election. His
founded by Hungarian-born U.S. finan- attempts to block the flood of migrants
cier and philanthropist George Soros, passing through Hungary with walls,
whose promotion of open societies and Orban addresses the European Parliament detention centers, and nationalist rheto-
civic activism make him Orban’s favorite ric boosted his support among far-right
enemy. Guy Verhofstadt, the Belgian leader of the parliament’s lib- voters. But now that the refugee influx has slowed to a trickle,
eral faction, accused Orban of acting like Stalin, asking “What’s the prime minister needs a new threat to Hungary and Christian
next, book burning?” Socialist leader Gianni Pittella of Italy called Europe, so he’s settled on CEU and Soros. And by giving him an
Orban a liar bent on suppressing “science, research, schools, and international stage on which to promote his nationalist agenda,
culture,” claims Orban dismissed as “absurd.” Yet despite all the the EU did exactly “as Orban wanted.”
harsh rhetoric, “Orban emerged relatively unscathed.” The Eu-
ropean Commission demanded changes to the education law, but Worse, they appeased a would-be dictator, said Rudolf Ungvary
it stopped short of triggering the EU’s “Article 7” mechanism— in Nepszava (Hungary). Just as Europeans in 1938 thought
which would find Hungary in breach of the rule of law and sus- they could deal with Hitler “through democratic means,” so
pend the country’s EU voting rights—because it knows Poland’s the EU has met Orban’s fascistic actions with nothing but the
ruling conservative party “would veto the sanction.” threat of legal action. Of course, this is “not a similar tragedy,”
as the lives of millions of Jews are not at stake—just “the hopes
What a ridiculous spectacle, said Tamas Lanczi in Hungary’s of Hungarian democrats.” The EU is wrong to treat Hungary
Mozgasterblog.hu. The Brussels elite resorted to “highly dis- as just another democratic member state. Orban rode a wave
torted and extremely slanderous” statements to denounce of nationalism to power in 2010, and used his two-thirds leg-
Orban. They are using the CEU as an excuse to criticize the islative majority to rewrite the constitution, gutting judicial
prime minister, when what they’re really angry about is his re- oversight and eviscerating the free press. We’ve had only “the
fusal to allow the mass resettlement of illegal Muslim migrants appearance of democracy” for years.
AP

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


Best columns: International NEWS 17

How they see us: Trump diplomacy rattles South Korea


President Trump seems determined to Korean cosmetics brands. We’ll suffer
squeeze money out of South Korea, more economic damage if Trump tears
said The Korea Times in an edito- up the U.S. free trade agreement with
rial. When the U.S. began installing its South Korea, said Korea JoongAng
Terminal High Altitude Area Defense Daily. The president recently called
(THAAD) anti-missile system in the the pact—struck during the George W.
southern Seongju County last month, Bush administration—“horrible” and
“anti-American sentiment” started to threatened to terminate it. We clearly
rise among locals who believe the equip- face “unprecedented security risks
ment could make their region a target from Trump’s America First policy.”
of North Korea. Now Trump has exac-
erbated that anger by demanding Seoul If Trump insists on “degrading the
pay the system’s $1 billion cost because, blood-forged Korea-U.S. alliance to
he says, it’s “meant to protect South THAAD arrives in South Korea to protests. a mere interest-driven partnership,”
Korea.” Yes, THAAD could save South said Heo Mun-myeong in Dong-a
Korean lives in the event of a North Korean nuclear attack, but Ilbo, then let’s tally it up. “South Korea is not enjoying the U.S.
it will also protect the 28,500 U.S. troops deployed here. Trump’s military umbrella for free.” Seoul already pays some $807 mil-
national security adviser, Gen. H.R. McMaster, tried to reassure lion of the annual cost of keeping U.S. troops here, and it doesn’t
South Korea by saying that the existing THAAD agreement— charge the U.S. for utilities, communications, or infrastructure
under which we provide the site and the U.S. pays to install and costs. South Korea also plays “a pivotal role” in supporting U.S.
maintain the system—would hold. But he then suggested that strategy in Asia. Trump should “re-examine the true values of
this deal might be renegotiated. Sixty percent of South Koreans the bilateral alliance” and “think twice before speaking.”
supported THAAD in an April poll, but at this point, many must
“doubt whether it is really worth all this trouble.” Pity our next president, said Dong-a Ilbo. THAAD was ne-
gotiated under President Park Geun-hye, who has since been
South Korea has already incurred the wrath of China for host- impeached for corruption. Park’s successor, to be elected next
ing THAAD, said Kim Hyun-ki in Korea JoongAng Daily. week, will have to be the one to make it clear that Seoul will not
Although the system is primarily intended to shoot down North foot the bill for U.S. weaponry. Front-runner Moon Jae-in has
Korean nukes midflight, its radar will also detect Chinese missile supported reopening dialogue with North Korea and rethinking
launches. Beijing says that undermines its nuclear deterrent and THAAD altogether, while Ahn Cheol-soo favors the deployment
has taken “economic retaliation against South Korea,” denying but says it should not be rushed and needs input from locals.
visas to our pop stars, blocking our hit TV shows, and rejecting Whoever wins will face some “tricky negotiations with Trump.”

Everyone wants to come live in gorgeous, verdant First party, has been ranting about immigration
NEW ZEALAND New Zealand—and we’ve been letting them, said rates for decades, but now mainstream parties are
Vernon Small. This nation of fewer than 5 mil- also addressing the issue. With an election looming
No longer lion people now welcomes 130,000 immigrants a
year, a record high. At the same time, we’ve got
in September, the ruling center-right National Party
has announced a new policy to encourage higher-
so welcoming 139,000 unemployed people, raising the ques- paid, better-skilled applicants and deter migrants
tion, “Why are we bringing in so many foreigners who might take low-skilled jobs from Kiwis. But
to immigrants when there are so many out of work here?” The these tweaks “look to be more sizzle than sau-
influx has strained our infrastructure and caused a sage.” The opposition Labor Party, meanwhile,
Vernon Small
housing shortage, particularly in Auckland, where promises to simply slash immigration by tens of
Stuff.co.nz
many new arrivals settle. An “ugly casserole of thousands of people. If the government doesn’t do
prejudice, resentment, economic envy, and xeno- more to address unbridled immigration or at least
phobia” is beginning to stew. Our own populist clearly explain why foreigners are needed to do
nationalist, Winston Peters of the New Zealand jobs we won’t, we could see a populist surge.

MEXICO Another allegation of a suspicious cash payment, to “take the bait.” She could have “acted outraged,
another denial, said Héctor de Mauleón. We’re get- stood up, and left,” but instead she asked for a bag
Decades ting used to hearing this story about leftist populist
leader Andrés Manuel López Obrador. A video has
for the cash. It’s not the first time an associate of
López Obrador’s has been caught in a bribery scan-
of shady surfaced of Veracruz state lawmaker Eva Cadena,
a member of López Obrador’s Morena party, at a
dal: His former personal secretary, René Bejarano,
served time in prison after being filmed taking
dealings hotel accepting $26,500 allegedly intended for the stacks of cash from a businessman. In 2012, his
party boss. It was a setup! cries López Obrador. He former strategist, Luis Costa Bonino, was recorded
Héctor de Mauleón
claims the main Mexican parties want to tarnish asking businessmen to donate $6 million to his
El Universal him because “Morena is growing a lot” and they campaign—López Obrador denied any involvement
are “scared to death” that he might win the 2018 in the matter. “The shadow of dirty money has pur-
Newscom

presidential election. López Obrador may be right: sued” him for years. Soliciting such cash appears to
Perhaps it was a setup. But nobody forced Cadena be his “constant method of doing politics.”
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
18 NEWS Talking points
Noted Obama: Cashing in on Wall Street
QAbout half of the 675 Oh, how the mighty have fallen, said Kristin does accepting a speaking fee from Wall Street
immigrants rounded up Tate in TheHill.com. During the 2008 presi- “inherently compromise your integrity,” said
in deportation raids by dential campaign, Barack Obama found it Daniel Gross in Slate.com. Unlike Hillary
the Trump administration politically useful to demonize Wall Street. Clinton—who made lucrative Gold-
in February had either “I did not run for office,” the haughty man Sachs speeches before running
no criminal convictions then candidate claimed, “to be helping for president—Obama is “done with
or only traffic offenses. out a bunch of fat-cat bankers.” But just electoral politics” and can’t bestow
Deportation arrests from months after leaving the White House, favors on Cantor Fitzgerald. And as
January to mid-March the Left’s beloved hero has agreed to president, Obama was hardly too cozy
have surged 32 percent
take a $400,000 check from invest- with Wall Street, signing “the most
compared with the same
ment bank Cantor Fitzgerald for a far-reaching financial reform legisla-
time last year.
The Washington Post
one-hour speech this fall—the first tion since the New Deal.” A paid
of many such paid speeches, his speech or two shouldn’t “irreparably
QPresident Trump has aides indicate. Is this the same man poison” that admirable legacy.
installed a “Coke button” who crusaded against inequality? said Jill
in the Oval Office. The red Abramson in TheGuardian.com. Since leav- This isn’t just about Obama’s legacy, said
button, contained within ing office, he’s been vacationing with the Josh Barro in BusinessInsider.com. The
a wooden box on the “Billionaires’ Club” in the British Virgin political movement he’s championed
Resolute desk, summons Islands and French Polynesia. Now he’s is in big trouble. A new Washington
a butler with an ice-cold decided to supplement his mind-blowing Post-ABC News poll has found that
can of soda whenever the $65 million book deal by “buckraking 67 percent of Americans believe
president presses it. on Wall Street.” We expected better the Democratic Party “is out of
Associated Press from you, Barack. touch with the concerns of most
Americans.” Donald Trump is president
So the former president wants to largely because of the perception
Ka-ching!
make a little money, said Issac that the Democrats have become a
Bailey in The Charlotte Observer. Don’t forget, self-dealing party of wealthy coastal elites. So if
Obama “bypassed riches as the first black edi- Obama truly does care about progressive values,
tor of the Harvard Law Review” and chose to he should make a personal sacrifice and abstain
devote himself to years of public service instead. from buckraking, especially on Wall Street. As the
Now, as a private citizen, he has every right to man himself once said, “I do think at a certain
earn income from his considerable talents. Nor point you’ve made enough money.”

QSales of nuclear shelters


Trump: ‘I thought it would be easier’
and radiation-blocking air President Trump has made a jaw-dropping quick to adapt”—and eventually won both the
purifiers have surged in admission, said Tara Golshan in Vox.com. In an nomination and the election. Rather than mock
Japan in response to the interview with Reuters last week, the former busi- Trump, Democrats better worry he’ll “learn on
threat of a military conflict nessman confessed he hadn’t appreciated just how the job” again. He’s already doing exactly that,
between North Korea and tough his new job would be. “This is more work said Annie Linskey in The Boston Globe. To avoid
the U.S. and its regional than in my previous life,” he said. “I thought it a repeat of the chaos that marred the early days
allies. One Japanese
would be easier.” No kidding. Aside from the of the administration, the White House has imple-
company has received
Senate’s confirmation of Judge Neil Gorsuch to mented processes for “vetting policy ideas,” and
eight orders for $225,000
nuclear shelters, and has
the Supreme Court, Trump’s first 100 days were begun involving members of Congress in crafting
sold out of $15,440 Swiss- marked mostly by failure and frustration, includ- legislation. Trump will never be “a conventional
made air purifiers. ing the disastrous attempt to repeal Obamacare, president,” but his inexperienced administration is
Reuters.com and the blocking of his controversial travel bans starting to figure things out.
in court. He reversed his simplistic positions on
QAmid nationwide food several major foreign policy issues—including You’re in denial, said Kevin Williamson in National
shortages and political China, NATO, and Syria—and his border wall Review.com. It’s already clear Trump has no clue
chaos, the average Vene- remains a fantasy. “No president is ever, really, how to translate his extravagant campaign prom-
zuelan adult lost 19 pounds ready for the job,” said Chris Cillizza in CNN ises into action, and like the reality-TV star he is,
in weight last year. .com. But Trump came into office with a “minus- has instead relied on “a flurry of shallow symbolic
Bloomberg.com cule” understanding of government and the legis- gestures that create the illusion that he is doing
QMore than 373,000 lative process, and has been shocked to discover something meaningful,” such as signing vague
Americans worked in that a president “can’t just snap his fingers” and executive orders. He’s installed political amateurs
solar energy last year, have his whims carried out. in the White House, including his own family,
compared with 160,000 in and can’t figure out what he thinks about Russia,
the coal industry, includ- Underestimate Trump at your peril, said Chris North Korea, health care, or taxes, issuing threats
Getty, Reuters

ing 54,000 coal miners. Stirewalt in FoxNews.com. As a political neo- and pronouncements he reverses the next day.
The New York Times phyte, he initially had no idea how to run a politi- “Conservatives had better start facing the fact that
cal campaign, “but he was quick to learn and the president is a man overmatched by his job.”
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
Talking points NEWS 19

Ivanka: Is the first daughter a feminist? Wit &


Ivanka Trump can’t have
it both ways, said Lizzie
wouldn’t have received the
same impolite boos for
Wisdom
Crocker in TheDailyBeast defending her own father’s “The eternal mystery of the
.com. Last week, the fash- “history of mean-spirited world is its comprehensibil-
ion executive and senior treatment of women.” ity. The fact that it is com-
prehensible is a miracle.”
White House adviser Ivanka, meanwhile, “has Albert Einstein, quoted in
learned that represent- actual real-world experi- BusinessInsider.com
ing her father comes at a ence in manufacturing, “The Earth laughs
cost, during an appear- she’s launched retail lines in flowers.”
ance at the W20 Summit that bear her name, and Ralph Waldo Emerson,
on female empowerment she has taken real risks quoted in Bustle.com
Trump with Lagarde, Merkel: A chorus of boos
in Berlin. Flanked by true in the unforgiving retail “To innovate you need more
heavyweights, including German Chancellor marketplace.” That résumé, along with her White than rote knowledge. You
Angela Merkel and International Monetary Fund House role, made her eminently qualified to speak need a trained imagination.”
Philosopher Martha
director Christine Lagarde, the first daughter about women succeeding in business and politics. Nussbaum, quoted in
served up an “empty-calorie word soup” about Humanities magazine
feminism, before defending President Trump as Please—let’s not pretend Ivanka was invited to “The more we see
a “tremendous champion” of women’s rights. Berlin because of her business acumen, said Anne our parents fully, see
Ivanka was met with an embarrassing chorus of Applebaum, also in The Washington Post. Merkel them as the world does,
groans, boos, and hisses. Good, said Arwa Mah- knows Ivanka serves as a vital conduit to her iras- the better our chances to
dawi in TheGuardian.com. America’s princess cible, powerful father, which is perhaps also why see the world as it is.”
has some nerve talking about “women’s empow- China granted her company valuable trademarks Richard Ford, quoted in the
Portland, Maine, Press Herald
erment.” Unlike the impressive women on stage the same day she dined with President Xi Jinping
with her, Trump owes her entire success to her at Mar-a-Lago. “There is a sinister precedent “Changes are not only
possible and predictable,
daddy, who has been accused of sexual harass- here.” Of all the things that distinguish “rule-of-
but to deny them is to be
ment and assault by at least 15 women. “Really, law democracies from personalized dictatorships,” an accomplice to one’s own
it’s time that she was booed off the world stage.” the most important is the reliance on experienced, unnecessary vegetation.”
accountable public servants—“not the unsackable Journalist Gail Sheehy, quoted
Liberals are such hypocrites, said Ed Rogers in relatives of the leader.” Ivanka may enjoy playing in Hyperallergic.com
The Washington Post. Imagine if the “overhyped the role of a public official “as if she were trying “Acting is telling the
and underaccomplished” Chelsea Clinton had on a new hat,” but the power she now wields is truth under imaginary
been at the Berlin conference instead. She certainly another “glaring symbol of democratic decline.” circumstances.”
Emma Watson,
quoted in Interview

ESPN: Why a media giant is struggling “It takes courage to


say that the good were
ESPN once sat atop the cable-TV world as its nothing loudmouths doing their best to make defeated not because they
were good, but because
most popular and profitable network, said Kevin Rachel Maddow proud”—say, praising quarter-
they were weak.”
Draper in Deadspin.com. But now it’s in big trou- back Colin Kaepernick’s boycott of the national Bertolt Brecht, quoted in
ble. Last week the sports juggernaut laid off 100 anthem, or discussing how “North Carolina is The New Republic
staffers, including high-priced anchors “practically run by racist, homophobic bigots.” The point is,
synonymous with the network.” The bloodbath “people watch sports as an escape,” said Dan
set off shock waves, but actually shouldn’t be sur- McLaughlin in NationalReview.com. The more Poll watch
prising. ESPN cut hundreds of behind-the-scenes you insert polarizing political debates “into the QIn a survey of 432 Dart-
people in 2015, and “it was only a matter of time spaces people reserve to crack open a beer at the mouth University students
before the axe swung down” on talking heads. end of the day and enjoy a ballgame,” the more by the college’s newspaper,
Why? Until the early 2010s ESPN practically likely they’ll find something else to watch. 69% of Republicans and
printed money and “spent flagrantly,” building a 61% of independents said
massive new SportsCenter studio, hiring hundreds “It’s mostly silly to blame politics for ESPN’s they would be comfort-
of online writers, and forking over billions for financial decline,” said Derek Thompson in The able living with a room-
live sports rights. But now ratings have declined Atlantic.com. People who pay hundreds of dollars mate with opposing
16 percent in a year, as the network bleeds sub- for a cable package of dozens of stations don’t can- political views. Only 39% of
scribers. Americans are increasingly “cutting the cel it purely because of irritating commentary on Democrats said they’d be
cord” on cable packages—and with Twitter and one. ESPN’s loss of 10 million subscribers mostly comfortable.
The Dartmouth
YouTube delivering instantaneous game highlights, reflects how viewers consume media: 23 percent of
who needs SportsCenter? With $8 billion in sub- U.S. households have opted out of cable bundles Q48% of Americans be-
scriber revenues, “ESPN is still wildly profitable,” in favor of “à la carte” internet TV, or streaming lieve in the existence of the
but it’s in a steep decline. services such as Netflix, Hulu, and Sling TV. To “deep state,” or a group of
compete, ESPN will probably have to create its “military, intelligence, and
government officials who
You can also blame ESPN’s “retreat into the fever own streaming product and downsize. But the net-
try to secretly manipulate
swamp of leftist politics,” said Sean Davis in The work isn’t doomed. Americans are moving away
government policy.”
Federalist.com. Viewers seeking NFL and NBA from cable, but not “toward a future where they ABC News
highlights have been forced to endure “know- stop watching sports on television.”
AP

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


20 NEWS Technology

Privacy: The downside of ‘free’ apps


It’s “a Silicon Valley tale as old as time,” said deaf response, said Ashley Carman in TheVerge
Brian Feldman in NYMag.com. A technology .com. One co-founder even wrote an angry blog
company comes along offering a handy service post asserting that if Unroll.me’s critics were
that just so happens to be free. Users sign up in shocked by the company’s data collection, “they
droves. Then it’s revealed that the company has have clearly been living under a rock.” The post
been harvesting and selling their data, and those was “insensitive,” but it “has a point.” Nearly
same users revolt. This time, the pitchforks are every major tech company makes money from
out for Unroll.me, an app that scans users’ email user data. Why do you think your Gmail account
accounts to unsubscribe them from junk mail. The is free?
New York Times recently reported that Unroll.me
scanned its users’ email for Lyft receipts and sold But just “how open was Unroll.me about what
the anonymized data to Uber to help that firm it does?” asked Kashmir Hill in Gizmodo.com.
keep tabs on its ride-hailing rival. The revelation As with most tech companies, its privacy policy is
was a minor detail in a bigger profile on Uber buried in pages of impenetrable legalese nobody
CEO Travis Kalanick, but it sparked the predict- can realistically bother to read. By one estimate,
able firestorm on social media, with users angrily internet users would have to take an entire
denouncing Unroll.me. The company’s response month off work to read through the terms of ser-
was just as typical: Don’t blame us. “It was in the vice agreements for all the apps and websites they
terms of service.” use. Unroll.me’s agreement is particularly egre-
gious, warning users in fine gray print of its vague
What exactly is the big deal? said Stephen Bron- Unroll.me comes with a ‘price.’ plans to gather “non-personal information” to
ner in Entrepreneur.com. Internet users “should “build anonymous market research products
be savvy enough by now to know that there is no such thing as and services.” Whatever that is, it’s not a clear explanation of
free.” Unroll.me warned users in its privacy policy that it might Unroll.me’s business model. Take this uproar as a reminder to
sell their data, but there’s also nothing wrong with asking for check the permissions you’ve given various apps to access your
something in return for providing a useful service. Unroll.me email and social media accounts, said Brian Barrett in Wired
employees “need their paychecks, and I need a less cluttered .com. Once again, the tech industry adage holds true: “If it’s
inbox.” Still, Unroll.me didn’t do itself any favors with its tone- free, you’re the product.”

Innovation of the week Bytes: What’s new in tech


Researchers at the University of Google buries the (fake) lede machine learning and advice from fashion
California, Berkeley and MIT have Google isn’t planning to rid its search results specialists to help users decide which outfit to
built a of fake news, “but it’s trying to purge it from wear. Ask Alexa to take photos or videos of
device the top,” said Mark Bergen in Bloomberg you wearing different clothing combinations
that can .com. The company is “making a rare, sweep- and Style Check will show side-by-side results
harvest ing change” to the algorithm that powers its to help you choose the ideal outfit. The device
water
ubiquitous search engine. Google’s 10,000- could help Amazon, which is already the top
from
even plus staff of “raters,” who are responsible for online clothing retailer, further cement its hold
the dri- assessing search results, will now flag web on the fashion industry.
est desert air, said Adele Peters in pages hosting hoaxes, conspiracy theories,
FastCompany.com. The small, solar- and other items the company has dubbed Arizonans test self-driving cars
powered box contains a sponge-like “low-quality content.” Articles that are found “Waymo’s self-driving minivans are now of-
material called a metal-organic to be “misleading, false, or offensive” will be fering rides to real people,” said Andrew
framework. That material grabs and demoted in search results, so they won’t be Hawkins in TheVerge.com. The autonomous
holds water molecules from the among the first a user sees. Last month, for vehicle startup, which spun off from Google
cool desert night air when the box
is left open overnight. Closed during
example, searches for “is Obama planning a last year, recently launched its “early rider
the day, the box uses the sun’s heat coup” returned “a blatantly wrong article” program” in Arizona. Residents living in the
to release the water molecules as as the top result; that item will now be buried Phoenix area can apply on Waymo’s website
vapor, which is then condensed into further down. for free rides, with the company using their
clean drinking water. The latest ver- feedback to improve the technology. A backup
sion of the device can harvest a little Alexa’s eye for style driver will be behind the wheel of Waymo’s
more than half a gallon of water per “If a computer tells you with 64 percent cer- Chrysler Pacific minivans “at all times, but
day, though larger versions could tainty that what you’re wearing isn’t your best, the company insists that the vehicle will drive
potentially supply enough water “for without human intervention as much as pos-
would you change?” asked Mike Murphy in
showers, laundry, and other uses
beyond drinking water.” Researchers Qz.com. Amazon’s artificially intelligent per- sible.” It’s a “major milestone” for Google’s
say the next step is to figure out how sonal assistant Alexa will now dish out fash- parent company, Alphabet, “which has been
Unroll.me, MIT

to mass-produce the box’s sponge- ion advice though the company’s Echo Look, operating self-driving cars on public roads for
like material. a camera-equipped version of its Echo home years without allowing real people to experi-
speaker. A new feature called Style Check uses ence the technology first-hand.”
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
Health & Science NEWS 21

Early human arrivals in North America?


A group of scientists has claimed that where have concluded that the bones
ancient humans may have settled in are 130,000 years old, and that they were
North America as long as 130,000 years opened when fresh by a Neanderthal or
ago—some 115,000 years earlier than other ancient human relative using rocks
previously thought. The controversial to try to extract bone marrow. It’s widely
assertion, which is viewed with skepti- accepted that Homo sapiens arrived in
cism by most other paleontologists, North America about 15,000 years ago,
is based on analysis of the fossilized across a land bridge connecting Siberia
remains of a mastodon, a long-extinct and Alaska; the mastodon findings, if Scratches and dents on the mastodon bones
mammoth-like animal. Discovered beside confirmed, would indicate that another
a freeway near San Diego in 1992, the hominin species somehow reached this pressure from the sediment on top of it.
mastodon bones were scratched and continent much earlier. If that hypoth- Paleontologist Thomas A. Deméré, a co-
broken into many pieces, surrounded by esis is true, it would rewrite the story of author of the study, acknowledged that
several large rocks that may have served human migration. Skeptics argue that the findings seem “impossible,’’ but said,
as hammers and anvils. Researchers there are more-plausible explanations for “People have to be open to the possibility
at the University of Michigan and else- the bone fractures and markings, such as that humans were here this long ago.’’

landfills: the humble wax worm. surprise, a parallel study of sugary drinks
Federica Bertocchini, a developmen- did not find a similar association. Matthew
tal biologist and amateur beekeeper Pase, the study’s lead author, offered sev-
in Spain, first came up with the idea eral caveats on the findings, most notably
after finding her beehives infested that the actual number of diagnoses was
with the beeswax-loving caterpillar very low and that the results showed only
larvae of wax moths. She put the correlation, not causation. He also urged
grubs in a plastic bag—whereupon people not to see the study as an incentive
they immediately ate their way out. to switch to regular soda, noting that sug-
Plastic and wax have similar chemi- ary drinks have been linked to obesity, poor
cal structures. Bertocchini posited memory, and accelerated brain aging. But
Our plastic refuse travels far and wide. that in evolving to digest wax, wax Pase did say the findings suggested consum-
worms may have also gained the ers should be “cautious” about their diet
Trash in the Arctic Ocean ability to break down polyethylene, soda intake and switch to water or other
The world’s seas have long been littered the world’s most common plastic. She took unsweetened drinks.
with trillions of tiny pieces of plastic—and her theory to biochemists at the University
a lot of it is ending up in the Arctic Ocean. of Cambridge, who found that 100 wax Health scare of the week
The first major survey of the region’s icy worms could gulp down 92 milligrams of Pollution reaches bloodstream
waters found that the planet’s northernmost polyethylene in about 12 hours and degrade Tiny airborne pollutants from power
ocean is clogged with about 300 billion plastic bags much faster than any known plants, cars, and trucks may be able to
pieces of debris from things like plastic bot- method. “If a single enzyme is responsible get through the lungs’ filter system and
tles, bags, and fishing lines. Carried there for this chemical process,” study co-author work their way into the bloodstream,
from the North Atlantic by a major ocean Paolo Bombelli tells CNN.com, “its repro- new research suggests. Scientists at the
current, this seaborne junk has few ways to duction on a large scale using biotechno- University of Edinburgh in the U.K. asked
escape the “dead-end” ocean, reports The logical methods should be achievable.” 14 healthy volunteers to inhale air filled
New York Times. The pollution is different with harmless gold nanoparticles. They
from the “trash patches” that have accu- Diet soda and dementia found that these nanoparticles were detect-
mulated in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans; Sugar-free versions of soda may increase able in the participants’ blood within
rather than collecting in certain areas, people’s risk of suffering 15 minutes and were still in their blood
the debris in the Arctic is spreading more a stroke or develop- and urine three months later. When
evenly throughout the sea. “We don’t fully ing dementia, reports the researchers then tested 12 people
understand the consequences the plastic is The Washington Post. who were due to undergo surgery to
having or will have in our oceans,” says Scientists at Boston clear blocked arteries, they found that
University studied more the gold nanoparticles accumulated
Tom Deméré/San Diego Natural History Museum, Getty (2)

study leader Andrés Cózar Cabañas. “What


we do know is that these consequences than 4,000 people over in the fatty plaques that grew inside
will be felt at greater scale in an ecosystem a 10-year period. They the patients’ blood vessels. If the reactive
like this.” Cabañas says further research found that those who compounds found in air pollution act in
is needed to determine whether ocean cur- consumed at least one the same way, they could increase the risk
rents could eventually enable the plastic to artificially sweetened drink for heart disease, stroke, and other health
work its way out of the region. a day were almost three issues. “There is no doubt that air pollution
times more likely to have is a killer,” Jeremy Pearson from the British
Plastic-eating caterpillars a stroke or be diagnosed Heart Foundation charity tells Reuters.com.
Scientists may have found an unlikely with dementia than those “This study brings us a step closer to solving
candidate to clean up the mounds of non- who had one or fewer a the mystery of how air pollution damages
biodegradable plastic trash in the world’s week. To the researchers’ our cardiovascular health.”
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
22 NEWS Pick of the week’s cartoons

THE WEEK May 12, 2017 For more political cartoons, visit: www.theweek.com/cartoons.
Pick of the week’s cartoons NEWS 23

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


24 ARTS
Review of reviews: Books
economics professor Michael Jensen was
Book of the week hired and began spreading the gospel that
The Golden Passport: Harvard the sole duty of business managers is to
maximize shareholder value. McDonald’s
Business School, the Limits “deliciously iconoclastic” account doesn’t
of Capitalism, and the Moral pin all the blame on Harvard, but it traces
Failure of the MBA Elite how Jensen’s creed laid the groundwork for
by Duff McDonald the leveraged-buyout boom, runaway CEO
pay, and the global financial crisis.
(HarperBusiness, $35)
Harvard Business School is undeniably the McDonald isn’t wrong, but “he falls vic-
elite brand in its field, said James Stewart tim to admiring the problem,” said Claire
in The New York Times. But being top dog Preisser in AspenInstitute.org. At one point,
can’t shield the 109-year-old institution Tomorrow’s CEOs, ready for launch he cites an Aspen Institute survey that he
from being blamed for “pretty much every says shows how business schools poison the
bad thing that has happened in American “This is serious history, broad in its sweep minds of their students—because they enter
business in the last century.” That’s what and meticulous in the detail,” said Matthew talking about social responsibilities and
author Duff McDonald has done with his Stewart in The Wall Street Journal. Long leave saying only shareholder value mat-
600-page history of the school—a valuable before McDonald reaches the ’80s, he piles ters. But that survey was published in 2002.
book that would have been even better up evidence that none of the various man- Since then, “there has been a sea change”
if it’d been more balanced. McDonald’s agement theories Harvard has espoused in the aspirations of b-school students,
“scathing” brief charges that the busi- should ever have been taken seriously, espe- at least according to anecdotal evidence.
ness school was founded to create socially cially because the theories always served to Has a more socially conscious generation
responsible corporate leaders but has pur- enrich the school and its graduates before reshaped these graduate schools’ values?
sued easy money at every turn. “Agree with anyone else. Often, professors have lauded McDonald doesn’t say, though he acknowl-
him or not” on each point of his indictment, the practices of the very corporations that edges that Jensen’s influence has waned.
he’s at least right that in the mid-1980s, the were paying them as consultants. But the McDonald is too busy criticizing Harvard
school began teaching a profits-first mindset school at least gave lip service to the idea of Business School for its past. Meanwhile,
that did real damage in the wider world. social responsibility until about 1984, when “business schools have moved on.”

Shattered: Inside Hillary refused to buy yard signs, TV advertising


Novel of the week Clinton’s Doomed Campaign in the Midwest, or even a single poll in the
A Line Made by Walking by Jonathan Allen and Amie Parnes race’s crucial final three weeks. Campaign
chairman John Podesta filled the Scarecrow
by Sara Baume (Crown, $28)
role, proving in his embarrassing leaked
(Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, $25) Forget James Comey; emails to have been a man without a brain.
With her second novel, the author of forget Russia, said And Bill Clinton played the Cowardly Lion,
2015’s breathtaking Spill Simmer Falter John Podhoretz in all big ideas and bluster until aides reminded
Wither has retreated into her own head, the New York Post. him he helped blow Hillary’s 2008 race.
said Melissa Harrison in the Financial The first big post- But the inside-baseball gossip—as fun as it
Times. That’s not a terrible thing, mortem on how is—is also “the least meaningful part of the
though, because her writing is “near Hillary Clinton book,” said Jeff Stein in Vox.com. Allen and
faultless: instinctively balanced, precise,
managed to lose Parnes are even better at proving that the
and often surprising.” Those qualities
even hold when her protagonist is a the 2016 election candidate failed her team more than they
young would-be artist who has holed “makes indisputably failed her. From the announcement of her
up in a rural home in Ireland to nurse clear that she was the candidacy on, each time she was called upon
her doubts. “If you’ve ever looked inside worst major presi- to articulate where she hoped to take the
yourself and disliked what you saw,” dential candidate in country, she came up empty.
said Dwight Garner in The New York our lifetime.” Co-authors Jonathan Allen
Times, “you will respond to Frankie.” and Amie Parnes interviewed more than But Clinton is hardly alone in her lack of
She’s a dark cloud around whom little 100 members of the Clinton campaign, and vision, said Matt Taibbi in Rolling Stone.
happens, but even when this book by granting most of them anonymity, piled “The real protagonist of this book is a
about her becomes a dull wallow, it oc- up “headshaking detail after headshaking Washington political establishment that has
casionally spits out another prickly and detail” about the political incompetence of lost the ability to explain itself or its motives
profound line. “It’s time to accept that I to people outside the Beltway.” If the end-
the candidate and her top aides.
am average,” Frankie thinks at one point, ing to this story weren’t so consequential,
“and to stop making this acceptance of The plot of Shattered reads like “pure L. Frank “Shattered would be an awesome comedy.”
my averageness into a bereavement.” At
Baum,” said Joseph Bottum in the Wash- But it gave us President Trump, and the
times, she will “make you want to send
her to her room without supper,” said ington Free Beacon. Chief strategist Robby only party that can unseat him appears
Sam Sacks in The Wall Street Journal. Mook made the perfect Tin Man: A geek to be mired in a profound identity crisis.
But you’ll still be glad to have met her. guided by computer analytics instead of his “Trump or no Trump, the Democrats need
Getty

heart, he was so tight with money that he therapy—and soon.”


THE WEEK May 12, 2017
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26 ARTS The Book List
Author of the week Best books...chosen by Fredrik Backman
Swedish novelist Fredrik Backman is the author of A Man Called Ove, the interna-
Valeria Luiselli tional best-seller that inspired an Oscar-nominated film. In his new novel, Beartown,
Valeria Luiselli views current a fading rural community pins its hopes on a youth hockey team’s run at a title.
immigration debates from a
unique perch, said Rahawa The Brothers Lionheart by Astrid Lindgren This was my first experience of absolute binge
Haile in RollingStone.com. (Oxford, $12.50). My mother read this to me reading, and maybe my first love.
The Mexico City–born novel- when my grandfather died, when I was 6, to
ist, essayist, and academic find a way to talk to me about death. It was A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
lived in many countries during that reading that I discovered I could (Bantam, $4). I don’t remember the first time I
before settling in New York heard it read, but I do remember that the first
actually read for myself. So Lindgren taught me
City. Then, time I read it for myself I was blown away by
how to read and how not to be afraid of dying,
in 2015, her
all at the same time. I still read The Brothers how clever the language was, and how playful.
green card
Lionheart at least once a year, and it’s still my I still write with the hope that I will always love
got lost in the
mail, forcing all-time favorite novel. words as much as I do every time I read Dickens.
her to tem-
porarily step The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Harry Potter: The Complete Series by J.K.
away from Douglas Adams (Del Rey, $8). This was one of Rowling (Scholastic, $87). I’ve never really
teaching and the first books that made me understand it was longed to relive my childhood. Except for this:
inspiring her to volunteer as a OK for literature to be silly and funny and stu- I wish I could be 7 years old again, just to be
pro bono translator for a fed- pid and hilarious. I assume that this life-altering able to read Harry Potter for the very first time.
eral immigration court. For experience at age 10 or 11 still shows in my There are certain things in a story like that one
the next year, she interviewed writing today. that an adult can never fully understand. We get
immigrant children who had old; we forget how to be that smart.
fled Guatemala, Honduras, The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
or El Salvador on their own, (Mariner, $20). Over a summer when I was Shogun by James Clavell (Dell, $10). It’s not
mostly to escape drug vio- about 9, Tolkien consumed me. The adventure, life-changing; it’s not the greatest piece of lit-
lence. Many had traveled the storytelling, the magical lands and terrify- erature ever written; it’s definitely not flawless.
alone on freight trains and ing creatures inhabiting them were all I thought But it’s good. Fun. Entertaining. An adventure.
become victims of rape, and about. When I was done, I started all over again. Sometimes that’s quite enough.
their stories opened Luiselli’s
eyes. “Truth be told,” she
says, “what I was seeing in
court every day made it clear Also of interest...working lives in fiction
that my situation was very
privileged.”
Startup Temporary People
by Doree Shafrir (Little, Brown, $26) by Deepak Unnikrishnan (Restless, $18)
In her new book, Tell Me How
It Ends, Luiselli uses the There’s “giddy fun” to be had in sepa- Deepak Unnikrishnan’s “thought-
40 questions on the govern- rating fiction from reality in this tech- provoking” debut is set in a real-life
ment’s immigration intake industry satire, said Marion Winik in shadow world, said Ilana Masad in
form to structure the stories Newsday. As author Doree Shafrir The Washington Post. The United
she shares. She also weaves follows various young Brooklynites Arab Emirates, where Unnikrishnan
in an account of the larger trying to make good, she freely mixes grew up, is largely populated by for-
North American migrant cri- truth with invention. An Uber-like app for stroller eign guest workers, and the author evocatively
sis, and her directness may service? That’s Shafrir. Morning dance parties to conveys their provisional status through 28 linked
surprise those who know get workers energized? Those happened. Though stories, fragments, and poems. One memorable
her for subtle, surreal nov- the spine of Startup is a sexual harassment scandal piece is “simply a list of dozens of occupations
els like 2015’s prizewinning that resolves predictably, “the cleverness of every- that become slowly more political.” The last
The Story of My Teeth, said thing else is such that you almost don’t notice.” entries: “Place builder. Laborer. Cog.”
Wendy Smith in Newsday.
Luiselli doesn’t hector read- The Exploded View The Devil and Webster
ers, though—in part because
she thinks Mexico has been by Ivan Vladislavic (Archipelago, $18) by Jean Hanff Korelitz (Grand Central, $27)
more brutal in its treatment This provocative quartet of stories by The college-president protagonist
of Central American migrants one of South Africa’s most celebrated of this semi-satirical campus novel
than the U.S. has. “There’s writers captures a city in disorient- “couldn’t be more likable,” said
no use pointing fingers,” she ing transition, said Sam Sacks in The Maureen Corrigan in NPR.org.
says. “The idea is to show Wall Street Journal. In one tale, a A former student radical herself,
how deeply we all are con-
Linnéa Jonasson, Alfredo Pelcastre

census worker becomes infatuated Naomi Roth responds with compas-


nected in the hemisphere,
with a TV star he interviews. In another, a black sion when student demonstrators—including her
so that the children’s exodus
does not seem like a foreign
artist exhibits kitsch takes on African masks. In daughter—start a protest movement with few dis-
problem we have nothing to all four, boundaries are unstable, and the post- cernible demands. But as the conflict keeps esca-
do with, but a problem that apartheid Johannesburg we glimpse is “a place lating anyway, this daring book from the author
is ours.” where the authentic and the ersatz become hope- of Admission proves “wittily on target” about
lessly confused.” the current state of campus identity politics.
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
Review of reviews: Art & Stage ARTS 27
Exhibit of the week devising challenging sets—most famously a
sharp corner whose walls boxed in Marcel
Irving Penn Centennial Duchamp, Marlene Dietrich, and other
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York individual subjects. He would continue to
City, through July 30 expose photography’s artifices, toting around
Irving Penn (1917–2009) was so much more the same backdrop of painted clouds for
than a fashion photographer, said Michael shoot after shoot. But the thread connecting
Agovino in The Village Voice. Whatever the all his work was his respect for every subject.
subject at hand, the New Jersey–born son of His was a vision “fixed on form and beauty
a clockmaker “approached his work with in their many guises.”
a classical rigor and playful curiosity that
chipped away at the walls between fine art To Penn, even litter deserved close attention,
and commerce and helped define the visual said William Meyers in The Wall Street
vernacular of contemporary America.” Journal. Shortly after the 1971 death of his
Hired into the New York magazine industry chain-smoking mentor, Alexey Brodovitch,
in 1938, Penn became widely known ini- Penn began collecting, arranging, and pho-
tially for the images of models and celebri- tographing cigarette butts. The resulting 17
ties he created for Vogue. But his first Vogue platinum-palladium prints turned out to be
cover was an early still life, and when he “exquisite mug shots of deadly assassins,”
trained his camera on subjects in the field, with every flake of ash and shred of tobacco
“Penn invested tradesmen and artisans with calling attention to the barbarism of the cul-
the same grace and nobility as foreign digni- ture that abetted smoking’s crimes. The ciga-
taries and Hollywood icons.” As the Met’s rette series is the type of work that sets Penn
centennial celebration of Penn makes plain, Penn’s Cigarette No. 37 (1972) apart from his closest peer, Richard Avedon,
he mixed modes because that’s what the said Mark Feeney in The Boston Globe.
times called for, and “he did it all, basically, graphs that draw inspiration from European Where Avedon was a romantic, Penn was a
with style.” painting traditions but add of-the-moment fatalist, aware at all times that nothing lives
slovenliness, including a housefly and spilled forever. Two paired portraits of Truman
More than 220 prints are on display, and peppercorns. The first gallery presents a Capote, one taken in 1948 and one in 1965,
“nearly every gallery exhales its own deli- collection of Penn’s 1947–48 portraits— after Capote had been diminished by too
cious breeze,” said Roberta Smith in The “some of art’s greatest”—all created when many pills and too much liquor, function as
New York Times. Visitors are greeted by Vogue’s art director decided to find out how a memento mori. “Look closely, selfie tak-
two “slightly crazed” but “insuperably young Penn would handle shooting a series ers: Irving Penn has left you a reminder of
elegant” still lifes of food—1947 photo- of older cultural icons. Penn responded by what awaits us all.”

A Doll’s House, Part 2


John Golden Theatre, New York City, (212) 239-6200 ++++

“Welcome back, Mrs. Helmer,” said Ben stoicism for laughs. Though Hnath indulges
Brantley in The New York Times. When in a few too many “wink-wink” references to
an insistent knocking opens Lucas Hnath’s the still-unrealized future of women’s rights,
“smart, funny, and utterly engrossing” he’s given Broadway audiences “an imagina-
sequel to A Doll’s House, anyone familiar tive postscript to a well-loved standard.”
with Henrik Ibsen’s original will guess who’s
waiting to enter. Nora Helmer shocked the At least that’s how the average theatergoer
world in 1879 when she slammed that door, will greet Hnath’s “thuddingly predictable”
walking out on her husband, her children, tale, said Terry Teachout in The Wall Street
and her comfortable upper-middle-class Journal. Hnath knows his left-leaning audi-
Norwegian domestic life. Now she’s back, ence walks in wanting to support Nora’s
Metcalf’s Nora Helmer: A trailblazer returns.
15 years later, to find out why Torvald, her decision to abandon her family to seek
jilted husband, never finalized their divorce. and from the moment the Helmers’ long- fulfillment, and he doesn’t challenge that
As played by Laurie Metcalf in a perfor- time nanny, Anne Marie, lets loose her first impulse at all. But we’re not meant to side
mance “exquisitely poised between high F-word, the characters demonstrate convinc- blindly with Nora, said Alexis Soloski in
comedy and visceral angst,” Nora seems ing fluency in 21st-century vernacular. Even TheGuardian.com. Nora’s 19-year-old
both nervous to be returning and rightfully so, Part 2 is respectful of the source mate- daughter, Emmy, was clearly scarred by her
pleased with herself. She’s transformed her- rial, taking its characters’ stories seriously mother’s disappearance, and even mounts a
self into a successful novelist who, writing even as it piles on punch lines. Because Nora strong case for marriage. Far from being a
under a pseudonym, has become a promi- and Torvald are still legally married, Nora is pat endorsement of Nora’s decision, the play
nent critic of marriage. in danger of losing everything she’s created “can even be read as a forceful critique of
on her own because of a law prohibiting a self-actualization.” Though you might prefer
Continuities aside, “this is not your grand- married woman from conducting any busi- more suspense in any show you step out for,
Brigitte Lacombe

mother’s Ibsen,” said Maya Stanton in ness without her husband’s consent. Metcalf “the play’s sophisticated arguments about
Entertainment Weekly. To begin with, strikes up a pleasingly tetchy rapport with what we owe to ourselves and to each other
Hnath’s follow-up is consistently funny, co-star Chris Cooper, who plays Torvald’s are welcome mat enough.”
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
28 ARTS Review of reviews: Film & Music
Risk You may think you know all
there is to know about Julian
London, where Assange has lived
since 2012 to avoid extradition,
Directed by Laura Poitras Assange, said Adam Clark Estes Risk “doesn’t deliver the engross-
(Not rated) in Gizmodo.com. But you’ve ing thrills of Citizenfour,” said
++++ never really seen Assange “up Eric Kohn in IndieWire.com.
A portrait of close and ugly” like this, and But it radiates “the same degree
WikiLeaks’ founder “that’s exactly why you must of urgency,” and the close-
see Risk.” For five years, docu- quarters footage of Assange’s
mentarian Laura Poitras enjoyed team discussing how to release
unprecedented access to the Assange: The mirror doesn’t lie. its first document cache creates
embattled WikiLeaks founder, “the tense, elegant atmosphere
taking a break only to make Citizenfour, her Oscar- of a John le Carré spy novel.” Poitras appears to be
winning documentary on Edward Snowden. The sympathetic to Assange’s whistleblower mission, but
Assange we get to know seems “evil and deranged, Risk “doesn’t feel like a hagiography,” said Robbie
to be honest,” a man more interested in power than Collin in The Daily Telegraph (U.K.). Rather than
in serving the public by exposing government over- burnishing his public image, Risk “injects you into
reach. Shot mostly inside the Ecuadorian Embassy in the bloodstream of the Assange story.”

The Circle The new Tom Hanks–Emma


Watson thriller about the
she agrees to play guinea pig,
which is a big mistake: For view-
Directed by James Ponsoldt internet’s intrusions on privacy ers, “it’s hard to believe that this
(PG-13) “raises plenty of ideas that we clearly bright young woman
++++ should all be deeply concerned could also be such a gullible
Silicon Valley about,” said Stephanie Zacharek idiot.” The movie is part satire,
swallows a newbie. in Time. The movie, unfortu- part moralistic melodrama,
nately, “has no idea what to do and “a tonal mess,” said David
with them,” even though it’s Edelstein in NYMag.com. “It has
adapted from a four-year-old Watson: Too smart to play dumb great moments, though,” mostly
Dave Eggers novel. Watson involving Hanks or the late Bill
plays Mae Holland, a new hire at a Silicon Valley Paxton, playing Mae’s ailing father. In the end, said
tech firm that has begun promoting the idea that Robert Abele in the Los Angeles Times, The Circle
the world would be a better place if we all started is “like a buggy app—something you want to work”
wearing cameras 24 hours a day. When Mae hears a but that’s “doomed to be remembered more as a
personal pitch from Hanks’ Steve Jobs–like honcho, missed opportunity.”

Feist Willie Nelson Gorillaz


Pleasure God’s Problem Child Humanz
++++ ++++ ++++
Leslie Feist clearly Willie Nelson has Gorillaz has evolved
believes that an artist released half a dozen into “a surprising little
must change to grow, albums since 2013, and institution,” said Jayson
said Jim Fusilli in The while they’ve all been Greene in Pitchfork.com.
Wall Street Journal. great, his latest “reaches Nearly 20 years after
The Canadian singer- another level,” said Peter British singer-songwriter
songwriter, who records Blackstock in the Austin Damon Albarn and
under her last name, American-Statesman. illustrator Jamie Hewlett
scored a big hit 10 years ago with her chip- The outlaw country legend turned 84 last launched the cartoon band on a lark, the fran-
per pop tune “1234,” then flipped the script, week, and with God’s Problem Child, “argu- chise continues to pull in musical guests and
more than once. Her “dark, despondent” ably Nelson’s best album since the 1990s,” he put out hit records that sound like the playlist
fifth album is “a journey through abject confronts mortality. Not all of it is somber: for a doomsday mood of the moment. “As
pain,” a series of songs that brood over a Willie’s wry smile shines through on “Still usual, the guest list on Humanz promises
failed romance while pondering the pass- Not Dead,” for example, as he addresses untold riches on which the music doesn’t
ing of time. Feist has pared down her band, internet rumors of his demise. As usual, he deliver”: Mavis Staples, Vince Staples, Grace
often using just her own guitar and a touch shows “razor-sharp” taste in his covers, like Jones, and 13 other visitors contribute undis-
of percussion to accompany her breathy, the title track, a Jamey Johnson–Tony Joe tinguished vocal cameos that mostly get lost
evocative soprano. She plays tricks with White tune that here features vocals by the amid Albarn’s fat drums and “gloomy” synth
her voice, too, bending words and attacking since-deceased Leon Russell. “What’s most patches. This fifth Gorillaz album is also “a
certain lyrics “with a rawness that recalls PJ remarkable, though, is just how strong the little light on hooks,” said Alexis Petridis in
Harvey and Patti Smith.” Many of Pleasure’s entire album is from start to finish.” Another TheGuardian.com. “When Albarn remem-
most intriguing qualities have a dual edge, collection of country blues and honky-tonk bers to come up with melodies, his trade-
Business Wire, Frank Masi

said Erik Adams in AVClub.com. Atmospher- ballads couldn’t be called a major artistic mark languid melancholy is as affecting as
ics are favored over traditional song struc- statement, said Stephen Thomas Erlewine in ever,” but he almost seems to have too many
tures, to the point that the loosest tracks are AllMusic.com. “It’s simply an uncommonly ideas about guests to work with and subjects
nearly indistinct. In the end, though, all the strong latter-day record from Willie Nel- to cover in his lyrics. Twenty years in, “there
musical risks Feist has taken “contribute to son,” one whose understated performances are substantially worse problems for an artist
the record’s capacity for surprise.” “seem richer with repeated spins.” to have than that.”
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
Television ARTS 29

Movies on TV The Week’s guide to what’s worth watching


Monday, May 8 Independent Lens: The Prison in
Ordinary People Twelve Landscapes
Robert Redford’s Oscar- The U.S. prison system has grown to massive
winning directorial debut size, housing seven times more inmates than it did
zooms in on a family griev- 40 years ago. Filmmaker Brett Story’s impression-
ing the loss of a son. Donald istic documentary looks at the ways the growth
Sutherland, Mary Tyler has affected individual lives and communities. In
Moore, and Timothy Hutton one impoverished Kentucky coal-mining town,
co-star. (1980) 5:55 p.m., the a new federal prison offers hope of economic
Movie Channel recovery. In Missouri’s St. Louis County, empty
Tuesday, May 9 prison beds encourage the use of incarceration to
Gandhi battle the pettiest misdemeanors. Monday, May 8,
Richard Attenborough’s at 10 p.m., PBS; check local listings
biopic garnered eight
Oscars, including the one Anne With an E
Ben Kingsley earned for his Fans of Anne of Green Gables have reason Green Gables–bound: McNulty’s impish Anne
turn as the leader of India’s to cheer. After a long string of staid TV adap-
independence movement. tations, the spirited orphan of Lucy Maud Masterpiece: King Charles III
(1982) 9:50 p.m., Movieplex Montgomery’s classic 1908 novel finally has With his mother still spry at 91, Great Britain’s
been given a spirited series-long interpretation. Prince Charles may never become his country’s
Wednesday, May 10
Amybeth McNulty delivers a true star turn as monarch. But this heady 90-minute drama,
Cover Girl
young Anne Shirley, a girl who lights up all of adapted from a Tony-nominated play, imagines
Rita Hayworth smolders
and Gene Kelly nails the Prince Edward Island when two elderly siblings what might happen if he did, bringing to life
dance numbers in a musi- bring her into their home as a helping hand. a reign marked by power struggles, first with
cal about a chorus girl who Breaking Bad writer Moira Walley-Beckett Parliament and then between Charles and Prince
leaves her beau behind for has found ways to add edge to the story that William, his more charismatic son. Tim Pigott-
a chance to be a star. (1944) even Montgomery would probably approve of. Smith, who died last month, shines as Charles,
8 p.m., TCM Available for streaming Friday, May 12, Netflix a role he also played on Broadway and in
Thursday, May 11 London’s West End. Sunday, May 14, at 9 p.m.,
28 Days Later Motherboard PBS; check local listings
A London bike courier
Vice Media’s science-and-technology website is
rolling out fresh episodes of its acclaimed video Other highlights
wakes from a coma to dis- Dear Mama: An Event to Honor Moms
cover the human race has news series, beginning with a look at smart guns.
Advocates love that these weapons can only be La La Anthony and Blackish’s Anthony Ander-
succumbed to a zombie son co-host a celebrity tribute to mothers, with
virus. From director Danny fired by the owner or authorized users. So why
aren’t they the only kind of guns sold in this guests Kelly Rowland, DJ Khaled, and Robin
Boyle. (2003) 9:45 p.m.,
Cinemax country? Friday, May 12, at 9 p.m., Viceland Thicke. Monday, May 8, at 10 p.m., VH1
Friday, May 12 Master of None American Race
Slumdog Millionaire More Aziz, please. In one short season that Outspoken NBA legend Charles Barkley travels
In another memorable ended almost 18 months ago, Aziz Ansari the country to engage in dialogues on race, in
Danny Boyle drama, a proved he was, at the very least, master of his a four-episode, two-night special. Thursday,
kid from Mumbai’s slums
own streaming comedy series. Master of None May 11, at 9 p.m., TNT
becomes a game-show
phenom forced to share his
now returns, and it’s as wryly funny and deeply Inside Buckingham Palace
remarkable life story. With personal as ever. Season 2 opens in Italy, where A series about the home of British royalty
Dev Patel and Freida Pinto. Ansari’s Dev fled to attend pasta-making school focuses its latest episode on the six-decade reign
(2008) 8 p.m., HBO in the aftermath of breaking up with Rachel. of the current queen, Elizabeth II. Saturday,
Saturday, May 13 Available for streaming Friday, May 12, Netflix May 13, at 7 p.m., Smithsonian Channel
Easy Rider
Two hippie bikers complete
a big drug deal and head
Show of the week
out on a cross-country road
I Love Dick
trip. With Peter Fonda and When Jill Soloway creates TV, it’s wise to tune
Dennis Hopper, plus a live- in. The provocatively titled second Amazon
wire Jack Nicholson. (1969) series from the Transparent mastermind adapts
7:20 p.m., Encore a 1997 cult novel by Chris Kraus. Kathryn Hahn
stars as Chris, a New Yorker who follows her
Caitlin Cronenberg/Netflix, Patrick Wymore

Sunday, May 14 husband to Marfa, Texas, and becomes ob-


I Remember Mama sessed with a postmodern cowboy professor
Spend Mother’s Day with played by Kevin Bacon. The female gaze is
your mom, and then with Soloway’s subject, and she wrings both laughs
Irene Dunne, as she plays and shocks from the way Chris objectifies Dick.
the saintly matron of a There’s more, too, like the messy relationships
Norwegian immigrant fam- that Soloway handles better than anyone else.
ily. (1948) 8 p.m., TCM Bacon and Hahn: Deconstructing chemistry Available for streaming Friday, May 12, Amazon

• All listings are Eastern Time. THE WEEK May 12, 2017
30 LEISURE
Food & Drink
Critics’ choice: Culture clashes that somehow click
Young Joni Minneapolis mingling of beef chili and crispy octopus
Ann Kim and Conrad Leifur are doing so fritters. If you’re feeling adventurous, con-
many things right at their latest venture sult the chinmi menu, where the offerings
that its formula “will be studied and rep- include sweet-and-sour jellyfish and each
licated for years,” said Rick Nelson in the item gets a funkiness rating, ranging from
Minneapolis Star Tribune. While still oper- Kenny G (zero funk) to James Brown.
ating their nationally acclaimed Pizzeria 2713 E. 2nd St., (512) 893-5561
Lola across town, the husband-wife team
decided to go big in northern Minneapolis, Manuela Los Angeles
creating a full-service restaurant in a one- You might think collards and grits wouldn’t
of-a-kind space. Gorgeous but casual, cav- fly at the on-site restaurant at Hauser &
ernous but cozy, the setting, in fact, “might Wirth’s museum-size contemporary art gal-
be mistaken for a tech billionaire’s idea of lery, said Jonathan Gold in the Los Angeles
a tree house.” Then comes the food: pizzas, Times. But injecting rural homeyness into
of course, but also several dishes, rooted in one of SoCal’s most urbane spaces is “avant-
Korean family traditions, that have been garde in its own way,” and Wes Whitsell’s
ingeniously reimagined by Kim and are pre- brilliant cooking is making it all work.
pared over an oak-fired open hearth. You The bar at Young Joni: A ‘tree house’ vibe Whitsell shows his hand with an appetizer
could be happy ordering the daily whole- platter called the Redneck: butter biscuits,
fish special every night, but then you’d miss Austin American-Statesman. When you pimento cheese, thin-sliced country ham,
out on the “delectable” Asian-style spare walk in for the first time, “it’s hard to tell and deviled eggs so good they’d “not be out
ribs and grilled prawns dressed in chiles where the vintage Lone Star signs and of place at a proper Georgia funeral.” It’s
and lime juice. With vegetable plates, too, assorted Texana end and Japanese art and “easy to snap into a reverie here,” sitting
Kim again and again “demonstrates how artifacts begin”—or why Sly Stone pro- beneath a large Mark Bradford painting as
the marriage of imagination and craftsman- vides apt background music. But “leave it you bite into a juicy venison cheeseburger.
ship can heighten a taken-for-granted expe- to two hip-hop DJs to find a way to layer There are live chickens out back and a
rience into a revelation.” 165 13th Ave. seemingly disparate threads into a tight, Raymond Pettibon mural in the next room,
N.E., (612) 345-5719 electric groove.” Tatsu Aikawa and Takuya which could be disorienting if Whitsell had
Matsumoto both grew up in Austin, so it less control. But then dessert is offered, and
Kemuri Tatsu-ya Austin shouldn’t be a surprise that their brisket is one option is a plate of just-picked local
Texas barbecue meets a Japanese pub at near world-class. The brisket provides the Kishu mandarins. It takes “a particular kind
this “transcendent mashup” from the two foundation for two great ramen bowls. Still, of genius in the kitchen to know when to let
friends who ignited a Texas ramen craze “the best of the Texas-Japan hybrid dishes” perfection speak for itself.” 907 E. 3rd St.,
five years ago, said Matthew Odam in the is chili-cheese takoyaki, a Frito pie–like (323) 849-0480

Brandy: Just getting serious Recipe of the week


Brandy, “the quiet giant of the liquor Tapioca pearls are tasteless on their own, but in sabudana khichdi they “take on a
industry,” is being made over, said Clay new life,” said Arthi Subramaniam in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. In this traditional
Risen in The New York Times. A recent dish from western India, they absorb the flavors of cumin seeds, chiles, lime, and
growth spurt has the fruit-based spirit grated coconut, then are tossed with potato and peanuts. The result is “akin to
outselling gin and scotch in the U.S., spiced-up Israeli couscous,” and wonderful at breakfast or any other time of day.
and distillers are using the upswing to Sabudana khichdi
redefine what American brandy can be. 2 cups tapioca pearls • salt to taste • 2 russet potatoes, peeled and cubed • 2 tbsp veg-
Some aspire to the elegance of French etable oil • 1 tsp cumin seeds • 2 serrano chiles, chopped • 2 tbsp grated coconut • juice
cognac; another camp stresses powerful from 2 limes • ¾ cup lightly salted roasted peanuts • ¼ cup fresh cilantro, chopped
flavors—anything but syrupiness.
Osocalis Rare Alambic Brandy ($45). • Wash tapioca pearls well, covering about 1 minute. Then add potatoes,
“Citrus and spice notes dominate” in them with water and swirling them with chiles, and salt to taste. Reduce heat to
this California brandy, made from a your fingers to get rid of the excess medium and cook for about 10 minutes,
Eliesa Johnson, Lake Fong/Pittsburgh Post-Gazette/TNS

blend of red and white grapes using starch, then drain and repeat process stirring occasionally.
traditional French methods. twice more. Add salt and • Add coconut and cook,
Copper & Kings Butchertown mix well. Add water to stirring, for 2 minutes.
Brandy ($55). Kentucky-distilled, just cover tapioca, and Add softened tapioca.
this “punk rock” retort to tradition is let sit overnight, or at Add lime juice; mix well.
“redolent of dark fruits and caramel.” least 4 hours. Stir in peanuts; turn off
Catoctin Creek 1757 Virginia Brandy • Microwave the potato heat when all is well
($50). This “whiskey-like” spirit, also cubes for 5 minutes; combined. Taste and
made from a blend of grapes, is set aside. Heat oil over add more salt if needed.
aged two years, and offers “notes of medium-high and add Garnish with chopped
vanilla, spice, and stewed cherries.” cumin seeds. Stir for cilantro. Serves 6.

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


Travel LEISURE 31
This week’s dream: Elena Ferrante’s island escape
A captivating tale of friendship is luring ers are scattered about Negombo’s lush
a new generation of visitors to the Italian grounds, and from its long, shallow pri-
island of Ischia, said Joy Wang in the Los vate beach adults and kids can wade far
Angeles Times. This “vibrant, accessible out into the sea. “A visit there can easily
paradise” in the Gulf of Naples “received take an entire day.”
its first dose of glamour in the 1960s
when Elizabeth Taylor and Richard From Sorgeto, we hopped on a boat
Burton were photographed kissing here.” to the hip beach town of Sant’Angelo.
Interest in Ischia has been revived by Wandering the streets, we sipped Aperol
Elena Ferrante’s best-selling novel My Spritzes as the sun sank lazily into the
Brilliant Friend—the first volume of her Mediterranean. Our nights in Ischia
Neapolitan quartet—because the book’s Porto were similarly relaxed affairs. We
narrator, Elena, visits Ischia the first time perused the stores along Via Roma, or
Enjoying the slow life in Ischia
she leaves her hardscrabble Naples neigh- strolled the waterfront along Via Porto.
borhood. Inspired by Ferrante, five friends springs at Sorgeto, on the island’s south- Then, like true Italians, we’d enjoy a late
and I recently rented an apartment hidden west side. In My Brilliant Friend, Elena meal of fresh seafood—maybe octopus,
off a winding sidewalk in Ischia Porto, the says that Ischia revealed to her “the joy of fried whole small fish, or spaghetti with
island’s main town. We followed no itiner- the new,” and I felt that joy as I descended clams. We lingered over wine, our conver-
ary during our four-day stay. When we the 214 steps to join Italian tourists “soak- sation “punctuated by the occasional blast
weren’t dining out or relaxing at the many ing in the springs amid sharp, slippery of a ship’s horn or the heavy rumble of a
hot springs, we swam at a small white-sand rocks” and smearing themselves with gray ferry drawing anchor.”
beach outside our rental. mud. At spa complexes like Negombo
Thermal Gardens, “a more lavish way to At Hotel della Baia (baiahotel.com/en),
Using our broken Italian, we arranged a experience Ischia’s heated water” can be located at Negombo Thermal Gardens,
taxi ride from Ischio Porto to the thermal found. More than a dozen pools and show- doubles start at $165 per person.

Hotel of the week Getting the flavor of...


Dinosaur hunting in Wyoming Wisconsin’s Ice Age Trail
When I asked my two young sons if they You’ve probably heard of the Appalachian and
wanted to drive eight hours to dig for dinosaur Pacific Crest trails, said Beth Harpaz in the
bones, “the answer came quick and unani- Associated Press. But what about the Ice Age
mous: Absolutely!” said Rachel Walker in The Trail? Winding through a dramatic landscape of
Washington Post. The Wyoming Dinosaur Center woods, hills, and wetlands sculpted by retreating
in Thermopolis sits on top of a sedimentary rock glacial ice 12,000 years ago, the 1,100-mile trail
formation that’s “among the most fertile sources zigzags east to west across northern Wisconsin,
of dinosaur fossils in North America.” And from from St. Croix Falls to Potawatomi State Park.
A room with a bluff-top view
mid-May through mid-September, the center runs Just over half the trail is complete, so some
Timber Cove a Dig for a Day program, letting amateur paleon- stretches can be hard going, and GPS reception
Jenner, Calif. tologists hunt for the remains of sauropods, the is patchy, which means maps and compasses are
This 46-room getaway is long-necked behemoths that roamed the earth essential. Fewer than 150 people have walked the
the perfect place to sip fine roughly 65 million to 150 million years ago. Just route in its entirety, but Melanie McManus hopes
wine and gaze out at the an hour into our dig, my 6-year-old discovered a her new book, Thousand-Miler, will encourage
ocean, said Elaine Glusac black fossil so massive that the on-site geologist more to take up the challenge. Those willing to
in The New York Times. said a team would have to excavate it. Later, in make the trek can expect plenty of breathtaking
Built in 1963 on a rocky
the center’s lab, our guide gave the kids a power scenery, says McManus, who has completed the
bluff in Sonoma County, a
spot beloved by landscape drill to remove sediment from some smaller, prac- route twice. One descent into a grassy field, she
photographer Ansel Adams, tice fossils. A laboratory full of dino bones and writes, produced “a stunning effect, like a carpet
Timber Cove underwent power tools? For my boys, it was “pure bliss.” being unrolled for royalty.”
an eight-month renovation
last year. The pine-paneled
rooms were updated, and Last-minute travel deals
eight new ocean-facing Nevada spring skiing Graduate rewards Sail the Caribbean
suites and a farm-to-table With heavy winter snow still on The Rancha La Puerta spa resort Save $732 on a seven-night
restaurant were added. After the ground, Nevada’s Mount in Tecate, Mexico, is giving 2016 Caribbean cruise departing
a day spent exploring the Rose ski resort plans to stay and 2017 middle school, high from Miami on May 27, with
many local wineries or hik- open until Memorial Day. To school, and college graduates a stops in St. Maarten, Puerto
ing the area’s redwood-lined celebrate, the resort is heavily 25 percent discount. Weeklong Rico, and the Bahamas.
trails, guests are welcomed
Alamy, Timber Cove

discounting ski lift tickets, which stays through June 16 start at Staterooms with balconies
back with nightly campfires. now cost $60 a day for adults $2,812 per graduate, double start at $889 per person, based
timbercoveresort.com; and $30 for kids ages 6 to 15. occupancy—a saving of $938. on double occupancy.
doubles from $250 skirose.com rancholapuerta.com msccruiseusa.com

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


32 LEISURE Consumer
The Mini Cooper Countryman: What the critics say
Jalopnik.com Audi Q3 or the Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class.
“Mini is going big, and you’re just going to Somehow, though, it has a “considerably
have to sit there and like it.” The four-door more spacious interior than either of them.”
Countryman has been the British marque’s In our testing, the base model “struggled to
second-best-selling car since shortly after its get up to speed,” so we highly recommend
2010 launch, and the fully redesigned new moving up to the Cooper S, which generates
edition ups the ante. The 2017 Countryman 189 hp. Whatever Countryman you choose,
is Mini’s largest car yet, measuring 8 inches “the driving experience remains Mini sharp,”
longer than the model it replaces. “This though “more comfortable and refined.”
thing comes crazy loaded,” too, with the
heated leather seats and panoramic sunroof Automobile The least mini Mini, from $26,100
both standard. The Countryman is priced lower than its
luxury German peers, but its larger size puts to differentiate the Countryman is style and
Autoblog.com it in a segment crowded with affordable price.” Given that, “we’ll have to see if buy-
“It’s still quite mini for a compact SUV”— alternatives. Unless a buyer cares about the ers think the Countryman offers enough of
shorter, for example, than rivals like the finer points of performance, “all that’s left the former to justify the latter.”

The best of…photo gifts for Mother’s Day

Casetify iPhone Case Burlap and Blue


Pinhole Press Mosaic Mixbook Turn your favorite Custom Notecards
Photo Puzzle Mosaic’s adorable keep- Instagram or Facebook A great gift from a Artifact Uprising
Have a special photo sake books are “exceed- photos into a custom- baby to the new mom: Wood Calendar
turned into a jigsaw ingly easy” to create. ized iPhone case using notecards adorned with In a world crowded
puzzle and Mom will Select 20 smartphone simple online design a custom watercolor with photo calendars,
have a gift she can photos and they’ll each tools. The custom result derived from a photo. the clean lines of this
enjoy on a rainy day be “expertly” printed, will be perfect for “the Because there are eight clever clipboard-style
with the whole family. then bound and deliv- mom who likes to show cards in a set, she can calendar “elevate
Puzzles are available in ered, all in four days. And off her photos without share the keepsake the form.” It can be
12-piece, 60-piece, and you can order copies for having to go into her image with other family refreshed with 12 new
252-piece sizes. aunts and grandmas. phone first.” members and friends. images every year.
$25, pinholepress.com $20, mixbook.com $40, casetify.com $28, burlapandblue.com $30, artifactuprising.com
Source: CountryLiving.com Source: NYMag.com Source: CountryLiving.com Source: Romper.com Source: RealSimple.com

Tip of the week... And for those who have Best apps...
When to buy refurbished—and not everything... For gardening
QLaptops: Desktop computers and laptops Have you ever QGrowSquared is a planning tool that lets
sold as refurbished undergo thorough wanted to feel you set the dimensions of a virtual garden
inspections, and any needed repair renders the force of bed, then drag and drop different plants into
them as good as new or close to it. And an explosion? it. The app also helps with scheduling plant-
remember: Most “refurbished” products are The sting of a ing and harvesting. (Free, iOS only)
simply customer returns, and only 5 percent pirate’s cutlass? QGarden Plan Pro is another garden design
of returns are due to defects. An elf’s gentle app, and it “does a little bit of everything.”
QiPhones: Apple’s own refurbished phones caress? If you’re One useful feature: lessons on how to rotate
and other products are so reliable, there’s already spend- crops. ($8, iOS only)
virtually no reason to buy new. ing a lot of free QGrowIt! offers information on thousands
QOther phones: The worry with most refur- time in virtual reality goggles, you’ll love the of species. There’s also a social-networking
bished phones is that they might come with Hardlight VR Suit, whose 16 haptic feedback aspect, letting you show off your garden and
an old battery. The bigger batteries in tablets zones direct vibrations to individual muscle rate others’. (Free, iOS and Android)
suffer slightly less from age. groups. Due to ship in September, the suit QePlant helps you track everything happen-
QHard drives: Don’t take the risk: “There is connects to VR goggles and a PC. Though it ing in a garden: plant sizes, costs, the fertil-
no reconditioning process that can restore a isn’t the first haptic suit, it’s an advance, and izers you’ve used, and more. (Free, iOS only)
hard drive to a factory-new condition.” “it’s cool to know soon we’ll all be encased QLandscaper’s Companion resembles a
QTVs: Again, no—because warranties on in what looks like dirt bike armor as we flail coffee table book, with 21,000 pictures of
refurbs typically last 90 days, and “TVs around our living rooms dodging war ham- trees, shrubs, perennials, and more. Its
these days are too unreliable for that short a mers and drone fire.” library of information offers more than you’ll
protection plan.” $549, hardlightvr.com ever need. ($10, iPad)
Source: CNET.com Source: TechCrunch.com Source: PasteMagazine.com

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


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(FUBPˋBUSIMPLISAFE.COM/WEEK
34 Best properties on the market
This week: Homes by notable architects
1 X Sag Harbor, N.Y. Built
in 1963 by modernist
architect Andrew Geller,
this three-bedroom house
underwent a renovation
by designer John Bjornen.
The home has updated
plumbing and electrical
systems, floor-to-ceiling
windows that let in ample
light, and a fireplace. The
5.1-acre property includes
a gunite pool, a pool
house, and landscaped
grounds. $1,995,000.
Angela Boyer-Stump,
Sotheby’s International
Realty, (917) 207-7777

2 W Ridgefield, Conn. Yale-


trained architect Grosvenor
Atterbury designed this English-
style stone manor in 1911.
The recently renovated four-
bedroom home has eight fire-
places, hardwood floors, vaulted
ceilings, and built-ins. The
gardens were featured in the
1927 Garden Club of America
tour, and many of the original
specimens remain. $2,395,000.
Laura Freed Ancona, William
Pitt/Sotheby’s International
Realty, (203) 733-7053

3 X Venice, Calif. Mario Romano built the Wave


House, a six-bedroom home with an aluminum
façade. The interior includes organic forms,
new environmentally sensitive materials, wood
details, and a large great room. The property
boasts an outdoor cinema with a fireplace, a
heated pool with a spa, and five large palm trees.
$5,445,000. Justin Alexander, Halton Pardee +
Partners, (310) 907-6517

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


Best properties on the market 35
4 W Fountain Hills, Ariz.
Kamal Amin, a student
of Frank Lloyd Wright’s
Taliesin West School, de-
signed this three-bedroom
house. Details include four
fireplaces, an elevator,
a library, two wet bars,
and a master suite with a
private patio, dual baths,
and a changing room. The
property has a pool and a
spa and offers city views.
$1,395,000. Richard
Barker, Keller Williams
Realty, (602) 882-9404

7
5 S Willoughby Hills, Ohio Frank Lloyd
6
5 2
Wright created this three-bedroom home in
1953 on 30 acres along the Chagrin River.
1
The house has 12-foot glass walls in the living
room, a central fireplace, and spruce wood
3 throughout. The sale includes architectural
4
plans and the building plot for Wright’s last
residential commission. $1,700,000. For sale
by owner, (440) 942-9996

6 W Highland Park, Ill. This seven-bedroom Victorian was designed by


William Boyington, the architect for the Illinois State Capitol and Chicago’s
Water Tower. The 1892 house features a gourmet kitchen, a wine room, a
wood-paneled library, a theater, an elevator, and smart-home technology.
The 1.4-acre property has a three-car garage and landscaping. $3,650,000.
Noah Levy, Coldwell Banker Residential Brokerage, (312) 203-2416

Steal of the week


7 X Clarksville, Mo. Charles Nagel
and Frederick Dunn built this
Georgian-style former church in
1940. The one-bedroom home
features an Aeolian-Skinner pipe
organ, walnut cabinets, original
walnut wainscoting, and a large
master bedroom with a marble
bath. The brick exterior has dentil
moldings, dual staircases, and
a barrel roof above the lower
entrance. $249,000. Ted Wight,
Dielmann/Sotheby’s International
Realty, (314) 725-0009

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


36 BUSINESS
The news at a glance
The bottom line Earnings: Tech companies’ profits surge
QApple has more than $250 Amazon and Alphabet both Those booming profits are help-
billion in cash, an amount extended their winning streaks last ing a new generation of tech
greater than the market value
week, reporting impressive quar- tycoons “gain ground on the old
of Walmart and more than
the foreign currency reserves terly sales and profits, said Rolfe guard,” said Carleton English in
of the United Kingdom and Winkler and Laura Stevens in The the New York Post. Amazon’s
Canada combined. More than Wall Street Journal. Alphabet, the monster earnings briefly propelled
90 percent of Apple’s cash is parent company of Google, saw its CEO Jeff Bezos’ personal fortune
held outside the U.S. net profit grow 29 percent in the to more than $80 billion. That
The Wall Street Journal first quarter, dampening fears that puts him within striking range of
QThe price of cobalt, which an advertiser backlash on YouTube Microsoft founder Bill Gates, cur-
is used to make lithium-ion Amazon: A ‘growth machine’
would eat into profits. Amazon rently the world’s richest person
batteries that are in every- reported a 41 percent profit surge, “marking with a net worth of $87 billion. Bezos, who is
thing from smartphones to its eighth straight quarter in the black,” even as roughly tied with Zara founder Amancio Ortega
electric cars, has soared by
almost 70 percent this year.
it spends heavily on new ventures. The results for the No. 2 richest spot, has seen his net worth
The Democratic Republic served to reassure investors that the e-commerce surge $14.2 billion this year. Google founders
of Congo holds more than giant “has turned into a profit machine as well as Larry Page and Sergey Brin, worth $44.7 billion
60 percent of the world’s a growth machine.” The results drove both com- and $43.7 billion respectively, saw their fortunes
cobalt reserves. panies’ shares to new heights. increase roughly $1.5 billion each this week.
Qz.com
QThere were more than Robot shoemakers’
850,000 new homeowners Washington: House votes to change overtime rules Achilles’ heel
in the first three months The House of Representatives passed an overtime bill this week “that
of 2017, compared with Republicans have promoted since the Newt Gingrich era,” said Jena There’s one thing pre-
365,000 new renters. McGregor in The Washington Post. The legislation would allow venting robots from
Although the U.S. taking over footwear
private-sector employees to opt for an hour and a half of paid time off manufacturing—
homeownership rate instead of time-and-a-half pay when working extra hours. The bill’s fate
of 63.6 percent is still shoelaces—said Marc
in the Senate is unclear—similar bills have passed the House before— Bain in Qz.com. Creating
near a historic low,
the first quarter
but the White House says it supports the legislation. Supporters say a pair of Adidas sneak-
was the first time it gives hourly workers more flexibility, but opponents say employers ers requires about 120
the number of could pressure workers into accepting time off in lieu of extra pay. separate steps, and
homeowners has Energy: Saudi Arabia takes over largest U.S. refinery many of them have
grown faster than long been performed by
“America’s largest oil refinery is now fully owned by Saudi Arabia,” machines in Asia-based
renters since 2006.
Bloomberg.com said Matt Egan in CNN.com. Saudi Aramco, the kingdom’s state- factories. But there is
owned oil company, took 100 percent control of Texas’ sprawling Port one “seemingly simple
QThe 25 U.S. companies
with the best-paying sum- Arthur refinery this week, completing a deal announced last year. Port task” shoemaking
mer internships each pay Arthur, “considered the crown jewel of the U.S. refinery system,” can robots haven’t yet been
their interns at least $4,500 process 600,000 barrels of oil per day, allowing Saudi Aramco to send able to master. “The big-
a month, equivalent to a more crude to the U.S. Aramco is preparing for an initial public offer- gest challenge the shoe
$54,000 annual salary. By ing next year that could be worth as much as $2 trillion. industry has is how to
comparison, the median pay create a robot that puts
for a U.S. worker is $44,460 a Outsourcing: India’s Infosys to hire 10,000 Americans the lace into the shoe,”
year. Sixteen of those firms India’s second-largest outsourcing firm is expanding in the U.S. amid Adidas CEO Kasper
are in technology, including fierce criticism from the Trump administration, said Saritha Rai in Rorsted said last month.
list-leader Facebook, where Bloomberg.com. Infosys, which employs about 200,000 people globally, “That’s a completely
interns make a median of announced this week that it will hire 10,000 Americans in the next two manual process today.
$8,000 a month. The next years and open four U.S. research hubs to develop technologies like arti- There is no technology
three on the list are Microsoft ficial intelligence. The moves come after Infosys and other outsourcing for that.” Adidas has
(which pays a median $7,100 a firms “have come under attack for allegedly displacing American work- been investing heav-
month), ExxonMobil ($6,507), ily in automation, with
ers with employees from overseas.” President Trump signed an executive
and Salesforce ($6,450). plans to open a robot-
The Washington Post order last month to tighten restrictions on visas for foreign workers.
run “Speedfactory” in
QGlobal revenue from Media: Screenwriters, producers avoid a strike Atlanta this year. But
streaming-music services Hollywood screenwriters and producers reached a tentative deal this executives don’t expect
like Spotify and Apple Music week to avoid a strike “that could have crippled TV and film produc- robots to make a pair
surged 60 percent last year, tion,” said Lynn Elber in the Associated Press. The three-year agree- of sneakers from start
propelling the music industry ment, which must be ratified by the Writers Guild of America, was to finish anytime in the
to its fastest growth in nearly next decade, in part
20 years. Digital revenue now
announced just after the current contract expired early Tuesday. Guild
members were poised for an “immediate walkout” after they voted because “human hands
makes up 50 percent of global are still essential” in cer-
music sales. overwhelmingly last month to authorize a strike. The union says the
tain parts of the produc-
AP, Getty

Financial Times new deal includes $130 million more in pay than expected, including
tion process.
for residuals, and increased contributions for health benefits.
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
Making money BUSINESS 37

College tuition: The pitfalls of Parent Plus loans


It’s easy for parents to get federal loans an expected family contribution of
to help their children pay for college, but zero—the amount the government
“repaying them is another story,” said has calculated that the family is able
Josh Mitchell in The Wall Street Journal. to afford for college—“can be ap-
Roughly 11 percent of the more than proved for tens of thousands of dol-
3 million Americans with outstanding lars” in loans. To determine if you
Parent Plus loans have gone at least a can manage the loan payments, “as-
year without making a payment, exceed- sume about $120 a month for every
ing the default rate on U.S. mortgages $10,000 borrowed” each school
during the housing crisis. The govern- year. Then multiply by the number of
ment program allows parents to borrow years it takes to finish school and the
as much money as needed to cover their number of children attending college.
child’s tuition and living expenses after That’s your likely monthly payment
they max out other financial aid options. Ensure you can afford payments before offering to help. for the next 10 years.
“The problem is that the government asks almost nothing about
its borrowers’ incomes, existing debts, savings, credit scores, or Better yet, save as much as you can before you have to go
ability to repay.” And, like other student loans, Parent Plus loans into debt, said Tom Anderson in CNBC.com. Fidelity suggests
are “nearly impossible” to discharge in bankruptcy. As a result, this rule of thumb to figure out where your savings should be
many distressed borrowers “have delayed retirement, put off each year: “multiply your child’s age by $2,000.” That should
health expenses, and lost portions of Social Security checks and keep you on track to cover half the average cost of a four-year,
tax refunds to their lender—the federal government.” public university. By the time your kid is 18 years old, “your
$36,000 fund could reduce the cost of school by 50 percent
“Parent Plus loans can be a smart option for some families,” but with the rest coming from financial aid, student loans, and
only if they can truly afford it, said Betsy Mayotte in USNews family earnings.” The plan also assumes you’re using a tax-
.com. Many people erroneously assume that because they’ve been advantaged 529 college savings plan. In general, parents should
approved for a loan, they must be able to make the payments. be skeptical about taking on debt of their own to finance a
“Not necessarily.” With Parent Plus, only people “with some child’s education, said John Wasik in CBSNews.com. “At the
fairly large dings on their credit will be denied in the first place.” very least, educate yourself about what taking on this debt will
And with no debt-to-income requirement, even households with mean to your financial future and retirement.”

What the experts say Charity of the week


A kinder credit score the cost of plane tickets.” Or offer to house-sit Founded in 1951,
“Your credit score is about to become more for a faraway friend going on a trip of his or the Washington,
forgiving,” said Jonnelle Marte in The Wash- her own. You can “enjoy a vacation in a new D.C.–based
ington Post. The VantageScore, a scoring city with free housing and an easy place to pre- Animal Welfare
Institute works
model developed by the three major credit bu- pare cheap meals.” Also, stay on the lookout internationally to
reaus, is rolling out changes this fall that will for last-minute deals on cheap flights and ho- alleviate the pain
reward consumers who are diligently paying tels, “then travel somewhere unexpected.” and suffering
off their debts. Under the current model, two of animals—in
The ‘salary history’ question the lab, in the
people who are both using 50 percent of the wild, and on the farm. The organization’s
spending limit on their credit cards are treated A potential employer asking for your salary original focus was educating scientists
about the same because of the high card utili- history “is arguably the most fraught mo- on how to better handle and house ani-
zation. But under the new model, “one person ment in a job interview,” said Lynda Spiegel mals used in medical experiments. Since
then, the group’s work has expanded to
might look better if his report shows that he in The Wall Street Journal. Hiring managers include advocacy for the 9 billion farm
has been paying down debt.” The changes tend to offer 10 to 15 percent above a candi- animals killed for food consumption
should help protect consumers with a proven date’s most recent compensation, but that can each year, especially those raised on
track record of keeping their balances low disadvantage people who were underpaid to large-scale factory farms. The group also
works to hold governments accountable
from taking a credit score hit if they temporar- begin with. “Rather than refusing outright to to various animal-protection laws, includ-
ily assume more debt with a big purchase. answer, candidates should deflect the question ing the Animal Welfare and Endangered
by suggesting that both they and the company Species Acts in the U.S. Last month, AWI
Affordable summer vacations first evaluate what value they can add in this co-published a graphic novel about the
harm of the global ivory trade and dis-
In need of a getaway but feeling a little light role.” If an interviewer pushes back, “candi- tributed it to schools across China.
in the wallet? “You can save a great deal of dates should simply state that their salary his-
money and have an amazing summer holiday tory and future requirements are in line with
Each charity we feature has earned a
on a very tight budget,” said Trent Hamm in market value.” To build their case, job seekers four-star overall rating from Charity
USNews.com. Start by looking into the top should always come prepared with industry- Navigator, which rates not-for-profit
10 or 20 tourist sights in your area to see how specific salary data from online resources like organizations on the strength of their
many you’ve actually visited. “Almost every re- Salary.com. But never admit to being open to finances, their governance practices,
and the transparency of their operations.
gion of the U.S. offers some amazing getaways accepting a lower salary, which can leave you Four stars is the group’s highest rating.
Getty

nearby, and taking advantage of that eliminates vulnerable to “lowball offers.”


THE WEEK May 12, 2017
38 Best columns: Business

Issue of the week: Looking for a ‘Trump bump’


Campaign promises aside, “the U.S. econ- White House,” many economists expect
omy was not great again in the first quarter to see growth speed up to 3 percent or
of Donald Trump’s presidency,” said Ben more in the second quarter.
White in Politico.com. Economic growth
slowed to an anemic 0.7 percent in the “First-quarter slowdowns have become
first three months of 2017, the Commerce such a regular feature of the U.S. econ-
Department said last week, down from omy” that it’s tempting to ignore this one,
2.1 percent during the final quarter of said Justin Lahart in The Wall Street
last year. The disappointing figures, “the Journal. We shouldn’t. There’s a big red
economy’s worst performance since the first flag buried in the data: Consumer spend-
quarter of 2014,” pose a political dilemma ing, which accounts for about two-thirds
for President Trump. Republicans have al- of the economy, is slowing down. Ameri-
ready blamed the weak data on the Obama Disappointing data complicate Trump’s agenda. cans cut back sharply on big-ticket pur-
administration, and argue the report demon- chases like cars and appliances, causing
strates the need for Trump’s agenda of tax cuts and deregulation. overall spending to grow at just 0.3 percent, the worst showing
But they also understand that the optics for the White House since 2009. This slowdown is troubling because consumer spend-
aren’t good. Since taking office, Trump has been quick to take ing wasn’t the culprit behind other weak first quarters, which were
credit for any positive economic news, like a strong jobs report in generally thrown off by seasonal quirks like unusual weather.
February. “By touting every good number, Trump now owns the
dismal first-quarter GDP figure.” “Perhaps now pundits will cease to believe that Trump has awo-
ken some ‘animal spirits’ in the economy,” said Jennifer Rubin
That’s ridiculous, said Investor’s Business Daily in an editorial. in The Washington Post. The president’s cheerleaders point to a
Trump “hasn’t been in office long enough to take credit or blame recent surge in consumer confidence and the soaring stock market
for the GDP number.” What we’re seeing is the continuation of as evidence that the economy is on the edge of a boom. But these
the weak growth that prevailed under President Obama, who GDP numbers just provided a sobering “wake-up call.” Rarely
presided over the “slowest economic expansion for any president have “soft” and “hard” economic data been so out of whack,
since the Great Depression.” What’s more, there’s no real reason said Paul Krugman in The New York Times. Consumers report
for concern, said Jeffry Bartash in MarketWatch.com. “Over the feeling “super-confident” in the economy, but so far “they’re not
past several years, the U.S. has usually started out slowly in the acting on those feelings.” Likewise, the stock market keeps tick-
first quarter, only to see a frantic burst of growth in the spring.” ing skyward, with no real evidence that business fundamentals
With a strong jobs market, high consumer confidence, and corpo- are improving. The disconnect can’t continue forever. If Trump’s
rate America “thrilled by the pro-business policies of the Trump economy doesn’t start delivering, “this levee is going to break.”

American Airlines just “did something that’s good comparison, last week’s raises will cost the airline
Wall Street’s for its workforce and good for its passengers.” Nat- just $1 billion over the next three years. American
misguided urally, Wall Street is apoplectic, said Michael Hiltzik.
When the nation’s largest airline announced raises
is also smart to try to keep its employees happy at
a time when customer service disasters “are turn-
obsession for its pilots and flight attendants last week, inves-
tors responded by sending the carrier’s stock down
ing the industry into a national joke.” Nevertheless,
Wall Street adheres to a “cult of shareholder value”
Michael Hiltzik 8 percent within 48 hours, wiping out $1.9 billion that insists a company’s only responsibility is to in-
Los Angeles Times of market value. “Labor is being paid first again,” crease profits, at the expense of workers and all else.
one analyst complained in a memo to clients. It’s that very attitude that “has placed American
“Shareholders get leftovers.” Perhaps investors are business and the economy in a bad way,” driving
forgetting that American authorized $9 billion in up inequality and stifling growth. But if American’s
share buybacks between 2014 and 2016, “money stock slide is any indication, Wall Street hasn’t got-
that went directly into shareholders’ pockets.” By ten the message.

“It’s been so long since we’ve had strong labor dramatically raise wages to attract new workers, be-
Where full markets in the U.S. that we’ve forgotten what kind cause rural firms’ profit margins tend to be smaller.
employment of pain they can cause,” said Conor Sen. We’re see-
ing now how low unemployment can be great for
So when local companies run into staffing issues,
“their choices are shutting down or leaving for an-
doesn’t work rural Americans, “but bad for rural America.” Take
northern New England—Maine, New Hampshire,
other place with deeper labor pools.” At the same
time, rural workers are increasingly being lured to
Conor Sen and Vermont—where jobless rates are 3 percent or urban areas by higher wages in the growing service
Bloomberg.com lower. For these states’ economies “to grow at all,” economy, and they’ll have less competition from new
they will need an influx of workers, or for residents migrants because of President Trump’s immigration
who aren’t currently looking for a job to rejoin the crackdown. That ongoing exodus of talent will leave
workforce. That will be tough, because migration to rural communities “even worse off than they are
the region isn’t growing, and the population tends now.” Increasingly, we’ll end up with two Americas:
to skew older. Companies there also can’t afford to “the withering America [and] the thriving America.”
AP

THE WEEK May 12, 2017


Obituaries 39

The director who made The Silence of the Lambs The daredevil
mountaineer who
Jonathan Jonathan Demme Roger Corman. Demme’s first
raced up peaks
Demme had one of the most directing credit was for the 1974
1944–2017 eclectic résumés in “women-in-prison” thriller Caged Ueli Steck was the world’s
Hollywood. He was Heat, said the Los Angeles Times, greatest speed climber. In
most famous for directing 1991’s but he soon “graduated to more 2007, the agile, bowlegged
The Silence of the Lambs—the hit elevated fare.” The 1980 comic mountaineer clambered up
thriller that made Hannibal Lecter drama Melvin and Howard— the north face of the Eiger
in his native
a household name and which won about a life-altering encounter
Ueli Switzerland
five Oscars, including Best Director between a Utah trucker and the Steck in 3 hours,
for Demme. But he also directed the billionaire Howard Hughes— 1976–2017 54 minutes—
screwball comedy Something Wild earned “critical raves.” A decade taking nearly
(1986), the Tom Hanks AIDS drama Philadelphia later came The Silence of the Lambs, with an hour off the record. The
(1993), and Rachel Getting Married (2008), Jodie Foster as a young FBI agent and Anthony following year, he climbed
a dysfunctional-family drama starring Anne Hopkins as an “icy sociopathic killer.” The film’s the peak without a rope in
Hathaway. Yet cinema wasn’t Demme’s great- box-office success took Demme by surprise. “I 2 hours, 47 minutes. Steck
est passion—that was rock ’n’ roll. He oversaw had just done what I always did,” he said. “Only conquered many other chal-
lenges. He completed the
Talking Heads’ mesmeric 1984 concert film Stop this time it worked.”
first-ever solo ascent of the
Making Sense, as well as three documentaries on south face of Annapurna
Demme’s next big release was Philadelphia, “one
Neil Young and one on British singer-songwriter in Nepal, without oxygen,
of the first major Hollywood films to address the
Robyn Hitchcock. “Music was my first love,” he in 2013. He was training in
AIDS crisis,” said The Washington Post. Many of
said. “Movies came second.” the Himalayas last week
his later movies, including 1998’s Beloved—a ver-
when he fell 3,000 feet to
Born on Long Island, N.Y., and raised in Miami, sion of the Toni Morrison novel starring Oprah his death. “To walk through
Demme attended the University of Florida with Winfrey—were technically competent but “exhib- life in a comfortable way,” he
the aim of becoming a veterinarian, said The ited a certain joylessness.” Yet they allowed him once said, “is not my goal.”
Miami Herald. But he flunked science classes, to fund passion projects, including his music
“dropped out after a year, and returned to documentaries and 2007’s Jimmy Carter: Man Born in Switzerland’s
Miami, where he reviewed films for the Coral From Plains, about Carter’s post-presidential Emmental valley, Steck
“began climbing at age 12,”
Gables Times Guide.” A succession of film indus- years. “Now I’ve got creative control,” he said.
said The Times (U.K.). He
try jobs followed, and in 1971 he was hired as a “And you should see how easy it is to get a table first scaled the Eiger at age
scriptwriter and publicist by the B-movie maestro in restaurants.” 18, and “over the next few
years set himself ever harder
challenges, many of them
The Marine who filmed the war in the Pacific solo, without ropes and,
ultimately, oxygen.” Steck
When U.S. Marines trained with the documentary film- took his physical training
Norman seriously, said The Daily
Hatch stormed the Pacific makers behind the March of Time
Telegraph (U.K.). Known as
1921–2017 island of Tarawa in newsreels and was soon deployed to the Swiss Machine—a nick-
November 1943, the Pacific. His footage on Tarawa name he hated—he spent
Norman Hatch was right in the thick broke new ground in war reportage, “up to 30 hours a week run-
of it, armed with a .45 and a hand- said The Washington Post. In one ning, climbing, cross-country
cranked, 35-millimeter camera. Hatch, scene, he captured Marines shooting skiing, and strength training.”
then 22, was a cinematographer with at fleeing Japanese—“perhaps the The preparation paid off. He
the Marines’ Photographic Services only time in the Pacific Theater when climbed six of the world’s
Branch, tasked with documenting the troops from both sides could be seen 14 mountains over 8,000
meters (26,246 feet), includ-
heroism and horrors of World War II. in the same frame.” Hatch also filmed
ing Everest, without oxygen.
Hatch braved gunfire, grenades, and the bodies of dead Marines floating In 2015, he scaled all 82 of
artillery to capture frontline foot- in the waters off Tarawa, footage that the Alps’ peaks over 4,000
age of the 76-hour Battle of Tarawa, which cost President Franklin D. Roosevelt initially thought meters (13,123 feet) in just
the lives of 1,000 Marines and 4,000 Japanese. was too horrifying to release. “But he became con- 62 days, “traveling between
His work formed the basis of the 20-minute vinced that people would give more support to the them by bicycle.”
film With the Marines at Tarawa, the winner of country’s war effort if they could see its grisly toll.”
Steck “attracted some con-
Best Documentary (Short Subject) at the 1945
Hatch was also “with the Marines for their assault troversy along with the
Academy Awards. “It showed what combat was acclaim,” said The New York
on Iwo Jima,” said the Associated Press, and
AP, USMC Combat Correspondents Association

really like,” Hatch explained. “It showed it up Times. He had to abandon a


contributed footage to the Oscar-nominated film
close and dirty.” 2013 expedition on Everest
To the Shores of Iwo Jima. After World War II,
after getting into a mountain-
Born in Boston, Hatch was the son of an auto he worked as a civilian audiovisual adviser at the
top brawl with Sherpas. But
dealer and his wife, said The New York Times. Pentagon and later ran a photo agency. Often he didn’t stay off the slopes
A camera buff, he’d join friends “on expeditions asked why he put his life at risk to film combat, for long. “Mountaineering is
to a downtown burlesque theater to secretly pho- Hatch described it as a sacred duty. “Guys on a transient experience,” he
tograph the dancers.” Hatch joined the Marines the front line [said] I didn’t have to be there,” he said. “I need to continuously
at 18 in 1939, “because I needed a job,” he said. recalled. “I would quietly tell them that I did. The repeat it to live it.”
Assigned to the Corps’ photographic unit, he public had to know what we were doing.”
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
40 The last word
A better way to work
Darwin, Dickens, and some of the most accomplished people in history have one thing in common,
said researcher Alex Soojung-Kim Pang. They worked with intense focus—but for only four hours a day.
and memorable, his work was prodigious,

W
HEN YOU EXAMINE the lives of
history’s most creative figures, you and yet his days were filled with downtime.
are immediately confronted with a

D
ARWIN IS NOT the only famous sci-
paradox: They organized their lives around entist who combined a lifelong dedi-
their work, but not their days. cation to science with apparently
Figures as different as Charles Dickens, short working hours. We can see similar
Henri Poincaré, and Ingmar Bergman, patterns in many others’ careers, and it’s
working in disparate fields in different worth starting with the lives of scientists
times, all shared a passion for their work, a for several reasons. Science is a competi-
terrific ambition to succeed, and an almost tive, all-consuming enterprise. Scientists’
superhuman capacity to focus. Yet when accomplishments—the number of articles
you look closely at their daily lives, they and books they write, the awards they win,
only spent a few hours a day doing what the rate at which their works are cited—
we would recognize as their most important are well-documented and easy to measure
work. The rest of the time, they were hik- and compare. As a result, their legacies are
ing mountains, taking naps, going on walks often easier to determine than those of busi-
with friends, or just sitting and thinking. ness leaders or other famous figures.
How did they manage to be so accom- One example is Poincaré, the French
plished? If some of history’s greatest figures mathematician whose public eminence and
didn’t put in immensely long hours, maybe accomplishments placed him on a level
the key to unlocking the secret of their cre- similar to Darwin’s. Poincaré’s 30 books
ativity lies in understanding not just how and 500 papers spanned number theory,
they labored but how they rested. topology, astronomy and celestial mechan- Darwin did ‘a good day’s work’ by noon.
ics, theoretical and applied physics, and
After his morning walk and breakfast, cian could work “four hours a day or at
philosophy; he was involved in efforts to
Charles Darwin was in his study by 8 a.m. most five, with breaks about every hour
standardize time zones, supervised railway
and worked a steady hour and a half. At (for walks perhaps).”
development in northern France, and was a
9:30 he would read the morning mail and
professor at the Sorbonne. A survey of scientists’ working lives
write letters. At 10:30, Darwin returned to
more serious work, sometimes moving to Poincaré wasn’t just famous among his fel- conducted in the early 1950s yielded
his aviary or greenhouse to conduct experi- low scientists: In 1895 he was, along with results in a similar range. Illinois Institute
ments. By noon, he would declare, “I’ve the novelist Émile Zola, sculptors Auguste of Technology psychology professors
done a good day’s work,” and set out on a Rodin and Jules Dalou, and composer Raymond Van Zelst and Willard Kerr
long walk. When he returned after an hour Camille Saint-Saëns, the subject of a study surveyed their colleagues about their work
or more, Darwin had lunch and answered by French psychiatrist Édouard Toulouse on habits and schedules, then graphed the
more letters. At 3 p.m. he would retire for the psychology of genius. Toulouse noted number of hours spent in the office against
a nap; an hour later he would arise, take that Poincaré kept very regular hours. He the number of articles they produced. You
another walk, then return to his study until did his hardest thinking between 10 a.m. might expect that the result would be a
5:30, when he would join his wife and fam- and noon, and again between 5 and 7 in straight line showing that the more hours
ily for dinner. the afternoon. The 19th century’s most scientists worked, the more articles they
published. But it wasn’t.
On this schedule he wrote 19 books, includ- towering mathematical genius worked just
ing technical volumes on climbing plants, enough to get his mind around a problem— The data revealed an M-shaped curve.
barnacles, and other subjects; the contro- about four hours a day. The curve rose steeply at first and peaked
versial Descent of Man; and The Origin of We see the same pattern among other at between 10 to 20 hours per week. The
Species, probably the single most famous noted mathematicians. G.H. Hardy, one of curve then turned downward. Scientists
book in the history of science. Britain’s leading mathematicians in the first who spent 25 hours in the workplace were
half of the 20th century, would start his day no more productive than those who spent
But at the same time, his days don’t seem five. Scientists working 35 hours a week
very busy to us. If he had been a university with a leisurely breakfast and close read-
were half as productive as their 20-hours-a-
professor today, he would have been denied ing of the cricket scores, then from 9 to 1 week colleagues.
tenure. If he’d been working in a company, would be immersed in mathematics. After
he would have been fired within a week. lunch he would be out again, walking and From there, the curve rose again, but more
playing tennis. “Four hours’ creative work modestly. Researchers who buckled down
It’s not that Darwin was careless or lacked a day is about the limit for a mathemati- and spent 50 hours per week in the lab were
ambition. He was intensely conscious of cian,” he told his friend and fellow Oxford able to pull themselves out of the 35-hour
time and, despite being a gentleman of professor C.P. Snow. Hardy’s longtime col- valley: They became as productive as col-
means, felt that he had none to waste. laborator John Edensor Littlewood believed leagues who spent five hours a week in the
Newscom

But he managed something that seems that the “close concentration” required to lab. Van Zelst and Kerr speculated that
increasingly alien today. His life was full do serious work meant that a mathemati- this 50-hour bump was concentrated in
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
The last word 41
of fun, and it’s not immediately profitable. concentrated practice for four hours a day,
It means being in the pool before sunrise, that works out to 20 hours a week (assum-
working on your swing or stride when you ing weekends off), or 1,000 hours a year
could be hanging out with friends, spend- (assuming a two-week vacation).
ing hours perfecting details that only a few Ericsson and his colleagues observed
other people will ever notice. There’s little another thing, in addition to practicing
that’s inherently or immediately pleasurable more, that separated the great students
in deliberate practice, so you need a strong at the Berlin conservatory from the good,
sense that these long hours will pay off, and something that has been almost completely
that you’re not just improving your career ignored since: how they rested.
prospects but also crafting a professional
and personal identity. You don’t just do it The top performers actually slept about an
for the fat stacks. hour a day more than the average perform-
ers. They didn’t sleep late. They got more
Ericsson’s study is a foundation for
sleep because they napped during the day.
Malcolm Gladwell’s argument (laid out
Of course there was lots of variability, but
most fully in his book Outliers) that 10,000
the best students generally followed a pat-
hours of practice are necessary to become
tern of practicing hardest and longest in the
world-class in anything, and that every-
morning, taking a nap in the afternoon, and
one from chess legend Bobby Fischer to
then having a second practice in the late
Microsoft founder Bill Gates to the Beatles
afternoon or evening.
put in their 10,000 hours before anyone
heard of them. For coaches, music teachers, For all the attention the Berlin conserva-
and ambitious parents, the number prom- tory study has received, this part of the top
ises a golden road to the NFL or Juilliard students’ experiences—their sleep patterns,
or MIT: Just start them young, keep them their attention to leisure, their cultivation of
busy, and don’t let them give up. deliberate rest as a necessary complement
of demanding, deliberate practice—goes
But there was something else that Ericsson
unmentioned. In Outliers, Gladwell focuses
and his colleagues noted in their study,
on the number of hours exceptional per-
something that almost everyone has
formers practice and says nothing about the
overlooked. “Deliberate practice,” they
fact that those students also slept an hour
observed, “is an effortful activity that can be
G.H. Hardy (top) worked from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. more, on average, than their less accom-
sustained only for a limited time each day.”
plished peers, or that they took naps and
“physical research,” and that most of those Practice too little and you never become
long breaks.
10-hour days were spent tending machines world-class. Practice too much, though, and
you increase the odds of being struck down This is not to say that Gladwell misread
and occasionally taking measurements.
by injury, draining yourself mentally, or Ericsson’s study; he just glossed over
After that, it was all downhill: The 60-plus- burning out. that part. And he has lots of company.
hour-a-week researchers were the least pro- Everybody speed-reads through the discus-
How do students marked for greatness
ductive of all. sion of sleep and leisure and argues about
make the most of limited practice time? The
the 10,000 hours.

K
ARL ANDERS ERICSSON, Ralf Krampe, rhythm of their practice follows a distinctive
and Clemens Tesch-Römer saw a pattern. They put in more hours per week, This illustrates a blind spot that scientists,
similar pattern in a study of violin but they don’t do it by making each practice scholars, and almost all of us share: a ten-
students at a conservatory in Berlin in the longer. Instead, they have more frequent, dency to fixate on focused work, to assume
1980s. Ericsson, Krampe, and Tesch-Römer shorter sessions, each lasting about 80 to 90 that the road to greater creativity is paved
were interested in what sets outstanding minutes, with half-hour breaks in between. by life hacks, propped up by eccentric hab-
students apart from merely good ones. After its, or smoothed by Adderall or LSD. Those
Add these several practices up, and what do
interviewing music students and their teach- who research world-class performance look
you get? About four hours a day. About the
ers and having students keep track of their only at what students do in the gym or prac-
same amount of time Darwin spent every
time, they found that several things sepa- tice room. Everybody concentrates on the
day doing his hardest work and Hardy and
rated the best students from the rest. most obvious, measurable forms of work
Littlewood spent doing math.
First, the great students didn’t just practice and tries to make those more productive.
This upper limit, Ericsson concluded, is They don’t ask whether there are other ways
more than the average, they practiced more
defined “not by available time, but by avail- to improve performance and your life.
deliberately. During deliberate practice,
able [mental and physical] resources for
Ericsson explained, you’re “engaging with This is how we’ve come to believe that
effortful practice.” The students weren’t
full concentration in a special activity to world-class performance comes after
just practicing four hours and calling it a
improve [your] performance.” You’re not 10,000 hours of practice. But that’s wrong.
day; lectures, rehearsals, homework, and
just doing reps, lobbing balls, or playing It comes after 10,000 hours of deliberate
other things kept them busy the rest of the
scales. Deliberate practice is focused, struc- practice, 12,500 hours of deliberate rest,
day. In interviews, the students said “it was
tured, and offers clear goals and feedback; and 30,000 hours of sleep.
Oxford University, Getty

primarily their ability to sustain the concen-


it requires paying attention to what you’re
tration necessary for deliberate practice that
doing and observing how you can improve.
limited their hours of practice.” This is why Excerpted from an article that originally
Second, you need a reason to keep at it, it takes a decade to get Gladwell’s 10,000 appeared in Nautil.us. Reprinted with
day after day. Deliberate practice isn’t a lot hours: if you can only sustain that level of permission.
THE WEEK May 12, 2017
42 The Puzzle Page
Crossword No. 407: C Is for ‘Century’ by Matt Gaffney The Week Contest
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
This week’s question: The high-end retailer Nordstrom
was widely ridiculed after it started selling $425 jeans that
14 15 16
come caked with fake mud, to make it look like the wearer
was prepared “to get down and dirty.” If Nordstrom were
17 18 19
to launch a new line of pre-dirtied workwear for lazy fash-
ionistas, what name should it give the brand?
20 21 22 23
Last week’s contest: A new study has found that the
24 25 26 more hours Facebook users log on the social network,
the more their sense of happiness, well-being, and actual
27 28 29 30 31 32 physical health decline, partly because seeing other
people’s glorified versions of their lives makes users
33 34 35 36 37
feel depressed. Please come up with a medical term to
describe this social media–induced malady.
38 39 40 THE WINNER: Traumatic post disorder
David Stoner, Mt. Pleasant, Mich.
41 42 43 SECOND PLACE: Instagrim —John Hall, Milton, Fla.

44 45 46 THIRD PLACE: Dislikesia —Elinor Elphick, Bonita, Calif.


For runners-up and complete contest rules, please go
47 48 49 50 to theweek.com/contest.
How to enter: Submissions should be emailed to
51 52 53 54 55 56 57
contest@theweek.com. Please include your name,
address, and daytime telephone number for verifica-
58 59 60 61
tion; this week, type “Dirty fashion” in the subject
line. Entries are due by noon, Eastern Time, Tuesday,
62 63 64 May 9. Winners will appear on the Puzzle Page next
issue and at theweek.com/puzzles on
65 66 67 Friday, May 12. In the case of identical
or similar entries, the first one received
gets credit.
ACROSS 48 Anecdote 13 Hockey fake-out
1 Recent White House kid 51 Ukraine’s capital 18 Up to now WThe winner gets a one-year
6 “And there you have 53 “Mind taking care of it 22 Soft drink with a
it!” for me?” Spanish name subscription to The Week.
9 Chopped into cubes 55 Got under the bed, say 24 Coop occupant
14 ___ of God (1985 Jane 58 Take care of, as 26 Opposite of
Fonda movie) expenses “aweather”
15 Govt. branch headed 60 Sheltered open space 27 Summarize Sudoku
by Scott Pruitt similar to a portico, 28 One of Donald’s exes
16 Better than such as at Boston’s 29 Protruding part of a
17 Space enclosed by a Christian Science building supported Fill in all the
building, such as at Center only at one end, such boxes so that
Qatar’s Museum of 62 Fetal positions? as in Dallas City Hall each row, column,
Islamic Art 63 Outrage 30 Part of a crossword and outlined
19 Nobel Prize–winning 64 Some noblemen puzzle square includes
poet Walcott 65 Prepared apples for 31 Mirror ___ all the numbers
20 Old foe of the CIA a pie 32 Enrique’s “enough!” from 1 through 9.
21 Reason to exhale 66 ___ Spiegel (German 34 Hennessy or
loudly newsmagazine) Courvoisier
23 Get higher 67 Architect who turned 35 Treat with Christina Difficulty:
24 Many a business in the 100 years old last Aguilera in recent ads hard
Caribbean week—C to the ancient 36 Paternal grandmother
25 Drops from a great Romans—and five of of 1-Across
height? whose buildings are 39 Best Supporting Actor
27 Basmati and brown featured in the theme nominee for The
30 Flavorless food put in clues Godfather
molds 43 ___ latte
33 2016 candidate DOWN 45 Adjective for some
McMullin 1 Flour container thunderstorms
34 Unrefined 2 Impatiently excited 46 Tiny country of
37 Org. for doctors 3 Surprising Oscar non- Southeast Asia
38 Coke container nomination 48 Napper’s noise Find the solutions to all The Week’s puzzles online: www.theweek.com/puzzle.
39 Decorative horizontal 4 “Tell Laura I Love ___” 49 Perry who plays
molding atop a (hit song of 1960) Madea
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L’Enfant Plaza famous street reverses to a The Week (ISSN 1533-8304) is published weekly except for one week in each
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Game of Thrones 12 Nights before

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