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Living Things and Their Life Processes

Name: Class: Date:

Consolidation Worksheet 1
What Are the Life Processes in Humans
and Other Animals?
Complete the life processes shown in each picture on the left. Then
match them to the correct sentences on the right. The first one has
been done for you.

M ovement Living things do this so that they


will not become extinct.

R Animals need to eat food and


drink water to survive.

Animals do this to look for food


S and shelter, and to escape
from danger.

A living thing gets bigger and


N
heavier over time.

Living things respond to


E
changes around them.

The process by which nutrients


R taken in by animals are
converted to energy.

The process by which waste


G materials produced by the
body are removed.

78 Additional Teacher’s Resources © 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd


Living Things and Their Life Processes

Name: Class: Date:

Consolidation Worksheet 2
What Are the Life Processes in Plants?
1. Tick (ü) the boxes next to the statements that are TRUE.
a. Plants can move from place to place.
b. Plants can make their own food.
Plants undergo important life processes: nutrition, growth,
c.
sensitivity, movement, respiration, excretion and reproduction.
d. Plants need sunlight and water.
e. Plants do not increase in size, height and weight as they grow.
f. Plants are sensitive to changes in their surroundings.
g. All plants reproduce using seeds.

2. Match the pictures to the life processes that they show. One has
been done for you.

Humans and
Life processes Plants
other animals

Growth

Reproduction

Sensitivity

© 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd Science SMART Teacher’s Guide Grade 3 79
Living Things and Their Life Processes

Name: Class: Date:

Consolidation Worksheet 3
How Can We Tell Living Things From
Non-living Things?
1. Fill in the blanks.
Al t can carry out important l p
— nutrition, growth, movement, sensitivity, respiration, excretion and
reproduction. A n -l t cannot carry all
these out.

2. The picture shows an Amoeba. It is so tiny


that we need a microscope to see it.

Study the information about the Amoeba


given in the table below.
Life processes in the Amoeba True False
a. It needs food and water.
b. It cannot move on its own.
c. It responds to changes in its surroundings.
d. It is able to reproduce.
e. It is unable to grow.
f. It respires and excretes.

Based on the information above, is the Amoeba a living thing or a


non-living thing? Why?

80 Additional Teacher’s Resources © 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd


Living Things and Their Life Processes

Name: Class: Date:

Fun and Find the Hidden Message!


Games
Cross out the boxes as instructed. You will be left with eight words that
form a sentence.

A B C D

1 ANIMALS NEED GROWTH EXCRETION

2 NUTRITION WATER MOVEMENT AND

3 MOVEMENT SENSITIVITY FOOD TO

4 STAY RESPIRATION ALIVE REPRODUCTION

Instructions:
Column A Cross out every box that does not contain the letter ‘A’.
Row 1 Cross out every box that contains only one vowel.
Column D Cross out every box where the fourth letter is an ‘R’.
Row 2 Cross out every box that contains the letter ‘O’.
Column B Cross out every box that contains the letter ‘S’ twice.
Row 4 Cross out every box that contains both the letters ‘I’ and ‘O’.

a. Write down the sentence that can be made from


the eight words left.

b. What two words describe the activities you have


crossed out?

L P

© 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd Science SMART Teacher’s Guide Grade 3 81
Living Things and Their Life Processes

Name: Class: Date:

Exam Practice
Process skills: Observing, Comparing, Analysing

Tom set up two aquariums, X and Y. First, he filled two similar tanks with equal
amounts of water. He then placed five fishes in each tank. He fed the fishes in
both tanks with the same amount of food. He also placed an air pump in Tank X.

X Air pump Y

The next day, he observed that the fishes in Tank Y were swimming near the
surface of the water.
Hint:
a. Why were the fishes in Tank Y swimming near What did Tom place in Tank X
the surface of the water? [1 mark] but not in Tank Y? What was
missing in the water in Tank Y
that the fishes needed?

b. Tom changed the water in both tanks and removed three of the fishes
from Tank Y. The remaining two fishes stopped swimming near the
surface of the water. Why were they able to do so? [1 mark]

c. What does this tell you about a characteristic of living things? [1 mark]

d. Name three variables that Tom kept the same to make his experiment a
fair one. [1 mark]

82 Additional Teacher’s Resources © 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd


Living Things and Their Life Processes Living Things and Their Life Processes

Name: Class: Date: Name: Class: Date:

Consolidation Worksheet 1 Consolidation Worksheet 2


What Are the Life Processes in Humans What Are the Life Processes in Plants?
and Other Animals? 1. Tick (ü) the boxes next to the statements that are TRUE.
Complete the life processes shown in each picture on the left. Then a. Plants can move from place to place.
match them to the correct sentences on the right. The first one has

© 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd


b. Plants can make their own food. ✓
been done for you.
Plants undergo important life processes: nutrition, growth,
c. ✓
sensitivity, movement, respiration, excretion and reproduction.
M ovement Living things do this so that they
will not become extinct.
d. Plants need sunlight and water. ✓
e. Plants do not increase in size, height and weight as they grow.
Animals need to eat food and f. Plants are sensitive to changes in their surroundings. ✓
R espiration
drink water to survive. g. All plants reproduce using seeds.

2. Match the pictures to the life processes that they show. One has
Animals do this to look for food
been done for you.
S ensitivity and shelter, and to escape
from danger. Humans and
Life processes Plants
other animals
A living thing gets bigger and
N utrition
heavier over time.
Growth
Living things respond to
E xcretion
changes around them.

The process by which nutrients


R eproduction taken in by animals are Reproduction
converted to energy.

The process by which waste


G rowth materials produced by the
body are removed. Sensitivity

Science SMART Teacher’s Guide Grade 3


Answers to Additional Teacher’s Resources Answers to Additional Teacher’s Resources

Living Things and

83
Their Life Processes
84
Chapter 1

Answers to Additional Teacher’s Resources Answers to Additional Teacher’s Resources

Living Things and Their Life Processes Living Things and Their Life Processes

Name: Class: Date: Name: Class: Date:

Consolidation Worksheet Fun and Find the Hidden Message!


3 Games
How Can We Tell Living Things From Cross out the boxes as instructed. You will be left with eight words that
Non-living Things? form a sentence.

1. Fill in the blanks. A B C D

Additional Teacher’s Resources


A l iving t hing can carry out important l ife processes 1 ANIMALS NEED GROWTH EXCRETION
— nutrition, growth, movement, sensitivity, respiration, excretion and 2 NUTRITION WATER MOVEMENT AND
reproduction. A n on -l iving t hing cannot carry all 3 MOVEMENT SENSITIVITY FOOD TO
these out.
4 STAY RESPIRATION ALIVE REPRODUCTION

2. The picture shows an Amoeba. It is so tiny


that we need a microscope to see it.
Instructions:
Column A Cross out every box that does not contain the letter ‘A’.
Study the information about the Amoeba Row 1 Cross out every box that contains only one vowel.
given in the table below.
Column D Cross out every box where the fourth letter is an ‘R’.
Life processes in the Amoeba True False Row 2 Cross out every box that contains the letter ‘O’.
a. It needs food and water. ✓ Column B Cross out every box that contains the letter ‘S’ twice.

b. It cannot move on its own. Row 4 Cross out every box that contains both the letters ‘I’ and ‘O’.

c. It responds to changes in its surroundings. ✓
a. Write down the sentence that can be made from
d. It is able to reproduce. ✓ the eight words left.
e. It is unable to grow. ✓
Animals need water and food to stay alive.
f. It respires and excretes. ✓
Based on the information above, is the Amoeba a living thing or a b. What two words describe the activities you have
non-living thing? Why? crossed out?
The Amoeba is a living thing. It can carry out all the life processes:
L ife P rocesses
nutrition, movement, sensitivity, reproduction, growth, respiration

and excretion.

© 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd


Living Things and Their Life Processes

Name: Class: Date:

Exam Practice
Process skills: Observing, Comparing, Analysing

Tom set up two aquariums, X and Y. First, he filled two similar tanks with equal
amounts of water. He then placed five fishes in each tank. He fed the fishes in
both tanks with the same amount of food. He also placed an air pump in Tank X.

© 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd


X Air pump Y

The next day, he observed that the fishes in Tank Y were swimming near the
surface of the water.
Hint:
a. Why were the fishes in Tank Y swimming near What did Tom place in Tank X
the surface of the water? [1 mark] but not in Tank Y? What was
missing in the water in Tank Y
They were trying to get more dissolved oxygen. that the fishes needed?

b. Tom changed the water in both tanks and removed three of the fishes
from Tank Y. The remaining two fishes stopped swimming near the
surface of the water. Why were they able to do so? [1 mark]
There is enough oxygen dissolved in the water for the two fishes.

c. What does this tell you about a characteristic of living things? [1 mark]
Living things need oxygen.

d. Name three variables that Tom kept the same to make his experiment a
fair one. [1 mark]
The size of the tanks, the amount of food, and the amount of water in

each tank.

Science SMART Teacher’s Guide Grade 3


Answers to Additional Teacher’s Resources

Living Things and

85
Their Life Processes
Glossary
Chapter 1

Chapter 1:
Living Things and Their Life Processes

Chlorophyll The green pigment in plants that traps sunlight and makes it
possible for plants to make food

Energy The strength to do work

Excretion The process of passing waste materials out from the body

Extinct No longer existing

Fern A flowerless and seedless plant that has large, delicate leaves and
reproduces by spores

Flowering plant A plant that produces flowers and fruits

Fruit The reproductive part of a flowering plant that contains the seed

Growth An increase in size

Life process An activity that is important to keep living things alive

Moss A type of tiny green plant that has small leaves and no flowers

Movement A change in place or position

Non-flowering plant A plant that does not produce flowers and fruits

Nutrition The process by which a living thing takes in food and uses it for
growth and health

Reproduction The process in which a young is produced from its parents

Respiration The process in which energy is released when digested food and
oxygen mixes with the blood

Respond To act as a reaction to something

Seed An object produced by the plant by which a new plant can grow

Sensitivity The ability to respond to stimuli, changes or differences

Spore  cell produced by some plants (such as fungi, algae and


A
non-flowering plants) that is like a seed and can produce a
new plant

Stomata Tiny openings on leaves through which gases and water vapour
pass

86 Additional Teacher’s Resources © 2012 Alston Publishing House Pte Ltd