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ARDUINO RF power & SWR meter

This sketch will readout RF power and SWR from any SWR bridge (for example 'monimatch' type). As this 'monimatch' type of bridge is frequency dependant, the meter must be calibrated for
every band. Because my primary interest was for VHF/UHF/SHF, I have foreseen positions for 6m, 4m, 2m, 70 cm, 23cm and 13cm bands - but you can use the ARDUINO readout on HF as
well. If you intend to build a HF or VHF bridge yourself, there are several designs available on the web : I recommend to take a look at the information here, here , here and there !

The meter will operate in 3 modes:

 display instantaneous power forward in Watt en dBm, display SWR


 display PEP power forward (peak holding with decay)
 display instantaneous power forward in Watt, display SWR, and emit 'beeps' corresponding to SWR value: low tone beeps at slow rate for low SWR, high tones at fast rate for high
SWR. Very handy to tune an antenna when you can't have your eyes on the meter while fiddling on the antenna!

When the band is selected/changed, the display indicated the 'full scale' of power readout. With my type of bridge (some breakout part of mobile radio base station I presume, but working well till
2.4 GHz - I purchased it on a local flea market...) the power ranges from 1kw (6m band) to 400mW (on 13cm). Other possibility is to build a directional coupler, many designs can be found on
the net. With my coupler, in the PEP power measurement mode, it is for example perfectly possible to measure the output of a WiFi access points ... Power range could be increased by adding
some resistive voltage dividing network, as the maximum input on ARDUINO is +5v. But is is essential that same power gives same voltage, both in 'forward' as 'reflected' mode (when the
coupler is turned around).

The meter is indented to be battery powered, therefore there is a circuit to control the LCD backlight (drawing a lot of current) and monitor the battery voltage.

Front panel of PWR & SWR meter. Left = power switch, middle = mode select push-button, right = band change push-button

Forward power is 23.3 W corresponding to +43.6 dBm

Below is the sketch or download it here . It was compiled with IDE version 0022.- IMPORTANT : please use the same or you might get errors when compiling ! You still can download
previous versions from ARDUINO website . Download theconnection diagram (as pdf) here or a better schematic drawn by Vlado Z32AN here.

See the meter in action on YouTube http://www.youtube.com

How to calibrate the power indication ?


Using a directional coupler which is not frequency compensated, the forward voltage (indicating the power) will be frequency dependant. For a 'monimatch' type, the voltage will increase with
frequency - or - otherwise said, the meter will become more sensitive at higher frequency (off course, as long as it is operated within it's design frequency range). The maximum voltage which
can be measured by Arduino is +5v , this is limiting the range upwards - if necessary, a voltage divider must be foreseen (same on REFL side off course!) - according to your frequency, power &
coupler.

To calibrate the sketch, follow the simple procedure below :

 uncomment the calibration routine lines, this will show the VoltFWD value. Replace 2x the asterisks by a slash like below, and load the sketch in ARDUINO.

//CALIBRATION ROUTINE FORWARD VOLTAGE ////////////////////

// This routine prints on LCD the FWD voltage measured.


// When no power applied, the FWD voltage displayed will be the diode voltage in mV
// To calculate the calibration factor, take the reading (including diode voltage)
// Uncomment this routine to enter calibration mode
lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print("VoltFWD= ");
lcd.print(VoltFWD, DEC);
delay(500);

// /////////////////////////////////////////////////////

 apply (for each band of interest) a known 'reference power', terminating the coupler by a dummy load (SWR = 1:1). This should produce a readout of VoltFWD, somewhere in the range
0 - 5000 (or just above 5000, as the diode voltage drop is added) - this is expressed in milliVolt. Ideally, this readout should be in the range 2000 - 4000 ('mid-scale'), adjust the
reference power accordingly. Let us assume that we measure on 145MHz 2500mV with 10w power, note this value.
 repeat for each band
 Now calculate - for each band - the calibration factor PowCALXX (XX= band), using the formula :

PowCal=(VoltFWD²/Power) / 1000 (where power is expressed in Watt)

In our case : PowCal = 2500 x 2500 / 10 / 1000 = 625

 Enter this value in the sketch, for the respective bands.

#define PowCal2m (625) // 2m band

 comment again the calibration routine, by replacing the two slashes by asterisks:

/*CALIBRATION ROUTINE FORWARD VOLTAGE ////////////////////

// This routine prints on LCD the FWD voltage measured.


// When no power applied, the FWD voltage displayed will be the diode voltage in mV
// To calculate the calibration factor, take the reading (including diode voltage)
// Uncomment this routine to enter calibration mode

lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print("VoltFWD= ");
lcd.print(VoltFWD, DEC);
delay(500);

*/ /////////////////////////////////////////////////////

 save the sketch, and reload into ARDUINO


 Test the readout with the 'reference power levels' - DONE !

Remarks :
 it is be possible to measure the power not by using the 'FWD' voltage over the coupler, but directly by rectifying a sample of the RF, and measuring this voltage - which should be less
frequency dependant than the coupler method. I leave it up to you to implement this in your sketch... using another ARDUINO analog input port. This can be feasible on HF, VHF
... but might be more complex on UHF and above - therefore this approach was not realized in this project.
 Depending on your coupler design, it can be required to 'load it' in order to have the output going to ground level when no RF-power is applied. ARDUINO analog inputs have a very
high impedance, so any stray voltage picked up can cause random readouts or 'beep-beep' when no RF-power is applied, in this case, put a 220k or 470k resistor from FWD and REFL
inputs to ground. Off course all wiring to coupler must be shielded and properly RF-decoupled !
 The first time you power up the sketch, there is no ''last band/mode'' to retrieve from memory. Therefore, some fields will be empty on the display. After choice of band & mode for the
first time, this will show normal values ...

(see my other ARDUINO stuff under 'PROJECTS' page)

/*
**************************************************************
* POWER & SWR meter on 2x16 char LCD display *
* By ON7EQ Aug 2011 *
**************************************************************

The circuit:

* LCD RS pin to digital pin 7


* LCD Enable pin to digital pin 8
* LCD D4 pin to digital pin 9
* LCD D5 pin to digital pin 10
* LCD D6 pin to digital pin 11
* LCD D7 pin to digital pin 12
* LCD R/W pin to ground
* GND to LCD VO pin (pin 3) (contrast)

* pin 13 = LCD backlight control (1= backlight ON). Use an emittor follower (like BC639) to control LCD backlight (this draws a
bout 120mA)

* pin 4 = connect a piezo buzzer (other end to ground)

* pin A0 : SWR probe FWD voltage input (SWR bridge type 'MONIMATCH')
* pin A1 : SWR probe REFL voltage input

! Set the diode forward voltage in variable 'Diode'. For 1SS99 or other Schottky diodes, it is around 130mV @ 0,1mA

* pin A5 : Power Supply Voltage input

MODE SELECT : there are 2 possibilities to select mode :


--------------------------------------------------------

1° with 3 position toggle switch:

* pin Digital 2 : 'bip' Sound Switch : when grounded -> SWR 'bip' tone mode
* pin Digital 3 : PEP mode Switch : when grounded -> PEP mode

When switch in center position : normal power/swr mode, instant power & dBm readout
When using a center toggle switch, Pin 5 must be connected to +5v
If a 3-way toggle switch is present, it will be automatically detected and the variable 'PushButton' set accordingly.

2° with push button for cyling modes:

* pin Digital 5 : Mode push button : when grounded (pulse), next mode is selected

When using a push button, Pins 2 and 3 must be connected to +5v !


! the mode is stored in EEPROM & memorized for next boot

BAND SELECT :
-------------
It can be necessary to apply different parameters / calibration factors per band.

* pin Digital 6 : BAND push button : when grounded (pulse), next band is selected
! the band is stored in EEPROM & memorized for next boot

*/

// include the LCD library code:


#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// include math functions


#include "math.h"

// include EEPROM write


#include <EEPROM.h>

// variables

#define TonePin (4) // Pin for beeper


#define ToneSwitch (2) // one end of 3 way toggle switch
#define PEPswitch (3) // the other end of 3 way toggle switch
#define ModeSwitch (5) // push button switch (no 3 way toggle switch)
#define BANDSwitch (6) // push button switch band change
#define LCDbacklight (13) // output to power the LCD backlight

#define VoltSupplyMini (66) // minimum battery voltage expressed in 100mV (if lower, alarm is generated)
// // for µ7805, minimum 7v required

// voltage divider at A5 - select proper values so that voltage never exceeds 5v on A5 !


// With R1 = 1k2 and R2 = 4k7, max input voltage = 25v

#define R1 (12) // from GND to A5, express in 100R (12 = 1200 Ohm)
#define R2 (47) // from + power supply to A5, express in 100R (47 = 4700 Ohm)

// calibration variables for forward power :


// PowCal=(VoltFWD²/Power) / 1000 (where Power = Power over 50 Ohm in Watt)
// Carry out calibration with sufficient power !

#define PowCalHF (100) // HF band


#define PowCal6m (21) // 6m band
#define PowCal4m (30) // 4m band --> pmax @ 5000mV = 833 W (as example)
#define PowCal2m (117) // 2m band
#define PowCal70 (57) // 70cm band
#define PowCal23 (3165) // 23cm band
#define PowCal13 (64800) // 13cm band

char* myStrings[]={" HF ", " 6m ", " 4m "," 2m ", " 70cm"," 23cm"," 13cm"};

/////////////////////// 3 way-mode switch or pushbutton ? ///////////////////////////////////

int PushButton = (1); // 1 = Pushbutton / 0 = toggle switch


// there is an automatic detection in the display subroutine

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

// modes
byte PEP = (1); // 0 if PEP measured
byte Tone = (1); // 0 if tone SWR tune (bip)

byte MODE = (0); // Mode 0 = instant power / Mode 1 = PEP / Mode 2 = Bip
byte BAND =(0); // BAND 0 = HF / 1 = 6m / 2 = 4m / 3 = 2m / 4 = 70cm / 5 = 23cm / 6 = 13cm

unsigned long DisplayTime = 0; // timer display refresh


unsigned long PeakTime = 0; // timer peak (PEP) detect
unsigned long BacklightTime = 0; // backlight LCD hold time
unsigned long BandTime = 0; // band display hold time

float VoltFWD = 0;
float VoltFWDmax = 0;
float VoltPEP = 0;
float VoltREF = 0;

unsigned int Diode = 130; // diode forward voltage, expressed in mV

unsigned int PowCal = 103 ; // calibration factor for power: PowCal=(VoltFWD²/Power)*1000


unsigned long PWR = 0; // power (expressed in 100 mW)
unsigned int PowDis = 0; // power for display
float SWR = 0; // SWR
float Vratio = 0; // Voltage ratio VoltREF/VoltFWD
int SWRDis = 0; // power calculation for showing in display

int VoltFWDmini = 0;

unsigned long PWRmax = 0; // the maximum power range, band dependant

int beeponce = (0); // emit only 1 beep for modechange


int beepband = (0); // emit only 1 beep for bandchange

int SWRtonePitch = (800); // low lone = low SWR


int SWRtoneLenght = (100); // long tone = low SWR

int debugled = (0); // LED at pin13 = debug


int decay = (0); // PEP decay rate

unsigned int SupplyVoltage = (0); // Power supply voltage

byte RunOnce =(1); // detect wether in SETUP or LOOP mode


byte DisplayCycle = (0); // counts the cycles in display mode (for low volt alert)

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins


LiquidCrystal lcd(7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12);

// *************************************************************
// ******************** S E T U P ************************
// *************************************************************

void setup() {

//setup pins
pinMode(LCDbacklight, OUTPUT); //Backlight LCD display
pinMode(PEPswitch, INPUT); // if grounded --> 'PEP' mode
pinMode(ToneSwitch, INPUT); // if grounded --> 'Bip' mode
pinMode(ModeSwitch, INPUT); // if grounded --> cycle through modes
pinMode(BANDSwitch, INPUT); // if grounded --> cycle through bands

// set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:


lcd.begin(16, 2);

// READ mode from EEPROM & set parameters


MODE = EEPROM.read(1);
if (MODE == 0) { // normal instant power & SWR
Tone = 1;
PEP = 1; }
if (MODE == 1) { // Tone tune SWR
Tone = 1;
PEP = 0; }
if (MODE == 2) { // PEP power
Tone = 0;
PEP = 1; }

// READ band from EEPROM


BAND = EEPROM.read(2);
if (BAND == 0) {
BAND = 3; // No HF for time being, default = 2m
PowCal = PowCalHF;}
if (BAND == 1) {
PowCal = PowCal6m;}
if (BAND == 2) {
PowCal = PowCal4m;}
if (BAND == 3) {
PowCal = PowCal2m;}
if (BAND == 4) {
PowCal = PowCal70;}
if (BAND == 5) {
PowCal = PowCal23;}
if (BAND == 6) {
PowCal = PowCal13;}

// calculate max range for this band

double PWRmax = pow((5000 + Diode),2) ;


PWRmax = PWRmax / PowCal / 1000;

// calculate minimum power for 'SWR < 1.5' indication threshold

// SWR = 1.5 means PWRref / PWRFwd = 0.2


// this means that VoltFWD = diode voltage / SQRT (0.2)

// for threshold SWR = 3 : replace 0.45 by SQRT (0.5) = 0.71

VoltFWDmini = (Diode / 0.45);


VoltFWDmini = 2* VoltFWDmini; // safety factor, required in practice

// Print a message to the LCD.

digitalWrite(LCDbacklight,1) ; // turn backlight on


lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print("Pwr & SWR Meter");
lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
lcd.print(" 6m - 13cm ");
pinMode(TonePin, OUTPUT);
tone(TonePin,1200);
delay(150);
tone(TonePin,1600);
delay (150);
tone(TonePin,2000);
delay (150);
noTone (TonePin);
delay (2000);

// lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
// lcd.print("by ON7EQ 08/2011");
// delay (2000);

//Power SupplyVoltage measure & display


measuresupplyvolt ();
delay (1500);

// print max power


lcd.clear();

lcd.setCursor(2, 0);
lcd.print("QRV on");
lcd.print( myStrings[BAND]);

clearline1();
lcd.setCursor(2, 1);
lcd.print("Pmax = ");

// if > 1kw, 1kW is enough :o)

if (PWRmax >= 1000) {


lcd.print(" 1 kW "); }

else {

if (PWRmax < 1) {

PowDis = PWRmax * 1000;


if (PowDis > 100) { //round PowDis up to ten
PowDis = PowDis / 10;
PowDis = PowDis * 10;
}

// if (PowDis < 100) {


// lcd.print(" ");
// }
// if (PowDis< 10) {
// lcd.print(" ");
// }
lcd.print((PowDis), DEC);
lcd.print("mW ");

else {

PowDis = PWRmax ;

//format PowDis

if (PowDis > 100) { //round PowDis up to ten


PowDis = PowDis / 10;
PowDis = PowDis * 10;
}

// if (PowDis < 100) {


// lcd.print(" ");
// }
// if (PowDis< 10) {
// lcd.print(" ");
// }
lcd.print((PowDis), DEC);
lcd.print("w ");
}
}
delay (4000);
lcd.clear();

// set timers
DisplayTime = millis ();
BacklightTime = millis ();

} // end of setup

// *************************************************************
// *********************** L O O P ************************
// *************************************************************

void loop() {

RunOnce = 0; // Now we are in loop

// Check if mode to be cycled


if (digitalRead (ModeSwitch) == 0) { // Mode cycle pushbutton depressed

digitalWrite(LCDbacklight, 1) ; // turn backlight on


BacklightTime = millis (); //reset timer to light LCD
if (beeponce == 0 ) {
tone(TonePin,1750);
delay (100);
tone(TonePin,1000);
beeponce = 1;
delay (20);
}
delay (50); // give tone & debounce
noTone (TonePin);

if (digitalRead (ModeSwitch) == 1) { // released

beeponce = 0;

MODE = MODE + 1;
if (MODE >= 3) MODE = 0;

EEPROM.write(1,MODE); // store new mode permanently

if (MODE == 0) { // normal instant power & SWR


Tone = 1;
PEP = 1; }
if (MODE == 1) { // Tone tune SWR
Tone = 1;
PEP = 0; }
if (MODE == 2) { // PEP power
Tone = 0;
PEP = 1;
VoltFWDmax = (0);
PeakTime = millis (); }

}
}

// Check if band to be cycled

if (digitalRead (BANDSwitch) == 0) { // BAND cycle pushbutton depressed

digitalWrite(LCDbacklight, 1) ; // turn backlight on


BacklightTime = millis (); //reset timer to light LCD
if (beepband == 0 ) {
tone(TonePin,1200);
delay(100);
tone(TonePin,1600);
delay (100);
tone(TonePin,2000);
beepband = 1;
delay (50);
}
delay (50); // give tone & debounce
noTone (TonePin);

if (digitalRead (BANDSwitch) == 1) { // released

beepband = 0;

BAND = BAND + 1;

if (BAND >= 7) BAND = 1; // set 0 if HF is enabled !

EEPROM.write(2,BAND); // store new mode permanently

if (BAND == 0) { //set proper calibration constants


PowCal = PowCalHF;}
if (BAND == 1) {
PowCal = PowCal6m;}
if (BAND == 2) {
PowCal = PowCal4m;}
if (BAND == 3) {
PowCal = PowCal2m;}
if (BAND == 4) {
PowCal = PowCal70;}
if (BAND == 5) {
PowCal = PowCal23;}
if (BAND == 6) {
PowCal = PowCal13;}

//show band
lcd.setCursor(11, 1);
lcd.print( myStrings[BAND]);

//show Pmax for this band


clearline0();
lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print("Pmax = ");

// calculate max range for this band

double PWRmax = pow((5000 + Diode),2) ;


PWRmax = PWRmax / PowCal / 1000;
// if > 1kw, 1kW is enough :o)
if (PWRmax >= 1000) {
lcd.print(" 1 kW "); }

else {

if (PWRmax < 1) {

PowDis = PWRmax * 1000;


if (PowDis > 100) { //round PowDis up to ten
PowDis = PowDis / 10;
PowDis = PowDis * 10;
}

// if (PowDis < 100) {


// lcd.print(" ");
// }
// if (PowDis< 10) {
// lcd.print(" ");
// }
lcd.print((PowDis), DEC);
lcd.print("mW ");

else {

PowDis = PWRmax ;

//format PowDis

if (PowDis > 100) { //round PowDis up to ten


PowDis = PowDis / 10;
PowDis = PowDis * 10;
}

// if (PowDis < 100) {


// lcd.print(" ");
// }
// if (PowDis< 10) {
// lcd.print(" ");
// }
lcd.print((PowDis), DEC);
lcd.print("w ");
}
}

BandTime = millis(); // reset display timer for bandchange display


// delay (1000);
}
}

// read sensors

if (PushButton == 0) { // Read 3 way switch


Tone = digitalRead (ToneSwitch); // read tone button
PEP = digitalRead (PEPswitch); // read PEP button
}

VoltFWD = analogRead(A0); // Read FWD sensor voltage


VoltREF = analogRead(A1); // Read REFL sensor voltage

// PEP detect

if (VoltFWD > VoltFWDmax) {


VoltFWDmax = VoltFWD;
PeakTime = millis ();
decay = 1;
}

// decay

else if ((millis() - PeakTime) > 400) { // 400 = PEP Peak hold time
VoltFWDmax = VoltFWDmax / (decay + 0.3);
PeakTime = millis ();
decay = decay + 1; //decay
}

// LCD refresh if no tone mode


if (((millis() - DisplayTime) > 200) and (Tone == 1)){ //200 = display refresh rate in PEP & dBm mode
DisplayTime = millis ();
refreshdisplay();
}
if (Tone == 0) { // in tone mode, refresh triggered by tone
decay = 0;
refreshdisplay();
}

// =========================================================
// ************ Refresh LCD display Routine ****************
// =========================================================
void refreshdisplay () {

// check for low battery

DisplayCycle = DisplayCycle ++ ;

if (DisplayCycle >= 50) { // every 50 display cycles, check battery voltage


DisplayCycle = (0);
measuresupplyvolt ();
}

// check if band change and display to hold

if (((millis() - BandTime) < 3000)) return; // show band change parameters

// Check if toggle switch for mode is present, default is push button

if ((digitalRead (ToneSwitch) == 0) or digitalRead (PEPswitch) == 0) {


PushButton = (0); // toggle switch is present
}

// LCD Backlight

if (VoltFWD>0) {
digitalWrite(LCDbacklight,1) ; // turn backlight on
BacklightTime = millis (); //set timer
}
else if (((millis() - BacklightTime) > 8000)) { // 8 seconds backlight
digitalWrite(LCDbacklight, 0) ; // turn backlight off
}

// Overrange detect

if ((VoltFWD>1022) and (digitalRead (ModeSwitch) == 1) ) {


lcd.clear();
lcd.setCursor(1, 0);
lcd.print("- Overrange -");
lcd.setCursor(2, 1);
lcd.print("Pmax = ");

// calculate max range for this band

double PWRmax = pow((5000 + Diode),2) ;


PWRmax = PWRmax / PowCal / 1000;

// if P > 1kw, 1kW is enough :o)


if (PWRmax >= 1000) {
lcd.print(" 1 kW "); }

else {

if (PWRmax < 1) { // We are measuring milliwatts

PowDis = PWRmax * 1000;


if (PowDis > 100) { //round PowDis up to ten
PowDis = PowDis / 10;
PowDis = PowDis * 10;
}

if (PowDis < 100) {


lcd.print(" ");
}
if (PowDis< 10) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
lcd.print((PowDis), DEC);
lcd.print(" mW ");

else {

PowDis = PWRmax ; // We are measuring watts

//format PowDis

if (PowDis > 100) { //round PowDis up to ten


PowDis = PowDis / 10;
PowDis = PowDis * 10;
}

if (PowDis < 100) {


lcd.print(" ");
}
if (PowDis< 10) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
lcd.print((PowDis), DEC);
lcd.print(" w ");
}
}

tone(TonePin,2500);
delay (200) ;
noTone(TonePin);

if (digitalRead (ModeSwitch) == 1) delay (2000) ;


lcd.clear();
return;
}
// process FWD voltage

VoltFWD = map(VoltFWD, 0,1023,0,5000);


VoltFWD = (VoltFWD + Diode); //correct for diode voltage drop

//process REF

VoltREF = map(VoltREF, 0,1023,0,5000);


VoltREF = (VoltREF + Diode); //correct for diode voltage drop

// POWER Display
lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print("Pwr ");

/* CALIBRATION ROUTINE FORWARD VOLTAGE ////////////////////

// This routine prints on LCD the FWD voltage measured.


// When no power applied, the FWD voltage displayed will be the diode voltage in mV
// To calculate the calibration factor, take the reading (including diode voltage)
// Uncomment this routine to enter calibration mode

lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print("VoltFWD= ");
lcd.print(VoltFWD, DEC);
delay(500);

*/ //////////////////////////////////////////////////////

//calcultate Power Max, we will need it later


double PWRmax = pow((5000 + Diode),2) ;
PWRmax = PWRmax / PowCal / 1000;

if (PEP == 1) { // Instant POWER MODE


double PWR = pow(VoltFWD,2) ;
PWR= PWR / PowCal / 1000;
if (VoltFWD<(Diode+2)) {
PWR = 0;
}

if (PWRmax < 1) { // milliwatt readout

PowDis = PWR * 1000;


if (PowDis < 100) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
if (PowDis < 10) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
lcd.print((PowDis), DEC);
lcd.print(" mW ");
if ((PWR > 0) & (Tone == 1)) {

if ((10*log10(PWR*1000)) >= 0) {lcd.print("+");} // + dBm


lcd.print(10*log10(PWR*1000)); // dBm calculation
}
else if (Tone == 1) {
lcd.print("(dBm)");
}
if (Tone == 0) lcd.print("(Bip)");

else {
PowDis = PWR * 10;

if (PowDis/10 < 100) {


lcd.print(" ");
}
if (PowDis/10 < 10) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
lcd.print((PowDis/10), DEC);lcd.print(".");
lcd.print((PowDis)%10, DEC);
lcd.print("w ");
if ((PWR > 0) & (Tone == 1)) {
if ((10*log10(PWR*1000)) >= 0) {lcd.print("+");} // + dBm
lcd.print(10*log10(PWR*1000)); // dBm calculation
}
else if (Tone == 1) {
lcd.print("(dBm)");
}
if (Tone == 0) lcd.print("(Bip)");
}
}
else if (PEP == 0) { // PEP POWER MODE

Tone == 1; // Reset Tone mode

VoltPEP = map(VoltFWDmax, 0,1023,0,5000);


VoltPEP = (VoltPEP + Diode); //correct for diode voltage

double PWR = pow(VoltPEP,2) ;


PWR= PWR / PowCal / 1000;
if (VoltPEP<(Diode+2)) {
PWR = 0;
}

if (PWRmax < 1) { //milliwatt readout

PowDis = PWR * 1000;


if (PowDis < 100) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
if (PowDis < 10) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
lcd.print((PowDis), DEC);
lcd.print(" mW (PEP)");

else {
PowDis = PWR * 10;
if (PowDis/10 < 100) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
if (PowDis/10 < 10) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
lcd.print((PowDis/10), DEC);lcd.print(".");
lcd.print((PowDis)%10, DEC);
lcd.print("w (PEP)");
}
}

// SWR Display

// print the band

lcd.setCursor(11, 1);
lcd.print( myStrings[BAND]);

lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
lcd.print("SWR ");

if ((VoltFWD <= (Diode+2)) or (PEP == 0)) { // No power = no SWR to detect


lcd.print(" -.- ");
}

else if ( (VoltFWD > (Diode+1)) & (VoltFWD < (VoltFWDmini)) & (VoltREF <= (Diode+1))){ // at low power no SWR display or <
1.5
lcd.print("<1.5 ");
}

else {
Vratio = VoltREF / VoltFWD;

// Check ROUTINE

//lcd.print(VoltREF, DEC); // DEBUG


//lcd.print(Vratio, DEC); // DEBUG

SWR = ((1 + Vratio)/ (1 - Vratio));

if ((SWR > 3.1) & (PEP == 1)) {


lcd.print(" > 3 ");
tone(TonePin,2500);
delay (60);
noTone(TonePin);
}

else {
SWRDis = SWR * 10;

if (SWRDis < 10){ // SWR cannot be lower than 1.0


SWRDis = 10 ;
}

if (SWRDis/10 < 10) {


lcd.print(" ");
}

lcd.print((SWRDis/10), DEC);lcd.print(".");
lcd.print((SWRDis)%10, DEC);
lcd.print(" ");

/// SWR 'Bip' MODE


if ((Tone == 0) and (digitalRead (ModeSwitch) == 1)) {
SWRtonePitch = map((SWRDis*SWRDis),100,900,300,2200);
SWRtoneLenght = map((SWRDis*SWRDis),100,900,300,60);
tone(TonePin,SWRtonePitch);
delay (SWRtoneLenght);
noTone(TonePin);
}

}
}

if ((Tone == 0) and (digitalRead (ModeSwitch) == 1)){


delay (SWRtoneLenght/3); // leave silence between SWR beeps, only if no mode change required
}
}

void clearline0 () { // subroutine clear top line display


lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print(" ");
}

void clearline1 () { // subroutine clear bottom line display


lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
lcd.print(" ");
}

void measuresupplyvolt () { // Power SupplyVoltage measure

SupplyVoltage = analogRead(A5); // Read power supply voltage


SupplyVoltage = map(SupplyVoltage, 0,1023,0,(50*(R2+R1)/R1));
if (SupplyVoltage <= 50) return; // not running on batteries !
if (SupplyVoltage >= 84) SupplyVoltage=SupplyVoltage+6 ; // running on ext power, correct for diode voltage drop 0.6v

// print power supply voltage if startup or low battery condition

if ((RunOnce == 1) or (SupplyVoltage <= VoltSupplyMini)) {

lcd.clear();

lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print("Batt Volt=");
if (SupplyVoltage < 100) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
if (SupplyVoltage < 10) {
lcd.print(" ");
}
lcd.print((SupplyVoltage/10), DEC);
lcd.print(".");
lcd.print((SupplyVoltage)%10, DEC);
lcd.print("v");
if (SupplyVoltage <= VoltSupplyMini) {
lcd.setCursor(2, 1);
lcd.print("LOW BATTERY !");
}
delay (1500);
}