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{]h¿Ø\w----1-

ae-bmfw

ae-c-Wn-°m-Sp-Iƒ Xnßn-hnßn ac-X-I-Im-¥n-bn¬ apßn apßn Icfpw angnbpw Ih¿∂p an∂n Idbs‰m-cm-e-k¬ {Kma-`wKn ]pfIw t]m¬ Ip∂n≥ ]pdØp hoW ]pXp-aq-S¬ a™e ]p¬In \o°n ]pe-scm-fn-am-ae t{iWn-Iƒ X≥ ]pd-In-embv h∂p-\n-s∂-Øn-t\m°n CS-bs‚ ]m´n-e-en-s™m-gpIpw XSn-\nbpw Xma-c-s]m-bvI-Ifpw Hcp-sIm-®p-Im-s‰-ßm≥ h∂p t]mbm¬ Xpcp-Xpsc ]qa-g-bmbv ]ns∂ FhnsSØncn-s™m∂p t\m°n-bmepw AhnsS√mw ]qØ ac-߃ (ca-W≥ -˛Nß-ºpg)- -

F)

Ihn-X-bnse Hcp ]Z-amWv ""]qag'' CXp t]mse-bp≈ a‰v c≠v hm°p-Iƒ Fgp-XpI? (kvtIm¿ 1)

_n)

""XSn\n'' F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿∞w F¥mWv?

(kvtIm¿ 1)

kn)

Ihn-X-bpsS Bkzm-Z-\-°pdn∏v Xøm-dm-°pI?

(kvtIm¿ 3)

{]h¿Ø\w 2 ]mhw DÆn t\c-an-√p-Æn°v t\c-an√ t\c-tºm-t°m-Xp-hm≥ t\c-an√ ap‰sØ amhns‚ tXmfn-sem-t∂-‰p-hm≥ amhn-sem-∂m-Sp-hm≥ t\c-an-√.

Xpºn-sb-s°m-s≠mcp Is√-Sp-∏n-°p-hm≥ Xpº-∏q-shm∂p ]dn-®o-Sp-hm≥ \mep-Im¬ \m´n Htcm-e-∏p-c-sI´n I™n-sh-®o-Sp-hm≥ t\c-an-√. Hcp-Xp≈n∏pXp-ag Fßm\pw sIm≈p-In¬ Hcp ]mSp NoØ ]d-bp-a-—≥ A∏q-∏≥ XmSn-tbm-sSm∏w \S-°p-In¬ A∏q-∏≥ t]mepw hg-°n-Sp-∂p. aÆ∏w Np´p-I-fn-°p-hm≥ ]mSn√ aÆn-sc-sbm-∂p-sXm-´p-IqSm ]qºm‰tbmsSm∂p ]p∂mcw sNm√p-hm≥ ]qhm-Snsbm∂nepw sN∂p-IqS (F-S-∏mƒ kn.kp{_-“-Wy≥)

F)

HmXpI F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿∞-sa¥v?

_n)

""IÆv"" F∂ ]Z-Øn\v kam-\m¿∞w D≈ as‰mcp ]Zw Fgp-XpI?

kn)

Ihn-X-bpsS Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°pI?

{]h¿Ø\w 3 tIc-fta \ns‚tbma-\-t∏¿ tIƒt° tImƒa-bn¬ sIm≈p-sa-∂p-≈sa∂pw \ocm-f-∏® hncn® hb-ep-Iƒ \osf-°n-S-°p-apƒ \mSp-Ifpw hmcnfw ]p√-Wn-°p-∂n≥∏pd-ßfpw t\c‰ \oc-e¿ s]mbvI-Ifpw

]qØncn IØn® ]mXn-cmhpw ]ns∂ ]qØn-cp-hm-Xnc∏q\n-emhpw a™-°p-dn-bn´ aqh-¥n-am-\hpw a™p-]p-X® ]pe-cn-Ifpw

(F-kv.sI s]m‰-°m-Sv)

F)

Ihn-X-bn¬ GsXms° {]IrXn Zriy-ß-sf-°p-dn-®mWv Ihn h¿Wn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv?

_n)

a™-°p-dn-bn´ aqh-¥n-am\hpw F∂ {]tbm-K-Øn¬ a™-°p-dn-bmbn Ihn k¶¬∏n-®n-cn- °p-∂Xv F¥n-s\-bmWv?

kn)

Cu Ihn-X°v Hcp Bkzm-Z\w Xøm-dm-°mtam?

{]h¿Ø\w 4 ssIcfn s]mXp-P\ hmb\ ime-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬

{]ikvX hnPbw ssIh-cn® hnZym¿∞n°v A\p-tam-Z\w {KmaoW h\nX ]pkvXI hnX-cW ]≤-Xn-bpsS DZvLm-S\w Imcy-]-cn-]mSn

A[y-£≥ : {io. bp.

A\p-tam-Z\ {]`m-j-Ww (AUz: F kºØv Ipam¿) Nb¿am≥: hnZym-`ymk Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n {KmaoW ]pkvXI hnX-cW ]≤Xn DZvLm-S\w : {io sI.hn Ip™n-Ir-jvW≥ A\ptamZ-\-Øn\v A¿l-cm-b-h¿

_me≥({]-kn-U‚ v ssIc-fn-hm-b-\-ime)

F¬.-F-kv.-Fkv

bp.-F-kv.-Fkv

AizXn hn. hn

hn\oX

PnPn. ]n. sI

eo\ kn

t{ib hn. kn

IrjvW-{]nb hn

kzmXn .Sn

tZhnI

sshimJv kn

Acp¨ sI

cmlp¬ ]n Xmc hn

Intjm¿ kn

t\m´n-kns\ ASn-ÿm-\-am°n Hcp ]{X-hm¿Ø Xøm-dm-°p-I. (kvtIm¿ 5) {]h¿Ø\w 5 Iog¥pcmdv \ΩpsS tZi-Øns≥d s]cp-a-bmb \ΩpsS ]pg Iog-¥q¿ tZi-Øn\v IpSn-\ocpw Ipfn-\ocpw \¬Inb \Zn . sXfn-\o-scm-gp-Inb Cu ]pg Cs∂mcp amen-\y-°p-f-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. aW-se-SpØv Hgp°v \ne-®p-t]mb ]pgbn¬ \ΩpsS \K-c-hm-kn-Iƒ Xs∂ k¿Δ-am-en-\y-ßfpw \nt£-]n®v sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Ch-bn¬ Ad-hp-am-en-\yßfpw HmS-I-fnse aen\Pehpw I°qkv amen-\yhpw F¥n\v πmÃn°pw ^mIvSdn amen-\y-߃ hsc Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. Ch-sbms° \o°w sNbvXv tcmKw hnX- bv°p∂ \ΩpsS ]pgsb ac-W-Øn¬ \n∂v c£n®v ]pXp Poh≥ \¬Im-\p≈ hen-sbmcp b⁄w

Bh-iy-am-bn-cn-°p∂p. Iog-¥q-cm-dns\ hos≠-Sp-°m-\p≈ Hu]-Nm-cnI DZvLm-S\w Be-Øq-c-ßm-Sn- bnse IΩyq-Wn‰n lmfn¬ sh®v 10/12/2017 sh≈n-bmgv® sshIp-t∂cw 5 aWn°v \S-°p-∂p. Xm¶fpw kplr-Øp-°fpw sbmK-Øn¬ IrXy ka-bØv FØn-t®-c-W-sa∂v A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. kvt\l-]q¿Δw I¨ho-\¿

1.12.2017

Iog-¥q¿

Iog-¥q-cmdv kwc-£W kanXn

Imcy-]-cn-]mSn

kzmKXw : {io sI.-cm-L-h≥ (sk-{I-´dn Iog-¥p-cmdv kwc-£W kanXn)

A[y-£≥

: {ioaXn ]n. kpPmX ({]-knU≠v Be-Øq¿ {Kma-]-©m-b-Øv)

DZvLm-S\w

: {io .C.sI Ip™-_vZp≈ ({]-kn-U≠v Iog-¥q¿ tªm°v ]©m-bØv )

hnj-bm-h-X-cWw

: {io s{]m^.-tXm-akv amXyp(]-cn-ÿnXn imkv{X-⁄≥)

Biwk

: {ioaXn Fw. sI apwXmkv (hm¿Uv saº¿)

\μn : {io {io[-c≥ amÿ ({]-kn-U≠v Iog-¥q-cmdv kwc-£W kanXn)

F)

Iog-¥q-cmdv kwc-£-b⁄w F∂ ]≤-Xn°v XpS-°-an-Sm≥ tZi-hm-kn-Isf t{]cn-∏n®

LS-

I-߃ Fs¥√mw?

_n)

Iog-¥q-cmdv kwc-£-W-b-⁄-Øns‚ DZvLm-S\w \S∂p Ign-™t√m? CXv kw_-‘n®

Hcp ]{X-hm¿Ø Xøm-dm-°q. {]h¿Ø\w 6 B\-Iƒ ImSn-d-ßp-∂Xv kao-]-Im-esØ hm¿Ø-I-fn¬ \nd™p \n¬°p∂ H∂mWv Im´m-\bpw a\p-jy\pw XΩn- ep≈ bp≤w. ImsS√mw \mSm-hp-Ibpw D≈ ImSp-Iƒ tX°n¬ tXm´-ßtfm bq°n-en]v‰vkv tXm´- ßtfm Bhp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ lcnX h\-ß-fn¬ \mbm-´p-Imcpw I≈ hm‰p-Imcpw I©mhp Irjn-°mcpw Xmh-f-ap-d-∏n-°p-∂p. At∏mƒ Poh≥ c£n-°m≥ \m´n-te-°n-d-ßpI F∂Xv am{Xta B\-Iƒ°v sNøm-\p-≈q.

\m´n¬ Bcpw ]c-ky-ambn shSn-sh®p sIm√n√ F∂Xp sIm≠mtWm sh≈hpw `£-Whpw tXSn B\-Iƒ \m´n-se-Øp-∂Xv.

Rß-fmcpw Im´n¬ Ibdn H∂pw \in-∏n-°p-∂n-√. R߃°pw Pohn-°t≠? Rß-fpsS Irjnbpw hoSpw \in-∏n-®m¬ F¥p-sNøpw? sshZypXn then-sI´n Rßsf c£n-°-Ww.

\√ ImSpw `£-Whpw sh≈hpw e`n-°p∂ ÿe- sØm∂pw B\-Iƒ \m´n-en- d-ßp-∂n-√.

F)

F¥p sIm≠mWv Im´m-\-Iƒ {Kma-ß-fn-te-°n-dßn h∂v \mi-\-jvS-ß-fp-≠m-°p-∂Xv?(2)

_n)

Im´m-\-i-ey-Øn¬ \n∂pw \ne-ºq-cnse P\-ßsf c£-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ {]mtbm-KnI \n¿tZ-i- ߃ Dƒs∏-SpØn h\w hIp∏v a{¥n°v \¬Im≥ Hcp \nth-Z\w Xøm-dm-°pI?

{]h¿Ø\w 7 \nth-Z\w Xøm-dm-°pI a[y th\¬ Ah-[n°v ]mSØpw ]d-ºnepw ImWp∂ \nXy-Im-gvN-bmWv {In°‰v Ifn-°p∂ Ip´n- Iƒ. CXn-\mbn Ah¿ ]e-t∏mgpw sXßns‚ aSep sIm≠p≈ _m‰mWv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. \n߃ Cßs\ Ifn-°m-dnt≠m? \nß-fpsS kvIqfn¬ \n߃ GsX√mw Ifn-I-fn-emWv G¿s∏-Sp-∂Xv? Ifn-°m-\m-h-iy-amb ÿehpw Ifn D]-I-c-W-ßfpw Dt≠m? \n߃°m-h-iy-amb IqSp-X¬ Ifn D]- I-c-W-߃ kvIqfn¬ e`y-am-°-W-sa∂v Bh-iy-s∏´v sIm≠v ]©m-bØv {]kn-U‚n\v \¬Im≥ \nth-Z\w Xøm-dm-°p-I. {]h¿Ø\w 8 t\m´okv hnP-b-]pcw Kh: bp ]n kvIqfn¬ Km‘n-P-b-¥n-tbmSv A\p-_-‘n®v Km‘n-Pnbpw hnZym-`ymk Nn¥- Ifpw F∂ hnj-b-sØ-°p-dn®v skan-\m¿ \S-°p-I-bm-Wv. Cu skan-\m-dn¬ {]ikvX Km‘n-b\pw kzm{¥-k-a-c-tk-\m-\n-bp-amb {io Ip™n-cm-a≥ tatemØv ]s¶-SpØp kwkm-cn-°p-∂p. Cu skan- \m-dn-te°v \nßsf Gh-tcbpw kk-t¥mjw kzmKXw sNøp-∂p.

 

F∂v

]n.-Sn.F {]kn-U‚ v

slUvam-ÿ

Imcy-]-cn-]mSn

{]m¿∞\

kzmKXw : {io tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ (sl-Uvam-ÿ)

A[y-£≥

: laoZv ( ]n.-Sn.F {]kn-U‚ v )

DZvLm-S\w

: {io Ip™n-cm-a≥ tatemØv (Km-‘n-b≥)

{]_-‘m-h-X-cWw : {io tP°_v ]≈n-°p∂v (kmw-kvIm-cnI {]h¿Ø-I≥)

\μn

Bfl-°Y Cu t\m´n-knse hnh-c-ßsf kw_-‘n®v Hcp ]{X hm¿Ø Xøm-dm-°q.

: joP tPm¨ (Ãm^v sk{I-´-dn)

tImgn-t°mSv \S-°mhv F¬.]n kvIqfn¬ {]th-i-t\m-’hw Kw`o-c-ambn \S∂p. AXn\p tijw Ip´n-I-sfms° Ah-c-h-cpsS ¢m n-te°v \oßn. ChnsS Cu sIm√w \memw ¢mkn-te°v FØn-b-XmWv lcn-°p-´≥. lcn-°p-´≥ ap≥ `mKsØ s_©n¬ Xs∂ Ccp-∂p. ]pXn-sbm-cmsf I≠ s_©v IuXp-I-tØmsS Ahs\ t\m°n ]d™p ]ptNm-Xnb Ip´n-bm-W-t√. Rm\n-hnsS h∂n´v \mep sIm√-ambn Rm≥ Fhn-sS-bm-bn-cp-s∂-t∂m-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛ F∂p XpSßn s_©v Xs‚ IY ]d-bm≥ XpS-ßn. lcn-°p-´≥ tI´n-cp-∂p. Fs¥m-s°-bm-bn-cn°pw s_©v ]d-™n-´p-≠m-hp-I. s_©ns‚ Bfl-°Y \n߃s°gp-Xmtam? Bfl-IY ao\p-hns‚ kvIqfn¬ ]g-b-Ime D]-I-c-W-ß-fpsS {]Z¿i\w \S-°p-I-bm-Wv. ao\phpw Iq´p-Im-cn- Ifpw hcn-h-cn-bmbn \S-°p-I-bm-Wv. Hmtcm D]-I-c-W-ß-fp-sSbpw D]-tbmKw Ah¿ N¿® sNbvXp sIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. s]s´∂v Zqsc \n∂v Hcmƒ ao\p-hns\ amSn-hn-fn-°p-∂-Xp t]mse Ahƒ°v tXm∂n. AtX AXv Dcepw De-°-bp-am-Wv. Ahƒ HmSn-s®-∂p AXv AhtfmSv ]d™p I≠nt√ ao\p Rm\n-t∏mƒ {]Z¿i-\-Øn\p am{Xta th≠q. Bcpw Fs∂ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂n-√. Fs‚ ]g-b- Imew ao\p-hn\p Adn-bmtam-- - - - - ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-D-c¬ Xs‚ IY ]d-bm≥ XpS-ßn. \n߃°v Dc-en-s‚bpw De-°-bp-sSbpw Bfl-IY Xøm-dm-°mtam?

A\p-`-h-°p-dn∏v

1. AΩ-bpsS kvt\lw Bthmfw A\p-`-hn-®-h-cm-Wt√m \n߃. AΩ-bpsS kvt\lw-sØ- °p-dn®v Hcp A\p-`-h-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°pI?

2. ag-°me A\p-`-h-߃ ]e-¿°pw ]e coXn-bn-emhpw D≠m-hp-I. Nne¿°h BÀm-Z-I- chpw Nne¿°p k¶-Shpw Bhmw. \n߃°-dn-bmtam ag-°m-em-\p-`hw H∂p Ipdn-°mtam?

3. \n߃°njv´s∏´ Hcp bm{X-bpsS A\p-`h Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°q.

So®¿ th¿j≥ {]mNo\ Ihn-{X-b-Øn¬ Hcm-fmb sNdp-t»cn Fgp-Xnb Irj-W-Km-Y-bnse Hcp `mK-amWv shÆ-°- Æ≥ amXr-hm-’-eyhpw IÆs‚ Ipkr-Xn-Ø-cßfpw hnh-cn-°p-∂-XmWv Ihn-X-bnse hcn-Iƒ. IÆs‚ IpkrXn \nd™ hm°p-Iƒ°v ap∂n¬ hm’-ey-Øns‚ Bƒ cq]-ambn \n¬°p∂ AΩsbbmWv ]mT-`m-KØv \mw ImWp-∂-Xv. AΩ Ipfn®p hcp-∂Xv hscbpw Cu ]m¬shÆ Rm≥ ImØp kq£n-®-sXs√ Cß-s\-bp≈ F\n°v A¬∏w t]mepw shÆ XcmsX \o Ftßm-´mWv t]mIp-∂Xv F∂ IÆs‚ tNmZyw tI´v AΩ ho≠pw IÆ\v shÆ \¬Ip∂p shÆ In´n-b-t∏mƒ IÆs‚ apJw \nemhp t]mse Xnf-ß-∂p.-H‰ ssIbn¬ am{Xw shÆ X∂m¬ as‰ ssI k¶-S-s∏- Snt√ F∂v IÆ≥ ]d-™Xv tI´v AΩ ]ns∂bpw shÆ-bv°mbv t]mbn. At∏mƒ ssIbnse shÆ ]Xnsb hmbn-en´v Im° sIm≠p t]mbn F∂ IÆs‚ hm°v tI´v AΩ Nncn-®p. ho≠pw sIm≠v h∂v IÆs‚ c≠v ssIbnepw sh®v sImSp-°p-tºmƒ Xnf-ßp∂ Xn¶ƒ t]mse IÆ≥ ]p©n-cn®v \n¬°p∂p.

ssIønse shÆ-sb-∏-øth hmbnen ´tøm ! sb∂n-ßs\ sNm√n sNm∂m≥ I≈m-\m-bp-s≈mcp ImI≥ Xm≥ h∂n-s´≥ ssIbnse shÆsb sIm≠p t]mbn

IÆs‚ Ipkr-Xn-X-c-ßfpw shÆ-sIm-Xnbpw hy‡-am-Ip∂ Cu hcn-I-fn¬ ø, I F∂o A£-c- ߃ Bh¿Øn-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ hcn-Iƒ \√ CuWØnepw Xmf-Ønepw sNm√m≥ Ign-bp-∂p. IÆs‚ IpkrXn Bkz-Zn®v kvt\l-hm-’-ey-߃ sNmcn-bp\v AΩsb ImWp-tºmƒ F\n°v Fs‚ AΩsb Hm¿Ω-h-cp-∂p. efnX kpμ-c-amb ]Z-߃ (shÆn-e, A©n-Xw, ssIX-hw, B\\w) sIm≠v amXr hm’y- ey-Øns‚ B¿{Z a[p-c-amb `mh Nn{X-amWv Ihn #o Ihn-X-bn-eqsS hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. aq∂mw ¢mknse IÆ-s\-tØSn F∂ Ihn-X-bnepw AΩbv°v IÆ-t\m-Sp≈ hm’-ey-amWv hnh-cn-°p-∂-Xv. amXr kvt\l-Øns‚ alXzw hy‡-am-°p∂ CØcw Ihn-X-Iƒ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-eqsS kvt\l-Øns‚ al-\ob `mh-߃ a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p.

Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v tIc-f-Øn¬ Fßpw And-b-s∏-Sp∂ Ihn-bmWv hb-em¿. Ct±-l-Øns‚ ]q¿Æ-\maw hb-em¿ cma- h¿Ω F∂m-Wv. Ct±-l-Øns‚ Hcp IrXn-bmWv Ip´n-Iƒs°mcp ]m´v. Ct±lw Ihn, Km\cN-bn-Xm- hp-am-Wv. CXn¬ {][m-\-am-bn´pw ]d-bp-∂Xv c≠v ]cp-¥p-Iƒ kvt\lw \Sn®v Hcp Ipcp-hn-°p-™ns\ sNm√p-I-bm-Wv. Ipcphn Ipcphn \ns‚ IqSv Fhn-sS-bm-Wv. \ns‚ Iq´n¬ Ip™n-t√. Iq´n-en-cn-°p∂ Ipcphn Ip™n\v Iq´n\v BcmWv D≈-Xv. k‘y hncp-∂n\v h∂ c≠v ]cp-¥p-Iƒ h∂n-cp-∂p. Atß sImºn¬ IqSpw sh®n´v Ctß sImºn¬ h∂n-cp-∂p. Ipcphn Ip™n\v tIm¿Øp sImSpØp a©mSn sIm≠v D≠m- °nb ame. Ip™n\v s\bvXp sImSpØ \√ XpWn. ]cp-¥p-Iƒ ]√v ISn-°p-∂Xv tI´-t∏mƒ AΩ°pcphn tNmZn®p ]√v ISn-°p-∂Xv Bcm-Wv. AS-bv°-°p-cp-hn-bm-sW∂v ]cp-¥p-Iƒ ]d-™p. Ing°v kqcy≥ DZn-®p. Ipcphn Ip™ns‚ i_vZw tI´n-√. ]cp-¥p-Iƒ IqSv hn´v ]d-∂p. At∏mgpw Ipcp-hn-°p-™ns‚ i_Zw tI´n-√. Ah-km\w t\m°p-tºmƒ Cu¿°nen t]mse-bp≈ F√pw Ip™p- Np-≠p-amWv I≠-Xv. Ip™p-Sp-∏n\v ioe F∂ hcn-bn¬ XpWn°v ioe F∂ hm°v D]-tbm-Kn-®-Xp-sIm≠v \√ CuW-Øn\pw Xmf-Øn\pw sNm√m≥ Ign-™p. Ipcp-hn-°p-™n\v tIm¿Øp-sIm-SpØp Ip∂n-Ip-cp-a-Wn-ame ImcWw ]cp-¥p-Iƒ°v Ipcphn Ip™n-t\m-Sp≈ kvt\lw a\-kn-em-bXv sIm≠v kvt\lw Xm≥ i‡n-sb∂ Ihn-X-bp-sSbpw Cu Ihn-XbpsSbpw Bibw Hcp t]msebmWv. ]s£ AXn¬ Hcp Ip´n°v Hcp ssa\-tbm-Sp≈ {Iqc-Xbpw . CXn¬ c≠v ]cp-¥p-Iƒ°v Hcp Ipcp-hn-°p-™n-t\m-Sp-ap≈ {Iqc-X-bp-amWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Cu Ihn-X-bn¬ ]d-bp∂ ]cp-¥p-Iƒ°v A Ipcp-hn-°p™nt\mSp≈ {IqcX ImWp-tºmƒ F\n°v Fs‚ eut_¿Uvkns\ Hm¿Ω hcp-∂p.

]qX-∏m´v Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v CS-t»cn tKmhn-μ≥ \mb¿ c-Nn-®-XmWv ]qX-∏m´v F∂ Ihn-X. AΩbv°v aI-t\m-Sp≈ hm’-ey- amWv Cu Ihn-X-bnse {][m\ Bi-bw. hcn-I-fn¬ A£-c-߃ Bh¿Øn®v hcp-∂p-≠v. Hcp ]mSv \mfp-Iƒ°v tijw B‰n≥ h°sØ amfn-I-ho-´n¬ Hcp DÆn ]nd-∂p. DÆn-bpsS Ac-bn¬ Inßn- Wnbpw ImXn¬ ISp-°\pw AWn-®n-´p-≠v. Ip™ns‚ AΩ-bmb \tßen Ip™n\p ]mepw ]mh- bp-sams° sImSp-°p-∂p-≠v. Im°-bp-sSbpw ]q®-bp-sSbpw ]m´p-Iƒ ]mSn sIm≠v Aºn-fn-am-a-s\bpw ImWn®p sImSpØp sIm≠mWv \tßen Ip™n\v Blmcw \¬Ip-∂-Xv. Ip™ns\ Xmsg sh®m¬ Ddp-º-cn-®mtem Xe-bn¬ h®m¬ t]\-cn-®mtem F∂ coXn-bn-emWv \tßen Ip™ns\ t\m°n-bn- cp-∂-Xv. Ip™ns\ Xmtemew ]mSn Dd-°n-bn´v I´n-en¬ ]´p hcn-®n´v AXn¬ InS-Øn´v Ip™ns‚ IqsS \tß-enbpw Nm™v ab-ßp-∂p. ]m∏ sImSp-°p∂p ]mev sImSp-°p∂p ]mh sImSp-°p∂p \tßen F\n°v Cu hcn Cjv´-s∏-´Xv AΩ°v aI-t\m-Sp≈ hm’eyw {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xv sIm≠m-Wv. C Ihn-X-bn-teXp t]mse Xs∂ amXr hm’eyw hy‡-am-°p-∂p. CXp t]mse-Xs∂ as‰mcp Ihn-X- bmWv shÆ-°-Æ≥. amXrhm’ey-Øns‚ alXzw F\n°v Cu Ihn-X-bn¬ \n∂pw a\-kn-em-°m≥ Ign-™p.

Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v {]ikvX Ihn-bmWv hb-em¿. hb-em¿ Fgp-Xnb Hcp Km\-amWv Ip´n-Iƒs°mcp ]m´v. hb-em¿ cma- h¿Ω F∂-XmWv ]q¿Æ \maw. Ipcphn Ip™ns‚ ap∂n¬ kvt\l {]I-S\w \SØn #vh-km\w {Iqc-ambn t{Zmln®v ]mhw Ipcp-hn-Ip-™ns\ sIm∂p F∂-XmWv Cu Ihn-X-bn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Ipcphn \o Xma-kn-°p∂ \ns‚ IqSv Fhn-sS-bm-Wv. Iq´n-\p-≈n¬ Ip™pt≠m? Ip´n-\p-≈n-ep≈ Ipcphn Ip™n\v IqsS Iq´n-\mbn Bcp-≠v. k‘y°v hncp-∂n\v c≠v ]cp-¥p-Iƒ #n∂se Iq´n¬ h∂p. Atß sImºn¬ IqSp-Iq-´n-b-h¿ Cßp≈ sImºn-en-cp-∂p. Ipcphn Ip™n\v tIm¿Øp sImSpØp a©m-Sn-Ip-cp-a-Wn-am-e. Ipcphn Ip™n\v Xp∂n sImSpØp Ip™p DSp-∏n-\mbn XpWn. cm{Xn-bn¬ B h\w ]cp-¥p-Iƒ ]√p ISn-®Xp tI´-t∏mƒ I≈ Ipcphn InS∂p Ic-™p. ]√p ISn-

°-W-Xmcv ac-s°m-ºn-en-cp∂v ]cp¥v ]d-™p. sIm´-Sbv°m]qfm-Wv. Ing-t°m´v kqcy≥ DZn®p Ipcp- hn-°p™v Ic-™n√. IqSpw hn´n´v ]d∂ ]cp-¥p-Iƒ Ipcphn Ip™v Nne-®n-√. Cu¿°nfn F√pw Ip™n Np≠pw _m°n InS∂p Iq´n¬. Ipcphn Ipcphn IqsS-hnsS Iq´n-\-I-sØm-cp- Ip-™nt√ tNmZyw tNmZn-°p-∂Xv F\n°v Cjv´-am-Wv AXn-\m¬ Cu hcn F\n°v Cjv´-s∏-´p. Cu Ihn-X-bn- sebpw Imt° Imt° F∂ Ihn-X-bnepw hcn-Iƒ Hcp t]mse-bmWv Cu IhnX hmbn-®-t∏mƒ Ipcphn Ip™ns\ hf¿Øm≥ tXm∂p-∂p.

Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v Aar-X-kp-tcjv {]ikvX Ihn hb-em¿ cma-h¿Ω Fgp-Xnb Ihn-XmWv Ip´n-Iƒs°mcp ]m´v. At±lw Hcp \mSI cN-bn-Xm-hm-Wv. BZyw Ipcphn Ip™ns\ Xmtem-en-°p-Ibpw Ah-km\w t\mhn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX kw`-h-amWv Cu Ihn-X-bn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Ipcphn Ip™ns‚ hnti-j-߃ hnh-cn-°p-∂-XmWv #o Ihn-X. Ipcphn \ns‚ IqsS-hnsS? Iq´n-\p-≈n¬ Ip™nt√? Iq´n-en-cn-°p∂ Ipcphn Ip™n\v Iq´n\v Bcp-≠v. A¥n hncp-∂n\v c≠v ]cn-¥p-Iƒ Iq´n¬ h∂n-cp-∂p. Atß sImºn¬ IqSp sh®-h- sc√mw Ctß sImºn¬ Ccp-∂p. Ipcphn Ip™n\v Ip∂n-IpcpaWn-ame tIm¿Øp sImSp-Øp. Ipcphn Ip™n\v Ip™p-Sp-∏n\v XpWn s\bvXv sImSp-Øp. cm{Xn ]cp-¥p-Iƒ ]√p ISn-®Xv tI´-t∏mƒ X≈ Ipcphn Nne-®p. ]√p ISn-°p-∂Xv Bsc∂v tNmZn-®p. sImºn-en-cp∂p ]cp¥v ]d™p sIm´-Sbv°m ]qfm-Wv. Ing°v `mKØv kqcy≥ hoin. Ipcp-hn-°p™v Nne-®n-√. ]cp-¥p-Iƒ IqSv hn´v ]d-∂p. Ipcphn Ip™v Nne-®n-√. F√pw, Np≠pw Iq´n¬ _m°n InS-∂p. Ipcphn Ipcphn IqsS-hnsS Iq´n-\- I-sØmcp Ip™nt√ ? Cu hcnIfn¬ i_vZ-`wKn D≈Xv sIm≠mWv F\n°v Cu hcn Cjv´-s∏- ´Xv. Atß-sIm-ºn¬ IqSp-h-®h cntß-sIm-º-en-cp-∂p. Cu hcn-I-fn¬ ß, I, º F∂o A£-c-߃ Bh¿Øn®p hcp-∂Xp sIm≠mWv F\n°v Cu hcn Cjv´-s∏-´Xv

Bfl-IY ˛ ]Ømbw DÆo \o Dd-ßntbm? F\n°v \nt∂mSv Nne-sXms° ]d-bm-\p-≠v. ]d-t™mfq Rm≥ tIƒ°mw. Fs‚ P\\w cmap-th-´s‚ ho´n-em-bn-cp-∂p. cmap-th-´s‚ ho´n-em-bn-cp-∂p. cmap-th-´s‚ ho´ns‚ ap‰Øv Hcp hcn-°-πmhp≠m-bn-cp-∂p. cmap-th-´≥ AXv apdn®v ac-an-√n¬ sIm≠p t]mbn ]e-I-Iƒ B°n sIm≠p h∂p. ka¿∞≥am-cmb Bim-camscsh®v Fs∂ D≠m-°n. cmap-th-´≥ \√ A[zm-\n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. At±-l-Øn\v [mcmfw Irjnbpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. s\√pw hnØpw [m\y- ßfpw sIm≠v Rm≥ \nd-™p. F\n°v hfsc A[nIw kt¥mjambn-cp∂p As∂ms°. Ipsd Imew Aßs\ Ign-™p-t]m-bn. cmap-th-´\v hb-km-bn. Irjn sNøm≥ ]‰m-Xm-bn. cmap-th-´s‚ a°ƒ°v Irjn-bn¬ Xm¬]-cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Rm≥ Imen-bmbn AXp I≠-t∏mƒ cmap-th-´\v k¶-S-am-bn. cmap-th-´≥ Xs‚ kplr-Ømb \ns‚ A∏q-∏\v Fs∂ \¬In. \ns‚ A∏q-∏≥ \√ Irjn-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. At±lw \∂mbn Irjn sNbvXv Fs∂ kt¥m-jn-∏n-®p. At±-l-Øns‚ a°-fmb \ns‚ A—\pw ktlm-Z-c-ßfpw D]-t`m-K-kw-kvIm-c-Øn\v ASn-a-I-fm-Wv. Ah¿°v A[zm- \n-°m≥ aSn-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ Ct∏mƒ [m\y-ßfpw hnØp-Ifpw s\√qw H∂pw Xs∂ C√. F∂n¬ ]m‰-Ifpw , Fen-I-fp-amWv Xma-kw. \o Fs‚ ]pdØv InS-°p-s∂-¶nepw D≠t√m. Aev]w kam- [m\w . Ipd®v Imew Ign-™m¬ Rm≥ C√m-Xm-hpw. Ft∏m-gm-Wmthm tIc-fo-b¿ D]-t`mKkwkvIm- c-Øn∂v c£-s∏-Sp-I. ]Ø-bta \o hnj-an-t°≠ Rm≥ \√ Irjn-°m-c-\m-Imw.

IhnX hmbn-°pI CØn-cn-∏qth Nph-∂-∏qth CØd \msf-ßp-t]mbn ]qth? aÆn-\-Sn-bn-sem-fn-®n-cpt∂m? a‰p≈ ]q°sf ImØn-cpt∂m? sNtΩ-dp-an-Sp-∏m-cp-X∂p? tN®n-s°m-cpΩ hbv°mt\ tXm∂p Im‰-Sn-t®m-as\ hoWn-sSmt√ ImesØ shbn-te‰v hmSn-sSms√ (Pn. i¶-c-°p-dp∏v)

Cu Ihn-X-bn¬ `wKn-tb-dnb F∂p hnti-jn-∏n-°p-∂Xv F¥n-s\-bmWv? (]qhv, DSp-∏v, Im‰v)

Bibw , h¿W-\m-`w-Kn, CjvS-s∏´ hcn-Iƒ kz¥w \nco-£Ww F∂nh Dƒs∏- SpØn Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°I? hni-Z-ambn DØcw Fgp-XpI amk-߃ ]Øp Npa∂p \ns∂ s\m¥p {]k-hn-®-X-Ω-bt√ DÆn hbdp hni-∂n-Sp-tºmƒ AΩn-™-tb-Ip∂XΩ-bt√ ]n® \S∂p ]nSn®p hoWm¬ SIm®p ImeΩ Xncp-Ωn-Int√ SNΩ-Æp-]q≠ IhnƒØ-S-Øn¬ DΩ Xcp∂Xpa-Ω-bt√? aÆpw sNfnbpw ]pc-≠p-sN-∂m¬ XnÆw Ipfn-∏n-®-X-Ω-bt√ IÆn-ep-d°w Ib-dn-Sp-tºmƒ ]mSn-bp-d-°p-∂-X-Ω-bt√ kvt\l-Øn-s\-¥p-an-cn-∏n-Samw AΩ ImW-s∏Sp ssZh-at√? s]m≥at\!. \ns‚ \≥a-sbmt∂ AΩ-X≥ PohnX e£y-tam¿t° AΩ ]d-™m-e-\p-k-cn° \≥ahcpw \n\-°n√ X¿°w (_me-I-hn-X-Iƒ ˛ {io]mZw Cuiz-c≥ \ºqXncn) IhnX \¬Ip∂ ktμiw F¥mWv? AΩ-bpsS PohnX e£yw F¥m-sW-∂mWv Ihn ]d-bp-∂Xv? AΩ F∂ Ihn-Xbv°v Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°pI? Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ Ipdn∏v hmbn®v tNmZy-߃°v DØ-c-sa-gp-XpI? lnaKncnhmkn-Iƒ BsI ]cn-{`-a-Øn-em-Wv. ao\p-hns‚ ho´nepw InW-‰n¬ sh≈-an-√. Ah¿ Iq´p-Im-tcm-sSm√mw Xnc-°n. Ah-cpsS hoSp-I-fnepw sh≈-Øn\p hfsc _p≤n-ap-´m-Wv. Ah-cpsS AΩ-am¿ hfsc Zqsc \n∂pw IpSn-sh≈w IpS-ß-fn¬ sIm≠p hcp∂ ImgvN Ahsc hf-sc-tbsd thZ-\n-∏n-°p-∂p. h‰n hc≠ InW-dp-Iƒ, Ipfw Ch-sb√mw I≠ Ah¿ thZ-\n-°p-∂p. IpSn-sh≈w e`n-°m-Ø-Xn-s\-Xnsc lna-Kncn \nhm-kn-Iƒ {]Xn-tj-[-hp-ambn cwKØp hcp-∂p. {]Xn-tj-[ tbmK-Øn¬ tbmK-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Hcp {]kwKw Xøm-dm-°p-I. lna-Kncn \nhm-kn-I-fpsS {][m\ {]iv\w F¥mWv? (1 kvtIm¿) CXn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°p∂ Pem-i-b-߃ GsXms°? (1 kvtIm¿) {]Xn-tj-[-tbm-K-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Hcp {]kwKw Xøm-dm-°pI?

Cu IhnX hmbn-°pI NßmXn IS-eΩs]‰ IXn¿°p-Sta I\-I-°p-Sta \n\°p \μn ]mcmb ]mscms° Xfn¿∂o-Sp-tºmƒ Bbncw s]m≥Icw \o´n \o´n Bbn-cp-sfm-s°-b-I‰n Nm‰n F∂pw Ing-t°-∏Sn IS∂p h∂p tNcp∂ \n\°p \μn sN∂n-c-t®-ßn-e-bm-bXpw \o sN¶-\¬°-´-bmbv \n∂Xpw \o sh≈-Øn¬ \n∂w ]pdØp h∂m¬ D≈p Xpd∂p Nncn-∏Xpw \o Bgn-bn¬ \n∂p-ap-b¿∂p-s]mßn BIm-i-ho-Yn-bn-eqsS \oßn Fßpw shfn®w hnX®p t]mIpw Nßm-Xnbpw \o \n\°p \μn (tam-l-∏-£n˛ap√-t\gn) Cu Ihn-X-bn¬ Bsc-°p-cn-®mWv ]d-Rv#n-cn-°p-∂Xv? (1 kvtIm¿) kqcy\p Ihn-X-bn¬ \n¬°p∂ hnti-j-W-ßfn¬ GsX-¶nepw H∂v Fgp-XpI?(1kvtIm¿) Ihn-Xbv°v Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm°p? (3 kvtIm¿) Bfl-IY Xøm-dm-°Ww Fd-Wm-Ipfw Pn√-bnse imeo\ kpμ-c-amb Hcp {Kma-amWv Ipdp-a-ticn {Kmaw. s\¬∏m-S- ßfpw Ipf-ßfpw Aº-e-ßfpw tZh-e-b-ßfpw Hs°-bmbn {Kma hnip-≤n-bp≈ {]tZ-i-am-Wt{X CXv. tIc-f-Ønse t]cp-tI´ \me-º-e-ß-en-sem-∂mb Xncp-aq-gn-°pfw e£-a-W-kzm-an-t£{Xw Cu {Kma-Øn-em-Wv. Cu Aº-e-Ønse D’hw _lp-tI-a-am-bn-´mWv sIm≠m-Sp-∂-Xv. Cu h¿jsØ D’-h-Øn¬ sN≠bpw sImºpw Ce-Øm-fhpw CS-°bpw tNßnebpw Hs° taf-sIm-gn-∏n-\mbn FØn. tafm-c-h-߃ Hs° Ign™v hn{i-an® sN≠bpw tNßn-ebpw Xß-fpsS ]q¿Δ-Ime kvac- W-Iƒ Ab-hn-d°n sN≠ X‚ BXvaIY tNßn-e-tbmSv hnh-cn-®p. F¥mhpw sN≠ ]d-™n-´p- ≠m-hpI FgpXn t\m°mw. ]©-hm-Zy-Ønepƒs∏-Sp-∂Xpw 64 sN≠-Iƒ Xq°n-bn-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xp-amb Hcp hmtZym-]-I-c- W-Øns‚ t]sc-gp-XpI? (1 kvtIm¿) hSt° ae-_m-dn¬ {]Nm-c-Øn-ep≈ Hcp A\p-jvTm\ Ie GXv?(1 kvtIm¿) sN≠-bpsS Bfl-IY Xøm-dm-°pI ?(3kvtIm¿)

1. shÆ-°-Æ≥ F∂ Ihn-X-bpsS cN-bn-Xm-hmcv? sNdp-t»cn

2. shÆ-°-Æ≥ F∂ IhnX GXv IrXn-bn¬ \n∂v FSp-Øn-´p-≈-XmWv? IrjvW-KmY

3. IrjvW-Km-Y-bpsS I¿Ømhv? sNdp-t»cn

4. IrjvWKmY-bpsS as‰mcp t]cv? IrjvW-∏m´v

5. sNdp-t»cn IrjvW-KmY cNn-®Xv GXv IrXnsb ASn-ÿm-\-am-°n-bmWv? `mK-hXw ZiakvI‘w

6. {]No\ Ihn-{Xbw F∂-dn-s∏-Sp∂ Ihn-Iƒ Bscms°? sNdp-t»-cn, Fgp-Ø-®≥, Ip©≥ \ºym¿

7. B[p-\oI Ihn-{Xbw F∂-dn-b-∏-Sp∂ Ihn-Iƒ Bscms°? Ipam-c-\m-i≥, D≈q¿, Fkv ]c-ta-iz-c Aø¿, h≈-tØmƒ \mcm-b-W-ta-t\m≥

9.

sNdp-t»cn GXv cmPm-hns‚ sIm´m-c-Ønse ]WvUnX kZ-knse AwK-am-bn-cp∂p? DZ-b-h¿a≥ tIme-Øncn

10. {ioIr-j-W‚F P\\w apX¬ acWw hsc-bp≈ IY {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°p∂ IrXn GXv? IrjvW-KmY

11. GXp cmPm-hns‚ B⁄-{]-Im-c-amWv sNdp-t»cn IrjvW-KmY cNn-®Xv F∂mWv sFXnlyw? DZ-b-h¿a≥ tIme-Øncn

12. IrjvW-Km-Y-bpsS cN-\bv°v ]n∂nse hnt\mZw GXv? NXp-cwKw

13. ]qX-∏m-´nse IYm-]m-{X-߃ Bscms°? DÆn, \tß-en, ]qXw

14. shÆ-°-Æs‚ hf¿Ø-Ωbpw hf¿Ø-—\pw Bscm-s°-bmWv? btim-Z, \μ-tKm-]¿

15. shÆ-°-Æs‚ bYm¿Y A—-\-Ω-am¿ Bscms°? tZh-In, hkp-tZ-h¿

16. ""I\-I-Nn-e¶ Inepßn Inepßn Im©-\-Im©n Inep-ßn-°p-epßn'' Cu hcn-Iƒ Bcp-tS-XmWv? Nß-ºpg IrjvW-∏n≈

17. ""Bhq hni-∏nt√ Im®nb ]menXm Xqsh≈n°nÆ-Øn¬ tX≥ Ipgºpw \√ ]g-ß-fp-am-thfw `£n®p h√Xpw ap≥a-´n¬ kwkm-cn-∏n≥'' Cu hcn-Iƒ Bcp-tS-XmWv?GXv IrXn-bmWv? sh≈-tØmƒ (km-ln-Xy-a-RvP-cn)

18. SNdp-t»cn \ºq-Xncn P\n-®-sX-hn-sS-sb-∂mWv hnizmkw? DØc tIc-f-Øn¬ Im\-Øq¿ {Kma-Øn¬ sNdp-t»cn C√Øv

19. kvt\lw Xm≥ i‡n Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv ? GXn¬ \ns∂-Sp-Ø-XmWv? \nXyssNX-\y-b-Xn, CØn-cn-°mcyw

20. \nXy-ssN-X-\y-bXn P\n-®-sX-t∏mƒ? FhnsS? 1924 \hw-_¿ 2˛mw XoøXn ]Ø-\w-Xn´ Pn√-bnse apdn™ I√n¬

21. \nXy ssNX-\y-bpsS {][m\ IrXn-Iƒ? ]cn-h¿Ø-t\m-apJ hnZym-`ym-kw, kXy-Øns‚ apJ-߃, `mc-Xob a\-im-kv{X-Øn\v Hcm- ap-Jw, \fn\n F∂ Imhy-in-ev]w, PmXn aXw ssZhw, bXn-N-cy, a\-imkv{Xw Pohn-X- Øn¬.

22. ""kvt\l-Øn¬ \n∂p-Zn-°p∂p temIw kvt\l-Øm¬ hr≤n tXSp∂p'' Cu hcn-Iƒ Bcp-tS-Xm-Wv ?GXn¬ \n∂v FSp-Ø-XmWv? Ipam-c-\m-im≥, NWvUm-e-`n-£pIn

23. ""Hscm‰ aX-ap-≠p-e-In-∂p-bcmw t{]a-a-sXm-∂t√m ]cs° \sΩ ]me-ar-Xq´qw ]m¿h-W-i-in-_nw_w'' D≈q¿ Fkv ]c-ta-izc Aø¿

24. ""kvt\l-am-W-Jne kmc-aq-gn-bn¬ kvt\l-km-c-anl kXy-ta-Iamw'' Cu hcn-Iƒ Bcp-tS-XmWv? Ipam-c-\m-im≥

26.

""\ns∂-t∏mse \ns‚ Ab¬°m-c-t\bw kvt\ln-°pI'' Cu alXv hN\w Bcp-tS- XmWv?

tbip-{InkvXp

27. ""kvt\ln-°-bpÆn \o \ns∂ t{Zmln-°p∂ P\-sØbpw'' Cu hm°p-Iƒ Bcp-tSXv? Ipam-c-\m-im≥

28. ""a™p-Xp≈n'' BcpsS IrXn-bmWv? \nXy-ssN-X-\y-bXn

29. ""a™∏mhmS'' BcpsS IrXn-bmWv? tUm. sI. {ioIp-am¿

30. IpS-bn-√m-Ø-h¿ F∂ IhnX Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? GXn¬ \n∂v FSp-Ø-XmWv? H.-F≥.hn Ipdp-∏v, ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛

31. H.-F≥.hn Ipdp∏v P\n-®-sX-t∏mƒ FhnsS? Nh-d-bn¬

32. H.-F≥.hn Ipdp-∏n ]q¿Æamb t]sc¥v? H‰-πm-°¬ \oe-I-WvT≥ thep-°p-dp∏v

33. H.-F≥.hn bpsS {][m\ IrXn-Iƒ GsXms°?

`qan-s°mcp Nc-a-Ko-Xw, A£-cw, D∏v, D÷-bn-\n, hf-s∏m-´p-Iƒ, Idp-Ø-]-£nbpsS ]m´v, Rm·n, ss`c-hs‚ XpSn.

34. H.-F≥.hn Ipdp-∏n\v ⁄m\-]o-T-]p-c-kvImcw e`n-®-sX-t∏mƒ? 2007 (ka{K kw`m-h-\bv°v)

35. ""AtΩ hcq hcq sh°w shfn-bnte °s√-¶n-en-Ωg tXm¿∂p-t]mta'' Cu hcn-Iƒ Bcp-tS-XmWv? _mem-a-Wn-bΩ

36. ""CS-h-∏m-Xn-∏m-Xn-c-bmWn WnSnbpw ahbpw s]mSn-]qcw ]qc-ap-‰sØ∏pfn-am-hn≥ta Semcp K‘¿h≥ ]mSp∂p''

CXv BcpsS hcn-I-fmWv?

CS-t»cn tKmhn-μ≥ \mb¿

37. ""Nn∂n-sØ-dn°pw \dp-ap-Øp-t]mse

\ofp∂ sh≈n-\q-ep-t]mse BIm-i-KwKm {]k-c-߃ t]mse

Bmlm ]Xn∏q ]pXp-h¿j-tXmbw''

Cu ah-°-hnX Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? sshtem-∏n≈n {io[-c-ta-t\m≥

38. ""Hcp ag s]bvXp `qan Ipfn¿Øp Hcp IXn¿ \o≠p `qan-s]m-en®p''

Cu hcn-Iƒ Bcp-tS-XmWv?

Aø-∏-∏-Wn-°¿

39. ""Im‰ns‚ Iq´n-√m-sX-bn-Sn-√msX

X\n-®-ßs\ s]bvXo-tSWw Xma-c-\q-ep-t]mse''

Cu ah-°-hn-X-bpsS cN-bn-Xm-hmcv?

Ip™p-Æn-amjv

40. "Ipt™-SØn'F∂ IhnX Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? H.-F≥.hn Ipdp∏v

41. "Ipt™-SØn' F∂ IhnXbnse IYm-]m-{X-߃ Bscms°? DÆn, Ipt™-SØn

Ihn-X-bpsS BZy `mK-amWv Fs‚ ]\n-\o¿s®Sn F∂ Ihn-X.

43. tacn tPm¨ IqØm-´p-Ip-f-Øns‚ {][m\ IrXn-Iƒ GsXms°? A¥n-\-\-£{Xw , _mjv]-a-Wn-Iƒ, {]`mX ]pjv]w, Imhy-Iu-ap-Zn, Im‰p ]d™ IX.

44. ""anTm-bn-s∏mXn'' F∂ IrXn-bpsS I¿Øm-hmcv? kpaw-Ke (eoe \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv)

45. "kpaw-Ke' F∂ Xqen-Io-\m-a-Øn¬ And-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xmcn? eoe-\-ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv

46. "Pn bpsS Ip´n-°-hn-X-Iƒ' F∂ ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? Pn.-i-¶-c-°p-dp∏v

47. "]®-°nfn' F∂ IhnX Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? Ip´-aØv Ip∂n-bqcv Ip™n-Ir-jvW-°p-dp∏v

48. alm-Ihn Ip´-a-Øns‚ P -ÿew GXv? Imk-d-tKmUv Pn√-bnse Ip´-aØv {Kma-Øn¬

49. "Rmh¬°mS'v F∂ IY Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv?GXn¬ \ns∂-Sp-ØXmWv? ]n≠mWn F≥.-_n.-]n-≈, ImSp-W-cp∂p

50. C¥y-bpsS "]£n a\p-jy≥' F∂-dn-b-∏vSp∂ temI-{]-kn-≤-amb ]£n \nco-£n-I-\mcv? tUm. kenw Aen

51. tUm.-keow Aen-bpsS Bfl-I-Y-bpsS t]sc¥v? Hcp Ipcp-hn-bpsS ]X\w

52. ""tZiob ]£n \nco-£W Zn\-ambn 'BN-cn-°p-∂Xv BcpsS P∑Zn-\-amWv ? Ft∏m-gm- WXv? tUm. keow Aen-bpsS , \hw-_¿ 12

53. tIc-f-Ønse ]£n \nco-£W {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v {]kn-≤-\mb ]£n \nco-£-I-\mcv? Cμp-Nq-U≥

54. Cμp-Nq-Us‚ bYm¿Y t]sc¥v? sI.sI \oe-I-WvT≥

55. Cμp-Nq-Us‚ {]kn-≤-amb ]pkvX-I-taXv? tIc-f-Ønse ]£n-Iƒ

56. F{X Infn-bpsS ]m´-dnbmw F∂ Ihn-X-bpsS cN-bn-Xmhv? ]n .a-[p-kq-Z-\≥

57. AºXv ac-°-Y-Iƒ cNn-®-Xmcv? Pn.-Fkv DÆn-Ir-jvW≥ \mb¿

58. ]Ømbw F∂ teJ\w Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? GXn¬ \ns∂-Sp-Ø-XmWv? apc-fo-[-c≥ Xg-°-c, Hm¿Ω-bnse Irjn-°m-gvN-Iƒ

59. HmWw 1987 F∂ IhnX Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv?

60. ]≠p ImeØv \new Dgp-Xp-a-dn-°p-∂-Xn\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ D]-I-c-W-taXv? Ie∏

61. tX°p-sIm´ F¥n-\mWv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv? Pe-tk-N-\-Øn\v

62. {][m-\-ambpw ]Ømb \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ XSn GXv? πmhv

63. Hma-\-bpsS HmWw F∂ IhnX Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? GXn¬ \ns∂-Sp-Ø-XmWv ? G‰p-am-\q¿ tkma-Zm-k≥, G‰p-am-\q¿ tkma-Zm-ks‚ Ihn-X-Iƒ

64. Hmtcmtcm cmhpw Ipfn¿a-tb¥pw HmW-\n-em-hn-\m-temfw X√pw AØ-a-Sp-Øp-t]mbv _me-I≥am¿ AØ-se-∂p≈Xdn-bm-Xmbn Cu hcn-Iƒ Bcp-tS-XmWv? CS-∏≈n cmL-h≥]n≈

an∂pw XnlvM-sØ-°m-Wp-hm≥ tase Cu hcn-Iƒ Bcp-tS-XmWv? Pn. i¶-c-°p-dp∏v

66.

s]m∂n≥ IXn¿°p-e-tb¥n sas√ h∂p-t]mbv Nnß-amkw Bcp-tS-XmWo hcn-Iƒ ? ]n Ip™n-cm-a≥ \mb¿

67.

R߃ ad-∂p-t]mbv ]mSp-hm≥ a∂-sØ-tbmW ]pXp-a-e¿∏m-´p-Iƒ Cu hcn-Iƒ Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? kpK-X-Ip-amcn

68.

sXbv sXbv F∂ _me-km-lnXy IrXn cNn-®Xv? tPm¨ Ip∂-∏≈n

69.

S\lvdp t{Sm^n h≈w Ifn \S-°p-∂Xv FhnsS? thº-\m-´p-Im-b-ens‚ `mK-amb ]p∂-a-S-°m-b-en¬

70.

S\lvdp t{Sm^n h≈w Ifn \S-°p-∂Xv Ft∏mƒ? BKkvXv amk-Ønse c≠m-asØ i\n-bmgvN

71.

k¿∏m-Ir-Xn-bn-ep≈ h≈-tØmƒ GXv t]cn¬ And-b-s∏-Sp∂p? Np≠≥h≈߃

72.

s\lvdp t{Sm^n h≈w Ifn BZy-Im-e-ß-fn¬ Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂Xv?

ss{]wan-\n-tÃgvkv t{Sm^n

73.

h≈w Ifn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´v cNn-°-s∏´ ]m´p-Iƒ F¥v t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂p? h©n-∏m´v

74.

IptN-h-hrØw h©n-∏m´v cNn-®Xv? cma-]p-c-Øp-hm-cy¿

75.

AIv_¿ N{I-h¿Øn-bpsS cmP-k-Z

v Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv GtX t]cn¬?

76.

\h-c-Xv\-߬ _o¿_-ens‚ BZysØ t]cv?

77.

atl-ivZmkv Bc-só Kpcp-\mY

H

cmc-s√≥ Kpcp-\m-Y¿? ]mcn-Xn-se-√m-sas∂ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p-s≠-t¥m˛ BcpsS hcn-Iƒ ? f-∏aÆ

78.

Hma\ ss]X¬ F∂ IrXn-bpsS I¿Ømhv ? ]mem \mcm-b¨ \mb¿

79.

\h-`m-cXinev]n F∂-dnb-s∏-Sp-∂Xv? Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp

80.

\mS≥ Ifn-Ifpw hnt\m-Z-ßfpw Fgp-Xn-bXv Bcv? Fw.hn hnjvWp-\-ºq-Xncn

81.

"NpSp-Nmb IpSn-®o-Sn¬ tIm]-Nq-Sm-dp-sam-´p-S≥"-- ˛ BcpsS hcn-Iƒ? Ip™pÆn

82.

]dbn s]‰ ]¥n-cp-Ipew F∂ IrXn cNn-®-Xmcv? ]n \tc-{μ-\mYv

83.

\m´p-`-£Ww F∂ IrXn-bsS I¿Ømhv? kn.-B¿. cmP-tKm-]m-e≥

84.

hnS-hm-߬ s#∂ IhnX cNn-®Xv Bcv? Sn Dss_Zv

85.

am∏n-f-∏m-´ns‚ D]-⁄m-Xmhv?

tambo≥ Ip´n sshZy¿

86. ap√-∏q-sºmSntb‰p InS°pw I√n-\p-ap≠msamcp kuc-`yw˛ BcpsS hcn-Iƒ? Ip©≥ \ºym¿

87. ae-bmfw F∂ IhnX cNn-®Xv? h≈-tØmƒ

88. sFXn-ly-am-e-bpsS I¿Ømhv? sIm´m-c-Øn¬ i¶pÆn

89. Xp≈¬ {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xmhv? Ip©≥ \ºym¿

90. \t√m-W-Øn≥ hdp-Øp-t∏cn \∂mbvØn∂p shdp-Øp-t∏cn ]gw ]pgp-ßn-b-Xm-bmepw ]g-©-s\t∂ tXm∂p∂q ˛ BcpsS hcn-Iƒ? Sshtem-∏n≈n {io[-c-ta-t\m≥

91. SsIsb-gpØpw Xte-se-gpØpw BcpsS IrXn? Ip™pÆn

92. hi-°≥ ae-_m-dnse Hc-\p-jvTm-\-Iem cq]w ? sXøw

93. ]g-b-Im-eØv Hme-bn¬ s#gp-Xm-\p-]-tbm-Kn® D]-I-cWw? Fgp-ØmWn

94. IY-I-fn-bpsS BZy-cq]w ? cma-\m´w

95. IY-I-fn-bpsS D]-⁄m-Xmhv? sIm´m-c-°c Xºp-cm≥

96. IY-I-fn-bpsS kmln-Xy-cq]w? B´-°Y

97. \f-N-cnXw B´-°-Y-bpsS I¿Ømhv? DÆmbn hmcy¿

98. Akp-c-hmZyw F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv? SN≠

99. BwKn-Im-`n-\bw , Blm-cym-`n-\-bw, kmXzn-Im-`n-\-bw, hmNn-Im-`n-\-bw, F∂nh tN¿∂ \S-\-Ie? IY-Ifn

100. Xo{h-{Ip-Xn-tbmSp IqSnb Hcp XpI¬ hmZyw? a±fw

101. 64 Ie-Isf kqNn-∏n-°p∂ 64 sN≠p-Iƒ Xq°n-bn-´n-cn-°p∂ ]©-hm-Zy-Øn-epƒs∏´ hmZyw? CSbv°

102. IY-Ifn thj-Øn¬ G‰hpw kpμ-c-amb thjw? ]®-thjw

103. kv{XoIƒ°v IY-I-fn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ thjw? an\p°v

104. ]©-hm-Zy-Øn¬ Ime-{]-amWw {Ia-s∏-Sp-ج D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ hmtZym-]-I-cWw? tNßne

105. \dp-sam-gn-Iƒ F∂ ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xn-bXv ? H.-F≥.hn Ipdp∏v

106. S]mt∂m-W-am-Wn∂p tIc-f-Øn¬ ]pWyw ]pe-cp-an-bm-cm-a-Øn¬ ˛ BcpsS hcn-Iƒ?

Nß-ºpg IrjvW-∏n≈

107. tIc-f-Ønse Iem-cq-]-߃ F∂ ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xn-bXv? _me-Ir-jvW≥ sImøm¬

108. _mtem-Zym\w F∂ IrXn-bpsS I¿Ømhv? ]WvUn‰v sI.]n Idp-∏≥

109. Aºn-fn-b-Ωmhm Xncn™p \n ∂≥ ]nt\m-sSm∂p sNm√q Fßp t]mIp-∂n-hÆw \o X\n ®ßp Rm\pw hct´m?- - BcpsS hcn-Iƒ? ]¥fw tIc-f-h¿Ω

110. bm{Xm-kva-c-W-Iƒ F∂ IrXn cNn-®Xv? Fkv.sI s]m‰-°mSv

111. Ip´nbpw X≈bpw F∂ _me IhnX cNn-®Xv? Ipam-c-\m-im≥

112. P¥p-tem-I-Ønse IuXp-I-߃ F∂ ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xn-bXv ? Fw.-Ko-Xm-RvPen

113. hb-\m-S≥ IY-Iƒ Ip´n-Iƒ°v F∂ ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xn-bXv? Sn.kn tPm¨

114. tIc-f-knwlw F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv? ]g-»n-cmP

115. tlm°n-a-{¥n-I≥ F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv? [ym≥Nμv

116. ]pjv]-hmSn F∂ IrXn-bsS I¿Ømhv? Ipam-c-\m-im≥

117. ]g-»n-cmP Imehpw Pohn-Xhpw F∂ ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xn-bXv? tUm. sI.sI F≥ Ipdp∏v

118. ]pc-fn-a-e-bnse ]qacw F∂ IrXn-bpsS I¿Ømhv? ]n Ip™n-cm-a≥\m-b¿

119. tlmtIz F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿Yw? B´n-S-bs‚ hSn

120. tlm°nam{¥n-I≥ F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv? [ym≥Nμv

]cn-k-c-]-T\w

1. Ce-Iƒ°v ]®\ndw sImSp-°p∂ h¿W-hkvXp?

2. tN\, tNºv, C©n, a™ƒ Ch GXv kky hn`m-K-Øn¬s]Sp∂p?

3. A∏q-∏≥XmSn-bn¬ hnØv hnI-cWw \S-Øp-∂Xv GXv aqew?

4. kz¥-ambn Blmcw \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-Xp-hsc sNSn-Iƒ°v hf-cm≥ Bh-iy-amb Blmcw e`n-°p-∂Xv FhnsS \n∂v ?

5. hnØv apf-bv°m-\m-h-Iy-amb Blmcw kw`-cn®v sh®n-cn-°p-∂Xv FhnsS?

6. ImWvU-Øns‚ Dƒ`m-K-Øn\v ISp∏w IqSp-Xep≈ kky-߃ GXv?

7. hnØn¬ \n∂pw BZyw apf®v hcp∂ `mKw F¥m-bn-Xo-cp∂p?

8. hne-°-Æn-I-ƒ t]mse ImW-s∏-Sp∂ kncm-hn-\ymkw ?

9. Bg-Øn¬ hf-cp∂ thcp-]-S-e-taXv?

10. s\√n, ]pfn , s\√v, tX°v Iq´-Øn¬ s]Sm-ØXv?

11. sNSn hf-cp-∂-Xn-\-\p-k-cn®v _oP-]{Xw Npcp-ßm≥ ImcWw?

12. GI-_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-amb G‰hpw henb ]p¬h¿K kkyw?

13. kqcy-Im-¥n, sNº-c-Øn, tdmkv, sN°n, Iq´-Øn¬ s]Sm-Ø-tXXv?

14. Cebpw, ]qhpw, Imbpw Blm-c-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ kkyw?

15. Blm-c-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ ]pjv]w?

16. kky-ß-fpsS ImWvU-Øns‚ GXv Zni-bn-emWv thcv hf-cp-∂Xv?

17. hnØv apf-bv°p-tºmƒ BZyw D≠m-Ip∂ Ce-Iƒ t]mep≈ `mKw GXv?

18. cma®w GXv kncm-hn-\ymkw?

19. ^e-Øn\v ]pdØv hnØp-ff kkyw?

20. \mcp-th-cp-]-S-e-k-ky-ß-fnse kncm-hn-\ymkw?

21. thcv, ImWvUw, Ce F∂n-ßs\ Ah-b-߃ cq]-s∏-´n-√mØ kky-hn-`mKw?

22. thcv, ImWvUw, Ce s#∂nh BZy-ambn D≠m-Ip∂ kkyw?

23. {Kmºp, Bh-W-°v, F∂o kky-ß-fpsS Ce-Iƒ°v GXv kncm-hn-\ym-k-amWv?

24. hnØp-I-fpsS ]pd-sa-ImWp∂ I´n-bp≈ Bh-c-W-Øn\v ]d-bp∂ t]cv?

25. lcn-X-I-an-√mØ kkyw?

26. Ce˛ {]Im-i-kw-t»-jWw thcv-˛ Pehpw eh-W-ßfpw hen-s®-Sp-°p-∂p.

hnØv˛ ]pXn-b-sNSn D≠m-Im≥ ImWvUw-˛-˛-˛-˛˛?

27. hnØv apf-bv°¬ t{]mPIvSv \nco-£-W-Øn-eqsS APva¬ FØn-t®¿∂ \nK-a-\-ß-fn¬ icn-b-√m-ØtXXv?

hnØn¬ \n∂pw BZyw ]pd-tØ°v hcp∂ `mKw _oP-aq-e-am-Wv.

_oP-io¿jw ImWvU-ambn amdp-∂p.

_oP-aq-ey-Øn\pw _oP-io¿j-W-Øn\pw hf-cm≥ Bh-iy-amb Blmcw _oP-]m- {X-Øn¬ \n∂v e`n-°p-∂p.

_oP-aq-ew, _oP-]m-{Xw, _oP-io¿jw, F∂nh {Ia-Øn-emWv cq]-s∏-´-Xv.

28. sX‰mb tPmUn-tbXv? Idp-I ˛ kam-¥-c-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw Dßv ˛ Pmen-Im-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw sh≈n-e ˛ kam-¥-cm-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw {Kmºq ˛ Pmen-Im-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw

29. Hcne am{X-ap≈ kkyw?

30. G‰hpw thK-Øn¬ hf-cp∂ kkyw?

31. temI-Ønse G‰hpw henb ^ew?

32. Idn-th-∏n¬ ]pXnb sNSnbp≠m-Ip-∂Xv?

33. Ce-bn¬ \n∂v ]pXnb sNSn-bp-≠m-Ip∂ Hcp sNSn?

34. \mw Ign-°p∂ Iymt_Pv B kky-Øns‚ GXv `mK-amWv?

35. G‰hpw henb Ce-bpff kkyw?

s\√n

˛

\mcpthcv

AI-Øn ˛

Xmbv thcv

Xn\ ˛ kam-¥-c-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw

37.

]p¬h¿K-Ønse G‰hpw henb kkyw?

 

38.

Icn-ºns‚ GXv `mK-amWv Blm-c-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv?

39.

D≈n-bnse _oP-]{Xw?

40.

GI-_o-P-]-{X-amb tIc-fo-b-cpsS G‰hpw {][m\ [m\yw?

41.

tXbn-e, Im∏n, dº¿, ]pI-bne ˛ F∂o kkyß-ense _oP-]{Xw?

42.

lcnX kky-߬ Blmcw \n¿Ωn-°p∂ {]{In-bbv°v ]d-bp∂ t]cv?

43.

ca-®o-\n, Imc‰v, a[p-c-°n-g-ßv, _o‰vdq´v F∂n-h-bn¬ GXv _oP-]-{X-am-Wp-≈Xv?

44.

\mw Blm-c-ambn Ign-°p∂ hmg-°qºv hmg-bpsS GXv `mK-amWv?

45.

G‰hpw henb hr£w?

46.

lcnX hnZym-ebw F∂ e£y-{]m-]vXn-°mbn ]qP-∏qc hnZym-e-b-Ønse Ip´n-Ifpw A[ym-]-Icpw tN¿∂v kvIqƒ ]cn-k-cØv [mcmfw \´p-]n-Sn-∏n-®p.-A-h-bn¬ Nne-Xm-Wv. sNº-Iw, \mc-Iw, Ihpßv hmg, Bh-W-°v, th∏v AØn, Xpº, Dßv C©n,-kq-cy-Im-¥n,-sXßv cma-®w, ]p¬®-Sn, apØß Icnºv

I.Ch-bpsS thcv ,Ce, _oP-]-{Xw, F∂nh _‘-s∏-SpØn h¿§o-I-cn-°p-I.

thcv˛ Ce˛ _oP-]m{Xw

kky-ß-fpsS t]cv

 

II.h¿§o-I-cn® kky-ß-fpsS thcp-I-fp-sSbpw Ce-I-fp-sSbpw {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ Fgp-XpI? (2 kvtIm¿)

III.he°-Æn-Iƒ t]mse Ce-I-fp≈ kky-ß-fnse _oP-]-{X-ß-fpsS FÆ-sa{X? (1 kvtIm¿)

2.

hnØv apf-bv°p∂ hnhn[ L´-߃ Is≠-Øm≥ sNbvX t{]mP-IvSns‚ dnt∏m¿´n¬ A\p Fgp-Xnb \nco-£-W-ß-fn¬ icn-bmbXv Is≠-ØpI?(3 kvtIm¿)

I

a)hnØv apf-bv°m≥ aÆv , kqcv.-{]-Imiw F∂nh AXym-h-iy-an-√.

b)hnØv apf®v BZyw ]pd-tØ°v hcp∂ `mK-amWv _oP-aq-ew. c)_oP-aq-e-amWv thcm-bn-am-dn-bXv d)_oP-io¿j-Øn\v aptº Xs∂ _oP-]{Xw D≠m-Ip-∂p.

e)hnØv apf-bv°m≥ Bh-iy-amb Blmcw _oP-]-{X-Øn¬ \n∂p-amWv e`n-°p-∂-Xv. f)_oP-aqew hf¿∂n-d-ßnb tijw apf-®p-h-cp∂ `mK-amWv ImWvU-ambn amdn-b-Xv. g)F√m sNSn-Iƒ°pw Htc Xc-Øn-epff thcp-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. h)sNSn hf-cp-∂-Xn-\-\p-k-cn®v _oP-]{Xw hnI-kn-°p-∂p.

II

Ce-sR-´ns‚ A{K-`m-KØv \n∂v XpSßn Ce-bpsS A{K-`m-KtØ°v kam-¥-c-ambn

ImW-s∏-Sp∂ hn\ym-k-ap≈ sNSn-I-fpsS t]sc-gp-XpI?

(2 kvtIm¿)

1.

 

2

3.

4.

3.

lcn-tXm-’-h-Øns‚ `mK-ambn kvIqfn-\-Sp-Øp≈ ssPh-ssh-hn-[y-tI-{μ-amb Imºv

kμ¿in-°m-\mbn lcnX So®dpw Ip´n-Ifpw t]mbn. A[ym-]nI AhnsS I≠ kky-ß- fpsS t]cp-I-sf-gp-Xm≥ ]d-™p.

Im™ncw, Icn-º-\,-Rm-h¬ sNº-Iw, Ggn-ew-]m-e, Z¿`-∏p√v Icn-ºv, \o¿am-X-fw, apf,-I-dpI

 

I.

aÆn¬ \n∂pw Pehpw eh-Whpw hen-s®-Sp-°p∂ kky-Øns‚ `mK-Øns‚ {]tXy-IX t\m°n Cu kky-ßsf Xcw-Xn-cn-°mtam? (2 kvtIm¿)

II.

CXn¬ ]p¬h¿K-Øn¬s∏Sp∂ sNSn-Iƒ GsX√mw?

III

ImWvUw Blm-c-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ kkyw CXn-teXv?

IV.

H∂mw lcn-tXm-’-h-ambn F√m hnZym-e-b-ß-fnepw Cu h¿jw BN-cn® Zn\w GXv?

4.

Xmsg sImSpØ {]kvXm-h-\-I-fn¬ icn-bm-bXv GsX√mw? I.FSp-sØ-gp-XpI?

1. hnØv apf-bv°p-tºmƒ BZyw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv Ce-bm-Wv.

2. Ce hep-Xm-Ip-tºmƒ kncm-hn-\ymkw ImWm≥ Ign-bn-√.

3. F√m sNSnI-fnepw c≠n-e-Iƒ t]mep-ff `mKw ImWp-∂p.

_oP-aq-e-Øn\pw , _oP-io¿j-W-Øn\pw hf-cm-\m-h-iy-amb Blmcw e`n -°p-∂Xv _oP]{X-Øn¬ \n∂m-Wv.

4.

kam-¥c kncm-hn-\ym-k-ap≈ sNSn-Iƒ \mcp-th-cp-f-f-h-bm-Wv. 6.-hnØv apf-bv°ptºmƒ BZyw D≠m-Ip∂ `mKw _oP-aq-e-am-Wv. 7.-k-ky-Øns‚ ImWvU-ambn amdp-∂Xv _oP-io¿j-am-Wv.

5.

8.

thcv hf-cp-∂-Xns‚ AtX Zni-bn-emWv ImWvUw hf-cp-∂-Xv. (3. kvtIm¿)

II

oP-aq-ew,

_oP-io¿jw, Ch Fs¥∂v \n¿Δ-Nn-°pI? (2 kvtIm¿)

_oP-aqew

     

_oP-io¿jw

   

5. I.

Xmsg sImSp-Øncn°p∂ Bi-b-ßsf {Ia-s∏-SpØn Bi-b-`q-]Sw ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-I.

s\√v amhv sXßv ]pfn GI-_o-P-]-{X-k-ky߃ kky-߃ Iip-amhv apf Zzn_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-߃
s\√v
amhv
sXßv
]pfn
GI-_o-P-]-{X-k-ky߃
kky-߃
Iip-amhv
apf
Zzn_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-߃

kam-¥-c-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw

PmenIm kncm-hn-\ymkw

kky-߃ kam-¥c kncm-hn-\ymkw
kky-߃
kam-¥c kncm-hn-\ymkw
Zzn_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-߃
Zzn_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-߃
kky-߃ kam-¥c kncm-hn-\ymkw Zzn_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-߃ ]pfn II . CXn¬ ]p¬ h¿K-Øn¬s]´ G‰hpw henb kkyw
]pfn
]pfn

II.

CXn¬ ]p¬ h¿K-Øn¬s]´ G‰hpw henb kkyw GXv? (1 kvtIm¿)

6.

I.

-_o-P-aq-ew˛ ImWvUw Zzn_o-P-]-{Xw˛ apf _oP-io¿jw˛ thcv GI-_o-P-]-{Xw˛ \ne-°-Se

tbmPn-°p-∂h hc®v tN¿°q? (2 kvtIm¿)

II.

GI-_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Zzn_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-ßsf Fß-s\-sb√mw th¿Xn-cn-®- dnbmw?

III.

Xo\ bnse _oP ]{X-ß-fpsS FÆw?

(1 kvtIm¿)

DØcw

1. lcn-XIw

2. `qImWvUw

3. Im‰v

4. _oP-]{Xw

6.- Zzn-_o-P-]-{X-k-ky-߃

7. thcv

8. Pmen-Im-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw

9. Xmbvthcp-]-Sew

10. s\√v

11. _oP-]-{X-Ønse Blmcw sNSn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p.

12. apf

13. sN°n

14. apcnß

15. tImfn-^vf-h¿

16. FXn¿Zn-i-bn¬

17.-_o-P-]{Xw

18.-k-am-¥-cm-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw

19. Iip-h≠n

20. kam-¥c kncm-hn-\ymkw

21. B¬sK

22. ]∂¬s®-Sn-Iƒ

23. Pmen-Im-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw

24.-_o-P-I-hNw

25.-Ip-anƒ

26.-thcv hen-s®-SpØ Pehpw eh-W-ßfpw kky-Øns‚ hnhn[ `mK-ß-fnseØn-°p-∂p.

27. _oP-aq-ew, _oP-]-{Xw, _oP-io¿jw, F∂ {Ia-Øn-emWv cq]-s∏-´-Xv. 28.-sh-≈n-e˛ kam-¥-c-kn-cm-hn-\ymkw

29.

tN\

30.

apf

31.

32.

thcn¬ \n∂v

33.

Ce-ap-f-®n(-{_-tbm-^n-√w)

34.

Ce

35.

B\-Øm-ac

36.

s\√n˛ \mcp-thcv

37.

apf

38.

ImWvUw

39.

GI-_o-P-]{Xw

40.

s\√v

41.

Zzn_o-P-]{Xw

42.

{]Im-i-kw-«-jWw

43.

Zzn_o-P-]{Xw

44.

]qhv

45.

Pb‚ v skt°mb

47.

kzmX-{¥-Øn-te°v F∂Xv BcpsS Bfl-I-Y-bmWv?

48.

Km‘nPn Z£n-Wm-{^n-°-bn¬ \n∂pw C¥y-bn¬ Xncn-s®-Ønb h¿jw?

49.

`mc-Xob {]hmkn Zn\w Ft∏mƒ?

50.

tJUm-k-acw \S∂ tJUm Pn√ GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv?

51.

Km‘n-Pn-bpsS C¥y-bnse BZysØ kXym-{K-l-k-acw?

52.

1857 se H∂mw kzmX-{¥-k-a-csØ {_´o-jp-Im¿ hnfn-®-t]cv?

53.

kXym-{Klw F∂ hm°ns‚ A¿Yw?

55.

Bscbpw AdÃv sNbvXv hnNm-cW IqSmsX F{X-Imew thW-sa-¶nepw XS-hn¬ shbv°m≥ km[n-°p∂ {_´o-jp-Im¿ sIm≠p-h∂ \nbaw?

56. due‰v BIvSn¬ {]Xn-tj-[n-°m≥ C¥y-°m¿ \S-Ønb alm-k-tΩ-f\w kzmX-{¥-k-ac Ncn-{X-Ønse Hcp Zmcp-W-kw-_-h-ambn amdn.-G-XmWv B kw`hw?

57. Pmen-b≥hm-em-_mKv GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv?

58. Pmen-b≥ hmem-_mKv kw`-hsØ XpS¿∂v tZi-hym-]-I-ambn Bcw-`n® kacw?

59. hntZ-i-h-kv{X-߃ _ln-jvI-cn®v JmZn-h-kv{X-߃ {]N-cn-∏n-°pI F∂ \nbaw \S-∏n-em- °n-bXv GXv ka-c-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n-®mWv?

60. Km‘n-Pn-bpsS tIc-f-Ønse BZysØ kXym-{K-l-k-acw ?

61. \n -l-I-c-W-k-acw \n¿Øn-sh-bv°m-\n-S-bmb kw`hw?

62. Km‘nPn ZWvUn-bm{X Bcw-`n-®Xv FhnsS \n∂v?

63. H∂p-In¬ e£yw t\Sn Rm≥ Xncn®p hcpw ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sm≥ Rm\s‚ icocw kap-{Z-Øn¬ ka¿∏n°pw - ˛ CXmcv? Ft∏mƒ ]d™p?

64. {_´o-jp-Im¿s°-Xnsc t]mcm-Snb ae-_m-dnse cmPmhv?

65. _m∏p-Pn ˛ Km‘nPn Nm®m-Pn ˛ s\lvdp t\Xm-Pn ˛ kp`m-jvN-{μ-t_mkv

cmPmPn-- -

˛ ?

66. auem-\-A-_vZpƒIemw BkmZv ˛ kzmX-{¥-C-¥y-bnse BZy hnZym-`ymk a{¥n

Jm≥ A_vZpƒ Km^¿Jm≥ ˛ AXn¿Øn Km‘n kp`mjv N{μ-t_m-kv ˛ sF.-F≥.-F-bpsS ÿm]-I≥ tUm. cmtP-{μ-{]-kmZv- ˛ ?

67. kzX{¥ C¥y-bnse BZysØ D]-{]-[m-\-a{¥n?

DØ-c-߃

47. s\lvdp

48. 1915

49.-P-\p-hcn 9

50. KpP-dmØv

51. Nºm-c≥

52. in]m-bn-e-lf

53. kXysØ apdpsI ]nSn-°pI

54. apss_-bn¬

55. due‰v BIvSv

56. Pmen-b≥hm-em-_mKv Iq´-s°me

57. ]©m_v

58. \n

59.\n

60. ssh°w kXym-{Klw

61.- Nu-cn-Nucm kw`hw

62. k_¿aXn B{i-a-Øn¬ \n∂v

63. Km‘n-Pn, ZWvUn-bm-{X-tbm-S-\p-_-‘n®v

64. ]g-»n-cmP

65. kn.-cm-P-tKm-]m-em-Nmcn

66. kzX{¥ C¥y-bpsS cmjv{S-]Xn

67. k¿Zm¿ h√-`mbv ]t´¬

-l-cW {]kvXm\w

-l-I-cW kacw

68. sX‰mb tPmUn-tbXv? Nºm-c≥

˛ _olm¿

t]m¿_-¥¿ ˛ KpP-dmØv Pmen-b≥hm-em-_mKv-- ˛ ]©m_v Nucn-Nu-cm ˛ lcn-bm\

69. hcn-h-cn-I-k-l-P-tc˛ F∂ tZi-`‡n Km\-Øns‚ cN-bn-Xmhv Bcv?

70. tIc-f-Ønse D∏p-k-Xym-{K-l-Øns‚ thZn?

71. ZWvUn-bm-{X-bn¬ Km‘n-Pnsb IqSmsX F{X A\p-bm-bn-Iƒ ]s¶-SpØp?

72. XpWn-an¬ kacw \S∂ Al-Ω-Zm-_mZv GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv?

73. C¥y Hcp kzX{¥ dn∏-_vfn-°m-b-sX-t∏mƒ?

74. tIc-f-Ønse D∏p-k-Xym-{K-lØn\v t\XrXzw sImSp-Ø-Xmcv?

75. tIc-f-Ønse D∏p-k-Xym-{K-l-PmY-bn¬ Be-]n® tZi-`-‡n-Km\w?

76. kzmX{¥w Fs‚ P m-h-Im-i-am-Wv. Rm\Xv t\SpI Xs∂ sNøpw F∂v ]d-™-Xmcv?

77. C¥y-bn¬ {_´ojv `c-W-Øn\v ASn-Ø-d-bn´ bp≤w?

78. cmjv{S-]n-Xmhv F∂v Km‘n-Pnsb hnti-jn-∏n-®-Xmcv?

79. em¬˛ ]m¬˛ _m¬ F∂ t]cn¬ And-b-s∏-Sp∂ t\Xm-°ƒ Bscms°? DØ-c-߃

68. Nucn-Nucm ˛ lcn-bm\

69. Awin \mcm-b-W-∏n≈

70.-]-ø-∂q-cnse Dfn-b-ØvI-Shv

71. 78

72. KpP-dmØv

73. 1950 P\p-hcn 26

74. sI tIf∏v≥

75. hcnI hcnI kl-Ptc

76. _me-Kw-Km-[-c-Xn-eIv

77. πmkn-bp≤w

78. kp`m-jvN-{μ-t_mkv

79. emem-e-Pm-]-Xvdmbv _n]n≥ N{μ-]m¬ _me-Kw-Km-[-c-Xn-eIv

80. \ap°v Ah-km\ ka-c-Øn-s\m-cp-ßWw C°-gn™ F√m ka-c-ß-sfbpw ]n∂n-em-°p∂ D{K-k-acw Km‘n-Pn-bpsS Cu hm°p-Iƒ GXv ka-csØ Ipdn-®mWv?

81. temI Alnwkm Zn\-ambn sFIy-cmjv{Sk` BN-cn-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n® Znhkw?

82. Izn‰v C¥y F∂ hm°ns‚ A¿∞w?

83. G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ Imew C¥y `cn® hntZ-i-i-‡n-Iƒ?

84. Pmen-b≥ hmem-_mKv Iq´-s°m-ebv°v t\XrXzw sImSpØ hy‡n-bmcv?

85. kmsc Plmwsk A—m F∂ tZi-`-‡n-Km-\-Øns‚ cN-bn-Xmhv?

86. kzmX{¥w Fs‚ P∑m-h-Im-iw ˛ C≥Izn-em_v knμm-_mZv- - ˛ {]h¿Øn-°pI As√-¶n¬ acn-°pI - -˛ Pbvln-μv

˛

87. \n߃ F\n°v c‡w Xcq Rm≥ \n߃°v kzmX{¥w Xcmw F∂v ]d-™-Xmcv?

88. kzmX{¥ ka-c-Øn\v t\XrXzw sImSpØ {][m\ kwL-S\?

89. Izn‰n¥y Zn\w Ft∏mƒ?

90. Km‘n-Pn-bpsS cmjv{So-Kpcp?

91. alm-fl-Km‘nbpsS a\-km£n kq£n-∏p-°m-c≥ F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv?

92. C¥y-bpsS hm\-ºmSn F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ kzmX-{¥-k-ac \mbnI?

93. HmSn-hn-f-bmSp ]m∏m F∂ Xanhv tZi-`-‡n-Km\w cNn-®-Xmcv?

94. ZWvUn-am¿®n-\nsS Be-]n® Km\w?

95. ]©m_v knwlw F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ kzmX-{¥-k-ac tk\m\n?

_me-Kw-Km-[-c-Xn-eIv apl-ΩZv CIv_m¬ Km‘nPn ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛?

96. t£{X {]th-i\ hnfw-_cw FgpXn Xøm-dm-°n-b-Xmcv?

97. t£{X {]th-i\ {]ÿm-\-ß-fpsS D]-⁄m-Xmhv?

98. t£{X {]th-i\ hnfw-_cw ]pd-s∏-Sp-∏n-®-Xmcv?

99. tIc-f-Øns‚ sPmhm≥ Hm^v B¿°v F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xmcv?

100. C≥Izn-em_v knμm-_mZv F∂v BZy-ambn apg-°n-b-Xmcv?

101. Km‘nPn BZy-ambn tIc-f-Øn¬ h∂-sX-t∏mƒ?

102. Km‘nPn F{X XhW tIc-f-Øn¬ h∂n´p≠v? DØ-c-߃

80. Izn‰v C¥ym kacw

81. HIvtSm-_¿ 2

82. C¥y hnSpI

83. {_´o-jp-Im¿

84. P\-d¬ Ub¿

85. apl-ΩZv CIv_m¬

86. kp`mjv N{μ-t_mkv

87. _me-Kw-Km-[-c-Xn-eIv

88. C¥y≥ \mj-W¬ tIm¨{Kkv

89. BKkvXv 9

90. tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW-tKm-Jse

91. kn cmP-tKm-]m-em-Nmcn

92. ktcm-Pn-\n-\m-bnUp

93. kp{_-“-Wy-`m-cXn

94. cLp-]Xn

95. emem-e-Pv]-Xvdmbv

96. D≈q¿ Fkv. ]c-ta-iz-c-ø¿

97. Sn.sI am[-h≥

98. NnØn-c-Xn-cp-∂mƒ

99. A°Ω sNdn-bm≥

100. `KXv knMv

101. 1920 ˛¬

102. 5 XhW

103.

\S∂ {Ia-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØpI?

I.

(2 marks)

Pmen-b≥ hmem-_mKv Iq´-s°me ssh°w kXym-{Klw Nºm-c≥ kacw Izn‰n-¥ym-k-acw alm-flm-Km‘n Z£n-Wm-{^n-°-bn¬ \n∂v C¥y-bn-te°v aSßn `mcXw kzmX-{¥-bmbn

II.

(2 marks)

icn-bm-b-hbv°v t\sc h-c®v tbmPn-∏n-°pI temI-am-\y ˛ k¿Zm¿ h√-`mbv ]t´¬ cmPm-Pn ˛ emem-e-Pv]-Xvdmbv Dcp-°p-a-\p-jy≥ ˛ kn cmP-tKm-]m-em-Nmcn ]©m-_vknw-lw ˛ _me-Kw-Km-[-c-Xn-eIv

III.

hntZ-i-hkv{X _ln-jvI-cWw GXv ka-c-Øns‚ `mK-am-bmWv Km‘nPn Blzm\w

sNbvXXv?

(1marks)

III

]d-™-Xmcv?

1.

""\nß-sf-\n°v c‡w Xcq. Rm≥ \n߃°v kzmX{¥yw Xcmw""

2.

""kzmX{¥yw Fs‚ P∑m-h-Im-i-amWv AXv Rm≥ t\SpI Xs∂ sNøpw""

3.

""{]h¿ØnI As√-¶n¬ acn°pI""

( 3 marks)

II

 

""H∂p-In¬ e£yw t\Sn Rm≥ Xncn-®p-hcpw ]cm-P-b-s∏-´m¬ Rm\s‚ icocw kan-{Z- Øn\v ka¿∏n°pw ""- -˛ Km‘nPn GXv ka-c-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´mWv ]d-™Xv?

(1marks)

.III

tIc-f-Øn¬ D∏p kXym-{K-l-Øn\v t\XrXzw sImSpØ kzmX-{¥-k-a-c-tk-\m\n Bcv?

(1marks)

3.

I¿j-I-cpsS {]iv\-߃ ]cn-l-cn-°p∂ ka-c-ß-fm-bn-cp∂p Km‘n-Pn-bpsS BZy-Ime ka-c-߃ ˛ Xmsg sImSpØ ]´nI ]q¿Øn-bm-°q.

ka-c-߃

{]tXy-I-X-Iƒ

 

\oew I¿j-I-cpsS Zpcn-X-߃ ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ Ign-™p.

(3 marks)

I.Km‘n-Pn-bpsS Pohn-X-Ønse BZy kXym-{K-l-k-acw GXv? II.\oew I¿j-I-cpsS Zpcn-X-߃ ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ \S∂ kacw GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv? hc®v tbmPn-∏n°mw

I.

alm-flm-Km‘n

kzmX{¥y ka-c-Øn¬ [oc-t\-XrXzw C¥ysb Is≠-ج F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øns‚ cNn-bn-Xmhv

kp`mjv N{μ-t_mkv

\m´p cmPy-ßsf C¥y≥ bqWn-b-\n¬ ebn-∏n- °p-∂-Xn\v t\XrXzw \¬In.C¥y-bpsS Dcp°v a\p-jy≥

_me-Kw-Km-[cXneIv

C¥y≥ \mj-W¬ B¿an-bpsS t\XrXzw hln-®p. t\XmPn F∂v Adnb-s∏-´p.

`KXv knßv

ktcm-Pn\n \mbnUp

kzmX{¥yw Fs‚ P∑m-h-Im-i-am-Wv. F∂v {]Jym-]n-®p.

`mc-X-Øn\v th≠n ac-W-Øn-te°v ]p©n-cn-tbmsS \S-∂SpØ [oc c‡-km£n ]©m-_nse em¬]q¿ Pn√-bn¬ P\n-®p.

k¿Zm¿ h√-`mbv ]t´¬

Gjy-bnse hm\-ºmSn F∂-dn-b-s∏-´p. kzmX{¥ C¥y-bnse BZysØ h\nXm Kh¿W¿

Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp

Jm≥ A_vZpƒ Km^¿Jm≥

Fs‚ Pohn-X-amWv Fs‚ ktμiw

AXn¿Øn-Km‘n F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Jnem-^Øv {]ÿm-\-Øn¬ kPoh km\n[yw

II.kzX{¥ C¥y-bnse BZysØ cmjv{S-]-Xn-bmcv?

5.

I.

kzmX{¥y ka-c-N-cn-{X-Ønse 2 {][m\ hy‡n-I-fpsS hnh-c-߃ Xmsg sImSp-°p∂p.

{]ikvX Ih-b{Xn

]©m-_nse em¬]q¿ Pn√-bn¬ P\n-®p.

C¥y≥ \mj-W¬ tIm¨{K-kns‚ C¥y-°m-cn-bmb {]Ya h\n-Xm-[y-£.

emtlm¿ sk≥{S¬ Pbn-en¬ sh®v 1931 ¬ Xq°n-te-‰-s∏-´p.

kzX{¥ C¥y-bnse BZysØ h\n-Xm-K-h¿W¿

C≥Izn-em_v knμm-_mZv F∂v BZy-ambn apg-°n.

hy‡n-Isf Is≠Øn hnh-c-߃ ]´n-I-s∏-SpØq. II.tIc-f-Øns‚ tPm≥ Hm^v B¿°v F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ kzmX-{¥-k-ac tk\m\n?

III.`mc-Øn\v kzmX{¥yw e`n-°p-tºm-gp≈ Nne {]apJ \K-c-ß-fpsS Ah-bpsS Ct∏m-gsØ t]sc-gp-XpI? ˛

I¬°´

t_mws_

˛

a{Zmkv

˛

6.

I. cNn-®-Xmcv?

 

˛

P\-K-W-a\

˛

htμ-am-X-cw

˛

ktc-P-lmwsk A—m hcnI hcnI kl-P-sc

˛

II.

t]cv Xmsg sImSp-°p-∂p.

P\p-hcn 9 BKkvXv 9 P\p-hcn 26 HIvtSm-_¿ 2 icn-bm-bXv sXsc-s™-Sp-°pI (tem-I-k-am-[m-\w, Izn‰n-¥ym-Zn-\w, {]hm-kn-Zn-\w, dn∏-ªn°v Zn\w) III. Izn‰n¥ym-{]-tabw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-Xmcv?

C¥y-bn-eqsS

104. C¥y-bnse kwÿm-\-ß-fpsS FÆw ?

29

105. C¥y-bnse HutZym-KnI `mj-I-fp-SsS FÆw?

22

106. tI{μ-`-cW {]tZ-i-ß-fpsS FÆw?

6

107. tIc-f-Øn¬ AXn¿Øn ]¶n-Sp∂ tI{μ-`-cW {]tZiw?

108.

t{ijvT `mj-Iƒ F{X? 6

109. C¥y-bn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ Bfp-Iƒ kwkm-cn-°p∂ `mj? lnμn

110. tIc-f-Øns‚ AXn¿Øn-bn¬ hcp∂ kwÿm-\-ß-fpsS FÆw?2

111. tIc-f-Øns‚ hSt° A‰sØ AXn¿Øn-bn¬ hcp∂ kwÿm\w? I¿Æm-SI

112. tIc-f-Øns‚ sXs° A‰Øv AXn¿Øn ]¶n-Sp∂ kwÿm\w? Xan-gv\mSv

113. Im©o-]pcw GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv? Xan-gv\mSv

114. Xan-gv\m-Sns‚ Xe-ÿm\w ? sNss∂

115. tIcf-Ønep≈Xpw F∂m¬ Xan-gv\mSv sh≈w sIm≠p t]mIp-Ibpw sNbp∂ AW-s°´v GXv? ap√-s∏-cn-bm¿

116. I¿Æm-S-I-Ønse t]cp-tI´ kz¿Æ J\n? tImem¿

117. b£-Km\w GXv kwÿm-\sØ Iem-cq-]-amWv? I¿Æm-SI

118. \ΩpsS tZiob Km\w cNn-®Xv Bcv? cho-{μ-\m-Y-Sm-tKm¿

119. tZiob Km\w ]mSm≥ th≠ kabw? 52 sk°‚ v

120. tZiob Km\-Øn\v kwKoXw \¬In-bXv Bcv? cmwknwKv

121. tZiob Km\w BZy-ambn C¥y≥ ]m¿e-sa‚n¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®Xv Ft∏mƒ? 1950 P\p-hcn 24

122. tZiob KoXw cNn-®-Xmcv ? _¶nw N{μ-Nm-‰¿Pn

123. tZio-b-KoXw GXv {KŸ-Ønse Km\-amWv? B\-μaw

124. \ΩpsS tZiob KoXw ? htμ-am-Xcw

125. \ΩpsS tZiob ]XmI cq]-I¬]\ sNbvX-Xmcv? ]nwKfn sh¶ø

126. C¥y-bpsS tZiob ap{Z?

127. C¥y-bpsS tZiob \mWbw? cq]

128. tZiob ]£n? abn¬

129. tZiob \Zn? KwK

130. KwKm \Zn DZv`-hn-°p-∂Xv FhnsS \n∂v ? lnam-ebw

131. tZiob Pe-Pohn? KwKm tUmƒ^n≥

132. tZiob hnt\mZv? tlm°n

133. tZiob ImbnI Zn\w BcpsS kvac-Wbv°v ? [ym≥Nμv

134. tZiob ImbnI Zn\w Ft∏mƒ?

BKkvXv 28

135. tZiob ]pjv]w ? Xmac

136. tZiob hr£w?

137. tZiob arKw ? _wKmƒ ISph

138. tZiob ^ew? amß

139. tZiob ss]XrI arKw? B\

140. tZiob Ie-≠¿? iI-h¿jw

141. s]m¶-ens‚ \mSv ? Xangv\mSv

142. k©m-cn-I-fpsS ]dp-±ok? PΩq-Im-ivao¿

143. Nph∂ ae-bpsS kwÿm\w ? Acp-Wm-N¬ {]tZiv

144. Km‘nPn P\n® t]m¿_-¥¿ GXv kwÿm-\ØmWv? KpP-dmØv

145. sh≈ ISp-h-I-fpsS \mSv?

146. G‰hpw henb kwÿm\w? cmPy-ÿm≥

147. Ym¿ acp-`qan GXv kwÿm-\Øv? cmPy-ÿm≥

148. Ipcp-t£{Xw GXv kwÿm-\Øv?

149. ]©m_ns‚ Xe-ÿm\w?

150. kph¿Æ t£{Xw GXv kwÿm-\ØmWv?

151. XmPv al¬ GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv?

152. \fμ k¿Δ-I-em-ime GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv?

153. SmKq¿ P\n-®Xv FhnsS kwÿm-\ØmWv?

154. Im©≥PwK sImSp-apSn GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv?

155. Bkm-ans‚ Xe-kvXm\w? Pnkv]q¿

156. apf-I-fpsS \mSv F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ kwÿm\w?

157. temIØv G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ ag e`n-°p∂ aukn‚w GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv?

158. sImWm¿°v kqcy-t£{Xw ÿnXn sNøp-∂-sX-hnsS?

159. Ip®p-∏pSn GXv kwÿm-\-Øp≈ Iem-cq]w ? B{‘

160. Nm¿an-\m¿ ÿnXn sNøp-∂Xv ? U¬ln

161. G‰hpw henb D∏p XSm-I-amb kmw_m¿ XSmIw GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv?

162. Ing-°ns‚ cXv\w F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ kwÿm\w? aWn-∏q¿

163. Xami GXv kwÿm-\sØ Iem-cq]w? alm-cmjv{S

164. apf-I-fpsS kwÿm\w F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv? t\∏mƒ

165. t\∏mfn HutZym-KnI `mj-bmb kwÿm\w?

166. Cw•ojv HutZym-KnI `mj-bmb kwÿm\w?

167. `mw{K GXv kwÿm-\sØ Iem-cq]w?

168. `c-X-\mSyw GXv kwÿm-\sØ Iem-cq]w ? Xan-gv\mSv

169. C¥y-bnse G‰hpw henb _p≤hnlmcw FhnsS? Acp-Wm-N¬

170. _olp GXv kwÿm-\-Øns‚ tZiob D¬k-h-amWv? Bkmw

171. sk√p-em¿ sPbn¬ ÿnXn sNøp-∂-sX-hnsS? B‚-am≥ \nt°m-_m¿

172. ]©m-_ns‚bpw lcn-bm-\-bp-sSbpw Xe-ÿm-\-amb tI{μ-`-cW {]tZiw? NWvUokvKUv

173. Atcmhn≥ A¥m-cmjv{S {Kmaw GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv ? ]pXp-t®cn

174. Im°-I-fn-√mØ \mSv F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv GXv?

175. cmPvL´v ÿnXn-sN-bvXn-cp-∂Xv FhnsS? e£-Zzo]v

176. sNt¶m´ ÿnXn sNbvXn-cp-∂Xv FhnsS ? U¬ln

177. G‰hpw henb kwÿm\w? cmPÿm≥

178. cmPmdmw taml≥ tdmbv , kp_m-jvN-{μ-t_m-kv, Aa¿Xy-sk≥, cho-{μ-\mY SmKq¿, kzan hnth-Im-μ≥ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ P\n® kwÿm\w ? _wKmƒ

179. sske-‚ v hmen (\ni_vZ Xmgvhc ) GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv? tIcfw ˛ ]me-°mSv

180. ]´p hkv{X-߃°v t]cp tI´ Im©o]pcw GXv kwÿm-\-ØmWv? Xan-gv\mSv

181. \ΩpsS tZiob Nn”-amb Atim-I-N-{I-Øn¬ Bte-J\w sNbvX hm°v?

kXy-ta-h-P-btX {]h¿Ø-\-w 1 KpP-dm-Øn¬ AanXv ]t´¬ IS¬ Xoc-ap≈ kwÿm-\-ß-fpsS bm{X \S-Øn. Xan-gv\m-Sn-se-Øn. Hmtcm kwÿm-\Øv IqSn t]mIptºmƒ At±lw Ipdn®v sh®v Imcy-߃ ]´n-I-bn-ep-≠v. ]´nI ]q¿Øn-bm-°ptam?

a.

b.

kwÿm\w

Xe-ÿm\w

`mj

KpP-dmØv

KpP-dmØn

]\mPn

ae-bmfw

alm-cmjv{S

I∂S

sNss∂

At±lw Xangv \mSns‚ {]tXy-IX IqSn Ipdn®v sh®p Fs¥ms° Imcy-ß-fm-bn- cn°pw Fgp-Xn-´p-≠m-IpI?

c.

At±lw Xangv \m´n¬ \n∂pw C¥y-bnse G‰hpw henb kwÿm\w kμ¿in-°m≥ t]mbn GXmWv B kwÿm\w?

{]h¿Ø\w 2 kmaqly imkv{X taf-bn¬ cmPphpw Iq´cpw Hcp a’-c-amWv Hcp-°n-b-Xv. aq∂v ]´n-I- fn-ep-≈h thK-Øn¬ tbmPn-∏n®v Xmsg sImSpØn-´p≈ ]´n-Ibn-se-gp-X-Ww. kΩm\w \nß-ƒ°v e`n-°ptam?

Ip®n-∏pSn IYIv `c-X-\mSyw Xamj tKm¿_
Ip®n-∏pSn
IYIv
`c-X-\mSyw
Xamj
tKm¿_
admØn Xangv lnμn sXep¶v KpP-dmØn
admØn
Xangv
lnμn
sXep¶v
KpP-dmØn
B{‘-{]-tZiv KpP-dmØv alm-cmjv{S Xan-gv\mSv DØ¿{]-tZiv
B{‘-{]-tZiv
KpP-dmØv
alm-cmjv{S
Xan-gv\mSv
DØ¿{]-tZiv
a. Xe-s°´v IqSn Fgp-XtW b nlp GXv kwÿm-\Øns‚ BtLm-j-amWv?
a.
Xe-s°´v IqSn Fgp-XtW
b
nlp
GXv kwÿm-\Øns‚ BtLm-j-amWv?

{]h¿Ø\w 3 C¥ybnse G‰hpw henb _p≤-hn-lmcw kμ¿in-°p-hm-\mbn apl-ΩZpw Iq´p-Imcpw Im©o-]p-c-Øn¬ \n∂pw _ n¬ ]pd-s∏-´p. G‰hpw Ffp-∏-amb hgn-bn-eq-sS-bmWv bm{X t]mbXv. X∂n-´p≈ C¥y-bpsS `q]-S-Øn¬ apl-ΩZpw Iq´p-Imcqw IS∂p t]mb kwÿm-\-߃ AS-bm- f-s∏-Sp-Øp.

a. C¥y-bpsS `q]Sw (kwÿm-\-߃ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-ØmØXv)

b . Acp-Wm-N¬ {]tZ-in-s\-°p-dn®v Ah¿ tNmZn-®-dn-™p. Fs¥m-s°-bm-bn-cn°pw AXv. c . Im©n-]p-c-Øp-\n∂pw

b. Acp-Wm-N¬ {]tZ-in-s\-°p-dn®v Ah¿ tNmZn-®-dn-™p. Fs¥m-s°-bm-bn-cn°pw AXv.

{]h¿Ø\w 4

a. Xmsg ]d-bp∂ {]tXy-I-X-I-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ kacw GXm-Wv. CXv GXv kwÿm-\- ØmWv? Km‘n-Pn-bpsS C¥y-bnse BZysØ kacw tXm´-ap-S-a-Iƒs°-Xnscbpff kacw I¿jI ZpcnXw ]cn-l-cn-®p. -- --- -- -- - --- -- -- -- -- -- \ΩpsS cmPy-Øns‚ kwkvIm-cw, Ncn{Xw, t\´-߃ F∂nh ]pI-gvØp∂ cN\ cho-{μ-\mY SmtKm¿ cNn-®Xv

b. \mw BZ-cn-°p-Ibpw _lp-am-\n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ \ΩpsS tZiob Nn”-ß-fn¬ cs≠- Æ-Øns‚ ]´nI ]qcn-∏n-°p-hm≥ {ian-°p-I-bmWv t_m_n. \n߃°v klm-bn-°mtam? ----

------

------

-------

------

B\-μ-aTw F∂ t\mh-en¬ \n∂v FSp-Ø-XmWv

\ΩpsS cmPy-Øns‚ kwkvIm-cw, Ncn-{Xw, t\´-߃ F∂nh ]pI-gvØp∂ cN\

cho{μ-\mYSmtKm¿ cNn-®Xv

c.

C¥y≥ tZiob ]XmI cq]-I-ev]\ sNbvX-Xmcv? {]h¿Ø\w 5 kmaq-ly-im-kv{X taf-bnse Hcn-\-amWv Hcp kwÿm-\-Øn\v Ab¬ kwÿm-\-߃ hcmØ coXn-bnepw Ab¬ kwÿm-\-߃ hcp∂ coXn-bnepw {Iao-I-cn-°¬. Xmsg ]d-bp∂ kwÿm- \-߃ lcn-bm-\-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-SpØn {Iao-I-cn-°mtam?

PΩp-Im-ivao¿ cmP-ÿm≥ a[y-{]-tZiv DØ-cm-JWvUv DØ¿{]-tZiv ]©m_v _olm¿ lnam-N¬{]-tZiv KpP-dmØv
PΩp-Im-ivao¿
cmP-ÿm≥
a[y-{]-tZiv
DØ-cm-JWvUv
DØ¿{]-tZiv
]©m_v
_olm¿
lnam-N¬{]-tZiv
KpP-dmØv

a. Ab¬ kwÿm-\-߃ hcmØ coXn-bn¬ {Iao-I-cn-°pI

lcnbm\
lcnbm\

b. Ab¬ kwÿm-\-߃ hcp∂ hn[-Øn¬ {Iao-I-cn-°p-I.

lcnbm\
lcnbm\

C. c≠v kwÿm-\-ß-fpsS Xe-ÿm-\-am-bn-h-cp∂ tI{μ-`-cW {]tZiw GXmWv?

{]h¿Ø\w 6 Fd-Wm-Ipfw e£-Zzo]v awKf FIvkv{]

ß-fp-amWv Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. AXv C¥y-bpsS `q]-S-Øn¬ ASbmf-s∏-Sp-Øp-I.

a.

v IS-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ hne kwÿm-\-ßfpw ÿe-

DØ¿{]-tZiv, U¬ln, t`mt∏m¬, alm-cm-jv{S, tKmh, awK-em-]p-cw, Fd-Wm-Ipfw
DØ¿{]-tZiv, U¬ln, t`mt∏m¬, alm-cm-jv{S,
tKmh, awK-em-]p-cw, Fd-Wm-Ipfw
t`mt∏m¬, alm-cm-jv{S, tKmh, awK-em-]p-cw, Fd-Wm-Ipfw b. GXm-WXv? {]h¿Ø\w 7 C¥y-bnse GI kz¿W J\n-bp≈

b.

GXm-WXv? {]h¿Ø\w 7 C¥y-bnse GI kz¿W J\n-bp≈ kwÿm-\-Øns‚ AXn¿Øn ]¶n-Sp∂ kwÿm-\-߃ Is≠-Øp-I. Hmtcm kwÿm-\-Øns‚bpw {][m-\-I-e-Iƒ Xmsg sImSp-Øn-´p≈ Nm¿´n¬ \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-I.

Hcp tI{μ-`-cW {]tZ-i-Øns‚ Hcp `mKw tIc-f-Øns‚ Hcp `mKØv Ibdn hcp-∂p-≠v.

-`-cX\mSyw -Ip®p-∏pSn -GIkz¿Æ-J\n- -IY-Ifn -Xamj -Im¿Wn-h¬
-`-cX\mSyw
-Ip®p-∏pSn
-GIkz¿Æ-J\n-
-IY-Ifn
-Xamj
-Im¿Wn-h¬

b. Xmsg ]d-bp-∂-h-bn¬ icn-b-√m-ØXv GXv? 1.- _o-lm¿ ˛ ]m‰v\

2. tKmh ˛ Xamj

3. Im©n-]pcw ˛ Xan-gv\mSv

 

4. B{‘-{]-tZiv ˛ _nlp

c.

tZiob-KoXw ˛ _¶nw-N-{μ-Nm-‰¿Pn tZio-b-]-XmI ˛ ]nwKfn sh¶ø tZio-b-arKw ˛ B\ tZio-b-]gw ˛ amß

 

IsÆØm ZqcØv ssIsbØm ZqcØv

1.

]g-b-Im-eØv ktμ-i-߃ Ab-°m≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ ]£n?

2.

ta¬ hnem-k-°m-c\v IØp-Iƒ FØn-°p-∂Xv aWn-In-ep°ntbmSn-bn-cp∂ ]g-b-Im-esØ X]m¬ Poh-°m-c≥?

3.

sSen-t^m¨ I≠p-]n-Sn-®Xv ˛˛-˛-˛-BWv?

 

4.

Iºyq-´¿ I≠p-]n-Sn-®Xv ˛˛-˛-˛-BWv?

5.

]≠v ImeØv cmPm-°- m-cpsS DØ-c-hp-Iƒ Bfp-I-fn-se-Øn-°p-hm≥ ˛˛-˛-˛˛ apg-°n-bn-cp-∂p.

6.

tdUntbm I≠p-]n-Sn-®Xv?

7.

apºv D≠m-bn-cp-∂Xpw Ct∏mƒ \ne-hn-en-√m-Ø-Xp-amb hm¿Øm-hn-\n-ab D]-I-cWw?

8.

cmPm-°- m¿ ktμ-i-߃ ssIam-dp-∂-Xn\v Hme, sNºp-X-In-Sv, ]´p-XpWn XpS-ßn-b-h-bn¬ hnh-c߃ Ipdn®v ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛ hiw sImSpØp hnSp∂ coXn kzoI-cn-®n-cp∂p?

9.

ktμiw ssIam-dp-∂-Xn-\mbn \ne-hn¬ h∂ Hcp kwhn-[m\w samss_¬ t^mWns‚ hc- thmsS C√m-Xmbn GXmWv?

10.

temIØv G‰hpw A[nIw {]Nm-c-ap≈ hm¿Ø-hn-\n-a-tbm-]m-[n-˛-˛-˛˛?

11.

tIc-f-Ønse BZy Zn\-]{Xw?

12.

temI-Ønse F√m Iºyq-´-dp-I-sfbpw ]c-kv]cw _‘n-∏n®v hnh-c-߃ ssIam-dm≥ D]- tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv ˛˛-˛-˛˛?

13.

Nn{X-ß-fp-sSbpw hnh-c-ß-fp-sSbpw X\n-]-I¿∏v temI-Øns‚ F√m `mKØpw FØn-°m≥ klm-bn-°p∂ hm¿Øm-hn-\n-ab D]-I-cWw?

14.

sSe-t^m¨ I≠p-]n-Sn® h¿jw?

15.

t]men-kp-Im¿ XΩn¬ Bibw ssIam-dm≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ D]-I-cWw?

16.

C¥y-bn¬ t]mÃv Hm^okv ÿm]n® h¿jw?

17.

C¥y°v ]pd-Øp≈ C¥y-bpsS BZy-t]m-tÃm-^okv FhnsS?

18.

temI-Ønse G‰hpw henb t]mì kwhn-[m\w FhnsS?

19.

C¥y Ign-™m¬ alm-flm-Km-‘n-bpsS Nn{Xw X]m¬ Ãm_n¬ A®-Sn® cmPyw?

20.

tZiob X]m¬ Zn\w?

21.

temI X]m¬ Zn\w?

22.

]n≥ tImUv F∂-Xnse ]n≥ s‚ ]q¿Æ-cq]w?

24.

A£-c-ß-sftbm A°-ß-sftbm Ipdn-°m≥ Hcmƒ c≠v sImSn-Iƒ {]tXyI Zni-bn¬

Nen-∏n®v ssI hncn®v \n∂v Bibw ssIam‰w sNøp∂ coXn°v ]d-bp∂ t]cv?

25. IS-en¬ AI-s∏-´p-t]mb ao≥ ]nSp-Ø-°m-c\v a‰p-≈-h-cp-ambn _‘-s∏-Sm≥ klm-bn- °p∂ D]-I-cWw? DØc߃

1. {]mhv

2.- A-©-tem-´-°m-c≥

3. Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ {Klmw-s_¬

4. -Nmƒkv _mt_Pv 5.- s]-cp-ºd

6. am¿t°mWn

7.- sS-e-{Km^v

8.-Zq-X≥

9.

10.- ]{Xw

11. cmPy-k-am-Nm¿

12. -C‚¿s\‰v

13. ^mIvkv

14. 1876 am¿®v 10

15. hm°n-tSm°n

16. 1764

17.- A‚m¿´n°v

18. -C¥y

19. -A-ta-cn°

20. -H-IvtSm-_¿10

21. HIvtSm-_¿9

22. t]mì C‚Ivkv \º¿

23.- tPm¨

24. sUam-t^m-dp-Iƒ

25.- sk-a-t^m-WpIƒ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ 1 c≠v hm¿Øm-hn-\n-ab D]-I-c-W-ß-fpsS {]tXy-I-X-I-fmWv Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Fgp-Xnb cq]-Øn-emWv ktμiw ssIam-dp-∂Xv. ktμiw DS≥ FØp-∂p. Hcp ka-bØv Hcp `mK-tØ°v am{Xw ktμiw ssIam-dm≥ km[n-°p-∂p. ktμiw ssIam-dn-sb∂v At∏mƒ Xs∂ Dd-∏n-°p-∂p. kwkm-c-Øn-eq-sS-bmWv ktμiw ssIam-dp-∂Xv ktμ-i-ß-sf-Øm≥ Znh-k-߃ FSp°pw F) GsXm-s°-bmWv Cu D]-I-c-W-߃

 

D]-I-c-W-߃

{]tXy-I-X-Iƒ

1

   

2

   

{]h¿Ø\w 2 imkv{X {]Z¿i-\-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n®v Xmsg \¬In-bn-´p≈ hm¿Ø hn\n-a-b- kwhn-[m-\- ßsf Bbn-jbpw Xmcbpw Ah-bpsS {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ Is≠Øn Xcw Xncn-°p-I-bm-Wv. \n߃°v Ahsc klm-bn-°mtam?

t^m¨, ]{Xw, Csa-bn¬, tdUn-tbm, ^mIvkv, sSen-hn-j≥
t^m¨, ]{Xw, Csa-bn¬, tdUn-tbm, ^mIvkv, sSen-hn-j≥
t^m¨, ]{Xw, Csa-bn¬, tdUn-tbm, ^mIvkv, sSen-hn-j≥ _n. \n߃ Cu D]-I-c-W-ßsf Xcw-Xn-cn-®Xv F¥ns‚
t^m¨, ]{Xw, Csa-bn¬, tdUn-tbm, ^mIvkv, sSen-hn-j≥ _n. \n߃ Cu D]-I-c-W-ßsf Xcw-Xn-cn-®Xv F¥ns‚
t^m¨, ]{Xw, Csa-bn¬, tdUn-tbm, ^mIvkv, sSen-hn-j≥ _n. \n߃ Cu D]-I-c-W-ßsf Xcw-Xn-cn-®Xv F¥ns‚
t^m¨, ]{Xw, Csa-bn¬, tdUn-tbm, ^mIvkv, sSen-hn-j≥ _n. \n߃ Cu D]-I-c-W-ßsf Xcw-Xn-cn-®Xv F¥ns‚

_n. \n߃ Cu D]-I-c-W-ßsf Xcw-Xn-cn-®Xv F¥ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-emWv?

kn. tdUntbm I≠p-]n-Sn-®-Xmcv? {]h¿Ø\w 3 tKmIpepw apØ-»nbpw hntZ-i-Øp≈ tKmIp-ens‚ A—-\p-ambn t^mWn¬ I≠v kwkm-cn-°p-I-bm- bn-cp-∂p. apØ-»n°v A¤pXw ! Xs‚ Ip´n-°m-esØ A\p-`-h-߃ tKmIp-ep-ambn ]¶p-sh-®p. tKmIp-en-s‚bpw apØ-»n-bp-sSbpw A\p-`-h-߃ tN¿Øv Xøm-dm-°nb ^vtfmNm¿´v Xmsg sImSp- °p-∂p. ]q¿Øn-bm-°mtam?

Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®

Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®

Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®
Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øns‚ hf¿®

_n.

s]cp-ºd
s]cp-ºd
s]cp-ºd
s]cp-ºd
s]cp-ºd

s]cp-ºd

s]cp-ºd
s]cp-ºd
]{Xw
]{Xw

tdUntbm

hy‡nbn-te°v IØv
hy‡nbn-te°v
IØv

Csabn¬

Bi-b-ss°-am-‰-Øn\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ D]-I-c-W-ß-fmWv Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. AXv \ne-hn¬ h∂-Xns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ tKmIp¬ {Iao-I-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. \n߃°v klm-bn-°mtam? samss_¬ t^m¨, sSen-{Km-^v, t^m¨, ^mIvkv

{]h¿Ø\w 4

hm¿Øm-hn-\n-ab D]-I-c-W-ß-sf-°p-dn®v Xmsg sImSpØ kqN-\-Iƒ t\m°pI

temI-Øn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ {]Nm-c-ap≈ hm¿Ø hn\n-ab D]-I-cWw

am¿t°mWn I≠p-]n-Sp-®p.

Fgp-Øn-t‚bpw Nn{X-Øn-t‚bpw X\n ]I¿∏pw t^m¨ ktμ-Ihpw Ab-°m≥ km[n-°p∂ D]-I-c-Ww.

Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ {Klmw s_¬ I≠p-]n-Sn-®p. F. ta¬ ]d™ kqN-\-I-fnse hm¿Øm-hn-\n-ab D]-I-c-W-߃ Fgp-XpI?

_n. Chsb ktμiw ssIam-dp∂ kz`m-h-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Xcw-Xn-cn-°p-I.

ssIam-dp∂ kz`m-h-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Xcw-Xn-cn-°p-I. kn . ASp-Ø-Imew hsc {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠m-bXpw F∂m¬ Cu
ssIam-dp∂ kz`m-h-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Xcw-Xn-cn-°p-I. kn . ASp-Ø-Imew hsc {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠m-bXpw F∂m¬ Cu
ssIam-dp∂ kz`m-h-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Xcw-Xn-cn-°p-I. kn . ASp-Ø-Imew hsc {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠m-bXpw F∂m¬ Cu
ssIam-dp∂ kz`m-h-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Xcw-Xn-cn-°p-I. kn . ASp-Ø-Imew hsc {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠m-bXpw F∂m¬ Cu

kn .

ASp-Ø-Imew hsc {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠m-bXpw F∂m¬ Cu ASp-Ø-Im-eØv \n¿Ø-em-°n-b- Xp-amb hm¿Øm-hn-\n-ab D]-I-cWw? Iq´p-Im¿s°mcp Icp-X¬

{]h¿Ø\w 1 D®`£Ww Ign®v ]m{Xw IgpIn HmSn-h-cp-tºmƒ A\phpw tacnbpw XΩn¬ Iq´n-bn-Sn-®p. tacn-bpsS aq°n¬ \n∂pw c‡w hcp-∂Xv I≠ Iq´p-°m¿ Ah-sfbpw sIm≠v Hm^o-kn-te°v t]mbn. Fs¥ms° Imcy-ßfmbn-cn°pw sNbvXp sImSp-Øn-´p-≠m-Ip-I. _n. A]-ISw kw`-hn-®m¬ BZyw sNbvXp sImSp-°p∂ ]cn-N-c-W-am-Wv-˛-˛-˛-˛˛ {]h¿Ø\w 2

sImSp-°p∂ ]cn-N-c-W-am-Wv-˛-˛-˛-˛˛ {]h¿Ø\w 2 D®-`-£Ww ]mIw sNøp-∂-Xn-\nsS hkv{X-Øn\v Xo]n-Sn®v
D®-`-£Ww ]mIw sNøp-∂-Xn-\nsS hkv{X-Øn\v Xo]n-Sn®v s]m≈-te‰ ]mN-I-°m-cnsb Ip´n-Iƒ c£n-®p.
D®-`-£Ww ]mIw sNøp-∂-Xn-\nsS hkv{X-Øn\v Xo]n-Sn®v
s]m≈-te‰ ]mN-I-°m-cnsb Ip´n-Iƒ c£n-®p.
A]-I-S-Øn¬s∏´v c‡w hm¿∂v tdmUn¬ InS∂ ssk°nƒ bm{X°mcs\ Ip´n-Iƒ c£n-®p.
A]-I-S-Øn¬s∏´v c‡w hm¿∂v
tdmUn¬ InS∂ ssk°nƒ
bm{X°mcs\ Ip´n-Iƒ c£n-®p.
sh≈Øn¬ apßn-Ømgv∂ bph-Xnsb Bdmw ¢m p-Im-c≥ c£n-®p.
sh≈Øn¬ apßn-Ømgv∂ bph-Xnsb
Bdmw ¢m p-Im-c≥ c£n-®p.

F. kvIqƒ sl¬Øv ¢∫ns‚ A`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ A]-I-S-hm¿Ø-I-sf-°p-dn®v BXnc Xøm-dm-

°nb

tUmIvS¿ ¢m

Xøm-dm-°mtam?

sImfm-jm-Wn-Xv. A]-I-S-߃ ]‰n-bm¬ sImSp-t°≠ {]Ya ip{iq-j-sb-°p-dn®v

n¬ ]d-™-Im-cy-߃ BXnc Ipdn®psh®n-cn-°p-∂p.-\n-߃°pw Ipdn∏v

1. s]m≈-te-‰m¬

2. apdnhv ]‰n-bm¬

3. sh≈-Øn¬ hoWm¬

{]h¿Ø\w 3 apl-ΩZpw Iq´p-Imcpw ¢m

n-semcp {]Ya ip{iq-jm-s∏´n Hcp-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ah¿ AXn-\m-

h-iy-amb km[-\-߃ sIm≠p-h-∂p. \nß-fpsS ¢m

Fs¥ms° km[-\-ß-fn-bn-cn°pw Icp-XpI?

n¬ Xøm-dm-°p-tºmƒ \n߃

_n. ssIIm-ep-I-fnse F√v s]m´n-bm¬ Ah A\-ßm-Xn-cn-°m≥ sI´p∂ D]-I-c-W-Øns‚

t]cv? {]h¿Ø\w 4 \m´n-ep-≠mb {]f-b-s°-Sp-Xn-°v tijw Zpcn-Xm-izmk Iyºn¬ \n∂pw ho´n-te°v t]mb- h¿ t\cn´ G‰hpw henb sh√p-hnfn ]mºp-I-fpsS iey-am-Wv. XpS¿∂v hoSv hrØn-bm-°p- tºmƒ {i≤n-t°≠ Imcy-ß-sf-°p-dn®v hm¿Øm-am-[y-a-ß-fn-eqsS IrXy-amb \n¿tZ-i- ߃ \¬In. F AXv \n߃°v Fgp-Xmtam?

_n. XpS¿∂v ]mºv ISn-tb-‰¬ Fs¥ms° {]Y-a-ip-{iqj \¬IWw F∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw hm¿Ø-I-fn¬ h∂p. Fs¥m-s° -sN-ø-Ww.

{]h¿Ø\w 5

F.

acn-bm-]pcw {]Y-aoImtcmKy tI{μ-Øn¬ ]\n°v NnIn’ tXSn t]mb-Xm-bn-cp∂p KwKbpw AΩbpw . Bip-]{Xn Npa-cn¬ {]Y-a-ip-{iqj \¬tI-≠-Xns‚ {]m[m-\y-sØ-°p-

dn®v Fgp-Xn-h-®-X-hƒ {i≤n-®p. Fs¥m-s°-bm-bn-cn-°p-aXv?

_n.

sXm´-Sp-Ømbn t_m[-£bw h∂mepw Dfp-°n-bmepw \¬tI≠ {]Ya ip{iq-j-sb-°p- dn®pw Fgp-Xn-h-®n-cn-°p-∂p. t\m´okv t_m¿Uv \n߬°v ]q¿Øn-bm-°mtam?

t_m[-£bw

t_m[-£bw Dfp°v

Dfp°v

t_m[-£bw Dfp°v

{]h¿Ø\w 6

Ccpºp-tXm´n D]-tbm-Kn®v amß ]dn-°p- tºmƒ sshZypXn Iºn-bn¬ \n∂v tjmt°-‰v Krl\mY≥ acn-®p.

F.

]{X-hm¿Ø-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Kbm-{]nb sshZyp-Xm-Lm-X-߃ aqe-ap≈ A]-I-S- ߃ Hgn-hm-°m≥ FSp-t°≠ ap≥ Icp-X-ep-I-sf-°p-dn®v ¢m n¬ ]d-bp-hm≥ Hcp Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°n. \n߃°pw Xøm-dm-°tam?

_n.

sshZyp-X-Lm-X-ta-‰m¬ \¬tI≠ {]Y-a-ip-{iq-j-tbbpw Ipdn®v Ahƒ t\m´p-Iƒ Xøm-dm- °n.\n-߃°v klm-bn-°mtam?

kn. {]Ya ip{iq-j-Zn-\-ambn BN-cn-°p-∂Xv Ft∏mƒ?

Un. Aÿn-k-‘n-bnse ˛˛-˛˛ s]m´p-tºmtgm hen-bp-Itbm sNøp-∂Xv sIm≠mWv Dfp°v D≠m-Ip-

∂-Xv.

\mSns\ Adn-bm≥

1. {Kma-]-©m-b-Øns‚ A≤y-£≥?

2. tªm°v ]©m-b-Øns‚ A≤y-£≥?

3. Pn√m ]©m-b-Øns‚ A≤y-£≥?

4. ap≥kn-]m-en-‰n-bpsS A≤y-£≥?

5. tIm¿∏-td-js‚ A≤y-£≥?

6. tIc-f-Ønse tIm¿∏-td-j-\p-I-fpsS FÆw?

7. Hcp hm¿Unse hnI-k-\m-h-iy-߬ N¿® sNbvXv Xncp-am-\n-°m-\mbn Ahn-SsØ P\-߃ HØp-tN-cp-∂-Xm-Wv-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛

8. Hcp \m´nse P\-ß-fpsS s]mXp Bh-iy-߃ \nd-th-‰-Xv-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛ÿm]-\-ß-fm-Wv.

9.- ]-g-b-Im-eØv Xe-®p-a-Sp-ambn \S∂p t]mIp-∂-h¿°v NpaSv Cd°n sh°p-∂Xv ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-emWv?

10.

arX-tZ-l-߃ AS°w sNøp-∂-Xn\v ]g-b-ImeØv D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂ henb a¨]m-{X-Øns‚ t]cv?

11. ]≠v ImeØv arX-tZ-l-߃ kq£n-°m≥ ]md-sIm≠v \n¿Ωn-®-hbmWv˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛?

{]h¿Ø\w 1 F. ]g-b-Im-eØv D]-I-c-W-ß-fpsS Nn{X-amWv Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ah-bpsS t]sc-gp- Xmtam?

Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ah-bpsS t]sc-gp- Xmtam? _n. Cu D]-I-c-W-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v Fs¥√mw Imcy-ßfmWv
Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ah-bpsS t]sc-gp- Xmtam? _n. Cu D]-I-c-W-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v Fs¥√mw Imcy-ßfmWv
Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ah-bpsS t]sc-gp- Xmtam? _n. Cu D]-I-c-W-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v Fs¥√mw Imcy-ßfmWv
Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ah-bpsS t]sc-gp- Xmtam? _n. Cu D]-I-c-W-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v Fs¥√mw Imcy-ßfmWv
Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ah-bpsS t]sc-gp- Xmtam? _n. Cu D]-I-c-W-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v Fs¥√mw Imcy-ßfmWv
Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ah-bpsS t]sc-gp- Xmtam? _n. Cu D]-I-c-W-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v Fs¥√mw Imcy-ßfmWv

_n. Cu D]-I-c-W-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v Fs¥√mw Imcy-ßfmWv A∂v sNbvXn-cp-∂Xv?

 

D]-I-c-W-߃

D]-tbm-K-߃

1.

   

2.

3.

{]h¿Ø\w 2 AIvaepw Iq´p-Imcpw kvIqƒ kb≥kv skan-\m-dn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ \mSns‚ skan-\m- dn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ \mSns‚ Ncn{Xw Xøm-dm-°p-I-bm-Wv. AXn\p th≠n Ah¿ \m´n-e- dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ Imc-W-h- msc ImWp-hm≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p.

F.

GsXms° Imcy-ß-sf°p-dn-®mWv Ah¿ tNmZn-°pI?

 

_n.

Irjn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´v Imcy߃ And-bm≥ {Kma-Ønse {]mbw-Iq-Snb I¿j-I-\mb tImtc-´s\ kμ¿in-°p-hm≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. At±-l-tØmSv tNm[yw tNmZn-°phm≥ tNmZym-hen Xøm-dm-°p-I-bm-Wv AIvaepw Iq´-cpw. \n߃°v klm-bn-°mtam?

AIvaepw Iq´-cpw. \n߃°v klm-bn-°mtam? kn. {Kma-Ønse A≤y-£≥ ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-BWv?

kn. {Kma-Ønse A≤y-£≥ ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-BWv?

{]h¿Ø\w 3 \ΩpsS \m´nse s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßsf Bfp-Iƒ°v ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ A¿Pp-\≥ Xøm- dm-°nb {i≤n-°p-at√m? ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°m≥ klm-bn-°mtam?

F.

F. _n.
F. _n.

_n.

F. _n.
F. _n.
F. _n.
F. _n.
F. _n. s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃ hnZym-ebw Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw shbv°m≥
F. _n. s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃ hnZym-ebw Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw shbv°m≥
F. _n. s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃ hnZym-ebw Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw shbv°m≥
F. _n. s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃ hnZym-ebw Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw shbv°m≥
s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃
s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃
F. _n. s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃ hnZym-ebw Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw shbv°m≥
F. _n. s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃ hnZym-ebw Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw shbv°m≥
F. _n. s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃ hnZym-ebw Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw shbv°m≥
F. _n. s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃ hnZym-ebw Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw shbv°m≥
hnZym-ebw
hnZym-ebw

hnZym-ebw

hnZym-ebw

Hmtcm s]mXp ÿm]-\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-߃ Im-Wn-°p∂ t_m¿Upw

shbv°m≥ A¿Pp≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. \nßfpw c≠v s]mXp ÿm]-\-߃ s]mXp ÿm]-\-߃ tkh-\-߃ ImWn-°p∂ t_m¿Uv Xøm-dm-°q.

s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-߃

tkh-\-߃

1.

 

2.

 

kn. tIm¿∏-td-js‚ A≤y-£\p ]d-bp∂ t]cv?

{]h¿Ø\w 4

Bdmw sXßv {Kma-]-©m-b-Øn¬ {]f-b-Øn\v tijw Nne Bfp-Iƒ°v Fen-∏\n Is≠- ØnbXmbn BtcmKy hIp-∏-[n-Ir-X¿ dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXp. XpS¿∂v Fen-∏-\n-bpsS e£-W- ßsf°pdn®v t\m´o-k-Sn-®p hnX-cWw sNbvXp.Fs¥m-s°-bm-bn-cn°pw t\m´o-kn-ep-≠m-hp-

I.

Fen-∏\n ˛ e£-W-߃

_n.

Fen-∏\n hcm-Xn-cn-°phm≥ Nne ap≥I-cp-X-se-Sp-°-W-sa∂pw t\m´o-kn¬ Adn-bn-®p. Fs¥ms°?

Fen-∏\n ˛ ap≥I-cp-X-ep-Iƒ

kn.

ipNo-I-cW {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ G¿s∏-Sp-∂-h¿ Hmtcm BgvN-bnepw {]Xn-tcm[ KpfnI Ign- °m\pw \n¿tZ-in-®p. B acp-∂ns‚ t]cv?

tUmIvkn-ssk-°n-fn≥

{]h¿Ø\w 5 kvIqƒ Xe kmaq-ly-imkv{X taf-bn¬ dnbm-kns‚ {Kq∏v hnhn[ D]-I-c-W-ß-fpsS t]cp- Iƒ Nm¿´mWv Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

Imf-h-≠n,- an-Ivkn, Npa-Sp-Xm-ßn, KpUvkv-Hmt´m Ac-I-√v, {Sn√¿, Pe-N-en-X-]-{Xw, Ie-∏, tamt´m¿]ºv

Nne \n¿tZ-i-߃IqSn Fgp-Xn-bn´p≠v {]tXy-I-X-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Xcw Xncn- °mtam?

{]tXy-I-X-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Xcw Xncn- °mtam? _n. \n߃ Xcw Xncn-®Xv Nne am\-Z-WvU-߃

_n.

\n߃ Xcw Xncn-®Xv Nne am\-Z-WvU-߃ A\p-k-cn-®m-Wt√m? Nne-Xn\v ]Icw thsd NneXv h∂p. Cßs\ hcp-hm≥ ImcWw F¥m-bn-cn°pw ? hni-Z-am-°pI?

kn.

]g-b-Im-eØv a\p-jy-cpsS arX-tZlw kq£n-°m≥ D]-tbm-Kn® a¨ ]m{X-Øn\v ]d-

bp∂ t]cv?

Ie-I-fpsS \mSv

1. Nne BtLm-j-ßfpw Iem-cq-]-ßfpw Ah \S-°p∂ ÿe-ßfpw NphsS sImSp-Øn-cn- °p-∂p. icn-bm-bh sXsc-s™-Sp-°pI? (5 am¿°v)

F)

amam¶w

IÆq¿

_n)

s\lvdp-t{Sm^n h≈w-Ifn

Imk-d-tKmUv

kn)

sXø-ß-fpsS \mSv

a[y-Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-°q¿

Un)

]S-bWn

ae-∏pdw

C)

b£-Km\w

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw

F^v) Nμ-\-°pS atlm-’-h-Øn\p Be-∏pg {]i-kvX-amb _oam-∏≈n

DØcw

F.ae-∏p-dw, _n.Be-∏p-g, kn.IÆq¿, Un.-a-[y-Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿, C.-Im-k-d-tKm-Uv, F^v.Xncp-h-¥- ]pcw II.tbmPn-®h hc®v tN¿°pI

Ie-I-fpsS cmPmhv

˛

kzm-Xn-Xn-cp-∂mƒ

kwKoXw

˛

Hm-´≥ Xp≈¬

˛

I-Y-Ifn

lmky-{]-[m-a-amb Ie temI-{]-i-kvX-\mb Nn{X-Im-c≥

˛

sambn≥ Ip´n-ssh-Zy¿

am∏n-f-∏m´v

˛

h¿Æn-

[oc kml-koI tbm≤m-°sf °p∂ \mS≥]m-´p-Iƒ cm-Pm-c-hn-h¿Ω

˛ III.Ie-I-fpsS Nn{X-ßfpw ˛ Ah-bpsS t]cp-Ifpw hc®p tbmPn-∏n-°-I. (Nm-Iym¿Iq-Øv, am¿§w-I-fn, IqSn-bm-´w, Z^vap-´v, sXøw, IpΩm-´n, H∏-\, taml-\n-bm-´w, ]S-b-Wn, Xncp-hm-Xn-c, tIm¬°-fn.)

hS-°≥ ]m´p-Iƒ

- ˛ IpΩm´n -˛ Nm-Iym¿Iq-Øv ˛ am¿§w-Ifn -˛ -˛ -˛ ]S-bWn IqSn-bm-´w Z^vap-´v
- ˛ IpΩm´n -˛ Nm-Iym¿Iq-Øv ˛ am¿§w-Ifn -˛ -˛ -˛ ]S-bWn IqSn-bm-´w Z^vap-´v
-
-
- ˛ IpΩm´n -˛ Nm-Iym¿Iq-Øv ˛ am¿§w-Ifn -˛ -˛ -˛ ]S-bWn IqSn-bm-´w Z^vap-´v
- ˛ IpΩm´n -˛ Nm-Iym¿Iq-Øv ˛ am¿§w-Ifn -˛ -˛ -˛ ]S-bWn IqSn-bm-´w Z^vap-´v
- ˛ IpΩm´n -˛ Nm-Iym¿Iq-Øv ˛ am¿§w-Ifn -˛ -˛ -˛ ]S-bWn IqSn-bm-´w Z^vap-´v

˛ IpΩm´n

Nm-Iym¿Iq-Øv

˛ am¿§w-Ifn

]S-bWn

IqSn-bm-´w

Z^vap-´v

tbmPn-®h hc®v tN¿°pI

HmWw

Ip©≥\-ºym¿ XpS°w Ipdn® Ie.- kaqlØnse Xn∑-Isf \¿a-ckw Ie¿Øn hna¿in-°p-∂p.

 

aW-hm-´n-bp-tSbpw tXmgn-am-cp- tSbpw thjw [cn-°p∂p.

Xpf-f¬

am¿Kw-Ifn

tIm¬°fn

¯sXøw

Z^vap´v

H∏\

Xncp-hm-Xnc

tIc-f-Øns‚ tZiob D’-hw. Nnßam-k-Ønse Xncp-thmWw \mfn¬ {][m\ BtLm-jw.

h´-Øn¬ Nph-Sp-h-bv°p∂kwLI-e. ]m´ns‚ Xmf-Øn¬ tImep-Iƒ XΩn- e-Sn-°p-∂p.

tIc-fo-b-th-j-Øn¬ kvXoIƒ Zi-]pjv]w NqSnbpw ssIsIm´n ]m´p-]m-Snbpw Ifn-°p-∂p.

Zi-]pjv]w NqSnbpw ssIsIm´n ]m´p-]m-Snbpw Ifn-°p-∂p. hc®v tbmPn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bmsX thdn´p \n¬°p∂ Ie-Iƒ
Zi-]pjv]w NqSnbpw ssIsIm´n ]m´p-]m-Snbpw Ifn-°p-∂p. hc®v tbmPn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bmsX thdn´p \n¬°p∂ Ie-Iƒ
Zi-]pjv]w NqSnbpw ssIsIm´n ]m´p-]m-Snbpw Ifn-°p-∂p. hc®v tbmPn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bmsX thdn´p \n¬°p∂ Ie-Iƒ

hc®v tbmPn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bmsX thdn´p \n¬°p∂ Ie-Iƒ GsX√mw? Ahsb°pdn®v eLp-Ip- dn-∏p-Iƒ Hgn™ If-ß-fn¬ Fgp-Xq. hc®v tbmPn-∏n-°p-I.

II.

cmPp Hcp ]co-£Ww sNøp-I-bm-Wv. hnh-c-߃ t{ImUo-I-cn®v \nK-a-\-Øn¬ FØm≥ klm-bn-°mtam?

s]mXp-kz-`m-h߃

a`mcw

BIrXn

ÿnXn-sN-øm≥

ÿew

AhÿIu

I√v

Jcw

]m¬

{ZmhIw

HmIvkn-P≥

hmXIw

\ocmhn

sFkv

asÆÆ

am\-tØ°v Aam-hmkn Znhkw kqcy≥, N{μ≥, `qan F∂n-h-bpsS ÿew {Ia-s∏-SpØn Nn{Xw hc-bv°p-I. kqcy {]Imiw ]Xn-°mØ N{μ-t‚bpw `qan-bp-tSbpw `mKw sjbvUv sNbvXv ImWn-°p-I. kqcy-{K-lW ka-bØv Cu tKmf-ß-fpsS ÿm\w Fhn-sS-bm-bn-cn-°pw. N{μ-{K-lW ka-b-Øp≈ kqcy≥ , N{μ≥, `qan-F-∂n-h-bpsS ÿm\w {Ia-s∏-SpØn Nn{Xw hc-bv°p-I.

III

Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-hsb DNn-X-amb am\-ZWvUw D]-tbm-Kn®v Iq´-ß-fm-°mtam? _p[≥, sS‰m≥, bpdm-\-kv, kqcy≥, N{μ≥, t{]mIvknam sks©m-dn, kndn-bkv , `qan, Km\an-Uv, Bcy-`-´, sNmΔ, FUyp-km‰v , Xncp-hm-Xn-c, kv]pSv\nIv

{Klw

D]-{Klw

\£{Xw

Ir{Xn-a- D-]-{Klw

_p[≥

N{μ≥

kqcy≥

Bcy-`´

bp-dm-\kv

ssS‰m≥

kndn-bkv

FUyq-km‰v

`qan

Km\-anUv

t{]mIvkn-a-sk-s©mdn

kv]pSv\nIv

sNmΔ

Xncp-hm-Xnc

-

(am\-Z-WvU-߃ Is≠Øn IrXy-ambn Iq´-ß-fm-°n-bm¬ 5 am¿°v)

I.

Nn{X-Øn¬ ImWp-∂-Xp-t]mse Hcp ]co-£Ww sNøp-I-bmWv . ho¿Ø _eq-Wn¬

_‘n-∏n® Ipg-ense ¢n∏v \o°w sNbvXm¬ F¥v kw`-hn°pw ? F¥v sIm≠v? (_eq-Wnse hmbp ]pd-tØ°v t]mIpw , •mknse sh≈w Ipg-en-eqsS Ip∏n°v AIØv

{]th-in-°pw

eq-Wnse

hmbp ]pd-tØ°v t]mIp-tºmƒ Ip∏n°v AIsØ hmbp

kΩ¿Zw Ipd-bp-∂p. ]pd-Øp-\n-∂p≈ hmbp a¿±w {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv sIm≠v •mknse sh≈w

Ipg-en-eqsS Ip∏n-°IØv Ib-dp∂ CXn¬ hmbp-hn\pw sh≈-Øn\pw ÿnXn sNøm≥ ÿew Bh-iy-am-sW∂v a\- n-em-°mw)

ÿnXn sNøm≥ ÿew Bh-iy-am-sW∂v a\- n-em-°mw) hc®v tbmPn-∏n-°pI {Ia \º¿ 1. 2. 3. 4.

hc®v tbmPn-∏n-°pI

{Ia \º¿

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

F

`qan-bpsS D]-{Klw

N{μs\ Xosc ImWm-Ø- Znhkw

D]-{Kl hnt£-]-W- hml-\- Øns‚ t]cv

{`a-a-Øn-t\msSm∏w `qan kqcys\ hew hbv°p-∂-Xn\v ]d-bp∂ t]cv

kqcy≥ Ign-™m¬ `qan-bpsS ASp-Øp≈ \£{Xw

_n

]cn-{I-aWw

tdm°‰v

t{]mIvkn-am-sk-s©mdn

N{μ≥

Aam-hmkn

DØ-cw.

1. N{μ≥, 2. Aam-hm-kn, 3.tdm°-‰v, 4. ]cn-{I-a-Ww, 5. t{]mIvkn-am-sk-s©mdn

aW-°mSv ]©m-b-Øns‚ tcJm-Nn-{X-amWv NphsS \¬In-bn-´p-≈-Xv.

1. GsXms° hm¿Up-I-fn-emWv s\¬Irjn sNøp-∂Xv?

2. s]mXp-In-W¿ GsXms° hm¿Un¬ D≠v?

3. {][m\ tdmUv IS∂p t]mIp∂ hm¿Up-Iƒ GsX-√mamWv?

4. ]pg-bpsS hS°p `mK-Øp≈ hm¿Up-Iƒ GsX-√m-amWv?

5. s\¬Ir-jn-bp≈ hm¿Up-I-fpsS {]tXy-IX Fs¥-√m-amWv?

hmbn°mw hcbv°mw 1. tIc-f-Øn¬ BKkvXv amk-Øn¬ {]f-b-s°-Sp-Xn-bpsS ÿe-ß-fmWv Nme-°p-Sn, sNß- ∂q¿, Bep-h,

hmbn°mw hcbv°mw

1. tIc-f-Øn¬ BKkvXv amk-Øn¬ {]f-b-s°-Sp-Xn-bpsS ÿe-ß-fmWv Nme-°p-Sn, sNß- ∂q¿, Bep-h, aq∂m¿, Cc-´n, sIm®n, Ip´-\m-Sv, s\√n-bm-º\n F∂nh Cu {]tZ-i-߃ Dƒs∏-Sp∂ Pn√ GsX∂v Is≠Øn tIc-f-Øns‚ `q]-S-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØpI? Pn√-Iƒ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb tIc-f-`q-]-S-Øns‚ Hu´v sse≥ ChnsS sImSp-°-Ww.

2. Xmsg sImSpØ AW-s°-´p-Iƒ {]f-b-Im-eØv \nd-™n-cp-∂p. Ah GXv Pn√-bn-em- sW∂v Fgp-Xp-I.

F. ap√-s∏-cn-bm¿

_n. ]o®n

kn.

Un. ]g»n

C. s\øm¿

F^v. ae-ºpg

F. CSp-°n, _n. ]o®n(-Xr-iq¿),

s\øm¿ ˛Xn-cp-h-¥-]p-cw, F^v.-a-e-ºp-g˛ ]me-°m-Sv.

_mWm-kp-c≥

kn.

_mWm-kp-c≥, hb-\m-Sv, Un. ]g-»n-˛-IÆq¿, C.

s\øm¿ ˛Xn-cp-h-¥-]p-cw, F^v.-a-e-ºp-g˛ ]me-°m-Sv. _mWm-kp-c≥ kn. _mWm-kp-c≥, hb-\m-Sv, Un. ]g-»n-˛-IÆq¿, C.

I√mbv Im‰mbv

1.

1.

CXn¬ sh≈-Øns‚ {]tXy-IX ]cn-K-Wn®v Iq´-Øn¬s]´mWv GXv?

2.

sFkv, asÆ-Æ, shfn-s®-Æ, s]t{Smƒ, Iq´-Øn¬s]Sm-ØXv GXv?

D.

sFkv

3.

]T-\-ap-dn-bn¬ t{]mP-IvSvsN-bvXp-sIm-≠n-cns° cLp AΩ-tbmSv tN®n ap√-∏q-Nq-Sn- bmtWmh∂-sX∂v tNmZn-®p. hmX-I-Øns‚ GXv {]tXy-I-X-bmWv ap√-∏q-aWw Adn-bm≥ cLp-hns\ klm-bn-®Xv?

D.-

hym-]\w (hmbp hym]n-°p-∂p)

4.

sh≈-Øns‚ GXv kz`m-h-amWv Pe-ssh-Zyp-X-\n-e-b-Øn¬ \n∂v sshZypXn D¬∏m-Zn-∏n- °m≥ klm-bn-°p-∂Xv?

D.

Pe-Øn\v i‡n-bp≠v

5.

sh≈-Øns‚ aq∂v Ah-ÿ-Iƒ GsX-√m-amWv?

D.

sFkv, \ocm-hn, sh≈w

6.

XWp-∏p-Im-eØv AXn-cm-hnse kky-ß-fpsS Ce-I-fn¬ sh≈-Xp-≈n-Iƒ ImWm≥ Imc- W-sa¥v?

D.

A¥-co-£-Ønse \ocmhn XWp-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v

7.

\n›nX BIr-Xn-bp≠v, ÿnXn-sN-øm≥ ÿew Bh-iy-ap≠v, `mc-ap≠v . CXv GXv Ah- ÿ-bmWv ?

D.

-Jcw

8.-

Im-‰m-Sn-b{¥w D]-tbm-Kn®v sshZypXn D≠m-Ip-∂Xv GXns‚ i‡n D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv?

D.

Im‰v

9.

kqcy-\nepw \£-{X-ß-fnepw Kyme-Ivkn-Iƒ°nS-bn-ep≈ {]tZ-i-ß-fnepw ImWp∂ {Zhy- Øns‚ \mem-asØ Ahÿ?

D.

πmkva ({Z-hy-Øns‚ Ab-Wo-I-cW Ah-ÿ)

10.

I\Ø ah-bØv Imdn¬ k©-cn-°p-I-bmWv dlow. ap≥h-isØ •mkn¬ \ndsb sh≈- Øp-≈n-Iƒ A—≥ XpS®v hrØn-bm-°n. Imdn-\-IØv •mkn¬ sh≈-Øp-≈n-Iƒ h∂Xv Fßs\?

D.

Imdn-\-IsØ hmbp-hnse \ocmhn XWpØv sh≈-Øp-≈n-I-fm-bn.

Ie-I-fpsS \mSv

1. tZhn-tZ-h≥am-sc a\p-jy-cq-]-Øn¬ Nn{Xo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v XpS-°-an´ Iem-Im-c≥? cmPm-c-hn-h¿Ω

2. cmPm-c-hn-h¿Ωbv°v {_´ojv cmPmhv \¬Inb _lp-alXn GXv? ssIk¿ sF˛-lnμv tKmƒUv saU¬

3. Cc-bn-Ω≥ Xºn-bpsS IrXn-Iƒ? IoN-I-h-[w-, DØ-cm-kzbwh-cw, Z£-bm-Kw, F∂o B´-°-Y-Iƒ , Hma-\-Øn-¶ƒ InSmthm F∂ Xmcm´v ]m´v.

4. K¿`-{io-am≥ F∂ t]cn-e-dn-b-s∏´ {]ikvX kwKo-X-⁄-\mb `c-Wm-[n-Imcn? kzmXn-Xn-cp-∂mƒ

5. Xt®m-fn-H-tX-t\≥, Btcm-a¬t®-I-h¿, XpS-ßnb hoc \mb-I≥amsc ]cm-a¿in-°p∂ ]m´p-I-fpsS t]cv? hS°≥∏m´v

6. ae-_m-dnse ap nw kap-Zm-b-߃ ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn ]mSnhcp∂ ]m´p-Iƒ? am∏n-f-∏m´v

GXn-s\-bmWv kqNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv? am∏nf-∏m´v

8.

sambn≥Ip´n sshZy¿ GXv \ne-bn-emWv {]i-kvX≥? am∏n-f-∏m´v

9.

-an-gmhv F∂ hmtZym-]-I-cWw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-I-em-cq]w GXm-Wv? NmIym¿IqØv

10.

am¿tXm-a-io-I-bpsS Ncn{Xw h¿Æn-°p∂ Iem-cq]w? am¿Kw-Ifn

11.

NmIym¿ ]pcp-j-th-j-Ønepw \ßym¿ kv{Xo thj-Ønepw A`n-\-bn-°p∂ ]c-º-cm-KX \mS-Im-`n-\-b-cq]w? IqSnbm´w

12.

Hcp `mKw am{Xw Imf-tØm¬ s]mXn™ htZym-]-I-cWw D]-tbm-Kn®v ]pcp-j≥am¿ ap nw-th-j-Øn¬ \S-Øp∂ Iem-cq]w? Z^vap´v

13.

hS-°≥ tIc-f-Ønse Imhp-I-fn¬ tZh-{]o-Xn-°mbn \S-Øp∂ A\p-jvTm-\-I-em-cq]w? sXøw

14.

Imk-d-tKmUv Pn√-bn¬ ImWp∂ I¿Æm-S-I-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ Iem-cq]w? b£-Km\w

15.-

hn-hm-l-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v ap…ow hoSp-I-fn¬ Ac-tß-dp∂ A^v\ F∂ Ad_n ]Z-hp- ambn _‘-s∏´ Zriy-Ie? H∏\

16.

tIc-f-Øns‚ X\-Xmb \rØ-cq]w? tamln-\n-bm´w

17.

hnf-sh-Sp-∏p-ambn _‘-ap-≈Xpw X∏v F∂ hmZyw {][m-\-ambpw D]-tbm-Kn-®p-≈-Xp-amb a[y-Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn¬ \ne-hnep≈ {]No-\-I-em-cq]w? ]S-bWn

18.

h≈w-I-fn-°m¿ ]mSm-\p-]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ ]m´n\v ]d-bp∂ t]cv? h©n-∏m´v

19.

]m´ns‚ Xmf-Øn¬ tImep-Iƒ XΩn-e-Sn®v h´-Øn¬ Nph-Sp-sh-°p∂ kwL-Ie? tIm¬°fn

20.

tIc-fob thj-Øn¬ k{Xo-Iƒ Zi-]pjv]w NqSnbpw ssIs°m-´n-]m-´p-]m-Snbpw Ifn-°p∂ \rØw?

Xncp-hm-Xnc

21.

aW-hm-´n-bp-sSbpw tXmgn-am-cp-sSbpw thjw [cn®v ap nw h\n-X-Iƒ hnhm-l-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v \S-Øp∂ \rØw? H∏\

22.

kaq-l-Ønse Xn∑Isf \¿Ωw Ie°n hna¿in-°p∂ Ip©≥\-ºym¿ XpS°w Ipdn® Ie? Xp≈¬

23.

]me-°m-Sv, Xriq¿, hb-\m-Sv, Pn√-I-fn¬ icocw apgp-h≥ ]¿∏-SI∏p√v sI´n-sh®v Ip´n-Ifpw bphm-°fpw Xmf-Øn-\-\p-k-cn®v \rØw Nhn-´p∂ Iem-cq]w? IpΩm´n

24. ImXn¬ Hcp hgp-Xn-\-ß-Xq°n HmW-Ø-∏s\ hc-th¬°m≥ lmky-I-Ym-]m-{X-amb Hcp Inghn Ifn-°msc A\p-K-an-°p∂ Iem-cq]w? IpΩm´n am\-tØ°v

1. N{μs‚ {]Im-isØ ]d-bp∂ t]cv? \nemhv

3.

kuc-bq-Y-Ønse G‰hpw henb {Klw? hymgw

4. `qan-bpsS G‰hpw ASp-Øp≈ \£{Xw kqcy-\m-Wt√m AXv Ign-™m¬ ASpØ \£{Xw GXmWv? t{]mIvkn-am-sks©mdn

5. `qan-bpsS kzm`m-hnI D]-{Klw GXmWv? N{μ≥

6. \nem-hn\v shbn-ens\ t]mse NqSn-√m-ØXv F¥v sIm≠v? kqcys‚ {]Imiw N{μ-\n¬ X´n {]Xn-^-en-°p-∂-XmWv \nemhv

7. kqcys‚ G‰hpw ASp-Øp≈ {Klw ? _p[≥

8. \£-{X-ßsf Np‰p∂ kzbw {]Im-in-°mØ tKmf-ßsf F¥v ]d-bp∂p? {Kl-߃

9. Pzen-°p∂ BIm-i-tKm-f-ßsf F¥v ]d-bp-∂p? \£-{X-߃

10. `qan-bn¬ cmhpw ]Iepw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv F¥v sIm≠v? `qan-bpsS {`aWw ImcWw

11. {`aWw GXv Zni-bn-emWv? ]Sn-™mdv \n∂v Ing-t°m´v

12. N{μs‚ Hcp hiw-am{Xw ImWm≥ Imc-W-sa¥v? N{μs‚ {`a-W-Øn\pw ]cn-{I-a-W-Øn\pw Htc kabw Bb-Xp-sIm-≠v.

13. `qan-bn¬ EXp-Iƒ D≠m-Im≥ Imc-W-sa¥v? kqcy\p Np‰p-ap≈ `qan-bpsS ]cn-{I-aWw

14. `qan-bpsS Hcp ]cn-{I-a-W-Øn\v th≠p∂ kabw? 365 1/4 Znhkw

15. `qan-bpsS Hcp {`a-WØn\v th≠p∂ kabw?

16.

17.

14

18.

.

24aWn-°q¿

Hcp Aam-hm-kn-bn¬ \n∂v ASpØ Aam-hm-kn-bn-te°v F{X Znhkw? 28 Znhkw Hcp Idp-Ø-hm-hn-\p-tijw F{X Znhkw Ign-bp-tºm-gmWv ASpØ shfpØ hmhv? Znhkw

kqcy≥ `qan
kqcy≥
`qan

N{μ≥

Nn{X-Øn¬ ImWn-®n-cn-°p∂ Znh-k-Øns‚ {]tXy-IX F¥v? (]u¿Æan)

19. C¥ybpsS BZysØ D]-{Klw- ˛ Bcy-`´ 1975 C¥y-bpsS c≠m-asØ D]-{Klw- ˛ `mkv°c 1974 C¥y-bpsS BZysØ dntam¿´v sk≥knwKv D]-{K-lw˛ Hmjy≥km‰v 1999 Imem-hÿ ]T-\-߃°mbp≈ C¥y≥ D]-{Klw- ˛ I¬∏\ 1 2002 hnZym-`ymk Bh-iy-߃°m-bp≈ C¥y≥ D]-{Klw- ˛ FUyq-km‰v 2004 `q]S \n¿ΩmW ]T-\-߃°m-bp≈ C¥-b≥ D]-{Klw-˛ Im¿t´mÃv 2005 C¥y≥ AXn¿Yn-I-fn¬ kqjva \nco-£Ww \S-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈ D]-{K-lw˛ dnkm‰v 2009

21

22.

23.

24

25.

26.

27.

28.-

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.-

N{μ≥ `qan kqcy≥
N{μ≥
`qan
kqcy≥

Nn{Xo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv GXv {Kl-WamWv? kqcy-{KlWw

N{μ-\n¬ BZy-ambn a\p-jy≥ Imep-Ip-Øn-b-Xns‚ F{Xmw hm¿jn-I-amWv 2018? AºXmw hm¿jnIw

BZy-ambn N{μ-\n¬ Imep-Ip-Ønb \o¬ Bkvt{Smßns‚ {]i-kvX-amb hmNIw? a\p-jy\v Hcp NphSv sh®v am\-h-cm-in-s°m-cp-Ip-Xn-®p-Nm´w

a\p-jy≥ BZy-ambn N{μ-\n¬ Cd-ßnb h¿jw? 1969Pqebv 21

kqcys\-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m≥ Ata-cn-°m≥ _ln-cm-Imi GP≥kn-bmb \mk hnt£-]n® D]-I-cWw? ]m¿°¿ tkmfm¿t{]m_v

N{μs\ Ipdn®v ]Tn-°m≥ C¥y hnt£-]n® t]SIw? N{μ-bm≥

tIc-f-Ønse tdm°‰v hnt£-]W tI{μw? Xpº

kq-cy\pw kqcys\ Np‰p∂ {Kl-ßfpw D]-{K-l-ßfpw tN¿∂Xv ? kuc-bqYw

D]-{Kl hnt£-]-W- hml\Øns‚ t]cv? tdm°‰v

{`a-W-tØm-sSm∏w `qan-kq-cys\ hew-sh-bv°p-∂-Xn\v ]d-bp∂ t]cv? ]cn-{I-aWw

`qan-bn¬ \n∂v N{μs\ Xosc ImWm≥ Ign-bmØ Znhkw? Aam-hmkn

C¥y sNmΔ-sb-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m≥ hnt£-]n® t]SIw? awKƒbm≥

`q-an-bn¬ GXv ÿe-Øp≈htcmSpw \ap°v t^mWn-eqsS kwkm-cn-°m≥ km[n-°p-∂Xv F¥p-sIm≠v? Ir{Xn-tam-]-I-c-W-߃ D≈-Xp-sIm≠v

34. a\p-jy-tcbpw hln-®p-sIm≠v 2022 ¬ C¥y hnt£-]n-°m≥ Dt±-in-°p∂ t]SIw? KK≥bm≥ hmbn°mw hcbv°mw

hS°v

Ing°v
Ing°v

Ing°v

Ing°v

]Sn-™mdv

sX°v

Ing°v

hS°v
hS°v

hS°v

hS°v

]Sn-™mdv

sX°v

sX°v

hS°v

hS°v Ing°v

Ing°v

hS°v Ing°v

]Sn-™mdv

]Sn-™mdv

hS°v
hS°v

hS°v

hS°v

Ing°v

sX°v

1. apI-fn¬ sImSp-Ø-Xn¬ icn-bmb Znim-kq-NIw GXmWv? D. 1

2. Zn°-dn-bp-∂-Xn\v klm-bn-°p∂ D]-I-cWw? hS-°p-t\m-°n-b{¥w

3. -tI-c-f-Øns‚ hS-t°-A-‰sØ Pn√-bn¬ {]fb Zpc¥w Ipd-hm-bn-cp-∂p. GXmWn Pn√? Imk-d-tKmUv

°p-∂-Xn\v ]d-bp∂ t]cv? `q]Sw

6.-

tI-c-f-Ønse G‰hpw sNdnb Pn√? Be-∏pg

7.-

tI-c-f-Ønse G‰hpw henb Pn√? ]me-°mSv

8.-

\m-hnI A°m-Zan ÿnsN-øp∂ ÿew? Ggn-ae

9.-

tI-c-f-Ønse BZysØ Ct°m-Sq-dnÃv tI{μw? sX∑e

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