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AutoPLANT® 3D Structural

Reference Guide
2004 Edition

DAA036460-1/0001
Copyright Information

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Unpublished - rights reserved under the Copyright Laws of the United States and International treaties.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 1-1


GENERAL INFORMATION ............................................................................................ 1-2
WELCOME TO AUTOPLANT STRUCTURAL........................................................ 1-2
CONTENTS OF THIS MANUAL ............................................................................. 1-2
NOT PROVIDED IN THIS MANUAL....................................................................... 1-2
DIFFERENCES TO YOUR CURRENT VERSION ................................................. 1-2
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................................... 1-3
DIALOG FRAMEWORK ................................................................................................. 1-4
AUTOPLANT STRUCTURAL DIALOG BOXES ..................................................... 1-4
TEMPLATE MANAGER.......................................................................................... 1-6
ROLLOVER-MECHANISM ..................................................................................... 1-8
PICK FRAME AND AUXILIARY GRAPHICS.......................................................... 1-9
INPUT EXTENSIONS ............................................................................................. 1-9
PROJECT MANAGER.................................................................................................. 1-10
FILE MANAGEMENT RELATED TO THE PROJECT .......................................... 1-10
WORKING WITH PROJECTS .............................................................................. 1-11
CREATE NEW PROJECTS.................................................................................. 1-12
GLOBAL SETTINGS .................................................................................................... 1-14
OPTIONS.............................................................................................................. 1-15
GRIPS................................................................................................................... 1-16
SHAPES ............................................................................................................... 1-18
SHAPES...LABELS............................................................................................... 1-18
SHAPES...SKETCH DISPLAY.............................................................................. 1-19
SHAPES...NAME CONVENTIONS....................................................................... 1-20
STRAIGHT PLATES ............................................................................................. 1-21
PLATES...LABELS................................................................................................ 1-22
PLATES...DESCRIPTION..................................................................................... 1-22
PLATES...CALCULATION .................................................................................... 1-23
BOLTS .................................................................................................................. 1-24
WORK FRAME ..................................................................................................... 1-25
VALUES................................................................................................................ 1-26
LOGICAL LINKS ................................................................................................... 1-27
DISPLAY............................................................................................................... 1-28
COLOURS 1 ......................................................................................................... 1-29
COLOURS 2 ......................................................................................................... 1-29
DIALOG SETTINGS ............................................................................................. 1-30
DIALOG SETTINGS...PROPERTIES ................................................................... 1-31
CONFIGURATION FILES..................................................................................... 1-31

2 MODELING ......................................................................................................................... 2-1


LAYER FUNCTIONS ...................................................................................................... 2-2
CONSTRUCTION UTILITIES ......................................................................................... 2-4
CONSTRUCTION LINES........................................................................................ 2-4
DIRECT USE OF SOME SETTINGS...................................................................... 2-5
MEASURE OF DISTANCES................................................................................... 2-6

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Table of Contents

3D COMPONENT PART VIEWS.................................................................................... 2-7


OBJECT VIEW / OBJECT-UCS ............................................................................. 2-7
SURFACE VIEW / SURFACE-UCS ....................................................................... 2-8
GLOBAL VIEW ....................................................................................................... 2-8
TOP VIEW .............................................................................................................. 2-9
FREE VIEW ............................................................................................................ 2-9
CUTTING PLANE ................................................................................................. 2-10
PERSPECTIVE VIEW .......................................................................................... 2-11
MOVE AND COPY PARTS .......................................................................................... 2-13
MOVE/COPY ........................................................................................................ 2-14
TURN.................................................................................................................... 2-15
MIRROR ............................................................................................................... 2-15
ALIGN ................................................................................................................... 2-16
CLONE ................................................................................................................. 2-17
ROTATE ............................................................................................................... 2-17
SETTINGS............................................................................................................ 2-18
DISPLAY / ASSIGN PARTS ......................................................................................... 2-19
HIDE ..................................................................................................................... 2-19
REGENERATE ..................................................................................................... 2-19
DISPLAY CLASSES ............................................................................................. 2-19
AREA CLASSES .................................................................................................. 2-21
PART FAMILIES................................................................................................... 2-21
DEFINING PART FAMILIES OR CHANGING PROPERTIES.............................. 2-22
SEARCH PARTS.......................................................................................................... 2-23
DEFINE SEARCH CONDITION ........................................................................... 2-24
PLACEHOLDERS WHEN SEARCHING FOR DESCRIPTIONS.......................... 2-24
WORK FRAMES........................................................................................................... 2-25
BASIC TYPES ...................................................................................................... 2-25
RECTANGULAR WORK FRAME......................................................................... 2-26
CYLINDRICAL WORK FRAME ............................................................................ 2-29
WEDGE-SHAPED WORK FRAME ...................................................................... 2-30
PYRAMIDAL WORK FRAME ............................................................................... 2-30
CREATE VIEWS................................................................................................... 2-30
AXES NAMES ...................................................................................................... 2-32
OPTIONS.............................................................................................................. 2-34
USER-DEFINED BLOCKS ................................................................................... 2-35
SELECT VIEW.............................................................................................................. 2-36
INSERT SHAPES ......................................................................................................... 2-37
STRAIGHT SHAPES ............................................................................................ 2-38
BENT SHAPES..................................................................................................... 2-42
ADDITIONAL SETTINGS ..................................................................................... 2-43
SHAPE SERIES ................................................................................................... 2-44
CRANKED SHAPES............................................................................................. 2-45
GIRDER POSITION.............................................................................................. 2-47
INSERT PLATES.......................................................................................................... 2-48
INSERTION OF STRAIGHT PLATES .................................................................. 2-48
INSERT BENT PLATES ....................................................................................... 2-51
ADDITIONAL SETTINGS ..................................................................................... 2-51
DIALOG-COMMANDS.......................................................................................... 2-51
ANALYSIS OF DIMENSIONS .............................................................................. 2-52
INSERT SOLIDS .......................................................................................................... 2-52
3D-MODIFICATIONS ................................................................................................... 2-54
DIVIDE / COMBINE .............................................................................................. 2-54
MODIFY SHAPES ................................................................................................ 2-62
MODIFY PLATES ................................................................................................. 2-64
ADDITIONAL SETTINGS ..................................................................................... 2-65

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Table of Contents

NOTCH ................................................................................................................. 2-66


OUTLET................................................................................................................ 2-68
BOOLEAN OPERATIONS .................................................................................... 2-71
PLATE EDITOR............................................................................................................ 2-72
BOOLEAN OPERATIONS .................................................................................... 2-72
CHAMFER / ROUNDING OFF ............................................................................. 2-74
EDGE PROCESSING........................................................................................... 2-75
DRILLING / BOLTED CONNECTIONS ........................................................................ 2-76
DRILL HOLES / DRILL HOLE FIELDS ................................................................. 2-77
BOLTED CONNECTIONS .................................................................................... 2-79
ADDITIONAL SETTINGS ..................................................................................... 2-81
EDGE DISTANCES .............................................................................................. 2-82
BOLTS .......................................................................................................................... 2-83
BOLTING PARTS ................................................................................................. 2-84
BOLT STYLE MANAGEMENT ............................................................................. 2-85
SORT .................................................................................................................... 2-90
INSERTION OF STIFFENERS ............................................................................. 2-91
DIMENSIONS ....................................................................................................... 2-92
CONNECT ............................................................................................................ 2-93
OPTIONS.............................................................................................................. 2-94
ASSIGNMENTS.................................................................................................... 2-94
OBLIQUE STIFFENERS....................................................................................... 2-95
PLATE CONNECTIONS............................................................................................... 2-95
CREATING PLATE CONNECTIONS ................................................................... 2-95
FREE PLATE CONNECTIONS ............................................................................ 2-96
DRILL HOLES....................................................................................................... 2-98
CONNECT ............................................................................................................ 2-99
STIFFENING PLATES........................................................................................ 2-100
STIFFENERS...................................................................................................... 2-101
BOTTOM TRAIN................................................................................................. 2-101
ASSIGNMENTS.................................................................................................. 2-103
CONNECTIONS RESISTANT TO DEFLECTION / SHEAR FORCES ............... 2-103
CONNECTIONS RESISTANT TO DEFLECTION .............................................. 2-104
SHEAR FORCE CONNECTIONS ...................................................................... 2-105
USER-DEFINED CONNECTIONS ..................................................................... 2-105
BASE PLATES ACCORDING TO DSTV.................................................................... 2-105
INSERT BASE PLATES ..................................................................................... 2-105
LAYOUT.............................................................................................................. 2-106
DRILL HOLES..................................................................................................... 2-107
BOLTS ................................................................................................................ 2-107
STANDARD DEFINITIONS ................................................................................ 2-108
ASSIGNMENTS.................................................................................................. 2-109
WEB ANGLE .............................................................................................................. 2-109
CREATE WEB ANGLE CONNECTION.............................................................. 2-109
SHAPES ............................................................................................................. 2-110
DISTANCES ....................................................................................................... 2-111
COPE.................................................................................................................. 2-112
STANDARD DATA.............................................................................................. 2-113
FORM GROUP ................................................................................................... 2-114
ASSIGNMENTS.................................................................................................. 2-114
SHEAR PLATES......................................................................................................... 2-114
SHAPES ............................................................................................................. 2-115
SPLICE JOINTS ......................................................................................................... 2-119
PURLIN CONNECTION ............................................................................................. 2-123
BOLTED CONNECTION .................................................................................... 2-124
PURLIN SOCKET ............................................................................................... 2-125

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CONNECTION PLATE ....................................................................................... 2-126


CONNECTION SHAPE ...................................................................................... 2-127
GUSSET PLATES ...................................................................................................... 2-128
BRACINGS ................................................................................................................. 2-131
SETTING ............................................................................................................ 2-131
CREATION OF BRACING PARTS..................................................................... 2-134
CREATING A BRACING .................................................................................... 2-135
HAUNCHES................................................................................................................ 2-136
CONNECTION EDITOR ............................................................................................. 2-139
DIALOG-COMMANDS........................................................................................ 2-140
VERIFY CONNECTIONS ................................................................................... 2-140
EDIT SINGLE CONNECTION ............................................................................ 2-141
GROUPS .................................................................................................................... 2-141
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT GROUPS................................................... 2-141
CREATION AND PROCESSING OF GROUPS ................................................. 2-141
CHECK GROUPS............................................................................................... 2-143
SETTINGS.......................................................................................................... 2-145
POSITIONING ............................................................................................................ 2-145
AUTOMATIC POSITIONING .............................................................................. 2-146
MANUAL INSERTION ........................................................................................ 2-150
AUTOMATIC INSERTION (DISTRIBUTION) ..................................................... 2-153
OTHER AUXILIARY COMMANDS ..................................................................... 2-156
DEPICTION OF POSITION FLAGS ................................................................... 2-157
MANAGEMENT OF STYLES ............................................................................. 2-160
DRAWING INFORMATION ........................................................................................ 2-161
CREATE PARTS LISTS ............................................................................................. 2-162
CREATE PARTS LISTS ..................................................................................... 2-163
PROCESS PARTS LIST..................................................................................... 2-165
DRAWING PARTS LIST............................................................................................. 2-170
PARTS LIST CREATION.................................................................................... 2-170
PROCESSING OF PARTS LIST STYLES ......................................................... 2-172
MANAGEMENT OF PARTS LIST STYLES........................................................ 2-177
PROCESSING THE CONTENT OF PARTS LIST.............................................. 2-177
CONTAINMENT LIST................................................................................................. 2-178
CREATION OF CONTAINMENT LIST ............................................................... 2-178
PROCESSING OF LIST STYLES ...................................................................... 2-179
MANAGEMENT OF LIST STYLES..................................................................... 2-181
PROCESSING THE CONTENT OF DRAWING CONTAINMENT LIST ............. 2-182

3 DETAILING ......................................................................................................................... 3-1


DETAILCENTER ............................................................................................................ 3-2
THE 2D-DETAILING............................................................................................... 3-2
DETAILING WITH THE DETAIL CENTER ............................................................. 3-3
GENERAL INFORMATION – SCALE AND DIMENSION STYLES........................ 3-7
INTELLIGENT 2D-DETAILS................................................................................... 3-8
DISPLAY OF CONSTRUCTION COMPONENT LISTS ....................................... 3-10
COMPONENT OVERVIEW .................................................................................. 3-14
VIEWS OVERVIEW.............................................................................................. 3-22
DETAIL BLOCK OVERVIEW (INSERT) ............................................................... 3-28
GLOBAL SETTINGS ............................................................................................ 3-32
AUTOMATIC TRANSLATION .............................................................................. 3-35
TRANSFER DRAWING PATHS ........................................................................... 3-36
DRAWING VERIFICATION .................................................................................. 3-38
DIRECT DETAILING ............................................................................................ 3-41
MODIFICATION MANAGEMENT ......................................................................... 3-42
DETAILING STYLE ...................................................................................................... 3-46

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WORKING WITH DETAILING STYLES ............................................................... 3-46


GENERAL INFO ................................................................................................... 3-46
GLOBAL SETTINGS............................................................................................. 3-48
2D-DISPLAY ......................................................................................................... 3-52
VIEWS DIALOG TAB............................................................................................ 3-57
DIMENSIONING ................................................................................................... 3-64
LABEL SETTINGS................................................................................................ 3-80
EXAMPLE – DETAILING OF A SINGLE PART.................................................... 3-85
DETAILCENTER EXPRESS ........................................................................................ 3-85
START THE DETAILCENTER EXPRESS............................................................ 3-86
SELECTION PAGES ............................................................................................ 3-86
SINGLE SHEET OUTPUT .................................................................................... 3-96
AUTOMATIC 2D-CUT ................................................................................................ 3-103
ADD CUT ............................................................................................................ 3-103
MODIFICATION OF CUT ................................................................................... 3-103
CRANKED 2D-VIEW .................................................................................................. 3-104
ADD CUT ............................................................................................................ 3-104
NORTH SYMBOL ....................................................................................................... 3-105
NORTH SYMBOL (REFERENCE)...................................................................... 3-106
HORIZONTAL ALIGNMENT............................................................................... 3-107
VERTICAL ALIGNMENT .................................................................................... 3-108
USER-DEFINED SYMBOLS............................................................................... 3-108
SHAPE LABELLING ........................................................................................... 3-108
MANUAL DIMENSIONING POINTS........................................................................... 3-109
SELECTION OF VIEWS ..................................................................................... 3-110
MANUAL COMPONENT PART LINK......................................................................... 3-110
GLOBAL SCALE......................................................................................................... 3-110
DRAWING BORDER .................................................................................................. 3-111
CREATION OF ENTRIES................................................................................... 3-112
MANUAL CUT ............................................................................................................ 3-113
DIALOG-COMMANDS........................................................................................ 3-114
DEPICTION OF THE CUT.................................................................................. 3-114
MANUAL DIMENSIONING ......................................................................................... 3-115
DIALOG-COMMANDS........................................................................................ 3-118
DIMENSION CHAINS ......................................................................................... 3-121
ALIGNMENT AND COORDINATE DIMENSIONING.......................................... 3-121
FENCE CHAIN DIMENSIONING........................................................................ 3-122
ELEVATION FLAGS................................................................................................... 3-123
SPECIFICATION OF THE ORIGIN COORDINATES ......................................... 3-124
ELEVATION DEPICTION ................................................................................... 3-125
GEOMETRY DEFINITION .................................................................................. 3-126
STYLE MANAGEMENT...................................................................................... 3-127
WELD SYMBOLS ....................................................................................................... 3-127
CREATING WELD SYMBOLS AND SEAMS ..................................................... 3-128
FORM WELD GROUPS ..................................................................................... 3-129
DEPICTION OF WELD SYMBOLS..................................................................... 3-129
STYLE MANAGEMENT...................................................................................... 3-132
SHORT2D................................................................................................................... 3-133
2D-CUTOUT ............................................................................................................... 3-134

4 MISCELLANEOUS ................................................................................................................ 4-1


USER-DEFINED COMPONENT PARTS ....................................................................... 4-2
SPECIAL PARTS.................................................................................................... 4-2
SPECIAL SHAPES ................................................................................................. 4-2
WELD SHAPES ...................................................................................................... 4-8
BLOCKCENTER........................................................................................................... 4-11

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STRUCTURE OF THE BLOCKCENTER ............................................................. 4-11


CREATION AND EDITION OF BLOCKS ............................................................. 4-13
INSERT BLOCKS ................................................................................................. 4-14
DISPLAY OF BLOCK STRUCTURE .................................................................... 4-15
DATABASE OF BLOCK DATA............................................................................. 4-18
ROOF/WALL PANELS ................................................................................................. 4-23
SURFACE LAYOUT ............................................................................................. 4-24
SHAPE SELECTION ............................................................................................ 4-25
POLY-CUTS ......................................................................................................... 4-26
DISPATCH BLOCKS .................................................................................................... 4-27
INSERTION OF THREAD BOLTS........................................................................ 4-27
INSERTION OF BLOCKS..................................................................................... 4-29
FURTHER OPTIONS AND DATA BASE.............................................................. 4-30
AUXILIARY TOOLS...................................................................................................... 4-31
COLLISION CHECK ............................................................................................. 4-31
CENTER OF GRAVITY ........................................................................................ 4-32
TUBE UNFOLD .................................................................................................... 4-32
MOVE OBJECTS.................................................................................................. 4-34
CONVERT ADT SHAPES .................................................................................... 4-34
ADD EFFECTIVE STATIC ANALYSIS LINES.............................................................. 4-34
EFFECTIVE LINES............................................................................................... 4-35
QUERY AND MODIFY STATIC EFFECTIVE LINES ........................................... 4-36
DATA EXCHANGE ....................................................................................................... 4-37
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT DATA EXCHANGE ..................................... 4-37
EXCHANGE LISTS............................................................................................... 4-38
INTERFACE FORMAT SELECTION.................................................................... 4-42
DATA IMPORT COMMAND ................................................................................. 4-43
DATA EXPORT COMMAND ................................................................................ 4-47
DIRECT DATA EXCHANGE VIA RSTAB............................................................. 4-50
NEW INTERFACES.............................................................................................. 4-51
PREVIOUS INTERFACES ................................................................................... 4-59

A APPENDIX ...................................................................................................................A-1
STRUCTURAL ELEMENT STAIRCASE ........................................................................A-2
DIMENSIONS .........................................................................................................A-3
LANDINGS .............................................................................................................A-4
FLOORS .................................................................................................................A-5
SHAPES .................................................................................................................A-6
STEPS ....................................................................................................................A-6
HANDRAIL..............................................................................................................A-7
WORK FRAME .......................................................................................................A-8
ASSIGNMENTS......................................................................................................A-8
STRUCTURAL ELEMENT HANDRAIL ..........................................................................A-8
DIMENSIONS .........................................................................................................A-9
END FORM...........................................................................................................A-10
SHAPES ...............................................................................................................A-11
BASEBOARD .......................................................................................................A-12
CONNECTION......................................................................................................A-12
FILLER RODS ......................................................................................................A-14
ASSIGNMENTS....................................................................................................A-15
STRUCTURAL ELEMENT HANGAR FRAME..............................................................A-15
DIMENSIONS .......................................................................................................A-16
SHAPES ...............................................................................................................A-17
LEFT AND RIGHT KNEE .....................................................................................A-17
APEX ....................................................................................................................A-18
ASSIGNMENTS....................................................................................................A-19

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Table of Contents

STRUCTURAL ELEMENT BRACING ..........................................................................A-19


GENERAL SETTINGS..........................................................................................A-20
SHAPE BRACING ................................................................................................A-22
ROD BRACING.....................................................................................................A-24
PIPE BRACING ....................................................................................................A-25
STRUCTURAL ELEMENT TRUSS GIRDER................................................................A-27
DIMENSIONS .......................................................................................................A-28
STRUCTURAL ELEMENT PURLIN COURSE .............................................................A-30
STRUCTURAL ELEMENT LADDER ............................................................................A-35
DIMENSIONS .......................................................................................................A-35
SHAPES ...............................................................................................................A-36
WALL MOUNTING................................................................................................A-37
SAFETY CAGE.....................................................................................................A-38
ASSIGNMENTS....................................................................................................A-39
PROPERTIES...............................................................................................................A-39
SHAPES ...............................................................................................................A-40
PLATES ................................................................................................................A-47
BOLTS ..................................................................................................................A-50
VOLUME SOLIDS / BASIC PRIMITIVES .............................................................A-53
SPECIAL PARTS..................................................................................................A-54
WORK FRAMES / VIEWS ....................................................................................A-54
STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS .................................................................................A-54
ROOF/WALL-OBJECTS .......................................................................................A-55
POSITION FLAGS, ELEVATIONS, WELD MARKS,... .........................................A-55
DRAWING PARTS LISTS.....................................................................................A-55
3D MODIFICATIONS............................................................................................A-55
POLY-CUTS .........................................................................................................A-57
EDGE PROCESSING...........................................................................................A-58
OUTLET................................................................................................................A-58
COMMON PROPERTIES .....................................................................................A-58

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Table of Contents

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3
1 Introduction

GENERAL INFORMATION 1-2

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS 1-3

DIALOG FRAMEWORK 1-4

PROJECT MANAGER 1-10

GLOBAL SETTINGS 1-14

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General information

GENERAL INFORMATION

WELCOME TO AUTOPLANT STRUCTURAL


You decided to buy our AutoPLANT Structural program because you are convinced that you will cope
with your daily tasks faster and in a more reliable way in the future by using a CAD software package
which is successful, well tried and tested all over the world.

We are pleased that you selected a product of our company and we hope that for a long time we will be
your reliable partner.

CONTENTS OF THIS MANUAL


This manual provides a complete description of all commands available with the AutoPLANT
Structural steel construction software package.

Some of the individual descriptions contain examples, which facilitate the recreation of the different
command applications by providing graphics and screenshots.

NOT PROVIDED IN THIS MANUAL


Working with AutoPLANT Structural and this manual requires that you are already familiar with the
use of AutoCAD. The chapters of this manual require knowledge of AutoCAD and Windows.

If that is not the case, you should familiarize yourself with the most important basic AutoCAD
commands to be able to work effectively with the new software. Although the program will help you to
overcome many of the three-dimensional AutoCAD construction hurdles, you should be familiar with
such terms as object snap, user coordinate system (UCS), blocks, etc.

DIFFERENCES TO YOUR CURRENT VERSION


Our new CAL-technology (CAD Abstract Layer) permits a largely uniform functionality and desktop
of AutoPLANT Structural on the most different CAD-platforms.

In addition, AutoPLANT Structural is available in several licence models, which differ from each other
with regard to their performance range.

Due to the fact that the integration into the CAD system AutoCAD of Messrs. AutoDesk is the most
extensive implementation at the moment, the description of all functions of this manual refers to the
version AutoPLANT Structural Professional for AutoCAD.

When you bought AutoPLANT Structural for another platform than AutoCAD or another licence
model (e.g. without detailing), the actual performance range of your version may differ from this
manual. In addition, there may be differences due to intermediate updates of the program after
publication of this manual.

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System Requirements

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
The system requirements are based on an installation running under AutoCAD. For other platforms
these requirements can be different and they are depended on the selected CAD system.

Operating System Microsoft Windows 2000, SP4 or later, OR


Microsoft Windows XP Professional, SP 1a or later
Microsoft Office Microsoft Office Professional Edition
Memory 512 MB (More memory typically results in better performance.)
Hard Disk 1.5 GB minimum free hard disk space
Input Device Any industry-standard input device supported by Windows
Output Device Any industry-standard output device supported by Windows
Video Graphics Any industry-standard video card/monitor
Card
CAD Engines AutoCAD: 2004, 2005, and 2006
AutoCAD Mechanical Desktop: 6.0, 2004 (plus SP1), 2005
Architectural Desktop: 3.3, 2004 (plus SP1), 2005
Building Systems: 3.0, 2004, 2005
AutoCAD Mechanical 2004, 2005
Databases MSDE
Oracle 8.1.3 and 8.1.4, Oracle 9i

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Dialog Framework

DIALOG FRAMEWORK

AUTOPLANT STRUCTURAL DIALOG BOXES


In AutoPLANT Structural you will mainly meet dialog frames based on a standardized appearance.
The advantage is that you will always find certain repetitions of the different commands at the same
place and with the same icon.

DIALOG FRAME STRUCTURE


Each dialog consists of the basic control buttons such as OK, CANCEL, TEMPLATE, etc., which are
placed at the bottom edge of the dialog.

On the right, you will find auxiliary diagrams, preview windows or a pick frame also called “monitor”
in the descriptions, appearing in some of the commands.

The actual content of the dialog differs for each command; additional buttons may appear in the lower
button bar depending on the corresponding command. The following picture shows a typical dialog
frame, containing all standard elements, for the example of an end plate connection:

The standard elements (lower button bar) as well as the general behaviour of the dialogs are described
below. When the different commands are described, these things won’t be explained any more.

DIALOG-COMMANDS
OK

By clicking on this button, you close the dialog and the last settings such as content of the dialog,
position on the screen, selected dialog tab, etc. are stored.

Depending on the command, you are prompted to continue with other things like e.g. selection of
component parts, etc.

CANCEL

By clicking on this button, you close the dialog and the command is cancelled. If possible, the
previous status is restored as it was before selection of the command.

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Dialog Framework

HELP

When you click on this button, the Online-help is opened.

TEMPLATE

By clicking on this button, you can save or load again the complete settings of the dialog for the
selected command under any template name you like.

Here, another dialog of AutoPLANT Structural template management opens which is described
separately in this subordinate chapter.

CLONE

By clicking on this button, you can read the settings of an existing connection and import it onto
another one. This function is especially suitable for automatic connections.

It helps you to obtain an identical connection to an existing one, the exact default settings of which,
however, you don’t know any more. For more detailed information, please refer to the descriptions of
the individual functions.

UPDATE

When you click on this button, the connection, structure or the component part are updated
according to your default settings.

Normally in AutoPLANT Structural, you are working in a dynamic mode. Each modification of a
parameter is directly translated into a modification of the corresponding object so that you can see the
results immediately.

In case of very complex structures or less powerful computers, it may be reasonable to deactivate this
automatic update in the global settings of AutoPLANT Structural and to activate it manually if need
be.

ROLL-OVER

By clicking on this button, you alternatively switch on or off the so-called Roll-Over-
mechanism.

When RollOver is switched on, the visible dialog area depends on the current mouse position.
For more detailed information, please refer to the separate description in this chapter.

GRAPHIC

When you click on this button, the auxiliary graphics of the corresponding dialogs are
alternatively switched on or off. This influences the size of the dialog on the screen.

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Dialog Framework

TEMPLATE MANAGER
When working with the program, you will see that it provides a variety of different dialog boxes,
which are used to enter settings for the functions and commands. Many of these settings are repeated
for construction tasks in different orders or are used in a slightly modified for (e.g. connection plates
with holes for specific supports) – it would be useful to save these settings for later use.

For this purpose, AutoPLANT Structural offers you a template management function. Many of the
dialogs feature a template button. Clicking this button calls up the template management dialog box
where you then can save or load the settings. Sometimes, the templates can also be accessed via the
context menu of the right mouse key.

Although this is always the same window, the saved entries depend on the type of dialog box from
which you are using the template management dialog. The only items visible in the command ’Work
Frame’ are saved work frames. The command ‘Plates’ correspondingly offers only connection plate
specifications.

The methods of working within the template management are very similar to those of Windows
Explorer. For example, you can organize the templates’ structure in different list branches and easily
modify this structure at any time via Drag&Drop.

DIALOG-COMMANDS
LOAD

When you click on this button, the template marked in the selection list is loaded and the input
fields of the dialog box are filled in accordingly. Then, the dialog will be closed immediately.

You can also double-click the list entry for this command.

SAVE

By clicking on this button, you can save the settings entered in the dialog frame using a name
indicated by you. You first have to select the desired list branch where your template has to be saved
and then click the Save button.

Now an entry with a default name will be created the name of which can be modified immediately or
at a later moment.

To overwrite an existing entry, select the corresponding entry instead of a list branch.

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Dialog Framework

NEW FOLDER

By clicking on this button, you can create a new branch (folder) on the topmost level or even
within a list branch to save your templates.

You first have to select the desired list branch and then click the new folder button.

IMPORT

Click on this button to add other templates of the same type to your current template file. This
may be a single template, a list branch or the complete file.

A file selection dialog opens where you can select the template file to be imported. It is checked
whether you selected the same type.

If the name of some list branches of the imported template file is identical with the entry in the existing
file, you can decide for each branch individually whether the existing data have to be overwritten or
not.

The new branches or templates are only added; they may be re-organized later by using Drag&Drop.

SORT

Click on this button, and the alphabetical order of the display list is turned upside down. You can
reach entries which are placed further down without having to scroll up and down the list.

First, you have to select a list branch the order of which has to be changed. Sorting can be defined for
each branch individually.

CONTEXT MENU
Most of the dialog commands can be reached via the context menu of the right mouse key. Further
commands are available here.

REMOVE

Select this command to delete the selected template or a complete branch including all subordinate
branches.

EXPORT
Select this command to save the selected template or a complete branch including all subordinate
branches under any file name you like. The data can be added again at any time using the Import
command or they can be made accessible to other users for import.

After selection of the command, the file selection dialog opens where you can select a file name or a
file path.

PERMANENT AND TEMPORARY DIALOG TEMPLATES


The templates are saved as permanent dialog settings in the variants folder of the program and thus are
available for all users at the same time in a network if the same folder has been set at this workstation.

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Dialog Framework

In addition, the last settings are saved in an individual temporary folder of the workstation each time
the dialog is left. Thus you have fast access to the last entry when selecting the function repeatedly.

VERSION CONTROL
You are perhaps used to the fact that in other programs and in previous AutoPLANT Structural
versions already defined templates were often lost during an update.

This is the reason why the data structure of template file was equipped with a version and type control.
Your new defined templates remain compatible with the following versions and when former files are
loaded, any new added values will have a default value.

DBASE-IMPORT AND -EXPORT


Different functions additionally offer the possibility to export the template files into the dBASE-format
or to import them from this format. You can create data records using Excel or comparable programs.
These data records then are available as AutoPLANT Structural-templates.

Especially the creation of template records similar in quality (e.g. only with two variable dimensions)
is considerably facilitated.

Select Export and Import as file type dBASE III List in the dialog commands to export individual
templates or branches into the dBASE-format or to import them from there.

If the selection is not possible, format conversion is not available for these dialog templates.

ROLLOVER-MECHANISM
The so-called RollOver-mechanism allows for a better use of your drawing surface in AutoPLANT
Structural because the dialogs are only displayed completely if you probably intend to enter something
or to control the settings.

Otherwise, the dialogs are reduced to the title bar allowing you at any time to recognize which dialogs
are open at the moment.

The change from complete to reduced status depends on the movements of your mouse.

When you leave the input area of a dialog with the mouse, it will be “folded up” except for the title bar
shortly afterwards and you can look at your construction. It is not until you move to the title bar again
with the mouse, that the dialog is displayed completely because the program now assumes that you are
going to modify something.

INDIVIDUAL CONTROL
Due to the fact that perhaps you don’t want to have a RollOver-mechanism activated for each dialog, it
can be switched on or off for each dialog individually. You may even completely deactivate the
RollOver-mechanism in the global settings if you don’t like this way of working at all. However, your

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Dialog Framework

individual defaults are kept in each dialog frame and become valid again when the mechanism is
activated.

PICK FRAME AND AUXILIARY GRAPHICS


Many dialogs have a graphic depiction on the right. This is either a pure auxiliary graphic explaining
the dialog parameters or – depending on the command – a pick frame for the determination of
reference points (“monitor“).

AUXILIARY GRAPHICS
The auxiliary graphics show a depiction in the form of a diagram, e.g. a connection or a structural
element with the most important dimensions, which can be modified in the dialog frame.

Here, different numbers which you will find again in the labelling of input fields and which allow for a
clear assignment marks the dimensions. In some dialog frames, the graphics change depending on the
selection of an option or even of an input field. Thus they are sufficient in most cases as help for the
parameters.

MONITOR
The monitor frame helps you to define the reference points e.g. at the insertion of shapes.

In this case, you usually find small circles serving as marks to be clicked. The activated reference point
then is displayed in red.

In addition, the monitor also shows a preview of your current default settings e.g. at the definition of
position flags. In contrast to the auxiliary graphics, its proportions change.

INPUT EXTENSIONS
Apart from the ToolTips customary in Windows-programs, displaying an auxiliary text with
explanations, when you move your mouse to an input field or button, further useful helps are available
for you in the dialog frames.

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Project Manager

PICK LENGTHS
Most input fields for entering distances allow picking the distance in your drawing. Then, the picked
length is entered into the input field. This extension permits comfortable seizing of distances from your
construction.

Double-clicking the corresponding field temporarily hides the dialog frame, and you can pick the
distance via two points.
If additionally you keep the SHIFT-key pressed during double-clicking, the distance will be calculated
without Z-coordinates.

POCKET CALCULATOR
Most input fields for entering distances alternatively allow the use of an integrated pocket calculator to
calculate the values. The new calculated value then is entered into the input field.

Double-clicking the corresponding field when at the same time the CTRL-key is pressed displays the
pocket calculator. If a value was entered into the input field before, it will be automatically displayed
in the pocket calculator.

PROJECT MANAGER
Command Name: Ps_Project

In all AutoPLANT Structural versions it is possible to store drawing files, parts list files or similar
things on the folder you like. This feature is often very useful; on the other hand, however, the problem
is to keep all files of a project together.

Up to now, it was not possible to store the pre-settings, templates or even configurations related to the
project. In the current version, a project manager has been implemented offering exactly these options.

FILE MANAGEMENT RELATED TO THE PROJECT


You can choose for your temporary, template, style and format files whether these have to be managed
related to the project or related to the work station.

Related to the work station means that you only have a data record of the settings. In contrast, related
to the project means that your settings may differ for each project and will be stored within the project.

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Project Manager

If you work e.g. with detailing styles and formats related to the customer, but use always the same
settings and templates, you set the temporary and template files to ‘not related to the project’, the style
and format files, however, are related to the project.

WORKING WITH PROJECTS


In the upper line, you see the set project path where the projects are filed and from which the stored
projects are displayed. In the list, all available projects are displayed, the lines on the right show the
information stored for the corresponding project.

ƒ Use this button to load the currently highlighted project and to carry out all desired modifications
of the configuration. The available possibilities are displayed under Create Project. Alternatively,
you can activate a project by double-clicking on it.

ƒ Load Project...: If this option is activated, the current project is automatically activated when you
start AutoPLANT Structural. The prerequisite is, however, that AutoPLANT Structural has been
quit as usual.

ƒ Click on this button to finish the current project and to return to the basic configuration.

ƒ This option permits to create a new project. The available possibilities are displayed below.

ƒ Use this option to delete the currently highlighted project as well as all included files. Also, you
have the possibility to close this function, and then the files will be deleted. The current project
cannot be deleted.

ƒ This option allows the modification of project data and settings. Please refer to Create New
Project.

ƒ This option permits the creation of a DwgInfo-table (drawing information) throughout the project.
In each project drawing, these files can be taken over later into the corresponding DwgInfo-table.

The change of the AutoCAD main dialog informs you whether a project has been loaded. Name and
file path of the loaded project are displayed there, instead of the information that you are working with
a certain AutoCAD version. Open this dialog to see the name of the current project displayed in the
bottom line as well.

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Project Manager

CREATE NEW PROJECTS


The following dialog appears when you want to create a new project. Use this dialog to enter the
project data.

ƒ Project Name: Enter the desired name of your project. The remaining paths are modified as well
according to your inputs. However, they can be overwritten individually.

ƒ Model Files: Enter the path to be used for storing your model files. In contrast to the other paths, it
is not possible to force AutoCAD to use this path as previously set. Therefore at storing, you have
to take care manually that this path will be used to store your model files there.

ƒ This button allows interactive path selection if you don’t want to use the proposed path.

ƒ This button deletes your individual input and activates the previously set path again.

ƒ Detail Files: This is the path for your detail drawings. The Detail Centre takes over the selection
made here as pre-setting.

ƒ Parts Lists: This is the path for your parts list files. The file for the creation of parts lists takes over
the selection made here as pre-setting. Of course, only the new selection is concerned. If another
project was activated at the last selection of the parts list creation, the path still is the one set for
this project.

ƒ NC Files: This is the path for your NC files. The NC-creation takes over the selection made here
as pre-setting. Of course, only the new selection is concerned. If another project was activated at
the last selection of the NC-creation, the path still is the one set for this project.

ƒ PPS Files: This is the path for your PPS files. The PPS-function takes over the selection made here
as pre-setting. Of course, only the new selection is concerned. If another project was activated at
the last selection of the PPS-function, the path still is the one set for this project.

ƒ Export Files: This is the path for your export files. The export function takes over the selection
made here as pre-setting. Of course, only the new selection is concerned. If another project was
activated at the last selection of the NC-creation, the path still is the one set for this project.

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Project Manager

ƒ Temp Project: If this option is activated, you can store the temporary files separated from the
standard storing place and organize your settings related to the project. In the temporary files e.g.
the last active dialog content, the dialog position, etc. are stored.

ƒ Temp Files: Enter the path for your temporary files.

ƒ Copy from: Enter the path from which all existing temporary files have to be copied into the new
directory. You don’t have to work with a bare installation, but you will find the usual
environment, even if from now on it will only be valid for this project.

ƒ Templates Proj.: If this option is activated, you can store the template files separated from the
standard storing place and organize your settings related to the project. In the template files, all
data are stored which have been created via the template management.

ƒ Template Files: Enter the path for your template files.

ƒ Copy from: Enter the path from which all existing template files have to be copied into the new
directory. You don’t have to work with a bare installation, but you will find the usual
environment, even if from now on it will only be valid for this project.

ƒ Styles Project: If this option is activated, you can store the style files separated from the standard
storing place and organize your settings related to the project. This option is valid for all 5 types of
style files (detailing style, position flags, weld marks, elevations, bolts).

ƒ Style File: Enter the path for your style files. This path is used to file the corresponding
subdirectories for the 5 types of style files.

ƒ Copy From: Enter the path from which all existing style files have to be copied into the new
directory. You don’t have to work with a bare installation, but you will find the usual
environment, even if from now on it will only be valid for this project.

ƒ DWG Project: If this option is activated, you can store the Dwg format templates separated from
the standard storing place and organize your settings related to the project.

ƒ DWG Frame: Enter the path for your frame files.

ƒ Copy From Enter the path from which all existing sDwg frames have to be copied into the new
directory.

ƒ Project Descr.: Here you have the opportunity to describe your project in 10 lines. The data are
displayed at project selection and have to facilitate selection.

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Global Settings

GLOBAL SETTINGS
Command Name: PS_GLOBAL_SETTINGS

This dialog box and its pages allow you to enter the standard settings for several functions. You access
the dialog by selecting the ‘AutoPLANT Structural/Options item via the context menu of the right
mouse button when no objects are selected.

Identical values for the corresponding AutoPLANT Structural components resulting from these
settings can be modified at any time for each part via the “Change PS Properties” command.

Most entries are explained with the individual functions; therefore just some settings will be explained
in the following.

ƒ Options: General settings

ƒ Grips: Settings for grips and stretching; when no grip is entered for an object, the AutoCAD-
command “Stretch” cannot be used.

ƒ Shapes: Settings for shapes

ƒ Straight Plates : Settings for any kind of plate (poly-plates)

ƒ Bolts: Settings for bolt display

ƒ Work Frame: Settings for work frame

ƒ Values: Settings for resolution of circular volumes for volume patterns

ƒ LogLinks: Settings for links between elements

ƒ Display: Settings for display

ƒ Colours 1+2: Settings for the element and other highlighting colours

ƒ Dialogs : Settings for all dialogs are specified.

ƒ Files: Access to the most important system files; this is only visible in expert mode (see Dialog
settings).

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Global Settings

OPTIONS

ƒ Process Status:An additional page is added to the properties dialog boxes when clicking elements
with context menu ‘Change PS Properties’, where you can enter data concerning production status
of an element (manufactured, galvanized, delivered, etc).
As this might not be of interest for your application, this function can be switched off.

ƒ Analysis View: For shape properties, an additional tab for the static view is available. If this
option is not required, you can deactivate it here generally.

ƒ Double Click: The part properties can be processed by double clicking the part.

ƒ Unit Dialog: You are asked at the beginning of a new drawing in which unit system you want to
work (metrical or imperial). Otherwise, the current AutoCAD-setting will be adopted.
As the consequent use of the same unit system within a drawing is indispensable for the correct
display of shapes, the modification of the system variable MEASUREMENT that is responsible
for this can cause unwanted results.
This option grants that the once selected unit system is kept and a corresponding hint will be
displayed in case of (mostly unwanted) modifications.

ƒ Enable DSTV: The shape and bolt designations in a parts list are named according to the latest
DSTV standard.

ƒ Remove Modifications: Drill holes e.g. which lie outside of the shape after a length modification
has been performed, are deleted automatically.

ƒ Remove Links: Logical links, which haven’t any meaning any more, are deleted when parts are
deleted. During normal operation, this option should be turned on.

ƒ Remove References: When the drawing is cleaned with the AutoCAD command “Purge”, in order
to reduce the drawing size, unused shape references can be deleted after confirmation.

ƒ Check DWG: Each time the drawing is opened, it is verified with regard to invalid group entries.
In some cases, unexpectedly big drawings could be created which is avoided using this option.

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Global Settings

ƒ Recalculate Parts: Internal calculations are not carried out by AutoPLANT Structural each time a
part is „touched“, but only if it is really necessary. This shortens the processing time of some
functions.

ƒ Group as a Whole: This option permits selection of groups as a whole if the AutoCAD system
variable “Pickstyle” has been set accordingly.

ƒ Convert Boolean: In case of Boolean volume operations, the solid, which is responsible for the
processing, will be parameterized.
Thus it is possibly to modify the dimensions of the processing later, even if the solid responsible
for the processing doesn’t exist any more (in the case it was e.g. only an auxiliary object and has
been deleted again).

ƒ Check Shape Lengths: The shape lengths are automatically verified when a shape is inserted.

ƒ Check Hole Edges: The admissible edge distances are automatically verified if drill holes are
inserted.

ƒ Description Layer: Component parts are placed on the corresponding layer indicated in the
description file

ƒ Execute Boolean: logical links are processed, the Boolean volume operations within the parts are
carried out before a cut is made. The display of component parts can change by using this option.

ƒ Shapes as ACIS: New created shapes are generated using the ACIS-modeller.

ƒ Plates as ACIS: New created shapes are generated using the ACIS-modeller.

ƒ LogDwgInput: Each time a drawing is loaded, a minute’s file will be created in the same directory.

GRIPS

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Global Settings

Shapes

ƒ Modify Length: A grip is created for length change (or for position change) and all measurements
can be altered.

ƒ Move Cuts: A grip is created for the section. You might now have one grip for changing the length
and one for changing the section.

Note Please note: When you move a section grip in a way to shorten the length of the shape, the
length grip is moved simultaneously.
When you move the length grip over the section grip, the shape will be cut off at the same
spot, because you have not moved the sectional plane. When you move the section grip over
the length grip, you eliminate the section from the shape (although the sectional plane
remains at the section grip) the section grip “seizes” the sectional plane, while the length grip
“seizes” the shape length.
When you stretch a cut shape, the section angle within the shape remains the same, just like
in reality.

ƒ Move Holes: Drill holes receive a grip and can be moved. Otherwise they remain where inserted
when the shape is stretched.

ƒ Move Polycuts: Poly-sections receive a grip and can be moved (the original form of the poly-line
is stored; therefore you only move the line). Otherwise, the section remains where inserted when
the shape is stretched.

ƒ Only Along Center Line: Shapes can only be stretched along their axis, i.e. a change of position is
not possible.

ƒ Layout: When you have entered a value > 0 in this input field, the length of the shape can only be
changed via grips in preset modular steps. When you have entered 0, any kind of change can be
performed.

Plates

ƒ Modify Plate Size: grip for changing thickness is displayed, in all other cases only form changes
can be performed.

ƒ Move Cuts: All other plates fields have same definition as the shape fields. Please refer to this
chapter for more detailed information.

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Global Settings

SHAPES

With the exception of the additional dialogs and some specifications, most of the settings can be found
under the section describing the shape properties.

ƒ Offset Center Line: Here, you specify the length beyond which the center line has to exceed the
shape ends.

ƒ Maximum Shape: If you enter a value bigger than 0 and you have checked the entry ‘Verify Shape
Lengths’ under ‘Options’, and shapes are inserted, a message is displayed drawing your attention
to the fact that the maximum delivery length is exceeded by some shapes.
A hint dialog appears and the corresponding shapes are highlighted in colour.

SHAPES...LABELS

In the 3D-model a shape labelling can be displayed additionally, the configuration of which is set here.

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Global Settings

ƒ Text Size: Enter the text size of the shape labelling.

ƒ Distance: Enter the distance between labelling and the upper side of the shape. However, don’t
forget that the actual size depends on the set global scale of the drawing.

ƒ Label: The name of the shape is additionally added to the labelling.

ƒ Position Number: The position number is additionally added to the labelling.

ƒ Length: The length of the shape is additionally added to the labelling.

ƒ Note2: The content of the note2 field is output as well. If the ‘Below’ field is also checked, it will
be displayed in a second line.

ƒ Dynamic: The text of shape labelling is dynamically adjusted to the view for depictions in paper
area if the “Viewport- support” has been activated.
The advantage is that the text has the same size independent of the scale in the view window.
Select the AutoCAD text style to be used for the labelling in the selection list Text Style.

ƒ Shape Type not to be labelled: In this input field you enter the shape types, which have to be
excluded from labelling. The advantage is that only shape sizes differing from a default value will
be output individually.

SHAPES...SKETCH DISPLAY

Sketch Size

ƒ Sketch Length: You can enter the length of sketch display from the center in the ‘Value’ input
field below to outline the shape as solid. If you enter the value 0, the result will only be a cross-
section display at the center.

ƒ Relative Length: You can enter the relative size of sketch display related t o the overall length of
the shape in the ‘Value’ input field below.

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Global Settings

ƒ End Offset: You can enter the distance of the end points of the displayed system line towards the
actual insertion points in the ‘Value’ input field below.

Layout

ƒ Insertion Line: The insertion line of the shape is displayed as system line of the shape (which
could for example be the upper edge).

ƒ Middle Line: The middle line of the shape is displayed as system line.

Here, you can see an example for a sketch display as well as some corresponding dimensions:

SHAPES...NAME CONVENTIONS

ƒ Input Fields: Here, you can indicate a general default consisting of format variables and constant
designations for the indicated shape type in question.
All format variables are placed in round brackets and start with a $-symbol outside the brackets.
Thus they can be identified as variables at once. This is followed by the format specification for
the desired dimension.

Format Specifications:
$(W) shape width
$(H) shape height
$(T) shape thickness

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Global Settings

$(D) outside diameter in case of round shapes or edge length at


square shapes

STRAIGHT PLATES

With the exception of the additional dialogs and some specifications, most of the settings can be found
under the section describing the shape properties.

ƒ Grid lengthwise: Here you enter the lengthwise grid distances if a grid is to be displayed.

ƒ Grid cross-wise: Here you enter the cross-wise grid distances if a grid is to be displayed.

ƒ Grid Length: This is where you specify the maximum grid length running from the outer edge of
the plate or from existing inner contours. If you enter the value 0, the plate will be displayed with
a complete grid. This option permits you to display the plate without complete grid. The display is
limited to the contour edges. Shapes which are situated below remain visible by this way.

ƒ Grid Height: Enter the grid height here.

ƒ Offset Middle Line: If you selected the display as middle line, this is where you enter a projection
of the middle line over the two plate surfaces.
In contrast to shapes, the center line of plates is not running along the longitudinal direction but
along the plate thickness.

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Global Settings

PLATES...LABELS

Since the dialog is identical with the shape labelling, please refer to this chapter for the meaning of the
input fields.

PLATES...DESCRIPTION

ƒ Description of Name: Here, you specify the format default of the plate name as it is used e.g. at
labelling and in the property fields.

ƒ Position Flags: Here, you specify the format default of the plate name in position flags.

ƒ Export: here, you specify the format default of the plate name at the export of parts list data.

Format Default Structure:


The names like e.g. $(N) serve as variable for the current value of the corresponding plate and are
explained in the dialog itself. The ‘Name’ of the plate is the constant part like plate, grating, etc.
In the input fields of the corresponding description, you can enter a text consisting of the variables
and any other characters.

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Global Settings

When the program is running, the variables are replaced by the current values e.g. for the length
and the other characters will be kept as in the original input.

ƒ Round at..: Here, you specify the accuracy to which the specifications concerning dimensions of
the plate name have to be rounded. This doesn’t have any influence on the actual dimensions of
the plate model.

ƒ Length greatest...: The greatest value of dimensions is always regarded as plate length. This
doesn’t depend on how you inserted the plate.

PLATES...CALCULATION

Here, a dialog opens where you can determine the method for calculating the weight of the plate resp.
the surface to be painted. These specifications influence the result in the parts list output.

The values can be defined according to the exact form, according to the rubber tape-method (as if a
rubber tape was tightened around the plate) or according to the smallest surrounding rectangle.
For plates having a grid (e.g. to display a gridiron) you can reduce the weight to the percentage value
indicated in the input field Weight at Grid.

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Global Settings

BOLTS

ƒ Layout: Bolts can be inserted into the drawing with different display settings: as Middle Line,
Line with Circle, Extruded Circles or in real Display.

ƒ Back to Back: permits automatic bolted connections back-to-back; the bolts are guided through all
parts (penetrating bolts).

ƒ Global Workloose: It is not possible to set an individual clearance in the dialogs, but a uniform
value is used instead.

ƒ Round...to: When the bolt is attached, the found clamping length is rounded to a clamping length
which can be divided through the indicated value.

ƒ Round bigger...: The rounding is set to the next bigger value. The found clamping length is not
decreased, but always increased.

ƒ Search smaller...: If a bolt cannot be created with the found size, the next smaller bolt will be
searched and used.

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Global Settings

WORK FRAME

ƒ Frame: In the case of new work frames to be inserted, the outer frame will be displayed.

ƒ Diagonal: In the case of new work frames to be inserted, the diagonal will be drawn.

ƒ Cut Plane: In the case of new work frames to be inserted, the cutting planes are displayed.

ƒ Origin: In the case of new work frames to be inserted, the coordinate system of the working area
(ECS) will be displayed

ƒ Area Name: In the case of new work frames to be inserted, the frame text will be displayed.

ƒ Dynamic..: In the case of new work frames to be inserted, the frame text will be displayed
dynamically.

ƒ Size Adjustment: In the case of new work frames to be inserted, the frame text will be adjusted to
the size of the display.

ƒ Left/Right Designation: In the case of work frames to be inserted, the left resp. the right axis
designation will be displayed.

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Global Settings

VALUES

ƒ Resolution: The input fields are used to specify the resolution for creating circular volumes. The
higher the resolution, the more detailed the display but the computer processing speed decreases.
Use high-resolution settings only for large scales and important details.
Due to some special features in the volume-modeller, you should only specify odd numbers here.

ƒ 2D Subpart: Specify the size of the pick helper symbol for detailed construction groups. You need
the pick helpers to access the individual parts of construction groups in the workshop drawing
after the detailing.

ƒ Clip Plane Distance: Specify the front and rear section plane distances of the object view.

ƒ Rounding Stiffener Thickness: Here, you specify the accuracy the plate thickness of the calculated
stiffener thickness has to be rounded at stiffeners in connections.
An unnecessary accuracy can thus be avoided resp. only certain plate thicknesses, which are
available in the workshop, will be used.

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Global Settings

LOGICAL LINKS

ƒ Create Passive: The active or passive links referencing the corresponding components are created.

ƒ No Update: Any changes made to a component are not passed on to its associated components
using an update.

ƒ On Request: You are prompted to indicate if any changes made to a component are to be passed
on to its associated components using an update.

ƒ Automatic Update: Any changes made to a component are immediately passed on to its associated
components using an update.

ƒ Structural Elements..: The automatic update of all structural elements such as bracing, staircases,
etc. is suppressed.

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Global Settings

DISPLAY

ƒ Viewport: Here you can set the support of optimum depiction when working with view windows
in the paper area.
Without Support – No adaptations are made within the depiction.
Only for normal output – The depiction of the shape labelling is e.g. adapted to the depiction scale
if dynamic adjustment option has been activated.
Complete Support – A complete support of the depiction takes place.

ƒ Shape Clipping: The active UCS plane (top view) displays the cross-section of the object tapered
to it theoretically. This option should be turned on.
When this option is switched off, you do not get a correct cross-section top view of an object if it
starts below and ends above sectional plane.

ƒ Plate Clipping: This option is identical with ShapeClipping, but it is only valid for plates.

ƒ Suppress..: Any shape labelling inserted into the model is hidden if the AutoCAD function “Hide /
Shade” is selected.

ƒ Cache 2D: The result of all line calculations effected by the volume-modeller (e.g. at a 2D-
depiction, object snap, etc) is written into an intermediate storage. A new calculation is only made
in case of modifications.
Thus the processing speed for the determination of auto- object snap-points especially in case of
complex construction groups is considerably increased.

ƒ Real...shaded: Bolts or curved shapes (arcs) are displayed as real objects when the AutoCAD-
function “Hide/Shade” is selected. This option should be turned on during normal operation.

ƒ Position Flags at Shade: All position flags placed in the model will not be hidden when the
AutoCAD-function “Hide/Shade” is selected.

ƒ Additional Lines at Shade: All lines in the model, like center lines, gravity lines or other
construction lines will not be hidden when the AutoCAD-function “Hide/Shade” is selected.

ƒ Workframe at Shade: All work frames within the model will not be hidden when the AutoCAD-
function “Hide/Shade” is selected.

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Global Settings

COLOURS 1

ƒ Here, you set the colours to be used for the different display markings and objects of the program
by indicating the AutoCAD colour number. Please refer to the corresponding commands for the
meaning of the different markings.

You can also select the colour in a comfortable way by clicking the corresponding input field and
then loading the AutoCAD dialog for colour selection by clicking the SELECT button.

COLOURS 2

ƒ Here, you set the colours to be used for the different display markings and objects of the program
by indicating the AutoCAD colour number. Please refer to the corresponding commands for the
meaning of the different markings.

You can also select the colour in a comfortable way by clicking the corresponding input field and
then loading the AutoCAD dialog for colour selection by clicking the SELECT button.

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Global Settings

DIALOG SETTINGS

ƒ Expert Mode: Here, you can configure different display properties in the dialogs. The following
options are available for selection: Beginner, Middle and Expert. This setting has an influence on
the display of constructional graphics in the dialogs and more.

ƒ Accuracy: Here you specify the default settings for the display of lengths, angles and other values.
If you enter –1, the AutoCAD-defaults settings will be used.

ƒ RollOver: Here, you switch on RollOver for the dialogs.

ƒ Suppress ToolTips: Here, you switch off the auxiliary ToolTips.

ƒ Input of Hole Dia : You can specify any hole diameter. If this field is not checked, you can only
specify hole diameters from a given list.

ƒ Dynamic Point Input: This option permits dynamic zoom and pan during the picking of points or
lines.

ƒ Tabs one after the other: If there isn’t enough place, the selection tabs for the pages of a dialog are
displayed one after the other instead of next to each other.

ƒ Key Assignment: This field controls the key abbreviations for selecting different commands in the
dialogs. Two alternatives are available for selection.

Field is switched off

Pick Length DoubleClick


Length without Z DoubleClick with SHIFT
Pocket Calculator DoubleClick with CTRL

Field is switched on

Pick Length DoubleClick with CTRL


Length without Z DoubleClick with CTRL and SHIFT
Pocket Calculator DoubleClick with SHIFT

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Global Settings

ƒ No Update: Switches off the dynamic update in the dialogs. The advantage is during operation in
the case of very complex calculating processes.
To permit a manual release of update an additional button with an exclamation mark is displayed
in the command line of some dialogs.

ƒ Coloured Icons: For some symbols different colours are displayed instead of the symbols of one
colour (blue).

DIALOG SETTINGS...PROPERTIES

In this dialog, you can specify the default settings for the properties of individual object types in
AutoPLANT Structural.
Select the object type in the Selection List. The depiction of the dialog tab will be adopted. Please refer
to the descriptions of the different object types for the meaning of the entries.

CONFIGURATION FILES

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Global Settings

The basic configuration of AutoPLANT Structural is effected via different files which you can see by
corresponding selection and which you can edit using the integrated text editor.

DELETE TEMPORARY FILES

Click this button to delete any existing files in the temporary directory. By deleting the
temporary files, you reset all command dialogs to the original state at delivery.

DELETE TEMPLATES

Click this button to delete all existing data in the template directory. However, please remember
that in this case all dialog templates created by you will be irrevocably deleted. Important templates
such as e.g. certain company standards should be saved elsewhere.

Note Please note that you only have access to this page via the “Expert Mode” because
modifications at this place have a decisive influence on the operation of the program.

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3
2 Modeling

LAYER FUNCTIONS .............................................................................................................. 2-2


CONSTRUCTION UTILITIES ................................................................................................. 2-4
3D COMPONENT PART VIEWS............................................................................................ 2-7
MOVE AND COPY PARTS .................................................................................................. 2-13
DISPLAY / ASSIGN PARTS ................................................................................................. 2-19
SEARCH PARTS.................................................................................................................. 2-23
WORK FRAMES................................................................................................................... 2-25
SELECT VIEW...................................................................................................................... 2-36
INSERT SHAPES ................................................................................................................. 2-37
INSERT PLATES.................................................................................................................. 2-48
INSERT SOLIDS .................................................................................................................. 2-52
3D-MODIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................... 2-54
PLATE EDITOR.................................................................................................................... 2-72
DRILLING / BOLTED CONNECTIONS ................................................................................ 2-76
BOLTS .................................................................................................................................. 2-83
PLATE CONNECTIONS....................................................................................................... 2-95
BASE PLATES ACCORDING TO DSTV............................................................................ 2-105
WEB ANGLE ...................................................................................................................... 2-109
SHEAR PLATES................................................................................................................. 2-114
SPLICE JOINTS ................................................................................................................. 2-119
PURLIN CONNECTION ..................................................................................................... 2-123
GUSSET PLATES .............................................................................................................. 2-128
BRACINGS ......................................................................................................................... 2-131
HAUNCHES........................................................................................................................ 2-136
CONNECTION EDITOR ..................................................................................................... 2-139
GROUPS ............................................................................................................................ 2-141
POSITIONING .................................................................................................................... 2-145
DRAWING INFORMATION ................................................................................................ 2-161
CREATE PARTS LISTS ..................................................................................................... 2-162
DRAWING PARTS LIST..................................................................................................... 2-170
CONTAINMENT LIST......................................................................................................... 2-178

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Layer Functions

LAYER FUNCTIONS

Command Name: PS_LAYER

The program is equipped with an automatic layer control. Normally you don’t have to take care of this.

If you use the program commands to create different objects such as shapes, dimensions, welding
symbols, etc., these are created on their own layer.

The activation, deactivation, and switching of layers is one of the most frequently performed tasks
when using AutoCAD. AutoPLANT Structural supplies its own switching functions for this purpose.
Switching to the most important layers can be done with just one click, and without long searches.
Select the command by clicking its associated button or enter PS_LAYER from the keyboard with the
indicated parameter.

Work Frame On: LFRAMEON

The layer with the frame for the work area is activated.

Work Frame Off: LFRAMEOFF

The layer with the frame for the work area is deactivated.

Element Layer On: LELEMON

The layers for the main elements are activated. These are the
layers for shape, roof/wall shapes, plates, construction lines,
and bolts.

Element Layer Off: LELEMOFF\

The layers for the main elements are deactivated. These are
the layers for shape, roof/wall shapes, plates, construction
lines, and bolts.

Additional Layer On: LADDION

The layers for the additional elements are activated. These are
the layers for dimensioning, midlines, position flags, relative
heights, welding symbols, etc.

Additional Layer Off: LADDIOFF

The layers for the additional elements are deactivated. These


are the layers for dimensioning, midlines, position flags,
relative heights, welding symbols, etc.

Object Layer Current: LOBJECT

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The layer for a freely selectable element becomes the current
layer. You can select the element by clicking it.

Object Layer Off: LOBJECTOFF

The layer for a freely selectable element is deactivated. You


can select the element by clicking it.

Construction Lines Current: LCONSTAKT (black lines)

The layer for the construction lines becomes the current layer.

Construction Lines On: LCONSTON (brown lines)

The layer for the construction lines is activated.

Construction Lines Off: LCONSTOFF

The layer for the construction lines is deactivated.

Layer 0 Current: LNULL

The AutoCAD-Layer ‘0’ becomes the current layer.

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Construction Utilities

CONSTRUCTION UTILITIES

CONSTRUCTION LINES

The program offers several options to create construction lines, divide distances evenly or measure
distances which all serve as design and constructional aids. These lines are created on their own layer
(default is Ps_const), so that all of them can be jointly hidden or deleted as well.

ƒ Direction: determines how the direction of the construction line is defined.

ƒ 2 Points: You have to pick 2 points.

ƒ Line: You pick a line.

ƒ Point Line: You pick a line for direction and a point for position.

ƒ Line Type:You can either use standard lines the length of which is determined by projection or X-
lines which always run up to the edge of the screen.

ƒ Distance:The distance of the construction line(s) from the displayed line in case of parallel or
vertical construction lines; resp. the distance of one line to the other if several lines have been
generated.

ƒ Scale: Distance / spacing information is converted to the scale of your drawing indicated here.
This allows actual dimensions to be used.

ƒ Angle: The construction lines are rotated by the angle indicated here.

ƒ Number: The number of construction lines or divisions created simultaneously when using the
Divide function.

ƒ Offset: The construction lines are extended at both ends by this value with respect to the displayed
reference line.

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Construction Utilities

ƒ Only in Plane: All construction lines are only created on the current UCS (user coordinate
system)-plane. In addition, possible picked points are projected to the current UCS-plane as well.

ƒ Create Reference Line: A construction line is drawn on the reference line as well (even for a non-
existing line indicated with only 2 points).
This creates a construction line parallel towards the current UCS-X-axis, either at the picked point
or with the selected distance to the picked reference.
This creates a construction line parallel towards the current UCS-Y-axis, either at the picked point
or with the selected distance to the picked reference.
This creates parallel construction lines for a reference line selected or displayed via pick points.
This creates vertical construction lines for a reference line selected or displayed via pick points.
The reference line created by two pick points is divided into equal sections with the help of
construction lines running perpendicular to this distance.
A 3D distance is measured and displayed in different variations (see →’Measure’).
All construction lines created up to now on the layer are deleted.

DIRECT USE OF SOME SETTINGS


You may also use selected settings to create construction lines directly and to create construction lines
much more rapidly.

The number and type of the lines depends on the Number and Line Type settings as described in the
previous dialog window regarding construction lines command PS_CONST. The commands remain
active until terminated by pressing the ESC-key or the right mouse button.

Hint The construction lines are created only within the current user coordinate system plane. It is
best to use them only in the views.

ƒ PS_CONST_HOR: This command creates a horizontal construction line.


Click a point the construction line is to intersect.

ƒ PS_CONST_VER: This command creates a vertical construction line. Click a point the
construction line is to intersect.

ƒ PS_CONST_PAP: This command creates a construction line running parallel with a reference
line.
First click the reference line and then on a point the construction line is to intersect.

ƒ PS_CONST_PAE: This command creates a construction line running parallel with a reference line
using a specified distance.
First enter the desired distance and then click the reference line. Finally, click the side of the
reference line along which the parallel line is to be created.

ƒ PS_CONST_SAP: This command creates a perpendicular construction line for a reference line.
Click the reference line and then on a point the construction line is to intersect.

ƒ PS_CONST_SAE: with distance: This command creates a perpendicular construction line for a
reference line using a specified distance from the reference point.
First enter the desired distance and then click the reference line. Finally, click the reference point
and then on the side of the reference point where the perpendicular line is to be created^.

ƒ PS_CONST_DVD: This command divides a reference line into equal segments and creates
corresponding perpendicular construction lines along this line (also utilizing the start and end

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Construction Utilities

point).
First enter the number of sections and then click the reference line.

ƒ PS_CONST_DEL: This command deletes all construction lines drawn up to then on the layer
created for the construction lines.

MEASURE OF DISTANCES
Choose the Measure command if you would like to measure a distance. Then click two points, which
returns the following dialog box showing a few measurement results.

The area ‘UCS Coordinates’ shows the measuring results regarding the current user coordinate
system!

ƒ Start or End X, Y, Z are the coordinates of the two measuring points.

ƒ Dist X, Y, Z is the distance in the direction of the respective coordinate axis.

ƒ Dist Direct is the direct distance of the points.

ƒ Angle is the angle from the start to end point in reference to the user coordinate x-axis.

The section ‘WCS Coordinates’ shows the measuring results regarding the current world coordinate
system.

Start or End X, Y, Z are the coordinates of the two measuring points in the WCS and Cos X, Y, Z is
the so-called ‘directional cosine’ of the vector from start to ent point (a mathematical size which
normally hasn't any further meaning for you).

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3D Component Part Views

3D COMPONENT PART VIEWS

OBJECT VIEW / OBJECT-UCS


The object view is a very important tool because it allows you to look at nearly any AutoPLANT
Structural-object from a certain direction. The object view command is used to align the UCS plane on
an object, which results in a perpendicular view on this plane.

The origin of the UCS can either be perpendicular from the pick point to the centerline or be situated at
the pick point itself. This depends on the selected setting ‘Object View’ or ‘Centered Object View’.

The object is aligned in such a way as to center the pick point on the screen and align its insertion
direction parallel to the X-axis, which means that a shape inserted into a work frame at a slant is
displayed as running horizontally, and the surrounding work frame is rotated accordingly.

Hint If the view does not match the model position select the command again (e.g., using the right
mouse button with the context menu) and confirm immediately with RETURN. The view is
aligned. Alternatively, you can keep the ALT-key pressed while selecting the view direction.
Thus, the view is forced to align as well.

The command ‘Object-UCS’ runs analogously to the command ‘Object-View’. In contrast to object
view however, this command only sets the UCS on the selected view direction. The view itself is not
modified.

The following message appears in the command line after the command ‘Object View’ has been
selected: Pick the steel component defining the view or hit RETURN to align the view.
After part selection, coloured coordinate crosshairs are displayed on the selected component and the
following message appears in the command line: Select the desired axis. Now use your mouse to click
the corresponding coloured circle and the object view is displayed with the selected direction.

You want an object view on front. Pick the shape while keeping the ALT-key pressed, clicking one of
these lines on the front,...

..and coordinate crosshairs appear at the pick point. You can now select the matching colour by
clicking it.

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3D Component Part Views

The view is displayed, the UCS’s origin is aligned and parallel with the front.

SURFACE VIEW / SURFACE-UCS


In principle, this command is an object view; thus you can refer to the above chapter for the basic
description.

In contrast to the object view that only allows 6 possible view directions (rectangular or parallel to
shape direction), the surface view offers you the option to look on each surface of the component part.
In case of special shapes with sloping surfaces it is easier to obtain the suitable view.

The picture below shows you an example of a surface view: By clicking the displayed line (component
edge), you can get a view on the surface 1 or 2.

When you select the function, you first have to click the desired component part at a bordering edge
between two surfaces. Then the coordinate crosshairs are displayed at this position and you can select
the desired view by clicking an axis.

If you have selected the command PS_FACE_VIEW_CEN, the origin of the view is situated in the
middle of the clicked line.

CHANGE ONLY UCS


Analogously to the command Object-UCS you can only set the current UCS on the desired surface
view as well without modifying the actual view. Here, too you can choose between the picked and the
centred origin.

GLOBAL VIEW
This command shows the 3D model in a global view display.

The default is an isometric display of the model diagonally from the right front. However, four other
global view variants with their own direct calls are possible as well: PS_GLOBAL_VIEW2 ...
PS_GLOBAL_VIEW5.

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3D Component Part Views

The global views are freely definable similar to the AutoCAD input “Apoint” for the view in the
program configuration file ps_st3d.cfg and initially indicated with default values.

Configuration File Excerpt

...(other entries)
1VIEWX=0.66 ; GLOBAL VIEW FACTOR X AXIS
1VIEWY=-1.33 ; GLOBAL VIEW FACTOR Y AXIS
1VIEWZ=0.66 ; GLOBAL VIEW FACTOR Z AXIS
2VIEWX=-0.46 ; GLOBAL VIEW FACTOR X AXIS
2VIEWY=-1.33 ; GLOBAL VIEW FACTOR Y AXIS
2VIEWZ=0.66 ; GLOBAL VIEW FACTOR Z AXIS

(other entries)...

The numbers placed in front of the view refer to the number of the command or button, i.e., _VIEW,
_VIEW2 to _VIEW5.

TOP VIEW
The top view command is identical with the AutoCAD command “vpoint 0,0,1” , i.e. you are viewing
the current UCS-plane vertically.

This command switches to the true model top view from within the global view. It does not have a
function in the other views because you already view the plane vertically.

Remember the difference between this top view and the top view used for a work frame with roof:

FREE VIEW
The ’Free View’ command creates a model view where you select a source and target point. The view
then presented appears to be from your source point to the target point.

The following message appears in the command line after the command ‘Free View’ has been
selected: Select the target point of the line of vision direction. Now you determine the target point by
entering the coordinates or by clicking it.

The following message appears in the command line: Select the source point of the line of vision
direction.

Specify the source point by entering the coordinates or by clicking it and the view is visible on the
screen.

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3D Component Part Views

The cutting plane command is activated. Changing the distances is not possible here and can only be
done using the global settings of AutoPLANT Structural.

CUTTING PLANE
Working with a 3D model can quickly turn complex, especially if many parts are spatially stacked.
AutoPLANT Structural offers a command to hide parts in front of and behind the current work plane
– the cutting plane.

This facilitates the design process since only those objects are visible that are close to the same work
plane and prevents the accidental manipulation of stacked shapes. When selecting one of the defined
views or an object view, such objects are automatically hidden, provided that you have not turned off
this command globally.

Sometimes it is however also reasonable to look at all component parts of the model in the depth – to
have an overall orientation. This is the reason why this function can be switched on and off.

PRINCIPLE OF CUTTING PLANES


When the function ‘Cut Plane’ is active, only those parts of the work frame are shown that are located
within the limits of the cut plane distance. The cut plane distance is the distance between imaginary
delimitation in front of and behind the active UCS plane.

ƒ Off: The cut plane command is deactivated.


All component parts are shown. When switching to another view, the command is activated again,
provided that it has not been turned off globally.

ƒ On: The cut plane command is activated.


Only those component parts that are located within the delimitation are shown. If the command
has been turned off globally, it is turned on again when switching to another view.

ƒ Flip:The cut plane command is alternately switched on or off globally. This command makes
sense when you do not want to work with the cut plane command for a long time.

ƒ Distance: Input of the cut plane distances


First enter the rear distance and then the front distance. When you enter the distance 0, no cut
planes are created.
When switching to one of the standard views, these values are overwritten.

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3D Component Part Views

3D-model of a stage construction in the global view

(Object-) view on the upper stage frame with switched on cut plane command (standard setting)

(Object-) view on the upper stage frame with switched off cut plane command

PERSPECTIVE VIEW
3D-design usually utilizes the isometric 3D depiction. This means that a line located very far back
appears to be as long on the screen as the distance located further to the front.

In reality, however, distances appear to shrink the farther they are removed from an object. This effect
can be simulated with the perspective view.

The perspective view is a form of free view using a fictional camera. You are prompted for the
position of source point (camera) and target point (motif, centre of picture) and this determine the line
of vision. The parameter Focal Distance is used to indicate - as in photography - the focus of the
camera. Larger values are used to zoom the object as if using a telephoto lens. Smaller values create a
wide-angle effect.

The parameter Distance is used to subsequently change the distance to the target point and move back
and forth along the indicated line of vision.

If you select the command, the following message appears in the command line: Select the desired
function Off/Distance/Focal Distance/ <Set>. You can now select a function or select the command
directly using the corresponding button:

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3D Component Part Views

ƒ Set: The perspective view is activated.


This requires that you first enter the target and source point of the view and then the focal distance
of the camera. The program switches now to the perspective view.

ƒ Off: The perspective view is deactivated.


The program switches now back to the isometric view.

ƒ Focal Distance: Here you can change the focal distance of the camera.

ƒ Distance: Here you change the distance of the camera from the target point.

Lines of vision changes are only possible using coordinates and the pick function is deactivated.
Changing to the model global view does not yield the desired result until the perspective view is
deactivated again.

Remember that the perspective view is only a display view and does not allow any changes. For that,
switch back to the isometric display.

In the following, you will see some examples of the difference between the perspective and the
isometric display as well as the effect of the focal distance on the isometric display:

Isometric Display

3D Global View
Isometric Display

The point down on the left (0,0,0) is also the point of origin of the world coordinate system.

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Move and Copy Parts

Front View
Isometric Display

You see a view with the settings

Target point = (5000,0,5000)

Source point = (5000,-100,5000)

Perspective Display

Front View
Perspective View
Focal distance = 50

The source and target points are first set identically to the points of the isometric view.

However, since the picture is much too large, the distance from camera to target is increased to 30000.

This corresponds with the source point (5000,-30000,5000).

Front View
Perspective View
Focal distance = 100

The focal distance of the camera is increased but the picture shows only a section of the results.

MOVE AND COPY PARTS


The notes about the AutoCAD standard commands mention the fact that AutoPLANT Structural
objects are treated as AutoCAD elements, and can be copied or moved the same way. This is correct,

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Move and Copy Parts

but the AutoPLANT Structural copy and move commands offer you additional help by offering the
option of limiting the direction of the move. Apart from that, you can specifically take the group
structure into consideration.

Using AutoCAD object snaps in a view may result in points being selected that are not in the proper
plane. The AutoPLANT Structural copy and move commands prevent this by limiting the direction of
the move to the current user coordinate system plane or even to one axis direction.

If several individual components have been assembled into construction modules or groups, this
command can be used to process the entire group by selecting just one part of the group. This will
eliminate unnecessary searching and collecting of the parts within a selection set.

After the command has been selected, a dialog box will become available featuring the following
options, each single tab permitting a certain action.

This button carries out the selected action for single parts without taking into consideration a possible
group.

This button carries out the action for complete groups. In the options, you can specify whether this
selection has to be made only when the main part is picked or for each part of the group.

MOVE/COPY
ƒ Alignment: Here, you select the move direction of the actions. A cone shows you the move
direction.
3D – The selected elements can be moved in all three dimensions.
2D – The start and end points of the move are perpendicular to the current UCS-plane. This means
that shapes are only moved within this UCS-plane.
X-Axis - The start and end points of the move are perpendicular to the X-axis of the current UCS-
plane. This means that shapes are only moved parallel to the X-axis within this UCS-plane.
Y-Axis - The start and end points of the move are perpendicular to the Y-axis of the current UCS-
plane. This means that shapes are only moved parallel to the Y-axis within this UCS-plane.
Z-Axis - The start and end points of the move are perpendicular to the Z-axis of the current UCS-
plane. This means that shapes are only moved in vertical direction to this UCS-plane.
Free – You can move the selected elements in any of the three dimensions. The elements “drag”
with the crosshairs and thus can be visibly moved.

ƒ Multiple: The elements can be moved several times.

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Move and Copy Parts

TURN

ƒ Axis: Here, you select the desired rotation axis.


Free Axis – The rotation axis can be determined by clicking two points.
Object Axis – One of the (parallel) coordinate axes of the element UCS is specified as the rotation
axis. By specifying a starting point after selection of the parts you can move it in parallel direction.

ƒ Object Axis: Here, you select the desired part axis if the ‘Object Axis’ option has been specified.
The selected axis is displayed at the object selected first in colour for your orientation.

ƒ Angle: Specify the rotation angle. Select either one of the defined angles or the ‘Free’ field for
indication of any rotation angle you like.

ƒ Turn+Copy: A copy of the component parts is created first which then will be turned. Otherwise,
the original parts are rotated to the new position.

MIRROR

ƒ Method: Enter the desired mirror plane here.


2-Points – You can determine the plane by clicking two points. The mirror plane is then
perpendicular to the current view and aligned with this line (for this purpose, it is best to use a
perpendicular view of the component).
3 Points – The plane is indicated by clicking three points in space.

ƒ Mirror+Copy: A copy of the component parts are created first which then will be mirrored.
Otherwise, the original parts will be mirrored.

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Move and Copy Parts

ALIGN
Use this command to align a component or an entire construction group in respect to a certain plane or
coordinate system.

Specify two coordinate systems, which are then aligned congruently with one another. The calculated
required movement and rotation are applied to the selected parts. You can determine the coordinate
systems either by specifying three points for each one or via element surfaces. There, the point of
origin is always regarded as the bottom point of the surface.

ƒ Method: Determine the two planes either by specifying three points or via part surfaces.

ƒ Align+Copy : A copy of the component parts is created first which will be aligned afterwards.
Otherwise, the original parts will be aligned.

SURFACE METHOD
When applying the surface method, you can only make use of one element. Select the element at an
edge neighbouring the desired surface. Then, you obtain a coloured display of the surfaces available
for selection. The target surface is selected analogously.

3 POINT METHOD
If ‘3-Point’ was selected, specify the original position after object selection by clicking the origin as
well as a point on the X- and Y-axis as a reference position. Then indicate the desired new position by
clicking the origin as well as a point on the X- and Y-axis.

The parts are then aligned according to the specifications with the origin points being identical.

The example below shows how the left shape was aligned on the right shape as a copy. It is moved and
rotated at the same time.

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Move and Copy Parts

CLONE
Use this command to transfer the manipulations performed on a component or an entire construction
group to other components.

A prerequisite for cloning is that the parts have a position number and that these match. The
manipulations are transferred in such a way that all components are identical again after the transfer
has been concluded. However, there is the option to limit the manipulations to be transferred to certain
types such as only drill holes, etc.

For example, use this command to apply the same modifications within a model at a later time. For
example, if a hangar has been constructed with many identical supports and holes have to be added
later to each support, they may be added to just one support and then transferred to all of the others.

ƒ Cuts: All normal cuts are transferred. This includes the mitred cuts as well.

ƒ Drill Holes: All drilled holes are transferred.

ƒ PolyCut: All poly-cuts are transferred.

ƒ Notches: All outlets are transferred.

ƒ Boolean; All Boolean operations are transferred.

When you start this action, you first have to select the component with the manipulations to be
transferred. Then select the components, which are to accept the manipulations.

However, only parts with the same position number as the original part will be considered.

Please remember that the transfer of the manipulations refers to the coordinate system of the parts. For
example, if you look at a shape whose parts coordinate system has its origin on the right side and you
would like to transfer a drill hole to a part 100 mm from the right but its parts coordinate system
originates from the left, this component will receive the new boring 100 mm from the left as well.

ROTATE
This command permits a rotated copy with vertical offset to distribute e.g. the steps of a spiral
staircase. Two methods can be applied. The number of steps and the angle between the steps, or by an
angle area and the steps to be distributed within this area either/or defines the rotation.

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Move and Copy Parts

ƒ Method: Defines the kind of distribution.

ƒ Number: Either the total amount or the number via the angle area.

ƒ Angle: Either the angle between the steps or the complete angle.

ƒ Vertical Offset: Vertical offset between the different elements.

The construction on the left has been created by rotating the flat steel around the central tube.

SETTINGS

ƒ Swap Effect:The meaning of the ALT-key during selection of the parts is changed.
If these functions are directly selected via the menu, normally the selection as single parts is

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Display / Assign parts

activated. If you keep the ALT-key pressed during selection, this has the effect that as group is
selected.

ƒ Group only.: The selection as complete group is only effected if the main part has been selected.
Otherwise the selection is made at any part of a group.

DISPLAY / ASSIGN PARTS

HIDE
This command can be used to hide components or whole groups, which means that the parts are made
invisible, and cannot be selected. This command permits you to hide only selected components or to
show only selected components and to hide all others. This provides a clearer view of the model.

Hint This command is most practical if individual parts are to be hidden from view. To hide/show
entire groups of parts it is better to use display classes feature.

ƒ PS_Hide: select the parts to be hidden after selecting the command. The parts are no longer visible
after pressing the ENTER key or using the right mouse button. The command →’Regenerate’ (not
to be confused with the AutoCAD-command “Regenerate”) will switch all parts back to visible.

ƒ PS_Hide_Exclude: This function is working just the other way round than the previous one. After
selecting the command, you can choose the parts which you don’t want to hide. After pressing the
ENTER key or using the right mouse button, all other parts are hidden.

ƒ PS_Hide_Group: This function is working like PS_HIDE. The only difference is that the whole
group is hidden, if you only selected one part of the group.

ƒ PS_Hide_Group_Exclude: this function is working like PS_HIDE_EXCLUDE. The only


difference is that the whole group remains visible, if you only selected one part of the group.

REGENERATE
Command Name: PS_REGEN

This command shows all components hidden by the user or hidden automatically by the program.
You have to use this command, for example, to generate a parts list since all processed parts are
automatically hidden there for control purposes.

This command is not identical with the AutoCAD-command “Regenerate” since the AutoCAD
command does not reactivate the components again.

DISPLAY CLASSES
You can organize AutoPLANT Structural-objects from different layers into ”Display Classes”, which
are independent of the AutoCAD layers.

Contrary to the command →’Hide’ , which forces you to select all parts individually, here you can
select entire object groups and make them visible or hidden. This will simplify the view of the model
dislayed on screen. For example, bracings, bay rails, curtain walls, etc. could each be assigned to a
display class and displayed or hidden as needed. Each element can exist in only one class at a time.
This means that it will be removed from one class if it is assigned to another.

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Display / Assign parts

After selection of the command, the following dialog opens.

Class Name: The available display classes are listed and the desired class may be selected. The value
of Status indicates if the elements are currently shown (On) or hidden (Off).
You can edit the content by double-clicking the field Class Name.

Status: Here, you see the current status of a display class. You can modify the status by double-
clicking on it. It is also possible to highlight several lines and to carry out the modification for all
highlighted lines.

This button permits to hide parts without creating an assignment to a display class. See PS_HIDE

Click this button to show all individually hidden parts again.See PS_REGEN.

The elements of the selected display class are hidden.

This command shows the elements of the selected display class.

This command hides the elements of all other display classes except for the selected ones.

This command shows the elements of all other display classes except for the selected ones.

Click on this button to assign elements to a display class. The desired class must be selected in the list
first. After clicking the button, select the elements to be assigned to the display class in the model.

Click on this button to remove elements from a display class. The desired class must be selected in the
list first. After clicking the button, select the elements to be removed from the display class in the
model.

Complete Groups: If this field is checked, the complete group will be selected at selection of elements,
even if you select only one part of this group.

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AREA CLASSES
AutoPLANT Structural objects may also be assigned to one of the “Area Classes” in addition to the
display classes.

While the display classes serve to present the 3D constructions in a clearly arranged manner, the area
classes are better suited for a logical structuring of the model into construction sections or similar
divisions. These “Area Classes” can be used as selection and sorting criteria during the detailing
process.

Each element can exist in only one of these area classes. This means that it will be removed from one
class if it is assigned to another. Area and display classes are completely independent from one
another.

The function works analogously to the display classes. Area classes can be hidden as well. Please note
that in case of overlapping with the display classes the last carried out action will be valid. This means
if you hide parts with display classes, they can be displayed again by means of assigned and displayed
area classes.

PART FAMILIES
The part families are another structuring variant of the construction. The belonging to family classes
permits an automatic allocation of position number prefixes as well as a differentiation of the
constructive groups by different colours. In addition, components belonging to one family class can
have a common detail style for detailing.

Each element can exist only in one family class. This means if it is assigned to another family class, it
will be removed from its former family class. New is the possibility to assign certain colours and line
types for detailing to the members of a part family. For example, you can assign another colour to the
girders of a 2D-depiction than that assigned to the supports.

ƒ Display List: The currently available family classes are listed as well as the linked defaults of
colour, prefix etc.

ƒ Single Parts: If you click on a button of this line, the parts are treated as single parts at selection.
In this mode, all data of the family classes will be adopted into the components.

ƒ Groups: If you click on a button of this line, only the component groups are treated at selection of
the parts. In this mode, only the prefixes of the family classes will be adopted for the position
number of the group.

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Display / Assign parts

Both: If you click on a button of this line, both the single parts and the groups are treated at selection of
the parts. Click on these buttons to assign elements to a part family. The desired class must be selected
in the list first. After clicking the buttons, select the elements to be assigned to the family class in the
model.

Click on these buttons to remove elements from a part family. The desired class must be selected in the
list first. After clicking the buttons, select the elements to be removed from the family class in the
model

Click on these buttons to transfer the modifications of the entries in the part family to the component
parts. After clicking the buttons, select the elements to be updated in the model.

By double-clicking on a line, you can modify the definition of the part family.

DEFINING PART FAMILIES OR CHANGING PROPERTIES


Up to 64 different family classes may be defined, to which the components may be assigned.

To create a class, just double-click an empty list entry. A dialog opens where you can define the
properties. The same method applies to changing the properties of an existing entry.

ƒ Description: Enter the name of your part family here. The entry appears in the selection list and
the part properties.

ƒ Pos Prefix:: Here, you enter the pos. prefix, which appears in front of each position number itself
if the part belongs to this family.

ƒ Colour: Enter the colour of the part family here. Indicate the AutoCAD colour number or select it
by clicking the SELECT button.

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Search Parts

ƒ Detail Style: Enter the detail style to be assigned to a component part belonging to this family.
Enter the name of the detail style or select it by clicking the SELECT button.
Note that assigning detail styles normally should be done inside the Detail Center. If the Detail
Center is open, the component part list has to be updated after modification of shape properties.

ƒ Select Line Type: Here, you specify the line type determined for the 2D-depiction. The settings
can be defined individually for visible, invisible and center lines.

ƒ Detail Colour: Here you specify the colour to be used for 2D-depiction of the selected line.

ƒ Line Type: Here, you specify the line type to be used for 2D-depiction of the selected line.

Please note that the 2D line settings are only activated if the component parts are displayed in 2D.
These settings don’t have any effects on the model display.

SEARCH PARTS
Command Name: PS_SEARCH

Use this command to search for parts and components within a model, which meet certain
requirements.

You can define several conditions, which have to be met at the same time. If these conditions are met,
the part is either marked or all parts not meeting the requirements are hidden.

ƒ Fields: This list displays the search terms available to you by clicking them.

ƒ Operator: Select the respective condition operator between search term and comparison value.

ƒ Compare Value: Here you indicate the value that has to be filled. Only values existing in the
drawing are offered.
In case of names, you can also indicate an asterisk (*) for any other characters such as e.g. HE*
for HEA,HEB etc.

ƒ Buttons: Use the following buttons to combine the filter condition with different logical operators.

ƒ Complete Filter Condition: Here, the complete filter expression is displayed after insertion of all
filter conditions. You can reset or restore the last step using the buttons or you can delete the
complete filter condition.

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Search Parts

ƒ Specifications: Select the action which has to be carried out with the found parts.

ƒ Mark: If this field is checked, all parts satisfying the search condition are marked in colour. Use
the command ’Global Settings / colours’ to specify what colours to apply.

ƒ Hide: If this field is checked all parts not satisfying the search condition are hidden. The hidden
parts become visible again using the command ‘Regenerate‘.

ƒ Zoom: If this field is checked, all parts satisfying the search condition are automatically zoomed.
A dialog opens permitting you to indicate the display size (zoom factor) and to make an iteration
of the different found parts using the keys << and >>.

ƒ Condition List This list displays the current search conditions linked with AND.

Click this button to add a search condition formed from the selected search term,
operator and comparison value to the condition list.

Click this button to start the search. First, you have to select all objects to be
included in the search, then the result will be highlighted or hidden, depending on your choice.

DEFINE SEARCH CONDITION


A search condition always consists of the search term (e.g. length), the condition operator (e.g. >= for
“greater than or equal”), and a comparison value (e.g. 2000).

For example, if you would like to find all IPE shapes with a length between 1000 and 3000
millimeters, you need to define the following search condition:

NAME = IPE* (for IPE80,IPE100 etc.)

(and) LENGTH >= 1000 (Length greater than or equal 1000)

(and) LENGTH <= 3000 (Length smaller than or equal 3000)

PLACEHOLDERS WHEN SEARCHING FOR DESCRIPTIONS


* Any other characters (blank spaces as well)

? Exactly one character you like in this specific position

# Exactly one numerical character you like in this specific position (0-9)

@ Exactly one alphabetical character you like in this specific position (aA-zZ)

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Work Frames

Parameter separator to indicate two options.


This allows you to specify an OR operation separated by the comma such as e.g. (HEA*,HEB*

WORK FRAMES
Any AutoPLANT Structural model generation is started with the creation of one or several work
frames.

These work frames aid 3D orientation because they can display the basic system dimensions (e.g. axes
dimensions) as design aid objects, and automatically create the associated UCS systems of the views
created by defining the work frame.

A simple click of the mouse will change the view.

BASIC TYPES
Before defining a work frame, first decide basic shape desired. The following choices are possible:

ƒ Rectangular work frames

ƒ Cylindrical (also conical) work frames

ƒ Wedge-shaped work frames

ƒ Pyramidal work frames

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Work Frames

RECTANGULAR WORK FRAME


ƒ Workframe-Layout: Here you specify the design of the desired work frame.

ƒ Length: Specify the length of the work frame and its longitudinal division. If the Length input
field is activated, you define the length by means of the overall length and the number of regular
fields.
If the field is not activated, the fields can be defined individually by specification of the width for
each individual field. Please also refer to the hints at the end of this section.

ƒ Width: The work frame width is determined analogously to the length.

ƒ Height: The work frame height is determined analogously to the length.

ƒ Absolute: Normally, you enter the height of the different fields. If this field has been checked, the
list data define absolute height values.

ƒ Axis Descriptions: Axes labels are added according to the settings in the text pages.

ƒ Insert Position: Defines the insertion position of the work frame related to the insertion point.

ƒ Roof Angle: If you want to have the form of a gabled roof for your work frame, you can enter the
roof slope in degrees.

ƒ Centre Height: If you want to have the form of a gabled roof for your work frame, you can enter
the ridge height.

ƒ Ridge Width: If you want to have the form of a gabled roof for your work frame, you can enter the
ridge width. If it is 0 or equal to the width of the work frame, only a roof surface will be created.

ASYMMETRICAL DIVISIONS
To simplify the input of asymmetrical work frames, you can choose a special kind of input. The
following dialog opens when you keep the ALT-key pressed while activating one of the three list
values:

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Work Frames

In the input field, you can either indicate the different fields separated by a comma or repeated sections
by number*distance. This simplifies the input of complex divisions.

Keeping CTRL-key pressed while activating one of the three list fields, you will delete the whole field
definition in this dimension.

Existing field definitions cannot be modified using this method. They will be completely overwritten.

INSERT WORK FRAME


After selecting the ’Work Frame’ command, click the point of origin of the work frame or enter this
value in the form of coordinates. Just pressing the right mouse button causes the point (0,0,0) to be
accepted as point of origin.

Finally, indicate the spatial position by specifying the X-axis of the work frame. Pressing the right
mouse button causes the current UCS X-axis to be accepted as alignment.

The dialog box for the work frame opens and you can select one of the different types.

The entries of the dialogs above result in the following display of a AutoPLANT Structural work frame
in AutoCAD (no additional rotation):

With asymmetrical length division

L=15000, B=8000,H=5000
X-axis: axis 1
Y-axis: axis A
Z-axis: perpendicular to axis A/1
Origin: Axis A/1, Height H=0

SEVERAL WORK FRAMES WITHIN ONE MODEL


You can define as many different work frames within one model as desired, which are then
distinguished from each other by their group names.

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Work Frames

This group name is a prefix preceding the view name, e.g. hangar_TOP and platform_TOP (with
'hangar' and 'platform' being the group names specified by you).

This makes it possible to set and specify all-important areas of the project even before the 3D model is
built and access them easily using the PS_SETUCS view selection.

A platform with the dimensions


3000 x 3000 and the height 1500 is to be inserted as displayed.

The coordinates of the origin are set to y=0, x=5000, z=0 and the group name is ‘platform’ – the other
settings match the size and sections.

The axes are not displayed although this is possible.

When selecting the views to be created, the overlapping views of the same work plane of other work
frames may be omitted because normally they are of no further use for you (when selecting the
corresponding plane, you will see the whole view).

In connection with the object-oriented feature of AutoPLANT Structural there are good reasons for
creating these views. It is e.g. possible to move the complete work frame and this view is perhaps
missing. However, if the above picture corresponds to the reality, you can omit the front and right side
view of the platform because the ‘hangar’ work frame already provides them.

WORK FRAMES ARE OBJECTS


One of the great strengths of AutoPLANT Structural is its object-orientation; and work frames are
good examples of this!

This means that previously created work frames can be modified and manipulated using the standard
AutoCAD commands. You can move, rotate, etc. the work frame or even just partial views – the
displayed work planes - and the correct UCS settings ‘listen to every word’.

If a view is selected, you will see the expected view. The associated UCS system has adjusted itself to
the movement of the object.

Additionally, you can subsequently set up individual cutting planes for each work plane and effect
other modifications using the context menu “Change PS Properties”. Please remember: The frame
layer has to be unlocked for any changes to take effect!

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Work Frames

The platform is moved and the entire work frame 'hangar' and 'platform' is rotated.

Click on the 3D-grid via "Change Properties", and the divisions or even the basic shape of the frame
can be modified.

CYLINDRICAL WORK FRAME

ƒ Base: Bottom cylinder radius

ƒ Top Radius: Top cylinder radius

ƒ Height: You can specify the height of the work frame analogously to the height of the rectangular
dimension.

ƒ Segmentation: This input field indicates the number of circle segments into which the cylinder is
divided.

All further options correspond to those of the rectangular work frame. Please refer to this chapter for
more detailed information.

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Work Frames

WEDGE-SHAPED WORK FRAME

ƒ At left: The top of the triangle is modified to the left.

All further options correspond to those of the rectangular work frame. Please refer to this chapter for
more detailed information.

PYRAMIDAL WORK FRAME

ƒ Roof Length: indicates the length of the roof.

ƒ Ridge Width: indicates the width of the ridge.

All further options correspond to those of the rectangular work frame. Please refer to this chapter for
more detailed information.

CREATE VIEWS
Use this command to create views on all surfaces directly. You can directly select them later using the
command PS_SETUCS. Depending on the selected form, some options are not available.

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ƒ Front View: A view on the front view is created.

ƒ Side View R: A view on the right side view is created.

ƒ Side View L: A view on the left side view is created.

ƒ Back View: A view on the back side is created.

ƒ Top View: A view on the horizontal roof area is created.

ƒ Underside View: An underside view is created.

ƒ Roof View R: A view upon the right roof area is created, if this option is activated.

ƒ Roof View L: A view on the left roof area is created, if this option is activated.

ƒ Length Axis: A view is created for each created axis into the depth.

ƒ Width Axis: A view is created for each created axis into the width.

ƒ Height Axis: A view is created for each created axis into the height.

ƒ Use Axis Descriptions: You can either select standardized names such as X_1,X_2 for length and
width axes or you can use the specified axes names.

ƒ Height with Coordinates: For the height axes, the heights are additionally added to the name.

ƒ Group Name: Since several work frames may be inserted into one drawing, these have to be
equipped with their own code. The group name is placed in front of all views. In this case, it is
R1_X2.

ƒ Distances Cut.Surfaces: The views can automatically hide all elements situated outside a certain
distance. Here, you specify these distances for all views of this work frame, separated in front and
back.

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Work Frames

AXES NAMES
The settings for the axes names can be made separately for X- and Y-axis. We will only describe one
axis here. The names can be generated automatically or you can add a name to each axis individually.

ƒ Depiction: 123/ABC - Choose the axis name type. The designations may either be numerical (123)
or alphanumerical (ABC).
Text, Circle... – Here you specify the depiction of the text. The text can either be displayed just as
it is or with the selected border. If you have selected ‘Block’ depiction, you may use an own text
design. Please refer to Blocks for more detailed information.

ƒ Connection Line: A line is drawn from the corresponding edge of the work frame to the text.

ƒ Start Value: indicates the start of automatic axes names.

ƒ Size: The text size is specified. At blocks it is defined by the attribute size.

ƒ Scale: You can enter a scale for the blocks.

ƒ Distance: indicates the distance of the text to the edge of the work frame.

ƒ Main Axis: When several work frames are involved, you can here enter the name of the main work
frame, if the current frame is rather considered to be a subordinate frame. It can also be used as
prefix.

ƒ Suppress First Axis: When frames are used, the axes names can overlap. This option suppresses
the display of the first axis.

ƒ Suppress Last Axis: When frames are used, the axes names can overlap. This option suppresses
the display of the last axis.

ƒ Avoid I,O: When alphanumerical axes names are used, you can refrain from using I and O to
avoid any possibility of confusion.

ƒ Decreasing: Normally, axis labelling is effected in increasing order, e.g. 1,2,3, etc. This option has
the opposite effect.

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Work Frames

ƒ Position: The axes can be attached either in front or at the rear, or on the left or on the right.

ƒ 2 Lines: Main and subordinate axes are displayed in 2 lines.

ƒ Dynamic: The axes names are always adapted to the corresponding view direction. Thus, a good
readability will be guaranteed at any time.

ƒ Axis Gap: Here, the distance of the actual grid to the connection line of axis name is indicated.
This entry is only displayed if you edit the grid in a 2D-detail.

Here is the example of an anchor plan with preset axis gap.

INDIVIDUAL AXES NAMES


EDIT

Click on this button to edit the different grid axes individually.

Here, you can enter the name and the main axis for each single axis. In addition, you can specify
whether the axis name has to be overwritten manually (manual) and whether this axis has to be
displayed (invisible).

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Work Frames

Switch over by double-clicking the entries in the first two columns. The entries of the last two columns
can be edited by double-clicking.

OPTIONS

ƒ No Lines: The work frame doesn’t create any inner lines.

ƒ Axis on Edges: This option has the effect that the axes names are not displayed in a fixed distance
to the work frame edges, but always at the outer edge of the displayed view. You are informed
about the corresponding position, even if the work frame edges are invisible.
This option reacts to each command except for the use of dynamic Pan/Zoom commands. To
update the display you can release a normal zoom or ‘Regenerate’.
It is helpful to switch on the 'Dynamic' option.

ƒ Show Axis Lines: connection lines of the work frame edges are drawn up to the designations and
even within.

ƒ Height Grid Lines: In side or front views the height axes indicating the corresponding height are
displayed as well.

ƒ 3D Pattern: The work frame is displayed as 3D-object.

ƒ Lock Layer: The layer for the view elements is locked.

ƒ Segmentation: The circles of cylindrical work frames are displayed in segments.

ƒ Text Style: Select the text style for axis labelling.

ƒ Line Type: Select the line type for the connection lines of work frame edges and axes names.

ƒ Text Scale: The axes names are scaled using this factor.

ƒ Colours: The colours of the different work frame elements can be selected freely.
Either enter the colour number directly or check the corresponding field and use the left button for
dialog selection.
All colours are reset to default with the right button.

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Work Frames

Different Display Variants

With Lines Without Lines

On Screen Edge With Axis Lines

USER-DEFINED BLOCKS
You can also use your own block definitions instead of circles and rectangular for bordering the axis
names. They have to be equipped with attributes, which then are replaced by the actual axes names.

For more detailed information about creation of user-defined blocks, please refer to the chapter
Adaptations in this manual.

ƒ From File: Only blocks are used which have already been defined in this drawing.

ƒ DWG Blocks: Blocks of external drawings are used. They are loaded unless existing.

ƒ Block Path: The path from which the blocks can be loaded.

ƒ Block Name X: The selected block for the axes names in X-direction.

ƒ Block Name Y: The selected block for the axes names in Y-direction.

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Select View

SELECT VIEW
Command Name: PS_SETUCS

Use this command to select the views defined by the work frames command or by adding new views.

Once you select a view, AutoPLANT Structural places the UCS into the selected work plane and
displays the 3D model looking at the plane vertically. The specified cut planes are activated at the
same time so that only the objects within this area are visible.

In addition, you have access to all other auxiliary functions for view control using this dialog.

This dialog shows you the views, which are the result of the settings for a work frame with the area
name ’R1’. The views available in the model are sorted and displayed in this list. Please note that you
can modify the name of a view manually via Change Properties.

ƒ Zoom Extents: After a view has been activated a Zoom Extents is carried out at once to have a
complete look on the model.

ƒ Clipping-Plane: If a view is activated, the clippling-planes are activated as well. This means: All
elements in front of or behind the view reaching beyond the defined distances are not displayed.

ƒ Double Click: If you double click an entry, the selected view is automatically activated and the
dialog is closed. If this option is deactivated, only the view is displayed. If you keep the CTRL-
key pressed during double clicking, you can inverse this setting.

If this option is selected, the selected view is activated and the dialog is closed.

If this option is selected, the UCS of the selected view is activated and the dialog is closed. The view is
not modified.

If this option is selected, the selected view is deleted from the model. The program prompts you
whether you are sure.

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Insert Shapes

This option allows the creation of another view. You are asked for the name and then you have to
indicate a rectangle. After that, this view will be created in the current UCS and entered into the list.

This option allows the view via 2 points. The dialog is closed and you have to specify the target point
of the view as well as the camera point of the view.

This option permits a view on an object. The dialog is closed and you are prompted to select an object.
Then, you can select the desired view via coloured arrows.

This option permits an UCS on an object. The dialog is closed and you are prompted to select an
object. Then, you can select the desired UCS-alignment via coloured arrows. See also PS_ObjectUCS.

This option permits to edit the properties of the selected view. See also chapter Change
Properties/Views.

INSERT SHAPES
Command Name: PS_INS_PROF

The actual design work with AutoPLANT Structural starts when shapes are inserted into the model.
However, you need not deal with shape dimensions, representations, etc., but simply instruct the
program which shape shall be inserted where and the program will carry out the operation. When
inserting, you need not pay attention to overlapping shapes: there are many possibilities of correcting
overlapping afterwards using a mouse click.

First, make sure that the shapes are correctly positioned. Since the shop drawings are based on this
position, proceed with care.

From now on, you will work in work frames of the model that are smaller:

ƒ Selection of an appropriate view and creation of further construction lines, if necessary.

ƒ Insertion of some shapes and corrections, if necessary.

ƒ Adaptation of the shapes (e.g. shortening) and creation of connections.

ƒ Copying of identical parts, if any.

After selection of the command, a dialog window appears where you can specify the basic behaviour
of the command and further settings. You can create any kind of straight, bent or cranked shapes.

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Insert Shapes

STRAIGHT SHAPES

Shape Selection

ƒ Shape Type: Select the general shape type here. The AutoPLANT Structural shapes are divided
into 5 different types:
Standard Shapes – These are shapes based on a data base included in the standard delivery range.
Special Shapes – These are shape definitions which you can create yourself by drawing the cross-
section once and creating a shape out of this cross-section.
Roof-Wall-Shapes – These are special shapes created by you which have been optimized for roof-
wall installation.
Combination Shapes – These are shapes which are combined out of several already defined types.
Weld Shapes – These are also user-defined and permit any shape which can be welded by means
of plates.

ƒ Resolution: Here, you select the resolution of the depiction Low, Normal and High for special
shapes to make the monitor display clearer in case of complex types.
You can change the resolution at any time afterwards if e.g. a more detailed depiction is required.

ƒ Shape Class: Depending on the selected shape type, the available shape catalogues are listed here.
You can specify which catalogues for standard shapes are listed by means of the shape catalogue
selection described in this chapter. For all other shape types, the created shape catalogues are
listed from the corresponding directories on the hard drive.

ƒ Shape Size: After a shape catalogue has been selected, all included shape sizes will be displayed in
this list.

ƒ Key: Each shape has its own clear access key.


This access key can be entered directly here to be able to create non-standardized shape sizes of
tubes, flat steel, round iron, etc.

Further Defaults

ƒ Material: Select the material of the shape here.

ƒ Layer: Here, you can specify on which layer the shapes have to be filed.

ƒ Part Family: If family classes have been defined, you can set them here. The selection of the
family class can influence the colour of the part.

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ƒ Detail Style: If detailing styles have been defined, you can set them here.

ƒ Display Class: If display classes have been defined, you can set them here.

ƒ Area Class: If area classes have been defined, you can set them here.

ƒ Description: If general parts descriptions have been defined, you can set them here. The selection
of the description can influence the colour and the layer.

ƒ Delta X: The insertion offset in X-direction; this field can only be entered, if you have selected the
position ‘Free’ as insertion point (this is the biggest displayed insertion point).

ƒ Delta Y: The insertion offset in Y-direction; this field can only be entered, if you have selected the
position ‘Free’ as insertion point (this is the biggest displayed insertion point).

ƒ Item: An item number can be used directly here.

ƒ Length: Specify the length of the shape. This is important if you want to insert shapes in the cross-
section. Inputs in this field overwrite the length specified by the insertion points.

ƒ Turn: Here, you indicate the angle of rotation used to turn the shape around the insertion axis.

ƒ Create Group: This option creates a group out of the shape after insertion.

ƒ Monitor: The selected shape is displayed as cross-section on the monitor. The possible insertion
points are shown as well. Select one of these points to insert the shape at this insertion axis in
longitudinal direction.
Additionally to the corner and center points further points appear with a slightly smaller depiction
(hole crack, center of gravity or manually created insertion points at special shapes) as well as a
bigger point (free placing).

Insertion of Shapes

After having selected the shape type, resolution, shape class and size, the shape can be inserted. There
are several options to insert shapes.

In general, a shape is always inserted by means of two 3D-points. These points can either be seized by
picking the points or by picking a line. For this purpose, the shape is positioned in a way that – if you
stood at the end point and looked into the direction of the starting point – the view corresponds to the
depiction on the monitor.

However, since two points alone don’t clearly define the shape position in the space, a third point is
defined which determines the position (rotation) depending on the situation:

ƒ You can indicate the third point.

ƒ When the two points are perpendicular in the world coordinate system (WCS) the alignment is
made according to the WCS X-axis.

ƒ When the points have been freely selected in the space, the alignment is made in a way that the X-
axis is aligned as parallel as possible towards the WCS XY-plane.

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Insert Shapes

Insertion Commands

along Line

First you are prompted to select a line. The end points of this line are used as insertion points of the
shape.
Since in most cases it is not clear which one of the line points is the starting and which the end point,
the program displays a cone for asymmetrical shapes. This cone allows exchanging the insertion points
and to obtain that the shape is mirrored at the Y-axis.
In the case of a dynamic dialog, this can alternatively be realized via the button. If the selected line is a
poly-line, a cranked shape will be inserted along the poly-line. The bend radius is either taken from the
input value on the option tab or if this is 0, the minimum radius will be used.

Along 2 Points

First you are prompted to pick any two points in the space, which then are used to insert the shape.

along Diagonal

This option is also available if another point than the middle axis has been selected as insertion point.
First you are prompted to select a line or to select two points using the ‘P’ option. Now the shape is
inserted along these points as follows: The selected insertion position at the starting point is kept (e.g.
center of the lower edge). At the end point, however, the opposite position is used (in this case center
upper edge).
If the ‘Select Position after Insertion’ option is activated as well, the positions are exchanged with
rotations via the left mouse button.

Along 3 Points

You select the starting and end point where the shape has to be inserted. Dynamic mode (see options)
will be activated automatically. In addition, you are prompted for the third point defining the
alignment. The shape dynamically follows each move of the mouse pointer and the position can be
determined very precisely.

Multiple along Line

This option permits the simultaneous insertion of several shapes. Several lines can be seized at the
same time and the desired shapes are inserted along all line points.

If these lines are positioned in a way that the end points are overlapping, the inserted shapes will either
get a mitered cut there (if the radius value is equal 0) or additional arcs with the corresponding radius
will be inserted.
Please note that – depending on the selected insertion point – the results cannot be correct. This
proceeding is only safe if you insert along the middle line.

Along view direction

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Insert Shapes

You can use this option if you have indicated a fixed shape length.

You are prompted for an insertion point and for an alignment. Depending on the selection of the
insertion point, the shape will be inserted along the alignment.

ALong Cross-section direction

You can use this option if you have indicated a fixed shape length.
You are prompted for an insertion point and for an alignment. Then the shape will be inserted on the
current XY-plane of the UCS with the corresponding length to the back (into the depth).

Additional Functions

Interrupt Dialog

All inserted shapes are still connected with the dialog, so that subsequent modifications can also be
transferred to already inserted shapes.

If you don’t want this option, you can interrupt the connection using this button. However, the shape is
not deleted in this case.

shape data

Click this button to open the following dialog where all relevant shape data are displayed:

mirror

All inserted shapes, which are still connected with the dialog, are mirrored along their Y-axis. You will
obtain this by exchanging the insertion points.

Turn positive

The shapes are turned positive (turned left in shape direction) around their insertion point using the
entered value.

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Insert Shapes

turn negative

The shapes are turned negative (turned right in shape direction) around their insertion point using the
entered value.

fetch INsertion dATa

This option permits to select an existing shape from the drawing and to set the insertion parameters
accordingly.

BENT SHAPES

Apart from normal straight shapes, you have also the possibility to insert a bent shape. The bent shapes
have a constant bending radius.

All settings for selection of the shape type, material, etc. are the same as in the case of inserting
straight shapes. For information, refer to this chapter.
All settings on this tab are stored separately from the straight shapes so that your defaults on this page
don’t disturb the settings for straight shapes.

Insertion Functions

Along arc

First you are prompted to pick an existing arc on the base of which the shape will be inserted. The
position of the arc in the space is not important.

along 3 Points

First you are prompted to pick the center point of the arc, the starting point and the end point.

The points are perpendicular to the current UCS plane and the shape then is inserted on the base of
these points. It is not possible to insert a shape, which is positioned in the space using this method. Nor
can this command create an arc of 180 degrees.

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Insert Shapes

ADDITIONAL SETTINGS
The third page contains some additional defaults influencing the behaviour during shape insertion.

ƒ Height: The height above the current UCS-plane where the shapes are inserted

ƒ Start Offset: The offset at the starting point of straight shapes

ƒ End Offset: The offset at the end point of straight shapes

ƒ Radius: The rounding radius at shapes which are inserted several times

ƒ Scale: The insertion scale if the shapes have to be inserted as 2D depiction

ƒ Horizontal Dist.: The distance of the shapes if a shape class has been selected permitting an offset
of several shapes in horizontal direction. (SHAPECLASSLAYOUT=HORDOUBLE, QUADRUPLE, DIAGONAL)

ƒ Vertical Dist.: The distance of the shapes if a shape class has been selected permitting an offset of
several shapes in vertical direction. (SHAPECLASSLAYOUT=VERDOUBLE, QUADRUPLE, DIAGONAL)

ƒ Angular Insertion: If you select an insertion along a defined length and position, you can select
here which point of the shape has to be used at the pick point

ƒ Insert…X,Y Plane: All picked points are perpendicular to the current UCS-plane before being
evaluated.

ƒ Orientate: This option permits to rotate the shape around its insertion axis immediately after
insertion. For this purpose, click somewhere in the model with the left mouse key, and the shape
will be rotated in increments of 90°.

ƒ Dynamic: The shape is “hanging“ on the mouse pointer during insertion. Normally, the points are
seized first and then the shape is inserted.

ƒ Reference Points: The insertion points of the shape are entered as reference points into the shape.
This permits later tracing back of the original insertion points and, if need be, their dimensioning.

ƒ 3 Point Method: This option permits the insertion by means of two planes.

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ƒ As 2D-Shape: After insertion, the shape is projected as 2D-shape onto the current UCS-plane. You
can scale the shape for a depiction related to scale.

ƒ Close Dialog: After the insertion is finished, the dialog is closed. If this option is not activated, the
dialog returns and has to be closed explicitly.
This behaviour of the dialog permits direct modification of already inserted shapes.

ƒ Keep Length: The entry in the Length input field is restored at next opening of the dialog.

Group Girder Position

These setting are only important if the command “Girder Position” is activated.

ƒ Connect AEC-Lines: The AEC-lines (static effect lines) of the inserted subordinate girders are
automatically connected with the AEC-lines of the main girders.

ƒ Notch: The subordinate girders have a notch at the main girders.

ƒ Notch Template: Select the desired notch template from the available templates.

Click this button to jump directly into the dialog ‘Notch’ where you can specify the settings for the
notch and create new templates.

SHAPE SERIES
AutoPLANT Structural is delivered with a great number of different international shape series (shape
catalogues). Certainly, you will only need a part of them frequently for your work.

Shape CataloguEs

Click this button to limit the displayed catalogues at shape selection to the types important for you.
In addition, you can freely determine the order of the entries to find frequently used types on top
position in the selection list

ƒ Available Shape Series: In this list (on the left) all country specific shape series available in the
program are listed sorted according to countries. You can completely activate or deactivate the

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shape series of a certain country.


The registration of a country is effected via a *.cfg file in the shape data directory.

ƒ Available Shape Classes: In this list (in the middle) all shape classes registered by the activated
country specific shape series are listed.
The registration of possible shape classes of a country is effected via the entries in the
corresponding *.cfg file in the shape data directory.

ƒ Current Shape: In this list (on the right) all shape classes are displayed which are available in the
commands as entry.
These are displayed there in exactly this order.
The database entries of the corresponding shape file define which shape sizes are available for the
shape class.

ƒ Metric: The metric shape names are displayed.

ƒ Imperial: The imperial shape names are displayed.

ƒ Automatic: The shape names corresponding to the setting of the current drawing are displayed.
This means that in a metric drawing only metric shape names will be displayed.

ƒ Preferred Level: In the different shape files it is provided that the data records can have a certain
priority.
If this field is checked, only the shapes are displayed the preference value of which is smaller or
equal the value selected here.

ƒ ADD: The shape class selected in the middle list will be added to the end of the selection list.

ƒ INSERT: The shape class selected in the middle list will be inserted at the currently marked
position of the right list.

ƒ DELETE: The shape class marked in the right list will be removed from the selection list.

ƒ INSERT ALL: All shape classes of the middle list will be taken over into the right list.

ƒ DELETE ALL: All shape classes of the right list will be removed from there so that the list will be
empty.

Note Please note that in all AutoPLANT Structural functions only the shape classes in the right
selection list are offered for selection.

CRANKED SHAPES
A shape can also be executed as a so-called cranked shape. For this purpose, bent or straight segments
will be added to a straight or already cranked shape. shape segments

After this button has been clicked, the main dialog disappears and the following dialog opens.

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Insert Shapes

You are prompted to pick a straight or already cranked shape at the end to be extended. Then, the
segment is added at this end.

You are prompted to pick a cranked shape at the end to be deleted. The last segment at this end is then
deleted.

You are prompted to pick a cranked shape at the end to be processed. The data are read and can be
modified within the dialog.

Straight Segment

ƒ Length: The length of the straight segment to be added.

Bent Segment

ƒ Radius: The radius of the bent segment

ƒ Angle: The opening angle of the bent segment

ƒ Rotation: The current rotation angle of the segment with regard to the X-axis (longitudinal axis) of
the shape

The segment is additionally turned positive (to the left) using the neighbouring angle.

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The segment is additionally turned negative (to the right) using the neighbouring angle.

ƒ Turn Angle: Angle by which the segment has to be turned additionally.

GIRDER POSITION
It often occurs that girders have to be inserted between two main girders (change). Instead of inserting
the individual girders manually or instead of copying them, you have the possibility to insert
subordinate girders at main girders using the girder position option.

Multiple Subordinate Girders

After the command has been selected, you are prompted to click the first main girder at the starting
point of the laying. Here, it is important to pick the correct end because the laying will start at this end.

After selection of the second girder another dialog opens where you can define the distribution.

Here you can continuously indicate individual distances or series of equal values.
(number*distance). A comma separates the individual data.

Now the subordinate girders are in any case inserted in a way that they are aligned to the upper edge of
the main girders (the position setting in the dialog for shape insertion doesn’t matter).

Depending on the setting, they are immediately notched as well.

If the option ‘Connect AEC-lines’ has been activated, the static effect lines are automatically linked
with those of the main girders.
This saves you some work during transfer to a static program.

Individual Subordinate Girders

It is of course also possible to insert an individual subordinate girder, e.g. to create a diagonal.
After selection of the command, you have to pick two main girders at the corresponding end in
question. Then, the following dialog opens:

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Here, you define the desired distances to the corresponding shape ends; a line displays the position of
the shape.

Now the subordinate girder is in any case inserted in a way that it is aligned to the upper edge of the
main girders (the position setting in the dialog for shape insertion doesn’t matter).

For the static effect lines and notches, the same is valid as already described above under ‘Multiple’.

INSERT PLATES

INSERTION OF STRAIGHT PLATES


Apart from given standard shapes and freely defined special shapes of any kind, you can insert plates
of any shape into the model – in the program, such plates are called poly-plates. Such plates are flat
plates of equal thickness such as gusset plates or other types of connecting plates.

The other plate types commonly used for steel structures such as base plates, end plates or stiffeners
can be created by the program using automatic functions. The program also names them. These
functions are explained later in the user’s guide; here you find a general explanation of plates of any
thickness.

ƒ Length: plate length at rectangular insertion

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ƒ Width: plate width at rectangular insertion

ƒ Thickness: plate thickness; it is indicated in list form. The list can be edited to add certain
thicknesses not included in the list.
To do so, open the file ..\Prg\pro_st3d.ptt with an editor and complete it with the desired
thicknesses. Alternatively, you can switch on overwriting with any values in the ’Global
Settings/Plates’. Otherwise, you can only take values from this list.

ƒ Insertion Height: This is the height of the plate above the current UCS.

ƒ X-Offset: X-offset of the plate related to the selected insertion position. You can either enter this
value or define the insertion point by means of the points on screen.

ƒ Y-Offset: Y- offset of the plate related to the selected insertion position. You can either enter this
value or define the insertion point by means of the points on screen.

ƒ Item No.: Here you can directly use an item number.

ƒ Grid: If this value is activated, an additional grid is visible at the upper side which can be set. By
this way you can show that this isn’t a plate but a component part such as e.g. gridirons. In the
settings/plate, you can enter a reduction of weight in % for this case.

ƒ Insertion Plane: Indicates the user coordinate system to be used. The option Object-ECS is only
possible if you want to enter the plate by means of a selected contour. Then, the plate is situated in
the plane of the poly-line. The option Selected Areas is only possible at insertion of ’Rectangular
Plate’ and ‚Insertion Point’. Then, you can define a UCS to be used by indicating two lines.
For all other insertion options the current UCS-system in question is decisive.

ƒ Insert Edge: Indicates the vertical position of the plate related to the current UCS or ECS system,
depending on the selected input form.

ƒ Label: You can take the name of your plate from an editable file. The content of this file is
displayed in this list. The file is ..\Prg\pro_st3d.pdc. In addition to the name, you can
define a weight as well which has to be indicated in plain text. After selection of a name, the
material is directly set as well.

ƒ Material: List of all available materials.

ƒ Part Family: If part families are defined, you can set them here. The selection of part family can
influence the colour of the component part.

ƒ Detail Style: If detailing styles are defined, you can determine them here.

ƒ Display Class: If display classes are defined, you can determine them here.

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ƒ Area Class: If area classes are defined, you can determine them here.

ƒ Description: If general part descriptions are defined, you can determine them here. The selection
of the description can influence the colour and the layer.

ƒ Layer: Here, you can specify on which layer the plates have to be stored.

This option permits free picking of a polygon. This polygon is used to form a poly-plate after the
dialog was closed.
No construction lines or similar things are necessary. Take care that no crossings are generated by your
input. Then, plate creation will not be possible.

This option permits to form a plate on the base of an existing contour. The contour can be a poly-plate,
a circle or an arc which is not closed.
The plates can alternatively be created on the current UCS or on the contour ECS.

A rectangular plate with the desired dimensions is created at the selected insertion point using this
option. The form of polygonal plates can be modified as you like whereas rectangular plates always
remain rectangular unless you change this status using Change Properties.

Insert a plate at any line using this option. The length of the line determines the plate length; the width
and the thickness are defined by your input.

After having realized this insertion, you can select the position, rotation and the insertion point via the
dialog. The rotation can either be modified in 90° increments or in freely selectable increments. The
plate then is rotated around the insertion line.

ƒ +Phi: The plate is rotated in positive direction using the entered angle.

ƒ - Phi: The plate is rotated in negative direction using the entered angle.

ƒ +90: The plate is rotated in positive direction by 90 degrees.

ƒ -90: The plate is rotated in negative direction by 90 degrees.

ƒ Rotation: The value used for rotation in the first two options.

This option permits creation of a plate by means of four points. These points don’t have to be situated
in the current UCS. The first three selected points specify the plane. The order is: bottom left; bottom
right, top left, top right.

A flat is transformed into a poly-plate using this option. All processing actions will be adopted.

ƒ C: After insertion, the plates are still connected with the dialog. Further modifications are still
possible. Use this button to interrupt this connection.

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INSERT BENT PLATES


By using this option, you insert a bent plate on the base of an arc.

By using this option, you insert a bent plate on the base of three points.

ƒ =0: Use this option if you want to return to the original position of your plate after rotation.

ADDITIONAL SETTINGS

ƒ Always ECS: If you want to insert a plate after an existing contour, you can insert it either
according to the current UCS or according to the object contour.
This button has the effect that you always insert according to the object ECS. The settings on the
first page will be ignored.

ƒ Close: The dialog is closed after insertion of a plate.

DIALOG-COMMANDS

SURFACE GRID

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Click on this button to define the alignment of the surface grid. Usually this grid is aligned to the plate
ECS, it can be modified using this button.

PLATE DIMENSIONS

Click on this button to define the calculation direction. First select the plate and then the direction
according to which calculation has to be made. You can cancel the manual specification of direction in
the plate properties.

ANALYSIS OF DIMENSIONS
The calculation of plate dimensions is either carried out according to an automatic pattern or it can be
specified manually. At automatic calculation, the following order is respected:

1. Are there any parallel edges and is their distance sufficient?


2. Is there any rectangular corner?
3. Search for the longest side

Depending on the geometry, the found direction is recognized as length direction and the plate
dimensions are aligned to this direction.

INSERT SOLIDS
Command Name: see individual commands

For volume modelling, AutoPLANT Structural does not use the AutoCAD solid command ACIS, but
rather a modified version, which works faster and produces smaller graph files.

Consequently, you cannot combine AutoPLANT Structural objects and AutoCAD 3D solids (e.g.
subtract their volumes). In case you do combine objects, there will be no errors, but nothing will
happen! In order to give you the same performance range as with AutoCAD, all solids have been
redefined.

As these solids are real AutoPLANT Structural objects, they can be processed with the help of
AutoPLANT Structural commands (e.g. drilled). These solids can be detailed as normal component
part.

Please note that the component parts need a clear direction for detailing. The X-axis of the UCS valid
at insertion is taken as standard. You can, however, determine the axis anew by means of the context
menu „Change PS Properties“.

CUBE/RECTANGLE: PS_SOLID_BOX
This command creates a rectangular object.

You determine the edges by clicking the two diagonally opposed corner points or by entering their
coordinates. In case the volume cannot be determined by using the points you entered (maybe you
clicked on two points on a UCS plane), the program prompts you to enter the missing dimensions.

SPHERE: PS_SOLID_SPHERE
This command creates a sphere.

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Insert Solids

First, you have to enter the central point of the sphere and then the diameter of the sphere or click it.

CYLINDER PS_SOLID_CYLINDER
This command creates a cylinder.

First, you have to enter starting and end point of the cylinder and then the radius or click it.

CONE PS_SOLID_CONE
This command creates a cone or truncated cone.

First, you have to enter starting and end point of the cone axis or click it and then the starting and end
point radius.

TORUS PS_SOLID_TORUS
This command creates a torus.

This requires that you first click or enter the rotation axis and then enter the outer and inner radius.

ROTATIONAL SOLID PS_SOLID_ROTATE


This command creates a rotational solid from within any poly-line. This requires that you first click the
poly-line and then on the rotation axis. You can also indicate a rotational angle, around which the poly-
line is rotated. Another option is that the poly-line can also rotate around the last drawn line segment, if
you press the ESC-key when prompted for the ‘Rotation Axis’.

CONICAL PIPE PS_SOLID_CONICPIPE


This command creates a pipe that is conical on the inside and outside.

First, you have to enter or click the longitudinal axis. Then you can enter the outer and inner radius at
the respective starting and end point.

PIPE->RECTANGLE PS_SOLID_RECT2CIRCLE
This command creates a transition from a circular to a rectangular cross-section.

First, you have to enter or click the lower left and upper right point of the rectangle and then click the
circle.

ENVELOPING SOLID PS_SOLID_HULL


This command creates an enveloping solid formed by any points.

This requires that you click the points that are to form the envelope. Using this command, you can
create almost any shape (without arcs).

EXTRUSION PS_SOLID_EXTRUDE
This command creates a volume by extruding a poly-line, which you have drawn beforehand.

You first click the poly-line and then enter the desired height. The poly-line is then extruded along
positive Z-direction of UCS.

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3D-MODIFICATIONS
Command Name: PS_MODIFY

It may be necessary to correct the length of shapes and plates already inserted or to provide bevels,
notches, etc.

When inserting the component parts, you have paid attention to inserting the shape at the correct
position using the correct alignment, e.g., you have positioned the axis on a system line. Very often
component parts overlap and must be adapted subsequently. Additionally, it may be necessary to
rework your model due to modifications...

AutoPLANT Structural offers a large range of commands for the modification of component parts. Some
operations can (also) be executed using the standard AutoCAD commands, and the grips. Others,
require the corresponding AutoPLANT Structural commands.

There are many different commands for a modification depending on purpose. In the following
chapter, these commands are explained in detail. The modifications are divided into commands for all
parts, commands only for shapes or only for plates, etc.

When you select the command, the following main dialog appears with the commands for all parts.

DIVIDE / COMBINE

CUT AT LINE
This function allows complete shapes to be cut or extended at boundaries, just like the AutoCAD
command for the stretching and cutting of lines. For this purpose, you first have to click the shape at
the end to be cut and then select the line.

The boundary is formed only by a construction line, which is arranged vertically to the active UCS,
plane and thus creating a cut plane. If the plane is slanted, the modified shape will have a slanted plane,
too. By using this function, shapes that are too long or too short can be adapted to fit after their
insertion.
When you have typed a value in the Distance field of the main dialog, the shape will be shortened by
this value after it has been cut. Please note that the distance refers to a vertical distance between shape
and cut plane.

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The shape is cut at an imaginary plane, the line being oriented vertically to the active UCS-plane.
Working in a view simplifies your work, since the shape is cut “at this line”. If the shape could
intersect with the line (i.e. you consider the line to be of infinite length!), the shape is cut. To extend
the shape, hold down the ALT key while clicking the end to be extended.

CUT AT SHAPE
The shape is cut or extended at another shape. When the shape is cut, the shorter section is always cut
off.
Click the shape to be cut and then the shape along which this shape is to be cut.

The plane actually hit by the centerline (or the extended centerline) of the shape to be cut will be the
cut plane. If the centerline does not meet any surface, no cut can be made!

Please note that a logical link is created between the parts if this option is applied. The result will be
that if one part is modified, the cut will be automatically updated.

DIVIDE A SHAPE
By using this function, you can divide a shape at a cutting line into two shapes. A single shape, a plate
or several elements can be divided into two independent elements.

To start with, select the shape to be divided. Then, click the cutting line. When you have entered a
distance in the main dialog Distance, both new ends will be shortened by this value. Depending on the
setting, you can divide several elements at the same time.
However, please note that the distance refers to a vertical distance between shape and cutting line.

ƒ Distance: The two new shapes are shortened by this value at the cutting line. The arising gap has
the double distance value.

ƒ At Plane: If this option has been activated, you are asked for three points, which have to form a
plane. The parts are divided along this plane.

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The cutting line may be any line. If the line is slanted, the shapes are divided accordingly. If you
indicate only one point, it will be used perpendicular to the centerlines.
The information for the parts lists is identical for both parts with that of the initial shape, except for the
length. In order to master the course of the cut line better, it is recommended to work in one of the
view.

Example for Platform Design

For example, you can easily create changed girders at platform constructions by first laying the shapes
to be changed as a whole and then dividing them at their bottom trains. Vice versa, bottom trains can
be removed rapidly and the changes at this position can be cancelled.

Let us assume that you want to design a platform using the following shapes: platform beams IPE 300,
platform edge girders IPE 200, headers HEA 120.
Create a working area with these dimensions and insert the shapes at the construction lines Overlaps
can be ignored!

Change to the top view and use the dialog box for the processing of the elements. As an alternative,
you can also process the Y-axes of the general overview in the front view.

Since IPE 300 has a flange width of 150 mm, enter the value 75 in the Separation Distance field and
click the button DIVIDE. Zoom the points of intersection one after the other, select the uncut part of
the cross girder to be separated, and the construction line as cutting line.

In the figure on the left, you see that you have several shape parts now that can be connected.
You need not insert each partial shape and the risk for dimensional errors is eliminated. If you want to
remove beams, you can easily close the gaps between cross girders and create a continuous shape by
clicking the function “Combine”.

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COMBINE TWO SHAPES


This function allows shapes of the same length to be combined, provided that they are exactly aligned!
Click the two shapes to be combined. If they are not in alignment, the function will be aborted. The
information for the parts lists of the new shape is identical with that of the first selected shape, except
for the length.

If you keep the ALT key pressed, the shape and the position are not checked. Then, you can combine
any shape with any shape.

OUTLETS (MILLING OUT)


Using this function, you can insert simple geometrical shapes of outlets and countersunk parts into
your shapes.

You can create square, wedge-type, and circular shapes. The dimensions are entered via a dialog box.
After selection of the part and the insertion point at the part, the following dialog appears. Select the
desired basic form by selecting the corresponding page.

Rectangular Outlet

ƒ Width: Specifies the width of the outlet.

ƒ Height: Specifies the height of the outlet.

ƒ Depth: Specifies the depth of the outlet.

ƒ Position Width: Select the width position related to the insertion point.

ƒ Position Height: Select the height position related to the insertion point.

ƒ Position Depth: Select the depth position related to the insertion point.

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Wedge-Type Outlet

ƒ Width: Specifies the width of the outlet.

ƒ Height: Specifies the height of the outlet.

ƒ Depth: Specifies the depth of the outlet.

ƒ Position Width: Select the width position related to the insertion point.

ƒ Position Height: Select the height position related to the insertion point.

ƒ Position Depth: Select the depth position related to the insertion point.

ƒ Horizontal: Select the position of the wedge tip in horizontal direction.

ƒ Vertical: Select the position of the wedge tip in vertical direction.

Circular Outlet

ƒ Radius: Specifies the radius of the outlet.

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ƒ Height: Specifies the height of the outlet.

ƒ Angle: Specifies the angle of the outlet.

ƒ Position Width: Select the width position related to the insertion point.

ƒ Position Height: Select the height position related to the insertion point.

ƒ Position Depth: Select the depth position related to the insertion point.

ƒ Radius: Select whether the outlet has to be carried out as outer circle or as inner circle.

Position

You still have the possibility to rotate the inserted notch or cut-out by any of the three coordinate axes.
Just click the +90/-90 button, if you want to rotate the cut-out in 90° steps. If you require a different
angle just enter the value into the Rotation Angle field and then click the +PHI/-PHI button.

The outer edge of the top flange is the cut-out insertion point, the expected cut-out is defined by edges.

Repeated use creates more complex millings.

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POLYGONAL CUT-OUTS
Using this command, you can cut out shapes along any freely drawn contour (poly-line). Thus, you can
e.g. create notches that are not covered by the program via the special notch function.

You can also subtract one shape from another to create penetrations, e.g. to obtain slotted tubes,
penetrated handrail posts or others.

If you have entered a value in the Gap Spacing input field of the main dialog, the cut-out is regularly
extended to all directions by the indicated value to gain some “space” for inaccuracies of production.

In any case, the created polygon will be extended to the top and to the bottom in the UCS Z-plane.
Therefore, please pay attention that your UCS has been selected accordingly. In case of a direct use of
this function via the command bar, the current settings of the main dialog apply.

Click this button if you have not yet a contour in form of a poly-line or circle or arc.
You can enter the different points as you like, but be careful that the lines don’t overlap in the polygon.

Click this button if you have already a contour in form of a poly-line, etc.

Click this button if you want to subtract the contour of another solid from the selected object
(penetration or solid to be subtracted).

ƒ Complete: Here, you select whether the solid to be subtracted has to penetrate the selected object
completely or partially. This is not valid for solids to be subtracted.

ƒ Gap Spacing: Here, you can indicate a gap by which the cut contour is increased before the
subtraction.

If you have ‘divided’ a shape using this function, you will not obtain two shapes. This has to do with
the volume modeller of AutoCAD. You must take care not to create two parts of a shape - e.g., by prior
shape shortening.

If you want to obtain two shapes, please use first the function ‘Divide’ and divide the shape at a
suitable point.

In the following you can see two examples for the working of polygonal cut-outs: on the left, there is a
normal poly-cut and on the right, there is a milling via a solid to be subtracted.

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Create a Penetration

Here is still another example for creating a penetration of tubes:

On the first two pictures, you see the situation in the front view and in the top view (the cutting planes
are switched off so that you can see the depth.

Put the selection for ‘Poly-Cuts’ on Remove and click the button POLY-CUT.

Now click the big tube, then one of the small tubes in order to cut out the volume, Click the big tube
again and then the other small tube, in order to cut out its volume, too.

in the third picture, you see the cut-outs in the big tube (the two slanted tubes have been omitted in this
representation).

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MODIFY SHAPES

SHORTENING AND EXTENDING

Shortening

Click this button to shorten a shape by picking two points. Their perpendicular distance to the center
line specifies the shortening value.

Click this button to shorten a shape by explicitly indicating the value.

Click this button to shorten the shape by the value indicated under default.

ƒ Default: Enter the value of shape shortening according to default.

In all three cases, you have to pick the shape at the end to be modified. If you pick in the middle third
of the shape length, each end is shortened by half the specified value.

Extend

These functions can be used analogously to shape shortening in order to extend a shape. However, this
doesn’t work if the selected end has been modified by a cut.

CUT AND CUT OUT


Notches

This command permits a parametric notch of a shape at another shape. Another dialog appears.
Since you can also select this function directly, you will find the description in one of the following
chapters under the command ‘Notches’.

Mitered Cut

Using this command, you can combine two shapes by means of a mitered cut, which can also be
carried out as 3D-cut.

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The bisecting line determines the cutting plane. If the height of the two shapes differs, the outer edges
are not aligned.

Using this command, you can also carry out a mitered cut. The intersection points of outer and inner
edges determine the cutting plane here.
This means that even shapes of different height are correctly cut aligned.

This function cuts two shapes in a way that an arc element of the shape type picked first can be
inserted with the specified radius.

ƒ Radius: The radius of the arc element to be inserted; this radius can either be entered as absolute
value or as many times the maximum diameter of the first shape. In this case, you enter e.g. *2.

ƒ Gap: A gap of this thickness is kept between the shapes at mitered cuts.

Please note that a logical link is created between the parts at these cutting commands. The result will
be that if one part is modified, the cut will be automatically updated.

Here, you see some examples for mitered cuts, which have been created using different variants:

MODIFY CONNECTIONS OF STRUCTURAL STEEL WORK

Using the 3D-modifications, you also can modify the connections of AutoPLANT Structural by
means of the connection-editor. Click this button to open the corresponding dialog.

You will find the description of the connection-editor in a separate chapter of this manual so that you
can refer to it for more detailed information.

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MODIFY PLATES

MODIFY CONTOUR
Use this function to add another edge to the plate. For this purpose, you have to pick the plate at the
position to be inserted.
Now, a new contour point will be created at the picked position, which can be moved using the grips.

Use this function to delete an edge from the plate.

Use this function to transfer the contour of a plate to other plates.

This function permits to adapt the basic polygon of a plate processed by cuts to the current form. The
corresponding modifications become superfluous and are deleted.

If may sometimes be easier to modify the edges of a non-processed plate. In addition, this can be
useful for data export if modifications of the contour are not supported there.

Mitered Cut

These functions permit mitered cuts between two plates. Since they are identical with those of the
shapes, you can refer to this chapter for more detailed information.

ƒ Gap: A gap of this thickness is kept between the plates at mitered cuts.

CHAMFERS AND EDGES


These dialog pages and modification options correspond to the identical pages of the plate editor.
Please refer to this chapter for more detailed description for processing of chamfers and edges.

PROCESSING BY MEANS OF THE PLATE EDITOR

Using the 3D-modifications, you also can modify the plates by means of the plate-editor. Click
this button to open the corresponding dialog.

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You will find the description of the plate-editor in a separate chapter of this manual so that you can
refer to it for more detailed information.

ADDITIONAL SETTINGS

Multiple Selection

ƒ Cut at line: You can cut several parts simultaneously at one line without having to select the
function once again.

ƒ Cut at Object: You can cut several parts simultaneously at another part without having to select
the function once again.

ƒ Divide: You can divide several parts simultaneously without having to select the function once
again.

ƒ Polycuts: You can cut an object simultaneously at several poly-lines without having to select the
function once again.

Loop

ƒ Cut at Lines: The command ‘Cut at Line’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

ƒ Cut at Object: The command ‘Cut at Shape’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

ƒ Divide: The command ‘Divide Shape’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

ƒ Connect: The command ‘Combine Shape’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

ƒ Shorten: The command ‘Shorten Shape’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

ƒ Lengthen: The command ‘Extend Shape’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

ƒ Poly-Cuts: The command ‘Polygonal Cut-Outs’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

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ƒ Mitre Cut: The command ‘Mitered Cut’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

ƒ Insert Corner: The command ‘Insert Corner’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

ƒ Delete Corner: The command ‘Delete Corner’ is repeated until it is explicitly interrupted.

Miscellaneous

Close Dialog: The dialog is immediately closed after an action. Otherwise, you have to quit it
manually, but you could at once select another command instead.

NOTCH
Command Name: PS_NOTCH

Notches and shape cuts can be created automatically using pre-selectable distance dimensions. You
may select from various variants and track your input directly in the drawing and change in “real time”
if needed.

PRODUCING A NOTCH
For this purpose, you first have to click on the shape, which has to be notched, and then the shape
specifying the contour.

When you select the command, the connection is created on the base of your last setting. Now you can
fit the connection in the appearing dialog; you can check the result immediately in the model.

ƒ Layout: Here, you select the shape of the cope. The different variants are shown in the picture
below:

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On the upper left, the initial situation before coping is shown (the shapes are still overlapping),
and on the upper right you see the contour. Pictures below from left to right: Fit Shape Start (the
normal cope), Fit Shape Middle and Fit Shape End.

ƒ Corner Layout: Edge – The copes at the shape radii are carried out with a beveled edge.
Radial – The copes at the shape radii are carried out with adapted radii. In the Radius input field,
the determined radius can be modified later.
Access Holes – The holes are drilled in the inner corners of the cope. In the Radius input field, the
radius of the drill holes can be preset.

ƒ Reference: If Outer Edge (upper field) is activated; the dimensions for the distance between top
and bottom flange inside resp. outside refer to the outside of the flanges.
If Inner Edge is activated, the dimensions refer to the inside of the flanges.
If Outer Edge (lower field) is activated, the dimensions for the distance between top and bottom
flange edge refer to the outside of the flanges.
If Center is activated, the dimensions for the distance refer to the shape end (the exact position
depends on the ‘Web Distance’ value).

Group Distances

ƒ Distances: The following dimensions can be set for upper flange and bottom flange separately:

In the Radius input field, you can indicate the radius of ‘Drill Holes’ or ‘Radial’ option.

Clicking this button allows an unknown shape to be clicked. The flange thickness is then entered in the
input fields for Top and Bottom Flange Inside. If you have entered a value in the +Distance field, this
value will be added.
Using this function, a flange distance can be swiftly determined without knowing the shape. As
reference, you should select the setting ‘Outer Edge’.

ƒ + Distance: This value is added to the result in the function GET FLANGE THICKNESS.

By clicking this button, you can transfer the data of the current cope directly to several copes, which
have to be created anew. You have to click all shapes first which have to obtain the cope. Then you
have to click the shapes to be coped.

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STANDARDIZED NOTCHES
ƒ List: This List shows previously defined notches from a database. You can create these database
files using any DBASE editor you like. You can previously define a certain number of the most
frequent notches.
In the different List Fields you can have a look on the data, which are the base of the connection.
Apart from this you can select the desired notch by clicking an entry.

OUTLET
Command Name: PS_OUTLET

Using this function, you can insert simple geometrical shapes of outlets and countersunk parts into
your shapes. With repeated use, any complex structure can be created.

You can create square, wedge-type, and circular shapes. The dimensions are entered via a dialog box.
Since the entered data can be directly checked on screen, the entries are not described in detail.

CREATION OF OUTLETS
When selecting the function you are prompted to indicate the shape to feature a cut-out. First, click the
shape and then select the cut-out insertion point.

The following dialog box appears where you enter the dimensions of the cut-out and its relation to the
insertion point. In the model, the current shape of the cut-out is shown in red colour. After quitting the
dialog box, the displayed cut-out will be cut from the shape.

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Apart from rectangular contours, cut-outs can also be created with a wedge-shaped or with a
cylindrical (radial) contour.

POSITION
The dialog box ‘POSITION Folder’ also offers you the option to rotate the inserted notch or cut-out by
any of the three coordinate axes.

Just click the +90/-90 button, if you want to rotate the cut-out in 90° steps. If you require a different
angle just enter the value into the Rotation Angle field and then click the +PHI/-PHI button.

Here, you see the example for creating a cut-out in a shape or in a plate:

The outer edge of the top flange is the cut-out insertion point, the expected cut-out is defined by edges.

The corner has been cut from the flange.

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Repeated use creates more complex millings.

BOOLEAN OPERATIONS
Command Name: See Individual Functions

For volume modelling, AutoPLANT Structural does not use the AutoCAD volume modeller ACIS but
the modeller which is used in Architectural Desktop as well. This modeller works faster and produces
smaller graph files.

Consequently, you cannot process AutoPLANT Structural objects with the Boolean operations of
AutoCAD (e.g. subtract their volumes). In case you do combine objects, there will be no errors, but
nothing will happen! In order to give you the same performance range as with AutoCAD, all Boolean
operations were redefined (see also the command → ’Basic Solids’). Another option is to use the
AutoPLANT Structural properties to convert the AutoPLANT Structural objects into ACIS volume
models and then to process them with AutoCAD. Your drawings will then become larger and more
sluggish.

Add PS_ADD

This command creates a new volume by adding two existing volumes.

You have to click both objects and the newly created object receives all parts list information of the
object you clicked on first.

Subtract PS_SUB

This command creates a new volume by subtracting one or several volumes from an existing volume.

First, you have to click the object from which the other volumes are to be subtracted. Then click the
objects whose volume is to be subtracted (these will be deleted in the process!).
The new object receives all parts list information of the object you clicked on first. Please note, that
you will not create two independent objects in case you “split” the first object in the process.

Cut-Set PS_COMMON

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This command creates a new volume by using the cut-set of two existing volumes, i.e., the new
volume is the part the two objects shared.

You have to click both objects and the new object will receive all parts list information of the object
you clicked on first.

Subtract Cut-Set PS_COMMON_SUB

This command creates a new volume by subtracting the cut-set of two existing volumes from the first
volume.

The first part is brought into line with the second, while preserving the second part.

PLATE EDITOR
Command Name: PS_PLATE_EDITOR

A special plate editor is available for processing of plates. This editor allows for modifying the contour
by adding or separating poly-lines in a fast and comfortable way. You may see the poly-line as a plate
of the same thickness and position like the plate to be processed.

In addition, you can add chamfers and edges. All commands can also be carried out via the normal
manipulation. The use of the plate editor is recommended when poly-plates have to be processed in
complex situations because it can hide the other component parts and it automatically enters the plate
level.

When loading the function, click the plate to be modified first. Then a dialog appears where you can
enter further indications with regard to the desired processing.

BOOLEAN OPERATIONS

ƒ Boolean Opera: Here, you specify what kind of processing has to be carried out: either add,
subtract or common.

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ƒ Side: Select from which side of the plate the processing has to be carried out.

ƒ Contour: You can use a polygon either as complete solid or as contour line. Please pay attention
that the poly-line has to be closed, even if it is used as contour.

ƒ Distance: If the poly-line is used as complete contour, you can enter an offset towards the contour.

ƒ Milling Width: If the poly-line has to be used as milling contour, you can enter the width of the
contour here.

ƒ Depth: Here, you enter the depth of processing if the poly-line is not used completely continuous.

ƒ Hide Parts: If this option is activated, all other component parts are hidden at plate selection. This
is valid from the next selection onward.

ƒ Continued: The poly-line is used as solid with the plate thickness, i.e. continuous.

Click this button to determine the contour via the different contour points.

Click this button to determine the contour by picking a poly-line, a circle or an arc.

Click this button to add another edge to the plate.

Click this button to delete an edge from the plate.

Example for different Boolean Operations

Example for different contours

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CHAMFER / ROUNDING OFF

CHAMFER
Use this button to select the corresponding corner of the plate if you want to add a chamfer to a plate.
Then, the input fields are released.

ƒ Layout: Here, you select which kind of chamfer has to be carried out: straight, convex or concave.

ƒ Radius/1st. Edge: Here, you indicate the radius at convex/concave version or the length of the first
edge at straight version.

ƒ 2nd. Edge: Here, you indicate the length of the second edge of the straight chamfer.

Example for a plate with all possible three chamfer types

ROUNDING OFF
Use this button to select the corresponding plate edge to round off an edge. Then, the input fields are
released.
You can define the rounding off either via the radius or via the height of the rounding above the
straight edge.

ƒ Radius: Specify the rounding radius.

ƒ Min. Radius: Here, the program shows you the minimum radius that is possible.

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ƒ Height: Specify the height above the straight edge.

ƒ Max. Height: Here, the program shows you the maximum height that is possible.

Example for a plate with rounded off edge before and after the rounding off has been effected

EDGE PROCESSING
This function serves for processing of one or more edges. The edges can be chamfered, rounded off,
been equipped with a radius or seamed.

Use this button to select the corresponding plate edge to process an edge. Then, the input fields are
released.

ƒ Layout: specifies the kind of processing.

ƒ Top Side: The processing is made at the upper side of the plate.

ƒ Bottom Side: The processing is made at the lower side of the plate.

ƒ Top Edge Var1: This value is either the length of the first edge, the rounding radius or the depth of
the seam.

ƒ Top Edge Var2: This value is either the length of the second edge or the height of the seam.

ƒ Selected Edge: Here, you indicate from which edge to which edge the processing has to be made.
When you click the edge and the side is switched on, the edges are displayed in a numbered way.

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You can select the processing area. If the starting value is equal to the end value, the processing
will be carried out all around.

Select here for the edges 0-1,2-3 to be processed, if you want to process the two opposite sides in
our example.

Possible ways to process the edges

DRILLING / BOLTED CONNECTIONS


Command Name: PS_DRILL

Shapes and plates can be provided with different drill holes. Existing drill holes of a shape can be
transferred to another shape, and oblong holes, countersunk holes or step borings can be created as
well. Now, it is also possible to create thread holes.

In addition, you can use this command to bolt component parts directly without having to generate drill
holes first. Then, you can carry out the ‘Bolt’ command. The distribution of bolts is indicated in the
same way as for drill holes but the bolts automatically create the necessary drill holes in all
participating component parts.

The program manages drill holes in the form of Drill Hole Fields. This means that groups consisting,
for instance, of 2 x 2 holes will be drilled in one operation. In the dialog box you enter the individual
hole pitches and then insert the complete hole group.

The drilling depth is always along the Z-axis of the active UCS plane. A description of the drill hole
field is given in the X/Y plane of the active UCS. Although it would be possible to drill holes in the
general overview (global view), it is easier to work in one of the views.

After selection of the command, a dialog box appears where you can set the basic behaviour of the
command and other default parameters. Depending on the selection, the displayed content may differ.

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DRILL HOLES / DRILL HOLE FIELDS

ƒ Layout: Select the general form of the drill hole field here.
Rectangular – In a rectangular drill hole field, the drill holes are arranged in a rectangular way
around the insertion point forming rows and columns.
Radial – In a radial drill hole field, the drill holes are arranged in a complete or partial circle
around the insertion point. Additional input fields are displayed allowing you to define round drill
hole fields.
Single Holes – The position of each single hole can be determined individually.

Rectangular Drill Hole Field

ƒ Definition: In general, drill hole fields are described as follows:


Number1*Pitch1, Intermediate Pitch1, Number2*Pitch2, Intermediate Pitch2,...

ƒ Shape/X Dir: Description of drill hole field in shape direction, for plates in X-direction of the
UCS.

ƒ Cross/Y Dir: Description of drill hole field perpendicular to the shape direction, for plates in Y-
direction of the UCS.
Rectangular drill hole fields are described by indicating number*pitch of the drill holes and
any existing Intermediate pitches (separated by a comma). At a number = 1 you can omit the pitch.

Radial Drill Hole Field

ƒ Number: Number of drill holes

ƒ Radius: The radius of the circle where the drill holes are arranged around the insertion point

ƒ Area: The angle area throughout which the drill holes are distributed.

ƒ Start: The starting angle from which on the drill holes are distributed.

Further Default Parameters

ƒ Diameter: The bolt diameter is specified. It is taken from a list that can be edited, as you like. This
list is stored in the directory.. \prg under pro_st3d.hdr. If you activate the option for
individual diameter input in the global settings, you can also enter values not included in the list.

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ƒ Addition: If you don’t insert any thread hole, you can enter here the clearance between bolt
diameter and hole diameter. In the above list, you can also define a Workloose for the bolt
diameters. However, you have to activate the use in the Global Settings / Bolts. You can enter any
value here.

ƒ Rectangle Hole Axis: If rectangle holes have to be inserted, you enter the length of the rectangle
hole axis here.

ƒ Layout: Drill Through –Drill holes are created from one material edge to the other.
Drill Blind Hole – The holes have only a certain length.
Weld Crack – This is a small marking.

ƒ Depth: Specify the depth of the drill hole for the layout ‘Drill Blind Hole.

ƒ Flange: Indicates the flange to be drilled. You may either drill holes into the upper or lower flange
or into both flanges. Upper/Lower flange results from the position of the component part and from
the current Z-axis.

ƒ Shape Center: The insertion point is perpendicular to the shape center before use. Thus you will
always obtain symmetrical drill holes related to the shape center.

CREATION OF DRILL HOLES


Click this button to insert drill holes into a component part. Select a part, which is then drilled
accordingly.

Click this button to insert drill holes into several component parts simultaneously. You can select
several parts at the same time; alignment is made according to the first picked part.

Click this button to adopt the drill holes of one component part into another one.
First click all shapes with holes to be transferred and then all shapes to adopt the hole. Using this
function, drill holes from a copied connecting plate may be rapidly transferred to a shape. This option
is only available if you didn’t select the option ‘Bolted Connection’.

You can also adopt a drill hole field with simultaneous bolted connection into a new shape so that the
new shape is drilled first and then bolted. First select the properties of the shape and click on the EDIT
button in the “Drill Holes” tab.
The drill hole dialog described here will be displayed and you can adopt the drill holes with bolts using
‘Bolts/Add’.

ƒ Monitor: Here you can see the creation of the drill hole field and define the insertion point.

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RECTANGULAR DRILL HOLE FIELDS


The drill hole field is always entered in shape direction (from starting point to end point of insertion).
The developing drill hole field is directly displayed among other things in the shape field of the
“Insertion Position” tab of the dialog for control purposes.

This hole group is entered in the drill hole description as follows:

Input field ‘shape / X Dir’ 2*60,200,1*,200,3*40

Input field ‘cross / Y Dir’ 2*100

If you only want to insert a hole group with single holes in longitudinal direction, just leave the box for
crosswise direction empty.

If you want to insert a hole group in the crosswise direction only, you have to enter 1* in longitudinal
direction in any case (for one hole).

One single drill hole field cannot cover mixed groups consisting of one and two holes in crosswise
direction!

You can enter the predefined marking gauges of the shape by typing the letter W instead of a pitch, e.g.
2*W. If no specific marking gauge has been defined for the current shape, the program will prompt you
to enter one.

BOLTED CONNECTIONS
Alternatively to drilling option, you can directly add a bolted connection to the component part. For
this purpose, you have to select at least 2 component parts the distance of which is not bigger than
specified in the gap input field.

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All settings with regard to drill hole field, diameter, etc. are made on the first page.

ƒ Bolt Style: Select the desired bolt style here.

ƒ Gap Maximum distance of one contact surface to the other; if the distance is bigger, no bolted
connection will be created

ƒ Length Addition: Length addition for the bolts

ƒ Touch Plane: Normally, drill holes are created along the Z-axis of the current UCS.
At bolted connection option, however, the program can be prompted to search for contact surfaces.
Normally, these are the surfaces where a bolted connection is inserted. For this purpose, the UCS
doesn’t have to be placed normally on these surfaces.

In this example, the plate can be bolted to the shape although the UCS is not aligned normally to
the drill hole direction.

ƒ Single Hole Bolt: The insertion of bolts into a part is allowed as well.

ƒ Turn: the bolts are turned before insertion.

ƒ Update auto: The connection is automatically updated if a component part has been modified. A
logical link is created between the participating component parts.

CREATION OF BOLTED CONNECTIONS


Click this button to bolt several component parts with each other. Now, you are prompted by
AutoPLANT Structural to select the participating component parts and then to indicate the insertion
point of the bolted connection (similar to a normal drill hole).
Then, the bolts are automatically inserted and the necessary drill holes are created. You don’t have to
specify in which flanges this has to be done because this is automatically determined by AutoPLANT
Structural.

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Please note that the element, which was selected, first represents the main element of the connection.
All others are only bolted elements. If you want to modify the bolted connection at a later time, you
have to modify the properties of this main element. Since the drill hole fields of the bolted elements
depend on the drill hole field of the main element, these cannot be modified independently.
Please remember as well that the bolts are not assigned to a group. This assignment has to be made
later using the command ‘Group’ if desired.

Click this button to add new component parts to the bolted connection. Necessary drill holes are
automatically generated.

Click this button to remove component parts from the bolted connection. Drill holes are automatically
removed as well.

ADDITIONAL SETTINGS

ƒ Hole Type: Here, you specify the kind of bolt to be inserted.

ƒ Normal Drill: The drill hole has one diameter at each position.

ƒ Countersunk: The hole is drilled as countersunk hole. In this case, you can set the countersunk
Depth and the opening Angle.

ƒ Step Hole: The hole is drilled as step hole. You can determine the Depth of the step and the upper
diameter additionally. The figure below shows you all three available layouts one beside the other.

ƒ Hole Type: This setting influences the later 2D-depiction.

ƒ Offset: You can influence the insertion point of the drill hole using an offset related to the selected
insertion point.

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ƒ Rectangular: In this case you can enter the offset separately for X, Y.

ƒ Polar: In this case you can enter the offset by means of distance and angle related to the insertion
axis. In the case of shapes, the insertion axis is the longitudinal axis instead of the X-axis.

ƒ Shape Center: The insertion point is perpendicular to the shape center before use. Thus you will
always obtain symmetrical drill holes related to the shape center.

ƒ Pitch Lines: During drilling, the crack lines of the participating shapes are displayed. After end of
drilling they disappear again.

ƒ Center Lines: During drilling, the center lines of the participating shapes are displayed. After end
of drilling they disappear again.

ƒ Ignore Inner...: If this field is checked, the drill hole is not interrupted at concave chambers, which
occur due to inner contours. Thus, it is possible to drill through a square tube completely.
Otherwise, only one side would be drilled.

ƒ Create Thread : The drill hole is executed as thread hole. No Workloose is used and the drill hole
is correctly displayed as thread hole in 2D depiction. In 3D depiction, additional lines are
displayed to make the thread hole visible.

EDGE DISTANCES
AutoPLANT Structural can automatically verify the admissible edge distance during drilling of
component parts. It is also possible to carry out this control manually for certain parts.

If an automatic control has to take place, which is activated directly during drilling, you have to switch
on the corresponding option in the global settings.

You can specify the admissible edge distances of shapes and plates for each hole diameter in a table.
The corresponding drill hole then will be verified by means of this table and the part will be marked in
colour if the distance is too small. If the automatic control is activated, an info window appears during
drilling. However, the drilling will be realized nevertheless.

In this table, you can assign the corresponding minimum distances for any existing drill hole diameter,
separated according to shapes and plates.

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Click this button to start controlling the edge distances. You are prompted to select the parts. If the drill
hole distances of a part are smaller than the selected distances, this part will be highlighted in colour.
You can remove this marking using the command PS_REGEN.

If you suppress any further display during automatic control, any existing smaller distances will not be
displayed any more. This button serves for removing the lock of the display.

If you have activated the ‘Expert’ mode in the global settings, this button will be additionally
displayed. It permits editing of the diameter table.

EDITING THE TABLE


After double-clicking on a line, an input dialog appears where you can define the values:

ƒ Dia: The corresponding diameter

ƒ Shapes: The specified edge distance for shapes

ƒ Plates: The specified edge distance for plates

When you quit this dialog with OK, the indicated values are adopted into the table and this list is sorted
anew according to the available diameters.

AUTOMATIC CONTROL
If the automatic control of the edge distances has been activated and the program detects smaller edge
distances during an operation, a warning message will be displayed.

Note However, this warning is only a hint; the corresponding drill hole will nevertheless be inserted
into the component part. Please note that this message might not appear before end of the
action.

BOLTS
Bolting of component parts is the easiest form of automatic connections provided by AutoPLANT
Structural. In previous versions, the components to be bolted had to be drilled first (see function →
’Drilling’). Now, this is not necessary. Of course, it is still possible to continue working with the
existing combination of drilling/bolting.

Another option is the creation of user-defined bolt styles as well as the check and update of the bolting
via logical links (please refer to ->'Logical Links'). In some connection dialogs, a lot of settings are not
necessary and you can set the bolts exactly according to your requirements.

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After all component parts, to be bolted with each other are selected, the program checks the position of
the parts with regard to possible bolting (if need be, with regard to drillings which are situated one
above the other and having an allowable tolerance; but it does not check possible mounting).
Necessary bolt lengths are calculated and the bolts are inserted according to your default settings with
regard to type and possible washers. Then, the bolts are adopted into a bolt list for later parts list.

CHANGES TO OLDER VERSIONS


From version 17 onwards, AutoPLANT Structural is able to adopt existing bolts and component parts
in a new connection/bolting (back to back bolting). This permits e.g. to bolt automatically 2 web angle
connections which are connected on the left and on the right of a girder and this bolting is designed
completely and correctly. This process is running completely in the background; the only prerequisite
is that bolts and connection parts are connected with each other via logical links. As an option, this
process may be switched off in Global Settings/Bolts because it possibly requires a considerable
amount of calculation time.

Bolt management is still effected via styles, which may be created by the user. There is however one
important modification: the necessary data from which the bolts are generated are not summed up any
more but they have been divided into the corresponding components. This allows you to put together
the components of a bolting completely; and length calculation is designed on the basis of the selected
component parts. The result is considerably more flexible and bolt definitions more accurate.

BOLTING PARTS
The components are bolted automatically after part selection and selection of the bolt style. The holes
in the component parts are analysed and the corresponding bolts are selected and inserted.

After having loaded the function, you will get the following screen display:

ƒ Bolt style: Here you select the bolt style to be used.

ƒ Single hole Bolting: Normally, at least 2 component parts are required for a bolting. Sometimes
you only want to insert bolts without bolting them. This option creates bolts for each hole of the
selected component parts without requiring a second part.

ƒ Create dynamic Connection: The selected component parts are connected with each other via
logical links. The bolting is automatically updated in case of modification.

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ƒ Diameter: Indicates the virual hole diameter if you want to create a single bolt manually. This
process was chosen to preserve the compatibility with standard bolting function.

ƒ Work loose: Indicates the virtual free play if manual insertion has been selected.

ƒ Length Addition: Indicates the value by which the bolts are extended. This is valid for all kinds of
insertion.

ƒ Gap distance: Indicates the maximum distance between two holes which are assumed to belong to
the bolting. If this value is exceeded the holes cannot be bolted.

ƒ Angle difference: This is the difference of the angles of the drilled holes in degrees. If this value is
exceeded, the holes don't align and cannot be bolted.

ƒ Colours: bolt= indicates the colour of the bolt on the monitor,


monitor= indicates the colour of monitor background

This button allows bolting of component parts. Select the desired parts and the bolts will be inserted
into these component parts according to the existing holes.

This option permits manual insertion of a bolt. Select start and endpoint of grip length and the bolt will
be inserted.

This button allows rotation of one or several bolts. Select the corresponding bolts and they will be
rotated.

When the cursor is placed on one of the colour input boxes, the colour may be selected interactively.

BOLT STYLE MANAGEMENT


The second page permits the manipulation of bolt styles.

ƒ Bolt style: Here, user selects the bolt style, which is to be modified.

This button opens the dialog for bolt definition.

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ƒ 2nd washer: Activate this option if your style definition is to be equipped with a 2nd washer.

This button opens the dialog for definition of the 2nd washer. It is only available if this option has been
activated.

ƒ Tapered Washer:Activate this option if your style definition is to be equipped with a wedge
washer.

This button opens the dialog for definition of the wedge washer. It is only available if this option has
been activated.

ƒ 2nd Tapered washer: Activate this option if your style definition is to be equipped with a 2nd wedge
washer.

This button opens the dialog for definition of the 2nd wedge washer. It is only available if this option
has been activated.

ƒ Washer: Activate this option if your style definition is to be equipped with a washer beneath the
nut.

This button opens the dialog for definition of the washer. It is only available if this option has been
activated.

ƒ Nut: Activate this option if your style definition is to be equipped with a nut.

This button opens the dialog for definition of the nut. It is only available if this option has been
activated.

ƒ Safety nut: Activate this option if your style definition is to be equipped with a safety nut.

This button opens the dialog for definition of the safety nut. It is only available if this option has been
activated.

The current definition is stored in the drawing and in a file. If the style is modified and you leave this
page without having saved the modifications, you are asked whether you want to save.

Permits loading of the current style definition from a style file. All current definitions of the current
style will be overwritten.

BOLT DEFINITION
When the button for bolt definition is pressed, the following dialog opens:

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ƒ Style name: Indicates the current style

ƒ Data file: Indicates which data files are used for bolts with this style. Only bolt files are displayed.

ƒ Parts list entry: Here you specify the entry of these bolts, which are to be written into the parts list
and position flag. Two variables may be used: $(D) stands for bolt diameter, $(L) stands for bolt
length. In addition, the following two variables are possible: $(GLM) for min grip length and
$(GLX) for max grip length.

ƒ Export name: This name is used for data export. The above-mentioned conditions are valid as
well.

ƒ Material: Here the bolt material is selected. Only those materials are listed which have been
defined as bolt materials.

ƒ Tension: Enter the tension as a percentage.

ƒ Length Addition: Enter the additional length of the bolts. The bolt will be extended by this value
after length calculation.

ƒ Layout: Specify whether the bolt has to be a shop bolt or an assembly bolt. This specification has
influences on the parts list. When an assembly list is created, only assembly bolts will be taken
into consideration.

ƒ Units: Specify the units the data file is based on.

ƒ Coating: Select the coating of the bolt.

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ƒ Colour: Select the colour of the bolt in the model.

ƒ Bitmap: You may select a bitmap that is used in the selection lists of this style style.

ƒ Countersunk head: The bolt is displayed as countersunk bolt.

ƒ Parts list entry: The bolt is adopted into the parts list.

ƒ No DM Check: For this bolt, a diameter check will not be carried out. Normally, all entered
diameters which are found will be reduced to standard values; e.g. a bolt with bolt diameter
DM=12.5mm cannot be created.

NUT DEFINITION

ƒ Data file: Indicates which data files are used for nuts with this style. Only nut files are displayed.

ƒ Partlist entry: Here you specify the entry of this nut, which are to be written into the parts list and
position flag. Two variables may be used: $(D) stands for bolt diameter, $(L) stands for bolt
length.

ƒ Export name: This name is used for data export. The above-mentioned conditions are valid as
well.

ƒ Material: Here the bolt material is selected. Only those materials are listed which have been
defined as bolt materials.

ƒ Partlist Entry: The nut is adopted into the parts list.

Definition of safety nuts takes place analogously.

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WASHER DEFINITION

ƒ Data file: Indicates which data files are used for washers with this style. Only washer files are
displayed.

ƒ Parts list entry: Here you specify the entry of this washer, which is to be written into the parts list
and position flag. Two variables may be used: $(D) stands for bolt diameter, $(L) stands for bolt
length.

ƒ Export name: This name is used for data export. The above-mentioned conditions are valid as
well.

ƒ Material: Here the washer material is selected. Only those materials are listed which have been
defined as bolt materials.

ƒ Partlist entry: The washer is adopted into the parts list.

WEDGE WASHER DEFINITION

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ƒ Data file: Indicates which data files are used for washers with this style. Only washer files are
displayed.

ƒ Parts Entry U-washer: This definition is used in case U-shapes are applied. The same is valid for I-
washers.
Here, you specify the entry of this washer, which has to be written into the parts list and position
flag. Two variables may be used: $(D) stands for bolt diameter, $(L) stands for bolt length.

ƒ Export name: this name is used for data export. The above-mentioned conditions are valid as well.

ƒ Material: Here, the washer material is selected. Only those materials are listed which have been
defined as bolt material.

ƒ Partlist entry: The washer is adopted into the parts list.

SORT
The third page serves for management of bolt lists and for creation of new styles.

Serves for creation of new bolt styles. After selection, you are asked for the name of the new style.
Then, the style is created and is equipped with the settings of the current style.

Allows loading of a style from the file. The style is inserted at the current position.

The currently checked style is deleted without further query.

The currently checked style is moved upwards in the list.

The currently checked style is moved downwards in the list.

All style definitions stored in your corresponding files will be updated. The styles are stored as objects
in the drawing. When the style definition is modified on the hard disk, normally the modifications are
not transferred to the internal objects. They are carried out for all styles by this function. Insert
Stiffeners

Command Name: PS_RIP

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AutoPLANT Structural offers an automatic command for the insertion of a stiffener into a shape.
Although stiffeners are common poly-plates or flats, the program already calculates their dimensions
according to the shape and user specifications. You may select from a number of variables and track
the result immediately in the drawing, modifying it in “real time”.

In the case of symmetric shapes such as HEA, HEB, etc., two opposite stiffeners are created between
the web and the two flanges. When only one stiffener is needed for the structure, just delete the other
one. However, it will not be restored during an update.

INSERTION OF STIFFENERS
You can insert stiffeners either in views or in the global view. When you have selected normal
stiffeners (i.e. stiffeners running vertically to the shape axis), you are prompted to specify the shape
where the stiffeners are to be inserted.

After selection, the program prompts you to specify the center of the insertion point of the stiffeners.
Click the point you want on the shape or on a construction line. Your pick point is generally placed
perpendicular to the shape axis.

When you have selected ‘Full Stiffener’, the stiffener is inserted to fit. When you have selected ‘Half
Stiffener’ or ‘To Measure’, you are prompted to specify the fastening side of the stiffeners. Click the
flange side with which the stiffeners are to be in contact.

Let’s assume that you have drawn the construction lines on the upper flange in the top view as shown
on the left. If you click the line at any point, the pick point is always positioned perpendicular to the
axis and used as the insertion point of the stiffeners.

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DIMENSIONS

ƒ Layout: Here you select the shape of the inner corners of the stiffeners.

ƒ Use Flat.: A flat steel is used instead of a poly-plate. The flat is processed by Boolean operations
in a way as if its shape would be identical with a poly-plate.

ƒ Length: Here, you specify the length of the stiffeners.

ƒ Full Stiffener: The stiffener height extends over the complete web height of the shape.

ƒ Half Stiffener: The stiffener height stretches over half the web height of the shape where the side
is determined by the picked side.

ƒ By Length: The stiffener is given the height specified by you. Only values between 10-90% of the
web height can be used.

ƒ Square: The height of the stiffener is determined according to the specifications, but the layout is a
triangle shape.

ƒ Thickness: Thickness of the stiffener plate; this value is taken from the table or it can be entered
freely if this setting has been activated.

ƒ Flange Offset : When calculating the stiffener dimensions, this is the distance to the flange side,
i.e., the stiffener height is slightly reduced.

ƒ Web Distance: When calculating the stiffener dimensions, this is the distance to the web side, i.e.,
the stiffener width is slightly reduced.

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ƒ Length : This is the value for the stiffener length when you have selected the stiffener length ‘To
Measure’.

ƒ Offset: When calculating the stiffener dimensions, this is the distance to the outer edge of the
flanges, i.e., the stiffener width is slightly reduced. If the stiffener is to slightly project towards the
outside, type a negative value.

ƒ Round to: The Round to value describes a rounding accuracy applicable to the width of the
calculated stiffened plate. Rounding is carried out after calculation of the projection.
Using this command, it is possible, e.g., to permit only dimensions divisible by 5, so that flat steel
bars can be used.

ƒ Radius: In the Radius input field you specify the radius of the ribbed plate at the shape radii. If this
value is 0, the shape radius is imported. If you have selected the create ‘Insert at Slant’, the radius
is bridged by a slanted edge.

Click this button to move the stiffener with respect to the insertion point.
After insertion, the stiffener first is placed in the middle of the insertion point. However, you can also
align it to the upper or lower edge of the stiffener by clicking repeatedly on it.

CONNECT
On this page you specify the weld style in the case the stiffeners have to be welded directly. You can
also attach weld cracks to mark the stiffeners in the shape.

ƒ Weld Style: Specify the weld style to be used.

ƒ Flange Side: The flange side of the stiffeners will be welded.

ƒ Thickness: If you want to overwrite the thickness of the selected style, you may do this here.

ƒ Web Side: The web side of the stiffeners will be welded.

ƒ Thickness: If you want to overwrite the thickness of the selected style, you may do this here.

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ƒ Weld Mark: Here, you specify whether small drill holes serving as weld marks have to be inserted
into the shape after insertion of the stiffeners. These weld marks then can be output in the
workshop drawings or in the NC-data.
None – No marks are fixed.
At Center - A mark is fixed at the center of the stiffener.
At Edges - A mark is fixed at each of the outer edges of the stiffener.

ƒ Create Group: If this field is checked, the stiffeners and the shape are arranged to create a group. If
the shape is already part of another group, the stiffeners are allocated to that other group.

OPTIONS

ƒ Angle insertion: If this field is checked, stiffeners can be inserted in the shape using a slant. At
insertion, you are prompted for a line specifying the direction.
The necessary extension of the stiffener width is automatically calculated.

ƒ Angle: Here you can enter the position angle related to the centerline.

ƒ 2D-Section: If this field is checked, an automatic 2D section is inserted directly at the stiffener.
This section can be displayed during detailing.
The cutting plane is situated slightly in front of the stiffener and it ends slightly behind the
stiffener; the cutting direction is always in shape direction.

ASSIGNMENTS
As it is the case with each dialog creating component parts, here too it is possible to carry out all
assignments directly for each single shape. Select the component part and then select the settings.

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Plate Connections

OBLIQUE STIFFENERS
In principle, the insertion of oblique stiffeners is the same as described above, except for the fact that
you are prompted to define a position line of the stiffeners. Click a (construction) line showing the
orientation of the stiffeners.

Now, the stiffeners are inserted into the shape in an oblique position. The distances refer to the outer
corners of the stiffener plates.

If you select the command via “PS_RIP_ANGLE”, you will be prompted for the position line right
during input and can then click it.

Show the center line of the shape in the top view and use the ‘virtual point of intersection without Z’,
in order to get an exact center point of insertion using the ‘point of intersection’ of the axis and the
construction line.

PLATE CONNECTIONS
Command Name: PS_ENDPLATE

AutoPLANT Structural automatically creates any plate connections such as stiff or rigid plates according
to DAST (ocal standard), jointed plates, etc. but also completely freely definable connections.

The program determines the type of possible connections based on the shapes to be connected and
offers these to the user as well. In addition to the actual connection plate other components such as
stiffeners, backer plates, bolts and even reinforcement haunches can be created with this command and
assigned to the proper component groups directly.

An entire plate connection can be created with just one single command.

Hint: All possible plate connections are now contained in this shared dialog and, e.g., you can specify a
stiff connection first and subsequently process this connection the same way you would a free plate.

CREATING PLATE CONNECTIONS


When selecting the plate connection command you are first prompted for the shape to be connected,
which you have to click at the end to be connected. Then you have to click the supporting shape (the
shape to which you want to connect) or you have to ignore it with RETURN.

No supporting shape is considered when pressing RETURN or the right mouse button and you can
create a simple end plate at the shape to be connected.

No further action on your part is required because the program does the rest for you. The shape to be
connected is cut to the proper length and is fitted with the connection plate. The plate and supporting
shape are drilled and bolted together and – depending on your selection – the additional components
for the stiffeners are attached.

Then you will see a plate connection with the default values of the last connection created with this
function followed by the display of the dialog for the parameter settings.

If you want to create e.g. a plate resistant to deflection instead, just switch to the dialog tab for plates
resistant to deflection and select the desired plate. On screen, the connection changes immediately to
display the current settings.

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Plate Connections

Switch back to the layout tab to see the current dimensions, which can be dynamically adjusted.

FREE PLATE CONNECTIONS

LAYOUT AND DIMENSIONS

This dialog opens when selecting the command after the shapes to be connected have been picked.
You can enter the dimensions of any freely defined plate connection.
This dialog tab is also the basic dialog of the other plate dialogs. Any selection from such objects as
e.g. the plates resistant to deflection can still be changed here because any of the parameters on which
the connection is based is entered and imported in this dialog from where they can be modified further
at any time.

ƒ Layout of Plate: Specify the layout of the connecting plate. The following figure displays different
connection types, which can be created.

If you selected the ‘Automatic’ option, the program decides which type to be used depending on
the position of the shapes.
The critical angle, which differentiates between, spliced and standard plate connection is
approximately 45°. If you want to obtain the ‘Flange’ type, you have to set this option explicitly
because otherwise always a plate connection at the web will be created.

Group Dimensions

ƒ Width: means the width of the plate (in case of I shapes: parallel to the shape flange).

ƒ Thickness: means the thickness of the plate.

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Plate Connections

ƒ Length: means a fixed length of the plate independent of the shape height.
Entering the value 0 for the length, you can enter the plate length variably in the Offset Top and
Offset Bottom fields as distance from the upper and lower edge of the selected shape.

ƒ Gap: means that an indicated space is left between the supporting shape and the plate. This allows
you to consider e.g. finishing tolerances.

ƒ Offset Top: means the distance from the upper shape edge. Positive values reduce the plate
dimensions towards the middle. Negative values increase the plate dimensions beyond the shape.

ƒ Offset: means the distance from the lower shape edge. Positive values reduce the plate dimensions
towards the middle. Negative values increase the plate dimensions beyond the shape.

ƒ Doubler Plate: Here, you can create a second plate with different dimensions than the first one.
The input fields for the dimensions of the second plate are released after the option has been
clicked.

ƒ As Poly-Plate: The inserted end plates are not created as flats but as poly-plate.

ƒ Rotate Connection: In case of asymmetric plates you can define the plate position here. Use this
option to turn the complete connection by 180° around the insertion axis, if upper and lower side
were exchanged at generation of the connection.

ƒ Equal Plates: If you want to insert two identical plates, you have to activate the option Double
Plate and set the option Equal Plates.
Now the dimensions of the second plate are the same as for the first one and two identical plates
are inserted.

Click this button to adjust the first plate to the cross-section of any existing shape.

Click this button to copy the data of the first plate into the input fields of the second plate.

ƒ Plate Offset: Horizontal means that the complete plate connection is shifted parallel to the flange
of the connecting shape.
Vertical means that the complete plate connection is shifted parallel to the web of the connecting
shape.

Direct Call of Plate Functions

The different default types can be called directly as well. If you have selected the connection type
‘Splice’, you can define a separation line for a continuous shape by pressing RETURN or the right
mouse button when you are prompted for the supporting shape.

Normal: PS_ENDPLATE_NORM

As Splice: PS_ENDPLATE_SPLICE

At Flange: PS_ENDPLATE_FLANGE

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Plate Connections

DRILL HOLES

ƒ Without Holes: The connection plate is created without drill holes.

Group Vertical

The drill hole spacing in a vertical direction (height) is determined. Depending on the entry, the values
have different meanings. Examples are given at the end of the command description.

ƒ Upside: Here, you enter the distance of the upper row of holes from the plate’s upper edge. If this
value is 0, and the value in the box Downside is also 0, the only entry that will be used is in the
Middle field.

ƒ Middle: Here, you enter the distance of the first and second row of holes from the upper and lower
plate edge. The holes will be distributed uniformly between the two outer holes if this value is 0.
The other rows of holes will be arranged in the same manner if the number is greater than 4.

ƒ Downside: Here, you enter the distance of the lowest row of holes from the plate’s lower edge. If
this value is 0, and the value in the box Upside is also 0, the only entry that will be used is in the
Middle field.

ƒ Offset: Here, you enter a simultaneous shifting of all rows of holes with respect to the plate upper
edge. If you enter a negative value, shifting will be carried out with respect to the plate lower
edge.

ƒ Asymmetrical: If you have selected this option, the structure of the hole pattern input changes and
a list with an input field appears. Depending on the number of holes, you can determine each
distance individually by clicking the position in the list and by specifying the distance in the input
field.

ƒ Measured from: Here you can specify at asymmetrical distribution from which position the
distribution of drill holes starts.

Group Horizontal

The drill hole spacing in a horizontal direction (width) is defined here. Examples are given at the end
of the command description.

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Plate Connections

ƒ Left: Here, you enter the distance between the outer left row of holes and the central left row of
holes, if the number of rows is 4.

ƒ Middle: Here, you enter the distance between the two inner rows of holes. The rows of holes are
generally arranged centrally, unless they are offset by an entry in the Offset field.

ƒ Right: Here, you enter the distance between the outer right row of holes and the central right row
of holes, if the number of rows is 4.

ƒ Offset: Here, you enter a simultaneous shifting of all rows of holes with respect to the right plate
edge. If you enter a negative value, shifting will be carried out with respect to the left plate edge.

CONNECT
Bolt Settings

ƒ Bolt style: You can select the type of bolts (e.g., DIN 7990) to be used for the connection using
this list.

ƒ Dia : Here, you specify the bolt diameter for the connection.

ƒ Workloose: Here, you enter the required clearance of the bolted connection, in most cases 2 mm.

Click this button to process the bolt style or to create a new one.

Weld Settings

ƒ Weld Style: Specify the kind of weld seam.

ƒ Weld...: You can specify which weld seams have to be created in the model using the options
Weld Flange Side or Weld Web Side. The Thickness of the different weld seams is specified in the
corresponding input fields.

Click this button to process the weld style or to create a new one.

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Plate Connections

STIFFENING PLATES
ƒ As Poly-Plate: All kinds of stiffening plates described here which normally are carried out as flats
can be transformed into a poly-plate using this option.

ƒ Backer Plates: You can specify additional backer plates automatically or according to certain
dimensions. Thickness, width and length can be specified separately.

ƒ Top Plate: A cover plate can be created According to Girder in an automate way. The cover plate
can be adjusted even further via thickness, edge distance and offset.

Web Plates

ƒ Web Plates: Additional web plates can be generated as well. Indicate the position of the web plate
by means of the option web plate left and web plate right.

ƒ Dimensions: The size is specified by thickness, width and length.

ƒ Drill Holes: No/Dia. indicates the number and the diameter of the drill holes. The Hole Distance
and the horizontal and vertical offset of the web plate to the plate center can be specified as well.

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STIFFENERS
ƒ Stiffener: On the side of the end plate, stiffeners are inserted into the supporting shape at the level
of the flanges.

ƒ Inner Stiffeners: Use this option to create additional stiffeners between the already created
stiffeners. In the input fields, you specify the number and the distance to the upper and lower edge
of the plate.

ƒ Support Stiffeners: Here, you can insert additional diagonal ribs into the supporting shape. With
the Height entry, you define the distance of the lower insertion point to the inner side of the flange.
The prerequisite for generating this stiffeners is the use of a bottom train having a rib on the side
of the bottom train an a cover plate.

Click this button to select the command for insertion or edition of stiffeners. Here, you can modify the
values and create new templates.

Note Please note that the settings for stiffeners cannot be made independently here. You
only select a template containing the necessary parameters.
The advantage is that you have to define a certain kind of stiffener only once and then
only select it by using its name. However, you mustn’t forget that in case of modifying
this page after having modified this stiffener template the existing stiffeners are
updated as well (i.e. they will obtain the dimensions of the modified template).

Stiffeners at Bottom Train

ƒ Supporting Shape: Here, you specify the stiffener in the supporting shape at use of a bottom train.

ƒ Connecting Shape: Here you specify the stiffener in the connecting shape at use of a bottom train.

Here, you see an example of an end plate connection with bottom train, cover plate and diagonal
stiffener in the supporting shape:

BOTTOM TRAIN
You can add additional haunches and further stiffeners to each of the previous connections and create
a strengthened connection. Bolted knees, etc. can be generated in a relative fast way.

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Plate Connections

ƒ Select Haunch: If the entry Top Haunch is checked, the haunch will be created on the upper side
of the shape to be connected. If the entry Bottom Haunch is checked, the haunch will be created on
the lower side of the shape to be connected.

ƒ Haunch Length: the length of the bottom train

ƒ Cut Width: the width of the bottom train at the intersection side

ƒ Top Height: the width of the bottom train at the top side

ƒ Flange Width: the width of the bottom train flange

ƒ Flange Thickness: the flange thickness of the bottom train

ƒ Plate Thickness: the thickness of the web plate of the bottom train

ƒ Facet Size: chamfer preset at the supporting side of the web plate

ƒ Facet Horizontal: specification of the horizontal part of the chamfer at the connection side

ƒ Facet Vertical: specification of the vertical part of the chamfer at the connection side

ƒ Cropped Shape: A cropped shape is used as bottom train instead of a haunch of flat steel or plate.
Additional stiffening plates can be inserted for a cropped shape. The dimensions are defined as
follows:

ƒ Stiff. Plate...: Indicate the dimensions of the stiffening plate: Width, Length and Thickness.

ƒ ... as Plate: The stiffening plate is not carried out as a shape but as a plate.

ƒ Rectangular Plate: A rectangular plate is inserted as bottom train.

ƒ Perpendicular to Support: A rectangular plate is inserted with the edges parallel to the support.

ƒ As Poly-Plate: The inserted shapes of the bottom train are transformed into plates.

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Plate Connections

ƒ Rib Support : In the supporting shape, stiffeners are inserted on the level of the bottom train.
Select the style under Ribs.

ƒ Rib Connection: In the connecting shape, stiffeners are inserted on the level of the bottom train.
Select the style under Ribs.

Form Group

Form Group

ƒ Create Group: At insertion of the end plate connection, groups are automatically created out of the
inserted parts.

ƒ With Bolts: Bolts and weld seams are added to the group as well.

Notches

ƒ Safety Copes..: For the end plate connection, you can specify at which position a safety notch has
to be inserted. This is a standard process in Northern America.
You can choose whether you want to attach the notch on the Top left, on the bottom left, on the
top right or on the bottom right.

ASSIGNMENTS
As it is the case with each dialog creating component parts, here too it is possible to carry out all
assignments directly for each single shape. Select the component part and then select the settings.

CONNECTIONS RESISTANT TO DEFLECTION / SHEAR FORCES


In the selection list, you can see the connections according to DAST, which is available for the
selected shapes. You can control the basic connection data in this list, and the necessary shape
stiffeners are displayed as well.

ƒ Tension, Shear...: Here, you can enter a maximum load for the connection (in KN) for the
corresponding load type. In the list, only the connections suitable for these loads will be displayed.

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Plate Connections

ƒ Plate List: In this list, the possible connections according to DAST are displayed. Select the
desired connection by clicking it.
The individual list fields display the data on which the connection is based. You might have to
shift the column size to view all data. After the selection, the connection is immediately updated
with these data and the values are transferred to the other dialog tabs for possible adaptation.

No Connection Possible

If - according to the guidelines - no connection is defined for the selected shapes, no dialog folder will
appear after selection of the shapes to define the connection. In this case, you have to define yourself
the dimensions of the connection.

CONNECTIONS RESISTANT TO DEFLECTION

Meaning of the List Entries

ƒ Designation: the standard designation of the connection

ƒ Width: the width of the plate (parallel to the flange of the connecting shape)

ƒ Thickness: the thickness of the plate

ƒ Length: the length of the plate (parallel to the web of the connecting shape)

ƒ Horizontal: the number of drill holes in direction of the plate width

ƒ Vertical: the number of drill holes in direction of the plate length

ƒ Diamete: the used bolt diameter

ƒ Bolt Standard: the used bolt type

ƒ Stiffeners: additional stiffeners are required for this connection

ƒ Backer: additional backer plates are required for this connection

ƒ Strengthening: Strengthening is required for this connection.

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Base Plates According to DSTV

ƒ Projection: the projection of the plate beyond the shape to be connected

ƒ Af: thickness of the weld seam at the flange

ƒ As: thickness of the weld seam at the web

ƒ Tension, Shear,..: Maximum loading of the connection

SHEAR FORCE CONNECTIONS


The meaning of the entries in the data fields corresponds to those for connections resistant to deflection
so that you can refer to this chapter for information.

USER-DEFINED CONNECTIONS
Just as the data for plates resistant to deflection and those subject to shear forces is recorded in
databases, you can also create a database containing user-defined plate connections and later load
these stored types using a selection list.

In principle, this serves the same purpose as storing and then loading free plates with the template
function. User-defined plate connections can display a larger amount of data in a more clearly
organized structure because all parameters are visible in the view.

You can also process or export the data with any standard DBASE editor.

Hint Take advantage of this option by creating a database with frequently utilized and maybe
company-specific connections, which are then always available to all program users within
your company.

Since the dialog and process after creation of the database is almost identical – except for the selection
- with those for the plates resistant to deflection, you can refer to this chapter for the meaning of the
settings (see ‘Plates Resistant to Deflection‘). How to create the database is listed in the technical
supplement or just ask AutoPLANT Structural dealer.

BASE PLATES ACCORDING TO DSTV


Attach base plates to supports according to the specifications of the standardized connections used in
the steel construction industry (DAST) using this command (with 2 holes). By indicating an additional
distance, you have also the possibility to create base plates with 4 holes. In addition, you can define
another hole field seizing any kind of drilling in a 2D grid.

INSERT BASE PLATES


After clicking a support and entering marginal specifications (e.g. load to be transmitted, concrete
quality, etc.) a list of suitable base plates is displayed. Select a plate from the list and AutoPLANT
Structural will automatically carry out the complete processing and create the base plate.
Since you have access to all plate dimensions, you can modify the defined values any time. Inclined
support connections are also possible.

Please note that the data concerning the load to be transmitted, refer to the vertical supports and
connections according to DAST!

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Base Plates According to DSTV

LAYOUT

ƒ Selected Column: Display which Selected Column is processed at the moment.

ƒ Plate Width: Width of the base plate

ƒ Plate Height: Height or length of the base plate

ƒ Plate Thickness: Thickness of the base plate

ƒ Grout Thickness: In this input field, you can enter an additional space between the "Base Plate"
(point of reference) and lower edge base plate. Once you have entered the supporting shape from
the "Base Plate", all length dimensions will be adjusted correctly.

Group Options

ƒ In Shape Direction: If this option is activated, the plate is always attached normally beneath the
shape. If the shape is slanted in the space, the plate is slanted as well.

ƒ Shorten Column: The column is shortened by the lining value.

ƒ Form Group: The shape and the plate are arranged to form a group.

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Base Plates According to DSTV

ƒ As Polyplate: The base plate is not formed as flat bar but as poly-plate.

DRILL HOLES

Group Inner Drill Holes

ƒ Hole Distance: Distance of inner drill holes to the X-axis of the shape.

ƒ Hole Distance: Distance of inner drill holes to the Y-axis of the shape.

ƒ Hole Diameter: Diameter of inner drill holes

Group Outer Drill Holes

ƒ Hole Field Width: Number of drill holes of the outer hole field in the X-axis of the shape and
intermediate distance of the drill holes of the outer hole field in the X-axis of the shape.

ƒ Hole Field Height : Number of drill holes of the outer hole field in the Y-axis of the shape and
intermediate distance of the drill holes of the outer hole field in the Y-axis of the shape.

ƒ Hole Diameter: Diameter of outer drill holes.


Outer drill holes are only created if both axes have a valid description.

BOLTS
On this page, you make the settings of anchor bolts or welds. Anchor bolts are only displayed as
symbols and cannot be detailed.

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Base Plates According to DSTV

Group Bolts

ƒ Tie Bolts: Anchor bolts are inserted for the inner drill holes.

ƒ Label: The designation of anchor bolts for the parts list; this name can contain two variables,
$(ID) for inner diameter and $(OD) for outer diameter.

ƒ Outside: Anchor bolts are inserted for the outer drill hole field as well, if defined.

Group Weld Settings

ƒ Weld Style: Style name for the welds if a weld has to be effected.

ƒ Flange Side: Welds are inserted at the flange of the shape.

ƒ Thickness: If you want to overwrite the style thickness, you can enter the desired thickness for the
flange side here.

ƒ Web Side: Welds are inserted at the web side of the shape.

ƒ Thickness: If you want to overwrite the style thickness, you can enter the desired thickness for the
web side here.

STANDARD DEFINITIONS
Data base entries are saved for certain DIN shapes. If you have selected a shape having such entries,
these will be displayed in this window.
You can influence the selection by means of different selection criteria. Only data records
corresponding to these criteria will be displayed.

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Web Angle

ƒ Support Load: Enter the minimum load of supports which is known. The program searches the
entries supporting this load or a higher load.

ƒ Hole Dia.: The desired drill hole diameter for anchor bolts.

ƒ Concrete Quality: Quality of concrete foundations

Select a displayed data record by double-clicking on it. All data are set accordingly. Please note that
only the plate dimensions and the inner drill holes are set. Other settings are not modified.

ASSIGNMENTS
As it is the case for each dialog creating component parts, here too, it is possible to make all
assignments for each individual shape directly. Select the component part and then select the settings.

WEB ANGLE
Command Name: PS_WEB_ANGLE

This command creates steel web angles in three types of shapes IPE, HEA and HEB. Two web angles
will be fastened opposite of each other on the ends of the shape to be connected when a support shape
is not selected.

The shape to be connected is cut to length after the exact definition is entered. The connection, drilling
and bolting is carried out automatically. You can also select web angle connections according to the
standard DAST guidelines.

CREATE WEB ANGLE CONNECTION


First click the shape to be connected and then the supporting shape to connect the plate. Press the
ENTER key or the right mouse button, if there is no supporting shape.

The web angle command retains the last connection settings. Using this setting creates the connection.
In the appearing dialog, the dimensions may be modified and the results checked in the model.

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Web Angle

SHAPES
ƒ Shape Class: Here you can specify the angle shape of the selected connection. Only shapes that are
equal-sided angles and unequal-sided angles can be selected.

ƒ Use Flat: The web angle will be made from bent plate steel instead of angle steel.
Enter the required dimensions in the Thickness, length of Long Leg, length of Short Leg and Bent
Radius input fields.
The program will determine the actual length of the steel plate.

ƒ Position: Here you determine the side of the shape (Left or Right) to be connected to the web
angle. If both have been checked, a web angle is created at each side of the web.

ƒ Turn Angles: The long and short side of the web angle are exchanged so that the long side is
situated at the connecting shape.

ƒ Gap: Here you indicate the distance to be kept between the end of the connecting shape and the
supporting shape.

ƒ Side Offset: Here you indicate the distance between the web of the connected shape and the web
angles (normally 0 or a slight clearance).

ƒ Vertical Offset: Here you indicate the distance the web angle is shifted from the axis of the shape
to be connected, upwards or to the right (depending on the position). A negative entry will cause
shifting in the opposite direction. Selecting one of the following options permits you to make
additional specifications referring to the dimension.

ƒ From Edge: Means that the vertical offset is measured from the upper edge of the shape up to the
upper edge of the web angle.

ƒ Lower Edge: The vertical offset refers to the lower edge of shape and web angle instead of to the
upper edge.

ƒ Up to First Bolt : The vertical offset refers to the centre of the first bolt instead of to the edges of
the web angle.

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Web Angle

DISTANCES

Number (All Directions)

ƒ Shape Direction:The number of drill holes in both sides of the web angle cross-wise to the shape
to be connected (in the original position parallel to the connecting shape).

ƒ Connect. Shape: The number of drill holes in the long side of the web angle (in the original
position parallel to the shape to be connected).

ƒ Support Shape..:The number of drill holes in the short side of the web angle (in the original
position cross-wise to the connecting shape).

Distances (All Directions)

ƒ Inner Distances: These distances refer to the outer edge of the angle shape for each direction.
If you indicate an additional Slot Length in the input fields beside Number, the drill holes are
carried out as slotted holes with the indicated slot length.
If you have checked the field Absolute Inner Distance, the inner distance of the holes in the short
leg means the distance between the holes.

ƒ Dist. Between: These distances specify the distance between two holes for each direction.

Connect

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Web Angle

Bolt Settings

ƒ Bolt Style: Select the bolt style (e.g. DIN 7990) for the connection in the list

ƒ Dia.: Specify the bolt diameter for the connection.

ƒ Workloose: Enter the desired clearance for the bolt connection, usually 2 mm.

ƒ Diagonal Offset: A shift of the bolt axes between support and connecting bolts.

ƒ Gap Spacing: Distance between the web of the supporting shape and the web angle.

Click this button to edit the bolt style or to create a new one.

Weld Settings

ƒ Weld Style: Specify the kind of weld seam.

ƒ Weld...: You can specify which seams have to be created in the model via Weld Side of
Connecting Shape or Weld Side of Supporting Shape. The Thickness of the different weld seams is
specified in the corresponding input fields.

Click this button to edit the weld style or to create a new one.

COPE
In addition, you can add a cope to the connecting shape. Here, you enter the specifications of the cope.

ƒ Cope: Select an already stored cope template or you enter the cope data directly.

ƒ Connect. Shape: Here you define how the connecting shape has to be coped. You can select Upper
Side, Lower Side or Both.
Specify the necessary gap distance for the cope in the Gap field.

Click this button to create or modify the cope template.

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Web Angle

ƒ Safety...: Here you can specify whether a safety cope has to be carried out. In addition, the inserted
angle can be shortened.

STANDARD DATA
In the selection list, you can see the web angle connections available in the database. In this list, you
can verify the basic parameters of the connection data.

ƒ H(kN), Hz(kN): You can select a web angle according to the DAST guidelines. Enter the desired
load in the input fields. The possible connection angles will be displayed in the selection list.

ƒ List: In this List, the possible connections filed in the database are displayed. Select the desired
connection by clicking an entry.
The basic data of the connection are displayed in the different List Fields.

Meaning of the List Entries

ƒ Shape: Web angle shape

ƒ Bolt: Bolt type used

ƒ Dia: Bolt diameter used

ƒ Material: Material designation of the web angle

ƒ Shape Direction: Number of drill holes along the shape to be connected

ƒ Transversal Dir.:Number of drill holes cross-wise to the shape to be connected

ƒ W1,W2,W3,...: The meaning of the distances can be seen on the illustration of a cut-up web angle
connection.

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Shear Plates

FORM GROUP

ƒ Create Group: An insert of the web angle connection, the inserted parts are automatically arranged
to form a construction group.

ƒ With Bolts..: Bolts and weld seams are added to the construction group as well.

ƒ Each Angle: An individual construction group is created for each inserted web angle.

ASSIGNMENTS
As it is the case with each dialog creating component parts, here too it is possible to carry out all
assignments directly for each single shape. Select the component part and then select the settings.

SHEAR PLATES
Command Name: PS_SCHEARPLATE

This command creates a plate connection (shear plate connection) made from plate steel and attached
to a support shape. If you do not select a support shape, only one or two web plates are attached to the
end of the shape to be connected.

After you have indicated the specifications the shape to be connected is cut to fit and the connection is
created by the program automatically including all drill holes and bolt connections.

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Shear Plates

You also can select connections from an editable database. How to create the database is listed in the
technical supplement or just ask your AutoPLANT Structural dealer.

CREATION OF SHEAR PLATE CONNECTIONS


First you have to click the shape to be connected and then the support shape, each one at the
connection point (or use the enter key or the right mouse button if you don’t have any support shape).
If you select the shear plate command, it is based on your last settings and the connection is created
with these settings first. In the appearing dialog you can adjust the dimensions and verify the result in
the model immediately.

SHAPES

ƒ Thickness: Here, you indicate the thickness of the web plate.

ƒ Cut Plate: If this field is checked, the plate is cut at the connecting shape in case of bevelled
shapes to be connected.

ƒ Normal to...: If this field is checked, the plate is not inserted in shape direction at bevelled
connecting shapes but always perpendicular towards the connecting shape.

ƒ Poly-Plates: Poly-plates are inserted instead of flats.

ƒ Position: Specify the web side of the shape to be connected (left or right), which is to be used for
attaching the web plate. If Both is checked, a plate is attached to both sides of the web.

ƒ From Edge: means that the vertical offset is measured from upper edge shape to upper edge web
plate.

ƒ Lower Edge: The vertical offset refers to the lower edge of shape and web plate.

ƒ Up to 1st. Bolt: If you have checked the field Up to 1st. Bolt, the vertical offset doesn’t refer to the
edges of the web plate but to the center of the first drill hole.

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Shear Plates

ƒ Gap: In the input field Gap you enter the distance to be adhered to from the outer edge of the
support shape to the outer edge of the shape to be connected.

ƒ Vertical Offset: In the input field Vertical Offset you enter the distance of the offset for the web
plate from the axis of the shape to be connected towards top or to the right (depending on
position). Negative values effect an opposite offset.

DISTANCES

Group Division in Shape Direction

ƒ Number: Number of drill holes in shape direction

ƒ End Offset…: Distance of the last center of a drill hole to the end of the web plate on the side of
the connecting shape.

ƒ Connection…: Distance of the last drill hole to the end of the connecting shape on the side of the
support shape.

ƒ Dist. Between” Distance between two drill holes in the direction of the connecting shape.

Group Division in Transversal Direction

ƒ Number: Number of drill holes in transversal shape direction

ƒ Edge Distance: Distance of the drill holes to the outer edge of the web plate.

ƒ Dist. Between: Distances between two drill holes in the transversal direction of the connecting
shape.

CONNECT
Bolt Settings

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Shear Plates

ƒ Bolts: Select the bolt style (e.g. DIN 7990) for the connection in the list

ƒ Dia : Specify the bolt diameter for the connection.

ƒ Workloose: Here, you enter the desired clearance of the bolted connection, mostly 2 mm.

Click this button to process the bolt style or to create a new one.

Weld Settings

ƒ Weld Style: Here, you specify the kind of weld seam.

ƒ Weld...: Specify which seams to be created in the model using the option Weld Flange Side or
Weld Web Side. The Thickness of the different weld seams is specified in the corresponding input
fields.

Click this button to process the weld style or to create a new one.

COPE
In addition, you can notch the connecting shape. Enter the corresponding specifications in this dialog

box.

ƒ Notch: You can either select an already stored notch variant or you enter the data directly.

ƒ Cope Connect…: Here, you specify how the connecting shape has to be notched. You can select
Upper Side, Lower Side or Both.
Define the necessary gap distance for the notch in the Gap field.

STANDARD DATA
In the selection list, you can see the shear plate connections available in the database. In this list, you
can verify the basic parameters of the connecting data.

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Shear Plates

ƒ H(kN), Hz(kN): Here, you can select a shear plate according to the loads. Enter the desired load in
the input fields. Then, the available connection plates will be displayed in the selection list.

ƒ List: In this List the possible connections filed in the database are displayed. Select the desired
connection by clicking it.
In the different List fields, you can see the basic data of this connection.

Meaning of the List Entries

ƒ Designation: Connection name

ƒ Thickness: Thickness of the web plate

ƒ Material: Material descriptions of the web plate

ƒ Dia: The utilized bolt diameter

ƒ Bolt: The utilized bolt type

ƒ Shape Direction: The number of drill holes along the shape to be connected.

ƒ Crosswise: The number of drill holes in perpendicular (crosswise) direction of the shape to be
connected.

ƒ MaH, MaHz: Max. Load for this connection

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Splice Joints

ƒ W1, W2, W3,...: The following picture illustrates the meaning of the distances:

FORM GROUP

ƒ Create Group: At insertion of the shear plate connection, the inserted parts are automatically
assigned to a construction group which is created.

ƒ With Bolts...: The bolts and weld seams are also added to that group.

ƒ Each Plate: An own construction group is created for each inserted shear plate.

ASSIGNMENTS
As it is the case with each dialog creating component parts, here too it is possible to carry out all
assignments directly for each single shape. Select the component part and then select the settings.

SPLICE JOINTS
Use this command to create a web and/or flange plate joint between two shapes out of flat steel. Both
of the shapes have to be in alignment along the surfaces to be connected. If you do not select a second
shape, plates are attached to the end of the first shape. After you have indicated the specifications, the
shape to be connected is cut to fit and the program, automatically including all drill holes and bolt
connections, creates the connection.

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Splice Joints

You can also select connections from an editable database. How to create the database is listed in the
technical supplement or just ask your AutoPLANT Structural dealer.

HINT: Take advantage of the dialog templates and save frequently required connections as templates.
These templates can then be easily loaded. However, if you are working with a great many
connections, we recommend using a database with user-defined types.

OPTIONS

ƒ Gap Distance:Here you indicate the distance between the two shapes to be respected.

ƒ Bolts: Specify the desired bolt style for the connection.

ƒ Dia: Specify the desired bolt diameter from the list or enter the value directly if this option has
been activated.

ƒ Workloose: This field is used to specify the hole clearance of the desired drill holes, which usually
consists of 2 mm.

ƒ Upper Side: If this field is checked, a plate connection is attached to the upper side of the shape.

ƒ Lower Side: If this field is checked, a plate connection is attached to the lower side of the shape.

ƒ Single Side: If this field is checked, the splice joint is attached to the side of the second shape to be
connected in the form of a welded connection.

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Splice Joints

ƒ Upper Inside: If this field is checked; an additional plate is attached to the inner upper side of the
shape.

ƒ Lower Inside: If this field is checked, an additional plate is attached to the inner lower side of the
shape.

ƒ Diagonal: Use this option to create a bolted connection at one upper side and a welded connection
at the other. For the lower side, it is just the opposite.

ƒ Left: If this field is checked, a plate connection is attached to the left side of the shape.

ƒ Right: If this field is checked, a plate connection is attached to the right side of the shape.

ƒ Create Group: If this field is checked, the web plate is assigned to a construction group together
with the shape to be connected. If the shape is already part of another component group, the web
plate will be assigned to the same group.

ƒ With Bolts: If this field is checked, the bolts of the shape to be connected are also added to that
group.

TOP/BOTTOM
On the second page, you can enter the settings for the upper and lower splice.

ƒ Number Shape: Indicates the number of bolts in shape direction

ƒ Edges Outside: Indicates the projection of the splices beyond the last bolt

ƒ Edges Inside: Indicates the distance from the starting point of the shape to the first bolt

ƒ Dist. Between: Indicates the distance from one bolt to the other

ƒ Number Cross.: Indicates the number of bolts transversal to the shape direction.

ƒ Edge Outside: Indicates the distance of the plate beyond the outmost bolts

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Splice Joints

ƒ Inner Distance: Indicates the distance from one bolt to the other.

ƒ Dist. Between: If there are more than 2 bolts in transversal direction, this value indicates the
distance from one outer bolt to the other.

ƒ Thickness: Select the plate thickness from the list. If you have activated the free selection option,
you can enter this value directly.

ƒ Vertical: This value moves the splices in transversal direction to the shape.

ƒ Weld: If this setting is activated, no bolts and drill holes will be inserted, but the parts will be
welded with each other. Length settings are still valid.

ƒ As: Enter your value here if you want to overwrite the thickness using the desired weld style.

ƒ Weld Style: Select the weld style to be used.

Left/Right

On the third page, you can enter the settings for the left and right splice.

ƒ Number Shape: Indicates the number of bolts in shape direction at each side

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Purlin Connection

ƒ Edges Outside: Indicates the projection of the splices beyond the last bolt

ƒ Edges Inside: Indicates the distance from the starting point of the shape to the first bolt

ƒ Dist. Between: Indicates the distance from one bolt to the other

ƒ Number Cross: Indicates the number of bolts transversal to the shape direction.

ƒ Edges Outside: Indicates the distance of the plate beyond the outmost bolts

ƒ Inner Distance: Indicates the distance from one bolt to the other.

ƒ Dist. Between: If there are more than 2 bolts in transversal direction, this value indicates the
distance from one outer bolt to the other.

ƒ Thickness: Select the plate thickness from the list. If you have activated the free selection option,
you can enter this value directly.

ƒ Vertical: This value moves the splices in transversal direction to the shape.

ƒ Weld: If this setting is activated, no bolts and drill holes will be inserted, but the parts will be
welded with each other. Length settings are still valid.

ƒ As: Enter your value here if you want to overwrite the thickness using the desired weld style.

ƒ Weld Style: Select the weld style to be used.

DATA
When you have defined a database for the selected shape, another page will be displayed. There, you
can select the desired entry.

ASSIGNMENTS
As it is the case with each dialog creating component parts, here too it is possible to carry out all
assignments directly for each single shape. Select the component part and then select the settings.

PURLIN CONNECTION
Command Name: PS_PURLIN_CONN

This function permits the connection of purlin courses to roof girders. Different kinds of connection
are possible. The connection can either be carried out as standard bolted connection, as connection
with a purlin socket made out of a bent flat steel or by means of a splice or a shape.

The assignments can be managed in a data base to allow the selection of the suitable connections for
the different shape sizes (e.g. the correct size of a purlin socket). When the command is selected, the
specified connections available for selection are offered in a list.

As to how to create the data base, please refer to the technical supplement or ask your AutoPLANT
Structural dealer.

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Purlin Connection

BOLTED CONNECTION

ƒ Number Transv: Here, you enter the number of drill holes in transversal direction of the purlin
shape.

ƒ Distance Transv.: Here you can indicate the axis distance at two or more drill holes.

ƒ Number Length: Here, you enter the number of drill holes in shape direction of the purlin course.

ƒ Distance Length : Here you can indicate the axis distance at two or more drill holes.

ƒ Bolts: Select the bolt type (e.g. DIN 7990) for the connection in the list

ƒ Dia : Here, you specify the bolt diameter for the connection.

ƒ Workloose: Enter the clearance for the connection.

ƒ Offset Here, you can indicate an offset value for the bolted connection in longitudinal direction. If
you enter positive values, the drill holes are moved in shape direction of the purlin course;
negative values move them in the opposite shape direction.

ƒ List: Any possible connections filed in the data base are displayed in this list. Select the desired
connection by clicking an entry.
In the different list fields, the data on which the connection is based are displayed.

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Purlin Connection

PURLIN SOCKET

ƒ Drill Holes: Here, you specify the dimensions of the purlin socket as well as the drill holes of the
connection.
The meaning of the distances is displayed in the figure below:

ƒ Bolts: Select the bolt type (e.g. DIN 7990) for the connection in the list

ƒ Dia : Here, you specify the bolt diameter for the connection between roof girder and purlin socket.

ƒ Dia Side: Here, you specify the bolt diameter for the connection between purlin socket and purlin
course.

ƒ Workloose: Enter the clearance for the connection.

ƒ Create Group: The purlin socket and the roof girder are assigned to a construction group. If the
roof girder is already belonging to another construction group, the purlin socket will be assigned
to this other group.

ƒ With Bolts: The bolts are assigned to the roof girder belonging to the construction group as well.

ƒ Opposite Side: The purlin socket is attached at the opposite side of the purlin course.

ƒ Backer Plates: Specify the dimensions of backer plates in the corresponding input fields. These
plates have to be used between roof girder and purlin socket. If you enter the value 0, no backer
plates will be created.

ƒ Offset: Here, you can indicate an offset value for the bolted connection in longitudinal direction. If
you enter positive values, the drill holes are moved in shape direction of the purlin course;
negative values move them in the opposite shape direction.

ƒ List: Any possible connections filed in the database are displayed in this list. Select the desired
connection by clicking an entry.
In the different list fields, the data on which the connection is based are displayed

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Purlin Connection

CONNECTION PLATE

ƒ Drill Holes: Here, you determine the dimensions of the plate as well as the drill holes of the
connection.
The meaning of the distances is displayed in the following figure of a purlin connection. If you
enter the value 0 for w2, only one hole will be created in longitudinal direction of the purlin
course.

Length – length of plate in shape direction of the purlin course.


Height – height of plate in vertical shape direction.
Thickness - thickness of the connecting plate.

ƒ Bolts: Select the bolt type (e.g. DIN 7990) for the connection in the list

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Purlin Connection

ƒ Dia : Here, you specify the bolt diameter for the connection.

ƒ Workloose: Enter the clearance for the connection.

ƒ Create Group: The plate and the roof girder are assigned to a construction group. If the roof girder
is already belonging to another construction group, the plate will be assigned to this other group.

ƒ With Bolts: The bolts are assigned to the roof girder belonging to the construction group as well.

ƒ Opposite Side: The splice is attached on the opposite side of the purlin course.

ƒ Weld Seam: The plate is welded to the roof girder. In the Af input field, you can specify the
thickness of the weld seam.

ƒ Offset: Here, you can indicate an offset value for the bolted connection in longitudinal direction. If
you enter positive values, the drill holes are moved in shape direction of the purlin course;
negative values move them in the opposite shape direction.

ƒ List: Any possible connections filed in the database are displayed in this list. Select the desired
connection by clicking an entry.
In the different list fields, the data on which the connection is based are displayed

CONNECTION SHAPE

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Gusset Plates

ƒ Length: The length of the shape in shape direction of the purlin course

ƒ Number: Here, you enter the number of drill holes in shape direction of the purlin course. In the
input field w3 you can indicate the axis distance in the case of two or more drill holes.

ƒ Base Drill Holes:Specify the distance of the roof girder holes to the outer edge of the purlin
course.

ƒ Lateral Drill: Here, you indicate the distance of the drill holes in the purlin course to the upper
edge of the roof girder.

ƒ Bolts: Select the bolt type (e.g. DIN 7990) for the connection in the list

ƒ Dia: Here, you specify the bolt diameter for the connection between roof girder and shape.

ƒ Dia Side: Here, you specify the bolt diameter for the connection between shape and purlin course.

ƒ Workloose: Enter the clearance for the connection.

ƒ Perpendicular: The shape is positioned in a perpendicular way in order to insert e.g. a U-shape
vertically.

ƒ Turn: The shape is rotated by 90° around the longitudinal axis.

ƒ Create Group : The shape and the roof girder are assigned to a construction group. If the roof
girder is already belonging to another construction group, the shape will be assigned to this other
group.

ƒ With Bolts : The bolts are assigned to the roof girder belonging to the construction group as well.

ƒ Opposite Side: The shape is attached at the opposite side of the purlin course

ƒ Backer Plates: Specify the dimensions of backer plates in the corresponding input fields. These
plates have to be used between roof girder and shape. If you enter the value 0, no backer plates
will be created.

ƒ Offset: Here, you can indicate an offset value for the bolted connection in longitudinal direction. If
you enter positive values, the drill holes are moved in shape direction of the purlin course;
negative values move them in the opposite shape direction.

ƒ Shape Type: Here, you can select the shape to be used for the connection. Special shapes can be
used as well.

ƒ List: Any possible connections filed in the database are displayed in this list. Select the desired
connection by clicking an entry.
In the different list fields, the data on which the connection is based are displayed.

GUSSET PLATES
Command Name: PS_GussetPlate

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Gusset Plates

This command is used to create a gusset plate which combines several shapes with each other. The
form is optimally defined on the base of the shapes to be connected and further limiting edges. The
shapes and the gusset plate are automatically drilled and combined with each other by bolts.

To create a gusset plate, you first have to select the shapes to be connected and then you can select
even further shapes serving as additional limiting edges. These limiting edges influence the form of the
gusset plate. For example you can connect three shapes with a support using a gusset plate and it is
guaranteed that the gusset plate is fit tightly to the web of the support.

ƒ Plate Thickness: Specify the thickness of the gusset plate.

ƒ Bolt Style: Enter the bolt type.

ƒ Dia: Indicate the hole diameter.

ƒ Workloose: Indicate the hole clearance.

ƒ Offset: Here, you specify the value by which the gusset plate has to extend beyond the shape edges
in transversal shape direction.

ƒ Gusset Pos: Here, you specify the position of the plate to be created, related to the connected
shapes.
If you have selected ‘Plate Center’, the gusset plate will be created in the center of the shapes.
If you have selected ‘Plate Upper and/or Plate Lower’, a gusset plate will be created at the upper
edge and/or at the lower edge of the shapes, depending on the selection. It is possible to connect
shapes with two plates as well.

ƒ Limiting Shape: If this field has been checked, it is not the edge of a limiting shape situated next
to the gusset plate, which is used as borderline, but the opposite line.
Iit is possible to design a gusset plate in a way that it overlaps e.g. the complete flange of a
limiting shape.

ƒ Weld Bracing: If this field has been checked, the shapes and the plate are not drilled. It is possible
to combine them with each other using a weld.

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Gusset Plates

ƒ Form Group: If this field has been checked, a group will be formed on the base of the gusset plate
and the connected shapes.

ƒ With Bolts: If the 'With Bolts' field has been checked as well, the bolts of the shape to be
connected are also added to that group.

Click on this button to add further shapes to the gusset plate connection. Now, the form of the gusset
plate is calculated anew and the new shapes are also connected with the plate.

Click on this button to remove a shape from a gusset plate connection.

Click on this button to add further shapes as limiting edges for gusset plate calculation. You can e.g.
extend a gusset plate up to a support.

Click on this button to remove an additional limiting edge.

DRILL HOLE DISTANCES

ƒ Number Shape: Number of drill holes in shape direction.

ƒ 1 Edge 1 Hole: Distance of the shape edge to the first hole.

ƒ Hole – Hole: Distance of one drill hole to the other in shape direction.

ƒ n Hole – Edge: Distance of the last drill hole to the edge of the plate.

ƒ Number Transv. Dir.: Number of drill holes in transversal shape direction.

ƒ Transversal Distance: Distance of drill holes in transversal shape direction.

ƒ Drill Hole Pos.: Insertion axis of drill holes.

Please note that you can indicate all distances either as absolute values or as many times the amount of
bolt diameter. Enter e.g. *2 for the double value to obtain many times the amount of bolt diameter.

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Bracings

ASSIGNMENTS
As it is the case with each dialog of the component parts, here too it is possible to carry out all
assignments directly for each single shape. Select the component part and then select the settings.

BRACINGS
Command Name: PS_Bracing

This command supports you when bracings have to be created. You can add bracing rods, drill and
design the appertaining gusset plates, or have them designed automatically.

The program always enters bracings in the active UCS plane, i.e. you should place the UCS with its
origin into the desired bracing plane and align it parallel.

Since the rods are aligned in accordance with the system lines, they should have been created
previously. In case of a cross-stay with uniformly staggered rods, the middle of the system will be
sufficient. The rods can be arranged alternatively.

In contrast to the dynamic bracing, this bracing here doesn’t react to modifications. However, it can be
created individually piece-by-piece.

SETTING

SHAPE DEFINITION
ƒ Shape Type: Here you select the type of shapes to be used.

ƒ Resolution: Here, you specify the resolution.

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Bracings

ƒ Shape Class: Select the desired shape class from the selected types.

ƒ Shape Size: Select the desired shape size of the selected shape class.

ƒ UCS-Position: Select the alignment of the gusset plates and thus of the bracing shapes with regard
to the current UCS-system.

ƒ Rod Position: Determine the position of the bracing rods with respect to the gusset plate. Front
means on the positive Z-axis, Back means on the negative Z-axis, Both means on both sides and
Centered means that a rod is positioned in the middle of the axis.

ƒ Rod Insertion: Here you specify the position of the rod with respect to the insertion line (system
line). You can insert the rod in the middle, on the gravity line or on the root line.

ƒ Rotation: You can insert the rod in its normal position or rotated by +90 degrees or -90 degrees.
You can check the selected mode in the shape window of dialog field.

ƒ Mirror: You can insert the rod in its normal position or in a mirrored way. You can check the
selected mode in the shape window of dialog field.

ƒ Plate Thickness: The thickness of the gusset plates

BOLTS

ƒ Bolt Style: The bolt style to be used

ƒ Dia: The diameter from the bolt diameter table

ƒ Workloose: The clearance between bolt and hole diameter

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Bracings

ƒ Number Shape: The number of bolts in shape direction

ƒ Number Cross: The number of bolts transversally to the shape direction

ƒ Drill Hole Pos.: Here, you specify the position of drill holes in the rod.

ƒ Distance Cross: The distance from one bolt to the other in transversal direction.

ƒ Weld Bracing: If this field is checked, the shapes and gusset plates are not drilled. The dimensions
of the gusset plates, however, are determined as if drill holes existed.

ƒ Plate Without..: If this field is checked, the corners of the gusset plates are not bevelled but a
rectangular plate is created.

ƒ Create Group: A group is formed for each rod.

ƒ With Bolts: The bolts are also allocated to the group.

EDGE DISTANCE
The third page serves for managing the edge distances depending on the bolt diameter which have to
be respected when the bracing shapes are installed.

ƒ List:: You can directly click on the corresponding entries and the processing mode will be
switched on. Then you can directly enter the value.

ƒ Edge- 1st Hole: Distance of the outermost hole axis in the bracing rod to the rod front edge.

ƒ Hole – Hole: Spacing of the hole axes in longitudinal direction

ƒ Hole – Edge: Spacing of the outermost hole axis in the gusset

ƒ Limit Edges: Specify the desired distance of the bracing rods to the limit edges.

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Bracings

ƒ Bracing Rod: Specify by which value the bracing rod has to be shortened after its insertion. Thus,
the rod will be kept in tension.

CREATION OF BRACING PARTS


To a large extent, you can make the program automatically create the components of a bracing.
However, it is possible as well to generate single components such as gusset plates, etc. individually.

For this purpose, several individual functions are available which will be described in the following.

BRACING

Click this button to generate bracing rods and gusset plates in one operation.
However, this function is not suitable for the connection of several rods from different systems. In this
case, you should use the individual functions instead. After the action has been finished, you return to
the dialog.

SINGLE ROD

Click this button to insert single bracing rods that are directly drilled.

DRILL ROD

Click this button to drill existing shapes on their ends, according to the definitions in the dialog field.
You must select the shapes for this purpose. You will return to the dialog field afterwards.

PLATE AUTO

Click this button to create a gusset plate automatically.

Select the drilled bracing rods that have to be connected and then click boundary lines for the plate
edges. The program will try to find a suitable plate dimension by keeping the edge distances and the
boundary lines.

PICK PLATE

Click this button to determine yourself the shape of the gusset plate.

Select the drilled bracing rods that have to be connected and pick a point on the planned bracing end.
Click the approximate position of the gusset plate. The edge distances will be displayed.

UCS

If you have not yet aligned the UCS before using the command, you can do this subsequently: the
active UCS plane (and consequently the plane of the bracing) will be determined by clicking 3 points.

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Bracings

You will return to the dialog field afterwards.

CREATING A BRACING
Let’s start out from the fact that you want to design a simple roof bracing. The diagonals are to
intersect (without the gusset plate in the middle).

Select the command for bracing and select the ’Plate Middle’ for the UCS position.

Determine the position of the shape and the settings for bolts, plate thickness, etc. Since the two rods
are to intersect, select the ‘Front’ rod position beforehand. Then click the BRACING button.

The program will prompt you to enter the system line of the bracing rod. Click one of the two system
lines, e.g., the one leading from down below on the left to the top on the right.

You must determine the limit edges of the bracing rod (i.e. the edges from which the outermost rod
edge is to have the distance as defined in ‘Options’).

Click the inner web line of the roof girder - as shown on the left.

Repeat this on the other rod end. If you have clicked the wrong line, you can cancel this by entering the
letter b (Back).

When you have selected both limit edges, confirm this by pressing the ENTER key or by using the
right mouse button. A dialog field will be displayed, which shows exactly the calculated rod length.
You can round the value in the desired rod length field.

The rod is now displayed with drill holes. You must now determine the gusset plates.

GUSSET PLATES
The program will prompt you to enter the boundary line for the gusset plate. You can control the shape
by selecting these lines - some variants are shown on the left side depending on selection.

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Haunches

You may need construction lines which have either been created beforehand or which can be ‘shown’
using two points. You can confirm by pressing the ENTER key or by clicking the right mouse button.
The next gusset plate can be created afterwards.

The first bracing rod is complete. The second rod is created in the same manner with the exception that
you select the rod position ‘Rear’ (to avoid intersecting rods).

If you want to create a bracing with a gusset plate in the point of intersection, do not stagger the rods.
Open, shorten, and drill the rods manually at the point of intersection. Create a single gusset plate with
the function for the bracing (button PLATE AUTO or PICK PLATE).

HAUNCHES
Command Name: PS_HAUNCH

AutoPLANT Structural automatically generates haunches by clicking two shapes or by picking points
on a construction line.

For instance, after having inserted a column and roof girder in the model, all construction lines that are
necessary for a normal haunch have been created. In addition to the actual haunch, you can also create
additional stiffeners using this function. These stiffeners then can be directly assigned to the
corresponding groups (see ‘Groups’ command).

This command enables the creation of tapered haunch connections, i.e. adaptation of the upper and
lower haunch chord to the support / connecting shape. Therefore the complete haunch creation is
limited to one single function call.

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Haunches

ƒ Upper Chord: Enter width and thickness of the haunch top chord.

ƒ Lower Chord: Enter width and thickness of the haunch bottom chord.

ƒ Web: Enter the thickness of the haunch web plate.

ƒ Coped Shape: If this field is checked, and you selected Bottom Train as haunch type, the haunch is
not made from individual plates but from a coped shape. The shape size corresponds to the
connection shape; all other shape size fields are then ignored.
In the neighbouring input field, you can specify the distance from the bottom train at the end of the
cropped shape (analogue to the ‘Haunch Head Width’).

ƒ Bottom Stiffener: If this field is checked, a stiffener is attached to the base point of the haunch of
the support shape. You can select a stiffener type in the list displayed here. Just select a stiffener
template, which you previously saved using the command ‘Stiffeners’.

ƒ Top Stiffener: If this field is checked, a stiffener is attached to the head point of the haunch of the
connected shape if you selected ‘Bottom Train’ as haunch type. You can select a stiffener type in
the list displayed here. Just select a stiffener template, which you previously saved using the
command ‘Stiffeners’.

ƒ Length,..: In the following figure, you can see the meaning of the inputs for haunch length, roof
pitch, bottom width, head width and offset.
A modification in the input field roof pitch has only an effect if a haunch has been created without
supporting shape.
In the input field Cone Width you enter a width to which the haunch tapers if required.

ƒ Create Group: If this field is checked, top flange, bottom flange and web plate are arranged to
form a group

ƒ Bottom Train: If this field is checked, no top flange is created, e.g. for the construction of frame
corners.

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Haunches

ƒ Cone: If this field is checked, a tapered haunch is created by fitting the width of the haunch
flanges to the support and connection shape and then tapering them. Use the ‘Cone Width’ field to
specify a cone width if you have a specific value in mind. However, the ‘Fixed Size’ field cannot
be checked as well.

ƒ Fixed Size: If this field is checked, the head width and any existing cone width are fitted to the
shape to be connected. Inputs in these fields will be ignored in this case.

ƒ Turn: If this field is checked and ‘Bottom Train’ has been selected as haunch type, the haunch on
the topside of the shape is selected.
If the connection appears to be turned, you can rotate it here.

Click this button and the data of an existing connection are transferred to the connection to be created
now. You have to click the existing haunch connection to achieve the transfer.

CREATING HAUNCH CONNECTIONS


When using the haunch connection command, the first prompt is for the shape to be connected. Click
the shape near the end to be connected. If the ALT-key is pressed while clicking the shape to be
connected, the haunch connection is directly created as a bottom train.

Then, you are prompted for the supporting shape (the shape to connect to) that has to be clicked as
well. No supporting shape is considered when pressing RETURN or the right mouse button, and a
simple haunch can be created at the shape to be connected.

When using the haunch command, the last settings are used to create the connection. Adjust the
dimensions in the open dialog and track any changes immediately in the model.
If you keep the ALT-key pressed when clicking the supporting shape, the dimensions of the haunch
flanges and of the web plate are fitted to the dimensions of the supporting shape.

UNRESTRICTED HAUNCH POSITIONING


Another option is to specify a user-defined position for the haunch. Just press the ESC-key after the
command has been selected. The program prompts you now for the intersecting point of the base
boundary line with the upper flange that you have to select by clicking it (consider using the virtual
intersecting point without Z). Finally, click the approximate direction of the haunch.

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Connection Editor

The haunch is now created at the specified position and you can dynamically adjust any of the settings
in the dialog. Any shape adjustments have to be carried out manually, of course.

ASSIGNMENTS
As it is the case with each dialog creating component parts, here too it is possible to carry out all
assignments directly for each single shape. Select the component part and then select the settings.

CONNECTION EDITOR
Command Name: PS_EDIT_CONNECTIONS

AutoPLANT Structural permits you to edit and exchange all connections of a construction in a
comfortable and clear way. A separate editor dialog is available for this purpose.

If you select the function via the command name or by clicking on the CONNECTIONS button, you
first have to select all parts of the connections of which have to be edited. Then, these parts are
displayed in a uniform marking colour (for better orientation) and all other parts are hidden.
If a connection exists between the selected component parts, this connection is displayed as coloured
symbol. You can select the complete connection for further processing by picking the symbol. You
avoid having to look for the connection via the shape properties.

After the command has been selected, the following dialog opens, the modifications will not be valid
before re-opening of the command for a second time.

Group Display

ƒ Length: Here, you specify the length of the 3D-arrow for the connection symbol.
The direction of the arrow shows from the connected part to the component to which it was
connected.

ƒ Diameter:Here, you specify the diameter of the 3D-arrow for the connection symbol.

ƒ Colour:Here, you specify the marking colour for the surrounding construction as AutoCAD-colour
number.
Since the construction only has to serve for your orientation, you should select a “weak” colour

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Connection Editor

here so that the symbols can be easily recognized. The symbols themselves are displayed in green,
red and yellow.

Group Options

ƒ Hide...: The selected object is hidden to increase a clear view. You can hide work frames and
structural elements (the construction lines of structural elements). Bolts are always hidden.

ƒ Standard Connections: All standard connections are displayed as symbol. These are the normal
connections such as end plates, etc. which are integrated in AutoPLANT Structural.

ƒ Cut Connections: All cut connections are displayed. These are the cuts at objects or mitred cuts.

ƒ COM-Connections: All external connections realized via the COM-PlugIn‘s are displayed.

DIALOG-COMMANDS

DELETE

Click on this button to remove the selected connections completely, i.e. all component parts and
processing actions created by means of these connections will be deleted as well. To do so, you have to
select the connections by clicking on the symbols.

EDIT

Click on this button to edit the selected connection. After the desired connection has been clicked via
the symbol, the corresponding dialog of this connection opens and the values can be modified.

CLONE

Click on this button to transfer the settings of a connection to another one.

It is also possible to change the connection type if this is reasonable (e.g. you can replace a plate
connection by a web angle connection).

First, you have to select the connection the data of which have to be transferred to another one. All
connections not being able to seize these data are hidden. Then, you have to select all connections
having to take these data.

VERIFY CONNECTIONS
If the ‘Verify Connections’ option has been checked, all connections are verified with regard to
collisions and marginal distances before being displayed as symbol. The status of this verification is
displayed by means of the colour of the symbol. They have the following meaning:

ƒ Green: The connection is correct

ƒ Yellow: The hole distances are not observed

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Groups

ƒ Red: The connection has collisions

EDIT SINGLE CONNECTION


If there is only one connection in a component part, such as e.g. a connected cantilever, you can easily
edit it via the context menu of the right mouse button. Select the component part and click on the
MODIFY CONNECTION entry in the context menu.

This entry doesn’t exist if the part has no or several connections. A connection is also if there are other
parts connected to the component part in question.

GROUPS

GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT GROUPS


Command Name: PS_GROUP

Various single components, bolts and special parts can be combined to form groups - i.e. a support
with welded endplates and stiffeners.

Certain functions apply to the complete group, even if you only select one part of the group. The group
structure is taken into account for the parts lists and when the model is automatically detailed and
transformed into 2D workshop drawings. Many of the settings can be done separately for material
groups and single components.

After the command has been selected, the main window opens where the available functions can be
selected. Click on the corresponding button to apply them. Most of the commands can be directly
selected via a separate menu command.

To permit rapid processing of several groups one after the other, some functions are self-loading (loop
version). If you want to cancel the function, you have to press the ESC-key or the right mouse button.

In the settings, you can specify for which group commands a loop version is required and for which
not.

STRUCTURE
AutoPLANT Structural-material groups consist of a main part and the associated accessory parts. You
can choose any assignment, or it is automatically set for some commands on request.

In practise, these groups mostly correspond to the dispatched parts that are delivered to the site in a
preassembled condition. Such a combination is recommended but not mandatory. You can decide how
to best combine the parts.

CREATION AND PROCESSING OF GROUPS


Parts can be combined to form groups, and you can detach such groups by using the functions
described here.

It is also possible to store material groups as block and to take them over into other drawings – the
structure will remain unchanged. Please note that special functions are needed in this case. The
AutoCAD standard commands for blocks cannot be used.

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Groups

CREATE AND DELETE


ƒ CREATE: Click on this button to assign individual parts to material groups.
Click on the main part of the material group and then select the parts to be assigned. The
accessory parts to be assigned can also be selected in a field.
The parts that may have been selected twice are ignored. Only steel or special parts can be selected
for a group.

ƒ Main Part Data..:The parts list data of the main part are accepted as group data for the parts lists.

ƒ Release: Click on this button to dissolve a group. To do so, click any part of the group.

ƒ DELETE: Click on this button to delete all parts of the selected group from the drawing. To do so,
click any part of the group.

ƒ EDIT: Click on this button to add or edit the parts list data. After the group has been clicked, the
following dialog opens:

You can enter the parts list data of the selected group in the input fields. The position in the field
Posnum has been taken over from the main part provided the “Take Main Part Info” field was
selected. In addition, the outer dimensions and the overall weight of the group will be displayed.
This input field can also be accessed via the context menu ‚Change PS Properties“, when you
select a part that belongs to the group.

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Groups

PROCESSING OF STRUCTURE
Subsequent adding of parts to a group or removal from a group is possible as well.

ƒ ADD: Click on this button to add new parts to a group.


The complete group will be selected when you click any part of the group. Further accessory
parts can be added by clicking them.

ƒ REMOVE: Click on this button to remove existing parts from a group.


The complete group will be selected when you click any part of the group. Then, click the parts to
be removed.

EXPORT AND IMPORT


ƒ EXPORT: Click on this button to store a group as external block (like an AutoCAD-‘WBLOCK’)
in a file. It can be inserted into another drawing by using Import Groups. The group structure will
remain unchanged. The procedure is the same as the AutoCAD command “wblock”. When
prompted select objects, click on any part of the group.

ƒ IMPORT: Click on this button to insert a stored group into your drawing.
The group structure will remain unchanged, when the field Explode Blocks after Insertion has
been clicked, or if you explode the imported block using the command PS_EXPLODE.
Do not use the standard AutoCAD command for this task!

ƒ Dissolve Blocks: The inserted block is automatically exploded after the import of groups. The
structure of the group remains unchanged.

MISCELLANEOUS
ƒ SELECTION: Click on this button to choose whether the whole group has to be selected by
selecting only one part of the group, or whether the parts have to be independent of each other. To
do so, click any part of the group. Then, the mode will be switched over correspondingly and the
current status will be displayed in command line.
AutoCAD group mode is modified here in the group. This means that you can e.g. move the whole
group using standard AutoCAD commands by clicking only one part. .
You can switch on or off this behaviour using the AutoCAD-command for groups.

ƒ COUNT: All groups existing in the drawing are counted and the number is displayed in the
Number input field.

CHECK GROUPS
Using the commands available here you can check the created groups, make the settings and modify
the group data for the parts list.

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Groups

ƒ CHECK GROUPS: This function checks whether all the groups have a main part. When a group
without a main part is detected, this group is dissolved.
In addition, when using the command ’Highlight Orphans’ you can make display the parts which
don’t belong to a group. Groups without a main part may occur when the main part was deleted
and the group has not been detached.

ƒ ORPHANS: If this field is checked, all valid groups are hidden according to the specifications
when checking a group. Parts that belong to no group are marked in colour.
Coloured markings are removed once you select the command ‘Regenerate’ or when you assign
the parts to a group.

ƒ SEARCH: You can search different groups by highlighting and zooming found groups or by
hiding the other groups.
Enter the position numbers of the groups to be searched in the input field and click the SEARCH
button. Select the parts to be searched (in most cases, you will select all of the parts in one field)
and confirm your selection by pressing the ENTER key or the right mouse button.
Only those groups the position numbers of which you have entered will remain visible or they are
highlighted in colour or zoomed.
Several position numbers can be entered at the same time, provided they are separated by a
decimal point. Complete position areas must be separated by a hyphen. If you search e.g. the
positions No. 5 and 7 resp. 17 through 28, you enter the value 5,7,17-28 in the Search Numbers
field.
When you use the command ‘Regenerate‘, the other groups can be made visible again resp. the
marking in colour is removed.

ƒ HIDE: Use this function to hide all parts of a group (depending on the parameters for hiding). To
do so, click any part of the group.
When you use the command ‘Regenerate’ or Display Parts, the parts of the group can be made
visible again.

ƒ Main Parts: Only the main part will be hidden, when the hiding function is applied.

ƒ Single Parts: All accessory parts will be hidden, when the hiding function is applied.

ƒ All Parts: The whole group will be hidden, when the hiding function is applied.

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Positioning

ƒ DISPLAY: Use this function to display all hidden parts of a group. Alternatively, you can apply
the command ‘Regenerate’.

DISPLAY IN AUTOPLANT STRUCTURAL-PROPERTIES


When you process the parts of groups via the AutoPLANT Structural properties and you change to the
tab “Group”, the complete group will be highlighted in colour for your information.
You can choose different colours for main part and accessory parts. Use the global settings of
AutoPLANT Structural to specify what colours to apply.

SETTINGS
This page specifies the behaviour of the commands for group function. You can control the behaviour
of each single command.

ƒ Part Selection: Here, you can specify the behaviour of part selection at the different functions.
Multiple – Each part has to be selected separately.
All – You select the whole group.

ƒ Loop Version...: For the marked functions the command is repeated in a loop without having to
display the dialog again after each run.
Operation of the different functions is facilitated in case of several parts.

ƒ End Dialog: The dialog is automatically closed after the selected function s finished.

POSITIONING
Positioning of the existing parts is one of the last steps before final detailing of the 3D model for
workshop drawings.
AutoPLANT Structural can do this automatically for you. It searches parts of the same type and
defines their number in the model. Of course, you can also assign position numbers manually.

In the first step before detailing, only the number of pieces (quantity) and their position numbers must
be defined. This data record is the basis for the parts lists, which can then be generated and printed at

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once. Later, when preparing the 2D parts, the position flags with the user-defined layout are attached to
single parts and groups.

In this version, the position flags as well as the height indicators and weld marks are related to the
style. This means that the pre-setting how the position flag looks like can be set with a style. This style
specifies the geometry and the display properties of the flag.

AUTOMATIC POSITIONING
Automatic positioning is an important means for the creation of parts list. Separate position numbers or
shipping numbers according to your specifications are automatically added to component parts and
groups via this function.
You can even integrate additionally bought or own software (a so-called “PlugIn”) into the positioning
of AutoPLANT Structural.

ƒ PlugIn: You can select a PlugIn to carry out positioning in AutoPLANT Structural. This PlugIn
carries out the positioning exactly according to the guidelines of your company if you don’t find
an appropriate setting in AutoPLANT Structural.
Activate it using the button ‘Use external PlugIn’ and the automatic positioning then will be
exclusively carried out by this external program and not by AutoPLANT Structural.

ƒ Type: Here, you enter the type of the position number.


Numerical – The position numbers are composed of numbers only.
Alphanumerical - The position numbers are composed of letters only. The order then is
A,B,...,Z,AA,AB,... etc.
Mixed - The position numbers are composed of a numerical and an alphanumerical part. The
numerical part is following the alphanumerical part, the order is A1,A2,...,A9,B1,B2 etc.
The number of numerical positions can be preset under ‘Limits‘.

ƒ Filter: If you want to position only certain component parts, you can apply a filter defining which
elements of your construction have to be equipped with a position number or with a shipping
number.

ƒ Last Single: Here, you see the single part position set last. At the beginning, you have to enter the
value 0 at numerical position numbers, if you want to start counting at 1.

ƒ Last Group: Here, you see the group position set last. At the beginning, you have to enter the value
0 at numerical position numbers, if you want to start counting at 1.

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ƒ Next: Enter the single part position number that has to be added to the first part to be positioned
anew.

ƒ Increment: Enter the automatic increase in numbers (normally the increment is 1).

ƒ Send Number: The automatic positioning either adds position numbers or shipping numbers. Use
this button to select whether the function has to add position numbers or shipping numbers.

ƒ Use PlugIn: If you have selected an external PlugIn for positioning, you can add it using this
button. The internal positioning of AutoPLANT Structural is deactivated in this case.

Click this button to reset the settings of all fields to standard values.

Click this button to add the position number for the individual component parts. For this purpose, you
have to select the parts to be positioned. The program checks whether they are of the same type and
adds a position number according to your specifications.

Click this button to make further specifications for seizing the shapes etc.

POSITIONING RESULTS
When positioning is finished, a dialog opens where the position number and further parts list
information is displayed for each part.

Now, you can still edit the proposed position numbers by double-clicking the position number of the
component part. Modifications are immediately adopted into the parts.

When single part positioning including the modifications is finished, the position numbers of the
groups are processed. Double-clicking the position number in the column New Number can also
modify the positions displayed.

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Positioning

SPECIFICATIONS FOR POSITIONING

The pre-settings define how the automatic positioning of component parts has to be carried out.

You determine which parts are equipped with a position number at all and according to which
guidelines the positioning is carried out. If the proposed position numbers don’t meet your
requirements, you will find a solution here in most cases.

Filter and Sorting

ƒ Filter: These kinds of parts are taken into consideration during automatic positioning. Check all
kinds of parts (standard shapes, special shapes, poly-plates, bolts, miscellaneous and concrete) that
have to be equipped with a position number in one process.
If you have added parts list data to any graphical elements, these are seized vie ‘Miscellaneous’.

ƒ 1st Sorting List: Here, you determine the order of positioning.


The selected parts are sorted in the indicated order according to the type of component part
(shapes, plates, etc.).
Put the type of part that has to be positioned first to the top, the next type to the second position
and so on. In the example dialog of positioning, all shapes are seized first, then all special shapes,

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Positioning

and finally the concrete parts.


If there are several parts of the same type, these will be sorted according to the settings for the 2nd
criteria. Change the order of criteria by using the arrow keys.

ƒ 2nd Sorting List: Here, you specify a subordinate order. Within each part type, sorted according to
the 1st criteria, the parts will be sorted according to the order specified here.
If you have e.g. seized more than one shape - with the settings of the example dialog - these
shapes then are sorted according to the length first; if the length is identical, they are sorted
according to the weight, and so on. Then, the special shapes again are sorted in the same way, etc.

ƒ Sort Flats…: Flats (which actually are ‘shapes’ as type of part) are treated like any plates at
positioning. Therefore, they are displayed together with any plates when a parts list is sorted
according to the 1st criterion.

Further Options

ƒ Overwrite Exist…: Existing position numbers are overwritten when assigning new ones.

ƒ Equal Part Del...: Single parts are checked for equality. If they are identical, they are assigned the
same position number. Parts are considered identical when deviations with respect to dimensions
and drill diameter are within the values given as reference tolerances.

ƒ Group Detection: The groups are checked for equality as well. Groups are considered identical
when identical single parts are arranged in the same mounting position.
However, single parts are only compared using their position number because positioning has
already been carried out before.
If parts are identical but have different position numbers, the groups will also be assigned
different position numbers.

ƒ Weld Marks: The attached weld marks are taken into consideration as well when the single parts
are checked for equality. Weld cracks are small drill holes with parts that have to be mounted.

ƒ First Main Par: First, all main parts of groups are positioned (and sorted according to the sorting
criteria within the groups), followed by the accessory parts (also sorted according to the sorting
criteria).
This can be deemed as an additional, even higher ranking sorting criterion. If this field is checked
and you have entered a position number in the input field Start Accessory Parts at, positioning of
the accessory parts will start at the defined position number. You may for instance start with 1 for
main parts and with 100 for accessory parts.

Groups

ƒ Differentiation: When the group is assigned the position of the main part (normal case), it may
happen that two different groups having the same main part are assigned identical position
numbers. In such cases, the program will check in a second run whether or not the groups are
really identical. If not, it will change the group position number.
25 → 25.1 – The changed group positions are identified by the index .1 etc. following their
position number (i.e. 100.1 , 100.2 , ...).
25 → 25A - The changed group positions are identified by the index A etc. following their position
number (i.e. 100A, 100B, ...).
25 → MAX+1 – Positioning of the changed group positions is continued after the highest position
currently assigned.
When the last group was position 50, the changed groups now have the positions from 51 onward.

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ƒ Take Over Mai: The position of the main part is taken over as group position. If necessary, the
group position is changed afterwards during second check.
If this option is not requested, but you rather prefer a separate number area, the numbers will start
at the position entered in Start Groups at.

Prefixes

Here, an explanatory text can be entered before the group positions. It is possible to differentiate
between support beams, girders and other groups, the differentiation always being related to the main
part of the group.

ƒ Support Beams: Here, you enter the designation for all vertical shapes. In the attribute field
Position Tolerance, you enter an angle within which the shape is still considered to be vertical.

ƒ Girders: Here, you enter the designation for all horizontal shapes. In the attribute field Position
Tolerance, you enter an angle within which the shape is still considered to be horizontal.
Vertical and horizontal are always related to the model, i.e., to the XY-plane of the WCS.

ƒ Other Groups: Here, you enter the designation for all other groups.

ƒ Family Prefixes: The family classes prefix is set in front if the component part belongs to a family
class and a prefix is planned.

Recognize Equal Parts

There are two different methods to recognize equal parts. The first one is the recognition via geometry
like it is known from previous versions. The second, new method is a real comparison of volume.

ƒ Geometry: At recognition via geometry, all outer edges of a component part are determined and
individually compared with each other. In the following, you will find a description of the
tolerances specifying that two parts are recognized as identical.

ƒ Tolerances: Here, you specify the tolerances for recognition of identical parts. You can positively
exclude that e.g. rounding errors in the case of bevel cuts or notches lead to different parts.
Minimum Line Length - Lines up to the specified length are not considered for a comparison.
Length Tolerance – Length deviations of two lines up to the specified length are not considered
for a comparison.
Drill Hole Tolerance – Deviations of the drill hole axes up to the specified length are not
considered for a comparison.

ƒ Volume: A second method to recognize identical parts is the real comparison of volume.
Recognition of equal parts is carried out based on the volume of the component part.
For this purpose, the necessary tolerances can be set as relative value to the volume to be
compared for groups and single parts (e.g. 0,1 percent for component parts and 0,2 percent for
groups).

MANUAL INSERTION
After a position number has been attached to the component parts, no matter whether it has been
attached automatically or manually, you can display this number and further parts list information at
the part using a position flag.

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If a position number has not yet been attached to the parts, you can specify new numbers and enter
them into the part.

The dialog tab mostly corresponds to the tab of automatic positioning. Please refer to this section for a
detailed description.

ƒ Style: Select the style of the position flag to be inserted if no separate style has been specified for
the corresponding part type (or the command). This is the default-style.

ƒ Type: Here, you enter the type of the position number.


Numerical – The position numbers are composed of numbers only.
Alphanumerical - The position numbers are composed of letters only. The order then is
A,B,...,Z,AA,AB,... etc.
Mixed - The position numbers are composed of a numerical and an alphanumerical part. The
numerical part is following the alphanumerical part, the order is A1,A2,...,A9,B1,B2 etc.
The number of numerical positions can be preset under ‘Limits‘.

ƒ Last Single: Here, you see the single part position set last. At the beginning, you have to enter the
value 0 at numerical position numbers, if you want to start counting at 1.

ƒ Last Group: Here, you see the group position set last. At the beginning, you have to enter the value
0 at numerical position numbers, if you want to start counting at 1.

ƒ Next: Enter the single part position number that has to be added to the first part to be positioned
anew.

ƒ Increment: Enter the automatic increase in numbers (normally the increment is 1).

Click this button to reset the manual positioning to standard values.

Click this button to assign the corresponding position flag styles to the selection commands described
below.
This style describes the depiction of the position flag, i.e. which information is depicted in which way.

Then, the following dialog appears, the assignments of which are self-explanatory.

ƒ Scale: Enter the scale for display scaling of the position texts and other things. The scale should
correspond to the scale of the detail.
If a global scale has been defined, it will be automatically taken over here.

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ƒ Paper Area: Here, you specify whether a position flag has to be created in the paper area.

ƒ Shipping No: In AutoPLANT Structural, you have the possibility to add a position number and a
shipping number to a component part. If this option is activated, the shipping number will be
displayed in the position flag.

ƒ Enter: The number specified here will be taken over as position number or as shipping number
into the parts properties.

ATTACH POSITION FLAG


Different selection commands are available for attaching the flag. The corresponding position flag
style of the pre-settings is assigned to the commands.

SINGLE PART

Select the part to which a position flag has to be attached. Then, the position flag is created with the set
style for single parts.

GROUP

Select the part to which a group position flag has to be attached. Then, the position flag is created with
the set style for groups.

GROUPS-SINGLE PART

Select the part of a group to which a position flag has to be attached. Depending on the part hierarchy,
the position flag is created with the set style for main part or accessory parts.

BOLT

Select the bolt connection to which a position flag has to be attached. Then, the position flag is created
with the set style for bolts.

SHORT POSITION

Select the part to which a position flag has to be attached in form of a short position. Then, the position
flag is created with the set style for short position.

MOUNTING POSITION

Select the part to which a position flag has to be attached in form of a mounting flag. Then, the
position flag is created with the set style for mounting.

FREE

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Select the insertion point to which a position flag has to be attached. Specify the position flag
properties such as style, position number, etc. in the following dialog.

Attaching the position flag via FREE permits you to create position flags even without direct reference
to a component part. You can make use of this option e.g. for position flags in 2D drawings the parts of
which have been dissolved or drawn manually.

AUTOMATIC INSERTION (DISTRIBUTION)


This command serves for automatic distribution of position flags in views or in detail drawings. The
properties stored in the component parts are displayed in a position flag according to the set style.

ƒ Scale : The scale specifies the size of the position flags to be entered. If e.g. the text height in a
position flag style is indicated with 3,5, the position flag will be created with a text height of 3,5 *
scale.

ƒ Shipping No.: The shipping number is selected instead of the position number of the part and
entered into the position number.

ƒ Paper Area : The distribution is made in the paper area and the position flags are created there.

Click this button to start the automatic distribution of position flags. Select the parts to which position
flags have to be attached. Then, the program starts distribution.

Click this button to exchange the position of two flags.

Click this button to make further specifications for automatic distribution.

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OPTIONS FOR DISTRIBUTION


Specify the pre-settings for the automatic distribution of position flags by pressing this button. You can
define the position flag styles and different optimizations.

ƒ Filter: Here, you specify to which parts position flags have to be attached. After having selected a
part type, you can choose a position flag style for this part type which has to be used to display the
flag.

Sorting

ƒ Iterations: This value indicates how often a new position has to be searched for a position flag.
The higher the value, the better the positioning result will be, but the longer the search for a
suitable position of the position flag.

ƒ Insertion Point: The minimum distance between the insertion point and the end of the position
flag’s guideline

ƒ Local Centre: Your model is divided into different positioning sections with so-called local
centres. The position flags are arranged in a circle around these centres and inserted. This value
sets the minimum distance between two local centres.

ƒ Offset Flags: This value indicates the projection of the flag beyond the edge of the visible
geometry.

ƒ Free Hold: This value specifies the minimum distance between two neighbouring position flags.

ƒ Delay: During distribution, it is possible to look at the distribution procedure on screen. For this
purpose, you have to switch on the ‘Animation’ option. Here, you specify how much time has to
be (in ms) between the insertion and moving of a position flag.

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Options

ƒ One Part per: Only one position flag is inserted for a part having the same position or shipping
number (depending on the setting).

ƒ One Part per: Only one position flag is inserted with the same position or shipping number
(depending on the setting) for each local centre in the drawing.

ƒ Place Only Out: The position flags are attached outside of the model geometry.

ƒ Break Lines At: The guidelines are interrupted in the case of collisions with dimensions or texts.

ƒ Animation: You can follow positioning procedure on screen if this option is activated.

ƒ Group Flags: Position flags referring to parts with identical position or shipping number are
arranged to form a common flag.
The insertion points mustn’t exceed the maximum distance to form a group.

ƒ Group Distances: The maximum distance up to which identical parts can be arranged to form a
group.

ƒ Always Create: A separate guideline to the flag is created for each identical part of a group.

ƒ Show Count: If you have arranged position flags to form a group, you can select which number of
parts has to be displayed in the ‘Part Number’ of the flag.
Normally, the sum of the combined parts is inserted. However, you can alternatively enter the
entire number of all parts in the model having this position number.

Flags for Main Parts and Groups

Different kinds of depiction are possible when a flag has to be attached to the main part of a group or
to the corresponding group. Since the settings are more complex, we will display the combinations
here.

A “normal group flag” is attached to the main part, containing the data of the corresponding
construction group.

A group flag is attached to the main part, containing the single part data of the main part.

A single part flag is attached to the main part, containing the single part data and a group flag,
containing the group data is attached to it as well.

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A single part flag is attached to the main part, containing the single part data, containing the data of the
main part is attached to it as well.

No flag is attached to the main part.

A normal single part flag is attached to the main part.

OTHER AUXILIARY COMMANDS


Here, you will find different commands for processing the position flags and for checking or searching
for the position numbers.

Use this button to search for the highest group or part number in the selected component parts. The
result is displayed in the neighbouring input fields.

Click this button to search for component parts in the model. Enter the position you are looking for in
the field Search Number. Use the options Hide, Check, Zoom Extents to select how the found result
has to be depicted in the model.

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Use this command to delete position numbers in component parts and groups. For this purpose, select
the parts the position numbers of which have to be deleted.
You can specify in which part the number is deleted using the filters Single Parts and Groups.

This command enters the current position number of the part as original position number. The original
number can only be modified using this command.

Use this command to search in the model and to enter how often each part or group exists in the model.

Use this command to add a second part to a common position flag.

Use this command to remove the arrow to a component part from a position flag.

Use this command to interrupt the guideline of a position flag by specifying two points e.g. to
overwrite a text. Only one interruption per guideline is permitted.

Use this command to remove the interruption from the position flag’s guideline.

Use this command to take over the current part properties into the position flag.

Use this command to look at the position numbers of the selected parts and to modify them.

Use this command to compare two parts with each other. Select the two parts and the result is
displayed in a dialog box.

Here, you see two results for comparing the position. In the left figure the parts are identical. In the
right one they are not identical. In the dialog window, you can see in detail where the parts differ from
each other.

DEPICTION OF POSITION FLAGS


You determine the depiction of a position flag by specifying a position flag style where the geometry,
the content and the colours of the position flag are defined.

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ƒ Style: Use this box to select the style you want to use for the depiction.

Click this button to save the current settings.

Click this button to load templates via the templates management and to use them again.

ƒ Create Geo: The depiction of position flags is specified in this dialog by preset parameters.

ƒ Block Geometry: The depiction of position flags is specified by an AutoCAD-block. You can
select any block you like.

ƒ Block Path: In this field, you define from which path the blocks for selection of position flag
geometry have to be read.

ƒ Bitmap: You can set a separate bitmap for a style to facilitate the recognition. This bitmap then is
displayed in the selection box as well.

Click this button to set the defaults of the depiction.

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SETTINGS FOR DEPICTION

Geometry

ƒ Line Type: Here, you define the kind of guideline to be used.


None – No guideline will be displayed.
Line – Only one line will be displayed.
Arrow – A line with an arrow will be displayed.
Point - A line with a point will be displayed.

ƒ Bubbleform: Here, you define the kind of position number.


None – Only the number is displayed.
Round – The number is displayed in an oval.
Rectangular Bubble – the number is displayed in a field.
Hexagonal Bubble – The number is displayed in a hexagon.
On Line - The number is displayed on the construction line.

ƒ Text Type: Here, you set the type of shape designation in case of length indication.
U100..160 - The designation is as follows IPE270..7890.
U 100 160 – The designation is as follows
IPE270–7890.
U100x160 - The designation is as follows IPE270x7890.
Format Template – The designation is as indicated in the ‘Format Template’ input field.

ƒ Alignment: Here, you determine the direction of the construction line with respect to the position
text.
Shape – The alignment is parallel to the shape.
Line – You are prompted to enter a reference line by clicking. The text will be aligned
accordingly.
Horizontal – The alignment is in horizontal direction.
Vertical - The alignment is in vertical direction.

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ƒ Text Style: Specifies the text style for the text of the position flag.

ƒ Default Format: Specifies the format for the user-defined shape designation if you have selected
‘Format Template’ as text type. The following parameters are available.

$(N) for part name


$(L) for part length
$(W) for part width
$(T) for part thickness

The result of the format string $(N) $(T)x$(W) would e.g. be plate 5x380

ƒ Prefix / Postfix: In the input field Prefix or Postfix you can enter a text which is displayed in front
of or after the position or shipping number of the position flag.
The default can be set independently of each other for both numbers.

ƒ Separator: Specifies a text which is written between position number and shipping number, if both
numbers have to be displayed as position number entry in the position flag.

ƒ Layout: Here, you determine which part information to be displayed in the position flag.
Total Number – The number of these parts is displayed, e.g. 17 x IPE 270.
Part Name – The designation is displayed (e.g. the shape designation).
Comment – The comments of the parts list information are displayed.
Length/Scale – The length in the selected text type is displayed.
Position Number – The position number is displayed.
Shipping Number – The shipping number is displayed.
Material – The material designation is displayed.
Item Number – Any existing item number is displayed.
Orig. Posnumber – The fixed (former) position number is displayed.

Options

ƒ No Line: No line is drawn beneath the text of the position flag.

ƒ Dynamic: The depiction of the position flag is dynamically adapted to the current view.

ƒ Length For Group: The entire length of the group is output instead of the part length.

ƒ Sizes: Here, you define the text sizes in mm for general lettering (Text Size) and for position
numbers (Pos. Size). For printing, the AutoCAD text sizes are scaled according to selected scale.

ƒ Colours: You set the corresponding colour for the flag as AutoCAD colour number using the
fields Line, Number, Bubble und Text. If you enter -1 as value, the pre-setting will be used.

When you click a position flag via the context menu ‘Change PS Properties’, you can subsequently
modify the properties of each single position flag. This tab will not be described here in detail because
the possibilities for setting correspond to the parameters explained above.

MANAGEMENT OF STYLES
In this part of the dialog, you maintain your position flag styles. You can create new styles, load ,
update or delete styles.

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Drawing Information

Use the displayed button to create a new position flag style.


The style will be stored as *.sty-file together with the pre-settings in the directory for position flag
styles. Now you can work with this style on all other pages of this dialog.

If you want to work with a special style which is not stored in the drawing but on the hard drive, you
can load this style using this button.
Select the corresponding *.sty file in the directory of position flag styles and load the file. The style
will be available at once.

Use this command to remove a style that you don’t need any more in the drawing.

Click this button to change the display order.


The display order of the style list is not sorted. You can specify the order yourself. For this purpose,
use the two arrow keys to move the checked style up or down in the order.

If you want to update the styles loaded in your drawing, use this function. Now, all styles in the
drawing are replaced by the styles stored on the hard drive.

DRAWING INFORMATION
Command Name: PS_DWG_INFO

When using this command, you can add drawing information to your drawing. This information will
be directly taken over into the parts list. By this way it is also possible to fill in the title block of 2D
drawing when having entered a drawing border by means of ‘Drawing Border’ command.

Always enter the order drawing number and the modification index, if present, since this information is
evaluated during the 2D detailing process. You can later query the Detail Center to find out, which
drawing contains the parts and will receive the file path as well as the probably more useful drawing
number.

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ƒ All Text Fields: In the different text fields you enter general information on the project and on the
drawing. Since these fields are self-explanatory, they are not explained in detail.

ƒ Project Name: Here, you select a block using the SELECT button for entering data in its block
attributes via the entry fields, provided you have assigned such entry fields to the variables of the
block attributes.

When the drawing border for the 2D workshop drawing has been entered as block using the
AutoPLANT Structural command ‘Drawing Borders’, you can select the block of the drawing
borders. The entries may either be taken over into the title block (export), or the entries can be
taken from the title block into the dialog (import).

Click on this button to retrieve the data of the entry fields into the block attributes of the selected
block.

Click on this button to retrieve the block attributes of the selected block into the entry fields.

Click on this button to define the variables assigned to the block attributes of the different entry fields.
An identical dialog box will be displayed, where the variable names of the block attributes are entered.

When you have selected the Prepared On, Checked On, or Released On fields and click this button, the
current date will be entered.

CREATE PARTS LISTS


After having positioned a model or a detailed workshop drawing, a parts list can be created based on
the part data.

The creation of parts lists by AutoPLANT Structural is divided into two sections, i.e., the actual
creation of the list of materials on the basis of the parts, and the processing of the list of materials for a
printout.

By separating these two functions, the data of the parts lists is also available to other programs.

For ‘Creating the Parts Lists’ a file is written in the dBASE format as a *.dbf file. This database format
is compatible with many other applications. You can import, further process and read out the file (in
this case, this would finish the work on the parts lists by using AutoPLANT Structural).
As a matter of fact, AutoPLANT Structural also provides the most important functions for

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processing and reading out of the data according to your requirements with the ‚Processing Parts List’
command.

In fact, you need no further programs but you have the possibility of using them. This is the reason for
separating the two functions.

CREATE PARTS LISTS


Command name: PS_PARTLIST

When creating a parts list, you first select the parts to be processed, preferably parts of a group or, in
addition, independent single parts.

You can decide whether or not parts of your selection are to be included in the list - either collectively
via the filter function during creation of the parts lists or individually for each part. If the ‘Select’
button has not been clicked in the corresponding parts properties, the part will not be included in the
parts lists, even though you have selected it.

Since further processing and printing of the parts list is carried out with an extra function, you can
register all required parts lists first and store them under different names.

ƒ Part Selection:Here, you select the parts on the basis of which a parts list is to be created.
3D-parts – you select the parts from the model. 2D-position flags – the parts list will be deducted
from the position flags of a detailed workshop drawing. From modified 2D drawings you can
generate new bills of materials.

Options

ƒ Verify Position: Only those selected parts will be taken over into the parts lists that have a valid
position number.

ƒ Only Group Parts: Only those selected parts will be taken over into the parts lists that are assigned
to a group.

ƒ Start Part List: Parts list processing is started immediately after creation of the parts list file.
You needn’t use this function separately if you want to continue your work directly.

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ƒ Calc. NC-Cut..: The angle of intersection is calculated by AutoPLANT Structural according to the
NC-guidelines of the DSTV.

ƒ Straight End: The parts are rotated that the straight end is situated at the front.

ƒ With Welds: Information about welds is written into the parts list file.

ƒ Combine Welds: Identical welds are summed up to one single entry.

Group Bolts

ƒ Bolts without: Bolts will be included in the parts lists, even if they have no position number.

ƒ ... Extra: The additional parts for the bolts are separately specified in the list of materials.

ƒ Output File: The file for the list of materials is stored in the file displayed in the Name field in
‘dBASE-format’.
By clicking the FILE button you can set the directory in the same manner as you use to do under
Windows.

DIALOG-COMMANDS

WITH BOLTS

By clicking this button, you start part selection. The selected bolts will be considered as well.

WITHOUT BOLTS

By clicking this button, you start part selection. Bolts will not be considered, even though they have
been selected.

MOunTing LIST

By clicking this button, you start part selection. Only the main parts of groups including bolts will be
considered.

IMPORTING THE PARTS


If you select the command for the first time, a display field with drawing information will be
displayed. You should complete it already, since in this case the information on drawing numbers will
be known for all entries in the parts list (see → ’Drawing Information’).

After having set the filters and selected the function concerned, the program will check whether or not
the specified file for the parts lists already exists. If the file already exists, you are given a warning, and
you can decide whether to overwrite or to cancel the function.

Then you select the parts to be imported. You can select all parts, since only the defined type of parts
will be imported. You also have the possibility of manually excluding parts. For checking purposes, all
parts imported into the parts lists are hidden. Using the command ’Regenerate’, you can recall them
again.

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Hint If a part is not imported and should have been, use the context menu “Change PS Properties“
to check if the “Takeover“ button was not clicked.

PROCESS PARTS LIST


Command name: PS_CREATE_PARTLIST

After you have created one or several parts lists using the command Æ ‘Create Parts List‘ you can
further process the bills by using this command. The files of the parts list can be loaded, modified,
formatted, and printed using this command.

Here, we would like to point out a special feature: a utility program called “List & Label” developed
by Messrs. combit GmbH performs the actual print output and list formatting. This form generator
makes it possible to freely design the formatting and layout of any parts list, add company logos, and
preview the parts lists. You do not need any special knowledge about this utility since its normal
operation is smoothly integrated into AutoPLANT Structural's program environment. However, if you
would like to customize the enclosed parts list forms to your individual needs, please read the online
help of the “List & Label Designer”, which will explain the customization of existing and creation of
new forms in easy to understand steps. Of course, you can also obtain a printed documentation from
your dealer.

The following sections will describe how to generate and output a parts list first before discussing the
individual options of the parts list processing method.

PARTS LIST OUTPUT


In the FILE menu click the menu option OPEN FILE and select the *.dbf-file you want to process. The
directory and the file name should be known to you (have been previously defined with the command
Æ ‘Create Parts List‘).

The dialog box now fills with the parts list data. Each part (even construction group descriptions) is
listed individually and unsorted; equal positions are not combined until the time of output.

If there is an error in the parts list file (such as for example components with the number=0 or different
parts with the same position number) the program creates and opens a file named stkerr.dbf
where these errors are displayed. These parts won't be listed in the standard parts list.
In the SETTINGS menu, click the menu option SET PARTS LIST HEADER and then enter the data
for the parts list header. If you have defined order data previously (command Æ ‘Drawing
Information‘), these data can be imported into the parts list header.

Finally, click the OUTPUT menu and select the parts list variation (e.g. parts list of individual parts),
which you would like to print. Depending on the settings, the program now prompts you for the layout
for the parts list formatting and can then generate a print preview. All or specific pages are printed
from within this preview.

PREVIEW
Here, you can see an overview about the most important functions required for printout and navigation
within the preview. As the actual printout is completely taken over by the additional application “List
& Label”, please refer to the online help of this program for more detailed information.

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Page selection

Zoom

Print page

Print All

Exit

Other Output Targets

You can, however; also directly print the parts list without preview or you can convert it into other
formats like e.g. the Rich-Text Format. To determine the output target, select in the output dialog of
“List & Label” under Output on ... the desired target in the selection list and click on START
afterwards to output the parts list.

PARTS LIST PROCESSING MAIN WINDOW


If you select this command, the main window for the parts list processing will open – first without any
entries. This dialog has its own program menu offering you most of the utilized commands for this
command.

If you have selected one or several files for processing via the menu Æ ‘File‘, the window will show
the following information. The left column displays the currently open files. Clicking a file name
makes this file your current working file and all components of that file – mostly unsorted – are listed
in the right list of the dialog.

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The component parts list offers only a draft display of the entries. By double-clicking an entry, another
dialog opens listing all parts lists data for this entry. You can modify any data at this point, which are
saved in the corresponding file immediately once you exit the window with the OK button. This
means you are not working with just a working temporary buffer copy but with the actual file!

FUNCTION SELECTION MENU OPTION FILE


ƒ OPEN FILE: By clicking this button, you can open one or several files of a parts list for
processing. The open files are displayed in the list on the left of the main dialog. When being
clicked, the selected list becomes the current working file.

ƒ DELETE FILE: By clicking this button, you can delete a stored file.

ƒ CLOSE FILE: By clicking this button, the current working file is closed and removed from the
list.

ƒ SORT FILE: By clicking this button, you can sort the current working file according to two layers
of a parts list in an ascending or descending order.
For this purpose, a further dialog box will be displayed, where you can select a primary and a
secondary layer. The data will first be sorted according to the contents of the primary layer and
then, in case of equal contents, according to the contents of the secondary layer.
Data content is modified according to the sorting.

ƒ CANCEL: By clicking this button, the parts list processing is terminated.

FUNCTION SELECTION MENU OPTION DATA RECORDS


ƒ ADD: By clicking this button, you can manually add a new data record to the end of the file. An
empty dialog box will be displayed; where the parts list data can be entered.

ƒ DELETE: By clicking this button, the data record currently selected in the part list on the right
will be deleted from the file.

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ƒ ADD FROM FILE: By clicking this button, you can add the data of a second parts list file to the
current working file. You have to select an additional file.

Please note that the content of the current file is permanently changed when using this
option!

FUNCTION SELECTION MENU OPTION SETTINGS


ƒ LIST DEFIN: Click this option to edit an existing print layout or create a new one.
The print layout specifies which parts list data to print in what format. You can freely design your
layout and also add text and logos. The following dialog box opens where you can edit the
template:

Now you will see a list with the existing form layouts in the form of templates as well as a
description and preview of the form. If you would like to edit a form just double-click the file
name and the utility program „List & Label“ (see intro to this chapter) opens. A detailed
description of the functionality would extend beyond the scope of this manual. Please see the
online help of this utility program for further details.

If you would like to create a new form, enter a new file name, which will return an empt form
ready for editing.

ƒ LIST HEADER: By clicking this option, you can edit the header of your parts list. The program
will give you first the opportunity to import data from the drawing information (see command Æ
‘Drawing Information‘) into the parts list header.

ƒ FILTER: Click this entry to set the filter conditions if you want to output a parts list with filtered
data Only data meeting the filter condition are output in the parts list.

ƒ LIST NAMES: By clicking this button, you can preset standard print templates for single part,
group and bolt lists.
A dialog opens where you enter the print template files to be used as standard selection. You can
also select these files by a File Selection Dialog. In addition, you can switch off error check here.

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If the field Switch off Posnum Equal Part Detection has been checked, their position number only
recognizes identical parts. If this field has not been checked (recommended), the parts are
additionally compared with regard to name, length, etc. If these values don't match for component
parts having the same position number, an error message is created.

FUNCTION SELECTION MENU OPTION OUTPUT


ƒ GROUP LIST: Click this entry to output a construction group list.

ƒ If you have imported parts using the ‚Assembly List‘, you should select this output format. If
you used the command Æ ‘Create Parts List‘ to import parts that do not belong to a group,
these parts are added to the list.
ƒ After selecting the command, you have the option to change the current Windows system or
default printer. The data is now formatted according to the selected standard template (see -
>‘Preselection Parts List Names) and, if desired, presented in a preview before. You can now
print the list.
ƒ Please note that the selected form also fits a construction group list. Of course, it is possible to
print a group list with a list form for individual parts but this output might not meet your
expectations.
ƒ Also remember that only those parts can be printed, which have been defined/imported
previously (command Æ ’Create Parts List’.

ƒ SINGLE PART: Click this entry to output a list featuring individual parts. The remainder of the
process is the same.

ƒ BOLT LIST: Click this entry to output a bolt list. The remainder of the process is the same.

ƒ FILTERED LIST: Click this entry to output a list featuring individual parts, with only those parts
that match the current filter conditions. Use the command ‘List Definition/Filter‘ to set these
conditions. The remainder of the process is the same.

ƒ FREE ...LIST: By clicking on one of these three entries the corresponding parts list will be output.
The proceeding is identical with the group list. The only difference is that you have to select a
format template here instead of using the set standard template.

The following figure shows you an example of an individual part list displayed as preview in “List &
Label”:

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Drawing Parts List

DRAWING PARTS LIST

PARTS LIST CREATION


Command Name: PS_DWG_PARTLIST

This command permits the creation of a parts list and its output in the drawing. It is suitable for
drawing-dependent parts lists in plans showing e.g. only one single group.
Since this parts list is an "intelligent" object, modifications in the model can be automatically seized
and displayed in the parts list. In addition, various formatting options are available which can be
controlled directly.

After having selected the command, select the desired parts first and then determine the desired
insertion point of the list in the drawing by clicking a point. Then the following dialog appears where
you can make the basic settings.

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Drawing Parts List

ƒ Style:Here, you select the name of the output style.


This output style specifies the appearance of the output, i.e. which values are displayed in which
lines, the size and position of the columns, etc.
The ‘Standard’ output style is created by the program and therefore is always available. You can
create and manage as many styles as you like. You select a style and thus re-structure the list by
selecting a list entry.

ƒ Tolerances: This value indicates in which tolerance ranges the length of component parts is
compared and considered as identical.

ƒ Scale: The scale of the output is specified. The size of the complete list output can be increased or
decreased.

ƒ Origin: Here, you select whether the data have to be taken from normal 3D component parts or
from 2D position flags.

ƒ List Type: Select the type of parts list here.


Single Parts List – An own entry is created for each element. The data don’t have any reference to
each other; the quantity of output parts corresponds to the seized parts. The determined number of
groups is not (!) taken into consideration for selection.
Group List – Output as group list; here the data are output separately according to groups and the
quantity of single parts is output as parts per group.
Dissolved Group List – A "real" single parts list is output taking into consideration the number of
parts depending on the quantity of the corresponding group.

ƒ Insertion Point: Here, you specify the position of the parts list related to the previously selected
insertion point.

ƒ Current Layer: If this button is activated, the list is generated on the current layer. Otherwise, it is
generated on the layer specified by PS_TEXT in the configuration.

ƒ Autom. Update: If this button is checked, AutoPLANT Structural is controlling all activities with
regard to their influence on the parts list. When you delete an element or you modify the size of an
element adopted into the parts list, the list will be calculated anew and updated.
Please note that this option may require some time for calculation. Therefore, you should
thoroughly consider whether you want to make use of this possibility and risk the inconveniences
of speed. You have always the possibility to update the list manually.

ƒ Check Position: If this option is activated only parts having a valid position number will be
evaluated.

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Drawing Parts List

ƒ Only Groups: If this option is activated only parts belonging to a group will be evaluated.

ƒ Total Amount: If quantities are used, the total amount will be displayed.

ƒ Number*QuantityGroups: The displayed amount results from the number of parts multiplied by
the quantity of these groups in the model.

ƒ Bolts: If this option is activated, bolts having no valid position number will be evaluated as well.

ƒ Washers: If this option is activated, washers will be evaluated and listed as separate parts.

ƒ Nuts: If this option is activated, nuts will be evaluated and listed as separate parts.

ƒ Safety Nuts: If this option is activated, safety nuts will be evaluated and listed as separate parts.

ƒ Wedge Washers: If this option is activated, wedge washers will be evaluated and listed as separate
parts.

ƒ Welds: Welds are displayed in the parts list.

ƒ Add: Identical types of welds are added in the parts list to a common length.

Click on this button to add further component parts to the component parts list of the parts list. You
then have to select the parts to be added.

Click on this button to remove component parts from the component parts list of the parts list. You
then have to select the parts to be removed.

Click on this button to calculate anew and update the parts list.
Here, you can force an update of the list if the automatic update option has not been activated.

PROCESSING OF PARTS LIST STYLES


Move to the second tab “Display” to edit a new created or existing parts list style and select the style to
be edited.

EDIT

Click on this button to edit the selected style.

EDIT LIST PROPERTIES


In the display list you can see any kind of information, such as e.g. which columns are output in which
order and with which settings in the parts list. In addition, you can make general settings concerning
the list format.

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Drawing Parts List

ƒ Style Name: The name of the current style; all modifications are related to this style.

ƒ Display List: Here, you see an overview of all displayed columns of the parts list. They are
displayed in this order from the left to the right in the drawing parts list

Click on this button to modify the line selected in the display list (parts list column). Then, another
dialog opens.

Click on this button to add a new line (parts list column) to the end of the list. Then, another dialog
opens.

Click on this button to add a new line (parts list column) in front of the checked line. Then, another
dialog opens.

Click on this button to delete the selected line (parts list column) from the list.

Click on this button to save the parts list style. Please remember to save the style after modifications;
otherwise all modifications will be lost.

Click on this button to modify the formatting of the summated text of the parts list. Then, another
dialog opens.

ƒ Text Size: Determines the text size in mm at a scale 1:1

ƒ Height Scaling: Increases the height of the lines in question by a factor. Depending on the text
style, the readability of the parts list is increased.

ƒ Left Margin: Distance of the signs to the left margin at left-justified insertion.

ƒ Right Margin: Distance of the signs to the right margin at right-justified insertion.

ƒ Offset: Distance of the group list entries of group parts to the main part.

ƒ Rotation: Rotation of the whole list by the indicated degrees

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Drawing Parts List

ƒ Block Size: Indicates after how many lines a horizontal line has to be inserted. This only serves
for a clearer overview.

ƒ Move Up: If this field is checked, the list is running from the bottom to the top, i.e. the column
headers are below.

ƒ Divide Groups: At group lists, the groups are divided by horizontal lines. The settings under
'Block Size' don’t have any influence in this case.

ƒ Align Numbers: All numerical values are aligned to the right margin.

ƒ Fill up with Noughts: All numerical values are filled up with noughts according to the indicated
format length and digits after the decimal point.

ƒ Text Style: Select the desired text style. Please refer to the AutoCAD manual for more detailed
information about AutoCAD text styles.

ƒ Sort: Depending on the field selected here, the output is sorted in rising order from the column
header onward.

ƒ Invert: Causes a sorting in descending order from the column header onward.

The display colours can be globally selected for all elements of the parts list. In addition, individual
colours can be assigned to the different columns as well.

Enter the colour directly by indicating the AutoCAD colour number or click on the desired input field
and then on the SELECT button. Then, you can select the colour in the dialog as usual.

ƒ Header: Colour of column headers

ƒ Label: Colour of column texts

ƒ Frame: Colour of list frame

ƒ Hor. Lines: Colour of the horizontal separation lines of the list

ƒ Ver. Lines: Colour of the vertical separation lines of the list

PROCESSING OF COLUMN PROPERTIES


Each column of the parts list styles can be adapted and formatted in many different ways. After an
entry to be modified or created has been selected in the display list of parts list format dialog, the
following dialog opens:

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Drawing Parts List

ƒ Field Name: Select the desired field from the data fields.

ƒ Name1: This is the name of the column header resp. the first name if an entry has been indicated
in input field ‘Name2’ as well. Two rows are available altogether.

ƒ Name2: This is the second name of column header.

ƒ Length: Here, you enter the desired column width in text signs. The exact column width depends
on the selected text style.

ƒ Dec. Point: Number of desired positions after the decimal point.

ƒ Text Size: Enter the text size of the column. If you have entered the value 0, the general text size
of the list style is used.

Enter the colour of the column text (colour number). If you have entered the value -1, the text colour of
the list style is used.

ƒ Position: Enter the alignment of the column: Left, Center, Right or Automatic. If 'Automatic' has
been selected, all texts are aligned to the left and all digits are aligned to the right.

ƒ Units: Enter the unit format Metric, Imperial or Automatic. If 'Automatic' has been selected, the
default units of the drawing are used.

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Drawing Parts List

PROCESS SUM TEXT BLOCK

The overall weight or similar data can be indicated in a sum text block (foot lines), which can be output
below, or above the parts list.

Up to ten lines are available for that purpose where you can insert additional variables, which then will
be replaced by the current values.

ƒ Footer: Enter the desired foot lines. You can use pre-defined variables as well. The following
variables are available as foot lines:

ƒ $(N): The number of lines is indicated.


ƒ $(F): Multiplication factor addition in %
ƒ $(L): Overall length of all parts without addition
ƒ $(LF): Overall length of all parts with addition
ƒ $(W): Overall weight of all parts without addition
ƒ $(WF): Overall weight of all parts with addition
ƒ $(P): Overall area to be painted of all parts without addition
ƒ $(PF): Overall area to be painted of all parts with addition

ƒ Addition: Percentage by which the determined values have to be increased. These increased values
can be output by means of the variable $(xF).

ƒ Dec. Point: Number of desired positions after the decimal point.

ƒ Offset: Distance to the corresponding margin.

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Drawing Parts List

Enter the colour of the text (colour number). If you have entered the value -1, the text colour of the list
style is used.

ƒ Position: Enter the alignment of the text: Left, Center, Right or Automatic. If 'Automatic' has been
selected, all texts are aligned to the left and all digits are aligned to the right.

ƒ Units: Enter the unit format Metric, Imperial or Automatic. If 'Automatic' has been selected, the
default units of the drawing are used.

ƒ Group Row: In the Prefix input field, you can indicate a prefix for the position numbers of group
lines.
In the Colour input field you can specify the colour of the group line. If the value -1 has been
indicated here, the normal text colour will be used.

MANAGEMENT OF PARTS LIST STYLES


The management of the existing parts list styles is organized in the third tab “Order”.

Click on this button to load the selected style from the hard drive into the drawing.

Click on this button to create a new list style. To do this you have to enter a style name (please pay
attention that the name does not exist already).
Then, this style is created with the settings of the style, which is current at the moment, and it will be
used as new current style. The settings of the style can be individually modified afterwards.

Click on this button to create a new folder for a clearer structure of your parts list styles.

Click on this button to delete the selected style.

PROCESSING THE CONTENT OF PARTS LIST


Move to the forth tab “Content” to look at the content of the parts list and to modify it manually. To
modify an entry, double-click the corresponding field and you can easily edit the entry.

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Containment List

CONTAINMENT LIST

CREATION OF CONTAINMENT LIST


Command Name: PS_DWG_CONTAINLIST

After having created groups in a drawing, you can make lists and insert them into the drawing. These
lists can display the belonging of certain parts to component part groups. You can insert these drawing
containment lists in the DetailCenter Express as well.

First select the desired parts after having selected this command. Then, specify the desired insertion
point of the list in the drawing by clicking a point. The following dialog appears displaying the basic
settings.

ƒ Style: Here, you define how the list has to look like on the base of a style. The list templates are
saved as template via the template management.

ƒ Insertion Point: Here, you specify the insertion point of the created list. You can choose between
several insertion points.

ƒ Current Layer : The list is placed on the current layer of the drawing instead of on the
configuration layer.

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Containment List

ƒ Scale: Specifies the insertion scale of the list. The scale affects text heights and distances within
the list.

Click on this button to add further parts to the component parts list of the drawing containment list.
You have to select the parts to be added.

Click on this button to remove parts from the component parts list of the drawing containment list. You
have to select the parts to be removed.

Click on this button, to calculate anew an update the drawing containment list.
Yyou can force an update of the list if automatic update has not been activated.

PROCESSING OF LIST STYLES


Move to the second tab “Display” to edit a new created or existing list style. Select the style to be
edited.

EDIT

Click on this button to edit the selected style.

EDIT LIST PROPERTIES


In the display list you can see any kind of information, such as which lines are output in which order,
with which settings in the drawing containment list. In addition, you can make general settings
concerning the list format.

ƒ Style Name: The name of the current style; all modifications are related to this style.

ƒ Display List: Here, you see an overview of all displayed columns of the drawing containment list.
They are displayed in this order from the left to the right in the drawing containment list.

Click on this button to modify the line selected in the display list (column of drawing containment list).
Then, another dialog opens.

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Containment List

Click on this button to add a new line (column of drawing containment list) to the end of the list. Then,
another dialog opens.

Click on this button to add a new line (column of drawing containment list) in front of the checked
line. Then, another dialog opens.

Click on this button to delete the selected line (column of drawing containment list) from the list.

Click on this button to save the style of the drawing containment list. Please remember to save the style
after modifications; otherwise all modifications will be lost.

ƒ Text Size: Determines the text size in mm at a scale 1:1

ƒ Height Scaling: Increases the height of the lines in question by a factor. Depending on the text
style, the readability of the drawing containment list is increased.

ƒ Left Margin: Distance of the signs to the left margin at left-justified insertion.

ƒ Right Margin: Distance of the signs to the right margin at right-justified insertion.

ƒ Offset: Distance of the group list entries of group parts to the main part.

ƒ Rotation: Rotation of the whole list by the indicated degrees

ƒ To the Top: If this field is checked, the list is running from the bottom to the top, i.e. the column
headers are below.

ƒ Separating Lines: The groups are divided by horizontal lines.

ƒ Header : A column description is displayed for the columns of the list.

ƒ Text Style: Select the desired text style. Please refer to the AutoCAD manual for more detailed
information about AutoCAD text styles.

The display colours can be globally selected for all elements of the drawing containment list. In
addition, individual colours can be assigned to the different columns as well.

Enter the colour directly by indicating the AutoCAD colour number or click on the desired input field
and then on the SELECT button. Then, you can select the colour in the dialog as usual.

ƒ Header: Colour of column headers

ƒ Label: Colour of column texts

ƒ Frame: Colour of list frame

ƒ Hor. Lines: Colour of the horizontal separation lines of the list

ƒ Ver. Lines: Colour of the vertical separation lines of the list

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Containment List

PROCESSING OF COLUMN PROPERTIES


Each column of the list styles can be adapted and formatted in many different ways. After an entry to
be modified or created has been selected in the display list of list format dialog, the following dialog
opens:

ƒ Field Name: Select the desired field from the data fields.

ƒ Name1: This is the name of the column header resp. the first name if an entry has been indicated
in input field ‘Name2’ as well. Two rows are available altogether.

ƒ Name2: This is the second name of column header.

ƒ Length: Here, you enter the desired column width in text signs. The exact column width depends
on the selected text style.

ƒ Decimal Pt:Number of desired positions after the decimal point.

ƒ Text Size: Enter the text size of the column. If you have entered the value 0, the general text size
of the list style is used.

Enter the colour of the column text. If you have entered the value -1, the text colour of the list style is
used.

ƒ Position: Enter the alignment of the column: Left, Center, Right or Automatic. If 'Automatic' has
been selected, all texts are aligned to the left and all digits are aligned to the right.

ƒ Units: Enter the unit format Metric, Imperial or Automatic. If 'Automatic' has been selected, the
default units of the drawing are used.

MANAGEMENT OF LIST STYLES


The management of the existing list styles is organized in the third tab “Order”.

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Containment List

Click on this button to load the selected style from the hard drive into the drawing.

Click on this button to create a new list style. To do this you have to enter a style name (please pay
attention that the name does not exist already).
Then, this style is created with the settings of the style, which is current at the moment, and it will be
used as new current style. The settings of the style can be individually modified afterwards.

Click on this button to create a new folder for a clearer structure of your list styles.

Click on this button to delete the selected style.

PROCESSING THE CONTENT OF DRAWING CONTAINMENT LIST


Move to the fourth tab “Content” to look at the content of the drawing containment list and to modify
it manually. To modify an entry, double-click the corresponding field and you can easily edit the entry.

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3
3 Detailing

DETAILCENTER 3-2

DETAILING STYLE 3-46

DETAILCENTER EXPRESS 3-85

AUTOMATIC 2D-CUT 3-103

CRANKED 2D-VIEW 3-104

NORTH SYMBOL 3-105

MANUAL DIMENSIONING POINTS 3-109

MANUAL COMPONENT PART LINK 3-110

GLOBAL SCALE 3-110

DRAWING BORDER 3-111

MANUAL CUT 3-113

MANUAL DIMENSIONING 3-115

ELEVATION FLAGS 3-123

WELD SYMBOLS 3-127

SHORT2D 3-133

2D-CUTOUT 3-134

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DetailCenter

DETAILCENTER

THE 2D-DETAILING
Once you have created the model, finished editing of the model, have positioned all of the necessary
components,, and may have issued a (preliminary) parts list, the Finishing or Detailing of the 3D
components can commence.

DETAILING 3D MODELS
The program generates the usual 2D views of the components for the workshop plans using the model,
which means that the program will disassemble the model into its components, analyse the geometry of
all the individual parts, and ascertains any existing but invisible edges. Then – depending on the
requirements or your selections – the shape is displayed in several views and dimensioned and the
position flag is attached.

All of this takes place in a split second and in the background. Once the program has finished with one
component, this component is deposited in a library in the form of a block – clearly organized
according to the individual construction groups and design sections.

After this procedure has concluded you can use the program to help you with the layout of the parts on
your drawing sheets. From here on, you can treat the parts as if they were the usual drawings generated
with a CAD program – but AutoPLANT Structural offers you a few extra functions, which facilitate
your work.

INTERVENTION OPTIONS
You do not have to worry that you are going to be at the mercy of the program and that from now on
all your drawings will reflect the wishes of the software designers.

A vast number of parameters help you to specify the appearance of your mapped design. These
parameters can be saved as data records and re-imported depending on the type of drawing (overview,
life-size, 1: 10 workshop details, etc).

This saves you time by being able to detail several parts at once applying one of these styles – that
might already be enough to satisfy the requirements of your assignment. However, you can also detail
small groups of components – one after the other – or even a single part. You always have access to
the smallest detail.

BASIC DETAILING PRINCIPLE


In general, the program distinguishes between two basic detailing methods: automatic and manual
detailing.

Automatic detailing takes place within the open model, and you tell the program to detail a certain part
using a certain style. You have previously defined or selected this suitable style. The rest is out of your
hands (for now). The result is a block with the views as interpreted by the program according to your
specifications.

Manual detailing requires that you determine the respective model section yourself. You are working
within a work frame and may use the auxiliary functions of the program to attach and assign dimension
chains, position flags, height indicators, etc. You can also use such standard AutoCAD elements as
lines, texts, etc. The program only displays the invisible edges correctly and saves the details as a block

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DetailCenter

– nothing more. This does indeed offer you the greatest level of influence on the appearance of the
details but you have to carry out each step manually.

The following chapters discuss the AutoPLANT Structural detail center and all of the tasks described
shortly in the text.

DETAILING WITH THE DETAIL CENTER

WHAT IS THE DETAIL CENTER


Users control the complete 2D drawing and plan generation from within the Detail Center – from a
first overview of the components to the workshop drawing with multiple changes and manipulations.
Think of the Detail Center as a program within the program because it offers vastly more possibilities
and options than one can see at first glance.

When you open the Detail Center for the first time, a clear dialog box will be displayed with only a
few settings. There is nothing more required after the adaptations to your personal requirements were
made. As you know, you „only“ want to get your shop drawings from the model. However, if need be,
you can at any time penetrate deeply inside the drawing derivation. You can make a great number of
settings, ask for information, check drawings.

The philosophy behind this development is that you can get the same result in various ways, that you
can make a lot of modifications – but you do not have to!

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DetailCenter

GENERAL DIALOG INFO


The Detail Center is accessible via a dockable dialog which can be linked on the left or on the right of
AutoCAD and which you can change in size. Double-clicking on the header line toggles between the
freely moveable and the docked status of the dialog.

Most of the work within the detail center is carried out using the context menus of the right mouse
button or using drag & drop, where you drag an entry onto another entry. You will also work with tree
lists that resemble Windows Explorer trees. Since these functions are similar to standard Windows
functions, they will not be described here.

Most of the dialogs that can be selected from within the Detail Center are non-modal dialogs. These
dialogs are not always closed once a function has been selected but can remain open.

This has the advantage of saving you a few mouse clicks and you can adapt these dialogs to the current
situation, which means you are always informed about the status of the work. You can change settings
and watch the changes immediately on the screen – just as you can do with many of the AutoPLANT
Structural commands. All dialogs of the Detail Center are synchronized with one another as much as
possible.

Since this means that it does not take very long to accumulate a great many open dialogs on the screen,
the Detail Center will here support your work as well. Any non-required dialogs are hidden whenever
necessary. They are exchanged with others if the command association changes. Dependent
subordinate dialogs are closed automatically if you close a parent dialog.

DETAIL CENTER SURFACE


The following page will give you an overview over the work area of the Detail Center. This chapter
includes an introduction and explains some of the basic detailing terms. The individual function areas
are described later in special chapters.

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DetailCenter

In general, the Detail Center is divided into three main work levels. Usually, your building part or
component will pass through all three levels until it is visible on the workshop plan in the form of a
detail. However, your work in the different levels is limited to only a few mouse clicks, if all the basic
settings of detailing are adapted to your requirements.

If even these works seem to be too awkward and involved for you, because you do not need the
flexibility of the Detail Center, you can use the Detail Center Express!. This part of the program once
again combines the remaining steps until a workshop plan is created. Detailing is worked through
according to a pre-determined pattern. „Detailing by one single mouse click“ became a reality.

Level 1: Component Overview (Prepare)

Here you will obtain an overview of the parts of the model and their functional associations and
relationships. You can view construction groups, single parts or whole areas of the model – all clearly
structured in tree format. This is the place where you can manage and change detail styles and link
your components with these styles as well as manage the modification mechanism. In addition,
DetailCenter Express! Is started here.

Level 2: Display Views Overview (Detailing)

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DetailCenter

The second work level offers you an overview of the component or model views created by the
program. You can add or remove views, display a preview and fine-tune the detail style.

In this overview you decide what exactly is to be processed as a detail block and start the actual
detailing process.

Level 3: Detail Block Overview (Import)

The third and last level features the detailed parts, which are located on your hard drive in the form of
detail blocks. You receive an overview of the detail blocks of the current model (or other models) and
decide which parts to import or integrate into which drawing.

Placing the parts on a drawing sheet finishes the workshop plan, unless you would like to carry out a
few adjustments manually.

CONSTRUCTION PARTS LIST


Each of the three levels offers access to a window with the settings for the display of construction parts
lists using the function button bar.

Here you can specify which components are displayed in which logical sorting in the tree structure of
the display. You can set any filter you like and store these settings in their own templates for each
work level separately. In addition, a standard display is available for each level, which allows
reasonable working already from the beginning.

WORK TOOLS
Each of the three levels offers access to a window with work tools using the function button bar. These
tools are assigned to the corresponding area. In order to keep the display area of the construction parts
lists as large as possible, many of the infrequently used functions and settings have been delegated to
these subordinate dialogs.

INFORMATION WINDOW
In addition, the context menu offers access to another dockable information window. All three-work
levels are subordinate to this information window, which shows the current status of the selected entry.
Depending on the list, this window displays the name and type of the part, data of detailing, insertion
location, current status, and much more.

CONTEXT MENU
A supplement to every level is a level-specific context menu accessible through the right mouse button,
which lists only those functions that are significant to the respective list. You will probably use the
context menus quite often because they represent the fastest way to access a command.

TEMPLATES
As you already know from the other AutoPLANT Structural functions, the basic settings of the Detail
Center can be saved as template for each level. The settings of work tools and of construction parts list
are stored.

These templates (as reference) may again be stored in a parent template together with the global
settings for the Detail Center. This allows individual configuration of the complete DetailCenter.

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DetailCenter

DETAIL STYLES
The detail styles are the cornerstone of the entire detailing process. They describe how a part is to look
as a workshop detail or how the model is to appear as an overview. The content of the styles is
described in detail in the chapter 'Detailing Styles'. The management and modification of a style is
described in detail in the chapter 'Component Overview'.

Just a preliminary note: A component without detail style cannot be processed and is ignored by the
program when it comes to detailing!

PREVIEW
The detailing of a selected part can be previewed from within the views overview or directly from
within the model. This will create a small AutoCAD drawing displaying the exact result of the detail
style settings applied to this part. The small drawing shows how the part will be detailed. This window
and its drawing can be zoomed or queried for information because it is an independent AutoCAD
drawing.

Since you can now open this part's detail style, you can track the effects of different style settings in
„real time“. We call this fine-tuning of the detail style. If you open the preview for another part, you do
not have to close this window first. The content is updated automatically. After viewing the detail, the
window must be closed manually. While the preview is open, most of the functions of the Detail
Center are inaccessible. Please remember: The preview might be hidden behind some other drawing
because so many windows can be open simultaneously. Also consider the speed of your computer
when viewing a great many details such as construction groups or entire overviews. Do not become
impatient if your computer seems to be busy calculating for what seems like a long time. Even fast
computers need a little computation time, but some of the latest computers will surprise you with the
speed of the update.

GENERAL INFORMATION – SCALE AND DIMENSION STYLES


There are two options for detailing a part when working with the Detail Center: Either the part keeps
its original size and the surrounding text (e.g. dimensions, labels, etc.) is scaled to fit the part or the
part is scaled and the text keeps its original size. This is to support both of the methods typical for
AutoCAD.

SCALES
The first method allows for a simple – and unscaled – processing of the drawing and does not generate
the scale until the time of plotting. Components can also be inserted (unlabeled!) into other plans easily
and comfortably. The disadvantage of this method is that this involves some thinking, to keep different
scales and the same text sizes within one drawing and still have to copy parts from other drawings.

This is where the second method is more practical: You always plot using the scale 1:1, always use the
same text size, and scale the parts to fit the plotting scales – just as you would do when drawing by
hand. This allows you easy management of different scales within one drawing.

AutoPLANT Structural permits both methods when detailing, but you have to stick to one or the other
method within one drawing. Because the dimensioning styles are the problem.

DIMENSIONING STYLES
You define certain AutoCAD dimensioning styles in your model, which you can use within the detail
styles for dimensioning. When detailing, the program creates a copy of the style, and from your

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settings determines the required text and length scaling. This style is assigned a new name indicating
the length scaling and is used in the detail block.

Although the program does set the dimension text into the dimension permanently, e.g. to evaluate
contractions, you do want to receive an AutoCAD associate dimensioning after the detailing has been
concluded; thus the copy. This also keeps your original style intact and you do not need to create
separate styles for each individual scale.

If you want to work with the first method using a scale of 1:10, you will obtain a style with a text
scaling=10 and with a length scaling=1. The name could be, e.g., PS_STD_1_10. Process another
detail with different settings of the AutoCAD dimensioning style and you will obtain the same name
for the style.

No problems occurred up to now. Now insert both details into a drawing and the first one will „win
out“ because the name is identical. However, this is typical for AutoCAD and AutoPLANT Structural
has no intention of changing that.

If you have problems with the dimensioning styles, you can be assured that this is due to not being
consequent in this case.

This is the reason you should make sure that your prototype file, into which you want to import the
details, does not contain any dimensioning styles (if possible), and that the basic styles with the same
name are also identical in different models if you want to mix together the details of different models.
Do not change the size by only changing the scale (e.g., when manually dimensioning), but rather
define a new style with a new name.

This is the way it should be when using AutoCAD „pure“ because there is a good reason for it: If you
rescale the parts manually, you are simply exchanging the dimensioning style and all is well again.

INTELLIGENT 2D-DETAILS
If you have inserted the results of the detailing into a drawing and want to further process this drawing
manually, you have to observe a few things described in the following section.

INTELLIGENT DETAILS
The result of the detailing process is a detail, as you would draw it with standard AutoCAD. You can
see centerlines, visible and hidden edges, holes, etc. and the part is still not a true „flat line graphic“.
Intelligent details are still displayed as three-dimensional details when viewing the page containing
individual parts or construction groups at a slant. However, when you print the part it appears
completely two-dimensional

The advantage is that you can subsequently add cuts or dimensions while taking any possible shape
shortening into account.

If you want to change the geometry subsequently, that is in the detailed part, you have to import the
changes with the AutoPLANT Structural functions if you still require the intelligent features.

However, if you want to dissolve the detail in its entirety, you have to „explode“ the component like a
block. This gives you a group, which can be ungrouped to reach the lines.

Of course, the consequence is that all of the intelligence is lost. Thus, omit this if at all possible.
Overviews and manual details are an exception – those are already non-intelligent line depictions.

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SHAPE SHORTENING
During the detailing you can select whether you want to shorten any parts that are especially long.
Contracted sections are then attached to those sections of a component that do not show any
manipulations in a longer stretch and are actually of no interest. This gives you the opportunity to
display the sections that are important for the detailing in an optimal size (because you can select
larger scales) or show more components on a given page.

The picture below clearly illustrates the difference. Both shapes are detailed with the same scale and
scaled to the same length.

Difference Between Original Shape and Shortened Shape

The problem of shortening is the subsequent dimensioning with AutoCAD. However, if you work with
the AutoPLANT Structural dimensioning, you can consider any shortening at a later time because your
work is object-related.

This requires that the components are not dissolved down to the lines after detailing because then this
property is lost!

PICK HELPERS
The intelligent components of groups have the disadvantage that the individual parts of a detailed
construction group are inaccessible if e.g. you want to move them subsequently. It would also not help
to activate or deactivate the group using the AutoCAD-groups.

This is why AutoPLANT Structural features the "Pick Helpers”, which you might view as a grip
variation. If you do not have any part selected in the drawing and you access the context menu using
the right mouse button, you will see the option AutoPLANT Structural SETTINGS and the entry Pick
Helpers.

Use this entry to toggle the pick helpers on and off. Small little triangles now appear on the
components, which you can now use to select and e.g. move the parts of a group.

When working with the pick helpers, don't forget the following special feature: If a building
component of a construction group is moved, a new drawing of the group is only created when you
keep the ALT-key pressed during the movement. Otherwise, the drawing has to be regenerated to
obtain the modified display.

Direct Use: PS_PICKHELPER

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DISPLAY OF CONSTRUCTION COMPONENT LISTS


Construction component lists are most substantial within the three work levels. In these lists, the
construction components or detail blocks are displayed in a tree structure that can be used for working
in the selected work level.

Sorting and filters of the parts can be freely configured by the user. Thus there can be different
displays for different tasks.

DISPLAY SORTING (STRUCTURE)


Select the dialog for the display structure via the STRUCTURE button to modify the display sorting.
After modification of preset values and closing of the dialog box, the display will be restructured.

However, it is also possible to select your individually created template for the different work levels in
the global settings of Detail Center.

Group Display Type

ƒ Display Type: Here you select the fundamental type of display.


AutoPLANT Structural Standard – the component parts are displayed in the usual group/single
part structure. In addition, loose single parts and model views will be displayed as well.
User defined – you determine the hierarchy of the display individually, i.e. you specify in which
order the parts have to be sorted according to which properties.

ƒ Available.: Select the desired property field of a part, which has to be added to the tree structure.

ƒ Selected: The currently selected property fields of the structure. The order corresponds to the
hierarchy level in the tree display (sorting order).
The property field corresponds to the type of this property. It depends on the data of the parts to be

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represented which entries will actually be displayed.


If you have e.g. selected the length as property, an entry will be created on this hierarchy level for
each existing shape length and all components having the same length will be subordinate to this
property.

Group Display Filter

ƒ Use Filter: Only those parts will be displayed that meet the specified filter condition.
The selected properties for the structure and those for the filter don’t have to be identical. It is for
example possible to display a sorting only according to the length but filter out the component
type rib completely.

ƒ Selection List: Select one of the filter templates that you specified in the list. Select Current
Settings when you haven’t created any template and you want to use the current settings of the
filter dialog instead.

ƒ EDIT: By clicking on this button you can edit the display filter or store/select a filter template.

ƒ Use Prefilter: An additional second filter. This filter is linked with the actual filter logically by
AND. The component has to fulfil both conditions.

Group Options

ƒ Sort Order: here, you select the order of the entries.


Ascending – The entries are displayed in an ascending numerical or alphabetical order (1,2,3,4...).
Descending – The entries are displayed in a descending numerical or alphabetical order
(...4,3,2,1).
No Sorting – The entries are not sorted.

ƒ Entries only 1x: each component part is displayed only once in the whole tree structure. The
position numbers serve as criterion of comparison, separated in groups and single parts.
If a part having the same position (e.g. a rib) is situated in two different group positions, this is
only displayed in the first group.

ƒ > New per group: each component part is displayed only once in the whole tree structure, but each
single part of a group will be registered anew per group.
If a part having the same position (e.g. a rib) is situated in two different group positions, this is
displayed exactly once in each group.

ƒ Group Display: Here, you select the way group parts will be displayed.
As Group Structure – The building components and bolts of a group are subordinate to the group
entry. This allows an easy selection of any part of a group.
Only Single Parts – Only the actual parts of a group are displayed, but not the group itself.
Group and Single Parts – The group (as an entry without subordinate parts) and the actual parts of
this group are displayed of equal value side by side.
The advantage of this separation is that in case of a user-defined sorting you can arrange the
group and the component parts separately. Otherwise, it wouldn’t be possible to register the
single parts in the case the group has not been registered. Nor would it be possible to separate
e.g. in groups and building components of equal value side by side.

ƒ Pre-sort: The entries are preliminarily sorted according to views, groups, if need be, main parts
/building components (depending on the group display) and loose single parts, if you have selected
AutoPLANT Structural standard sorting.

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ƒ No empty: The entry of preliminary sorting is not displayed if it doesn’t contain any further entry.

DISPLAY FILTER
The display filter allows a very detailed filtering of component parts according to their properties. You
can describe any logically nested filter condition on the basis of the existing properties (there are no
limits with regard to the complexity of the query).

You may store these filter conditions as templates which can be easily selected. This allows you to
prepare frequent filter conditions that are perfectly adapted to your application.

Two filters of equal value are available (preliminary filter and main filter) which are linked by the
logical AND.

Although each filter is logically nested by any condition such as 'All shapes longer than 5000, but no
IPE270 or IPE240', it sometimes is easier to work with the preliminary filter, too.

If e.g. no sheet metal plates are required for a task, you can exclude them permanently already via the
preliminary filter. The standard filter then serves for your daily work and you can modify this filter
without having to add the condition 'No sheet metal plates' each time.

Group Comparative Term

ƒ List: Here, you see all property fields of the parts that may be used for the filter criteria. Each field
can be used as often as you like.
Select the desired field by clicking on it in the list. Then, the field name will appear in the display
on the right.

ƒ Display Fields: Here, you specify a single comparative condition consisting of field name,
comparative operator and parts’ data.
Several comparative conditions may be combined with logical operators to build the complete
filter condition.

ƒ > Left Side: The current property field that can be modified by clicking on it in the list.

ƒ > Center: Here, you select the comparative operator that links the property field and the parts’ data
(content of the field) to build a comparative condition.

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ƒ > Right Side: Possible parts’ data (contents of the field) of the selected property field in a
dropdown-list. Thus, impossible comparative conditions are avoided.

When all of the three components of a comparative condition have been preset, you can add them to
the complete filter condition by clicking on the INSERT button. Depending on the existing conditions
and on the selected logical link, the appropriate brackets will be set.

Group Filter Condition

ƒ Display Field: The complete filter condition as logical link consisting of several comparative
conditions. When you have already inserted a comparative condition, the active logical operator of
the next comparative condition will be displayed, too.

DIALOG COMMANDS
OPERATOR AND

By clicking on this button, you select the logical operator AND as logical link for the next comparative
condition.

OPERATOR OR

By clicking on this button, you select the logical operator OR as logical link for the next comparative
condition.

BRACKETS

Clicking on this button forces the program to manually add brackets to the filter conditions existing up
to that moment.
Brackets are always necessary if you want to link the complete result of a (partial) condition with
another one, because the combination of (A AND B) OR C is different to A AND (B OR C).

INSERT

By clicking on this button you add the current comparative condition to the complete filter condition.

DELETE

By clicking on this button you delete the comparative condition that was added last.

DELETE ALL

By clicking on this button you delete the complete filter condition.

USE FILTER TEMPLATES


As you already know from nearly all AutoPLANT Structural functions, you can store the filter
conditions as templates, too. This filter can be applied in the settings of the display via the name of this
template.

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Don’t forget that this is only a hint. If you should modify the template of the filter, the template of the
display, where this filter was used and will produce another result as well.

COMPONENT OVERVIEW
Since the component overview constitutes the starting page of the Detail Center, the functions
described here also apply to the other work levels. These are especially the individual sorting of list
display and the use of filters.

When selecting the Detail Center command, this tab will always be active first, and the current
drawing is „scanned“ by the Detail Center.

All model parts are searched according to predefined criteria and then displayed. This might take some
time when large models are involved. All detail styles are also searched and displayed.

A great number of the described functions may be selected via the context menu of the right mouse
button. Look there whether the corresponding entry is available if there should be no hint in this
documentation.

If you need only a section of a model, use the visibility classes to hide the unneeded parts. Any parts
hidden with the visibility class command are not recognized by the Detail Center. Please note however
that these parts are then no longer recognized by any of the details.

DIALOG COMMANDS
This is the function bar of the component overview. Buttons no. 1-4 are available in each work level
with the same function.

RECURSION (1)

By clicking on this button, recursive processing is alternatively switched on or off.

If it is switched on, any processing applied to a parent entry in the component parts list (e.g. assign
style) is also applied to all subordinate entries. Otherwise, only the selected entry is processed or all
entries on the same level, if this option is activated in the “model“.

STRUCTURE (2)

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Click on this button to open the dialog for display sorting of component parts list. Here, you can select
the standard display or an individual structure and set user-defined filters.

SETTINGS (3)

Click on this button to open the dialog for the work tools where you can specify additional settings
only for this work level.

Depending on the work level, the global settings are valid, too, which can be defined separately.

TEMPLATE (4)

Click on this button to store your settings for the Detail Center in a template or to select this template.

UPDATE (5)

Click on this button to search the selected drawing once more.

This is required if you activated a different drawing in the MDI environment or if changes were made
to the current drawing (e.g. new position).

EXPRESS (6)

Click on this button to start the Detail Center Express, to carry out a complete detailing according to a
specified pattern.

ASSIGN (7)

By clicking on this button, you can link model parts with a detail style. This requires that you select a
detail style first.

After selecting the command you can pick on the model parts to be linked or select them in a window.
All not write-protected parts are then assigned this style.

PREPARE (8)

Click on this special action button to import all parts selected in the parts list into the view list and
determine the views pre-selected in the detail style.

Component views can be generated only for parts linked with a detail style.

WORK LEVELS (9)

Switch on a different work level by clicking on the corresponding tab. Any open dialog is updated
accordingly.

Here, you can switch over to the page for the global settings of the Detail Center where you can
specify the settings, which are valid for the whole Detail Center or for several work levels.

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TITLE BAR (10)

If you double-click on this area, the dialog switches from docked to free moving. Alternatively, you
can also grab the dialog and “pull it out” while keeping the left mouse button depressed.

SEPARATOR (11)

Use this separator to enlarge the docked dialog. The drawing next to it will decrease in size
accordingly.

In addition, there is a scrolling bar between the two display lists (if two lists are available), which you
can use for modifying the scale of the two lists.

CLOSE (12)

Click on this button to close the Detail Center.

DETAIL STYLE LIST


This list displays all available detail styles. The selection consists of the styles saved in the drawing as
well as the style files saved on the hard drive.

View and Modify Detail Styles

Double-click on the desired list entry to open the dialog for the detail styles where you can modify the
entries. Alternatively, you can also use the context menu option Edit Detail Style.

Modifications apply only to the current session. If you want to save your changes permanently, you
have to save the model or export the detail style to the hard drive by means of the detail style dialog.

Clicking on another list entry while the detail style dialog is open updates the display of the detail style
dialog.

Copy Detail Styles

Select the detail style you want to copy from the list. Then select the context menu option Copy Detail
Style.

You are now prompted for a new name. Then you can also specify a description, which will appear in
the detail style dialog for better differentiation.

The new detail style is now displayed in the list and can be edited directly if the detail style dialog is
open.

Delete Detail Styles

Select the detail style you want to delete from the list. Then use the context menu option Delete Detail
Style. The detail style is now deleted from the list and the drawing. You can also delete the style from
the hard drive.

Please note that this deleted detail style is then no longer available for later sessions.

Set and Remove Default Detail Styles

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Some detailing functions such as manual detailing require a default detail style. Use the context menu
to set or remove a default detail style. Just select the desired style, followed by the corresponding
function in the context menu. The current default detail style is identified with an asterisk (*).

Load Detail Styles

At first loading of the Detail Center, only those detail styles are displayed in the list, which were saved
in the drawing.

You can, however, load additional style files (e.g. the defaults of certain customers), when you start
detailing. If you then save the drawing, these additional styles will be permanently available in the
drawing and will be displayed at the next loading. To load an additional style select the context menu
option Load Detail Style. Now, you can select a style file by the file selection dialog.

If you directly want to load all existing style files from the standard folder, then you select the entry
Load all Detail Styles instead.

This additional loading of styles is reasonable if you require a great number of different styles in your
company all in all, but only a part of them has to be used per order. If you load a detail style existing in
the model, the existing style will be overwritten.

COMPONENT PARTS LIST


This list is the primary working list of the Detail Center because it displays all parts of a model for
current status verification. Display and sorting of the list depends on the display settings.

Status Indicator

Depending on the component status, the entries feature small pictures. Only entries with such pictures
consist of parts that can be detailed. All other entries are only parent sorting entries.

Symbol Colours

ƒ Gray: Parts without any special status. Probably, these parts have not yet been processed with the
help of the Detail Center.

ƒ Blue: A detail block of this part has already been created. However, it has not yet been inserted
into a 2D drawing.
The original part in the model has not been modified compared with the detail block so that this
block can be inserted.

ƒ Yellow: A detail block of this part has already been created. However, it has not yet been inserted
into a 2D drawing.
The original part in the model has however been modified compared with the detail block so that
this block has to be detailed anew before it can be inserted.

ƒ Green: A detail block of this part has already been created and inserted into a 2D drawing.
The original part in the model has not been modified compared with the inserted detail block so
that this detail is currently valid in the 2D drawing.

ƒ Red: A detail block of this part has already been created and inserted into a 2D drawing.
The original part in the model has however been modified compared with the inserted detail block
so that this detail has to be updated in the 2D drawing.

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Additional Checkmarks

ƒ Checkmark: A detail style has been assigned to the component part.

ƒ Asterisk (*): the part in question is the main part of the associated group.

Information about the Component Parts

The meaning of the different entries can be easily differentiated by means of the symbols, because
single parts, sheet metal plates, groups, views, etc. have their own typical symbol.

In addition, you can open a dockable information window via the entry Display Information in the
context menu. This window informs you in detail about the status and additional properties of the part
selected at that moment.

The content of this window is automatically adapted to your current selection.

Multiple Selection and Drag&Drop

Use the SHIFT and CTRL keys to select multiple entries. This is a Windows-specific function, which
will not be explained here.

Many operations can also be carried out using drag&drop. For example, by dragging a component list
entry on a detail style, you can link the two.

Selection of AutoPLANT Structural Properties

Via the Detail Center, the properties of component parts can be directly modified in the model. Select
the entry PS3D Properties in the context menu after having selected the desired list entries. For more
detailed information about parts properties, please refer to the corresponding chapters of this manual.

In principle, selection is as if you select the part(s) in the model and then load the properties. In
combination with the sorting possibilities of the component parts list, however, it is possible here to
modify e.g. only the material of head plates. If you are working with a big model, using the traditional
way would be much more complicated.

Don’t forget to update the Detail Center after a modification was made because the program doesn’t
carry out an automatic update deliberately.

Reference to the Model (Search)

The component parts list has a direct reference to the model in both directions, which allows an easy
and fast orientation.

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On one hand, the components of the entries selected in the list can be displayed in the model. This
allows you to see directly which parts belong to a group, to a view, etc. To do this, select the option
Display Parts Selection in the Model in the work tools. Now, select an entry in the component parts list
and the assigned parts are colourfully checked in the model. Choose the entry ,Model’ to remove the
marking.

On the other hand, a part selected in the model can be checked in the component parts list (and
selected). To do this, pick the part in the model and select the menu point Search in Detail Center via
the context menu of the right mouse button. Now, the list scrolls to the position with the assigned
entry, the entry is checked and selected. The parent entries such as group list nodes etc. are "opened“.

Sorting

Sorting of the component parts list always depends on the work tools settings. The numerical sorting of
position within the sorting according to groups, part types, etc. is always carried out in three steps:

At first, sorting is effected according to the main position number. This number again is sorted
according to an existing position index. If additional prefixes are available, theses are sorted in the last
step. Position numbers, which only consist of letters, are displayed at the beginning in an alphabetical
order. If the filter 'Display Each Part only 1x’ is checked, only those positions are assumed to be
identical which only differ in their part prefix unless the button 'Don’t Use Position Number Prefix' has
been activated.
Standard Pos AA with Filter: Pos AA
Sorting: Pos BC Pos BC
Pos 1-1 Pos 1-1
Pos 1-2 Pos 1-2
Pos TR 1-2 (lapses)
Pos 2-2 Pos 2-2
Pos ST2-3 Pos ST2-3
Pos TR2-3 (lapses)
Pos 2-4 Pos 2-4

ASSIGNING DETAIL STYLES


Partial views and thus details can be created from every component part with a style. The different
sortings help you to link the correct parts with the necessary style in a rapid way.

You can only detail parts having a detail style. Which details to get can already be determined here.

Associate a Style

In the list, select the parts and then use drag&drop to pull them onto the detail style – and you are
finished! You can also select the parts and use the context menu to select the option Link with Detail
Style.

If you want to pick the parts directly from the model, you have to select a detail style first. Then press
the button ASSIGN (7) followed by picking the parts in the model. However, you can assign only single
parts with this method.

Recursive Association

If a single part has a detail style, this part is detailed with this style in the form of a single part detail.
If, however, a construction group has a detail style, this style becomes the detail style for the entire
construction group detailing.

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If you want to generate only group details, the associated single parts do not really require their own
detail style because the group style also applies to the parts within that group.

Use the recursive or non-recursive association to assign styles to the parts you want to detail. If you
selected the recursive association (the 'Recursive Processing’ button is pressed) and you assign a style
to a group, this style also applies to the single parts of that group. If in this case you pull the entire
model onto the detail style via drag&drop, all groups and all single parts are assigned the same style.

If you assign style "A" to the model and 'Recursive' is activated, every entry is linked with this style. If
'Recursive' is deactivated, only the entries Outline, Complete Plan View, BG 100 and BG 101 are
linked with this style, because they are located hierarchically immediately underneath the model. Since
the model itself is only a sorting entry, it passes the association along to its subordinate entries.

If you assign style "B" to the BG 101 and 'Recursive' is activated, every single part of this group is
linked with this style as well. If 'Recursive' is deactivated, only this construction group is assigned
style "B".

Separate Detail Styles

Select the parts in the list and then use drag&drop to pull them towards the top and away from the
Detail Center – and you are finished! You can also select the parts and use the context menu to select
the option Separate from Detail Style.

Remember that parts without a detail style cannot be processed unless the parts belong to a group and
you want to detail only the group views.

Write-Protection

Use the Set Write-Protection command in the context menu to write-protect certain entries. The entries
are highlighted and cannot be overwritten with a new style or separated from a style. You have to
remove the write-protection before change or delete the style of such an entry.

The combination of recursive processing and write-protection facilitates assigning different styles to
groups and single parts: Deactivate recursive and active write-protection and drag the "model“ entry on
the group style. Only the groups are assigned a style (due to the recursive setting) and are then saved.
Activate recursive and drag the "model“ entry on the single part style. The style association is passed
on to all parts but the groups themselves are write-protected.

Hide Parts

You can temporarily remove undesired parts from the component parts list to get a better survey. To do
this, select the corresponding parts and then activate the menu point Remove Entry in the context
menu.

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Visibility only refers to the component parts list. Don’t mix up this function with the visibility classes
in the 3D-model, which really hide the parts and switch to permanently invisible parts.

When the Detail Center is started anew or when you use the command UPDATE (5), all hidden entries
will be visible again.

IMPORT FOR DETAILING


All parts with a detail style can be imported for detailing, which means that the corresponding views
are created. The import for detailing concludes your work in this work level and you can switch to the
next level.

Create Partial Views

To import parts into the view list just drag the desired parts on the action button PrePare (8) using
drag&drop. The button will then temporarily turn red so that you know it is active. Let go off the
mouse button and the parts are transferred. You can also highlight the parts and click on the action
button with the mouse.

If you have checked the ‚Import Directly to Views’ option in the settings, you do not need to do
anything else because the style association also transfers the parts. If you separate parts from their
style, they are also removed from the view list.

When the part already exists in the view list, the entries will be corrected correspondingly. When the
corresponding group already exists in the view list, the single part will be assigned to this group.

Process and Delete Partial Views

It is always possible to add or remove partial views by modifying the detail style correspondingly and
importing the part anew.

However, if you want to add a partial view only for a certain component part and the detail style has to
remain unchanged, you can add or remove partial views in the second work level 'Views’ independent
of the style settings.

The manual details where the 2D-details are generated largely independent of the part hierarchies and
detailing automatisms are also created in this work level.

SPECIAL SETTINGS
You have access to the hereafter described settings via the button settings (3).

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Group Behaviour during Style Association

ƒ Overwrite: The entry is protected at once after association of a detail style and is shown in bold. It
cannot be modified unless the protection is removed.

ƒ Hide: The entry is hidden from the list after association of a detail style. Only the parts without
association of a detail style are shown.
The Detail Center has to be started anew or updated to make the entry visible again. Remember
that in case of hiding a group its single parts will be hidden too – even if they do not have any
style yet.

ƒ Take over: The entry is immediately imported to the next work level (views) after association of a
detail style. It is available for detailing.

Group Behaviour during Update

ƒ Manual: During automatic update of 2D-drawings, the program tries to restore modifications
which were made later in the details.
Otherwise, the detail is displayed as completely new detailed according to the detail style.

ƒ > Deleted: Dimensions or position flags deleted by the user are deleted again.

You will find a more detailed description of automatic 2D-Update in a separate chapter of this
documentation.

VIEWS OVERVIEW
If you have imported all of the parts for detailing, the generated views are displayed in this work level,
the views list.

Since most of the important points have already been discussed under Component Overview, here are
just a few special commands of this work level.

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DIALOG-COMMANDS

ADDITIONAL VIEW

Click on this button to add additional views to the selected component part or to create manual details.,
another dialog then opens.

After an entry has been checked in the views list, the corresponding parts for the manual detail are
automatically selected. On the other hand, when you select the first entry (‘Detail Views’) of the list,
you can select any part by clicking on it in the model.

DETAILING

Click on this special action button to detail all of the parts selected in the views list, including the
mentioned partial views, and to store them on the hard drive as detail blocks.

The created detail blocks then can be inserted in your 2D-drawings.

VIEWS LIST
Here, you will see all views of the imported parts in the form of entries, which can be checked for their
current status. The display and sorting of the list depends on the settings of the display templates.

Status

The significance of these pictures matches the component part overview; please refer to that section for
further details. If the view has already been detailed it is marked with a checkmark.

Preview

Before detailing you can display a preview of the detail or of a single view. Detailing will take place as
it is displayed there.

If you choose only one view you will see exactly that view in the preview. However, if you select the
entire component or group, you will see all existing views of the part in an order determined by the
program.

To activate the preview, just select the corresponding entry and then select Preview via the context
menu. After some computing time displayed by the status indicator, a drawing window opens
containing the possible detailing as a preview.

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If the detail style dialog and the preview are open, you can now change the different detail style
settings and check the effects of the modifications. If the detail style is not yet open, you can open the
dialog via the context menu. The correct detail style belonging to this view is then already selected.

Add and Remove New Views

Should you notice that the views displayed are too few or show an unfavourable line of vision on the
part, you can add or remove any view.

Just drag the view to be removed towards the top and away from the Detail Center using drag&drop. If
you select an entire component, the entire component will be removed; if you select the “Detail
Views” entry, all generated views are removed.

To add a view to a component just select the corresponding part and then select Add View via the
context menu. A dialog will open where you can add views.

DETAILING
To start the detailing just drag the desired parts onto the action button using drag&drop. The button
will then temporarily turn red so that you know it is active. Let go off the mouse button and the parts
are transferred. You can also highlight the parts and click on the action button with the mouse or select
the entry Detailing via the context menu.

A detail block with the date and time of the detailing is created and saved on your hard drive every
time the detailing process is activated. Every variation of the same type is thus still accessible later
during the insertion process.

You must save the model after the detailing has finished, since the modification management requires
information that has to be written to the drawing. If you do not save the model, this information is lost.

SPECIAL SETTINGS

You have access to the hereafter described settings via the button settings.

Group Behaviour during Detailing

ƒ Hide: The part is hidden in the model after detailing. You can e.g. at a detailing via direct part
selection see directly from the model which parts still have to be detailed

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DEFINITION OF MAIN VIEW


Within AutoPLANT Structural, there are different variants to specify the main view (front view) of a
shape for detailing.

Experience showed us that in most of the cases it isn’t enough to assume a firm guideline here because
this specification is individually made by the executive design engineer and mostly also depends on the
constructive environment. As it is a matter of component parts in the space, you cannot clearly define
top/bottom or left/right.

Front View based on the Parts Coordinate System (A)

Since each component part has its own coordinate system, a clear and constant main view can be
specified with the help of this coordinate system. In case of standard shapes, the Y-axis of this
coordinate system is always aligned parallel towards the web so that it can serve as reference axis for
the plan view.

This guarantees that – independent of the shape position – the front view always shows one of the two
web sides and the plan view shows a flange. The position in longitudinal direction, however, depends
on the insertion direction of the shape. The starting point of the part is always situated on the left or at
the bottom.

In case of non-symmetrical shapes (e.g. L-shapes), the coordinate system is rotated around the Y-axis
so that you can look inside the shape.

The figure on the left shows the part coordinate system of an L-shape (X, Y, Z) with the starting point
S and the endpoint E. For detailing, the coordinate system now is rotated around the Y-axis by 180°
(X', Y’, Z’ and S' resp. E'). Now, the front view has been defined along this new X-axis.

Front View based on the Global Front View (B)

To avoid exchanging up and down you can determine two global front views. The view in the direction
of the ”nearest” part coordinate axis is assumed as front view of the corresponding shape. To avoid the
view on a cross-section you can define an alternative front view, which sensibly has been rotated by
90°.

You obtain the result that the position is always independent of the insertion direction of the part (base
plates are always „at the bottom“), but the front view once can show the web and once the flange –
depending on the rotation of the shape in the view. Tough, parts which are situated further back in
construction are displayed as seen from inside.

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Select the entry Set Global Reference View in the context menu of the component parts list to specify
the global front views. Then, you have to click into the model to get the cross hairs for selection. After
that, you select the desired view direction of the front view and then the alternative view direction.

When you press the ESC-key instead of selection the views are reset to the default values (0,-1,0) and
(1,0,0). The current values are displayed in the information window.

Front View based on the Outside of the Model (C)

This variant is similar to the global front view. The difference is that instead of specified reference
views you always choose the part coordinate axis, which show most clearly from the center of
construction to the outside. This means that the front view is always what you would see from the
outside if you looked towards the center of the whole construction.

This method largely corresponds to human imagination, but, depending on the rotation of the shape,
once the web and once the flange can be displayed.

The following example shows the effects of the selected main view on the 2D-display of a shape:

Positions 1-4 have been inserted at a rectangular, the Y-axis of the part is showing to the top and the Z-
axis is showing in shape direction. The views A and B are the specified global front views.

Depending on selection, you will get the front view displayed on the right.

Specify Individual Front View (D)

The last variant is that you can specify for each individual part separately which part coordinate axis
has to serve as front view. In general, you can decide to use variant (B) or (C) and align unfavourable
parts individually and independently.

Select the entry Set Individual Reference View in the context menu of the component part list to
specify an individual front view. Then, you have to select the desired part to get the cross-hairs for
selection. After that, you choose the desired view direction of the front view.

When you press the ESC-key instead of selection the individual front view of the part is deleted. The
current value is displayed in the information window. Select the entry Reset Reference Views in the
context menu of the component parts list to delete the specifications for all component parts
simultaneously.

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OTHER VIEWS
You have the option to add additional views to a part or to create manual details from entire model
areas. Since the manual details are actually free views, they too are controlled via this dialog.

You have access to this function via the button ädditional view or via the entry Additional Views in the
context menu. The following dialog window is also a non-modal dialog which means that you can
change your part selection in the views list of the Detail Center at any time.

Group Given Views

ƒ Input Field: Here, you can change the names for free views.

ƒ List: The available views, which can be added to the part, are displayed here.
Select the desired view by clicking on it in the list. Already existing views are highlighted and
cannot be selected.

Group Selection

ƒ Selection Field: The detail style, which has to be used for a manual detail. When you select the
option 'From Component Part', the style assigned in the component part list will be used.
By clicking on the small button on the right side of this field, you can edit the selected detail style.

ƒ PICK VIEW: Click on this button to define the view level for free views by picking in the model.

ƒ ADD : Click on this button to add the selected view to the selected part.

ƒ MANUAL DETAIL: By clicking on this button, you can create a manual detail of the selected
part or of any part selection from the model.

ƒ Only Plane: The points picked during definition of a view plane are projected onto the current
view plane.

Add View

If you want to add one of the six basic views, just select the corresponding view from the list and click
on the Add button.

To add a free view just select one of the free views 'View A-A to Cut C-C' from the list. The input field
above can be used to change the name.

Then, click on the PICK VIEW button to specify the UCS (origin, X- and Y-axis) to pick any view or use
the ESC key to import the current view on screen. Finally, click on the ADD button.

The added views are treated during detailing just like directly created views and automatically further
processed.

Manual Detail from the Model

Select the first entry 'Detail Views’ in the views list of the Detail Center to create a manual detail with
any part selection from the model.

Now, click on the MANUaL DETAIL button and enter a name for the detail in the then opening input
field. Then, pick any view by specifying the UCS (origin, X- and Y-axis) or use the ESC key to import

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the current view on screen.


After that, you are prompted to select the parts, which are to be processed for this manual detail.

A window similar to the preview opens, which displays the parts as 3D objects for now. You can now
dimension manually, attach position flags or any 2D-lines and texts. Manipulations of these 3D-parts
are possible as well since they are only copies from the model.

Then you click on the modified CREATE 2D button, and the 2D-projection calculation for the 3D-parts
is carried out. Of course, you can continue to work in this window, but you will not have the intelligent
properties of the components available.

Once you have finished your additions, save the window without renaming it. If you do rename it, the
unique allocation for the Detail Center is no longer active.

Manual Detail from Components

You can also create a manual detail from construction groups or single parts without having to select
the parts specifically in the model.
Just select the entry of the desired part in the views list. The rest is the same as for the manual detail
from the model apart from parts selection.

DETAIL BLOCK OVERVIEW (INSERT)


If you have detailed all of the parts you can then insert the generated detail blocks into the workshop
plans. You will see the saved detail blocks in this last work level, the insert list.

Since most of the important points have already been discussed under Component Overview, here are
just a few special commands of this work level.

DIALOG COMMANDS

UPDATE

Click on this button to search the current output directory of the Detail Center once more.

This is required if you detailed a new model drawing or if a manual copy of a complete detail folder
was entered into the output directory.

EXPRESS

Click on this button to start the Detail Center Express for automatic insertion into the workshop plans
according to a specified pattern.

LIST OF DETAIL FOLDER


The default setting fills this list with the folder names, which are located in the detail folder of
AutoPLANT Structural.

New details are always saved to a folder. The name of that folder corresponds with the associated
model drawing. Users should leave this structure as it is. However, add additional folders so that you

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can access to other directories outside of the output path (detail path) created by AutoPLANT
Structural.

Add Detail Library

Select the entry Add Detail Library in the context menu to add a detail library. You can then select an
additional folder via the Windows file selection dialog, which is added to the list.

If normally you are working locally, you also have e.g. access to detail blocks saved on a network
server by using this function.

Delete Detail Library

To delete a detail library, click on the corresponding list entry and use the context menu to select the
entry Delete Detail Library. All detail blocks including the folder are then deleted.

Please remember that the program doesn’t take into consideration possibly existing foreign files!
AutoPLANT Structural assumes that the detail libraries only contain detail blocks for insertion and that
no finished drawings or other files are contained in these libraries.

LIST OF DETAILS
Here you will see all of the generated detail blocks as their own entries with date and time when they
were created and you can check their current status. The display and sorting of the list depends on the
settings of the work tools.

Status

The significance of these pictures matches the component part overview; please refer to that section for
further details. If the detail block has already been inserted, the entry is marked with a checkmark.

Preview

Before inserting the detail block, you can display a preview. To activate the preview, just select the
corresponding entry and then select the entry Detail Block Preview via the context menu.

A new drawing window opens displaying the result of the detailing in the form of a preview. This
detail block can be processed as well.

In case of modification, you mustn’t change the name of the drawing on any account. Otherwise the
detail block cannot be identified any more.

INSERT DETAIL BLOCKS


To insert detail blocks just drag the desired details onto the action button using drag&drop. The button
will then temporarily turn red so that you know it is active. Let go off the mouse button and you can
start inserting blocks. You can also highlight the parts and click on the action button with the mouse or
select the entry Insert via the context menu.

Insertion

Every inserted detail block first appears in the current target drawing in its origin and can then be
moved to the desired position within the drawing („sticking to the checkmark“). You can open several
drawings and click on a drawing to set it as the active one before inserting the blocks. Any details will
then be displayed there.

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You can track the parts you have just inserted if you have opened the info window. You can ignore this
part insert or cancel the entire insertion process.

Target Drawing

In order to activate the modification mechanism the program has to know, into which drawing you are
inserting the details. You cannot insert parts until the drawing has been saved. You should refrain from
making any subsequent drawing name or folder changes as well.

Although the Detail Center has a verification function for “lost” drawings or details, you will save
yourself a lot of time and effort by just leaving the plans where they are. The location for saving the
plans should be considered beforehand.

Revisions

Once the details have been inserted into the drawing you can manually revise the drawing. Please
remember that the single parts and groups are intelligent details. For further information please read
the comments in the corresponding chapter of this manual.

Ideally, you should optimize the detail style of the detailing in such a way as to eliminate any
revisions. Only then the modification mechanism can function correctly, since subsequent changes in
the details are otherwise lost if you select the modification function.

US-Mark Numbering

During insertion, you can issue component part numbers according to a US drawing standard. These
marks (mostly consisting of sheet number, component part code and a continuous index) serve for
identification of the workshop drawings of the parts within the model and within the parts lists.

As in practice, each of these marks has an individual structure; they are based on a definition file
describing the structure and value range of the marks. In the settings, you can select the current
definition file to be used under 'US-Mark Numbering”.

At first insertion, a small dialog opens if the 'US-Mark-Numbering' option has been activated. This
dialog can be docked beside the Detail Center. The active fields depend on the default settings in the
definition file.

For each new inserted detail a component part index is counted up according to definition file.
However, this index can be changed at any time.

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The resulting number (e.g. a1) will now be entered in the model into the field ’Shipping Number’ of
shape characteristics and in the 2D drawing into the field ‘Shipping Number of Position Flag’. The
position flag display is changed to ‘Shipping Number’.

Click on the button NEw drawing to count up the index for the drawing number and the component part
index will be reset to its start value. You can continue insertion in another drawing sheet.

Drawing Synchronization

When you are inserting the detail blocks, the insert information is saved to special files of the detail
library. After all, it could be that you did not open the model when inserting blocks and opening the
drawing in the background can be quite frustrating because very large models especially require a long
computing time for this operation.

Every time you open the model, the model drawing is compared and synchronized with these data.
You should never delete these files until the synchronization process is finished and you have saved
the model. The modification mechanism cannot function reliably if the program lacks the information
telling it which part has been inserted into which drawing.

Your work is better protected, if you do not delete the blocks and folders until after the assignment is
completed.

SPECIAL SETTINGS
You have access to the hereafter described settings via the button settings.

Group Behaviour during Insertion

ƒ Remove Block: Each inserted detail block will be deleted on the hard drive immediately after
insertion.
However, this is only possible if the model drawing is open at the same time, as the program has
to make some entries here. Please remember that the model drawing has to be saved afterwards.

ƒ US-Mark Numbering: You can issue mark numbers as they are usually used in the USA at
insertion.

ƒ Display Fields: Here, you see the definition file used for mark numbers including a short
description. This file includes the format description of the numbers.
If the program or project path is an element of the information, the part will only be displayed
there as <prg> or <prj>.

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GLOBAL SETTINGS

In addition to the settings of the different work levels, you can use this page to make the fundamental
settings of the Detail Center. However, you will also find special default settings, which are valid for
several work levels at the same time and which are set centrally.

DIALOG-COMMANDS

TEMPLATE

Click on this button to save your settings of the Detail Center in a template or to select one of these
templates.

In this template, the settings of all work levels as well as the global settings are saved. You can process
or select this template file on each work level.

Group Behaviour during Opening

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ƒ Load Model: When the Detail Center is opened, the model is automatically analysed and the
component part structure is displayed according to all default settings in the component parts list.
Since this process may require some time in the case of big models, this function can be
deactivated. You also can select the analysis of the model structure manually at a later moment
via the button UPDATE in the component parts list.

ƒ Recompute: The group dimensions are calculated anew when the model structure is analysed.
If you created e.g. a parts list before and the data therefore are current data, you may reduce
loading time of the Detail Center by switching off this option.

ƒ With Bolts: When the model structure is analysed, all bolts of groups existing in the component
parts list will be displayed as well.
This allows an easy check of the used bolts, but the resulting great number of parts has a negative
effect on the speed. This setting doesn’t, however, influence the information about the bolts in-
group details.

ƒ Workframes: When the model structure is analysed, the view levels of the working areas are also
displayed as entries in the component part list and analysed.

ƒ Standard: When the model structure is analysed, horizontal projection, plan view and anchor plan
are also displayed as entries in the component part list and analysed.

Group Behaviour during Selection

ƒ Show in the Model: The part (or complete groups) clicked in the list is (are) highlighted in the
model. When another entry is selected, marking switches over to the new part.

Detail

ƒ Style Sync: The program selects exactly the detail style the currently checked entry has in the
component part resp. views list. When the dialog window for processing of detail style parameters
is open, the corresponding settings are also directly displayed there.

ƒ > Parameter: The displayed parameter pages in the detail style dialog depend on the type of the
checked component part. If you have e.g. checked a single part, the pages for groups will not be
displayed.

ƒ Model Sync: The Detail Center is always updated to match with the active model drawing, if
several drawings are open. Since this process may require some time, you can switch off this
option in the case of big models. Update can be selected manually via the UPDATE button in the
component parts list.
In addition, you often don’t want to update the lists while you are only looking up something in
another drawing.

Group Others

ƒ Preview: The preview of a detail is automatically updated when you modify a parameter in the
detail style dialog window. In case of many modifications, it is however reasonable to deactivate
the update first and to select it manually afterwards.

ƒ PlugIn's: External plugIn's will be integrated which allow an individual adaptation of the detailing
results. A plug In-manager and additional dialog windows allow you to control further defaults

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which may be completely different depending on the supplier.


At the moment, there are no plugIn's supported.

ƒ Tolerance: Here, you set the tolerance for contour calculation of the modeller.
In some rare cases it may be that the contour cannot be determined correctly at 2D-derivation.
This especially occurs when component parts having very small angles are rotated towards view
direction. If you detect an incorrect behaviour or if the error message "Can't calculate Extents" is
displayed in the command line of AutoCAD, you can set here a smaller tolerance value.

ƒ Height Level: Here, you enter the height level which correspond to the X-Y-plane in the model
with the height Z=0 (world coordinates). For detailing of groups and overviews it is thus possible
to display correct height dimensions.

Group Display Templates

ƒ Parts: Here, you set the desired template for sorting and filter of the component parts list.
In the display field, the currently selected template is displayed. Click on the small button (...) on
the right side of the display to select another template. Click on the small button (x) to reset the
display to standard display.
Only the templates you created before via display sorting of component parts list will be offered
for selection. If, in the mean time one of these templates has been changed, the modified display
will be shown, too.

ƒ Views: Here, you set the desired template for sorting and filter of the views list. Selection is
analogously to the one for component parts list.

ƒ Insert: Here, you set the desired template for sorting and filter of the insertion list. Selection is
analogously to the one for component parts list.

Group Configuration Files

ƒ Output: Here, you can see on which path the details will be stored later. A subordinate directory
with the model name is created there. You can modify the path by double-clicking on the field.
It is however recommended to avoid modification of the path unless it is absolutely necessary!

ƒ Program Path: Here, you see the complete path of your AutoPLANT Structural installation. If
other displayed paths are further subordinate directories of this program path, the corresponding
part is only displayed there as <prg>.

ƒ Project Path: Here, you see the complete path of your current project in the case that project
management is used. If other displayed paths are further subordinate directories of this project
path, the corresponding part is only displayed there as <prj>.

ƒ Translation: Here, you see the desired translation file for drawing labelling.
In the display field, the currently selected file is displayed. Click on the small button (...) on the
right side of the display to select another file. Click on the small button (x) to reset the display to
standard default.
If the program or project path is an element of the information, the part will only be displayed
there as <prg> or <prj>.

ƒ US-Mark-Numbering: Here, you see the definition file used for US-mark numbers. This file
includes the format description of the numbers. Selection is analogous to translation file.

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AUTOMATIC TRANSLATION
AutoPLANT Structural permits a multilingual labelling of drawings, which is controlled by a
translation database. This database can be freely edited so that it is possible to add any language you
like. The form of the translated terms (e.g. only as abbreviation) can also be adapted to the
corresponding requirements.

Before you can work with the translation database, it has of course to contain the currently used terms.
For this reason, the model can be searched automatically for new terms of the object properties (like
name, note, etc).

EDIT DATA BASE


Please select the context menu in the component parts list of the Detail Center and click on the entry
Edit Translation. The following dialog opens.

ƒ List:: Here, you can see the terms of the database, which have to be translated. If you click on one
of these terms, it will be displayed in the Original Text field and you can add or revise the
translation.
Please note that only those terms are displayed, which exist in the database at the very moment.
Therefore you have to update the database after having modified the model.

ƒ Language: Here, you select the language, which has to be translated.

ƒ Original Text: Here, the current entry from the list will be displayed the translation which you can
edit.

ƒ Translation: Here, you can enter the translation of the currently selected term. Click on the
INSERT button and the entry is accepted as translation into the selected language.
If the term has already been translated into the selected language before, the translation will be
displayed. Click on the MODIFY button and the translation will be modified correspondingly.

ƒ All Entries: If this field has been checked, all entries available in the database are displayed in the
list of the terms, which have to be translated.

ƒ All Unknown: If this field has been checked, only those entries are displayed in the list of which a
translation into the selected language is not yet available.

ƒ Select File: Here, you see the path of the translation database. Click on File button to modify the
database.

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Click on this button to modify (select) the translation database.

Click on this button to save the translation database.

Click on this button to add a new language to the database.

Click on this button to add the entry in the Translation input field as translation of the Original Text
entry in the selected language.

Click on this button to replace the current translation in the Translation input field as translation of the
Original Text entry in the selected language.

Click on this button to delete the current translation of the Original Text entry in the selected language.

UPDATE DATA BASE


After having modified the model, you should search the model for new terms for the translation
database. These terms are taken from the object properties so that own comments or component part
names for the position flags etc., which were inserted there, can be translated.

The program tries to synchronize the entries with those of the shape database of AutoPLANT
Structural so that not modified shape names are not displayed in the translation.

Please select the context menu in the component parts list of the Detail Center to search in the model.
Click on the entry Enlarge Translation from Model. The model is searched for new terms and these are
imported.

TRANSFER DRAWING PATHS


This function permits you to transfer the drawing numbers saved in the drawing database or the file
paths of the workshop drawings to the component parts properties of the model drawing.

It is possible to display the drawing numbers of the processed details in the position flags of an
overview. In addition, it would also be possible to export the parts data via AutoPLANT Structural
standard interface and to have them evaluated by foreign programs.

START TRANSFER
Please select the context menu in the component parts list of the Detail Center to click on the entry
Take over file Paths. Then, you still have the possibility to verify the drawing database of the model, if
in the meantime you moved some details or modified the drawing numbers.

After the drawing verification was finished (or if you don’t want this option) the following dialog
opens:

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Group Data Selection

ƒ Data Selection: Here you specify which data have to be transferred into the component parts
properties. In addition, you can still add any extra text.
Drawing Number – The drawing number of the corresponding 2D drawing will be transferred.
Only File Name – Only the file name of the 2D drawing is transferred (without specification of the
path).
File Path – The complete file path including the drawing name of the 2D drawing will be
transferred.
Only Text – Only the specified text of the 'Prefix' input field would be transferred.

ƒ Prefix: Here you can specify a text which has to be placed in front of the real data or which has to
be transferred as only text (option Only Text).

ƒ Postfix: Here you can specify a text, which has to be placed behind the real data.

Group Target

ƒ Target: Here you specify into which property fields of the parts the data have to be transferred.
Note 1 – The data are transferred into the note field 1 of the parts properties.
Note 2 - The data are transferred into the note field 2 of the parts properties.

ƒ Groups: Only the data of the corresponding group are transferred to each part in the model; e.g.
detailed stiffeners are marked with the reference to the corresponding group drawing.

ƒ All Equa: The data are transferred to all component parts having the equal position number
(separated according to single part and group) and this even if only the workshop drawing to one
of these positions exists.

ƒ Remove before: In all component parts, the contents of the selected property field are removed
before transfer is started.
All existing entries are overwritten, this would, however, permit to transfer and display the
drawing numbers of all parts first and then only the drawing paths of the groups (the drawing
numbers of the single parts would thus be deleted again).

Now, click on the OK button to transfer the current entries of the drawing database in the component
parts properties.

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DRAWING VERIFICATION
Each time when you insert some details in a drawing, a dependence of the component part on the
workshop drawing and vice versa will be saved in the drawing database of the model drawing. These
saved dependences later permit an automatic update of the workshop drawing or the transfer of
drawing numbers to the component parts properties of the model.

These links are the reason for your having to enter a valid drawing name of the destination drawings
before insertion of details. It is also the reason for your having to save the model after insertion.

Nevertheless it may be that you have to modify the physical position of the 2D-drawings after the
complete detailing was finished. This is the case if you have to save them in an assembly folder of the
order in the network. In addition, it may be that you want to move some details from one drawing to
the other in order to add some completions or just because there is not enough place in the drawing any
more.

However, if the model has saved the wrong dependences, and the Detail Center thus cannot function
completely as it should, you can correct this subsequently. This correction partly is carried out
automatically, partly by means of your manual support. It is divided into the two areas Drawing Path
Verification and Detail Verification.

START OF VERIFICATION
Please select the context menu in the component parts list of the Detail Center and click on the entry
Check Dependences. After the note that this function may require some time and that if need be you
can cancel the function the verification starts.

At first, it is verified whether all paths of workshop drawings saved in the drawing database still exist.
Then, the drawings, which were not found, are displayed in the dialog. Now, you have the possibility
to set the paths or drawing names anew.

Group Invalid Drawing Paths

Click on this button to change the path of all displayed drawings at the same time and start a new
search. Then, the list either contains the remaining drawings, which are still lacking or the verification
function changes to detail verification.
If you only changed the physical position of the plans on the hard drive, you don’t have to make any
further corrections.

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Click on this button to change the path and/or file name of a certain drawing selected before in the
displayed list.
If a drawing was renamed or if a certain drawing was saved on another physical place, you can thus
make the necessary corrections.

Click on this button to ignore the selected drawing during the following verification. Thus you can also
remove deleted drawings.

Please note, however, that you cannot add further drawings. If therefore you copied and renamed a
drawing, please assign the new name to it instead of ignoring the drawing.

After verification of paths was finished, and any necessary corrections were made, the program passes
on to the verification of the details contained. It is now verified whether all details are contained in the
original or now modified drawings.

All the details, which were not found, are now displayed in the list. You have thus the possibility to
link any moved details anew or to remove deleted details.

Group Details not Found

ƒ Search Path: The current search path used for the ‚Search Detail' option is displayed in this field.
You can modify the path by clicking on the right button beside the display.

Click on this button to search for any details not found in the drawings of the current search path. For
this purpose, each drawing will be opened in the background and searched for all listed details
individually.

Please note that each file having the extension *.dwg will be opened, as it could be a workshop
drawing.
This means that also any existing AutoPLANT Structural-models or other AutoCAD-drawings will be
opened. You should therefore take care that only 2D-plans with details are in the list to avoid
unnecessary waiting periods.

Click on this button to specify the new drawing where a certain detail is which was selected before in
the list. Then, it is verified at once whether the detail is really situated on the new drawing.

Click on this button to ignore the selected detail; the original entry is kept. Thus you can also remove
deleted details as you can remove the detail hints from the drawing database after end of verification.

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Please note, however, that you cannot add further details. If therefore you moved a detail, please assign
the new drawing to it instead of ignoring the detail.

END OF VERIFICATION
After the verification has been finished, the assignment is structured anew and the drawing database is
updated. You still have the possibility now to remove the ignored or invalid detail hints from the
drawing database. If you refrain from doing this, the original entries of these details will be kept and
you can repeat the verification at a later moment.

ƒ Ignored: If this field has been checked, the detail hints on ignored drawings will be taken into
consideration, too for correction (all details giving a hint of these drawings are set as ignored
details).
Otherwise, these are not affected in order to avoid destroying hints to temporarily moved
drawings.

ƒ 2D-References: if this field has been checked, the hints of 2D-drawings of all ignored details will
be removed as well. The data base entry with possible further information is however kept.

ƒ Invalid: If this field has been checked, the data base entries of any details, which were not found,
will be completely removed. Otherwise, only the hints of 2D-drawings of these details will be
removed.

When you click on Cancel in this dialog, the data base will not be modified. You can repeat the
verification process at any time you like by means of correction.

Thus you can first look at the result of drawing verification in a text file (model
name_LogFile.txt) which is situated in the subdirectory ..\detail of your AutoPLANT
Structural installation. There, you will find a list of all workshop drawings linked with the model as
well as the status of the details expected to be there.
Drawing Verification
; -------------------------------------------

[HEADER]
Verification file=h:\testmodel.dwg

[drawing file: h:\testmodel_views.dwg]


Status=moved or deleted
view hall_FRONT=can not be found

[drawing file: h:\testmodel_details.dwg]


Pos 2 (HE 140 B)=valid
Pos 47 (PLATE 10x137...191)=not found
BG 3 (HE 200 B)=valid

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BG 9.1 (HE 200 B)=valid

DIRECT DETAILING
The AutoPLANT Structural Detail Center can also be used to detail parts directly from within the
model or display a preview of the detail. This means dimensions of construction groups can be
checked, or only a few selected parts within a complex building, which are urgently needed, can be
detailed.

Perhaps area classes have not been used, but it is now desired to detail a special truss. Large models
pose the problem of being able to identify this part directly.

The Detail Center offers a few helpful tools, but the following method is even easier:

To detail a component part directly from within the model, select a default detail style first, so that
parts without a detail style can be detailed.

Now highlight the parts to be detailed within the model and then select the context menu via the right
mouse button. Depending on the parts selected, a preview can be created from a single part or a group
or these parts or groups can be detailed directly. Select the desired function from the context menu.

A group can be detailed or displayed in the preview whenever the main part of the group has been
selected.

DIRECT DETAILING
If you want to work with direct detailing, you will be prompted to specify if all of the selected parts
without a detail style are to be linked with the default style first. If you confirm this question, these
parts will be highlighted in the Detail Center as well since the linking is permanent. If you answer no
to the question, only those parts are detailed, which already have a detail style.

The parts will then be directly detailed or the preview is displayed.

Direct Detailing with Insertion

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If additionally valid and saved 2D-workshop drawings are open, the parts can even be inserted into the
drawings directly after detailing.

In the context menu, a list of the valid drawings will be displayed in a subordinate tab of the
corresponding detailing selection (respectively the entry Detail Library for 'Not Insert'). If such a
drawing is selected, you will directly reach the insertion mode fort he selected drawing after detailing
has been finished. The parts can be placed there.

MODIFICATION MANAGEMENT
The modification management is one of AutoPLANT Structural’s special Detail Center features. Once
the model has been detailed and any resulting detail blocks have been distributed to the different
workshop plans, the detailing or processing is considered finished.

The next time you load the model most of the entries will appear in green – this colour signifies that
the detailing of these parts matches the original parts of the model.

However, if you have changed parts of the model they will be shown in red. This tells you that the
detail blocks (and thus maybe the workshop drawings as well) are no longer current and have to be
updated. The program performs this update.

OPEN A DRAWING FROM WITHIN THE DETAIL CENTER


Just click on a part in the component list of the Detail Center to have a quick look at a certain
workshop drawing.

Now select the context menu and use the entry Open 2D drawing to automatically open the drawing
containing this detail – presuming it has been inserted.

UPDATE DRAWINGS
Any parts highlighted in red can be updated automatically. Select a specific component or a parent and
only the parts contained in these are updated. If you select the "Model" entry, all parts are updated.

Selecting the context menu after having selected the part, use the entry Update only modified 2D-
drawing to activate the modification mechanism. However, if you want to force also an update of non-
modified (green) parts to replace e.g. the detailing by another detail style you have to select the entry
Update 2D-drawing in the context menu.

One by one, all of the affected drawings are opened in the background, the parts are newly detailed and
inserted directly into the original drawing position, replacing the old ones. Should you have one of
these drawings open at the time, you can watch this replacement happen “live” right in front of you.

Subsequent Modifications

Depending on the settings in the work tools of component overview, modifications of the details which
you carried out later will be adopted again. This is of course only possible to a limited extent.

At the very moment, moving of position flags, weld marks, height indicators and of dimension texts in
all 2D-drawings as well as modifications of sketch display at overviews are adopted. If a dynamic
drawing parts list possibly exists, it will also be updated in the case the component parts have changed.

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Please note, however, that only the position of the dimension text can be restored (in the case that you
“sorted out” unfavourably placed texts), but not the dimension itself or modifications of the dimension
text. To avoid a reset of such modifications, you can protect them against update.

This procedure might take some time to complete; then all plans are once again current and the latest
detail blocks are ready for insertion. Use the ‘Display only Latest Blocks’ option for the insertion to
place the details.

You should remember, however, that the modification mechanism functions optimally only if the tips
and notes from the previous chapters are observed. You should, therefore, work through those chapters
very diligently.

PROTECTION AGAINST UPDATE


To exclude modifications of dimensions, position flags, weld marks or height indicators completely
from being updated, you may protect them or set them free again. This is recommended for example
for subsequent modifications of dimension texts or in the case dimensions were completely moved.

During automatic update of the 2D drawing, the program now checks whether e.g. a dimension has
been protected. If this is the case, this dimension is kept exactly as it is and the corresponding „new“
dimension is deleted from the updated detail. The result may be that the position or the dimension text
won’t match any more. Therefore, this option should only be used in the case you assume slight
modifications (such as modifications of display or of position numbers) which only have few
influences on the dimension.

Since in future versions keeping of modifications will become more and more efficient, this protection
against update is only a temporary help, which will become superfluous again later. The adoption of
modifications combined with the efficiency of the automatic mechanisms of AutoPLANT Structural
requires an enormous amount of time and energy in program development. This is the reason why
modification management will only become perfect according to our requirements step by step.

Select the entry Protection against Update in the component parts list of the Detail Center to protect the
dimension or the position flags; weld marks, etc. against update or to release them again. Then, the
following dialog opens which is described below.

Group Selection-Filter

ƒ Selection-Filter: Here, you can enter the filter for automatic object selection. Only those objects
will be taken into consideration, which meet the filter condition.
Select Objects – You specify manually by your selection, which objects have to be protected or
released. No filter will be applied in this case.

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All Objects – All objects in the drawing are automatically selected without applying a filter.
Processing of course only refers to dimensions, position flags, weld marks and height indicators.
Dimension – Only dimensioning objects are automatically selected in the drawing.
Each Flag – All position flags, weld marks and height indicators are automatically selected in the
drawing.
Only Position Flags – All position flags are selected in the drawing.
Only Weld Marks – All weld marks are selected in the drawing.
Only Height Indicators – All height indicators are selected in the drawing.

Click on this button to activate the protection against update for the selected objects unless it already
exists. If you have checked the entry ‘Select Objects’ as selection filter, the desired objects have to be
selected first.

Click on this button to remove the protection against update for the selected objects if they have one. If
you have checked the entry ‘Select Objects’ as selection filter, the desired objects have to be selected
first.

Of course, this function has to be applied in the 2D-workshop drawings and not in the 3D-model.
Please also remember that you cannot compare the protection against update with a blocked layer. If
the dimension to be protected was only on a blocked layer, it would be kept there, but the newly
created (synonymous) dimension would not be deleted.

RESET MODIFICATIONS
Before the first detailing takes place, the drawing should be initialized, i.e. it should be set to „zero“.
This will ensure that the modification mechanism functions optimally.

As the component parts in the model remember their modification even during modelling, it may be
that the corresponding markings have already been set. This could cause some irritations.

Select the entry Reset Modification Flags via the context menu of component parts view to reset any
existing information about model modification.

The entries, which details are situated on which drawings that are kept, as well as the already detailed
detail blocks. Please select the entry Initialize All Anew from the context menu to reset the model
completely.

Please note, however, that now any information will be deleted (unless the assigned detail styles)! It
will then no longer be possible to ask the model where the different component parts were inserted or
to insert component parts already detailed but not yet inserted.

This complete initialization is reasonable if you made some detailing beforehand „as a test“ or for a
meeting and you now want to create the final workshop plans.

DRAWING LIST
At any time, AutoPLANT Structural can create a drawing list giving you a survey on the inserted
details and their status of modification. This drawing list is based on the current entries in the drawing
database and on the status of the so-called “modification flags” of the component parts.

Therefore, it is recommended to verify the drawing first. The program automatically offers this
drawing verification after the function has been selected. It is of course also possible that hints which
were recognized as invalid shall nevertheless remain valid because the drawings have only been moved
temporarily.

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Creation of File

Select the context menu of the component parts list and click on the entry Output of Drawing List. A
text file (Modelname_DrawingList.txt), will be created in the subdirectory.. \detail of your
AutoPLANT Structural-installation containing first a survey on all 2D-drawings and the number of
inserted details.

If one of these details has been checked as modified in the Detail Center, this drawing is reported as
being modified. Therefore, this statement doesn’t mean that the drawing has actually already been
modified. It means that it still has to be modified. In addition, you will find a detailed list per drawing,
which details (position numbers) are contained and which of them has already been modified in the
model.

On the following page, you will find an example of a drawing list. Since an external program via code
words might evaluate the content of this list, the output of these key words is always in English.

As you can see in the example, there are 6 single parts (2 of them modified) and 2 groups in the
drawing with drawing number ABC_PL03. Therefore, the drawing is checked as being modified.
; Drawing List
; -----------------------------------------------------

[HEADER]
Created=02-04-2003 * 11:34 AM
ModelFile=h:\testmodell.dwg
FileContent=Drawing list and object reference
Drawings=3

DrawingNumber|Changed |Parts |Groups |Views |DrawingFile


=============|========|========|========|========|========================
ABC_AN01 |no | | |2 |h:\testmodel_view.dwg
ABC_BG02 |yes | |5(3) | |h:\testmodel_bg.dwg
ABC_PL03 |yes |6(2) |2 | |h:\testmodel_plates.dwg

[h:\testmodel_views.dwg]
DrawingNumber=ABC_AN01
Changed=no
Parts=
ChangedParts=
Groups=
ChangedGroups=
Views=Hall_SEI_R,Hall_X_1
ChangedViews=

[h:\testmodel_bg.dwg]
DrawingNumber=ABC_BG02
Changed=yes
Parts=
ChangedParts=
Groups=3,7,10,31,49
ChangedGroups=3,7,31
Views=
ChangedViews=

[h:\testmodel_plates.dwg]
DrawingNumber=ABC_PL03
Changed=yes
Parts=35,38,40,43,45,46
ChangedParts=40,46

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Detailing Style

Groups=50,55
ChangedGroups=
Views=
ChangedViews=

DETAILING STYLE

WORKING WITH DETAILING STYLES


The detailing style offers you some decisive influence over the style of the detailing because it is here
that you determine what is to be dimensioned, how to dimension it, what texts to include, whether to
attach position flags, and much more.

More than 350 parameters are available to specify the appearance of your drawing. You can save and
load these styles individually and even import or export them from third parties. Since it is possible to
manage entire parameter records you can create specific styles for specific detailing tasks (e.g. for
overviews, workshop plans, life-sized displays, etc.) and just select them later.

Your main task consists of defining the suitable styles once. The program offers the option to
immediately check each change using a preview feature (see Detail Center/Preview) – until details
look exactly like you want them to be.

This chapter will discuss the setting options first with an example of a detailed component at the end of
the chapter. The chapters describing the detailing process also describe how to work with styles.

SAVING STYLES
Normally, the detailing styles are saved together with the drawing. This means that you always have to
save your model if the modifications of detailing styles are to be kept permanently.

In addition, there is the possibility to write a detailing style as text file on the hard drive and to re-
import it. This permits you to exchange, update or even transfer the detailing styles of different
models. Furthermore, you can create a collection of detailing styles and use in the model only a
selection of those styles, which are required for that moment.

GENERAL INFO
When you select the detailing style, a dialog with a tree structure appears on the left where the
different dialog pages are sorted hierarchically in groups according to different areas.
When you click on an entry in the tree, the assigned dialog page opens on the right and you can modify
the values. If you move to another entry, your previous entries are saved and the new page will be
displayed.

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Detailing Style

To allow a clear view, some of the tabs have subordinate tabs themselves which are accessibly via a
button and which are used for special settings. These are usually infrequently used settings and cannot
be reached directly via the tree structure.

The commands of the dialog frame are the ones all dialog tabs have in common. Only the new specific
commands will be described here. The other commands are found in the general description of
AutoPLANT Structural-dialogs.

ƒ Description: Here, you can specify a description of the detailing style to explain its function in
detail.

ƒ Style Class: Here, you can assign the detailing style to an existing style class. The style then will
be displayed in the selection list of the Detail Center together with a colored icon. You can
identify the essential task more rapidly (e.g. detailing style for single parts, groups, etc.).
The detail styles available for selection are sorted by different functions on the base of these style
groups.

DIALOG-COMMANDS

SAVE

When you click on this button, the complete detailing style is saved in a text file on the hard drive.
This file has the name of the style and the file ending *.sty.
It is possible to load this file later into this or into another model or to transfer it to thirds.

SAVE AS

Click on this button to save the detailing style under another name on the hard drive. Your detailing
style copy automatically gets the name of the style pre-set here as file name. It is possible to load this
file later into this or into another model or to transfer it to thirds.

UPDATE PREVIEW

When you click on this button, preview detailing of a detail is calculated anew and updated if the
window is open.

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Detailing Style

Within the Detail Center you can look in a preview on the effects of a detailing style for detailing of a
detail. Normally, this preview is automatically updated at each modification of the detailing style.

However, if you have e.g. a very complex overview the detailing of which requires a lot of time or if
you want to modify a lot of parameters, you can switch off the automatic update and release it
manually.

GLOBAL SETTINGS
This is the tab for global default settings ranking higher than all other tabs. If, for instance,
dimensioning is deactivated, no dimensioning will be carried out - independent of the setting in the
dimensioning tab.

COMMON TAB

Group Display

ƒ Projection: Here, you specify the system according to which the different part views (front view,
plan view, top view, etc.) are aligned towards each other.
DIN – Distribution of the views is effected according to DIN.
American – Distribution of the views is effected according to American standard.

ƒ Alignment:: Here, you specify the alignment of the details at detailing.


Horizontal – The parts are aligned horizontally when detailed.
Vertical – The parts are aligned vertically when detailed.
Align as – AutoCAD aligns the parts during detailing according to their WCS position, which
means that a slanted support remains slanted.

ƒ Front View: Here, you indicate how the front view of a component part has to be specified. The
other views then derivate from this front view.
From Component – The element coordinate system of the component part is used for the
determination of the front view.
From Global Views – The global views are used for the determination of the front view.
Outside Model – The view from the outside into the model is used for the determination of the
front view.
Individually per Part – The individually fixed front view of a part is used for the determination of
the part’s front view. If it has not been defined, the element coordinate system will be used
instead.

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Detailing Style

ƒ Like Group: Single parts views are displayed according to the views of the corresponding groups,
if existing. The left view of a stiffener is e.g. the view onto a plate (normally this would be the
plan view), because the left view of the group would show the stiffener in this way.

ƒ > First View: Only the first view of the part is displayed corresponding to the group; all other
views are tilted according to standard related to this modified view.

ƒ Real 2D-lines: The details are transformed into pure AutoCAD line diagrams. Intelligent
properties of the 2D-details of course won’t be available any more.

ƒ ACIS if Plates: Poly-plates are always temporarily transformed into ACIS elements for detailing
to allow for better dimensioning of radii.
The plate properties in the model are not affected by this.

ƒ Don’t scale: The parts keep their original size and only the text is scaled for output on a printer
/plotter.

ƒ Scale: Here, you set the scale of your details. Depending on the selection under ‘Don’t Scale Parts’
either the part or the text size is scaled.
Please remember the hints under 'Detail Center/Generalities Concerning Scale and Dimensioning
Styles'.

Group Add

ƒ Dimensioning: Dimensioning texts and lines are scaled according to the settings entered in the
DIMENSIONING tab.

ƒ > US-Style: Dimensioning is affected according to American default settings (AISC) if these
differ from other default settings.

ƒ > Cross-Section Y: At diagonal dimensioning according to American standard, the intersection


point of the center line of the connected shapes and the shape axis of the supporting shape is
viewed for the calculation of system points. Otherwise, this is the point on the centerline of the
supporting shape which is situated next.

ƒ Position Flags: Position flags are attached according to the settings entered in the POSITION
FLAGS tab.

ƒ Weld Flags: Welding symbols are attached according to the settings entered in the WELDING
SYMBOLS tab.

ƒ Labels: Additional label texts are attached according to the settings entered in the ADDITIONAL
TEXTS tab.

PARTIAL VIEWS TAB


Here, you specify which views of a part will be displayed and whether these are limited in their visual
depth. However, you can also make use of the automatic process of the program, which determines the
required views due to the processing.

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Detailing Style

Group Partial Views

ƒ Automatic: The program automatically displays the required views according to the existing
detailing processes of the part. Thus, all detailing processes can be displayed and dimensioned.

ƒ Cut: A cut is made in this view frame for any model views you like. Position, cut depth and
displayed parts are determined by means of this frame.

ƒ Default: You can choose the views to be generated from the six existing basic views.
Here, you also pre-set the desired views for the overviews of detailed points; for standard
overviews, however these settings haven’t any meaning,

ƒ > Selection: Here, you pre-select which views have to be created during the detailing process. In
the Detail Center, you also have the possibility to delete views or to add further views.

ƒ Min. Distance: Here, you specify the distance of the views (incl. dimensions and text) if several
views of a part are to be generated within one detail block.

ƒ Insertion Position: Here, you specify the grip point for the later insertion of detail blocks. Select
where to position the detail block from the 9 striking insertion points below-left up to above-right
(also for 2D-Update).

Group Visual Depth

ƒ Max. Depth: Here, you can indicate a visual depth up to which the subordinate parts are seized at
construction group display. This filter can be switched on separately for the different views to
limit the depth only at left and right views.

ƒ Limit for : When displaying construction groups, the visual depth for the selected view is limited
to the value specified under 'Max. Depth'.
Please note, however, that unlike cut areas at views nevertheless the complete component part will
be displayed. The specification of this value only serves as depth filter for seizing of the complete
component part.

SELECTION CLASS TAB


The automatic assignment of detailing styles is available in the DetailCenter Express as well as in other
commands of the Detail Center or of AutoPLANT Structural. Here, you can define where the
corresponding detailing style has to be visible to limit the selection to a few reasonable styles.

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Detailing Style

Group Single Parts

ƒ Single Parts: The detailing style is visible everywhere where single parts are concerned.
Otherwise, it will not be displayed.
If this option is deactivated, the visibility can be limited even further to certain types. However, if
the style is e.g. only limited to end plates, it will also be displayed when the corresponding
function doesn’t permit any filtering (e.g. other single parts).

ƒ > Straight Shapes: The detailing style is only visible when it is a matter of straight shapes.

ƒ > Bent: The detailing style is only visible when it is a matter of bent shapes.

ƒ > End Plates: The detailing style is only visible when it is a matter of end, base or other
connection plates.

ƒ > Sheet Metal Plates: The detailing style is only visible when it is a matter of poly-plates (except
for stiffeners).

ƒ > Stiffeners: The detailing style is only visible when it is a matter of stiffeners.

Group Component Groups

ƒ Component Groups: The detailing style is visible everywhere where it is a matter of component
groups. Otherwise, it will not be displayed.
If this option is deactivated, the visibility can be limited even further to certain types. However, if
the style is e.g. only limited to supports, it will also be displayed when the corresponding function
doesn’t permit any filtering (e.g. other shapes or groups).

ƒ > Straight Shapes: The detailing style is only visible when the main part of the group is a straight
shape.

ƒ > Bent: The detailing style is only visible when the main part of the group is a bent shape.

ƒ > Supports: The detailing style is only visible when the main part of the group is a straight shape
and a support (longitudinal direction parallel towards the global Z-axis).

ƒ > Cross Girder: The detailing style is only visible when the main part of the group is a straight
shape and a cross girder (longitudinal direction parallel towards the global X/Y-plane).

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Group Views

ƒ Views: The detailing style is visible everywhere where it is a matter of views. Otherwise, it will
not be displayed.
If this option is deactivated, the visibility can be limited even further to certain types. However, if
the style is e.g. only limited to anchor plans, it will also be displayed when the corresponding
function doesn’t permit any filtering (e.g. other views).

ƒ > Standard: The detailing style is only visible when it is a matter of the model views from the
working areas.

ƒ > Anchor Plans: The detailing style is only visible when it is a matter of anchor plans.

Others

ƒ Always selectable: The detailing style is not submitted to a certain filtering and is visible
everywhere.

2D-DISPLAY
These dialog tabs offer the opportunity to specify the display type of the component parts (centerlines,
drill holes, hidden edges, etc.), which line types have to be used and which special default settings
have to be valid for the different detailing types.

COMMON TAB

Group Add

ƒ Visible Lines: All visible lines are displayed. This field should always be checked.

ƒ Invisible: The invisible lines are displayed according to their line type.

ƒ Bolts : The put in bolts are depicted by a bolt symbol.

ƒ > Real: The bolts are depicted as real view with nut and bolt head.

ƒ Weldmint: The welding joints imported to the model are depicted as weld symbol.

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ƒ Elevation symbols: The height indicators imported to the model are depicted.

ƒ Cross-Sections: The shape cross-sections are depicted with their exact radii – otherwise, the
simplified depiction in the form of straight lines is selected.

ƒ > Dimensioning: At dimensioning, all edges and radii of cross-section display are used.
Otherwise, only the outside dimensions are depicted.

ƒ With Radii: Arcs and circles are depicted as such AutoCAD elements – otherwise, they are
approximated using many small continuous lines. The generation of actually curved lines will
slightly affect on the overall processing speed.

ƒ Bearing Ba: A symbol for the bearing bar direction is attached (which corresponds to the
lengthwise direction of the grid) if it is a matter of plates having a grid.

ƒ > Symbol Size: Here, you enter the size of the symbol, which is used for the direction of the plate
grid.

Group Shape Shortening

ƒ With Shortening: Shapes are “compressed” in areas without detailing and a shortening symbol is
attached. Whether a shape can be shortened depends on its detailing processes and on the limits
specified by you hereafter.

ƒ Symbol-Distance: The gab in the shape or the distance between the lines if a shortening symbol
with two lines is used.

ƒ Min. Shape Length: Shortenings are to be attached starting at this length. You can use your page
optimally by displaying the shapes as long as possible.

ƒ Min. Shortening: The shape has to be shortened by at least this value to even activate any
shortening.

ƒ Max. Number: The maximum number of shortenings inserted into the shape.

ƒ Edge distances: Shortenings cannot start at the edge or margin area but can only start this indicated
distance from the edge. This prevents shortening a shape without detailing too much.

ƒ Symbol: Here, you select the symbol, which has to be inserted into the shape at shortening
position.
Single Line – The shortening symbol is a simple straight line.
ZigZag Single Line – The shortening symbol is a serrated, wave-like line.
Double Line – The shortening symbol is a double straight line with the gap set in the 'Symbol-
Distance' input field.
ZigZag Double Line - The shortening symbol is a serrated, wave-like double line with the gap set
in the 'Symbol-Distance' input field.
Gap without Line – There is no symbol depicted, but only a gap with the distance set in the
'Symbol-Distance' input field.

Group Others

ƒ Hatching Size: Here, you specify the hatching scale. This is the line distance for line hatching.

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ƒ Hatching Angle: Here, you enter the angle of hatching.

ƒ Hatching Pattern: Here, you enter an AutoCAD hatching pattern to be used for cross-section
hatching.

SINGLE PART DIALOG TAB

Group Add Cross-Sections

ƒ Standard Shapes : Additional cross-sections are added to the views of standard shapes.

ƒ Special Shapes: Additional cross-sections are added to the views of special shapes.

ƒ Roof-Wall: Additional cross-sections are added to the views of roof-wall-shapes.

ƒ Combi Shapes: Additional cross-sections are added to the views of combi-shapes.

ƒ Weld Shapes: Additional cross-sections are added to the views of weld shapes.

ƒ At End Plates: In the plan view of a base or end plate, the cross-section of the welded shape is
displayed.

ƒ Position Transversal: In the selection list, you define on which side of a partial view the cross-
section of the shape has to be displayed.
Left – The cross-section is displayed on the left.
Right – The cross-section is displayed on the right.

Group Others

ƒ Origin: The zero point reference of coordinate dimensioning of the single part is displayed as
reference point or at American dimensioning option as special symbol for “Running dimension”.

ƒ > Symbol Size: Here, you enter the size of the symbol.

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COMPONENT GROUPS DIALOG TAB

Group Cuts

ƒ Display: 2D-cuts (manual or automatic at e.g. stiffeners) inserted into the main part are added as
additional view to the group.
Here you have to differentiate between 2D-cuts in the model and 2D-cuts in the details: 2D-cuts
inserted in the model only define whether and how a detail has to be cut at detailing process.

ƒ Only manual: Only manually added cuts are displayed. Cuts automatically determined by the
program are not depicted.

ƒ Identical 1x: Cuts having an identical display are only depicted once.

ƒ Arrange Below : The cuts are not depicted on the left and/or on the right of the main view (mostly
the front view), but beneath the last views, one beside the other.

ƒ Symbol Outside : Cut arrows are displayed outside of the last dimensioning chains. Otherwise,
they are fixed directly at the part even in front of the dimensioning chains.

ƒ Labeling: here, you indicate the cut designation (without the code letter for cut) that has to be used
for labeling the cut views.

ƒ Cut Symbol: Here, you can select a template describing the display of cut labeling. These
templates can be defined within the command “Insert 2D cut”.

ƒ Code: Here, you enter the code letter (or number) that has to be used to describe the first cut of a
group. All other cuts of this group will be counted accordingly in increasing order.

Group Neighboring Parts

ƒ Display: The neighboring parts of a group are also depicted. These are the parts where the group is
connected, which however don’t belong to this group any more.

ƒ Position Flag: The position flags of the neighboring parts are also inserted in the view.

ƒ Detailing Style: The detailing style used for displaying the neighboring parts.

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Detailing Style

ƒ Search Area: The size of an imaginary box around the whole group. Everything inside of this box
will be displayed as neighbouring part up to the edges of this box.
You may define the box in the three input fields separately for X-, Y- and Z-direction of the group.

Group End Plates:

ƒ Display: A single part detail of the end plates will be depicted with displayed connection shape on
the corresponding side of the group, if end or base plates exist.

ƒ Detailing Style: The detailing style used for displaying the end plates.

ƒ View: Here, you specify the view direction of the end plate detail related to the group.
Inside – The shape to be connected is depicted as cut.
Outside – The shape to be connected is depicted as hidden.

ƒ Distance: The distance of the end plate details towards the other views of the group.

Group Others

ƒ Origin: The zero point reference of coordinate dimensioning of the group is displayed as reference
point or at American dimensioning option as special symbol for “Running dimensions (RD)”.

ƒ > Symbol Size: Here, you enter the size of the reference point or of the symbol.

ƒ Benchmark: A mark is displayed at the group showing the alignment with regard to a global
northern direction.
In the global settings, the American dimensioning style has to be activated.

ƒ US-Mark-Numbering: The US-part number or position number as well as the quantity of pieces is
shown together with the longitudinal dimension chain.
However, the US-part number has to exist already, i.e. the option is not activated unless an update
has been made.
In the global settings, the American dimensioning style has to be activated.

ƒ Mounting Position: In the case of stiffeners and web angles, it is specified whether these are
situated on the front or back side of the web or on both sides of the web (in case of identical parts).
In the global settings, the American dimensioning style has to be activated.

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VIEWS DIALOG TAB

Group Part-Filter

ƒ Shapes: Shapes are displayed in the view unless it is a matter of the types that are set separately in
the filter. Normally, this option should be activated.
Distinguishing between the different component parts is of course possible only if these have been
generated with the associated functions as well. Otherwise, a web angle created as manually
drilled angle steel would be interpreted as a normal shape.

ƒ Poly-Plates: Poly-plates are displayed in the view unless it is a matter of stiffeners or bracing
plates.

ƒ Stiffeners: Stiffeners are displayed in the view.

ƒ Bracing Plate: Bracing plates (gusset plates) are displayed in the view.

ƒ Web Angle: Web angles are displayed in the view.

ƒ End Plates: End plates are displayed in the view.

ƒ Base Plates: Base Plates are displayed in the view.

ƒ Special Parts: Special parts are displayed in the view (e.g. ACIS-3D solids).

ƒ Only in Frame: Only those parts are taken into consideration which are situated completely or at
least up to their half within the work frame.
Thus you can make a special selection out of the area – otherwise, all parts are shown which are
situated on the level of the work frame (i.e. in the way you would see them in reality.

ƒ Base Plate at: Head and base plates are displayed if the option ‘Sketch’ or ‘System Lines’ has been
selected under display variant. Otherwise, they are always displayed.

ƒ Use XRef: The parts added to the model via XREF’s are displayed and dimensioned as well. The
above mentioned display filters are also valid for these component parts. Please refer to your
AutoCAD documentation where you will find a description how to work with XREF’s.

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ƒ Min. Part Size: Here, you can exclude small parts from selection by specifying the distance of the
most distant and farthest removed, opposing corners. If the corner distance is smaller than the
indicated value, the part will not be recorded. This setting is unimportant if the value 0 has been
entered here. None of the parts are then filtered with this function.

Group Display Variant

ƒ Standard: The overview is displayed as standard 2D-depiction where all hidden edges are correctly
determined.

ƒ 'Sketch: The construction components are only hinted at as sketch drawing. It is not absolutely
necessary that this sketch drawing has to be seen from the beginning till the end of a component
part. It is possible that only the center line is displayed.

ƒ > Offset Edge: Here, you specify the distance the beginning of the sketch drawing has to have
from the insertion point of the shape. If you indicated a relative length smaller than 100%, this is
also the beginning of the center line.

ƒ > Rel. Length: Here, you specify the length of the sketch drawing as relative value related to the
shape length. The rest will only be displayed as center line.

ƒ Objects: These component parts are displayed as intelligent 2D-objects. At this method, however,
the hidden edges are only displayed correctly in relation to the corresponding part. Hidden edges,
which are created due to other components, cannot be calculated.
This method is suitable if you want to attach position flags later. By means of shape
characteristics, it is also possible to indicate individual depictions per component part if an exact
display of hidden edges is not so important e.g. in overviews for discussions.

ƒ System Lines : Only the center lines of shapes are displayed as static system, plates and similar
component parts are not displayed.

ƒ Anchoring: An anchor plan with alternatively two different scales is generated. Display of the base
plates can thus be depicted in an enlarged display.

ƒ > With Supports: In addition to the anchor details, the supports are also displayed as cross-section.

ƒ > As Object: The supports in the anchor plan are displayed as intelligent 2D-Objects.

ƒ > Details 1: Here, you enter the scale of base plate details in the anchor plan.
However, an anchor plan can only be generated if you have linked the view “Anchor Plan” in the
component parts list with this style setting.

ƒ Group Visual Depth

ƒ View Frame: The visual depths assigned to the work frames are used for views.

ƒ Dialog Default: The visual depths specified in this dialog are used for views.

ƒ > Front/Back: Enter the visual depths Front and Back, which have to be used for the views.

ƒ Max. Distance: Enter the maximum distance another work frame is allowed to be removed from
the current view to be interpreted there as construction axis for axis display and dimensioning.

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DIALOG-COMMANDS
FILTER

By clicking on this button, you can define a filter of your own from other parts properties apart from
the previously defined filters of the group Part Filter. Then, a dialog opens for entering the filter
condition.

ƒ Description: The shape description can be used as filter criterion. The terms available for selection
are displayed in the list.

ƒ Part Family: The part family can be used as filter criterion. The part families available for
selection are displayed in the list.

ƒ Include: The part is displayed if it corresponds to another type in the second list (logical OR).

ƒ Exclude: The part is not displayed if it corresponds to another type in the second list (neg. OR).

When you click on this button, the selected entry of the first list will be adopted in the second list.

When you click on this button, the selected entry in the second list will be removed again from this list.

CONSTRUCTION AXES IN OVERVIEWS


The figure below shows the connections between current view and construction axes.

In the current view (gray) work area 1 and the construction axes A, B and C would be displayed. The
corresponding work frames contain the information about axis description and text display. As,
however, the construction axis C is situated outside the displayed construction, it could be hidden with
the “Axes only within” option.

The axes of the small work area 2 would only be displayed if the smallest distance of the
corresponding relevant work frame was smaller than the preset value of ‘Max. Distance’ for the visual
depth.

If different values have been indicated for the left and right axis description, the value is used which is
next to the current view.

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CONNECTION DETAILS AND CRANKED VIEWS OR CUTS


In addition to standard views on work areas, AutoPLANT Structural can also generate cranked views
and detail point overviews (connection details). The kind of view is determined by the kind of work
area defining the view.

If a depth has been indicated for the work area, it is a matter of detail point overview allowing you to
display several views on this area simultaneously (front view, plan view, etc.). Detailing is effected
like that of a standard overview, i.e. all parts are exported as AutoCAD lines and dimensioned
according to the settings for overviews.

If a cranked cut has been inserted, you can display a cut though the model which is situated in different
levels. You can hide undesired sections or refrain from an additional view. Depending on the position
of the cutting line, the parts are cut or displayed as view.

The neighboring figure shows you the different variants:

The standard front view shows the supports 1, 2 and 3 as view unless the visual depth of the work area
reaches up to support 4.

The cranked view only shows the supports 1 and 4 in the area of the indicated visual depth. If there
were parts on the thick, black cutting line, they would be displayed as cut.

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The detail point overview shows the construction 5 in the selected views (here front view and view
from the right), the cutting depth results from the corresponding 3rd dimension of the cube.

The result of detailing process is displayed in the following figure. The display of dimensions, position
flags, etc. depends on the selected detailing style:

DIALOG TAB LINE DISPLAY

Group Colour and Line Type

ƒ Definition: Here, you select the source of the definitions for the display of Line Type. It describes
the line type and the colour of the lines of a component part in the 2D-depiction.
Detailing Style – The definitions result from the settings on this page.

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Configuration – The definitions result from the configuration file of AutoPLANT Structural.
From File – The definitions result from a separate definition file.

ƒ Colour: Enter here, which colour has to be used for the three kinds of lines of the component part
(visible, invisible and center line).
Use the AutoCAD-colour numbers for this.

ƒ Line Type: Enter here, which line type, has to be used for the three kinds of lines of the
component part (visible, invisible and center line).

DIALOG-COMMANDS

CHOOSE COLOUR

When you click on this button, the AutoCAD standard dialog for colour selection opens where you can
choose the colour number graphically.

DIALOG TAB LINE DISPLAY CENTER LINE

Group Generalities:

ƒ Center Line: The center lines are displayed for the parts selected on this dialog tab.

ƒ Offset:: Here, you set the extension value by which the center line is extended beyond both shape
ends.

Group Special Shapes

ƒ Special Shapes: Center lines for special shapes are displayed.

ƒ Roof-Wall: Center lines for roof-wall-shapes are displayed.

ƒ Combi Shapes: Center lines for combi shapes are displayed.

ƒ Welded Shapes: Center lines for welded shapes are displayed.

Group Others

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ƒ Shape List: By checking in the list you choose for which one of the different types of standard
shapes the centerlines have to be displayed.

DIALOG TAB DRILL HOLES

Group Hole Axes

ƒ In View: A hole view will display the axis.

ƒ > Projection: Enter the extension of the axis beyond the outside edges of the shape.

ƒ In Plan View: A plan view on the hole will display the two axes (horizontal and vertical).

ƒ > Projection: Enter the extension of the axis beyond the hole display.

ƒ > Rotate by 45°: The two axes lines are rotated by 45° to prevent dimension line overlaps.

Group Hole Display

ƒ Hidden: The hidden (invisible) holes are displayed using a dotted line in plan view.
Otherwise, only the axes are displayed if these are chosen for display. However, if you selected
'Old Standard' the axes are always displayed.

ƒ Real Holes: The holes are depicted aaccording to their diameter as either circular holes or hidden
edges.
Otherwise, only the axes are displayed if these are chosen for display.

ƒ > Filled: The hole displayed is completely filled.

ƒ Old Standard: The holes are depicted in a plan view with the former DIN steel construction
symbol specifying the diameter.

ƒ > Symbol Size: The symbol size according to old standard.

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DIMENSIONING
Here, you can indicate all of the settings for the dimensioning of the components. Since this is a rather
complex area, the settings are distributed among several subordinate dialogs within this main group. In
addition, you will find completing dialog boxes which can be opened from the different pages.

DIALOG TAB GENERALITIES

Group Dim Chains

ƒ Normal: Customary relative dimension chains are attached.

ƒ Coordinates: Dimension chains are attached with continuous dimensioning to a reference point
(coordinate dimensioning).

ƒ Both: Relative dimension chains and – here included – the corresponding coordinate dimensions
are attached at the same time. You have the option to exclude certain parts of construction groups
from coordinate dimensioning.

ƒ Associative: The dimensioning is created as really associative dimensioning without text


overwriting as far as possible. In case of manual manipulations dimensioning is automatically
adapted to the measured values.

ƒ Optimization: The program will position the dimensioning texts in a better way according to the
settings on the page ‘Optimization’. Optimization can be switched off later if you want to displace
the dimensions manually according to another method or if you do not expect overlaps. You will
then obtain the dimensions on the position where AutoCAD would place them as default position.

ƒ Complete (hor.): Always complete dimension chains lengthways to the component part are built.
The missing dimensions are added to the overall length.

ƒ Complete (vert.): Always complete dimension chains transversely to the component part are built.
The missing dimensions are added to the overall width.

ƒ Divide: At hole dimensioning each individual hole diameter gets its own dimension chain. The
dimensioned hole diameter then is indicated on the dimension line.

ƒ Coord. Extra: Only one common coordinate dimension chain is attached per dimension chain
block ((above, below, left or right of the part).

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ƒ Weld Cracks: Small welding cracks will be assigned their own dimensioning line. This is a minor
option if ‘Divide Hole Rows’ has been selected because here a distinction is made between
diameters anyway.

ƒ Diameter: At hole dimensioning the hole diameter is indicated on the dimension construction line.
This is a minor option if ‘Divide Hole Rows’ has been selected because the hole diameter is
indicated on the dimension line.

ƒ Label : The things located by dimension chain (stiffeners, holes, etc.) are written as text to the
dimension line.

ƒ > Text Size: The text height of the dimension chain labels (mm).

ƒ Length of Construction Lines: The construction lines have exactly the length specified in the input
field 'Distance Construction Line'. If this field has not been checked, the dimension chains are cut
at each other with the distance specified in the input field 'Length Construction Line'.

Group Standard Dimensioning Style and Coordinate Style

ƒ Selection List: Here you can select the dimensioning style (AutoCAD) to be used for the
dimensioning in question. This style is going to control all properties such as text colour, text size,
etc. For radii and angles the corresponding subordinate style of an AutoCAD dimensioning style
can additionally be used.

ƒ Variant 1 / 2: Here, you can indicate two alternative styles to be assigned as style variant to
different dimension chains.
If you have selected the entry ‚Auto Smaller', a copy with smaller text sizes (factor 0.7) is
generated from the basic style. If you have selected the entry ‚Auto Larger', a copy with larger text
sizes (factor 1.4) is generated from the basic style.
Style variants allow you e.g. to emphasize overall dimensions or to use smaller texts when space is
limited.

Group Distances

ƒ Min. Distance: Here, you enter the smallest distance to be dimensioned. If this distance is smaller
than the value, it is added to the next dimension.

ƒ First Dim. Chain: Here, you enter the distance from the outer limit of the component up to the 1st
dimension line. If you selected the option ‘First Position Flags’ in the FLAGS dialog tab, this field
contains the distance from the outermost position flag.

ƒ Between Dim: Here, you enter the distance between the individual dimension lines.

ƒ Dim. Construction Line: Here, you enter the length of the dimension construction lines, if you
selected ’Fixed Construction Line Length’. Otherwise, enter the distance from the start of the
construction line up to the previous dimension chain. In this case, entering the value 0 will not cut
the construction lines at the previous dimension chain but they are extended to the point to be
dimensioned.

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DRILL HOLES DIALOG TAB

Group Holes in Plan View

ƒ Long. Direction: Drill holes appearing in plan view (vertical drill holes) are dimensioned
lengthwise of the component part. Vertical drill holes mean the drill holes you see as plan view
when looking at the hole (“vertical to the screen”).

ƒ Transv. Direction: Drill holes appearing in plan view (vertical drill holes) are dimensioned
crosswise of the component part. Vertical drill holes mean the drill holes you see as plan view
when looking at the hole (“vertical to the screen”).

ƒ > Hole Groups: New dimension chains within the component part are created in case of modified
transversal distances.
Otherwise, a common dimension chain is positioned beside the component part. The dimensions
of the first and last hole group, however, are drawn to the outside if they are near enough at the
end of the component part.

ƒ > Axes: Common axis lines are displayed within the hole groups if the ‘Divide Hole Groups’
setting has been checked.

ƒ > No at outside: The dimensions of the first and last hole group are not drawn to the outside at
‘Divide Hole Groups’ setting. They are also positioned near by the hole group. This setting is e.g.
reasonable if apart from the component part additional dimensions for secondary parts of
component groups are to be expected.

ƒ > As Back Pitch: Symmetric hole distances around the center line are summed up to a common
measure.

ƒ Only Visible: Only those holes are dimensioned which are visible in the corresponding view. At a
plan view for example, the holes of the shape’s bottom flange are not dimensioned unless they
were visible due to gaps in the upper flange.

ƒ Individual Flange: The drill holes of upper and bottom flange are dimensioned in an individual
dimension chain each unless excluded from dimensioning by ‘Only Visible Holes’ command.

ƒ Diameter: The hole diameter is written beside the hole groups. If the value does not change, the
diameter is only indicated once per hole line or complete hole group.

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ƒ > Text Size: Enter the text size for diameter labeling.

ƒ > Distance: Here, you can indicate the distance of diameter labeling from the edge of the hole.
Positive values signify a labeling on the right above the center, negative values signify a labeling
on the right below the center.

ƒ New Dimensions: Here, you enter the distance from one hole group resp. drill hole dimensioning
to the other at which a new (redundant) dimensioning has to be carried out. This permits a clearer
dimensioning of far away positioned identical hole screen dimensions as the dimension chains
resp. the indications of diameters are repeated.

Group Holes in View

ƒ Long. Direction : Drill holes in view direction (parallel drill holes) are dimensioned lengthwise of
the component part. Parallel drill holes mean the drill holes you see as view when looking at the
hole (“parallel to the screen”).

ƒ As Back Pitch: You enter the back pitches including the diameter of the parallel drill holes.
Continous constant back pitches are displayed as a group.

ƒ > Marking: Beginning and end of a group are displayed by a marking.

ƒ > Text Size: Here, you enter the text size for back pitch labeling.

ƒ > Distance: Here, you can indicate the distance of back pitch labeling from the edge of the
component part. Positive values signify a labeling outside the component part, negative values
signify a labeling inside the component part.

ƒ New Dimensions: Here, you enter the distance from one back pitch to the other at which a new
(redundant) dimensioning has to be carried out. This permits a clearer dimensioning of far away
positioned identical back pitches as the indications are repeated.

DIALOG TAB SINGLE PARTS

Group Generalities

ƒ Coord. Transv: Coordinate dimensioning is also displayed in transversal direction of the


component part (e.g. at hole groups).

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Reference Point The dimensioning of drill holes is related to the reference point of the component part.
Otherwise, it is related to the outside edges.

Style Variants In the list, you can see to which dimension chains the style ‘Variant 1’ or ‘Variant 2’
has been assigned by means of the variants.
LIN-2 signifies e.g. that variant 2 has been selected for normal (linear) dimensioning.

Group Dimension Chains

ƒ Length: The length of the single part is dimensioned.

ƒ Width/Height: The width or height of the single part is dimensioned (depending on the view).

ƒ Outer Contour : Copes or other outside polycuts of the single part are dimensioned.

ƒ Inner Contour: Inside polycuts of the component part are dimensioned (e.g. penetrations.

ƒ Radius: Circle radii of component contours are dimensioned. If defined, the subordinate radius
style of the selected AutoCAD dimensioning style is used.

ƒ > Center: The center points of radii are checked and dimensioned in a separate linear dimension
chain.

ƒ Cut Angle: All angles are dimensioned which were created by line cuts or polycuts. If defined, the
subordinate angle style of the selected AutoCAD dimensioning style is used.

Group Miscellaneous

ƒ Distance System: The distances of the ends of the component parts are dimensioned related to the
system points of the construction (these are the theoretical intersection points between the center
axes of connected shape and the corresponding support shapes).

ƒ Gradient: Measures of angle as triangle with indication of length and reference height instead of
usual angle measures if US-dimensioning is used.

ƒ US-Cope: Copes at the ends of the component parts are indicated with length and depth if US-
dimensioning is used.

DIALOG-COMMANDS
STYLE VARIANTS

Click on this button to open the dialog for the style variants. You can then assign a different style
variant to the individual dimension chains.

This subordinate dialog can also be accessed via the dimension settings for groups or views. Here, you
can assign a style variant to (almost) any dimension chain, separately for standard linear dimensioning
as well as the coordinate dimensioning.

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ƒ List: Int he List, you click on the desired dimension chain to which you want to assign a style
variant.

ƒ Variant ½: Here, you assign a style variant to the selected dimension chain. If you click e.g. on
variant 1, the dimension chain receives the style defined by you in the basic dialog for the variant
1.

ƒ Standard: The allocation of a style variant is cancelled and the dimension chain is displayed with
the basic dimensioning style.

The allocation of style variants shows a more clearly structured dimensioning. Outer dimensions can
be emphasized with larger text or different dimension ranges can be colored. You could also use
dimension chains with tolerance specifications for hole dimensions or, in case you anticipate many
“tight” dimensions, you could also work with smaller text. There are many ways to use this option to
your advantage.

If you want to vary only the text sizes, you can also use the setting “Auto” bcause this will
automatically adjust the necessary text sizes (factor 0.7 or 1.4). If you would also like to change colors
or select other text sizes, you have to select a different AutoCAD dimensioning style.

DIALOG TAB GROUPS

Group Generalities

ƒ Complete (hor.): All dimension chains are completed lengthways to the overall length of the
group.

ƒ Complete (vert.): All dimension chains are completed crossways to the overall width of the group.

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ƒ Flat Steel as: Flats (e.g. fishplates) are included in the dimension chains of the poly-plates and not
dimensioned as shape.

ƒ Reference Point: The dimensioning of subordinate parts is related to the reference point of the
main part. Otherwise, it is related to the outside edges of the main part.

ƒ Style Variants: In the list, you can see to which dimension chains the style ‘Variant 1’ or ‘Variant
2’ has been assigned by means of the variants.
LIN-2 signifies e.g. that variant 2 has been selected for normal (linear) dimensioning.

Group Dimension Chains

ƒ Length: The overall length of the group is dimensioned.

ƒ Width/Height: The overall width or height of the group is dimensioned.

ƒ System: The distances between the group and the system points of the construction are
dimensioned.

ƒ Diagonals: Diagonal shapes are dimensioned over the longest length.

ƒ > System: The distances related to the system points of the diagonal are dimensioned additionally.

ƒ > Total Measure: The distance from one system point to the other is dimensioned.

ƒ Manual Dim: The dimensioning points manually attached in the model are dimensioned as well
according to their default settings.

Group Main/Subparts

ƒ Main Part: In addition, the main part is dimensioned with the most important dimensions like a
single part.

ƒ Coordinates: The main part is dimensioned with coordinate measures if you define to dimension it
like a single part of the group. Thus, you can limit coordinate dimensioning only to the weld
measures of the subparts in case of mixed dimensioning of main and subparts.

ƒ Subparts: The position of subparts is dimensioned.

ƒ > Dimension 1x : If several views of the group are displayed, subparts are only dimensioned 1x
per dimension in the most suitable view. Otherwise, the subparts are dimensioned redundantly in
each view.

ƒ > Repeat: Within this view, identical part dimensions are dimensioned only once in transversal
direction. Otherwise, each subpart is again dimensioned redundantly.

ƒ > Coordinates: Coordinate dimensioning of subparts is also attached in transversal direction if they
are dimensioned with coordinate measures.

ƒ Main Part First : The inner dimension chains of the construction group view are the dimension
chains of the main part; otherwise the dimension chains of the subpart.

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Group Miscellaneous

ƒ Connected Shape: The system points of the connected shapes are dimensioned and the
dimensioning of subpart or mainpart shape holes is related to this dimensioning.

ƒ > Reference Point: The reference points of the connected shapes are used to determine the system
points; otherwise, the center axis is used.

ƒ > Coordinates: The connected shapes are additionally dimensioned with coordinate dimensioning.

ƒ > Search Area: Here, you can specify the maximum distance up to which a hole in the
subpart/main part is assigned to the corresponding system point of the connected shapes.

DIALOG TAB GROUPS REFERENCE POINTS

Group Shapes

ƒ No dimension: The position of the shapes in a group is not dimensioned.

ƒ Outer Edge: The position of the shapes is dimensioned on the base of their outer edges.

ƒ Shape Center: The position of the shapes is dimensioned on the base of the geometrical shape
center (center axis).

ƒ Drill Holes: The position of the shapes is dimensioned on the base of their drill holes, if existing.
Otherwise, dimensioning is based on the outer edges.

ƒ Outer Edge/Hole: The position of the shapes is dimensioned in a common dimension chain on the
base of their outer edges and drill holes.

ƒ One Hole: If the option Dimensioning on Hole or Dimensioning on Outer Edge/Hole is activated,
the shape is only dimensioned on the base of the drill hole, which is situated extremely outside.

ƒ One Edge: If the option Dimensioning on Outer Edge or Dimensioning on Outer Edge/Hole is
activated, the shape is only dimensioned on the base of the edge that is situated at the very front.

ƒ One Dim. Chain: The length dimension chains of shapes are summed up to a common dimension
chain, if they are situated on different sides of the part.

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ƒ Coordinates: The shapes are dimensioned with coordinate measures. Thus, you can exclude certain
parts from coordinate dimensioning in case of mixed dimensioning.

ƒ Input Field: Here, you can indicate the position of the generated dimension chain related to the
other subpart dimension chains if these are situated on the same side of the part.

Group Polyplates

ƒ Settings: All settings correspond to those described under shapes. Thus, they haven’t to be
mentioned in detail once again. Here, you define the behaviour of the dimensioning for all
polyplates existing in the construction (e.g. gusset plates) apart from the stiffeners.
Please note that a separation of the stiffeners from other plates is only possible if these have been
created using the stiffener command or as selection of additional component parts when creating
plate connections.

Group Stiffeners

ƒ No dimension: The position of the stiffeners in the group is not dimensioned.

ƒ Stiffener Center : The position of the stiffeners is dimensioned on the base of the geometrical
stiffener center.

ƒ Outer Edge: The position of the stiffeners is dimensioned on the base of their outer edges.

ƒ One Edge: If the option Dimensioning on Outer Edge is activated, the stiffener is only
dimensioned on the base of the edge which is situated at the very front.

ƒ Coordinates: The stiffeners are dimensioned with coordinate measures. Thus, you can exclude
certain parts from coordinate dimensioning in case of mixed dimensioning.

ƒ Input Field: Here, you can indicate the position of the generated dimension chain related to the
other subpart dimension chains if these are situated on the same side of the part.

Group End Plates

Please note that a separation of the end and base plates from the other shapes is only possible if these
have been created using the corresponding commands.

ƒ No Dimension: The position of the end plates in the group is not dimensioned.

ƒ Outer Edge: The position of the end plates is dimensioned on the base of their outer edges.

ƒ Drill Holes: The position of the end plates is dimensioned on the base of their drill holes, if
existing. Otherwise, dimensioning is based on the outer edges.

ƒ Bent: The bent or folded end plate details are dimensioned as well like a single part.

ƒ One Dim. Chain: The length dimension chains of end plates are summed up to a common
dimension chain, if they are situated on different sides of the part.

ƒ Coordinates: The end plates are dimensioned with coordinate measures. You can exclude certain
parts from coordinate dimensioning in case of mixed dimensioning.

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Detailing Style

Group Miscellaneous

ƒ ORDER: Click on this button to apply the order of the dimension chains indicated in the input
fields. It is not possible to use the same order number several times.

DIALOG TAB GROUPS CUT

Please note that the dimensioning settings of subparts also influence the dimensioning of cuts. If e.g.
the dimensioning of polyplates has been deactivated, no dimensioning will be effected in the cut, too.

ƒ Dimension: Automatic 2D-cuts are dimensioned.

ƒ No Poly: Polyplates of cuts are not dimensioned even if they are activated in general.

ƒ No Stiffeners: Stiffeners of cuts are not dimensioned even if they are activated in general.

ƒ Reference Point: Dimensioning of cuts is related to the reference point of the main part.

ƒ Coordinates: The values of cuts are dimensioned with coordinate measures if ‘Both’ has been
selected for the dimension chain type. Thus, you can exclude the cuts from coordinate
dimensioning in case of mixed dimensioning.

REFERENCE POINTS
In the shape properties, you can assign so-called reference points or axes to a shape. After insertion,
they first are identical with the insertion axis of the component part.

This permits you to force dimensioning on a specified reference to allow e.g. to relate all important
hole dimensions symmetrically to the center axis or to “Upper Edge Steel” for plateform girders.

In overviews, the most important dimensions of the construction are also directly displayed by means
of these reference points. Since these reference points can be modified later, a shape can for example
be inserted on its center line in the grid, dimensioning, however, can nevertheless be related to the
upper edge of the shape.

SYSTEM POINTS
The system points here are the theoretical intersection points of the center lines of a shape and the
shape to which it is connected.

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Detailing Style

A logical link has to be activated between these component parts, which is the case in the most
construction situations (such a link is e.g. also generated by the cut at welded diagonals of a roof truss).
If a logical link doesn’t exist, a dependence can be defined later via a “manual link”.

DIALOG TAB VIEWS

Group Generalities

ƒ Collect: Similar dimension chains in horizontal and vertical direction are collected in one common
dimension chain (e.g. all horizontal shapes and vertically dimensioned cross-sections). Even
dimension chains situated on different sides are collected in one common dimension chain.

ƒ Elevation: At coordinate measures in vertical direction, the reference height for Z=0 indicated in
the settings of the Detail Center will be applied.

ƒ To constr. Axes: The dimensioning of component parts is related to the construction axes (work
area views) running next to the parts.
Axes display has to be activated in the label settings.

ƒ Only Hole: At anchor plans, dimensioning of the base plate holes is only related to their drill holes
and not additionally to the center of the base plate.

ƒ Min. Shape Length: Here, you enter the minimum length of the component part from which the
parts are dimensioned, if these are visible in one of the complete views. Parts, which are smaller
than the indicated value, are not taken into account.

ƒ Min. Cross-section: Here, you enter the minimum dimensions of the component part from which
on the parts are still dimensioned, if these are visible as cross-section. Parts, which are smaller
than the indicated value, are not taken into account.

Style Variants: In the list, you can see to which dimension chains the style ‘Variant 1’ or ‘Variant 2’
has been assigned by means of the variants.
LIN-2 signifies e.g. that variant 2 has been selected for normal (linear) dimensioning.

Group Dimension Chains

ƒ Total Dimensions: The overall length and width or height of the view is dimensioned. Any
possible construction axes situated outside will be taken into consideration at calculation of
dimensions.

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Detailing Style

ƒ Construction Axes: The existing construction axes (work frame axes) of the view are
dimensioned.
Axes display has to be activated in the label settings.

ƒ Outer Edge: The outside dimensions of the steel construction are dimensioned and related to the
possibly existing outer construction axes.

ƒ Diagonals: Diagonal shapes are dimensioned over the longest length.

ƒ > System: The distances related to the system points of the diagonal will be dimensioned
additionally.

ƒ > Overall Dimension: The distance from one system point to the other will be dimensioned.

ƒ Manual Dim: The dimensioning points manually attached in the model are dimensioned as well
according to their default settings.

Group Filter Overall Dimension

Here, you have the possibility to exclude certain parts from the calculation of overall dimensions to
prevent it from increasing e.g. by the projection of base plates.

ƒ Endplate hor: End and base plates in horizontal direction (width) are not taken into consideration.

ƒ Endplate ver: End and base plates in vertical direction (height) are not taken into consideration.

ƒ Polyplates hor: Polyplates and stiffeners in horizontal direction are not taken into consideration.

ƒ Polyplates ver: Polyplates and stiffeners in vertical direction are not taken into consideration.

ƒ Opposite Type hor: The shape type opposite to the view (i.e. at views the shapes in cross-section
display and at plan view the shapes in view display) in horizontal direction is not taken into
consideration.

ƒ Opposite Type ver: he shape type opposite to the view (i.e. at views the shapes in cross-section
display and at plan view the shapes in view display) in vertical direction is not taken into
consideration.

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DIALOG TAB VIEWS REFERENCE POINTS

Group Supports

ƒ No Dimension: The position of vertical shapes is not dimensioned in horizontal direction.

ƒ Outer Edge: The position of vertical shapes is dimensioned on the base of their outer edges in
horizontal direction.

ƒ Shape Center: The position of vertical shapes is dimensioned on the base of their center axis in
horizontal direction.

ƒ Edge/Center: The position of vertical shapes is dimensioned in two separate dimension chains in
horizontal direction, one on the base of their outer edges and the other on the base of their center
axes.

ƒ Reference Point: The position of vertical shapes is dimensioned on the base of their reference axis
in horizontal direction.

ƒ Coordinates: The vertical shapes are additionally dimensioned with coordinate measures in
horizontal direction. Thus, you can exclude certain parts from coordinate dimensioning in case of
mixed dimensioning.

Group Cross-Girders

ƒ No Dimension: The position of horizontal shapes is not dimensioned in vertical direction.

ƒ Outer Edge: The position of horizontal shapes is dimensioned on the base of their outer edges in
vertical direction.

ƒ Shape Center: The position of horizontal shapes is dimensioned on the base of their center axis in
vertical direction.

ƒ Edge/Center: The position of horizontal shapes is dimensioned in two separate dimension chains
in vertical direction, one on the base of their outer edges and the other on the base of their center
axes.

ƒ Reference Point: The position of horizontal shapes is dimensioned on the base of their reference
axis in vertical direction.

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ƒ Upper Edge: The position of horizontal shapes is dimensioned on the base of the upper edge of the
shape in vertical direction.

ƒ Coordinates: The horizontal shapes are additionally dimensioned with coordinate measures in
vertical direction. Thus, you can exclude certain parts from coordinate dimensioning in case of
mixed dimensioning.

Group Cross-Sections (horizontal)

These are the shapes which are visible as cross-section in the view and which are dimensioned in
horizontal direction.

ƒ Settings: All settings correspond to those of the supports. Thus, they don’t have to be mentioned in
detail.

Group Cross-Sections (vertical)

These are the shapes which are visible as cross-section in the view and which are dimensioned in
vertical direction.

ƒ Settings: All settings correspond to those of the cross-girders. Thus, they don’t have to be
mentioned in detail.

In the following figure, you will see an example for dimensioning a view including construction axes
display. The first dimension chain from the top is showing the dimensioning of the shapes related to
the construction axes. The second dimension chain is showing the dimensioning of the construction
axes and the third is showing the dimensioning of outer edge steel (2600). The overall dimension
(3000) is measured over the outside axes.

The construction axes 1 and 3 could be hidden in the overviews settings and would not be dimensioned
in this case.

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DIALOG TAB OPTIMIZATION

Group Text Position

ƒ No Alternating: The text remains on its original height on the dimension line and is only
optimized according to the other default settings.

ƒ Only Above: The text is moved only above the neighboring text so that they overlap horizontally,
but not vertically.

ƒ Alternate: The text is moved above and below the dimension line so that they overlap horizontally,
but not vertically.

ƒ Along Constr. Lines: The text is moved across the construction lines if it does not fit in between
above the dimension line (even if otherwise not colliding with any other neighboring dimension).

ƒ Avoid Text between: The text is supposed to be colliding and optimized if it does not fit in
between above and below the dimension line (even if otherwise not colliding with any other
neighboring dimension).

ƒ Outer Dimensions: The two outer dimensions are moved beside the dimension line in horizontal
direction.

ƒ Inner Dimensions: The inner dimension texts are moved beside the dimension line in horizontal
direction and inside of a neighboring dimension if the required space exists.

Group Build Groups

ƒ Identical Dimensions: Several consecutive identical distances are combined into one shared
dimension. E.g. 3 dimensions à 100 are combined into one dimension with the dimension text
3x100.

ƒ Min. Number: Here, you specify the number of identical dimensions from which on they are
combined in a group.

ƒ Similar Dimensions: Dimension chains containing few dimensions (e.g. one single drill hole) are
integrated into another dimension chain. It may be that something different has been dimensioned
this other dimension chain (e.g. outer contour). The overall dimensions are excluded from this.

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Detailing Style

ƒ Max. Number: Here, you specify from which number of dimensions on a dimension chain doesn’t
have to be mixed with another one.

Group Text Display

ƒ No Inch: The inch signs are suppressed at dimensioning in the imperial system (inch/foot).

ƒ Text Size: A dimension chain is automatically changed to the dimensioning style variant 1 Auto
smaller (x0.7), if thus collisions can be avoided.
If the dimension chain has already this style variant, no modification takes place. If a
dimensioning style has been explicitely assigned to style variant 1, this style will be used instead
(even if it wouldn’t have such a favourable text height – which might be).

ƒ Rotate Coord.: The dimensioning style for coordinate measures is changed to get a dimensioning
which can be optimized with each other and related to the linear measures (e.g. rotation by 90°).
Otherwise, the AutoCAD-setting is used and a special optimization cannot be carried out.

DIALOG TAB OPTIMIZE DISTANCES

Group Distances

ƒ Min. Distance: Here, you enter a value indicating how close together dimension texts within a
dimension chain may be without triggering the collision alarm.

ƒ Between: Here, you enter a value indicating how close together dimension texts of different
dimension chains may be without triggering the collision alarm.

ƒ Edge Distance: Here, you enter a minimum distance between the dimensioning of the hole group
or subpart and the end of the component part which is admissible before it is moved outside.

ƒ Max. Together: Here, you enter the maximum distance up to which subpart dimension chains in
transversal direction at groups are combined to one single dimension chain.

Group Diagonals

ƒ Angle: Here you enter the minimum and maximum angle the shape must resp. is allowed to have
towards main dimensioning direction to be recognized as diagonal.
This option permits you to prevent that e.g. a roof girder is dimensioned as diagonal.

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Detailing Style

ƒ Min. Length: Here, you enter the minimum length the shape must have to be recognized as
diagonal.

ƒ Flat Steel: Shapes of flat steel are not recognized as diagonal and excluded from diagonal
dimensioning.
You can thus prevent that e.g. a top chord of a haunch is dimensioned as diagonal.

The picture below shows the different optimization settings for dimension chains:

LABEL SETTINGS
Use this dialog tab to specify if and what type of position flag or welding symbol to attach to the
construction parts. In addition, you indicate how the details and views have to be labeled.

DIALOG TAB POSITION FLAGS


Group Generalities

ƒ Flag First: The position flags are attached before part dimensioning so that they are near the part.

ƒ Only 1st View: In case of several partial views of a detail, the position flags are only attached to
the first view (except for possible 2D cuts and folded end plates).

ƒ Also Cuts: Position flags are also attached to all 2D-cuts.

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ƒ No Cross-Section: Position flags are not attached to component parts, which are visible as cross-
sections in the view.

ƒ Plate in View: A position flag is also attached to polyplates and stiffeners in model-views
(overviews).

ƒ Alignment: Here, you select the aligment of the position flags in the detail drawing.
Horizontal - all position flags are aligned horizontally.

Group Position Flags

ƒ Main Parts: A position flag is attached to the main parts of construction groups.

ƒ Subparts: A position flag is attached to the subparts of construction groups.

ƒ Single Parts: A position flag is attached to the component parts not belonging to a group.

ƒ Bolts: A position flag is attached to the bolts of a construction group.

ƒ Template: Here, you select the template for automatic distribution of position flags. The template
controls what has to be displayed in the individual position flags, how the flag is structured and
according to which criteria the distribution in the detail or in the view is effected.
You create a distribution template in the positioning command and only load it here.

DIALOG TAB WELDING SYMBOLS


Group Generalities

ƒ End Plates: The welding symbols of the inserted welding joints are displayed in single parts views
for base and endplates, if the connection shape is shown, too.

ƒ Groups: The welding symbols of the inserted welding joints are displayed in group views.

ƒ > Folded: The welding symbols of the inserted welding joints are displayed in-group views for
folded end plates.

Group Welding Symbols

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Detailing Style

ƒ Template: Here, you select the template for automatic distribution of welding symbols. The
template controls what has to be displayed in the individual welding symbols, how the flag is
structured and according to which criteria the distribution in the detail or in the view is effected.
You create a distribution template in the positioning command and only load it here.

DIALOG TAB ADDITIONAL TEXTS

Group Detail Labeling

ƒ Partial View: The name of the partial view is displayed.

ƒ Scale: The detailing scale is displayed.


If you have selected ‘Partial View’ and ‘Scale’, both are used to create an entry in the form of
"Front View (M1: 10)".

ƒ Number: The total quantity of component parts in the model is displayed. Of course the quantity
of parts is only valid after previous positioning.

ƒ Name: The name of the component part or view is displayed.

ƒ Shape Length: The length of the component part is displayed.

ƒ Material: The Material designation of the component part is displayed. If you have simultaneously
checked ‘Shape Name', 'Shape Length' and ‘Material' , all are used to create an entry in the form of
"HE 200 B...7800 RST-37-2".

ƒ Modification: The modification status of the component part is displayed.

ƒ Position No.: The position number of the component part is displayed.

ƒ > Prefix: Here, you specify which text has to be positioned in front of the position number.

ƒ Shipping No.: The shipping number of the component part is displayed.

ƒ Note: Comments are displayed, which have been assigned to the part e.g. with "Change
Properties".

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Detailing Style

ƒ Text Style: In the selection list, you choose the text style (script) to be used for displaying the text
entries.

Group Language

ƒ Standard: The drawing is exclusively labeled in the original language of the program installation.

ƒ One Language: The drawing is labeled in the language chosen as ‘First Language’ in the selection
list.

ƒ Two Languages: The drawing is labeled in the two languages chosen as ‘First Language’ and
‘Second Language’ in the selection list. The two terms are displayed separately, divided by
oblique stroke, e.g. "Ansicht A / view A". The selection 'Standard' as language corrsponds to the
original language of the program installation.

The translation of the terms is based on a translation database with a translation 1:1. If the
corresponding term is not defined there, the original language of the program installation is used
instead. If there are identical terms at bi-lingual labeling, only one term will be displayed.

Group Text Sizes

ƒ Normal Text: Here you enter the text size for the label.

ƒ Text Scale: Here, you enter the text size for the position number, view and scale text.

ƒ Text at Shape: Here, you enter the text size for the text label at shapes in overviews.

DIALOG TAB ADDITIONAL TEXTS VIEWS

Group Construction Axes

ƒ Display: The axes descriptions of the work frames perpendicular toward the current view are
displayed. Text sizes and display form are adopted from the work frame properties.

ƒ > Axis Line: The actual axis is also displayed as 2D-line in the corresponding view.

ƒ > Only Inner: Only those axes are displayed which are situated within the determined overall
dimensions of the view including a snap range.

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Detailing Style

ƒ Length: Here, you enter the relative length of the axis line in (%) related to the overall dimensions.
Normally, the axis line is running towards the outer edges of the display (= 100%). If you enter a
value bigger than 100, the lines will be extended over these edges. If you enter a value between 1
and 100, the line will only partly be displayed from the bottom resp. from the left, e.g. to hint only
at it in views.

ƒ Text Distance: Here, you enter the distance of axes label towards the last outer dimension chain.

ƒ Display beyond: Here, you enter a snap range up to which the axes situated outside the overall
dimensions are still displayed.

Group Shape Label

ƒ Display: Component part name and material are written to the corresponding shape at overviews.

ƒ > End Plates: Base and end plates are labeled as well.

ƒ > Flat Steel: Shapes out of flat steel are labeled as well.

ƒ > Plane: The relative position of the upper edge or front edge of the shape is added to the
corresponding view plane unless being situated at the same level.

ƒ Text Default: Here you can indicate an additional text for the elevation. The variable $(E) will be
replaced by the current measured value. The text O.K.=$(E) will then e.g. be displayed as
O.K.=+50.

DISPLAY OF RELATIVE ELEVATION


Shape labels can only be attached if the variant ‘Sketch’ or ‘System Lines’ has been selected as display
mode of the overview. The determined text is then entered in the shape properties ’Note 2’ of the
displayed component part, unless the corresponding part in the model has a separate entry there.

Otherwise, the entry is taken from the component part in the model and the variable $(E) possibly
existing there will be replaced. You can define the label for each component part individually. If a text
was neither indicated in the shape nor in the detailing style, only the measured value will be added.

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DetailCenter Express

EXAMPLE – DETAILING OF A SINGLE PART


The picture below displays the example of detailing a single part with optimized settings. The example
is based on the following main settings:

Front and plan view are processed in one detail.

The parallel holes are created with the ‘Separate Hole Tracks’ option.

The ‘Separated Hole Tracks’ option is activated.

The ‘Shape Shortening with Zigzag Double-Line’ option is activated.

The ‘Combine Same Dimensions’ option is activated; min. = 3.

Length and width were specified with the variant ‘Auto Larger (x1.4)’.

The effects of the settings can be seen in this detail; no further revisions were required:

DETAILCENTER EXPRESS
The DetailCenter-Express! is an extension of the Detail Center to carry out recurring detailing tasks as
fast as possible.

In the actual Detail Center, you can make exact detailing settings and you can decide for each
component part separately whether and how it has to be detailed and placed on drawings. On the other
hand, the DetailCenter Express! works off the complete detailing according to a pre-set pattern. Start
such a detailing pattern with the preparation of the model for detailing and complete it with clearance
work functions after insertion of the 2D-details in the workshop plans.

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DetailCenter Express

You can define the patterns for different tasks by means of templates and then carry out the detailing
with a single mouse click.

As you perhaps know already from the installation assistants of this and other programs, the
DetailCenter Express! will guide you through the necessary settings for the detailing pattern. You only
can start detailing after having made all necessary settings.

For this purpose, the dialog offers you different pages one after the other which can vary depending on
your default settings. In this manual, we can therefore only describe any possible pages in the order of
their being displayed. It can, also be that one or more pages don’t exist due to your default settings.

START THE DETAILCENTER EXPRESS


The model has to be saved under a valid drawing name first to be able to work with the DetailCenter
Express!

Now click on the EXPRESS button in the component parts list of the DetailCenter or select the context
menu. Here, you click on the entry DetailCenter Express! And the following dialog opens:

Click on this button to display the previous page.

Click on this button to display the following page.

Click on this button to start detailing. Detailing will be worked off according to your current settings.
In the selection pages, you can watch in a display what is in process at the very moment.

It is true that you can work with AutoCAD or other applications during detailing process, depending
on the computing capacity of your hardware. We recommend, refraining from this!

After the DetailCenter Express! has completed its work, you are informed about it in an info box.

SELECTION PAGES
In the following, you will find a description of the different possible selection pages. The pages are
displayed in the main dialog box after having been selected with the buttons MORE and BACK.

Each following page depends on your previous settings. If the previous settings are modified, you can
ignore already filled in pages again. Nevertheless, the program will remember the specifications for
later activation.

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Click on the PROCEED button with the mouse and you can start the process at any time you like, if
your specifications are complete.

STARTING PAGE
This page is always displayed first. Here, you will set which tasks have to be done for you by the
DetailCenter Express!

ƒ Prepare: Here, you specify which corrections have to be made first before style assignments and
detailing will be started.

ƒ Single Parts: Here, you can connect loose single parts and group parts with detail styles.

ƒ Groups: Here, you can connect groups with detail styles.

ƒ Views: Here, you can connect views of work fields as well as plan and top views and anchor plans
with detail styles.

ƒ Detailing: here, you can have the parts detailed as detail blocks.

ƒ Single Sheet: Here, you can insert detailed detail blocks into workshop plans or activate the single
sheet drawing output of details.
If single sheet drawing has been selected, the parts will be detailed in any case. Detailing
therefore has not to be activated extra.

ƒ Clean Up: Here, you can set which corrections still have to be made after end of detailing.

To give you an example: If you want to put out all stiffeners and plates as well as the groups as DIN A-
4 single sheet drawings, independent of already existing style assignments, select the following entries
on the starting page: Prepare Detailing (to delete former assignments), Connect Single Parts with
Detail Style, Connect Groups with Detail Style and Insert Detail Blocks/Single Sheet Drawings. There
you will make the further settings.

Note Please note that the DetailCenter Express! always works off the complete component parts
list. The list is worked on as if you had transferred the complete model for detailing.

PREPARE DETAILING
On this page, you will set which tasks have to be done before starting all further steps.

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ƒ Cancel Write Protection: Any existing markings are cancelled. Thus you can be sure that all
component parts will be seized by the following actions, if desired.

ƒ Delete: All detail styles, which have already been assigned before, will be separated from the
parts. Thus you can be sure that a detail style will be assigned only to the component parts selected
in the DetailCenter Express!.

ƒ Reset: All modify flags set by the program will be reset to initialize the model.

ƒ Delete links: all pointers referring to detailed or inserted detail blocks entered in the model
drawing will be deleted.

ƒ Delete Blocks: Former detail blocks in the detail library of the model will be deleted.

If all fields on this page have been checked, your model drawing will be completely initialized. It is the
same as if a detailing never took place before.

Depending on the time of application of the DetailCenter Express! it is, however, also reasonable to
exclude some points.

DETAIL STYLE FOR SINGLE PARTS


On this page, you make the default settings, which single parts have to be connected with which detail
styles. Both group parts and parts without group are treated here.

The same defaults are valid for automatic connections and for the manual connections in the
component parts list of the Detail Center.

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ƒ Selection Lists¨Here, you choose the desired detail style to assign to the corresponding component
part type. The parts can of course only be recognized as such if they were created, with the
corresponding AutoPLANT Structural functions.

At style selection, you can differentiate between the detail styles currently existing in the model
drawing and the detail styles saved on the hard drive. If you select a detail style from the hard drive
(marked with a [HD:] put first, e.g. [HD:] plates), it will be automatically loaded and it will replace the
style possibly existing in the drawing.

DETAIL STYLE FOR GROUPS


On this page, you make the default settings, which groups have to be connected with which detail
styles. Only the groups as such are used for assignment, but not the corresponding single parts (non-
recursive connection).

The same defaults are valid for automatic connections and for the manual connections in the
component parts list of the Detail Center.

ƒ Selection Lists: Here, you choose the desired detail style to assign to the corresponding group
type. The type depends on the main part of the group.

At style selection, you can differentiate between the detail styles currently existing in the model
drawing and the detail styles saved on the hard drive. If you select a detail style from the hard drive
(marked with a [HD:] put first, e.g. [HD:] supports), it will be automatically loaded and it will replace
the style possibly existing in the drawing.

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DETAIL STYLE FOR VIEWS


On this page, you make the default settings, which views on the model have to be connected with
which detail styles.

The same defaults are valid for automatic connections and for the manual connections in the
component parts list of the Detail Center.

ƒ Selection Lists: Here, you choose the desired detail style to assign to the corresponding view.

At style selection, you can differentiate between the detail styles currently existing in the model
drawing and the detail styles saved on the hard drive. If you select a detail style from the hard drive
(marked with a [HD:] put first, e.g. [HD:]view), it will be automatically loaded and it will replace the
style possibly existing in the drawing.

DETAIL STYLES ADDITIONAL TASKS


On this page you make further settings, which have to be valid for the connection with detail styles for
single parts, groups and overviews.

ƒ Part Family Single Part: At the connection of single parts, the program first uses the style of a part
family assigned to this part. If there isn’t any part family assigned, or if this part family hasn’t a
detail style of its own, the standard assignment will be used.

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ƒ Part Family Group: At the connection of groups, the program first uses the style of a part family
assigned to this group. If there isn’t any part family assigned, or if this part family hasn’t a detail
style of its own, the standard assignment will be used.

ƒ Assignment: An already existing style assignment of the part will not be overwritten. A detail
style is only assigned to parts without any detail style.

WORK OUT
On this page, you make the default settings, how the component parts have to be worked out. If you
choose the automatic single sheet output, you don’t have to make any additional settings here.

ƒ Position once: Only one detail block is created of each position number, divided into single parts
and groups.

ƒ Overwrite: Detail blocks of the same part existing in the detail library are overwritten.

ƒ Overviews: Overviews are worked out if a detail style has been assigned to them.

ƒ Groups: Groups are worked out as group drawing if a detail style has been assigned to them.

ƒ Main Parts: The main parts of groups are worked out as single parts.

ƒ Sub Parts: The subordinate parts of groups are worked out as single parts.

ƒ Single Parts: All single parts not belonging to a group are worked out.

INSERT DETAILS
On this page, you make the default settings, how the worked out detail blocks have to be inserted into
the drawing.

In addition to the actual insertion task, the DetailCenter Express! also permits to fill in the frame field
of the drawing frame as well as to create a parts list. You can select the drawing frame etc. on the
following pages.

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ƒ Single Sheet: A drawing will be created for each single detail block.

ƒ > Scale: At single sheet output, the existing detail scale is adopted to the drawing sheet (the
default setting of the detail style is ignored).

ƒ > Sheet Size: At single sheet output, a suitable drawing frame is searched for the existing detail
block.

ƒ Arrange: several details are automatically arranged on a drawing sheet according to your default
settings.

ƒ Groups: Groups are worked out as group drawing if a detail style has been assigned to them.

ƒ Main Parts: The main parts of groups are worked out as single parts.

ƒ Subordinate Parts: The subordinate parts of groups are worked out as single parts.

ƒ Single Parts: All single parts not belonging to a group are worked out .

ƒ Frame Field: The frame field of the drawing frame is filled with the corresponding specifications.

ƒ Belonging to: on the drawing frame, a list is created displaying the information about belonging of
the parts (e.g. in which groups a certain single part is contained).

ƒ Parts List: A parts list of the displayed details is created on the drawing frame (parts list related to
the drawing).

ƒ Mark Numbering: At insertion, the mark number is directly created according to the current
setting in the Detail Center.

For more detailed information about the drawing frames and how to prepare them for output of frame
field and parts lists, please refer to the chapter 'Automatic Single Sheet Output'.

SINGLE SHEET OUTPUT...GENERALITIES


On this page, you make the further default settings for the automatic single sheet output. Depending on
the selected output type (optimized scale or optimized size) certain fields are not accessible. For more

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detailed information about single sheet output of AutoPLANT Structural, please refer to the chapter
'Automatic Single Sheet Output’.

ƒ Don’t scale: The parts are displayed without scale. The detail style settings are ignored.

ƒ Different...: Different drawing frames can be set for groups and poly plates.

ƒ Vertical Format: Details in vertical format can be equipped with another frame.

ƒ Scale File: The file is displayed which is the base for the drawing scales if the option ‘Optimized
Scale’ has been selected.

ƒ Frame File: The file is displayed which is the base for the drawing frame definitions.

ƒ Mark Number File: The file is displayed which is the base for the definitions of US-mark number
if the ‘Use US-mark numbering’ option has been selected.

ƒ Output Path: The folder is displayed where the completed workshop drawings will be saved.

Note If you click on the small button on the right beside the corresponding display, you can modify
the files and paths of the defaults.

SINGLE SHEET OUTPUT...DRAWING BORDERS


On this page, you select the desired drawing border(s) for the single sheet output.

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ƒ Selection Lists: Here, you choose the desired frame type for the output. Only the borders defined
in the sheet pattern file will be displayed.
It is always the standard frame which will be used unless there is an exception for the
corresponding detail.

FILL FRAME FIELD...DRAWING NUMBER


On this page, you make the default settings for filling in the frame field including the generation of a
drawing number. You can also pre-set under which file name the completed workshop plans have to be
stored.

ƒ Model Data: The order data for the frame field are transferred from the drawing information table
of the models. Otherwise, another page will be displayed where you can specify the most
important order data.

ƒ Store Drawing Number: The file name of the workshop drawing is identical with the drawing
number in the frame field. Otherwise, the current position number is used at single sheet output or
a describing name at compilations.

ƒ Drawing Count: Here, you enter the page number for the drawing which has to be created next.

ƒ User Variable: Here, you can enter any text you like which will be entered into your drawing
number, depending on whether you make use of the corresponding variable or not.

ƒ Drawing Number: Here, you can indicate another definition of the number if you temporarily want
to modify the default of your sheet pattern file.

ƒ Template: Here, the current definition of the drawing number of the sheet pattern file is displayed
for your information.

ƒ Sheet Number : Here, you see the current continuous number for your information.

The variables at the drawing number permit you a mixed structure of fixed and current values.

Please refer to the chapter 'Automatic Single Sheet Output' for a description of the drawing number
template and the used variables.

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FILL HEADER...ENTRIES
On this page, you enter the order data for the fill header. 'Adopt Model Data’ option has to be
deactivated.

When some data have been entered in a field, the corresponding input in the drawing information – if
existing – will be overwritten. If it is a blank field, the specification of the drawing information will be
used.

ƒ Input Fields: Here, you can enter the desired data. Then, they are inserted into the frame field.

CLEAN UP DETAILING
On this page, you make the default settings, which tasks have to be done after end of detailing or style
assignment.

ƒ Remove: All detail styles, which are not connected with a detail, will be removed from the model
drawing. Copies on the hard drive are saved.

ƒ Delete views: Entries existing of manual assignments in the view list of Detail Center will be
deleted.

ƒ Detail Blocks: All inserted detail blocks existing in the detail library will be deleted. If this field is
not activated, the detail blocks e.g. of the single sheet output can still be used for other purposes.

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ƒ Save: The model drawing is saved after completion of the DetailCenter Express! Otherwise, you
have to save it manually to avoid that the information about the worked out and inserted details
will be lost.

SINGLE SHEET OUTPUT


The automatic single sheet output permits to create an individual drawing for each detail to obtain e.g.
a handy compilation of all bracing plates on DIN A-4 sheets or a compilation of documents. Two
variants are offered which have only one difference in procedure.

The first variant is the optimized scale. Here, the program decreases scale until the detail is completely
displayed in the selected drawing border. Scale setting of detail style is ignored and a file with the
available scales is used instead. This avoids use of scales which are not based on practical work or
which are not customary in the corresponding workshop.

The second variant is the optimized size. Here, the component part is worked out as usual with the
scale of the corresponding detail style. Then, the smallest drawing frame will be specified where this
part can be completely displayed.

If the optimization cannot be carried out due to unfavourable defaults (e.g. a 1:10 scale overview on a
DIN A-4 sheet), the best possible variant will be carried out nevertheless and the program hints to the
fact that the detail doesn’t match completely.

SCALE FILE
If you selected the Optimized Scale option, the scale selection of the program is based on the entries in
the scale file.

You can thus create specific files for different customers and be sure that no other scales will be used
at the output. In the DetailCenter Express! you can create specific defaults with different files for your
customers.

The file is a text file having the extension .scl, which can also contain some comments marked with a
semicolon at the beginning of the line. The default file is in the subordinate folder of your AutoPLANT
Structural installation.

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Structure of a Scale File

The desired scales are entered per line one after the other, a special order is not required.
; Scale Definition File
; --------------------------------------------------------
; Customer: Messrs. XYZ, Hamburg

1:2.5
1:5
1:10
1:20
1:50
1:100

SHEET PATTERN FILE


If you select the drawing borders of the selection pages or the Optimized Size option, this selection is
based on the entries in the sheet pattern file.

You can create specific drawing borders and insertion definitions for different customers and be sure
that no other frames will be used at the output. In the DetailCenter Express! you can create specific
defaults with different files for your customers.

The file is a text file having the extension .frm, which can also contain some comments marked with a
semicolon at the beginning of the line. The default file is pro_st3d.frm in the subordinate folder of your
AutoPLANT Structural installation.

Structure of a Sheet Pattern File

The file is divided into the areas header, frame field attributes and the actual frame definitions. All
entries consist of a group name in pointed brackets and the data group of keyword, equals sign and the
following data.
[GROUP NAME]
Keyword1=Data1
Keyword2=Data2
...

You needn’t fill in entries, which are not required, or the complete entry can be omitted.

1) Header Area, Group Name [HEADER]

You enter a short name under the keyword Name (for later program options) and a short file
description under the keyword Description. The description will then be displayed in the selection page
of the DetailCenter Express!

2) Frame Field Attributes, Group Name [TITLEBLOCK]

Here, you specify which current program data will be transferred into which block attribute of the
frame field at running time. You can thus even specify your own defined frame fields with your own
attributes. For more detailed information about how to assign block attributes to blocks, please refer to
your AutoCAD- documentation.

You can assign block attributes to the following keywords. Depending on the settings in the
DetailCenter Express! these are filled with the current values (Express) or with the drawing
information of the model drawing. In addition, you can connect some of the properties of the

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corresponding detail with block attributes. This allows you e.g. to refrain from a position flag or detail
labelling at single parts and thus to obtain more space for display.

ƒ FileName: complete path of the created 2D-drawing (Express).

ƒ Customer: client (Express).

ƒ ProjectName: project name of the model

ƒ ProjectNumber: project number of the model

ƒ JobName: order (Express) or order name of the model.

ƒ JobNumber: order number (Express) or number of order number of the model.

ƒ DrawingName: component part description with position number (Express) or drawing name of
the model.

ƒ DrawingNumber drawing number (Express) or drawing number of the model.

ƒ DrawingPage: sheet number (Express).

ƒ DrawingIndex: drawing index (Express) or drawing index of the model.

ƒ DrawingScale: scale (Express).

ƒ DoneBy: 'done by' (Express) or 'signed by' of the model.

ƒ Date: 'done on' (Express) or 'signed on' of the model.

ƒ CheckedBy: 'checked by' of the model.

ƒ CheckedDate: 'checked on' of the model.

ƒ ClearedBy: 'cleared by' of the model.

ƒ ClearedDate: 'cleared on' of the model.

ƒ Specification 1-4 : 'LV Pos 1' etc. of the model.

ƒ Note 1–4: 'comment 1' etc. of the model

ƒ DetailPosNumber: position number of the detail

ƒ DetailShipNumber: shipping number of the detail

ƒ DetailName: designation of the detail

ƒ DetailMaterial: material designation of the detail

ƒ DetailLength: length of the detail

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ƒ DetailWeight: total weight of the detail

ƒ DetailCount: total number of the detail

ƒ DetailNote: note field 1 and 2 of the detail

ƒ DetailFamilyClass: component part family name of the detail

3) Drawing Number Definition, Group Name [DRAWINGNUMBER]

Here, you define according to which pattern the drawing number and the file name of the drawing have
to be structured. You can mix fixed and variable parts and build the designations of variables as you
like, (in order to avoid e.g. identical names with used terms).

In the first two entries Drawing Number Template and Filename Template you indicate the definition,
consisting of fixed values and the variable symbols which are mentioned in the following. You may
use your own template for the file name if your drawing number has to contain signs, which mustn’t be
used in a Windows-file name. If you don’t fill in the field 'Filename Template', the specified drawing
number will be used instead as file name.

ƒ DrawingNumberTemplate: definition for the drawing number

ƒ FileNameTemplate: definition for the file name

ƒ ProjectNumberSymbol: variable for the project number

ƒ JobNumberSymbol: variable for the order number

ƒ DrawingNumberSymbol: variable for the drawing number of drawing information

ƒ DrawingPageSymbol: variable for the continuous sheet number

ƒ DrawingIndexSymbol: variable for the modification index

ƒ DwgNumberCodeSymbol: variable for the frame code of the frame definitions

ƒ PositionNumberSymbol: variable for the position number of the detail

ƒ GroupPositionNumberSymbol: variable for the position number of the parent group

ƒ ObjectNameSymbol: variable for the component part name

ƒ ObjectTypeSymbol: variable for the component part type

ƒ YearSymbol: variable for the current year

ƒ MonthSymbol: variable for the current month (numeric, 1-12)

ƒ DaySymbol: variable for the current day (numeric, 1-31)

ƒ DrawingTypeSymbol: variable for the drawing-type

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ƒ UserVarSymbol: variable for the free text from the fill frame field dialog

ƒ DefaultObjectType: text for component part type, Others except the following types

ƒ ColumnObjectType: text for component part type, Support

ƒ BeamObjectType: text for component part type, Horizontal support

ƒ StiffenerObjectType: text for component part type, Stiffener

ƒ WebAngleObjectType: text for component part type, Web angle

ƒ StandardPlateObjectType: text for component part type, Poly-plate

ƒ ConnectionPlateObjectType: text for component part type, Head-plate

ƒ BasePlateObjectType: text for component part type, Base plate

ƒ MainPartDrawingType: text for drawing type, single part drawing for main part of group

ƒ SubPartDrawingType: text for drawing type, single part drawing for subordinate part of group

ƒ GroupDrawingType: text for drawing type, group drawing

ƒ SinglePartDrawingType : text for drawing type, single part drawing without group

ƒ OverviewDrawingType: text for drawing type, overview drawing

If you want e.g. to obtain a drawing number containing your company’s name "ABC", the year, the
drawing type "BG" for groups or "ET" for single parts as well as the position number (each one
separated by points, such as e.g. ABC.2002.BG1000), you have to define the following fields. All
other fields don’t have to be filled in.

DrawingNumberTemplate=ABC.#J#.#DWG##POS#

FileNameTemplate=ABC.#J#-#DWG##POS# ...(additionally because of the points)

PositionNumberSymbol=#POS#

YearSymbol=#J#

DrawingTypeSymbol=#DWG#

MainPartDrawingType=ET

SubPartDrawingType=ET

GroupDrawingType=BG

SinglePartDrawingType=ET

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As already mentioned before, you can define the designations of the variables, as you like. Of course it
is recommended to use special symbols there, too for better identification or in order to avoid a wrong
replacing of text. (#POS# instead of only POS).

4) Frame Definitions, Group Name [NAME1], [NAME2] etc.

Here, you enter which drawing frames are used and specify the insertion areas of details and parts list.
Each available frame obtains an own group. The group names then will be displayed in the selection
lists of the DetailCenter Express! .

Please note: The keywords Path, SizeX, SizeY and Area1 have to be assigned with current values;
otherwise the frame will not be accepted for selection.

Path: complete path of drawing frame;


if you enter a file name without path, the file will be expected in the subordinate

folder of AutoPLANT Structural

SizeX: the dimensions of the drawing frame in X-direction

SizeY: the dimensions of the drawing frame in Y-direction

Area1: the insertion area of details as 2D-points; specify the lower left and the upper right

corner of the area in the format (x1,y1)-(x2,y2)

DwgNumberCode: the code of the drawing frame; this code can be adopted into the drawing number

ListStyle: the name of parts list definition for the drawing parts list

ListInsertPoint: insertion point for the drawing parts list as 2D-point


enter this point in the format (x, y).

The following two entries describe the position of the point related to the list (on the left at the top,
etc.). The list is extended according to this default.

ListHorizontalStart: description of the position of the parts list’s insertion point in horizontal direction;
Enter left or right.

ListVerticalStart: description of the position of the parts list’s insertion point in vertical direction;
Enter top or down.

If you define your own frames, please note that the lower left point of the drawing frame has the world
coordinates (0, 0) and that you store the drawing in top view on the frame. The positive X-axis is
showing to the right, the positive Y-axis to the top.

Enter the frame field as a block with the name of the drawing file (i.e. as block 'dina4', if the drawing
frame has to be saved as 'dina4.dwg'.

Insertion Areas of a Sheet Pattern File

The following example once again shows you the most important specifications of a frame definition:

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DRAWING LIST
At single sheet output, a drawing list is automatically created as text file (*.txt) and as DBASE-file
(*.dbf). The file is saved in the AutoPLANT Structural detail folder under the drawing name of the
model.

You can see the position of the corresponding part and the file name of the created drawing in this file.
The drawing number, scale (and whether it is suitable) and drawing frame are displayed as well. The
data depend on the selected type of single sheet output.
DetailCenter Express! drawing list
----------------------------------

Output date: 13.02.2001


Output path: d:\ps2000\detail
Output mode: Best scale
Job number:
Model drawing: e:\dwg\halle.dwg

1.) created group drawings


Pos |Scale |Max |Dwg-Number |Dwg-File
====|======|====|=============|==========
100 |1:50 |Max |DWG-A3-Bl.7 |BG100.dwg
101 |1:50 |Max |DWG-A3-Bl.23 |BG101.dwg
103 |1:15 | |DWG-A3-Bl.20 |BG103.dwg
104 |1:10 | |DWG-A3-Bl.4 |BG104.dwg
105 |1:15 | |DWG-A3-Bl.18 |BG105.dwg

2.) created single part drawings


Pos |Scale |Max |Dwg-Number |Dwg-File
====|======|====|=============|==========
1 |1:50 |Max |DWG-A4-Bl.6 |Pos1.dwg
2 |1:50 |Max |DWG-A4-Bl.22 |Pos2.dwg
5 |1:10 | |DWG-A4-Bl.3 |Pos5.dwg
6 |1:50 |Max |DWG-A4-Bl.17 |Pos6.dwg
7 |1:5 | |DWG-A4-Bl.16 |Pos7.dwg
8 |1:10 | |DWG-A4-Bl.14 |Pos8.dwg

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12 |1:10 | |DWG-A4-Bl.8 |Pos12.dwg


14 |1:5 | |DWG-A4-Bl.1 |Pos14.dwg
15 |1:2.5 | |DWG-A4-Bl.21 |Pos15.dwg
16 |1:2.5 | |DWG-A4-Bl.2 |Pos16.dwg

As you can see, the groups Pos 100 and 101 as well as the single parts Pos 1,2 and 6 don’t match the
pre-set frame size. The scale 1:50 was the smallest scale pre-set in the scale list.

AUTOMATIC 2D-CUT
Command Name: PS_Add2DCut

This function helps you to define 2D-cuts in components of the model. When detailing, these cuts can
be displayed and dimensioned automatically as separate details. You may exactly define where cuts are
required unless they had been inserted automatically during modelling (see ->'Stiffener' command).

This function doesn't create the cut itself. You only define where, which direction and how deep a cut
has to be displayed later. In contrast to the manual cuts which are inserted in a finished detail by means
of the command->'Insert 2D-cut', here you have the advantage of automatic positioning and
dimensioning of the cuts. They will be up-dated together with a drawing-update.

ADD CUT
After having loaded the function, you first have to select the shape, where a cut is to be inserted. Then,
you have to click a point on the cutting plane. The cutting plane will always run through this point
perpendicular to the center line.
Finally, you are asked for depth and direction of cut, which will be defined by clicking on another
point. On one hand, you indicate the view direction of the cut and on the other hand, you determine its
depth (this point will also be perpendicular to the center line). The resulting cutting planes will be
displayed dynamically during selection for control reasons.
The depth of the cut decides how much of the components situated behind the cutting plane is to be
displayed.

MODIFICATION OF CUT
Cuts can be modified or deleted from Shape Properties.

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Cranked 2D-View

ƒ Actual ... From:: Here, you see the number of cuts existing in the shape as well as the number of
the current cut.

ƒ Active: If this field is checked, the cut will be taken into account during detailing. It is possible to
exclude a cut without having to delete it.

ƒ Cut Depth: Here, the depth of the cut can be modified. Alternatively, this can be done by using the
AutoCAD-grips on the cut-symbol which are displayed when the cut is selected.

ƒ Alignment: If the Shape direction field is checked, the cut is runs from the indicated cutting plane
in shape direction.
If the Opposite direction field is checked, the cut is runs from the indicated cutting plane opposite
to the shape direction.
Cutting plane always remains at the same position.

Click on this button to delete the selected cut from the shape.

This button exchanges insertion point and back limit point. The cut is displayed from the other side.

If you defined more than one cut, you can change to the next cut by using this button.

If you defined more than one cut, you can change to the previous cut by using this button.

CRANKED 2D-VIEW
Command name: PS_CRANKEDVIEW

You can insert cranked views into the model if you require cuts and views through your models that
are not situated on one plane. During detailing, they are treated like standard plane views; they show,
different depths of the model simultaneously in one view and allow hiding of un wanted or less
interesting areas.

Example for a cranked view (here only as view):

In the view, the supports A1, B1 and C2 are displayed.

ADD CUT
After starting this function, you first have to click on the start of polyline (intersection line) and then
add the other points of the intersection line. Please pay attention that the line doesn't intersect nor that

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North symbol

it is “running backwards”. In addition, the segments have to be perpendicular to each other. Otherwise,
you don't obtain a satisfactory result.

Terminate the entry by pressing the right mouse key if you do not want to add any further points. Now,
you are prompted to specify the direction and depth of projection by clicking on another point (in
relation to the start). All areas of the component parts, which are intersected by the polyline, are later
displayed as cut – all areas which are situated within the intersection depth, are displayed as standard
projection.

Then, the following dialog appears which is also opened in case of modification of a cranked view via
AutoPLANT Structural properties.

ƒ Name: The name of the cut.

ƒ Depth: Here you specify the projection depth of the view.

ƒ Height: Here you specify the height of projection of the view. All areas that are situated outside of
this height are not displayed.

ƒ Colour: Here you specify the colour of intersection line.

ƒ 3D-Display: The height of projection will be displayed as well so that you can check the coverage
area.

ƒ Display Depth: The depth of projection will be displayed as well so that you can check the
coverage area. Together with '3D-display' you obtain a three dimensional display of the cranked
view.

The parts that are within the coverage of the cut are displayed. All other parts are hidden.

The hidden parts are displayed again.

NORTH SYMBOL
Command name: PS_BENCHMARK

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North symbol

This function allows you to add a benchmark to your model, which may be evaluated later in different
ways.

At the moment, US-benchmark-symbols are available to help with the assembly of girders by
indicating their alignment during installation. The point of the compass, which indicates north, is
situated at the left side of the symbol or above if it is aligned horizontally (or at the upper end if it is
aligned vertically).

NORTH SYMBOL (REFERENCE)


When the function is loaded, you first have to define the benchmark of construction. Click on the
insertion point (reference point) first, then on another point for the benchmark. A north symbol will be
created at the insertion point.

Then, the following dialog will be displayed for further definition of the symbol and display in the shapes:

ƒ Options: In the input field Elevation above, you can enter a reference height corresponding to the
model coordinates, z=0.
Select the layer on which the benchmark has to be displayed in the Layer selection list.
In the input field Block path, you may indicate a path to previously defined benchmarks if you
don't want to apply the built-in symbols.
Click on the File Select button and a Windows file selection dialog will be displayed where you
can select the block folder. Alternatively to the built-in symbols, you can also use any block as a
symbol. The Y-axis of this block then corresponds to northern direction; it will be inserted with
the corresponding rotation.

ƒ Symbol: If the field Symbol is checked, the built-in symbols will be used for displaying the north
arrow.
You can select the desired symbol in the selection list. In the input field size, the scaling of the
symbol can be defined.

ƒ Block: If the field Block is checked, an external block will be used for displaying the north arrow.
The scale factor of the block is entered in the input field Scale.
Normally, the blocks of the folder entered in the input field Block path will be used. Then, you
may select the existing drawings as blocks which have to be used.

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North symbol

If the field "Display only DWG Blocks" is checked, you can select the blocks already contained in
the drawing as blocks which have to be used.
Select the block which has to be used as north symbol in the selection list block.

The above-mentioned inputs describe the display of benchmark in the model (which may exist only
once), whereas the following dialog page describes the display of alignment in the shapes. On one
hand, the benchmark has to be inserted into the model and, on the other hand, the option 'Benchmark'
has to be selected in shape properties, otherwise the alignment of a shape cannot be displayed (see -
>‘Insert shapes/Properties‘).

HORIZONTAL ALIGNMENT

Here, it is possible to select either the built-in symbols or external blocks. As the proceeding is the same
as already mentioned concerning the actual benchmark, we don't repeat these settings here, but only
describe the additional options.

ƒ Settings: The display for the alignment symbol for the points of the compass is set here.
In the input field End Offset, you enter the distance between the insertion point of the symbol and
the left resp. lower end of the shape.
In the input field Center distance, you enter the distance between the insertion point of the symbol
and the center of the shape.
In the input field Colour, you enter the colour of the symbol as AutoCAD-colour number.

ƒ Horizontal: is valid for horizontal girders and vertical is valid for vertical girders.

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North symbol

VERTICAL ALIGNMENT

ƒ Settings: The display for the alignment symbol for the upper edge of the component is set here.
In the input field End Offset, you enter the distance between the insertion point of the symbol and
the left lower edge of the shape.
In the input field Offset, you enter the distance between the insertion point of the symbol and the
upper edge of the shape.
In the input field Colour, you enter the colour of the symbol as AutoCAD-colour number.

USER-DEFINED SYMBOLS
You have to define an AutoCAD-block in your model drawing or as external drawing (wblock) containing
the block attribute “LABEL” to apply user-defined symbols. This attribute is filled with the current text for
alignment.

SHAPE LABELLING

ƒ Annotations: Enter the text which is to be displayed in the represented symbols in the input fields
for the points of the compass and for Upside.

ƒ DetailCenter: The global view of the DetailCenter can be set here. Check the corresponding point
of the compass in order to set the global view.

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Manual Dimensioning Points

MANUAL DIMENSIONING POINTS


Command Name: PS_INSERT_MANDIM

Some steel constructions are very complex so that the system is not always able to determine the
suitable dimensioning automatically. Often it is even not possible to find all suitable points because
important reference measures such as, weld check measures, or similar values have to be defined
individually and are not automatically known to the system.

For this purpose, you can define dimensioning points directly in the model for the derivation of group
drawings or overviews; the system has to be forced to dimension them. In contrast to the subsequent
manual dimensioning of 2D workshop drawings, the advantage of this function is that they can be
updated at an automatic 2D-update.

ƒ View: Here, you specify how the dimensioning points have to be depicted in the 3D-model.
Only Points – Only the two dimensioning points and a short connecting piece will be depicted.
With Line – Apart from the dimensioning points, the connecting line is displayed as well. This
facilitates checking of the corresponding measured points.
With Text – The directly measured dimension is additionally displayed as check text.
Please note that this doesn’t have any influence on the depiction in the 2D-plans.The
dimensioning points there are subsequently replaced by a usual standard measure of AutoPLANT
Structural.

ƒ Only Points: Here, you specify the size to be used for depiction of the two measured points.

ƒ Layer: Here you specify on which layer the object has to be inserted.

ƒ Executive in: The command is carried out as a loop. You can insert several manual-dimensioning
points one after the other without having to call the function again each time.

Group Options

ƒ Horizontal: A measure is created in dimensioning direction of the group or of the overview that
runs from the first to the second point.

ƒ Vertical: A measure is created perpendicular to dimensioning direction of the group or of the


overview that runs from the first to the second point.

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Manual Component Part Link

ƒ Direct: A direct (e.g. diagonal) measure is created in the group or overview, running from the first
to the second point.

ƒ In Groups The dimensioning point is evaluated in the group to which it has been assigned.

ƒ In views The dimensioning point is evaluated in the overview drawing where it is included.

Note By highlighting both entries an identical dimensioning point can appear both in a group
drawing and in an overview..

Click on the OK button to add a dimensioning point to the model. You first have to click on the group
this dimensioning point has to be assigned to and then the first and second point of the distance to be
dimensioned.

SELECTION OF VIEWS
In principle, dimensioning points have to be assigned to a group, even if they only are to appear in an
overview drawing.

Decide in which 2D view the measure has to be depicted by the current view or by the current UCS
when the points are attached in the model. Later, the points are only evaluated in this or in the opposite
view direction to the model (overview) or to the group.

MANUAL COMPONENT PART LINK


Command Name: PS_MANUAL_LINK

The logical links are required for dimensioning and recognition of neighbouring parts. These are
created during most AutoPLANT Structural processing functions.

However, if there isn’t any link between two component parts, a so-called “manual link” can be placed
between the parts. The only task of this link is to create a dependency; it hasn’t got any additional
function.

To create a manual link, first select the main part of the connection (this should be the connected part).
Then select the connecting part (e.g. the support). The designation ‘main part’ has nothing to do with
the main parts of groups – it may be any part.

GLOBAL SCALE
Command Name: PS_SCALE

Like AutoCAD, AutoPLANT Structural works in drawing units according to the scale less method, a
natural scale of 1:1 being assumed (i.e. a drawing unit corresponds to one millimetre natural size).

Any detailing with respect to the 2D shop plans, however, is prepared in a scale you entered
beforehand. However, if you want to attach e.g. position flags later – that have been entered in the
original size (mm) in the pre-settings – you must set a scale in order to ensure uniform sizes of these
elements and a uniform aspect of your drawings. This so-called Global Scale basically corresponds to
the later plot scale of your drawing.

When the program needs a scale and no special scale is entered, the global scale will be adopted.

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Drawing Border

When using the command, the following prompt is displayed in the command line

Previous AutoPLANT Structural Scale = 1.0000

Please enter the new default scale 1: ?

The current scale is displayed. Now enter the new scaling factor to be used for your work. When you
enter e.g. the value 10, the default scale 1:10 will apply.

Do not confuse the global scale with the length scaling. The global scale refers to the later printout of
the drawings and scales text sizes, symbol sizes, etc.

However, if you would like to use scale subsequently and if you have reduced the shapes according to
scale, you usually plot using a scale of 1:1 (global scale = 1) and work with a length scaling. Enter both
values when dimensioning manually.

DRAWING BORDER
AutoPLANT Structural allows you to easily insert drawing frames in different formats and scales. The
program package comes loaded with several sample frames and borders. You can also add your own
frames and borders.

A drawing border is inserted as a scaled block corresponding to the drawing scale. The matching
original blocks are filed in scale 1:1. After having defined a title block with block attributes within a
border, you can fill it in using the command ’Drawing Info’.

A dialog box gives you access to several well-sorted border variations. The data are filed in a tree
structure. The standard version already includes the main entries A0-A4. You can either delete them or
add further entries. The actual entries can only be entered as subordinate item under a main item.

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Drawing Border

Click this button to generate a new entry.

Click this button to create a gusset below the currently selected gusset.

Click this button to delete a selected entry of a drawing.

Click this button to delete the selected gusset and all subordinate entries belonging to it.

ƒ Scale: The drawing border is inserted in the scale entered here.

ƒ Activate Limits: If this field is checked, limit is put on edges of the border to avoid drawing
outside of the border You can enter limit parameters by clicking ASSIGN button.

Here, you load the selected entry and the drawing block into the model area.

Here, you load the selected entry and the drawing block into the paper area.

CREATION OF ENTRIES
Select the main point and either press the right mouse button for the subordinate menu or the Create
button. Then, the following dialog opens:

ƒ Block Path: Enter the path to the block to be inserted.

ƒ Width: Enter the width of the block if you want to work with active limits. If the field ‘Active
Limits’ has been checked, these values are preset as limits with the specified scale.
It is of course possible as well to specify different values for the limits.

ƒ Height: Enter the height of the block if you want to work with active limits. If the field ‘Active
Limits’ has been checked, these values are preset as limits with the specified scale.
It is of course possible as well to specify different values for the limits.

ƒ Comment: Here, you can enter a comment for identification.

Permits interactive block selection.

Permits size selection by means of a dialog.

After these data have been inserted, a new subordinate entry is displayed in the tree, which still has to
be named. Then, the entry is created and can be used immediately.

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Manual Cut

MANUAL CUT
This command is used to insert a cut into 2D details. The prerequisite is that the details are still
intelligent details.
From object selection, the program independently recognizes which objects can be cut and which
objects only represent the borders of the cutting arrows (e.g. dimensioning). This means that the
cutting arrows are in any case attached outside of dimensioning if you select e.g. a completely
dimensioned group including the measures.

The following dialog opens after selection of the command. There, you can make the settings for label
and depiction of cutting symbols:

ƒ Label: Here, you enter the text without the cutting code that has to be used as designation. Enter
e.g. Cut.

ƒ Sign: Enter the desired cutting code such as e.g. the letter A.

ƒ Text Style: Select an AutoCAD-text style for the labels.

ƒ Layer: Select the AutoCAD-layer the text and the cutting symbols have to be created on.

ƒ Line Type: Select the line type to be used for the depiction of the cutting line.

ƒ Colour: In the input fields for Symbol and Text you enter the colour of the cutting arrow and of the
text. You can either specify the colour directly by entering the AutoCAD colour number, or you
click on the desired input field and then on the SELECT button. Then, the AutoCAD dialog for
colour selection is displayed where you can select the colour directly.

ƒ Text Size: Here, you enter the size of the label text.

ƒ Hatch Scale: Here, you can specify a scaling factor for the hatch to modify the density of the
hatching.

ƒ Create Block: A common block is formed consisting of the cutting arrows and the codes.
Otherwise, they are still single lines and text.

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Manual Cut

ƒ Keep Resolution: If this option is activated, the resolution depiction of possible shapes is not
modified. Inner edges remain e.g. If this option is deactivated, all shapes are set on with Radii.

DIALOG-COMMANDS

LINE

Click on this button to create a cut through component parts along a line to be selected.

Select the parts to be depicted, then the cutting line. Then, you have to indicate the depth of the cut. If
you press ESC here, only a cut at the corresponding position will be made. Otherwise, the parts will be
cut at the position and the projection of the rest will be displayed.
After having created the cut and after having attached the cutting code, you can place the result
anywhere you like.

OBJEcT

Click on this button to create a cut on the base of a cut object. This may be a view frame or an offset
cut.

You only have to select the object; selection of the parts is carried out automatically.

ucS

Click on this button to create a cut of 3D component parts at the current UCS.

After selection of the parts, the cut is created at the XY-plane of the current UCS.

DEPICTION OF THE CUT


You can generate the cutting code either via a generated graphic or via blocks to be selected.

Group Symbol

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Manual Dimensioning

ƒ Symbol: The cutting code is created as a symbol consisting of cutting arrow and code.

ƒ Continued: The two partial lines are connected through the cut part.

ƒ By Side: The cutting code is written beside the cutting arrow; otherwise it is written above the
cutting arrow.

ƒ Arrow Size: Specify the size of the arrow.