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BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES STANDARDS


PHILIPPINE NATIONAL
BPI Compound Visayas Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 Philippines
Phone (632) 928-8741 to 64; loc. 3301 -3319
PNS/BAFS
E-mail: info.dabafs@gmail.com
STANDARDWebsite: www.bafs.da.gov.ph Draft copy only

Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Ducks

2
3PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
4Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
5 Working Draft 3.0
6 For public consultation
7
1

i.


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41 Scope
5This code sets out the general principles of good practice and minimum requirements for
6the production, handling, transportation and storage of ducks and its products within the
7farm, in the commercial or backyard rearing/farming of broiler and layer ducks for food
8use. Industry specific requirements for the different types of ducks and different types of
9production system may be developed provided that it satisfies the minimum
10requirements set out in this Code.
11
122 References
13The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
14document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
15the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments applies).
16
17ASEAN Biosecurity Management Manual for Commercial Poultry Farming
18
19Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Guide to Good Farming Practices for Animal
20Production Food Safety. 2010. Rome.
21
22Philippine National Standard (PNS) Code of Hygienic Practice for Table Eggs.
23
24
253 Objective
26The purpose of this Code is to ensure that the farming practices of the establishment
27provide greater confidence in consumers’ expectations that the final products are safe
28and fit for human consumption, while improving farmers’ viability, ensuring health safety
29and comfort to both the farm workers and ducks, and sustaining the least damage to the
30environment.
31

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9PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
10Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
11 Working Draft 3.0
12 For public consultation
13
324 Definition of terms
33For the purpose of this Code, the definitions specified in the documents of the Codex
34Alimentarius shall apply. Other relevant definitions are as follows:
35
364.1
37abnormal behavior
38any changes developed as a response to poor or wrong management practice causing
39stress to the ducks
40
414.2
42authorized
43that which has been permitted by the competent authority
44
454.3
46backyard farm
47any farm or household raising at least one head of animal or bird and does not qualify as a
48commercial farm
49
504.4
51commercial farm
52any farm which, for poultry ducks, satisfies at least one of the following conditions: a) 500
53layers or 1,000 broilers, or b) 100 layers and 100 broilers if raised in combination
54
55commercial duck farm
56farm having at least 100 ducks regardless of age. (PSA)
57
584.5
59competent authority
60an entity/agency who has the knowledge, expertise and authority as designated by law
61
624.6
63culled animals
64undesirable animals eliminated from the herd or flock; these include non-performers, old,
65and injured ducks.
66
674.7
68farm owner
69operator
70legal or juridical entity who is responsible for the management and general operation of
71the farm; the term maybe used interchangeably

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15PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
16Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
17 Working Draft 3.0
18 For public consultation
19
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734.8
74farm worker
75personnel
76personnel responsible for the rearing of ducks / persons engaged by the business on a full
77time, part-time or casual basis
78
794.9
80foot wear
81outer coverings for the feet, such as shoes or boots that protect the wearer and can be
82disinfected to prevent the spread of infection
83
844.10
85good health status
86free from illness, injury or pain
87
884.11
89potable drinking water
90drinking water that is free from diseases producing organisms and chemical substances
91deleterious to health
92
934.12
94protected clothing
95clothing especially designed, fabricated, or treated to protect personnel against
96contamination and dangerous working conditions
97
984.13
99qualified laboratories
100laboratories that are registered with the competent authority
101
1024.14
103ration
104daily feed/diet of the ducks
105
1064.15
107rearing
108the act of raising of ducks. The term is used interchangeably with farming throughout the
109text
110
1114.16

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21PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
22Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
23 Working Draft 3.0
24 For public consultation
25
112vehicle
113any means of transporting ducks, including but not limited to trucks, tractors, trailers,
114trains, ferries, ships and aircrafts
115
1165 Minimum requirements
1175.1 Species of ducks
118The following duck species shall be considered:
119 a. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) – is the largest and the most abundant duck in the
120 world. They can be larger than normal or much smaller, darker or lighter, all white
121 or all black. Male has a curled feathers on the back. Pekin ducks are the most
122 common domestic duck.
123 b. Muscovy (Cairina moschata) – are wild tropical duck species native to Mexico as
124 well as Central and South Americas. The most obvious character of Muscovy is the
125 red facial skin. There are two subspecies of this species: a. Cairina moschata
126 sylvestris (wild subspecies), commonly known as pato real (Spanish) or royal duck
127 and Cairina moschata domestica (domestic subspecies) commonly known as pato
128 criollo (Spanish) or creolo duck.
1295.2 Farm Components
1305.2.1 Farm Location/ Site Selection
131The farm should:
132
133i. Be within the approved land use plan of the local government and should be
134 compliant with national regulations, e.g. DENR, etc., and other regulatory bodies.
135
136ii. Have a continuous supply of adequate power, potable drinking water and good
137 access road.
138
139iii. Not be prone to flooding. Perimeter canals that drain to a closed lagoon may be
140 constructed to prevent runoff from contaminating bodies of water and/or adjacent
141 farms.
142
143iv. Not be near slaughterhouse facilities and other facilities such as dressing plants
144 and processing plants.
145
146v. Not be on a site that could be a possible source of physical, chemical and
147 microbiological hazards.
148
149vi. Existing farms that are not in compliance with numbers i to vi should have full
150 control of the risks and ensure that there are mitigation measures in place.
151
152vii. Be accessible to major facilities of production (i.e. feed mill, water system).
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27PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
28Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
29 Working Draft 3.0
30 For public consultation
31
153
1545.2.2 Site history
155If there is available data/information from relevant government agencies or
156organizations on the prior land use, then it should be used to establish that the site is not
157a possible source of physical, chemical and microbiological hazards. However, when
158these data are not available and uncertainty exists as to the suitability of the land for
159agricultural use, it is recommended to have the soil analyzed for heavy metal
160contamination, etc.
161
1625.2.3 Farm layout
163The farm should:
164
165i. Have a suitable area set aside for storage of feed, carcass disposal, waste
166 management, workers area including toilets and washrooms.
167
168ii. Have a design that incorporates ventilation and ease of cleaning.
169
170iii. Have buildings and perimeter fences constructed to prevent contact between farm
171 animals and potential disease carriers such as wild animals and stray animals like
172 game fowls and pets.
173
174iv. Electrical conduits should be properly installed and covered to prevent possible
175 electrocution.
176
177v. Layout and emergency procedures shall be placed in the most conspicuous place.
178
1795.2.4 Animal housing
1805.2.4.1 Indoor management (Housing and equipment)
181
182i. precautions must be taken to secure the site and buildings at all times in order to
183 protect the health and welfare of the ducks.
184
185ii. ducks sheds must be designed, constructed and maintained to:
186  Provide insulation, ventilation, heating, lighting, sanitation and hygiene
187 requirements;
188  Allow ready access for handling and inspection of the ducks;
189  Have sufficient height, width and space and entrance size to allow for catching
190 methods that minimize stress on the ducks; and
191  Allow the distribution of ducks in the shed to be controlled to keep ducklings
192 within the heated area and prevent crowding of older ducks.
193

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33PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
34Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
35 Working Draft 3.0
36 For public consultation
37
194iii. all surfaces in the duck sheds and enclosures must be designed, constructed and
195 maintained to:
196  Minimize the risk of injury and disease to the ducks; and
197  facilitate cleaning and disinfection of the shed surfaces.
198
199iv. all equipment used for rearing the ducks must be inspected as necessary to ensure
200 correct operational functions, and if required appropriate remedial action must be
201 undertaken.
202
203v. the duck sheds must be subject to control plan of predators (e.g. wild birds, rodents)
204
205vi. all ducks sheds must be sited to minimize risks of natural and environmental hazards,
206 such as storm water drainage, extreme winds, and to allow for appropriate
207 management of dust.
208
209vii. controlled environment housing must have systems that warn of power failure
210 and/or significant temperature variance.
211
212i.2.4.2 Outdoor management (Shelter for ducks raised outdoors)
213
214i. all ducks must have access to shelter from adverse weather that is likely to cause heat
215 stress, and to reduce the risk of predation.
216
217ii. shed openings provided for ducks to access an outside area must be wide enough to
218 enable them to freely move to and from the outdoors at all times without the risk of
219 smothering or injury.
220
221iii. where access to outside areas is provided it must be managed to prevent the
222 development around the housing of muddy, dusty or contaminated conditions to an
223 extent that could be harmful to the ducks’ health.
224
225iv. precautions must be taken to protect ducks from pests, including predators.
226
2275.2.4.3 Open water facilities
228
229i. all open water facilities must be:
230
231  fit for the purpose;
232  constructed from a material that is not likely to harm the birds, for example, by
233 breaking or forming rough or sharp edges;
234  designed and managed so as not to cause harm to the birds;
235  presented in a good state of repair;
236  designed to minimize water spillage; and
237  managed to minimize water spillage.
238

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39PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
40Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
41 Working Draft 3.0
42 For public consultation
43
239ii. open water facilities must be designed and managed to ensure all ducks can freely
240 and fully submerge their heads in the water, and take water up by the bill, when
241 standing around the outside of the facility.
242
243iii. ducks must have access to open water facilities that allow full body access as early as
244 possible and, in any case, from no later than 21 days of age.
245
246iv. From day old, the open water facilities must allow water to cover the head fully and
247 be taken up by the bill so the duck can shake water over its body without difficulty
248 and, in any case, have:
249
250  a water channel width of at least 4.5cm, and
251  a water depth of at least 4.5cm.
252
253v. where necessary, for facilities that allow full body access, ramps can be placed within
254 the facility to help young birds exit the water. Where used, such ramps must:
255
256  only be provided where the birds have difficulty exiting the water facility. This is
257 likely to depend on the flock, and must therefore not be provided routinely.
258  Be removed at no later than 28 days of age.
259  Only be placed at the narrow end/s of the facility.
260
261vi. open water facilities that permit full body access must:
262
263  Ensure that any ball cocks are covered, to prevent birds becoming stuck under
264 them.
265  Ensure that any ball cocks are mounted at the side of the facility only.
266  With the exception of any ball cock, allow the birds to use the whole area of the
267 facility unhindered.
268  Be designed and managed to enable the birds to enter and exit the water freely and
269 easily.
270
271vii. the height of open water facilities that permit full body access must not hinder the
272 ability of birds to freely and easily enter the water.
273
274viii. when ducks are provided with open water facilities that permit full body access, bell
275 drinkers and/or nipple drinkers must also be provided to supply a separate source
276 of drinking water.
277
278ix. open water facilities that allow birds full body access must be emptied and cleaned
279 regularly.
280
2815.2.5 Storage facilities
282i. The farm should have facilities for proper storage.

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45PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
46Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
47 Working Draft 3.0
48 For public consultation
49
283
284ii. The storage facilities should be kept clean at all time.
285
286iii. The storage facilities should have adequate ventilation, adequate protection from
287 moisture and should be vermin proof.
288
289iv. If applicable, First in First out (FIFO) should be practiced.
290
2915.2.6 Holding pen for culled ducks
292i. Sufficient pens and floor space should be provided to prevent overcrowding and
293 permit necessary segregation of ducks.
294
295ii. The holding pen should be constructed in such a way that it will adequately protect
296 the ducks from adverse weather conditions and will provide sufficient ventilation.
297
298iii. The holding pen should have proper facilities for ducks to feed and drink.
299
3005.3 Feed, Veterinary inputs, and Drinking water
3015.3.1 Feeds and Veterinary inputs
302ii. The farm operator should provide the ducks with adequate, safe and clean feed and
303 that would allow them to meet their optimum nutrition level.
304
305iii. The farm operator should provide a daily feeding schedule or routine.
306
307iv. Owners or managers of ducks should acquire feed from suppliers who follow
308 recognized good manufacturing practices and/or good hygiene practices and that
309 meet quality and standards set by the country regulations or government directives,
310 e.g. Animal Feeds, Veterinary Drugs, and Biologics Control Division (AFVDBCD) of
311 the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI).
312
313v. Where on-farm manufacture of feeds is practiced, procedures designed to minimize
314 contamination and prevent the inclusion of undesirable feed components should be
315 followed Farm operators should only use ingredients from authorized and traceable
316 suppliers. Records of purchases should be kept. Where necessary, an expert
317 assistance should be sought.
318
319vi. The feed mixing equipment should be kept clean at all times and have regular
320 preventive maintenance schedule.
321

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51PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
52Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
53 Working Draft 3.0
54 For public consultation
55
322vii. The feed chain (transport, storage, and feeding) should be managed in such a way
323 as to protect feed from contamination (biological, chemical, and physical hazards)
324 and minimize deterioration.
325
326viii. Feeds and veterinary inputs should be used in accordance with label instructions,
327 paying special attention to the withdrawal period of each specific drug being
328 administered before the ducks and/or eggs are sent to market.
329
330ix. Feeds and veterinary inputs should be kept in a designated area under good
331 ventilation.
332
333x. The farm should record and keep documents, these include but is not limited to the
334 following:
335  supplier or source of feed concentrate and its registration number;
336  type of feed and supplements;
337  quantity;
338  declaration of ingredients;
339  document of feed analysis;
340  date of delivery; and
341  date of manufacturing and batch number
342
3435.3.2 List of banned chemicals and veterinary products
344i. The farm should have a list of veterinary products registered/approved by the
345 competent authority available for viewing.
346
347ii. The farm should have a list of chemicals that are regulated and banned by the
348 competent authority available for viewing.
349
350iii. Feeds should not contain banned ingredients, chemicals and veterinary drugs,
351 including those disallowed by the authorities of importing countries.
352
3535.3.3 Drinking water quality and treatment of water
354i. Potable drinking water should be used.
355
356ii. Ensure that only drinking water of known and acceptable biological and
357 mineralogical quality (i.e. fit for ducks consumption) is used for watering stock.
358
359iii. Non-potable drinking water should be treated to comply with standards.
360
361iv. The water sanitizing system is checked regularly and at least once for every batch of
362 ducks.

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57PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
58Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
59 Working Draft 3.0
60 For public consultation
61
363
364v. Water treatment systems are checked daily and the appropriate parameters are
365 recorded. Record sheet is retained with batch records at end of batch.
366
367vi. Treated water may be used for drinking water for ducks cooling systems and shed
368 wash downs.
369
370vii. Pathogen levels should be checked regularly (E.coli and faecal coliforms as indicators
371 of efficacy of sanitation).
372
373viii. ASEAN Biosecurity Management Manual for Commercial Poultry Farming may be
374 used when it is applicable.
375
3765.4 Farm Management
3775.4.1 Farm Manual
378i. The farm should have a policy statement that covers commitment and emergency
379 procedures.
380
381ii. A farm management system should be documented and available for inspection.
382
383iii. The farm should have an organizational chart.
384
3855.4.2 Farm operators and workers/ Farm personnel
386i. The farm owner should conform to existing animal farming legislation. This covers
387 the management of environment issues, farm location, animal welfare requirements,
388 disease control, production of wholesome food and occupational hazard associated
389 with animal farming.
390
391ii. The farm owner should observe the International Labor Organization (ILO)
392 Conventions and Recommendations on Child Labour.
393
394iii. The farm owner should ensure that all farm operators and farm workers are in good
395 health and undergo annual routine health check up.
396
397iv. The farm owner should always promote a safe and healthy working condition in the
398 farm. The farm workers should be equipped with suitable protective gears and tools
399 while working in the farm. Accident and emergency management procedures should
400 be available with clear instructions for all workers. First aid kits and fire
401 extinguishers should be easily available and accessible at all times.
402

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63PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
64Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
65 Working Draft 3.0
66 For public consultation
67
403v. The farm worker should be insured against accidents in the conduct of his/her farm
404 work.
405
406vi. The farm owner should report to relevant authorities any occurrence of accident in
407 the farm which may result to serious physical injuries of workers.
408
409vii. The farm owner should encourage the promotion of gender equality in the work
410 place.
411
412viii. The farm operator/worker should be responsible for the welfare of the ducks by
413 giving adequate provisions so that they are able to perform at their optimum levels.
414
415ix. Appropriate working uniform/attire and footwear should be provided to farm
416 operators or visitors who need to be at the production area.
417
4185.4.3 Competency
419i. Workers should be trained for the tasks that they are required to do. In addition
420 workers should be trained in the following procedures: farm sanitation, personal
421 hygiene, animal handling and welfare, breeding program, medicine dispensing and
422 quarantine.
423
424ii. Workers should be competent in the tasks that they are required to do and the
425 competency should be reviewed on a regular basis.
426
427iii. The farm should have sufficient workers/personnel/staff to perform the required
428 work load including the services of a farm supervisor and veterinarian.
429
4305.4.4 Hygiene and Sanitation
431It is recommended that commercial poultry farms should refer to the ASEAN Biosecurity
432Management Manual for Commercial Poultry Farming for other hygiene and sanitation
433requirements.
434
4355.4.4.1 Personal Hygiene
436i. Workers should wear appropriate protective clothing, if necessary with masks, and
437 foot wear at all times that can be sanitised.
438
439ii. Workers’ movement in the farm should be controlled to avoid cross contamination
440 between different age groups of ducks. Workers should enter clean areas first then
441 move to dirty areas. Workers should not move from dirty areas to clean areas.
442

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69PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
70Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
71 Working Draft 3.0
72 For public consultation
73
443iii. Workers should ensure that no unnecessary accessories and personal effects that
444 may pose hazards may be brought in the production area.
445
446iv. Downtime/quarantine should be observed before entering the production area for
447 workers coming from outside the farm.
448
4495.4.4.2 General Farm Hygiene
450i. The farm should have a cleaning and disinfection procedure in place. Farm premises
451 should be kept clean and free of potential conditions conducive to breeding of pests,
452 ducks parasites and disease outbreak. This is to avoid negative effects on the
453 landscape, environment and ducks welfare.
454
455ii. Organic materials should be regularly removed from all livestock contact surfaces (i.e.
456 floors, pen partitions). Where bedding is used, it should be regularly changed
457 and/or topped up.
458
459iii. The farm should have a proper and functional drainage system.
460
461iv. Only approved chemicals by competent authorities in the country should be used for
462 cleaning and sanitation.
463
464v. The farm should have appropriate equipment and tools for effective and functional
465 hygiene and sanitation operation.
466
4675.4.4.3 Waste management and Environment Management
468i. The farm operator should take necessary measures to ensure that activities related to
469 livestock farming do not contribute to the degradation of the environment (i.e. land,
470 water, air) and cause destruction to bio-diversity.
471
472ii. Litter, solid (including biohazard waste) and liquid waste should be managed and
473 disposed according to the country’s regulations.
474
475iii. The farm operator should maintain and display clear instructions on procedure for
476 disposal of farm solid wastes and farm chemical wastes (e.g. expired
477 pesticide/herbicide and containers, paint, etc.).
478
479iv. Dead ducks should be buried properly or disposed in a manner that complies with
480 country regulations, e.g. mortality pits.
481
482v. Compost stations should be positioned away from the activities of the farm,
483 waterways and also be protected from rain to avoid leaching.

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75PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
76Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
77 Working Draft 3.0
78 For public consultation
79
484
485vi. Toilet septic tanks should be maintained so that potential overflows will be avoided.
486
487vii. Effluent ponds should be located away from farming operations and should not
488 overflow.
489
490viii. Waste water from farms shall be treated before discharging into public water
491 resources.
492
493ix. Any waste water treatment process should be properly functional.
494
495x. Measures should be in place to keep out noise that could potentially affect growth and
496 productive performance of ducks, specifically around poultry brooder house
497
498xi. The farm should regularly monitor the air quality and maintain it at acceptable levels.
499
500xii. The farm should take appropriate measures to minimize excessive odor coming from
501 the farm and that which may be associated with waste decomposition.
502
5035.4.4.4 Pest Control
504i. Farm premises should be maintained in a good condition to prevent possible vermin
505 infestation.
506
507ii. The farm should have pest control programs to reduce or eliminate pests including
508 rodents and insects.
509
510iii. Only approved chemicals and baits should be used in pest control programs.
511
5125.5 Ducks Health Management
5135.5.1 Introduction of new stock
514i. Acquire ducks only from sources with known good health status, certified by a
515 qualified veterinarian and/or competent authority.
516
517ii. Keep newly arrived ducks separate from resident stock for an appropriate period,
518 to prevent possible disease transmission.
519
520iii. Each batch of ducks purchased or hatched should have batch identification for
521 traceability purposes.
522

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81PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
82Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
83 Working Draft 3.0
84 For public consultation
85
5235.5.2 Surveillance and control of diseases
524i. There should be a written ducks health program in place, including a vaccination and
525 deworming program, if required, that is updated regularly and supervised by a
526 licensed veterinarian, in accordance with the requirements of the competent
527 authorities.
528
529ii. The vaccination program should be adopted against the diseases as required by
530 competent authorities and it should be in a written form. Only vaccines approved by
531 a competent authority in the country should be used.
532
533iii. The health status of ducks should be monitored and recorded regularly, and
534 veterinary assessment of the establishment should be carried out annually by a
535 licensed veterinarian and/or by a competent authority.
536
537iv. Separate diseased from healthy ducks such that transmission of infection does not
538 occur, and where necessary, cull diseased ducks humanely.
539
540v. Identified isolation area/pen for “suspected diseased birds” should be provided.
541
542vi. The use of drugs, medicines, vaccines, and medicated feeds for disease control should
543 be in accordance with the instructions of a licensed veterinarian following country
544 regulations.
545
546vii. Drugs or medicines should only be used for prophylactic and treatment reasons.
547
548viii. Keep all treated ducks on the farm and ensure that these ducks and/or their products
549 are not used for human consumption until the drug withdrawal period is completed
550 and certified fit for human consumption by licensed veterinarians.
551
5525.5.3 Bio-security measures
553i. The farm should have a written protocol of bio-security measures. Proper warning
554 signage should be provided.
555
556ii. Bio-security procedures should be well implemented to prevent introduction of
557 disease into the farm and/or to control its spread within the farm.
558
559Example:
560 For ducks that are in coops/poultry houses/buildings, the cages should be
561 netted to prevent entry of migratory birds. In the cases of free-range ducks,
562 control measures that include putting them in cages while there are cases
563 of avian influenza outbreak to prevent them co-mingling with migratory
564 species.

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87PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
88Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
89 Working Draft 3.0
90 For public consultation
91
565
566iii. The implementation of bio-security measures should be continuously monitored to
567 assess the effectiveness of the program.
568
569iv. The farm should have the appropriate and functional lay-out and infrastructure to
570 ensure effective implementation of the bio-security measures. This should include
571 facilities:
572  For changing, washing and shower; and
573  For disinfection at entry/exit point of the farm and the building.
574
575v. It is recommended that commercial poultry farms should refer to the ASEAN
576 Biosecurity Management Manual for Commercial Poultry Farming for other
577 biosecurity requirements.
578
5795.5.4 Laboratory testing
580i. Routine testing should be carried out in qualified laboratories for surveillance and/or
581 monitoring of notifiable diseases.
582
583ii. In case of reportable disease outbreak, testing should be conducted in an
584 approved/accredited laboratory and should continue until it can be shown that the
585 disease has been controlled.
586
5875.5.5 Protocols when disease is suspected
588i. If there is an outbreak or suspicion of epidemic disease, the farm should follow the
589 requirements of the laws and regulations on ducks epidemic disease control of the
590 country and OIE guidelines.
591
592ii. Emergency biosecurity procedures should be followed (refer to ASEAN biosecurity
593 management manual for commercial poultry farming and biosecurity protocols for
594 poultry).
595
596iii. The farm operator should report immediately or within 24 hours to relevant
597 authorities any incidence of abnormal behavioral changes, health conditions and
598 mortalities in the farm or any characteristic of a disease outbreak (e.g. Highly
599 Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), New Castle’s Disease).
600
6015.5.6 Prevention and Treatment
602i. The use of medicines and biologics should be under the supervision of a licensed
603 veterinarian or competent authority. Medicines and biologics used should be
604 registered with the competent authority.
605

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93PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
94Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
95 Working Draft 3.0
96 For public consultation
97
606ii. The farm should maintain updated records of medicine purchase and administration
607 that should be readily available for inspection.
608
609iii. Drugs, medicines, and vaccines should be stored and identified properly; proper
610 disposal of these items should be followed to prevent contamination to the
611 environment.
612
613iv. The farm operator should keep and maintain complete records of farm operations,
614 management routines, and animal health records like disease monitoring and
615 medication. These records should be easily retrievable.
616
617v. Records include, but are not limited to, the following:
618  Vaccination program;
619  Deworming;
620  Disease condition;
621  Diagnosis;
622  Intervention or treatment done;
623  Control measures;
624  Post-mortem findings;
625  Surveillance; and
626  Disposal.
627
628vi. The farm should maintain updated records of medicine purchase and administration
629 that should be readily available for inspection.
630
631vii. The procurement records should have:
632  Date of purchase;
633  Name of the product (generic compound);
634  Quantity purchased;
635  Batch number;
636  Expiry date; and
637  Name of supplier.
638
639viii. Administration records should consist of the following:
640  Type of drugs or medication used;
641  Batch number;
642  Quantity of medicine used;
643  Date administered;
644  Route of administration;
645  Identification of ducks/group treated;
646  Number of ducks treated;
647  Date of completion of treatment;
648  Withdrawal period; and
649  Name of the person who administered the medicine.
650
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99PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
100Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
101 Working Draft 3.0
102 For public consultation
103
6515.5.7 Animal welfare
652i. Care shall be taken to preserve the welfare of ducks. In case of injury, sickness or
653 deformity, ducks shall be appropriately treated to avoid suffering.
654
655ii. All ducks should have access to and are sufficiently provided with feed, water and
656 space (refer to OIE guidelines on Animal Welfare).
657
658iii. The farm operators and personnel should not cause cruelty to ducks, which includes
659 but is not limited to:
660
661  Maltreatment of ducks under his/her care and attention.
662  Neglect of ducks, such that it experiences pain, suffering or distress.
663  Failure to provide adequate resources to maintain the live weight of the ducks
664 within the normal physiological range for the species type, age and sex.
665  Removal of any part of the anatomy without adequate anesthesia, whenever
666 applicable.
667  Putting to sleep (euthanasia, e.g. cervical dislocation), confine, handle or
668 transport any ducks in a manner causing deliberate pain, suffering or distress.
669  Keeping a ducks alive, especially that which is pronounced physically or
670 physiologically incapacitated, unless it is under the direct care of a licensed and
671 registered veterinarian.
672
673iv. The farm operator and personnel should not neglect ducks according to the
674 following criteria;
675
676  Freedom from hunger and thirst and malnutrition. Feed withdrawal of ducks
677 should not be more than eight (8) hours before slaughter;
678  Freedom from physical discomfort and pain;
679  Freedom from injury and disease;
680  With due consideration to the differences in the production system (confined
681 and free-range), ducks should be given enough freedom to conform to essential
682 behaviour patterns, (i.e. specific growing stage of poultry); and
683  Freedom from fear and distress.
684
685v. Handling and restraining of ducks
686
687  Ducks, including ducklings in boxes, must be moved and handled at all times in a
688 manner that minimizes the risk of falls, pain and distress and avoids injury.
689  Ducks, inclusing day old ducklings, must not be carried by one or both wings, or
690 by the neck without supporting the body weight.
691  Stress induced by handling must be minimized by appropriate design of facilities,
692 use of suitable tools and equipment and training of personnel.

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105PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
106Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
107 Working Draft 3.0
108 For public consultation
109
693
6945.6 Transportation and Storage
695i. The transport of ducks from point of origin to final destination should follow a
696 planned route and be in a manner that does not cause stress throughout the journey
697 and does not predispose them to injury and disease.
698
699ii. Transport should follow the regulations of the competent authority.
700
701iii. Appropriate space allowance and ventilation should be provided during
702 transportation.
703
704iv. Only clean and disinfected vehicles should be used to transport ducks.
705
706v. Vehicles used to transport ducks should be exclusively used for ducks transport only.
707
708vi. Vehicles used for the transport of animals should be according to the following
709 specifications:
710  Allow easy loading and unloading;
711  Has communication equipment and first aid kit;
712  Ensure safety of the ducks and personnel during transport;
713  Clean and sanitized;
714  Equipped with floors that provide secure footing;
715  Have proper provision for collecting manure; and
716  Have a decal/label “live animal on board” at the sides and front/back.
717  Registered with the competent authority.
718
719vii. Transportation should be carried out at the coldest time of the day in order to avoid
720 heat stress to ducks.
721
722viii. The transport of ducks from point of origin to final destination should be through the
723 most direct and appropriate route that should be completed without unnecessary
724 delay.
725
726ix. The transporter should be fully responsible for the care and welfare of the ducks as
727 well as ensure the cleanliness of the vehicle during the entire process of
728 transporting. Disposal of the waste should be done in an environment friendly
729 manner.
730
731x. Day old chicks should be packed in appropriate packaging or restraining containers
732 as required by the country regulations.

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110
111PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
112Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
113 Working Draft 3.0
114 For public consultation
115
733
734xi. Where appropriate, ducks should be segregated according to species, size, sex, and
735 age or according to customer requirements.
736
737xii. Short duration feeding regimes aimed at reducing shedding of harmful bacteria
738 during slaughtering should be applied for ducks destined for slaughter. Ducks
739 destined for slaughter should be rested upon arrival at the slaughterhouse.
740
741xiii. Ducks being transported should be in a good state of health.
742
743xiv. A transport or movement permit should be obtained prior to shipping ducks as
744 required by the country regulations with animal health certificate signed by a
745 licensed veterinarian.
746
747xv. In cases wherein the establishment seeks the services of a second (2nd) party to ship
748 the live ducks, the shipper should be properly informed of the recommendations
749 stated in i to xiii.
750
7515.7 Record-keeping
752i. When a problem arises, be it a disease, a chemical hazard issue or a physical safety
753 matter, record keeping is central to any effort to trace the source of the problem and
754 eliminate it. The OIE Guide to Good Farming Practices for Animal Production
755 recommends the ability to trace animals at least one step forward and at least one
756 step backward from the current holding. Hence, as far as is practicable, farmers
757 should keep records of:
758    
759  Animal identification;
760  Animal source, especially import animals;
761  Feed
762  Animal Health (Treatment and Vaccination);
763  Animal movement
764  Laboratory;
765  Sanitation and Hygiene;
766  Pest control;
767  Personnel Health and Training;
768  Waste management;
769  Production;
770  Procurement;
771  Storage;
772  Visitor;

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117PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
118Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
119 Working Draft 3.0
120 For public consultation
121
773  Transportation;
774  Traceability (e.g. animal/lot/batch ID, customer record, etc.).
775
776ii. Records should be kept for a minimum of 3 years or a time specified by Government
777 directives.
778
7795.8 Egg management
7805.8.1 Egg collection, handling, storage and transport of eggs
781Eggs should be collected, handled, stored and transported in compliance with the
782requirements stated in section 5.3 of Philippine National Standard (PNS) Code of Hygienic
783Practice for Table Eggs.
784
7855.8.2 Egg for balut production
786
787i. Eggs should:
788  be thick-shelled and crack-free;
789  not be older than 5 days from the time these are laid by ducks;
790  be fertile.
791
792ii. eggs should be placed in an iron vat or cauldron with appropriate temperature to
793 maintain the embryo.
794
795iii. candling should be done on the 11th and 17th day after eggs are placed in iron vat or
796 cauldron. Separate eggs with dead embryos (penoy) and those that are ready to be
797 sold as balut.
798
7995.9 Review and Evaluation of Practices
800Practices should be checked for compliance and evaluation for effectiveness and do-
801ability on a regular basis. In cases where provisions are no longer applicable, they may
802be amended.

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123PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS ______________
124Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) for DucksFree Range Chicken
125 Working Draft 3.0
126 For public consultation
127
803References
804
805PNS/BAFPS 60:2008 Code of Good Animal Husbandry Practice. 2008. Bureau of
806Agriculture and Fisheries Standards. Department of Agriculture. Manila, Philippines.
807
808Food Safety Module – Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Layers and Broilers in ASEAN
809Countries. 2015. ASEAN Secretariat. Jakarta, Indonesia.
810
811ASEAN Good Animal Husbandry Practice (GAHP) – Animal Welfare and Environmental
812Sustainability Module. 2015. ASEAN Secretariat. Jakarta, Indonesia.
813
814Glossary of Terms. Philippine Statistics Authority. http://agstat.psa.gov.ph/?
815ids=glossaryviewer . Visited June 6, 2016.
816
817DA – AMAD 8, Investment Guide Series – Duck Production
818
819http://www.animalspot.net/muscovy-duck.html#
820
821
822
823

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