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High Power Compact

80-200W C-BUC

Installation and Operation Manual


IM02960187 Rev. D Reliability Choice Innovation
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© 2011 ST Electronics (Satcom & Sensor Systems) Pte. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Product Overview ...............................................................................................1
1.1 About The BUC ........................................................................................1
1.2 BUC Functions .........................................................................................2
1.2.1 BUC Functional Block Diagram ...........................................................3
1.2.2 Transmit Frequency Bands ................................................................4
1.3 Product Models ........................................................................................4
1.4 BUC Interfaces ........................................................................................5
1.4.1 BUC Interfaces ..............................................................................5
1.4.2 BUC Connector Pin-out Configurations..................................................8
Chapter 2 System Configurations ....................................................................................... 11
2.1 Types of System Configurations .................................................................. 11
2.1.1 Stand-Alone System Configurations ................................................... 12
2.1.2 1:1 Redundancy System Configuration ................................................ 14
2.2 System Components ................................................................................ 17
2.2.1 Redundancy Control Unit RCU-R ....................................................... 17
2.2.2 WR137 Waveguide Switch ............................................................... 20
2.2.3 WR229 RX Waveguide Switch ........................................................... 22
2.2.4 L-Band Splitter ............................................................................ 23
Chapter 3 Installation ..................................................................................................... 27
3.1 Unpacking the Box .................................................................................. 27
3.2 Pre-Installation Preparations ..................................................................... 28
3.2.1 Environmental Considerations .......................................................... 28
3.2.2 Tools Required ............................................................................ 28
3.2.3 Site Preparation Checklist .............................................................. 28
3.2.4 Power Supply .............................................................................. 30
3.2.5 Pre-Installation Uplink Test ............................................................. 30
3.3 Installing the BUC & Other Components ........................................................ 32
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management ............................................................................... 37
4.1 Monitor & Control................................................................................... 37
4.2 Using the Agilis EMS Software .................................................................... 37
4.2.1 Connecting the PC to the BUC .......................................................... 37
4.2.2 Installing the Agilis EMS Software ...................................................... 38
4.2.3 Launching the Agilis EMS Software .................................................... 39
4.2.4 Main User Interface ...................................................................... 39
4.2.5 Types of Users ............................................................................. 40
4.2.6 Selecting the Device to Manage ........................................................ 40
4.2.7 Configuring a standalone iBUC ......................................................... 40
4.2.8 Configuring a 1:1 iBUC Redundancy system .......................................... 44
4.2.9 Agilis iBUC alarm conditions and Colour indications ............................... 46
4.2.10 1:1 iBUC Address Initialization ......................................................... 47
4.2.11 Modifying Configuration Parameters .................................................. 49
4.2.12 Modifying the LO Frequency Parameter (Dual-LO C-BUC) ......................... 50
4.3 Monitor & Control via HTTP (Web) .............................................................. 51
4.3.1 Connecting the PC to BUC ............................................................... 51
4.3.2 Connecting to the Web Interface ...................................................... 52
4.3.3 Monitoring BUC Status ................................................................... 55
4.3.4 Configuring the BUC ...................................................................... 58
4.3.5 Setting Up SNMP Parameters ........................................................... 61
4.4 Monitor & Control via SNMP ....................................................................... 62

IM02960187 Rev. D i
4.4.2 Connecting the PC to BUC ............................................................... 63
4.4.3 Connecting to the SNMP Interface ..................................................... 63
4.4.4 Managing the BUC via an SNMP Manager ............................................. 65
4.5 Using the Wi-Fi Connectivity Option ............................................................ 70
4.5.1 Downloading and Installing the Agilis EMS App from iStore ....................... 70
4.5.2 Setting up the Wi-Fi connection between the iPhone and the BUC ............. 72
4.5.3 Viewing and Configuring BUC parameters ............................................ 77
Chapter 5 Maintenance & Troubleshooting ........................................................................... 81
5.1 Preventive Maintenance ........................................................................... 81
5.1.1 Fans Maintenance ......................................................................... 81
5.1.2 Gains Testing .............................................................................. 82
5.1.3 Completing the Maintenance ........................................................... 83
5.2 Understanding Faults in the BUC ................................................................. 84
5.3 Understanding Faults in Remote Management ................................................ 86
Appendix A Customer Service ............................................................................................. 89
A.1 Warranty Information .............................................................................. 89
A.2 Return Material Authorization (RMA) ............................................................ 90
A.3 Additional Technical Support ..................................................................... 92
Appendix B Unit Specifications & Outline ............................................................................... 93
B.1 System Specification Tables ...................................................................... 93
B.2 BUC Outline Drawings .............................................................................. 95
B.3 Waveguide Switch Outline Drawing ............................................................. 96
Appendix C Compliance Standard ........................................................................................ 97
Appendix D Document Revision Log ...................................................................................... 99

ii IM02960187 Rev. D
List of Figures
Figure 1.1 BUC functional block diagram ................................................................................3
Figure 1.2 Front view of the C-BUC .......................................................................................5
Figure 1.3 Rear view of the C-BUC ........................................................................................6
Figure 1.4 Side view of the C-BUC ........................................................................................7
Figure 2.1 BUC Stand-Alone Configuration Setup .................................................................... 12
Figure 2.2 Stand-Alone LNB Configuration Setup ..................................................................... 13
Figure 2.3 1:1 Redundancy system configuration .................................................................... 14
Figure 2.4 BUC Redundancy configuration setup using Gang Switch .............................................. 14
Figure 2.5 1:1 LNB Configuration Setup ................................................................................ 16
Figure 2.6 Front side of 1:1 RCU-R ...................................................................................... 17
Figure 2.7 Rear side of 1:1 RCU-R ....................................................................................... 19
Figure 2.8 WR137 Waveguide switch outline diagrams .............................................................. 20
Figure 2.9 Gang switch outline diagrams .............................................................................. 21
Figure 2.10 WR229 RX Waveguide switch outline diagrams .......................................................... 22
Figure 2.11 L-Band splitter ................................................................................................ 24
Figure 3.1 Connection for uplink test procedure ..................................................................... 31
Figure 3.2 Typical mounting for a standalone configuration ....................................................... 32
Figure 3.3 Typical mounting for a 1:1 redundancy configuration ................................................. 33
Figure 3.4 Sealing the connectors ....................................................................................... 35
Figure 4.1 Connecting PC to BUC via the USB/RS485 converter ................................................... 37
Figure 4.2 AgilisEMS.exe icon ........................................................................................... 38
Figure 4.3 Agilis EMS Main User Interface ............................................................................. 39
Figure 4.4 Configuration button ......................................................................................... 49
Figure 4.5 Connecting via RJ45 .......................................................................................... 51
Figure 4.6 Configuring static IP .......................................................................................... 52
Figure 4.7 Disabling proxy server ....................................................................................... 53
Figure 4.8 BUC’s web configuration interface ........................................................................ 54
Figure 4.9 BUC and network status information ...................................................................... 55
Figure 4.10 BUC alarm status information .............................................................................. 56
Figure 4.11 Logging In ...................................................................................................... 58
Figure 4.12 Device Configuration Screen ................................................................................ 59
Figure 4.13 SNMP v2c configuration settings ........................................................................... 61
Figure 4.14 SNMP MIB categories ......................................................................................... 62
Figure 4.15 Connecting via the RJ45 ..................................................................................... 63
Figure 4.16 Example MIB tree ............................................................................................. 64
Figure 4.17 MIB tree ........................................................................................................ 65
Figure 4.18 SNMP WALK .................................................................................................... 68

IM02960187 Rev. D iii


Figure 4.19 Agilis EMS App Dashboard ................................................................................... 77
Figure 4.20 Configuring “Attenuation” value .......................................................................... 78
Figure 4.21 Configuring “RF Output” state............................................................................. 79
Figure 4.22 Status Indicators .............................................................................................. 79
Figure B-1 High Power C-BUC outline drawing ........................................................................ 95
Figure B-2 WR137 Waveguide Switch Outline Drawing .............................................................. 96
Figure B-3 Gang switch outline drawing ............................................................................... 96

iv IM02960187 Rev. D
List of Tables
Table 1-1 BUC Transmit Frequency Bands for Single-LO C-BUC .....................................................4
Table 1-2 BUC Transmit Frequency Bands for Dual-LO C-BUC.......................................................4
Table 1-3 Product series models .........................................................................................4
Table 1-4 Interfaces present on the front of the BUC ................................................................5
Table 1-5 Interface present on the rear of the BUC ..................................................................6
Table 1-6 Interfaces present on the side of the BUC .................................................................7
Table 1-7 Standalone configuration LED Status ........................................................................7
Table 1-8 Redundancy configuration LED Status.......................................................................7
Table 1-9 AC connector pin-out configuration .........................................................................8
Table 1-10 M&C connector pin-out configuration .......................................................................8
Table 1-11 Switch Control connector pin-out configuration ..........................................................9
Table 1-12 Status Link connector pin-out configuration ...............................................................9
Table 2-1 List of accessories and components for standalone system ........................................... 12
Table 2-2 List of accessories and components for standalone LNB system ..................................... 13
Table 2-3 List of accessories and components for 1:1 redundant system ....................................... 15
Table 2-4 List of accessories and components for LNB redundant system ...................................... 16
Table 2-5 Interfaces present on the front of the RCU-R Unit ..................................................... 17
Table 2-6 RS485 Pin-Out and Descriptions ............................................................................ 18
Table 2-7 Form C pin outs / status outputs .......................................................................... 18
Table 2-8 Interfaces present on the rear side of the RCU-R Unit................................................. 19
Table 2-9 RX Switch Pin Descriptions .................................................................................. 19
Table 2-10 WR137 Waveguide switch port interfaces ................................................................ 21
Table 2-11 Gang switch port interfaces ................................................................................ 22
Table 2-12 WR229 RX Waveguide switch port interfaces ............................................................ 23
Table 2-13 L-band splitter RF loss/gain specifications ............................................................... 23
Table 4-1 Cable pin-out configuration (P/N: 2502041256) ........................................................ 37
Table 4-2 Types of Users ................................................................................................. 40
Table 4-3 Alarm Conditions and colour indications ................................................................. 46
Table 4-4 LO Frequency Parameter Configuration .................................................................. 49
Table 4-5 LO Frequency Parameter Configuration .................................................................. 50
Table 4-6 Temperature Threshold Settings ........................................................................... 56
Table 4-7 Viewable parameters ........................................................................................ 77
Table 4-8 Configurable parameters .................................................................................... 78
Table 4-9 Status Indicators .............................................................................................. 79
Table 5-1 Troubleshooting faults in the BUC ......................................................................... 84
Table 5-2 Troubleshooting errors in remote management using EMS ............................................ 86
Table A-1 Pre-RMA Request Checklist ................................................................................. 90

IM02960187 Rev. D v
Table B-1 BUC specification tables ..................................................................................... 93
Table B-2 High Power Compact C-Band BUC specification table ................................................. 93

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vi IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 1 Product Overview

Agilis, a global leader in the design, development and manufacturing of


quality satellite products for various applications, introduces the High
Power Compact C-BUC.

The High Power Compact C-BUC is easy to install and redundancy ready.
The Agilis C-Band BUC also offers a wide range of distinctive advantages
and enhanced features for satellite communication systems in remote or
challenging geographic regions. Its innovative and robust design makes it
very reliable under harsh environment conditions.

This user manual provides detailed information to system integrators and


end users on how to set-up, operate and maintain the High Power
Compact C-BUC.

1.1 About The BUC


The High Power Compact C-BUC is a small and lightweight BUC that is
ideal for mobile and satellite uplink applications.

The High Power Compact C-BUC is a high performance, reliable and cost-
effective RF transmitter designed for satellite communication with high
speed transmission capability. This unit is suitable for both telephony and
high speed data communication.

The C-BUC can be operated with different modulation formats such as


BPSK, QPSK and QAM. Due to the stringent performance specifications, it
is suitable for the following applications:

 Single Carrier Per Channel (SCPC)

 Multi-Carrier Per Channel (MCPC)

 Demand Assigned Multiple Access (DAMA)

 Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)

The C-BUC is designed with low power consumption, well suited for
applications and systems where power is an important concern. With low
pulse mode phase perturbation, it is extremely useful for systems that
require burst mode applications. The C-BUC has a built-in 10MHz
reference with auto-detection which enables the C-BUC to operate with
internal 10MHz reference if an external 10MHz is not detected from the
modem.

IM02960187 Rev. D 1
Chapter 1 Product Overview

1.2 BUC Functions


The main function of the BUC is to up convert L-band input signals from an
indoor modulator to a RF signal for transmission via the antenna. Aside
from up converting L-band input signals, the BUC includes the following
function modules:

 Demultiplexer
The DEMUX module splits the external 10 MHz reference and L-band
that are carried to the BUC by the input coaxial cable.

 Up-converter
The L-band transmit signals received from an indoor modem is
passed through a high pass filter (to reject interference and
harmonics) and then up-converted by the U/C with a LO signal,
achieving the desired RF transmit C-band frequency.

 Synthesized local oscillator


LO signals used by the U/C are derived from a frequency
synthesizer. This synthesizer is referenced to a 10 MHz sine wave
oscillator.

 Solid state power amplifier


The BUC feeds up-converted signals into an internal SSPA module to
be amplified for transmission to the satellite via the antenna. The
SSPA consists of multiple gain stages based on a high performance
microwave power GaAs FET. All power GaAs FETs are housed in
different partitions for EMI isolation. These partitions eliminate
interference from DC and other gain stages.

The SSPA’s input and output are protected from any mismatch with
internal isolators. You are still recommended, however, to
terminate RF output during testing.

2 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 1 Product Overview

 Monitor and control


The M&C module is the central processing hub of the C-BUC. It is
developed on an embedded microcontroller to perform the required
monitoring and control functions. This module monitors the transmit
and LO alarms and the status of the SSPA module. It can also be
used to enable or disable the SSPA.

The C-BUC can be connected to your PC indirectly via a RS485 cable


using a RS485 to USB converter.

An option is also available to directly connect the C-BUC to your PC


via a RS232 cable. The recommended distance between the PC and
BUC is up to 30 meters if connecting via a RS232 cable.

 Power supply

The C-Band BUC is powered via an external 230V AC power source.


An internal AC-DC converter converts the AC power received into
the DC voltages required by the various modules within the BUC.

The internal AC-DC converter receives AC power and converts it to


DC voltages which are then supplied to the various internal modules
and cooling fans. This power supply is compact, reliable and is
adequately adjusted for safety, EMC and EMI.

1.2.1 BUC Functional Block Diagram

AC IN Power Supply M&C


AC Filter Unit
(AC-DC)

DC
AC Relay Distribution
PCBA
Board
M&C M&C DC

RF Detect
OCXO RF MON
PCBA
DC
10MHz IN DC
Biasing PCBA
L-BD IN L-BAND, 10MHz
RF OUT
BUC Power Module
RF IN

M&C DC

M&C
Switch Control
Status Link M&C Distribution Board RF OUT Signal Detector
DC Fan

C-BUC

Figure 1.1 BUC functional block diagram

IM02960187 Rev. D 3
Chapter 1 Product Overview

1.2.2 Transmit Frequency Bands


The High Power Compact C-BUC is available in a Single-LO or an optional
Dual-LO package. Using the M&C Software, you can select between LO
frequencies available for the Dual-LO C-BUC.

Refer to the tables below for the Frequency Bands and the corresponding
LO Transmit Frequency.

Table 1-1 BUC Transmit Frequency Bands for Single-LO C-BUC


Frequency Band Input Transmit LO Transmit Output
(C-Band) Frequency Frequency Frequency
(MHz) (GHz) (GHz)
INTELSAT C-Band 950  1525 4.900 5.850 – 6.425
INSAT C-Band 1100 – 1400 5.625 6.725 – 7.025
ST-1 / PALAPA-C 1150 – 1450 5.275 6.425 – 6.725
FULL C C-Band 950 – 1825 4.900 5.850 – 6.725

Table 1-2 BUC Transmit Frequency Bands for Dual-LO C-BUC


LO Selection Input Transmit LO Transmit Output
Frequency Frequency Frequency
(MHz) (GHz) (GHz)
LO-1 975 - 1200 4.75
5.725 - 6.725
LO-2 950 - 1725 5.00

1.3 Product Models


This manual is suitable for the following High Power Compact C-BUC
models:

Table 1-3 Product series models


Model Type Model #
80W Compact C-BUC ALB190ACH-80J
80W Compact C-BUC ALBX90XXX-80X
100W Compact C-BUC ALB290XCX-100J
100W Compact C-BUC (Dual-LO) ALB290JCH-100J
100W Compact C-BUC ALBX90XXX-100X
200W Compact C-BUC ALB290ACP-200J
200W Compact C-BUC ALBX90XXX-200X

4 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 1 Product Overview

1.4 BUC Interfaces


All port connectors on the front, rear, and side panels of the C-BUC are
sealed to prevent air and moisture from entering the unit and causing
damage to the internal components.

The panel diagrams for each of these models are explained separately
below. The pin-outs for each connector are explained in 1.3.2 BUC
Connector Pin-out Configurations.

1.4.1 BUC Interfaces

BUC FRONT VIEW

Figure 1.2 Front view of the C-BUC

Table 1-4 Interfaces present on the front of the BUC


Port Reference Connector Type Signal Details
RF MON 50Ω N-type This can be used to monitor
connector the coupled (40dB) RF output
signal.
L-BD-IN 50Ω N-type L-band input signal
female.

IM02960187 Rev. D 5
Chapter 1 Product Overview

BUC REAR VIEW

Figure 1.3 Rear view of the C-BUC

Table 1-5 Interface present on the rear of the BUC


Port Reference Connector Type Signal Details
RF OUT WR-137G Amplified RF signal
waveguide flange

6 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 1 Product Overview

BUC SIDE VIEW

Figure 1.4 Side view of the C-BUC

Table 1-6 Interfaces present on the side of the BUC


Port Reference Connector Type Signal Details
M&C 19-pin S-Circular RS485/RS232/Ethernet serial
connector connection
Switch Control 6-pin S-Circular Connected to the waveguide
connector switch to initiate and control
the switching mechanism. (In
a redundancy setup only)
Status Link 8-pin S-Circular Status control signal.
connector (Connected between the units
in a redundancy setup)
AC IN 3-pin square 230V AC power
flange male
connector

Table 1-7 Standalone configuration LED Status


LED Ref. Indication (80W-100W) Indication (150W-200W)
Status LED Fault condition “Red” Fault condition “Red”
Output Power ≥30dbm “Green” Output Power ≥35dbm “Green”
Output Power <30dbm “Amber” Output Power <35dbm “Amber”

Online LED Online LED is off. Online LED is off.

Table 1-8 Redundancy configuration LED Status


LED Ref. Indication (80W-100W) Indication (150W-200W)
Status LED Fault condition “Red” Fault condition “Red”
Output Power ≥30dbm “Green” Output Power ≥35dbm “Green”
Output Power <30dbm “Amber” Output Power <35dbm “Amber”

Online LED Unit online “Green” Unit online “Green”

Unit offline “Red” Unit offline “Red”

IM02960187 Rev. D 7
Chapter 1 Product Overview

1.4.2 BUC Connector Pin-out Configurations


The tables below detail the pin-out configurations of the various BUC
interfaces.

Table 1-9 AC connector pin-out configuration


Pin # Function
Pin A Ground
Pin B Live
Pin C Neutral

Table 1-10 M&C connector pin-out configuration


Pin # Function
Ethernet Pin A Tx+
Pin C Tx-
Pin G Rx+
Pin H Rx-
Serial Pin B Ground
Pin E RxD/RS485+
Pin F TxD/RS485-
RS422 Pin J TxD+
Pin K TxD-
Pin L RxD+
Pin M RxD-
Pin D Reserved
Pin N Reserved
Pin P Reserved
Pin R Reserved
Pin S Reserved
Pin Y Reserved
Pin U Reserved
Pin V Reserved

8 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 1 Product Overview

Table 1-11 Switch Control connector pin-out configuration


Pin # Function
Pin A Live
Pin B Neutral
Pin C Reserved
Pin D TxA –Online
Pin E Ground
Pin F TxB –Online

Table 1-12 Status Link connector pin-out configuration


Pin # Function
Pin A TxA Status
Pin B TxB Status
Pin C NC
Pin D NC
Pin E NC
Pin F Ground
Pin G TxD/RS485+
Pin H RxD/RS485-

IM02960187 Rev. D 9
Chapter 1 Product Overview

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10 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 2 System Configurations

This chapter explains, in detail, the system in which the BUC is deployed
in and its various components.

2.1 Types of System Configurations


The BUC can be deployed in either a standalone system or 1:1 redundancy
configuration. The connection diagram and set of accessories require to
setup these configurations are explained in the next section.

IM02960187 Rev. D 11
Chapter 2 System Configurations

2.1.1 Stand-Alone System Configurations

C-Band BUC Stand Alone System Configuration

5 C-Band BUC
PC
2 3 M&C
L-band
A L-BD IN
RF OUT
RF OUT 4
AC Power 1 AC IN To Feed
Source Switch Control
Status Link
Modem

Figure 2.1 BUC Stand-Alone Configuration Setup

 Note: The table below is a typical accessories list for the BUC.
Depending on your purchase order, your BUC package may not include
certain optional cables. Please contact Agilis if you wish to purchase any
of the above accessories.

Table 2-1 List of accessories and components for standalone system


Item Agilis Description Length Quantity
No. Part No. (m)
1 1001522412 Power Supply Cable TPB 3 1
220VAC 10A
2 6103480008 Converter RS485 to USB 1 1
3 2502041256 C/A S/P M&C CIR 14-19P - 1
TO DB9 ETH/485

4 4203490057 WR137 C-BD TX WG 1 1


FLEXIBLE 1M GROOVED
5 2502041166 Ethernet Cable DB9 to 2 1
RJ45 For SNMP config
(Optional)
A - RF Cable (L-Band) To be arranged by
customer
- ALBX90XXXX C-Band BUC - 1
- 2503160140 Accessories for C-Band - 1
100W

- 2503160038 BUC Feed Mounting - 1


Accessories
- 4304580013 Software CD for EMS- - 1
Lite

12 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 2 System Configurations

C-Band BUC Stand Alone LNB System

LNB
L-band From
Modem 1 N(F) WR229 Antenna
10MHz, DC RF IN Feed

Figure 2.2 Stand-Alone LNB Configuration Setup

The table below lists the accessories and components required to setup
the Stand Alone LNB system. This setup diagram and table can also be
found at the back of this manual for your convenience.

Table 2-2 List of accessories and components for standalone LNB system
Item Agilis Description Length Quantity
No. Part No. (m)
A - Provided by the - -
customer
- ACA11XXXXX C-Band LNB - 1

 Note: The table above is a typical accessories list for the BUC Stand
Alone LNB System. Depending on your purchase order, your BUC package
may not include certain optional cables. Please contact Agilis if you wish
to purchase any of the above accessories.

IM02960187 Rev. D 13
Chapter 2 System Configurations

2.1.2 1:1 Redundancy System Configuration


In a 1:1 redundancy system, two BUCs are connected in the system. Each
BUC monitors the status of the other BUC via the Status Link port,
controlling redundancy internally.

The built-in redundancy-ready feature eliminates the use of an external


controller for 1:1 redundancy operation. This eliminates messy cabling at
the antenna making this a convenient solution.

C-Band BUC 1:1 Redundancy Configuration


3 C-BUC A RF MON
PC 9 M&C
8
3

L-band, L-BD IN RF OUT


10MHz 1 AC IN
2 AC Power Switch Control 6
WR137
Source Status Link WG SW
J1 Port 2
RFA 5
L-band, Port 1
10MHz L-Band Port 3
7
Modem A RFC Splitter 4 RF OUT
Termination To Feed
Box
J2 Port 4
RFB

2 Status Link
AC Power 5A 6
Switch Control
Source 1 AC IN
RF OUT
L-BD IN
L-band, 10MHz
9 M&C

C-BUC B RF MON

Figure 2.3 1:1 Redundancy system configuration

C-Band BUC 1:1 Redundancy Configuration

Status Link
3 RF MON
PC 9 M&C
3
8
4
L-band, L-BD-IN RF OUT
10MHz 1 AC IN
2 AC Power Switch Control 5 6
Source C-BUC A

Port 2 J1 Port 2
L-band,
10MHz Port 1
Port 3 Port 3
Modem A 7B GANG SWITCH 7A
Port 1 RF OUT
Termination Termination
To Feed
Port 4 J2 Port 4

2 C-BUC B
AC Power 5A 6
Switch Control
Source 1 AC IN
L-BD-IN RF OUT
L-band, 10MHz
9 M&C

Status Link RF MON

Figure 2.4 BUC Redundancy configuration setup using Gang Switch

 Note: The table below is a typical accessories list for the BUC.
Depending on your purchase order, your BUC package may not include
certain optional cables. Please contact Agilis if you wish to purchase any
of the above accessories.

14 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 2 System Configurations

Table 2-3 List of accessories and components for 1:1 redundant system
Item Agilis Description Length Quantity
No. Part No. (m)
1 1001522412 AC Power Cable with 3 2
TPB (220 VAC 10A)

2 6202040155 C/A FOR RCU IF IN/OUT 1.5 2


TO SPT IF IN/OUT
3 2502041166 Ethernet Cable DB9 to 2 1
RJ45 for SNMP config
(Optional)
4 2502041099 SSPA Status Link Cable 2 1
5 2502040155 C/A TXSW TO WR137 SW 3 1
3M
5A 2502041006 C/A For TXSW 3 1
6 4203490057 WR137 C-BD TX WG 1 2
FLEXIBLE 1M GROOVED
WR137 150W Load Outdoor (for
7 4203490042 - 1
80W and 100W BUC)
WR137 C-Band TX WG 300W
4203490044
LOAD OUTDOOR (for 150W and
200W BUC)
WR137 150W Load Outdoor (for
7A 4203490042 - 1
80W and 100W BUC)
WR137 C-Band TX WG 300W
4203490044
LOAD OUTDOOR (for 150W and
200W BUC)

7B 5704090015 TERMINATION N-TYPE - 1


COAXIAL
8 6103480008 Converter RS485 to USB - 1
9 2502041256 C/A S/P M&C CIR 14-19P 2 2
TO DB9 ETH/485
A RF Cable (L-Band) To be arranged by
customer

- ALBX90XXXX C-BUC - 2
- 4004430053G Mounting Frame For 1+1 - 1
Low Power Unit
- 2503160038 BUC Feed Mounting - 1
Accessories
- 2503160140 Accessories for C-Band - 2
100W

- 2503160080 Accessories VSAT C-BD - 1


BUC Fasteners
- 4304580013 Software CD for EMS - 1
Lite
- 1501522364 L-Band Splitter - 1
5903290101 SW Coax Dual WR137 C- - 1
BD TX W-Type 230VAC
 Note: The table above is a typical accessories list for the BUC. Depending on
your purchase order, your BUC package may not include certain optional cables.
Please contact Agilis if you wish to purchase any of the above accessories.

IM02960187 Rev. D 15
Chapter 2 System Configurations

C-Band BUC 1:1 LNB System

Modem
L-band
N(F) WR229 7
A LNB A
4 10MHz, DC
IF WR229 RX
OUT LNB ‘A’ WG SW
AC Source 1 Port 2
T.P.B 1 AC 1
RX SW 5
T.P.B 1 AC 2 RCU-R
AC Source 2 6
Port 3 Port 1
Form C L-band, 10MHz From
LNB ‘B’ Termination
Antenna
2 3 M&C
Feed
Port 4
4
L-Band OUT L-band
PC N(F) LNB B RF 7
OUT
10MHz, DC

Figure 2.5 1:1 LNB Configuration Setup

The table below lists the accessories and components required to setup
the C-Band LNB system. This setup diagram and table can also be found at
the back of this manual for your convenience.

Table 2-4 List of accessories and components for LNB redundant system
Item Agilis Description Length Quantity
No. Part No. (m)
1 1001520980 AC Power Cable with 2 2
Transient Protection
Box
2 6103480008 Converter RS485 to USB - 1
3 2502041169 C/A For VSAT SPT to 2 1
RS485
4 2502040137 C/A RF RFT TO LNA 3M 3 2
5 2502040155 C/A RXSW RCU TO 3 1
WR229 SW 3M
6 2503160009 Accessories VSAT RS - 1
WR229 SW
7 4203490113 WR229 Waveguide H- - -
Bend 100mm Outdoor
(Optional)
A - RF Cable (L-Band) To be arranged by
customer
- ACA11XXXXX C-BAND LNB - 2
- AAV610XXXX AAV-610 RX Only - 1
- 2503160097 Mounting Kit For RCU - 1

 Note: The table above is a typical accessories list for the C-Band LNB
System. Depending on your purchase order, your BUC package may not
include certain optional cables. Please contact Agilis if you wish to
purchase any of the above accessories.

16 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 2 System Configurations

2.2 System Components


This section explains the various system components, aside from the BUC
unit, that is required to setup the entire system.

2.2.1 Redundancy Control Unit RCU-R

1:1 RCU – R FRONT SIDE

Figure 2.6 Front side of 1:1 RCU-R

Table 2-5 Interfaces present on the front of the RCU-R Unit


Port Reference Connector Type Signal Details
AC1 IN 3-pin, plug AC1 IN is the primary AC
KPT02E12-3P power supply input. It
provides an AC supply for
built-in power supply A (250W
AC-DC converter) from this
connector.
Connect to an AC power
source through Agilis’ AC
power cord (with transient
protection box, part no.
1001520980) to 230VAC or
110VAC.
 Note: AC1 IN must be
connected to an AC power
source for redundancy
operation.
AC2 IN 3-pin, plug AC2 IN provides DC power to
KPT02E12-3P internal circuits.
Connect to an AC power
source through Agilis’ AC
power cord (with transient
protection box, part no.
1001520980) to 230VAC or
110VAC.
FUSE 1 - 5A AC~250V fuse inside for the
AC1 IN power supply.
FUSE 2 - 5A AC~250V fuse inside for the
AC2 IN power supply.

IM02960187 Rev. D 17
Chapter 2 System Configurations

Port Reference Connector Type Signal Details


IF OUT 50 Ω female N- Connect the IF OUT port to
type connector the RF input of a modem or an
L-Band converter (Indoor
Unit).
An L-Band signal from the 1:1
LNBs via a 1:1 switch in the
RCU-R is fed from this
connector to the indoor unit.
M&C 8-pin square Provides an RS485 interface
flange for an indoor DTE (usually a
KPT02E12-8S PC) to monitor and control the
LNB RCU operation.
FORM C KPT02E12-8P Provides potential free Form C
status outputs of the LNB
RCU.

The following tables provide the pin-out details of the M&C and FORM C
connectors.

Table 2-6 RS485 Pin-Out and Descriptions


Pin # Function
Pin A Reserved
Pin B Common
Pin C Reserved
Pin D Reserved
Pin E RS485+
Pin F RS485-
Pin G Reserved
Pin H Reserved

Table 2-7 Form C pin outs / status outputs


Function PIN Normal Fault
LNB-A Normally Close A, F Close Open
Status
LNB-A Normally Open B, F Open Close
Status
LNB-B Normally Close D, F Close Open
Status
LNB-B Normally Open E, F Open Close
Status
GND C
Reserve G
Reserve H

18 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 2 System Configurations

1:1 RCU – R REAR SIDE

Figure 2.7 Rear side of 1:1 RCU-R

Table 2-8 Interfaces present on the rear side of the RCU-R Unit
Port Reference Connector Type Signal Details
RX SW 6-pin, socket Connects to the control
KPT02E10-6S interface of the waveguide
switch using accessory cable
with part number 2502040155.
LNB A 50 Ω female N- The LNB-A port connects to
type connector the L-Band output from LNB-
A, which is connected to Port
2 of the waveguide switch
LNB B 50 Ω female N- The LNB-B port connects to
type connector the L-Band output from LNB-B
which is connected to Port 4
of the waveguide switch

Table 2-9 RX Switch Pin Descriptions


Pin # Function
Pin A Position 1 (Command)
Pin B Common (Command)
Pin C Position 2 (Command)
Pin D Position 1 (Indicator)
Pin E Common (Indicator)
Pin F Position 2 (Indicator)

STATUS INDICATIONS FOR LNB-A AND LNB-B


Alarm Condition LED Color
LNB A – Alarm Condition LNB A LED - RED
LNB A – No Alarm Condition LNB A LED - GREEN
LNB B – Alarm Condition LNB B LED - RED
LNB B – No Alarm Condition LNB B LED - GREEN

IM02960187 Rev. D 19
Chapter 2 System Configurations

2.2.2 WR137 Waveguide Switch


The outdoor RF waveguide transfer switches are electromechanical
switches with manual override feature. The switches do not consume any
power while idling.

The switch over can be automatically or manually controlled by the


operator. In “Auto” mode, the BUC initiates a switching operation at the
waveguide switch when a fault is detected at either transmit or receive
streams. This allows the link to be maintained while performing fault
diagnosis on the faulty device. You can also manually initiate this switch
operation for maintenance or diagnosis purposes.

The RF waveguide transfer switch is a four ports waveguide switch. Two


ports are connected to the two devices (SSPA for transmit chain and LNB
for receive chain). A third port connects to the dummy load while the last
connects to the antenna feed. Each switch also includes two control ports
that is connected to the BUCs to control the switching operation.

The figure below shows the outline dimensions of both types of waveguide
switches. The time for each switch operation is 50ms.

Figure 2.8 WR137 Waveguide switch outline diagrams

20 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 2 System Configurations

Table 2-10 WR137 Waveguide switch port interfaces


Port Reference Connector Type Description
Port 1 CPR137-G Connects to the antenna feed
to send RF signals
Port 2 Connects to a BUC
Port 3 Connects to a dummy load for
output protection
Port 4 Connects to a BUC
Control Port J1 MS3112E-10-6P Connects to the BUC. This
connection allows the BUC to
Control Port J2 initiate a switching operation
and monitor the status of the
waveguide switch position.

Figure 2.9 Gang switch outline diagrams

IM02960187 Rev. D 21
Chapter 2 System Configurations

The table below indicates the connectors located on the switch.

Table 2-11 Gang switch port interfaces


Port Reference Connector Type Description
Port 1 CPR137-G Connects to the antenna feed
to transmit RF signals.
Port 2 Connects to BUC A.
Port 3 Connects to a dummy load for
output protection.
Port 4 Connects to BUC B.
Control Port J1 MS3112E-10-6P Connects to the BUC. This
connection allows the BUC to
initiate a switching operation
and monitor the status of the
Control Port J2 waveguide switch position.
The pinout configuration is
identical to the Switch Control
port of the BUC.
Port 1 50 Ω female N-type L-band input signal, 950 –
connector 1700MHz or 950 – 1450 MHz
band.
Port 2 Connects to BUC A.
Port 3 Connects to a dummy load for
output protection.
Port 4 Connects to BUC B.

2.2.3 WR229 RX Waveguide Switch


The figure below shows the outline dimensions of the WR229 RX
waveguide switch.

Figure 2.10 WR229 RX Waveguide switch outline diagrams

22 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 2 System Configurations

The following table details the connectors located on the switch.

Table 2-12 WR229 RX Waveguide switch port interfaces


Port Reference Connector Type Description
Port 1 WR229-G Connects to the antenna feed
to send RF signals
Port 2 Connects to a LNB
Port 3 Connects to a dummy load for
output protection
Port 4 Connects to a LNB
Control MS3112E-10-6P Connects to the Switch
Control port of the LNB. This
connection allows the LNB to
initiate a switching operation
and monitor the status of the
waveguide switch position

2.2.4 L-Band Splitter


The L-band splitter splits the incoming L-band signal coming from the
modem into 2 streams fed into BUC A and BUC B. The splitter includes 3
interfaces: “RFC” receives L-band signals from the modem while “RFA”
and “RFB” sends the split signal to the two BUCs. Each RF interface is a N-
type connector.

The RF loss/gain specifications for the L-band splitter are given in the
table below.

Table 2-13 L-band splitter RF loss/gain specifications


Characteristic Path 950 – 1700 MHz
Insertion Loss RFC to RFA 5 dB max
RFC to RFB
Full Band Gain Flatness RFC to RFA 1.0 dB max
RFC to RFB
36 MHz Gain Flatness RFC to RFA 0.3 dB max
RFC to RFB
10 MHz Reference RFC to RFA 5 dB max
Insertion Loss
RFC to RFB
Isolation RFA to RFB 15 dB min

IM02960187 Rev. D 23
Chapter 2 System Configurations

The L-band splitter is shown in the figure below.

Figure 2.11 L-Band splitter

24 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 2 System Configurations

---This page is intentionally left blank---

IM02960187 Rev. D 25
Chapter 3 Installation

This chapter explains a step-by-step process to safely mount and install


your Agilis product.

WARNING: Always handle the C-BUC with care. Dropping or knocking it


may cause damage to the unit. Agilis’ warranty does not extend to defects
due to excessive shock or vibration.

Do not operate the C-BUC without a cable or a RF load connected to the


RF OUT waveguide port. The load should be at least double the BUC
wattage.

3.1 Unpacking the Box


Before unpacking the box, check if it had been damaged or opened. If the
shipment may have been tempered with, open the box in front of a
representative from the shipping company.

Upon opening the box, carefully remove the items in the package and
check them against the packing list. If any of the items are damaged or
missing, please contact Agilis or your local Agilis representative before
proceeding.

We recommend that you keep the original packing materials until you
have completed the checks and confirmed that the unit is in working
order.

If you need to repack the product for shipping, please use the original
shipping container and packing materials whenever possible. Alternatively,
you may also use high quality commercial packing materials to repack the
unit. Please seal the container firmly and clearly mark “FRAGILE
Electronic Equipment” on the exterior.

IM02960187 Rev. D 27
Chapter 3 Installation

3.2 Pre-Installation Preparations


3.2.1 Environmental Considerations
The C-BUC is a weatherproof, outdoor unit mounted near the orthogonal
mount transducer (OMT) of the antenna. This design allows the
transmitter (power amplifier) to be installed close to the transmitter
antenna. The unit’s aluminium chassis is coated with white, enamelled
epoxy for environmental protection. All interface connectors are sealed to
prevent air and moisture from entering the unit.

Before proceeding with the mounting process, please ensure that the
environmental conditions in the area where the BUC is to be mounted is
appropriate for its optimal operation. These include:

 Temperature: -40ºC to +60ºC


 Relative Humidity: 0 to 100% condensing (rain, snow, ice etc.)
 Altitude: Up to 15,000 feet ASL
 Solar Radiation: 360 BTU/hr/ft2 (1135 W/m2) @ 50ºC
 Shock and Vibration: As encountered in a typical outdoor earth
station environment not in an earthquake zone

3.2.2 Tools Required


We highly recommend having the following tools on hand before starting
the installation:

 1 complete set of socket wrench


 1 Philips head screwdriver
 1 cutter
 1 bag of cable ties (long and medium length)
 1 multimeter

3.2.3 Site Preparation Checklist


The following table provides a checklist to help you ensure that your site
is adequately equipped to perform the installation.

Checklist Item Y/N


Equipment required for site survey Inclinometer
Compass / DataScope
1-meter rectangular bar
Scientific calculator
100-meter measuring tape
Site location map
GPS receiver
Road distance wheel
Vernier calliper
Location markers / flags
Is site in the satellite footprint? Yes No

28 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 3 Installation

Checklist Item Y/N


Approximate length of cables
between ODU and IDU
IF cable routing method Underground Surface
Is there a clear path for cables from Yes No
ODU to IDU?
Proposed mounting location Antenna structure
Near the antenna
Inside the shelter
Other: ________________
Does the mounting location provide Yes No
the best route for cables from IDU
to ODU to antenna?
Is there an unobstructed view from Yes No
the satellite(s) of interest?
Are there any hazards near the site Yes No
location that may damage or If yes, please specify:
obstruct the ODU? (old buildings,
trees, planned future construction) ____________________________
Are there possible RF interference Yes No
from other nearby
telecommunication towers?
Will your installation cause Yes No
interference to other nearby setup?
Is sufficient power supply available? Yes No
Is grounding available? Yes No
Is the site prone to the following? Heavy wind
Heavy rainfall
Ice/snow accumulation
Extreme temperatures
Sand/Dust storms
Others: ______________

IM02960187 Rev. D 29
Chapter 3 Installation

3.2.4 Power Supply

POWER SUPPLY  C BUC


The C-BUC requires an operating AC voltage supplied via an external AC
power source.

The BUC power supply specification is shown in the table below.

Power Specification AC power (220V)


AC Input Voltage 220VAC, 50/60Hz
Voltage range 90  264VAC (80W-100W) 220VAC (200W)
For 80W & 100W For 200W
Power Consumption
600W 1100W
Waveguide Switches 220 VAC nom, 50/60 Hz
AC Input (via BUC)
Waveguide Switches 1.4A each for both switches (during switch)
Switching Current 0 Amps (when switch is idle)

When selecting the AC power source to connect your unit to, please
ensure that the voltages are within the limits specified in the table below.
You are recommended to use an Automatic Voltage Regulator if your
power source falls outside of these limitations.

Tolerance 220 VAC


Live  Neutral 220 VAC ± 15%
Live  Earth 220 VAC ± 15%
Neutral  Earth < 5 VAC

 Note: The equipment may be damaged if the Neutral  Earth exceeds


5VAC. Please check your grounding setup if this occurs.

 Note: Please note that you may interchange the wiring connection
between the live and neutral pins. Interchanging these two pins will still
power up the BUC but may affect the switching operation of the setup.

3.2.5 Pre-Installation Uplink Test


Performing a pre-installation test prior to the actual field installation
helps you to:

 Confirm that the unit has not been damaged during shipment.

 Check that the unit is in working order before performing a tiring


and costly mounting procedure on your antenna.

Hence, we strongly recommend that you perform the following test


procedure.

30 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 3 Installation

 Note: Ensure that no alarm or fault appears on the C-BUC before


performing any test.

 Note: To avoid damaging the C-BUC, please connect a dummy load


with a coupler of greater than 300W to the RF output.

Step 1 Connect the C-BUC as in the figure below and power up the system.

Figure 3.1 Connection for uplink test procedure

 Note: * represents equipment not provided by Agilis

Step 2 Using the M&C software (Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management), set up
the desired channel.

Step 3 Use the L-band satellite modem to input an L-band pure carrier
Turn on the transmit carrier and set the pure carrier feature to ON.

Step 4 Adjust the modem’s output power until the IF level input to C-BUC is -25
dBm.

Step 5 Measure the RF OUT of the C-BUC using a spectrum analyzer at C-band.

1. Calculate the total transmit gain based on this formula: Output


power – Input power + Attenuation.

2. Compare the result against the specifications (Appendix B Unit


Specifications & Outline). If there is no signal, check that the
channel setting is correct.

Example:

Transmit gain = RF OUT power - IF IN power + Attenuation =

8 - (-25) + 30 = 63 dB

IM02960187 Rev. D 31
Chapter 3 Installation

3.3 Installing the BUC & Other Components


All Agilis components in this system are outdoor mounted equipment
designed to withstand most weather conditions. The BUC is mounted near
the orthogonal mount transducer (OMT) of the antenna.

Step 1 Mount the BUC onto a mounting pole for a standalone configuration or a
mounting frame for a 1:1 redundancy configuration as shown in the
diagrams below.
3/8''- 16 UNC NUT WITH SPLIT
6303150011- 3/8''- 16 UNC 12" STUD (2x) WASHER & FLAT WASHER (2x)

3/8''- 16 UNC NUT WITH SPLIT


WASHER & FLAT WASHER (2x)

3/8''- 16 UNC NUT WITH SPLIT


WASHER & FLAT WASHER (2x)

4004430049 MOUNTING BRACKET (2x)

M5 SCREW WITH SPLIT


WASHER AND FLAT WASHER (6x)

4001761697G MOUNTING
BRACKET FOR BUC 100W C-BD LF (1x)

Figure 3.2 Typical mounting for a standalone configuration

32 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 3 Installation

Figure 3.3 Typical mounting for a 1:1 redundancy configuration

IM02960187 Rev. D 33
Chapter 3 Installation

Step 2 Connecting the BUC

FOR STANDALONE CONFIGURATION


If you are setting up the BUC in a standalone system configuration,
connect the BUC to the other system components as follows:

1. Connect the L-BD-IN port of the BUC to an indoor modem using a


standard IF coaxial cable.

2. Connect the M&C port of the BUC to an indoor terminal (such as a


PC) using the M&C cable provided (P/N: 2502041256).

3. Connect the RF OUT port of the BUC to the antenna feed using the
RF waveguide cable provided.

4. Connect the BUC to a 230V AC power supply using the AC power


cable (P/N: 1001522412).

FOR 1:1 REDUNDANCY CONFIGURATION


If you are setting up the BUC in a 1:1 redundancy system configuration,
connect the system components according to the diagram shown in 2.1.2
1:1 Redundancy System Configuration. A full page version of this diagram
is also provided at the last page of this manual for your convenience.

34 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 3 Installation

Step 3 Grounding the installation


This process provides a conductive path for static electrical charges to be
discharged safely from the equipment to the ground. This prevents a build
up of static charges that may cause the equipment to spark.

1. Locate an appropriate grounding spot. Most soil has sufficient


conductivity to allow for an efficient grounding connection. Soils
that are mainly rock may need to be treated with additional
minerals like rock salt, copper sulphate or magnesium sulphate to
increase their conductivity.

2. Drive a 3m lightning rod into the ground about 30cm from the
antenna pole. Bolt an aluminium wire, minimum 9mm in diameter,
to the ground pole. A tight clamp is used to make contact at the
top end. Avoid sharp bends when routing the wire as these may
impede current flow.

3. Bond the power supplies of the BUC to the antenna frame and the
ground rod using size 3/0 or 4/0 stranded copper wire.

WARNING: Please ensure that the wire is tightly connected between


the rod and the equipment to prevent sparks.

Step 4 Switch on the unit


Turn on the AC power sources. The BUC should power on and the
respective LED indicators should be lighted.

Step 5 Sealing the cables


To complete the physical installation, all connectors and important joints
in the system must be sealed. Note that the sealing must begin from the
chassis of the ODUs up to the heatshrink of the cable.

All unused connections must be sealed to prevent water ingress. Please


ensure that all connectors are tightened before sealing.

WAY TO SEAL ALL


WAY TO TIGHTEN CONNECTORS WITH
CONNECTORS
SEALANT TAPE
TIGHTEN CONNECTOR HEAT SHRINK
DO NOT TURN CABLE
CONNECTOR
HOUSING

ONE HAND TURN HERE


CABLE

TAPE HERE

ONE HAND TIGHTEN WELL


HOLD HERE BEFORE TAPING

Figure 3.4 Sealing the connectors

IM02960187 Rev. D 35
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

4.1 Monitor & Control


Agilis’ devices can be monitored and controlled remotely via various
methods including:

 Agilis EMS Software

 AMC300, Agilis developed M&C software


 Optional web browser (HTTP) and SNMP protocol

 Optional Wi-Fi M&C capability

This chapter looks at how you can set up and manage your BUC system
using the various tools above.

4.2 Using the Agilis EMS Software


The Agilis EMS Software is a lightweight network management software
that allows the user to monitor and control the High Power Compact C-
Band BUC remotely through a PC.

4.2.1 Connecting the PC to the BUC

Figure 4.1 Connecting PC to BUC via the USB/RS485 converter

Table 4-1 Cable pin-out configuration (P/N: 2502041256)


RS485 cable USB-RS485 converter
Male Circular Female DB-9 Signal Male DB-9 Signal
Pin E Pin 2 RS485+ Pin 2 RS485+
Pin F Pin 1 RS485- Pin 1 RS485-
Pin B Pin 5 Ground Pin 5 Ground

IM02960187 Rev. D 37
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

4.2.2 Installing the Agilis EMS Software


The Agilis EMS software must be installed into a PC terminal to be used to
monitor your Agilis devices.

MINIMUM SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS


 Windows XP / Windows 7 operating system
 At least 1GB Hard Disk free space
 2GB RAM (Recommended)
 A M&C serial interface

SOFTWARE INSTALLATION
 Note: For detailed information on the Agilis EMS Software, refer to
IM02960173 Agilis EMS Software Installation and Operation Manual which
can be downloaded from the www.agilissatcom.com.

Step 1 Install the USB-RS485 converter driver into your PC. Please insert the CD
that was included in your package into your disc drive and run the driver
installation.

Step 2 If the Agilis EMS installation CD was included in your package, please
insert the CD into your PC’s disc drive and unzip the setup file.
 Note: You can download the latest version of the Agilis EMS Software
from the www.agilissatcom.com website using this link
http://www.agilissatcom.com/M-C-Software/39/0/page_content.html.

Step 3 Install the Flash player, Java applet, and the mysql ODBC software inside
the 3rd Party Software folder.
 Note: The 3rd party software must be installed before launching the
EMS application; otherwise, the EMS software will not be able to establish
communication with the BUC.

Step 4 Launch the setup file


Locate the setup file and double click the file to start the setup.

Figure 4.2 AgilisEMS.exe icon

 Note: You must have administrator permission on your Windows PC to


install the software.

Follow the step-by-step installation instructions to install the EMS


software.

38 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

4.2.3 Launching the Agilis EMS Software


To Launch the Agilis EMS Software, click on Start > All Programs > Agilis
EMS, click on the Launch Agilis EMS to start Agilis EMS.

Once all the required services are started, an Agilis icon would be
displayed in the notification area usually found in the bottom right hand
corner. This would indicate that the startup of services has been initiated.

An IE (Internet Explorer) window will automatically pop-up upon successful


startup.

4.2.4 Main User Interface

Figure 4.3 Agilis EMS Main User Interface

IM02960187 Rev. D 39
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

4.2.5 Types of Users


Table 4-2 Types of Users
User Password Options Available
Operator (Guest) NA  Analog Charts
 Device Configuration
admin admin  Analog Charts
 Device Configuration
 User Management
 Note: It is recommended to login as an admin when configuring a
device. Configuring a device using an operator account has limitations
such as, the need to exit then re-launch the EMS software for the changes
to take effect.

4.2.6 Selecting the Device to Manage


The Agilis EMS Software can be used to monitor and control a wide range
of Agilis products (BUC, MBUC, iBUC, SSPA, LNB, RCU, AUC, SPT and OHT).
The High Power Compact C-Band BUC is under the iBUC category.

Before configuring a device, the user must first identify the COM Port
assigned to the Agilis device. To identify the COM Port, follow these steps:

Step 1 Right click ‘Computer’, and select ‘Properties’.

Step 2 Click ‘Device Manager’.

Step 3 Double-click ‘Ports (COM & LPT)’ and take note of the Port number
assigned to the device.

4.2.7 Configuring a standalone iBUC


1. Login as an ‘admin’.

40 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

2. Click ‘Device Configuration’ under the Administration option in

the Menu Bar.

3. Click on the ‘Add device configuration’ option in the Device

Configuration window.

IM02960187 Rev. D 41
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

4. Under Communication Settings.

For this example, the Protocol used is ‘Serial’, the COM Port

assigned is 3 and the Baud Rate is 9600.

Under Device Settings.

For this example, the Mode selected is ‘Standalone’ and the

device selected on the Setup list is ‘iBUC (Integrated RCU BUC)’.

The ‘Acronyms’ used in this example is the default ‘iBUC-A’.

5. Click ‘Add/Edit’ button.

6. Click ‘Restart Driver’ for the changes to take effect.

42 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

7. Click ‘Refresh’ to refresh the display on the Agilis EMS main


window. The Tree Menu should display the newly configured

device along with the port number.

8. The block diagram of the newly configured device will now be


displayed on the Agilis EMS main window.

IM02960187 Rev. D 43
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

4.2.8 Configuring a 1:1 iBUC Redundancy system


1. Login as an ‘admin’.

2. Click ‘Device Configuration’ under the Administration option in

the Menu Bar.

3. Click on the ‘Add device configuration’ option in the Device

Configuration window.

44 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

4. Under Communication Settings.

For this example, the Protocol used is ‘Serial’, the COM Port

assigned is 3 and the Baud Rate is 9600.

Under Device Settings.

For this example, the Mode selected is ‘1:1’ and the

device selected on the Setup list is ‘iBUC (Integrated RCU BUC)’.

The ‘Acronyms’ used in this example is the default ‘iBUC-A and

iBUC-B’.

5. Click ‘Add/Edit’ button.

6. Click ‘Restart Driver’ for the changes to take effect.

IM02960187 Rev. D 45
Chapter 4 BUC Set Up and Management

7. Click ‘Refresh’ to refresh the display on the Agilis EMS main


window. The Tree Menu should display the newly configured

device along with the port number.

8. The block diagram of the newly configured device will now be


displayed on the Agilis EMS main window.

4.2.9 Agilis iBUC alarm conditions and Colour indications


Table 4-3 Alarm Conditions and colour indications
Alarm Description Colour Indication
No Green colour Indication when BUC
Alarm RF output is more than 30 dBm
and No major alarm in the unit

Minor Orange colour indication RF Low


Alarm output (<30dBm) or no L-Band
input to BUC. The indication will
turn in to red if genuine fault
occurs. Turn off the standby BUC
RF output to check the RED alarm
indication
Major Red colour indication when
Alarm genuine fault occurs or RF output
forced turn off.

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4.2.10 1:1 iBUC Address Initialization


For 1:1 iBUC Redundancy system, address initialization must be
performed. For the C-BUC, the address of ODU A is 001 and ODU B is 002.
The method of the address-initialization is done by broadcasting a change
of ID command. Every device connected to the RS485 bus will change its
address accordingly.

1. Click on “Init Address” button.

2. A new window would pop up for the user to enter/select the

desired value. Select “A” and click ‘OK’.

3. A dialog box would pop up for the user to confirm “Set address of

Unit A to 001 and Unit B to 002”. Select ‘OK’.

4. Another dialog box would popup for the user to confirm before

initialize the address disconnect the Status link cable between the

2 units. Connect the M&C cable from the PC to the unit to be

configured as Unit A. Select ‘OK’.

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5. Success message would display after initialize Unit A. To initialize


Unit B, Select “B” and click ‘OK’.

6. A new dialog box would pop up for the user to confirm before

initialize the address disconnect the Status link cable between the

2 units. Connect the M&C cable from the PC to the unit to be


configured as Unit B. Select ‘OK’.

7. Success message would display after initialize Unit B. Click

‘Cancel’ or close the window.

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4.2.11 Modifying Configuration Parameters


Click on the ‘Configuration’ icon from the control panel to SET device
configuration parameters.

To change the values of the device, simply click on the boxes where the
present values are being displayed. A new window will pop up for the user
to enter/select the desired value. Configuration parameters are
subjective to equipment type. For the iBUC, the configurable parameters
are the RF Output, Attenuation, LO Frequency and Network Parameters
Reset.

 Note: The ‘LO Frequency’ configuration parameter is only available on


the Dual-LO High Power Compact C-BUC.

Figure 4.4 Configuration button

Table 4-4 LO Frequency Parameter Configuration


Parameters Description
RF Output Enable or disable SSPA. The available
options include:
“ON”  Enable SSPA.
“OFF”  Disable SSPA.
Attenuation Attenuation value used for conversion.
LO Frequency Select LO Frequency. Refer to LO
(available for Dual-LO C-BUC) Frequency Parameter Configuration table.

Network Parameters Reset This option can be used to restore the


BUC’s Network Configuration to its default
settings. The BUC’s default IP address is
(192.168.1.1).

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Table 4-5 LO Frequency Parameter Configuration


Parameter Specification
LO Frequency (GHz) LO-1 LO-2
4.75 5.00
Input Frequency (GHz) 0.975 - 1.200 0.950 - 1.725
Output Frequency (GHz) 5.725 - 5.950 5.950 - 6.725

 Note: The Input Frequency and Output Frequency will depend on the
LO Frequency setting. Refer to Section 4.2.11 for the steps in Modifying
the LO Frequency Parameter (Dual-LO C-BUC).

4.2.12 Modifying the LO Frequency Parameter (Dual-LO C-BUC)


Step 1 Click on the Value box beside the “LO Frequency” Parameter. A new
window will pop-up for you to select the LO Frequency.

Step 2 Select the desired “LO Frequency” using the drop-down menu. Click “OK”
to save changes or “Cancel” to discard changes.

 Note: Refer to the LO Frequency Parameter Configuration table for the


specifications of LO-1 and LO-2.

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4.3 Monitor & Control via HTTP (Web)


If you have purchased the optional Ethernet M&C component, you can
monitor and manage the BUC from your PC by simply using a standard web
browser.

The new generation of devices from Agilis provides the capability to


monitor and control the device through a ubiquitous web browser
available on any PC. This simple interface offers a very user-friendly
mechanism to maintain and configure a device for any system
configuration and settings.

At the heart of the device is an embedded http web server. It is a


software component that implements the HTTP protocol and allows any
web browser to access information from the device. This architecture
provides the following benefits:

- It provides a thin-client interface for a traditional application and any


application running the http protocol.

- It provides support for http protocol for the distribution and acquisition
of information to be displayed in the regular interface — possibly a web
service, and possibly using XML as the data format.

- HTTP is a well studied cross-platform protocol and there are mature


implementations freely available. It is seldom blocked by firewalls and
intranet routers.

- HTTP clients (e.g. web browsers) are readily available with all modern
computers.

4.3.1 Connecting the PC to BUC


To monitor and control the BUC using the WEB interface via an Ethernet
connection, connect your PC LAN port to the BUC RJ45 port using either a
cross LAN cable or an Ethernet hub. A DB9 to RJ45 converter may be
provided by Agilis for this connection.

Figure 4.5 Connecting via RJ45

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4.3.2 Connecting to the Web Interface


Once your BUC is physically connected to the PC, follow the procedure
below to view the monitoring interface.

Step 1 Setup a static IP address for your LAN connection.


1. Navigate to your LAN connection properties. If you are using
Windows 7, this is located in the “Network and Sharing Center”
window. If you are using any other Windows system, please navigate
to the “Network Connections” window. Both windows can be
accessed via your PC’s “Control Panel”.
2. Click the network connection corresponding to the Ethernet port
that the BUC is connected to and open the “Properties” window.
3. Scroll to the “Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)” option and click the
[Properties] button. This will open the “Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties” dialog window.
4. Here, select Use the following IP address and configure as follows:
IP Address: 192.168.1.10
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0

Figure 4.6 Configuring static IP

5. Click [OK] and exit the both properties windows.

Step 2 Activate your Microsoft Internet Explorer web browser.


 Note: The BUC’s HTTP module is designed to work in Internet
Explorer. If you are using any other web browser, alignments may be
different and some functions may not work properly.

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Step 3 Disable proxy server on the web browser.


1. Select “Tools > Internet Options” from your menu bar.
2. Click the “Connections” tab. At the bottom of this window, click
the [LAN Settings] button.
3. In the new dialog window that appears, ensure that the “Proxy
Server” checkbox is unchecked.

Figure 4.7 Disabling proxy server

4. Click [OK] to exit the screen.

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Step 4 In the address bar, enter the BUC’s access IP address. The BUC’s default IP
address is 192.168.1.1. A Welcome page similar to the one below should
display.
 All screenshots in this section are generic for all Agilis ALB190 series
products. Hence these screens are not specific and may differ slightly
from the models covered in this manual.

Figure 4.8 BUC’s web configuration interface

This screen displays the Web Page Version and a pictorial representation
of the BUC operating status. You can use the menu on the top of the
screen to navigate to the various other functions.

This page is automatically refreshed every 500ms and provides a summary


of the operating parameters of the connected BUC.

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4.3.3 Monitoring BUC Status


To view basic information on the BUC such as device serial number, ID, IP
address and operating status, click “Device Status” on the top menu
(Please refer to the typical screenshot below).

Figure 4.9 BUC and network status information

Four sets of information are displayed in this screen. This includes:

 Device Information

This displays the BUC hardware information including the part


number, serial number and firmware version.

 Network Information

This displays the internal network settings of the BUC including


device ID, web IP address and gateway, subnet mask and the serial
communication mode.

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 BUC Status

This displays the detailed operating information and parameters of


the BUC such as the current unit temperature, attenuation value,
redundancy modes and state, input and output power level etc.

 RCU Status

This displays the RCU status and mode.

This screen automatically refreshes every 500ms to provide an updated


summary of the BUC’s operating parameters. You can also click “Refresh
Status” at the bottom of the screen to manually refresh the page.

To display all the alarm status of the BUC, click “Device Alarm” on the
top menu.

Figure 4.10 BUC alarm status information

Table 4-6 Temperature Threshold Settings


Parameter Description
Temperature No Alarm < 90°C
Alarm ≥ 90°C
Shutdown > 95°C
Recovery < 93°C

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Two sets of alarm information are displayed in this screen. This includes:

 BUC Alarms

A list of alarms and their corresponding status related to the BUC


operation are displayed here.

 Redundancy Alarms

This area lists alarms related to the redundancy status of the


system.

Each alarm can display one of four colour states.

 Green: Indicates that there is no alarm for the corresponding status.

 Red: Indicates a major alarm. Corrective action should be taken


immediately.

 Amber: Indicates a minor alarm. Correction action should be taken if


necessary.

 Grey: Indicates that this status is not applicable for the BUC being
monitored.

This screen automatically refreshes every 500ms to provide an updated


summary of the BUC’s operating parameters. You can also click “Refresh
Status” at the bottom of the screen to manually refresh the page.

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4.3.4 Configuring the BUC


You must login to edit any configuration of the BUC via this HTTP
interface. Click “Device Configuration” and the login window will appear.
Enter the login name and password and click [OK] to enter the
configuration screen.

The factory default login name and password is “admin” and “admin”
respectively.

LOGGING IN

Figure 4.11 Logging In

 Note: Both the “Device Configuration” and “SNMP Configuration”


screens can only be accessed after logging in. Access to both screens is
maintained after logging in until the browser is closed.

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Figure 4.12 Device Configuration Screen

The configuration screen includes four sets of configurations - “Network


Configuration”, “BUC Operation”, “Redundancy Operation” and
“Password Setting”.

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MODIFYING BUC NETWORK SETTINGS


“Network Configuration” allows you to configure the BUC network
information including the Device ID, Device IP, Device Gateway addresses
and Subnet Mask. You can also specify the IP address of the SNMP
Manager IP that communicates with this BUC and select the Serial
Communication Mode used to connect to the PC. You can also enable or
disable the optional WIFI Module and DHCP feature of the C-BUC under
these settings.

To modify any parameters, enter the desired value into the textboxes,
select from the drop down menu, or tick the checkbox beside the
parameter. Click the corresponding [Set] button to save changes.

WARNING: Setting a wrong IP in Network Configuration may cause the


Device not accessible.

MODIFYING THE BUC OPERATION PARAMETERS


“BUC Operation” allows you to configure the BUC operating parameters
such as Attenuation, LO Switch, and RF Operation.

To modify any parameters, enter the desired value into the textboxes or
select from the drop down menu and click the corresponding [Set] button.

 Note: The ‘LO Switch’ configuration parameter is only available on the


Dual-LO High Power Compact C-BUC.

MODIFYING THE REDUNDANCY OPERATION PARAMETERS


“Redundancy Operation” allows you to configure redundancy parameters
such as RCU Mode and RCU Switch.

To modify any parameters, enter the desired value into the textboxes or
select from the drop down menu and click the corresponding [Set] button.

CHANGING THE PASSWORD


“Password Setting” allows you to change your current password.

To change password, click on the Change Password link and fill out the
required information.

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4.3.5 Setting Up SNMP Parameters


“SNMP Configuration” lets you specify how the BUC communicates with
the SNMP Manager. If you have yet to login to the HTTP interface, you will
be prompted to do so when clicking the “SNMP Configuration” menu
option. The factory default username and password is “admin”, “admin”
respectively.

 Note: Both the “Device Configuration” and “SNMP Configuration”


screens can only be accessed after logging in. Access to both screens is
maintained after logging in until the browser is closed.

Figure 4.13 SNMP v2c configuration settings

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4.4 Monitor & Control via SNMP


Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) provides a framework for
the definition of management information and the exchange of that
information. A SNMP manager is a software module that manages part or
all of the system configurations while an agent is a software module in the
unit that is being managed. Transfer of information can be initiated by
both the manager (via polling) and the agent (via SNMP Trap).

By default, the manager initiates requests and receives responses via port
161. The agent sends SNMP Trap messages via port 162.

A database describing the unit’s application parameters is stored in the


SNMP agent. This SNMP Management Information Base (MIB) database is
used to interpret the signals requested and received between the manager
and agent. The database includes both a standard set of values common to
hardware nodes on a network and a private set of values that is unique to
the specific unit.

Object Identifiers (OID) are a series of numbers that uniquely identify


variable to an SNMP agent. OIDs are arranged in a hierarchical tree
structure.

The figure below shows the categorization of BUC parameters that are
used in defining the MIBs for SNMP enabled Agilis products. These
categories help define various device parameters very distinctly and help
for easy access and navigation when using any manager.

 Note: This figure shows the full set of categories and does not apply to
all Agilis products. These categories are closely used in defining the
product MIBS for all the SNMP enabled devices. The set of parameters that
are available in each Agilis product will differ.

Figure 4.14 SNMP MIB categories

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4.4.2 Connecting the PC to BUC


If you have purchased the optional Ethernet M&C component, you can
monitor and control the BUC using an SNMP manager via an Ethernet
connection. Connect your PC LAN port to the BUC RJ45 port using either a
cross LAN cable or an Ethernet hub. A DB9 to RJ45 converter may be
provided by Agilis for this connection.

Figure 4.15 Connecting via the RJ45

4.4.3 Connecting to the SNMP Interface


Once your BUC is physically connected to the PC, follow the procedure
below to connect the SNMP agent module to a SNMP manager in your PC.

Step 1 Activate your SNMP manager. Agilis products will work with most standard
SNMP managers available in the market.
 Note: For the purpose of this manual, all screenshots in this section
are made using the SNMP Manager from iReasoning. You can download or
purchase any standard third party SNMP Manager software and install it
into your PC.

Step 2 In the SNMP manager, enter the BUC’s access IP address. The following
show the default configuration:
Agent IP: 192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
SNMP Manager: 192.168.1.10

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Step 3 Insert the CD included in your package into your PC’s disc drive and load
the MIB definition file (“AGILIS-PROD-XXX-MIB.mib”) into your SNMP
manager.
You can also download the MIB definition file from our website at
www.agilissatcom.com.

Once the file has been loaded, a tree structure should be displayed in your
manager as shown below.

Figure 4.16 Example MIB tree

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4.4.4 Managing the BUC via an SNMP Manager

NAVIGATING THE MIB TREE

Figure 4.17 MIB tree

Each item in the tree is called a node. A parent or root node can be
expanded into branches. You can view each branch by clicking the +/-
icons in the tree. Each branch eventually terminates at leaf nodes.

To search for a specific node within a branch, right-click on the parent


node of that branch and select “Search” and type the name of the node to
search for.

You can expand or collapse the entire tree or branch by right-clicking on


the parent node and selecting the “Expand subtree” or “Collapse subtree”
option.

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UNDERSTANDING SNMP OPERATIONS


The full set of SNMP commands that can be initiated from the SNMP
manager is explained in the table below.

To execute a command on any node in the tree, simply select the node
and right-click. From the menu that appears, select the command to
execute. Note that not all commands are available for every object in the
tree.

SNMP Command Explanation


GET Used to obtain a single piece of information from the
BUC such as the BUC ID etc.
GET NEXT Used to obtain two pieces of information from the
selected object and the next object.
GET BULK Used to obtain multiple pieces of information from
the BUC at once.
GET SUBTREE Used to poll for information corresponding to all
objects within the subtree.
SET Used to configure a specific parameter in the BUC.
Note that this command will only be available for
configurable parameters.
WALK Used to poll for all data from the objects within the
tree.
TABLE VIEW Used to poll for and view data table of an object.
Note that this is only available if the selected object
stores tabulated data.

USING THE MIB BROWSER


1. Open the MIB Browser. In this example, we use iReasoning MIB Browser
to configure SNMP. Click File and select Load MIBs.

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2. Once done, locate the MIB file in your system.

3. Once the MIB file is loaded, the SNMP MIB details will appear. Click on
the folders to view more information.

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4. Execute a command on any node in the tree. Right click on the node
and select a command you want to execute. In this example, “Walk” is
selected.

5. SNMP values will be retrieved once a command is selected. Below is an


example once “Walk” is selected. Once “Walk” is selected, all nodes’
information in the tree will be retrieved.

The figure below shows an example of the parameters retrieved by the


“WALK” command.

Figure 4.18 SNMP WALK

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6. To configure and update the SNMP values, right click on the nodes in
deviceOperation folder and select “Set”.

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4.5 Using the Wi-Fi Connectivity Option


The Agilis High Power Compact C-BUC is equipped with Wi-Fi connectivity
and features a Wi-Fi Monitor and Control capability. You can monitor the
status and control the settings of the BUC through the Agilis EMS
Application installed in an iPhone.

The Agilis EMS App is a free software application that can be downloaded
from the iStore. The Agilis EMS App is easy to setup, configure, and
operate. The user-friendly interface provides a convenient remote
monitoring and controlling capability for your Agilis device.

 Note: The Wi-Fi option is available for the Agilis Compact Series BUC.
Please contact Agilis if you wish to include the Wi-Fi option for your BUC.

This section provides information about the Wi-Fi option of the High Power
Compact C-BUC. The topics covered in this section include:

 Downloading and Installing the Agilis EMS App from iStore.

 Setting up the Wi-Fi connection between the iPhone and the BUC.

 Viewing and Configuring BUC parameters.

4.5.1 Downloading and Installing the Agilis EMS App from iStore
The Agilis EMS App must be installed in your iPhone to be used to monitor
and control your Agilis devices. You can download the Agilis EMS App
through this link: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/agilis-
ems/id477366644?mt=8.

Alternatively, you can launch iTunes and search for “Agilis EMS” on the
search text box.

The Agilis EMS App can be installed on your Apple device by following the
same procedures when you are installing other Apps for your Apple device.

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MINIMUM SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS


Listed below are the following minimum requirements in order to install
the Agilis EMS App:

 Apple device (iPhone, iPod touch, or iPad)

 Requires iOS 4.3 up to iOS 5.1

 Note: This section covers the Wi-Fi connectivity of the Agilis iBUC using
an iPhone. All screenshots shown below are taken from an Apple iPhone.

RECOMMENDATIONS
Listed below are the following setup recommendations for the proper
functionality of the BUC Wi-Fi connection:

 A maximum of only 5 users per device.

 Recommended 30m radius for Wi-Fi area coverage.

 A different SSID name should be given to another device setup on


the same area.

 Note: Please contact Agilis if you wish to have another device


configuration setup with W-Fi capability in the same area.

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4.5.2 Setting up the Wi-Fi connection between the iPhone and the BUC
The WIFI Module should be enabled on the HTTP WebUI before the setting
the Wi-Fi connection between your iPhone and BUC. Refer to Section 4.3.4
Modifying BUC Network Settings for details on how to enable the WIFI
Module on the HTTP WebUI.

Once the WIFI Module is enabled, Follow the steps below to configure the
Wi-Fi connectivity between your iPhone and the BUC.

1. Click the “Settings” icon on your iPhone.

2. Select “Wi-Fi” on the Settings menu of your iPhone.

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3. Turn on “Wi-Fi” and select “AGILIS-VSAT” under “Choose a


Network…” list.

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4. Enter the password for “AGILIS-VSAT”. The default password for


the AGILIS-VSAT Wi-Fi connection is “admin”.
Click the “Join” button.

 Note: Wait for the wireless network connection icon to appear before
proceeding to the next step to ensure that your iPhone is connected to the
BUC.

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5. Click the “Agilis EMS App” icon on your iPhone.

6. Enter the IP Address on the “IP Addr” textbox and enter the
desired “Poll” value.
The default IP Address is “169.254.1.1” and the default Polling
value is “3”.

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7. Enter username and password on the corresponding textboxes.


The default username is “admin” and the default password is
“admin”. Click the “Login” button.

 Note: For demonstration purposes, the username is “itunes” and the


password is “itunes”.

 Note: A “Login Successful” message will appear if the correct


password is entered. Otherwise, a “Wrong Password” message will be
displayed.

8. Click the Agilis device that you want to configure under the
“Devices” list.

 Note: The device screenshot shown above may differ from the actual
Agilis device that will be displayed on your iPhone. The part number and
the serial number of the Agilis device will be displayed under the
“Devices” list.

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4.5.3 Viewing and Configuring BUC parameters


The Agilis EMS App Dashboard displays the operating parameters of the
BUC and the configurable parameters which you can adjust according to
your requirements.

RF Output Power

Status Indicator

Temperature

Attenuation Settings

RF Output “ON/OFF”

Alarms Table

Status Display

Figure 4.19 Agilis EMS App Dashboard

The values are the current operating parameters of the unit. To modify
any of these parameters, click the button corresponding to the parameter
to be modified. The parameters are described in the table below.

Table 4-7 Viewable parameters


Parameter Description
RF O/P Power RF Output Power.
Status Indicator Indicates current BUC status:
“Green” – BUC is functioning normally
“Amber” – Minor alarm
“Red” – Major alarm
Temperature Displays the current operating temperature of
the BUC.
Alarms “Alarms” table lists down the faults
encountered by the BUC.
Status “Status” displays current state of the BUC. If
changes are made, a message will be shown in
the Status display to confirm the changes.

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Table 4-8 Configurable parameters


Parameter Description
Attenuation Attenuation value used for conversion.
RF Output Enable or disable SSPA. The available options
include:
“ON”  Enable SSPA.
“OFF”  Disable SSPA.

To configure the “Attenuation” and “RF Output” parameters, follow the


steps indicated below:

2. To set up “Attenuation”, click the “-/+” button to select the


desired attenuation value. Click the “SET” button to save
changes.

Figure 4.20 Configuring “Attenuation” value

 Note: A message will appear on the “Status” display when the


attenuation is set to the selected value.

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3. To enable “RF Output”, click the “ON/OFF” button on the Agilis


EMS interface.

Figure 4.21 Configuring “RF Output” state

Table 4-9 Status Indicators


Reference Indication
Status Indicator Output Power ≥35dbm “Green”
Output Power <35dbm “Amber”
Fault condition “Red”

Figure 4.22 Status Indicators

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Chapter 5 Maintenance & Troubleshooting

This chapter details various system maintenance operations to help ensure


that your system works under optimal conditions.

WARNING: Disconnect all power sources before performing any


system maintenance and repair.

5.1 Preventive Maintenance


This section explains the various maintenance checks that should be
routinely carried out to ensure that the system is working correctly and in
optimal condition.

Ideally, you should perform a complete maintenance on the system at


least twice a year and record all updates and changes made to each ODU
“SETUP RECORD”. Notify all users that may be affected of a system down
time of roughly two hours prior to maintenance.

WARNING: Disconnect and re-connect cables during maintenance


properly to avoid causing any damage to the cables that may result in
intermittent problems in the future.

Connect the output interface of the equipment to a proper load.

5.1.1 Fans Maintenance


The C-BUC includes four fans on the right side of the unit. It is essential to
ensure that airflow through these fans is not blocked to allow the BUC to
operate at the optimal temperature. Hence, we recommend cleaning the
fans at least once a year (or more depending on environmental
conditions). The cleaning procedure is detailed below:

Step 1 Turn off the AC power supply to the BUC.

Step 2 Using compressed air, blow through the fan assembly to remove any dirt
accumulation

Step 3 Turn on the AC power supply to the BUC.

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5.1.2 Gains Testing


The test procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Look at the demodulator status (DEMODULATOR LOCK indicator on the


modem) and check that is “LOCKED” to the receive signal.

Step 2 Check that the transmit and receive configurations on both the modem
and the C-BUC complies with the SETUP RECORD. If there are any
discrepancies, contact the personnel responsible for the previous record
for clarifications before proceeding.

Step 3 Turn on the pure carrier of the modem and measure the power level using
a spectrum analyzer.

Step 4 If your modem is connected to an AC power supply, measure the indoor AC


power supply to the modem to check that the voltages are within the
limits specified in the table below. You are recommended to use an
Automatic Voltage Regulator if your power source falls outside of these
limitations.
 Note: The limit range will differ according to your modem’s AC voltage
requirements. Please use the table as a guideline only.

Tolerance 230 VAC 50 Hz


Live  Neutral 230 VAC ± 15%
Live  Earth 230 VAC ± 15%
Neutral  Earth < 5 VAC

Step 5 Check that all IF and RF cables are labelled.

Step 6 Ensure that all cables are in good working condition by performing the
following procedure:

1. Remove cables at both ends of the connection before taking


measurements.

2. Using a mega ohm meter, measure both ends of the cables.

Step 7 Again using a mega ohm meter, measure the ground resistance of the
antenna. This value should not be greater than 10Ω

Step 8 Reconnect the transmit cable to the modem and measure the power level
of the pure carrier transmitted into the C-BUC’s input port. Calculate the
IFL loss and check that it is similar to the value recorded in the SETUP
RECORD.

WARNING: Turn off the C-BUC and connect a power attenuator


(>100W) to the RF OUT port of the BUC before step 9 below.

Step 9 Turn on the BUC and connect the IF IN cable. Record the RF OUT power
level and calculate the uplink gain. Check that the resultant gain complies
with both the SETUP RECORD and the gain setting on the BUC.

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Chapter 5 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Step 10 Measure the power level and C/N0 of the receive carrier under
consideration at the BUC’s IF OUT port. Check the readings against the
SETUP RECORD. If there is a significant variation in the two, contact the
transmit site for confirmation.

Step 11 Measure the level at the modem’s IF input to determine the Rx IFL loss.
Match this value against the SETUP RECORD.

5.1.3 Completing the Maintenance


Completing each maintenance service requires the following actions:

 Check the sealing on existing connections and re-seal if necessary.


 Tighten and re-seal all connections and important joints that were
disconnected for maintenance.
 Check and ensure that all waveguide joints are properly equipped
with a gasket and sealed.
 Cover all unused connectors with a cap and seal.
 Update the SETUP RECORD.

IM02960187 Rev. D 83
Chapter 5 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

5.2 Understanding Faults in the BUC


The table below lists the faults that may arise in the BUC. The following
information can be found in this table:

 Fault Indication: How do you tell that a fault has occurred?


 Possible Causes: What may have caused the fault and how do you
check?
 Solution: How do you resolve the fault?

Table 5-1 Troubleshooting faults in the BUC


Fault Indication Possible Causes Solution
LED is off BUC is not on Turn on the AC power
source connected to the
power supply unit.
Cables are loose Hand-tighten all cable
connections between the
AC power source and the
BUC.
Power cables are Test the voltage at each
faulty end of the cables. Replace
any faulty cables.
Fans are not Fans failure Please contact Agilis for
working further support.
LO unlock Circuit failure Please contact Agilis for
further support.
10MHz reference Check 10MHz signal level
power level might be from modem. It should be
low from the modem ± 5 dBm at L-Band input of
the BUC.
LED is red Lo unlock Check 10MHz might be low
from the modem
SSPA is off Check the software option
to power on the SSPA
Temperature alarm Needs to cool down the
unit. Also, check whether
the fan is working or not.

84 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 5 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Fault Indication Possible Causes Solution


No RF output BUC is overheated RF output is automatically
power disabled if the BUC is
overheated. Allow the unit
to cool to a safe operating
temperature before
enabling RF.
RF ON/OFF Enabled Check the BUC settings
using the M&C software
and enable RF (“On”).
Internal modules One or more of the
failure internal modules, such as
the power module, driver
and internal RF circuit,
have may have failed.
Please contact Agilis for
further support.
LO unlock Check 10MHz might be low
from the modem
RF output power Attenuation setting is Check the attenuation
is low too high setting using the AMC
software and adjust
accordingly.
L-Band power level Please contact Agilis for
might be very low to further support. Check the
get rated power from L-Band signal level
BUC (~-30dBm) from the
modem.

IM02960187 Rev. D 85
Chapter 5 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

5.3 Understanding Faults in Remote Management


The following table lists the errors that you may face when managing the
BUC remotely via the Agilis EMS Software.

Table 5-2 Troubleshooting errors in remote management using EMS


Fault Indication Possible Causes Solution
Agilis EMS is not Installation was not Reinstall the application again as
starting done properly stated in this document

Windows Firewall Shut down the Windows Firewall


service

Port 80 is being Shut down the application that is


utilized by another using port 80
application
Agilis EMS started Flash plug-in may Reinstall Flash Player preferably
but the flash be outdated from
images are not http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/
shown
Agilis EMS is not MYSQL ODBC Install the application from EMS CD
logging alarm connecter is not (/3rd Party Software/mysql-
details /analog installed/corrupted connector-odbc-3.51.14-win32.exe)
parameters
PC is not showing M&C cable driver is Install the drivers that came
the COM number not installed together with the purchased M&C
cable (RS232 to USB or RS485 to
USB)
M&C cable is M&C cable could be Replace cable and try again
connected and faulty
COM number is
seen but still Wrong M&C cable is Refer to the product manual and
there’s no used ensure that the pin configuration is
communication correct i.e. RS232 or RS485
For standalone Start the application; click the Init
mode, the address Address button to set the device
must be set to ‘A’. address to ‘A’.
‘Another instance Agilis EMS Open IE and type
of Agilis EMS is application is http://localhost/agilis-ems in the
running’ message already started URL
is displayed when
I try to start the
application
How do I find out NA Start the application, click on Help,
the current click on About Us
version number?
Equipment is not Equipment Start the application, click the Init
displaying its Initializing is not Address button.
status properly done
(e.g. Status
toggling online Equipment Refer to the system manual to make
and offline in EV) Configuration could sure the correct configuration is set.
be wrong
RCU is not going The protocol might Refer to section 1.4 for the various
online be a different versions for RCU and how to replace
version the protocol files if necessary

86 IM02960187 Rev. D
Chapter 5 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Fault Indication Possible Causes Solution


System Slowing Analog and Alarm Purge the historical Analog and
down data is not cleared Alarm data in the database.
in the database

IM02960187 Rev. D 87
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IM02960187 Rev. D 88
Appendix A Customer Service

Agilis provides a variety of after-sales services. This chapter explains some


of the services offered including warranty information, the Return
Material Authorization process, parts replacement etc.

A.1 Warranty Information


If the unit fails due to defects in materials or workmanship, Agilis will, at
its sole discretion, repair or replace the defective parts, free of charge,
within two years from the date of its shipment from the Agilis production
factory.

Note that shipping cost to Agilis will not be covered under this warranty
guarantee.

This warranty will be voided, freeing Agilis from any liability or obligation
to the Purchaser with respect to the product in the following situations:

 The product has been damaged during shipment

 Failure caused by products not supplied by Agilis or its authorized


contractors and agents.

 Failure caused by operation of the product outside of its published


electrical and environmental specifications or any causes other than
ordinary use.

 Water ingress due to improper installation.

IM02960187 Rev. D 89
Appendix A Customer Service

A.2 Return Material Authorization (RMA)

PRE-RMA CHECKLIST
Shipping the unit to and from your supplier or the factory for repair is a
costly and time consuming procedure that may cause disruption in your
system for a prolonged period of time. Hence, please inspect your system
thoroughly using the checklist below to help us determine if a return
shipping is necessary.

Table A-1 Pre-RMA Request Checklist


Please check
Product model / serial no:
When did the unit fail: Initial startup
Unit worked normally before failure
Initial Fault Symptom:
Consistent or intermittent Consistent
fault Intermittent
Duration of operation before
the failure
Are fans working normally? Yes
No
Is the airflow path blocked? Yes
No
10 MHz Ref. level at failure
IF input level at failure
Output power at failure
LED status
Is the device and setup Yes
properly grounded? No
Weather conditions just Air Temperature: _________
before failure Heavy rain/snowfall/storms: _________
AC Potential Live  Neutral
Live  Ground
Neutral  Ground
AC-DC converter working
status
Is the primary power source Yes
working and free of power No
spikes?
Was there any recent power Yes
outages that affected the No
device?

90 IM02960187 Rev. D
Appendix A Customer Service

Please check
Are connectors properly Yes
sealed and free from No
debris/water?
Replace the device with a Works with the new device
working one (if available) and Does not work with the new device
check if the system works.
Detail the diagnosis
performed that localized the
fault to the unit as the point
of failure

If you need to return the devices or any components to Agilis for repair,
please contact Agilis to obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA)
number by filling in our RMA Request form. You can obtain this form via
our website at www.agilissatcom.com. Once you receive a RMA number,
carefully repack the unit and attach this number to the unit to be shipped
to Agilis.

Agilis provides repair services for products under or out of warranty.

IM02960187 Rev. D 91
Appendix A Customer Service

A.3 Additional Technical Support


If you require further technical support, please contact Agilis using the
contact information below:

Address: ST Electronics (Satcom & Sensor Systems) Pte Ltd.


No. 29 New Industrial Road,
ST Electronics Paya Lebar Building
Singapore 536213
Service Hotline: (+65) 6521 7959
Fax: (+65) 6521 7333
Email: techsvc_satcoms@stee.stengg.com

You can also visit www.agilissatcom.com for the addresses and contact
information of our regional service centres.

92 IM02960187 Rev. D
Appendix B Unit Specifications & Outline

B.1 System Specification Tables


Table B-1 BUC specification tables
Frequency Range
C-Band Output (GHz) Input (MHz) LO (GHz)
Intelsat 5.850  6.425 950  1525 4.900
Insat 6.725  7.025 975  1275 5.750
ST-1/Palapa-C 6.425  6.725 1150  1450 5.275
Full C 5.850  6.725 950  1825 4.900
975  1200 LO-1 4.75
Dual-LO 5.725  6.725
950  1725 LO-2 5.00

Table B-2 High Power Compact C-Band BUC specification table


Transmit
High Power C-BUC 80W 100W 150W 200W
Rated Output Power 49dBm 50dBm 51.8dBm 53dBm
Small Signal Gain (dB) 80dB nominal
Gain Flatness ±2.0 dB over the O/P frequency band
Gain Variation ±1.5 dB over the operating
temperature range
Gain Control 30dB in step of 0.1dB
Phase @1kHz offset -73 dBc/Hz max
Noise
@10kHz offset -83 dBc/Hz max
@100kHz offset -93 dBc/Hz max
Inter Modulation -25 dBc @ Relative to combine power
of two carriers at 3dB total power
backoff from Rated Output power.
Input VSWR 1.5:1
Output VSWR 1.5:1
IF Input Interface 50Ω N-Type Female
Output Interface CPRG 137G

IM02960187 Rev. D 93
Appendix B Unit Specifications & Outline

Environmental
Operating Temperature -40ºC to +60ºC
Relative Humidity Up to 100%
Weather protection sealed to IP65

External Reference Requirement


Frequency 10MHz
Power -5 to +5 dBm
External Reference Phase Noise -150dBc/Hz (1kHz)
Requirement @frequency offset
-155dBc/Hz (10kHz)
-160dBc/Hz (100kHz)

Mechanical
Dimensions 284 x 209 x 164 mm
(LxWxH)
Colour White powder coat
Weight 9kg

94 IM02960187 Rev. D
Appendix B: Unit Specifications & Outline

B.2 BUC Outline Drawings

209.00

284.00

284.00 160.00

Figure B-1 High Power C-BUC outline drawing

IM02960187 Rev. D 95
Appendix B Unit Specifications & Outline

B.3 Waveguide Switch Outline Drawing

Figure B-2 WR137 Waveguide Switch Outline Drawing

Figure B-3 Gang switch outline drawing

96 IM02960187 Rev. D
Appendix C Compliance Standard

IEC 609501  2nd Edition International Safety Standard for


Information Technology Equipment
ETSI EN 301 489-12 Electromagnetic Compatibility and Radio
Spectrum Matters (ERM); ElectroMagnetic
Compatibility (EMC) Standard for radio
equipment and services; Part 12:
Specific conditions for Very Small Aperture
Terminal, Satellite Interactive Earth
Stations operated in the frequency ranges
between 4 GHz and 30 GHz in the fixed
Satellite Service (FSS)
ETSI EN 301 489-1 Electromagnetic Compatibility and Radio
Spectrum Matters (ERM); ElectroMagnetic
Compatibility Standard for Radio Equipment
and Services
FCC Class A Two levels of radiation and conducted
emissions limits for unintentional radiators
(FCC Mark)

IM02960187 Rev. D 97
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98 IM02960187 Rev. D
Appendix D Document Revision Log

Revision Date Description


A March 2012 Initial Release
B October 2012 Added information about the Agilis
EMS Software.
Added information about the Wi-Fi
M&C Capability.
C June 2013 Added information about the High
Power Compact C-BUC Dual-LO option.
D July 2016 Added the iBUC alarm and colour
indication section. Updated the 1+1
redundancy diagram in chapter3.
Added Temperature Threshold setting
table in chapter 4.

IM02960187 Rev. D 99
System Configuration Diagrams

C-Band BUC Stand Alone System Configuration

5 C-Band BUC
PC Status LED
2 3 M&C
L-band
A L-BD IN
RF OUT
RF OUT 4
AC Power 1 AC IN To Feed
Source
Switch Control
Status Link
Modem

LIST OF ACCESSORIES LIST OF SYSTEM COMPONENTS


Item No. Agilis Part No. Description Length (m) Quantity Item No. Agilis Part No. Description Quantity
1 1001522412 Power Supply Cable TPB 220VAC 10A 3 1 - ALBX90 High Power C-BUC 1
2 6103480008 Converter RS485 to USB 1 1
3 2502041256 C/A S/P M&C CIR 14-19P TO DB9 ETH/485 - 1 Note: These tables list the typical accessories for this setup.
4 4203490057 WR137 C-BD TX WG FLEXIBLE 1M GROOVED 1 1 Depending on your purchase order, your BUC package may not include
certain optional items. Please contact Agilis if you wish to purchase any
5 2502041166 Ethernet Cable DB9 to RJ45 (For SNMP 2 1
of the accessories.
config)
A - RF Cable (L-Band) To be arranged by
the customer
- 2503160140 Accessories for C-Band 100W - 1
- 2503160038 BUC Feed Mounting Accessories - 1
- 4304580013 Software CD for EMS-Lite - 1

IM02960187 Rev. D 100


System Configuration Diagrams

C-Band BUC Stand Alone LNB System

LNB
L-band From
Modem A N(F) WR229 Antenna
10MHz, DC RF IN Feed

LIST OF ACCESSORIES LIST OF SYSTEM COMPONENTS


Item No. Agilis Part No. Description Length (m) Quantity Agilis Part No. Description Quantity
A - RF Cable (L-Band) To be arranged by ACA11XXXXX C-Band LNB 1
the customer

IM02960187 Rev. D 101


System Configuration Diagrams

C-Band BUC 1:1 Redundancy Configuration


3 C-BUC A RF MON
PC 9 M&C
8
3

L-band, L-BD IN RF OUT


10MHz 1 AC IN
2 AC Power Switch Control 6
WR137
Source Status Link WG SW
J1 Port 2
RFA 5
L-band, Port 1
10MHz L-Band Port 3
7
Modem A RFC Splitter 4 RF OUT
Termination To Feed
Box
J2 Port 4
RFB

2 Status Link
AC Power 5A 6
Switch Control
Source 1 AC IN
RF OUT
L-BD IN
L-band, 10MHz
9 M&C

C-BUC B RF MON

LIST OF ACCESSORIES LIST OF SYSTEM COMPONENTS


Item No. Agilis Part No. Description Length (m) Quantity Agilis Part No. Description Quantity
1 1001522412 AC Power Cable with TPB (220 VAC 10A) 3 2 ALBX90 High Power C-BUC 2
2 6202040155 C/A FOR RCU IF IN/OUT TO SPT 1.5 2 L-Band Splitter 1
1501522364
IF IN/OUT
3 2502041166 Ethernet Cable DB9 to RJ45 for SNMP 2 1 5903290101 SW Coax Dual WR137 C-BD TX 1
config (Optional) W-Type 230VAC
4 2502041099 SSPA Status Link Cable 2 1 Note: These tables list the typical accessories for this setup. Depending on your purchase
5 2502040155 C/A TXSW TO WR137 SW 3M 3 1 order, your BUC package may not include certain optional items. Please contact Agilis if
you wish to purchase any of the accessories.
5A 2502041006 C/A F For TXSW 3 1
6 4203490057 WR137 C-BD TX WG FLEXIBLE 1M 1 2
GROOVED
7 4203490042 WR137 150W Load Outdoor - 1
8 6103480008 Converter RS485 to USB - 1
9 2502041256 C/A S/P M&C CIR 14-19P TO DB9 ETH/485 - 2
A RF Cable (L-Band) To be arranged by
customer
- 4004430053G Mounting Frame for 1+1 Low Power Unit LF - 1
- 2503160038 BUC Feed Mounting Accessories - 2
- 2503160140 Accessories for C-Band 100W - 2
- 4203490042 WR137 150W Load Outdoor - 1
- 2503160080 Accessories VSAT C-BD BUC Fasteners - 1
- 4304580013 Software CD for EMS Lite - 1

102 IM02960187 Rev. D


System Configuration Diagrams

LIST OF SYSTEM COMPONENTS


Agilis Part No.
ALBX90
Description
High Power C-BUC
Quantity
2
C-Band BUC 1:1 Redundancy Configuration
5903290101 SW Coax Dual WR137 C-BD Tx W-Type 230VAC 1

LIST OF ACCESSORIES
Item No. Agilis Part No. Description Length (m) Quantity
1 1001522412 Power Supply Cable TPB 220VAC 10A 3 2 Status Link
2 6202040155 C/A FOR RCU IF IN/OUT TO SPT 1.5 2 3 RF MON
IF IN/OUT PC 9 M&C
8
3
3 2502041166 Ethernet Cable DB9 to RJ45 for SNMP 2 1 4
config (Optional) L-band, L-BD-IN RF OUT
4 2 1 10MHz 1 AC IN
2502041099 SSPA Status Link Cable 5 6
2 AC Power Switch Control
5 2502040155 C/A TXSW TO WR137 SW 3M 3 1 Source C-BUC A
5A 2502041006 C/A F For TXSW 3 1
Port 2 J1 Port 2
6 4203490057 WR137 C-BD TX WG FLEXIBLE 1M GROOVED 1 2 L-band,
7A 4203490042 WR137 150W Load Outdoor - 1 10MHz Port 1
Port 3 Port 3
7B 5704090015 N-Type Termination - 1 Modem A 7B GANG SWITCH 7A
Port 1 RF OUT
Termination Termination
8 6103480008 Converter RS485 to USB - 1 To Feed
9 2502041256 C/A S/P M&C CIR 14-19P TO 2 2 Port 4 J2 Port 4
DB9 ETH/485
A RF Cable (L-Band) To be arranged by
2 C-BUC B
customer 6
AC Power Switch Control 5A
- 4004430053G Mounting Frame for 1+1 Low Power Unit LF - 1 1
Source AC IN
- 2503160038 BUC Feed Mounting Accessories - 2
- - L-BD-IN RF OUT
2503160140 Accessories for C-Band 100W 1 L-band, 10MHz
2503160080 Accessories VSAT C-BD BUC Fasteners - 1 9 M&C
4304580013 Software CD for EMS Lite - 1 RF MON
Status Link
Note: These tables list the typical accessories for this setup. Depending on your purchase
order, your BUC package may not include certain optional items. Please contact Agilis if
you wish to purchase any of the accessories.

IM02960187 Rev. D 103


System Configuration Diagrams

C-Band BUC 1:1 LNB System

Modem
L-band
N(F) WR229 7
A LNB A
4 10MHz, DC
IF WR229 RX
OUT LNB ‘A’ WG SW
AC Source 1 Port 2
T.P.B 1 AC 1
RX SW 5
T.P.B 1 AC 2 RCU-R
AC Source 2 6
Port 3 Port 1
Form C L-band, 10MHz From
LNB ‘B’ Termination
Antenna
2 3 M&C
Feed
Port 4
4
L-Band OUT L-band
PC N(F) LNB B WR229 7
10MHz, DC

LIST OF ACCESSORIES LIST OF SYSTEM COMPONENTS


Item No. Agilis Part No. Description Length (m) Quantity Agilis Part No. Description Quantity
1 1001520980 AC Power Cable with Transient 2 2 ACA11XXXXX C-Band LNB 2
Protection Box AAV610XXXX AAV-610 RX Only 1
2 6103480008 Converter RS485 to USB - 1
3 2502041169 C/A For VSAT SPT to RS485 - 1
4 2502040137 C/A RF RFT TO SSPA / LNA 3M 3 2 Note: These tables list the typical accessories for this setup.
5 2502040155 C/A TXSW RCU TO WR137 SW 3M 3 1 Depending on your purchase order, your BUC package may not include
6 5701200008 Accessories VSAT RS WR229 SW - 1 set certain optional items. Please contact Agilis if you wish to purchase any
of the accessories.
7 4203490022 WR229 Waveguide H-Bend 100mm - 2
Outdoor (Optional)
A - RF Cable (L-Band) To be arranged by
the customer
- 2503160097 Mounting Kit for RCU - 1

104 IM02960187 Rev. D