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Week Date ChapterTopic/

2 : Content
Experimental Techniques
2.1 Measurement

1 3 - 4 Jan

2.2.1 Criteria of purity

2.2.2 Methods of
6.1 Energetics
2 7 - 11 Jan of reactions

3 14 - 18 Jan 6.1 Energetics of reactions

4 21 - 25 Jan
6.2 Energy transfer

7 Chemical reactions
5 28 Jan - 1 Feb 7.1 Physical and chemical
6 4 - 8 Feb

7.2 Rate (speed) of reaction

7.2 Rate (speed) of reaction
7 11 - 15 Feb

7.2 Rate (speed) of reaction

16 - 17 Feb
8 18 - 22 Feb
7.2 Rate (speed) of reaction
7.3 Reversible reactions
9 25 Feb - 1 Mar 7.3 Reversible reactions
7.4 Redox

10 4 - 8 Mar 7.4 Redox

11 11 - 15 Mar
12 18 - 22 Mar
22 Mar
23 Mar
13 25 - 29 Mar 11 Air and water
14 1 - 5 Apr 11.1 Water


15 8 - 12 Apr
16 15 - 19 Apr
11 Air and water
11.1 Water
17 22 - 26 Apr

11.2 Air

18 29 Apr - 3 May

1 - May

3 - May
19 6 - 10 May

20 13 - 17 May
21 20 - 24 May

22 - May

24 - May
22 27 - 31 May
23 3 - 7 Jun
24 10 - 14 Jun 11.3 Nitrogen and fertilisers
11.4 Carbon dioxide
and methane

12 Sulfur 12.1 Sulfur

17 - 21 Jun
25 (Academic week)
Biz @
26 24 - 28 Jun 12 Sulfur 12.1 Sulfur
13 Carbonates 13.1 Carbonates
14 Organic chemistry 14.1

1 - 5 Jul
27 (Language
28 8 - 12 Jul 14.2 Fuels
14.3 Homologous series

29 15 - 19 Jul 14.4 Alkanes

14.5 Alkenes

30 22 - 26 Jul 14.6 Alcohols

14.7 Carboxylic acids
31 29 Jul - 2 Aug 14.8 Polymers 14.8.1 Polym
14.8.2 Synthetic polymers

32 5 - 9 Aug 14.8.3 Natural polymers

9 - Aug
11 - 12 Aug
33 12 - 16 Aug
34 19 - 23 Aug
35 26 - 30 Aug
31 - Aug
36 2 - 6 Sep


37 9 - 13 Sep

38 16 - 20 Sep

20 - 21 Sep
39 23 - 27 Sep

40 30 Sep - 4 Oct
41 7 - 11 Oct

42 14 - 18 Oct
43 21 - 25 Oct
44 28 Oct - 1 Nov

45 4 - 8 Nov

46 11 - 15 Nov

47 18 - 22 Nov

48 25 - 29 Nov
49 2 - 6 Dec
50 9 - 13 Dec
51 16 - 20 Dec
52 23 - 27 Dec
Scheme of Work
Class: Senior Science

Learning Outcomes
time, temperature, mass and volume, including burettes,
Demonstrate knowledge
and measuring and understanding of
paper chromatography
• Interpret simple chromatograms

• Interpret simple chromatograms, including the use

of Rf values

to colourless substances by exposing chromatograms to

•substances called locating
Identify substances agentstheir
and assess (Knowledge of specific
purity from melting
point and boiling point information
• Understand the importance of purity in substances in
suitable purification
e.g. foodstuffs techniques,
and drugs given
information aboutthe substances involved
• Describe the meaning of exothermic and endothermic react
• Interpret energy level diagrams showing exothermic and en
• Draw and label energy level diagrams for exothermic and en
• Describe bond breaking as an endothermic process and bon
• Calculate the energy of a reaction using bond energie
• Describe radioactive isotopes, such as 235U, as a source of
• Describe the release of heat energy by burning fuels
• Describe the use of hydrogen as a fuel reacting with oxygen to
• Identify physical and chemical changes, and understand the
differences between them
Student's Election

catalysts (including enzymes) and temperature on the rate
of reactions
Note: candidates should be encouraged to use the
term rate rather than speed.
• Devise and evaluate a suitable method for investigating the ef
• Interpret data obtained from experiments concerned with ra
• Describe and explain the effects of temperature and concentra
• Describe the application of the above factors to the danger
• Describe and explain the role of light in photochemical reactions Kick-off meeting
and the effect of light on the rate of these reactions
and watertheonuse of silver
hydrated andsalts in photography
anhydrous as sulfate
copper(II) a process
cobalt(II) chloride.)
•Predict the effect of (Concept of equilibrium
changing the is not required.)
conditions (concentration,
temperature and pressure) on other reversible reactions
• Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the concept
of equilibrium
(Oxidation state limited to its use to name ions, e.g. iron(II),
iron(III), copper(II), manganate(VII).)

Define redox in terms of electron iodide.
and potassium transfer
substanceof equations involving
which reduces KMnO4
another is not required.)
substance during a redox
• Identify oxidising agents and reducing agents from simple
Revision Week
Grad Night
• Describe chemical tests for water using cobalt(II) chloride an

Sports Day

Isra Mikraj Talk

HSE Week
• Describe, in outline, the treatment of the water supply in ter
• Name some of the uses of water in industry and in the hom
• Discuss the implications of an inadequate supply of water, li
•• State the the
Describe composition
clean, dryand
oxygen air as being approximat
•nitrogen from
Name the liquid air
common by fractional
pollutants distillation
in the air as being carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen and lead com

•• State the
Describe source
and explainofthe
each of these
presence pollutants: – carbon
of oxides
of nitrogenon
pollutants in buildings
car engines
on their catalytic
health and
discuss why these pollutants are of global
• State the conditions required for the rusting of iron
• Describe and explain methods of rust prevention, specifically pai

• Describe and explain sacrificial protection in Labour Day

terms of the reactivity series of metals and
galvanising as a method of rust prevention
Teacher's Day
1 Ramadan
Revision Week

Nuzul Quran

Khotmul quran & qiyyam

• Describe and explain the essential conditions
•forState the sources ofofmethane,
the manufacture ammoniaincludingdecomposition
by the of
vegetation and waste gases from digestion in animals
– as a product of respiration
–toasinclude theofprocesses
a product of combustion,
the reaction between an
sulfuric acid and photosynthesis
• State the uses of sulfur dioxide as a bleach in
the manufacture of wood pulp for paper and
Raya Celebration
Progress Report

including essential conditions and reactions

Describe the properties
as in treating andand
acidic soil uses of dilute and concentrated sulfuric acid
acidic industrial waste products, e.g. flue gas
alcohols and acids containing up to four
carbon atoms per molecule

Market Day
• Name the uses of the fractions as:
– refinery gas for bottled gas for heating
• Describe the general characteristics of a

• Describe substitution reactions of alkanes

with chlorine

Field trip
– by reaction with aqueous bromine
• Describe the formation of poly(ethene) as
• Describe the properties of ethanol in terms of
• Describe the reaction of a carboxylic acid with an alcohol in the
Name theofuses of ethanol
a catalyst as aan
to give solvent
esterand as
small units (monomers)
•• Understand
Name somethat
typical usespolymers
different of plastics and
have of man-made
different fibres such as nylon and Terylene
units and/or
• Describe the pollution problems caused by nonbiodegradable plastics
alkene and vice versa
• Describe the formation of nylon (a polyamide) and Terylene

joined together by condensation polymerisation, e.g.


Mock Haji
Revision Week
Awal Muharram

Merdeka Celebration

Awal Muharram Talk

Cuti Agung

LE Entrance Assessment

Leadership Camp
Revision Week

Maulidur Rasul

YEC 2019

Scheme of Work
Academic Year: 2019

Teaching & Learning Activity

introduce this by measuring the temperature,
Experimental work of
mass and volumes can involve coloured
different simple inks, sweets,
liquids leaves, dyes
(water/food dye).
and food colourings. Non-permanent felt-tip pens work well.

Extension activity: with abler learners use Rf values to compare

the height of the spots on the chromatograms obtained above. (I)

Experimental work can be extended to include separating a mixture

of amino
salts acidsor(using
in water ninhydrinthe
by comparing as amelting
locating agent)
point andalloy,
of the simple
sugars. This
solder, with may
those be best done
ofsubstances as
lead and tin. a teacher demonstration.
Chemists need pure toThe usetheir
study of salt on roads to melt
ice could
Pure be mentioned
substances are usedininthis context.
industry to Practical
make procedure
useful productsforsuch as
• demonstration of the extraction of iodine from seaweed
food and drugs. This could be set as a brief research
• distillation of a carbonated drink or coloured water activity.
This can be seen as a rise or fall in temperature in many chemical reactions used in the syllabus. This concept can be
Exothermic and endothermic can be demonstrated here using a class pract
Learners will need to practice this. (I) The data will tell learners whether a reaction is endothermic or exothermic so
Emphasise that a collision between two particles with sufficient energy is
A number of examples should be set so that learners can get used to doing t
Possible issues for discussion include: • the long term nature of nuclear e
Emphasise that combustion is an exothermic process. Relevant examples should include Bunsen burner, fuels for he
Possible issues
This is a good to discuss
place include:
to introduce • toxicity
this as learnersof heavy
have metals
already used in batt
physical changes in changes of state and a chemical change in the
formation of iron(II) Student's
sulfide. Election

particles move faster so they collide more frequently. Using a catalyst allows
more particles
should to collide
be introduced. and react of mass decrease in reaction involving
evolution of gas could also be demonstrated.
Particle size, concentration and temperature can easily be changed for both
This allows the use of spreadsheets and graphing to plot volume vs. time
Emphasise that a collision of sufficient energy is required for a chemical re
Custard powder or cornflour explosion experiment in tin with tight fitting
Kick-off meeting
Emphasise need of light for photosynthesis
Experiments on how
introduced to the light sign
reversible affects
⇌. photosynthesis and darkening of slow phot
Experimental work can involve
The effect of concentration canlearners heating hydrated
be demonstrated copper(II)
using the sulfate and
adding water to anhydrous
monochloride equilibrium. Care and use of a fume cupboard are essential.
methyl orange indicator
how changing the temperature and pressure and the introduction
• sodium chromate/dichromate equilibrium
rusting/corrosion of iron or iron +
copper(II) sulfate ==> iron(II) sulfate + copper.
Link to ideas of the role of redox reactions in the production of energy from
reaction of potassium
Practice ionic equations iodide solution
and identify with either
the substance chlorine
oxidised andor bromine
reduced in a
(link to Group VII later in this unit).
Having just defined oxidation and reduction, this concept can be confusing
This could be set as a problem-solving activity.
Revision Week
Grad Night
Use anhydrous cobalt(II) chloride (blue cobalt chloride paper) and anhydrous

Sports Day

Isra Mikraj Talk

HSE Week
Emphasis on filtration (link to Unit 1) and chlorination stages. Opportunit
Water is used as a solvent and a coolant in industry, as well as used for drinking and washing in the home. Possible a
Discussion in groups and presentation of outcomes.
Demonstration experiment to derive the % oxygen in the air using the oxida
Link to Unit 1. Link this to boiling points and the fractional distillation of
Emphasise that CO is a poisonous gas and both sulfur dioxide and oxides of
Emphasise the source of gas: • CO from incomplete combustion of a carbon-ba
This could
• oxides be a research
of nitrogen activity
and sulfur withaspresentation
dioxide of findings/posters. Em
respiratory irritants
• dangers of CO poisoning from cars and poorly maintained domestic heaters
• reasons for high concentration of pollutants in cities and subsequent effects
Class experiments can be set up and linked to the rust prevention investig
Experiment involving the investigation of rusting of iron nails using these

Labour Day
Opportunity to introduce reactivity series (Section 10.2) and link this wi

Teacher's Day
1 Ramadan
Revision Week

Nuzul Quran

Khotmul quran & qiyyam

Ca(OH)2 + 2NH4Cl → 2NH3 + CaCl2 +H2O
Emphasise that a greenhouse gas absorbs heat energy and stops heat escap
be extended to make temporary
hard water (calcium hydrogencarbonate solution).
This could be a research activity which culminates in the production of pos
-Emphasise the uses of sulfur dioxide as a bleaching agent (paper manufacture)
and in killing bacteria (to preserve

Raya Celebration
Progress Report

Learners could prepare ammonium sulfate. Demonstrate concentrated sulfuric acid as a dehydrating agent with
hydrated copper(II) sulfate and sucrose provided.
• the importance of using lime or slaked lime for treating excess acidity in soils,
thus making unfertile land
Extend the practical above by increasing the number of carbon, hydrogen and

Market Day
Awareness that the use of the fractions as fuels is rapidly depleting crude oil,
theboiling point
essential and/or
raw enthalpy
material for plastics
change of combustion data are included, there are opportunities for learners to
produce line graphs to show trends

Single covalent bonds only (links to Unit 7).

Emphasise the differenceField trip an addition and a substitution reaction.

Examples of hydrogen addition include the hydrogenation of polyunsaturated
vegetable oils to make solid
easily, e.g. Brazil, Italy. Ethanol may become a ‘fuel for the future’ as fossil fuel
supplies run out. You could also
comparing the rate the
with learners of reaction with magnesium
implications of using landwith that of hydrochloric
for growing fuel crops,
acid, a strong acid.
Importance of crude oil as a raw material for polymers and its finite supply
made fibres such as nylon and Terylene
iodegradable plastics
• environmental effects of burning and landfill
• centuries scale longevity of examples such as disposable nappies and

from ingested insoluble complex carbohydrate.

Mock Haji
Revision Week
Awal Muharram

Merdeka Celebration

Awal Muharram Talk

Cuti Agung

LE Entrance Assessment

Leadership Camp
Revision Week

Maulidur Rasul

YEC 2019

Using a burette: and

Clear explanations can be found at: and

Chromatography of amino acids:
This web page contains some information:
This was originally published by Royal Society of Chemistry on a CD ROM, ‘Particles in Motion’, 2006
cal reactions used in the syllabus. This concept can be taught across the syllabus rather than as a discrete lesson. Suggested exp
Revision of exothermic and endothermic reactions:
s whether a reaction is endothermic or exothermic so that the energy levels can be drawn in an appropriate position. The arrow
There is a useful PowerPoint which downloads by pasting in this address:
Example calculations:

This is a good source of information:

t examples should include Bunsen burner, fuels for heating the home and fossil fuel burning power stations. Learners can resea
Background information:
Information at:

Video clip introduction to rates:

Extension activity: following the progress of a precipitation reaction. Various practical experiments to illustrate reac
Extension activity: use of data loggers to record experimental results.
A good explanation:
A very good video clip that uses animations of atoms to explain collision theory:
Information on the cornflour experiment:

Information about silver salts in photography:
Practical procedure for determining the amount of water in copper(II)
Effect of temperature on an equilibrium:
Practical procedure for sodium chromate/dichromate equilibrium:
Definitions of oxidation and reduction:

Link this to the reactivity series and reactions of metals and metal salt solutions in Unit 6, the halogens and electrol
This links to Unit 6, syllabus Section 9.4 – supplement, knowing that ‘transition elements have variable oxidation sta
There is good advice about this lower down the web page in the link below. Advice about oxidising agent and reduc
Advice about oxidising agent and reducing agent definitions:

Preparing cobalt chloride paper:

Notes on water purification: and pages 1–2 of: ww

used for drinking and washing in the home. Possible activities include writing a 24-hour ‘water use’ diary and presenting data a
Good information at:
There are several examples of this experiment, e.g.: There is also a video of this exp
The video clips mentioned in the previous row contain a good sequence on this. Good summary of the process: ww
Overview on air pollution and update readings for nitrogen oxides in London:
The Earth’s atmosphere:
Atmospheric pollution:

Experiments toclass
Rust prevention investigate
practicalthe causes of or
investigation rusting:

Extension activity: mechanism of sacrificial protection:

Opportunities for reacting masses and volume calculations (link with Unit 6
– Amount of Substance).
A good section on climate change and carbon dioxide in this video:
Thermal decomposition of a carbonate. This is a good experimental
procedure and we suggest you only decompose one or two of the

dehydrating agent:

Uses of sulfuric acid:
A good source of information about using lime on soil, although lime is not really a fertilizer: www.allotmentgarden
Experiments to produce some of these esters:

This links to Unit 2 and there is an opportunity to demonstrate fractional distillation of synthetic crude oil as sugges
• Recall that the
compounds in a

Information at:

Video clip on polyethene:

A video looking at properties, uses and manufacture of ethanol:

Information on esters:
Notes on addition polymers:

See 11(b) of this webpage for information:

Information on hydrolysis of starch at:

on’, 2006
ete lesson. Suggested experiments: • neutralisation reactions of acids and alkalis (see Unit 4) • metal displacement reactions (se
cience/add_ocr_21c/chemical_synthesis/whychemicalsrev8.shtml Practical to revise this:
priate position. The arrow between the energy levels should point to the product energy level and be labelled with the energy v

tions. Learners can research/do an investigation into what makes a good fuel. (I) Opportunities for experiments to compare ene

unds_mixtures/revision/1/ and

eway/chemical_economics/reactionratesact.shtml A good idea for a test-tube reaction to illustrate catalysis: www.nuffieldfound

riments to illustrate reaction rates:

mical_synthesis/ratereactionrev2.shtml A good explanation:
he halogens and electrolysis later in this unit. Definitions of oxidation and reduction:
ave variable oxidation states’. Iodine clock reaction:
oxidising agent and reducing agent definitions:

ng-and-using-cobaltchloride-indicator-papers A reversible reaction involving copper sulfate:

tm and pages 1–2 of:

ary and presenting data as bar or pie charts, perhaps using a spread sheet. (
s also a video of this experiment: Video clip on gases from the air. This link takes you
mary of the process: Information on common air pollutants:
011/rocks_metals/6_clean_air3.shtml A good article appears in this World Health Organisation Bulletin of 2002:


e/ks3/science/environment_earth_universe/changes_in_environment/activity/ A good written section at:




hetic crude oil as suggested. Video clip and useful information on fractional distillation:

tal displacement reactions (see Unit 6) • dissolving salts, including ammonium salts (see Unit 4) Energy level diagrams:
be labelled with the energy value (usually in kJ/mol).

experiments to compare energy evolved on heating fuels using spirit burner and metal can. Awareness of the importance of en

nalysis/Chemical_Change_vs._Physical_Change A sheet that could be used as homework:

e catalysis: There are good ex and www.docbrow Displacement reactions a


om the air. This link takes you to an index. To locate the video click on ‘Gases from Air’:
ulletin of 2002:
ction at: Simulation ex


eness of the importance of energy output of hydrocarbon fossil fuels to transport and manufacturing industry. There is informa (Download the ‘full worksheet’ document.

ulfuric-acid There are good explanations in the endorsed textbooks and other suggested textbooks. This is also explained well a

rev3.shtml and

htm Displacement reactions and redox:


rg/Education/Teachers/Resources/Alchemy/index2.htm Class practical using iron wool:

mingrev1.shtml Simulation experiment:

ring industry. There is information at:

s. This is also explained well at: