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OPERATIONS MANUAL

PART B
REVISION 47
30 July 2018
CAA-1
CAA APPROVAL
30 JUL 18

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CRJ OM Part B Rev.47


© Adria Airways d.o.o
CAA-2
CAA APPROVAL
30 JUL 18

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Rev.47 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CAATR-1
CAA TR APPROVAL
15 MAY 14

(See CAA Approval)

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 28


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CAA TR APPROVAL
15 MAY 14

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Rev.28 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
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AUTH 0-2
AUTHORIZATION
20 MAY 10

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Rev. 09 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
RoR -1
RECORD OF REVISIONS
30 DEC 15

RECORD OF REVISIONS
Revisions to this OM-B-CRJ shall be made without delay. After inserting the revision
enter the appropriate data in the revision sheet below.

Effective Revision
Revision No. Date Inserted Inserted by
Date Date
0 - - - -
1 - 01.01.07 - V.K.
2 - 15.12.07 - V.K.
3 - 01.10.08 - A.I.
4 - 20.03.09 - A.I.
5 - 06.07.09 - A.I.
6 - 08.12.09 - A.M.L.
7 - 22.03.10 - A.Š.
8 - 10.05.10 - A.Š.
9 - 20.05.10 - A.Š.
10 - 18.08.10 - A.Š.
11 - 22.10.10 - A.Š.
12 - 24.12.10 - A.Š.
13 - 15.06.11 - A.Š.
14 - 15.07.11 - A.Š.
15 - 19.09.11 - A.Š.
16 - 27.12.11 - A.Š.
17 - 31.01.12 - A.Š.
18 - 16.03.12 - A.Š.
19 - 31.05.12 - T.P.
20 - 20.11.12 - S.U.
21 - 03.12.12 - S.U.
22 - 04.01.13 - T.P.
23 - 12.02.13 - S.U.
24 - 29.05.13 - T.P.
25 - 15.07.13 - T.P.
26 - 29.11.13 - T.P.
27 31.03.14 31.03.14 - A.Š.
28 08.05.14 15.05.14 - A.Š.
29 03.11.14 23.10.14 - T.P.
30 07.01.15 12.12.14 - T.P.
31 13.03.15 13.03.15 - T.P.
32 28.03.15 28.03.15 30.3.15 K.S.
33 13.01.16 22.12.15 13.01.16 A.Š.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 34


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
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RECORD OF REVISIONS
30 MAR 16

Revision No.
Effective Revision
/Notification Date Inserted Inserted by
Date Date
(N)
34 19.01.16 30.12.15 31.01.16 A.Š.
35 12.04.16 18.03.16 12.04.16 A.Š.
36 12.04.16 30.03.16 12.04.16 A.Š.
37 22.04.16 22.04.16 22.04.16 A.Š.
38 03.06.16 27.05.16 03.06.16 A.Š.
39 02.08.16 01.08.16 02.08.16 A.Š.
40 25.11.16 31.10.16 25.11.16 A.Š.
41 28.02.17 13.01.17 28.02.17 A.Š.
42 14.06.17 12.05.17 14.06.17 A.Š.
43 20.07.17 17.07.17 20.07.17 A.Š.
44 12.03.18 06.11.17 12.03.18 A.Š.
45 12.03.18 28.02.18 12.03.18 A.Š.
46 23.05.18 26.04.18 23.05.18 A.Š.
47 (N) 30.07.18 30.07.18 30.07.18 A.Š.

Rev. 36 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
RoTR-1
RECORD OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS
17 JUL 17

RECORD OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS


Temporary Revisions to this Manual will be issued at irregular intervals.
Temporary Revisions will be issued on Yellow Pages and are to be inserted facing the
appropriate Revisions on White Pages.
Do not remove any regular revision contents (white pages).

LIST OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS


Inserted/Deleted:
R/TR No. Chapter Effective Date Status
Date By
R 43 LETP 9-1 CRJ 700 17 JUL 17 17 JUL 17 A.Š. Effective
R 43 LETP 9-2 CRJ 700 17 JUL 17 17 JUL 17 A.Š. Effective
R 43 LETP 9-1 CRJ 900 17 JUL 17 17 JUL 17 A.Š. Effective
R 43 LETP 9-2 CRJ 900 17 JUL 17 17 JUL 17 A.Š. Effective
END OF RECORD OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.d.
RoTR-2
RECORD OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS
17 JUL 17

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
RoTR-3
RECORD OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS
17 JUL 17

OM Part B CRJ Record of Temporary Revisions for CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43 was:

Authorized by:
Capt. Marko Pintar
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot Date/Signature _____________________________

Checked for Adequacy by:


Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager Date/Signature _____________________________

Approved by:
Flight Operations Department
Civil Aviation Authority Date/Signature _____________________________

_____________________________

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


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RECORD OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS
17 JUL 17

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
ToC - 1
GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
28 MAR 15

GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS


Title Page
CAA Approval ................................................................................................ CAA-1
CAA TR Approval ......................................................................................CAATR-1
Authorization ............................................................................................. AUTH 0-1
Record of Revisions .......................................................................................RoR-1
Record of Temporary Revisions .................................................................. RoTR-1
General Table of Contents ............................................................................. ToC-1
General List of Effective Pages ...................................................................... LEP-1
0. GENERAL INFORMATION ................................................................................. 0-1
0.1. GENERAL ........................................................................................................... 0-1
0.2. CONTENTS ......................................................................................................... 0-1
0.3. ORGANISATION ................................................................................................. 0-1
0.4. LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES ............................................................................. 0-1
0.5. AMENDMENTS ................................................................................................... 0-2
0.6. DISTRIBUTION ................................................................................................... 0-2
0.7. (open)
0.8. RULES OF THUMB ............................................................................................. 0-5
International Standard Atmosphere ..................................................................... 0-5
Pressure .............................................................................................................. 0-6
Temperature ........................................................................................................ 0-7
Distance ............................................................................................................... 0-9
Mass .................................................................................................................. 0-10
Volume .............................................................................................................. 0-10
Speed ................................................................................................................ 0-11
Slope ................................................................................................................. 0-13
Turns ................................................................................................................. 0-16
Corrections for Wind Effect ................................................................................ 0-17
Non-Precision Approach .................................................................................... 0-22
The 1-IN-60 Rule ............................................................................................... 0-25
VOR ( NDB ) Time -Distance Check ............................................................... 0-26
Fuel Quantity Check ........................................................................................ 0-26
DME ARC Flying ............................................................................................... 0-27

1. LIMITATIONS ...................................................................................................... 1-1


1.1. CERTIFICATION STATUS .................................................................................. 1-1
1.2. PASSENGER SEATING CONFIGURATION ...................................................... 1-1
1.3. TYPES OF APPROVED OPERATION(S) ........................................................... 1-1
1.4. CREW COMPOSITION ....................................................................................... 1-1
1.5. CENTRE OF GRAVITY ....................................................................................... 1-1

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 32


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC - 2
GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
26 APR 18

1.6. SPEED LIMITATIONS .........................................................................................1-1


1.7. FLIGHT ENVELOPE ............................................................................................1-1
1.8. WIND LIMITS INCLUDING OPERATIONS ON CONTAMINATED RUNWAYS ..1-1
1.8.1. CRJ 700/900 - Engine operating procedure limits due to wind ............................1-3
1.9. PERFORMANCE LIMITATIONS .........................................................................1-3
1.10. RUNWAY SLOPE ................................................................................................1-3
1.11. LIMITATIONS ON WET OR CONTAMINATED RUNWAYS ...............................1-3
1.12. AIRFRAME CONTAMINATION ...........................................................................1-3
1.13. SYSTEM LIMITATIONS ......................................................................................1-3

2. NORMAL PROCEDURES ...................................................................................2-1


2.1. FOREWORD .......................................................................................................2-1
2.2. GENERAL INFORMATION .................................................................................2-1
2.3. PREFLIGHT INSPECTION (PFI) – WALK-AROUND ..........................................2-2
2.4. REFUELING ........................................................................................................2-2
2.5. USE OF CHECKLISTS .......................................................................................2-3
2.6. NORMAL CHECKLISTS ......................................................................................2-3
2.7. NORMAL EXPANDED CHECKLIST ...................................................................2-9
2.7.1. Cockpit Safety Inspection Checklist.....................................................................2-9
2.7.2. Transit/Cockpit Preparation Checklist................................................................2-11
2.7.3. Before Start Checklist ........................................................................................2-21
2.7.4. After Engine Start Checklist ...............................................................................2-24
2.7.5. Before Take-off Checklist ..................................................................................2-26
2.7.6. Climb Checklist ..................................................................................................2-28
2.7.7. Approach Checklist ............................................................................................2-29
2.7.8. Landing Checklist ..............................................................................................2-30
2.7.9. After Landing Checklist ......................................................................................2-31
2.7.10. Parking Checklist ...............................................................................................2-32
2.7.11. Securing the Aircraft ..........................................................................................2-34
2.8. NORMAL GROUND AND FLIGHT PROCEDURES ..........................................2-36
2.8.1. Operation in Icing Conditions.............................................................................2-36
2.8.2. Engine Start and Pushback Procedure..............................................................2-37
2.8.3. After Engine Start ..............................................................................................2-40
2.8.4. Taxiing ...............................................................................................................2-40
2.8.5. Take-off..............................................................................................................2-42
2.8.6. Climb, Cruise, Descent ......................................................................................2-51
2.8.7. Approach ...........................................................................................................2-52
2.8.8. Go-Around .........................................................................................................2-70
2.8.9. Landing ..............................................................................................................2-72

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC - 3
GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
26 APR 18

2.9. SUPPLEMENTARY PROCEDURES ................................................................ 2-76


2.9.1. Use of Equipment .............................................................................................. 2-76
2.9.2. Runway Awareness and Advisory System (RAAS) ........................................... 2-77
2.9.3. Navigation .......................................................................................................... 2-79
2.9.4. Communication .................................................................................................. 2-80
2.9.5. Autopilot ............................................................................................................. 2-81
2.9.6. Use of Anti-ice System ...................................................................................... 2-81
2.9.7. Use of APU ........................................................................................................ 2-81
2.9.8. Altimeter Setting ................................................................................................ 2-81
2.9.9. Use of Seat Belt Signs ....................................................................................... 2-83
2.9.10. Altitude Preselect/Alert System ......................................................................... 2-83
2.9.11. Flying in Eastern Europe ................................................................................... 2-83
2.9.12. Aircraft Differences ............................................................................................ 2-84
2.9.13. Onboard Library................................................................................................. 2-90
2.9.14. Extra equipment ................................................................................................ 2-97
2.9.15. MNPS ................................................................................................................ 2-98
2.9.16. Aeroplane Exterior Security Search Details ...................................................... 2-99

3. ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES ............................................ 3-1


3.1. GENERAL ........................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2. CREW INCAPACITATION .................................................................................. 3-3
3.2.1. General ................................................................................................................ 3-3
3.2.2. Action ................................................................................................................... 3-3
3.3. FIRE AND SMOKE DRILLS ................................................................................ 3-5
3.3.1. General ................................................................................................................ 3-5
3.3.2. Smoke Removal .................................................................................................. 3-5
3.3.3. Cargo smoke ....................................................................................................... 3-6
3.4. UNPRESSURIZED AND PARTIALLY PRESSURISED FLIGHT ........................ 3-7
3.5. OVER MASS / HARD LANDING ......................................................................... 3-8
3.6. EXCEEDING COSMIC RADIATION LIMITS ....................................................... 3-8
3.7. LIGHTIN STRIKE AND STATIC .......................................................................... 3-8
3.8. DISTRESS COMMUNICATION AND ALERTING
ATC TO EMERGENCY ....................................................................................... 3-9
3.9. ENGINE FAILURE ............................................................................................... 3-9
3.9.1. Rejected Take-off ................................................................................................ 3-9
3.9.2. Engine failure after V1 ...................................................................................... 3-12
3.9.3. Malfunctions during climb .................................................................................. 3-15
3.9.4. Go-around ......................................................................................................... 3-16
3.9.5. Engine failure/fire during approach.................................................................... 3-16
3.10. SYSTEM FAILURES ......................................................................................... 3-18
3.11. GUIDANCE FOR DIVERSION IN CASE OF
SERIOUS TECHNICAL FAILURE ..................................................................... 3-18
3.12. EGPWS ............................................................................................................. 3-18

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC - 4
GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
06 NOV 17

3.13. TCAS .................................................................................................................3-18


3.13.1. General ..............................................................................................................3-18
3.13.2. Collision avoidance procedures .........................................................................3-19
3.13.3. Responsibility for separation of aircraft during manoeuvres in compliance
with a resolution advisory ..................................................................................3-19
3.13.4. Radiotelephony reporting procedures................................................................3-21
3.13.5. Crew coordination procedure.............................................................................3-22
3.14. WINDSHEAR .....................................................................................................3-24
3.15. EMERGENCY LANDING/DITCHING ................................................................3-24
3.15.1. Emergency Evacuation ......................................................................................3-24
3.16. DEPARTURE CONTINGENCY PROCEDURES ...............................................3-24
3.17. BLEED SYSTEM RESET ..................................................................................3-25
3.18. UNCOMMANDED FLIGHT DIRECTOR CHANGES .........................................3-25
3.19. UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION PROCEDURE .........................................3-27
3.20. AIRPLANE UPSET RECOVERY .......................................................................3-28
3.20.1. Definition of Airplane Upset ...............................................................................3-28
3.20.2. Stall Recovery....................................................................................................3-28
3.20.3. Nose High Recovery Techniques ......................................................................3-29
3.20.4. Nose Low Recovery Techniques .......................................................................3-30

4. PERFORMANCE .................................................................................................4-1
4.1. REGULATORY TAKEOFF WEIGHT CHART (RTOW) FOR CRJ 700 LR AND
CRJ 900 LR…...………………………………… . …………………………………....4-1
4.2. PERFORMANCE DATA ....................................................................................4-14
4.2.1. Take-off climb limits ...........................................................................................4-15
4.2.2. Take-off field length (dry, wet, contaminated)....................................................4-15
4.2.3. Net flight path data for obstacle clearance ........................................................4-15
4.2.4. Gradient losses for banked climb-outs ..............................................................4-15
4.2.5. En-route climb limits ..........................................................................................4-16
4.2.6. Approach climb limits .........................................................................................4-16
4.2.7. Landing climb limits ...........................................................................................4-16
4.2.8. Landing field length (dry, wet, contaminated) ....................................................4-16
4.2.9. Brake energy limits ............................................................................................4-16
4.2.10. Speeds Applicable for various flight stages .......................................................4-16
4.3. SUPPLEMENTARY DATA ................................................................................4-17
4.3.1. Anti-skid system, one channel inoperative ........................................................4-17
4.3.2. Performance penalties for operation with airplane systems inoperative............4-17
4.4. ADDITIONAL PERFORMANCE DATA ..............................................................4-18
4.4.1. All-Engine climb gradients .................................................................................4-18
4.4.2. Drift down data...................................................................................................4-20
4.4.3. Flight with landing gear down ............................................................................4-21
4.4.4. Flight conducted under provisions of the CDL ...................................................4-21
4.4.5. Speed Booklet performance data ......................................................................4-22

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC - 5
GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
28 FEB 18

4.4.6. LRC Mach Number, All Engine / One Engine Ceiling and Recommended
Maximum Cruising FL ........................................................................................ 4-25

5. FLIGHT PLANNING AND CRUISE CONTROL MANUAL ................................. 5-1

6. MASS AND BALANCE ....................................................................................... 6-1


6.1. GENERAL ........................................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.1. Standard weights for Passengers, Crew and Baggage ....................................... 6-1
6.2. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE ................................................................................. 6-1
6.2.1. Manual Loadsheet ............................................................................................... 6-1
6.2.2. Last minute change (LMC) ................................................................................ 6-14
6.2.3. EDP Loadsheet ................................................................................................. 6-15
6.3. LIMITING WEIGHTS AND CENTRE OF GRAVITY .......................................... 6-21
6.3.1. Maximum structural weights .............................................................................. 6-21
6.4. PASSENGER SEATING .................................................................................. 6-22
6.4.1. Cabin versions and layout ................................................................................. 6-22
6.4.2. Maximum number of passengers ...................................................................... 6-27
6.4.3. Passengers requiring special seats ................................................................... 6-28
6.5. DRY OPERATING WEIGHT AND INDEX TABLES .......................................... 6-34
6.6 PASSENGERS ON CREW SEATS ................................................................... 6-45

7. LOADING ........................................................................................................... 7-1


7.1. GENERAL ........................................................................................................... 7-1
7.1.1. Standard Loading ................................................................................................ 7-1
7.2. CARGO COMPARTMENTS ............................................................................... 7-2
7.2.1. General ................................................................................................................ 7-2
7.2.2. Classification ....................................................................................................... 7-2
7.2.3. Loading compartments structural limitations ....................................................... 7-3
7.3. RAMP HANDLING ............................................................................................. 7-11
7.3.1. Danger and escape areas ................................................................................. 7-11
7.3.2. Delivery at aircraft (DAA) ................................................................................... 7-12
7.3.3. Aircraft ground stability ...................................................................................... 7-13
7.4. LOADING SPECIAL CARGO ............................................................................ 7-17
7.4.1. Loading live animals .......................................................................................... 7-17
7.4.2. Perishable cargo (Sensitive cargo).................................................................... 7-18
7.4.3. Heavy cargo (HEA) ............................................................................................ 7-19
7.4.4. Human remains (HUM) ...................................................................................... 7-19
7.4.5. Living human organs (LHO) .............................................................................. 7-20
7.4.6. Valuable cargo (VAL) ........................................................................................ 7-20
7.4.7 Dangerous Goods ............................................................................................. 7-22

8. CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST ................................................................. 8-1


(if applicable)

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 45


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC - 6
GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
06 NOV 17

9. MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST .............................................................................9-1


(if applicable)

10. SURVIVAL AND EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT ....................................................... 1


10.1. EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT .................................................................. ………….1
10.1.1. General ................................................................................................................... 1
10.1.2. Crew life jackets.................................................................................................... 20
10.1.3 Oxycrew ................................................................................................................ 23
10.1.4 Essex Crew Member Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) .............................. 28
10.1.5 Scott Crew Member Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) ................................ 35
10.1.6 Hand Fire Extinguishers ....................................................................................... 38
10.1.7 B/E Aerospace Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) ........................................ 44
10.1.8 Crash / Fire Axe .................................................................................................... 51
10.1.9 Fire gloves ............................................................................................................ 51
10.1.10 Emergency Exits ................................................................................................... 52
10.1.11 Automatic Emergency Locator Transmitter .......................................................... 53
10.2 OXYGEN .............................................................................................................. 54
10.3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES ............................................................................ 58
10.3.1. General ................................................................................................................. 58
10.3.2 Crew Composition ................................................................................................ 58
10.3.3 Pre-Flight Emergency Equipment Check.............................................................. 58
10.3.4 Assigned Stations ................................................................................................. 59
10.3.5 Fire and Smoke .................................................................................................... 59
10.3.6 Oxygen ................................................................................................................. 63

11. EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES ................................................11-1


11.1. GENERAL..........................................................................................................11-1
11.2. EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES PHASES .................................11-2
11.3. CONTROLLED DISEMBARKATION .................................................................11-2
11.4. CABIN EVACUATION PROCEDURE ...............................................................11-2
11.5. COCKPIT EVACUATION ..................................................................................11-6
11.6. CABIN PREPARATION PROCEDURE .............................................................11-7
11.7. DITCHING .........................................................................................................11-9
11.8. POST EVACUATION PROCEDURE ...............................................................11-10
11.9. SURVIVAL .......................................................................................................11-11
11.10. EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION AND CALLS ............................................11-13

12. AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS ......................................................................................12-1


APPENDIX 1 - DIRECTIVES
APPENDIX 2 - BULLETINS
APPENDIX 3 - MISCELLANEOUS

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP-1
GENERAL LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
30 JUL 18

GENERAL LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


CHAPTER ~~=-------------------,
CHAPTER
PAGE
'PAGE
REVISION
!' I' I EFFECTIVE
IREVlS'fN
EFFECTIVE

Title Page 1 47 I 30 JUL 18 LEP10 1 47 30 JUL 18


2 Blank 2 04 20 MAR 09
CAAAppr. 1 47 30 JUL 18 LEP11 1 44 06 NOV 17
2 47 30 JUL 18 2 02 15 DEC 07
CAATRf>W. 1 28 15 MAY 14 LEP12 1 44 06 NOV 17
2 28 15 MAY 14 2 02 15 DEC 07
Authorization 1 47 30 JUL 18
2 09 20 MAY 10
END OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
RoR 1 39 01 AUG 16
2 36 30 MAR 16
RoTR 1 45 28 FEB 18
2 45 28 FEB 18
3 45 28 FEB 18
4 45 28 FEB 18
General ToG 1 32 28 MAR 15
2 46 26 APR 18
3 46 26 APR 18
4 44 06 NOV 17
5 45 28 FEB 18
6 44 06 NOV 17
GeneraiLEP 1 47 30 JUL 18
2 41 13 JAN 17
LEPO 1 44 06 NOV 17
2 02 15 DEC 07
LEP1 1 41 13JAN 17
2 04 20 MAR 09
LEP2 1 46 26 APR 18
2 45 28 FEB 18
LEP3 1 44 06 NOV 17
2 03 01 OCT 08
LEP4 1 41 13 JAN 17
2 02 15 DEC 07
LEP5 1 44 06 NOV 17
2 02 15 DEC 07
LEP6 1 47 30JUL 18
2 04 20 MAR09
LEP7

LEPBCRJ700
1
2
46
03
26APR 18
01 OCT08 Authorized by:
Capt. Marko Pintar
~t (\
~ IA'v\;.J
LEPBCRJ900
LEP9CRJ700
LETP9 CRJ700
LEP9CRJ900
Refer to COL & MEL LEP
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot

Checked for adequacy by:


Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager
.

h.
V}

LETP9 CRJOOl

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


©Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP-2
GENERAL LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
13 JAN 17

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 ToC 0-1
GENERAL INFORMATION 28 MAR 15

TABLE OF CONTENTS
0. GENERAL INFORMATION ......................................................................................1
0.1. GENERAL ................................................................................................................1
0.2. CONTENTS ..............................................................................................................1
0.3. ORGANISATION ......................................................................................................1
0.4. LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES .................................................................................1
0.5. AMENDMENTS ........................................................................................................2
0.6. DISTRIBUTION ........................................................................................................2
0.7. (open).......................................................................................................................3
0.8. RULES OF THUMB .................................................................................................5
International Standard Atmosphere ..........................................................................5
Pressure ...................................................................................................................6
Temperature .............................................................................................................7
Distance ....................................................................................................................9
Mass .......................................................................................................................10
Volume ...................................................................................................................10
Speed .....................................................................................................................11
Slope ......................................................................................................................13
Turns ......................................................................................................................16
Corrections for Wind Effect .....................................................................................17
Non-Precision Approach .........................................................................................22
The 1-IN-60 Rule ....................................................................................................25
VOR ( NDB ) Time -Distance Check ....................................................................26
Fuel Quantity Check .............................................................................................26
DME ARC Flying ....................................................................................................27

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ToC 0-2 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

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© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTERO LEP 0-1
GENERAL INFORMATION 06 NOV 17

List of Effective pages


CHAPTER CHAPTER
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I EFFECTIVE !' I r EFFECTIVE

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I END OF EFFECTIVE PAGES II

~
Authorized by:
Capt. Marllo Pintar

"'k
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot

Ch"""fo''"''"'
Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP 0-2 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-1
GENERAL INFORMATION 23 OCT 14

0. GENERAL INFORMATION
0.1. GENERAL
This Operations Manual Part B, referred to as OM Part B has been prepared by Adria
Airways Flight Operations. The OM Part B comprises manufacturer’s aeroplane
documentation (AFM, FCOMs, QRHs, etc) and is approved by Slovenian Civil Aviation
Authority. It contains relevant checklists and description and instructions for the use of
emergency equipment and instructions relating to the action to be taken in emergencies. It
also contains Electronic Flight Bag description and requirements. Volumes produced,
supplied and maintained by the applicable aeroplane type manufacturer.

0.2. CONTENTS
This OM Part B provides flight crews with Adria Airways policies and methods of operation
and the necessary information concerning the aircraft systems, limitations, procedures,
check lists, flight techniques, performance, flight planning and mass and balance. Should
you find any discrepancies or errors in the contents, you shall report it to the Chief Pilot who
is responsible for the contents of this OM Part B. It is your responsibility to know the material
contained in the manual and to adhere to its instructions. Nothing should however limit you
from acting on your own best judgment when it comes to safeguarding life and property.

0.3. ORGANISATION
The manual is divided into chapters according AIR OPS (ORO.MLR.100) and each chapter
is divided into sections. Sections may be subdivided into one or more subsections,
categorized by the subject or type of information presented. Within each chapter the pages
are numbered.

0.4. LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


There is a LEP applicable for each chapter in front of chapters. It lists all required pages of
particular chapter with correct revision number and date.
In front of this OM Part B there is General List of Effective Pages. It lists all required pages of
this OM Part B with correct revision number and date, excluding the pages referred to in
chapter LEPs.
The contents of the OM Part B shall at all times comply with the contents as given by the
combination of General LEP and chapter LEPs.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 29


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-2 CHAPTER 0
06 NOV 17 GENERAL INFORMATION

0.5. AMENDMENTS
To keep the OM Part B up to date replacement pages will be issued when necessary. A
replacement page will have a new date and the changes will be indicated on the
replacement page by a black vertical bar next to the revised item. In addition to the
replacement pages the General List of Effective Pages (LEP) and applicable chapter LEP
will be updated as well. Revised pages will be indicated in bold. When a revision is received
it should be inserted in the manual as soon as possible.
Temporary revisions will be printed on yellow pages and will be numbered the same as
applicable regular revision pages. Temporary revision pages are to be inserted facing the
appropriate regular revision on white pages (face-to-face). No contents will be removed
unless specified to do so. Record of temporary revisions will be inserted after record of
revisions. Each OM Part B holder shall complete Record of Temporary Revisions.
Temporary revision CAA approval page is to be inserted after regular revision CAA approval
page.

0.6. DISTRIBUTION
The electronic version of the manual is available in eLibrary
(https://softintra.adria.si/login.aspx) and on the Operational Information Terminal.

This copy of CRJ OM Part B shall be kept out of the hands of unauthorized persons.

Paper version of complete manual OM-B-CRJ is distributed as follows:


- To every CRJ 700 and CRJ 900 flight deck, containing applicable variant Chapter 8
and Chapter 9 contents. There is one OM-B-CRJ binder onboard each aeroplane.
- To authorised users in Engineering department, for each variant Chapter 8 and
Chapter 9 contents separately (CRJ 700, CRJ 900), excluding chapters 0 to 7 and 10
to 12, Appendices 1, 2 and 3 and SOM (Structure of Manual) excluding all pages
except Title Page, General ToC and General LEP. Each OM-B-CRJ for users in
Engineering department is in separate binder.
- To Operations Centre – Briefing Room and Technical Pilot, containing both variants
Chapter 8 and Chapter 9 contents, located in two separate binders.

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-3
GENERAL INFORMATION 20 MAY 10

0.7

TBD

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 09


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-4 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-5
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

0.8. RULES OF THUMB


International Standard Atmosphere

The International Standard Atmosphere is one in which at Mean Sea Level the temperature
is +15° C, the pressure is 1013.24 mb and the relative density is 100 % (1225 g/m3). The
temperature is assumed to decrease with height at the rate of 1.98° C per 1000 ft (6.5° C
per 1000 m) up to 36 090 ft (11 km), remaining constant at -56.5° C thereafter. Pressure and
density are also assumed to decrease with height, according to a more complicated formula.
Decrease in pressure and density is not linear with height.

An extract, giving some values of the ISA, is tabulated below.

Height Temp. Pressure Speed of Sound


ft °C mb (hPa) KT
0 + 15.0 1013,25 661,03
5 000 + 5,1 843,10 649,59
10 000 - 4,8 696,90 637,93
15 000 - 14,7 572,00 626,09
20 000 - 24,6 466,00 613,95
25 000 - 34,5 376,50 601,64
30 000 - 44,3 301,50 589,06
35 000 - 55,0 239,10 576,20
40 000 - 56,5 188,20 573,20
45 000 - 56,5 148,20 573,20

- For mental calculation up to FL 350:

 FL 
15 +  - x 2  = STD TFL
 10 

e.g.: FL 350
15 + (-35 x 2) = -70 + 15 = - 55º C

UPPER WIND CHARTS:

200 mb = 390 FL
250 mb = 340 FL
300 mb = 300 FL
500 mb = 180 FL

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-6 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

Pressure

UNITS OF MEASUREMENT CONVERSION

1 Millibar (mbar) = 1 hectopascal (hPa)

1 (inch Mg) = 33,86 (mbar) = 33,86 (hPa) = 25,4 (mm Hg)


1 (mm Hg) = 1,33 (mbar) = 1,33 (hPa) = 0,0394 (mm Hg)
1 (mbar) = 0,75 (mm Hg) = 1 (hPa) = 0,0295 (inch Hg)

14,2 (psi) ≅ 1 (atm)


0,073 (atm) ≅ 1 (psi) (for information only)

- Height difference corresponding to a pressure difference of 1 mbar and 1 mm Hg (ISA,


Sea Level)

1 (mbar) → 27,29 ft = 8,32 m


1 (mmHg) → 36,30 ft = 11,07 m
1 (hPa) → 27,29 ft = 8,32 m
- Height difference corresponding to a pressure difference of 1 mbar or (1hPa) depending
on altitude

Alt. (ft) 0 2 000 5 000 10 000 20 000 30 000


h(ft/mb) 27,29 28,94 31,67 36,94 51,21 72,82

RULE OF THUMB for (mbars) to (inches Hg) conversion

Remember 1016 (mbar) = 30.00 (inch Hg) and


1 (mbar) = 0.03 (inch Hg)

The difference in (mbars) from 1016 (mbars) multiply by 3 and add to/subtract from
30.00 (inch Hg) (in hundredths).

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o
CHAPTER 0 0-7
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

CONVERSION TABLE

Flight Level Metres Flight Level Metres


40 1200 150 4550
50 1500 160 4900
60 1850 170 5200
70 2150 180 5500
80 2450 190 5800
90 2750 201 6100
101 3050 210 6400
110 3350 220 6700
120 3650 230 7000
130 3950 240 7300
140 4250 250 7600

Temperature

0° C = 32° F = 273,16 ° K ° C - degrees on Celsius scale


100° C = 212° F = 373,16 ° K ° F - degrees on Fahrenheit scale
° K - degrees on Kelvin scale

CONVERSION FORMULAE
9° C
°F = + 32
5
5
° C = (° F - 32)
9
°K = °C + 273

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-8 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

STANDARD TEMPERATURE VERTICAL GRADIENT


gt = 6,5 ° C/km
gt = 1,98 ° C/1000 ft up to 11 km (36 090 ft)

Fahrenheit ° F Celsius ° C Fahrenheit ° F Celsius ° C


104,0° 40 62,6 17
102,2 39 60,8 16
100,4 38 59,0 15
98,6 37 57,2 14
96,8 36 55,4 13
95,0 35 53,6 12
93,2 34 51,8 11
91,4 33 50,0 10
89,6 32 48,2 9
87,8 31 46,4 8
86,0 30 44,6 7
84,2 29 42,8 6
82,4 28 41,0 5
80,6 27 39,2 4
78,8 26 37,4 3
77,0 25 35,6 2
75,2 24 33,6 1
73,4 23 32,0 0
71,6 22 30,2 -1
69,8 21 28,4 -2
68,0 20 26,6 -3
66,2 19 24,8 -4
64,4 18 23,0 -5

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o
CHAPTER 0 0-9
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

STATIC AIR TEMPERATURE (SAT) - TOTAL RAM AIR TEMPERATURE (RAT)


RELATION

The temperature difference between SAT and RAT can be calculated by the following
formula:

∆t = 0,000137 TAS2 ∆t = SAT - RAT (° C)


TAS = True Air Speed (KT)

TAS ∆t
150 KT 3,1° C
200 KT 5,5° C
250 KT 8,6° C
300 KT 12,3° C
350 KT 16,8° C
400 KT 21,9° C
450 KT 27,7° C

Distance
1 NM = 1,8520 km NM - Nautical mile(s)
1 SM = 1,609 km SM - Statute mile(s)

1 NM = 1,15 SM
1 SM = 0,87 NM
1 km = 0,54 NM
1 km = 0,62 SM

RULE OF THUMB
Distance (NM) - Distance (km) divide by 2 and add 10 %
Distance (km) - Distance (NM) multiply by 2 and subtract 10 %

1 ft = 0,3048 m
1 m = 3,2808 ft

Altitude (ft) - Altitude (m) multiply by 3 and add 10 %


Altitude (m) - Altitude (ft) divide by 3 and subtract 10 %

1 yard (yd) = 0,9144 m


1m = 1,0936 yd
1 inch (in) = 0,0254 m = 25,4 mm

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-10 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

Mass
1 kg = 2,205 lb.
1 lb. = 0,454 kg

RULE OF THUMB
- To convert "kg" into "lb." multiply "kg" by 2 and add 10 %.
- To convert "lb." into "KG", divide "lb." by 2 and subtract 10 %.

Volume
1 IMP.GALL = 4,546 lit
1 lit = 0,22 IMP.GALL
1 BARREL = 159 lit

1 US.GALL = 3,785 lit


1 lit = 0,26 US.GALL

FUEL WEIGHT
To convert Into Multiply by
Specific weight 0.71 0.80
Litres Kilos 0.7100 0.800
Litres 1.4085 1.2500
Kilos US Gallons 0.3717 0.3299
Imp. Gall. 0.3095 0.2747
US Gallons 0.1686 0.1496
Pounds
Imp Gall. 0.1404 0.1246
Kilos 2.6909 3.0320
US Gall.
Pounds 5.9323 6.6843
Kilos 3.2305 3.6400
Imp. Gall.
Pounds 7.1220 8.0248

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-11
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

Speed and Mach Number


1 KT = 1,852 km/hr KT - knot(s)
1 mpH = 1,609 km/hr MPH - statute mile(s) per hour
1 KT = 1,15 MPH km/hr - kilometers per hour
1 MPH = 0,87 KT
1 km/hr = 0,54 KT
1 km/hr = 0,62 MPH
1 ft/min = 0,00508 m/sec
1 m/sec = 196,85 ft/min

Approximately for mental calculation


1 m/sec = 200 ft/min

1 KT = 0,514 m/sec
1 m/sec = 1,946 KT

Approximately for mental calculation


1 m/sec = 2 KT

1 km/hr = 0,278 m/sec


1 m/sec = 3,6 km/hr

TRUE AIR SPEED (TAS) (Approximate formula)

F L x IAS
TAS = IAS +
500

TAS - true air speed (KT)


IAS - indicated air speed (KT)
FL - flight level

TAS = IAS + ( 1,75 % of IAS per 1000 ft of altitude)

EG: TAS = 290 + (5 x 31) ≅ 445 IAS = 290


ALT = 31000 ft

SPEED OF SOUND
C = 20,1 x T (m/s)
C = 72,36 x T (km/h) T = OAT + 273
C = 39 x T ( KT) T = Kelvin absolute temperature (° K)
OAT = Outside Air Temperature (° C)

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-12 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

AIRCRAFT MACH NUMBER (Approximately)

TAS
M=
39 x OAT + 273

Metres/Sec Knot Feet/Min Metres/Sec Knot Feet/Min


1 2 197 11 22 2165
2 4 394 12 24 2362
3 6 591 13 26 2559
4 8 787 14 28 2756
5 10 984 15 30 2953
6 12 1181 16 32 3150
7 14 1378 17 34 3346
8 16 1575 18 36 3543
9 18 1772 19 38 3740
10 20 1969 20 40 3937

SPEED FACTORS
Speed factor is the distance covered in one minute.

TAS (KT) ASF


60 1
120 2
180 3
240 4
300 5
360 6
420 7
480 8

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-13
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

GSF GROUND SPEED FACTOR (TAS corrected for wind component)


FL 150 or above: Use Mach indicator for direct reading of ASF.

Mach 1.0 ASF 10


Mach 0.7 ASF 7

GROUND SPEED GS

GSF x 60 = GS

To minimize the reading error on the DME, take 3 min. timing.

Example: (DME 100 to 80 after 3 min.)


20 x 20 = 400 KT Multiply the difference by 20 = GS

The DME station should be at least as far away as your FL divided by 10.

Slope

There are three usual ways of expressing and calculating


the slope GRADIENT (%) - gradient shown by percent - a
slope expressed as vertical distance H percentage of
horizontal distance. Units of measurement must be the
same for H and D.
H
GR AD % = ×100
GRADIENT (ft/NM) - gradient shown in feet D
per nautical mile - a slope expressed as
a ratio of the vertical distance (ft) to H(ft)
the horizontal distance (NM).
D (NM)

H
SLOPE (°) - shown by angle in relation to GR AD (ft / NM) =
horizontal surface in degrees. D

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-14 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

CONVERSION FORMULAE

GRAD (ft/NM) = 60,8 (%)


GR AD (ft / NM)
GRAD (%) = 0,0164 GRAD (ft/NM) =
6080

GRAD (%) = tg α ° 100


GR AD ( ft / NM)
α (°) = arc tg x
100

GRAD (ft/NM) = tg α ° 6080


GR AD (ft / NM)
α (°) = arc tg x
6080
REMEMBER:
3° = 5,2 % = 319 ft/NM

TRY TO REMEMBER
3,5° = 6,1 % = 372 ft/NM
2,5° = 4,4 % = 265 ft/NM

RATE OF DESCENT (ROD) CALCULATION

ROD depends on slope and aircraft's ground speed (GS).

ROD = 101,33 . GS . tg α
GS
ROD = . GRAD (ft/NM)
60
ROD = 1,0133 . GS . GRAD (%)

The rate of climb (ROC) can be calculated in the same manner.

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-15
GENERAL INFORMATION 31 MAR 14

RULES OF THUMB

1. Whenever descent gradient in percent is available (Lido approach chart -IAC) ROD may
be simply mentally calculated by multiplying the percent value by the ground speed.

ROD ≅ GRAD (%) GS (KT)

2. The standard rate of descent (ROD) is always known for 3° GP, no wind conditions and
particular type of aircraft and its approach speed. For each 10 KT head/tail wind
component decrease/increase ROD by 50 FPM.

3. For descent planning purposes, desired altitude (3° GP) in relation to the distance to the
landing runway may be mentally calculated.

AFL = 3 x D AFL - altitude expressed in flight levels


Aft = 300 x D Aft - altitude expressed in feet
D - distance to the landing runway in (NM)

A
D = FL
or AFL x 3 = D
3

A ft A
D =
ft
x 3= D
300 1000

4. SINK RATE
This rule is valid for 3° glide path only:

GS 320
X 10 Example: GS = 320 x 10 = 1600 (ft / min)
2 2

If the GP is steeper another rule can be applied:


GP° x GSF x 100 = SINK RATE

Example: GP = 4° 4 x 3 x 100 = 1200 (ft/min)


GS = 180

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 27


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-16 CHAPTER 0
31 MAR 14 GENERAL INFORMATION

RUNWAY SLOPE CALCULATION

TDZE 1 runway length TDZE 2

Take-off or landing direction

TDZE 2 - TDZE 1
RS = x 100 (%)
RL

RS (%) - runway slope


TDZE 2 (ft) - runways slope
TDZE 1 (ft) - touch-down zone elevation at the beginning of runway
RL (ft) - runway length

For TDZE 2, TDZE 1, RL see Lido AFT and AGC, Airport plan view, for each particular
airport and runway.

Turns

STANDARD TURN - rate of turn R = 3 (degrees/second)

RADIUS OF STANDARD TURN


r = 19 seconds

TAS ( KT )
r= (NM)
189,4

for mental calculation in practical use

TAS ( KT )
r= (NM)
200

Rev. 27 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-17
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

BANK ANGLE OF STANDARD TURN (Contd.)

TAS (KT) TAS (KT)


tgα = α = arc tg
343 343

for mental calculation in practical use

TAS (KT)
α= + 7
10

All IFR manoeuvres (holding, race track, procedure turn, base turn) are calculated with turns
at a bank angle of 25° or at a rate of 3 degrees/second (standard turn), whichever requires
the lesser bank.

Up to TAS = 180 KT standard turns are to be made (with bank angles up to 25°).
For TAS 〉 180 KT, bank angle of 25° must be maintained.

Corrections for Wind Effect

W - wind vector, i.e. wind speed (KT) and direction


CWC - cross-wind component (KT)
TC - track component (KT)
CA - correction angle ( ° )
α - wind/track angle ( ° )

CORRECTION ANGLE AND GROUND SPEED


(approximate calculation)

1. Wind/track angle (α). Find out by heart wind/track angle from known track and wind
direction. Visualise the situation and find out if the wind is head-wind or tail-wind, from
the right or from the left. Wind/track angle should be less than 90°.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-18 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

2. Cross-wind component (CWC). Calculate cross-wind component.

CWC = W . sin α (KT)

inserting approximate values for sin α (known by heart)


sin 30° = 0,5
sin 45° = 0,7
sin 60° = 0,9
sin 90° = 1,0

3. Track-wind component (TC). Calculate track-wind component by heart

TC = W . cos. α (KT)

inserting approximate values for cos. α (known by heart)


cos. 30° = 0,9
cos. 45° = 0,7
cos. 60° = 0,5
cos. 90° = 0,0

4. Correction angle (CA)

60 x CWC CWC - cross-wind component (KT)


CA = (°) TAS - true air speed (KT)
TAS

CWC
= CA
AS
F

Example: CWC = 20 KT
TAS = 180 KT 20
≅ 7° CA
ASF = 3 3

This rule is also valid while flying by Mach number:

Example: Mach = 0,8 120


ASF = 8 ≅ 15° CA
8
CWC = 120 KT

5. Ground speed (GS)


GS = TAS ± TC (KT) TAS - true air speed (KT)
TC - track component (KT)

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-19
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

RULES OF THUMB
1. For TAS = 120 KT → CA = 0,5 CWC

2. For correction angle (CA) calculation during approach apply one of formulae shown in
the table below.

CA
80 KT 100 KT 120 KT 150 KT
TAS
CACWC ≅ 10KT 1/2 cwc + 2° 1/2 cwc + 1° 1/2 cwc 1/2 cwc - 1°
CACWC ≅ 20 KT 1/2 cwc + 4° 1/2 cwc + 2° 1/2 cwc 1/2 cwc- 2°
CACWC ≅ 30KT 1/2 cwc + 6° 1/2 cwc +3° 1/2 cwc 1/2 cwc - 3°

CORRECTIONS FOR WIND EFFECT IN HOLDING


1. CORRECTIONS FOR CROSS-WIND COMPONENT
- Having entered the holding pattern, turn the aircraft to fly an outbound track which
will most approximately position the aircraft for the turn onto the inbound track.
- Try to asses a drift while flying to join the holding fix and determine or calculate
correction angle (CA) along inbound track.
- Apply triple correction angle (3 x CA) along outbound leg for 1 minute pattern. (For
1.5 minute pattern apply 2.5 x CA)
- On the second and subsequent arrivals over the fix, make adjustments to the
outbound heading. They depend on undershooting or overshooting the inbound
track.

2. CORRECTIONS FOR TRACK COMPONENT


- After the first arrival over the holding fix, the outbound time should not exceed 1
minute (or 1.5 minute above 14000 ft) in order to stay in basic holding area in case of
incorrectly forecasted wind.
- After the second and subsequent arrivals over the holding fix, compensate for track-
wind component in the following manner:
- determine the duration of the inbound leg (timing)
- correct the outbound time so that

outbound time + inbound time = 2 minutes

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-20 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

Example:
In the first holding the inbound time is 40 sec.- Increase outbound time for 10 sec. so
that:
outbound time in second holding = 1 min 10 sec,
inbound time in second holding = 50 sec
outbound time + inbound time = 2 min

- The limiting DME distance always terminates the outbound leg.


- Where a limiting radial is also published, and this radial is encountered first, this
radial shall be followed until a turn is initiated, at latest when the limiting DME
distance has been attained.

3. CORRECTIONS FOR WIND EFFECT DURING HOLDING ENTRY


- Sector 1 (parallel entry) - Fly parallel to the inbound track. There is no need to
backtrack on it.
Apply (1) correction in the direction of the wind in order to stay on parallel track.
- Sector 2 (offset entry) - Apply (1) correction for wind effect
- Turn the aircraft onto a heading to make good a track making an angle of 30 ° from
the reciprocal of the inbound track on the holding side.
- Do not exceed one minute (below 14 000 ft) flying the outbound entry heading.
- If the length of the outbound entry is specified in terms of distance (DME) instead of
time, this limiting DME distance always terminates the outbound entry leg.

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-21
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

CORRECTIONS FOR WIND EFFECT DURING INITIAL APPROACH


MANOEUVRES (Procedure turns, base turns, racetracks)

PROCEDURE TURN (45° / 180°)


- Apply (1) correction in the distance of the wind when flying 1 minute outbound from the
facility or fix - backtrack on outbound QDR or RADIAL.
- There is no need to compensate for the effect of the wind during procedure turn (after
45° turn away from the outbound track). Fly specified headings.
- The 180° turn should be started within the specified time (1 minute for Categories A and
B and 1 minute 15 seconds for Categories C, D and E aircraft) in order to stay within
protected area in case of incorrectly forecasted wind.
- Intercept the inbound track. There is enough time to stabilise on the inbound track in
case of overshoot due to strong unfavourable cross-wind component.

PROCEDURE TURN (80° / 260°)


- Apply (1) correction in the direction of the wind when flying 1 minute outbound from the
facility or fix - backtrack on outbound QDR or RADIAL.
- There is no need to compensate for the effect of wind during procedure turn (after 80°
turn away from the outbound track).
- Intercept the inbound track. There is enough time to stabilise on the inbound track in
case of overshoot due to strong unfavourable cross-wind component.

BASE TURNS
- Fly specified outbound track (RADIAL or QDR) applying (1) corrections for wind effect.
- The turn onto the inbound track should be started within the specified time in order to
stay within protected area in case of incorrectly forecasted wind.
- Intercept the inbound track.

RACETRACK PROCEDURE
- Follow the same principles for corrections for wind effect as in holding pattern.
- Do not extend time on outbound leg and start inbound turn within the specified time in
order to stay within protected area.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-22 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

Non-Precision Approach
Visual descent point (VDP) calculation
Visual Descent Point is always calculated as an intersection of 3° glide path and MDA/H
surface, regardless of actual non-precision approach glide path.

Tvdp (sec) - time from FAF (or last fix for start timing) to VDP
Tl (sec) - time from VDP to landing threshold
T (sec) - total time from FAF (or last fix for start timing) to landing threshold
Dvdp (NM) - distance from FAF (or last fix for start timing) to VDP
Dl (NM) - distance from VDP to landing threshold
D (NM) - total distance from FAF (or last fix for start timing) to landing threshold
z (sec/100ft) - time for "100 ft" altitude change on 3° glide path in no wind conditions (z =
8 sec/100 ft at TAS 140 kt)

TAS (KT) 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160

Z sec/100ft 16 14 13 11 10 10 9 8 8 7

t (sec/NM) - time to fly "1 NM" in no wind conditions

TAS (KT) 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160

T (sec/NM) 51 45 40 36 3 30 28 26 24 22

NOTE: "z" and "t" values must be known by heart for particular type of aircraft

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-23
GENERAL INFORMATION 31 MAR 14

METHOD - 1

This method is universal regardless of actual non-precision approach glide path


and/or of the position of MAPt (and the way of determining of MAPt).

Tvdp = T - T1 D - see approach chart for particular app


T = D. t t - see table above

MDH MDH - see approach chart for particular app


Tl = x Z Z - see table above
100

NOTE: In some cases, when the missed approach point (MAPt) is defined as a specified
distance from the FAF (and calculated on time/speed bases), and position on
MAPt is exactly over the landing threshold. Total time "T" can be found in a
conversion table at the bottom of the Lido approach chart-IAC page.
In all other cases, when MAPt is defined by a navigational facility or a fix, and its
position is not exactly over the landing threshold, total time "T" must be
calculated by the formula given above.

Rate of descent (ROD) of non-precision approach generally should be calculated or checked


by the following formula:

(Afix − MDA) x 60
ROD = (ft/min)
Tvdp (sec)

Afix (ft) - minimum altitude over the FAF or last fix for start timing (see app.
chart for particular approach).
MDA (ft) - minimum descent altitude (see app. chart for the particular app.
Tvdp (sec) - time from FAF or last fix for start timing calculated from
formula above.

METHOD II

This method is applicable only when actual glide path of non-precision approach is exactly or
very near 3° (with negligible differences).
It is, consequently, applicable for VDP calculation in most LOC (GS out) approaches and
other non-precision approaches with the same profile view as the existing ILS ( 3° GP )
approach for that particular runway.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 27


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-24 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

Afix - MDA
Tvdp = x Z (sec)
100
Afix (ft) - minimum altitude over last fix for start timing
- (see app. chart for particular approach).
MDA (ft) - minimum descent altitude (see app. chart for particular app.)
Z (sec) - time for 100 ft altitude change on 3 GP (sec/100 ft) in no wind conditions (z =
8 sec/100 ft at TAS 140 kt)
Tvdp (sec) - time from FAF or last fix for start timing calculated from formula above

CORRECTIONS FOR WIND EFFECT IN VDP CALCULATIONS

For aircraft with TAS 140 KT RULE OF THUMB for wind correction in VDP calculations runs
like this

add/subtract 5 seconds for each 10 KT head/tail

wind component, for every minute of Tvdp

Recommendation:
Tvdp for each particular non-precision approach should be calculated during pre-flight
preparation and airport familiarisation and noted in approach chart. This will shorten inflight
approach briefing, when only corrections for wind remain to be made.

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-25
GENERAL INFORMATION 15 DEC 07

The 1-IN-60 Rule


An error of 1° will account for an aircraft being 1 NM off track after travelling 60 NM.

1 - in - 60 Rule allows a simple memorental calculation of lateral distance if the angular


difference is known.
LD (NM) - lateral distance
α×D α ( ° ) - angular difference
LD =
60 D (NM) - distance to the navigational facility

This rule can be used only for relatively small values of angle (up to max. 15°) (Exact
formula LD = D . tg α )

1-IN-60 RULE FOR PITCH - ROC /ROD RELATION


For each 60 KT of TAS - 1 ° change in pitch causes 100 FPM change in ROC/ROD

RULE OF THUMB

TAS Change in ROC/ROD ROC - Rate of Climb


caused by 1° pitch ROD - Rate of Descent
150 KT 250 FPM
180 KT 300 FPM
240 KT 400 FPM
300 KT 500 FPM

NOTE: This rule of thumb is valid only for relatively small angles of attack and small
changes of pitch.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 02


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-26 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

VOR ( NDB ) Time -Distance Check

Recommendation: for practical reasons take α = 10°

Time to station: Distance to station:

t (sec) T (min) × GS (KT)


T (min) = D (NM) =
α ° 60

When you are fairly close to the NAV AID use another rule based on 45° - 50° triangle:
You are going to pass abeam VOR, when the VOR needle points to 45° out, start timing.
When the needle points to 90° stop the timing.
Check your GS and multiply your GSF with time to get the distance flown.
The obtained distance is equal to the distance abeam the VOR.

Fuel Quantity Check

Units of measurement conversion

1 lb. = 0,454 kg
1 kg = 2,205 lb.
1 IMP.GALL = 4,546 lit
1 US GALL = 3,785 lit
1 BARREL = 159 lit

Assumed density of fuel

0,8 kilograms per litre (kg/lit)


1,76 pounds per litre (lb./lit)
3,04 kilograms per U.S. GALLON
6,7 pounds per U.S. GALLON
3,65 kilograms per IMP. GALLON
8,05 pounds per IMP. GALLON

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 0 0-27
GENERAL INFORMATION 08 DEC 09

RULE OF THUMB

- to convert "kg" into "lb.", multiply "kg" by 2 and add 10%


- to convert "lb." into "kg", divide "lb." by 2 and subtract 10%

DME ARC Flying

DME arc may provide track guidance for all or a portion of an initial approach. The minimum
arc radius is 7 NM. An arc may join a track at or before intermediate fix. When joining a track
at or before the intermediate fix, the angle of intersection of the arc and the track does not
exceed 120°. When the angle exceeds 70°, a radial which provides at least 2 NM of lead is
identified to assist in leading the turn onto the intermediate track.
The recommended technique to maintain a DME arc is to fly a series of straight lines from
one radial 20° away) rather than a curving course. Under no-wind condition, fly a heading
100° away from the radial just crossed. This method tends to keep you on the "inside" of the
arc.

When intercepting DME arc take a "lead distance".

TAS
L= (NM)
200
(for angle of interception of 90 degrees)

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 06


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
0-28 CHAPTER 0
15 DEC 07 GENERAL INFORMATION

When flying the DME arc it is important to keep a continuous mental picture of position.
Since the drift correction angle is constantly changing, wind orientation is important. In some
cases, wind can be used to return to desired track. Large radius arcs are easier to fly
because of their "flat" curve. High ground speeds require more pilot's attention because of
the higher rate of deviation and correction.

Maintaining the arc is simplified by keeping slightly inside the curve. Thus, the arc is always
turning toward the aircraft and distance corrections may be accomplished by holding a
straight course. Being outside the curve, the arc is turning away and a greater correction is
required.

Using a RMI simplifies flying a DME arc. Since the RMI (bearing pointer) points toward the
VOR/DME, all you have to do is keep the needle on the appropriate wingtip reference (90° or
270°) if there is no cross-word.

If the cross-word exists it is easy to counter. If you are drifting toward the station (distance
decreasing) turn into the wind slightly (away from the station) and maintain the bearing
pointer behind the appropriate wingtip reference (100° or 260°). If the drift is away from the
station, turn toward the station and maintain the bearing pointer ahead of the appropriate
wingtip reference (80° or 280°).

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 1 ToC 1-1
LIMITATIONS 28 MAR 15

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. LIMITATIONS ................................................................................................1

1.1. CERTIFICATION STATUS ........................................................................... 1


1.2. PASSENGER SEATING CONFIGURATION ................................................ 1
1.3. TYPES OF APPROVED OPERATION(S)..................................................... 1
1.4. CREW COMPOSITION .................................................................................1
1.5. CENTRE OF GRAVITY .................................................................................1
1.6. SPEED LIMITATIONS ..................................................................................1
1.7. FLIGHT ENVELOPE .....................................................................................1
1.8. WIND LIMITS INCLUDING OPERATIONS ON CONTAMINATED
RUNWAYS ....................................................................................................1
1.8.1. CRJ 700/900 - Engine operating procedure limits due to wind ..................... 3

1.9. PERFORMANCE LIMITATIONS .................................................................. 3


1.10. RUNWAY SLOPE .........................................................................................3
1.11. LIMITATIONS ON WET OR CONTAMINATED RUNWAYS ........................ 3
1.12. AIRFRAME CONTAMINATION .................................................................... 3
1.13. SYSTEM LIMITATIONS ................................................................................3

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 32


© Adria Airways d.d.
ToC 1-2 CHAPTER 1
15 DEC 07 LIMITATIONS

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 1 LEP 1-1
liMITATIONS 13 JAN 17

List of Effective oaoes


CHAPTER CHAPTER
PAGE PAGE
REVISIO~
r
REVBION
r IN.:..._=-----1
EFFECTIVE !' I' I EFFECTIVE

Toe 1 1 33 22 DEC 15
2 02 15 DEC 07
LEP 1 1 41 13 JAN 17
2 04 20 MAR09
Ch.1 1 33 22 DEC 15
2 41 13 JAN 17
3 41 13 JAN 17
4 32 28 MAR 15
END OF EFFECTIVE PAGES I

~
Authorized by:
Capt. Marko Pintar
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot
Checked for adequacy by:
Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager v(/

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


©Adria Airways d.d.
LEP 1-2 CHAPTER 1
20 MAR 09 LIMITATIONS

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 04 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 1 1-1
LIMITATIONS 22 DEC 15

1. LIMITATIONS
Refer to Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 2 - LIMITATIONS.
Refer to QUICK REFERENCE HANDBOOK VOLUME 1, section LIMITATIONS.

1.1. CERTIFICATION STATUS


EASA TYPE-CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET No. IM.A.023, Issue 10.0, 15 November 2010

1.2. PASSENGER SEATING CONFIGURATION


Refer to OM-B Chapter 6.4

1.3. TYPES OF APPROVED OPERATION(S)


Adria Airways operation approvals are reported in Air Operator Certificate.
Refer to AFM, Chapter 2 - LIMITATIONS, Introduction, Kinds of airplane operation.
Refer to QRH Vol.1, section LIMITS 1-1, Kinds of airplane operation

1.4. CREW COMPOSITION


Refer to AFM, Chapter 2 - LIMITATIONS, Operating Limitations, Minimum flight crew.
Refer to QRH Vol.1, section LIMITS 3-4.

1.5. CENTRE OF GRAVITY


Refer to AFM, Chapter 2 - LIMITATIONS, Centre of Gravity.

1.6. SPEED LIMITATIONS


Refer to AFM, Chapter 2 - LIMITATIONS, Operating Speeds.
Refer to QRH Vol.1, LIMITS-5, Operating Speeds.

1.7. FLIGHT ENVELOPE


Refer to AFM, Chapter 2 - LIMITATIONS, Maneuvering Limit Load Factors.
Refer to QRH Vol.1, LIMITS-5, Maneuvering Limit Load Factors.

1.8. WIND LIMITS INCLUDING OPERATIONS ON CONTAMINATED


RUNWAYS
Maximum Adria Airways authorized crosswind components for take-off and landing:

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 33


© Adria Airways d.d.
1-2 CHAPTER 1
13 JAN 17 LIMITATIONS

RWY
Braking Friction
Crosswind (KTS) equivalent
action coefficient
condition
CRJ
CRJ700 CRJ900
700/900
T/O LDG T/O LDG
Good ≥ 0.4 1
28 30 35 32
Good /
25 27 0.39 to 0.36 1
Medium
15 22 Medium 0.35 to 0.30 2 or 3
Medium /
10 15 0.29 to 0.26 3 or 4
Poor
5 Poor ≤ 0.25 4 or 5

RWY equivalent condition (only valid for crosswind determination):


1. Dry or damp runway.
2. Wet runway (3 mm or less water depth).
3. Runway covered with dry (loose) or compacted snow.
4. Runway covered with standing water, slush or wet snow with high risk of
hydroplaning.
5. Runway covered with ice.

NOTE: Unreliable data (runway covered with standing water, slush or wet snow measured
depth more than 3 mm: high risk of hydroplaning).

The following tables show which item shall be taken into account to determine the maximum
authorized crosswind component:

COMPACTED SNOW/ICE
REPORTED DATA CONSIDER
FC FC
FC BA FC
FC BA RWY equivalent condition FC
BA BA
BA RWY equivalent condition BA
RWY equivalent condition RWY equivalent condition

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 1 1-3
LIMITATIONS 13 JAN 17

OTHER THAN COMPACTED SNOW/ICE


Note: REPORTED FC CONSIDER UNRELIABLE
REPORTED DATA CONSIDER
BA BA
BA RWY equivalent condition BA
RWY equivalent condition RWY equivalent condition

NOTE: When the same RWY equivalent condition for the same deposit exists in two rows,
consider other relevant factors for the determination of max crosswind (e.g. rwy
width, turbulence, visibility, etc).

• Gust or latest given maximum wind value is considered a limiting factor.


• Maximum authorized tail wind component for take-off and landing is 10 KTS.

1.8.1. Engine operating procedure limits due to wind


Refer to QRH Vol.1, LIMITS-4-12.

1.9. PERFORMANCE LIMITATIONS


Refer to AFM, Chapter 6 - PERFORMANCE.
Refer to QRH Vol.1, section PERF.

1.10. RUNWAY SLOPE


Refer to AFM, Chapter 2 - LIMITATIONS, Operating Limitations, Runway slopes
Refer to QRH Vol.1, section LIMITS 3, Runway slopes.

1.11. LIMITATIONS ON WET OR CONTAMINATED RUNWAYS


Refer to AFM, SUPPLEMENT 3, Operation on Contaminated Runways.
Refer to QRH Vol.1, section PERF-6.

1.12. AIRFRAME CONTAMINATION


Refer to AFM, Chapter 2 - LIMITATIONS, Operating Limitations, Cold weather operations.
Refer to QRH Vol.1, section LIMITS 3, Cold weather operations.

1.13. SYSTEM LIMITATIONS


Refer to QRH Vol.1, section LIMITS-7, System Limitations
Refer to QRH Vol.1, section LIMITS-4, Power Plant
Refer to QRH Vol.1, section LIMITS-8, Navigation System Limitations.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.d.
1-4 CHAPTER 1
28 MAR 15 LIMITATIONS

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 32 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 2 ToC 2-1
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

TABLE OF CONTENTS
2. NORMAL PROCEDURES ............................................................................ 1

2.1. FOREWORD .................................................................................................1


2.2. GENERAL INFORMATION ........................................................................... 1
2.3. PREFLIGHT INSPECTION (PFI) – WALK-AROUND................................... 2
2.4 REFUELING ..................................................................................................2
2.5. USE OF CHECKLISTS .................................................................................3
2.6. NORMAL CHECKLIST ................................................................................3
2.7. NORMAL EXPANDED CHECKLIST ............................................................ 9
2.7.1. Cockpit Safety Inspection Checklist .............................................................. 9
2.7.2. Transit/Cockpit Preparation Checklist ......................................................... 11
2.7.3. Before Start Checklist ..................................................................................21
2.7.4. After Engine Start Checklist ......................................................................... 24
2.7.5. Before Take-off Checklist ............................................................................ 26
2.7.6. Climb Checklist ............................................................................................28
2.7.7. Approach Checklist ......................................................................................29
2.7.8. Landing Checklist ........................................................................................30
2.7.9. After Landing Checklist ................................................................................31
2.7.10. Parking Checklist .........................................................................................32
2.7.11. Securing the Aircraft ....................................................................................34
2.8. NORMAL GROUND AND FLIGHT PROCEDURES ................................... 36
2.8.1. Operation in icing Conditions ....................................................................... 36
2.8.2. Engine Start and Pushback Procedure ....................................................... 37
2.8.3. After Engine Start ........................................................................................40
2.8.4. Taxiing .........................................................................................................40
2.8.5. Take-off .......................................................................................................42
2.8.6. Climb, Cruise, Descent ................................................................................51
2.8.7. Approach .....................................................................................................52
2.8.8. Go-Around ...................................................................................................70
2.8.9. Landing ........................................................................................................72

2.9. SUPPLEMENTARY PROCEDURES .......................................................... 76


2.9.1. Use of Equipment ........................................................................................76
2.9.2. Runway Awareness and Advisory System (RAAS) ..................................... 77
2.9.3. Navigation ....................................................................................................79
2.9.4. Communication ............................................................................................80
2.9.5. Autopilot .......................................................................................................81
2.9.6. Use of Anti-ice System ................................................................................81

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC 2-2 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.9.7. Use of APU ..................................................................................................81


2.9.8. Altimeter Setting ..........................................................................................81
2.9.9. Use of Seat Belt Signs .................................................................................83
2.9.10. Altitude Preselect/Alert System ...................................................................83
2.9.11. Flying in Eastern Europe .............................................................................83
2.9.12. Aircraft Differences ......................................................................................84
2.9.13. CRJ Cockpit Equipment Layout ...................................................................90
2.9.14. Extra equipment...........................................................................................97
2.9.15. MNPS ..........................................................................................................98
2.9.16. Aeroplane Exterior Security Search Details .................................................99

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 LEP 2-1
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

List of Effective pages


CHAPTER CHAPTER
PAGE PAGE
REVISION NUMBER REVISION NUMBER
REVISION DATE REVISION DATE

ToC 2 1 46 26 APR 18 42 46 26 APR 18


2 46 26 APR 18 43 46 26 APR 18
LEP 2 1 46 26 APR 18 44 46 26 APR 18
2 45 28 FEB 18 45 46 26 APR 18
Ch. 2 1 41 13 JAN 17 46 46 26 APR 18
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CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP2-2 CHAPTER2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

CHAPTER CHAPTER
PAGE PAGE

!' I
REVISION
r EFFECTIVE I REVISION
I' I EFFECTIVE

87 46 26 APR 18
88 46 26 APR 18
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90 46 26 APR 18
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I END OF EFFECTIVE PAGES I

0~
Authorized by:
Capt. Marko Pintar

k
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot

Checked for adequacy by:


Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


©Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-1
NORMAL PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

2. NORMAL PROCEDURES
2.1. FOREWORD
ADRIA AIRWAYS CRJ Normal procedures contain references from:
1. CRJ Airplane Flight Manual
2. ADRIA AIRWAYS OM Part A.
3. ADRIA AIRWAYS OM Part B Chapter 12.
4. ADRIA AIRWAYS OM Part C.
5. ADRIA AIRWAYS OM Part D.
6. CRJ FCOM Vol.2.
7. Collins FMS-4200 Pilot’s Guide.
8. Recommendation based on our own experience.
ADRIA AIRWAYS CRJ Normal procedures shall be applied together with AFM and QRH.

2.2. GENERAL INFORMATION


These Normal Procedures are valid for the CANADAIR REGIONAL JET, CL 600-2C10
(hereinafter called “CRJ 700”) and CL 600-2D24 (hereinafter called “CRJ 900”) aircraft
operated by ADRIA AIRWAYS and must be adhered to at all times. When conditions warrant
other than standard procedures, the Commander shall brief the Copilot.
When only CRJ is mentioned the statement is valid for all variants of aircraft.
Remember that these operating procedures are meant as a guide and are not meant to
replace common sense and sound judgment in dealing with varying situations as they arise.
CRJ 700
Aircraft CRJ 700 operated by ADRIA AIRWAYS is certified according to the "ICAO Aircraft
Approach Category" as Category "C" aircraft.
CRJ 900
Aircraft CRJ 900 operated by ADRIA AIRWAYS is certified according to the "ICAO Aircraft
Approach Category" as Category "D" aircraft.
All operating limitations and approach minima are to be determined according to the aircraft
category for the particular flight.
The following terms are used in respect to responsibilities, seating positions and work
distribution:
BOTH CM1 and CM2
CMDR Commander – the pilot designated by the operator to be in command of the aircraft.
PICUS PIC under supervision (CM1 supervised by Type rating instructor (TRI) who is the
CMDR but act as CM2).
CM1 Crew Member 1 refers to the crew member in the left seat.
CM2 Crew Member 2 refers to the crew member in the right seat.
PF Pilot flying.
PM Pilot monitoring.
CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41
© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-2 CHAPTER 2
13 JAN 17 NORMAL PROCEDURES

i.a. If applicable.

2.3. PREFLIGHT INSPECTION (PFI) - WALK-AROUND

CRJ 700
Refer to FCOM Vol. 2 External Walk-around page 04-06-10.
CRJ 900
Refer to FCOM Vol. 2 External Walk-around page 04-06-08.

Normally PFI is performed by pilots according to the checklist above.


• PFI contains a general visual check of the aircraft exterior for obvious damages and
leakage.
• This check shall be performed as a ”Walk-around” closely prior to every departure.
• PFI also includes a check of the Aircraft Technical Log to ensure that Maintenance
Release is valid and that proper actions have been taken to discrepancies reported after
such release.
• When PFI is performed, the Commander shall sign it in the Aircraft Technical Log.
• For practical reasons PFI may be performed and signed before De/Anti-icing has been
performed.
• Wearing walk-around protective vest or coat is mandatory when leaving the aircraft
during transit or pre-flight walk-around.

2.4. REFUELING
Refer to:
CRJ700/900 Ref. FCOM Vol.1 28-25-01
OM Part A 8.2.1

Flight Crew Action

If fuel quantity required is less than 6400 kg, refuel in automatic mode.

If fuel quantity required is greater than 6400 kg, it shall be done only in manual refueling
mode. Center tank shall be filled to the required quantity first, than L and R wing tank.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-3
NORMAL PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

Recommended Maximum Fuel Quantity during


Pressure Refueling in Manual Mode
Left Main Tank 3,200 kg
Right Main Tank 3,200 kg
Center Tank 2,000 kg

2.5 USE OF CHECKLISTS


On the ground, checklist shall normally be called by the CM1, in the air by the PF.
Checklist should be handled as follows:
• Read & Do ⇒ item by item is read, done and verified.
• Do & Read ⇒ items are done first then read and verified item by item.
• Challenge & Response ⇒ flow pattern done first, list ordered, read thereafter and
answered by CM1 on ground or PF in the air.

If checklist is interrupted for any reason, the pilot doing/reading the checklist shall call out
”HOLDING ON …”.
It is regarded as a standard procedure that the pilot reading a checklist reports the
completion by calling “...CHECKLIST COMPLETED.”

2.6. NORMAL CHECKLISTS


Items coloured green in the Transit / Cockpit Preparation Checklist shall be completed during
Transit.
Items coloured red are performed on the first flight of the day only.
PF, PM, CM1 and CM2 refer to the pilot who performs the duty.
There are some differences in the checklists regarding type variant. It is denoted in the
expanded checklists as for example CRJ 900 when applicable only for CRJ 900.
There are minor differences in checklists that cover different configurations of aircrafts. In this
case item is marked with “i.a.” (if applicable).

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-4 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

COCKPIT SAFETY INSPECTION


CIRCUIT BREAKERS .................................................................................... CHECKED
N/W STEERING ....................................................................................................... OFF
HYDRAULIC PUMPS .............................................................................................. OFF
LDG GEAR LEVER .............................................................................................. DOWN
FLIGHT SPOILERS LEVER ..................................................................... RETRACTED
THRUST LEVERS ........................................................................................ SHUT OFF
FLAPS LEVER ..................................................................... SET TO FLAPS POSITION
RADAR .................................................................................................................... OFF
IRS / AHRS ................................................................................................... OFF / MAG
ADG MANUAL RELEASE ......................................................................... IN / STOWED
EMER FLAP ..................................................................................................... NORMAL
BATTERY MASTER / EXT PWR ............................................................................... ON
FIRE PROTECTION TEST ....................................................................... COMPLETED
APU ................................................................................................................. AS RQRD
IRS / AHRS ................................................................................................... NAV / MAG

▼ (to be continued)

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-5
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

▼ (continued)

TRANSIT/COCKPIT PREPARATION
SAFETY AND EXTERIOR INSPECTION..................................................COMPLETED
GEAR SAFETY PINS AND COVERS .......................................................... ON BOARD
CIRCUIT BREAKERS ................................................................................... CHECKED
IRS / AHRS .................................................................................................. NAV / MAG
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT ......................................................................... CHECKED
CREW O2 & MASKS ....................................................... CHECKED & ___ PSI (BOTH)
ELECTRICS .................................................................................................. CHECKED
FIRE PROTECTION ...................................................................................... CHECKED
LIGHTS ...........................................................................................................AS RQRD
FUEL ............................................................................................................. CHECKED
BLEEDS ................................................................................................................... SET
START PANEL .............................................................................................. CHECKED
HYDRAULICS ............................................................................................... CHECKED
ELT ........................................................................................................... ARM / RESET
PRESSURIZATION ............................................................................. CHECKED / SET
AIR CONDITIONING ..................................................................................... CHECKED
ANTI ICE .................................................................................................................. OFF
WINDSHIELD HEAT ............................................................................................... LOW
EMERGENCY LIGHTS ...................................................................................... ARMED
SIGNS ........................................................................................................................ON
STANDBY COMPASS................................................................................... CHECKED
STALL TEST .............................................................................................COMPLETED
N/W STEERING ....................................................................................................... OFF
CLOCKS ......................................................................................................SET (BOTH)
EFIS CONTROL PANELS ................................................................ CHECKED (BOTH)
STANDBY INSTRUMENTS........................................................................... CHECKED
EFIS / EICAS / FMS ............................................................................ CHECKED / SET
UPPER PEDESTAL ...................................................................................... CHECKED
ANTISKID ........................................................................................................... ARMED
THRUST LEVER QUADRANT ...................................................................... CHECKED
AVIONICS ..................................................................................................... CHECKED
TRIMS ........................................................................................................... CHECKED
YAW DAMPER .............................................................................................. ENGAGED
SOURCE SELECT ...........................................................................................NORMAL
LOWER PEDESTAL ..................................................................................... CHECKED
BTMS ............................................................................................................ CHECKED
INITIAL T/O BRIEFING .............................................................................COMPLETED

▼ (to be continued)

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-6 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

▼ (continued)

BEFORE START
MOBILE .......................................................................................................... OFF (ALL)
COCKPIT PREP ........................................................................................COMPLETED
APU ........................................................................................................................... ON
HYD PUMPS .................................................................................................AUTO / ON
PARKING BRAKE .................................................................................. AS REQUIRED
T/O DATA / V BUGS ................................................................................................ SET
PITCH TRIM ........................................................................................................ __ SET
BARO REF ...........................................................................................___ SET (BOTH)
FUEL PUMPS / QTY ................................................................................... ON / ___KG

BEACON......................................................................................................................................................ON
DOORS .............................................................................................................................................CLOSED
TRANSPONDER / TCAS ...........................................................................................ON
LOW PRESS TEST (L ENG)................................................................................................... COMPLETE
AFTER START
GEN&ELECTRICS ............................................................................ AUTO, CHECKED
FUEL XFLOW.......................................................................................................... MAN
BLEED VALVES & PACKS ...........................................................................AUTO / ON
ANTI ICE .........................................................................................................AS RQRD
PROBES.................................................................................................................... ON
ALL CLEAR SIGNAL .....................................................................................RECEIVED
RUDDER ....................................................................................................... CHECKED
N/W STEERING ................................................................................................. ARMED
APU .................................................................................................................AS RQRD
BEFORE T/O
FLT CONTROLS ................................................................................ CHECKED (CM2)
THRUST REVERSERS ...................................................................................... ARMED
FLT INST .......................................................................................... CHECKED (BOTH)
FLAPS SETTING..........................................................................................___ (BOTH)
T/O SPEEDS .................................................................... ___ (CM1) CHECKED (CM2)
BRIEFING..................................................................... ___ (CM1) CONFIRMED (CM2)

CABIN CREW....................................................................................... ADVISED (CM2)


IGNITION / ANTI ICE ......................................................................................AS RQRD
CAS & BTMS ....................................................... T/O CONFIG CHECKED AND CLEARED
RUNWAY UPDATE ...................................................................................COMPLETED

▼ (to be continued)

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-7
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

▼ (continued)

CLIMB
BARO REF ......................................................................................................................... ___ SET (BOTH)
CAS.................................................................................................................................................CHECKED

APPROACH
SEAT BELTS ..............................................................................................................................................ON
PRESSURIZATION .....................................................................................................................CHECKED
BRIEFING................................................................................................................................. CONFIRMED
CAS.................................................................................................................................................CHECKED
LANDING DATA....................................................................................................................................... SET
BARO / MDA / DH ............................................................................................................. ___ SET (BOTH)

LANDING
CABIN CREW....................................................................................................................... ADVISED (PM)
THRUST REVERSERS................................................................................................................... ARMED
LDG GEAR...........................................................................................................................................DOWN
FLAPS ................................................................................................................................................ ___ SET

AFTER LANDING
FLAPS & TRIMS.......................................................................................... RETRACTED & CENTERED
WX-RADAR ..............................................................................................................................................OFF
PROBES....................................................................................................................................................OFF
ANTI ICE ......................................................................................................................................... AS RQRD
IGNITION ...................................................................................................................................................OFF
APU................................................................................................................................................. AS RQRD

PARKING
CHOCKS & BRAKES................................................................................................................... AS RQRD
ELECTRICS .............................................................................................................................................. SET
LOW PRESS TEST (R ENG) .............................................................................................. COMPLETED
THRUST LEVERS .......................................................................................................................SHUT OFF
SEAT BELT SIGNS .................................................................................................................................OFF
ANTI ICE ....................................................................................................................................................OFF
FUEL PUMPS...........................................................................................................................................OFF
N/W STEERING .......................................................................................................................................OFF
TRANSPONDER .................................................................................................................................. STBY
BEACON ...................................................................................................................................................OFF
HYD PUMP 3A .............................................................................................................................. AS RQRD
MOBILE........................................................................................................................................................ON
▼ (to be continued)

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-8 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

▼ (continued)

SECURING THE AIRCRAFT


RECIRC FAN .......................................................................................................................................... OFF
CHOCKS & BRAKES ..................................................................................................................AS RQRD
IRS...............................................................................................................................................................OFF
THRUST REVERSERS..........................................................................................................................OFF
N/W STEERING .......................................................................................................................................OFF
OIL LEVEL .........................................................................................................................CHECK IF RQRD
EMERGENCY LIGHTS...........................................................................................................................OFF
WINDSHIELD HEAT ...............................................................................................................................OFF
AFT CARGO .............................................................................................................................................OFF
GEAR & SAFETY PINS ............................................................................................................... AS RQRD
HYD PUMPS.................................................................................................................................... ALL OFF
APU.............................................................................................................................................................OFF
EXTERNAL AC.........................................................................................................................................OFF
BATTERY MASTER................................................................................................................................OFF
HOT LIGHTS.............................................................................................................................................OFF
FLASHLIGHT.......................................................................................................... CHECKED / STOWED

NORMAL CHL 700/900 ver9 26 APR 18

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-9
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.7. NORMAL EXPANDED CHECKLIST

2.7.1. Cockpit Safety Inspection Checklist


If Airplane exterior security search has to be performed refer to OM-B 2.9.15.
NOTE: The SAFETY INSPECTION is carried out for the first flight of the day and/or
whenever SECURING THE AIRCRAFT was performed.
Checklist can be performed by either pilot.
Read & Do type checklist.
NOTE: Make sure that the BATTERY MASTER switch has been on for a minimum of 30
seconds before commencing any checks.
CIRCUIT BREAKERS .................................................................................. CLOSED
NOSE WHEEL STEERING SWITCH ................................................................... OFF
HYDRAULIC PUMPS ........................................................................................... OFF
LANDING GEAR LEVER ................................................................................. DOWN
FLIGHT SPOILERS LEVER .................................................................. RETRACTED
Verify that the spoilers lever is in 0 degree position.
THRUST LEVER ....................................................................................... SHUT OFF
FLAPS LEVER ................................................................... SET TO FLAP POSITION
Lever and slats/flaps surface positions should agree. If not, reposition flaps lever to the actual
surface position.
RADAR ................................................................................................................. OFF
IRS / AHRS ................................................................................................ OFF / MAG
ADG MANUAL RELEASE .................................................................... IN / STOWED
EMER FLAP ................................................................................................ NORMAL
BATTERY MASTER / EXT POWER ...................................................................... ON
NOTE: Flight compartment standby lights come on when the battery bus is powered.
EICAS display cooling is not available when the battery bus is powered and normal
AC power is off.
Select external AC power on when available within 5 minutes after battery master is switched
on to prevent overheating of EICAS display.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-10 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

FIRE PROTECTION TEST ................................................................... COMPLETED


Carry out the FIRE DETECTION/FIREX MONITOR test as described in the COCKPIT
PREPARATION checklist.
APU............................................................................................................. AS RQRD
When required start APU:
DC electrical page
- Check that both batteries have sufficient voltage (22 volts min).

WING and COWL ANTI-ICE switch ⇒ Check OFF


APU, PWR/FUEL switch/light ⇒ Press in
- Check APU SOV OPEN, APU IN BITE status message together with APU gauges
displayed and APU DOOR OPEN message comes on.
APU IN BITE status message out
APU, START/STOP switch/light ⇒ On
- Check START light is on, APU START status message is on,
- Before 60 % rpm START light and APU START status message out,
At 99 % rpm + 2 sec ⇒ AVAIL light on which indicates that the APU is available for bleed
extraction.

Select AC & DC Electrical Synoptic pages and check for normal operation.

IRS / AHRS ............................................................................................... NAV / MAG


Both IRS to be selected to NAV.
Both AHRS are selected to MAG.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-11
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.7.2. Transit/Cockpit Preparation Checklist


NOTE: Checklist can be performed by either pilot but both pilots shall be present for
reading.
Challenge & Response type checklist.
The entire COCKPIT PREPARATION checklist has to be executed:
- For initial acceptance of the aircraft.
- After maintenance personnel have been working on the aircraft.
- Provided cockpit crew has left the aircraft (delay, lunch...) and aircraft was
depowered.
All functional tests shall be done before the first flight of the day. In the expanded cockpit
preparation checklist they are denoted as for example: Fire detection / firex monitor test:
TRANSIT COCKPIT PREPARATION checklist is performed during a turnaround.
NOTE: Items that must be covered for TRANSIT COCKPIT PREPARATION are
shaded green.
SAFETY AND EXTERIOR INSPECTION .............................................. COMPLETED
For complete COCKPIT PREPARATION checklist the following must be accomplished:
- COCKPIT SAFETY checklist ⇒ completed.
- Airplane Documents ⇒ checked.
- Exterior inspection / Walk Around ⇒ completed.
- Pedals, seat and harnesses ⇒ adjusted.
- Sun visors, chart holders, map lights ⇒ adjusted.
- Headset/boom microphone ⇒ adjusted.
NOTE: For TRANSIT COCKPIT PREPARATION checklist only:
Exterior inspection / Walk-around⇒ completed
GEAR SAFETY PINS AND COVERS ...................................................... ON BOARD
CIRCUIT BREAKERS ............................................................................... CHECKED
IRS / AHRS ............................................................................................... NAV / MAG
Both IRS are selected to NAV.
Both AHRS are selected to MAG.
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT ..................................................................... CHECKED
For initial acceptance of the aircraft check:
- Escape rope, escape hatch, flashlights (2), crash axe,
- Smoke hood, life vests,
- Halon fire extinguisher, oxygen masks (3) are all present,
- “EM equipment and PAS Check Report” received (CCM1 duty).

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-12 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

CREW O2 & MASKS ................................................... CHECKED & ___ PSI (BOTH)


Check EICAS for Oxygen Quantity.
Check the oxygen flow regulator selector is set to 100 %.

Crew oxygen and masks test both pilot positions:


On the audio control panel select: INT/SVC push switch ⇒ On; Speaker ⇒ On; Boom/Mask
switch ⇒ MASK; and I/C & R/T switch ⇒ I/C; Adjust volume.
Set the oxygen flow regulator selector ⇒ 100 %, push down on the TEST/RESET lever and
listen for oxygen flow through speaker. Check that the flow indicator shows a yellow cross,
and then turns black.
Maintain TEST/RESET lever pushed and squeeze mask release levers (red) to check
harness inflation and observe flow indicator shows a yellow cross. Release mask release
levers.
Maintain pressure on TEST/RESET lever and push EMERGENCY FLOW CONTROL. Check
that flow indicator shows a yellow cross (oxygen flow).
Release EMERGENCY FLOW CONTROL and check that flow indicator turns black.
Release TEST/RESET Lever.
Set MASK/BOOM switch to BOOM.
ELECTRICS ............................................................................................... CHECKED
IDG disconnect Guarded, Switch/lights ⇒ Off/Flush.
Only services required will be on, all others are off (dark and flush).

All GEN switches ⇒ AUTO

FIRE PROTECTION .................................................................................. CHECKED


Fire detection / firex monitor test:
FIRE DETECTION ⇒ Select TEST button for 2 seconds.
- FIRE SYS OK advisory message on.
- MASTER WARNING lights (2) come on.
- LH and RH ENG FIRE PUSH, and APU FIRE PUSH switch/lights come on,
- BOTTLE 1 / 2 ARMED - PUSH TO DISCH, and (APU) BOTTLE ARMED - PUSH TO
DISCH switch/lights come on.
- FWD and AFT CARGO SMOKE PUSH lights on.
- CARGO FIREX, BOTTLE ARMED - PUSH TO DISCH light on

LIGHTS ...................................................................................................... CHECKED


NAV lights ⇒ ON
LOGO and WING INSP lights ⇒ As required.
- BEACON, STROBE, LANDING and RECOG TAXI lights ⇒ OFF

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-13
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

FUEL ......................................................................................................... CHECKED


All switch/lights ⇒ Check flushed
- Check that “INOP” lights are on, and tank quantities on the EICAS primary page are
normal.
BLEEDS ............................................................................................................... SET
WING A/I CROSS BLEED switch ⇒ NORMAL
BLEED VALVES switch ⇒ AUTO
ISOL switch ⇒ CLSD
BLEED SOURCE switch ⇒ BOTH ENG
START PANEL .......................................................................................... CHECKED
L&R ENG START switch/lights ⇒ Off/Flushed (check that L and R START lights are out).

IGNITION, CONT switch/lights ⇒ Off/Flushed (Check CONT ON light is out).


HYDRAULICS ........................................................................................... CHECKED
CAUTION: Ensure that all flight control surfaces are clear, before powering any
hydraulic system.
NOTE: Hydraulics shall be checked for initial acceptance of the aircraft.
HYDRAULIC switches ⇒ all OFF
- Check HYD SOV 1 (2) CLOSED advisory messages out.
STAB TRIM switches ⇒ Disengage
- Check STAB TRIM caution message is on.
Select PUMP 1, 3B & 2 ⇒ On
- Check that pressures, quantities and temperatures are normal.
STAB TRIM switches ⇒ Engage
- Check STAB TRIM caution and STAB CH 1(2) INOP status messages are out.

CAUTION: If SPLR/STAB IN TEST advisory message illuminates DO NOT


- move rudder pedals,
- move the nose wheel steering tiller,
- disengage stab trim,
- select the hydraulic pump switches to OFF or AUTO until message goes out..
Wait for the test to complete (approx 60 sec) before continuing the cockpit
preparation checklist.
NOTE: SSCU test will run automatically on the first power up after every 50 flight
cycles with hydraulic pressure applied to all three systems and stabilizer trim
engaged and it is not intended for pilots to reproduce it.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-14 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Select 1, 3B & 2 ⇒ AUTO


- Check pressure depletion.
Select 3A ⇒ On
- Check that pressure, quantity and temperature are normal.
Select 3A pump OFF to save lifetime.
ELT ....................................................................................................... ARM / RESET
PRESSURIZATION ........................................................................ CHECKED & SET
MAN ALT switch ⇒ Center position
MAN RATE selector ⇒ Full DECR
- Check that ECS synoptic page displays cabin differential pressure zero, cabin
altitude at approximately field elevation and cabin rate of climb zero.
EMER DEPRESS AND PRESS CONTROL switch/light ⇒ Off / Guarded
Set LDG ELEV selector to destination field elevation.
NOTE: For TRANSIT COCKPIT PREPARATION checklist only:
Set LDG ELEV.
AIR CONDITIONING ................................................................................. CHECKED
Temperature control mode ⇒ Auto
RAM AIR switch/light ⇒ Off/Guarded
- Check that RAM AIR OPEN light is out.
Cargo Fan Switch ⇒ FAN
If applicable, the switch should be set to COND AIR only after take-off, if live animal(s) is
carried in cargo compartment.
Packs ⇒ As required.
Cabin and duct temperatures ⇒ Check.
All other switch/light ⇒ Off / Flush

RECIRC FAN Switch ⇒ ON


ANTI ICE ............................................................................................................... OFF
All switches ⇒ check off.

Ice detector test:


DET TEST switch ⇒ Select TEST and hold
- ICE caution message and ICE light on.
- ADS HEAT TEST OK advisory message on.
DET TEST switch ⇒ Release.
- ICE caution message and ICE light out.
- ADS HEAT TEST OK advisory message out.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-15
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

WINDSHIELD HEAT ........................................................................................... LOW


WSHLD switches ⇒ LOW
L and R Probe switches ⇒ OFF
EMERGENCY LIGHTS................................................................................... ARMED
EMER LTS switch ⇒ Arm
SIGNS..................................................................................................................... ON
NO SMOKING & SEAT BELTS ⇒ On
STANDBY COMPASS .............................................................................. CHECKED
Compare headings with Commander's and Copilot’s HSI on PFD and MFD.
NOTE: Heading information may be affected by magnetic disturbances created by
ground equipment.
PLT and CPLT ROLL switch/lights ⇒ Out
STALL Test ........................................................................................... COMPLETED
Check no STAL FAIL caution message.
STALL test:
NOTE: Hydraulic system No. 3 shall be pressurized during the test.
Commander's and Copilot's STALL PTCT PUSHER switches ON
Commander's or Copilot's STALL switch/light ⇒ Press in momentarily and check for the
following events:
- Check that CONT IGNITION ON light comes on and CONT IGNITION status
message comes on,
- Commander's and Copilot's stick shaker is activated,
- Stick pusher is activated, STALL switch/lights flash.
- EICAS R/H elevator surface pointer indicates full travel or copilot control column is
against forward stop
- Stick pusher is de-activated, STALL switch/lights go out,
- Commander's and Copilot's stick shaker stops,
- Check that CONT IGNITION ON light goes out and CONT IGNITION status message
goes out.

N/W STEERING.................................................................................................... OFF


CLOCKS.................................................................................................. SET (BOTH)

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-16 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

EFIS CONTROL PANELS ............................................................ CHECKED (BOTH)


Display control panel switches ⇒ As required.
Air data reference switches ⇒ As required.
Barometric readout, on the primary flight display, to station pressure.
Display reversionary selector ⇒ NORM.
NOTE: In the event of a 5-screen operation ensure that the EICAS primary display and
secondary display are both displayed.
Flicker may occur on the MFD with a large number of FMS symbols selected for
display and larger ranges selected. To manually declutter the MFD reduce range
selected, deselect TCAS overlays, deselect radar / terrain overlays or deselect
some of the FMS symbology.
STANDBY INSTRUMENTS ....................................................................... CHECKED
Standby attitude indicator ⇒ Erected and no flags.
Standby altimeter ⇒ Crosscheck altitude readout with Commander's and copilot's altimeters.
Standby airspeed indicator ⇒ 0 KT
EFIS / EICAS / FMS ......................................................................... CHECKED / SET
PFD ⇒ Check no annunciations; crosscheck ADI's and RMI's.
Altimeter readout ⇒ Crosscheck.
MFD ⇒ No flags.
EICAS primary and secondary display ⇒ Check for warning/caution messages and that all
other indications are normal.
FMS ⇒ Set as required.
INDEX / STATUS
Active database ⇒ Verify current
INDEX / POS INIT
Set pos ⇒ Copy insert GPS pos
If GPS position is not available use applicable charts or a stand position
reference board and insert the coordinate manually
INDEX / IRS CTL (If applicable)
IRS 1 and IRS ⇒ <ENABLED>
INDEX / VOR CONTROL
VOR and DME usage ⇒ ENABLED
NAVAID INHIBIT corresponding to NOTAM (all applicable airports) ⇒INSERT
INDEX / GPS CONTROL (If applicable)
GPS1 and GPS2 ⇒ <ENABLED>
SAT DESELECT corresponding to NOTAM (all applicable airports) .INSERT

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-17
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Insert individual ID number(s) of the satellite(s) as indicated in the airport


NOTAMs. Reinsert the number to delete it or press DELETE and SAT DESELECT
to delete all entries at once
INDEX / FMS CONTROL
DISPLAY MODE ⇒ MAG
FMS COORD MODE ⇒ SYNC
PROGRESS; NEXT PAGE
RNP ⇒ − −
RNP value will automatically delete with FMS flight plan change
MSG
NEW and OLD MESSAGES ⇒ NONE or evaluate properly
NOTE: Ensure that display brightness is adjusted properly for existing lighting conditions.
UPPER PEDESTAL .................................................................................. CHECKED
MUTE HORN switch ⇒ Guarded.
- MUTE HORN light out.

LDG GEAR Lever ⇒ Check DN


IND LTS switch BRT/DIM
- Check that indicator lights intensity responds to appropriate selection.

Cockpit voice recorder test:


CVR TEST switch ⇒ Press,
- Verify that the green lamp illuminates.

MLG BAY OVHT detection test:


MLG BAY OVHT switch ⇒ OVHT
- Hold switch and check that MLG BAY OVHT warming message and "GEAR BAY
OVERHEAT' aural message come on. Release switch and indications above should
go out.

MLG BAY WARN FAIL switch ⇒ WARN FAIL


- Check that MLG OVHT FAIL caution message comes on.

ANTI SKID ...................................................................................................... ARMED


Antiskid test:
ANTI SKID switch ⇒ ARMED
- Ensure no A/SKID INBD or A/SKID OUTBD caution messages on.
ANTI SKID switch ⇒ OFF
- A/SKID INBD and A/SKID OUTBD caution messages come on.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-18 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

ANTI SKID switch ⇒ ARMED


- A/SKID INBD and A/SKID OUTBD caution messages goes out.
NOTE: If either caution message fails to come on after selecting the switch to OFF, or
either caution message remains on when the switch is selected to armed, the anti-
skid system must be assumed to have failed.
THRUST LEVER QUADRANT .................................................................. CHECKED
PITCH and ROLL DISC handles ⇒ In/Stowed
GND LIFT DUMPING switch ⇒ AUTO
FLIGHT SPOILER Lever ⇒ Retracted
THRUST LEVERS ⇒ Check at SHUT OFF
GRND PROX switches ⇒Check
- TERRAIN switch ⇒ Guarded and no lights.
- FLAP switch ⇒ Guarded and no lights.
FLAPS Selector ⇒ Check Flap position on the FLIGHT CONTROLS synoptic page, should
agree with the flaps selector setting.

LH and RH THRUST REVERSER switches ⇒ ARMED


- Check that L and R REV ARMED advisory message is on.
ENGINES SYNCH switch select N1.

AVIONICS .................................................................................................. CHECKED


Radio Tuning Units (both) ⇒ Check no messages
Display Control Panel, TCAS switch ⇒ Press to select TCAS traffic display on the MFD.
When the use of the Weather radar is expected, then:
Weather radar mode selector switch ⇒ TEST
After the test:
Weather radar mode selector switch ⇒ OFF
RTU and FMS TUNE INHIBIT switch/lights ⇒ Off/Flushed.
Back-up Mode selectors switch ⇒ STBY.
- Check that the back-up tuning unit echoes the frequency on COM 1 and NAV 1.
ATC page ALT line select key ⇒ Press To turn ON altitude reporting mode and check the
following:
- ATC page indicates ALT ON, and
- Displayed altitude corresponds with the current airfield pressure altitude,
The PF shall set FLT ID on the RTU#1 (the three letter ICAO designator for the aircraft
operating agency, followed by the flight identification (e.g. ADR123). There must be no
spaces between the designator letters and flight number, nor any zeros preceding the flight
number).

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-19
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

DSPLY FAN switch ⇒ NORM

PA/Intercom test/Smoke detector test: (Shall be performed for initial acceptance of the
aircaft.)
Public Address System (Both) ⇒ Test PA/Intercom
- Select PA on the Transmit Selector and announce: “EMERGENCY
COMMUNICATION CHECK AND SMOKE DETERCTOR TEST”.
- Check operations of CHIME, CALL and EMER switch/light.
- Check intercom operations from fwd and aft CCM stations.
At this stage Lavatory smoke detector shall be tested by the cabin crew. With initiation of this
test make sure that the message is displayed on EICAS:
When the test is completed, the message shall go out.

TCAS test:
TCAS page TEST line select key ⇒ Press and check the following:
- TCAS TEST status message comes on at traffic display page on the MFD,
- Verify threat symbols displayed and VSI indications as described in the (FCOM Vol.
1, NAVIGATION SYSTEMS)),
- "TCAS SYSTEM TEST OK" aural message comes on after approximately 8 seconds.
NOTE: TCAS system test failure is indicated by "TCAS SYSTEM TEST FAIL” aural and
TCAS FAIL caution message on MFD's / PFD's.

TRIMS........................................................................................................ CHECKED

STAB TRIM and MACH TRIM switches ⇒ Engage


- STAB TRIM and MACH TRIM caution messages are out

AIL and RUD trims ⇒ Select


- Verify free movement in both directions, and then set to neutral.
YAW DAMPER .......................................................................................... ENGAGED
YD 1 and YD 2 ⇒ Engage
- YAW DAMPER caution message is out.
SOURCE SELECT ...................................................................................... NORMAL
All switches ⇒ NORM
LOWER PEDESTAL ................................................................................. CHECKED
PARKING BRAKE ⇒ As required.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-20 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

NOTE: Whenever the parking brake is set, check that the PARKING BRAKE ON advisory
message comes on.
LANDING GEAR MANUAL RELEASE handle ⇒ Stowed
ADG manual deploy handle ⇒ Stowed

EMER FLAP switch ⇒ NORMAL

BTMS ......................................................................................................... CHECKED


Brake temperature ⇒ Check normal
- Green brake temperature readout.
INITIAL T/O BRIEFING......................................................................... COMPLETED
Refer to OM Part A 8.0.2.4.1 and OM Part B 2.8.5.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-21
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.7.3. Before Start Checklist

NOTE: • CM1 shall do the checklist.


• Challenge & Response type checklist.
• Below the line items shall be done after start up clearance is received and
completely ready (doors closed).
• Items that must be covered for the first flight of the day are shaded red.

MOBILE ...................................................................................................... OFF (ALL)


COCKPIT PREP .................................................................................... COMPLETED
APU ........................................................................................................................ ON
To start APU see item APU in COCKPIT SAFETY INSPECTION checklist.

HYD PUMPS ............................................................................................. AUTO / ON


HYDRAULIC pumps 1, 2 and 3B ⇒ AUTO, pump 3A ⇒ ON

PARKING BRAKE.............................................................................. AS REQUIRED


NOTE: Parking brake is normally set on. In case Pushback or Pullout is required, it may
be left off if pushback truck is connected and communication with ground crew is
established. Audio or visual communications with the ground crew shall be
maintained at all times during pushback.

T/O DATA / V BUGS ............................................................................................ SET


CM2 prepares RTOW.
CM1 checks the loadsheet and cargo manifest.
CM1 reads Total Traffic Load from the loadsheet and the actual block fuel on EICAS.
CM2 enters those figures into the FMS PERFORMANCE INIT page (Total Traffic Load
into Cargo Prompt – LSK L3).
CM2 reads FMS calculated ZFW and GWT, CM1 checks with the loadsheet and decides
ATOW. CM2 sets speed booklet.
CM1 sets V1, VR, V2, VFTO and speed bug (V2 + 12) according to RTOW or speed booklet.

NOTE: If crew configuration is different than 2/2 correct DOW (on CRJ defined as
BOW) in DEFAULT.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-22 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

CM1 reads T/O MAC; CM2 finds appropriate TOW Stabilizer Trim Units and sets value. CM2
enters assumed temperature in the FMS. FLX thrust setting is displayed on EICAS.
PITCH TRIM .................................................................................................. ___ SET
Check that the aileron and the rudder trim are centered.
STAB CH 1 INOP, STAB CH 2 INOP status messages, STAB TRIM and MACH TRIM caution
messages are out.
Ensure stabilizer trim is set for take-off and read the setting.
BARO REF ...................................................................................... ___ SET (BOTH)
Check correct QNH setting on all (3) altimeters.
Check correct Altitude reading on all (3) altimeters.
NOTE: Cross-check the altimeters by setting them to the local (QNH) setting. They
should display a known elevation such as the published runway elevation.
The difference between the published runway elevation and the altimeter
display should not exceed 23 m (75 ft). If the difference is greater than 23 m
(75 ft), flight within RVSM airspace is prohibited.
FUEL PUMPS / QTY ............................................................................... ON / ___ KG
Check that fuel temperature is within normal limits (L or R FUEL TEMP LO caution message
is not displayed).
Check that fuel contents are properly balanced.
L and R BOOST PUMP ⇒ ON
- Check that L and R BOOST PUMP ON lights come on,
- Check that L and R FUEL PUMP ON advisory messages come on.
Commander shall confirm fuel quantity is within flight plan minimum.
BEACON................................................................................................................ ON
TRANSPONDER / TCAS ....................................................................................... ON
ATC SEL ⇒ 1 – PF is CM1; 2 – PF is CM2.
Check TA ONLY message on TCAS traffic display page on the MFD.
DOORS ......................................................................................................... CLOSED
Check that no door messages are displayed.
Cockpit doors shall be closed and locked for entire duration of flight.

Check flight deck door LOCK FAIL light off (on center pedestal)

LOW PRESS TEST (L ENG) ................................................................... COMPLETE

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-23
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Fuel feed check valve test:


Start left engine first,
BOOST PUMP, L and R ⇒ Off
- Check that L & R BOOST PUMP ON lights go out,
- L & R BOOST PUMP INOP lights come on,
- L & R FUEL PUMP ON advisory message out.
- R FUEL LO PRESS caution message ⇒ Check On.
If after two (2) minutes the R FUEL LO PRESS caution message is still not displayed:
- Dry motor right engine (for max. 30 seconds). R FUEL LO PRESS caution message
should be displayed during motoring as the residual fuel pressure is reduced.
NOTE: Absence of FUEL LO PRESS caution message after dry motoring is an
indication that the fuel feed check valve has failed in the open position,
operation of the engine is not recommended with this failure.

BOOST PUMP, L and R ⇒ On


Start right engine.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-24 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7.4. After Engine Start Checklist

NOTE: Challenge & Response type checklist.


CM2 is reading the checklist and shall respond to items marked ″(CM2)″.
Items that must be covered for the first flight of the day are shaded red.

AFTER START check is performed as Challenge & Response with split duties:

CM1’s items: CM2’s items:


GENERATOR & ELECTRICS BLEED VALVES & PACKS
FUEL CROSSFLOW ANTI ICE
APU PROBES
ALL CLEAR SIGNAL FLAPS
RUDDER
N/W STEERING

The CM2 starts execution of his items when the CM1 switches fuel crossflow to MAN.
The CM2 shall select FLAPS when all clear signal has been received.
GEN & ELECTRICS ...................................................................... AUTO, CHECKED
AC ELECTRICAL page ⇒ Select and monitor.
GEN 1 & 2 ⇒ AUTO
- Check that generators are powering their respective busses,
- Frequencies, voltages and loads are within their normal ranges,
DC ELECTRICAL page ⇒ Select
- Check that voltages and loads are within their normal ranges, TRUs are powered,
- MAIN TIE, CROSS TIE and ESS TIE symbols indicate tie open.
FUEL XFLOW ...................................................................................................... MAN
Press in AUTO OVERRIDE switch/light and check that light comes on.
MAN XFLOW status message comes on.
Verify that L and R XFLOW switch/lights are pressed out.
Check that L and R XFLOW ON lights and status messages are out.
Ensure GRAVITY XFLOW switch is off/flushed.
NOTE: To prevent a XFLOW PUMP caution message from being displayed, do not select
XFLOW AUTO OVERRIDE if automatic fuel transfer is in progress.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-25
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

BLEED VALVES & PACKS ...................................................................... AUTO / ON


Check that left and right PACK OFF status messages are out.
ANTI-ICE ..................................................................................................... AS RQRD
ANTI-ICE, WING switch ⇒ As required.
ANTI-ICE, COWL ⇒ As required.
PROBES ................................................................................................................. ON
ALL CLEAR SIGNAL ................................................................................ RECEIVED
RUDDER ................................................................................................... CHECKED
Select F/CTL synoptic page.
CM1 should apply rudder through full range and verify proper indications.
Wait until rudder is centred before selecting N/W STEERING to ARMED.
N/W STEERING.............................................................................................. ARMED
APU .................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-26 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7.5. Before Take-off Checklist

NOTE: Challenge & Response type checklist.


Below the line items shall be done when LINE-UP or
TAKE-OFF clearance is received.
CM2 is reading the checklist and shall respond to the
items marked ″(CM2)″.
Both pilots shall respond to the items marked ″(BOTH)″.

BEFORE T/O check is performed as Challenge & Response with split duties:

CM1’s items: CM2’s items:


BRAKES CHECK FLT CONTROLS
FLT INST THRUST REVERSERS
T/O SPEEDS FLT INST
BRIEFING
TO CONFIG OK CABIN CREW
RUNWAY UPDATE IGNITION / ANTI-ICE
STROBE & LDG LIGHTS CAS&BTMS

FLT CONTROLS ............................................................................ CHECKED (CM2)


Select F/CTL synoptic page.
CM2 should apply aileron and elevator through full range and verify proper indications and
freedom of movement.
THRUST REVERSERS................................................................................... ARMED
Check L and R REV ARMED advisory messages are on.
FLT INST ...................................................................................... CHECKED (BOTH)
EFIS ⇒ set for departure.
Check that no annunciations are displayed on the EFIS.
EFIS slip/skid indications ⇒ Normal.
MFD on PF and PM side ⇒ FMS MAP.
RADIO on PF and PM side ⇒ AUTO TUNE.
NAV SOURCE on PF and PM side ⇒ FMS.
T/O SPEEDS................................................................ ___ (CM1), CHECKED (CM2)
CM1 shall read speeds on his PFD; CM2 checks correct speeds in tables.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-27
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

BRIEFING ................................................................. ___ (CM1), CONFIRMED (CM2)


Confirm initial T/O briefing and/or brief all items not briefed in initial T/O briefing (SID, ALT,
transponder code).
CABIN CREW................................................................................... ADVISED (CM2)
CM2 announces via PA “CABIN CREW PREPARE FOR T/O.”
IGNITION / ANTI ICE................................................................................... AS RQRD
CAS & BTMS ......................................... T/O CONFIG OK, CHECKED & CLEARED
Check that TO CONFIG OK advisory message is on.
Check that no warning, caution or non normal status messages are present.
BTMS ⇒ Ensure brake temperatures are within the limits (green) required for a rejected
take-off.

RUNWAY UPDATE ............................................................................... COMPLETED


TAKE-OFF/GO-AROUND switch  Press to initiate take-off/go-around mode.
Check TO/TO mode is active on FMA.
Check COMPLETED message comes on the FMS display.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-28 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7.6. Climb Checklist


NOTE: Do & Read type checklist.
Both pilots shall respond to the item marked ″(BOTH)″.

WARNING: Where transition altitude is close to cleared FL, be aware of risk of level bust
when operating at QNH below standard and high rates of climb.
CLIMB CHECKLIST should normally be initiated at transition altitude.

M shall do the climb checklist as a flow. All actions are afterwards checked with CAS check
and verification.
Check LDG GEAR UP.
Check slats/flaps retracted.
Press out AUTO OVERRIDE switch/light and check that light goes out.
Shut down the APU.
Disarm thrust reversers, but not before gear UP indication.

BARO REF ....................................................................................... ___SET (BOTH)


Check Standard setting on all (3) altimeters.
Check and compare Altitude/FL reading on all (3) altimeters.

CAS............................................................................................................ CHECKED
MAN XFLOW status message out.
Check that L and R REV ARMED advisory messages go out.
Verify and analyze any message and clear without confirmation.
Check that cabin pressurization works normally.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-29
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.7.7. Approach Checklist

NOTE: Do & Read type checklist.


Both pilots shall respond to the item marked ″(BOTH)″.

The PF orders the APPROACH checklist when cleared down to an altitude. It should
normally be completed at Transition Level.
When QNH is set on all altimeters (3) both pilots should crosscheck altitude readings.

SEAT BELTS ......................................................................................................... ON


Refer to OM Part A 8.3.15.2.1. Normal Calls and Signals.
PRESSURIZATION ................................................................................... CHECKED
Check system is operating normally and on-schedule.
Check destination elevation.
BRIEFING ...............................................................................................CONFIRMED
Refer to OM Part A 8.0.2.4.2 and OM Part B 2.8.7.
CAS ........................................................................................................... CHECKED
Recall all messages, evaluate (if any) and clear without confirmation.
LANDING DATA................................................................................................... SET
ATIS information and ATC clearance should have been acquired.
Set the radio and NAV equipment for approach.
Set the landing speeds and associated bugs accordingly.
BARO / MDA / DH ............................................................................ ___ SET (BOTH)
Check correct QNH setting on all (3) altimeters.
Check and compare Altitude reading on all (3) altimeters.
Set MDA or DH for approach.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-30 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7.8. Landing Checklist

NOTE: Challenge & Response type checklist.


The PF calls for LANDING checklist when landing flaps are selected and below 1500 ft
above AAL. It shall be completed at 1000 ft (500 ft for visual approach) above AAL.

NOTE: Flaps 45° may be delayed as open item.


The thrust reversers are armed immediately after gear down selection without any request
from PF.

CABIN CREW ..................................................................................... ADVISED (PM)


PM confirms that “CABIN SECURED” report has been obtained and that seatbelt sign was
cycled to OFF and ON at FL 100.
In case the emergency evacuation is expected after landing, announcement “ATTENTION
CABIN CREW! AT STATIONS!” should be given by the PM at this point.
THRUST REVERSERS................................................................................... ARMED
LH and RH THRUST REVERSER switches ⇒ ARMED
Check that both L and R, REV ARMED advisory messages come on.
LDG GEAR .......................................................................................................DOWN
Check that three green DN indications are displayed on the EICAS primary page, indicating
that the landing gear is down and locked.
FLAPS ........................................................................................................... ___ SET
Check that slats/flaps indications are displayed as selected.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-31
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.7.9. After Landing Checklist

NOTE: Do & Read type checklist.

When CM1 switches off the Strobe Lights or calls ‘AFTER LANDING CHECKLIST’,
whichever comes first, CM2 starts the execution of After Landing Checklist.

FLAPS & TRIMS ........................................................... RETRACTED & CENTERED

It may be necessary to leave the flaps at 20° if the approach was made in icing conditions or
if the runway is covered with slush or snow. Otherwise retract the slats and flaps.
Set the aileron and the rudder trim to the center position.
RADAR ................................................................................................................. OFF
PROBES ............................................................................................................... OFF
ANTI-ICE ..................................................................................................... AS RQRD
In icing conditions select only Wing Anti-Ice off and leave COWL anti-ice on until PARKING
checklist.
IGNITION .............................................................................................................. OFF
APU ............................................................................................................ AS RQRD
To start APU see item APU in COCPIT SAFETY INSPECTION checklist.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-32 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7.10. Parking Checklist

NOTE: Challenge & Response type checklist.


On transit stops leave NAV lights on (day and night).
By night select LOGO and WING INSP lights on.
Items that must be covered for the first flight of the day are shaded red.

CHOCKS & BRAKES ................................................................................. AS RQRD


Set parking brake once the airplane has come to a full stop and leave it ON if chocks are not
available.
Ensure that chocks are in place and engines shut down before releasing parking brake.
At parking position it is recommended to set PARKING BRAKE OFF as soon as the aircraft is
chocked.
To prevent damage of the passenger door support wheel assembly, release the parking
brake before disembarking passengers or when there is nobody on the stairs.
ELECTRICS .......................................................................................................... SET
Ensure either external AC electrical power or APU electrical power is available prior to
shutting down the engine.
When switching to external AC electrical power, shut down engines one by one to check
reliability of the transfer.
LOW PRESS TEST (R ENG) ................................................................ COMPLETED
Shutdown left engine first,
BOOST PUMP, L and R ⇒ Off
- Check that L & R BOOST PUMP ON lights go out,
L & R BOOST PUMP INOP lights come on,
L & R FUEL PUMP ON advisory message out
If after two (2) minutes the L FUEL LO PRESS caution message is still not displayed:
- Dry motor left engine (for max. 30 seconds). L FUEL LO PRESS caution message
should be displayed during motoring as the residual fuel pressure is reduced.

NOTE: Absence of FUEL LO PRESS caution message after dry motoring is an


indication that the fuel feed check valve has failed in the open position,
operation of the engine is not recommended with this failure.

L FUEL LO PRESS caution message ⇒ Check On.


Shut down right engine

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-33
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

THRUST LEVERS ..................................................................................... SHUT OFF


NOTE: Prior to shutdown, operate the engines at or near IDLE for a minimum of 2 minutes
(taxi time may be credited) to dissipate heat and stabilize internal operating
temperatures. However, engines shutdown following high power operation requires
a stabilization period at or near IDLE of 5 minutes.
SEAT BELT SIGNS .............................................................................................. OFF
ANTI-ICE .............................................................................................................. OFF
FUEL PUMPS ....................................................................................................... OFF
N/W STEERING.................................................................................................... OFF
TRANSPONDER ................................................................................................ STBY
BEACON .............................................................................................................. OFF
HYD PUMP 3A ........................................................................................... AS RQRD
After parking brake is selected OFF, turn hydraulic pump 3A ⇒ OFF
MOBILE .................................................................................................................. ON

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-34 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7.11. Securing the aircraft


Ref. OM-B-CRJ 2.9.16.
NOTE: Checklist can be performed by either pilot.
Read & Do type checklist.
RECIRC FAN ........................................................................................................ OFF
CHOCKS & BRAKES ................................................................................. AS RQRD
IRS / AHRS ............................................................................................... OFF / MAG
Allow 10 seconds for IRS to shutdown before selecting APU generator off.
THRUST REVERSERS......................................................................................... OFF
N/W STEERING .................................................................................................... OFF
OIL LEVEL................................................................................. CHECKED IF RQRD
EMERGENCY LIGHTS ......................................................................................... OFF
WINDSHIELD HEAT ............................................................................................. OFF
AFT CARGO ......................................................................................................... OFF
GEAR & SAFETY PINS .............................................................................. AS RQRD
At airports or out stations where normal technical support is not available, the flight crew
should arrange for or ascertain that the following procedures are performed:
1. Insertion of Gear Safety Pins and Covers is not required, unless:
a) aeroplane is planned to be parked for more than 24 hours; or
b) METAR or TAF indicate possibility of wind speed exceeding 30 knots; or
c) METAR or TAF indicate possibility of severe weather (thunderstorms, heavy rain or
snow, severe icing, etc), or
d) aeroplane is planned to be repositioned (towed), or
e) Commander decides that insertion of Gear Safety Pins and Covers is required for
other safety reasons.
2. Insertion of ADG safety pin is never required.
HYD PUMPS ................................................................................................. ALL OFF
APU....................................................................................................................... OFF
APU START/STOP switch ⇒ Press out when EGT stabilized.
- Avail light ⇒ out.
APU PWR FUEL switch/light ⇒ Off.
- APU SOV OPEN status message out.
- APU GEN OFF caution message out.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-35
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

EXTERNAL AC .................................................................................................... OFF


BATTERY MASTER ............................................................................................. OFF
Wait until APU intake door is closed before switching BATTERY MASTER to Off.
HOT LIGHTS ........................................................................................................ OFF
Check:
- All Cockpit lights to be off,
- All Cabin lights to be off,
- All exterior lights to be off,
- Aft Equipment Bay lights to be off,
- Avionics bay lights to be off.
FLASHLIGHT .......................................................................... CHECKED / STOWED

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-36 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.8. NORMAL GROUND AND FLIGHT PROCEDURES


Refer to FCOM Vol. 2, CHAPTER 4 - NORMAL PROCEDURES.

2.8.1. Operation in icing conditions

Refer to FCOM Vol.2, CHAPTER 7 – SUPPLEMENTARY PROCEDURES, Cold Weather


Operations.
Refer to QRH Vol. 1, SUPPLEMENTARY PROCEDURES.
Refer to Operations Manual Part A, 8.2.4 (De-Icing and Anti-Icing on the Ground).
For Deicing Fluid Holdover Time Tables refer to QRH Vol. 1, SUPPLEMENTARY
PROCEDURES, SUPP 5-4.
If during tactile check of the wing leading edge, wing forward upper surface and wing rear
surface contamination (frost, ice, snow or slush) is found, the tail section contamination is to
be considered at the same extent.
Under all circumstances, it is the CMDRs responsibility to decide on the need to de-ice the
aircraft or to repeat the de-icing process.

When aircraft has landed and taxied out on contaminated RWY or taxiway, the
commanders shall ensure that ice or snow accumulation on brakes has been removed
before next flight.
When operating from wet, snow covered or slush covered runways or taxiways, or following
overnight parking in known icing conditions, the following steps are applicable in order to
prevent freezing of the wheel brakes:
(1) During taxi, use light brake applications to warm brakes before take-off. Monitor
the Brake Temperature Monitoring System (BTMS) during taxi. Be aware of
possible skidding on slippery surfaces with high engine thrust.
(2) After fake-off, delay landing gear retraction to dump excess slush or snow from
wheel brakes and landing gear.
In case of engine failure or climb performance degradation disregard delayed
gear retraction. When safe, cycle landing gear.
(3) When landing, carry out a positive landing to ensure initial wheel spin up and
breakout of frozen brakes if icing has occurred.
(4) During the landing roll and subsequent taxi, use the brakes to prevent
progressive build-up of ice on the wheels and brakes.
Following take-off or landing on contaminated runways and taxiways, tires should be
inspected for flat spotting prior to the next flight.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-37
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.8.2. Engine Start and Pushback Procedure


Usually the right engine is started first. For the first flight of the day the left engine is started
first, before starting the right engine the low-pressure test is performed.
NOTE: EXTERNAL AIR engine start: After starting right engine with EXTERNAL AIR,
left engine start is permitted only with CROSS BLEED engine start procedure,
after all ground equipment is removed.

Cockpit – Ground communication during engine start


Phase COCKPIT GROUND
Event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
Interphone GROUND FROM THE
First contact Call: GO AHEAD
check COCKPIT
Before engine STARTING ENG. No. CLEAR TO START
Call: Call:
start 2(1) ENG No. 2(1)
When N1 rotation
Starting N1 ROTATES
is observed
NOTE: Same procedure for each engine.
CHOCKS ARE
Check ENGINES STABILIZED,
After engine When chocks AWAY, ALL CLEAR,
engine CHOCKS AWAY,
start away DISCONNECTIG,
instruments DISCONNECT!
STBY FOR VISUAL

Duties & Call-outs during engine start


Start phase or CM1 CM2
event Duty Call-out Duty
Select an hold engine
START L/R switch/light STARTING Check L/R ENGINE START status
Starting engine until L/R ENGINE 1/2 message
START status message
is on
N2 rotation Check N2 rotation Start timing
OIL
Oil Pressure rising Check Oil Pressure
PRESSURE
Check ITT below
ITT ITT
120° C
N2 rotation > 20% Check N2 above 20 % N2
Select thrust lever to Check L/R AUTO IGNITION advisory
Fuel
IDLE message comes on
ENGINE
Engine stabilized Check idle parameters
STABILIZED

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-38 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Idle parameters (OAT 15° C):


Refer to QRH Vol.1, LIMITATIONS, POWER PLANT, Engine Operating limits.

N2 55 – 65 % N1 20 – 25 %
ITT 450 – 650 °C FF approx 220 kg/h

Before commencing push-back, make sure that the GPU is disconnected and the parking
brake is released.
In exceptional cases (Commander or Ground Crew discretion), nose wheel steering can be
disconnected for push-back. It must be reconnected before the start of taxi.

Communication during push-back


Phase or COCKPIT GROUND CREW
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
Inter-
GROUND FROM THE
First contact phone Call: GO AHEAD
COCKPIT
Check
When push-
READY FOR
back
Call: PUSH-BACK (FACING TO Call: RELEASE BRAKES.
clearance is
THE …)
received
When brakes COMMENCING PUSH-BACK
Call: BRAKES RELEASED Call:
are released (FACING TO THE…)
NOTE: Whenever push-back has to be abandoned, the cockpit crew
should call “STOP PUSH-BACK” to the ground personnel.
When push- PUSH-BACK COMPLETED!
back is Call: CONFIRM
completed BRAKES SET.
BRAKES SET,
PREPARING AIRCRAFT
PREPARE AIRCRAFT FOR
When brakes FOR TAXI. STAND BY FOR
Call: TAXI. STANDING BY FOR Call:
are set HAND SIGNAL ON LEFT-/
HAND SIGNAL ON LEFT-/
RIGHT-HAND SIDE.
RIGHT-HAND SIDE

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-39
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Engine start during push-back is allowed only when communication between the cockpit and
the ground is established through the interphone system. If such communication is not
possible, postpone engines start until push-back is completed and the parking brake is set.
When the parking position is contaminated (slush, snow, ice), nosewheel steering must be
disconnected. In this situation the tow truck may not be capable of develop normal traction to
effect a push-back due to reduced friction. It is therefore recommended to delay engine start
until push-back or towing is completed. The flight crew must be aware that in extreme
conditions the application of the parking brake may not be sufficient to restrain the forward
motion of the airplane, with the engines at idle thrust.
In exceptional cases or otherwise required, for example a case of small apron, nosewheel
steering must be disconnected as well. See table below.

Phase or COCKPIT GROUND CREW


event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
When push- DISCONNECT STEERING!
STEERING
back READY FOR
Call: Call: DISCONNECTED.
clearance is PUSH-BACK (FACING TO
RELEASE BRAKES.
received THE …)
BRAKES SET,
STEERING CONNECTED.
CONNECT STEERING,
PREPARING AIRCRAFT
When brakes PREPARE AIRCRAFT FOR
Call: Call: FOR TAXI. STAND BY FOR
are set TAXI. STANDING BY FOR
HAND SIGNAL ON LEFT-/
HAND SIGNAL ON LEFT-/
RIGHT-HAND SIDE.
RIGHT-HAND SIDE

After disconnection CM1 must observe ALL CLEAR signal given by the ground crew member
who assisted push-back and engines start. After that he must follow the marshaller’s
instructions.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-40 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.8.3. After engine start


ALL CLEAR SIGNAL given by ground personnel shall be received before rudder check and
flap extension.

Do not accelerate engine until oil pressure is in the normal operating range.

2.8.4. Taxiing
Before leaving tarmac position, check ALL CLEAR SIGNAL given by ground personnel.
Before leaving parking position the CM1 checks the left-hand side and confirms “LEFT
CLEAR”. CM2 checks the right-hand side and confirms "RIGHT CLEAR".
Once the aircraft starts moving, CM1 silently and smoothly performs brake check. With
pressing the pedals, aircraft must slow down.
To begin taxi, release the brakes and smoothly increase thrust to the minimum required for
the airplane to roll forward. Once taxi has commenced, idle thrust is more than adequate for
most conditions. Do not start a turn until sufficient forward speed has been attained to allow
the airplane to turn at idle thrust. Nose-wheel should not be turned when aircraft is static.
After completing a turn, and prior to stopping, center the nose-wheel and allow the airplane to
roll straight ahead for short distance.

CAUTION: If the aircraft is parked in wet conditions for a longer period, the efficiency of the
first brake application at low speed is reduced.

Pilot shall follow taxi guideline with utmost precision, as obstacle clearance can only be
assured with nose gear on the centreline. On narrow taxiways use some over steering with
caution.
For sharp turns ensure the slip indicator does not move one half width away from the sky
pointer.

At a suitable place and where there is no risk of colliding with other aircraft or vehicles, the
CM1 orders BEFORE T/O CHECKLIST TO THE LINE. CM2 will follow the progress of the
taxiing and be ready to assist CM1 if necessary.
It is prohibited to use engine reverse thrust during taxi, except for safety reasons.
When checklist is completed to the line and situation permits, CM1 calls CCM1 to obtain
cabin report “CABIN SECURED”.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-41
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

When LINE UP or TAKE OFF Clearance is received and aircraft enters the take off runway
CM1 shall call out “BELOW THE LINE”. CM1 and CM2 shall do the flow:
CM1 CM2
Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
Check right approach
Check left approach area LEFT CLEAR RIGHT CLEAR
area
Switch on STROBE & Set BLEEDS, ANTI ICE
LDG LIGHTS and APU for T/O
CABIN CREW
Perform RWY Update Advise cabin crew
PREPARE FOR T/O
When the flow is completed CM2 is reading the checklist and shall respond to the item
marked “(CM2)”.
CM1 shall respond to all other items.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-42 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.8.5. Take-off
The following take-off procedures have been selected as the most desirable for safety,
attainment of the minimum practical take-off distance and for general noise abatement
requirements.
For each take-off pilot shall check RTOW.
The take-off should be performed with the Flight Directors in TO - TO mode.
When lined up and before setting take-off thrust, the CM1 must depress TOGA buttons to
update FMS and both pilots shall cross check the headings, the runway markings (runway
identification) and check the heading select bug.

Take-off briefing
Items related to normal operations are briefed by PF and shall consist at least of: (Refer to
OM Part A 8.0.2.4.1.)
1) Aircraft technical status.
2) XFR switch.
For the following items PF must use the FMS.
3) Expected RWY and SID and all regarding normal and special items (such as RWY
length/condition, weather, automatic frequency change after take-off, noise
abatement procedure, transition altitude etc.).
4) Checking the flight plan (PM must check it with OFP).
5) Checking the amount of fuel.
Items related to abnormal and emergency procedures are briefed by CM1 and shall consist
at least of:
1) Actions in case of failure to decision speed.
2) Actions in case of failure after decision speed including briefing of EOSID.
3) Special items if not previously briefed by PF (usage of equipment etc.).
NOTE 1: Both pilots shall compare the validity of appropriate charts.
NOTE 2: For subsequent flights operated by the same crew briefing may be substantially
reduced but shall cover all the important items.

Characteristic speeds
Wind speeds including gust are to be compensated at the PiC's discretion and according to
the circumstances (expected or reported windshear, available runway, specific wind
phenomena at some aerodromes, possible malfunction, etc.).
Maximum additive to VREF is 10 KTS.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-43
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

CHARACTERISTIC SPEED MAX BANK ANGLE


V2 15°
V2 +10 25°
V2 +20 30°
V8 FL 15°
V0 FL 15°
VFTO - one engine out 30°
VH 30°
VP (VREF + 10 kts) 30°
VREF 15°

Speed bug setting


For take-off speed bug shall be set to V2 +12 KTS.
In flight speed bug shall be set to selected climb, cruise or descent speed.
In approach speed bug shall be set to predetermined speeds or VP if higher.
Speed bug shall be set to new configuration predetermined speed after configuration change
is confirmed.
Configuration Predetermined speed (KTS)
Clean, F 0 210
F8 180
F 20 170
F 30 160

Speed booklet
There is a speed booklet published for Canadair Regional Jet. Refer to OM Part B 4.4.5.
Speed Booklet performance data for description.
For each flight pilot shall select speeds either from the speed booklet OR RTOW tables.
More restrictive case shall be used. Use VT from speed booklet.
V1 and VR include correction for OAT up to ISA +20°C, pressure altitude up to 2000 ft and
wing&cowl a/i on.

Slat/Flap retraction schedule, Normal operation


Bank angle up to 15°:
For FLAPS 20 take-off: select FLAPS 8 at V2 FL20° + 12 kts, select FLAPS 1 at V2 FL20° + 20
kts, select FLAPS 0 at VFTO - 15 kts.
For FLAPS 8 take-off: select FLAPS 1 at V2 FL8° + 12 kts, select FLAPS 0 at VFTO - 15 kts.
For bank angle more than 15°, retractions should be initiated at VREF+10 for the
selected Flap Setting.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-44 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Configuration changes
When a configuration change is required it shall be done as follows:
PF asks for configuration change.
PM checks the speed, calls out "SPEED CHECKED" and selects appropriate lever to
required position. When flaps reach selected position, he calls out new configuration
(e.g.: "FLAPS 8").

Standing take-off – Maximum performance take-off


A standing take-off shall be performed if any of the following conditions exist:
• Visibility / RVR at or close to take-off minimum.
• Contaminated runway.
• Actual TOW is near limiting MTOW for runway length or obstacle.
When a Max Performance take-off procedure is required, HOLD the brakes until take-off N1
is set. Release the brakes and continue as per Normal Take-Off procedure.
When wind direction is greater than 30° on either side of the airplane nose and the wind-
speed is between 5 and 30 knots (Refer to QRH Vol.1, LIMITS-4-12), HOLD the brakes until
75% N1 is achieved. Release the brakes, set the thrust levers to TOGA detent, and continue
as per Normal Take-Off procedure.
When wind direction is greater than 30° on either side of the airplane nose and the wind
speed is greater than 30 knots (Refer to QRH Vol.1, LIMITS-4-12), use the Rolling Take-Off
procedure.

Rolling take-off
Whenever a standing take-off is not required, a rolling take-off shall be made.
The rolling take-off may be started upon entering the runway. Thrust should not be increased
before the aircraft is lined up, as any acceleration out of a turn or combination of high thrust
and braking should be avoided.

Take-off thrust setting


Whenever possible use the reduced T/O thrust setting. Use of the reduced thrust shall be
checked in the RTOW.
Reduced T/O thrust procedure shall not be used under following conditions:
• Contaminated runway.
• Visibility/RVR close to T/O minimum.
• If wing and/or cowl anti-icing bleeds are in use.
• Windshear or thunderstorm activity in the vicinity of the airport (reported or
suspected).

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-45
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Intersection take-off
Intersection take-off should only be performed on ATC request, or if it is a means of avoiding
significant time penalties.
In any case an intersection take-off may only be performed if:
specific runway tables are provided for this take-off position, or
the TOW is limited by field length and tables for a more restricting RWY can be applied.
For applicability check the RTOW.
If asked by ATC on a short notice and unable to check the above-mentioned requirements,
refuse the intersection take-off.
A possibility of intersection take-off should be discussed during take-off briefing.

Take-off roll
After centring the aircraft on the centreline, CM1 should call-out “READY”. CM2 answers
“READY” when ready for TO.
When CM2 is the PF, CM1 transfers controls to CM2 with call-out “YOU HAVE CONTROLS”.
When ready and aligned with centreline PF shall announce “TAKE-OFF” and CM1 sets
thrust.
CM1 shall advance thrust levers smoothly to 12 o’clock (70-75% N1) and wait for both
engines to accelerate out of idle and then advance further to TOGA detent in such a manner
to allow both engines to accelerate, stabilize and achieve take-off N1 prior to 60 KIAS.
When thrust is set CM1 shall call out "T/O or FLEX THRUST SET«.
When thrust is verified CM2 shall call out "T/O or FLEX THRUST CHECKED".
PM monitors the essential engine and flight instruments and calls out any anomalies.
PM follows with his hand at the control wheel from the start of take-off roll until initial climb
attitude is established. It is PM duty to call out "HUNDRED", "V1" and "ROTATE" at the
appropriate speeds.
CM1 controls the thrust levers until passing V1.
Passing V1, the CM1 places his right hand on the control wheel.
During a crosswind take-off, directional control is maintained through the rudder pedal
steering. Partial application of aileron control should be made into the wind.

PAA - Pressure altitude for acceleration


PAA shall be determined for each flight and entered into the flight plan.
MDA value should be set as reference for PAA.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-46 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Initial climb
Noise Abatement procedures are included in Adria Airways Normal Operation Standard.
Nothing in this procedure shall prevent the pilot-in-command from exercising authority for the
safe operation of the aeroplane.
This aeroplane operating procedure for the take-off climb has been developed so as to
assure that the necessary safety of flight operations is maintained whilst minimizing exposure
to noise on the ground.
At VR start to rotate with the rate of 2.5 °/sec towards flight director target pitch attitude, in
one continuous motion. Respect max pitch 8° ANU untill liftoff to prevent tailstrike. Pilot shall
then adjust pitch attitude to achieve airspeed of V2+10 to V2+20 KTS.
When a positive ROC is established and observed on VSI and altitude increase is observed,
PM shall call out "POSITIVE CLIMB", PF requests "GEAR UP".
Do not attempt to achieve V2 at 35 ft on a take-off without engine failure, as this requires
excessive rotation.
At V2+10 to V2+20 KTS (according to the bank), PF orders "SPEED MODE" and "HDG or
NAV MODE".
Climb at V2+10 to V2+20 KTS until altitude for acceleration.
Do not initiate a turn before passing 400 ft AGL.
At 600 ft AGL PF may engage autopilot.
Take-off to 800 ft above aerodrome elevation:
- take-off power
- take-off flap/slats
- climb at V2 + 10 to 20kt.

At 800 ft AGL PF orders/sets Speed Bug to 210KIAS (call "SPEED BUG 210") and orders
flap/slat retraction on schedule.

Standard noise abatement procedures should be replaced by aerodrome – specific noise


abatement procedure if specified (refer to OM-A 8.0.3.7.3 for more info) and briefed for every
departure.
Pilot shall observe bank angle limit upon flap retraction initiation.

After flaps/slats retraction schedule, make sure that cabin pressurization works
normally. In case of unpressurized T/O, establish pressurization first than check if it
works normally.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-47
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

At transition altitude the PF calls for STD. Both pilots set STD. Pilot in the left-hand seat sets
the STD on STBY ALT, whereas both pilots must cross-check altitude readings on all
altimeters
Altitude cross-check (e.g.):
PM calls "PASSING FL 90 NOW"
PF crosschecks altitude and calls: "CHECKED"

CLIMB CHECKLIST should normally be initiated at transition altitude.

WARNING: Where transition altitude is close to cleared FL, be aware of risk of level bust
when operating at QNH below standard and high rates of climb. Check and
compare altimeters without delay.

At FL 100 PM calls: “FL 100” This also represents:


End of sterile cockpit rule (see NOTE).
Seat belts off unless required for turbulence. Refer to OM Part A 8.3.15.2.1. Normal Calls and
Signals

NOTE: STERILE COCKPIT is a period in flight where cabin crew are not allowed to disturb
the cockpit crew unless an important or urgent message is necessary.
For purpose of Sterile Cockpit Policy, Adria Airways declares critical phases of
flight to be:
1. From commencing push back or engine start if parked in a taxi-out position, until
the seat belt sign has been switched off during climb; and
2. From FL100 (or 10000 ft) when the seat belt sign has been recycled until engine
shut down (seat belt sign OFF).
(Refer to OM Part A 8.3.15.1.5 Sterile Period)

Enroute PM shall select NAV source FMS and autotune.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-48 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Take-off and initial climb pattern

SPEED BUG 210

800 ft AAL

POSITIVE CLIMB (PM)

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-49
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Take-off and climb-out call-outs


Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
CM1 and CM2
Call TAKE-OFF
Ready for TO
When T/O or
FLEX thrust is CM1 call T/O or FLEX THRUST SET
set
When T/O or
FLEX thrust is CM2 call: T/O or FLEX THRUST CHECKED
verified
PFD shows 100 Call HUNDRED
KTS Check PFD CHECKED
PFD shows V1 Call V1
PFD shows VR Call ROTATE
At positive climb POSITIVE CLIMB
Call
Call GEAR UP
Retract gear Call
GEAR UP
SPEED MODE,
Select SPD &
At V2+10 to 15 KTS Call HEADING or NAV
HDG/NAV mode
MODE
Required mode FMS 1(2) GREEN or
displayed green on Call HEADING GREEN
FMA CLIMB GREEN
Passing 600 ft Engage AP
Required AP AUTOPILOT
engaged displayed Call LEFT/RIGHT SIDE
on FMA ON
At 800 ft AGL Call / Set SPEED BUG 210
(check specific
Set Speed Bug SPEED BUG 210
noise abatement
and call SET
procedure if
specified)
Acceleration and Call FLAPS 8 Check speed and SPEED CHECKED,
Retraction of Flaps select Flaps to 8 FLAPS 8
Flaps/Slats) on Call FLAPS 0
schedule Check speed and SPEED CHECKED,
select Flaps to 0 FLAPS 0

When flaps at 0 set CLIMB THRUST


Check climb CLIMB THRUST
climb thrust and call
thrust and call CHECKED

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-50 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

EFIS, FMS set-up for take-off

PF SIDE PM SIDE
NAV SOURCE FMS FMS / VOR / LOC
RADIO TUNNING
AUTO AS REQUIRED
(see NOTE)
LEGS LEGS
CDU
PAGE PAGE

NOTE: If EOSID differs from SID, EOSID NAV setup shall be preselected (frequency
and course) on PM side. Use full benefit of FIX Page and/or secondary flight
plan and/or raw data navigation. For creation of EOSID procedure in
secondary flight plan both pilots shall be present at stations.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-51
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.8.6. Climb, Cruise, Descent


When approaching cleared FL/altitude the maximum recommended rate during last 1000 ft is
1000 ft/min. This recommendation is not applicable if ATC has issued a vertical rate
instruction. (ACAS II Bulletin February 2016 | N°19) In this case, the vertical rate should be
maintained to assigned FL/altitude.
Flight Planning Department determines optimum flight profile for each flight.
Normal and fuel saving flight profile is as follows:
Climb: below FL100, 210 IAS (or VT+10 IAS) whichever is higher and possible
regarding traffic situation, at FL 100 accelerate and climb at 260 IAS (270 IAS if
TOW>34t) / LRC Mach at planned FL

Cruise: LRC IAS +10 or LRC Mach +0.01

Descent: Cruise Speed to thrust idle descent point at 3,3° descent path, below FL100
3.0° descent and 250 IAS.
Use of vertical speed mode is mandatory to achieve stable descent profile (IAS may vary).
High speed flight profile is as follows:
Climb: 250/320 IAS / M 0.77
Cruise: 290 IAS / M 0.80
Descent: Cruise Mach /320/250 IAS

Pilot shall assure speed during climb is at all time above Minimum Drag Speed (VMD).
Be aware that climb speed schedules stated above can be below the Minimum Drag
Speed (VMD) for particular weight and altitude combinations. Data are presented in
Speed Book and Chapter 4, Additional Performance Data.
Fuel Saving Flight Profile should be used on all Adria Airways flights.

The Commander, at his own discretion may use High speed flight profile or Max Speed if
flight is delayed for more than 10 minutes. Consider greater fuel consumption and carefully
monitor remaining fuel.

In accordance with OM Part A during the flight in RVSM airspace altitude check shall be
performed. Altimeter tolerances are stated in chapter 1 of this manual.
Start descent preparation during cruise, approximately 10 minutes before the top of descent
point, according to the weather information and APP/RWY procedure expected.
Aim to maintain continuous descent and 3° GP.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-52 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.8.7. Approach

Approach briefing
Refer to OM Part A 8.0.2.4.2

Approach briefing is performed by the PF and should be as short as possible. Briefing shall
include all of the essential information. PF starts briefing during low workload preferably and,
if possible, before descent. If ATIS, VOLMET or Arrival information are not yet received at
this moment, they shall be discussed after briefing. Before briefing PF shall prepare and
check FMS (arrival, transition, approach, missed approach, alternate) while PM prepares
expected landing weight and sets the appropriate speeds accordingly. If there is a possibility
for secondary landing runway it shall be prepared in the secondary flight plan. PF uses FMS
during briefing while PM checks the appropriate charts.
Both pilots should compare validity of the applicable approach chart (date).
Main items of the briefing are:
• Aircraft status.
• NOTAMS.
• Minimum safe altitude.
• Terminal area topography.
• Expected weather during descent, approach and at destination.
• Arrival and Approach procedure. (Arrival, transition, type of approach and landing
runway regarding FMS preparation. Final approach phase shall be briefed in
details with only the significant arrival and transition points mentioned).
• Navigation set up.
• Runway in use, its condition, lightning and dimensions.
• Stabilization barometric height (1000 ft AAL).
• Minimum.
• Go-around procedure.
• Navigation setup.
• Minimum diversion fuel to alternate and extra fuel.
• Braking/Reversing procedure, expected taxi route.
• Any questions or clarifications and other pertinent details (icing, wind-shear,
crosswind…).

NOTE: Both pilots should compare validity of the applicable approach chart (date).

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-53
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Descent and initial approach duties


At FL 100 or 10.000 feet PM:
Calls: “FL 100” or “10.000” and cycles seatbelt sign to OFF then ON. Make sure that switch is
turned OFF and ON slowly enough so that both chimes can be heard. This declares the
beginning of sterile cockpit rule (see NOTE). Cycling of the seatbelt sign also announces that
landing is expected in approximately 10 minutes.

NOTE: STERILE COCKPIT is a period in flight where cabin crew are not allowed to
disturb the cockpit crew unless an important or urgent message is necessary.
For purpose of Sterile Cockpit Policy, Adria Airways declares critical phases of
flight to be:
1. From commencing push back or engine start if parked in a taxi-out position, until
the seat belt sign has been switched off during climb; and
2. From FL100 (or 10 000 ft) when the seat belt sign has been recycled until engine
shut down (seat belt sign OFF).
Refer to OM Part A 8.3.15.2.1. Normal Calls and Signals
When cleared to an Altitude or at TL, PF calls for APPROACH CHECKLIST.
Altitude cross-check (e.g.):
PM calls “PASSING 6000 FT NOW”
PF cross-checks altitude and calls: “CHECKED”
Low drag/low power approach is considered to be a standard ADRIA AIRWAYS approach
policy for all approaches.
Procedure turns shall be flown with IAS 210 or less if required so.

Stabilized Approach
Each approach procedure shall be planned and executed in a manner to achieve stabilization
criteria latest at the target height.
Lowest target height is:
• 1000 ft AAL for precision approaches;
• Height corresponding FAF for Non-precision Approaches;
Passing 1000 ft AAL both pilots shall agree approach is stabilized.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-54 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
1000 ft AAL Call 1000
(BARO) BARO

CHECKED
If STABILIZED STABILIZED
criteria are met
If STABILIZED UNSTABLE
criteria are NOT
met

An approach is considered STABILIZED when all of the following criteria are met:
Flight Path: The aircraft is on the desired flight path in landing configuration. Maximum
Course Deflection of +/- 1 dot during precision approach, and +/- 5° during non-precision
approach.
Aircraft attitude: Only small changes in heading and pitch are required to maintain that path.
Only in a case of visual approach (if not straight-in-app) and circle-to-land approach a
deviation from bank/heading (required for normal maneuvering), landing flap configuration
and the speed (to ensure stall margin, if required) is allowed.
Visual approaches – Wings level at minimum 500 AAL. Circling approaches – Wings level at
minimum 300 AAL.
Speed: The aircraft speed is not more than Vref+20 kts IAS and not less than Vref;
Sink Rate: Maximum acceptable Sink Rate below 1000 AAL is 1000 feet per minute.
Briefings and checklists: All briefings and checklists have to be timely completed.

PM call-outs during final approach:


 “SPEED” when speed becomes: ………...lower than VREF –0 kt
 …..…… or higher than VREF + 10 kt
 “PITCH” when pitch att. becomes: ……….lower than –5° nose down
……….or higher than 5° nose up
 “BANK”..................when bank angle becomes steeper than 7°
 “SINK RATE”.........when descent rate exceeds 1000 ft/min
 “LOC or GLIDE”……………….when LOC deviation occurs ≥ ½ dot LOC
….……………when GS deviation occurs ≥ ± ½ dot GS
 “RWY/APP LIGHTS IN SIGHT” ………….as soon as approach lights
………….and/or runway (lights) are in sight.
As soon as call-out “LANDING” was made, all further call-outs may be omitted
(e.g. “APPROACHING MINIMUM”, “MINIMUM”)
Call-out “1000 BARO” should never be omitted!

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-55
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Outer marker check


Outer marker check is completed provided:
• No visible flags on instruments required for the approach,
• LOC/GP deviation is not in excess of 1 dot,
• OM crossing altitude and published OM altitude do not differ for more than 100 ft
(GP deviation has to be considered, see CRJ OM Part B 2.9.7.),
• OM passage is verified by visual and aural indication. (OM may be substituted by
DME fix, VOR radial, NDB or radar fix.)

Use of radio altimeter


During approach, Radio Altimeter MDA (Minimum Decision Altitude) shall be set to applicable
aircraft category minima, if published on IAL.
During ILS CAT II / IIIA approach, Radio Altimeter DH (Decision height) shall be set to
CAT II / IIIA minima for applicable airport.

Speeds
Standard approach speeds are shown in the approach figures. V2 and VFTO shall be set
according to the Speed book. These are the minimum speeds.
Final approach is normally flown at VREF. When operating in gusty wind conditions the speed
shall be increased for ½ of the gust (maximum of 10 knots).

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-56 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

 Precision approach

Flight phase or PF PM
Event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
On final AP ON Arm APPR
intercept mode check
heading and FMA and call LOC , GS WHITE Check FMA
cleared for
approach
AP OFF Call ARM APPROACH Arm APPR
MODE mode
Check FMA Check FMA
Call LOC , GS WHITE
LOC captured Call LOCALIZER Check FMA
GREEN
GS captured Call GLIDE SLOPE Check FMA
GREEN GA ALTITUDE
SET GA ALTITUDE Set GA ALT ___SET
Outer Marker Call OUTER MARKER Perform OM OM CHECK
or substitute check COMPLETED,
MINIMUM___F
T
1000 ft AAL (BARO) Check Call 1000
distance to BARO
RWY is CHECKED
approximately
3 NM and call
Check if STABILIZED STABILIZED
criteria are met OR
UNSTABLE
100 ft above DA Call APPROACHING
MINIMUM
With required visual Call RWY / APP
references, Call LANDING LIGHTS IN
but latest at DA SIGHT
CONTINUE AS NORMAL LANDING
At DA and no required
visual references Call GO-AROUNDAssist in
for landing Go-Around
CONTINUE AS NORMAL GO-AROUND

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-57
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

 GS interception from above


When established on localizer and above glide slope:
1) On FCP select altitude above aircraft altitude or missed approach altitude,
whichever is higher.
2) Select V/S mode DOWN and adjust the appropriate rate.
3) Check on FMA that G/S is white.
Maximum rate to be used for interception is in accordance with OM Part A 8.0.3.12.2.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-58 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

 Precision approach pattern

210 KIAS

NOTE : Latest at 1000 ft AAL


Start red uclng speed Airplane must be stabilized
to 180KIAS Thrust, Speed, Trim
II GS GREEN

i.... Set GAAL:EAROOWN

••.•.· Select Gmr DOWN


ARM TI1rust Reversers

FLAPS 45 °
...
·' Select Flap; 45°
I nllal
approach
al tltl.lde
. 2000 ft
AAL
LANDING CHECK

..
.......................................
.. ... ...' ..
~ ~

INotto scalo I

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-59
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

 Non-precision approach
All Non-precision approaches (NPA) shall be planned and carried out in a conservative
manner as a stabilized approach and shall be flown using a Continuous Descent Final
Approach technique (CDFA). To conduct CDFA the pilot must have adequate information of
a distance to the runway threshold. Use of DME and/or RNAV/FMS is authorized for that
purpose. Throughout descent monitor angle of approach to be flown. Use VNAV and
snowflake to achieve continuous descent (Advisory VNAV shall be enabled).
For all Non-precision approaches the DA concept (CAT.OP.MPA.110) shall be used.
Decision to perform missed approach procedure shall be taken latest when reaching the
published minima+50 ft (to avoid undershooting the OCA during go-around, due to the
aircraft inertia during pull-up, the minima set on PFD and flown shall be published
minima+50), or the Missed Approach Point, whichever occurs first. For Circling Approach a
published minimum is applicable minima (no additive).
• Standard settings for Non-precision Approaches (for VOR and NDB approaches these
are RECOMMENDED standard settings, see also OM-A 8.0.4 Use of Automation):
• Localizer approach:
- Both pilots shall select LOC/DME as a NAV SOURCE while both RTUs shall be tuned
to the appropriate LOC frequency.
• VOR approach:
- PF shall use FMS for lateral navigation when the VOR Approach is retrieved from the
FMS, with or without an operative GPS. For additional safeguard, the PM-side VOR
bearing pointer should be displayed during the approach on PF side. On PF-side MFD
Format shall be selected to NAV SECTOR and XSIDE Push Button shall be selected.
PM shall select VOR as a NAV SUORCE and the PM RTU shall be tuned to the
appropriate VOR/DME frequency. FCP Selection: NAV.
- VOR Approaches shall be flown using raw data if the approach is not retrieved from the
FMS database. Settings are the same as above only FCP Selection is HDG.
• NDB approach:
- With the NDB Approach retrieved from the FMS database, with or without an operative
GPS, FMS shall be used for lateral navigation. The NDB bearing pointers shall be
displayed during the approach. FCP Selection: NAV.
- NDB Approach shall be flown using raw data if the approach is not retrieved from the
FMS database or NO APPR message is displayed on Navigation Source/Course
Display on PFD. FCP Selection: HDG.
- In case of NDB Approach without DME both pilots shall select FMS as a NAV
SOURCE and MFD Format should be set to FMS MAP on both sides. In case of
NDB/DME Approach PF shall select FMS as a NAV SOURCE, set MFD Format to NAV
SECTOR and push XSIDE Push Button. PM shall select VOR/DME as a NAV
SECTOR and ensure that RTU is tuned to the appropriate approach frequency.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-60 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

• RNAV GPS approach:


- Only Navigation Database extracted, non-modified approaches are allowed. Do not
self-create or modify approach procedures. ONLY individual (database coded)
approach points assure sufficient RNAV equipment performance. Pay strict attention
that the selected approach procedure corresponds to the charted approach and that
both correspond to the ATC clearance received and acknowledged respectively.
- If only underlaid NDBs are used for flight plan reasonableness monitoring then set
RADIO tuning mode to AUTO, if VORs are used then set MAN. Use of bearing pointers
is recommended to underlay conventional navigation with appropriate VOR/VOR,
VOR/ADF or ADF/ADF combination, possibly with NAVAID display. Consider screen
clutter. Utilize different range selection on PF PM MFDs in order to get an optimum
picture for flight and navigation monitoring. This is of much greater importance in the
event of failed MFD(s) where only PFD bearing pointers remain available.
- Set MFD WINDOW to VNAV at least on PF side in order to have advisory VNAV
readily available.
PF PM
APP FCP SEL
SOURCE FORMAT SOURCE FORMAT
LOC LOC FMS MAP LOC FMS MAP NAV
VOR FMS NAV SEC VOR FMS MAP NAV / HDG
NDB no DME FMS FMS MAP FMS FMS MAP NAV / HDG
NDB w DME FMS NAV SEC VOR FMS MAP NAV / HDG
RNAV GPS FMS FMS MAP FMS FMS MAP NAV

• Before commencing approach, pilot shall check required descent angle in FMS to
correspond with IAL.
• Deviations below the vertical path should not exceed 75 ft at any time, or half-scale
deflection where angular deviation is indicated, and not more than 75 ft above the
vertical profile, or half-scale deflection where angular deviation is indicated, at or below
1 000 ft above aerodrome level. The flight crew should execute a missed approach if
the vertical deviation exceeds this criterion, unless the flight crew has in sight the visual
references required to continue the approach.

In order for VS mode to be available to start descent, the FCP altitude selector shall be
moved up from the last captured altitude.
Descent may be initiated before FAF (0,3 to 0,5 NM) to assure stable descent path.
Appropriate radio aid shall be tuned and identified. As long as correct identification and/or
bearing pointers are displayed, audio identification is not required.
Deviation limit of 5° left/right of the required app course shall be respected all the times.
When timing to MAPt is required during non-precision approach, PM should call out: “ONE
MINUTE TO TIME-OUT” and “30 SEC TO TIME-OUT” as required.
Take into consideration high thrust setting for lower ROD flight in landing configuration.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-61
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

When reaching DA (or published MDA+50 feet), landing or GA must be performed –


horizontal flight is not allowed. The longitudinal part of missed approach procedure must be
flown via the Missed Approach Point unless otherwise stated on the approach chart.

Non-precision approach call-outs

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
Intermediate
Overfly FAF in landing configuration.
approach
At fix for start timing Call START TIMING Start timing
…MIN/SEC
1000 ft AAL (BARO) Check distance Call 1000
to RWY is BARO
approximately CHECKED
3 NM and call
Check if STABILIZED STABILIZED
criteria are met OR
UNSTABLE
100 ft above DA Call APPROACHING
MINIMUM
With required visual Call RWY / APP
references, but latest LIGHTS IN
at DA Call LANDING SIGHT
CONTINUE AS NORMAL LANDING
Approaching DA and
no required visual Assist in
Call GO-AROUND
references Go-Around
for landing
CONTINUE AS NORMAL GO-AROUND

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-62 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Non-precision approach pattern

IMC approach followed by circling


Regardless of type of approach, final instrument approach configuration is:
Gear down
Flaps 30°
VP30
and shall be maintained until turn to landing runway final is started.
Perform LANDING checklist “DOWN TO THE FLAPS” after Flaps 30° selected and continue
when landing configuration has been established.
Keep runway in sight all the time.
If visual contact is lost during circling, perform a go-around. Start initial climbing turn towards
landing runway AND if not instructed otherwise then follow the published missed approach
procedure.
Maximum bank angle is 30°.
Besides the visual cues, use all available navigation aids to identify the landing runway.
During one engine operation consider delaying gear extension.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
IN ITIAL CON FIGURATION: NOTE 1: Not to scale
-GEA R DOWN
-FLAPS 30°

CRJ OM Part B
FLAPS 45°

© Adria Airways d.o.o.


S TA R T TI MIN G
LANDING CHL
Circling approach pattern

45°
CHAPTER 2

300 ft
NORMAL PROCEDURES

WINGS LEVEL
NOTE 2 : In case of GO-AROUND while circling the initial climb
turn should be toward t he landing runway.

N OTE 3: V +10 according to actual f l aps position.


26 APR 18
2-63

Rev. 46
2-64 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Visual approach
For IFR flights under VFR clearance see OM Part A 8.0.3.14.1 and OM Part A 8.1.3.7.
For visual approach MDA value on PFD shall be set on min. circling or downwind altitude.

Visual approach duties and call-outs

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
1000 ft AAL Call 1000
(BARO) Call BARO
CHECKED
Check if STABILIZED
STABILIZED OR
criteria are met UNSTABLE

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
GEAR DOWN
FLAPS 8° FLAPS 20°
START TIMING

CRJ OM Part B
© Adria Airways d.o.o.
_
+
Visual approach pattern

1000 FEET FLAPS 30°

NOTE 1: Not to scale

5 00 ft
FLAPS 45°
LANDING CHECK
CHAPTER 2

WINGS LEVEL
NORMAL PROCEDURES

NOTE 2: Besides the visual cues, use all available navigation


aids to identify the landing runway.

NOTE 3: VREF +10 according to actual flaps position.


26 APR 18
2-65

Rev. 46
2-66 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Low visibility approach procedures


Low minima approach procedures are to be used in weather conditions below 300 ft ceiling
and 1000 m RVR/MET visibility.
See OM Part A 8.4.5.4 for general description and application of procedures.
No trouble-shooting is permitted below 1000 ft.
The tracking of the aircraft has to be cross-checked by raw data during the entire approach.
Downgrading is permitted if:
- Decision to downgrade before 1000 ft AAL,
- RVR at least equal to new minima,
- Procedure and downgrading minima have been included in approach briefing.

Monitored approach
• The Monitored Approach will normally be performed as a:
- MONITORED COUPLED APPROACH compulsory in weather conditions below 200
FT ceiling / 550 m RVR/MET VIS (< CAT I).
- MONITORED MANUAL APPROACH may be performed as an alternate procedure
in weather condition down to 200 FT ceiling and 550 m RVR/MET VIS (≥ CAT I).
Hand-over to the CM2 normally at top of descent, but latest when leaving Final Approach
Point (FAP) or turning base when being radar vectored.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-67
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Monitored coupled / Monitored manual FD approach standard procedure (take-over at


minimum)

Flight phase or CM 1 CM 2
Event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
On final AP ON Check FMA Arm APPR
intercept mode
heading and Check FMA LOC , GS WHITE
cleared for Call
approach AP OFF Arm APPR Call ARM APPROACH
mode MODE
Check FMA Check FMA
Call LOC , GS WHITE
LOC captured Check FMA Call LOCALIZER
GREEN
GS captured Check FMA Call GLIDE SLOPE
GREEN
Set GA ALT GA ALTITUDE SET GA ALTITUDE
___SET
Outer Marker Perform OM OM CHECK Call OUTER MARKER
or substitute check COMPLETED,
MINIMUM
___FT
1000 ft AAL (BARO) 1000 BARO Check distance
to RWY is
approximately CHECKED
3 NM and call
Check if STABILIZED STABILIZED
criteria are met OR
UNSTABLE
100 ft above DH (DA) Call APPROACHING
MINIMUM
Latest at DH (DA) Take over LANDING
controls if
sufficient
visual cues
obtained
At DH (DA) Check RA MINIMUM
(DA) stay on
instruments,
call-out any
deviations
Latest at 80 ft RA Switch AP Call 80
OFF and Call
AP OFF

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-68 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

HGS CAT IIIA approach


• For HGS CAT IIIA approach CM1 is PF. Hand-over to the CM1 latest when leaving FAP or
turning base when being radar vectored.
• CAT IIIA approaches have been demonstrated on type/category II and III ILS beams with
GS angles between 2.5 and 3.0 degrees (nominal).
• The AP must be disengaged before reaching 650 feet AAL.
• CAT IIIA approach must be discontinued in the event of an engine failure above DH,
unless the CM1 determines that a landing would be safe using the required visual
references.
• Cat IIIA approach to sloping runways, with a slope greater than 1.0 % is prohibited.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-69
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

HGS approach call-outs

Flight phase or CM 1 CM 2
Event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
On final Arm APPR
intercept mode, check
heading and AP ON FMA on HGS LOC , GS
cleared for and call WHITE Check FMA
approach
Call ARM Arm APPR
(HGS
Check APPROACH mode
deployed)
AP FMA on HGS MODE
OFF
Call LOC , GS
WHITE Check FMA
LOCALIZER
LOC captured Call Check FMA
GREEN
GLIDE SLOPE Check FMA
GREEN Set GA ALT GA ALTITUDE
GS captured Call
SET GA ___SET
ALTITUDE

AIII ACTIVE Call AIII GREEN Check FMA


Outer Marker Call OUTER Perform OM OM CHECK
or substitute MARKER check COMPLETED,
MINIMUM___FT
1000 ft AAL (BARO) Check distance Call 1000
to RWY is BARO
approximately CHECKED
3 NM and call
Check if STABILIZED STABILIZED
criteria are met OR
UNSTABLE
APPROACHING
100 ft above DH (DA) Call
MINIMUM
LANDING Call MINIMUM
At DH (DA) Call or
GO-AROUND

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-70 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.8.8. Go-Around
Go-around procedure
Once the decision to make a go-around has been taken, a positive rate of climb shall be
established as rapidly as possible to reduce altitude loss to a minimum. This calls for
simultaneous power increase and nose-up rotation.
The wings should be kept level during the initial phase. An early turn to intercept the initial
go-around heading may be necessary in order to stay within the area provided for safe
obstacle clearance. Such a turn should be made with maximum 15° bank to a heading
parallel or slightly convergent to the runway axis. Every change in configuration should be
performed and called out by the PM on PF's request. Prior to this change, speed must be
checked.

Initiation of go-around
The CM1 orders a go-around when:
- Sudden cut-out of the autopilot causes deviation on GP and LOC more than 1 dot after
passing the outer marker.
- So desired by ATC.
- He determines that the aircraft is unstabilized in relation to the desired flight path.
- The last reported RVR prior passing OM is below minimum.
- The visual reference is not adequate at DH.
- A touch-down cannot be accomplished within the TDZ.
- Any of the required airborne equipment becomes inoperative.
- Any of the required elements of the ground aids becomes inoperative.
- Deviations below 200 ft TDZE (CAT II / III) exceed 1 dot of the GP or 1/4 dot of the
LOC.
- After passing the MM, unusual roughness or excessive attitude changes occur.
- A rate of descent greater than 1000 ft/min suddenly occurs at or below 300 ft/GND.
- “APCH WARN” message below 1000 ft AGL in HGS CAT IIIA approach, unless the
CM1 determines that a landing would be safe using the required visual references.
- At DH the aircraft is not in trim so as to allow for continuation of normal approach and
landing.
- During RNAV GPS approach: at 1000 ft AAL deviations from vertical path greater than
75 ft.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-71
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

The CM2, as the PF must perform a go-around when:

 He determines that the aircraft's position or attitude in any phase of the final approach
is unsafe in relation to the desired flight path.
 The CM1 orders so for any reason.
 He does not hear the CM1's order "LANDING", after having called "MINIMUM" in
monitored approach.

Duties and call-out during go-around

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
At MDA/DH and Set approximately GO AROUND, Retract flaps to
NOT sufficient G/A thrust, rotate THRUST, 8°, adjust G/A
external visual to FD pitch or 10°, FLAPS 8 thrust (if
references Check FMA necessary), check
FMA
check FMA GA/GA GREEN check FMA
At positive climb Check V/S and POSITIVE
RA increasing CLIMB
Call GEAR UP Select GEAR UP
Safely established Call SPEED MODE, Select SPD &
in the climb HDG MODE, HDG/NAV mode
CONTINUE AS NORMAL T/O

When stabilized in climb, PF shall change source to NAV, check transfer switch and engage
NAV mode.

Go-around pattern

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-72 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.8.9. Landing
Wind speeds including gust are to be compensated at the PiC's discretion and according to
the circumstances (expected or reported windshear, available runway, specific wind
phenomena at some aerodromes, possible malfunction, etc.).
Maximum additive to VREF is 10 KTS.
Below 300 ft above TDZE thrust shall be above idle and maximum 1000 fpm ROD must be
maintained.
At 30 ft slowly begin reducing the thrust to be at idle before touchdown. Initiate flare at 20 to
30 feet.
The PM shall supervise the correct operation of the automatic ground lift dumpers and call
out "SPOILERS" if they are not extended after landing.
Avoid high flare. Lower the nose wheel without delay. Use rudder pedals for directional
control (do not use nose wheel steering tiller).
Select reversers immediately after touch-down of the NOSE GEAR.
Minimum recommended speed for full reverse thrust is 80 KTS.
Reverse thrust shall be at idle below 60 KTS.
Stow thrust reversers approaching taxi speed except for safety reasons. Caution is advised
as forward thrust can be experienced during engine reversers stow.
Pilot shall start braking after touchdown of the nose gear but latest at 80 KTS. Aircraft shall
reach safe taxi speed well before turning off the runway.
Brake for safety, not for comfort.
CM 1 shall take controls during landing roll when he deems necessary.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-73
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Duties and call-outs during landing

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call- Duty Call-out
out
Retard thrust
Perform flare
Immediately after Select Check for GLD
touch-down of the REVERSE deployment, check for
NOSE GEAR both REV green and call
any anomalies
At 80 KTS Select IDLE Call 80
REVERSE
At 60 KTS IDLE
REVERSE
THRUST
At taxi speed Stow thrust
reversers

Crosswind landings
Latest at 200 ft AAL or MDA/DH (when determined by missed approach climb gradient),
CWC must be less than maximum authorized.
Aim for a positive touch-down, avoid floating.
Be aware of extended landing distance for increased target speed.
For maximum authorized wind components for various technical malfunctions and weather
conditions, refer to CRJ OM Part B Chapter 1 LIMITATIONS.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-74 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Bounced Landing Recovery


The GLD system is very effective in preventing bounced landings on the CRJ Series aircraft.
Its automatic deployment requires that the thrust levers be at idle prior to touchdown, as they
should be for all landings on the CRJ.
If the pilot believes that thrust must be added and maintained until touchdown to salvage the
landing, then a balked/rejected landing should be executed.
Should the aircraft bounce on landing, a balked/rejected landing should be executed. Go-
around thrust should be set and the normal landing attitude (or slightly higher) should be
maintained. Aircraft configuration should not be changed at this time. Once the aircraft is
accelerating above VREF and climbing through a safe height, then the go-around manoeuvre
should be continued.
Improper landing technique (thrust levers not at idle) may result in a shallow bounce. Should
the pilot decide not to execute a balked/rejected landing, then the normal landing attitude
should be maintained and the thrust levers reduced to idle. Be aware that following the
bounce, the GLD may deploy as soon as the thrust levers are at idle even if the aircraft is still
in the air.

WARNING: A poorly executed approach and touchdown with a high rate of descent
can generate a high, hard bounce that can quickly develop into a hard
landing accident. A balked/rejected landing should always be executed
following such a bounce.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-75
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

Single Engine Taxi-in


This procedure should be preferably used unless:
• Expected taxi-in time is shorter than required engine cooling period or
• Taxiways and/or aprons to be used are contaminated and/or slippery or
• Sharp turns are expected during taxi-in or
• Cowl Anti-ice is used during taxi-in or
• Any Abnormal and/or Emergency checklist was accomplished during the flight or
• LVP are in force.

The engine should be shut down during movement of the aircraft and only when no more
stops are expected until reaching the final parking position.
When the APU is used during taxi it shall be switched on and stabilized and bleeds shall be
transferred to the APU and stabilized before the engine is shut down.
For Single engine taxi-in the right engine shall be used.
To shut down the left engine with the purpose of Single engine taxi-in CM1 shall call out
“SHUT DOWN LEFT ENGINE”. CM1 shuts down the Left Engine (with confirmation) and
CM2 shall switch off Left boost pump.

• LEFT THRUST LEVER...............................CONFIRM and SHUT OFF


• LEFT FUEL PUMP..........................................................................OFF

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-76 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.9. SUPPLEMENTARY PROCEDURES

2.9.1. Use of Equipment

General
Both Pilots at the controls are responsible for the use of all equipment within the limitations
and instructions in the OM Part A, OM Part B, AFM and according to standard procedures
and recommended practices.
For technical instructions, restrictions and limitations see OM Part B and AFM.

Manual flying
It is recommended that all switching and selections of navigation equipment, altitude
preselect/alert system and on the Flight Control Panel (FCP) are ordered by the PF. Actions
are carried out and shall be loudly announced by PM.

Flying with autopilot and FMS philosophy


It is recommended that all switching and selections of FMS, navigation equipment, altitude
preselect/alert system and on the FCP are carried out by the PF. After each change FMA
shall be checked and all changes on FMA shall be called out by PF. PM checks new status
on PFD / FMA without any call.
If the "DIRECT TO" point is already a part of the active flight plan, the PF should select and
execute "DIRECT TO" point without the confirmation from PM. If the "DIRECT TO" is not a
part of the existing flight plan, the new point shall be checked and confirmed by PM before
PF may execute it.

Below FL 100 only the PM is allowed to make changes on FMS, changes must be
confirmed by PF before execution.

Use of FMS
Use of the FMS temperature compensation function at any time during the flight in not
allowed.
Any change of climb-to altitudes in departure and/or in missed approach procedures
is not allowed.
Manual entry of a “climb-to” altitude or activation of the temperature compensation
functionality will cause the FMS to remove the database turn direction (if any) on the
immediately following leg. The FMS may turn in the wrong direction after sequencing the
“climb-to” leg.

Use of Flight Spoilers


It is highly recommended that during the flight PF holds flight spoilers lever while flight
spoilers are out of retracted position.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-77
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.9.2. Runway Awareness and Advisory System (RAAS)


Ref. RAAS Product Description.pdf (eLibrary https://softintra.adria.si/login.aspx)
Eff. S5-AAY, AAZ

Refer to the Product Specification for the Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System
(EGPWS), Honeywell Document, 965-0976-603, Revision M or later, for specifics on
EGPWS design, performance, environmental and software design requirements.

The Honeywell Runway Awareness and Advisory System (RAAS) offers significant safety
enhancements for aircraft equipped with Honeywell’s Mk V or Mk VII Enhanced Ground
Proximity Warning Systems (EGPWS). Honeywell’s Runway Awareness and Advisory
System is a software enhancement hosted in the EGPWS Unit. RAAS uses GPS position
data and the Honeywell EGPWS Database to provide aural advisories that supplement flight
crew awareness of position during ground operations and on approach to landing. EGPWS
protection and operation is unaltered by the addition of RAAS. When enabled, RAAS
operates automatically, without any action required from the flight crew. RAAS availability
can be verified by performing an EGPWS self-test.

The Runway Awareness and Advisory System uses existing EGPWS voice and audio
technology to generate aural advisories. RAAS messages are heard over the same aircraft
audio systems that presently provide EGPWS audio Caution and Warning alerts in the flight
deck.
RAAS Advisories are mutually exclusive in annunciation. In the event that multiple RAAS
Advisories occur at the same time, RAAS Advisories will be issued in the following order:
1. Approaching Runway In-Air
2. Approaching Short Runway In-Air
3. On Runway
4. Insufficient Runway Length On-Ground
5. Approaching Runway On-Ground
6. Taxiway Take-Off (Note that Taxiway Take-Off advisory is the only RAAS advisory that
can interrupt another RAAS advisory. On-Taxiway advisories do NOT interrupt other
EGPWS cautions and warnings, only other RAAS advisories.)
7. Extended Holding
8. Runway End

2.9.2.1. Assumptions, Limitations and Constraints

• Honeywell’s Runway Awareness and Advisory System provides the flight crew with
advisory aural messages. These advisories are provided to supplement flight crew
position awareness. Appropriate flight crew action to RAAS advisories is:

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-78 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

- On the Ground: If in doubt, stop, VERIFY POSITION, and contact ATC for
assistance if necessary.
- In the Air: If the advisory is in conflict with expectations, VERIFY POSITION,
contact ATC for assistance if necessary.
• RAAS advisories are not intended for navigation purposes. RAAS advisories
provide short, discrete pieces of aural information designed to improve positional
awareness and break the link in the sequence of events leading to runway
incursions, but cannot be used to guide an aircraft in or around the terminal area.
• Information contained herein or provided by a RAAS advisory does not supersede
any operator Standard Operating Procedure (SOP).
• RAAS is not designed to enhance traffic awareness and therefore its use does not
ensure protection for loss of separation with other traffic.
• The design of RAAS does not include knowledge of ATC clearance and/or flight
crew intent, and therefore factors such as clearance misunderstandings;
incorrect/inappropriate clearances cannot necessarily be mitigated by use of
RAAS.
• RAAS does not include knowledge of prevailing Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) and
therefore factors such as closure of runways are not reflected by advisories. Crews
are assumed to be cognizant of prevailing NOTAM and Automatic Terminal
Information Service (ATIS) data. Similarly, data on newly constructed runways or
changes to length of existing runways may not necessarily be included in the RAAS
runway database.
• Runway location data may have errors inherent in the source of such data. Such
errors can delay an advisory, or may cause unwanted advisories.
• RAAS advisories do not ensure that the aircraft will, or can be, stopped before hold
lines, the runway edges or the runway end.
• RAAS distance advisories do not imply that the aircraft can or cannot be safely
landed, stopped, or taken off from a runway.
• RAAS “On Taxiway” advisories do not insure that the aircraft is actually on a
taxiway. For example, excessive ground speeds in areas such as ramps will also
trigger the On Taxiway advisory.
• RAAS in air “Approaching Runway” advisories do not ensure that the aircraft will
land on the identified runway.
• The absence of an Approaching Runway In-Air advisory does not necessarily imply
that the aircraft is approaching a surface other than a runway.
• RAAS may become Not Available at any time due to loss of accuracy of GPS
signals.
• Other EGPWS aural alerts and warnings may preempt RAAS advisories. RAAS
advisories may be issued during ATC radio communications, flight crew / cockpit
communications, or during other aural messages provided in the cockpit by other
aircraft systems.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-79
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.9.3. Navigation

Position accuracy
When GPS is used for navigation, the position accuracy check may be omitted if there is no
“LOW POSITION ACCURACY” message on the CDU message line.
When GPS is not available for navigation, pilot shall periodically check the expected position
accuracy based upon available position sensors from the FMS PROGRESS page 2/2 to be
less than 5NM or less than 1 NM for P-RNAV area.

Navigation accuracy check


When GPS is available, the navigation accuracy check is not required.
When GPS is not available, the navigation accuracy check shall be performed:
- Periodically in cruise,
- At FL 150 in descent.
Pilot shall compare raw data and FIX page bearing and distance of selected VOR/DME. This
check confirms the reliability of FMS data and navigational display presentation. This check
also validates the use of NAV mode.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-80 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.9.4. Communication

Cross cockpit communication is vital for any of two-pilot crew. Any time a crew member
makes an adjustment, changes, etc. to any information or equipment on the flight deck, he
shall advise the other crew member of his intentions and get an acknowledgement. This
includes but is not limited to such items as changes in speed, major heading changes, tuning
navigation aids, flight plan modifications and selecting such systems as anti-ice and bleed
air.

The PM is responsible for ATC communication.


Every ATC clearance shall be repeated and normally recorded on OFP by the PM.
Departure clearance shall be received by both pilots.

CM1 CM2
»REQUEST ATC CLEARANCE« Note 1
Listen and write down Transponder code Listen and write down to OFP
to FMS

Note 1: ATC CLEARANCE shall be requested according Airport instruction. If Clearance is


received during taxi, Transponder code shall be inserted by CM2.

The PF or PM can obtain ATIS and or VOLMET information.

VHF COM setting:


- VHF COM No 1: Communication with ATC.
- VHF COM No 2: Weather/ATIS frequency or Company/operations frequency.
- VHF COM No 3: Emergency frequency 121,50 MHz.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-81
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.9.5. Autopilot
Minimum height to engage the AP after take-off is 600 ft.
Use of the AP below 600 ft AAL in en-route phase of flight is not permitted.
The PF shall engage the AP and check the actual mode of operation after every switching
(check FMA). The PM shall check that the mode of operation corresponds to the actual
progress of the flight, and cross check the FMA after every switching.

Use of autopilot during final approach phase is not authorized for:

- Non-precision, radar and visual approaches below 400 ft AAL.


- Initial missed approach phase.
- Below 80 ft above TDZE for coupled approaches.

If G/A is initiated from automatic approach, the AP will disengage when TOGA button(s) is
depressed.

2.9.6. Use of Anti-ice System


Switching of anti-ice is done by PM on the PF request.

2.9.7. Use of APU


Whenever possible, it is recommended that the APU is off during fuselage and/or vertical and
horizontal stabilizer de/anti-icing.
When De-Anti-icing of fuselage has been done with the engines not running, APU should be
off just prior De/Anti-icing treatment if GPU is available. The treatment being completed, the
crew may use APU again and continue with normal procedure.
Take-off shall be performed with the APU off, if the fuselage is suspected to be contaminated
with de/anti-icing fluid.

2.9.8. Altimeter Setting


Altimeter Setting procedures are defined in part VI of ICAO “Aircraft operations” DOC 8168-
OPS/611 and in part II of ICAO “Rules of the Air and Traffic Services” DOC 4444-
RAC/501/12. They are given in ATC section of the Lido Route Manual.
Refer to OM Part A, 8.3.3 (Flight Procedures; Altimeter Setting Procedures).
As soon as clearance down to an altitude or for approach is received, Commander's and
Copilot's altimeters shall be set to applicable QNH.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-82 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Low temperature correction tables


Any deviation from ISA will result in an erroneous reading on the altimeter.

A Values to be added to published altitudes in feet:


Aero Height above the Elevation of the Datum in feet
drome
temp
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1500 2000 3000 4000 5000
°C
0 0 20 20 20 20 40 40 40 40 60 80 140 180 220
-10 20 20 40 40 40 60 80 80 80 120 160 260 340 420
-20 20 40 40 60 80 80 100 120 120 180 240 380 500 620
-30 40 40 60 80 100 120 140 140 160 240 320 500 660 820
-40 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 300 400 620 820 1020
-50 40 80 100 120 140 180 200 220 240 360 480 740 980 1220

B Values to be added to published altitudes in meters:


Aero
drome Height above the Elevation of the Datum in meters
temp 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 450 600 900 1200 1500
°C
0 0 6 6 6 12 12 12 12 12 18 24 40 54 67
-10 6 6 12 12 12 18 24 24 24 36 48 79 103 128
-20 6 12 12 18 24 24 30 36 36 54 72 115 150 189
-30 12 12 18 24 30 36 40 40 48 72 97 150 201 250
-40 12 18 24 30 36 40 48 54 60 90 122 189 250 311
-50 12 24 30 36 40 54 60 67 72 110 146 225 299 372

NOTE: Tables are based on aerodrome elevation of 2000 feet or 600 meters respectively.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-83
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.9.9. Use of Seat Belt Signs


Refer to OM – A 8.3.11 USE OF SAFETY BELTS FOR CREW AND PASSENGERS.
It is CM 1 duty to switch SEAT BELTS sign OFF / ON during climb, cruise and descent at his
own discretion.

2.9.10. Altitude Preselect/Alert System


The pilot who changes the values on the FCP must notify the other crew member of the
change (e.g.: “FL 310 / 5000 ft SET”). Other crew member shall reply “CHECKED”.

Call-outs:
Flight phase or PM PF
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
1000 ft before cleared Call: APPROACHING
altitude/FL ALTITUDE/FL ….. Call: CHECKED
When FL/ALT is Call: ALTS
captured CAPTURED
When FL/ALT is
ALTS GREEN
tracking

2.9.11. Flying in Eastern Europe


Altimeter setting in Eastern Europe
For FL selection on altitude preselect/alert system use meters΄ information on PFD.
PF sets cleared FL/altitude rounded closest (±10 m) to hundred meters, announces it “FL
10100 m SET”, PM then cross checks selected value with the table and responds “FL 331
CHECKED”.
As soon as clearance down to a HEIGHT is issued, altimeters should be set to the applicable
QNH. For landing at low temperature, be aware that altimeters are not corrected for ISA
temp. deviations (see CRJ OM Part B 2.8.7.).
All altitude preselects below TL are altitudes (QNH). Use Approach chart for
HEIGHT/ALTITUDE comparison.
During radar vector approach never fly below heights published for instrument approach.
QNH of the destination airport should already be requested at the airport of departure so as
to be compared to the actual QNH during approach.
QNH = QFE + RWY elev.
27,3
1 mb = 8,3 m = 27,3 ft

This table is valid up to 400 m / 1300 feet elevation.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-84 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.9.12. Aircraft Differences

2.9.12.1 Differences CRJ 900/700


1. Systems

1.1. Fuselage

• Length: 32.51 m, decrease of 3.73 m


• Wingspan: 23.25 m, decrease of 1.62 m
• Tail span: 8.54 m, no change
• Height: 7.57 m, increase of 0.08 m

1.2. Wheel Base

• Main wheel track: 4 m, no change


• Nose to main wheels: 12,44 m, decrease of 2,29 m

1.3. Air conditioning

• There is no Ram Air Regulating Valve (RARV) and no L (R) RARV FAULT
EICAS message.
• There are two avionics exhaust fans installed.

1.4. Flight controls

• When making a flap selection, the flap selector lever must be moved without
stopping between selections and without delay. Do not rest your hand on the
flap selector lever.

1.5. Cargo doors

• One forward cargo bay door.

1.6. Emergency exits

• Two over wing emergency exits. Minor EICAS changes.

1.7. Ice and rain protection

• T2 Heater L power source is DC ESSENTIAL


• T2 Heater R power source is BATERY BUS

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-85
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2. Limitations

2.1. Structural Weight Limitation

• Maximum Ramp Weight (MRW) 34133 kg


• Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) 33995 kg
• Maximum Landing Weight (MLW) 30391 kg
• Maximum Zero Fuel Weight (MZFW) 28295 kg
• Minimum flight weight 19051 kg
• Minimum operating weight 18069 kg

2.2. Power plant

• Engine type: CF34-8C1


• Engine relight: for windmilling relight at an altitude 21000 feet to 10000 speed
290 KIAS to VMO and 7,2% N2 minimum is required.

2.3. Operating speeds

• Maximum operating Mach Number is 0,85.


• The maximum cruise Mach number during flight in RVSM airspace is 0,83.
• Flaps 20 extended speed is 230 KIAS.
• The tire limit speed is 182 knots ground speed.

2.4. System limitations

• Approved autopilot minimum use height on precision approach (ILS) with GP


angle less than 3,5 degrees is 60 feet also with one engine operating.
• Approved autopilot minimum use height on precision approach (ILS) with GP
angle from 3,5 to 4 degrees is 70 feet on an airport with elevation less than 4000
feet.

2.5. Navigation System Limitations

FMS Performance database Part Number is 815-2353-003

3. Manoeuvres

3.1. Taxi

• Decrease in taxi turning radius.

3.2. Take-off

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-86 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

3.3. Pitch angles in excess of 13 degrees will result in a tail strike

3.4. Approach

• A rolling moment may develop above 200 KIAS with the flaps extended to 20
degrees. Normal pilot techniques (opposite control, autopilot or up to 50% of
aileron trim) will correct the roll. Selection of flaps 8 degrees is recommended if
operation with flaps extended above 200 KIAS is a necessary operation.

3.5 Landing

• There is less pronounced flare.


• There is a noticeable difference in braking response, especially at a low speed.
• Pitch angles in excess of 13 degrees will result in a tail strike.
• To preclude the display of STEERING INOP caution messages, the nose wheel
steering tiller must not be actuated until the nose gear is firmly on the runway.
• Hydroplaning speeds are lower. (main tires 112 KTS, nose tire 103 KTS ground
speed).
• CAT II single engine approach is allowed.
• Maximum demonstrated headwind in CAT II is 20 knots.

4. Abnormal and Emergency Procedures

• Immediate Action items are identical. Abnormal and emergency procedures are
presented in Quick Reference Handbooks of an identical format. Although
individual steps may differ, the steps are carried out under the guidance of the
handbook in a logical decision-making manner.

5. REFERENCES

1. EASA OPERATIONAL EVALUATION BOARD REPORT BOMBARDIER CRJ Series


700 – 705/900 – 1000 Flight Crew Qualifications, 10 September 2013,
2. FAA FLIGHT STANDARDIZATION BOARD (FSB) REPORT: BOMBARDIER CL-600-
2C10 (CRJ700/701/702), BOMBARDIER CL-600-2D15 (CRJ705), BOMBARDIER CL-
600-2D24 (CRJ900), Revision 5; March 3, 2009,
3. CRJ 700 AFM,
4. CRJ 700 FCOM Vol. 1,
5. CRJ 700 FCOM Vol. 2.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-87
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.9.12.1.1. Differences S5-AAU and S5-AAV comparing to other CRJ900

• Pax doors open the same way as on all other CRJ900 in the fleet, but they may be
closed electrically assisted. Therefore there is a guarded switch for pax doors lifting
in first cargo department, next to light switch. Attention shall be paid while closing
the door; no one should be present nearby. Events have been recorded when the
two switches had been accidentally wrongly used, therefore additional safety action
shall minimize the possibility of incident. Guarded switch for closing the doors was
additionally taped with security seal (see pictures 2.8.11.1-1 and 2.8.11.1-2) which
should be replaced until being worn in which case it should be replaced with new
one. There is no need to record or sign the security seal.
Before:

Picture 2.8.11.1-1
After:

Picture 2.8.11.1-2

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-88 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

• Flight documentation is located at non-standard locations (see On-board Library).


• Both AAU and AAV are equipped with inside RE/DEFUEL panel which should not
be used and the procedure of re-/defueling remains the same for all fleet.
• COMM
- Different RTU with only COM1 and COM2.
- COM3 is for ACARS which is part of equipment and is deactivated. There is a
printer of this system on copilot side.
- Radio equipment includes HF, should not be used in our operation.
- Emergency frequency 121,5 on COM2 should be used when ATIS,
VOLMET,… are not in use.
- COM2 allows installing 20 frequencies in setup mode. It is recommended
installing 20 ATIS frequencies of Adria Airways destinations from the closest
to the most remote.
• FMS is Version 4.1. It is an upgrade to 99 which is being used in the rest of the
fleet.

IMPORTANT:

1. To avoid resetting ZFW and TOW during the flight and to avoid using EXECUTE
function it is necessary to enter Loadsheet data differently. Instead of ZFW insert
TOTAL TRAFFIC LOAD in LSK3 - CARGO. Then check if ZFW and GWT are the
same as on loadsheet. If crew configuration is different than 2/2 the DOW (or
BOW as defined in CRJ) should be corrected in DEFAULT.
2. NDB is marked with letter without NB suffix, e.g. MG instead of MGNB.
3. NAV to NAV function intercepts LOC without changing the NAV source (ILS can
be intercepted in white needles which change into green themselves). Pilot
should intercept ILS in HDG mode and green needles.
4. Threshold Elevation procedure in Legs Page is of Adria Airways, which is not
possible in new FMS.
5. There are several other differences or additional improvements.
6. After landing FLT LOG page automatically shows (can be disabled in presets).
Manually resetting FUEL USED before next flight is required.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-89
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.9.12.1.2. Differences S5-AAW comparing to other CRJ700

1. MTOW is 32995 kg;


2. 72 seats;
3. No forward toilet;
4. No oven installed;
5. Aeroplane has separate backup (standby) radio tuning unit;
6. One radar system;
7. One GPS is installed. The aeroplane is not capable to operate MNPS airspace
(RNP-10) with one GPS sensor installed;
8. Nose landing gear: Not equipped with down straps;
9. Different cargo compartment 6 (additional volume 2,12 m3 and max load capacity
338 kg);
10. Differences at Emergency Equipment layout;
11. Different PBE;
12. HGS CAT III: RO - ROLLOUT function doesn’t exist.

2.9.12.1.3. Differences S5-AFA, S5-AFB, S5-AFC comparing to other CRJ900

1. AHRS instead of IRS, check heading before each take-off


2. CAT II only
3. Single engine CAT I only
4. Two VHF COM
5. Non EFB (EFB installation is planned)
6. PBE manufactured by SCOTT, training required before first flight
7. Video Surveillance System not installed
8. Cabin configuration 90 passengers seats
9. One toilet, rear cabin
10. Aircraft operates without Slat Cover Plate (if applicable)
11. Pitot covers stored in socket behind CM1 seat

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-90 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.9.13. CRJ Cockpit Equipment Layout


CRJ Cockpit Equipment Layout is a common name for the collection of documents and other
equipment (which is not part of equipment specified in FCOM and/or Emergency Equipment
List) required to be available on board an aircraft and accessible for use by the flight crew
during flight preparation and/or in flight. CRJ Cockpit Equipment Layout has been designed
so as to provide for smooth and standardized operation. Some items are located outside of
the cockpit.
Thus the Commander shall:
• Ensure that the cockpit is left in good order with all documentation stored in standard
manner as defined by the fleet technical pilot (OM Part A 1.3.6.1).
The Copilot shall:
• Check that the prescribed manuals, maps, charts, documents and forms are on board
and cover the airplane’s intended operation including possible crew changes until
return to a home base (OM Part A 1.5.2).
• Assist the commander in/by putting into good order, for the use of the airplane’s next
flight crew, all manuals, maps and charts, which form part of the Cockpit Equipment
Layout (OM Part A 1.5.4).

The crew shall, as soon as they have established that a document or equipment or a form
is missing, report any deficiency via PVR or for urgent cases inform OCC or adequate
department.

CRJ Cockpit Equipment Layout is valid for Adria Airways CRJ airplanes.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-91
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

13

14

15

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-92 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Positions 1 & 2
• CM1 Operations Manual Part C, Part 1 (A+), See also Position 15 – EFB Trial
Period
• CM1 Operations Manual Part C, Part 2 (-Z), See also Position 15 – EFB Trial
Period
Position 3
• CM1 Normal Check List
Position 4
• Airplane Technical Log binder (as per OM Part A 8.1.11.3)
Position 5
• T/O & LDG speed booklet
Position 5a
• DOW / DOI Table
Position 6 - Under-floor Stowage Unit
• Operations Manual Part A together with Company published part of OM Part C
• Operations Manual Part C, General Part (published by Lido)
• Operations Manual Part C, non-scheduled destinations and alternates (Lido)
• Individual Runway Tables (Alternates)
Position 7
• Quick Reference Handbook Vol. 1 and Vol. 2
Position 8
• Journey Log Clipboard – back: All engine climb ceiling, Adria Recommended MAX
Cruising Levels, One Engine Service Ceiling
• OFP clipboard – front: LRC Mach number / VMD, back: All engine climb ceiling,
Adria Recommended MAX Cruising Levels, One Engine Service Ceiling
• EFB Manual
• Delay codes list
• (S5-AAU, S5-AAV and CRJ700) Dispatch and loadsheet information position
Position 9
• CM2 Normal Checklist
Positions 10 & 11
• CM2 Operations Manual Part C, Part 1 (A+), See also Position 15 – EFB Trail
Period

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-93
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

• CM2 Operations Manual Part C, Part 2 (-Z) , See also Position 15 – EFB Trail
Period
• Individual Runway Tables (Destinations)
Position 10a (box)
• Dispatch and loadsheet information
Position 12 - Floor Drawer of the Flight Deck Wardrobe unit
• OM Part B and CDL&MEL
• (S5-AAU, S5-AAV, CRJ700): OM-B-CRJ (MEL), OM-A & OM-C and Route charts
(Photo 3)

12

Position 13 - Upper bin


• Blank Load sheet and Balance table forms
• Blank Dispatch and loadsheet forms
• Blank Airplane Technical Log
• Blank Line Maintenance Work Order (LMWO)
• PVC bag with CVR circuit breaker collar and paper LIDO chart clamps
• Spare headset
• Hearing protectors
Position 14 - Lower bin
• Red binder: As per OM Part A 8.1.13.1.1
• Blue binder: As per OM Part A 8.1.13.1.2
• Airplane Flight Manual
• Flight Crew Operating Manual, Vol. 1 and Vol. 2
(S5-AFA, S5-AFB, S5-AFC)
• Lower Bin: AFM, FCOM Vol.1&2, FMS Guide, ERG DG, Flight documentation
folder (Red and Blue binders), Lido charts ALT 1,2,3, GEN Part, Alternate RTOW,
CCOM Vol.1 & Vol.2
(S5-AAU and S5-AAV – Photo 4)
• Upper Bin: walk around flashlight, spare headphones, blank Dispatch and
loadsheet form, Blank Load sheet and Balance table forms, blank Line
Maintenance Work Order and blank Airplane Technical Log
• Middle - upper Bin: CCOM Vol.1 & Vol.2, demo kit

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-94 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

• Middle Bin: fastening belt for live organs


• Middle - lower Bin: oxygen bottle
• Lower Bin: AFM, FCOM Vol.1&2, FMS Guide, ERG DG, Flight documentation
folder (Red and Blue binders), Lido charts ALT 1,2,3, GEN Part, Alternate RTOW.

(CRJ700 – Photo 5)
• Upper bin: Flight documentation folder (Red and Blue binder), Blank Dispatch and
loadsheet forms, Blank Load sheet and Balance table forms, Line Maintenance
Work Order, landing gear pins and walk around flashlight

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-95
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

• Lower Fwd equipment cupboard: Illuminated rain coat and two wests, Demo
equipment, Hearing protectors (Photo 6)

Position 15 - Floor drawer of the observer seat compartment (Photo 7)


• LIDO chart binders CM1 and CM2 (during EFB trial period only!)

Position 16 (CRJ700 only) – Half size trolley – Adria Library (Photo 8)


• FCOM Vol.1&2, AFM
• Lido charts ALT 1,2,3, GEN Part
• Alternate RTOW (if not included in RTOW binder)
• CCOM Vol.1&2
• ERG DG
• P/N check binder (Maintenance document)
• Spare headset

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-96 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

16

Position 17 - Drawer located next to the passenger door (Photo 9)


• (S5-AAU and S5-AAV) Landing gear pins, P-N check binder (Maintenance
document)
• (all CRJ900 &CRJ700 S5-AAW) Walk around illuminated rain coat and two vests

17

Position 18 – First RH overhead bin (Photo 10)


• Precaution kit (physiodose, water jel burn kit, fire blanket, blood pressure, monitor,
latex gloves, eye protection glasses, face masks, macrobomd protective coat, large
absorbent towel and vomit safe dry powder)

18

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-97
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.9.14. Extra Equipment

Wearing of the walk-around safety equipment is compulsory on all airports thus it must
remain on board to be readily available. When its need is not required (especially when
leaving the aircraft to another crew) it must be safely stowed away in an orderly manner.

If availability of other extra equipment of non-permanent nature is required (e.g.


Refractometer + Instructions during winter, CM3 Headset, etc.) it shall be present on board
prior to commencing of the flight operations. While not in use it must be stowed away safely
and orderly. When the need for the availability of this equipment ceases it shall be removed
from the aircraft in due time.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-98 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.9.15. MNPS
Refer to OM A Chapter 8 (Operating Procedures).

GENERAL
Permission to fly across the North Atlantic within MNPS Airspace is approved only if
appropriate MNPS and RVSM Approvals are issued by State of registry of the Aircraft or by
State of the Operator.

LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION and MACH NUMBER TECHNIQUE


Longitudinal separations between subsequent aircraft following the same track (in-trail) and
between aircraft on intersecting tracks in the NAT MNPS Airspace are assessed in terms of
differences in ATAs/ETAs at common waypoints. The longitudinal separation minima
currently used in the NAT MNPS Airspace are thus expressed in clock minutes. The
maintenance of in-trail separations is aided by the application of the Mach Number
Technique. During Pre-flight Procedures for any NAT MNPS flight aircraft master clock has to
be checked and resynchronized with on board GPS clock.

BLUE SPRUCE ROUTES


To cross the North Atlantic between Europe and North America (or vice versa) at least two
operational LNRSs are required. CRJ fleet is equipped with two LNRSs (IRSs, GPSs). A
number of special routes within MNPS Airspace, named BLUE SPRUCE ROUTES, have
been developed for aircraft equipped with only one LRNS. These routes are also available for
interim use by aircraft normally approved for unrestricted MNPS operations that have
suffered a partial loss of navigation capability and have only a single remaining functional
LRNS.

AIR / GROUND COMMUNICATION


CRJ fleet is equipped with VHF communication equipment only. There is no SATCOM voice
communication equipment on board.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-99
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

2.9.16. Aeroplane Exterior Security Search Details


Generally all areas accessible from the ground without the use of tools, keys, stairs or other
aids shall be security sealed or security searched to ensure that there is no explosive
device left or prohibited articles in these areas.
Legend:
ESS – Exterior Security Search: Items to be searched before flight when aeroplane security
search is required by OM-A 10.1.6.
Note: Grey field indicates Exterior Security Search area which does not need to be
searched if sealed by security seal. However, the security seal shall be inspected for
signs of tampering or unauthorised opening in such case.
Note: If tampering is detected or suspected, the relevant parts of the aircraft shall
be subjected to an aircraft security search before boarding or loading. This
is the responsibility of Flight Crew members, as well as the installation of
new security seal and recording of its installation into ATL (e.g. Security
seal on (state name or reference number from the check list) found broken.
Related area searched and new seal (state security seal number)
installed).
GHA – Ground Handling Agent: Items where GHA staff, specially baggage workers, are
required to ensure that there is no suspicious items in the hold.
Note: As required by AHM 5.1.1, baggage workers shall ensure that aircraft holds are
empty before they start loading baggage, taking into account also the security point
of view. If any suspicious item is observed, they shall inform the aircraft commander
immediately.
When performing their duties related to Adria Airways operations, all members of staff
authorised for access to Adria Airways aircraft as defined in OM-A 10.1.7.1 (crew,
maintenance, ground handling, fuelers, cleaners, …) are responsible to execute applicable
aircraft protection measures when present on board or around the Adria Airways aeroplane.
In general:
• they shall be vigilant to challenge anyone trying to enter or access the aeroplane
without valid personal identification card with his/her photography included.
• they shall allways take into account the security point of view of their duty/work. If
any suspicious item is observed, they shall inform the aircraft commander immediately.

NS – Nightstop Sealing: Items to be sealed for nightstop outside EASA states or outside
CPSRA by Flight Crew.
Note: Grey field in NS column indicates Nightstop area which does not need to be sealed
for Nightstop if already sealed as LMS item.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-100 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

LMS – Line Maintenance Sealing: Items to be maintained sealed by Line Maintenance


(LM).
Note: Line Maintenance providers will perform initial sealing of LMS items based on Work
order (WO) issued. Later in service Line Maintenance staff member is responsible
for security seals only when he/she has to broke security seal to perform
maintenance task or servicing. When finished, he/she has to install new seals and
record them into ATL (e.g.Due to maintenance need installed new seals (list security
seal numbers)).
Note : Security seals shall be applied, controlled and managed as defined in OM-A
10.1.7.3.
Note: Aeroplane is equipped with A4 plastified Security Seal & Search Check List
containing OM-A Blt.37 page 1 & 2 on one side and page with the applicable table
on the other side. Plastified Security Seal & Search Check List is located in ATL
(Aeroplane Technical Log) binder;

Note: Do not mix this Security Seal & Search Check List with Aeroplane Search CHL
stored in sealed Red Binder and intended to be used in case if thorough aeroplane
search is needed due to Bomb Threat.

CRJ900 Areas to be sealed or searched:


Note: Items to be searched by Flight Crew are listed in order of walkaround.
No Areas to be sealed or searched: LMS NS ESS
1 Passenger Door NS
2 FWD equipment bay LH LMS ESS
3 Radome LMS ESS
4 FWD equipment bay RH LMS ESS
5 NLG bay ESS
6 External services panel (with interphone) ESS
7 Oxygen refill panel LMS ESS
8 FWD service door NS
9 Avionics compartment door (bottom) LMS ESS
10 FWD potable water panel ESS
11 FWD lavatory panel ESS
12 Refuel Defuel control panel ESS
13 Single point Refuel/Defuel ESS
14 MLG bay RH ESS
15 HYD Nr. 3 service panel LMS ESS
16 Ecology bottle access panel LMS ESS
17 AFT lavatory service panel ESS
(to be continued)

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 2 2-101
NORMAL PROCEDURES 26 APR 18

(continued)
18 Ground Air conditioning panel LMS ESS
19 AFT equipment bay door LMS ESS
20 Engine start HP air connection panel LMS ESS
21 AFT potable – water service door ESS
22 MLG bay LH ESS
23 CTR cargo compartment door NS GHA
24 FWD cargo compartment door NS GHA
The Bolded Items 6,10,11,12,13,17,21 not needed to be searched by pilot:
a) if opened by ground handling or fuel supplier staff for purpose of servicing, OR
b) if not opened for servicing purposes during transit on non-EASA state airport after
arrival from EASA state airport.
CRJ700 Areas to be sealed or searched:
Note: Items to be searched by Flight Crew are listed in order of walkaround.
No Areas to be sealed or searched: LMS NS ESS
1 Passenger Door NS
2 FWD equipment bay LH LMS ESS
3 Radome LMS ESS
4 FWD equipment bay RH LMS ESS
5 NLG bay ESS
6 External services panel (with interphone) ESS
7 Oxygen refill panel LMS ESS
8 FWD service door NS
9 Avionics compartment door (bottom) LMS ESS
10 FWD potable water panel ESS
11 FWD lavatory panel ESS
12 Refuel Defuel control panel ESS
13 Single point Refuel/Defuel ESS
14 MLG bay RH ESS
15 HYD Nr. 3 service panel LMS ESS
16 Ecology bottle access panel (bottom) LMS ESS
17 AFT lavatory service panel ESS
18 Ground Air conditioning panel* LMS ESS
19 AFT equipment bay door LMS ESS
20 Engine start HP air connection panel LMS ESS
21 AFT potable – water service door ESS
22 MLG bay LH ESS
23 FWD cargo compartment door NS GHA
* if installed

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
2-102 CHAPTER 2
26 APR 18 NORMAL PROCEDURES

The Bolded Items 6,10,11,12,13,17,21 not needed to be searched by pilot:


a) if opened by ground handling or fuel supplier staff for purpose of servicing, OR
b) if not opened for servicing purposes during transit on non-EASA state airport after arrival
from EASA state airport.

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 3 ToC 3-1
ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

TABLE OF CONTENTS
3. ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES ...................................... 1

3.1. GENERAL .....................................................................................................1


3.2. CREW INCAPACITATION ............................................................................ 3
3.2.1. General ..........................................................................................................3
3.2.2. Action .............................................................................................................3
3.3. FIRE AND SMOKE DRILLS ......................................................................... 5
3.3.1. General ..........................................................................................................5
3.3.2. Smoke Removal ............................................................................................5
3.3.3. Cargo Smoke .................................................................................................6
3.3.4. PED fire in cockpit .........................................................................................6
3.4. UNPRESSURIZED AND PARTIALLY PRESSURISED FLIGHT ................. 7
3.5. OVER MASS / HARD LANDING .................................................................. 8
3.6. EXCEEDING COSMIC RADIATION LIMITS ................................................ 8
3.7. LIGHTIN STRIKE AND STATIC ................................................................... 8
3.8. DISTRESS COMMUNICATION AND ALERTING
ATC TO EMERGENCY .................................................................................9
3.9. ENGINE FAILURE ........................................................................................9
3.9.1. Rejected take-off ...........................................................................................9
3.9.2. Engine failure after V1 .................................................................................12
3.9.3. Malfunctions during climb ............................................................................ 15
3.9.4. Go-around ...................................................................................................16
3.9.5. Engine failure/fire during approach.............................................................. 16
3.10. SYSTEM FAILURES ...................................................................................18
3.11. GUIDANCE FOR DIVERSION IN CASE OF
SERIOUS TECHNICAL FAILURE .............................................................. 18
3.12. EGPWS .......................................................................................................18
3.13. TCAS ...........................................................................................................18
3.13.1. General ........................................................................................................18
3.13.2. Collision avoidance procedures ................................................................... 19
3.13.3. Responsibility for separation of aircraft during manoeuvres
in compliance with a resolution advisory ..................................................... 19
3.13.4. Radiotelephony reporting procedures ......................................................... 20
3.13.5. Crew coordination procedure ...................................................................... 21

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC 3-2 CHAPTER 3
06 NOV 17 ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3.14. WINDSHEAR ...............................................................................................24


3.15. EMERGENCY LANDING/DITCHING ..........................................................24
3.15.1. Emergency Evacuation ................................................................................24
3.16. DEPARTURE CONTINGENCY PROCEDURES ........................................24
3.17. BLEED SYSTEM RESET ............................................................................25
3.18. UNCOMMANDED FLIGHT DIRECTOR CHANGES ...................................25
3.19. UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION PROCEDURE ..................................27
3.20 AIRPLANE UPSET RECOVERY ................................................................28
3.20.1. Definition of Airplane Upset .........................................................................28
3.20.2. Stall Recovery..............................................................................................28
3.20.3. Nose High Recovery Techniques ................................................................29
3.20.4. Nose Low Recovery Techniques .................................................................30

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTERJ LEP 3-1
ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 06 NOV 17

List of Effective pages


CHAPTER CHAPTER
PAGE PAGE
jREVISIO;::.
IN:........,===-=---1 REVISION
!' I EFFECTIVE I' II I EFFECTIVE

ToC3 1 41 13JAN 17
2 44 06NOV17
LEP3 1 44 06NOV17
2 03 01 OCT08
Ch.3 1 00 08DEC09
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I END OF EFFECTIVE PAGES Authorized by:


Capt. Marko Pintar
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot OrwvJ
c'""'"' ""'"' "'~
Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager ·

CRJ OM Part B Rev.44


©Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP 3-2 CHAPTER 3
01 OCT 08 ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 03 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 3 3-1
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 08 DEC 09

3. ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES


3.1. GENERAL
This subsection contains procedures for handling possible malfunctioning. Whenever
confronted with an emergency or malfunctioning situation, the first priority lies in the proper
flying and monitoring of the aircraft. Crew duties must be distributed clearly, and in general
the following sequences apply:

POWER AVIATE
PERFORMANCE NAVIGATE
ACTION COMMUNICATE

It is expected that the crew possesses sufficient knowledge to select the correct checklist.
The flight crew is further expected to have thorough understanding of what is accomplished
by performing a certain item in the checklist.
It is not possible to cover all combinations of Malfunction events in the checklist, and with
some exceptions, it only covers single failures. If multiple unrelated failures should occur, the
flight crew may have to combine, in parts or in whole, different checklist and to exercise good
judgment to determine the safest course of action.
Actions shall be taken according to OM Part B (QRH and FCOM).
Immediate actions must be done as soon as the situation permits. The delay (involved) in
referring to the applicable checklist is potentially dangerous, therefore the flight crew must be
able to carry out the applicable procedure by memory.
Generally no action is required by crew below PAA. However this does not preclude PIC from
taking any action regarding safety of the flight below PAA (e.g. thrust reverser deployment,
severe engine damage and/or vibrations).
Create favorable conditions for approach and landing by e.g.:
• Requesting ATC assistance (Priority, Emergency).
• Careful selection of landing airport with suitable weather conditions, approach aids,
runway, etc. as applicable.
Not all emergency procedures are detailed in this section. They could be found in OM Part B
(FCOM), where procedures are well established and are acceptable for our Company
operation.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 06


© Adria Airways d.d.
3-2 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Task sharing
When the flight path is stabilized with the AP engaged, CM1 may designate PF with regard to
cockpit resource management. For landing, the CM1 is PF.
The PF is responsible for:
• Thrust levers.
• Flight path and airspeed control.
• Aircraft configuration (request configuration change).
• Navigation.
• Communication with ATC (after initiation of QRH Checklist).
The PM is responsible for:
• EICAS and checklist reading.
• Execution of required actions or request of execution by the PF, if applicable.
• Generator and all guarded switches (confirmed by the PF).
• Communication with ATC until transfer to PF.

NOTE: In real emergency or abnormal situation engage the AP as soon as possible


(trim the aircraft first then engage AP).
Whenever the aircraft is on the ground, regarding handling Emergency / Abnormal
procedures, CM1 is always PF. All Immediate Actions shall be performed by CM1
without the need for confirmation by the CM2

Handling of Emergency / Abnormalities


Both crew members shall verify and agree on the problem definition.
Both crew members shall agree on the QRH checklist or other applicable procedure to be used
regarding problem definition. PF must call out for the QRH checklist (e.g.”APU FIRE QRH.”).
Immediate Actions, if included, are then performed by the assigned CM (generally PM is
assigned, unless indicated otherwise) by memory, before reference is made to QRH. After
Immediate Actions are completed, PM shall report status (e.g. ”APU FIRE IMMEDIATE
ACTIONS COMPLETED, APU FIRE EXTINGUISHED”). PM shall then read QRH starting with
the procedure title. All applicable text shall be read loudly, including Immediate Actions already
performed.
After the QRH checklist is completed PM shall report the check list is completed (e.g.”APU
FIRE QRH COMPLETED, ARE YOU READY FOR REVIEW”). PM shall brief PF on action
performed and notes from QRH ensuring information transfer. If QRH includes items, which
have to be done later (e.g. after landing), PM shall read QRH to the end and brief PF about
the status of the aircraft and about the remaining items for later completion before the report
is given.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 3 3-3
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 08 DEC 09

If the reading of QRH checklist has to be interrupted, it is done by the ”STOP QRH”
call. Continuation is done by the call ”CONTINUE QRH”.
Crew shall review EICAS messages and clear them with confirmation (“REQUEST CLEAR –
CLEAR”), review advisory and status messages and clear them with confirmation.
Information transfer shall be assured using proper two-way communication.
After this process, status of the aircraft is supposed to be known to both/all crew members,
so a proper decision for approach shall be made.
When an agreement cannot be reached, Commander’s authority shall be respected.
3.2. CREW INCAPACITATION
Refer to QRH Vol.2, Section ABNORM 14-3
Refer to Operations Manual Part A, 8.3.14 (Flight Procedures; Incapacitation of Crew
Members)!

3.2.1. General
Crew incapacitation is a real safety hazard which occurs more frequently than many of the
other emergencies. Incapacitation can occur in many forms varying from obvious sudden
death to subtle, partial loss of function. It may not be preceded by any warning.
The keys to early recognition of the incapacitation are:
• Routine monitoring and cross checking of flight instruments.
• Crew members should have a very high index of suspicion of a subtle incapacitation.
• If one crew member does not feel well, the other crew must be advised.
• Others symptoms (incoherent speech, pale fixed facial expression or irregular breathing)
could indicate the beginning of an incapacitation.

3.2.2. Action
In the case of pilot incapacitation, the following are general guideline to the remaining pilot:
• Assume control, return the aircraft to a safe flight path, announce "I HAVE CONTROL",
engage the AP, select FD transfer switch as required;
• Declare an emergency to ATC,
• Call flight attendant to cockpit;
• Continue the flight to the nearest suitable airport, where medical assistance can be
readily rendered;
• Check “Pilot incapacitation” QRH;

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 06


© Adria Airways d.d.
3-4 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

• Arrange medical assistance after landing giving many details about the condition of the
affected crewmember;
• Prepare the approach and read the checklist earlier than usual;
• Request radar vectoring and prefer a long approach to reduce workload;
• Use the proper level of automation as long as possible;
• Perform landing from the seat qualified for. In case of landing from RH seat, pilot should
consider vacating RWY only if high speed exit is available.

FLIGHT CREW MEMBER INCAPACITATION PROCEDURE CRJ

Request assistance from Remaining “ATTENTION! PURSER TO COCKPIT!” or


Cabin Crew via PAS FC member: activating EM call

Proceed to cockpit CCM1: Push the seat to its fully retracted position by pulling
immediately travel lever up – 2nd stage. Put backrest in upright
position. Tighten and block the shoulder harnesses by
moving shoulder harness reel control up. Pull
UP/DOWN adjustment to bring seat down
Assistance from medical
CCM1: Check via PA system, if on board
qualified passenger
Assistance from qualified
CCM1: Check personally, if on board
company pilot
If requested by remaining CCM: Lead the incapacitated flight crew member away from
flight crew member cockpit
(If necessary, recline backrest by pulling backrest
adjustment lever up and stow armrests – to lead away
the incapacitated crew member)
Incapacitated flight crew Take care of and observe the incapacitated crew
CCM:
member member
Arrange a landing as soon as practicable, prepare
Prepare for landing FC+CCM:
cockpit and cabin for landing
If requested by remaining
CCM: Assist in cockpit, if requested
flight crew member
Organise work after landing Off-load the incapacitated crew member to the
FC+CCM:
ambulance as quickly as possible

NOTE: It takes two people to remove unconscious person from a seat without endangering any
controls or switches!

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 3 3-5
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 08 DEC 09

3.3. FIRE AND SMOKE DRILLS


Refer to QRH Vol.2, Section EMER 2.
Refer to Operations Manual Part B, Chapter 10 (Survival and Emergency Equipment).

3.3.1. General
In the event of smoke or fire, prepare to land the aircraft without delay while completing fire
suppression and/or smoke evacuation procedures.
• A cabin/cargo fire shall be extinguished immediately.
• Do not use oxygen near an open fire.
• Do not use water near any energized electrical wiring.
• In case of smoke only, use smoke-hood as applicable.
• Coat/Jacket, cap and gloves will protect against heat.
• After fire being extinguished, guard the fire area and check regularly during remainder of
the flight.
• Smoke coming from an air-conditioning system smells plastic or oily.

3.3.2. Smoke removal


The primary concern should always be the elimination of smoke source as heavy
concentration of smoke cannot be endured for any length of time.
There are smoke evacuation procedures, performed by the pilots, taking care of different
smoke situations: Flight compartment, Air conditioning, Electrical, Cabin, Galley, Cargo and
Toilet.
Smoke evacuation requires an increase of airflow out of the aircraft. This is obtained by
opening of outflow valves and/or hatches and at the same time letting the Air-conditioning
and pressurization system operate at maximum capacity.
During the smoke removal procedure in a pressurized aircraft, the cabin altitude will increase
(felt in the ears) and descent shall be initiated to 10000 ft, or to the minimum safe altitude.
The crew tries to identify the smoke source by isolating systems. Some guidelines may help
the crew to identify the origin of smoke:
• If smoke initially comes out of the cockpits ventilation outlets, or if smoke is detected in
the cabin, the crew may suspect an Air conditioning smoke. In addition, very shortly
thereafter, several SMOKE warnings (cargo, lavatory) will be triggered,
• Following an identified ENG or APU failure, smoke may emanate from the faulty item
through the bleed system and be perceptible in the cockpit or the cabin. In that case, it
will be re-circulated throughout the aircraft, until it completely disappears from the air
conditioning system;
• If some equipment is declared faulty, the crew may suspect that smoke is coming from
this equipment.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 06


© Adria Airways d.d.
3-6 CHAPTER 3
06 NOV 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3.3.3. Cargo smoke


Fire and/or smoke on board an aeroplane represent the greatest threat to safety of an
aeroplane and its occupants. Time is critical during smoke/fire/fumes emergencies.
Therefore the »SMOKE CARGO« warning message shall be treated as imminent danger
requiring immediate actions by the crew.
The crew shall perform 1. & 2. item of »SMOKE CARGO« emergency check list by heart as
mandatory memory items and then in due time continue with the applicable emergency
procedure for aeroplane variant flown.
The crew should be aware that, even after successful operation of the cargo fire bottle, the
SMOKE CARGO warning might persist due to the smoke detectors being sensitive to the
extinguishing agent. On the ground, the crew must instruct the ground crew not to open the
cargo door until the passengers have disembarked and fire services are present!
If SMOKE warning is displayed on ground with the cargo compartment door open, do not
initiate a BOTTLE DISCHARGE. Request the ground crew to investigate and eliminate the
smoke source. On ground, the warning may be triggered due to a high level of humidity.
»SMOKE CARGO« in this chapter represents generic warning message for all aeroplane
variants and for fwd or aft cargo compartment.

3.3.4. PED/EFB Tablet Fire in Cockpit


Whenever there is an excessive overheating of the EFB Tablet or any PED device it is
necessary to switch it off immediately. If there is excessive overheating, which is suspected
of battery failure, which in turn can lead to failure with smoke/fire/fumes, the device needs to
be disconnected and removed from the cockpit immediately.
In the event of PED/EFB Tablet failures with smoke/fire/fumes proceed as follows:
1. Smoke/fire/ fumes in cockpit procedure:
(Don quick donning mask Crew communication).
2. Put PED out of cockpit (forward galley /aisle / R1) or at least on the cockpit floor.
3. Flight crew prepares halon and use if necessary.
4. »ATTENTION, PURSER TO COCKPIT! « Or if smoke or halon used:
»ATTENTION, PURSER TO COCKPIT, USE PBE! «
5. Keep cockpit door unlocked if PED still present in the cockpit to allow access for
CCM
6. CCM use appropriate procedure: PED firefighting procedure or …

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 3 3-7
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

3.4. UNPRESSURISED AND PARTIALLY PRESSURISED FLIGHT


Refer to QRH Vol. 2, Section ABNORM 2-5.

Emergency descent
When need for emergency descent arises crew shall follow QRH. The recommended crew
duties during an emergency descent are as follows:

CM1 CM2
• Call-out “EMERGENCY DESCENT” •
Herewith takes controls •
• Oxygen mask don • Oxygen mask don
• Communication establish • Communication establish
• Select lower altitude • NO SMKG sign ON
• See Note 1,2 • SEAT BELTS sign ON
• Engage SPEED mode • Turn ON external lights
• Thrust lever IDLE • Transponder 7700 (see Note 3)
• Flight spoilers EXTEND • ALT SELECT adjust to MORA or 10000 ft
• Transmit MAYDAY and initial information whichever is higher or according ATC if
• Increase speed as permissible regarding this can be complied with
state of ACFT • PASS OXY select ON if cabin alt is
• Inform passengers and CCM (when above 14000 ft
situation/time permits) • Accomplish Emergency Descent
Procedure QRH
• Conduct further communication as PM

NOTE 1: If flying:
on flight planned route – turn L/R 30° and commence descent,
direct to – commence descent in present heading,
radar vectored - commence descent in present heading.

NOTE 2: It is highly recommended to select TCAS page on MFD as soon as


practicable.

NOTE 3: Set transponder code 7700 even in case communication with ATC
has already been established and advised about emergency
descent, since ATC might not always be able to inform adjacent
lower sector about the ongoing emergency descent.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.d.
3-8 CHAPTER 3
15 DEC 07 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3.5. OVER MASS / HARD LANDING


Maximum landing mass shall not be exceeded during normal operation.
When an overweight landing is required, a long straight in approach, or a wide visual pattern,
should be flown in order to configure the aircraft for a stabilized approach.
The stabilized approach technique should be used.
If exceeding maximum allowed landing mass or maximum expected rate of descent at
touchdown (you find yourself in shaded area), log the event and actual rate of descent at
time of touch-down in ATL. Do not perform a new take-off before the Maintenance has made
a required action.

V/S (ft/min)
600 DO INSPECTION

360

MLW MTOW Mass

3.6. EXCEEDING COSMIC RADIATION LIMITS


Not applicable to Adria Airways CRJ aircraft as maximum operating altitude is below
49.000ft.
Refer to Operations Manual Part A, 8.3.17 (Flight Procedures; Cosmic Radiation).

3.7. LIGHTNING STRIKE AND STATIC


When flying through clouds and precipitation, static electricity is formed in the aircraft due to
friction against the fuselage. This is called precipitation static. The phenomenon that can be
noticed as small sparks on sharp edges is known as ”corona”. This charge accumulation
increases with the square of the speed.
The immediate danger to crew to be injured by lightning is not significant, but a lightning
strike or static discharge may damage avionics or cause damage to the pitot tubes.
It is recommended to turn cockpit lights on during night operation to prevent temporary vision
loss in event of lightning strike.
When re-entering smooth air, various systems should be checked functionally to the extent
possible.
• Compare airspeed indication with value derived from power setting, aircraft attitude and
altitude. This is to check the operation of pilot heads.
• Functionally test radios, avionics and instruments to the extent possible.
• Compare compass readings.
• Check circuit breaker panel for tripped circuit breakers.

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 3 3-9
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

3.8. DISTRESS COMMUNICATION AND ALERTING ATC TO


EMERGENCY
Refer to Operations Manual Part C and Lido General Information – Communication – 3
Distress and Urgency Procedures.

3.9. ENGINE FAILURE

3.9.1 Rejected Take-off


Refer to QRH Vol. 2, Section EMER 1-2
The pilot observing an engine failure, fire warning or other serious malfunctions shall clearly
call out the engine or system affected. Whether acting as PF or PM, the CM1 shall decide if
the take-off shall be discontinued or not.
Company policy, as to continuation/discontinuation of a take-off shall be adhered to.
It is not possible to list all factors that could lead to a decision to reject the take-off.
When the aircraft is at or above 100 knots, it may become hazardous to reject a take-off.
Therefore, when the aircraft speed approaches V1, CM1 should be “Go-minded” if none of
major failures have occurred.
• Below 100 knots:
The decision to reject take-off may be taken at the CM1 discretion depending on the
circumstances.
• Above 100 knots and below V1:
Rejecting the take-off could lead to a hazardous situation, if the speed is approaching V1. At
these speeds CM1 should be “go-minded” and very few situations should lead to the decision
to reject the take-off.
• Above V1:
Take-off shall be continued, because it may not be possible to stop the aircraft on the
remaining runway.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.d.
3-10 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Discontinued take-off

Upon decision to discontinue a take-off, the following procedure shall be followed:

• CM1 orders "Stop", thereby indicating his decision to abort the take-off.
• In case of a CM2 take-off, "Stop" also means that CM1 shall simultaneously and without
further order take over the manoeuvring of the aircraft.
Do not attempt to modulate the braking by releasing and applying the brakes as this has a
detrimental effect on braking efficiency.
Do not release the brake pedal pressure until the speed has been reduced so that stopping
within the remaining runway is assured. Allow sufficient time to cool the brakes before a new
take-off is attempted. This is important in order to ensure proper brake operation if it should
be necessary to discontinue a second take-off, and also prevent excessive tire temperature
and pressure build up.
CAUTION: Reverse thrust on the operating engine will cause a yawing moment towards
the operating engine, which is proportional to the amount of reverse thrust. If
the yaw cannot be corrected by use of rudder and wheel brakes, return to idle
reverse or to forward idle until directional control is regained.

Decision to continue take-off

Upon decision to continue the take-off, the following procedures shall be followed:
• CM1 orders "GO", thereby indicating his decision to continue the take-off.
• PF shall normally continue manoeuvring of the aircraft. Change of controls should not be
made until the aircraft is cleaned up unless required for safety reasons.
• PF shall concentrate on flying the aircraft, and PM shall continuously monitor flight
instruments and navigation during initial climb to a safe altitude.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 3 3-11
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 08 DEC 09

The recommended crew actions during a rejected take-off

CM1 CM2
• Call-out “STOP” • Check GLD deployed
• Thrust levers idle • Advise ATC of reject and request
• Apply maximum brakes assistance of Fire Brigade in case
• Apply maximum reverse thrust of high speed rejected take-off
• Bring the aircraft to a complete stop on regardless of the nature of
the runway distress
• Stow thrust reversers • Monitor abnormal indications and
• Parking brake ON engine instruments/limitations
• Inform CCM: “ATTENTION! CABIN • Carry out assigned duties as
CREW AT STATIONS!” (See Note) directed by Commander
• Verify the problem • Advise tower of intentions and
• If vital actions are required, requirements
accomplish
• Advise Crew of further intentions:
• To taxi back to ramp or
• To evacuate aircraft
• Inform CCM and passengers:
• “CABIN CREW AND PASSENGERS!
KEEP YOUR SEATS.” or
• “EVACUATE. EVACUATE.
EVACUATE.”

NOTE: If safety is not involved and evacuation is not required, the call “ATTENTION CABIN
CREW AT STATION” may be omitted, but CCM and passengers must be addressed
(“CABIN CREW AND PASSENGERS! KEEP YOUR SEATS.”)

The seat and rudder pedals must be adjusted so as to allow full brake pedal deflection with
the rudder in either extreme position.
For further explanations and actions leading to possible evacuation refer to 3.15.1
(Emergency Evacuation)!

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 06


© Adria Airways d.d.
3-12 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3.9.2 Engine Failure after V1


In the event of an engine failure following reduced T/O thrust setting, the pilot may (if desired)
advance the thrust lever of the operating engine to T/O thrust setting to enhance the
performance.
If the speed at the moment of failure was:
• Less than V2…………………………………………………..accelerate to V2 and maintain V2
• Between V2 and V2+10 KTS…………………………………………………….maintain speed
• Above V2+10 KTS…………………………………reduce to V2+10 KTS and maintain speed

QRH action will be initiated on the PF’s command.


No action will be taken (apart from audio warning cancel) until:
• Flight path is stabilized;
• At least 400 ft above RWY in case of failure during T/O, approach and go-around.
Minimum speed to engage SPEED MODE is V2.
Trim aircraft before engaging autopilot.
Commander shall brief CCM1 using TEST items (Type of Emergency, Evacuation required,
Special instructions, Time to land) and make P/A announcement to passengers as soon as
Emergency QRH checklist is completed and situation permits.
Consider selecting:
• FUEL CROSSFLOW to AUTO to prevent fuel imbalance.

Slat/Flap retraction schedule

For a flaps 8 take-off: at V2(F8) + 12, select flaps 1 and at VT – 15 KTS select flaps 0.
For a flaps 20 take-off: at V2(F20) + 12, select flaps 8. At V2(F20) + 20, select flaps 1 and at VT –
15 KTS select flaps 0.

Rev.41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
© Adria Airways d.d.
CRJ OM Part B

Engine failure after V1 pattern


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ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
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13 JAN 17
Rev. 41

3-13
3-14 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Duties and call-outs during engine fire or severe engine damage after V1

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out

“Engine fire” Cancel Master


ENGINE FIRE
Master warning warning
Maintain directional
PFD shows VR control, rotate Call ROTATE
at VR,
Check V/S and RA
At positive climb increasing POSITIVE CLIMB
Call GEAR UP Select GEAR UP
SPEED MODE, Select SPD,
Safely established in the
Call NAV/HDG MODE, NAV/HDG & HALF
climb not below v2
HALF BANK BANK mode
When flight path is
stabilized and before Inform ATC and
EOSID is deviating report intentions
from SID.
When flight path is
Engage
stabilized, but not below AUTOPILOT ON
Autopilot
600 feet
Commander may decide
to delay initiation of CHL ENGINE FIRE QRH
until end of acceleration
Place hand on RIGHT ( LEFT )
Verify that hand is on
effected THRUST LEVER RIGHT ( LEFT )
effected Thrust lever
Thrust lever CONFIRM AND IDLE IS CONFIRMED
Retard Thrust lever
to idle
RIGHT ( LEFT )
THRUST LEVER Verify that hand is on
CONFIRM AND effected Thrust lever RIGHT ( LEFT )
SHUT OFF IS CONFIRMED
Set Thrust lever to
shut off
Place finger on RIGHT ( LEFT )
Retrim the airplane
related fire push ENGINE FIRE PUSH
and fly engine out
button (do not lift the CONFIRM AND
profile
guard) SELECT
Verify that finger is Lift the guard and
RIGHT ( LEFT )
on effected fire push press related fire
IS CONFIRMED
button push button
Place finger below RIGHT ( LEFT )
related fuel boost FUEL PUMP
pump switch CONFIRM AND OFF
Press related
Verify that finger is
RIGHT ( LEFT ) fuel boost pump
below effected fuel
IS CONFIRMED switch and start
boost pump
timing

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 3 3-15
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

After 10 seconds and Affected engine


fire persists bottle select
After 30 seconds and Other engine
fire persists bottle select
ENGINE FIRE
IMMEDIATE
and fire
ACTIONS
persists
COMPLETED, FIRE
After 30
PERSISTS
ENGINE FIRE
seconds
IMMEDIATE
and fire is
ACTIONS
extinguished
COMPLETED, FIRE
EXTINGUISHED
After acceleration is
CONTINUE ENGINE Take QRH and start
completed and
FIRE QRH reading checklist
established in climb

3.9.3 Malfunctions During Climb

One-engine climb
One engine climb shall be made at VT given in the Speed book using MCT (Max Continuous
Thrust).
Take-off thrust can be used up to 10 minutes after initiating, in case of engine failure during
take-off or initial climb.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.d.
3-16 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3.9.4 Go-around

Duties and call-outs during one engine go-around

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
At MDA/DH and Set approximately GO AROUND, Retract flaps to
NOT sufficient G/A thrust, rotate THRUST, 8°, adjust G/A
external visual to FD pitch or FLAPS 8 thrust (if
references 10°, necessary),
Check FMA check FMA
check FMA GA/GA GREENcheck FMA
At positive climb Check V/S and POSITIVE
RA increasing CLIMB
Call GEAR UP Select GEAR UP
Safely established in Call SPEED MODE, Select SPD &
the climb not below HDG MODE, HDG/NAV mode
v2 HALF BANK

When stabilized in climb, PF shall change source to NAV, check transfer switch and engage
NAV mode.

Acceleration shall be initiated at MSA or initial G/A altitude if acceleration altitude is not
published on approach chart. If EOSID is followed, acceleration shall be initiated at PAA.

3.9.5 Engine failure/fire during approach


This procedure shall be carried out in VMC or IMC conditions. (In IMC conditions the airplane
shall be stabilized in new landing configuration latest at 1000 feet AAL).
The crew should establish the single engine approach configuration as soon as possible.
If able to continue/complete a stabilized approach from this position, continue approach.
If unable, carry out Go-Around.

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CHAPTER 3 3-17
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

Recommended duties and call-outs during engine failure/fire in approach

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
Master warning
Engine failure ENGINE
cancel
FAILURE/FIRE

Flight phase or CM1 CM2


event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
Continue
Call CONTINUE
Decision approach
CM1
Go around Call GO AROUND

Flight phase or PF PM
event Duty Call-out Duty Call-out
AUTOPILOT
Disconnect AP
OFF
Increase thrust on
Continue approach operating engine as
required
Call FLAPS 20 Select flaps 20
FLAPS 20
Retract flight
spoilers if extended
Check speed
Increase Airspeed to SET SPEED
VREF(Flaps45°)+12
VREF(Flaps45°)+12 BUG VREF
on speed booklet and SPEED BUG
KIAS PLUS 12
set speed bug SET
Retrim airplane, AUTOPILOT
autopilot may be LEFT (RIGHT)
engaged SIDE ON
Select GPWS/FLAP
OVRD switch to OVRD
RIGHT ( LEFT )
If engine damage
Place hand on effected THRUST LEVER Verify that hand is on RIGHT ( LEFT )
suspected and time
Thrust lever CONFIRM AND effected Thrust lever IS CONFIRMED
permits
IDLE
Retard effected Thrust
lever to idle
Set effected Thrust
After landing
lever to shut off
SEVERE Accomplish Severe
If engine damage
ENGINE Engine Damage QRH
suspected
DAMAGE QRH Checklist

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3-18 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3.10. SYSTEM FAILURES


Refer to QRH VOL.2, EMERGENCY and ABNORMAL Section.

3.11. GUIDANCE FOR DIVERSION IN CASE OF SERIOUS TECHNICAL


FAILURE
The Commander is responsible for the operation and the safety of the flight and must make
the decision to continue the flight as planned or divert. In an emergency, this authority may
include the necessity to deviate from normal rules to meet the requirements of the
emergency situation. In all cases the Commander is expected to take the safe course of
action.
The QRH assists the crew in making this decision with phrases:
• Land at the nearest suitable airport; the crew should consider the seriousness of the
situation and the selection/review of a suitable airport.
• Land immediately at the nearest suitable airport; the crew should land immediately at the
nearest suitable airport.

3.12. EGPWS
Refer to Operations Manual Part A 8.3 (Flight Procedures).
The enhanced ground proximity system (EGPWS) is used to help prevent accidents caused
by unsafe flight manoeuvres in proximity of terrain or severe windshear. EGPWS provides
the flight crew with aural alerts, messages and visual announcements in the event that the
boundaries of the alerting envelopes are exceeded.
In this case, escape maneuver is required due to EPWGS alert/warning, call-out: “TERRAIN
– MAX THRUST” shall be used.
For more information about alerting modes refer to FCOM Vol. 1, chapter 18-80.

3.13. TCAS

3.13.1. General
Whenever TCAS is installed and serviceable, it shall be used in flight. It shall be noted that
TCAS may not be capable of accurately resolving the bearing and heading of conflicting
traffic.
In traffic congested areas one MFD range should be set to range proper to monitor nearby
traffic. Pilot shall avoid high rates of climb/descent to avoid unnecessary alerts.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


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CHAPTER 3 3-19
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 06 NOV 17

3.13.2. Collision avoidance procedures


When approaching cleared FL/altitude the maximum recommended rate during last 1000 ft is
1000 ft/min. This recommendation is not applicable if ATC has issued a vertical rate
instruction. (ACAS II Bulletin February 2016 | N°19) In this case, the vertical rate should be
maintained to assigned FL/altitude.
Traffic advisory information of conflicting-traffic-vertical-rate is not sufficiently accurate to
permit vertical avoidance manoeuvres.
In case Resolution advisory is detected, the Commander or the PF shall ensure that a
corrective action is initiated immediately to establish safe separation.
Traffic Advisories
Pilots should not attempt to manoeuvre solely on the basis of Traffic Advisory Information.
TCAS II is not capable of accurately resolving the bearing or heading of conflicting traffic. In
addition, the Traffic Advisory displayed information of conflicting traffic vertical rate is not
sufficiently accurate to permit vertical avoidance manoeuvres to be performed. Traffic
Advisory information may however be used to assist positive visual identification of conflicting
traffic and to warn the pilot that a threat to safety may exist.
Resolution Advisories
• Pilots must respond promptly to all resolution advisories. When subsequently the
Resolution Advisory changes, the pilot should again respond promptly in compliance with
the indications. Failure to comply with a resolution advisory can result in a less than
desired vertical miss distance at the closest point of approach.
• Vertical speeds greater than those demanded by a Resolution Advisory should be
avoided. This will reduce the likelihood of excessive altitude deviation bringing the aircraft
into conflict with others.
• If a decision is made not to follow a Resolution Advisory, a manoeuvre should never be
made in a direction opposite to the one indicated by the Resolution Advisory. This is
particularly important as the system may co-ordinate, unknown to the pilot, with another
equipped aircraft.
Recovery manoeuvres to resume the assigned ATC clearance should be initiated
immediately after the system annunciates "CLEAR OF CONFLICT".
3.13.3. Responsibility for separation of aircraft during manoeuvres in
compliance with a resolution advisory
The use of TCAS II does not alter the respective responsibilities of pilots and controllers for
the safe operation of aircraft. When being notified that an aircraft under air traffic control is
manoeuvring in accordance with a Resolution Advisory, a controller should not issue
instructions to that aircraft which are contrary to the Resolution Advisory as communicated by
the pilot. Once an aircraft departs from an assigned ATC clearance in compliance with a
Resolution Advisory or a pilot reports RA, the controller ceases to be responsible for
providing separation between that aircraft and other aircraft affected as a direct consequence
of the manoeuvre induced by the Resolution Advisory. However, when circumstances permit,

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


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3-20 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

the controller should endeavour to provide traffic information to aircraft affected by the
manoeuvre. The controller's responsibility for providing separation for all affected aircraft
resumes when either:
• The controller acknowledges a report from the pilot that the aircraft has resumed its
assigned clearance, or
• The controller acknowledges a report from the pilot that the aircraft is resuming its
assigned clearance and issues an alternative clearance which is acknowledged by the
pilot.

3.13.4. Radiotelephony reporting procedures


The reports to be made by the pilot when a Resolution Advisory induces a deviation from the
ATC clearance should contain:
• aircraft identification,
• phrase “TCAS RA”.

Proposed reporting phraseologies


• The pilot should report only those RAs, that require a deviation from ATC clearance or
instruction, using the following phraseology:

“(callsign) TCAS RA” (pronounced as TEE-CAS-AR-AY)

• The controller should respond to the pilot as follows:


“(callsign) ROGER”
Depending on the circumstances, after the airborne collision avoidance system
annunciates "CLEAR OF CONFLICT":
• The pilot shall report:
“(callsign) CLEAR OF CONFLICT, RETURNING TO (assigned level or clearance)”
the controller should acknowledge such a report and may issue a revised clearance.
Or, alternatively:

• When the aircraft has resumed its assigned clearance, the pilot should report:

“(callsign) CLEAR OF CONFLICT, (assigned level or clearance) RESUMED. The


controller should acknowledge such a report.
• If the controller issues a clearance with which the pilot is unable to comply because of the
presence of a Resolution Advisory, the pilot should report:

“(callsign) UNABLE, TCAS RA”

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CHAPTER 3 3-21
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

The controller should acknowledge such a report or issue an alternative clearance.


NOTE: The term TCAS is chosen for reasons of phonetic clarity in radiotelephony
exchanges.

3.13.5. Crew coordination procedures

TCAS Resolution Advisory during flight


Resolution advisories are indicated as follows:
• Vertical manoeuvre commands (red/green arc) on vertical speed indicator,
• Threat level symbol (red square symbol) on multi-function display, including closure rates
and relative altitude; and
• Vertical manoeuvre voice aurals.

CAUTION: Compliance with a TCAS resolution advisory is necessary unless the


pilot considers the manoeuvre unsafe to accomplish, or unless the
pilot has accurate information about the cause of the resolution
advisory and can maintain safe separation from a nearby airplane.
Typical Resolution Advisories shown on the VSI will require a manoeuvre by the crew while
others will warn against manoeuvring. A typical TCAS II manoeuvre requires crew response
within 5 seconds and G-forces of 1±0.25G to establish an initial climb rate of 1500 feet per
minute. Determine required pitch change using the one-in-sixty rule. (e.g. TAS = 420 KTS; 2
degrees of pitch change equals approx. 1400 FPM ROC or ROD).

Manoeuvring during flight:


• Autopilot……………………………………….Disconnect
• Applicable manoeuvre……………………..Accomplish immediately, adjusting engine
thrust as required. If an additional manoeuvre is indicated (e.g. a reversal), it must also
be accomplished immediately.
NOTE: Once an RA manoeuvre has been initiated, the manoeuvre must be
continued until a "CLEAR OF CONFLICT" aural comes on.

If stabilized in approach:
If climb RA:
• Autopilot………………………………………………….Disconnect
• Go-around ................................................................... …Initiate

If descent RA:
• Continue the approach

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


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3-22 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

If RA is accompanied with a GPWS or STALL warning:


• Applicable RA manoeuvre ..........................................Discontinue
• Applicable recovery procedure
(GPWS or STALL) ......................................................Accomplish

When TCAS "CLEAR OF CONFLICT" aural comes on:


• Airplane .......................................................................Re-position to assigned altitude.

TCAS Traffic Advisory during flight


Traffic advisories are indicated as follows:
• Threat level symbol on multi-function display, including closure rate and relative altitude
symbols and
• "TRAFFIC-TRAFFIC" voice aurals.
NOTE: The pilot should not initiate evasive manoeuvres using information from the
traffic display only or on a traffic advisory (TA). These displays and
advisories are intended only for assistance in visually locating the traffic and
lack the flight path trends necessary for use in evasive manoeuvring.
However, while climbing or descending, modest changes in vertical speed
based on traffic display information are not considered evasive manoeuvring.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


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CHAPTER 3 3-23
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

Crew duties

Flight phase or PF PM
Event Duty Duty
TA, Traffic
Advisory Try to identify
Maintain flight path
“TRAFFIC, (TCAS on MFD, consider range)
TRAFFIC”

AP Disconnect
TCAS Monitor manoeuvre and intruder
RA, Resolution Follow
command Advise ATC
Advisory
Adjust as “(callsign) TCAS RA”
Thrust
required

Advise ATC
“(callsign) CLEAR OF
CONFLICT, RETURNIG TO ….”
“CLEAR OF Re-establish flight path according
or
CONFLICT” to ATC clearance
“(callsign) CLEAR OF
CONFLICT, FL/ALT ….
RESUMED”

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
3-24 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3.14. WINDSHEAR
Awareness of the weather conditions that cause windshear will reduce the risk of an
encounter. Studying meteorological reports and listening to tower reports will help the flight
crew to assess the weather conditions that are to be expected during take-off or landing.
If a windshear encounter is likely, the take-off or landing should be delayed until the
conditions improve, e.g. until a thunderstorm has cleared the airport.
Whenever windshear escape maneuver is required due to windshear warning/alert then call-
out: “WINDSHEAR – MAX THRUST” shall be used and the windshear recovery guidance
shall be followed.
Once clear of windshear (warning and guidance cancelled) and with positive climb being
established, follow the published/cleared procedure.

3.15. EMERGENCY LANDING/DITCHING


Refer to QRH Vol.2, Section EMER 7-1

3.15.1. Emergency Evacuation


Refer to QRH Vol.2, Section EMER 8-1
Refer to Operations Manual Part B, Chapter 11 (Emergency Evacuation Procedures).
In case of forced/emergency landing or rejected take-off, as soon as the aircraft is stopped
and the parking brake is set, CM1 notifies the cabin crew and calls for appropriate action.

Notification of cabin crew is of utmost importance due to possibility of initiation of evacuation


by cabin crew if no PA announcement is received from the cockpit crew. Although this cabin
crew action should be limited only to cases after an emergency landing, it may well be
expected after any forced landing and rejected take-off.

3.16. DEPARTURE CONTINGENCY PROCEDURES


Refer to Operations Manual Part C and Lido General Information – Communication – 4 ATC
Communication.
Refer to Operations Manual Part A 8.1 (Flight Preparation Instructions).

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CHAPTER 3 3-25
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

3.17. BLEED SYSTEM RESET

The bleed system on CRJ700/900 is designed to automatically close the affected side bleed
valve in case of a bleed leak (L/R BLEED DUCT warning msg is posted).

In case the bleed leak is contained:


• L/R BLEED DUCT warning msg disappears;
• L/R BLEED DUCT caution msg comes on indicating one bleed operation only;
• However, the system is designed to close also the other (opposite) bleed valve if the L/R
BLEED DUCT warning msg remains on for more than 30 sec!

From this point on both bleeds are closed and the flight is unpressurized.

There are only two related procedures outlined in the QRH: L/R BLEED DUCT Emergency
and Abnormal QRH Checklist. They are identical. Therefore they both apply to the bleed leak
situation

To reset the pressurization system it is necessary to set the Bleed valves rotary selector on
the Bleed Air control panel to the closed position (in order to reset the system logic) and then
to manual –bleed source-engine non affected side.

3.18. UNCOMMANDED FLIGHT DIRECTOR CHANGES


The entire, worldwide CRJ fleet is experiencing potentially extremely dangerous events
where air data references of the Flight Director change spontaneously without pilot input.

Two kinds of FD erratic behavior are particularly pronounced:


1. Premature ALTS CAP activation well before reaching the preselected altitude
during climb. This results in a violent pitch up command as the FD attempts to
capture the preselected datum still several levels above.
2. Rapid reduction of the speed reference in CLB mode during climb (“speed bug
travel”) towards the start of the scale (40 KIAS).

Both events, if the autopilot is left unattended can rapidly result in an aggressive pitch up,
drastic loss of speed and even stall. Therefore all crew members are urged to:
1. Exercise extreme vigilance upon the FD modes throughout the flight, especially
so during FCP (flight control panel) manipulation.
2. Refrain from any distractions and bureaucratic duties even during low workload
phases of climb and descent. At least one of the crew members should monitor
navigational parameters, especially Flight Modes and attitude, at all times.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
3-26 CHAPTER 3
13 JAN 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

In case of noticing any FD mode discrepancies:

1. Take immediate control of the aircraft and disconnect the autopilot.


2. Reset the FCP to the proper mode of operation, including the speed bug reference
if necessary, and then re-engage the autopilot (if desired).
3. Continue to monitor the FCP and autopilot for proper operation.
4. In order to help the investigation, it is requested to press the FDR Event button
and report this event to the maintenance personnel. Please utilize paper report
copies found in the Briefing Room. Use any mean appropriate to route your reports
to the CRJ Technical Pilot.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


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CHAPTER 3 3-27
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 13 JAN 17

3.19. UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION PROCEDURE

The use of QRH procedure Unreliable Airspeed In-flight EMER 17-2 is mandatory.

When at safe Altitude:


Level off for Troubleshooting and land nearest suitable airport.

To return to departure airport:


Keep takeoff configuration preferably.

Refer to “Initial and Intermediate Approaches tables in Level flight” on following pages for
Operational Data.

1. Pitch / Thrust for Level off:


• Tables are showing (Pitch & Thrust Setting N1 ° / %) in order to fly target IAS
• The values may vary up to +/- 1º for pitch and +/- 2% for thrust depending on the
weight.
• You may Interpolate between Altitude/Weight tables to obtain more accurate data.
• For turns increase pitch for 0.5º.

2. Flying technique to stabilize speed:


• Adjust pitch in order to fly the required flight path.
• When target pitch is reached, flying intended flight path, adjust thrust to target.
• When comparing to additional available Data e.g. G/S or altitude. If the aircraft
pitch tends to increase, aircraft is slow, then increase thrust; if the aircraft pitch
tends to decrease, aircraft is fast, then decrease thrust.

3. Technical recommendations:
• If the failure is due to radome destruction, the drag will increase and therefore N1
must be increased.
• Due erratic overspeed warning a FD mode reversion may occur which will result in
reappearing of FD in amber ”IAS 330” mode on flight mode annunciator. Switch FD
off again when amber ”IAS 330” mode has disappeared.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
3-28 CHAPTER 3
06 NOV 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3.20. AIRPLANE UPSET RECOVERY

3.20.1. Definition of Airplane Upset


An airplane upset is an undesired airplane state characterized by unintentional divergences
from normal operational parameters.
An airplane upset may involve pitch and/or bank angle divergences as well as inappropriate
airspeeds for the conditions.
Deviations from the desired airplane state will become larger until action is taken to stop the
divergence.
Return to the desired airplane state can be achieved through natural airplane reaction to
accelerations, auto-flight system response or pilot intervention.

Troubleshooting the cause of the upset is secondary to initiating the recovery. However, the
pilot still must recognize and confirm the situation before a recovery can be initiated.

Upset recovery techniques assume the airplane is not stalled. If the airplane is stalled, it is
necessary to first recover from stalled condition before initiating upset recovery techniques.
Altitude cannot be maintained and should be of secondary importance.

3.20.2. Stall Recovery


Regardless of attitude, a wing can be stalled at any airspeed and altitude, if the critical angle
of attack (AoA) is exceeded. A stalled condition may be recognized by continuous stall
warning activation accompanied with one or more of the following:
• Buffeting, which could be heavy at times;
• Lack of pitch authority and/or roll control; and
• Inability to arrest the descent rate.

So the only way to recover from stall is to reduce AoA. The elevator is the primary control to
recover from a stalled condition.

Recovery from stall at high altitude, considerable altitude will be lost. If altitude recovery is
attempted prematurely, a secondary stall will likely occur.
Typically the box in the airplane symbol on PFD shall be gently lowered to few degrees
below horizon. Vertical speed will initially be as high as 3000 ft/min and altitude loss up to
2000 feet. Attitude shall be maintained until acceleration to minimum drag speed is achieved.

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 3 3-29
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 06 NOV 17

3.20.3. Nose High Recovery Techniques

Recognize and confirm the developing situation


ANNOUNCE: "NOSE HIGH"
PF PM
AUTOPILOT ....................................... DISCONNECT
PITCH ..................................... APPLY NOSE-DOWN Monitor airspeed and attitude
THRUST .......................................................ADJUST throughout the recovery and
ROLL ............................................................ADJUST announce any continued
SPEED....................................................... MONITOR divergence
Recover to level flight

Either Pilot: Recognize and confirm the developing situation.


ANNOUNCE: "Nose High"

A critical element in recognition and confirmation is to clearly understand the airplane energy
state and the rate at which it is changing because this will have an effect on how the recovery
is handled. This is done by referring to pitch attitude and/or flight path vector, airspeed and
airspeed trend, altitude and vertical speed from the PFD (or ADI). This is because the FD
system could be providing incorrect guidance.

AUTOPILOT: Disconnect (if required)

The A/P must be disconnected if they are not arresting the divergence. However, if the A/P is
responding correctly to arrest the divergence, it may be appropriate to keep the current level
of automation. A large out of trim condition could be encountered when the A/P is
disconnected.

PITCH: Apply as much nose-down pitch control and incremental trim input(s) as
required to obtain a nose-down pitch rate.

This may require as much as full nose-down pitch control input. Incremental nose down trim
inputs may improve elevator control effectiveness and reduce high pitch control forces.
Excessive use of pitch down trim can make the recovery phase of the upset more difficult.

THRUST: Adjust (as required)

Select up to maximum thrust available while ensuring adequate pitch control.

ROLL: Adjust (as required) not to exceed 60 degrees

If the previous pitch and thrust inputs have been unsuccessful, banking the airplane to allow
the nose to drop toward the horizon will be necessary.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


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06 NOV 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

The bank angle applied should be the least possible to start the nose down and never
exceed approximately 60 degrees. If the bank angle is already greater than 60 degrees, it
should be reduced to an amount less than 60 degrees. Although the rolling maneuver
changes the pitch rate into a turning maneuver, sideslip build up is a large risk at low
airspeeds and high AOA.

If full pitch and roll control are ineffective, rudder input may be required to induce a bank
angle for recovery. Only a small amount of rudder input is needed. Too much rudder applied
too quickly or held too long may result in loss of lateral and directional control and cause
structural damage.

Recover to level flight:

Recover to level flight while avoiding a stall due to premature recovery at low speed or
excessive g-loading at high speed. This may require use of pitch trim to manage control
forces during large airspeed changes. Confirm desired airspeed and adjust thrust to establish
the required flight path.

3.20.4. Nose Low Recovery Techniques

Recognize and confirm the developing situation


ANNOUNCE: "NOSE LOW"
PF PM
AUTOPILOT ....................................... DISCONNECT
RECOVER FROM STALL (if required) Monitor airspeed and attitude
ROLL ........................................................... ADJUST throughout the recovery and
THRUST and DRAG ................................... ADJUST announce any continued
SPEED ....................................................... MONITOR divergence
Recover to level flight

Either Pilot: Recognize and confirm the developing situation.


ANNOUNCE: "Nose Low"

A critical element in recognition and confirmation is to clearly understand the airplane energy
state and the rate at which it is changing because this will have an effect on how the recovery
is handled. This is done by referring to pitch attitude and/or flight path vector, airspeed and
airspeed trend, altitude and vertical speed from the PFD (or ADI). This is because the FD
system could be providing incorrect guidance.

AUTOPILOT: Disconnect (if required)


The A/P must be disconnected if they are not arresting the divergence. However, if the A/P is
responding correctly to arrest the divergence, it may be appropriate to keep the current level

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


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CHAPTER 3 3-31
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 06 NOV 17

of automation. A large out of trim condition could be encountered when the A/P is
disconnected.

RECOVER FROM STALL (if required)

Even in a nose low situation, the airplane may be stalled and it would be necessary to
recover from a stall first.

ROLL: in the shortest direction to wings level.

In general, a nose low, high-angle-of-bank requires prompt action, because decreasing


altitude is rapidly being exchanged for increasing airspeed. The consequence of the
increasing airspeed is rapid g-load build up from the original 1-g trimmed condition. It is
important to reduce g-loading while attempting to roll to wings level because it increases the
roll effectiveness while decreasing the asymmetric loads on the airplane. Decreasing the g-
load will be achieved by applying forward pitch control toward 1-g. This is counter-intuitive
while in a dive condition, even though it is of critical importance.
If roll control is ineffective after unloading, rudder input may be required to reduce bank angle
for recovery. Only a small amount of rudder input is needed. Too much rudder applied too
quickly or held too long may result in loss of lateral and directional control and cause
structural damage.

THRUST AND DRAG: Adjust (if required)

Use Thrust or Speed brakes to control the airspeed.

Recover to level flight.

Recover to level flight while avoiding a stall due to premature recovery at low speed or
excessive g-loading at high speed. This may require use of pitch trim to manage control
forces during large airspeed changes. Confirm desired airspeed and adjust thrust and/or
speed brakes to establish the required flight path.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
3-32 CHAPTER 3
06 NOV 17 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 ToC 4-1
PERFORMANCE 13 JAN 17

TABLE OF CONTENTS
4. PERFORMANCE ..........................................................................................1
4.1. REGULATORY TAKEOFF WEIGHT CHART (RTOW) FOR CRJ 700 LR
AND CRJ 900 LR ..........................................................................................1
4.2. PERFORMANCE DATA ............................................................................. 14
4.2.1. Take-off climb limits .....................................................................................15
4.2.2. Take-off field length (dry, wet, contaminated) ............................................. 15
4.2.3. Net flight path data for obstacle clearance .................................................. 15
4.2.4. Gradient losses for banked climb-outs ........................................................ 15
4.2.5. En-route climb limits ....................................................................................16
4.2.6. Approach climb limits ...................................................................................16
4.2.7. Landing climb limits .....................................................................................16
4.2.8. Landing field length (dry, wet, contaminated) .............................................. 16
4.2.9. Brake energy limits ......................................................................................16
4.2.10. Speeds applicable for various flight stages ................................................. 16
4.3. SUPPLEMENTARY DATA ......................................................................... 17
4.3.1. Antiskid system, one channel inoperative ................................................... 17
4.3.2. Performance penalties for operation with airplane systems inoperative ..... 17
4.4. ADDITIONAL PERFORMANCE DATA ...................................................... 18
4.4.1. All-engine climb gradients ........................................................................... 18
4.4.2. Drift-down data ............................................................................................20
4.4.3. Flight with landing gear down ...................................................................... 21
4.4.4. Flights conducted under the provisions of the CDL ..................................... 21
4.4.5 Speed Booklet performance data ................................................................ 22
4.4.6 LRC Mach number, all engine/one engine ceiling and recommended
maximum cruising FL ..................................................................................25

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC 4-2 CHAPTER 4
15 DEC 07 PERFORMANCE

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER4 LEP4·1
PERFORMANCE 06 NOV 17

List of Effective pages

I~
CHAPTER
PAGE PAGE
REVISION
r IREVISIOr-N:........,==:-c=---l
I 1 EFFECTIVE I . 1;:.:.:...-=rn=Ec=TIVE==--1

ToC4 1 41 13JAN 17
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2 02 15 DEC 07
LEP4 1 44 06 NOV 17
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20 41 13 JAN 17
21 41 13JAN 17
22 44 06 NOV 17
23 44 06 NOV 17
24 44 06 NOV 17
25 44 06 NOV 17
26 44 06 NOV 17
27 44 06 NOV 17
28 44 06 NOV 17

I END OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


Authorized by:

Jo
Capt. Marllo Pintar
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot IJIAfv.N
ChKkod fOUdoO'"Y br.
Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


©Adria Ailways d.o.o.
LEP 4-2 CHAPTER 4
15 DEC 07 PERFORMANCE

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-1
PERFORMANCE 13 JAN 17

4. PERFORMANCE
4.1. REGULATORY TAKEOFF WEIGHT CHART (RTOW) FOR CRJ 700
LR AND CRJ 900 LR

An RTOW chart contains information regarding one engine takeoff performance for Adria
Airways CL65 CRJ700 aircraft based on CF34 8C1engines, CRJ900 aircraft based on CF34-
8C5 engines on airports used by Adria Airways.

IRTs (Individual Runway Tables) for most airports operated by Adria Airways are contained
in OM Part C in Appendix 5, which are provided in each aircraft ship's library and in Adria
Airways Flight operations support department database. The IRTs are derived from
electronic database and therefore the numbering of subchapter and items do not correspond
to the standard OM-C pagination system.

If taking off or landing from/on an airport not listed in an RTOW, the takeoff and landing
weights must be calculated from the AFM. For airports or for intersection takeoffs where no
analysis is issued, an RTOW for an airport with the same or more restrictive parameters or a
reference table may be used as reference.

All data, which relates specifically to runway configurations and the obstacles, which fall
within the flight paths of runways, are obtained from official government sources (AIP ICAO
Type A charts). If a different climb-out procedure has been used for the calculation (i.e.
Jeppesen Opsdata and Navtech), this procedure is indicated in the list of airports and
runways with (*).
The EOSID-s are described textually or graphically and published by Adria Airways in Lido
Manual.

Obstacle calculation is based on:


• Distances measured in meters from the beginning of the take-off RWY (take-off
brake release point).
• Heights measured in feet from the take-off brake release and increased to account
for the loss of climb gradient during the turn.

Some of the EOSID-s are illustrated graphically (i.e. LJU, OHD, SJJ, SKP). In this case the
last obstacle is described:
• Distance measured in NM from the take-off break release
• Altitude (QNH) measured in feet, which are increased to account for the loss of
climb gradient during the turn.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-2 CHAPTER 4
08 DEC 09 PERFORMANCE

Obstacle clearance has normally been calculated until the point where 1500 ft AAL is
reached. Any obstacles in the SID beyond the 1500 ft AAL point are normally not considered
and minimum clearance from these obstacles may not be assured. The crew must determine
a safe flight path, if necessary deviating from SID for some special airports.

1. Filtering of Obstacles

An ascending plane (take-off plane) starts at the end of TODA and continues at 1.2%
gradient until it reaches a height of 240 ft (the horizontal distance calculates to 6096 m /3.3
NM). At this point the take-off plane levels out and continues at the same height (240 ft) for
another 33526 m / 18.1 NM. When this point is reached, the take-off plane starts ascending
again at a rate of 0.4% and continues for a minimum of 15934 m / 8.6 NM out.

2. Purpose and Scope

The RTOW Manual is a complement to the Aeroplane Flight Manual and contains an extract
from the AFM as well as additional information for flight planning purposes for the aircraft.
The information herein embodies the Adria Airways’ own rules and covers the regulations
prescribed by the Civil Aviation Authorities. The persons concerned should be familiar with all
contents. The information in the Manual must be adhered to as far as practicable, but nothing
herein should be considered as limiting personnel from acting in their own best judgement in
case of emergency.

3. Issuance of Manuals

Performance department is responsible for the contents of this Manual. It is the responsibility
of each pilot to report any discrepancies and errors by PVR. A constant endeavour will be
made to improve the established contents and all constructive criticism and suggestions will
be given careful consideration.

4. Temporary RTOW

All RTOW analysis of a temporary nature are printed on yellow paper and marked with the
word “ TEMPO “. The temporary yellow revision sheets are to be placed in front of the
ordinary analysis during its validity.

5. Distribution

The RTOW Manual is distributed to all aircraft’s and Pilots’ briefing room.

Rev. 06 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-3
PERFORMANCE 13 JAN 17

6. Summer and Winter Tables

The Take-Off Airport is based on the following Analysis conditions:

DRY runway surface odd page ECS bleed OFF / even page ECS bleed ON
WET runway surface odd page ECS bleed OFF / even page ECS bleed ON
WATER 3.2 mm ECS bleed OFF

7. Additional Winter Tables (on blue colour paper)

DRY runway surface (odd page - upper table wing and cowl anti ice bleed on) /
lower table cowl anti ice bleed on)
WET runway surface (even page - upper table wing and cowl anti ice bleed on) /
lower table cowl anti ice bleed on);

Note: For airports ARN / CPH / DME / MMX / NYO / VKO : additional winter
tables (blue colour paper) are in RTOW Manual during all year.

8. Additional Winter Tables (on amber colour paper)

CONTAM 1 (odd page - upper table wing and cowl anti ice bleed on) / lower
table cowl anti ice bleed on)

Contaminated with:
- 3.2 mm standing water or
- 3.8 mm slush or
- 3.8 mm wet snow
- 25.4 mm dry snow

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-4 CHAPTER 4
13 JAN 17 PERFORMANCE

CONTAM 2 (For interpolation purposes only)

Contaminated with:
- 6.4 mm standing water or
- 7.4 mm slush or
- 7.4 mm wet snow or
- 50.8 mm dry snow

Note: Conditions for Contam 2 are not calculated and should be (if necessary
interpolated from data for Contam 1 and 3.

CONTAM 3 (odd page - upper table wing and cowl anti ice bleed on) / lower
table cowl anti ice bleed on)

Contaminated with:
- 12.7 mm standing water or
- 15.0 mm slush or
- 15.0 mm wet snow
- 76.2 mm dry snow

Note: Winter Tables are applicable from 01 Oct – 20 Apr!

9. Runway surface classification

The following type of runway surface/contamination is indicated on each table:


Dry runway: Runway with no deposit.
Damp runway: Runway surface has changed colour due to humidity, but without showing as
shiny appearance.
Wet runway: Runway surface wet with water standing in the structure of the runway and
appear shining, but with a depth of water 3 mm or less.
Contaminated runway: 25% or more of the runway covered with more than 3 mm of
contaminant.
Slippery runway: Braking action reported as 0.40 or below. If braking action reported with a
value above 0.40, use V1 correction as for wet runway.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-5
PERFORMANCE 15 MAY 14

Use of Dry runway data when:

• dry runway
• damp runway

Use Wet runway data when:


Shining wet 3 mm or less standing water F.C. more than 0.40.

Use Precipitation covered runway data when:


25% or more of the runway is contaminated with more than 3 mm of equivalent water depth.

10. Basic airport data

The following information is given for each listed runway:


i.e. Airport name, Airport 3-letter designators, Runway designator, Runway slope, Available
runway length for takeoff and Airport elevation.

11. Takeoff weight limitation

The given weights are valid for the indicated takeoff flap setting.

The given takeoff weight may be limited by:

1 The Max selected computational weight.


2 The all engine takeoff distance limitation.
3 The one engine out takeoff distance limitation.
4 The accelerate stop distance limitation.
9 The minimum certificated control speed VMCG limitation.
12 The maximum brake energy limitation.
15 The second segment climb gradient limitation.
19 The obstacle clearance limitation (* and the limiting obstacle number).
25 The balance field length limitation.
26 The balance field length on contaminated runway.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 28


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-6 CHAPTER 4
13 JAN 17 PERFORMANCE

12. Flap setting

The flap setting is indicated on each table.


FLAP 8 or FLAP 20 is used alternatively, based on the MTOW restrictions (at max temp.,
zero wind) due to the runway conditions (i.e. runway length, obstacles etc.).

13. Runway lengths alignment

The length of the runway, which is declared for TORA, ASDA and TODA, does not account
for line up of the aircraft in the take-off direction on the runway in use. The alignment
distance for:

TORA 11 m and ASDA 28 m

are used for the above reason. The alignment distance is also used for the intersection take-
off or the situation where part of the runway is not available due to other reasons.

14. Speeds

Each weight figure is followed by two rows containing speeds:

V1 decision speed.
Vr rotation speed.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-7
PERFORMANCE 13 JAN 17

V2 takeoff safety speed.


Vfto final takeoff speed.

15. Minimum and Maximum Acceleration Height (ACCHT)

The minimum height for acceleration is tabulated on each table in order to get required
clearance to all obstacles.

• The minimum gross height for level-off according to the Adria Airways regulations
is 1000 ft (QFE).
• Maximum gross height for level-off is stated in Speed Booklet for desired mass and
flaps setting. It is calculated for following conditions: OAT 30°C, Wind 0 kts, Airport
Elevation 2000 ft.

Flight crew can choose any value between min or max accht.
Accht is not temperature compensated.

If the above calculated Min PH. does not clear all the reported obstacles (far-out obstacles)
then these obstacles are considered as the enroute obstacles. The additional calculations
are being made to ensure that the Enroute Climb Gradient (Airplane Flight Manual –
Performance – Figure 06-05-01), enables the aircraft to clear these obstacles by 1000 ft net
in the climb segment.

16. Calculation of takeoff weight

Normally calculate takeoff weight for the nearest worse OAT and wind condition. If the weight
is too low interpolate between OAT and wind figures to find maximum takeoff weight.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-8 CHAPTER 4
13 JAN 17 PERFORMANCE

The maximum allowed takeoff weight is the lowest of:

• Takeoff weight vs. runway length and obstacle corrected for all applicable corrections.
• Climb limited weight, takeoff, corrected for all applicable corrections.
• Structure limited takeoff weight.

Takeoff from a wet runway surface

The weight presented for wet runway is calculated to allow the aircraft to reach a height of at
least 15 feet within the takeoff run. The presented V1 will fulfil a full stop within the available
accelerate-stop distance in case of a rejected takeoff.
When operating from a wet runway, flexible thrust takeoff is allowed.

No allowance is made for the drag resistance of the wheels and for the drag caused by spray
striking the airframe and landing gear.

The performance data are calculated based on the assumption that maximum available
reverse thrust is utilized.

Takeoff from precipitation covered runway

A runway is considered to be contaminated, when more than 25% of the runway surface area
(whether in isolated areas or not), within the required length and width being used, is covered
by 3 millimeters and more (1/8 inch) of standing water or slush ,or by loose snow, equivalent
to 3 millimeters and more (1/8 inch) of water.

A layer of contaminant will increase wheel drag during the take-off ground roll, particularly at
higher speeds. Consequently the distance required to accelerate will be increased.
The maximum depths of runway contaminants covering an appreciable part of runway are:

Take-off Landing
Standing water............. 12,7 mm 19,1 mm
Slush. ........................... 15 mm 22,4 mm
Wet snow...................... 15 mm 22,4 mm
Dry snow....................... 76,2 mm 95,3 mm

When operating on contaminated runways do not use flexible thrust. Lift dumpers, airbrakes,
anti-skid and all wheel brakes must be serviceable.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-9
PERFORMANCE 13 JAN 17

The performance data are calculated based on the assumption that maximum available
reverse thrust is utilized.

Allowance is made for the drag resistance of the wheels and for the drag caused by spray
striking the airframe and landing gear.

This information is only advisory.

Takeoff from precipitation covered runway (cont´d)

If both precipitation depth and reduced braking action are reported, use the lower of the two
weights read from the airport analysis.

After take-off, if climbout performance is not limiting, delay retraction of the landing gear in
order to shake off any accumulated slush.

CAUTION: Clearway must not be used at takeoff when any correction is applicable which
increased TOD or ASD (i.e. braking action less than good, slush, snow and water covered
rwy, any wheel brake(s) U/S, etc.)

For maximum crosswind component for takeoff from precipitation covered runways refer to
FCOM.

RTOW for standing water 3.2 mm

NOTE: There's no output for temperature below 10 degrees C because the anti-ice setting is
off.
In AFM 02-04 "OPERATION IN ICING CONDITIONS", it dictates that
- The cowl anti-ice system must also be ON when the OAT is 10°C or below when operating
on runways, ramps, or taxiways where surface snow, ice, standing water, or slush is
present.
- The wing anti-ice system must also be ON for take-off when the OAT is 5°C
or below and the runway is contaminated with surface snow, slush or standing water.
It's very important to follow these limitations for flight safety.

Takeoff from slippery runway

The Accelerate-Stop Distance is adjusted for reduced braking action. This will yield and
unbalanced takeoff, with an unbalanced V1. The V1 will hence not be the same as for a

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-10 CHAPTER 4
08 DEC 09 PERFORMANCE

balanced takeoff. The calculation covers both continued takeoff and rejected takeoff and
stop, when engine failure is recognised at V1.

Maintain directional control by small nosewheel steering inputs until rudder control becomes
effective. Avoid large control inputs, which lead to significant lateral accelerations. Maintain
the control volume slightly forward of neutral to increase nosewheel contact. Commence
rotation at the normal VR. After take-off, if climbout performance is not limiting, delay
retraction of the landing gear in order to shake off any accumulated slush.

Braking action / friction coefficient max. crosswind refer to FCOM.


If both reduced braking action and precipitation depth are reported, use the lower of the two
weights read from the airport analysis. This information is only advisory.

17. Maximum allowed landing weight

The maximum allowed landing weight is the lowest of:


Landing weight vs. runway length
Landing weight vs. climb requirement
Structure limited weight.

18. Landing on slippery runway

Aim to make a positive touchdown on a contaminated or slippery runway and slow down to a
low forward speed before exiting a slippery runway.

Advice on the max weight for landing on a slippery runway is given in the airport analysis.
The weight given is the maximum weight advised to make the aircraft to come to a complete
stop within 60% of the LDA, using Normal Max reverse thrust, if the threshold is passed on
50 ft and at Vref and with respect to the reduced braking capability due to the reduced braking
action.

19. Explanation of Airport Analysis

Calculation is made for this flaps setting, contamination, airport and runway No.
* wet (water) runway with R/T - means thrust reverser is operable
Airport, 3-letter code and runway No
Runway No, Runway Slope in %, .Length of Takeoff Run Available
Airport Elevation in feet.
Calculation made for Anti-skid operative.
Calculation made for specific engine bleed - APR armed.
OAT °C and N1
Wind Component (kts)
Calculation made for this Takeoff Flap setting.

Rev. 06 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-11
PERFORMANCE 13 JAN 17

Takeoff weight (kg)


Type of limitation on Takeoff Weight (see para Takeoff weight limitation above).
V1
Vr
V2
Vfto
Climb-out procedure and Minimum acceleration height for flap retraction.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-12 CHAPTER 4
13 JAN 17 PERFORMANCE

T/O configuration Ariport designation

RWY condition T/O RWY

FLAPS 8 DRY LJUBLJANA LJU 13


==============================================================================
* DRY RUNWAY *
| AIRPORT : LJUBLJANA LJU 13 |
| RUNWAY : 13 , -0.760%, 3300 M |
| |
| ELEVATION 1273 FT, PRALT 1273 FT |-----------------|
|
BRAKESINOP : ANTI-SKID OPERATIVE
THRUSTBRKR : ZERO ENGINE BLEED - APR ARMED
ANTI-SKID : ON FLAP WEIGHT/LM |
| ANTI-SKID
ECS BLEED :: ON
OFF | V1 VR V2 |
| ECS BLEED : :OFF
ANTI-ICING OFF | VFTO ACCHT |
ANTI-ICING : OFF VFTO
==============================================================================

AIRPORT: A/P / RWY designation


RUNWAY: RWY / RWY slope / RWY length
ELEVATION: touchdown zone elevation / indicated altitude

ANTI-SKID: ON/OFF (CRJ900)


ECS BLEED: ON/OFF (CRJ900)
ANTI-ICING: ON/OFF (CRJ900)
Wind condition for T/O

==============================================================================
| TEMP | |
| DEG(C) N1%
N1% | 10KT TAILWIND | 0KT (ZERO)WIND | 10KT HEADWIND |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 15.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 |
| 90,8 | 1724 | 1662 | 197 1646 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Outside/Flex
temperature

Flap for T/O (8)


T/O N1 Limiting performance weight (38330 kg)
V1 – decision speed (151)
VR – rotation speed (151)
V2 – take-off safety speed (161)
VFTO – final T/O speed (197)
ACCHT – height above gnd for acceleration (1646 ft)

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-13
PERFORMANCE 01 JAN 11

FLAPS 8 DRY LJUBLJANA LJU 13


==============================================================================
| * DRY RUNWAY * |
| AIRPORT : LJUBLJANA LJU 13 |
| RUNWAY : 13 , -0.760%, 3300 M |
| |
| ELEVATION 1273 FT, PRALT 1273 FT |-----------------|
| ANTI-SKID : ON | FLAP WEIGHT/LM |
| ECS BLEED : ON | V1 VR V2 |
| ANTI-ICING : OFF | ACCHT |
==============================================================================
| TEMP | |
| DEG(C) | 10KT TAILWIND | 0KT (ZERO)WIND | 10KT HEADWIND |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| -5.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 |
| | 1704 | 1646 | 1631 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 |
| | 1708 | 1649 | 1634 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 5.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 |
| | 1713 | 1653 | 1638 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 10.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 |
| | 1718 | 1657 | 1642 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 15.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 |
| | 1724 | 1662 | 1646 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 20.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 |
| | 1730 | 1667 | 1651 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 25.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 | 151 151 161 |
| | 1739 | 1675 | 1658 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 30.0 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 152 152 161 | 152 152 161 | 152 152 161 |
| | 1798 | 1725 | 1706 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 35.0 | 8 36995/ 3 | 8 38330/ 1 | 8 38330/ 1 |
| | 149 149 158 | 153 153 161 | 153 153 161 |
| | 1835 | 1870 | 1845 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 40.0 | 8 35399/ 3 | 8 36278/* 3 | 8 36506/* 3 |
| | 147 147 155 | 149 149 157 | 149 149 157 |
| | 1873 | 1874 | 1874 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 45.0 | 8 33242/* 3 | 8 34083/* 3 | 8 34299/* 3 |
| | 142 142 150 | 144 144 152 | 145 145 152 |
| | 1873 | 1874 | 1874 |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
==============================================================================

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 12


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-14 CHAPTER 4
13 JAN 17 PERFORMANCE

4.2. PERFORMANCE DATA

All the necessary data is compliant with the performance requirements prescribed in AIR
OPS (EU Commission Regulation No 965/2012).
Performance material is provided in the Airplane Flight Manual, Ch. 6-PERFORMANCE.
CRJ 700
The data in this section present performance information of the CL 600-2C10 Regional Jet
airplane, fitted with two General Electric CF34-8C1 engines.

CRJ 900
The data in this section present performance information of the CL 600-2D24 Regional Jet
airplane, fitted with two General Electric CF34-8C5 engines.

The airspeeds and airplane configuration for take-off, climb and landing, as presented in this
chapter, must be adhered to during the appropriate phase of flight.
All performance data are based on the following conditions:
• Minimum guaranteed engine thrust with allowance made for the installation effects,
including bleed and mechanical horsepower extraction.
• ICAO standard atmosphere conditions (ISA), with corrections for non-standard conditions
when applicable.
• Wind speed is measured at a height of 10 meters (33 feet) above the surface.
• The performance data in this chapter are not valid when:
- The weight exceeds the maximum weight as limited by climb requirements.
- Data is extrapolated from the values shown in the charts.
• For airport pressure altitudes below 0 ft, the performance may be assumed to be that
appropriate to an airport altitude of 0 ft, unless information for altitudes below 0 ft is
presented.
Performance data have been certified using a stall reference speed based on the 1.0 g stall
criteria.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-15
PERFORMANCE 28 MAR 15

CRJ 700
• Maximum nominal brake operating pressure of 3000 psi, with anti-skid and automatic
ground lift dumping operational.
• For weights below 22700 kg assume a weight of 22700 kg.
CRJ 900
• Maximum nominal brake operating pressure of 3000 psi, with anti-skid and automatic
ground lift dumping operational.
• For weights below 24,950 kg assume a weight of 24,950 kg.

For table to convert air temperature at a given pressure altitude into a value of temperature
above or below the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) and to convert wind velocity into
headwind and tailwind component refer to AFM Chapter 6 PERFORMANCE, Conversion
data.

4.2.1. Take-off climb limits


Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6,
Take-Off Weight Limited By Climb Gradients.

4.2.2. Take-off field length (dry, wet, contaminated)


For dry performance data refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6,
Take-Off Weight Limited by Field Length Requirements
For wet and contaminated performance data refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Supplement 3, Wet Runway Take-Off Performance
Airplane Flight Manual, Supplement 3, Contaminated Runway Take-Off Performance.

4.2.3. Net flight path data for obstacle clearance


Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6,
Maximum Take-Off Weight Limited by Obstacle Clearance Requirements.

4.2.4. Gradient losses for banked climb-outs


Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6,
Gradient Loss In A Steady Turn.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 32


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-16 CHAPTER 4
01 JAN 11 PERFORMANCE

4.2.5. En-route climb limits


Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6,
Final Segment and Enroute Climb Gradient.

4.2.6. Approach climb limits


Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6,
Approach Climb Gradient.

4.2.7. Landing climb limits


Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6,
Landing Climb Gradient – Flaps 45º.

4.2.8. Landing field length (dry, wet, contaminated)


For Dry performance data refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6, Landing Field Length and Speed.
For wet and contaminated performance data refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Supplement 3, Landing on Contaminated Runways.

4.2.9. Brake energy limits


Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 6,
Maximum Allowable Brake Temperature For Take-Off
Maximum Permissible Quick Turn-Around Landing Weight.

4.2.10. Speeds applicable for various flight stages


All data is available in applicable sections for take-off, climb and approach stages.

Rev. 12 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-17
PERFORMANCE 28 MAR 15

4.3. SUPPLEMENTARY DATA


4.3.1. Antiskid system, one channel inoperative
Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 7, Supplement 9.

4.3.2. Performance penalties for operation with airplane systems


inoperative
Refer to:
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 7, Supplement 14.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 32


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-18 CHAPTER 4
13 JAN 17 PERFORMANCE

4.4. ADDITIONAL PERFORMANCE DATA


4.4.1. All-Engine climb gradients

CRJ 700

ISA+10 and below ISA+15 ISA + 20

Weight Climb gr. ROC Climb gr. ROC Climb gr. ROC
(t) (%) (ft/mn) (%) (ft/mn) (%) (ft/mn)

24 16 4000 14.4 3600 13.2 3300

25 15.2 3800 14 3500 12.4 3100

26 14.4 3600 13.2 3300 12 3000

27 14 3500 12.4 3100 11.2 2800

28 13.2 3300 12 3000 10.8 2700

29 12.8 3200 11.6 2900 10.4 2600

30 12 3000 10.8 2700 10 2500

31 11.6 2900 10.4 2600 9.6 2400

32 11.2 2800 10 2500 9.2 2300

33 10.8 2700 9.6 2400 8.8 2200

34 10.4 2600 9.2 2300 8.4 2100

Conditions:
• All engines
• Bleeds: Air conditioning ON / Anti-icing OFF
• Rating: Max Climb
• Speed (CAS): 250 kts
• Wind: 0 kts
• Altitude: 1500 ft
• Climb gradient is almost constant for speed V2+10 up to 250 kts.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-19
PERFORMANCE 13 JAN 17

CRJ 900

ISA+10 and below ISA+15 ISA + 20

Weight Climb gr. ROC Climb gr. ROC Climb gr. ROC
(t) (%) (ft/mn) (%) (ft/mn) (%) (ft/mn)

28 15.8 4000 14.2 3600 13.1 3300

29 15.0 3800 13.5 3400 12.3 3100


30 14.2 3600 13.1 3300 11.9 3000

31 13.8 3500 12.7 3200 11.5 2900


32 13.5 3400 12.3 3100 11.1 2800

33 12.7 3200 11.5 2900 10.7 2700


34 12.3 3100 11.1 2800 10.3 2600

35 11.9 3000 10.7 2700 9.9 2500


36 11.5 2900 10.3 2600 9.5 2400

37 11.1 2800 9.9 2500 9.1 2300


38 10.7 2700 9.5 2400 8.7 2200

REF.: FPCCM Manual 03-05-9 03-05-10 03-05-12

Conditions:
• All engines
• Bleeds: Air conditioning ON / Anti-icing OFF
• Rating: Max Climb
• Speed (CAS): 250 kts
• Wind: 0 kts
• Altitude: 1500 ft
• Climb gradient is almost constant for speed V2+10 up to 250 kts.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-20 CHAPTER 4
13 JAN 17 PERFORMANCE

4.4.2. Drift-down data


Refer to:
Flight Planning and Cruise Control Manual, Chapter 5, One Engine-out Performance.

This section provides performance data to be used in the event of an engine failure during
flight.
Based on airworthiness regulations, the net flight path should clear the obstacles on the
climb part by 1000 ft and on the drift-down part by 2000 ft. If the selected flight level and
gross weight do not allow to clear enroute obstacles, a point of no return (PNR) should be
determined. If the engine failure occurs before the PNR, the airplane will have to turn back. If
the engine failure occurs after the PNR, the airplane should drift down.
Since the remaining flight to an alternate could be affected by an obstacle or time constraints,
two procedures are presented:
• Drift-down Procedure
• Minimum Time Procedure

The performance data presented are based on the use of MCT with air-conditioning on (one
PACK in high operations mode) and anti-ice off. Additional drag due to the APU door open
has been accounted for in the performance calculations. Fuel flow values do not include APU
fuel consumption. Typical APU fuel burn is 118 kg/hr.

A. Drift-down Procedure
In the event of an engine failure during cruise, descent to a lower altitude must be
expected. In order to maintain the highest possible altitude level, the drift-down
procedure should be selected. This requires MCT on the remaining engine and a
speed close to best L/D ratio dependent upon aircraft weight and altitude.
If having reached the drift-down ceiling altitude an obstacle problem exists, the
drift-down procedure is maintained to fly an ascending cruise. If after drift-down no
obstacle problem exists, the subsequent cruise should be made using either the
LRC by adjusting speeds as a function of aircraft weight or by maintaining the
speed at the start of the cruise.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-21
PERFORMANCE 13 JAN 17

B. Minimum Time Procedure


For a flight where the maximum diversion time is a limiting factor or in a situation
requiring minimum time to landing, the following procedure may be used providing
no obstacle problem exists.
At the engine failure point, select MCT on the operative engine and start the
descent at 0.80M, maintain this Mach number until 335 KIAS is reached, and then
continue the descent at this speed. The cruise altitude is selected when the
airplane rate of descent reaches a minimum of 500 fpm or 10000 ft altitude. The
cruise speed is set according to the N1 data given in the maximum cruise speed
control tables with MCT.

Drift-down speeds are published in the Speed Booklet. These speeds (close to best L/D) are
based on single engine operation with MCT. The drift-down speeds are for different weights
and pressure altitude, and are valid for all temperatures and CG positions.

4.4.3. Flight with landing gear down


Refer to:
CRJ 700
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 7, Supplement 5.

CRJ 900
Airplane Flight Manual, Chapter 7, Supplement 8.

4.4.4. Flights conducted under the provisions of the CDL


Refer to:
CRJ 700
Canadair CRJ 700 Minimum Equipment List, APPENDIX 1 Configuration Deviation List.

CRJ 900
Canadair CRJ 900 Minimum Equipment List, APPENDIX 1 Configuration Deviation List.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-22 CHAPTER 4
06 NOV 17 PERFORMANCE

4.4.5 Speed Booklet performance data

34,0t 1
ACTUAL LANDING DISTANCE DRY(m) 2
Factor as from QRH 1,25 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5
PA 0 ft 1019 1274 1529 2038 2548 3057 3567
PA 2000 ft 1069 1336 1604 2138 2673 3207 3742

MISSED APPROACH CLIMB GRADIENT % 4


MDA (ft) 2000 4000
W&C, W&C,
OAT (˚C) Bleed ON Bleed OFF PACKS Bleed ON Bleed OFF PACKS
-10 5,6 5,8 5,2 4,7 4,9 4,4
0 5,6 5,8 5.1 4,7 4,9 4,4
10 5,5 5,8 5,0 4,7 4,9 4,0
15 5,4 5,7 4,7 4,9
20 5,4 5,7 4,6 4,8
25 5,4 5,7 4,3 4,6
30 4,9 5,2 3,7 4,1
FLAPS 8° FLAPS 20°
Max ACCHT 5160 ft 3630 ft

CRJ 700
STABILIZER TRIM TAKE-OFF SETTING 8
%mac 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34
F8 9,1 8,7 8,3 7,9 7,5 7,0 6,6 6,2 5,8 5,4 -
F20 9,7 9,2 8,7 8,2 7,7 7,1 6,6 6,1 5,6 5,1 -

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-23
PERFORMANCE 06 NOV 17

CRJ 700 / 900

34,0t 1

SPEED 8˚ 5 20˚ VREF 7

V1 138 131 VF0 183


VR 138 131 VF1 167
V2 145 137 VF8 161
VRETF8 6 157⇨184 VF20 155
VRETF20 149⇨157⇨184

V2GA
VF30 151
VFTO 152 199 VF45 143
MINIMUM DRAG, HOLDING AND DRIFT DOWN SPEED 3
FL 200 250 270 290 310 330 350 370 390 410
IAS 207 213 216 218 221 223 226 223 218
M .456 .518 .546 .576 .607 .640 .675 .697 .713

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-24 CHAPTER 4
06 NOV 17 PERFORMANCE

Flaps retraction schedule


Bank angle up to 15°:
For FLAPS 20 take-off: select FLAPS 8 at V2 FL20° + 12 kts, select FLAPS 1 at V2 FL20° + 20
kts, select FLAPS 0 at VFTO - 15 kts.
For FLAPS 8 take-off: select FLAPS 1 at V2 FL8° + 12 kts, select FLAPS 0 at VFTO - 15 kts.
For bank angle more than 15°, retractions should be initiated at VREF+10 for the
selected Flap Setting.

1 Mass of the aircraft.

2 Actual landing distance with various factors for landing mass under 1 and for dry condition.
For other conditions refer to QRH.

3 Minimum drag, holding and drift down speeds are taken from Minimum drag and Drift down
table. Higher speed from both for each flight level is taken.

4 Missed approach climb gradients are taken from AFM (Chapter 6) diagram.
Use the table as follows: Interpolate between MDA and Missed approach altitude and use the
interpolated altitude to read the gradient. It is recommended to use the ground air
temperature. (Example: If MDA is 2000 ft and Missed approach altitude is 6000 ft, take
missed approach climb gradient for 4000 ft.)
With the APU ON, subtract 0.1% from the gradient derived from the table.
(CRJ 700) If ice accumulation is suspected on unprotected surfaces, then reduce approach
climb gradient derived from this table by 2,2%.
(CRJ 900) If ice accumulation is suspected on unprotected surfaces, then reduce approach
climb gradient derived from this table by 1,4%.
The gradient loss in a steady turn with flaps 8° and for a 15°bank angle is 0,55%.

5 Takeoff flaps setting (8° and 20°). Columns below are showing the relevant speeds.

6 Flaps retraction schedule.

7 Reference speed for different flap settings. Bank angle 15° is limiting.
For bank more than 15°, VREF + 10 kts should be flown.

8 Stabilizer trim take-off setting.

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-25
PERFORMANCE 06 NOV 17

4.4.6 LRC Mach number, all engine / one engine ceiling and
recommended maximum cruising FL

CRJ700

LRC Mach number / VMD


ISA LRC
CRJ 700 25% CG VMD
GROSS WEIGHT [t]
FL 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34
0.77 0.79 0.79
410 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.71
0.76 0.77 0.78 0.79 0.79
400 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.70 0.71
0.76 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.78 0.79 0.79
390 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.70 0.71 0.71
0.75 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.77 0.78 0.78 0.79 0.79
380 0.64 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.71 0.72
0.74 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.78 0.79 0.79
370 0.62 0.63 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.70 0.71
0.73 0.73 0.74 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.77 0.78 0.78
360 0.60 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.69 0.70
0.71 0.72 0.73 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.77
350 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.69
0.70 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.76
340 0.57 0.58 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68
0.68 0.69 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76
330 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.59 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.65
0.67 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75
320 0.54 0.55 0.57 0.56 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.65
0.66 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.72 0.73 0.75
310 0.53 0.54 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.60
0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.72
300 0.51 0.52 0.54 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.60
0.63 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.71
290 0.50 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54 0.55 0.57 0.58 0.59 0.60
240 242 246 250 254 257 261 264 268 271
280 186 190 195 200 204 209 213 217 221 225
239 242 245 250 255 258 262 265 268 272
270 185 189 194 198 203 207 212 216 220 224
238 241 245 250 254 259 262 266 269 273
260 184 188 193 197 201 206 210 215 219 223
237 239 244 249 253 258 263 267 270 274
250 183 187 192 196 200 204 209 213 217 222
Ref.: CRJ700-CIFP Rev.00: 28 MAR 15

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-26 CHAPTER 4
06 NOV 17 PERFORMANCE

MAX. CLIMB THRUST ALL ENGINE CLIMB FROM BRAKE RELEASE


25% CG
ROC = 500 FPM
NORMAL ACU’S; A/I OFF CEILING CRJ 700 LR
250/290 KIAS/M.77 250/290 KIAS/M.74
BRAKE RELEASE WEIGHT (x 1000 kg)
FLIGHT ISA +10°C ISA +10°C
LEVEL (FL) ISA +15°C ISA +20°C ISA +15°C ISA +20°C
and colder and colder
410 26.2 24.1 21.4 26.7 25.1 22.9
400 27.9 25.9 23.2 28.3 26.8 24.7
390 29.6 27.6 25.0 30.0 28.5 26.5
380 31.5 29.5 27.0 31.8 30.4 28.3
370 33.4 31.5 28.8 33.6 32.2 30.1
360 34.0 33.8 30.7 34.0 34.0 32.3
350 34.0 34.0 30.7 34.0 34.0 33.4
340 34.0 34.0 30.7 34.0 34.0 34.0
Ref.: CRJ700-CIFP Rev.00: 28 MAR 15

NOTES:
PART 1 – if airplane CG is forward from the nominal CG of 25% MAC, increase the airplane gross weight by 60 kg for every 1%
MAC forward, to determine the climb ceiling

ADRIA RECOMMENDED CRJ 700 MAXIMUM CRUISING FLIGHT LEVEL


GROSS WEIGHT (x 1000 kg)
CLIMB PROFILE
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34
250/290 KIAS/M.77 410 410 410 410 400 400 390 390 380 370 370
250/290 KIAS/M.74 410 410 410 410 400 400 390 390 380 380 370
Ref.: CRJ700 CIFP Rev.00: 28 MAR 15

NOTE: Recommended cruising FL ensures R/C 300ft/min and Load Factor/Stall Warning Onset 1.2g.

25% CG
Load Factor Bft 1.2g ONE ENGINE SERVICE
A/I OFF
MCT (MIN)
CEILING CRJ 700 LR/EP
VALID FOR GROSS WEIGHT (x 1000 kg)
TEMPERATURE
ISA +20°C OR COLDER 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31 32 33 34
LEVEL OF ALTITUDE 300 290 280 270 260 260 250 240 230 220 210
(x 100 ft) (280) (270) (260) (250) (240) (230) (220) (210) (200) (190) (180)
Ref.: CRJ700 CIFP Rev.00: 28 MAR 15

NOTE Level-off altitudes are based on Minimum Drag Speed in those in brackets are max altitudes for one engine long range cruise.

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 4 4-27
PERFORMANCE 06 NOV 17

CRJ900

LRC Mach number / VMD


ISA LRC
CRJ 900 25% CG VMD
GROSS WEIGHT [t]
FL 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38
0.78 0.78 0.79
410 0.74 0.75 0.77
0.78 0.78 0.78
400 0.72 0.73 0.75
0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.79 0.79
390 0.70 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.77 0.78
0.77 0.77 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.79
380 0.68 0.69 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.76 0.77
0.75 0.76 0.77 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78
370 0.66 0.67 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.74 0.75 0.76
0.73 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78
360 0.64 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.72 0.73 0.74
0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78
350 0.62 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.73
0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.78 0.78
340 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.71
0.70 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.78
330 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.69
0.68 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.74 0.75 0.76
320 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67
0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75
310 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.65
0.66 0.67 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.72 0.73
300 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.59 0.57 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64
0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.70 0.71 0.72
290 0.53 0.54 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.53 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.62
245 249 253 256 260 263 267 270 272 275
290 201 205 209 213 217 221 224 228 232 236
245 248 253 257 261 264 267 270 274 276
280 201 205 209 212 216 220 223 227 231 235
244 248 253 257 261 264 268 271 274 278
270 200 204 208 211 215 219 222 226 230 233
243 248 252 256 260 264 268 272 275 278
260 200 204 208 211 215 218 222 225 229 232
243 247 252 256 260 264 268 272 276 279
250 200 203 207 210 214 217 221 224 228 231
Ref.: CRJ900-AFM Rev.: 21 JAN 14

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
4-28 CHAPTER 4
06 NOV 17 PERFORMANCE

MAX. CLIMB THRUST ALL ENGINE CLIMB FROM BRAKE RELEASE


25% CG
ROC = 500 FPM
NORMAL ACU’S; A/I OFF CEILING CRJ 900 LR/EP
250/290 KIAS/M.77 250/290 KIAS/M.74
BRAKE RELEASE WEIGHT (x 1000 kg)
FLIGHT ISA +10°C ISA +10°C
LEVEL (FL) ISA +15°C ISA +20°C ISA +15°C ISA +20°C
and colder and colder
410 29.6 (28.4) 28.2 (27.0) 29.6 (28.6) 28.4 (27.3)
400 31.4 (30.2) 30.0 (28.7) 28.0 (26.8) 31.3 (30.2) 30.1 (29.0) 28.6 (27.4)
390 33.2 (32.0) 31.8 (30.4) 29.9 (28.5) 33.1 (31.9) 31.8 (30.6) 30.4 (29.2)
380 35.2 (33.9) 33.7 (32.3) 32.0 (30.4) 34.8 (33.6) 33.8 (32.5) 32.4 (31.0)
370 37.2 (35.8) 35.6 (34.2) 34.0 (32.4) 36.6 (35.3) 35.6 (34.3) 34.2 (32.9)
360 38.0 (37.6) 38.0 (36.5) 36.4 (34.7) 38.0 (37.0) 38.0 (36.6) 36.6 (35.1)
350 38.0 (37.6) 38.0 (37.5) 37.6 (35.8) 38.0 (37.8) 38.0 (37.7) 37.9 (36.4)
340 38.0 (37.6) 38.0 (37.5) 38.0 (36.8) 38.0 (37.8) 38.0 (37.7) 38.0 (37.6)
Ref.: CRJ900 Flight Planning and Cruise Control Manual

NOTES:
PART 1 – weight in brackets is a start weight for a step climb of 4000 ft to reach the desired flight level
PART 2 – if airplane CG is forward from the nominal CG of 25% MAC, increase the airplane gross weight by 130 kg for
every 1% MAC forward, to determine the climb ceiling

ADRIA RECOMMENDED CRJ 900 MAXIMUM CRUISING FLIGHT LEVEL


GROSS WEIGHT (x 1000 kg)
CLIMB PROFILE
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38
250/290 KIAS/M.77 410 410 410 400 390 380 380 370 370 360 360
250/290 KIAS/M.74 400 400 390 380 380 370 360 360 350 350 340
Ref.: CRJ900 Flight Planning and Cruise Control Manual

NOTE: Recommended cruising FL ensures M.02 of safety margin on Minimum Drag Speed (VMD).

25% CG
HIGH ACU’S ONE ENGINE SERVICE
A/I OFF
MCT (MIN)
CEILING CRJ 900 LR/EP
VALID FOR GROSS WEIGHT (x 1000 kg)
TEMPERATURE
ISA +20°C OR COLDER 28 29 30
32 31
33 34 35 36 37 38
LEVEL OF ALTITUDE 260 260 250 240 230 220 220 210 200 190 180
(x 100 ft) (250) (240) (230) (220) (210) (210) (200) (190) (180) (170) (180)
Ref.: CRJ900 Airplane Flight Manual

NOTE Level-off altitudes in brackets are max altitudes for one engine long range cruise.

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 5 ToC 5-1
FLIGHT PLANNING 06 NOV 17

CONTENTS
5. FLIGHT PLANNING AND CRUISE CONTROL MANUAL ................................................ 1
Flight Planning from Break release to Landing CRJ900 ........................................................... 3
220 KIAS – Gear Down CRJ700 ............................................................................................... 7
Cruise 220 KIAS – Gear Down CRJ700 ................................................................................... 8
220 KIAS – Gear Down CRJ900 ............................................................................................. 10
Cruise 220 KIAS – Gear Down CRJ900 ................................................................................. 11

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC 5-2 CHAPTER 5
15 DEC 07 FLIGHT PLANNING

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev.02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTERS LEP 5·1
FLIGHT PLANNING 06 NOV 17

List of Effective pages


CHAPTER CHAPTER
PAGE PAGE
1REVISION
r IJREVISIO;::-:---;::E;::;FF:;::-EC
IN
;:;:;T:;;ciVE;::----I
r 1 I EFFECTIVE

Toes 1 44 06 NOV 17
2 02 15 DEC 07
LEP5 1 44 06 NOV 17
2 02 15DEC07
Ch5 1 14 15 JUL 11
2 02 15 DEC 07
3 41 13JAN 17
4 41 13 JAN 17
5 41 13JAN 17
6 41 13 JAN 17
7 44 06 NOV 17
8 44 06 NOV 17
9 44 06 NOV 17
10 44 06 NOV 17
11 44 06 NOV 17
12 44 06 NOV 17

I END OF EFFECTIVE PAGES I

Authorized by: ~
Capt. Marko Pintar
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot J
Mr. Andrej"'
Choclod Petelin
"'"'""'
Compliance Manager
~

CRJ OM Part B Rev.44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP 5-2 CHAPTER 5
15 DEC 07 FLIGHT PLANNING

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev.02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 5 5-1
FLIGHT PLANNING 15 JUL 11

5. FLIGHT PLANNING AND CRUISE CONTROL MANUAL


Flight Planning and Cruise Control Manual is used for flight planning purposes.

The performance data to be included in the Flight Planning and Cruise Control Manual is
divided into the following sections:

A. Operating Data
The Operating Data chapter describes normal operation data which can be used by the
flight crew prior to and during flight and includes atmosphere data, wind component
conversion, pressure altitude conversion, differential pressure versus airplane and cabin
altitude, position error corrections, airspeed conversion, units conversion, ground distance
to air distance conversion and maximum operating speeds.
B. Flight Planning
The Flight Planning chapter presents all the necessary data for flight planning purposes.
The flight planning information enables a quick and conservative estimate to be made of
trip time and fuel burned from brake release to landing. In addition, data are given which
can be used to perform detailed route analysis, segment by segment from brake release to
touchdown. Included in this chapter are flight planning allowances, take-off and
acceleration, climb capability, altitude selection, climb planning, steep climb planning,
integrated range, descent planning, approach and landing, holding planning, overshoot,
simplified flight planning and alternate planning.
C. In-flight Performance
The In-flight Performance chapter presents performance data for the aircraft in flight and
includes thrust settings, maneouvre capability, general cruise speeds, altitude capability,
climb, level flight acceleration, specific air range, cruise control, descent, holding and in-
cruise quick check information.
D. One Engine-out Performance
The One Engine-out Performance chapter presents aircraft performance data assuming
engine failure during cruise. Flight profiles with an inoperative engine are described and
performance data from point of failure to touchdown is given. These data include driftdown
speeds, net flight path, gross ceiling, specific air range, cruise control, descent, holding,
range capability, and in-cruise quick check.
E. Special Operations
The Special Operations chapter provides an overview of some specific operating
conditions. Included are landing gear down performance, emergency descent data and
range capability with cabin depressurization all engines operating and with one engine
operating.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 14


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
5-2 CHAPTER 5
15 DEC 07 FLIGHT PLANNING

Tabulated data are generally presented in 1000 kg aircraft weight increments.

Altitudes are pressure altitudes, unless otherwise noted.

Airspeed data presented in the Flight planning and Cruise Control Manual are quoted in terms
of indicated airspeed, in knots (KIAS), and indicated Mach (M).

Fuel-flow corrections with anti-ice on are given for the engine cowl and for the wing plus
engine cowl.

The Air Traffic Control (ATC) limited speed of 250 KIAS below 10000 ft has been incorporated
into the climb and descent data.

Data provided for interpolation are presented as hatched.

Undefined performance information is denoted by “TBD”.

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 5 5-3
FLIGHT PLANNING 13 JAN 17
CRJ 900
FLIGHT PLANNING FROM BREAK RELEASE TO LANDING
CLIMB: 250KT/290KT/M.74 / CRUISE: M.77 / DESCENT: M.77/290KT/250KT
REF. LANDING WEIGHT = 29500 KG ISA
FUEL CONSUMED (KG)
NORMAL ACU, A/I OFF 25% C.G.
AIR DIST FLIGHT LEVEL TIME
FUEL CORR.
(NM) 250 290 310 330 350 370 (H.MIN)
200 1180 1150 30 0.39
225 1290 1250 32 0.42
250 1400 1350 1340 1330 35 0.45
275 1510 1450 1420 1410 37 0.48
300 1630 1540 1500 1480 1450 1440 40 0.52
325 1750 1650 1600 1580 1540 1520 42 0.55
350 1860 1750 1700 1670 1630 1600 45 0.59
375 1970 1850 1800 1760 1720 1680 47 1.02
400 2080 1950 1900 1850 1800 1750 50 1.06
425 2200 2050 2000 1940 1890 1840 52 1.09
450 2320 2150 2090 2020 1970 1920 55 1.12
475 2440 2250 2190 2100 2050 2000 57 1.15
500 2550 2350 2280 2180 2130 2080 60 1.19
525 2670 2450 2370 2270 2210 2160 61 1.22
550 2780 2550 2460 2360 2290 2240 62 1.26
575 2890 2650 2550 2450 2370 2320 63 1.29
600 3000 2750 2630 2540 2450 2400 64 1.33
625 3120 2850 2740 2630 2550 2490 65 1.36
650 3230 2950 2840 2720 2640 2570 66 1.40
675 3340 3050 2950 2810 2730 2650 67 1.43
700 3450 3150 3050 2900 2820 2730 68 1.47
725 3570 3250 3140 3000 2910 2810 69 1.50
750 3690 3350 3230 3090 2990 2890 70 1.54
775 3810 3450 3320 3180 3070 2970 71 1.57
800 3930 3550 3400 3270 3150 3050 72 2.01
825 4050 3650 3500 3360 3240 3140 73 2.04
850 4170 3750 3590 3450 3330 3230 74 2.08
875 4290 3850 3690 3540 3420 3320 75 2.11
900 4400 3950 3780 3630 3500 3400 76 2.15
925 4500 4050 3880 3730 3580 3490 77 2.19
950 4600 4150 3970 3820 3660 3570 78 2.23
975 4700 4250 4070 3910 3740 3650 79 2.26
1000 4850 4340 4160 4000 3810 3730 80 2.30
1025 4970 4450 4260 4090 3900 3810 81 2.33
1050 5080 4560 4350 4180 4000 3880 82 2.37
1075 5190 4670 4440 4270 4090 3960 83 2.40
1100 5300 4780 4530 4360 4180 4030 84 2.44
1125 5430 4890 4640 4460 4270 4130 85 2.47
1150 5550 4990 4740 4550 4360 4220 86 2.51
1175 5680 5100 4850 4640 4450 4310 87 2.54
1200 5800 5200 4950 4730 4530 4400 88 2.58
1225 5900 5300 5050 4820 4620 4490 89 3.01

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
5-4 CHAPTER 5
13 JAN 17 FLIGHT PLANNING

FLIGHT PLANNING FROM BREAK RELEASE TO LANDING


CLIMB: 250KT/290KT/M.74 / CRUISE: M.77 / DESCENT: M.77/290KT/250KT
REF. LANDING WEIGHT = 29500 KG ISA
FUEL CONSUMED (KG)
NORMAL ACU, A/I OFF 25% C.G.
AIR DIST FLIGHT LEVEL TIME
FUEL CORR.
(NM) 250 290 310 330 350 370 (H.MIN)
1250 6000 5400 5140 4910 4710 4570 90 3.05
1275 6100 5500 5240 5000 4880 4650 91 3.08
1300 6200 5600 5330 5080 4880 4730 92 3.12
1325 6330 5700 5430 5180 4980 4820 93 3.15
1350 6460 5800 5520 5270 5070 4910 94 3.19
1375 6590 5900 5620 5360 5160 5000 95 3.22
1400 6710 6000 5710 5450 5250 5080 96 3.26
1425 6830 6120 5820 5540 5340 5160 97 3.29
1450 6940 6230 5920 5630 5420 5240 98 3.33
1475 7050 6340 6030 5720 5500 5320 99 3.36
1500 7160 6450 6130 5800 5580 5400 100 3.40
1525 7280 6550 6230 5900 5670 5490 101 3.43
1550 7400 6640 6320 5990 5760 5580 102 3.47
1575 7520 6740 6410 6080 5850 5670 103 3.50
1600 7630 6830 6500 6170 5930 5750 104 3.54
1625 7750 6940 6600 6270 6030 5840 105 3.57
1650 7870 7040 6700 6360 6120 5930 106 4.01
1675 7980 7150 6800 6460 6210 6020 107 4.04
1700 7250 6900 6550 6300 6110 108 4.08
1725 7350 6990 6650 6390 6200 109 4.11
1750 7450 7080 6750 6480 6280 110 4.15
1775 7550 7170 6850 6570 6370 111 4.18
1800 7650 7250 6950 6650 6450 112 4.22
1825 7780 7360 7050 6750 6540 113 4.25
1850 7900 7470 7150 6850 6630 114 4.29
1875 7580 7250 6950 6720 115 4.32
1900 7680 7350 7050 6800 116 4.36
1925 7790 7440 7130 6900 117 4.39
1950 7900 7530 7200 6990 118 4.43
1975 7620 7280 7080 119 4.44
2000 7700 7350 7170 120 4.45
2025 7800 7450 7270 121 4.48
2050 7900 7550 7360 122 4.50
2075 7650 7460 123 4.52
2100 7750 7550 124 4.55
2125 7850 7640 125 4.59
2150 7950 7730 126 5.03
2175 7820 127 5.07
2200 7900 128 5.10

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 5 5-5
FLIGHT PLANNING 13 JAN 17

Additional information
• Average APU fuel flow rate under normal operation is approximately 118 kg per
hour.
• Taxi fuel allowance is approximately 9,1 kg per minute.
• For every 10˚C temperature deviation from ISA increase (positive deviation) or
decrease (negative deviation) trip fuel by approximately 2%.
• For every 5% CG variation from reference 25% CG position increase (forward CG)
or decrease (aft CG) trip fuel by approximately 1%.
• Fuel mileage penalty for operation at off-optimum altitudes is given in the altitude
selection chart, Section 03-04.
• Increase total fuel flow during cruise by 1,5% with cowl anti-ice and 13% with wing
and cowl anti-ice on.

Determination of 60 minute maximum diversion distance (CAT.OP.MPA.140)


Use the distance of 369 NM to decide if a route is an ETOPS one according to
CAT.OP.MPA.140.

The following computation conditions have been used in accordance with the interpretation of
the CAT.OP.MPA.140:
• Reference weight: the aircraft gross weight after one hour of flight having taken off at
sea level at the maximum structural takeoff weight given by the airplane flight
manual.
• ISA conditions.
• No wind.
• Diversion level after engine failure : FL 130

DIST [NM] FL KTAS KIAS GW [kgs]


CRJ700 369 130 369 307 32200
CRJ900 369 130 369 307 36000

Single engine diversion attributes: Max continuous thrust on operating engine, High ACU’s, A/I
OFF.

NOTE: Using the CAT.OP.MPA.140 method, obstacles have not to be considered to


determine if a route is or is not an ETOPS route.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
5-6 CHAPTER 5
13 JAN 17 FLIGHT PLANNING

SPECIAL OPERATIONS: Landing Gear Down Performance


Data are provided for enroute flight planning with all engines operating and the landing gear
extended. Use of the charts and tables is similar to those described in the Flight
Planning and In-flight Performance chapters.

The following data are presented:


• Altitude Capability table (cruise ceiling).
• Cruise Control tables at 220 KIAS.

The data are presented f o r b o t h a i r c r a f t v a r i a n t s for a range of airplane gross


weights and temperature deviations from ISA, based on 220 KIAS gear Extended Limit
speed (VLE), PACKs on in normal operations mode and anti-ice off.

Trip fuel check


Take total distance or air distance(whichever is greater) from normal OFP for intended route
and divide it by NAM/KG to get estimated trip fuel.

Apply same procedure to determine required ALTN fuel.

Example: 587 Nm : 0.1551 = 3785 Kg


110 Nm : 0.1551 = 710 Kg

Additional information
Increase total calculated cruise fuel by 10% to compensate for higher fuel burn during
climb(climb data charts not presented).

Apply same procedure to determine required additional« time based« fuel (final reserve,
company) to cover fuel burn in holding,e.g.take applicable fuel from OFP and add 20%.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 5 5-7
FLIGHT PLANNING 06 NOV 17

CRJ 700

CRJ 700 220 KIAS – GEAR DOWN

MAX CRUISE THRUST CRUISE THRUST LIMIT


NORMAL ACU’S 25% C.G. ALTITUDE
A/I OFF (FT)

GROSS DEVIATION FROM ISA (°C)


WEIGHT
(1000KG) - 10 0 5 10 15 20
24 37016 36990 36964 36956 36432 34992
25 36210 36194 36172 36152 35472 33858
26 35380 35374 35332 35318 34284 32748
27 34516 34498 34452 34424 32992 31708
28 33624 33584 33544 33508 31894 30668
29 32712 32630 32578 32520 30802 29616
30 31720 31572 31500 31442 29822 28468
31 30642 30426 30360 30300 28870 27212
32 29470 29344 29314 29274 27930 25996
33 28398 28328 28322 28320 27020 24788
34 27278 27292 27308 27342 25978 23628
35 26402 26436 26440 26462 24922 22432

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
5-8 CHAPTER 5
06 NOV 17 FLIGHT PLANNING

CRJ 700 CRUISE 220 KIAS – GEAR DOWN

POWER FOR LEVEL


FLIGHT % N1 MACH
MCR LIMITS (AVG) KG/HR/ENG KIAS
25% C.G.
NORMAL ACU’S NAM/KG KTAS
A/I OFF

GROSS WEIGHT – 1000 KG


FLIGHT
LEVEL
27 28 29 30 31 32

84.7 0.557 85.0 0.557 85.3 0.557 85.7 0.557


270 965 220 977 220 990 220 1003 220
0.172 332.3 0.170 332.3 0.167 332.3 0.165 332.3
83.2 0.534 83.4 0.534 83.7 0.534 84.0 0.534 84.3 0.534 84.7 0.534
250 954 220 965 220 977 220 990 220 1005 220 1020 220
0.168 321.6 0.166 321.6 0.164 321.6 0.162 321.6 0.160 321.6 0.157 321.6
81.7 0.513 81.9 0.513 82.2 0.513 82.5 0.513 82.8 0.513 83.1 0.513
230 948 220 958 220 970 220 982 220 995 220 1009 220
0.164 311.4 0.162 311.4 0.160 311.4 0.158 311.4 0.156 311.4 0.154 311.4
80.1 0.493 80.4 0.493 80.7 0.493 80.9 0.493 81.2 0.493 81.6 0.493
210 944 220 954 220 964 220 976 220 988 220 1001 220
0.159 301.6 0.158 301.6 0.156 301.6 0.154 301.6 0.152 301.6 0.150 301.6
78.5 0.474 78.8 0.474 79.1 0.474 79.3 0.474 79.6 0.474 79.9 0.474
190 941 220 950 220 960 220 971 220 983 220 995 220
0.155 292.2 0.153 292.2 0.152 292.2 0.150 292.2 0.148 292.2 0.146 292.2
76.9 0.456 77.2 0.456 77.4 0.456 77.7 0.456 78.0 0.456 78.3 0.456
170 938 220 948 220 958 220 968 220 979 220 991 220
0.150 283.2 0.149 283.2 0.147 283.2 0.146 283.2 0.144 283.2 0.142 283.2
75.3 0.438 75.6 0.438 75.8 0.438 76.1 0.438 76.4 0.438 76.7 0.438
150 937 220 946 220 955 220 966 220 977 220 988 220
0.146 274.6 0.145 274.6 0.143 274.6 0.142 274.6 0.140 274.6 0.138 274.6
73.7 0.422 73.9 0.422 74.2 0.422 74.5 0.422 74.8 0.422 75.1 0.422
130 936 220 945 220 954 220 964 220 975 220 986 220
0.142 266.3 0.140 266.3 0.139 266.3 0.138 266.3 0.136 266.3 0.135 266.3
72.1 0.406 72.3 0.406 72.6 0.406 72.8 0.406 73.1 0.406 73.4 0.406
110 937 220 945 220 954 220 964 220 974 220 985 220
0.137 258.3 0.136 258.3 0.135 258.3 0.134 258.3 0.132 258.3 0.131 258.3

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 5 5-9
FLIGHT PLANNING 06 NOV 17

CRJ 700 CRUISE 220 KIAS – GEAR DOWN

POWER FOR LEVEL


FLIGHT ISA + 15°C % N1 MACH
MCR LIMITS (AVG) KG/HR/ENG KIAS
NORMAL ACU’S 25% C.G. NAM/KG KTAS
A/I OFF

FLIGHT GROSS WEIGHT – 1000 KG


LEVEL
27 28 29 30 31 32

270

85.7 0.534 86.0 0.534 86.3 0.534


250 993 220 1004 220 1017 220
0.167 331.6 0.165 331.6 0.163 331.6
84.1 0.513 84.4 0.513 84.7 0.513 85.0 0.513 85.3 0.513 85.6 0.513
230 986 220 996 220 1008 220 1021 220 1034 220 1049 220
0.162 320.9 0.161 320.9 0.159 320.9 0.157 320.9 0.155 320.9 0.153 320.9
82.5 0.493 82.8 0.493 83.1 0.493 83.3 0.493 83.7 0.493 84.0 0.493
210 981 220 991 220 1002 220 1014 220 1027 220 1040 220
0.158 310.6 0.156 310.6 0.155 310.6 0.153 310.6 0.151 310.6 0.149 310.6
80.8 0.474 81.1 0.474 81.4 0.474 81.7 0.474 82.0 0.474 82.3 0.474
190 977 220 987 220 997 220 1009 220 1021 220 1034 220
0.154 300.8 0.152 300.8 0.150 300.8 0.149 300.8 0.147 300.8 0.145 300.8
79.2 0.456 79.4 0.456 79.7 0.456 80.0 0.456 80.3 0.456 80.6 0.456
170 974 220 984 220 994 220 1005 220 1017 220 1029 220
0.149 291.4 0.148 291.4 0.146 291.4 0.145 291.4 0.143 291.4 0.141 291.4
77.5 0.438 77.7 0.438 78.0 0.438 78.3 0.438 78.6 0.438 78.9 0.438
150 972 220 981 220 991 220 1002 220 1013 220 1025 220
0.145 282.4 0.143 282.4 0.142 282.4 0.140 282.4 0.139 282.4 0.137 282.4
75.8 0.422 76.0 0.422 76.3 0.422 76.6 0.422 76.9 0.422 77.2 0.422
130 970 220 980 220 990 220 1000 220 1011 220 1023 220
0.141 273.8 0.139 273.8 0.138 273.8 0.136 273.8 0.135 273.8 0.133 273.8
74.1 0.406 74.4 0.406 74.6 0.406 74.9 0.406 75.2 0.406 75.5 0.406
110 971 220 979 220 989 220 999 220 1010 220 1021 220
0.136 265.5 0.135 265.5 0.134 265.5 0.132 265.5 0.131 265.5 0.130 265.5

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
5-10 CHAPTER 5
06 NOV 17 FLIGHT PLANNING

CRJ 900

CRJ 900 220 KIAS – GEAR DOWN

MAX CRUISE THRUST CRUISE THRUST LIMIT


NORMAL ACU’S 25% C.G. ALTITUDE
A/I OFF (FT)

GROSS DEVIATION FROM ISA (°C)


WEIGHT
(1000KG) - 10 0 5 10 15 20
28 30510 30420 30380 30330 28940 27300
29 30160 30060 30020 29970 28600 26970
30 29790 29700 29670 29620 28240 26590
31 29400 29320 29290 29240 27850 26180
32 28990 28910 28880 28830 27420 25730
33 28540 28470 28430 28390 26960 25240
34 28060 27990 27960 27920 26460 24700
35 27550 27480 27450 27420 25930 24120
36 27020 26960 26930 26900 25370 23520
37 26470 26410 26390 26350 24810 22910
38 25920 25870 25840 25810 24260 22300

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 5 5-11
FLIGHT PLANNING 06 NOV 17

CRJ 900 CRUISE 220 KIAS – GEAR DOWN

POWER FOR LEVEL


FLIGHT ISA % N1 MACH
MCR LIMITS (AVG) KG/HR/ENG KIAS
NORMAL ACU’S 25% C.G. NAM/KG KTAS
A/I OFF

GROSS WEIGHT – 1000 KG


FLIGHT
LEVEL
31 32 33 34 35 36

86.7 .557 87.2 .557 87.7 .557 88.3 .557 88.9 .557
270 1036 220 1035 220 1071 220 1091 220 1112 220
0.1604 332 0.1578 332 0.1550 332 0.1522 332 0.1493 332
84.7 .534 85.0 .534 85.4 .534 85.9 .534 86.3 .534 86.8 .534
250 1022 220 1036 220 1052 220 1068 220 1085 220 1103 220
0.1573 321 0.1551 321 0.1529 321 0.1505 321 0.1482 321 0.1457 321
83.1 .513 83.5 .513 83.8 .513 84.1 .513 84.5 .513 84.9 .513
230 1014 220 1028 220 1042 220 1057 220 1073 220 1089 220
0.1534 311 0.1514 311 0.1494 311 0.1472 311 0.1451 311 0.1429 311
81.6 .493 81.9 .493 82.2 .493 82.5 .493 82.9 .493 83.2 .493
210 1008 220 1021 220 1035 220 1049 220 1064 220 1079 220
0.1495 301 0.1476 301 0.1457 301 0.1437 301 0.1417 301 0.1397 301
79.9 .474 80.2 .474 80.5 .474 80.9 .474 81.2 .474 81.6 .474
190 1004 220 1016 220 1029 220 1042 220 1056 220 1071 220
0.1455 331 0.1438 292 0.1420 292 0.1401 292 0.1382 292 0.1363 292
78.3 .456 78.6 .456 78.9 .456 79.2 .456 79.6 .456 79.9 .456
170 1000 220 1012 220 1024 220 1037 220 1051 220 1065 220
0.1415 283 0.1399 283 0.1382 283 0.1365 283 0.1347 283 0.1329 283
76.7 .438 77.0 .438 77.3 .438 77.6 .438 77.9 .438 78.3 .438
150 998 220 1009 220 1021 220 1033 220 1046 220 1060 220
0.1375 274 0.1360 274 0.1344 274 0.1328 274 0.1311 274 0.1295 274
75.1 .422 75.4 .422 75.7 .422 76.0 .422 76.3 .422 76.6 .422
130 998 220 1008 220 1020 220 1032 220 1045 220 1058 220
0.1334 266 0.1320 266 0.1305 266 0.1290 266 0.1274 266 0.1258 266
73.5 .406 73.8 .406 74.1 .406 74.4 .406 74.7 .406 75.0 .406
110 997 220 1008 220 1019 220 1031 220 1043 220 1056 220
0.1294 258 0.1281 258 0.1267 258 0.1252 258 0.1237 258 0.1222 258

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
5-12 CHAPTER 5
06 NOV 17 FLIGHT PLANNING

CRJ 900 CRUISE 220 KIAS – GEAR DOWN


POWER FOR LEVEL
FLIGHT ISA + 15°C % N1 MACH
MCR LIMITS (AVG) KG/HR/ENG KIAS
NORMAL ACU’S 25% C.G. NAM/KG KTAS
A/I OFF

FLIGHT GROSS WEIGHT – 1000 KG


LEVEL
31 32 33 34 35 36
89.3 .557
270 1079 220
0.1587 342
87.3 .534 87.7 .534 88.0 .534 88.4 .534 88.9 .534
250 1065 220 1080 220 1096 220 1113 220 1131 220
0.1556 331 0.1535 331 0.1512 331 0.1489 331 1466 331
85.7 .513 86.0 .513 86.3 .513 86.7 .513 87.1 .513 87.4 .513
230 1056 220 1070 220 1085 220 1101 220 1117 220 1134 220
0.1518 320 0.1498 320 0.1478 320 0.1457 320 0.1436 320 0.1414 320
84.0 .493 84.3 .493 84.6 .493 85.0 .493 85.3 .493 85.7 .493
210 1049 220 1062 220 1076 220 1091 220 1107 220 1123 220
0.1480 310 0.1461 310 0.1442 310 0.1423 310 0.1403 310 0.1383 310
82.3 .474 82.6 .474 82.9 .474 83.3 .474 83.6 .474 84.0 .474
190 1043 220 1056 220 1069 220 1083 220 1098 220 1114 220
0.1441 300 0.1424 300 0.1406 300 0.1388 300 0.1369 300 0.1350 300
80.6 .456 80.9 .456 81.2 .456 81.6 .456 81.9 .456 82.3 .456
170 1039 220 1051 220 1064 220 1077 220 1092 220 1107 220
0.1402 291 0.1386 291 0.1369 291 0.1352 291 0.1334 291 0.1316 291
78.9 .438 79.2 .438 79.5 .438 79.8 .438 80.2 .438 80.5 .438
150 1037 220 1048 220 1060 220 1073 220 1087 220 1101 220
0.1362 282 0.1347 282 0.1331 282 0.1315 282 0.1299 282 0.1282 282
77.3 .422 77.5 .422 77.8 .422 78.2 .422 78.5 .422 78.8 .422
130 1036 220 1047 220 1059 220 1071 220 1084 220 1098 220
0.1321 273 0.1307 273 0.1293 273 0.1278 273 0.1262 273 0.1246 273
75.6 .406 75.9 .406 76.2 .406 76.5 .406 76.8 .406 77.1 .406
110 1035 220 1046 220 1057 220 1069 220 1082 220 1096 220
0.1283 265 0.1269 265 0.1255 265 0.1241 265 0.1226 265 0.1211 265

Rev. 44 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 ToC 6-1
MASS AND BALANCE 28 FEB 18

TABLE OF CONTENTS
6. MASS AND BALANCE .................................................................................1
6.1. GENERAL .....................................................................................................1
6.1.1. Standard Weights for Passengers, Crew and Baggage ................................ 1
6.2. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE ........................................................................... 1
6.2.1. Manual Loadsheet .........................................................................................1
6.2.2. Last Minute Change (LMC) ......................................................................... 14
6.2.3. EDP Loadsheet ...........................................................................................15
6.3. LIMITING WEIGHTS AND CENTRE OF GRAVITY ................................... 21
6.3.1. Maximum Structural Weights ....................................................................... 21
6.4. PASSENGER SEATING ............................................................................. 22
6.4.1. Cabin Versions and Layout ......................................................................... 22
6.4.2. Maximum Number of Passengers ............................................................... 27
6.4.3. Passengers requiring special seats ............................................................. 28
6.5. DRY OPERATING WEIGHT AND INDEX TABLES ................................... 34
6.6. PASSENGERS ON CREW SEATS ............................................................ 45

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 45


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC 6-2 CHAPTER 6
15 DEC 07 MASS AND BALANCE

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTERS LEP 6·1
MASS AND BALANCE 30 JUL 18

List of Effective pages


CHAPTER
PAGE PAGE
REVISION NUM3ER IREVISION NUM3ER
I' II I REVISION DATE r I I REVISION DATE
ToC6 1 45 28 FEB 18 42 43 17 JUL 17
2 02 15 DEC 07 43 45 28 FEB 18
LEP6 1 47 30 JUL 18 44 46 26 APR 18
2 04 20 MAR 09 45 45 28 FEB 18
Ch.6 1 41 13JAN 17 46 45 28 FEB 18
2
3
10
41
18 AUG 10
13JAN 17 END OF EFFECTIVE PAGES I
4 41 13JAN 17
5 41 13 JAN 17
6 41 13JAN 17
7 41 13 JAN 17
8 41 13 JAN 17
9 43 17 JUL 17
10 41 13 JAN 17
11 41 13JAN 17
12 41 13JAN 17
13 41 13JAN 17
14 45 28 FEB 18
15 41 13 JAN 17
16 41 13 JAN 17
17 41 13 JAN 17
18 45 28 FEB 18
19 41 13 JAN 17
20 41 13 JAN 17
21 46 26 APR 18
22 41 13 JAN 17
23 41 13JAN 17
24 41 13 JAN 17
25 41 13JAN 17
26 46 26 APR 18
27 43 17 JUL 17
28 43 17 JUL 17
29 43 17 JUL 17
30 43 17 JUL 17
31 43 17 JUL 17
32 43 17 JUL 17
33 43 17 JUL 17

~f.~
34 43 17 JUL 17 Authorized by:
35 44 06 NOV 17 Capt. Marko Pintar
36
37
38
39
40
43
43
43
43
43
17 JUL 17
17 JUL 17
17 JUL 17
17 JUL 17
17 JUL 17
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot

Checked for adequacy by:


Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager
h
41 47 30 JUL 18

CRJ OM Part 8 Rev. 47


©Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP 6-2 CHAPTER 6
20 MAR 09 MASS AND BALANCE

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 04 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-1
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

6. MASS AND BALANCE


6.1. GENERAL
Weight and balance of the aircraft must be calculated for each flight. Refer to OM-A 8.1.8.2.
Normally handling agents will provide EDP computer calculated loadsheet. This document is
based on data provided by Adria Airways and for the individual flight by the flight crew via the
load information.
If no EDP loadsheet is provided a manual loadsheet must be calculated.
When due to operational reasons the ground operations staff is not able to calculate the
loadsheet, the flight crew shall do it in order to avoid delay of the flight.
The term ''Weight'' instead of ''Mass'' is used in Chapter 6 and 7 and on related documents,
in lieu of the correct technical term “'Mass” (as used in AIR OPS), in order to conform to
standard industry terminology. For operational purposes the term ''Weight'' is to be
considered equal to the term ''Mass''.

6.1.1. Standard Weights for Passengers, Crew and Baggage


Loadsheet is calculated according to the Standard Weights stated in OM-A 8.1.8.3. The
Standard Weights include hand-baggage and the weight of any infant below 2 years of age
carried by an adult on one passenger seat. Infants occupying separate passenger seats must
be considered as children.
For Baggage, Cargo and Mail the actual weights must be used. If actual baggage weight
cannot be established, standard baggage weight as stated in OM-A 8.1.8.3. may be used.

6.2. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

6.2.1. Manual Loadsheet


Forms
There is a combined load & trim sheet form for CRJ700 and CRJ900 aircraft type. The left
part is a loadsheet to record and calculate the weights; the right part is the trim sheet with
Index Unit vs. Weight and balance chart to calculate the position of the centre of gravity in %
MAC.
All weights in Loadsheet are in kilograms.
The manual load & trim sheet is valid for scheduled and charter flights.

Rules for completion


There are four basic elements required for completion of manual loadsheet.
• Simple arithmetic - adding, subtracting and multiplying numbers;
• Accuracy - all calculations must be performed correctly;

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-2 CHAPTER 6
18 AUG 10 MASS AND BALANCE

• Legibility - nice and neat handwriting. Three copies must be legible. Black or blue ball
pen must be used to complete the loadsheet;
• Tidiness – erasing or overwriting of entries is not permitted. The incorrect figure must be
cross-out and correct figure must be re-written in the next available line or column.
If the loadsheet is not clearly and distinctly legible because of handwriting or corrections, the
Commander may demand a new loadsheet and balance calculation.

Signatures
The Load Controller confirms by his signature that:
• the Loading Instructions for the aircraft have been given according to regulations of the
Aircraft Handling Manual;
• the load & trim sheet has been completed in accordance with guidelines in this Section;
• all entries in the load & trim sheet are correct;
• the maximum weights for take-off, landing and zero-fuel are not exceeded;
• the maximum structural weights per compartment and the maximum number of allowed
persons on board have not been exceeded.

Number of copies and distribution


The load & trim sheet must be prepared in triplicate. After signing by the Load Controller and
by the Commander, they are distributed as follows:
• original copy for flight crew;
• first copy to departure station (Handling Company);
• second copy to arrival station.

Rev. 10 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-3
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

Specimen for CRJ700

~.0/?1~ LOAD & TRIM SHEET CRJ 700 All weights in kg!

ADRESS: IORIGINATOR:
FLIGHT: I NC REG VERSION: I CREW: DATE: IPrepared by:
JP 764 /1 5 S5- AAW CRJ700 2 /2 15 NOV 2016 Planinc
I ZERO FUEL
~
2 0 6 7 0 MAXIMUM
Dry Operating Weight : " ' '' 0 " I13 woo"ro
W EIGHTS FOR I 2 8 2 5 9 0 3 9 1

~
3 5 0 0 3 5 0 0 1 1 0 0
Tak~ff F uel + ITrip Fuel .. +
Operating Weight ~2 4 1 7 o ~to_!'>'ed we1ght 18 •3 1 7 5 9 b,3 2 9 9 5 °' 3 1 4 9 1
forTakeoff -I
Lowest of a, b, c
Notes: l
- / V 2 4 1 7 0

Allowed 7 3 2 1
Traffic Load =/ /
Remarks
No, of Passengers WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION
TOTAL PAX
Dest. 1 6 0
M NF CH INF c I M
- T
Tr
B 6 0 0 6 0 0
03 I 47
I
I 50 0 01 c . PAX/ 03 1 47
M 1 0 0 1 0 0
A I 50 I 0 / 01.T 7 0 0.1/ .61 7 0 0 .0/
- Tr
B
I
I
c . PAX/ I
M
I I I .T .1/ .61 .0/
Total 1 I 50 I 0 I 01 I 7 0 0 7 0 0 03 I 47

Passen ger
W eight ~ 4 2 0
ALLOWED
0 TRAFFIC LOAD
I 7 3 2 1 Sl. ...
I
4 9 0 0 4 9 0 0
TOTAL TRAFIC LOAD = -
+2 0 6 7 0 UNDERLOAD 2 4 2 1
Dry operating weight TTL PAXO/B: 50 +INF 01
BEFORE LMC 'j -- --
ZERO FUEL WEIGHT ~2 5 5 7 0 LAST MINUTE CHANGES Balance Seating Cabin
Max.l 2 I 8 12 1 51 9 1 Des, Specificat, CVCp +I· Weight % MAC
Take-o ff fu el + 3 5 0 0 TOW OA 00 oc
TAKE-OFF W EIGHT =2 9 0 7 0
3 10 10
Max. I 3 I 3 I 9 I 9 I 5 1
Trip fuel 1 1 0 0 27,2 OD OE OF
LANDING WEIGHT ;? 7 9 7 0
LMC Total +I· 0 10 10 7
Max. I 3 I o I 3 I 9 I 1 I
Orig (black): Aircraft Approved by:
1.oopy (red): ~e Station A. Gaspe~ i n
2.oopy (blue) Arrival Station Ref. ZSSN04 Fonn: OBAHMN31 Issue: 21NOV16

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-4 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

Specimen for CRJ900

~0/?1~ LOAD & TRIM SHEET CRJ 900 All weights in kg!

ADRESS: IORIGINAl : ./C\.__


FLIGHT: 4
JP 498
1
I 17
AIC REG~
S5-AA K 1
VERSIO~ CREW:
CR900 1 2I 2
4 DATE: 5
17 MAY 07
!Prepared by: -w---
Vidic

9 2 7 8 0 0 Allowed weight fl·3 7 3 9 2 1>.3 7 9 9 5 c"3 6 8 6 5


Operating Weight lor Takeoff 1
1-------.L.-...I.......L..,.-J-_J..--lLowest or a. b. c ll-+-+-+++ -+-+--1--lf--!-:-+::+:++:-1
Notes: ·L---1--... ~ -+-+-+--+--+-+-+-+-+-+-=-(@
2 +-'-
7 +-8
=-+-0=-+-0'-1

Allowed @.!. 9 0 6 5
Traffic Load 1
@ No. of Passengers
TOTAL
WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION
Remarks
PAX
Dest.
M AIF CH INF 1 2 6 0 .--.C I M
-A
J1 7l Tr (2Q
~_.:: 1;! 7 0 0 100 ~
~
600
11-f)
03 (2~ 40
l

M ® 42 01 (??'C
~~~~~~~~~-+-~-+---~--~
2 5 0 200 50 · PAX/ 03 / 4~
s M [2~
19 43 / 01 r24 T ..__. 9 7 6.1/ 200 .2/ 176 .6/ 6~0/ ®
- Tr
B
'e' I
I
c
~~~+-+-~---+----+---~~--~·PAX/ I
. I .T
M
I I .1/ .2/ .6/ .0/
Total ~ 1ll 42 1 011 01(3 2)1 9 5 0 200 150(3 3) 600 I 03 {34 40
1 r
Passenger .tQ ~ 5 6 3
ALLOWED (15) I 9 0 6 5 SI. ...
Weight TRAFFIC LOAP 1 TTL AFTER LMC
TOTAL TRAFIC LOA~+
4 5 I 3 ____,. @9l ~ 4 5 I 3 44•1 @

ZE@UELWEIGHT(3 ~ ~ 2 7 0 I 3 LAST MINUTE CHANGES Balance Seating Cabin


M~ 3 I 2 10 19 I 2 I 1 Des. Speoilicat. CVCpt +I- Weight % MAC
Take-off fuel -( 8 5 3 0 0 AMS 01 AD OD • 84 TOW OA OB
TA!f1 1) FF WEIGHT (3~ ~3 2 3 I 3 AMS 02 BAG 2 • 26 ,_Q..-.. I
rLI.i\ ;~, taS\
26 3 7
ta?) A
~ ~ &~ oc~ oo ~
Mai4' 3 17 19 19 15 1 tt1 1) ' (51
Tripfuel -\13 2 8 0 0 oe
(40)~ 2 9 5 I LMC Tota~+
_ ~
LA1'1?)1G WEIGHT
~M~
~·~3~
I 4~I~O~
I 6~I~5~
I ~I~~-L~~--------~ 6
3
14 8 8 17

Orig (llfack): Aircraft Approved by:


1.oopy (red): Departure S1alion A3 1 ftfi
1 ft1
2 .copy (bfue)Arrival Station Ref. Z8BN04 Form: 08AHMN15 tssue: 1/MAY07 ~ , ·nv I(

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-5
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

EXAMPLE VALID FOR CRJ900!

Ref.No. Heading Description Examples/Remarks

1 Flight Flight number/ date(day only) e.g. JP498/17

2 A/C Reg. Aircraft registration e.g. S5-AAK

3 Version Aircraft version (load&trim sheet preprinted CR900


version)

4 Crew Number of crew (cockpit/cabin) e.g. 2/2


including crew members accommo-
dated on passenger seats (XCR)

5 Date Local date e.g. 17-May07

6 Prepared by: Loadsheet agent’s signature

7 Dry operating Dry operating weight (DOW) valid for According to or AHM
weight particular pantry code and crew Bulletin or fuelling order
number e.g. 22500

8 Take-off fuel Weight of take-off fuel According to fuelling order


e.g. 5300

9 Operating Sum of items 7 and 8 e.g. 27800


weight

10 Max. Weight for Equal to “Maximum Design Zero Fuel preprinted 32092
ZERO FUEL Weight”

11 Max. Weight for The “Maximum Design Takeoff The commander gives
TAKE-OFF Weight” or “Operational Takeoff these maximum weights
Weight”, whichever is lower. e.g. 37995

12 Max. Weight for The “Maximum Design Landing The commander gives
Landing Weight” or “Operational Landing these maximum weights
Weight”, whichever is lower. e.g. 34065

13 Trip fuel Weight of trip fuel According to fuelling order


e.g. 2800

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-6 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

Ref.No. Heading Description Examples/Remarks

14 Allowed weight Use lowest items 14a, b or c e.g. 27800


for Take-off

15 Allowed Traffic Difference between the lowest of e.g. 9065


load items 24a,b,c and item 9

16 Dest. Airport of destination, use IATA 3- e.g AMS


letter airport code

17 No. of Number of transit passengers,


passengers including PAD, Adults/children/infants

18 No. of Number of joining passengers, e.g. 43/01/01. Zeros must


passengers Adults/children/infants be filled in if there is only
deadload to a destination
i.e. 0/0/0

19 No. of Total number of passengers per e.g. 43/01/01.


passengers destination If there is no traffic load to
Adults/children/infants a destination enter »NIL«
Sum of items 17, 18 and LMC

20 Deadload Tr Weight of transit deadload From LDM

21 Deadload B Weight of joining baggage e.g. 700

22 Deadload C Weight of joining cargo e.g. 250

23 Deadload M Weight of joining mail

24 Deadload T Total weight of deadload per e.g. 976


destination, sum of 20 to 23 and LMC

25 Distribution Weight distribution of the different Entries to be made only


weight load categories pre compartment for compartment(s)
holding loads

26 Distribution Weights and deadload (transit Entries to be made only


weight deadload plus joining baggage, for compartment(s)
cargo, mail and LMC) per holding loads
compartment

27 Remarks PAX Number of seats occupied by transit From LDM


CM passengers per class, including
PADs and DHCs

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-7
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

Ref.No. Heading Description Examples/Remarks

28 Remarks PAX Number of seats occupied by joining e.g. 03/40


CM passengers per class, including
PADs and DHCs

29 .PAX/ Total number of seats occupied by e.g. 03/41


passengers per class, sum of items
27, 28 and LMC

30 Remarks field

31 Total number of passenger(s), of all e.g. 42/01/01


destinations

32 Total weight of deadload, sum of e.g. 950


items 20, 21, 22 and 23 of all
destinations

33 Total weight of deadload per


compartment of all destinations

34 Total number of seats occupied by e.g. 03/40


passengers per class, sum of items
27 and 28 of all destinations

35 Total Total weight of passengers e.g. 3563


passengers Adults/children/infants. See standard see OM-A 8.1.8.3.2
weight passenger weight

36 Total traffic load Sum of items 32 and 35 e.g. 4513

37 Underload Item 15c minus item 36 e.g. 4552


before LMC

38 Zero Fuel Actual zero fuel weight, sum of items e.g. 27013
Weight 36 and 7

39 Take Off Actual take off weight, sum of items e.g. 32313
Weight 38 and 8

40 Landing Weight Actual landing weight, item 39 minus e.g. 29513


item 13

41 Des. Destination of last minute load Use the same codes as in


item 16

42 Specificat. Kind of LMC PAX, PAD, DHC, cargo,


mail, EIC, etc.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-8 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

Ref.No. Heading Description Examples/Remarks

43 CPT Class and/or compartment

44 +/- Identification of on or offload Write (+) for onload and


(-) for offload

45 Weight Weight of LMC

46 LMC total +/- Identification of LMC, sum total

47 (LMC total Resultant weight of all LMC Last minute changes, see
weight) OM Part B 6.2.2.

48 SI Supplementary information to be Free text e.g. TTL AFTER


included in LDM LMC 44+1

49 TTL PAX O/B Total number of passengers on e.g. 43+1


board. Sum of item 31 of all
destionations before LMC

50 Balance MAC Location of center of gravity at ZFW n/a


% ZFW in % MAC

51 Balance MAC Location of center of gravity at TOW e.g. 26,0


% TOW in % MAC

52 Seating Cabin Entry of seating conditions Seated passengers per


cabin section

53 Approved by: Commander’s signature

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-9
MASS AND BALANCE 17 JUL 17

Loadsheet Version

CRJ700: Use Load & Trim Sheet form Version CR700 Issue 2/NOV16.

CRJ900: Use Load & Trim Sheet form Version CR900 Issue 2/MAY10 or
CR900/UV Issue 1/APR16 or
CR900/AF Issue 1/JUL17.

For instructions refer to 6.2.1. (Manual Loadsheet).

Cabin Version
Enter cabin version (55) according to cabin version table, refer to 6.4.1. (Cabin Versions and
Layout).

Class Divider
Enter position of MCD (56) according to cabin version table, refer to 6.4.1.

DOI
Obtain the DOI from the DOW/DOl tables published in the current version of OM-B, see 6.5
(Dry Operating Weight and Index Tables). Make sure it is correct one for the:
• Aircraft registration with which the flight is being operated.
• Number of crew members in the flight deck and cabin.
• Load in galleys (FULL Pantry or NIL Pantry).
− Adjust (if necessary) the DOI figure according to the number of cabin seats per
section occupied by XCR (if not available from the AOB), from the passenger index
correction tables.
− Write the published or the adjusted DOI in the appropriate box (54) on the trim sheet.
− Draw the position of DOI on the trim scale (54) as the starting point to determine the
center of gravity.

Load in the Compartments


For each respective compartment with load, draw the line(s) to determine the influence of the
load distribution (58) on the center of gravity in the direction shown by an arrow. One pitch
equals the distance between two vertical lines within a scale.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-10 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

Passengers
For cabin 0A, 0B, 0C, 0D, 0E and 0F (CRJ700), or 0A, 0B, 0C and 0E (CRJ900), draw the
line(s) to determine the influence of the passengers distribution (59) on the center of gravity
in the direction shown by an arrow. One pitch equals the distance between two vertical lines
within a scale.

MAC % ZFW
• On the balance chart draw a:
− Vertical line (60) at the LIZFW.
− Horizontal line at the ZFW (38).
• At the intersection of the LIZFW-line and the ZFW-line obtain the position of the centre of
gravity at ZFW in % MAC (50).
• Write this figure in the appropriate “Balance” box of the loadsheet (50).
NOTE: A vertical line drawn from the last trim scale (without fuel) through the balance
chart.
The intersection of the LIZFW-line and the ZFW-line must always be within the forward and
aft ZFW limit.

Fuel
Obtain the index correction for the actual weight of the take-off fuel from the fuel index
correction table on the reverse side.
Write the index correction in the appropriate box in the calculation table (61). Make sure you
use the correct algebraic sign.
Draw the line on the fuel scale (61) to determine the influence of the fuel on the center of
gravity in the direction shown by an arrow.

MAC % TOW
• On the balance chart draw a:
− Vertical line (62) at the LITOW .
− Horizontal line at the actual TOW (39).
• At the intersection of the LITOW-line and the TOW-line obtain the position of the centre
of gravity at TOW in % MAC (51).
• Write this figure in the appropriate “Balance” box of the loadsheet (51).

NOTE: A vertical line drawn from the last trim scale (without fuel) through the balance
chart.

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-11
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

The intersection of the LITOW-line and the TOW-line must always be within the forward and
aft TOW limit.

Operational Limits
Bold lines in the balance chart and corresponding text, i.e. “OPERATIONAL TAKEOFF
LIMIT” indicate allowed limit positions of center of gravity at ZFW, TO LDG and in flight.
• Index scale for the determination of Loaded Index (63).
• Aircraft weights (64). Maximum structural weights for ZFW and TOW are indicated with
corresponding figures.
• % MAC (RC) figures (65).

NIL - Ferry flight limit


In exceptional cases, the CG at ZFW and/or TOW is allowed between the aft operational and
ferry flight limit, indicated on the balance graph with dashed line. No passenger or dead load
is permitted on such flight.

CG for Fuel Economy


When determining the CG position, dedicated effort should always be made to achieve 27%
for CRJ700 and CRJ900.

Balance problems
In case of a balance problem, the following actions must be taken consecutively:
If the intersection is in front of the FWD ZFW limit:
• Move load from compartment 1 (and/or 2 for CRJ900) to the aft compartments, or
• Put ballast in the aft compartment.

If the intersection is behind the AFT ZFW limit:


• Move load from the aft compartment to compartment 1 (and/or 2 for CRJ900), or
• Put ballast in compartment 1.

In principle, due to passenger comfort, blocking seats or reseating of passengers after check-
in because of balance problems, must be avoided.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-12 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

Specimen for CRJ700

DOI..D.l. Cabin Version : c....~..... M ...~ ... Class Divider behind row ....~ ....

TRIM ..!?,.1...

LMC
TRIMMED
[J ves
l!i( NO

90

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-13
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

Specimen for CRJ900

~
001...9.~...
@.
Cabin Version: C . .14 .... M ...Z2... Class Divider behind row~...

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-14 CHAPTER 6
28 FEB 18 MASS AND BALANCE

6.2.2. Last Minute Change (LMC)

LMC tolerances
Valid for Manual and EDP loadsheet.
The correction of traffic load or fuel LMC is only allowed up to the following limits:

Traffic Load 300 kg or 3 pax


Total LMC +/-
CRJ700 1000 kg
Fuel
CRJ900 1000 kg

Notes:
1. After LMC, it is obligatory to check that calculated CG at ZFW and TOW are
within the operational limits. Check also that MTOW, MZFW or MLW are not
exceeded.
2. If the LMC limits shown in the table above are exceeded, the new loadsheet
with actual data (including LMC) must be released.

Rev. 45 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-15
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

6.2.3. EDP Loadsheet


Specimen for CRJ900

L 0 A D S H E E T CHECKED APPROVED EDNO


ALL WEI GHTS IN KI LOS SRIMAN. BABU . DCS . CHEN 01

FROM/ TO FLIGHT A/C- REG VERS I ON CREW DATE TI ME


HCQ LJU JP0999 S5AAU 86M 2/2 30MAR16 1648

WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION
LOAD IN COMPARTMENTS 500 6/500

PASSENGER/CABIN BAG 7224 86/ 0/ 0/ 0 TTL 86 CAB


PAX 0/ 86 soc
BLKD

***************************************************************
TOTAL TRAFFIC LOAD 7724
DRY OPERATING WE IGHT 22220
ZERO FUEL WEIGHT ACTUAL 299 44 MAX 32092 L ADJ
TAKE OFF FUEL 4500
TAKE OFF WEIGHT ACTUAL 344 44 MAX 37995 ADJ
TRIP FUEL 4000
LANDING WEIGHT ACTUAL 304 44 MAX 34065 ADJ

BALANCE AND SEATING CONDIT I ONS LAST MINUTE CHANGES


DOI 65 . 4 DLI 74 . 0 DEST SPEC CL/CPT WEI GHT/IND
LI ZFW 35 . 4 LI TOW 33 . 5
MACZFW 13 . 2 MACTOW 13 . 3
STABTO FOR FLAPS 8 ONL Y 7 . 8
A14 . B16 . C1 6 . D1 6 . E24 .
CABIN AREA TRI M

UNDERLOAD BEFORE LMC 2 148 LMC TOTAL


**** **************** ** ***** ********** **************************
LOADMESSAGE AND CAPTAINS INFORMATION BEFORE LMC

- LJU . 86/0/0/0 . T500 . 6/ 50 0 . PAX/0/86 . PAD/O/O


SI
PAX WEI GHTS USED M 84 F 84 C 35 I 0
DOW ADJ WGT/IND
ADDITIONS
NIL
DEDUCTI ONS
NIL
PANTRY CODE 0
NOTOC NO
LJU c 0 M 0 B 50/ 500 0 0 T 0
END LOADSHEET EDNO 01 JP 0999 30MAR16 164802

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-16 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

HEADING

1. Self-explanatory
2. Checked ....................... Loadsheet agent's signature
3. Approved...................... Signature of authorized person
4. EDNO........................... Edition number
5. FROM/TO .................... Three-letter IATA airport code of airport of departure and the
station of first intended landing.
6. FLIGHT ........................ Flight number/ identifier
7. A/C-REG ...................... Aircraft registration
8. VERSION ..................... Version/ configuration code of aircraft used by carrier (cabin
config.: economy/ business)
9. CREW .......................... Number of crew excluding crew traveling as passengers;
(cockpit crew/ cabin crew)
10. DATE ........................... Local Date
11. TIME ............................ Local time when this edition was produced

LOAD AND DISTRIBUTION

LOAD IN COMPARTMENTS
12. WEIGHT....................... Total actual weight of deadload in compartments
13. DISTRIBUTION............ Total actual weight of deadload per compartment
(compartment/ weight)

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-17
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

PASSENGER/CABIN BAG

14. WEIGHT ...................... Total passenger weight calculated according to Passenger


Standard Weight (Refer to Operations Manual Part A, 8.1.8.3)
15. DISTRIBUTION ........... Total number of: adults/ children/ infants
16. TTL .............................. Total number of passengers on board
17. CAB ............................. Weight of cabin baggage not included in passenger weight
18. PAX.............................. Passenger identifier
19. DISTRIBUTION ........... Total number of seats, per class, occupied by outgoing
passengers including PAD (first class/ business/economy)
20. SOC ............................. Seats occupied by cargo, baggage and mail per class
21. BLKD ........................... Fitted seats not available for passengers or deadload
22. ............................................................. TOTAL TRAFFIC LOAD The total weight or
passengers, baggage, cargo and mail

GROSS WEIGHT CALCULATION

23. DOW ............................ Dry Operating Weight; Basic weight plus operating items (crew
and their baggage, flight equipment and pantry)
24. ZERO FUEL WEIGHT . ZFW; Actual Zero Fuel Weight, sum
ACTUAL of DOW (23) and Total Traffic Load (22)
25. TAKE-OFF FUEL ......... Block fuel minus fuel consumed before take-off
26. TAKE-OFF WEIGHT.... TOW; Actual Take-off Weight, sum
ACTUAL of ZFW (24) and T/O fuel (25)
27. TRIP FUEL .................. The amount of fuel planned to be consumed from take-off to
the station of first intended landing

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-18 CHAPTER 6
28 FEB 18 MASS AND BALANCE

28. LANDING WEIGHT ...... LW; Actual landing weight, TOW


ACTUAL (26) minus Trip Fuel (27)
29. MAX ............................. Maximum weights for ZFW; TOW; LW
30. L ................................... Indicator showing which of the maximum weights is limiting the
allowed traffic load
31. ADJ .............................. Adjustment (see LMC Note 1 and 2)

BALANCE AND SEATING CONDITIONS

32. BALANCE AND SEATING CONDITIONS


DOI .............................. Dry Operating Index
DLI ............................... Dead Load Index
LIZFW .......................... Load Index Zero Fuel Weight
LITOW.......................... Load Index Take Off Weight
MACZFW ..................... Position of ZFW CG expressed in % of Mean Aerodynamic
Cord
MACTOW..................... Position of TOW CG expressed in % of Mean Aerodynamic
Cord
A; B; C, D ..................... Number of seats occupied by passengers in four sections of
the cabin
33. Underload before lmc... Difference between maximum and actual gross weight marked
by L (30) Note: In case of discrepancy please check also
underload calculated towards MRW (Maximum Ramp Weight)
34. LAST MINUTE CHANGES .......... LMC
DEST. .......................... Destination of LMC
SPEC ........................... Kind of LMC
CL/CPT. ....................... Class/ Compartment
+/-................................. (+) ON-LOAD; ( -) OFF-LOAD
WEIGHT/IND ............... WEIGHT OF LMC STATED IN SPEC
LMC TOTAL +/- RESULTING WEIGHT OF ALL LMC

Rev. 45 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-19
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

NOTES:
1. Fuel LMC must not be entered in LMC. In order not to exceed the maximum gross
weights the previously calculated TOW and/ or LW must be adjusted by the fuel LMC
regardless of whether the new take-off and trip fuel figures are higher or lower than
previous ones.
2. If the LMC consists of traffic load and fuel changes the ZFW must be adjusted by the
total weight of the traffic load LMC and the TOW and LW must then be calculated again
with the new fuel and traffic load figures.
3. The above mentioned adjustments are subject to the Company established tolerances,
refer to 6.2.2 (Last Minute Change).

LOAD MESSAGE AND CAPTAINS INFORMATION BEFORE LMC


This space is used to enter any remarks the company requires to be printed on the loadsheet
form.

LOAD INFORMATION AND REMARKS PER DESTINATION


35. Destination.
36. Number of passengers per weight category; Adult/ Child/ Infant
37. Total deadload, preceded by a full stop and letter T
38. Load in each compartment
39. Seats occupied by passengers per class including PAD; (First class/ Business/
Economy)

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-20 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

40. SI ................................ SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION


Any other information pertaining to the whole flight may be printed at the bottom of the
loadmessage. Each loadsheet station may use a different format to pass the information:
41. PASSENGER WEIGHTS USED...Male, Female; Child; Infant

42. DOW AND WGT/IND ... Any change in DOW and its Index
ADDITIONS ................. Items which have been added (e.g. Stretcher 35kg, index 0,
position in the cabin)
43. ADDITIONS DAA ......... Destination SJJ, number of DAA pieces (5)
44. INDEX CORRECTION . Total Index effect
45. VOLUME ..................... Volume of additional load (if DAA index correction, volume is 0)
46. INDEX VALUE ............. In our case 0,6 Index units
DEDUCTIONS ............. Items which have been taken off
47. PANTRY CODE ........... Code of the catering equipment
48. NOTOC ........................ Information about NOTOC
YES............................. NOTOC has been issued and enclosed
NO .............................. NO NOTOC
49. Destination
C ................................. Cargo
M ................................. Mail
B ................................. Baggage (number of pieces/ weight)
O ................................. Others - company mail; ballast; rush baggage
T.................................. Transit Load

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-21
MASS AND BALANCE 26 APR 18

6.3. LIMITING WEIGHTS AND CENTRE OF GRAVITY


Refer to AFM 02-02-1 and 02-03-1 (Structural weight limitation and CG limits).

6.3.1. Maximum Structural Weights


Maximum structural weights are limited by aircraft strength and airworthiness requirements.

Maximum structural weights (kg)


Aircraft Aircraft
type Registration Ramp Take-Off Landing Zero Fuel
MRW MTOW MLW MZFW
S5-AAZ
CRJ700 34.133 33.995 30.391 28.259
S5-AAY

CRJ700 S5-AAW 33.108 32.995 30.391 28.259

S5-AAK
S5-AAL
S5-AAN
S5-AAO
CRJ900 S5-AAU 38.222 37.995 34.065 32.092
S5-AAV
S5-AFA
S5-AFB
S5-AFC

MRW - Maximum structural ramp (taxi) weight


Maximum weight for ground maneuver. This weight limitation may not be exceeded under no
circumstances.

MTOW - Maximum structural take-off weight


Maximum weight for take-off run. This weight limitation may be exceeded only by the weight
of taxi fuel.

MLW - Maximum structural landing weight


Maximum weight for landing. This weight limitation may be exceeded only by the weight of
trip and taxi fuel.

MZFW - Maximum structural zero-fuel weight


Structural weight limitations which may be exceeded by the weight of usable fuel only.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o. o.
6-22 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

6.4. PASSENGER SEATING

6.4.1. Cabin Versions and Layout


CRJ700 Cabin Layout 70 seats
Valid for aircraft registrations:
S5-AAZ
S5-AAY

Cabin
Cabin Divider
Class and number of seats per cabin section
Version behind
row
0A 0B 0C 0D 0E 0F
no cabin
M70 M10 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12
divider
C2M68 C2M8 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12 1
C6M64 C6M4 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12 2
C10M60 C10 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12 3
C14M56 C10 C4M8 M12 M12 M12 M12 4
C18M52 C10 C8M4 M12 M12 M12 M12 5
C22M48 C10 C12 M12 M12 M12 M12 6
C26M44 C10 C12 C4M8 M12 M12 M12 7
C30M40 C10 C12 C8M4 M12 M12 M12 8
C34M36 C10 C12 C12 M12 M12 M12 9
C38M32 C10 C12 C12 C4M8 M12 M12 10
C42M28 C10 C12 C12 C8M4 M12 M12 11
C46M24 C10 C12 C12 C12 M12 M12 12
C50M20 C10 C12 C12 C12 C4M8 M12 13
C54M16 C10 C12 C12 C12 C8M4 M12 14
C58M12 C10 C12 C12 C12 C12 M12 15
C62M8 C10 C12 C12 C12 C12 C4M8 16
C66M4 C10 C12 C12 C12 C12 C8M4 17
no cabin
C70 C10 C12 C12 C12 C12 C12
divider

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-23
MASS AND BALANCE 13 JAN 17

CRJ700 Cabin Layout 72 seats

Valid for aircraft registrations:


S5-AAW

Cabin
Cabin Divider
Class and number of seats per cabin section
Version behind
row
0A 0B 0C 0D 0E 0F
no cabin
M72 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12
divider
C4M68 C4M8 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12 1
C8M64 C8M4 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12 2
C12M60 C12 M12 M12 M12 M12 M12 3
C16M56 C12 C4M8 M12 M12 M12 M12 4
C20M52 C12 C8M4 M12 M12 M12 M12 5
C24M48 C12 C12 M12 M12 M12 M12 6
C28M44 C12 C12 C4M8 M12 M12 M12 7
C32M40 C12 C12 C8M4 M12 M12 M12 8
C36M36 C12 C12 C12 M12 M12 M12 9
C40M32 C12 C12 C12 C4M8 M12 M12 10
C44M28 C12 C12 C12 C8M4 M12 M12 11
C48M24 C12 C12 C12 C12 M12 M12 12
C52M20 C12 C12 C12 C12 C4M8 M12 13
C56M16 C12 C12 C12 C12 C8M4 M12 14
C60M12 C12 C12 C12 C12 C12 M12 15
C64M8 C12 C12 C12 C12 C12 C4M8 16
C68M4 C12 C12 C12 C12 C12 C8M4 17
no cabin
C72 C12 C12 C12 C12 C12 C12
divider

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-24 CHAPTER 6
13 JAN 17 MASS AND BALANCE

CRJ900 Cabin Layout 86 seats

Valid for aircraft registrations:


S5-AAK
S5-AAL
S5-AAN
S5-AAO

Cabin Cabin Divider


Class and number of seats per cabin section
Version behind row
0A 0B 0C 0D 0E
M86 M14 M16 M16 M16 M24 no cabin divider
C2M84 C2M12 M16 M16 M16 M24 1
C6M80 C6M8 M16 M16 M16 M24 2
C10M76 C10M4 M16 M16 M16 M24 3
C14M72 C14 M16 M16 M16 M24 4
C18M68 C14 C4M12 M16 M16 M24 5
C22M64 C14 C8M8 M16 M16 M24 6
C26M60 C14 C12M4 M16 M16 M24 7
C30M56 C14 C16 M16 M16 M24 8
C34M52 C14 C16 C4M12 M16 M24 9
C38M48 C14 C16 C8M8 M16 M24 10
C42M44 C14 C16 C12M4 M16 M24 11
C46M40 C14 C16 C16 M16 M24 12
C50M36 C14 C16 C16 C4M12 M24 13
C54M32 C14 C16 C16 C8M8 M24 14
C58M28 C14 C16 C16 C12M4 M24 15
C62M24 C14 C16 C16 C16 M24 16
C66M20 C14 C16 C16 C16 C4M20 17
C70M16 C14 C16 C16 C16 C8M16 18
C74M12 C14 C16 C16 C16 C12M12 19
C78M8 C14 C16 C16 C16 C16M8 20
C86 C14 C16 C16 C16 C24 no cabin divider

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-25
MASS AND BALANCE 31 OCT 16

Valid for aircraft registrations:


S5-AAU
S5-AAV

Cabin Cabin Divider


Class and number of seats per cabin section
Version behind row
0A 0B 0C 0D 0E
M86 M14 M16 M16 M16 M24 no cabin divider
C2M84 C2M12 M16 M16 M16 M24 1
C6M80 C6M8 M16 M16 M16 M24 2
C10M76 C10M4 M16 M16 M16 M24 3
C14M72 C14 M16 M16 M16 M24 4
C18M68 C14 C4M12 M16 M16 M24 5
C22M64 C14 C8M8 M16 M16 M24 6
C26M60 C14 C12M4 M16 M16 M24 7
C30M56 C14 C16 M16 M16 M24 8
C34M52 C14 C16 C4M12 M16 M24 9
C38M48 C14 C16 C8M8 M16 M24 10
C42M44 C14 C16 C12M4 M16 M24 11
C46M40 C14 C16 C16 M16 M24 12
C50M36 C14 C16 C16 C4M12 M24 13
C54M32 C14 C16 C16 C8M8 M24 14
C58M28 C14 C16 C16 C12M4 M24 15
C62M24 C14 C16 C16 C16 M24 16
C66M20 C14 C16 C16 C16 C4M20 17
C70M16 C14 C16 C16 C16 C8M16 18
C74M12 C14 C16 C16 C16 C12M12 19
C78M8 C14 C16 C16 C16 C16M8 20
C86 C14 C16 C16 C16 C24 no cabin divider

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 40


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-26 CHAPTER 6
26 APR 18 MASS AND BALANCE

Valid for aircraft registrations:


S5-AFA
S5-AFB
S5-AFC

Class and number of seats per cabin section Blocked Blocked


Cabin
B seats, D seats,
Version 0A 0B 0C 0D 0E in rows in rows
C1M88 C1M12 M16 M16 M24 M20 1 -
C3M84 C3M8 M16 M16 M24 M20 1-2 2
C5M80 C5M4 M16 M16 M24 M20 1-3 2-3
C7M76 C7 M16 M16 M24 M20 1-4 2-4
C9M72 C7 C2M12 M16 M24 M20 1-5 2-5
C11M68 C7 C4M8 M16 M24 M20 1-6 2-6
C13M64 C7 C6M4 M16 M24 M20 1-7 2-7
C15M60 C7 C8 M16 M24 M20 1-8 2-8
C17M56 C7 C8 C2M12 M24 M20 1-9 2-9
C19M52 C7 C8 C4M8 M24 M20 1-10 2-10
C21M48 C7 C8 C6M4 M24 M20 1-11 2-11
C23M44 C7 C8 C8 M24 M20 1-12 2-12

Optional configurations:

Cabin Class and number of seats per cabin section Cabin Divider
Version 0A 0B 0C 0D 0E behind row
M90 M14 M16 M16 M24 M20 no cabin divider
C2M88 C2M12 M16 M16 M24 M20 1
C6M84 C6M6 M16 M16 M24 M20 2
C10M80 C10M4 M16 M16 M24 M20 3
C14M76 C14 M16 M16 M24 M20 4
C18M72 C14 C4M14 M16 M24 M20 5
C22M68 C14 C8M10 M16 M24 M20 6

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-27
MASS AND BALANCE 17 JUL 17

6.4.2 Maximum Number of Passengers

The CRJ aircraft cannot be dispatched with a reduced number of passengers in the event of
a malfunctioning one overwing emergency exit or one door. Such operation would constitute
in effect a “Ferry Flight” with only crew permitted on-board. Authority to conduct a revenue
passenger flight with a failed “closed” Service Door would be provided in the CRJ MMEL
(Master Minimum Equipment List) or the CDL (Configuration Deviation List). The MMEL ref.
52-21-01 allows for one exit to be inoperative, provided no passengers are carried.
The total number of crew members on board is limited to max 8 persons.

CRJ700 CRJ700 CRJ900 CRJ900


Version 70 72 86 90 Remarks
seats seats seats seats
Number of seats with safety belts
Flight deck 3
Forward attendant 1
1
Aft attendant
Total number of crew
seats 5
Total number of
All cabin doors exits and slides are
passengers seats 70 72 86 90
serviceable
(adults and children)
0 0 0 0 If one passenger door is inoperative
If one overwing emergency exit is
0 0 0 0
inoperative
Number of oxygen masks
Attendant's seat 2 each
Toilet 2 1 each
Adults, children and Each row left and right has an
105 N/A 129 135
infants additional oxygen mask
Adults, children and Each row on right side has an
N/A 90 N/A N/A
infants additional oxygen mask
Number of life vests
Adults and children 70 72 86 90
Spare 5 5 5 5
Infants 5 5 5 5
Crew 5 5 5 5
Total number of life
85 87 101 105
vests

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-28 CHAPTER 6
17 JUL 17 MASS AND BALANCE

6.4.3 Passengers Requiring Special Seats

Introduction
Due to safety reasons and regulations ADR requires allocating specific seats to certain
categories of passengers. It is of outmost importance to observe special service items, such
as INF - for infant or WCH - for handicapped passengers for seat allocation. Passengers
requiring special services such as INF, UM, WCH, BLND, etc. shall never be seated in
emergency exit rows or on jump seats.

CRJ700 – 70 seats

Passenger category Rows & seats


"C" Class "M" Class
STCR not possible not possible
MEDA + oxygen B (C) seat B (C) seat
Baby in incubator  Not possible 16, 17, 18 C, D; Escort 17 A,
B
first available aisle seat, first available aisle seat,
WCHR/S/C  max 1 per row, close to front max 1 per row, close to front
exits exits
WCHR/S/C Escort next to WCHR/S/C next to WCHR/S/C
DEAF/BLND B (C) seat B (C) seat
LEGR C seat C seat
LEGL B seat B seat
UMNR  first available row, aisle seat first available row, aisle seat
Expectant mothers B (C) seat B (C) seat
DEPU/A  not possible last rows seat A (D)
DEPU/A Escort same row as DEPA, seat B
not possible
(C)
Passenger with CBBG passenger on B (C) seat passenger on B (C) seat
CBBG on A (D) seat CBBG on A (D) seat
Left side rows Right side rows
Passengers with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12, 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
infant  14,15,16,17,18 14,15,16,17,18

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-29
MASS AND BALANCE 17 JUL 17

CRJ700 – 72 seats

Passenger category Rows & seats


"C" Class "M" Class
STCR not possible not possible
MEDA + oxygen B (C) seat B (C) seat
Baby in incubator  Not possible 16, 17, 18 C, D; Escort 17 A,
B
first available aisle seat, first available aisle seat,
WCHR/S/C  max 1 per row, close to front max 1 per row, close to front
exits exits
WCHR/S/C Escort next to WCHR/S/C next to WCHR/S/C
DEAF/BLND B (C) seat B (C) seat
LEGR C seat C seat
LEGL B seat B seat
UMNR  first available row, aisle seat first available row, aisle seat
Expectant mothers B (C) seat B (C) seat
DEPU/A  not possible last rows seat A (D)
DEPU/A Escort same row as DEPA, seat B
not possible
(C)
Passenger with CBBG passenger on B (C) seat passenger on B (C) seat
CBBG on A (D) seat CBBG on A (D) seat
Left side rows Right side rows
Passengers with No infants ! 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
infant  14,15,16,17,18

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-30 CHAPTER 6
17 JUL 17 MASS AND BALANCE

CRJ900 – 86 seats

Passenger category Rows & seats


"C" Class "M" Class
STCR not possible not possible
MEDA + oxygen B (C) seat B (C) seat
Baby in incubator Not possible 20, 21, 22 C, D; Escort 21 A,
B
first available aisle seat, first available aisle seat,
WCHR/S/C  max 1 per row, close to front max 1 per row, close to front
exits exits
WCHR/S/C Escort next to WCHR/S/C next to WCHR/S/C
DEAF/BLND B (C) seat B (C) seat
LEGR C seat C seat
LEGL B seat B seat
UMNR  first available row, aisle seat first available row, aisle seat
Expectant mothers B (C) seat B (C) seat
DEPU/A  not possible last rows seat A (D)
DEPU/A Escort same row as DEPA, seat B
not possible
(C)
Passenger with passenger on B (C) seat passenger on B (C) seat
CBBG CBBG on A (D) seat CBBG on A (D) seat
Left side rows Right side rows
Passengers with 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12,
infant  13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-31
MASS AND BALANCE 17 JUL 17

CRJ900 – 90 seats

Passenger category Rows & seats


"C" Class "M" Class
STCR not possible not possible
MEDA + oxygen B (C) seat B (C) seat
Baby in incubator Not possible 21, 22, 23 C, D;
Escort 22 A, B
first available aisle seat, first available aisle seat,
max 1 per row, close to front max 1 per row, close to front
WCHR/S/C 
exits exits
WCHR/S/C Escort next to WCHR/S/C next to WCHR/S/C
DEAF/BLND B (C) seat B (C) seat
LEGR C seat C seat
LEGL B seat B seat
UMNR  first available row, aisle seat first available row, aisle seat
Expectant mothers B (C) seat B (C) seat
DEPU/A  not possible last rows seat A (D)
DEPU/A Escort same row as DEPA, seat B
not possible
(C)
Passenger with passenger on B (C) seat passenger on B (C) seat
CBBG CBBG on A (D) seat CBBG on A (D) seat
Left side rows Right side rows
Passengers with 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12,
infant  13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22,
23, 23

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-32 CHAPTER 6
17 JUL 17 MASS AND BALANCE

ADDITIONAL NOTES: (VALID FOR ALL CRJ AIRCRAFT)

 Max.number of PRMs:
CRJ 700 CRJ 900
70 seats 72 seats 86 seats 90 seats
2 CCMs: 10 2 CCMs: 10 2 CCMs: 10 2 CCMs: 10
4 CCMs: 20 4 CCMs: 20 4 CCMs: 20 4 CCMs: 20
6 CCMs: 31 6 CCMs: 32 6 CCMs: 37 6 CCMs: 39

including max. 2 WCHC (max. 1 during SCCMO).

 Infant can only be accommodated in row where supplementary oxygen mask is available,
excluding emergency rows.

 Maximum number of DEPA and DEPU is 24.


-If the number of DEPU exceeds 12, 1 escort is required;
-If the number of DEPU exceeds 18, 2 escorts are required.
Maximum number of DEPA is 4.
Note: The Flight Operations Manager may impose further restrictions to this policy.

 Max. number: 4 UMNRs per flight (max. 2 during SCCMO).

 On individual request only and confirmed by technical department.

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-33
MASS AND BALANCE 17 JUL 17

Emergency zones table

Emergency exit zones are the areas in close proximity to emergency exits (EM) as marked
below. Only able bodied passengers can be seated on seats in emergency exit zones.

Therefore those seats cannot be used for UM’s, incapacitated passengers, infants, children
and expectant mothers.

EM ZONES Row Left side Right side

1 AB ---
CRJ700 – 70 seats 2 --- CD
13 AB CD
1 AB CD
CRJ700 – 72 seats
13 AB CD
CRJ900 – 86 seats 1 AB ---
2 --- CD
14 AB CD
15 AB CD
1 AB ---
2 --- CD
CRJ900 – 90 seats
15 AB CD
16 AB CD

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-34 CHAPTER 6
17 JUL 17 MASS AND BALANCE

6.5. DRY OPERATING WEIGHT AND INDEX TABLES


All dry operating weights are in kilos.

Full Pantry Flight


Basic empty weight plus standard cockpit and cabin crew weights plus crew luggage plus
galley service plus standard quantity of food and beverage plus duty free items and tools.

Nil Pantry Flight


Aircraft Basic Weight plus standard cockpit and cabin crew weights and aircraft tools kit.

Ferry Pantry Flight


Consists of Aircraft Basic Weight plus standard cockpit and cabin crew weights and flight
manuals. Galleys are empty (no trolleys, carts, cabin supplies and inserts).

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-35
MASS AND BALANCE 06 NOV 17

CRJ700-70 seats – FULL PANTRY


S5-AAZ Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev44 Pantry: FULL Code: A1
CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 20510 20595 20585 20670 20660 20745
DOI 70.0 67.8 68.2 66.0 69.1 66.9
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 20735 20820 20810 20895 20885 20970
DOI 69.1 66.9 69.2 67.0 69.3 67.1
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 20960 21045 21035 21120 21110 21195
DOI 69.3 67.1 69.2 67.0 69.1 66.9
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 21185 21270 21260 21345 21335 21420
DOI 69.0 66.8 68.9 66.7 68.7 66.5
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 21410 21495 21485 21570 21560 21645
DOI 68.5 66.3 68.3 66.1 68.1 65.8

S5-AAY Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev41 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 20620 20705 20695 20780 20770 20855
DOI 73.5 71.3 71.7 69.5 72.6 70.4
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 20845 20930 20920 21005 20995 21080
DOI 72.6 70.4 72.7 70.5 72.8 70.5
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 21070 21155 21145 21230 21220 21305
DOI 72.8 70.6 72.7 70.5 72.6 70.4
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 21295 21380 21370 21455 21445 21530
DOI 72.5 70.3 72.4 70.2 72.2 70.0
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 21520 21605 21595 21680 21670 21755
DOI 72.0 69.8 71.8 69.6 71.6 69.3

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 44


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-36 CHAPTER 6
17 JUL 17 MASS AND BALANCE

For DOWI NIL and FERRY Pantry, use Correction Table below.

Correction Table CRJ700-70 seats NIL FERRY

(+/-) from FULL PANTRY Pantry Code: A2 Pantry Code: C


DOW -290 -400

DOI 2.5 3.8

XCR Seat Distribution

Operating Crew Members (XCR) requiring passenger seat(s) should occupy seats as shown
in table:

XCR ON CABIN SEATS CRJ700 in ROW


1-2 Jump seat
3-6 13
7 - 10 12
11 - 14 11

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-37
MASS AND BALANCE 17 JUL 17

CRJ700-72 seats – FULL PANTRY

S5-AAW Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev41 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 20470 20555 20545 20630 20620 20705
DOI 67.3 65.1 65.5 63.3 66.3 64.0
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 20695 20780 20770 20855 20845 20930
DOI 66.3 64.1 66.4 64.2 66.5 64.2
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 20920 21005 20995 21080 21070 21155
DOI 66.5 64.3 66.4 64.2 66.3 64.1
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 21145 21230 21220 21305 21295 21380
DOI 66.2 64.0 66.1 63.9 65.9 63.7
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 21370 21455 21445 21530 21520 21605
DOI 65.7 63.5 65.5 63.3 65.5 63.3

For DOWI NIL and FERRY Pantry, use Correction Table below.
Correction Table CRJ700-72 seats NIL FERRY

(+/-) from FULL PANTRY Pantry Code: A2 Pantry Code: C


DOW -230 -390

DOI 4.6 7.3

XCR Seat Distribution


Operating Crew Members (XCR) requiring passenger seat(s) should occupy seats as shown
in table:
XCR ON CABIN SEATS CRJ700 in ROW
1-2 Jump seat
3-6 13
7 - 10 12
11 - 14 11

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-38 CHAPTER 6
17 JUL 17 MASS AND BALANCE

CRJ900-86 seats – FULL PANTRY


S5-AAK Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev41 Pantry: FULL Code: A1
CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 22400 22485 22475 22560 22550 22635
DOI 64.8 62.2 62.6 60.0 63.7 61.1
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 22625 22710 22700 22785 22775 22860
DOI 63.9 61.3 64.1 61.5 64.3 61.7
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22850 22935 22925 23010 23000 23085
DOI 64.5 61.9 64.6 62.0 64.7 62.0
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 23075 23160 23150 23235 23225 23310
DOI 64.7 62.1 64.8 62.2 64.7 62.1
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 23300 23385 23375 23460 23450 23535
DOI 64.6 62.0 64.5 61.9 64.5 61.8

S5-AAL Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev41 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 22300 22385 22375 22460 22450 22535
DOI 65.8 63.2 63.6 61.0 64.7 62.1
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 22525 22610 22600 22685 22675 22760
DOI 64.9 62.3 65.1 62.5 65.3 62.7
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22750 22835 22825 22910 22900 22985
DOI 65.5 62.9 65.6 63.0 65.6 63.0
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 22975 23060 23050 23135 23125 23210
DOI 65.7 63.1 65.8 63.2 65.7 63.1
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 23200 23285 23275 23360 23350 23435
DOI 65.6 63.0 65.5 62.9 65.4 62.8

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-39
MASS AND BALANCE 17 JUL 17

S5-AAN Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev41 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 22330 22415 22405 22490 22480 22565
DOI 63.9 61.3 61.7 59.1 62.8 60.2
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 22555 22640 22630 22715 22705 22790
DOI 63.0 60.4 63.2 60.6 63.4 60.8
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22780 22865 22855 22940 22930 23015
DOI 63.6 61.0 63.7 61.1 63.8 61.1
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 23005 23090 23080 23165 23155 23240
DOI 63.8 61.2 63.9 61.3 63.8 61.2
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 23230 23315 23305 23390 23380 23465
DOI 63.7 61.1 63.6 61.0 63.6 61.0

S5-AAO Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev41 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 22250 22335 22325 22410 22400 22485
DOI 66.2 63.6 64.1 61.5 65.2 62.5
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 22475 22560 22550 22635 22625 22710
DOI 65.4 62.7 65.6 62.9 65.7 63.1
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22700 22785 22775 22860 22850 22935
DOI 65.9 63.3 66.0 63.4 66.1 63.5
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 22925 23010 23000 23085 23075 23160
DOI 66.2 63.6 66.2 63.6 66.2 63.5
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 23150 23235 23225 23310 23300 23385
DOI 66.1 63.5 66.0 63.4 65.9 63.3

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-40 CHAPTER 6
17 JUL 17 MASS AND BALANCE

For DOWI NIL and FERRY Pantry, use Correction Table below.

Correction Table CRJ900-86 seats NIL FERRY

(+/-) from FULL PANTRY Pantry Code: A2 Pantry Code: C

DOW -190 -450

DOI 3.8 8.3

XCR Seat Distribution

Operating Crew Members (XCR) requiring passenger seat(s) should occupy seats as shown
in table:

XCR ON CABIN SEATS CRJ900-86 seats in ROW


1-2 Jump seat
3-6 16
7 - 10 15
11 - 14 14

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-41
MASS AND BALANCE 30 JUL 18

S5-AAU Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev44 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 22120 22205 22195 22280 22270 22355
DOI 60.3 57.7 58.1 55.5 59.1 56.5
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 22345 22430 22420 22505 22495 22580
DOI 59.3 56.7 59.5 56.9 59.7 57.1
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22570 22655 22645 22730 22720 22805
DOI 59.9 57.3 59.9 57.3 60.0 57.4
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 22795 22880 22870 22955 22945 23030
DOI 60.1 57.5 60.1 57.5 60.1 57.4
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 23020 23105 23095 23180 23170 23255
DOI 60.0 57.3 59.9 57.3 59.8 57.2

S5-AAV Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev47 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 22050 22135 22125 22210 22200 22285
DOI 62,5 59,9 60,3 57,7 61,3 58,7
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 22275 22360 22350 22435 22425 22510
DOI 61,5 58,9 61,7 59,1 61,9 59,3
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22500 22585 22575 22660 22650 22735
DOI 62,1 59,5 62,2 59,6 62,2 59,6
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 22725 22810 22800 22885 22875 22960
DOI 62,3 59,7 62,4 59,8 62,3 59,7
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 22950 23035 23025 23110 23100 23185
DOI 62,2 59,6 62,1 59,5 62,0 59,4

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-42 CHAPTER 6
17 JUL 17 MASS AND BALANCE

For DOWI NIL and FERRY Pantry, use Correction Table below (for S5-AAU and S5-AAV).

Correction Table CRJ900-UV NIL FERRY

(+/-) from FULL PANTRY Pantry Code: A2 Pantry Code: C

DOW -190 -400

DOI 3.4 9.0

XCR Seat Distribution


Operating Crew Members (XCR) requiring passenger seat(s) should occupy seats as shown
in table:
XCR ON CABIN SEATS CRJ900-86 seats in ROW
1-2 Jump seat
3-6 16
7 - 10 15
11 - 14 14

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-43
MASS AND BALANCE 28 FEB 18

CRJ900-90 seats – FULL PANTRY


S5-AFA Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev45 Pantry: FULL Code: A1
CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 21740 21825 21815 21900 21890 21975
DOI 71.8 69.2 69.6 67.0 70.6 68.0
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 21965 22050 22040 22125 22115 22200
DOI 70.7 68.1 70.8 68.1 70.8 68.2
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22190 22275 22265 22350 22340 22425
DOI 70.9 68.3 70.8 68.2 70.7 68.1
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 22415 22500 22490 22575 22565 22650
DOI 70.6 68.0 70.6 68.0 70.3 67.7
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 22640 22725 22715 22800 22790 22875
DOI 70.1 67.5 69.8 67.2 69.6 67.0

S5-AFB Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev45 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 21790 21875 21865 21950 21940 22025
DOI 72.2 69.6 70.1 67.5 71.1 68.4
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 22015 22100 22090 22175 22165 22250
DOI 71.1 68.5 71.2 68.6 71.3 68.7
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22240 22325 22315 22400 22390 22475
DOI 71.4 68.8 71.3 68.7 71.2 68.6
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 22465 22550 22540 22625 22615 22700
DOI 71.1 68.5 71.0 68.4 70.8 68.2
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 22690 22775 22765 22850 22840 22925
DOI 70.5 67.9 70.3 67.7 70.0 67.4

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 45


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
6-44 CHAPTER 6
26 APR 18 MASS AND BALANCE

S5-AFC Ref.: OM-B-CRJ Rev46 Pantry: FULL Code: A1


CREW 2/0 3/0 2/1 3/1 2/2 3/2
DOW 21810 21895 21885 21970 21960 22045
DOI 69.6 67.0 67.5 64.9 68.5 65.9
CREW 2/3 3/3 2/4 3/4 2/5 3/5
DOW 22035 22120 22110 22195 22185 22270
DOI 68.5 65.9 68.6 66.0 68.7 66.1
CREW 2/6 3/6 2/7 3/7 2/8 3/8
DOW 22260 22345 22335 22420 22410 22495
DOI 68.8 66.2 68.7 66.1 68.6 66.0
CREW 2/9 3/9 2/10 3/10 2/11 3/11
DOW 22485 22570 22560 22645 22635 22720
DOI 68.5 65.9 68.4 65.8 68.2 65.6
CREW 2/12 3/12 2/13 3/13 2/14 3/14
DOW 22710 22795 22785 22870 22860 22945
DOI 67.9 65.3 67.7 65.1 67.4 64.8

For DOWI NIL and FERRY Pantry, use Correction Table below (for S5-AF_).
Correction Table CRJ900-90seats NIL FERRY

(+/-) from FULL PANTRY Pantry Code: A2 Pantry Code: C

DOW -180 -380

DOI 4.9 9.0

XCR Seat Distribution


Operating Crew Members (XCR) requiring passenger seat(s) should occupy seats as shown
in table:
XCR ON CABIN SEATS CRJ900-90 seats in ROW
1-2 Jump seat
3-6 16
7 - 10 15
11 - 14 14

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 6 6-45
MASS AND BALANCE 28 FEB 18

6.6. PASSENGERS ON CREW SEATS

General
Passengers must be as a rule accommodated on passenger seats.

Based on established Jump Seat Request procedure, a passenger may also be


accommodated on an unoccupied cockpit crew seat. Passenger authorised to occupy this
seat must hold valid ticket and go through normal departure procedure.

Loadsheet
Loadsheet To be entered in LMC box SI part of Loadsheet 
If EDP can adjust DOW/DOI  NO Example:
FRA/1 PAD seated on
If EDP cannot adjust DOW/DOI YES
cockpit jump seat.
Manual loadsheet may choose any of the above options.

NOTES:
 OM-A Chapter 8.3.13 contains additional restrictions on passengers travelling in the
cockpit.
 Certain DCSs (LJU, etc.) can handle such passenger as a crew member and
consequently include this passenger in crew figures. In this case no LMC change is
necessary.
 If DCS cannot handle crew figures change, this passenger must be recorded in the
LMC box.
 To explain why there are more passengers than passenger seats, a note must be
included on the Loadsheet in the SI part, e.g. FRA/1 PAD seated on
cockpit jump seat (see example below).

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 45


© Adria Airways d.o.o
6-46 CHAPTER 6
28 FEB 18 MASS AND BALANCE

No further corrections of ZFW and TOW are necessary.

Balance Calculation
For flight crew seats, take the following actions:
Example: Crew 2/2. Passenger in the cockpit.

1. Calculate the difference between the DOI 2/2 and DOI 3/2.
2. Deduct this index unit from the LIZFW and LITOW.
3. Correct the MAC ZFW and MAC TOW on the balance chart.

Rev. 45 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 ToC 7-1
LOADING 17 JUL 17

TABLE OF CONTENTS
7. LOADING ......................................................................................................1
7.1. GENERAL .....................................................................................................1
7.1.1. Standard Loading ..........................................................................................1
7.2. CARGO COMPARTMENTS ........................................................................ 2
7.2.1. General ..........................................................................................................2
7.2.2. Classification .................................................................................................2
7.2.3. Loading compartments structural limitations ................................................. 3
7.3. RAMP HANDLING ......................................................................................11
7.3.1. Danger and escape areas ........................................................................... 11
7.3.2. Delivery at aircraft (DAA) ............................................................................. 11
7.3.3. Aircraft ground stability ................................................................................13
7.4. LOADING SPECIAL CARGO ..................................................................... 17
7.4.1. Loading live animals ....................................................................................17
7.4.2. Perishable cargo (Sensitive cargo).............................................................. 18
7.4.3. Heavy cargo (HEA) ......................................................................................19
7.4.4. Human remains (HUM) ................................................................................19
7.4.5. Living human organs (LHO) ........................................................................ 20
7.4.6. Valuable cargo (VAL) ..................................................................................21
7.4.7 Dangerous Goods .......................................................................................22

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC 7-2 CHAPTER 7
15 DEC 07 LOADING

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev.02 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER7 LEP 7-1
LOADING 26 APR 18

List of Effective pages

I~
CHAPTER
PAGE PAGE

'REV1Sir EFFECTIVE I I _
REVISION
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ToC7 1 43 17 JUL 17
2 02 15DEC07
LEP7 1 46 26APR 18
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Authorized by:
Capt Mar1<o Pintar
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot
t\ _J0+- f---

Checked for adequacy by:


Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager
Jy
CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46
©Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP 7-2 CHAPTER 7
01 OCT 08 LOADING

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev.03 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-1
LOADING 28 MAR 15

7. LOADING
7.1. GENERAL
The Chapter 7 in this OM-B is shortened excerpt derived from Adria Airways AHM (Aircraft
Handling Manual), it contains only information which is of interest for the flight crew.

7.1.1. Standard Loading


Load must be distributed according to the loading instruction. All structural loading limits of
the aircraft and the compartments must be observed. All incompatibilities of special loads
must be observed. The center of gravity at ZFW and take-off must be within the Iimits.
Load must be distributed in the sequence cargo first, mail second, and baggage third.
Baggage can thus be unloaded first, mail second, and cargo third. Baggage must be easily
accessible and not blocked by other load. Mail must be loaded in such a way that the quick
loading and unloading of baggage is not affected.
Loading and unloading of the bulk compartments is performed manually. The instructions to
avoid risk of tail tipping of the aircraft must be followed, refer to and 7.3.4 (Aircraft Ground
Stability).

Load Densities
The average densities in the below table is used to estimate the volume of the load.: The
density figures given for baggage, cargo and mail include stowing loss.

Type of load Density in [kg/m3]

Baggage 160

Cargo 160

Mail 180

Ballast 1200

: Baggage volume is approx. 12 pcs./m3 .


: For Load Planning 13 kg/per piece or 15 kg per passenger may be used for pre-
calculations.

CRJ OM Part B Rev.32


© Adria Airways d.d.
7-2 CHAPTER 7
13 JAN 17 LOADING

7.2. CARGO COMPARTMENTS

7.2.1 General

CRJ700: It has two cargo holds. They are referred to as the forward cargo hold
(Compartment 1) and the aft cargo hold (Compartment 6). The aft cargo hold is divided
into two halves (NS 6.1 and NS 6.2) by net which is attached to the bay floor with a
four-pan fitting and to the ceiling with a six-restraint net bracket.

CRJ900: It has two cargo holds. They are referred to as the forward cargo hold
(Compartment 1 and 2) and the aft cargo hold (Compartment 6). The forward cargo
hold has two compartments which are divided by net which is attached to the bay floor
with a three-pan fitting and to the ceiling with a four-restraint net bracket. The aft cargo
hold is also divided into two halves(NS 6.1 and NS 6.2) by net which is attached to the
bay floor with a four-pan fitting and to the ceiling with a six-restraint net bracket.

Door Net
The cargo door net is designed to restrain the baggage in flight and to protect the threshold
during baggage loading and unloading and to prevent damage to the door from possible
loose cargo. The four restraint net brackets secure the cargo door restraint netting to the
cargo door.

The cargo door net must be positioned when the loading operation is finished.

7.2.2. Classification

Compartment Classification Features


Air flow shut-off system
Smoke Detection
ALL C
Fire extinguishing system
Not accessible during flight

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 7 7-3
LOADING 26 APR 18

Forward Compartment
CRJ 700 CRJ 900
Temperature above 20 C above 20 C
Ventilation no no
Heating no no
Cooling no no

Aft Compartment
CRJ 700 CRJ 900
S5-AAN, S5-AAO
Valid for S5-AAZ, S5-AAK,
S5-AAU, S5-AAV,
A/C reg S5-AAY, S5-AAL
S5-AFA, S5-AFB,
S5-AAW
S5-AFC
Temperature 160 C - 270 C above 20 C 160 C - 270 C
Ventilation yes yes yes
Heating yes no yes
Cooling no no no
: The mean bay temperature will be within the range of 20C
to 300 C. The actual
temperature will depend on the initial compartment, outside and cabin temperature, pax
number and is not controllable. The coolest place is in the door section and at the floor.
The temperature is higher under the compartment ceiling.
: The fan provides recirculated cabin air at a rate of 136m3/hr.
: Monitoring of the air supply shut-off valves is possible.

7.2.3. Loading Compartments Structural Limitations

CRJ700
Forward Cargo Compartment
Valid for Aircraft registration:
S5-AAZ
S5-AAY
S5-AAW

Max. Running
Compartment Usable volume Max. Load Max. Area (Floor)
(Linear) Load
Designation (m3) Capacity (kg) Load (kg/m2)
(kg/m)
1 3.08 454 146 86
Total 3.08 454

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 46


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-4 CHAPTER 7
13 JAN 17 LOADING

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 7 7-5
LOADING 13 JAN 17

Aft Cargo Compartment


Valid for Aircraft registration:
S5-AAZ
S5-AAY
Max. Running
Compartment Usable volume Max. Load Max. Area (Floor)
(Linear) Load
Designation (m3) Capacity (kg) Load (kg/m2)
(kg/m)
NS 6.1 4.58 736 366 744
NS 6.2 3.9 622 366 744
Total 8.48 1358

Aft Cargo Compartment


Valid for Aircraft registration:
S5-AAW
Max. Running
Compartment Usable volume Max. Load Max. Area (Floor)
(Linear) Load
Designation (m3) Capacity (kg) Load (kg/m2)
(kg/m)
NS 6 10.6 1696 366 744

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.d.
7-6 CHAPTER 7
13 JAN 17 LOADING

CRJ900
Valid for Aircraft registration:
S5-AAK
S5-AAL
S5-AAN
S5-AAO

Forward Cargo Compartment


Max. Running
Compartment Usable volume Max. Load Max. Area (Floor)
(Linear) Load
Designation (m3) Capacity (kg) Load (kg/m2)
(kg/m)
1 2.1 373 146 102
2 2.3 398 146 102
Total 4.4 771

Rev. 41 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 7 7-7
LOADING 13 JAN 17

Aft Cargo Compartment


Max. Running
Compartment Usable volume Max. Load Max. Area (Floor)
(Linear) Load
Designation (m3) Capacity (kg) Load (kg/m2)
(kg/m)
NS 6.1 5.3 884 366 744
NS 6.2 4.0 612 366 744
Total 9.3 1496

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.d.
7-8 CHAPTER 7
26 APR 18 LOADING

CRJ900
Forward Cargo Compartment
Valid for Aircraft registration:
S5-AAU
S5-AAV
S5-AFA
S5-AFB
S5-AFC

Max. Running
Compartment Usable volume Max. Load Max. Area (Floor)
(Linear) Load
Designation (m3) Capacity (kg) Load (kg/m2)
(kg/m)
1 2.2 385.5 146 102
2 2.2 385.5 146 102
Total 4.4 771

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-9
LOADING 17 JUL 17

Aft Cargo Compartment


Valid for Aircraft registration:
S5-AAU
S5-AAV
Max. Running
Compartment Usable volume Max. Load Max. Area (Floor)
(Linear) Load
Designation (m3) Capacity (kg) Load (kg/m2)
(kg/m)
NS 6.1 7.5 1194 366 744
NS 6.2 3.1 502 366 744
Total 10.6 1696

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-10 CHAPTER 7
26 APR 18 LOADING

Valid for Aircraft registration:


S5-AFA
S5-AFB
S5-AFC
Max. Running
Compartment Usable volume Max. Load Max. Area (Floor)
(Linear) Load
Designation (m3) Capacity (kg) Load (kg/m2)
(kg/m)
NS 6 8.48 1696 366 744

Rev. 46 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-11
LOADING 17 JUL 17

7.3. RAMP HANDLING

7.3.1. Danger and Escape Areas

Blast intake and venting areas

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-12 CHAPTER 7
17 JUL 17 LOADING

ESCAPE areas

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-13
LOADING 17 JUL 17

7.3.2. Delivery At Aircraft (DAA)

Definition
On aircraft with cabin stowage space problems large pieces of hand baggage are loaded in
baggage/cargo compartment(s) on regular basis. Delivery At Aircraft (DAA) baggage is for
example baby stroller, wheel chair etc., and on CRJ flights also normal hand (carry-on)
baggage taken from passengers.
This procedure is normally performed by ground staff but can also be applied by crew.

Tagging
The check-in and boarding personnel are responsible to mark the Delivery at aircraft
baggage with the baggage tag DAA.
The tagging is performed at the gate after collecting boarding pass.
Delivery at aircraft baggage is given to the loading personnel on the ramp at the aircraft.

Procedure
• The DAA baggage (8 kg per piece) must be subtracted from the passenger weight as
Last Minute Changes (LMC);
• this figure must be added to the weight of load in the respective compartment.
Occasionally, DAA baggage weight has a positive effect in bringing the centre of gravity of
the aircraft within forward operational limit when no other deadload is carried in the
compartment, or else more ballast bags must be required.

Example of completed LMC in Manual Load & Trim Sheet

Loading
Delivery at Aircraft Baggage must be loaded in the Compartment 1 (CRJ 700) or
Compartment 1 or 2 (CRJ 900).

DAA Identification
In case when passenger decides not to fly and disembark:
• check if any hand baggage of this passenger has been loaded;

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-14 CHAPTER 7
17 JUL 17 LOADING

NOTE: No DAA baggage must be left in holds and no unaccompanied DAA baggage must
be left on board.

Offloading and Delivery


The offloading of DAA should start as soon as possible.
The baggage is given back to the passengers at the aircraft (at the passenger stairs or in the
jetway - not at the baggage claim area), if not forbidden by local regulations.

Messages
The next station must be informed in LDM about the number of pieces of DAA to provide
personnel for quick unloading and delivery.

7.3.3. Aircraft Ground Stability


An excessive aft CG position during ground handling, parking or towing, may lead to tail-
tipping. Precautions must be taken to eliminate this possibility.

Tail tipping
The tip-up position is a function of aircraft weight, CG and attitude due to the inclination of the
landing gear strut. During ground operations, the aircraft CG must always remain forward of
45% MAC to minimize the risk of tail tipping (tipover).

FULL Pantry
When the aircraft galleys are fully equipped (FULL Pantry), it has configuration that helps to
prevent accidental tipover.
However, unusual ground operations or removing the equipment/supplies from forward
galleys may put aircraft into a possible tipover conditions.
Additional precautions must be taken if the following conditions occur:
• Fresh fallen snow on the horizontal stabilizer and pylons;
• Aircraft parked on an inclined surface;
• High winds conditions (in excess of 60 knots).

Loading
Load Forward Compartments first (CRJ700 and CRJ900) then the Aft Compartment. Do not
load more then 650kg (CRJ700) or 750 kg (CRJ900) in the Aft Compartment until boarding is
completed (Exception: Load DAA baggage last).

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-15
LOADING 17 JUL 17

Unloading
Start unloading aft compartment before the start of deplaning of the passengers. Do not start
unloading Forward Compartments (CRJ700 and CRJ900) until Compartment 6 is unloaded
halfway (Exception: Unload DAA baggage from all compartments first).

Snow Conditions
If the snow deposit on the horizontal stabilizer/pylons is expected to be up to 15 cm and no
snow removal is possible before loading, observe the additional procedure:
• Fueling of aircraft for flight, must be completed.
• Flight Crew must be on board.

NIL PANTRY
When aircraft with no catering and no crew on board is intended for loading/unloading or
parking:
• minimum fuel amount of 2400kg (CRJ700) or 2000kg (CRJ900) must be in the
tanks, and
• the surface must not be inclined;
• the expected wind must not exceed 60kts

CRJ900: If the amount of fuel is less then 2000kg, following minimum ballast must be loaded
in the forward compartments:
Fuel Ballast in fwd cargo
(kg) hold (kg)
2000 40
1500 120
1000 200
CRJ700: If the amount of fuel is less then 2400kg, following minimum ballast must be loaded
in the forward compartments:
Fuel Ballast in fwd cargo Ballast in fwd galley
(kg) hold (kg) (kg)
2400 0 or 0
2300 20 or 0
2200 40 or 0
2100 80 or 0
2000 100 or 50
1500 240 or 120
1000 380 or 200
500 450 plus 60

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-16 CHAPTER 7
17 JUL 17 LOADING

Towing (CRJ700)

When aircraft with no galley equipment is intended for towing, keep minimum load of 910
kg on the nose landing gear (maximum 25cm Chrome Length on nose landing gear should
be visible). If the nose landing gear load is less than the minimum, add balast in the forward
compartment or galley.
The minimum fuel amount of 3500 kg must be in the tanks. If the amount of fuel is less then
3500 kg, following minimum ballast must be loaded in the forward compartment or forward
galley:

Fuel Ballast in fwd cargo Ballast in fwd galley


(kg) hold (kg) (kg)
3500 0 or 0
3000 20 or 0
2500 120 or 60
2000 250 or 140
1500 400 or 200
1000 300 plus 140
500 250 plus 200
0 320 plus 320

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-17
LOADING 17 JUL 17

Towing ( CRJ900)

When aircraft with no galley equipment is intended for loading/unloading or towing, the
minimum fuel amount of 3500 kg must be in the tanks. If the amount of fuel is less then
3500kg, following minimum ballast must be loaded in the forward compartments or forward
galley:

Fuel Ballast in fwd galley Ballast in fwd cargo


(kg) (kg) hold (kg)
3500 0 or 0
3000 50 or 100
2500 100 or 200
2000 150 or 300
1500 200 or 400
1000 250 or 500
500 300 or 600
0 350 or 700

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-18 CHAPTER 7
17 JUL 17 LOADING

7.4. LOADING SPECIAL CARGO

7.4.1. Loading Live Animals

CRJ 700 / CRJ 900


If air ventilation system in Compartment 6 is inoperative or defective, live animals must not
be loaded.

Species Compartment 6
Up to 3 small dogs or cats subject to their size and weight. Max. total gross
Dogs or Cats
weight 60 kg including animal container(s).
Small Mammals or Birds Max. 60 kg gross weight.
Poultry Only with permission of Adria Airways Cargo Ops.
Monkeys Only with permission of Adria Airways Cargo Ops.
Horses No.
Pigs No.
Cattle No.
Sheep or Goats No.
Tropical Fish Yes.
Reptiles or Amphibians Yes.
Eels No.
Crustaceans or Mollusks Yes.
Bees Yes.

CRJ700: Loading of live animals in Compartment 1 is forbidden.

CRJ900: Loading of live animals in Compartment 1 and 2 is forbidden.

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-19
LOADING 17 JUL 17

Poultry
• Max. stacking height is 90cm.
• Day-old chicken (or other poultry) need much more air for breathing and ventilation.

Birds
• Accept for transport only if:
– the respective hold has been pre-conditioned to 20º C or
– the outside temperature is higher then 15º C.
Aquatics
• Accept for transport only if packed in the thermo-proof containers.
• For larger shipments, consider the size of the cargo door and the space available within
the hold.
• No weight limit (observe the compartment structural limits).

Handling codes

Live Animals Code


Live animals (general) AVI
Live Animals for laboratory use, packed in filter containers SPF
Wet cargo. Animals which by their nature may produce liquid WET

7.4.2. Perishable Cargo (Sensitive Cargo)


Perishable (sensitive) cargo may be loaded into all compartments, but Compartments 1 of
CRJ700 and Compartment 1 or 2 of CRJ900 should be avoided. Depending on the outside
temperature during loading, the initial hold temperature may be over 12 °C and will not drop
below this during flight.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-20 CHAPTER 7
17 JUL 17 LOADING

Handling codes

Perishable Cargo Code


food for human and animal consumption EAT
hatching eggs HEG
living human organs, human blood LHO
flowers and plants PEF
meat products PEM
fruit and vegetables PEP
fish and seafood PES
perishables, general PER
wet loads WET

7.4.3. Heavy Cargo (HEA)


As a general rule maximum gross weight per piece is limited to 100 kg.
Heavier piece (up to 150 kg) may be loaded prior authorization from Adria Airways Cargo
Handling Department.
The loading of HEA (pieces over 150 kg) is not permitted except HUM (see 7.4.4).

7.4.4. Human Remains (HUM)


The maximum permissible weight of HUM is 180 kg.

HUM HUM
ircraft type
not more than 100 kg more than 100 kg up to 180 kg
Max. 1 (one) per flight with max.
dimensions:
Number limited by available
CRJ700 Length: 210 cm
cargo capacity
Width: 70 cm
Height: 70 cm
Number limited by available
CRJ900 Max. 2 per flight
cargo capacity

Coffins always have to be secured and tied down in a horizontal position on the compartment
floor in the cargo hold and heavy pieces must not be loaded on top of coffins. Tie down of
HUM to aircraft structure is achieved via tie-down straps/ropes to the tie-down points located

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-21
LOADING 17 JUL 17

in the cargo floor. In case of overload problems, HUM has always priority over the
passanger baggage.

7.4.5. Living Human Organs (LHO)


LHO is normally loaded into Compartment 6 door area, and secured with a special purpose
belt (can be acquired from the Purser) to avoid tipping over. Ground handling agent at the
destination is responsible to remove the belt from the LHO and return it to the purser after
offloading.
At Commander’s discretion it is also possible to store and secure the container in passenger
cabin.

7.4.6. Valuable Cargo (VAL)


Transport of VAL on OUTBOUND flights ex LJU:
• Commander shall receive notice of all VAL shipments to be transported on a designated
flight from ADRIA Operation Center at pre-flight briefing;
• Before departure from LJU the Commander shall be briefed orally by ADRIA Cargo
Representative, sign the Valuable Cargo Receipt (VCR) for the VAL loaded and receive
keys of security locks;
• At destination the Commander shall hand over the VCR and keys of security locks to
ADRIA Representative or designated ADRIA Agent upon confirmation that aircraft hold is
secured by Security Guard or Police for unloading of VAL;
• VAL shall be unloaded and checked by the designated ADRIA Agent and receipt
confirmed by signatures on the Valuable Cargo Receipt;
• Empty security bags shall be locked again in the cargo compartment for return to LJU;
• Before departure ADRIA Representative or designated ADRIA Agent shall hand over to
the Commander signed Copy 2 of the Valuable Cargo Receipt and the keys of security
locks;
• The Commander shall retain signed Copy 2 of VCR in the flight documentation file and
upon arrival to LJU deliver the keys of security locks to the ADRIA Cargo Representative.

Transport of VAL on INBOUND flights to LJU:


• Commander shall receive notice of all VAL shipments to be transported on a designated
flight from ADRIA Operation Center at pre-flight briefing;
• Before departure from LJU the Commander shall be briefed orally by ADRIA Cargo
Representative and shall receive keys of security locks;
• Upon arrival to the designated Airport of Loading, the Commander shall deliver the keys
of security locks to ADRIA Representative or designated ADRIA Agent who shall arrange
loading of VAL;

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-22 CHAPTER 7
17 JUL 17 LOADING

• Before departure the Commander shall be briefed orally by ADRIA Representative or


designated ADRIA Agent, sign the Valuable Cargo Receipt for the VAL loaded and
receive keys of security locks;
• Upon arrival to LJU, the Commander shall hand over the VCR and keys of security locks
to the ADRIA Cargo Representative upon confirmation that aircraft hold is secured by
Security Guard;
• VAL shall be unloaded and checked by the ADRIA Cargo Representative and receipt
confirmed by signatures on the Valuable Cargo Receipt;
• ADRIA Cargo Representative shall hand over to the Commander signed Copy 2 of the
Valuable Cargo Receipt, which he will retain in the flight documentation file.
NOTE: By signing the VCR the Commander acknowledges the loaded VAL shipment and
accepts responsibility solely for handing over keys of security locks and VCR to the
designated ADRIA Agent at the DEST AP for signature. Upon receipt of a signed
copy of VCR he will retain it in the flight documentation file.
In case of landing at an alternate airport the Commander shall act in accordance
with OM Part A para. 8.2.3.4.

VAL must be loaded in Forward Compartment 1 of CRJ700 or Forward Compartment 1 or 2


of CRJ900 only. For locking use the fixed "Tie-down Rings" located at the door entrance.

In case of valuable shipments departing from the airports other than Ljubljana, the required
number of empty security bags shall be sent out of LJU, loaded and locked in the same way
as if containing valuable cargo.

Loading Sequence
VAL shipments must always be loaded last at the airport of loading and unloaded first at the
airport of unloading.

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 7 7-23
LOADING 28 FEB 18

7.4.7. Dangerous Goods


Dangerous goods are articles and substances which are capable of posing a risk to health,
safety, property or the environment and which are shown in the list of dangerous goods in the
ICAO Technical Instructions (ICAO TI) and IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR)
or which are classified according to these Instructions or Regulations.
It is Company policy that dangerous goods shall only be accepted and transported on Adria
Airways services when in full compliance with the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA
DGR), including its addenda.
For all information and specific requirements refer to OM-A Ch. 9.1 Dangerous Goods.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 45


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
7-24 CHAPTER 7
17 JUL 17 LOADING

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 43 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 8 8-1
CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST 13 JAN 17

CRJ700 and CRJ900 Configuration Deviation List (CDL) is published in two separated
electronic files, for each variant separately.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.d.
8-2 CHAPTER 8
20 MAY 10 CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 09 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 9 9-1
MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST 13 JAN 17

CRJ700 and CRJ900 Minimum Equipment List (MEL) is published in two separated
electronic files, for each variant separately.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 41


© Adria Airways d.d.
9-2 CHAPTER 9
20 MAY 10 MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 09 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.d.
CHAPTER 10 ToC 10-1
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 17 JUL 17

TABLE OF CONTENTS
10. SURVIVAL AND EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT .......................................................... 1
10.1. EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT ..................................................................................... 1
10.1.1. General ...................................................................................................................... 1
10.1.2. Crew Life Jackets .................................................................................................... 20
10.1.3 Oxycrew ................................................................................................................... 23
10.1.4 Essex Crew Member Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) ................................. 28
10.1.5 Scott Crew Member Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) ................................... 35
10.1.6 Hand Fire Extinguishers .......................................................................................... 38
10.1.7 B/E Aerospace Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) .......................................... 44
10.1.8 Crash / Fire Axe ....................................................................................................... 51
10.1.9 Fire Gloves .............................................................................................................. 51
10.1.10 Emergency Exits ...................................................................................................... 52
10.1.11 Automatic Emergency Locator Transmitter ............................................................. 53
10.2 OXYGEN ................................................................................................................. 54
10.3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES ............................................................................... 58
10.3.1. General .................................................................................................................... 58
10.3.2 Crew Composition ................................................................................................... 58
10.3.3 Pre-flight Emergency Equipment Check .................................................................. 58
10.3.4 Assigned Stations .................................................................................................... 59
10.3.5 Fire and Smoke ....................................................................................................... 59
10.3.6 Oxygen .................................................................................................................... 63

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 43


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
ToC 10-2 CHAPTER 10
01 OCT 08 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 03 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 LEP 10-1
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

List of Effective pages


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Authorized by:
Capt. Marko Pintar
CRJ Fleet Chief Pilot rv rt)wJ
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c"'"' "'"''""' "'
Mr. Andrej Petelin
Compliance Manager
h
CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47
©Adria Airways d.o.o.
LEP 10-2 CHAPTER 10
20 MAR 09 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Rev. 04 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-1
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 01 OCT 08

10. SURVIVAL AND EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT


10.1. EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
10.1.1. General
Emergency Equipment (EM Equipment) – is the equipment of an aeroplane used by Cabin
or Flight Crew Members in the event of an emergency.
Standard Emergency Equipment – is aircraft type specific standard equipment and should
always be checked before flight (before going on duty on an aircraft).
Special Emergency Equipment – is special equipment, used only on defined / special
flights (e.g. long-range flights).

Oxygen
Equipment used during/after decompression and First Aid Oxygen on normal flights:
• Fixed Oxygen System (Supplemental Oxygen);
• Portable Oxygen System/Units;
• Continuous Flow Mask (Oxygen mask).

Fire-fighting emergency equipment


Equipment employed during fire-fighting procedures and for fire / smoke protection:
• Hand Fire Extinguisher – Halon 1211;
• Automatic Fire Extinguisher – Halon 1301;
• Protective Breathing Equipment;
• Crash/Fire Axe;
• Fire Gloves;
• Lavatory Smoke Detection System.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 03


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-2 CHAPTER 10
31 OCT 16 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

Escape facilities (evacuation devices)


The following escape facilities ensure passenger evacuation:
• Emergency Exits;
• Escape Tapes;
• Life Jackets;
• Megaphone;
• Emergency Lighting;
• Flashlights;
• First Aid Kits;
• Safety Belts/Harnesses;
• Passenger Safety Information Card;
• Cabin Crew Reminder;
• DEMO Equipment.

Pre-Flight emergency equipment check


Cabin Crew and Flight Crew must check the emergency equipment before going on duty on
an aircraft, as well as test the Communication System and Public Address System and
report malfunctions/aberrations to CCM 1/Commander in order to repair the eventual defects
on time.
They shall check:
• Adequate quantity,
• Proper location, and
• Condition of emergency equipment.

Rev. 40 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-3
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

CRJ700 S5-AAZ, S5-AAY Expanded Emergency Equipment Check List:

CRJ 700 (AAZ, AAY) EXPANDED EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT CHECK LIST


OM Part B CRJ, Chapter 10 Ver. 8 Issued: 30.07.2018
No. ITEM LOCATION QTY
I. COCKPIT AREA
1 O2 full face quick-donning mask At flight crew positions 2
Checked by flight crew
2 Halon fire extinguisher RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
3 Crash/Fire axe RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Secure in bracket
4 Flashlight One behind each pilot seat 2
Adequate number in place, Check the diode
blinking on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing
the torch. If interval bigger than 10 seconds and
the diode blinking poor, torch not ok
5 PBE LH on bulkhead behind CMDR seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken.
6 Life jackets (Crew) In seat pockets under CMDR and F/O seat 2
Adequate number and location
7 O2 full face quick-donning mask
Entrance storage compartment – cockpit 1
(Observer)
Checked by flight crew
8 Escape rope In the ceiling above F/O seat 1
Adequate number and location
9 Life jacket (Crew – Observer) In the observer seat stowage 1
Adequate number and location
II. ENTRANCE STORAGE COMPARTMENT AND FWD GALLEY AREA
1 PBE Fwd equipment cupboard 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken
2 Life jacket (Crew) Entrance storage compartment 1
Adequate number and location
3 Flashlight On the fwd bulkhead beside CCM1 seat 1
Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok
4 Halon fire extinguisher Fwd equipment cupboard 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-4 CHAPTER 10
30 JUL 18 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

5 Safety belts extensions Fwd equipment cupboard 7


Check/Count the additional seat belts
6 CCM Safety briefing cards CCM1 station (G1 side wall) 1+1
Adequate number and location
7 CCOM Vol 1+2 G1 1+1
Adequate number and location
8 DEMO equipment Fwd equipment cupboard 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt, oxygen mask, life
jacket, passenger safety briefing card
9 EM lights FAP switch CHECK
Turn EM lights switch on (FAP):escape path marking
track, ceiling lights, exit signs, exit markers,
floodlights, exterior EM lights
CEA – Cabin Emergency
10 G2 1
Annoucements
Check location
11 1 Fwd Att Seat + Seat belt Fwd entrance CHECK
Check condition and operation
12 Disposable First Aid Kit G2 1
DFAK not sealed, list of contents in DFAK, list of
used medicine added – any use of medicine must be
reported
III. PASSENGER CABIN
1 Oxygen bottle + Oxygen mask On the AFT toilet FWD wall 2
Adequate number and location, Secure in bracket;
minimum pressure 1400PSI, carrying strap,adequate
number and types of masks at cylinder (minimum 1
oxygen mask)
2 Emergency First Aid Kit In the last overhead bin LH 1
EFAK sealed.
3 Precaution Kit First RH available overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location
4 Halon fire extinguisher First RH overhead bin + RH aft overheat bin 1+1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
5 Fire gloves First RH overhead bin + RH aft overheat bin 1+1
Adequate number and location
6 Megaphone LH aft overhead bin 1
Secure in brackets, press button to test
7 PBE First RH overhead bin + RH aft overheat bin 1+1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken.
8 Safety briefing cards (pax) Pax seat pockets 70
Check the number and location in all pax seat
pockets
9 Escape rope LH and RH at over wing exits 2
Check adequate number, location and stowage

Rev. 47 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-5
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

10 Life jackets (Adult/Child) Under each pax seat 70


Check the number and its location under pax seats
11 Smoke detector FWD and AFT lavatory 1+1
Check green indicator light on and test it at
initial acceptance of the aircraft.
12 Halon fire extinguisher Lavatory FWD and AFT lavatory 1+1
Check temperature indicator scale – white, located on
inner side of waste box door
13 Life jackets (infant) RH AFT overhead bin 5
Check adequate quantity and location
14 Spare life jackets LH AFT overhead bin 5
Check adequate quantity and location
15 WPI – Wing Pax Info Card Last LH overhead bin 4
Check adequate number and location
16 DEMO equipment RH aft overhead bin 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt, oxygen mask, life
jacket, passenger safety briefing card
CEA – Cabin Emergency
17 LH aft overhead bin 1
Announcements
Check location

IV. AFT GALLEY AREA


1 Flashlight Beside CCM panel 1
Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok.
2 Life jacket (crew) In stowage under CCM seat 1
Adequate number and location
3 CCM Safety briefing cards At CCM station 1+1
Adequate number and location
4 Disposable First Aid Kit G-4 1
DFAK not sealed, list of contents in DFAK, list of
used medicine added – any use of medicine must be
reported
5 1 Aft Att Seat + Seat Belts At aft CCM station CHECK
Check condition and operation

NOTE: Items marked with are company required items and are additional to those listed
on “Emergency Equipment List” displayed at Cockpit entry area.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-6 CHAPTER 10
30 JUL 18 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

CRJ700 S5-AAW Expanded Emergency Equipment Check List:

CRJ 700 (AAW) EXPANDED EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT CHECK LIST


OM Part B CRJ, Chapter 10 Ver. 5 Issued: 30.07.2018
No. ITEM LOCATION QTY
I. COCKPIT AREA
1 O2 full face quick-donning mask At flight crew positions 2
Checked by flight crew
2 Halon fire extinguisher RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
3 Crash/Fire axe RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Secure in bracket
4 Flashlight One behind each pilot seat seats 1+1
Adequate number in place, Check the diode
blinking on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing
the torch. If interval bigger than 10 seconds and
the diode blinking poor, torch not ok
5 PBE LH on bulkhead behind CMDR seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken.
6 Life jackets (Crew) In seat pockets under CMDR and F/O seat 2
Adequate number and location
7 O2 full face quick-donning mask
At observer seat position 1
(Observer)
Checked by flight crew
8 Escape rope In the ceiling above F/O seat 1
Adequate number and location
9 Life jacket (Crew – Observer) In the observer seat stowage 1
Adequate number and location
II. ENTRANCE STORAGE COMPARTMENT AND FWD GALLEY AREA
1 Flashlight Entrance storage compartment FWD bulkhead 1
Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok
2 PBE Entrance storage compartment 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken
3 Life jacket (Crew) Entrance storage compartment 1
Adequate number and location
4 Halon fire extinguisher Entrance storage compartment 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed

Rev. 47 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-7
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

5 Oxygen bottle + Oxygen mask Entrance storage compartment 1


Adequate number and location, Secure in bracket;
minimum pressure 1400PSI, carrying strap,adequate
number and types of masks at cylinder (minimum 1
oxygen mask)
6 Safety belts extensions Entrance storage compartment 7
Check/Count the additional seat belts
7 Infant seat belts Entrance storage compartment 7
Check adequate quantity and location
8 CCM Safety briefing cards CCM1 station (G1 side wall) 1+1
Adequate number and location
9 CCOM Vol 1+2 G1 1+1
Adequate number and location
10 DEMO equipment Fwd equipment cupboard 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt, oxygen mask, life
jacket, passenger safety briefing card
11 EM lights FAP switch CHECK
Turn EM lights switch on (FAP):escape path marking
track, ceiling lights, exit signs, exit markers,
floodlights, exterior EM lights
CEA – Cabin Emergency
12 G2 1
Annoucements
Check location
13 1 Fwd Att Seat + Seat belt Fwd entrance CHECK
Check condition and operation
14 Disposable First Aid Kit G1, G2 1+1
DFAK not sealed, list of contents in DFAK, list of
used medicine added – any use of medicine must be
reported
III. PASSENGER CABIN
1 Fire extinguisher (H2O) Wall in front of LH pax seat 1A 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
2 Fire gloves First LH overhead bin + LH aft overheat bin 1+1
Adequate number and location
3 Precaution Kit First RH available overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location
4 PBE First LH overhead bin + last LH overheat bin 1+1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken.
5 Escape rope LH and RH at over wing exits 1+1
Check adequate number, location and stowage
6 Megaphone Aft LH overhead bin 1
Secure in brackets, press button to test
7 Emergency First Aid Kit Aft LH overhead bin 1
EFAK sealed.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-8 CHAPTER 10
30 JUL 18 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

8 Flashlight Under LH aft overhead bin 1


Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok.
9 Life jackets (infant) Aft RH overhead bin 5
Check adequate quantity and location
10 Spare life jackets Aft RH overhead bin 5
Check adequate quantity and location
11 Oxygen bottle + Oxygen mask Behind last pax seat RH side 1
Adequate number and location, Secure in bracket;
minimum pressure 1400PSI, carrying strap,adequate
number and types of masks at cylinder (minimum 1
oxygen mask)
12 Halon fire extinguisher Behind last pax seat LH side 1
Check temperature indicator scale – white, located on
inner side of waste box door
13 Life jacket (crew) In stowage under CCM seat 1
Adequate number and location
Halon fire extinguisher
14 Aft lavatory 1
(Lavatory)
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
15 Smoke detector Aft Lavatory (Pin LOC AFT LH O/H) 1
Check green indicator light on and test it at
initial acceptance of the aircraft.
16 Life jackets (Adult/Child) Under each pax seat 72
Check the number and its location under pax seats
17 Safety briefing cards (pax) Pax seat pockets 72
Check the number and location in all pax seat
pockets
18 WPI – Wing Pax Info Card Last LH overhead bin 4
Check adequate number and location
19 DEMO equipment RH aft overhead bin 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt, oxygen mask, life
jacket, passenger safety briefing card
CEA – Cabin Emergency
20 LH aft overhead bin 1
Announcements
Check location
21 CCM Safety briefing cards At CCM station 1+1
Adequate number and location
22 1 Aft Att Seat + Seat Belts At aft CCM station CHECK
Check condition and operation

NOTE: Items marked with are company required items and are additional to those listed
on “Emergency Equipment List” displayed at Cockpit entry area.

Rev. 47 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-9
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

CRJ900 S5-AAK, S5-AAL, S5-AAN, S5-AAO Expanded Emergency Equipment Check


List:

CRJ 900 (AAK, AAL, AAN, AAO) EXPANDED EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT CHECK LIST
OM Part B CRJ, Chapter 10 Ver. 9 Issued: 30.07.2018
No. ITEM LOCATION QTY
I. COCKPIT AREA
1 O2 full face quick-donning mask At flight crew positions 2
Checked by flight crew
2 Halon fire extinguisher RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
3 Crash/Fire axe RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Secure in bracket
4 Escape rope In the ceiling above F/O seat 1
Adequate number and location
5 Flashlight One behind each pilot seat 2
Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok
6 PBE LH on bulkhead behind CMDR seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken
7 Life jackets (Crew) In seat pockets under CMDR and F/O seat 2
Adequate number and location
8 O2 full face quick-donning mask
Entrance storage compartment – cockpit 1
(Observer)
Checked by flight crew
9 Life jacket (Crew – Observer) In the observer seat stowage 1
Adequate number and location
II. ENTRANCE STORAGE COMPARTMENT AND FWD GALLEY AREA
1 PBE Fwd equipment cupboard 2
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken
2 Life jacket (Crew) Entrance storage compartment 1
Adequate number and location
3 Flashlight On the fwd bulkhead beside CCM1 seat 1
Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok
4 Halon fire extinguisher Fwd equipment cupboard 2
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-10 CHAPTER 10
30 JUL 18 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

5 Fire gloves Fwd equipment cupboard 1


Adequate number and location
6 Supplementary safety belts Fwd equipment cupboard 5+2
Check/Count the additional seat belts
7 Disposable First Aid Kit G-2 1
DFAK not sealed, list of contents in DFAK, list of
used medicine added – any use of medicine must be
reported
8 CCM Safety briefing cards At CCM station 1+1
Adequate number and location
9 CCOM Vol 1+2 Library, fwd equipment cupboard 1+1
Adequate number and location
10 DEMO equipment Fwd equipment cupboard 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt, oxygen mask, life
jacket, passenger safety briefing card
11 EM lights FAP switch CHECK
Turn EM lights switch on (FAP):escape path marking
track, ceiling lights, exit signs, exit markers,
floodlights, exterior EM lights
12 1 Fwd Att Seat + Seat belt Fwd entrance CHECK
Check condition and operation
CEA- Cabin Emergeny
13 G2 1
Announcements
Check location

III. PASSENGER CABIN


1 Oxygen bottle + Oxygen mask One in the first LH overhead bin, two in the last LH 3
o/h bin
Adequate number and location, Secure in bracket;
minimum pressure 1400PSI, carrying strap,adequate
number and types of masks at cylinder (minimum 1
oxygen mask)
2 Emergency First Aid Kit One in the last o/h bin LH 1
EFAK sealed.
3 Precaution Kit First RH available overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location
4 Halon fire extinguisher RH bulkhead aft 2
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
5 Fire gloves LH aft overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location
6 Megaphone LH aft overhead bin 1
Secure in brackets, press button to test
7 PBE LH bulkhead aft 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken.
8 Safety briefing cards (pax) Pax seat pockets 86
Check the number and location in all pax seat
pockets

Rev. 47 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-11
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

9 Escape rope LH and RH at over wing exits 1+1


Check adequate number, location and stowage
10 Life jackets (Adult/Child) Under each pax seat 86
Check the number and its location under pax seats
11 Smoke detector FWD and AFT lavatory 2
Check green indicator light on and test it at
initial acceptance of the aircraft.
12 Lavatory fire extinguisher Halon FWD and AFT lavatory 2
Check temperature indicator scale – white, located on
inner side of waste box door
13 Life jackets (infant) LH aft overhead bin 5
Check adequate quantity and location
14 Portable ELT First LH overhead bin 1
AAK, AAL - if installed Adequate quantity and location, technical check done
AAN, AAO - required by maintenance
15 WPI – Wing Pax Info Card Last LH overhead bin 8
Check adequate number and location
16 Spare life jackets First LH overhead bin 5
Check adequate number and location
17 DEMO equipment LH aft overhead bin 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt, oxygen mask, life
jacket, passenger safety briefing card
CEA- Cabin emergency
18 LH aft overhead bin Check location 1
announcements

IV. AFT GALLEY AREA


1 Flashlight Beside CCM panel 1
Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok.
2 Life jacket (crew) In stowage under CCM seat 1
Adequate number and location
3 CCM Safety briefing cards At CCM station 1+1
Adequate number and location
4 Disposable First Aid Kit G4 1
DFAK not sealed, list of contents in DFAK, list of
used medicine added – any use of medicine must be
reported
5 1 Aft Att Seat + Seat belt At aft CCM station CHECK
Check condition and operation

NOTE: Items marked with are company required items and are additional to those listed
on “Emergency Equipment List” displayed at Cockpit entry area.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-12 CHAPTER 10
30 JUL 18 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

CRJ900 S5-AAU, S5-AAV Expanded Emergency Equipment Check List:

CRJ 900 (AAU, AAV) EXPANDED EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT CHECK LIST


OM Part B CRJ, Chapter 10 Ver. 8 Issued: 30.07.2018
No. ITEM LOCATION QTY
I. COCKPIT AREA
1 O2 full face quick-donning mask At flight crew positions 2
Checked by flight crew
2 Halon fire extinguisher RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, secure in
brackets, seal intact, pressure gauge in
green zone, nozzle unobstructed
3 Crash/Fire axe RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Secure in bracket
4 Escape rope In the ceiling above F/O seat 1
Adequate number and location
5 Flashlight One behind each pilot seat 2
Adequate number in place, check the diode
blinking on every 3 to 6 seconds without
removing the torch. If interval bigger than 10
seconds and the diode blinking poor, torch
not ok
6 PBE LH on bulkhead behind CMDR seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact
seal, box undamaged, properly closed
and serviceability indicator not broken
In seat pockets under CMDR and F/O
7 Life jackets (Crew) 2
seat
Adequate number and location
8 O2 full face quick-donning mask
At observer position 1
(Observer)
Checked by flight crew
9 Life jacket (Crew – Observer) In the observer seat stowage 1
Adequate number and location
II. ENTRANCE STORAGE COMPARTMENT AND FWD GALLEY AREA
1 PBE Fwd equipment cupboard 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact
seal, box undamaged, properly closed
and serviceability indicator not broken
2 Life jacket (Crew) On the fwd bulkhead beside CCM seat 1
Adequate number and location
3 Flashlight On the fwd bulkhead beside CCM seat 1
Adequate number in place, check the
diode blinking on every 3 to 6 seconds
without removing the torch. If interval
bigger than 10 seconds and the diode
blinking poor, torch not ok

Rev. 47 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-13
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

4 Halon fire extinguisher Fwd equipment cupboard 1


Adequate quantity and location, secure
in brackets, seal intact, pressure gauge
in green zone, nozzle unobstructed
5 Oxygen bottle + Oxygen Mask Fwd equipment cupboard 1
Adequate number and location, secure
in bracket; minimum pressure 1400PSI,
carrying strap,adequate number and
types of masks at cylinder (minimum 1
oxygen mask)
6 Safety belts extensions Fwd equipment cupboard 7
Adequate number and location
7 CCM Safety briefing cards At CCM station 1+1
Adequate number and location
8 CCOM Vol 1+2 Library, fwd equipment cupboard 1+1
Adequate number and location
9 DEMO equipment Fwd equipment cupboard 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt,
oxygen mask, life jacket, passenger
safety briefing card
10 EM lights FAP switch CHECK
Turn EM lights switch on (FAP):escape
path marking track, ceiling lights, exit
signs, exit markers, floodlights, exterior
EM lights
11 1 Fwd Att Seat + Seat belt Fwd entrance CHECK
Check condition and operation
CEA- Cabin Emergency
12 G-3 Atlas box 1
Announcements
Check location
13 Disposable First Aid Kit G-2 1+1
DFAK not sealed, list of contents in
DFAK, list of used medicine added –
any use of medicine must be reported

III. PASSENGER CABIN


1 Portable ELT First overhead bin LH 1
Adequate quantity and location,
technical check done by maintenance
2 Spare life jackets First overhead bin LH 5
Check adequate number and location
3 Precaution Kit First RH available overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location
4 PBE First overhead bin LH 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact
seal, box undamaged, properly closed
and serviceability indicator not broken.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-14 CHAPTER 10
30 JUL 18 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

5 Halon fire extinguisher First overhead bin LH 1


Adequate quantity and location, Secure
in brackets, seal intact, pressure gauge
in green zone, nozzle unobstructed
First overhead bin LH+Last overhead
6 Fire gloves 1+1
bin LH
Adequate number and location
7 Emergency First Aid Kit Last overhead bin LH 1
EFAK sealed
8 Megaphone Last overhead bin LH 1
Secure in brackets, press button to test
9 Life jackets (infant) Last overhead bin LH 5
Check adequate quantity and location
10 PBE LH bulkhead behid aft pax seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact
seal, box undamaged, properly closed
and serviceability indicator not broken.
11 Escape rope LH and RH at over wing exits 1+1
Check adequate number, location and
stowage
12 Life jackets (Adult/Child) Under each pax seat 86
Check the number and its location
under pax seats
13 Halon fire extinguisher (Lavatory) Fwd and aft lavatory 2
Adequate quantity and location, secure
in brackets, seal intact, pressure gauge
in green zone, nozzle unobstructed
14 Oxygen bottle + Oxygen mask Last RH overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location, secure in
bracket; minimum pressure 1400PSI,
carrying strap,adequate number and types
of masks at cylinder (minimum 1 oxygen
mask)
15 Fire extinguisher H2O RH bulkhead aft 1
Adequate quantity and location, secure
in brackets, seal intact
16 Safety briefing cards (pax) Pax seat pockets 86
Check the number and location in all
pax seat pockets
17 Smoke detector Fwd and aft lavatory 2
Check green indicator light on and test
it at initial acceptance of the aircraft.
18 WPI – Wing Pax Info Card Last LH overhead bin 8
Check adequate number and location
19 DEMO equipment LH aft overhead bin 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt, oxygen
mask, life jacket, passenger safety
briefing card

Rev. 47 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-15
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

20 CEA- Cabin Emergency


Last LH overhead bin 1
Announcements
Check location

IV. AFT CABIN AREA


On the aft bulkhead beside CCM seat-
1 Flashlight 1
LH side
Adequate number in place, Check the diode
blinking on every 3 to 6 seconds without
removing the torch. If interval bigger than 10
seconds and the diode blinking poor, torch
not ok.
On the aft bulkhead beside CCM seat-
2 Life jackets (crew) 1
LH side
Adequate number and location
3 CCM Safety briefing cards At CCM station 1+1
Adequate number and location
4 1 Aft Att Seat + Seat belt At aft CCM station CHECK
Check condition and operation

NOTE: Items marked with are company required items and are additional to those listed
on “Emergency Equipment List” displayed at Cockpit entry area.

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-16 CHAPTER 10
30 JUL 18 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

CRJ900 S5-AFA, S5-AFB, S5-AFC Expanded Emergency Equipment Check List:

CRJ 900 (AFA, AFB, AFC) EXPANDED EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT CHECK LIST
OM Part B CRJ, Chapter 10 Ver. 3 Issued: 30.07.2018
No. ITEM LOCATION QTY
I. COCKPIT AREA
1 O2 full face quick-donning mask At flight crew positions 2
Checked by flight crew
2 Halon fire extinguisher RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
3 Crash/Fire axe RH on bulkhead behind F/O seat 1
Secure in bracket
4 Escape rope In the ceiling above F/O seat 1
Adequate number and location
5 Flashlight One behind each pilot seat 2
Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok
6 PBE LH on bulkhead behind CMDR seat 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken
7 Life jackets (Crew) In seat pockets under CMDR and F/O seat 2
Adequate number and location
8 O2 full face quick-donning mask
At observer position 1
(Observer)
Checked by flight crew
9 Life jacket (Crew – Observer) In the observer seat stowage 1
Adequate number and location
II. ENTRANCE STORAGE COMPARTMENT AND FWD GALLEY AREA
1 PBE Fwd equipment cupboard 1
Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken
2 Life jacket (Crew) In the fwd CCM seat stowage 1
Adequate number and location
3 Flashlight On the fwd bulkhead beside CCM1 seat 1
Adequate number in place, Check the diode blinking
on every 3 to 6 seconds without removing the torch. If
interval bigger than 10 seconds and the diode blinking
poor, torch not ok
4 Halon fire extinguisher Fwd equipment cupboard 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed

Rev. 47 CRJ OM Part B


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
CHAPTER 10 10-17
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES 30 JUL 18

5 Oxygen bottle + Oxygen mask Fwd equipment cupboard 1


Adequate number and location, Secure in bracket;
minimum pressure 1400PSI, carrying strap,adequate
number and types of masks at cylinder (minimum 1
oxygen mask)
6 Fire gloves Fwd equipment cupboard 1
Adequate number and location
7 Supplementary Safety belts Fwd equipment cupboard 7
Check/Count the additional seat belts
8 Disposable First Aid Kit G2 2
DFAK not sealed, list of contents in DFAK, list of
used medicine added – any use of medicine must be
reported
9 CCM Safety briefing cards At CCM station 1+1
Adequate number and location
10 CCOM Vol 1+2 Library, fwd equipment cupboard 1+1
Adequate number and location
11 DEMO equipment Fwd equipment cupboard 1
DEMO equipment set: seat belt, oxygen mask, life
jacket, passenger safety briefing card
12 EM lights FAP switch CHECK
Turn EM lights switch on (FAP):escape path marking
track, ceiling lights, exit signs, exit markers,
floodlights, exterior EM lights
13 1 Fwd Att Seat + Seat belt Fwd entrance CHECK
Check condition and operation
CEA- Cabin Emergeny
14 G2 1
Announcements
Check location

III. PASSENGER CABIN


1 Emergency First Aid Kit LH Last overhead bin 1
EFAK sealed.
2 Halon fire extinguisher LH first overhead bin 1
Adequate quantity and location, Secure in brackets,
seal intact, pressure gauge in green zone, nozzle
unobstructed
3 Precaution Kit First RH available overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location
4 Fire gloves LH first overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location
5 Fire gloves RH last overhead bin 1
Adequate number and location
6 Megaphone LH first overhead bin 1
Secure in brackets, press button to test
7 Megaphone RH last overhead bin 1
Secure in brackets, press button to test

CRJ OM Part B Rev. 47


© Adria Airways d.o.o.
10-18 CHAPTER 10
30 JUL 18 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES

8 PBE LH first overhead bin 1


Adequate quantity and location, intact seal, box
undamaged, properly closed and serviceability
indicator not broken.
9 Safety briefing cards (pax) Pax seat pockets 90
Check the number and location in all pax seat
pockets
10 Escape rope LH and RH at over wing exits 1+1
Check adequate number, location and stowage
11 Life jackets (Adult/Child) Under each pax seat 90
Check the number and its location under pax seats
12 Smoke detector AFT lavatory 1
Check green i