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2

Write a UDP client that:


• take two arguments, an IP address and a port number
• The first argument represents an broadcast address
• The second arguments represents the port number used by the server
• The client detects the server IP address using the broadcast address supplied as first argument:
• The client sends a datagram containing "PING" to the broadcast address (eg. 10.10.10.255), port number
7654
• The server receives the datagram and responds with a datagram containing "PONG" directly to the client
(unicast), port number is computed directly from the previous datagram
• The client responds with a datagram containing "PING-PONG" directly to the server which repplyed
(unicast);
• If the client receives any other message than "PONG" it should continue to wait for the right message;

Important: When sending the PING-PONG message, be careful to send it on the socket address from where the
datagram came. See the method getSocketAddress from DatagramPacket class.

Example dialog
client->broadcast PING
server->client PONG
client->server PING-PONG

Server Source
import java.net.DatagramPacket;
import java.net.DatagramSocket;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.InetSocketAddress;

public class Server {


public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
// Creating and binding the server socket
DatagramSocket socket=new DatagramSocket(new
InetSocketAddress( InetAddress.getByName("0.0.0.0"),7654));
// Creating the request buffer
byte[] requestBuffer = new byte[2048];
// Creating the request datagram
DatagramPacket requestDatagram = new DatagramPacket(requestBuffer,0,requestBuffer.length);
String responseString;
byte[] responseBuffer;
int responseOffset = 0;
int reponseLength;
while (true) {
socket.receive(requestDatagram);
InetAddress clientAddr = requestDatagram.getAddress();
requestBuffer = requestDatagram.getData();
String request = new String(requestBuffer, 0, requestDatagram.getLength());

if (request.equals("PING")) { // Send Pong back


System.out.println("PING <- " + clientAddr.getHostAddress());
responseString = "PONG";
responseBuffer = responseString.getBytes();
reponseLength = responseString.length();

DatagramPacket responseDatagram=new DatagramPacket(responseBuffer,responseOffset,reponseLength);


responseDatagram.setAddress(clientAddr);
responseDatagram.setPort(requestDatagram.getPort());

socket.send(responseDatagram);
System.out.println("PONG -> " + clientAddr.getHostAddress());

} else if (request.startsWith("PING-PONG")) {
System.out.println("ESTABLISHED <-> " + clientAddr.getHostAddress());
}
}
}
}