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Range

 Of  Mo+on    



By:

Hossein Khorrami, Ph.D. DOMP

Goniometer    
Goniometry    
Protrusion  vs  Retrusion    
Excursion    
Abduc+on    
ROM  of  upper  trunk  
Joint     Movement     Sta-onary  arm   Fulcrum  posi-on   Moveable  arm   Normal  
range  
(degree)  

Shoulder     Flex/Ext   Body  midline   Greater  tubercle   Humerus     0-­‐180/60  


(1”  below  acromion)  

Abd/Add   Body  midline   Glenohumaral,     Humerus     0-­‐180  


From  posterior  

Hor.  Abd/ Perpendicular  to   Olecranon     Humerus     0-­‐90/45  


add   body  

Int/ext  rot   Perpendicular  to   Olecranon     Forearm     0-­‐70/90  


floor  
Elbow     Flex/Ext   Humerus     Lat  epicondyle   Forearm     0-­‐150/0  

Pron/Sup   Perpendicular  to   Mid  finger   Parallel  to  pen   0-­‐80/80-­‐90  


surface  
Wrist     Ext/Flex   Forearm     Triquetrum     5th  metacarpal   0-­‐70/80  

Radial   Forearm     Capitate     Parallel  to  mid   0-­‐20  


devia+on   finger  
Ulnar   Forearm     Capitate     Parallel  to  mid   0-­‐30  
devia+on     finger  
Wrist  flexion    
Radial  devia+on  
Ulnar  devia+on  
ROM  of  lower  body  
Joint     Movement   Sta-onary  arm   Fulcrum   Moveable  arm   Normal  
posi-on   range  
(degree)  

Flex/Ext   Midline  of  body   Greater   Midline  of  femur   0-­‐100/30  


Hip     trochanter  
Add/Abd   Midline  of  body   ASIS   Midline  of  femur   0-­‐20/40  
 

Int/Ext  Rot   Perpendicular  to   Patella     Midline  of  +bia     0-­‐40/50  


floor    
Flex/Ext   Midline  of  Femur   Lat  condyle   Midline  of  lower   0-­‐150/0  
Knee     towards  greater   leg  towards  lat  
trochanter   Maleolus  

Ankle     Plantar/Dorsi   Lower  leg   Below  lat   Parallel  to  5th   0-­‐40/20  
Flex   maleolus   metatars    

Inver/Ever   Tibia     Midline  of   Midline  of  2nd   0-­‐30/20  


dorsal  side  of   toe  
Maleoli  
Foot  dorsiflexion    
Foot  inversion