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KINGDOM PROTISTA

EXAMPLE GENUS PIGMENTS STORAGE PRODUCTS CELL WALL

EUGLENOPHYTA Euglena Chlorophyll A & B Paramylon No cell wall


Carotenoids
Xanthophyll

PYRROPHYTA dinoflagellates Chlorophyll A & C Starch cellulose


Carotenoids
Xanthophyll

BACILLARIOPHYTA diatoms Chlorophyll A & C leucosin silicon


Carotenoids
Fucoxanthins

CHRYSOPHYTA Vaucheria Chlorophyll A &C Laminarin cellulose


Carotenoids large quatities of
Fucoxanthins silica

PHAEOPHYTA Fucus Chlorophyll A & C Laminarin


fucoxanthin
carotenoids
RHODOPHYTA Corallina phycoerythrin Floridean starch Cellulose
phycobilins calcium carbonate

CHLOROPHYTA Chlorophyll A & B starch cellulose

Chlamydomonas

Chlorella

Protococcus spherical
w/ nucleus
1 large lobed
chloroplast

Volvox

Spirogyra Pyrenoids
- site of starch
Ulothrix

Oedogonium

CHAROPHYTA stoneworts

Pfiesteria piscicida
MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE

Plant - like & Animal - like


Photosynthetic
freshwater
pellicle
stigma
1-3 flagella

small ; unicellular Red tides


photosynthetic
bioluminescent
fresh and sea water
1 lateral and 1 posterior flagellum

2 plates (centric and pennate) diatomaceous earth - filtering medium,


fresh and marine toothpase, silver polish

Filamentous coenocytic algae plankton and nanoplankton that form the


sexual dimorphism (anteridia, oogonium) foundation of the marine food chain
golden brown algae

Brown algae source of:


flat thallus iodine - thickening and stabilizing agent
marine algin - medicinal and nutritional use
stem-like stripe
blade - leaflike region
holdfasts - anchorage
air bladders - bouyancy
receptacles contain conceptacles which
produce gametes
red algae contributes to coral reef formation
marine - great depths carageenan - cosmetics, gell capsules, cheeses
complex sexual life cycle agar - food thickener or culture medium

Green algae
salt water and fresh water

unicellular ; 2 flagella
cup-shaped choloplasts w/ pyrenoids
have stigma
fresh water
haplontic lufe cycle
sexual rep - 2N zygote
asexual - zoospores

unicellular ; spherical
large cup shaped chloroplast
space study
lives in moist soil and fresh water
sexual rep only

single cells / small clumps of cells


habitat: bark of trees or most rocks
asexual rep

spherical colony of hundreds of flagellated cells


asexual and sexual rep.
division of labor:
vegetative cells
sperm producing cells
egg producing vells
daugher colony - producing cells

Filamentous w/ spiral chloroplast


green "scum" in ponds
asexual - fragmentation
sexual rep - conjugation of isogametes

Filamentous fresh - water alga


asexual - zoospore production
sexual - flagellated isogametes

filamentous fresh - water algae


some cells - oogonia (egg-producing)
- antheridia (sperm - producing)

secreted by finfish and shellfish


benthic cysta / amoebae or non toxic flagellated cells
POISONOUS

Ciguatera Fish Poisoning


- Gambierdiscus toxicus (ciguatoxin, maitotoxin)
Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning
- okadaic acids and dinophysistoxins
Neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning
- Karenia brevis (brevetoxins)
Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
- saxitoxins

Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning


- Pseudo-nitzschia spp (domoic acid)
to toxic zoospores