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Define ICT

Information and communications technology (ICT) refers to all the technology used to handle
telecommunications, broadcast media, intelligent building management systems, audiovisual processing
and transmission systems, and network-based control and monitoring functions.

Although ICT is often considered an extended synonym for information technology (IT), its scope is more


ICT has more recently been used to describe the convergence of several technologies and the use of
common transmission lines carrying very diverse data and communication types and formats.

What are the uses and functions of ICT ?

The use of technology is increasing day by day, we all depend on technology, and we use various
technologies to accomplish specific tasks in our lives. Today we have various emerging technologiesthat
impact our lives in different ways. Technology is being implemented in almost every aspect of our lives
and business function. So embracing it and learning how to use technology in whatever we do is very
important and recommended. As the world keeps on developing, technology will change, what is
working today might not work tomorrow. So it is better to stay up-to-date with new emerging
technologies and learn how to embrace and use them in your daily life.

 Use Of Technology In Business

Today businesses can save money by using technology to perform numerous tasks. When you compare
the amount of money spent on hiring an individual to perform a certain task and the training necessary
to be able to perform that function consistently, it is costly. When it comes to technology, a small
business can scale out and consistently deliver more at high quality withless human resources, often
equating less cost.

Examples Of Technology In Business

1. Car manufacturing has increasingly utilized more robotics in the creation of the car frame
and its parts. this has resulted in greater speed and build quality.

2. Many retail stores and empires no longer track inventory manually. Through the use of
Information systems, they are able to accurately track current inventory and needed
inventory. Saving time and money. Additionally, some systems are able to communicate with
suppliers to let them know when to deliver more goods, this results in always stocked
3. Most businesses today make use of biometric or RFID time attendance systems to accurately
monitor worker arrival and departure times.

In Conclusion

Businesses need to use technology to speed up their services and cut down on costs. Though technology
can’t do certain things, it increases efficiency and reduces cost.

 Use Of Technology In Communication

Unlike in the past when communication was limited to letter writing and waiting for
those postal services to deliver your message. Today technology has made the field of
communication easy. Now you can draft a business message and email it or fax it in an

Technology has made business meetings so simple, with the introduction of video
conferencing; you no longer have to worry to be late for a business meeting. Now with
this video conferencing technology, you can be in the meeting in a virtual form and
engage with your partners directly.

Examples Of Technology In Communication

Video Conferencing

Allows for simple real-time communication between two parties.

Sites For Video Conferencing

 GoToMeeting
 Webex
 Skype
 Whats App

I don’t need to say much about this. We all have one and treasure this form of
communication technology. Many people cannot function without the use of their
emails. It is a critical form of communication technology used by the simplest person to
the President.

Email Providers

 Gmail


In Conclusion

Business and personal communication is essential for the operation of the globe. We all feel like we
need to make use of it daily.

General benefits
· Greater efficiency throughout the school.
· Communication channels are increased through email, discussion groups and chat rooms
· Regular use of ICT across different curriculum subjects can have a beneficial motivational
influence on students’ learning.

Benefits for teachers

· ICT facilitates sharing of resources, expertise and advice
· Greater flexibility in when and where tasks are carried out
· Gains in ICT literacy skills, confidence and enthusiasm.
· Easier planning and preparation of lessons and designing materials
· Access to up-to-date pupil and school data, any time and anywhere.
· Enhancement of professional image projected to colleagues.
· Students are generally more ‘on task’ and express more positive feelings when they use
computers than when they are given other tasks to do.
· Computer use during lessons motivated students to continue using learning outside
school hours.

Benefits for students

· Higher quality lessons through greater collaboration between teachers in planning and
preparing resources .
· More focused teaching, tailored to students’ strengths and weaknesses, through better
analysis of attainment data
· Improved pastoral care and behaviour management through better tracking of students
· Gains in understanding and analytical skills, including improvements in reading
· Comprehension.
· Development of writing skills (including spelling, grammar, punctuation, editing and re-
drafting), also fluency, originality and elaboration.
· Encouragement of independent and active learning, and self-responsibility for learning.
· Flexibility of ‘anytime, anywhere’ access (Jacobsen and Kremer, 2000)
· Development of higher level learning styles.
· Students who used educational technology in school felt more successful in school, were
more motivated to learn and have increased self-confidence and self-esteem
· Students found learning in a technology-enhanced setting more stimulating and student-
centred than in a traditional classroom
· Broadband technology supports the reliable and uninterrupted downloading of web-
hosted educational multimedia resources
· Opportunities to address their work to an external audience
· Opportunities to collaborate on assignments with people outside or inside school

Benefits for parents

· Easier communication with teachers
· Higher quality student reports – more legible, more detailed, better presented
· Greater access to more accurate attendance and attainment information
· Increased involvement in education for parents and, in some cases, improved self-
· Increased knowledge of children’s learning and capabilities, owing to increase in learning
activity being situated in the home
· Parents are more likely to be engaged in the school community
· You will see that ICT can have a positive impact across a very wide range of aspects of
school life.

ICT and Raising Standards

Recent research also points to ICT as a significant contributory factor in the raising of standards
of achievement in schools.
Schools judged by the school inspectors to have very good ICT resources achieved better
results than schools with poor ICT.
Schools that made good use of ICT within a subject tended to have better achievement in that
subject than other schools.
Socio-economic circumstances and prior performance of pupils were not found to be critical.
Secondary schools with very good ICT resources achieved, on average, better results in
English, Mathematics and Science than those with poor ICT resources.

A range of research indicates the potential of ICT to support improvements in aspects of

literacy, numeracy and science.

Improved writing skills: grammar, presentation, spelling, word recognition and volume of work .
Age-gains in mental calculations and enhanced number skills, for example the use of decimals .
Better data handling skills and increased ability to read, interpret and sketch graphs
Improvements in conceptual understanding of Mathematics (particularly problem solving) and
Science (particularly through use of simulations)