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Source, Receiver and

Recording System

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition
Broadband Vibroseis

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Broadband land data (right) reveals finer geological details compared to


conventional data (left)

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition
Sweep Vibroseis

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Dynamite source signatures

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Gambar (a) adalah sweep (b) adalah respon reflektivitas


bumi (c) konvolusi antara (a) dan (b), (d) adalah kros-korelasi
antara (a) dan (c).

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition
a = [1, 2, 3]
b = [4,5,6]

C = conv(a,b)

>> c=conv(a,b)

c=

4 13 28 27 18

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

1 2 3
4 5 6. . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4 5 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

4 5 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

4 5 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 17

4 5 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 6

6 17 32 23 12
>> c=xcorr(a,b)

c=

6 17 32 23 12

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Diketahui sweep vibroseis dengan amplitude 1 1 2 5 6 3 2 1


Dengan reflektivitas bumi 1 -1 1 -1 1
Gambarkan bentuk rekaman seismic dengan kondisi di atas!

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

w= w*pi / 180 # phase in radian


x = hilbert(y)
yr = cos(w) * x.real - sin(w) * x.imag (rotated pulse)

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition
Airgun Source Signature de-bubling

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition: Recording System

Before(a) and after(b) de-bubbling

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition: Recording System

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Quiz!: Seismic Acquisition

1. Bagaimana menentukan rentang frekuensi gelombang seismik,


Jelaskan dan Gambarkan!
2. Sebuah survey dengan jumlah sumber dan receiver masing-
masing 5 dengan jarak receiver 25m dan sumber 25m serta near
offset 25m, berapa jumlah fold maksimum, dan gambarkan
konfigurasi akuisisinya!
3. Sebuah event refleksi dalam cmp gather memiliki t0=1000ms
dan tx pada offset 3000m, 1200ms, berapakah kecepatan yang
diperlukan untuk move out?
4. Terangkan proses untuk menghasilkan rekaman seismik dengan
sumber vibroseis!
5. Operasi seismik marine sangat terganggu dengan “bubbles”,
sebutkan urutan untuk menghilangkan efek “bubble” pada
rekaman seismik!
Seismic Acquisition and Processing
Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition
clear; clc
close all

subplot (3,2,1)
Fs = 250; % Sampling frequency
T = 1/Fs; % Sample time in second
L = 201; % Length of signal
t = (0:L-1)*T; % Time vector
y = 0.7*sin(2*pi*40*t) ;

plot(t,y)
title('Signal Corrupted with Zero-Mean Random Noise')
xlabel('time (s)')
xlim([0 0.8])

subplot (3,2,2)
NFFT = 2^nextpow2(L); % Next power of 2 from length of y. this control the length of time sample to be recovered
Y = fft(y,NFFT);
f = Fs/2*linspace(0,1,NFFT/2+1);
% Plot single-sided amplitude spectrum.
plot(f,2*abs(Y(1:NFFT/2+1)),'r')
title('Single-Sided Amplitude Spectrum of y(t)')
xlabel('Frequency (Hz)')
ylabel('|Y(f)|')
xlim([0 50])

subplot (3,2,3)
Fs = 125; % Sampling frequency
T = 1/Fs; % Sample time in second
L = 201; % Length of signal
t = (0:L-1)*T; % Time vector
y = 0.7*sin(2*pi*40*t) ;

plot(t,y)
title('Signal Corrupted with Zero-Mean Random Noise')
xlabel('time (s)')
xlim([0 0.8])

subplot (3,2,4)
NFFT = 2^nextpow2(L); % Next power of 2 from length of y. this control the length of time sample to be recovered
Y = fft(y,NFFT);
f = Fs/2*linspace(0,1,NFFT/2+1);
% Plot single-sided amplitude spectrum.
plot(f,2*abs(Y(1:NFFT/2+1)),'r')
title('Single-Sided Amplitude Spectrum of y(t)')
xlabel('Frequency (Hz)')
ylabel('|Y(f)|')
xlim([0 50])

subplot (3,2,5)
Fs = 50; % Sampling frequency
T = 1/Fs; % Sample time in second
L = 201; % Length of signal
t = (0:L-1)*T; % Time vector
y = 0.7*sin(2*pi*40*t) ;

plot(t,y)
title('Signal Corrupted with Zero-Mean Random Noise')
xlabel('time (s)')
xlim([0 0.8])

subplot (3,2,6)
NFFT = 2^nextpow2(L); % Next power of 2 from length of y. this control the length of time sample to be recovered
Y = fft(y,NFFT);
f = Fs/2*linspace(0,1,NFFT/2+1);
% Plot single-sided amplitude spectrum.
plot(f,2*abs(Y(1:NFFT/2+1)),'r')
title('Single-Sided Amplitude Spectrum of y(t)')
xlabel('Frequency (Hz)')
ylabel('|Y(f)|')
xlim([0 50])

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Rv=? and Rv as a function of depth?

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing


Seismic Acquisition

Seismic Acquisition and Processing