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INTRODUCTION

BY: Marcelino Lunag Jr


Name of Course Power Plant Engineering
Course Number ME 521A
Semester and Year 2nd Semester, 5th year
Offered
Credit Units 4 Units
Contact Hours 54 hours
Pre-requisites (if ME 422, ME 512, ME 516A
any)
Co-requisites (if None
any)
Course Description This course, the student will learn the study of the fundamental
(Summary of the concepts in the design and installation of typical power plants
Subject) such as steam power plants, diesel electric plant, geothermal
power plant, gas turbine plant, hydro power plants, as well as
other power generating plants using non-conventional sources of
energy. The study includes variable load problems, vapor and gas
cycles, energy and heat balance, piping layout, economic and
maintenance considerations.

REFERENCE:
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING BY MORSE
Course Learning As a result of their educational experiences in the
Outcomes subject ME 521A, graduates should be able to:

CLO 1: Explain the basic principle of Power Plant


Engineering and its contribution to global economy
and its effect to environment.
CLO 2: Solve for the different specification of power
plant equipment and auxiliaries.
CLO 3: Choose appropriate equipment for the most
efficient power plant
 TLO 1: Explain the basic concept of power
plant engineering
Introduction to Power Plant Engineering
 TLO 2: Discuss the current state of energy
and power production of the global scenario
Power and Energy
 TLO 3: Prepare report in the meeting real
time energy requirements
Variable Load Problems
 A power plant is an industrial facility for the
generation of electric power
 Also called generating station, power station, or
powerhouse
 The most important component in power stations
is a generator, a rotating machine that converts
mechanical power into electrical power by
creating relative motion between a magnetic field
and a conductor.
 The energy source harnessed to turn the
generator varies widely depending on price,
availability and technology.
Energy Useful
Process
Source power

Fossil fuels
Solar
Hydro Power cycles
Geothermal Electricity
Electric
Nuclear Generator
Wind
Many sources of
energy for
power plant:

• Thermal
• Nuclear
• Hydrokinetic
• Wave
• Tidal
• Geothermal
• Solar
 The Philippines is located in the Pacific Ring of
Fire and thus has a high geothermal potential.

 In terms of electricity generation, 41.4% of the


electricity demand is met by geothermal energy,
28% by coal, 11.4% by hydro, 15% by natural gas
and 0.1% by wind, solar and biofuel.

 In terms of installed capacity for power


generation Hydro is 63.2%, 35.1% is geothermal ,
1.1% is biomass and 0.6% by wind and 0.1% solar
Total Primary Energy Source
 The total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
from energy related activities has increased
by 10.5 % from 107.2 MtC02e to 118.5
MtC02e.
 Renewable energy resources: Current status, future prospects
and their enabling technology by OmarEllabbanabHaithamAbu-
RubbFredeBlaabjergc

 Electric energy security is essential, yet the high cost and


limited sources of fossil fuels, in addition to the need to
reduce greenhouse gasses emission, have made renewable
resources attractive in world energy-based economies. The
potential for renewable energy resources is enormous because
they can, in principle, exponentially exceed the world‫׳‬s energy
demand; therefore, these types of resources will have a
significant share in the future global energy portfolio, much of
which is now concentrating on advancing their pool of
renewable energy resources. Accordingly, this paper presents
how renewable energy resources are currently being used,
scientific developments to improve their use, their future
prospects, and their deployment. Additionally, the paper
represents the impact of power electronics and smart grid
technologies that can enable the proportionate share of
renewable energy resources.
 Like many countries in South East Asia, the
Philippines faces twin challenges of population
growth and rising energy demand. Dependent on
imports for nearly half its primary energy supply,
the country is highly exposed to oil price
volatility. Frequent tropical storms, meanwhile,
adversely impact its energy infrastructure. In
response, the Philippines has resolved to bolster
energy security, pursue low-carbon economic
development and contribute global efforts
against climate change. Renewable energy
technologies have become increasingly
prominent in national planning and policy-
making.
 “Power generation must be clean, cheap, and
effective” – lawmaker
 By CNN Philippines Staff
 Updated 00:16 AM PHT Fri, March 16, 2018
 "The more plants then it's better for the
consumer. Because you can just imagine, pag
kokonti ang planta, nag-conk out, itataas nila ang
presyo nila. Tatama sa consumer," he said.
 [Translation: The more plants, then it's better for
the consumer. Because you can just imagine, if
there are too few plants, if it conks out, they will
raise prices. It will affect consumers.]
 Video presentation
 Next meeting, next topic