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Western Mindanao State University

Diplahan External Studies Unit

Poblacion, Diplahan Zamboanga Sibugay

The Danger of Social Media On Academic Performance

Feblyn Alap-ap

Rosalinda Aguilar

Jumard Bartolome

March 2019
The Danger of Social Media On Academic Performance
A Research

Presented to

Roland D. Agraviador


English III

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

For the Degree of Elementary Education

Major in General Education


Feblyn Alap-ap

Rosalinda Aguilar

Jumard Bartolome

March 2019

The Danger of Social Media On Academic Performance Researchers

Feblyn Alap-ap

Rosalinda Aguilar

Jumard Bartolome

As social media sites continue to grow in popularity, it is our premise that technology is a
vital part in today’s student success equation. This descriptive, exploratory research study drew a
random sample (N=48) of males (n=26) and females (n=22) who were administered a student
perception questionnaire on how social media affects college students. Thirty-five percent of the
participants were undergraduates and 65% were graduate students, studying at Johnson & Wales
University. Thirty-one percent of participants have full-time jobs, 30% have part-time jobs and
39% do not have jobs. The results of the survey questionnaire indicate that 45% of the sample
admitted that they spent 6-8 hours per day checking social media sites, while 23% spent more
than 8 hours; 20% spent 2-4 hours and only 12% spent less than 2 hours on this task. Results
indicate while most college students use social media and spend many hours checking social
media sites, there was a negative aspect to college students’ use of social media.

A research paper like this is never the work of anyone alone. The contributions of many
different people, in their different ways, have made this possible. We would like to extend my
appreciation especially to the following:
Thank God for the wisdom and perseverance that he has been bestowed upon me during
this research project, and indeed, throughout my life: "I can do everything through him who give
me strength." (Philippians 4: 13)
Thank you also to our instructor Mr. Roland C. Agraviador for making this research
possible. His support, guidance, advice throughout the research project, are greatly appreciated.
Of course, to my friends and classmates for their endless friendship and encouragement.
You guys are the best, thanks you!
Last but not least, we would like to thank my parents for their unconditional support, both
financially and emotionally throughout my high school career. In particular, their patience and
understanding shown by my mother, father and brothers is greatly appreciated.
Chapter I
Background of the Study
Social media is the most recent form of media and having many features and
characteristics. It have many facilities on same channel like as communicating ,texting, images
sharing , audio and video sharing , fast publishing, linking with all over world, direct connecting.
Social media refers to the means of interaction among people in which they create, share,
exchange and comment among themselves in different networks. It is also cheapest fast access to
the world so it is very important for all age of peoples. Its use is increasing day by day with high
rate in all over the world. Social media is becoming a hobby of youth to kill the time. It can be
access anywhere, at any time, where an Internet connection is available. This shapes the
dynamics of social interaction online. Social media is a term that is used quite often these days. It
is a new in-thing and one would imagine that everyone knows or understands what social media
is. It is a fact that ninety percent of all online users use social media in some way or the other. It
is also a fact that most of these people will not be able to name more than a handful of social
media platforms besides the ones that they are using. Social media today consists of thousands of
social media platforms all serving the same but slightly different purpose. Some social media
platforms are more popular than others, but even the smaller ones get used by a portion of the
population because each one caters to a very different type of person. Effects of Social Media on
the Academic Performance: With the explosion of social media platforms, people connected in
seconds, the world becomes a village and friendship grow at global level, and information comes
to our pockets at no cost. Majority of youth is shifting speedily from electronic media like as
television viewers and radio listeners to the social media among all age of group. Youth rate is
very much shifting into social media so its influences are much on youth. This craze of social
media has led to a host of question regarding its impact on society, while it is agreed that the
social media affects people’s living styles and it is an on going process to identify the nature of
these influence in every society and country especially on youth. This study also focused the
influences of social media on youth and their life style, educational and political awareness,
physical activities, social life, their learning and so on.
Conceptual Framework

Statement of the problem

This paper aims to find out the danger of social media on students’and its
academic performance. Specifically it sought to answer the following:
1. What is social media and why students use it?
2. How much time do students spend using social media?
3. What is the impact of social media on students’ academic performance?

Significance of the study

Social medias are becoming more popular among university students and are a new way of
spending free time and serve as a separate channel for finding the necessary information, both
educational and entertaining. Therefore, it is urgent to examine the question of what effect social
media have on their users, in particular, how the use of social networks affects the academic
success of students. This study will discover this information, giving the researchers an
opportunity to explore and gain new knowledge. Furthermore, it can be used for future studies.

Scope and limitations of the study

The study was conducted to assess the impact of social media on students’ academic
Performance who are actively using social media are the respondents of the study. The study
limited only on variables of social media that the researchers assumed that has effects
of respondents’ academic performance. These variables are respondents’access to internet,
usage,perception on social media, and their frequency of using it.

Operational definition of terms

Social media – is the collective of online communications channels dedicated to community-
based input, interaction, content-sharing and collaboration.

Social Networking Site-. Conceptually defined as web-based services that allow individuals to
construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, articulate a list of other users
with whom they share a connection, and view and traverse their list of connections and those
made by others within the system. The nature and nomenclature of these connections may vary
from site to site. (Social Network 2007). A connections between individuals that would not
otherwise be made, but that is often not the goal, and these meetings are frequently between
"latent ties" (Haythornthwaite, 2005). In this study it refers to the usage of virtual
communication that allows individual to connect and participate in online conversations.

Mass Communication- Conceptually defined as the practice and product of providing

information and leisure entertainment to large, often unknown, and increasingly fragmenting
audiences, from all social strata and demographics groups but who are homogeneous in their
behavior in choosing to attend in to information source (O’ Sullivan, 1983) In this study, it refers
to a degree in arts dealing with educators and students especially 3rd year and 4th year being
offered in the University of Mindanao.
Chapter II
Review of Related Literature
According to Junco al et (2010), social media are a collection of internet websites, services, and
practices that support collaboration, community building, participation, and sharing”. The
growing dimension of the use of social media among the youth of today cannot be over
emphasized. Over the years, social networking among second cycle students has become more
and more popular. It is a way to make connection not only on campus, but with friends outside of
school. Social networking is a way that helps many people feels as though they belong to a
community. Due to the increased popularity of it, economists and professors are questioning
whether grades of students are not being affected by how much time is spend on these sites
(Choney, 2010). According to Lenhart et al., (2010), about 57% of social network users are 18-
29 years old and have a personal profile on multiple social media websites. In a study by
Pempek, Yermolayeva, and Calvert (2009), the amount of time spent daily on social network
sites varied greatly. However, an analysis of the data indicated most participants spent
approximately thirty minutes a day socializing, mostly during the evening hours between 9p.m to
12a.m students spent an average of forty seven minutes a day on Facebook. More than 50% of
college students go on a social networking sites several times a day (Sheldon, 2008). Quan-
Haase and Young (2010), found that 82% of college students reported logging into Facebook
several times a day. Younger students tended Journal of Education and Practice
ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online) Vol.6, No.6, 2015 96 to use Facebook more
frequently than older students to keep in touch with friends from high school or from their
hometown (Pempek et al., 2009) Many researchers such as Choney (2010), San Miguel (2009)
and Enriquez (2010) studies on students’ use of the social media sites revealed a negative effect
of the use of social media sites on students’ academic performance. Nielsen Media Research
study conducted in June 2010 stated that almost 25% of students’ time on the internet is spent on
social networking sites (Jacobsen & Forste 2011).The American Educational Research
Association conducted a research and declared at its annual conference in San Diego California
(2009), that social media users study less and generate lower grade (Abaleta et al, 2014). San
Miguel (2009), focused on the relationship between time spent on Facebook and the academic
performance of students. The overall findings indicated “more time on Facebook equals slightly
lower grades”. In his study, the average facebook user had a GPA of 3.0 to 3.5, while the non
facebook user had a GPA of 3.5 - 4.0. Also, the average facebook user study for 1 – 5 hours per
week, while the non facebook user would study 11 – 15 hours per week Enriquez (2010),
revealed that students who multi-task between social networking sites and home work are likely
to have 20% lower grades than a student who does not have a social networking site. He believes
that even running a social networking site on the background on a student’s PC while studying or
doing homework could lower a student’s grade. He believes that “the problem is that most
people have Facebook or other social networking sites, their e-mails and may be instant
messaging constantly running in the background while they are carrying out their tasks” Choney
(2010), in looking at the time spend on facebook and its effect on academic performance said a
user of Facebook has an average “GPA of 3.06, while non users have an average GPA of 3.82”.
Furthermore, a study conducted by Karpinski and Duberstein (2009), of Ohio Dominican
university on college students who use social network have significantly lower grade point
averages (GPAs) than those who do not. They also mentioned that among various unique
distractions of every single generation, Facebook remains a major distraction of current
generation. According to Khan (2009), facebook users often time experience poor performance
academically. Similarly, Englander et al., (2010), posit that social media is negatively associated
with academic performance of student and is a lot more momentous than its advantages. Internet
addiction consequently gave rise to internet usage within the last couple decades. Nalwa and
Anand (2008), recommended that addicted users prefer using internet setting back their personal
and responsibilities which ultimately leads to poor academic performance. According to Kubey
et al., (2010), impairment of educational performance and internet dependency are correlated by
utilizing synchronous communication programme including internet sites and forums. Jocabsen
and Forste (2011), found a negative relationship between the use of various media, including
mobile phones, and self-reported GPA among first year university students in the United States.
In Taiwan, Yen at el. (2009), identified an association between mobile phone use and
respondents and report that respondents have allowed phone use to interfere with their academic
activities. Similarly, Hong et al. (2012), reported that daily use of mobile phones is correlated
with self-reported measure of academic difficulty among a sample of Taiwanese university
students. In a survey of Spanish high school students Sanchez-Martinz and Otero (2009), found a
correlation between “intensive” mobile phone use and school failure. However, other studies like
Ahmed and Qazi (2011), Hanqittai and Hsich (2010), Pasek and Hanqittai (2009), conducted on
the same topic revealed no correlation between social media and students’ academic
performance. A study conducted at Whittemore school of Business and Economic on one
thousand, one hundred and twenty seven students revealed that there is no correlation between
how much time is spent on social networking sites and grades (Martin, 2009). Again, University
of New Hampshire (2010) study also revealed that students’ use of social media sites do not
affect grades. A recent survey showed that approximately ninety percent of teens in the United
States have Internet access, and about seventy-five percent of these teens use the Internet more
than once per day (Kist, 2008). This study also showed that approximately half of all teens who
have Internet access are also members of social networking sites, and use the Internet to make
plans and socialize with friends (Kist, 2008). In September 2005, out of the total adult internet
users (18-29 years) 16% were using social networking site but this percentage increased to 86%
in May, 2010 (

This part presents the methodology used. Discussed here are research design, the sources of data
that includes the locale of the study and research population, instrumentation and data collection,
and tools used for data analysis.