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Total solder points: 155

Difficulty level: beginner 1 2 3 4 5 advanced

SOUND GENERATOR

K4401

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ILLUSTRATED ASSEMBLY MANUAL H4401IP-1 1


Features & Specifications

Features:
10 different Sounds : Sirens, Machine gun, Mortar, Car engine…
Adjustable sound speed.
Push-button keyboard.

Specifications:
Loudspeakers output : 8 ohm/1W
Line output : 1VRms.
Power supply : 8 - 10VDC (9v battery).
Max. current consumption : 100mA
Secured against polarity reversal of the supply voltage.

Effects :
Machine-gun (random number of shots with bullet impact).
European siren.
Phasor gun (STAR-WARS-like machine-gun).
Racing-car engine (increase/decrease the number of r.p.m.).
Car tire screech
Explosion.
Mortar shot followed by an explosion.
Tune: "Wild charge tune".
Tune: "Snake charmers tune".
U.S.A. siren.

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Assembly hints

1. Assembly (Skipping this can lead to troubles ! )


Ok, so we have your attention. These hints will help you to make this project successful. Read them carefully.

1.1 Make sure you have the right tools:

• A good quality soldering iron (25-40W) with a small tip.


• Wipe it often on a wet sponge or cloth, to keep it clean; then apply solder to the tip, to give it a wet look. This is called ‘thinning’ and will
protect the tip, and enables you to make good connections. When solder rolls off the tip, it needs cleaning.
• Thin raisin-core solder. Do not use any flux or grease.
• A diagonal cutter to trim excess wires. To avoid injury when cutting excess leads, hold the lead so they
cannot fly towards the eyes.
• Needle nose pliers, for bending leads, or to hold components in place.
• Small blade and Phillips screwdrivers. A basic range is fine.
0.0
00
For some projects, a basic multi-meter is required, or might be handy

1.2 Assembly Hints :


⇒ Make sure the skill level matches your experience, to avoid disappointments.
⇒ Follow the instructions carefully. Read and understand the entire step before you perform each operation.
⇒ Perform the assembly in the correct order as stated in this manual
⇒ Position all parts on the PCB (Printed Circuit Board) as shown on the drawings.
⇒ Values on the circuit diagram are subject to changes.
⇒ Values in this assembly guide are correct*
⇒ Use the check-boxes to mark your progress.
⇒ Please read the included information on safety and customer service
* Typographical inaccuracies excluded. Always look for possible last minute manual updates, indicated as ‘NOTE’ on a separate leaflet.

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Assembly hints

1.3 Soldering Hints :

1- Mount the component against the PCB surface and carefully solder the leads

2- Make sure the solder joints are cone-shaped and shiny

3- Trim excess leads as close as possible to the solder joint

REMOVE THEM FROM THE TAPE ONE AT A TIME !

AXIAL COMPONENTS ARE TAPED IN THE COR-


RECT MOUNTING SEQUENCE !

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Construction

1. Diodes. Watch the polarity ! 3. Resistors 4. Metal film resistor


R... R...

D1 : 1N4148
D...
D2 : 1N4148 CATHODE
D3 : 1N4148
D4 : 1N4148
D5 : 1N4148
D6 : 1N4148
D7 : 1N4148 R1 : 4K7 (4 - 7 - 2 - B) R6 : 27 (2 - 7 - 0 - B - 9)
D9 : 1N4148 R2 : 330 (3 - 3 - 1 - B)
D10 : 1N4007 R3 : 2M2 (2 - 2 - 5 - B) 5. IC socket. Watch the po-
R4 : 2K2 (2 - 2 - 2 - B) sition of the notch!
R5 : 10M (1 - 0 - 6 - B)
2. Zenerdiode. Watch the
polarity ! R7 : 470 (4 - 7 - 1 - B)
R8 : 1K (1 - 0 - 2 - B)
R9 : 10K (1 - 0 - 3 - B)
ZD1 : 5V1 R10 : 10K (1 - 0 - 3 - B)
R11 : 10K (1 - 0 - 3 - B)
CATHODE R12 : 10K (1 - 0 - 3 - B)
ZD...
R13 : 10K (1 - 0 - 3 - B)
R14 : 10K (1 - 0 - 3 - B)
R15 : 3K3 (3 - 3 - 2 - B) IC1 : 28p

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Construction & connection

6. Correction network 7. Capacitors.


Fit the diode D8 vertically and with one lead connected for the present.
C...

D8 : 1N4148

D8 D8 C1 : 22pF (22)
C2 : 100nF (104)
Mount one side of R16 vertically on the anode side of D8. C3 : 100nF (104)
C4 : 100nF (104)

R16 : 470 8. Transistors.

D8
T1 : BC557B
D8 T2 : BC557B
T3 : BC557B
T4 : BC517
Then connect the free extremities of each diode-
resistor pair together and cut them.

D8

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Construction

9. PCB - pins 12. Push buttons 14. Axe.


OUT +
OUT -
LS +
LS -
+9V
-9V

10. Trim potentiometer SW1 SW6


SW2 SW7 Fit the potentiometer axe.
RV1 : 47K SW3 SW8
SW4 SW9
SW5 SW10

13. IC Watch the polarity !


11. Electrolytic Capacitors.
Watch the polarity !
C5 : 1µF
C6 : 47µF
C7 : 47µF C...

C8 : 100µF
IC1: VK4401 Programmed PIC16C55A

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Connection & use

15. Connection & use

- 9V Turn the potentiometer to its centre position.


BATTERY
+ Connect a loudspeaker (8 ohm / 1Watt min.) between the points
Black Red LS.
Connect a power supply (9VDC) or a 9V battery between the
ON/OFF
points +9V and -9V.
Pressing the different push buttons now causes the respective
effects to be produced.
- +
9V -
OUT
+
ATTENTION: With some of the effects (e.g. sirens, car engine)
-
it's necessary to keep the push button pressed. The speed of
K4401 LS the effects can be changed (optimized) by turning the
+
potentiometer.

The OUT output allows you to extra amplify the sounds or to


connect them to a mixing panel. In this case you possibly can
disconnect the loudspeaker.
Thanks to the position of the push buttons and of the
potentiometer, this circuit can be built into a plastic housing or
LOUDSPEAKER the pcb be mounted behind a panel very easily.
8 OHM / 1 WATT
+ -
Fig. 1.0 LINE
OUT Loudspeaker & on/off switch are not included !

8
9
PCB

9V
C8 - +
ZD1
C7 R2

R8
C3 D10
SPEED T4 -
T3 T2
R3

D5
OUT

D6
D4

R6
R5

D7
RV1 +

R4
T1
C6

R9
D9

D2
D3
D8
C5 -
C1 R15

R7
LS

R1
C2
+
IC1 R13

R14
D1
R12
R11
1

VELLEMAN
C4 R10
SW1 SW2 SW3 SW4 SW5

P4401'1
SW6 SW7 SW8 SW9 SW10

16. PCB layout.


10
+V1

Diagram
D10 R2
+ +V
9VDC
C8 C7

17. Diagram
- ZD1
+V +V +V +V

1 WILD CHARGE
9 4 5 10 2 MORTAR & EXPL.
3 EXPLOSION
R10 R11 R12 R13 4 TIRE SCREECH
8 3 5 SNAKE CHARMERS
6 ENGINE UP/DOWN
7 PHASOR GUN
8 EUROP. SIREN
7 2 9 MACHINE GUN
10 USA SIREN

6 1 +V
+V

RA3 RA2 RA1 RA0 RB3 RB2 RB1 RB0


D1
R1 9 8 7 6 13 12 11 10 MCLR R14
28
SPEED +V
RV1 IC1 VCC
2 C2

27 VSS
OSC1 4 C4
18 19 21 20 25 24
C1 RC0 RC1 RC3 RC2 RC7 RC6

+V +V +V1

D3 R9
R15
D2 D4 D9 D5 R6
R3 R5

T1 T2 T3 LS
C5 C3
R16 D7 D6 R7
R4 C6
D8 +
LINE
OUT
T4 R8 -
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VELLEMAN Components NV
Legen Heirweg 33
9890 Gavere
Belgium Europe
www.velleman.be
www.velleman-kit.com

Modifications and typographical errors reserved


© Velleman Components nv.
H4401IP - 2004 - ED1
5 410329 291747

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