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ENGLISH 2

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION


PART A

Directions: Questions 1-10 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four
words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Choose the one word or phrase that best
completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in
the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

1. The charter for the Louisiana lottery


was coming up for renewal, ….. spared 6. The warmer the weather, ….. the
no expense in the fight to win renewal. attendance at the outdoor concert.
a. the lottery committee a. greater
b. so the lottery committee and b. the greatest
c. so the lottery committee c. more greater
d. the lottery committee made d. the greater
2. ….. Hale Telescope, at the Palomar 7. It is easy …. why Jane does not want to
Observatory in southern California, meet you at this moment.
scientists can photograph object several a. understanding
billion light years away. b. understood
a. The c. They use the c. to understand
b. It is the d. With the d. understand
3. ….. in the first draft of the budget will 8. The country …. I spent the holiday was
not necessarily be in the final draft. very famous with its Eiffel tower.
a. Although it appears a. Where c. Which in
b. It appears b. In which they d. That
c. What appears
d. Despite its appearance 9. Mrs. Mona does not know ….. the palm
4. The new technique calls for …… sugar after she had finished using it.
the mixture before applying it to the wood. a. where did she put
a. heating c. heats b. where she put
b. is heating d. heated c. where she did put
d. where to put
5. She was …. this morning than she had
10. My beautiful niece ….. her first word.
been yesterday.
a. can be said c. to say
a. happier
b. can say d. saying
b. the most happiest
c. happy
d. more happier

PART B

Directions: In questions 11-20, each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The four
underlined parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify the one underlined
word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically correct. Then,
ENGLISH 2

on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to
the letter of the answer you have chosen.

11. This is the book that I bought it at the bookstore.


A B C D
12. I do not believe that I have ever seen as many expensive cars than were in that shopping
A B C D
center.
13. The bolder the matador’s display in the arena became, louder the audience expressed its
A B C D
approval of his presentation.
14. Having lived here for seven years, my friend is used to speak English with all her classmate.
A B C D
15. No one in our office wants to drive to work any more because of there are always traffic
A B C
jams at rush hour.
D
16. Louise is the more capable of the three girls who have tried out for the part in the play.
A B C D
17. Although both of them are trying to get the scholarship, she has the highest grades.
A B C D
18. The television movie will finishes in a few minutes.
A B C D
19. I made an appointment with the doctor who you recommended.
A B C D

20. The missing wallet was found so the cash and credit cards had been removed.
A B C D

READING COMPREHENSION

DIRECTIONS: In this section you will read several passages. Each is followed by questions
about it. For questions 1-50, you need to select the one best answer, (a), (b), (c), or (d), to each
question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and blacken the space that
corresponds to the letter of the answer you have selected. Give a cross (X) to the letter you
choose.
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Questions 21 – 25

The mighty, warlike Aztec nation existed in Mexico from 1195 to 1521. The high priests
taught the people that the sun would shine, the crop would grow, and the empire would prosper
only if the gods were appeased by human sacrifices and blood offerings from all level of their
society. The priests practiced forms of mutilation, such as piercing their tongues with thorns and
flagellating themselves with thorn branches. They collected the small amount of blood produced
by these practices and offered it to Huitzilopochtli and Quetzalcoatl, their chief gods. They
insisted that all Aztec needed to make some sort of daily sacrifice. Warriors were promised a
place of honor in the afterlife if they died courageously in battle.

The Aztec were constantly at war in order to have enough captives from battle to serve as
sacrificial victims. The prisoners were indoctrinated before their death into believing that they,
too, would find a place of honor in the afterlife and that their death insured the prosperity of the
great Aztec nation. After being heavily sedated with marijuana or a similar drug, they were led
up to steps to the top of the ceremonial centers were they accepted their face passively, and their
palpitating hearts were removed from their bodies as an offering to the gods.

21. Why did the Aztec offer human c. The History of the Mighty Aztec
sacrifices? Nation
a. They were cruel and inhuman d. Aztec High Priests
b. They believed they had to pacify 26. What did the Aztec believe the gods
the gods craved in order to ensure the people’s
c. They wanted to force the citizens to survival?
obey a. Sunshine
d. They wanted to deter crime b. Blood
22. Before the sacrifices, the victims were c. Thorns
a. tortured and harassed d. Drugs
b. fed and entertained 27. Which of the following is NOT given as
c. brainwashed and drugged a reason for offering human sacrifice?
d. interrogated and drugged a. The sun would not rise
23. In what manner did the victims accept b. The crops would not grow
their destiny? c.. The warriors would not be famous
a. Submissively d. The empire would not be successful
b. Rebelliously 28. Why were victims willing to accept
c. Violently their fate?
d. Notoriously a. They like to see the sun shine
24. The word “appeased” is closest in b. They wanted everyone to see them at
meaning to.................. the top of the ceremonial centers
a. Glorify c. They were made to believe they
b. Assaulted would have a place of honor in
c. Angered eternity
d. Satisfied d. They liked totake drugs
25. What is the best title for the passage? 29. Which of the following is described as a
a. The Aztec’ Need to Offer Human form of self-tortured that the high
Sacrifice priests practiced?
b. Aztec Victims a. Indoctrination
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b. Heavy sedation a. primitive


c. Piercing their tongue b. unimposing
d. sacrificing victims c. meticulous
30. In line 1, the word “mighty” is closest d. powerful
in meaning to ……

Questions 31 – 40

As far back as 700 B.C., people have talked about children being cared for by wolves.
Romulus and Remus, the legendary twin founders of Rome, were purported to have been
cared for by wolves. According to legend, Mars fathered the two boys. As a result, a relative
of their mother imprisoned her and ordered that the boys be drowned in the Tiber River.
However, a she-wolf saved them from this horrible fate and took them back to her lair to care
for them. Legend has it that when a she-wolf loses her litter, she seeks a human child to take
its place.

This seemingly preposterous idea did not become credible until the late nineteenth
century when a French doctor actually found a naked ten-year-old boy wandering in the
woods. He did not walk erect, could not speak intelligibly, nor could he relate to people. He
only growled and stared at them. Finally, the doctor won the boy’s confidence and began to
work with him. After many long years of devoted and patient instruction, the doctor was able
to get the boy to clothe and feed himself, recognize and utter a number of words, and write
letters and form words.

d. The boy was dedicated and patient


31. Who have been cared for by wolves?
a. Mars 35. The word “utter” is nearest in
b. French doctor meaning to ....
c. Romulus a. absolute
d. Romulus and Remus b. speak
c. scream
32. The French doctor found the boy…. d. read
a. wandering in the woods 36. All of the following statements are
b. at his doorstep true EXCEPT
c. growling at him a. She-wolves have been said to
d. speaking intelligibly substitute human children for their
33. The word “litter” means most nearly lost litters
the same as …. b. Examples of wolves’ caring for
a. garbage human children can be found only
b. speak in the nineteenth century
c. offspring c. The French doctor succeeded in
d. hair domesticating the boy somewhat
d. The young boy never was able to
34. The doctor was able to work with the
speak perfectly
boy because ….
a. The boy was highly intelligent 37. The word “preposterous” is closest in
b. The boy trusted him meaning to ….
c. The boy liked to dress up a. dedicated
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b. scientific 39. According to the legend, Romulus and


c. wonderful Remus were
d. absurd a. Found abandoned in Rome
b. The founders of Rome
38. The main idea of this passage is that
c. Discovered by a French doctor
according to legend
d. Drowned in the Tiber River in 700
a. Children who are raised by wolves
B.C.
can be rehabilitated
b. She-wolves replace their dead 40. Where in the passage is it stated that,
offspring with human children according to legend, Romulus and
c. Romulus and Remus were cared Remus founded Rome?
for by a she-wolves a. Lines 2 - 3
d. A French doctor saved Romulus b. Lines 5 - 7
and Remus from drowning c. Lines 9 - 10
d. Lines 11 - 13

Questions 41 – 50

The First Amendment to the American Constitution declares freedom of the press to all
people. Although this right was not officially adopted until 1791, the famous Zenger trial of
1735 laid the groundwork for insuring this precious freedom.
John Peter Zenger emigrated as a teenager from Germany. In 1733, he began publishing
the New York Weekly Journal. The following year, he was arrested for writing a story about the
crown-appointed governor of New York. While Zenger was imprisoned for nine months, his
wife dutifully published the newspaper everyday, bravely telling the truth about the corrupt
government officials sent by the king to govern the colonies.
Finally Zenger’s long-awaited trial took place. The hostile judge dismissed Zenger’s local
lawyers, making it necessary for his wife to seek out Andrew Hamilton, a prominent
Philadelphia lawyer. Persuaded by Hamilton, the jury bravely returned a not-guilty verdict,
defying the judge’s order for a conviction
As a result of determination and bravery on the part of the colonist, a lasting victory for
freedom of the press was gained by a young immigrant.

41. John Peter Zenger was a …. b. Newspaper exaggerated the truth


a. corrupt governor of New York about political officials
b. famous lawyer c. Lawyers were hostile to witnesses
c. brave newspaper publisher d. All newspaper publishers were
d. hostile judge imprisoned
42. What political problem existed in the 43. How long did it take after the Zenger
colonist at that time? trial before the concept of freedom of
a. Government officials were corrupt the press was officially adopted?
a. 9 month
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b. 1 year 47. The word “defying” is closest meaning


c. 56 years to ….
d. 58 years a. altering
b. defecting
44. All of the following are true EXCEPT
c. disregarding
a. despite Zenger’s imprisonment, his
d. defending
newspaper continued to be published
b. Andrew Hamilton encouraged the 48. The word “dutifully” is closest meaning
jury to fight for freedom to …..
c. the jury obey the judge’s orders and a. faithfully
convicted Zenger b. carelessly
d. the king controlled the colonies c. unfortunately
through his own appointed rulers d. vigorously
45. Why was Peter Zenger arrested? 49. The main idea of this passage is ….
a. He emigrated from Germany a. Andrew Hamilton gave Americans
b. His wife published his newspaper for freedom of the press
him b. Peter Zenger’s persistent fight paved
c. He wrote a story about the governor the way for freedom of the press
of New York c. Judges don’t always get juries to
d. He persuaded a jury to defy the agree with them
judge’s orders d. Peter Zenger’s trial prepared the way
for jurors to defy judges’ orders
46. It can be inferred that the judge was
hostile toward Peter Zenger because the 50. The passage indicated that the governor
judge was appointed by the monarch of
a. represented the idea of the king another country in lines
b. hated newspaper publishers a. 3 - 5
c. didn’t like interference with the b. 6 - 8
Constitution c. 8 - 9
d. had appointed the governor about d. 14 - 16
whom Zenger wrote