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Operation

SLD/T16-2.5

OMN:SL

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OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

f Important Notice on Product Safety


Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment. Some of the
parts may also have elevated operating temperatures.
Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury or in prop-
erty damage.
Therefore, only trained and qualified personnel may install and maintain the system.
The system complies with the standard EN 60950 / IEC 60950. All equipment connected has to comply
with the applicable safety standards.

The same text in German:


Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit
In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangsläufig bestimmte Teile der Geräte unter Spannung. Einige Teile
können auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen.
Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Körperverletzungen und
Sachschäden führen.
Deshalb wird vorausgesetzt, dass nur geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal die Anlagen installiert und
wartet.
Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950 / IEC 60950. Angeschlossene Geräte
müssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfüllen.

Trademarks:
All designations used in this document can be trademarks, the use of which by third parties for their
own purposes could violate the rights of their owners.

Copyright (C) Siemens AG 2000

Issued by the Information and Communication Networks Group


Hofmannstraße 51
D-81359 München

Technical modifications possible.


Technical specifications and features are binding only insofar as
they are specifically and expressly agreed upon in a written contract.

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This document consists of a total of 162 pages. All pages are issue 1.

Contents
1 Notes on this Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.1 Documentation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.2 Symbols Used in the Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.2.1 Symbol for Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.2.2 Symbols for Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.2.3 Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.3 Notes on Licensed Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.4 Form for Your Ideas, Proposals and Corrections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

2 Protective Measures, Handling /


Schutzmaßnahmen, Handhabung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.1 Protective Measures / Schutzmaßnahmen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.1.1 Electrical Fuses / Elektrische Sicherungen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.1.2 Protection Against Excessive High Contact Voltages /
Schutz gegen zu hohe Berührungsspannungen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.1.3 Protection Against Excessive High Currents /
Schutz gegen zu hohe Ströme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.1.4 Protection Against Oxyhydrogen-Gas Generation on
Battery-Backed-up Devices /
Schutz gegen Knallgasentwicklung bei batteriegestützten Geräten . . . . . . 18
2.1.5 Protection Against Excessive Overvoltage on the 48/60-Volts
Power Supply Input / Schutz gegen Überspannungen
beim 48/60-Volt-Stromversorgungseingang . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.1.6 Isolations and Isolation materials / Isolierungen und Isoliermaterialien . . . 19
2.1.7 Fire Protection / Brandschutz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.1.8 Protection Against Extraneous Laser Light and Protection of the
Optical Modules Concerned /
Schutz gegen austretendes Laserlicht und Schutz der betreffenden
optischen Baugruppen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.1.9 Earthing or Grounding and Potential Balancing /
Erdung und Potenzialausgleich . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.2 Handling the Subrack / Handhabung des Baugruppenträgers . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.2.1 Front Door of the Device / Geräte-Vordertür. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.2.2 Equipment Cooling / Gerätekühlung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.2.3 Weight Information / Gewichtsangaben . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.2.4 Components Subject to High Operating Temperatures /
Komponenten mit hoher Betriebstemperatur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
2.3 Handling Modules, FO Equipment and Batteries /
Handhabung von Baugruppen, LWL und Batterien . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
2.3.1 Handling Modules Containing Electrostatically-sensitive Components /
Handhabung von Baugruppen mit elektrostatisch gefährdeten Bauteilen . 25
2.3.2 Handling Optical Fiber Connectors and Cables /
Handhabung von LWL-Steckverbindungen und -Leitungen . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
2.3.3 Handling Batteries / Handhabung von Batterien. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.4 Switching OFF and ON / Aus- und Einschalten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.4.1 Emergency Switching OFF / Notabschaltung “OFF”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.4.2 Normal Switching OFF Procedure / Normales Abschalten “OFF” . . . . . . . 29

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2.5 Switching ON / Einschalten “ON” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

3 Preconditions for Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31


3.1 Hardware Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.1.1 Network Elements SL16/SL16E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.1.2 Operating Terminal LCT or NCT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.2 Software Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3.2.1 Network Elements SL16/SL16E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3.2.2 Operating Terminal LCT or NCT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3.3 Prior Knowledge Required by Operating Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

4 Application Area, Functions and Handling of the Operating Terminal . . . . . 33


4.1 Operating Terminals LCT and NCT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
4.2 Operator Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
4.3 Working with the User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.3.1 Operating Terminals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.3.1.1 Mouse and Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.3.1.2 Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.3.1.3 Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.3.1.4 Online Help System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
4.3.2 Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
4.4 Indicator and Control Elements on the Network Elements SL16/SL16E . . . 38
4.4.1 Slide-in Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
4.4.2 Subrack Alarm Panel/Phone Indication SRAP-PI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

5 Functions of the NE-UniGATE Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

6 Functions of the Application Software of the Synchronous Multiplexer . . . . 41


6.1 Program Start. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
6.2 Main Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
6.2.1 Title Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
6.2.2 Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
6.2.3 Tool Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
6.2.4 Menu Item <File> <Script Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
6.2.5 Work Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
6.2.5.1 Module View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
6.2.6 Main Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
6.2.7 Alarm Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
6.3 Main Menu Item <View> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
6.4 Submenus with Right Mouse Button Click
(or Double Click with Left Mouse Button). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
6.4.1 NE / Subrack Menu Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
6.4.1.1 Menu Item <Fault> <Equipment Alarms> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
6.4.1.2 Menu Item <Fault> <Detailed Alarm Information> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
6.4.1.3 Menu Item <Configuration> <NE Data>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
6.4.1.4 Menu Item <Configuration> <Subrack Data>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
6.4.1.5 Menu Item <Configuration> <NE Time> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
6.4.1.6 Menu Item <Configuration> <Power Supply> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
6.4.1.7 Menu Item <Configuration> <Persistency Time>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
6.4.1.8 Menu Item <Configuration> <Bw7R>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

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6.4.1.9 Menu Item <Information> <Actual Equipping> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56


6.4.1.10 Menu Item <Information> <Possible Equipping> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
6.4.1.11 Menu Item <Config DB Management> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
6.4.1.12 Menu Item <Software Management> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
6.4.1.13 Menu Item <Logs> <NE Logs> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
6.4.2 Common Module Menu Items. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
6.4.2.1 Menu Item <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
6.4.2.2 Menu Items “EIPS1” <Card Protection> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
6.4.2.3 Menu Item <Information> <Card Label> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
6.4.2.4 Menu Item <Information> <ASIC Data> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
6.4.3 Special Module Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
6.4.3.1 Menu Items “OHA” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
6.4.3.2 Menu Item <Configuration> <OH Cross Connections> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
6.4.3.3 Menu Item <Configuration> <OH-Interfaces>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
6.4.3.4 Menu Item “OIS1 / OIS4 / OIS16” <Protection> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
6.4.3.5 Menu Items “SNL” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
6.4.3.6 Menu Item <Cross Connections> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
6.4.3.7 Menu Items “CLL” <Configuration>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
6.4.3.8 Menu Items <SEC>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
6.4.3.9 Menu Items “SCU” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
6.4.3.10 Menu Item <Configuration> <MCF> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
6.4.4 Port Symbol Menus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6.4.4.1 Menu Item “EIPS1 (155M)”, “Port Symbol” <Subview> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6.4.4.2 Menu Item “STM1” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
6.4.4.3 Menu Item “STM1” <Performance> <MS Near End> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
6.4.4.4 Menu Item “AU4/VC4” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
6.4.4.5 Menu Item “AU4/VC4” <Performance> <AU4 PJE> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
6.4.4.6 Menu Item “AU4/VC4” <Copy Data> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
6.4.4.7 Menu Item “EIPS1 (140M)”, “Port Symbol” <Subview> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
6.4.4.8 Menu Item “E4” <Configuration>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
6.4.4.9 Menu Item “VC4” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
6.4.4.10 Menu Item “OIS1/4/16” <Subview>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
6.4.4.11 Menu Item “STM1/4/16” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
6.4.4.12 Menu Item ”n x AU4/VC4” <Subview> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
6.4.4.13 Menu Item “OP / OB” Port Symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
6.4.4.14 Menu Item “OP” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
6.4.4.15 Menu Item “OB” <Configuration> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
6.5 Main Menu Item “NE State” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
6.5.1 Menu Item <NE State> <Set to Idle> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
6.5.2 Menu Item <NE State> <Set to Active> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
6.5.3 Menu Item <NE State> <Set to Maintenance> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
6.5.4 Menu Item <NE State> <Set to Operation> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
6.6 Main Menu Item “Fault”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
6.6.1 Menu Item “Fault” <Alarm List> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
6.6.2 Menu Item <Fault> <Acknowledge All> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
6.7 Main Menu Item <Performance> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
6.7.1 Menu Item <Performance> <TCN List...> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

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6.8 Main Menu Item <Security> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107


6.8.1 Menu Item <Security> <Access...> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
6.8.2 Menu Item <Security> <Request Write Access> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
6.8.3 Menu Item <Security> <Release Write Access> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
6.8.4 Menu Item <Security> <Activity Log> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
6.8.5 Menu Item <Security> <NE Password> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
6.9 Main Menu Item <Options> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
6.9.1 Menu Item <Options> <Settings...> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
6.10 Main Menu Item <Window> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
6.10.1 Menu Item <Window> <Update Window F5> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
6.10.2 Menu Item <Window> <Update All Alarms> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
6.10.3 Menu Item <Window> <Clear Message List> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
6.11 Configuration and Activation of Protections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
6.11.1 Linear 1+1 MSP (for STM1, STM4 and STM16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
6.11.2 Linear 1:1 MSP (for STM16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
6.11.3 2F-Shared Ring (for STM16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
6.11.4 2F-Shared Ring Extra (for STM16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
6.11.5 4F Shared Ring Protection (for STM16). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
6.11.6 Path Protections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
6.11.7 1:n Module Protection (for EIPS1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
6.11.8 Module Protection (for SNL and CLL Modules) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
6.12 Program End (Shutdown). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

7 Fault and Alarm Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124


7.1 Alarm Indication in the Network Display Window
(Connection via QB3-Ethernet) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
7.1.1 Alarm Indication in NCT Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
7.1.2 Alarm indication in LCT Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
7.2 Alarm Indication in a View Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
7.2.1 Individual Alarm Indication in the “Alarm Window”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
7.2.2 Hierarchical Alarm Indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
7.2.2.1 Module View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
7.3 Alarm Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
7.4 Alarm Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
7.4.1 Collective Indication of Alarms in the Main Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
7.4.2 Combined Representation of the Individual Alarms in the Alarm List
or in the Alarm Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
7.4.3 Alarm Display in the Symbols of the View Windows
and their Subviews. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
7.4.4 Quality Alarms (Performance Alarms) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.5 Acknowledging Alarms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.5.1 Acknowledging all Alarms in the NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.5.2 Acknowledging the Alarms for a Particular Functional Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.6 Alarm Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.6.1 Printing/Saving Alarm List or Contents of an Alarm Window . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.6.1.1 Printing a Formatted Listing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
7.6.1.2 Saving Alarm List/Alarm Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

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7.6.2 Saving/Printing the Contents of the Event Window/


Message Output Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
7.7 Alarm Severities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
7.8 Setting Alarm Suppressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
7.8.1 Displaying the Alarm Suppression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
7.8.2 Suppressing Individual Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
7.8.3 Suppressing all the NE Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

8 Engineering Order Wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135


8.1 Call Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
8.1.1 Connection to Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
8.1.2 Call to Handset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
8.1.3 PBX Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
8.1.3.1 Connection Setup Conference → PBX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
8.1.3.2 Connection Setup PBX (Pulse Dialing; DTMF Dialing Without C-Wire)
→ Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
8.1.3.3 Connection Setup PBX (DTMF Dialing With C-Wire) → Conference . . . . 144
8.1.3.4 Automatic Disconnect of PBX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
8.2 Call Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
8.2.1 Selective Calling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
8.2.2 Group Calling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
8.2.3 Collective Calling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

9 Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

10 Expansions, Operator’s Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

11 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

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Illustrations
Fig. 4.1 Access Capabilities for the LCT/NCT to Local Network Elements
and Network Elements Used in the Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Fig. 4.2 Subrack Alarm Panel/Phone Indication SRAP-PI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Fig. 6.1 Program Icon (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Fig. 6.2 Start Screen of LCT-SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Fig. 6.3 Main Window of the Application Software, Example
(“Module View” With Additional Explanations) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Fig. 6.4 Menu Bar of the Main Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Fig. 6.5 Tool Bar of the Main Window of the Application Software . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Fig. 6.6 “Script Configuration” Dialog Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Fig. 6.7 “Module View” (SLD16E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Fig. 6.8 Main Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Fig. 6.9 “NE/Subrack - Alarm” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Fig. 6.10 “NE/Subrack - Detailed Alarm Info” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Fig. 6.11 “NE/Subrack - NE Data Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Fig. 6.12 “NE/Subrack - Subrack Data Config” Window
(Vendor Specific) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Fig. 6.13 “NE/Subrack - Date/Time Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Fig. 6.14 “NE/Subrack - Power Supply Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Fig. 6.15 “NE/Subrack - Persistency Time Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Fig. 6.16 “NE/Subrack - Bw7R Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Fig. 6.17 “NE/Subrack - Actual Equipping Info” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Fig. 6.18 “NE/Subrack - Possible Equipping Info” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Fig. 6.19 “Config DB Management” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Fig. 6.20 “Software Management” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Fig. 6.21 “NE/Subrack - NE Logs Info” Window
(Historical Event Log) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Fig. 6.22 “Module Name_Slot - Config” Window (here: EIPS1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Fig. 6.23 “Module Name_Slot - Config” Window (here: OIS16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Fig. 6.24 “Module Name_Slot - Card Label Info” Window (General) . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Fig. 6.25 “Module Name_Slot - ASIC Data Info” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Fig. 6.26 “Overhead Cross Connections” Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Fig. 6.27 “OH Interfaces” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Fig. 6.28 “TIF#n - Config” Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Fig. 6.29 “PBX - Conf” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Fig. 6.30 “Protection Management” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Fig. 6.31 “Cross Connections” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Fig. 6.32 “Cross Connection with Squelch Configuration” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Fig. 6.33 “SEC” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Fig. 6.34 “SEC - T0 Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Fig. 6.35 “SEC - T4 Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Fig. 6.36 “SEC - T1 Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Fig. 6.37 “SEC - T3 Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

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Fig. 6.38 “Message Communication Functions “Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74


Fig. 6.39 “MCF - Stack Parameters Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Fig. 6.40 “MCF - CLNS Dynamic Routing Info” Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Fig. 6.41 “MCF - CLNS Perf” Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Fig. 6.42 “DCC -Configuration” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Fig. 6.43 “MCF - DCC #n Linkage Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Fig. 6.44 “MCF DCC #n Linkage Perf” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Fig. 6.45 “MCF Ethernet Linkage Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Fig. 6.46 “MCF - Ethernet Reachable Address Add” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Fig. 6.47 “MCF - Ethernet Linkage Perf” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Fig. 6.48 “MCF - IP Address Config” Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Fig. 6.49 “Ethernet IP Address Statistics” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Fig. 6.50 “MCF - IP Gateway Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Fig. 6.51 “MCF - IP Routing Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Fig. 6.52 “IP Routing Add” Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Fig. 6.53 “MCF - Transport Connection #1 Info” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Fig. 6.54 “MCF - Transport Connection #n Perf” Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Fig. 6.55 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - Traffic Flow” Window . . . . . . . . 85
Fig. 6.56 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 Config” Window
(Electrical Section) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Fig. 6.57 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 Config” Window
(Regenerator Section) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Fig. 6.58 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 Config” Window
(Multiplex Section) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Fig. 6.59 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 MS Near End Perf”
Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Fig. 6.60 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 Config” Window
(AU4/VC4 Misc.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Fig. 6.61 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 Config” Window
(Squelch; only for OIS16/OIS16-2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Fig. 6.62 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 AU4 PJE Perf”
Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Fig. 6.63 “Copy Data” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Fig. 6.64 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - Traffic Flow” Window . . . . . . . . 95
Fig. 6.65 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - E4 - Config” Window. . . . . . . . . 96
Fig. 6.66 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - VC4 - Config” Window . . . . . . . 97
Fig. 6.67 “OISn_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - Traffic Flow” Windows . . . . . . . . 98
Fig. 6.68 “Module_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) STM1 Config” Window . . . . . . . 99
Fig. 6.69 “OISn-2_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STMn Config” Window
(Regenerator Section) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Fig. 6.70 “OISn_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 Selection” Windows . 102
Fig. 6.71 “OP_Slot. Port Number - Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Fig. 6.72 “OB_Slot. Port Number - Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Fig. 6.73 “Alarm List” Window (Current) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Fig. 6.74 “Alarm List” Window (History) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

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Fig. 6.75 “TCN List” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107


Fig. 6.76 “Access Information” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Fig. 6.77 “NCT NE Password” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Fig. 6.78 “Change Password to Default” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Fig. 6.79 “Option Settings” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Fig. 6.80 “Window” Menu Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Fig. 6.81 “Traffic Flow” for 1+1 MSP Line Protection Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Fig. 6.82 “1+1 MSP_Slotnumber - 1+1 MSP Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Fig. 6.83 “Traffic Flow” for Linear 1:1 MSP Line Protection Window . . . . . . . . . . 113
Fig. 6.84 “1:1 MSP_Slotnumber - 1:1 MSP Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Fig. 6.85 “Traffic Flow” for 2F Shared Ring Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Fig. 6.86 “Module Name_Slotnumber.Portnr. (Bit Rate) - 2F-SPRING Config”
Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Fig. 6.87 “2F-SPRING_Slotnumber - 2F-SPRING Ring Topology” Window . . . . 116
Fig. 6.88 “Traffic Flow” for 2F Shared Ring Extra Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Fig. 6.89 “Module Name_Slotnumber.Portnr. (Bit Rate) - 2F-SPRING X Config”
Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Fig. 6.90 “Traffic Flow” for 4F-Shared Ring Protection Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Fig. 6.91 “4F-SPRING_Slotnumber - 4F-SPRING Config” Window . . . . . . . . . . 121
Fig. 7.1 Module View With an Opened Alarm Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Fig. 7.2 Main Window With Collective Alarm Indication
and Inserted Alarm List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Fig. 7.3 Alarm Indication Displayed in “Module View” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Fig. 8.1 Handset Connection to Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Fig. 8.2 Call to Handset (Handset Not in Use). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Fig. 8.3 Call to Handset (Handset in Use) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Fig. 8.4 Connection Setup Conference → PBX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Fig. 8.5 Connection Setup Conference PBX → (Without C-Wire) . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Fig. 8.6 Connection Setup PBX → Conference (With C-Wire) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

10 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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Tables
Tab. 4.1 Application of the Operating Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Tab. 4.2 LCT and NCT Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Tab. 4.3 Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Tab. 6.1 Menu Summary of the Application Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Tab. 6.2 Function of the Tool Bar Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Tab. 6.3 Module Protection Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Tab. 6.4 Menu Overview after Selecting “NE / Subrack” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Tab. 6.5 Menu Overview after Selecting “EIPS1” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Tab. 6.6 Menu Overview after Selecting “EIPS1” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Tab. 6.7 Menu Overview after Selecting “OHA”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Tab. 6.8 Menu Overview after Selecting “OIS1/OIS4/OIS16” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Tab. 6.9 Menu Overview after Selecting ”SNL” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Tab. 6.10 Menu Overview after Selecting ”CLL” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Tab. 6.11 Menu Overview after Selecting “SCU” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Tab. 6.12 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol”
after Preselecting “STM1” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Tab. 6.13 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol”
after Preselecting “AU4/VC4”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Tab. 6.14 Possible Displays in the “Timing Marker Received” Field . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Tab. 6.15 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting “E4” . . 95
Tab. 6.16 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting “VC4” . 96
Tab. 6.17 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting
“STM1/4/16” in the “Traffic Flow” Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Tab. 6.18 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting
“OP / OB” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Tab. 7.1 Default Color settings for Icon Outline Depending on Alarm Severity . 124
Tab. 7.2 Possible Effects of Alarm Displays at the Operating Terminal. . . . . . . 130
Tab. 8.1 Function of the Telephone Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Tab. 8.2 Number Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Tab. 8.3 Tones and Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Tab. 8.4 Assigning the Different Network Elements to the EOW Types . . . . . . 137

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12 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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1 Notes on this Documentation

1.1 Documentation Overview


The documentation of synchronous line equipment SLD16/SLT16, series 2,
release 5 (abbreviated to: SLD/T16-2.5) covers network elements SLD16, SLD16E,
SLT16 and SLT16E and comprises the following descriptions and manuals:

• Technical Description (TED)


The Technical Description TED gives an overview on the application, performance
features, interfaces and functions of the equipment. It also contains the most impor-
tant technical data and product code number.
The Technical Description contains no definite instructions for action.

• Installation and Test Manual (ITMN)


The Installation and Test Manual ITMN contains instructions to connect and install
the TransXpress Local Craft Terminal LCT and Network Craft Terminal NCT and in-
structions for installing synchronous line equipment (by using the LCT/NCT).
To work with the Installation and Test Manual ITMN, knowledge of the Operating
Manual OMN is required.
For specific tasks, additional documentation is required which has to be created sep-
arately; this is referred to in the ITMN.

• Operating Manual (OMN)


The OMN:SL operating part describes the operating elements of the synchronous
line equipment and operating and monitoring with the NCT and LCT operating ter-
minals (with explanation of the graphic user interface of the application software of
the network element).
For information about the gateway software UniGATE please refer to the dedicated doc-
i umentation.

• Maintenance Manual (MMN)


The Maintenance Manual MMN describes the procedure on the occurrence of
alarms and interference suppression of synchronous line equipment.
To work with the Maintenance Manual MMN, knowledge of the Installation and Test
Manual ITMN and the Operating Manual OMN is required.
Notes for the user of the documentation in paper form:
i This documentation can also be provided on CD-ROM.
Recommended system configuration:
In order to be able to read the PDF files properly, you need
Windows NT or
Windows 95/98 or
SUN Solaris V2.5 or later and
Acrobat Reader 4.0 with search function (integral part of the customer documentation
on CD-ROM)

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 13
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

1.2 Symbols Used in the Documentation

1.2.1 Symbol for Warnings


This symbol identifies notes which, if ignored, can result in personal injury or in perma-
! nent damage to the equipment.

1.2.2 Symbols for Notes


This symbol identified notes providing information which extends beyond the immediate
i context.

⇒ Notes on parts of the text which contain definite instructions for action.

☞ Cross reference to other chapters in this manual or cross reference to other


manuals.

Help Note on the on-line help system of the relevant software program.

1.2.3 Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs


Menu options from pop-up menus or inputs to be made by the operator (texts, com-
mands) are displayed consecutively in their hierarchical sequence in pointed brackets:
<Menu> <Menu item> <Command text> <Parameter> etc.

1.3 Notes on Licensed Software


This documentation refers to software products which were taken over from other com-
panies as licenses.
Should problems arise, you should contact Siemens AG as the licensee and not the rel-
evant licenser.
In this documentation, the following designations of licensed products are mentioned:
• UNIX (registered trademark of UNIX System Laboratories Inc.)
• MS-Windows (identification of the Microsoft Corporation)

14 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

1.4 Form for Your Ideas, Proposals and Corrections


We aim to provide clear, user-friendly documentation. To achieve this objective, your
practical experience is very important. We appreciate your suggestions.
To offer you, the user, a cost-effective opportunity to identify weak points or requests for
documentation, we have compiled a form for you on the next page. You can use it as a
master or as a printout in electronic documentation.

Please enter your ideas, proposals and corrections on the copy (enclose further
pages, if required).

The following points are of particular importance to us:


• Where are we offering too much or too little detail?
• Where should more explanatory graphics be used?
• Where is the description difficult to understand?
• How can the basic structure of the description or the manual be improved?

Please forward your feedback as a letter or fax to our address given overleaf.
If you want a reply or need to discuss anything with us, please complete the “Sender”
field in full.
Many thanks for your feedback!

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 15
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

To Sender

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT Name:


Kundendokumentation ICN TR S C2
Hofmannstrasse 51 ..........................................................................
D-81359 München Address:

Fax +49 89 722 57315 ..........................................................................

..........................................................................
Department: Telephone/Fax:

................................... ....................................
Date: Signature:

................................... ....................................

I am using this documentation as I am responsible for the following areas


(...) Service document (...) Installation and testing
(...) Assembly/installation and test document (...) Operation
(...) General introduction (...) Maintenance
(...) Reference (...) Sales
(...) Textbook (...) Teaching
(...) _______________________________ (...) _______________________________

Page Remarks

16 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

2 Protective Measures, Handling /


Schutzmaßnahmen, Handhabung
If the following rules are not observed, Bei Nichtbeachtung der nachfolgenden
! and if equipment damages or personnel Vorschriften und daraus resultierenden
injuries are the result, the manufacturer Personen- oder Sachschäden wird kei-
assumes no liability, and the warranty ne Haftung seitens des Herstellers
will expire! übernommen, und die Gewährleistung
erlischt!

If you replace any parts of devices or ca- Falls Sie an den Geräten oder an der Ver-
bles, you must only use original spare kabelung irgendwelche Teile ersetzen,
parts or parts which are explicitly licensed dann dürfen Sie nur Original-Ersatzteile
by the manufacturer. oder solche Teile verwenden, die vom
Hersteller ausdrücklich zugelassen sind.

2.1 Protective Measures / Schutzmaßnahmen

2.1.1 Electrical Fuses / Elektrische Sicherungen


The power supply lines for each subrack Die Stromversorgungsleitungen für jeden
and for each external additional device (f. Baugruppenträger und jedes externe Zu-
e. an adapterbox) within the rack are rout- satzgerät (z.B. einen Adapterkasten) in-
ed via seperate circuit breakers which are nerhalb des Gestells sind über eigene
located in the fuse panel of the rack. Sicherungsautomaten geführt. Diese be-
finden sich im Sicherungsfeld des Ge-
stells.
For each subrack or additional one circuit Pro Baugruppenträger oder Zusatz wird
breaker for the working power supply and für die Betriebs- und für die Ersatz-Strom-
one circuit breaker for the protection pow- versorgung je 1 Sicherungsautomat ver-
er supply are used. wendet.

2.1.2 Protection Against Excessive High Contact Voltages /


Schutz gegen zu hohe Berührungsspannungen

☞ When ☞
handling the power supply or Beachten Sie bei der Handhabung
working on it, observe the safety der Stromversorgung oder bei Ar-
measures described in the specifi- beiten daran die Sicherheitsmaß-
cations VDE 0105 (Operation of nahmen der Normen VDE 0105
Heavy Current Systems) and DIN (Betrieb von Starkstromanlagen)
EN 50110, part 1 (Operation of und DIN EN 50110, Teil1 (Betrieb
electrical Systems). von elektrischen Anlagen).

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 17
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

2.1.3 Protection Against Excessive High Currents /


Schutz gegen zu hohe Ströme

☞ When ☞
handling a power supply Beachten Sie bei der Handhabung
which is backed up by accumula- einer Stromversorgung, die durch
tors or batteries or when working Akkumulatoren oder Batterien ge-
on it, observe the safety measures stützt ist, oder bei Arbeiten daran
described in the specification VDE die Sicherheitsmaßnahmen der
0510 (Accumulators and Battery Norm VDE 0510 (Akkumulatoren
Systems). und Batterieanlagen).

In a short-circuit condition, accumulators Akkumulatoren und Batterien können im


! and batteries can deliver very high currents Kurzschlussfall sehr hohe Ströme liefern
and may even explode in extreme cases! und im Extremfall sogar explodieren!

2.1.4 Protection Against Oxyhydrogen-Gas Generation on


Battery-Backed-up Devices /
Schutz gegen Knallgasentwicklung bei batteriegestützten Geräten

☞ Observe ☞ Beachten
the handling instructions Sie auch die Hand-
given in Chapter 2.3.3 as well. habungshinweise in Kapitel 2.3.3.

Battery-backed-up devices and device Batteriegestützte Geräte und Geräteteile


parts are made safe as far as possible by sind durch konstruktive Maßnahmen,
design measures, fusing, overcharge durch Absicherung, durch Überladungs-
controlling, gas-generate controlling, and und Gasungskontrollelektronik sowie
appropriate battery types. durch die Verwendung von entsprechen-
den Batterietypen weitestgehend ge-
schützt.
In case of a defect, especially when accu- Im Fehlerfall, insbesondere bei Überla-
! mulators are overloaded, they generate dung der Akkumulatoren, entsteht
hydrogen gas which − under bad circum- Wasserstoffgas, das sich ungünstig an-
stances − may pile up and, in combination sammeln und in Verbindung mit dem Luft-
with the oxygen of the air, may result in sauerstoff explosionsfähiges Knallgas
oxyhydrogen gas. It can be ignited even by bilden kann. Dessen Zündung ist bereits
friction electricity or by superficial-electrici- durch Reibungselektrizität oder Kriechent-
ty discharges. ladungen möglich.

Safety Measures: Sicherheitsregeln:

⇒ In rooms containing a great number ⇒ Achten Sie in Räumen, in denen


of such battery-backed-up devices, eine größere Anzahl solcher bat-
pay attention that there is a good air teriegestützter Geräte betrieben
ventilation. wird, auf gute Durchlüftung.

⇒ Do not use open ignition sources or ⇒ Verwenden Sie keine offenen


flames. Zündquellen oder Flammen.

⇒ Avoid electrical sparks or discharg- ⇒ Vermeiden Sie elektrische Funken


es. oder Entladungen.

18 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

2.1.5 Protection Against Excessive Overvoltage on the 48/60-Volts


Power Supply Input / Schutz gegen Überspannungen
beim 48/60-Volt-Stromversorgungseingang
A protection against excessive voltage is Ein Schutz gegen Überspannung auf der
built in on the 48/60-Volts power supply Stromversorgungs-Eingangseite
input. 48/60 Volt ist eingebaut.
The equipment must only be used with Das Gerät darf nur mit SELV/TNV-Strom-
! SELV / TNV power supply units according versorgungen gemäß VDE 0100-410 und
to VDE 0100-410 and DIN EN 60950! DIN EN 60950 betrieben werden!

☞ Observe
before connecting other equipment ☞ weis insbesondere, bevor Sie an-
the above note especially Beachten Sie den obigen Warnhin-

to the user/customer interfaces! dere Geräte an die Anwender-/


Kunden-Schnittstellen anschlie-
ßen!

☞ You
protective grounding measures giv- ☞ Schutzerdungsmaßnahmen ent-
must observe without fail the Beachten Sie unbedingt die

en in Chapter 2.1.9! sprechend Kapitel 2.1.9!

☞ Ifmains ☞
the power supply is fed by an AC- Falls die Stromversorgung aus
source, you must also ob- einer Wechselspannungs-Netz-
serve the safety regulations for quelle gespeist wird, müssen Sie
mains-supplied electronic equip- die Sicherheitsbestimmungen für
ment (DIN EN 60065 / 04.94). netzbetriebene elektronische Ge-
räte (DIN EN 60065 / 04.94) eben-
falls beachten.

2.1.6 Isolations and Isolation materials / Isolierungen und Isoliermateria-


lien
The isolations and isolation materials Die verwendeten Isolierungen und die
used comply with DIN EN 60950. Isolationsmaterialien entsprechen DIN
EN 60950.

2.1.7 Fire Protection / Brandschutz


Fire protection complies with DIN EN Der Brandschutz entspricht DIN EN
60950. 60950.

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 19
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

2.1.8 Protection Against Extraneous Laser Light and Protection of the


Optical Modules Concerned /
Schutz gegen austretendes Laserlicht und Schutz der betreffenden
optischen Baugruppen
Depending on the device type, the laser Je nach Gerätetyp kann die Laserstrah-
! radiation may also be invisible for the lung für das menschliche Auge auch
human eye! unsichtbar sein!

Devices and modules displaying either of Geräte und Baugruppen, die eines der fol-
the following warning labels contain laser genden Warnzeichen tragen, enthalten
devices. Laser-Einrichtungen.

Warning Label Warnschild


according to VDE 0105/DIN nach VDE 0105/DIN EN
EN 50110/DIN 40008 T.1 and 50110/DIN 40008 T.1 und
T.3, Reg. No. 2821, using the T.3, Reg. Nr. 2821 mit einem
laser symbol according to Laser-Symbol nach 7000-
7000-ISO-1329. ISO-1329.

Warning Label Warnschild


for hazard class 1 laser equip- Class 1 Laser für Laser-Einrichtungen der
ment. Gefährdungsklasse 1.
IEC 60825-1:98

When operated in a closed system, the la- Bei Betrieb im geschlossenen System
ser equipment of the device conform to entsprechen die Laser-Einrichtungen des
class 1 safety level. Gerätes der Gefährdungsklasse 1.

Nevertheless, in view of possible malfunc- Unter Berücksichtigung von vorhersehba-


tions, transmission systems which are fit- ren Fehlerfällen sind mit optischen Licht-
ted with optical fiber amplifier modules are wellenleiter-Verstärkerbaugruppen
classified as hazard class 3A. This hazard bestückte Übertragungssysteme jedoch
class is also applicable if the device is der Gefährdungsklasse 3A zugeordnet.
opened. Diese Gefährdungsklasse gilt auch bei
The relevant amplifier modules are la- geöffnetem Gerät.
belled as follows: Die betreffenden Verstärkerbaugruppen
sind folgendermaßen beschildert:

Class 3A Laser Product Laser Klasse 3A Nicht in den Strahl blik-


Do not stare into beam or view ken, auch nicht mit optischen Instrumen-
directly with optical instruments. ten. Sendebetrieb nur im geschlossenen
Operate in a closed optical loop only. optischen System.

20 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

⇒ To ensure safe operation of the en- ⇒ Für den sicheren Betrieb der ge-
tire optical path, the laser safety samten optischen Strecke muss
shutdown must be activated and die Lasersicherheitsabschaltung
the automatic cyclical laser start aktiviert sein, und der automatische
must be disabled. zyklische Laserstart muss gesperrt
sein.
⇒ Commissioning should be per- ⇒ Die Inbetriebnahme soll abgesi-
formed with fuse protection in the chert im geschlossenen System er-
closed system. folgen.

☞ Tomust ☞
avoid damage to health, you Zur Vermeidung gesundheitlicher
observe the regulations re- Schäden müssen Sie die Vorschrif-
garding protection against radiation ten zur Strahlungssicherheit von
from laser devices (DIN VDE 0837 Lasereinrichtungen (DIN VDE 0837
/ DIN EN 60825 / IEC 825). / DIN EN 60825 / IEC 825) beach-
ten.

If it cannot be avoided − in an exceptional Falls die Gefährdungsklasse 3A im Aus-


! case − to apply the hazard class 3A regu- nahmefall nicht vermieden werden kann
lations (see above), you always must use (siehe oben), müssen Sie stets eine Laser-
dedicated laser-protective goggles. Schutzbrille tragen.

If an optical preamplifier is used, its input Bei Verwendung eines optischen Vorver-
! must never be directly connected to an stärkers darf dessen Eingang nie direkt
optical booster output − always intercon- mit einem optischen Booster-Ausgang ver-
nect an optical attenuator. bunden werden − fügen Sie immer ein op-
tisches Dämpfungsglied ein.

If the automatic laser safety shutdown has Wenn bei einem optischen Booster-Aus-
! been taken out of service with an optical gang die automatische Lasersicherheits-
Booster output, the optical fiber connected abschaltung außer Betrieb genommen
to it must not be disconnected − due to the wurde, darf − wegen der hohen optischen
high optical output power. Ausgangsleistung − der angeschlossene
In this case, the laser diodes are not Lichtwellenleiter nicht aufgetrennt werden.
switched off automatically. The very high In diesem Fall werden die Laserdioden
optical power generated in this way is po- nicht automatisch abgeschaltet. Die dabei
tentially very harmful to the human eye. entstehende sehr hohe optische Aus-
gangsleistung ist sehr gefährlich für das
menschliche Auge.

In case of doubt always use dedicated la- Tragen Sie im Zweifelsfall stets eine
! ser-protective goggles! Schutzbrille!

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 21
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

2.1.9 Earthing or Grounding and Potential Balancing /


Erdung und Potenzialausgleich
Especially when running a combination of Insbesondere bei gemeinsamer Verwen-
! different communications equipment, it is dung verschiedener Kommunikationsgerä-
important to establish correct potential bal- te ist es wichtig − abhängig von den
ancing between them − depending on the örtlichen Erdungsmaßnahmen − auf kor-
local earthing measures. rekten Potenzialausgleich zu achten.

⇒ If subracks are mounted in racks, ⇒ Beim Einbau von Baugruppenträ-


as a basic principle you must gern in Gestelle müssen Sie grund-
ground the rack frame before you sätzlich den Gestellrahmen erden,
connect the external cabling from bevor Sie die externe Verkabelung
the telecommunications center to von der Betriebsstelle an das
the system rack. Systemgestell anschließen.

⇒ Connect devices which are mount- ⇒ Schließen Sie Geräte, die in Tisch-
ed in desktop housings or in wall- oder Wandgehäusen eingebaut
mounted housings to the next sind, mit dem mitgelieferten
building earth point. Use the Erdungskabel an den nächsten Ge-
ground cable supplied. bäude-Erdungspunkt an.

⇒ The grounding must be effective as ⇒ Die Erdung muss bestehen blei-


long as external cables are con- ben, solange Kabel von außen an
nected to the equipment. die Geräte angeschlossen sind.

22 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

2.2 Handling the Subrack / Handhabung des Baugruppenträ-


gers

2.2.1 Front Door of the Device / Geräte-Vordertür


A subrack being fitted with a front door Baugruppenträger, die eine Vordertür ha-
! must only be operated with this door ben, dürfen nur betrieben werden, wenn
closed. There is danger of personal injury, diese Tür geschlossen ist. Bei geöffneter
if the door of the subrack is open. Vordertür des Baugruppenträgers besteht
Verletzungsgefahr.

⇒ For this reason, before working on ⇒ Öffnen Sie deshalb, bevor Sie am
the subrack, open the front door, Baugruppenträger arbeiten, des-
raise it and then remove it. sen Vordertür, heben Sie sie an
und nehmen Sie sie ab.

⇒ Once the work has been complet- ⇒ Bringen Sie nach Beendigung der
ed, refit the door belonging to this Arbeiten die zu diesem Baugrup-
subrack and close it. penträger gehörende Vordertür
wieder an und schließen Sie sie.

When the front door is open − especially Bei geöffneter Vordertür − insbesondere
! when additional covers have been re- nach dem Öffnen von zusätzlichen Abde-
moved − components with high operating ckungen − können auch Teile mit hoher
temperatures (as per Chapter 2.2.4) may Betriebstemperatur (entsprechend
also become accessible! Kapitel 2.2.4) zugänglich sein!

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 23
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

2.2.2 Equipment Cooling / Gerätekühlung


Louvers on desktop or wall-mounted Lüftungsöffnungen bei Tisch- und Wand-
! equipment must not be covered by any ob- geräten dürfen nicht mit Gegenständen
jects or in any other way. verstellt oder anderweitig abgedeckt wer-
den.

If the device is mounted in a rack together Falls das Gerät zusammen mit anderen
! with other devices and if the power con- Geräten in einem Gestell montiert ist und
sumption of all devices − mounted one die Leistungssumme aller übereinander
above the other − exceeds 350 W, a angeordneten Geräte 350 W übersteigt,
forced-ventilation equipment must be built muss eine Vorrichtung zur Zwangsbelüf-
in and must be ready for operation. tung vorhanden und betriebsbereit sein.

2.2.3 Weight Information / Gewichtsangaben

Warning Labels Warnschilder


at the subrack in case of heavy am Baugruppenträger bei hohem
weight. Gewicht.

The maximum weight to be lifted Das maximale Hebegewicht für


by one person is fixed to 18 kg! eine Person ist auf 18 kg festge-
MAXIMUM
EQUIPMENT legt!

WT ... KG

UNEQUIPPED

WT ... KG

24 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

2.2.4 Components Subject to High Operating Temperatures /


Komponenten mit hoher Betriebstemperatur

! Warning Label Warnschild


for equipment components (e. g. für Geräteteile (z. B. Kühlkörper),
heat sinks) which may attain high die hohe Betriebstemperaturen er-
operating temperatures. reichen können.

Touching these components is lia- Beim Berühren solcher Teile be-


ble to result in personal injury! steht Verletzungsgefahr!

On extremely hot surfaces, a label Auf extrem heißen Oberflächen ist


! with red text “HOT POINT” on a zusätzlich ein Schild mit der roten
white background is added. Schrift “HOT POINT” (“heißer
It indicates highest injury hazard. Punkt”) auf weißem Grund ange-
bracht.
Es kennzeichnet höchste Verlet-
zungsgefahr.

2.3 Handling Modules, FO Equipment and Batteries /


Handhabung von Baugruppen, LWL und Batterien

2.3.1 Handling Modules Containing Electrostatically-sensitive Compo-


nents / Handhabung von Baugruppen mit elektrostatisch gefährde-
ten Bauteilen

ESD symbol EGB-Symbol


Modules displaying this label are Baugruppen, die dieses Zeichen
fitted with electrostatically-sensi- tragen, sind mit elektrostatisch
tive components, i.e. you must gefährdeten Bauteilen bestückt,
handle them in accordance with d. h. beim Umgang damit müssen
the necessary safety measures. Sie die erforderlichen Sicherheits-
maßnahmen einhalten.

Grounding bracelets must always be worn Wenn Baugruppen mit EGB-Symbol aus-
! when packing, unpacking, touching, pull- oder eingepackt, berührt, gezogen oder
ing, or inserting modules displaying the gesteckt werden, dann müssen stets Er-
ESD symbol. This will ensure the modules dungsarmbänder getragen werden. Da-
not to be damaged. durch wird sichergestellt, dass die
Baugruppen nicht beschädigt werden.

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 25
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

The rack is equipped with marked Am Gestell sind gekennzeichnete


ESD
grounding sockets to accept the Erdungsbuchsen zur Aufnahme
connecting plug for the grounding des Anschlusssteckers für das Er-
bracelet. dungsarmband vorhanden.

Every printed circuit board has a ground- Jede Leiterplatte hat einen Erdungsau-
ing outer edge, which is connected to the ßenrand, der mit dem Masseanschluss
ground terminal of the module, and which der Baugruppe verbunden ist, und an
can be used to grasp the board. dem die Platte angefasst werden kann.

⇒ Avoid touching any device termi- ⇒ Vermeiden Sie es, irgendwelche


nals, contacts of the connector strip Bauelementeanschlüsse, Kontak-
or printed conductors − even if you te der Steckerleiste oder Leiterbah-
are properly grounded. nen − auch bei vorschriftsmäßiger
Körpererdung − zu berühren.

⇒ When pulling and inserting mod- ⇒ Verwenden Sie beim Ziehen und
ules, use the integral plug and pull Stecken von Baugruppen die daran
aids (plastic levers). angebrachten Zieh- und Steckhil-
fen (Kunststoffhebel).

Modules which are located in a screened, Baugruppen, die sich in einem abge-
unopened housing are protected at any schirmten, ungeöffneten Gehäuse befin-
rate. den, sind in jedem Fall geschützt.

☞ The ☞
European Standards EN Die Europa-Normen EN 100015-1
100015-1 to 4 contain instructions bis 4 geben Anleitungen zum sach-
how to handle electrostatically-sen- gemäßen Umgang mit elektrosta-
sitive devices properly. tisch gefährdeten Bauelementen.

2.3.2 Handling Optical Fiber Connectors and Cables /


Handhabung von LWL-Steckverbindungen und -Leitungen
Optical connectors are precision-made Optische Steckverbindungen sind Präzisi-
components and must be handled ac- onsteile und müssen dementsprechend
cordingly. To ensure faultless function, behandelt werden. Eine einwandfreie
the following points must be observed. Funktion ist nur dann sichergestellt, wenn
nachfolgende Punkte berücksichtigt wer-
den.

The minimum bending radius for optical fi- Für LWL-Leitungen darf ein Biegeradius
! bers is 30 mm! von 30 mm nicht unterschritten werden!

26 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

Mechanical damage to the surfaces of op- Mechanische Beschädigungen der Stirn-


tical connectors impairs transmission flächen von optischen Steckverbindungen
quality by higher attenuation. erhöhen die Dämpfung und mindern des-
halb die Übertragungsqualität.
⇒ For this reason, do not expose the ⇒ Vermeiden Sie deshalb Stoßbean-
connectors to impact. spruchungen der Steckverbinder.

⇒ Always fit optical fiber connectors ⇒ Schützen Sie LWL-Steckverbinder


with protective caps to guard them grundsätzlich mit einer Schutzkap-
against mechanical damage and pe vor mechanischen Beschädi-
contamination. The protective dust gungen und Verschmutzungen. Die
caps should only be removed im- Staubschutzkappe soll erst unmit-
mediately prior to installation. telbar vor dem Einbau entfernt wer-
den.

⇒ Once the protective dust caps have ⇒ Prüfen Sie nach Entfernen der
been removed, you must check the Staubschutzkappen die Stirnflä-
surfaces of the optical fiber connec- chen der LWL-Stecker auf Sauber-
tors to ensure that they are clean, keit und reinigen Sie sie
and clean them if necessary. gegebenenfalls.
For cleaning, the C42334-A380- Zum Reinigen kann das LWL-Rei-
A926 optical fiber cleaning tool or a nigungswerkzeug C42334-A380-
clean, lint-free cellulose cloth or a A926 oder ein einwandfrei saube-
chamois leather is suitable. Freon res, fusselfreies Zellstofftuch oder
TF, isopropyl alcohol (99 %), or Fensterleder verwendet werden.
white spirit can be used as cleaning Als Reinigungsflüssigkeit kann
fluids. Freon TF, Isopropylalkohol (99 %)
oder Spiritus verwendet werden.

2.3.3 Handling Batteries / Handhabung von Batterien


Some equipment may contain accumula- Bestimmte Geräte können Akkumulato-
tors or batteries of different technologies − ren oder Batterien verschiedener Techno-
e. g. lithium batteries or others. logien enthalten − z. B. Lithium-Batterien
oder andere.

☞ Basically, ☞ Grundsätzlich
the VDE 0510 gilt die Vorschrift
(DIN57510) regulations are valid. VDE 0510 (DIN57510).

☞ Also
ternational standards, if applicable: ☞ folgende internationale Normen:
observe also the following in- Beachten Sie gegebenenfalls auch

IEC 60130-17 (device interconnec- IEC 60130-17 (Geräteverbindun-


tions) gen)
IEC 61429 (recycling symbol) IEC 61429 (Recyclingsymbol)
IEC 61438 (safety and health haz- IEC 61438 (Sicherheits- und
ards) Gesundheitsrisiken)
IEC 60086-4 (handling lithium bat- IEC 60086-4 (Umgang mit Lithium-
teries) Batterien)

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 27
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

⇒ Pay attention to error messages re- ⇒ Achten Sie auf Fehlermeldungen,


ferring to the accumulator or the die sich auf den Akkumulator bzw.
battery. die Batterie beziehen.
Accumulators or batteries which are inte- Ins Gerät eingebaute Akkumulatoren oder
grated in the device should only be re- Batterien sollen nur beim Gerätehersteller
placed by the equipment manufacturer. ausgetauscht werden.
⇒ If replacement is necessary, do not ⇒ Wenn ein Austausch erforderlich
remove the accumulator or the bat- ist, dann bauen Sie nicht den Akku-
tery from the device, but send in the mulator oder die Batterie aus dem
complete device or the removable Gerät aus, sondern schicken Sie
battery pack. das komplette Gerät oder das her-
ausnehmbare Batteriepack ein.
Never shortcut batteries directly without Schließen Sie niemals Batterien direkt
! using a discharging resistor! Without a re- ohne Entladewiderstand kurz! Ohne Wi-
sistor very high current will flow causing a derstand können so hohe Ströme fließen,
risk of explosion! dass Explosionsgefahr besteht.

If you depollute batteries, you must ob- Beim Entsorgen von Batterien müssen
serve the local regulations applicable to die örtlichen Vorschriften über Beseiti-
hazardous waste. gung von Sondermüll eingehalten wer-
den.

2.4 Switching OFF and ON / Aus- und Einschalten

2.4.1 Emergency Switching OFF / Notabschaltung “OFF”


⇒ Especially if smoke or fire escapes ⇒ Insbesondere falls Rauch oder
from the device (or in other emer- Feuer aus dem Gerät austritt (oder
gency situations), switch OFF the in anderen Notsituationen), schal-
device immediately (by all relevant ten Sie das Gerät sofort aus (mit al-
circuit breakers in the connector len zugehörigen
panel of the rack) or disconnect it Sicherungsautomaten im Gestell-
immediately from all power supply Anschlussfeld) bzw. trennen Sie es
lines. sofort von allen Stromversorgungs-
leitungen.

First, switch OFF the protection Schalten Sie möglichst zuerst die
power supply and then the working Ersatz-Stromversorgung aus, dann
power supply, if possible. die Betriebs-Stromversorgung.

28 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

⇒ However, consider that such an ⇒ Bedenken Sie jedoch, dass durch


emergency shutdown can discon- solch eine Notabschaltung wichtige
nect important communication lines Kommunikationsleitungen unter-
which may be required just in the brochen werden können, die gera-
case of emergency. de im Notfall eventuell dringend
. benötigt werden.
For this reason, shutdown the de- Nehmen Sie deshalb nur dann eine
vice only if it is inevitable. Other- Notabschaltung vor, wenn es un-
wise perform the normal switching- umgänglich ist. Verfahren Sie sonst
off procedure (Chapter 2.4.2). entsprechend der normalen Ab-
schaltprozedur (Kapitel 2.4.2).

⇒ After the emergency shutdown, ⇒ Überprüfen Sie nach dem Notab-


check if the device is dead − either schalten, ob das Gerät spannungs-
by using a measuring device or by frei ist − entweder mit einem
the LED display of the device, if ap- Messgerät oder gegebenenfalls
plicable. durch eine LED-Anzeige am Gerät.

2.4.2 Normal Switching OFF Procedure / Normales Abschalten “OFF”


⇒ 1. Make sure that the device does ⇒ 1. Stellen Sie sicher, dass das ab-
no longer transmit any traffic zuschaltende Gerät keine Nutz-
signals, or that they are trans- signale mehr überträgt bzw.
mitted via a protection device. dass diese über Ersatzeinrich-
tungen umgeleitet werden.

⇒ 2. Save the local data base. ⇒ 2. Sichern Sie die lokale Daten-
basis.

⇒ 3. Switch OFF the laser. ⇒ 3. Schalten Sie den Laser ab.

⇒ 4. Switch OFF the device (by all ⇒ 4. Schalten Sie das Gerät aus (mit
relevant circuit breakers in the allen relevanten Sicherungsau-
connector panel of the rack) or tomaten im Gestell-Anschluss-
disconnect it from all power sup- feld) bzw. trennen Sie es von
ply lines. allen Stromversorgungsleitun-
gen.
⇒ First, switch OFF the protection ⇒ Schalten Sie zuerst die Ersatz-
power supply and then the Stromversorgung aus, dann die
working power supply. Betriebs-Stromversorgung.

⇒ 5. After the shutdown, check if the ⇒ 5. Überprüfen Sie nach dem Ab-
device is dead − either by using schalten, ob das Gerät span-
a measuring device or by the nungsfrei ist − entweder mit
LED display of the device, if ap- Hilfe eines Messgerätes oder
plicable. gegebenenfalls durch die LED-
Anzeige am Gerät

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 29
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

2.5 Switching ON / Einschalten “ON”


⇒ 1. Switch ON the device (e. g. by ⇒ 1. Schalten Sie das Gerät ein
the circuit breaker in the con- (z. B. mit dem Sicherungsauto-
nector panel of the rack) or con- mat im Gestell-Anschlussfeld)
nect it with the power supply bzw. verbinden Sie es mit den
lines. Stromversorgungsleitungen.

⇒ 2. Start the LCT operating terminal ⇒ 2. Starten Sie das Bedienterminal


and carry out the commission- LCT und führen Sie die Inbe-
ing procedure as described in triebnahme entsprechend dem
the Installation and Test Manual Inbetriebnahmehandbuch ITMN
ITMN. durch.

⇒ 3. Switch ON the Laser. ⇒ 3. Schalten Sie den Laser ein.

30 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

3 Preconditions for Operation


This Operating Manual OMN describes the operation of the network element types SL16
and SL16E in the operating mode “Operating”, with a TransXpress Local Craft Terminal
T-LCT – LCT for short – or a TransXpress Network Craft Terminal T-NCT – NCT for
short – connected. In cases where descriptions apply both to the LCT and also to the
NCT, the generic term “operating terminal” is employed.
This Operating Manual OMN also describes the user interface menus and windows
needed for installation of the SL16/SL16E (together with the Installation and Test Man-
ual ITMN) and for maintenance tasks (together with the Maintenance Manual MMN).
The OMN does not however contain any actual instructions for carrying out installation
or maintenance tasks.

3.1 Hardware Requirements

3.1.1 Network Elements SL16/SL16E


Requirements:
– Commissioning of the network element types SL16/SL16E has been successfully
completed using the Installation and Test Manual ITMN.
– Subrack SL16/SL16E has been installed e.g. in a rack and equipped with all the nec-
essary slide-in units (modules/cards).
– The necessary interface cables have been connected for:
Power supply
Signal transmission (fiber-optic system)
Operating terminal (in conjunction with Medium Attachment Unit MAU)
LZE and/or ZBBeo, if required
If the requirements are not all satisfied, please refer to the relevant instructions in the
Installation and Test Manual ITMN.
An operating terminal is required for commissioning, for configuration changes and for
i maintenance of the network elements. The operating terminal is not essential for ongo-
ing signal transmission via the SL16/SL16E and can be removed (provided it is not
needed for alarm monitoring).

3.1.2 Operating Terminal LCT or NCT


Requirements:
– The operating terminal is connected to the network elements via a V.24 or
LAN/Ethernet interface.
– The operating terminal is connected to the power supply (which is independent of
the SL16/SL16E).
Refer here to the Installation and Test Manual ITMN for further information.
Basically, either a notebook or a desktop PC can be used as the LCT or NCT. For con-
i venience, the configuration specified in Chapter 4 is generally selected. The operating
terminal must have a LAN/Ethernet card fitted if it is to be operated as a NCT.

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 31
OMN:SL Operation
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3.2 Software Requirements

3.2.1 Network Elements SL16/SL16E


The software for the Peripheral Control Units (PCUs) and for the Synchronous Multiplex-
er Control Unit SCU is stored in these slide-in units. The program loads and starts up
automatically when the network element is switched on.
The software version currently installed can be updated by software download.

☞ For information regarding installation of the new software, please contact the
Service department of the vendor in question.

3.2.2 Operating Terminal LCT or NCT


The software (firmware) for the operating terminal comprises:
– MS Windows NT operating system (service pack 5)
– driver software for Q-B3/Ethernet interface
– installation software for the network card
(for operation with Ethernet interface to Q-B3 access)
– gateway software NE-UniGATE
– application software SL16/SL16E
If the necessary software components are not all installed on the operating terminal,
please refer to the relevant instructions in the Installation and Test Manual ITMN and in
the user manual for your operating terminal.
When setting the screen resolution, please remember that small font sizes are used.
i
Online mode
To allow the operating terminal to run in online mode with the network element, the NE-
UniGATE gateway software package and the SL16/SL16E application software must
first have been successfully installed.
In contrast to Release 1, no offline operation
– without the NE-UniGATE gateway software installed and
– without a network element SL16/SL16E
is possible.

3.3 Prior Knowledge Required by Operating Personnel


For working with the equipment:
– basic knowledge of electrical and mechanical safety regulations
– basic knowledge of laser safety precautions
For working with the graphical user interface:
– general PC knowledge (how to switch on, log on etc.)
– basic knowledge of MS Windows NT
For understanding the operating procedures:
– knowledge of the features (as described, for example, in the Technical Description
TED).

32 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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SLD/T16-2.5

4 Application Area, Functions and Handling of


the Operating Terminal

4.1 Operating Terminals LCT and NCT


The operation and monitoring of network elements can be handled both by way of an
operating terminal (LCT or NCT, Fig. 4.1) and also by way of a telecommunications net-
work management.
The operating terminal LCT is used preferentially for mobile operation, while the operat-
ing terminal NCT is used for stationary operation. The same hardware can generally be
used for both terminals, but on account of the differing modes of operation we do rec-
ommend a notebook for the LCT and a desktop PC for the NCT. Corresponding to the
hardware types, two types of software are available – an LCT software package and an
NCT software package – where the latter also includes the former. Operating terminals
which have the NCT software installed can therefore be operated in LCT mode or in
NCT mode.
You will be asked to choose either LCT mode or NCT mode when the corresponding
variant of the gateway software NE-UniGATE is installed or when this starts up.
In the case of connection via the interface Q-F, LCT mode enables you to access the
local network element. When connection is effected via the Q-B3 interface, up to two
network elements of a prespecified address area can be called simultaneously (without
the opportunity of a graphical network view).
NCT mode (connection via the interface Q-B3) allows you to monitor all alarms reported
by the reachable network elements. A background bitmap (preferably an actual map)
can be assigned to each communication channel. This allows you to locate the network
elements according to their geographic position.

LCT NCT

NE-UniGATE NE-UniGATE
with local access with network access
Ethernet-LAN
RS232
Ethernet e.g. 10Base2
Q-F Q-B3 Q-B3

Several NEs Several NEs


One local NE via DCC
via DCC

DCC

Fig. 4.1 Access Capabilities for the LCT/NCT to Local Network Elements
and Network Elements Used in the Network

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 33
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

The possible interface links of the LCT and the NCT are listed in Tab. 4.1.

Interface on the NE LCT NCT

Q-F only local NE, display: Module View

Q-B3 maximum of 2 NEs can be called simul- maximum of 50 NEs in network view with
taneously in a network. simultaneous monitoring.
Display: Module View display: network elements positioned in
network structure and also Module View

QD2-RS485 no usage for SDH networks

Tab. 4.1 Application of the Operating Terminals

4.2 Operator Functions


Tab. 4.2 lists the main functions performed on the LCT and the NCT with cross-refer-
ences to the relevant Chapters in this Operating Manual.

Functions See Chapter

Starting the session Starting the NE-UniGATE software platform see OMN:NE-
UniGATE

User identification see OMN:NE-


UniGATE

Choice of interface Q-F or Q-B3 see OMN:NE-


UniGATE

Starting the application software 6.1

Configuration Configuring the equipment of a network element 6.2.5.1

Cross-connect connections 6.4.3.6

Cross connections “Overhead”:


– DCC channels 6.4.3.2
– Engineering order wire 6.4.3.3
– Telemetry channels 6.4.3.3

Protection switchings:
– Line Protection 1+1 MSP 6.11.1
– Line Protection 1:1 MSP 6.11.2
– Two Fiber Ring Protection (2F-SPRING) 6.11.3
– Two Fiber Ring Extra Protection (2F-SPRING X) 6.11.4
– Four Fiber Ring Protection (4F-SPRING) 6.11.5
– Path Protections 6.11.6
– 1:n Module Protection (EIPS1) 6.11.7
– Module Protection (SNL, CLL) 6.11.8

Alarm indication Indicating the hardware information for the slide-in units 6.4.2.3
6.4.2.4

Indicating the software information for the modules 6.4.1.12

Indicating the log files 6.4.1.13

Request the status of the DCC connection 6.4.3.10

Software download 6.4.1.11

Tab. 4.2 LCT and NCT Functions

34 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

Functions See Chapter

Terminating a session 6.12

Fault and alarm man- (alarm indication, alarm display, acknowledging alarms, alarm 7
agement registration, non-generation of alarms)

Operating the service - 8


telephone

Tab. 4.2 LCT and NCT Functions (Cont.)

You will find further information on possible operator functions in the Index.
i

4.3 Working with the User Interface


The procedure for working with the user interface corresponds to that applicable to Win-
dows NT. This section contains information relating to basic topics.

4.3.1 Operating Terminals


The following general information applies equally to the mobile operating terminal LCT
and to the stationary operating terminal NCT.
In the case of standard requests on the user interface of the application software, the
i texts appear in accordance with the installed Windows language version.

4.3.1.1 Mouse and Keyboard


The SL16/SL16E is operated mainly from the screen of the operating terminal, using a
mouse, trackball or touchpad. Apart from when it is used as an alternative to the mouse
(see below), the alphanumeric keyboard is only needed for entering customer-specific
text in certain windows.
The keyboard set-up is the international one.
Both the left and the right mouse buttons are used when working with the user inter-
face. If you have a three-button mouse, the buttons must be set accordingly; the third
(middle) button is not used. The left mouse button is used in the same way as in MS
Windows NT:

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 35
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

The left mouse button – select a pull-down menu from the top bar of a window
is used for example to
– select a menu item
– select a function using the features available in a window
(buttons, selection menus etc.)
– confirm an action (e.g. <Apply>)
– work with a window (see Chapter 4.3.1.3) etc.

The right mouse button – access a pop-up menu from the graphic representation
is used for example to of a symbol (functional unit, module (slide-in unit) etc.)
– select a menu item
Unless the text states otherwise, you always use the left mouse button for clicking and
i double clicking.

As an alternative to using the mouse, you can select menus from a menu bar using the
i <ALT> -”underlined letter” combination of keystrokes (see Tab. 4.3). You can select
individual menu items from a menu simply by pressing the key corresponding to the un-
derlined letter. Close opened windows with key combination <Ctrl> <F4> .
The rest of this Operating Manual OMN refers exclusively to use of the mouse.

4.3.1.2 Menus
For menus, the principles are the same as in MS Windows NT; this applies both to work-
ing with menus and to the way information is presented within the menus.

⇒ You can leave any submenu again by pressing the <ESC> key.

4.3.1.3 Windows
The basic functions “Move”, “Resize”, “Minimize”, “Maximize” etc. are the same as in
MS-Windows NT.

⇒ In dialog windows, you can move from one input field to the next, either by
clicking on the field you want to move to with the left mouse button or by press-
ing the <Tab> key. If you press <Return>, this has the same effect as clicking
on the button with the thick outline round it (which you select using <Tab>).

☞ The graphical elements of the main window of the NE-UniGATE gateway soft-
ware are described in OMN:NE-UniGATE.

☞ The graphical elements of the main window of the SL16/SL16E application soft-
ware are described in Chapter 6.2.

36 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

4.3.1.4 Online Help System


NE-UniGATE gateway software

⇒ You can select the online Help system of the NE-UniGATE gateway software
from its <Help> menu.

☞ For further information on the NE-UniGATE Help system, see OMN:NE-Uni-


GATE.

Application software for the network elements SL16/SL16E

⇒ You can select the online Help system of the SL16/SL16E application software
from its <Help> menu.

☞ For further information see help system.


4.3.2 Shortcuts

Key(-combination) Action

Alt selects the first menu in the menu bar

Alt+C functionality of the cancel/close button, refers to actual window with cancel/close but-
ton

Alt+A functionality of the apply button, refers to actual window with apply button

Alt+U pulls the update menu from the menu bar down

Alt+K functionality of the ok button, refers to actual window with ok button

Alt+F pulls the file menu from the menu bar down

Alt+V pulls the view menu from the menu bar down

Alt+B pulls the symbol menu from the menu bar down

Alt+T pulls the NE state menu from the menu bar down

Alt+L pulls the fault menu from the menu bar down

Alt+P pulls the performance menu from the menu bar down

Alt+Y pulls the security menu from the menu bar down

Alt+O pulls the options menu from the menu bar down

Alt+W pulls the window menu from the menu bar down

Alt+H pulls the help menu from the menu bar down

Crtl+X cuts selected text to the clipboard

Crtl+C copies selected text to the clipboard

Crtl+V pastes selected text from the clipboard

Crtl+S functionality of the File-Save as menu

Crtl+P functionality of the File-Print menu

Tab. 4.3 Shortcuts

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 37
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

Key(-combination) Action

Crtl+M opens the Module View

Crtl+T opens the Traffic View

Crtl+G opens the General Functions View

Crtl+F4 closes the activated child menu

Crtl+F5 updates the actual dialog window

Del deletes selected text

Esc closes the opened dialog window


F1 opens the help window for the activated window

F6 used in splitter windows to activate next (splitter) part of the window

Tab selects the forward next control of the activated window

Shift+Tab selects the backward next control of the activated window

Arrow keys navigation through window components of the same component type

Tab. 4.3 Shortcuts (Cont.)

4.4 Indicator and Control Elements on the Network Elements


SL16/SL16E

4.4.1 Slide-in Units


The LED displays of the slide-in units (modules/cards) can only be seen when the hous-
ing cover is open. These comprise the fault LEDs and the service status LEDs, which
are used particularly in maintenance tasks.
Before you open the housing cover of all NEs and when doing any work with the sub-
! rack open, you must observe the measures contained in Chapter 2

☞ The LED displays of the slide-in units are described in the Maintenance Manual
MMN.

4.4.2 Subrack Alarm Panel/Phone Indication SRAP-PI


Each subrack has a subrack alarm panel SRAP-PI on the right beneath the terminal
panel for indicating and acknowledging alarms, and also for signaling service channel
connections (see Fig. 4.2).

A EL RT
#1

#2

ALARM

Fig. 4.2 Subrack Alarm Panel/Phone Indication SRAP-PI

38 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

The SRAP-PI has


– one red light emitting diode A for displaying urgent alarms,
– one yellow light emitting diode B for displaying non-urgent alarms,
– a reset button RT for acknowledging alarms which have occurred,
– one yellow light emitting diode EL as a reminder of occurred alarms which till exists
but did not have been acknowledged and
– green light emitting diode group Ι and ΙΙ for displaying “Call” (flashing) and “Busy”
(permanent) for engineering order wire coming from OHA and second OHA (netele-
ment SL16E); two independent conference lines #1 and #2 are signaled.
The elements of the SRAP-PI can still be operated when the subrack is closed.
For further information on the SRAP-PI, see TED.
i

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 39
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

5 Functions of the NE-UniGATE Software


If you are working with the manuals, you will find OMN:NE-UniGATE in the dedicated
i Operating Manual of the gateway-software UniGATE.

40 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

6 Functions of the Application Software of the


Synchronous Multiplexer
Seperate application software is available for each network element types SL16 and
SL16E. The menu of both software types is the same. The only difference being the fea-
tures of the network element types which are more or less available.
Before configuring a NE by an operating terminal watch the correct and complete place-
i ment of the modules.

6.1 Program Start


Depending on the selection of the interface Q-F or Q-B3 or offline, the application soft-
ware is started in a different way:
• Start when connecting via Q-F
After starting UniGATE or selecting the Q-F interface via the menu command <Con-
figuration> <Communication channel> or <Network> <Connect to network> after
previous “Offline Mode”, the application software of the network element connected
with the Q-F interface is started immediately.
• Start when connecting via Q-B3
After starting UniGATE these appear as icon (see Fig. 6.1) on the user interface if
the Q-B3 interface has been selected as communication channel and one or more
network element/s has/have been set to “Active” via <Configuration> <Assign> <Q-
B3 Addresses>.

Fig. 6.1 Program Icon (Example)

Start the application software by double clicking with the left-hand mouse button on the
program icon (see Fig. 6.1) of the desired network element. The application can be
started also with the option <start> of the context menu that appears when the program
icon is clicked with the right-mouse button.
After starting the application software, the copyright window shown in (see Fig. 6.2) ap-
pears and the NCT NE Password is prompted.

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 41
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

<software version>
<date>

<product number>

<copyright>

Fig. 6.2 Start Screen of LCT-SW

Subsequently the main window with the “Module View” (default setting) opens which dis-
plays the LCT user interface of the synchronous line equipment SLD.

6.2 Main Window


The opened main window covers most of the window of UniGATE (see OMN:NE-Uni-
GATE) which has already been described and can still be accessed. For such an ac-
cess, the window of the application software is put into the background (function of MS
Windows NT).
The main window (see Fig. 6.3) consists of the following elements:
• Title Bar
• Main Menu Bar
• Tool Bar
• Work Area
• Main Status Bar
• Message List

42 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

Title Bar

Main Menu Bar

Tool Bar

Work Area

Message
Output Area

Main Status Bar

Fig. 6.3 Main Window of the Application Software, Example


(“Module View” With Additional Explanations)

6.2.1 Title Bar


The title bar of the main window shows
– Completely on the left-hand side, a special “Window symbol” (applies to all win-
dows),
– The type designation of the network element (here: SLD16E),
– The name (Identifier) of the network element (here: “SLD16E 2.5”; or e.g. a location
name). This also appears under the icons for the network elements in the network
display window and is entered in the UniGATE dialog box
(see OMN:NE-UniGATE).

A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619 43
OMN:SL Operation
SLD/T16-2.5

6.2.2 Menu Bar


Fig. 6.4 shows the menu bar of the main window with the main menu items. When you
click on one of these menu items, the pull-down menu specific to the menu item opens.
The specific menu structure of the individual main menu items (File, View etc.) depends
on the selected view and the activated module or function symbol.

Fig. 6.4 Menu Bar of the Main Window

Tab. 6.1 shows and briefly explains the individual pull-down menus.

File Working with the program file

Script Configuration Opens the Script Configuration window


(see 6.2.4)

Save As...1) Opens the MS Windows standard “Save As” dialogue, pushing <Save> causes saving the informational
contents of the active window in the file

Save Message List Opens the MS Windows standard “Save As” dialogue, pushing <Save> causes saving the informational
contents of the message output list in the file

Print 1) Prints the actual informational contents of the active window

Print Message List Opens a Print Preview window containing the actual informational contents of the message output list
which shall be printed

Print Setup... Opens the MS Windows standard “Print Setup” dialogue

Exit Terminates the application

View (see 6.2.5.1) Selecting the type of view


1)
Module View Display the “Module View” in the main window as a graphic illustration of the subrack, with information
about the specified and actual equipping with modules

NE State (see 6.5) Set the NE status (context-sensitive)

Set to Idle Enabled if the NE is not in idle state, causes setting the NE from active state to idle state

Set to Active Enabled if the NE is not in active state, causes setting the NE from idle state to active state, opens “Default
NE name” message window

Set to Maintenance Causes replacing the service mode by maintenance mode / enabled if NE is not in maintenance mode

Set to Operation Enabled if NE is in maintenance mode, causes replacing the maintenance mode by the operation mode

Fault (see 6.6) Managing alarms from the selected symbol

Alarm List... 1) Open the “Alarm List” window

1) Can also be opened using the relevant toolbar button (see Tab. 6.2).

Tab. 6.1 Menu Summary of the Application Software

44 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
Operation OMN:SL
SLD/T16-2.5

Acknowledge All Causes changing the state of all raised alarms from unacknowledged to acknowledged

Performance (see 6.7) Displaying features / quality parameters


1)
TCN List Opens the “TCN List” window

Security (see 6.8) Setting the write / read access


Access 1) Opens the “Access Information” window

Request Write Access

Release Write Access

Activity Log Opens the MS Windows standard “Save” dialogue, pushing <Save> causes saving the informational con-
tents of the active window in the file

NE Password The NE provides a mechanism to store or set to default a individual password for the craft terminal

Options (see 6.9) Perform optional configurations of the user interface

Settings...1) Opens the “Option Settings” window

Window (see 6.10) Select the view for the open windows

Update Window F51) Update the display of the current window, either with the <Window> <Update Window> menu item or by
pressing the “F5” key of the craft terminal keyboard.

Update All Alarms Update all alarms.

Clear Message List Clears all entries in the message output bar (Message List)

Cascade The standard MS Windows functionality is provided

Tile Horizontally

Tile Vertically

Arrange Icons

Close All 1)

1 Module View
2 Alarm List

Help Online help conforming to MS Windows NT

Contents Opens the help contents window

On Window F1 1) Opens the help window for the actually activated window

About... Opens the “About” box

1) Can also be opened using the relevant toolbar button (see Tab. 6.2).

Tab. 6.1 Menu Summary of the Application Software (Cont.)

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You can press the F1 key to obtain help on any windows that are open for the above
i menu items.

6.2.3 Tool Bar


The tool bar (Fig. 6.5) runs along the top edge of the main window above the work area
(see Fig. 6.3). Clicking on one of these buttons with the left-hand mouse button pro-
vides quick and particularly easy access to certain frequently used functions.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Fig. 6.5 Tool Bar of the Main Window of the Application Software

Short info (Bubble Help): If you move your cursor to one of the symbols of the tool bar
i in the top edge of the main window, the action is given which is triggered by clicking on
the specific symbol (Example: Cursor on symbol for “Alarm List”: Short information
“Alarm List” appears).

The functions of the buttons are described in Tab. 6.2.

Icon Function Corresponds to the Menu Item Opens Window


(see Fig. 6.5)

1 Saves the data of the active win- <File> <Save As...> Save As
dow as a file via the standard dia-
log of MS Windows NT.

2 Data printout <File> <Print> For Print Options

3 Displays the “Module View” <View> <Module View> “Module View”

4 Displays the alarm list <Fault> <Alarm List...> “Alarm List”

5 Displays the Threshold Crossing <Performance> <TCN List> TCN List


Notification list

6 Displays access rights <Security> <Access> Access Informa-


tion

7 Displays settings for alarms, pro- <Options> <Settings...> Option Settings


gram start and end

8 Updates windows <Window F5> <Update Window> –

9 Closes all windows <Window> <Close All> –

10 Opens Online help <Help> <On Window...F1> Online Help

Tab. 6.2 Function of the Tool Bar Icons

6.2.4 Menu Item <File> <Script Configuration>


The “Script Configuration” function allows you to automate when configuring the network
elements. The particular advantage becomes apparent if certain configuration process-
es have to be repeated several times. Therefore this function is particularly useful when
commissioning or extending a network. By means of this routine, network elements with
the same features can be configured quickly and easily.

46 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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After clicking on the menu item <File> <Script Configuration>, the dialog box “Script
Configuration” (see Fig. 6.6) opens.
In the top section of the window
– configuration commands can be entered manually as “Script Statements”
or
– by clicking on the “Record” button in the tool bar (see Fig. 6.6), configuration com-
mands which are entered via the menu are recorded automatically. These can then
be stored in a file.
A stored file can be copied to the bottom section of the window (“Open a script configu-
ration file” button). The configuration process is started by clicking on the Execute But-
ton of the tool bar (see Fig. 6.6).

Execute Stop Record

Fig. 6.6 “Script Configuration” Dialog Box

6.2.5 Work Area


This range of the main window (see Fig. 6.3) in the top edge shows all the windows
which have just been opened or “minimized” and in the bottom edge the “Message List”.
All windows within the work area can be opened or closed without the application soft-
ware ending (function of Windows NT).
In the “Message List”, all the messages are arranged chronologically. These can be
stored and/or printed as a text file.
The maximum number of displayed messages can be configured in the Registry.

6.2.5.1 Module View


The modules of the network elements are designated in the display texts as “Module”
and as “Card”.
Generally netelement specific informations/settings are arranged with the icon “NE /
Subrack”.
The Module View (see Fig. 6.7) window is divided into a top and a bottom window seg-
ment.

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Fig. 6.7 “Module View” (SLD16E)

The top segment contains information about


– equipping the module slots in the subrack,
– the operating state of the modules as well as
– alarm information about the module.
The bottom segment contains the Port List. It includes the physical ports of the selected
module symbol. If you select one port of the list with the right-hand mouse button, a sub-
menu appears consisting of “Subview” and “Acknowledge”.
The port list with detailed information about the location of the connectors on the NE and
the station distributors can be printed out as follows:
“Select a line in the port list”, click on <File> <Print>.
In the “Connector Location” column line 1 contains the information about the connector
i assignment on the NE, line 2 about connector assignment on the distributors.

Possible equipping of the network element is already given in the application software.
Display of the modules in “Module View” gives information about the presetted equip-
ping of the individual slots in the subrack.

48 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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The actual equipping is shown in “Module View” by selecting the “NE / Subrack” and
with right mouse button <Information> <Actual Equipping>.
For SLD16, modules SCU (slot 416), CLL (slot 414) and SNL (slot 407) must always be
plugged in because these are required for configuration and operation.
Similarly with the SLD16E, modules SCU (slot 511), CLL (slot 416) and SNL (slot 505)
must always be plugged in.
When opening the subrack for all the hardware settings on the modules and for plug-
! ging-in or pulling-out modules from the subrack, the notes in the maintenance manual
MMN and in the installation and test manual ITMN have to be taken into account.

Menu of the slot numbers


The slot numbers are at the top of the module symbols (see Fig. 6.7).
For each slot, a pop-up menu with the appropriate module types can be called up by
clicking with the right-hand mouse button on the slot number.
This so-called “can” equipping list for the relevant slot is interrogated when calling up the
menu from the network element for the first time. For all further calling-up, it is taken from
the application memory of the craft terminal.

Configuring required equipping


A module slot can either be “empty” or equipped with a module (e.g. “EIPS1”) contained
in the selection list of the pop-up menu.
If you select a module from the pop-up menu, it is taken up immediately in the actual
equipping of the network element.

Possible Slots of CS4 Modules (for SLD16E)


In this NE there are blocked slots when configuring an OIS16/OIS16-2 module in slots
502 and 509. These blocked slots 401 to 404 and 411 to 414 are filled automatically by
the LCT with CS4 placeholder modules (grey color).

Module protection symbols in module view


The module protection symbols are shown within the module symbols EIPS1
(see Fig. 6.7).
Tab. 6.3 shows the description.

Symbol Description

P protecting card

PL protecting card (lockout)

W working card

WL working card (lockout)

WF working card (forced)

Tab. 6.3 Module Protection Symbols

6.2.6 Main Status Bar


The main status bar (see Fig. 6.8) gives information about the operating states and dis-
plays important messages (alarms) in short form.

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Alarm State NE State Data


Notification Area Indicator Indicator Semaphore

NE Report State Access Mode

Fig. 6.8 Main Status Bar

The main status bar contains the following elements from left to right:
– Notification Area
Default setting: Display “For Help, press F1”.
The message “Alarminfo incomplete” (in red) appears if not all the information is
available after the application software has been started. In this case update the
alarm display via the menu item <Window> <Update All Alarms>.
– Alarm State Indicator
In the alarm state indicator field, up to four LED NE alarms of varying severity can
be displayed as collective indication (see 7.2.2).
– NE Report State
The following messages are possible:
Operation: Operating state, the NE supplies alarm information
Maintenance (red writing): The NE was set to the maintenance state, i. e. it supplies
no spontaneous alarm messages.
Overload (red writing): Overflow in NE-internal telegram traffic, messages can be
lost.
– NE State Indicator
Active: All NE functions are available
Idle: SCU is cut off from PCUs (all configurations are recorded in the SCU (idle state)
and then in active state they are transported to the modules.
– Access Mode
Displays whether you have read/write access or only read access. The Access
Mode can be set in the main window via the menu items <Security> <Access>.
– Data Semaphore
The displayed LED illuminates green if there are valid data or red if the network el-
ement transmits data to the craft terminal.

6.2.7 Alarm Display


The module symbol is shaded red in the case of module-related alarms displayed in
Module View (see Fig. 6.7).
New alarms are displayed by means of a red flashing module symbol or with a blue out-
line. After the alarm has been acknowledged, the symbol is displayed permanently red.
For more details on alarm management, see Chapter 7.

6.3 Main Menu Item <View>


The functions of these menu item is described in Chapter 6.2.5.1.

50 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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6.4 Submenus with Right Mouse Button Click


(or Double Click with Left Mouse Button)
The menu sequence which is described here depends on the selected:
– NE / Subrack item or
– module
For each item a pop-up menu can be called up by clicking with the right-hand mouse
i button on the menu item.

Before opening the menu, a functional field (e.g. OHA or OIS16 in “Module View”) has
to be selected by simply clicking. The field selected in this way, is then displayed with a
bold outline around it. By again clicking on the functional field, with the left-hand mouse
button, the menu applicable to this functional unit is opened.
Most of the subitems are the same. They only refer to the selected module or NE / Sub-
rack of the NE.
All dialogues with an update button, are not automatically refreshed. To refresh the dis-
i played information, close and open the dialogue or just press “update” or <F5>.

6.4.1 NE / Subrack Menu Items

After selecting the “NE / Subrack” item with right mouse button

Fault

Equipment Alarms Opens the corresponding alarm window (see 6.4.1.1)

Acknowledge Causes changing the state of indicated raised alarms from unacknowledged to acknowledged
of this symbol

Detailed Alarm Information Opens the “Detailed Alarm Info” window (see 6.4.1.2)

Configuration

NE Data Opens the “NE Data Config” window (see 6.4.1.3)

Subrack Data Opens the “Subrack Data Config” window (see 6.4.1.4)

NE Time Opens the “Date/Time - Config” window (see 6.4.1.5)

Power Supply Monitoring the second power supply (see 6.4.1.6)

Persistency Time Opens the “Persistency Time Config” window (see 6.4.1.7)

Bw7R Opens the “Bw7R Config” window (see 6.4.1.8)

Information

Actual Equipping Opens the “Actual Equipping Info” window (see 6.4.1.9)

Possible Equipping Opens the “Possible Equipping Info” window (see 6.4.1.10)

Config DB Management Opens the “Config DB Management” window (see 6.4.1.11)

Software Management Opens the “Software Management” window (see 6.4.1.12)

Logs

NE Startup Log Opens an info window about previous NE startup infos

NE Logs Opens the “NE Logs Info” window (see 6.4.1.13)

Upload

Tab. 6.4 Menu Overview after Selecting “NE / Subrack”

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After selecting the “NE / Subrack” item with right mouse button

Exeption Log A Log File is generated (non readable) and can be saved

Trace Log A Log File is generated (non readable) and can be saved

Tab. 6.4 Menu Overview after Selecting “NE / Subrack” (Cont.)

6.4.1.1 Menu Item <Fault> <Equipment Alarms>


Opens Fig. 6.9. In the window you will find the alarms which can be raised for a selected
module. These alarms can be suppressed if you click the checkbox at the end of the line
in the “Suppression” column.
Other possibilities:
Select the line with the left-hand mouse button and then activate the right-hand mouse
button. A submenu appears and there you can either click on the alarm suppression
<Set Suppression> or on removing the alarm suppression <Remove Suppression>. You
acknowledge raised, flashing alarms (by clicking on <Acknowledge> (see also Chapter
7.5).

Fig. 6.9 “NE/Subrack - Alarm” Window

6.4.1.2 Menu Item <Fault> <Detailed Alarm Information>


Opens Fig. 6.10. The window displays the current internal “HW link failure list”. The list
contains a table which displays the link failure type as text string, the identified module
and a possible faulty module with <card name>_<Slot-Nr.>. The module can be named
several times because only one fault is displayed per line.
By clicking on the <Update> button, the list is updated.

52 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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Fig. 6.10 “NE/Subrack - Detailed Alarm Info” Window

6.4.1.3 Menu Item <Configuration> <NE Data>


In Fig. 6.11 you must allocate a location name defined by the user in the “NE Location”
field (max. 64 characters). In the “NE Name” field, the user may define his own NE name
for the NE (max. 48 characters).

Fig. 6.11 “NE/Subrack - NE Data Config” Window

6.4.1.4 Menu Item <Configuration> <Subrack Data>


Opens Fig. 6.12. In the “Customer Specific” field, the user may define his own data
about the network element (max. 128 characters). In the “Vendor Specific” field, data en-
tered by the manufacturer are displayed (max. 256 characters). These are only entered
by the manufacturer.

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Fig. 6.12 “NE/Subrack - Subrack Data Config” Window


(Vendor Specific)

6.4.1.5 Menu Item <Configuration> <NE Time>


Fig. 6.13 appears with the two fields: “Current NE Time” and “Adjust NE Time to PC-
GMT”.

Fig. 6.13 “NE/Subrack - Date/Time Config” Window

In the “Current NE Time” field, the current NE time is displayed.


In the “Adjust NE Time to PC-GMT” field, the current time of the craft terminal (Desk-
top/Laptop) is displayed. The time in this field is set via the system control of the craft
terminal.
By clicking on <Apply>, the “Adjust NE Time to PC-GMT” is accepted in the “Current NE
Time” field.
The blue outline which normally appears when a value is changed, is not shown here.
i

54 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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It takes up to 45 min until the CLL modules with new timing works. Therefore never re-
! move CLL modules from the subrack after expiry of 45 min after setting time. Possibly
otherwise a reboot starts.

6.4.1.6 Menu Item <Configuration> <Power Supply>


Opens Fig. 6.14. In this window, the monitoring of the second power supply can be ac-
tivated.

Fig. 6.14 “NE/Subrack - Power Supply Config” Window

6.4.1.7 Menu Item <Configuration> <Persistency Time>


Opens Fig. 6.15 for setting the time for alarm self-recognition.

Fig. 6.15 “NE/Subrack - Persistency Time Config” Window

“Raise Time” determines the minimum time for which an alarm must be raised for it to
be reported securely.
For values of below 1 s an alarm must be raised for at least twice as long as the “Raise
Time”. For a value of “0” the alarm will be detected immediately. For values of 1 second
and longer the alarm must have been raised for 1 second longer than the set “Raise
Time” in order to be securely detected.
“Clear Time” displays for how long the alarm need no longer be present before it is re-
ported as “Cleared”. The alarm must at least not have been waiting 1 s longer than the
time set for “Clear Time” (setting range: 1 s to 30 s / default: 10 s).
The setting of the persistency time has no influence to consecutive actions (e.g. AIS in-
sertion, RDI injection).

6.4.1.8 Menu Item <Configuration> <Bw7R>


Different occurring alarms can be assigned to corresponding Bw7R alarm types:
– a, b = A, B (Subrack Alarm Panel)
– zaa, zab = ZA(A), ZB(B) (Central Alarm Panel)

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Fig. 6.16 “NE/Subrack - Bw7R Config” Window

6.4.1.9 Menu Item <Information> <Actual Equipping>


Fig. 6.17 gives the information of the equipping of the slots.

Fig. 6.17 “NE/Subrack - Actual Equipping Info” Window

6.4.1.10 Menu Item <Information> <Possible Equipping>


Fig. 6.18 gives slot equipping information with protection modes and partner slots and
used ISDH channels.

56 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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Fig. 6.18 “NE/Subrack - Possible Equipping Info” Window

6.4.1.11 Menu Item <Config DB Management>


NE State: “Active” or “Idle”.
If “Idle” the communication between SCU and other modules is switched off. Configura-
tion settings are transported to the modules if the NE State is switched to “Active”. By
switching to “Active” the SCU must do a restart and therefore a loss of connection and
a quitting of the element manager has taken place. Only in the NE State “Idle” the ac-
tions “Config DB Action”, “Set to Default Config DB and “Set to Previous Config DB” can
be done. Even a download is only possible in NE State “Idle” and a “Configuration ID”
of “0” or “1”. An upload can be done every time. When using the download or upload
button, the windows dialog “Open” or “Save As” appears.

Fig. 6.19 “Config DB Management” Window

6.4.1.12 Menu Item <Software Management>


Fig. 6.20 shows the active and the loadstate of the inactive “application program system
(APS)” software unit list.
You can check the compatibility of the active APS and make a download for a specified

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inactive APS.
With “Swap APS” an automatic restart of the NE using the previous inactive APS data
is executed.

Fig. 6.20 “Software Management” Window

6.4.1.13 Menu Item <Logs> <NE Logs>


Fig. 6.21 shows the two NE log types. Each index card contains a list control for the log
entries. The window is not automatically updated. The update button is used for updat-
ing the information written by the user.

Fig. 6.21 “NE/Subrack - NE Logs Info” Window


(Historical Event Log)

58 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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6.4.2 Common Module Menu Items


The menu items below only refer to the differences of the individual modules.
i
In principle, the sequence according to Tab. 6.5 applies to all the modules. Differences
do occur, specially in the menu item <Configuration>, and therefore there are several
different items of this display depending on the module types.

After selecting the “EIPS1” module with right mouse button

Fault

Equipment Alarms Opens the “Module Name_Slot - Alarm” window displaying the alarm information of this mod-
ule. In this window, specific module alarms can also be suppressed (see 6.4.1.1).

Acknowledge Acknowledges the alarm display.

Configuration Entry of user-defined tasks for the module (see 6.4.2.1)

Card Protection (see 6.4.2.2)

Information

Card Label Module-specific entries of the manufacturer (see 6.4.2.3)

ASIC Data Display of all the user-specific, integrated circuits of the module (see 6.4.2.4)

Upload

Startup Log Creates a protocol via the start phase of the module (Details see maintenance manual)

Actual Log Creates a protocol with the current data of the module (Details see maintenance manual)

Reset Card New start of the module without interrupting payload transmission

Tab. 6.5 Menu Overview after Selecting “EIPS1”

6.4.2.1 Menu Item <Configuration>


Opens the “Module Name_Slot - Config” window see Fig. 6.22 and Fig. 6.23.
• Card State
displays whether (enabled) or wrong card version, wrong card type, unavailable (dis-
abled) the module in this configuration (correct module type, HW/SW version) has
been released for operation in connection with the corresponding network element
type.
The following information depends on the specific module and means:
• User Label
is a network-specific information about the relevant module. It can be entered by the
operator. The text can consist of a maximum of 128 characters.
• Connection Reference
The OIS module to which the OB/OP module is to be connected is entered here. By
selecting a slot and clicking on Apply, the new configuration is set. Default setting is
“external”.
• Enable Transfer of Errorlog after Startup
If the Startup Event Log has been set, the “Startup History Log” protocol is updated
in the SCU module for each startup of a module.
• Interface Type
Port#n displays how the interface has been configured (155 Mbit/s for STM-1 signals
or 140 Mbit/s for PDH signals). The configuration can be changed. If you click with
the mouse on the arrow which is on the right-hand side next to the white field, the

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selection between either 155 Mbit/s and 140 Mbit/s appears in a pull-down menu.
Click on the desired signal and then on “Apply”. The signal is accepted. This applies
to each individual port. A negative message is displayed if there is already a connec-
tion for this port.
• Selected Internal SDH Signals (ISDH)
displays the currently selected connection of the ISDH signals at the ISDH interfaces
to the SNL (X: via X Bus; Y: via Y Bus) module.
• Crossconnection on this Port
displays whether or not there are Traffic Crossconnect connections on the ports of
this module (yes/no).
• OH Connections on this Port
displays whether or not there are Overhead connections on the ports of this module
(yes/no).
• Assigned as Timing Source
displays whether or not ports of this module are assigned as timing source (T0 or
T4) (yes/no).
• Used in Protection
displays whether or not ports of this module forms part of protection switching
(yes/no)
• MTS (Multiplex Timing Source) Mode
displays which SNL module transmits the Master T0 clock pulse for the system
(working = master; protecting = slave). If only one SNL module is used in the net-
work element, then T0-X or T0-Y is the master clock pulse (depending on the slot of
the SNL).
• Selected T0 Bus
displays which T0 clock pulse has been selected (X or Y Bus). All modules must
have selected the same clock pulse.
• Concatenated VC4 #1..4 (for module OIS4 and OIS4-2 only)
– Off
means, every VC4 with one time slot.
– “Simple Concat
means, using the simple model, everything, in terms of configuration
management, remains the same, with the exeption of the possible reporting of the
fLOA alarms in the VC4 CTP´s.
– Contig Concat
means, to switch on the virtual/contiguous converter and the VC4-channels build
a GTP (e.g. 4 VC4 to 1 GTP or 16 VC4 to 1 GTP). The virtual converted VC4
remains together.
– Virtual Concat
means, to handle virtual concatenated signals the operator has to create a virtual
concatenated V-GTP which represents data which has to be handled commonly
for all concatenated CTP´s. As default configuration the virtual concatenation is
switched off.
• Concatenation (for module OIS16 and OIS16-2 only)
It is possible to concatenate VC4´s to groups of 4 or 16 time slots. So it´s possible
to group the time slots 1-4, 5-8, 9-12, 13-16 or 1-16.
– Off
means, every VC4 with one time slot.
– Simple Concat
means, using the simple model, everything, in terms of configuration

60 A30808-X3580-H503-1-7619
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management, remains the same, with the exeption of the possible reporting of the
fLOA alarms in the VC4 CTP´s.
– Contig Concat
means, to switch on the virtual/contiguous converter and the VC4-channels build
a GTP (e.g. 4 VC4 to 1 GTP). The virtual converted VC4 remains together.
– Virtual Concat
means, to handle virtual concatenated signals the operator has to create a virtual
concatenated V-GTP which represents data which has to be handled commonly
for all concatenated CTP´s. As default configuration the virtual concatenation is
switched off.
If Crossconnection, OH Connection or Timing Source has been set on a module and the
i module has been configured at this slot, then no other module can be configured or tak-
en out of configuration in this slot.

Fig. 6.22 “Module Name_Slot - Config” Window (here: EIPS1)

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Fig. 6.23 “Module Name_Slot - Config” Window (here: OIS16)

6.4.2.2 Menu Items “EIPS1” <Card Protection>


Daisy chain protection. Modules can only be added/removed to the protection group
i one after the other.

After selecting an “EIPS1” module with right mouse button

Card Protection Install card protection selecting:


protection module
Remove group All modules taken out of protection mode
(here slot 414)
Activate Activate protection mode (P)

Deactivate Neutralize protection mode (PL)

Card Protection Install card protection selecting:


working module(s)
Add to group Module is integrated in n:1 protection (W)

Remove from group Module is out of n:1 protection

Lockout protection Module is always running in working mode (WL)

Forced switch to protection Module is always running in protection mode (WF)

Clear protection Reset of WL/WF mode

Tab. 6.6 Menu Overview after Selecting “EIPS1”

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6.4.2.3 Menu Item <Information> <Card Label>


Opens the “Module Name_Slot - Card Label Info” window (see Fig. 6.24). The window
contains information about the module type (code number and hardware data).

Fig. 6.24 “Module Name_Slot - Card Label Info” Window (General)

6.4.2.4 Menu Item <Information> <ASIC Data>


Opens the “Module Name_Slot - ASIC Data Info” (see Fig. 6.25) window. The window
gives information about the ASICs used of the selected module with the designation of
the ASIC function, of the number of the ASIC function on the module and the appropriate
inventory data.

Fig. 6.25 “Module Name_Slot - ASIC Data Info” Window

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6.4.3 Special Module Menus

6.4.3.1 Menu Items “OHA” <Configuration>

After preselecting the “OHA” module

Configuration

Card Opens the window “Config” (see 6.4.2.1).

OH Cross Connections Opens the window “Overhead Cross Connection” (see 6.4.3.2).

OH Interfaces (see 6.4.3.3)

Tab. 6.7 Menu Overview after Selecting “OHA”

6.4.3.2 Menu Item <Configuration> <OH Cross Connections>


In the “Overhead Cross Connections” window (see Fig. 6.26), various bidirectional
overhead cross connections between the VC-4 tributary signals are created in the OH
TP List and displayed in the OH CC List.
• Creation of an OHCC connection (OH TP List):
In the “OHA Card” field, select the used OHA slot.
In the “Filter” field, the used
– “Card” types (e.g. OIS1_slot)
– “Port” (1 to 4)
– “OH TP Type” (e.g. EOW) and
– “Connection State” (All, connected, free)
can be set by clicking <Set Filter>.

With <Reset Filter> all made options are neutralized with “All”.
From the list “OH Termination Point” the possible start point is selected and marked
with <Set as TP A>. Same way the possible end point is selected and marked with
<Set as TP B>. (Both TP A and TP B can be marked directly in the list by clicking
with right mouse button.) Both selections in the list are marked with a blue frame
around the red cross symbol.
In the “New OH Cross Connection” field the termination points A and B and the “OH
CC Type” are shown. Now you can do a reset by clicking <Reset TPs> or enable the
OH CC by clicking <Apply>.
• Clearing an OH CC connection:
In the OH CC List
– select the CC Type from the list
– in the “OH CC Options” field set “Action” to “Disconnect”
– select <Apply>
– in the new “SLD16 Message”/”SLD16E Message” window click <OK>
The OH CC is now deleted.
Depending on the whether “new OHCC” or an existing OHCC connection in field “OHCC
List”, is selected, status “Connect” or “Disconnect” is displayed.

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Fig. 6.26 “Overhead Cross Connections” Window

6.4.3.3 Menu Item <Configuration> <OH-Interfaces>


In this window (see Fig. 6.27), two 64-kbit/s channels for telemetry purposes can be en-
abled/disabled and a phone number for the engineering order wire of the network ele-
ment can be configured.
When configuring NE SLD/T16E, the two OHA-limited slots 407 and 501 can only used
i the two G703 channels.

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Fig. 6.27 “OH Interfaces” Window

One requirement for using the two serial 64-kbit/s channels which are available for te-
i lemetry purposes, is the corresponding configuration of two hardware switches on the
TIF module (see installation and test manual, ITMN).
If “G703” is used the switch must be in the “OFF” position, otherwise G703 transmission
is disturbed.

By clicking on the “TIF” symbol with the right-hand mouse button, a pop-up menu ap-
pears for
– Fault Management,
– configuring the switching channels and for
– enable/disable the TIF module.
If the TIF module has been disabled, symbol “G703” is active (enabling via <Enable
TIF>).
In the field “Two Wire Handset”, the directory number for the engineering order wire of
the network element is set (see Chapter 8).
By clicking on the arrows (on the right-hand side next to the number) or by highlighting
the number and overwriting this number, the numbers are changed. Setting range from
1 to 9. The “0” is used in the system as conference call and should be used as perma-
nent assignment to NE.
Two 4-wire channels for conference switching can be configurated.

Menu item <Configuration> <OH-Interfaces> “TIF” <Configuration>


By using the Telemetry Interface TIF module, you can configure two groups of 8 output
(Actors) and 8 input ports (Sensors) each according to your own requirements for telem-
etry tasks (see Fig. 6.28):

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Depending on the channel in which the TIF module has been enabled, line 1 to 8 (TIF#1)
or line 9 to 16 (TIF#2) are configured. Using these connections for example, external de-
vices for room monitoring (door opener (on/off)), temperature sensor, air conditioning
systems etc.) and their alarms (see Fig. 6.28) are set or supervised.
In the “Actors” field, outgoing “Custom Control Signals” can be activated and their con-
tact type for a valid alarm can be selected. In the adjacent “Sensors” field the contact
type must be set also for an alarm evaluation.

Fig. 6.28 “TIF#n - Config” Window

By clicking on the “PBX” symbol with the right-hand mouse button, Fig. 6.29 appears
for setting the PBX number, enable/disable PBX, selecting conference and setting dial
and wire mode.

Fig. 6.29 “PBX - Conf” Window

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6.4.3.4 Menu Item “OIS1 / OIS4 / OIS16” <Protection>

After preselecting the “OIS1 / OIS4 / OIS16” module

Protection Opens window Fig. 6.30

Tab. 6.8 Menu Overview after Selecting “OIS1/OIS4/OIS16”

Fig. 6.30 contains all the possible and existing protection switchings of the NE. It de-
pends on the actual equipping configuration of the NE. Protection switchings for the spe-
cific type can be created or cleared. Protection switching with the following information
is displayed per line:
Red cross: not active / green small hook: active
Type: Type of protection switching
Exists: “Yes” or “No”
Worker / West/East: <Cardname>_<Slot-Nr> of the working module
Protection / East/West: <Cardname>_<Slot-Nr> of the protection module
Protect. State: State of protection switching
Changing to the specific traffic flow window by double click with left mouse button if a
protection is present.

Fig. 6.30 “Protection Management” Window

6.4.3.5 Menu Items “SNL” <Configuration>

After preselecting the “SNL” module

Configuration

Card (see 6.4.2.1)

Cross Connections (see 6.4.3.6)

Tab. 6.9 Menu Overview after Selecting ”SNL”

6.4.3.6 Menu Item <Cross Connections>


In the “Cross Connections” window (see Fig. 6.31), various cross connections between
the VC-4 tributary signals are created in the TP List and displayed in the CC List.
• Creation of an CC connection (TP List):
In the “Filter” field, the used
– “Card” types (e.g. OIS1)
– “Port” (1 to 4)

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– “Connection State” (All, connected, free)


can be set by clicking <Set Filter>.
With <Reset Filter> all made options are neutralized with “All”.
In the field “New Cross Connection” under “CC Type” the different connection types
are chosen and shown beside with a graphic.
The “Action” can be set to “Connect” or “Connect with Squelch”. “Connect with
Squelch” is useful to ease the ring traffic, if the NE is faulty or to prevent misconnec-
tions in case of multi-failure in ring traffic.
From the list “Termination Point” the possible start point is selected and marked with
<Set as TP A>. Same way the possible end points are selected and marked with
<Set as TP B> and <TP B´>. (All TP´s can be marked directly in the list by clicking
with right mouse button.) All selections in the list are marked with a blue frame
around the red cross symbol.
In the “New Cross Connection” field the termination points A, B and B´ are shown.
Now you can do a reset by clicking <Reset TPs> or enable the CC by clicking <Ap-
ply>. When configurated “Connect with Squelch” under “Action” Fig. 6.32 appears.
By marking a made CC in the “Termination Point” window list and <Select CC> in
the “New Cross Connection” field, the fields (TP A, TP B and TP B´) are filled out
with the configured module types.
By selecting the <Config...> beside, the special VC4 window for further configuration
appears (see 6.4.4.4).
• Clearing an CC connection:
In the CC List
– select the CC Type from the list
– in the “CC Options” field set “Action” to “Disconnect”
– select <Apply>
– in the new “SLD Message” window click <OK>
The CC is now deleted.

Fig. 6.31 “Cross Connections” Window

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Fig. 6.32 shows the respective Node ID´s which have been set according to Fig. 6.61.
An event report can be set by a hook.

Fig. 6.32 “Cross Connection with Squelch Configuration” Window

6.4.3.7 Menu Items “CLL” <Configuration>

After preselecting the “CLL” module

Configuration

Card (see 6.4.2.1)

SEC (see 6.4.3.8)

Tab. 6.10 Menu Overview after Selecting ”CLL”

6.4.3.8 Menu Items <SEC>


Opens the “SEC” window (see Fig. 6.33). It allows the configuration of timing sources
which are used for synchronization. Each timing source besides internal timing can be
configured according to priorities. Internal timing always has the lowest priority. The tim-
ing source with the highest priority is used for the timing derivative.

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Fig. 6.33 “SEC” Window

Currently selected timing sources for the clock pulses T0 and T4 are displayed by
means of an arrow. The arrow displays the mode.
The modes involved are as follows:
• Auto:
The CLL selects from the configured timing sources, to which a priority was allocat-
ed, the best clock pulse according to quality. For the same quality, the lower value of
the set priority is decisive (1 = very good / 6 = very bad / do not use).
• Forced:
The operator determines which timing source is used. If the selected timing source
fails, a second arrow displays “Selected” in the “Holdover” field. The “Forced” arrow
remains on the timing source selected by the operator. If the timing source can again
be used, the second arrow again disappears after expiry of the “Wait to Restore
Time“. Here arranged priorities have no meaning.
The jump from higher timing quality to lower timing quality is accepted immediately.
The jump back from lower timing quality to higher timing quality is only accepted after
expiry of the time set in the “Wait to Restore Time” field. This applies to the modes
“Forced” and “Auto”.
All set configurations should be selected carefully according to the situation in the net-
i work.

Menu item “T0” <Configuration>


Opens the “SEC T0 - Config” window (see Fig. 6.34).

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Fig. 6.34 “SEC - T0 Config” Window

In the “Timing Source in Use for T0” field, the current T0 timing source is displayed.
In the “Requested Timing Source for T0” field, the T0 clock pulse can permanently be
derived from one of the T3 clock pulses (external) or T1 clock pulses (from a traffic sig-
nal) or the best qualitative timing sources can automatically be selected by the SNL
module (“auto Revertive”) or configured without reference timing (“free Running”). Only
the T1-/T3 clock pulses which have a priority are displayed in the context menu.
In the “Minimum Quality Level for T0” field, the minimum quality stage of the T0 clock
pulse which is required (Timing Marker) is selected resulting in a T0 quality alarm if it is
lower than the minimum value in a case of “autorevertive mode”. The Timing Marker is
displayed in front of the context menu field.
If you click on <Apply>, the set values are accepted.

Menu item “T4” <Configuration>


Opens the “SEC T4 - Config” window (see Fig. 6.35). The T4 clock pulse can also sup-
ply further network elements with reference timing, if required.

Fig. 6.35 “SEC - T4 Config” Window

In the “Timing Source in Use for T4” field, the current T4 timing source is displayed.
In the “Requested Timing Source for T4” is set whether the T4 clock pulse synchronizes
either on the T0 clock pulse, permanently (“Forced”) on a T1 clock pulse, automatically
(“auto Revertive”) on a timing source or the T4 clock pulse is disconnected (“TOff”).
Only the T1 clock pulses which have a priority are displayed in the context menu.
In the “Minimum Quality Level for T4” field, the minimum quality stage of the T4 clock
pulse (Timing Marker) is selected resulting in a T1 quality alarm if it is lower than the

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minimum value in a case of “autorevertive mode”. The Timing Marker is displayed in


front of the context menu field.
For “T3 and T4 Mode” there is the choice between “Two Mhz” and “Two Mbit”.
If you click on <Apply>, the set values are accepted.

Menu item “T1” <Configuration>


Opens the “SEC - T1 Config” window (see Fig. 6.36).

Fig. 6.36 “SEC - T1 Config” Window

In the “T1 Timing Reference” field, 4 different timing sources can be defined which are
used for the T0 and/or T4 derivatives.
Only those EIPS1- and OIS-ports entered in the context menu of the “T1(x)” fields can
be selected.
In the “T1 SSMs” field, the received Timing Markers of the selected timing sources are
displayed (as a HEX value in the first field).
If you click on <Apply>, the timing sources set in the “T1 Timing Reference” field are ac-
cepted.
If you click on <Update>, the values of the “T1 SSMs” are updated.

Menu item “T3” <Configuration>


Opens the “SEC T3 - Config” window (see Fig. 6.37).
In the “T3SSMs” field, the quality of the T3 clock pulses are set by selecting a Timing
Marker. This is necessary because T3 (e.g. from the normal frequency equipment
NFR2001) as 2.048 MHz normal timing, does not contain its own SSM. The Timing
Marker which has been set as a HEX value is displayed in front of the context menu field.
For “T3 and T4 Mode” there is the choice between “Two Mhz” and “Two Mbit”.
If you click on <Apply>, the set values are accepted.

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Fig. 6.37 “SEC - T3 Config” Window

6.4.3.9 Menu Items “SCU” <Configuration>

After preselecting the “SCU” module

Configuration

Card (see 6.4.2.1)

MCF (see 6.4.3.10)

Tab. 6.11 Menu Overview after Selecting “SCU”

6.4.3.10 Menu Item <Configuration> <MCF>


The “Message Communication Functions” window (see Fig. 6.38) contains different
functional symbols of the MCF functions. If you click on the symbols with the right-hand
mouse button, a context menu appears for setting the individual functions of the MCF.
The communication between the netelements is shown in which case 15 DCC channels
and 1 Ethernet channel are available.

Fig. 6.38 “Message Communication Functions “Window

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Menu item “Stack Parameters” <Configuration>


Opens the “MCF STACK - Config” window (see Fig. 6.39). The window contains 3 fields
“Layer 4: Stack Tuning”, “Layer 3: NSAP” and “Layer 3: Routing Principles”.

Fig. 6.39 “MCF - Stack Parameters Config” Window

• “Layer 4: Stack Tuning”


– Inactivity Time:
If there is no data packet (Acknowledge) coming from the opposite station, till the
activity timer is over, the layer 4 quits the connection.
(Default = 64) (Setting range: 2 s to 512 s).
– Maximum No. of Transmissions:
Displays how often a data packet (Acknowledge) has to be repeated.
– Retransmission Time:
Displays the time after the data packet (Acknowledge) is repeated if there is no
answer from the opposite station.
• Layer 3: NSAP (Network Service Access Point)
The composition of the NSAP address (area, system ID, selector) is mainly defined
by the first byte of the NSAP address. That first byte, called AFI, defines the length
and the byte rate from all three parts. The NSAP address has to be fixed by the DCN
planning. The NSAP address has to be unique.
– Area Address:
The address range forms part of the NSAP address of the NE (setting range: 2
bytes to 18 bytes). It can be compared with a city prefix or a country prefix.
– System ID:
The System ID is 6 byte long.
The MAC address of the NE has to be identical to the System ID.
– NSAP Selector:
Forms part of the NSAP address (Default = 1 / setting range: 0 to 255) at present
1 has to be selected.
• Layer 3: Routing Principle

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– Maximum Lifetime:
Displays how many steps (Hops) may be made between System-to-System to de-
liver a message before it expires (Default = 255/setting range: 1 to 255).
– Routing Principle:
Displays the range within which the system has to report.
Level 1 IS = to all systems within the same area
Level 2 IS without partition repair = the further partition is switched off for this NE.
The configuration can only be accessed by users of user class 4.
i Changing the configuration can give rise to the loss of a connection.

Menu item “CLNS” <Information>


Opens the “MCF - CLNS Dynamic Routing Info” window (see Fig. 6.40).
In this window, information for network configuration for the local NE is displayed
1. Adjacent systems displaying the Linkage ID, Adjacency ID, adjacent system types
and their IDs.
2. Destination systems with NSAP address, adjacent reference list.
3. Destination ranges with address prefix and adjacent reference list.

Fig. 6.40 “MCF - CLNS Dynamic Routing Info” Window

Menu item “CLNS” <Performance>


Opens the “MCF - CLNS Perf” window (see Fig. 6.41).

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Fig. 6.41 “MCF - CLNS Perf” Window

The “IS-IS Level 1 Data Base Overload” field displays whether or not the processing of
the Routing Table is overloaded and data are cleared. Display: Raised = In operation or
Cleared = No overload.
The “IS-IS Level 2 Data Base Overload” field displays whether or not the processing of
the Routing Table is overloaded and data are cleared. Display: Raised = In operation or
Cleared = No overload.
Further fields displays how many bytes were received and sent and how many Packet
Data Units (PDUs) were received, sent and repeated.
If you click on <Update>, the data in the window are updated.

Menu item “DCC” <Configuration>


In the “DCC Configuration” window (see Fig. 6.42), various connections between DCC
channels and the VC-4 ports are created.
Creation of an connection:
– Select one of the 15 DCC channels with red cross symbol.
– In the field “New DCC Cross Connection” select DCCM or DCCR type and the
STM-n Port.
– The “Action” field is set to “Connect”.
– Now you can enable the CC by clicking <Apply>.
– The DCC channel in the list is now marked with a green hook symbol

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Fig. 6.42 “DCC -Configuration” Window

By clicking with right mouse button at a DCC channel in the DCC list a menu with <Con-
figuration> (see Fig. 6.43) and <Performance> (see Fig. 6.44) appears.

Fig. 6.43 “MCF - DCC #n Linkage Config” Window

In the “Reachable Addresses” field, the NEs (Level 2) of another range are entered. The
operator can modify and clear existing addresses.

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In the “Configuration” field:


– External Domain: yes = IS-IS routing is switched off. RAP´s are strongly necessary,
otherwise there is no communication to other NE´s.
no = IS-IS routing is switched on. (Default)
– Level 1 Default Metric: Rate for DCC channel for level 1 routing. When routing from
one NE to another, the metrics of all paths are added and path with the lowest metric
is preferred. Preference is always given to the highest level (1 = very good / 63 = very
bad). (Default = 1)
– Level 2 Default Metric: Rate for DCC channel for level 2 routing. When routing from
one NE to another, the metrics of all paths are added and path with the lowest metric
is preferred. Preference is always given to the highest level (1 = very good / 63 = very
bad). (Default = 1)
– T200 Time [200...2500]: Default is 1000.
– Interface Type: Setting the interface for the local and remote NE. For a successful
connection, the one NE must be on a “Network” and the other one on “User”.
– Line Code: NRZ or NRZI (Default = NRZ)
All DCC connections which are routed to “DCCM-Termination Point” has to be con-
figured as “NRZ”.
– MCF Linkage State: It is displayed whether or not the connection can be used (En-
abled/Disabled).

Fig. 6.44 “MCF DCC #n Linkage Perf” Window

– Rejected Adjacency: It is registered if the information of an NE cannot be received


because of an inadequate memory capacity in the adjacent range.
– Version Skew: If an Adjacency cannot be initialized because of an incompatible pro-
tocol version (e.g. from an OEM device).
– ID Field Length Mismatch: If a PDU is received with an incorrect value for the system
ID.
– Max. Area Address Mismatch: If a PDU is received with an incorrect value for the
system ID.
– Area Mismatch: If an Adjacency cannot be initialized between two Level 1 ISs be-
cause of non-divisibility of a common range address.

Menu item “Ethernet” <Configuration>


Opens the “MCF - Ethernet Linkage Config” window (see Fig. 6.45).

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Fig. 6.45 “MCF Ethernet Linkage Config” Window

In the “Reachable Addresses” field, the NEs (Level 2) of another range are entered. The
operator can modify and clear existing addresses (see Fig. 6.46).
– External Domain: yes = IS-IS routing is switched off. RAP´s are strongly necessary,
otherwise there is no communication to other NE´s.
no = IS-IS routing is switched on. (Default)
– Level 1 Default Metric: Rate for Ethernet/DCC channel for level 1 routing. When rout-
ing from one NE to another, the metrics of all paths are added and path with the low-
est metric is preferred. Preference is always given to the highest level (1 = very good
/ 63 = very bad). (Default = 1)
– Level 2 Default Metric: Rate for Ethernet/DCC channel for level 2 routing. When rout-
ing from one NE to another, the metrics of all paths are added and path with the low-
est metric is preferred. Preference is always given to the highest level (1 = very good
/ 63 = very bad). (Default = 1)
– MAC Ethernet Address: Has to be fixed by planning personnel.
Attention: It is worldwide unique.
– Reachable Address List supervision can be enabled.
By clicking on the “Add” button, the “MCF - Reachable Address Add” window is opened.
In this window (see Fig. 6.46), the address range of the network element to be reached,
is entered in its own or in another range. (Default Metric = 10)

Fig. 6.46 “MCF - Ethernet Reachable Address Add” Window

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Menu item “Ethernet” <Performance>


Fig. 6.47 shows:
– Rejected Adjacency: It is registered if the information of an NE cannot be received
because of an inadequate memory capacity in the adjacent range.
– Version Skew: If an Adjacency cannot be initialized because of an incompatible pro-
tocol version (e.g. from an OEM device).
– ID Field Length Mismatch: If a PDU is received with an incorrect value for the system
ID.
– Max. Area Address Mismatch: If a PDU is received with an incorrect value for the
system ID.

Fig. 6.47 “MCF - Ethernet Linkage Perf” Window

Menu item “IP Address” <Configuration>


The following entries are made for “Ethernet Network Interface” in Fig. 6.48:
• IP Address: edit the according address. This is the external IP address of the net-
work element.
• IP Net Mask: edit the according net mask
• If Admin State: “Interface Up” enables the IP interface.
• If Descriptor: The interface for the external IP address is called “et0”. “Interface Up”
enables the IP interface.
The following entries are made for “IP Tunneling Network” in Fig. 6.48:
• IP Address: edit the according address. This is the internal IP address of the network
element. It is used for the tunneling network. All network elements used for IP tun-
neling must be in the same internal IP subnet.
The IP address of the tunneling network must be in the private IP address range of.
For the different network classes this is:
– Class A network: 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
– Class B network: 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
– Class C network: 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
• IP Net Mask: edit the according net mask. This net mask determines the subnet of
the IP tunneling network. Please be aware that IP routing table entries cannot con-
tain different os0 subnet addresses.
• If Admin State: “Interface Up” enables the IP tunneling.
• If Descriptor: The interface for the internal IP address is called “os0”. “Interface Up”
enables the IP tunneling.

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Fig. 6.48 “MCF - IP Address Config” Window

By selecting the “Statistic” button Fig. 6.49 shows several interface values.

Fig. 6.49 “Ethernet IP Address Statistics” Window

Menu item “IP Gateway” <Configuration>


The entry of one remote gateway consists of the tunneling IP address (os0) and the OSI
Nsap of the remote gateway NE (see Fig. 6.50). All remote gateways must belong to
one IP subnet from the point of view of the IP network. Note, that the Nsap is real Nsap
of the remote NE but with the different selector 33.

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Fig. 6.50 “MCF - IP Gateway Config” Window

Menu item “IP Routing” <Configuration>


The column “IP Route Type” is filled with the following pattern “U.G.H” if the flags are set.

Fig. 6.51 “MCF - IP Routing Config” Window

Fig. 6.52 is used to create a new entry in the IP routing list or to modify an existing one.
For the entries of this window ask the net planning instructor. The net mask is corre-
sponding to a destination IP address.
The gateway IP address is the os0 address of the remote network element. All network
elements must be in the same subnet.
The gateway flag is set “indirect route”. If the flag is not set, it means “direct route”. This
means local LAN, or a point to point connection. The gateway entry is ignored.

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The host flag is set means a route to a single host is generated. The net mask entry
specifies the host part. Thus when the host flag is set, the net mask must not be 32 bit.
The flag is not set means a subnet is addressed.

Fig. 6.52 “IP Routing Add” Window

Menu item “Transport Connections 1” <Information>


Opens the “MCF - Transport Connection #1 Info” window (see Fig. 6.53). In this win-
dow, the performance information of a connection to a remote NE is displayed.
“Remote NSAP Address” shows the type of the existing transport connections to the
connected LCT/NCT. The corresponding statistic rates are displayed.
In the “Remote T Selector” and “Local T Selector” fields, the TSAP of the transport con-
nection is displayed.
T Selector Remote= NSAP of NE (different types)
T Selector Local= NSAP of LCT (SYNEC-OS)
In the “Connection Type” field, the type of connection at the local NE is displayed:
– “Incoming” for “sent from the remote system” and
– “Outgoing” for ”sent from the local system”.

Fig. 6.53 “MCF - Transport Connection #1 Info” Window

Menu item “Transport Connections n” <Performance>


In the present case one transport connection for each connected LCT/NCT or manage-
ment system is made (see Fig. 6.38). So Fig. 6.38 shows how many connections are
actually made (maximum is 6).

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Fig. 6.54 display how many bytes were received and sent and how many Packet Data
Units (PDUs) were received, sent and repeated.
If you click on <Update>, the data in the window are updated.

Fig. 6.54 “MCF - Transport Connection #n Perf” Window

6.4.4 Port Symbol Menus


When selecting modules (like: EIPS1, OIS1/4/16 or OB/OP) in the bottom segment of
the “Module View” the “Port Symbols” are shown as a list. In this list, all physical con-
nections of the selected module are displayed.

6.4.4.1 Menu Item “EIPS1 (155M)”, “Port Symbol” <Subview>


By selecting a port symbol with the right-hand mouse button and <Subview>, the “Mod-
ule Name_Traffic Flow” window is opened. In this window, the signal route of the rele-
vant port is displayed by way of a symbol (see Fig. 6.55). The functional symbols in this
window depend on the symbol selected in the top section of the “Module View” window.
For each symbol there are further context menus (see Tab. 6.12 and Tab. 6.13).

Fig. 6.55 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - Traffic Flow” Window

Port Symbol After preselecting “EIPS1”, “Port Symbol” <Subview> “STM1” (with the right-hand mouse but-
ton)

Fault

Communication Alarms The alarm window is displayed (see 6.4.1.1)

Acknowledge Acknowledges the alarm display

Tab. 6.12 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol”


after Preselecting “STM1”

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Configuration Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 - Config” window (see 6.4.4.2)

Performance

MS Near End Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 - MS Near End Perf” window
(see 6.4.4.3)

MS Far End Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 - MS Far End Perf” window,
see approximately 6.4.4.3

Tab. 6.12 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol”


after Preselecting “STM1” (Cont.)

Port Symbol After preselecting “EIPS1”, “Port Symbol” <Subview> “AU4/VC4” (with the right-hand mouse
button)

Fault
Communication Alarms The alarm window is displayed (see 6.4.1.1)

Acknowledge Acknowledges the alarm display

Configuration Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 Config” window (see 6.4.4.4)

Performance

VC4 Near End Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 VC4 Near End Perf” window
(see 6.4.4.3)

VC4 Far End Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 VC4 Far End Perf” window, see ap-
proximately 6.4.4.3

AU4 PJE Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 AU4 PJE Perf” window (see 6.4.4.5)

Copy Data Opens the “Copy Data” window see 6.4.4.6

Tab. 6.13 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol”


after Preselecting “AU4/VC4”

6.4.4.2 Menu Item “STM1” <Configuration>


In the “ES” card (Electrical Section) (see Fig. 6.56)
– Port monitoring for RS/MS overhead alarms is enabled/disabled
– The name to the connection in the “Connector Location at Distributor” field (max. 40
characters) can be allocated
– The “Connector Location at NE” field contains the information with which port of the
connection field of the NE, the cables have been connected (permanent wiring via
the backplane)

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Fig. 6.56 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 Config” Window
(Electrical Section)

The “RS” card (Regenerator Section) (see Fig. 6.57) is used for the following:
• “TTI - Processing”: Enabling/disabling the Trail Trace Identifier
• “Transmitted” field: Entry which is send
• “Expected” field: Entry which has to be received
• “Received” field: Display which is actually received. If the “Received” field does not
correspond with the “Expected” field, an alarm is given provided that TTI Processing
and the Connection Supervision Mode have been enabled.
“Transmitted” and “Expected” selection fields:
– “ASCII text”: User-defined test information (TTI, max. 15 characters)
– “all binary zero trace”: Here is set whether or not a Path Trace has to be formed
with the CRC-7 checksum
– “all 01h Hex Trace”: Contains the test information and the CRC-7 checksum in
hexadecimal code.

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Fig. 6.57 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 Config” Window
(Regenerator Section)

“MS” card (Multiplex Section) (see Fig. 6.58)


– Timing Marker Received: contains the timing quality of the reference timing of a re-
ceived STM signal. It is 4 bits wide and there are 16 different values. Only six of
these values are used (see Tab. 6.14). All the other values are treated in the same
way as the “DNU (don’t use) value. Behind don’t use, the received value (e.g. don’t
use 5) is then displayed.
– “Force don’t use for Sync” can be switched on/off (signal can be used for synchroni-
zation).
– No. of Errored Blocks for a Bad Second [1...8000]: specifies how many received
frames (errored blocks) there may be per second (range of settings: 1 through 8000)
to obtain a “bad second”. (Default=100)
– No. of Consecutive Bad/Good Seconds for SD [2...10]: specifies how many consec-
utive “seconds” must occur to trigger or clear the SD alarm (Signal Degrade alarm).

S1 (bin) SSM (hex) Display Quality level

xxxx 0010 2 PRC Q1

xxxx 0100 4 SSU-T Q2

xxxx 1000 8 SSU-L Q3

xxxx 1011 B SEC Q4

xxxx 0000 0 quality unknown Q5

xxxx 1111 F DNU (don’t use) Q6

Tab. 6.14 Possible Displays in the “Timing Marker Received” Field

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Fig. 6.58 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 Config” Window
(Multiplex Section)

6.4.4.3 Menu Item “STM1” <Performance> <MS Near End>


In Fig. 6.59 three file cards “Current”, “Previous 15 min” and Previous 24 h” are dis-
played for checking the performance.

Fig. 6.59 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1 MS Near End Perf”
Window

“Current” file card:


In the “Enable Performance Monitoring” field, performance monitoring is enabled/dis-
abled. The two rows below that display the current measurement in 15 min and 24 h in-
tervals (Performance Monitoring must be enabled). If Performance Monitoring (PM) is
disabled, the current 15 min value is deleted. The remaining data is retained.

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The following is displayed in the columns:


– Date of the current interval
– Time of the current interval
– TMP - Duration of the measuring interval (in seconds)
– BBE - Actually occurred Block Errors
– ES - Actual Errored Seconds
– SES - Severely Errored Seconds are only displayed from 2.400 BBE/second
– UAS - Unavailable Seconds, at least 10 SES have to occur uninterrupted in se-
quence so that UAS is displayed. In this case (10 SES), 10 UAS and 0 SES is dis-
played.
If the threshold value (TCN) is exceeded, the corresponding field is shaded red (if TCN
and PM are enabled). If there is a fault in field “TCN 15 min” or “TCN 24 h”, and the “En-
able Performance Monitoring” field is disabled, the field is shaded dark green.
In the “TCN 15min”, “TCN 24h” and “TCN UAT” fields, “Monitoring enabled” also con-
nects monitoring of the upper BBE, ES, SES and UAS fields individually.
If TCN is disabled and if the threshold for this TCN is exceeded (alarm present), the TCN
alarm is cleared.
The TCN thresholds for 15 min monitoring are set in field “TCN 15 min” “upper Thresh-
old” or “lower Threshold” which dictate when the alarm will be triggered or cleared. It is
triggered immediately when the “upper Threshold” is crossed and cleared when the en-
tire 15 min interval is below the “lower Threshold” or is disabled.
The TCN thresholds for 24 h monitoring are set in field “TCN 24 h” “upper Threshold”.

“Previous 15 min” file card:


All the intervals are cleared (also 24 h) by making a check mark in the “Clear all previous
values 15min and 24h” field.
The file card also contains a list of transmission faults which occurred within a 15 min
interval. The last 16 measuring intervals (except current) with indication of date, time,
measuring duration of the interval in seconds (TMP), Block Errors (BBE), error seconds
(ES), severely errored seconds (SES) and unavailable seconds (UAS) are displayed.
Further entries overwrite the oldest entry. If “Enable Performance Monitoring” has been
disabled in the “Current” file card, the 15 min intervals are not accepted. “No event” is
displayed.

“Previous 24 h” file card:


All the intervals are cleared (also 15 min) by making a check mark in the “Clear all pre-
vious values 15min and 24h” field.
The file card also contains a list of transmission faults which occurred within a 24 h in-
terval. The last 3 measuring intervals (except current) with indication of date, time, mea-
suring duration of the interval in seconds (TMP), Block Errors (BBE), error seconds
(ES), severely errored seconds (SES) and unavailable seconds (UAS) are displayed.
Further entries overwrite the oldest entry. Active 24 h TCN alarms are cleared at the
changeover to the next day.
By selecting the “Apply” button, the set values are acknowledged and accepted. By se-
lecting the “Update” button, the fields are updated.

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6.4.4.4 Menu Item “AU4/VC4” <Configuration>


In the “AU4 / VC4 Misc.” card (see Fig. 6.60), the following options can be set:
• Connection Supervision Mode:
Only the received VC-4 signal of the SDH interface is monitored. This setting does
not change the VC-4 signal.
Possible settings
– Normal Monitoring:
Monitoring the AU-4/VC-4 signals (default; coming from STM-1)
– Supervisory UNEQ:
Enabling of HSUM. HSUM only gives UNEQ alarm, if C2=00 and Path Trace
J1=00
– Disabled:
Monitoring of the AU-4/VC-4 concerned is switched off. Alarms RDI, AU-SSF, UN-
EQ, SD, TIM (Trace Identifier Mismatch) are suppressed and not displayed in the
alarm window, the alarm list or the HEL. BBE errors are not counted nor are they
displayed in the performance window. The VC-4 is supervised at the STM ports.
• RDI/REI Insertion:
Insertion of RDI (Remote Defect Indication) / REI (Remote Error Indication) is only
possible with one EIPS1 module (155 Mbit/s) if HSUM and HSUG are active. The
RDI/REI insertion does not depend on Cross-Connect connections.
• Insert Supervisory UNEQ Signal:
Switches the HSUG function on/off and thereby inserts the UNEQ signal. The UNEQ
signal is then possible here with transmitted Path Trace. Traffic transmission is inter-
rupted.
• Path Protection Hold-Off Time [0...20000 s]:
The time that an alarm has to wait for the path protection to change over (setting
range: 10 to 20,000 ms) is set here.
• “No. of Errored Blocks for a Bad Second [1...8000]”:
specifies how many received frames (errored blocks) there may be per second
(range of settings: 1 through 8000) to obtain a “bad second”.
• “No. of Consecutive Bad/Good Seconds for SD [2..10]”:
specifies how many consecutive “bad seconds” must occur to trigger or clear the SD
alarm (Signal Degrade alarm).
Pressing the “Apply” button confirms and accepts the values set. Pressing the “Up-
date” button updates the fields.

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Fig. 6.60 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 Config” Window
(AU4/VC4 Misc.)

For “VC4 Trail Trace” card (see Fig. 6.57).


The “Squelch” card (see Fig. 6.61) shows the squelch supervision, receive source and
transmit destination parameters. The “Squelch Supervision” can be disabled/enabled.
The Squelch card is active only when OIS16/OIS16-2 modules are configured.
i
For active squelching: no hook for both “Node ID unassigned” and there must be the
“Node ID” entries coming from the VC4 source/destination.

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Fig. 6.61 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 Config” Window
(Squelch; only for OIS16/OIS16-2)

6.4.4.5 Menu Item “AU4/VC4” <Performance> <AU4 PJE>


In the “Module Name_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate)_AU4-Perf” window (see Fig. 6.62),
three file cards “Current”, “Previous 15min.” and “Previous 24h” are displayed for check-
ing the performance.

Fig. 6.62 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 AU4 PJE Perf”
Window

“Current” file card:


In the “Enable Performance Monitoring” field, performance monitoring is enabled/dis-
abled. The two rows below that display the current measurement in 15 min and 24 h in-
tervals, when AU-4 performance monitoring is enabled.

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If AU-4 performance monitoring is disabled, the current 15 min / 24 h interval is cleared.


The previous data is retained.
The following is displayed:
– Date: Date of the current interval
– Time: Time of the current interval
– TMP: Duration of the measuring interval (in seconds)
– –PJE: The negative pointer actions are counted
– +PJE: The positive pointer actions are counted

“Previous 15 min” file card:


All the intervals are cleared by making a check mark in the “Clear all previous values
15min and 24h” field.
The file card also contains a list of pointer actions which occurred within a 15 min (also
24 h) interval. The last 16 measuring intervals (except current) with indication of time,
date, measuring duration of the interval in seconds (TMP), neg. pointer actions (–PJE)
and pos. pointer actions (+PJE) are displayed. Further entries overwrite the oldest entry.
If “Enable Performance Monitoring” has been disabled, the 15 min intervals are not ac-
cepted. “No event” is displayed.

“Previous 24 h” file card:


All the intervals are cleared by making a check mark in the “Clear all previous values
15min and 24h” field.
The file card also contains a list of pointer actions which occurred within a 24 h (also
15 min) interval. The last 3 measuring intervals (except current) with indication of time
and measuring duration of the interval in seconds (TMP), (–PJE) and (+PJE) are dis-
played. Further entries overwrite the oldest entry. 15 min intervals are also contained in
the list.
By selecting the “Apply” button, the set values are acknowledged and accepted. By se-
lecting the “Update” button, the fields are updated.

6.4.4.6 Menu Item “AU4/VC4” <Copy Data>


Via window (see Fig. 6.63) alarms and configure data (Copy Items) of the Container
(Source) can be transferred to others (Targets). By clicking on the <Apply> button, pro-
cess becomes active.

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Fig. 6.63 “Copy Data” Window

6.4.4.7 Menu Item “EIPS1 (140M)”, “Port Symbol” <Subview>


The “Module Name_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate)_Traffic Flow” window is opened
(see Fig. 6.64). In this window, the signal route of the relevant port is displayed by way
of a symbol. The functional symbols in this window depend on the symbol selected in
the top segment of the “Module View” window. In this case, the symbols “E4” and “VC4”
are displayed. Further context menus are allocated to each symbol (see Tab. 6.15 for
“E4” and Tab. 6.16 for “VC4”).

Fig. 6.64 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - Traffic Flow” Window

Port Symbol After preselecting “EIPS1”, “Port Symbol” <Subview> “E4” (with the right-hand mouse button)

Fault

Alarms The alarm window is displayed, approximately see 6.4.1.1

Tab. 6.15 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting “E4”

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Acknowledge Acknowledges the alarm display

Configuration Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - E4 - Config” window (see 6.4.4.8)

Tab. 6.15 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting “E4” (Cont.)

Port Symbol After preselecting “EIPS1”, “Port Symbol” <Subview> “VC4” (with the right-hand mouse button)

Fault

Alarms The alarm window is displayed, approximately see 6.4.1.1

Acknowledge Acknowledges the alarm display

Configuration Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - VC4 - Config” window (see 6.4.4.9)

Performance
VC4 Near End (see 6.4.4.3)

VC4 Far End (see 6.4.4.3)

Copy Data Opens the “Copy Data” window approximately see 6.4.4.6

Tab. 6.16 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting “VC4”

6.4.4.8 Menu Item “E4” <Configuration>


In the “Module Name_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - E4-Config” window (see Fig. 6.65),
port monitoring for LOS and AIS is enabled/disabled in the “E4” field. Sections ES, MS
and RS are monitored. For connector locations (see Fig. 6.56).
In the “P4” field, “AIS Insertion to E4” is enabled/disabled. The AIS signal in the direction
of the connection allows manual insertion of AIS in the above direction.

Fig. 6.65 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - E4 - Config” Window

6.4.4.9 Menu Item “VC4” <Configuration>


In Fig. 6.66 the following options can be set in the “VC4 Misc” field:

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• Termination Point Monitoring: Enabling/disabling TP monitoring


• RDI/REI Insertion: RDI/REI enabled/disabled independently of unidirectional or bi-
directional cross-connection.
• “No. of Errored Blocks for a Bad Second [1...8000]”: displays how many blocks re-
ceived per second may be bad.
• “No. of Consecutive Bad/Good Seconds for SD [2...10]”: specifies how many con-
secutive “bad seconds” must occur to trigger or clear the SD alarm (Signal Degrade
alarm).
• Transmitted Signal Label: The value is adapted to the VC4 signal
• Expected Signal Label: Expected signal label in received VC4 can be set by the op-
erator.
• Received Signal Label: Actual value in the received VC4
Pressing the “Apply” button confirms and accepts the values set. Pressing the “Up-
date” button updates the fields.
For settings in the “VC4 Trail Trace” card see Fig. 6.57.

Fig. 6.66 “EIPS1_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - VC4 - Config” Window

6.4.4.10 Menu Item “OIS1/4/16” <Subview>


The “Module Name_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - Traffic Flow” window is opened
(see Fig. 6.67). In this window the signal route of the relevant port is displayed in terms
of a symbol. The functional symbols in this window depend on the symbol selected in
the top segment of “Module View”. In this case, the symbols “STM1/4/16”
(see Tab. 6.17) and “n x AU4/VC4 (n= 1, 4, 16)” are displayed. Further context menus
are allocated to each symbol.

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Fig. 6.67 “OISn_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - Traffic Flow” Windows

Under the functional symbol “n x AU4/VC4” are subviews with individual functional sym-
bols “AU4/VC4#n” (n= 1, 4, 16).

Port Symbol After preselecting “OIS1/4/16”, “Port Symbol” <Subview> “STM1/4/16” (with the right-hand
mouse button)

Fault
Communications Alarms The alarm window is displayed (see 6.4.1.1)

Acknowledge Acknowledges the alarm display

Configuration Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate) - STM1/4/16 - Config” window (see 6.4.4.11)

Performance

MS Near End Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate)_MS Near End Perf” window, see appr.Fig. 6.59

MS Far End Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate)_MS Far End Perf” window, see appr. Fig. 6.59

RS Near End Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number (Bit Rate)_RS Near End Perf” window, see appr. Fig. 6.59

Tab. 6.17 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting
“STM1/4/16” in the “Traffic Flow” Window

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6.4.4.11 Menu Item “STM1/4/16” <Configuration>

Fig. 6.68 “Module_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) STM1 Config” Window

In the “Module Name_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) STM1 Config” window
(see Fig. 6.68), the following settings are possible (also for STM4 and STM16):
“OS” card (Optical Section)
• For Port Monitoring / Connector Location Distributor / Connector Location NE
(see Fig. 6.56)
• Force Laser Shutdown: Immediately shuts down the laser transmitter
• Automatic Laser Shutdown: Shuts down the laser transmitter depending on the input
signal (Default)
• Automatic Laser Restart on ALS: Restarting the laser every 70 s for 2 s to put the
line back into operation automatically after an ALS was initiated. (Default)
• Laser Restart Pulse Width: pulse width of STM1/4 = 2 s; STM16 selection 2 s, 9 s
or 100 s.
• Manual Laser Restart: Manually restarting the laser
Normal: Laser is restarted for 2 s.
Extended: Laser is restarted for 90 s ± 2 s.
None: Function disabled (Default)
• Optical Receiver Mode: Configuring the laser with or without Optical Preamplifier
(OP)
– Normal mode: Without OP/LOF is reported as LOF (Default)
– Preamplifier mode: With OP/LOF is suppressed and reported as LOS, since the
OP is always transmitting light.
The “Laser Data” field contains informations about the status of the laser and the optical
receiver.

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For settings in the “RS” card see Fig. 6.57 and for OISn-2 modules see Fig. 6.69:
• “Transport Mode”: SDH or SONET
• “J0C1 Insertion Mode”: This mode decides whether the single configured J0 is in-
serted into the SOH or the automatically generated C1 Bytes, which are calculated
autonoumosly by the NE.
This mode is only valid together with “Transport Mode” = SONET.
• “SSBit Insertion Mode”: This mode decides which SSBits are inserted in the map-
ping path.
The SSBit Insertion Mode can be configured to the following values:
– “10 for SDH and 00 for SONET”; that means that 10 is inserted into the ssBits if
the port is configured to transport mode SDH and 00 is inserted in case of trans-
port mode “SONET”.
– “always 10”; that means that in both cases (transport configured to SDH or SO-
NET), 10 is inserted into the ssBits.
To prevent the loss of management control, the following sequences must be consid-
i ered.

• “FEC Switch Tx”: (default is “disabled”)


• “FEC Switch Rx”: (default is “disabled”)
In case of NE´s managed via DCC, the FEC configuration must be started at the NE,
which is at the “far end” of the DCN link, and proceeded NE by NE to the beginning
of the DCN link. In addition to that, the transmit direction of FEC should be enabled
before the receive direction of FEC. After the configuration of only the receive direc-
tion, the DCN link may be errornous caused by an FEC which is producing bit errors
out of a fault-free signal. For disabling the FEC functionality, the receive direction
should be disabled before the transmit direction.

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Fig. 6.69 “OISn-2_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - STMn Config” Window
(Regenerator Section)

For settings in the “MS” card see Fig. 6.58.


With selecting the “Apply” button, the values set are acknowledged and accepted.
i With selecting the “Update” button, the fields are updated.

6.4.4.12 Menu Item ”n x AU4/VC4” <Subview>


For OIS1 window see Fig. 6.55.

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Fig. 6.70 “OISn_Slot. Port Number (Bit Rate) - AU4/VC4 Selection” Windows

For an explanation of “AU4/VC4 #n” see approximately Tab. 6.13.

6.4.4.13 Menu Item “OP / OB” Port Symbol

Port Symbol After preselecting “OP / OB”, “Port Symbol” (with the right-hand mouse button)

Fault

Communication Alarms The alarm window is displayed (see 6.4.1.1)

Acknowledge Acknowledges the alarm display


Configuration Opens the “Module Name_Slot.Port Number OP/OB - Config” window (see 6.4.4.14 and 6.4.4.15)

Tab. 6.18 Menu Overview of Menu Item “Port Symbol” after Preselecting
“OP / OB”

6.4.4.14 Menu Item “OP” <Configuration>


The “Module Name_Slot. Port Number - Config” window (see Fig. 6.71) displays infor-
mation about:
– “Port Monitoring”: enabling/disabling connection monitoring.
With clicking on the “Apply” button, the values set are acknowledged and accepted.
Clicking on the “Update” button updates the field.
– “Connector Location at Distributor”: the name of the connection can be inserted in
the field (max. 40 characters).
– “Connector Location NE”: the field contains information with which port of the con-
nection field of the NE, the cables are connected to.
– “Output Power [dBm]”: output power of the laser diode.
– “Laser Current [mA]”: operating current of the laser diode (depending on the manu-
facturer of the laser diode, the pump current is between 70 mA and 130 mA
max.: 500 mA).

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Fig. 6.71 “OP_Slot. Port Number - Config” Window

6.4.4.15 Menu Item “OB” <Configuration>


The “Module Name_Slot. Port Number - Config” window (see Fig. 6.72), displays infor-
mation about:
– “Connector Location at Distributor”: the name of the connection can be inserted in
the field (max. 40 characters).
– “Connector Location NE”: the field contains information with which port of the con-
nection field of the NE, the cables are connected to.
– “Input Power [dBm]”: input power of the laser diode.
– “Output Power [dBm]”: output power of the laser diode.
– “Laser Current [mA]”: operating current of the laser diode (depending on the manu-
facturer of the laser diode, the pump current is between 70 mA and 130 mA
max.: 500 mA).

Fig. 6.72 “OB_Slot. Port Number - Config” Window

6.5 Main Menu Item “NE State”

6.5.1 Menu Item <NE State> <Set to Idle>


With <Set to Idle>, all the connections between the SCU and the modules are disabled.
Only the connection of the craft terminal with the SCU remains.

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The actual status of the NE State is displayed in the status bar (see Fig. 6.8).

6.5.2 Menu Item <NE State> <Set to Active>


By setting <Set to Active> the SCU reboots (the connection to the NE gets lost and the
application closes). After the reboot a program start (see 6.1) is necessary.

6.5.3 Menu Item <NE State> <Set to Maintenance>


With <Set to Maintenance> spontaneous alarms and messages for LCT/NCT and EM-
OS are suppressed.
The actual status of the NE State is displayed in the status bar.

6.5.4 Menu Item <NE State> <Set to Operation>


With <Set to Operation> the NE is reset to normal operation. All alarms and spontane-
ous messages are relayed to the LCT/NCT and EM-OS.
The actual status of the NE State is displayed in the status bar.

6.6 Main Menu Item “Fault”

6.6.1 Menu Item “Fault” <Alarm List>


Opens the “Alarm List” window (see Fig. 6.73) and displays detailed alarm information
of the entire NE. Each file card contains a list of the reported alarms and a checkbooks
for setting filter functions. A line in the list corresponds to an alarm information.

Fig. 6.73 “Alarm List” Window (Current)

In the “Current” card, current alarms are displayed. One line gives information about:

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Alarm Severity Indicator: Display of the alarm symbol


Object: Name of the object (e.g.: EIPS1)
Location: Location of the fault displaying the “Card name”_”Slot-Nr”,
”Port-Nr”, “(Bit Rate)”
Alarm: Designation of the alarm (e.g.: LTU)
Severity: Severity of the alarm (e.g.: critical, major, minor, warning)
State: State of the alarm (Acknowledged or Unacknowledged)
If the alarm is unacknowledged, the alarm severity indicator is marked with a blue out-
line.
By clicking on the alarm indicator, the context menu <Acknowledged> is displayed to ac-
knowledge an alarm. If that alarm has been acknowledged, it gets displayed as “ac-
knowledged” under the “State” column. If it has been cleared, the alarm gets erased
from the “Current” card.
In the “Show alarms with severity” field the alarm severity to be displayed can be select-
ed.
In the “Show alarms with state” field it can be selected whether acknowledged and/or
unacknowledged alarms are displayed.
In the “Alarm Counter” field the number of alarms are counted according to their severity.
In the “History” card (see Fig. 6.74) all alarms are displayed in an ordered sequence.
The line is divided into:

LED symbol Display of a previous cleared alarm


Alarm Severity Indicator: Display of the alarm symbol
Object: Name of the object (e.g.: EIPS1)
Location: Location of the fault displaying the ”Slot Port Number”
Alarm: Name of the alarm (e.g.: LTU)
Severity: Severity of the alarm (e.g.: critical, major, minor, warning)
Event: State (raised, cleared)
Time: Time and Date when the alarm event was raised/cleared
In the “Show alarms with severity” field the alarm severity to be displayed can be select-
ed.
With <Clear History> all alarms displayed in the “History” card are cleared.

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Fig. 6.74 “Alarm List” Window (History)

6.6.2 Menu Item <Fault> <Acknowledge All>


All new red flashing alarms or red alarms with a blue outline around them which were
raised in the NE, are acknowledged by clicking on <Acknowledge All>. After the alarms
have been acknowledged, the symbols display then with a steady red color.

6.7 Main Menu Item <Performance>

6.7.1 Menu Item <Performance> <TCN List...>


In this window (see Fig. 6.75) detailed information about threshold exceedings =
Threshold Crossing Notifications (TCN) can be requested for the entire network ele-
ment.
– When selecting “Current” current threshold exceedings (TCNs) are listed.
– Selecting “History” lists all the TCN events recognized by the network element which
occurred since the craft terminal is in active operation. Events are listed according
to their occurrence with respect to time.
<Clear History> kills all shown alarms from the “History” window.

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Fig. 6.75 “TCN List” Window

6.8 Main Menu Item <Security>

6.8.1 Menu Item <Security> <Access...>


Here in the “Current writing Element Manager”, the access rights (in the figure: “You”)
to the network element are specified (see Fig. 6.76).

Fig. 6.76 “Access Information” Window

6.8.2 Menu Item <Security> <Request Write Access>


The operator has write access to the NE when “You” is visible (see Fig. 6.76).

6.8.3 Menu Item <Security> <Release Write Access>


No operator has write access (“Nobody” is visible) or another operator/NE with another
NSAP address is shown in the field “Current writing Element manager”.

6.8.4 Menu Item <Security> <Activity Log>


A Log File is generated and can be saved.

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6.8.5 Menu Item <Security> <NE Password>


A NE denotation, and twice a password has to be prompted.

Fig. 6.77 “NCT NE Password” Window

Depending on the LCT or NCT mode the password can be set to default.

Fig. 6.78 “Change Password to Default” Window

6.9 Main Menu Item <Options>

6.9.1 Menu Item <Options> <Settings...>


In the “Option Settings” window, presettings can be entered which will be active after
program start (see Fig. 6.79).

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Fig. 6.79 “Option Settings” Window

The following presettings are possible:


– “Alarm Severity Threshold” field:
Setting from which severity, alarms should be displayed. As regards the default,
“warning” is set. For this setting, all the alarms are displayed.
– “Open at Startup” field:
Setting which window should automatically be opened after program start; e.g.:
Module View, Alarm List, TCN List etc.
(Default setting: Module View).
– “Time Display” field:
Setting which time zone should be displayed.
(GMT: Greenwich Mean Time, Local Time)
– “Save on Exit” field:
The set alarm thresholds are saved on ending or aborting the application and are
again displayed after restart.
– “General” field:
Setting whether or not the tool bar should be displayed. In addition, it can also be set
whether or not an alarm should be displayed flashing or not flashing.
If the “Settings” window is open, no other window can be opened and settings can-
not be changed. Exception: open Help window.

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6.10 Main Menu Item <Window>

Fig. 6.80 “Window” Menu Items

6.10.1 Menu Item <Window> <Update Window F5>


Initiation for updating the screen display. Updating the frozen windows in “maintenance”
mode as well.

6.10.2 Menu Item <Window> <Update All Alarms>


Updating alarms which have been reported in the meantime.

6.10.3 Menu Item <Window> <Clear Message List>


Clears all entries in the Message Output Bar (see 6.2).

6.11 Configuration and Activation of Protections

6.11.1 Linear 1+1 MSP (for STM1, STM4 and STM16)


A 1+1 Line MSP Protection is configured and activated by means of the steps below:

1st step: Adjusting actual equipping


See therefore Chapter 6.2.5.1, Module View.
When making any physical equipping changes of a network element (changing the ac-
! tual equipping), the procedure in the Installation and Test Manual ITMN has to be taken
into account!

2nd step: Setting up 1+1 Line Protection MSP


Line Protection is set up by clicking on the preferred line the “Protection Management”
window (see 6.4.3.4) and on the “Create” button, protection switching is configured
(“Yes” in the “Exists” field).

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3rd step: Activating 1+1 Line Protection MSP


By clicking with the right-hand mouse button on the preferred line in the “Protection Man-
agement” window and on the pop-up menu <Subview>, traffic flow window Fig. 6.81
window appears.

Fig. 6.81 “Traffic Flow” for 1+1 MSP Line Protection Window

Click on the symbol of the “1+1 MSP” functional group and select the menu item <Con-
figuration> (see Fig. 6.82).
In the “MS Activation” field, set <De-activated> to <Activated>.
By clicking on the <Apply> button, Line Protection MSP becomes active.

Fig. 6.82 “1+1 MSP_Slotnumber - 1+1 MSP Config” Window

In the window, the following displays or settings are also possible:


• The “Line Architecture” line displays which protection switching mode is used (1+1).
• The ports for working/protecting are shown.
• ”Active Line Section”: Displays whether the Working or Protection Mode is being
used.
• “Protection Mode”: The changeover mode is set.

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Possible settings:
– Revertive = automatic reverting back to Working if the Working path is OK again,
– Non-revertive = remains also on Protection if the Working path is OK again (De-
fault).
When changing the setting (from “Non-revertive” to “Revertive”) the MSP is
switching back to “MSP Switching State: MSP Line Working used”.
• “Operator Command”: The following commands can be set:
– Clear
– Force Clear
– Forced to Protection
– Forced to Working
– Lockout
– Manual to Protection
– Manual to Working
• “Line Switching Type” is displayed.
• “K1/K2 Protocol Type” can be set:
– Single Ended 1+1 (only local protection switching) or
– Dual Ended 1+1 (common protection switching at both MS ends)
• “Availability State”: Displays whether the protection function is available (Unlocked)
or not (Locked).
• “Wait to Restore Time [1...12 min]”: Setting the time at which restoring to Working
should take place if the Working Line is again functioning (setting range: 1 to 12 min
/ Default: 5 min) and type “revertive” is selected.
When changing the setting the MSP is switching back to “MSP Switching State:
MSP Line Working used”.
• “MSP Activation”: The protection switching function is “Activated” or “De-activated”.

6.11.2 Linear 1:1 MSP (for STM16)


See approximately Chapter 6.11.1.

1st step: Changing the card mode to Linear 1:1 MSP Protection
See step 1 in Chapter 6.11.1.

2nd step: Setting up Linear 1:1 MSP Protection


See step 2 in Chapter 6.11.1. (Type: 1:1 MSP)

3rd step: Activating Linear 1:1 MSP Protection


By clicking with the right-hand mouse button on Type “1:1 MSP” in the “Protection Man-
agement” window and on the pop-up menu <Subview>, the Fig. 6.83 window appears

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Fig. 6.83 “Traffic Flow” for Linear 1:1 MSP Line Protection Window

In the “Traffic Flow” window, click on the symbol “1:1 MSP” of the functional group and
select the menu item <Configuration> (see Fig. 6.84).
In the “MS Activation” field, set <De-activated> to <Activated>.
By clicking on the <Apply> button, Linear 1:1 MSP becomes active.

Fig. 6.84 “1:1 MSP_Slotnumber - 1:1 MSP Config” Window

In the window, the following settings are also possible:


• The “Line Architecture” line displays which protection switching mode is used.
• The ports for working/protecting are shown.
• ”Active Line Section”: Displays which section is connected to the protection chan-
nels.
• “Extra Traffic Squelch State” shows whether the extra traffic is squelched or not.
• “Protection Mode”: The changeover mode is displayed (“Revertive” only).
• “Operator Command”: The operator’s commands can be set.

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Possible settings:
– Force Clear
– Line Clear
– Line Forced Extra to Protection
– Line Forced Main to Protection
– Line LockOut
– Line Manual Main to Protection
• “Line Switching Type” is displayed.
• “K1/K2 Protocol Type”: The ring type is displayed.
• “Availability State”: Displays whether the protection function is available (Unlocked)
or (Locked).
• “Wait to Restore Time [1...12 min]”: Setting the time at which restoring to Working
should take place if the Working Ring is again functioning (setting range: 1 to 12
min/Default: 5 min).
• “MSP Activation”: The protection switching function is “Activated” or “De-activated”.

6.11.3 2F-Shared Ring (for STM16)


See approximately Chapter 6.11.1.

1st step: Changing the card mode to 2F Shared Ring Protection


See step 1 in Chapter 6.11.1.

2nd step: Setting up 2F Shared Ring Protection


See step 2 in Chapter 6.11.1. (Type: 2F SPRING)

3rd step: Activating 2F Shared Ring Protection


By clicking with the right-hand mouse button on Type “2F SPRING” in the “Protection
Management” window and on the pop-up menu <Subview>, the Fig. 6.85 window ap-
pears.

Fig. 6.85 “Traffic Flow” for 2F Shared Ring Window

In the “Traffic Flow” window, click on the symbol of the “2F SPRING” functional group
and select the menu item <Configuration> (see Fig. 6.86).
In the “MS Activation” field, set <De-activated> to <Activated>.
By clicking on the <Apply> button, 2F Shared Ring becomes active.

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Fig. 6.86 “Module Name_Slotnumber.Portnr. (Bit Rate) - 2F-SPRING Config”


Window

In the window, the following settings are also possible:


• The “Ring Architecture” line displays which protection switching mode is used.
• The ports for working/protecting are shown.
• ”Active Ring Section”: Displays which section is connected to the protection chan-
nels.
• “Protection Mode”: The changeover mode is displayed (“Revertive” only).
• “Operator Command”: The operator’s commands can be set.
Possible settings:
– Clear
– Exerciser East
– Exerciser West
– Force Clear
– Forced to East
– Forced to West
– Lockout
– Lockout East
– Lockout West
– Manual to East
– Manual to West
• “Ring Segmentation [Multiple Failure]”: Multiple Failure is supported e.g. 2 failure by
a NE breakdown (east- and west side). If configurated with “enabled”, squelching
must be activated in the AU4/VC4-Config-window of OIS16/OIS16-2
(see Fig. 6.61).
• “K1/K2 Protocol Type”: The ring type is displayed.

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• “Availability State”: Displays whether the protection function is available (unlocked)


or not (locked).
• “Wait to Restore Time [1...12 min]”: Setting the time at which restoring to Working
should take place if the Working Ring is again functioning (setting range: 1 to 12
min/Default: 5 min).
• “MSP Activation”: The protection switching function is “Activated” or “De-activated”.
• “Configure Ring Topology”: opens window Fig. 6.87.
The ring topology describes the topology of the ring to which the NE belongs to.
This description includes the following fields:
– “Number of Nodes”: see the Ring Map, which is a sequence from 3 node ID´s up
to 16. This sequence denotes the relative position of the NE´s in a ring, in a clock-
wise order. It means that the successor in this sequence, of a node ID, is the node
ID of the NE that is directly connected to the NE associated with the previous
node ID via its east interface. Analogously, the predecessor in the sequence, of a
node ID, is the node ID associated with the NE that is connected with the NE as-
sociated with the previous node ID via its west interface.
– “Own Node ID”: range = 0...15
– The entries in the ring map and the “Own Node ID” can be set within the range of
0 to 15.

Fig. 6.87 “2F-SPRING_Slotnumber - 2F-SPRING Ring Topology” Window

All kinds of Node ID´s must be different before activate protection mode.
i

6.11.4 2F-Shared Ring Extra (for STM16)


See approximately Chapter 6.11.1.

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1st step: Changing the card mode to 2F Shared Ring Extra Protection
See step 1 in Chapter 6.11.1.

2nd step: Setting up 2F Shared Ring Extra Protection


See step 2 in Chapter 6.11.1. (Type: 2F-SPRING X)

3rd step: Activating 2F Shared Ring Extra Protection


By clicking with the right-hand mouse button on Type “2F-SPRING X” in the “Protection
Management” window and on the pop-up menu <Subview>, the Fig. 6.88 window ap-
pears.

Fig. 6.88 “Traffic Flow” for 2F Shared Ring Extra Window

In the “Traffic Flow” window, click on the symbol of the “2F-SPRING X” functional group
and select the menu item <Configuration> (see Fig. 6.89).
In the “MS Activation” field, set <De-activated> to <Activated>.
By clicking on the <Apply> button, 2F Shared Ring Extra becomes active.

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Fig. 6.89 “Module Name_Slotnumber.Portnr. (Bit Rate) - 2F-SPRING X Config”


Window

In the window, the following settings are also possible:


• The “Ring Architecture” line displays which protection switching mode is used.
• The ports for working/protecting are shown.
• ”Active Ring Section”: Displays which section is connected to the protection chan-
nels.
• The squelch state of the ports is shown.
• “Protection Mode”: The changeover mode is displayed (“Revertive” only).
• “Operator Command”: The operator’s commands can be set.
Possible settings:
– Clear
– Exerciser East
– Exerciser West
– Force Clear
– Forced to East
– Forced to West
– Lockout
– Lockout East
– Lockout West
– Manual to East
– Manual to West
• “Ring Segmentation [Multiple Failure]”: Multiple Failure is supported e.g. 2 failure by
a NE breakdown (east- and west side).

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• “K1/K2 Protocol Type”: The ring type is displayed.


• “Availability State”: Displays whether the protection function is available (unlocked)
or not (locked).
• “Wait to Restore Time [1...12 min]”: Setting the time at which restoring to Working
should take place if the Working Ring is again functioning (setting range: 1 to 12
min/Default: 5 min).
• “MSP Activation”: The protection switching function is “Activated” or “De-activated”.
• “Configure Ring Topology”: opens a window, according to Fig. 6.87.
The ring topology describes the topology of the ring to which the NE belongs to.
This description includes the following fields:
– “Number of Nodes”: see the Ring Map, which is a sequence from 3 node ID´s up
to 16. This sequence denotes the relative position of the NE´s in a ring, in a clock-
wise order. It means that the successor in this sequence, of a node ID, is the node
ID of the NE that is directly connected to the NE associated with the previous
node ID via its east interface. Analogously, the predecessor in the sequence, of a
node ID, is the node ID associated with the NE that is connected with the NE as-
sociated with the previous node ID via its west interface.
– “Own Node ID”: range = 0...15
– The entries in the ring map and the “Own Node ID” can be set within the range of
0 to 15.
All kinds of Node ID´s must be different before activate protection mode.
i

6.11.5 4F Shared Ring Protection (for STM16)


See approximately Chapter 6.11.1.

1st step: Changing the card mode to 4F Shared Ring Protection


See step 1 in Chapter 6.11.1.

2nd step: Setting up 4F Shared Ring Protection


See step 2 in Chapter 6.11.1. (Type: 4F Shared Ring Protection)

3rd step: Activating 4F Shared Ring Protection


By clicking with the right-hand mouse button on Type “4F SPRING” in the “Protection
Management” window and on the pop-up menu <Subview>, the Fig. 6.90 window ap-
pears

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Fig. 6.90 “Traffic Flow” for 4F-Shared Ring Protection Window

In the “Traffic Flow” window, click on the symbol of the “4F-SPRING” functional group
and select the menu item <Configuration> (see Fig. 6.91).
In the “MS Activation” field, set <De-activated> to <Activated>.
By clicking on the <Apply> button, 4F Shared Ring becomes active.

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Fig. 6.91 “4F-SPRING_Slotnumber - 4F-SPRING Config” Window

In the window, the following settings are also possible:


• The “Ring Architecture” line displays which protection switching mode is used.
• The ports for working/protecting are shown.
• The active ring sections east and west displays which section is connected to the
protection channels.
• “Protection Mode”: The changeover mode is displayed (“Revertive” only).
• The operator’s commands east and west can be set.
Possible settings:
– Clear
– ExerciserRing
– Force Clear
– Forced SwitchRing
– Forced SwitchSpan
– Lockout ProtectionSpan
– Lockout WorkingRing
– Lockout WorkingSpan
– Manual SwitchRing
– Manual to SwitchSpan.
• “Ring Segmentation [Multiple Failure]”: Multiple Failure is supported e.g. 2 failure by
a NE breakdown (east- and west side).
• “K1/K2 Protocol Type”: The ring type is displayed.
• “Availability State”: Displays whether the protection function is available (unlocked)
or not (locked).

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• “Wait to Restore Time”: Setting the time at which restoring to Working should take
place if the Working Ring is again functioning (setting range: 1 to 12 min/Default: 5
min).
• “MSP Activation”: The protection switching function is activated or not deactivated.
• “Configure Ring Topology”: opens the window (see Fig. 6.87).
All kinds of Node ID´s must be different before activate protection mode.
i

6.11.6 Path Protections


Path Protections are set up by generation and through connection of several Cross Con-
nections. See Chapter 6.4.3.6.

6.11.7 1:n Module Protection (for EIPS1)


Provisioning of a EIPS1 protection group requires that the module provisioning modes
of the involved EIPS1 modules are properly configured by the required equipping.

1st step: Adjusting required equipping; setting up protection module


In the “Module View” the following settings are to be made:
With the right mouse button mark slot 413 for SLD16 / 414 for SLD16E, then select
<EIPS1> <Card Protection>.

2nd step: Setting up protection module


For using EIPS1 modules with protection (working module) select menu item “Add to
group” (see 6.4.2.2).

3nd step: Enabling the protection


Select menu item “Activate” (see 6.4.2.2).
The steps must be repeated for each EIPS1 module.
i

6.11.8 Module Protection (for SNL and CLL Modules)


The SNL module protection function is automatically in operation within a NE if both SNL
modules are included in the required equipping. No specific working or protection mod-
ules exists from the operator´s viewpoint, therefore both modules can only be configured
with the same provisioning mode “Working” according to the PET.
The CLL module protection function envolves the following two independent protection
functions: protection switching for the internal timing generator (MTG) and protection
switching for the T0 system clocks.
Both MTG and the T0 protection switching functions are automatically in operation with-
in a NE if both CLL modules are included in the rwquired equipping. No specific working
or protection modules exists from the operator´s viewpoint, therefore both modules can
only be configured with the same provisioning mode “Working” according to the PET.

6.12 Program End (Shutdown)


Switching off the craft terminal:
• Close the main window of the application software <File> <Exit>.

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• Close the main window of the NE-UniGATE gateway software.


• Exit MS-Windows NT.
• Switch off the craft terminal.
The cable connecting the craft terminal to the network element can now be disconnect-
ed without any adverse effect on the transfer of payload data now in progress.

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7 Fault and Alarm Management


Alarm condition reporting is described in detail in the Maintenance Manual. Insofar as is
necessary for the purposes of comprehension and for operation using the OMN, the ba-
sic topics are described in this Chapter.
Alarms from network elements are reported spontaneously to the operating terminal
where they can be requested and displayed.

7.1 Alarm Indication in the Network Display Window


(Connection via QB3-Ethernet)
Depending on whether the operating terminal is running in NCT mode or LCT mode, dif-
ferent methods of alarm representation are employed. For descriptions with a window
display, see OMN:NE-UniGATE.

7.1.1 Alarm Indication in NCT Mode


Active network elements appear in the main window of NE-UniGATE either as a collec-
tion of different NE icons, or in a schematic network representation with connecting
lines, or arranged geographically with connecting lines on a map.
All three types of display behave in the same way upon the occurrence of a fault. The
icon outline for the faulty NE flashes in the color of the alarm which has the highest se-
verity. If the alarm severity is “critical”, the outline flashes e.g. red/green (default setting).
The identifier (designation of the network element) of accessible NEs appears in black
font, whereas inaccessible NEs remain gray.
After the alarm has been acknowledged, the color of the previously flashing outline is
retained whilst the fault condition persists. In the default setting, the outline is displayed
in the following colors according to the severity:

Alarm severity Color of icon outline

critical red

major orange

minor yellow

warning blue

indeterminate white

cleared green

Tab. 7.1 Default Color settings for Icon Outline Depending on Alarm Severity

The colors specified in Tab. 7.1 can be modified in the UniGATE program.

7.1.2 Alarm indication in LCT Mode


In LCT mode, the icons for the reachable network elements which have been entered in
the network list appear in the main window of NE-UniGATE. A maximum of two of these
network elements can be called simultaneously with the aid of the NE application soft-
ware. In contrast to NCT mode, there is no representation of alarm conditions on the NE
icons. Should a spontaneous alarm occur in the NE relating to a currently open window,

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then the alarms are represented by way of the respective symbols (function/module
symbol). For details, see Chapter 7.2.

7.2 Alarm Indication in a View Mode


Alarms are indicated according to the alarm type (equipment alarm, transmission alarm
or alarm for a general NE function) in the “Module View”.

⇒ To this end, in the window “Option Settings” (Open at Startup in Fig. 6.79)”
which can be called via <Options> <Settings>, you can select whether the Mod-
ule View window is to be opened, or not.
You have the facility to have the reported alarms indicated as individual alarms (Chapter
7.2.1) or in a hierarchical display (Chapter 7.2.2).
The alarm state is displayed by the color of the symbol which represents the function
group.
The following colors and display modes are used:
– wheat for normal operation,
– red for alarms,
– gray if a slide-in unit is configured as “empty”.
These colors cannot be modified.
In addition, the following possibilities exist for visualizing the alarm indication by setting
the symbol either to “flash” or to have “a blue outline” (menu item: <Options> <Settings>
Alarm Flash):
– flashing red for a current, unsuppressed and unacknowledged alarm and if a slide-
in unit is configured with the LCT but is not present in the network element.
– red with blue outline as an alternative display form if flashing red is felt to be an an-
noyance.

7.2.1 Individual Alarm Indication in the “Alarm Window”


Individual alarms and, if applicable, activated alarm inhibitions (see Chapter 7.3) are dis-
played in an alarm window. The alarm window can be opened as follows in the lower-
most display level for the symbol to which the fault relates (see Fig. 7.1):
– Click with right mouse button on symbol e.g. with existing alarm (here: EIPS1)
– Context menu appears. Path <Fault> <Equipment Alarms...>, alarm window
(EIPS1_slot-nr. alarm) is opened. In this window, on the left beside the current
alarm, an LED appears in the characteristic color for the relevant severity level.

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Alarm window

Message out-
put area

Main status
line

Fig. 7.1 Module View With an Opened Alarm Window

7.2.2 Hierarchical Alarm Indication


In the case of hierarchical alarm indication, an alarm is displayed in the status line of the
main window, by means of a colored LED symbol (Fig. 7.2).
In order to localize an alarm, you must find the symbol displayed in red in one of the View
windows, mark it, and open the submenu. It is either possible to open the alarm window
directly from the latter or it is necessary to open additional subviews until the associated
alarm window can be selected.
A fast option of obtaining an overview of all currently raised alarms is provided by the
alarm list.

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Main status line with LED symbol


for a collective alarm indication Alarm status field

Fig. 7.2 Main Window With Collective Alarm Indication


and Inserted Alarm List

Basically, the fault in question may be a transmission alarm of the incoming signal or it
may be a fault from the remote end, i.e. a fault (RDI, REI) reported by the called party.
Other possibilities to consider include transmission faults with failure or impaired quality
of the received signal.
Four LED indicators are available. Depending on the severity (urgency), the following
collective alarms can be indicated in the alarm status field (second field from left):

– critical (red LED)


– major (orange LED)
– minor (yellow LED)
– warning (blue LED)
It is possible to restrict the alarm indication to higher severities (see Chapter 7.6).
A blue outline around an LED symbol indicates that one or several alarms have not been
acknowledged.

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All alarms which are reported to the operating terminal by the NEs are grouped together
in an alarm list. For an example of an alarm list, see Fig. 7.2. Path for opening the alarm
list: <Fault> <Alarm List>.
Fault localization in the respective views is described in 6.9.1. For further details relating
to fault localization, please refer to the MMN.

7.2.2.1 Module View


In the Module View, equipment- and transmission alarms are indicated through a
change of color for symbol of the slide-in unit in question.
To localize an alarm: Every module symbol has further associated submenus. Via the
path <Fault> <Equipment Alarms> it is possible to open the alarm window (e.g.
SCU_slot-nr.-Alarm) which contains detailed information about possible and existing
alarms (Fig. 7.3).

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Fig. 7.3 Alarm Indication Displayed in “Module View”

7.3 Alarm Settings


For various situations during operation it is possible to set alarm thresholds, to suppress
the alarm indication, to inhibit it, or to adapt it to particular modes of operation. Tab. 7.2
summarizes the alarm handling options which can be implemented as well as their ef-
fects.

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Type Purpose Handling of spontaneous Settings to be made


alarm telegrams

Display depends on The signaling of low-severity alarms Alarms with a severity below the set thresh- In main menu item <Op-
the alarm severity can be prevented in the “Module View” old are not signaled by module and func- tions> <Settings> “Alarm
window. tional symbols. Severity Threshold”

Alarm suppression Explicit masking out of individual For correspondingly marked alarms the NE In the alarm window for the
alarms at the operating terminal. Can suppresses spontaneous alarm telegrams relevant functional group,
be used for all equipment and trans- to the operating terminal and Bw7R mes- can be set in a checkbox
mission alarms. sages.

NE signaling status All spontaneous alarm messages are The NE suppresses alarm telegrams to the In main menu item <NE-
“Maintenance” suppressed. These setting is useful operating terminal. The current alarm state State> <Set to Mainte-
while maintenance is carried out for is fixed. Alarm request (menu item <Win- nance>
example to prevent a flood of alarms dow> <Update All Alarms>) is possible. No
being displayed. suppression of Bw7R alarms.

Port Monitoring For the optical ports of the transmis- The monitoring of the input signals from In the configuration menu for
sion functions STM-16 (OIS16), STM- other network elements or transmission the symbol for the relevant
4 (OIS4), STM-1 (OIS1), Opt.-Preamp media is activated/deactivated. Bw7R transmission function (STM-
(OP), Opt.-Booster (OB) and the elec- alarms are reported/suppressed depend- 16, STM-4, STM-1, E4; via
tr. ports for STM-1 and 140 Mbit/s ing on port monitoring on/off. traffic flow window of the rel-
(EIPS1) alarm monitoring can be dis- evant port symbol)
abled; useful for example when mak-
ing configurations at the optical ports.

Connection Supervi- The monitoring of unoccupied VC-4 Alarm messages at the VC-4 connection In the configuration menu for
sion Mode channels can be switched off to pre- supervision point are not monitored or the AU4/VC4 symbol (traffic
vent dummy alarms. monitoring of the path overhead or an un- flow window to the port sym-
equipped monitoring take place. Bw7R bol of the STM-1 or STM-4
alarms are reported/suppressed depend- or STM-16 functional unit)
ing on connection supervision on/off. AIS (-
AU4) and LOP (-AU4) alarms are always
supervised.

Termination Point The monitoring of unoccupied VC-4 Alarm messages at the VC-4 termination In the configuration menu for
Monitoring channels (plesiochronous signals) point are monitored / not monitored. Bw7R the VC4 symbol of EIPS1
can be switched off to prevent dummy alarms are reported/suppressed depend- (traffic flow window to the
alarms. ing on termination point monitoring on/off. port symbol of the E4 func-
tional unit, 140 Mbit/s)

Trail Trace Identifier The monitoring of the VC-4 path iden- Signaling of transmission In the configuration menu for
(TTI) Processing VC-4 tifier can be switched off, if for exam- alarm TIM is activated or deactivated. An the AU4/VC4 symbol (traffic
ple there is equipment assigned to the alarm message TIM is only possible if con- flow window to the port sym-
signal path which does not allow any nection supervision mode or termination bol of the STM-1 or STM-4
TTI processing. point mode is already activ. or STM-16 functional unit)

Tab. 7.2 Possible Effects of Alarm Displays at the Operating Terminal

Bw7R alarms from the Subrack Alarm Panel SRAP, the Light Signal Equipment LZE and
the Central Service Observation Equipment ZBBeo are not affected by the “Mainte-
nance” settings.

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7.4 Alarm Displays

7.4.1 Collective Indication of Alarms in the Main Window


The main window contains a status line (footer line of the main window) with an alarm
status field (second field from the left) in which up to four LED symbols are arranged next
to each other (Fig. 7.1). These report NE alarms - in the form of a collective indication
according to alarm severity.
The LED symbols displayed and their meaning

red critical alarm active, acknowledged

orange major alarm active, acknowledged

yellow minor alarm active, acknowledged

blue warning alarm active, acknowledged

crossed alarm lies beneath the severity threshold set


through
In the alarm list and in the alarm window the alarm is not shown crossed through, no
alarm indication appears in the corresponding function or slide-in unit symbol.

blue outline around the crossed or uncrossed LED symbol means:


new, unacknowledged alarm

7.4.2 Combined Representation of the Individual Alarms in the Alarm List


or in the Alarm Window
The LED displays assigned to the individual alarms and their meanings are identical to
the information given under Chapter 7.4.1.

7.4.3 Alarm Display in the Symbols of the View Windows


and their Subviews
Alarms are represented as follows in the function and slide-in unit symbols:

• Unacknowledged alarms

Symbol field flashing red or, if a static display is required

Symbol field red with blue outline

• Acknowledged alarms

Symbol field red

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7.4.4 Quality Alarms (Performance Alarms)


To provide an ongoing assessment of the transmission quality, threshold values for
quality parameters can be defined in accordance with ITU. If these values are exceeded,
the so-called TCN indicator (Threshold Crossing Notifications) “T in square field” is dis-
played colored in the transmission and port symbols of the Traffic.

7.5 Acknowledging Alarms


The indication of a change of alarm state, such as the flashing of a slide-in unit symbol
or function symbol for example, can be acknowledged so that this indication disappears.
This process identifies the alarm as “acknowledged”, thereby enabling the indication to
visualize the occurrence of a further alarm in the unit in question.
Acknowledgment is performed as follows: click the flashing or blue-outlined symbol with
the right mouse button, <Fault> <Acknowledge>.

7.5.1 Acknowledging all Alarms in the NE


⇒ Select the menu item <Fault> <Acknowledge All> from the menu bar of the main
window.
This acknowledges the alarms for all functional units and slide-in units. The symbols in
the main window stop flashing or the blue outline of the symbol and of the LEDs serving
to identify the alarm disappears.

7.5.2 Acknowledging the Alarms for a Particular Functional Unit


You have the option to acknowledge a red flashing or blue-outlined symbol on every hi-
erarchy level.

⇒ Click on the symbol in question with the right mouse button and select the menu
item <Fault> <Acknowledge> from the pop-up menu. All the alarms reported on
this hierarchy level are acknowledged.
In the lowermost hierarchy level - the alarm window - you can acknowledge each indi-
vidual alarm by selecting the alarm report with the right mouse button and selecting the
menu item Acknowledge.

7.6 Alarm Registration

7.6.1 Printing/Saving Alarm List or Contents of an Alarm Window


Open alarm list either by way of the “Alarm list” icon in the toolbar of the main window
or via the menu items <Fault> <Alarm list...>. Select “Current” or “History” in the alarm
list.
Open alarm window from the Module View display via <Fault> <Equipment Alarms...>.
The last few steps of this procedure is identical for alarm list/alarm window.

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7.6.1.1 Printing a Formatted Listing


In the window “Alarm list” or “Alarm”, select the icon at top left and then select the menu
item <Maximize>. The list or alarm window is included in the main window.
Select menu item <File> <Print>. The preselected alarm list/alarm window is printed as
a formatted listing with the date, time and window details.

7.6.1.2 Saving Alarm List/Alarm Window


Select menu path <File> <Save As>. Specify path and file where the data is to be saved.
The list is saved in ASCII format with the extension “txt”.
The file is printed in accordance with the rules applicable under Windows NT.

7.6.2 Saving/Printing the Contents of the Event Window/


Message Output Area
To save the contents: select <File> <Save Message List>. Specify the path and file in
which the contents is to be saved.
The file is printed in accordance with the rules applicable under Windows NT.

7.7 Alarm Severities


Alarms are indicated both in the alarm lists and alarm windows of the individual function-
al units and also in the main status line of the main window. The restriction of the indi-
cation to higher alarm severities can be applied by way of the menu item <Options>
<Settings> “Alarm Severity Threshold” (see Fig. 6.79). The lowest severity which is still
to be displayed must be marked in the “Options Settings” window in the “Alarm Severity
Threshold” field. Close the window with “OK”.
The following severities exist:
– “critical” (most severe),
– “major”,
– “minor” and
– “warning” (least severe).
The restriction only relates to the alarm turning red in the event of a fault.
All alarms continue to be displayed in the alarm window or the alarm list unless they
have been suppressed in some other ways.

7.8 Setting Alarm Suppressions

7.8.1 Displaying the Alarm Suppression


Each symbol field in which alarms can be reported contains a square field (indicator)
which is identified with the letter A.
If no alarm suppression is set, the indicator A appears wheat-colored. When an alarm
suppression is set, the indicator A in the symbol in which the alarm is reported turns
gray.

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7.8.2 Suppressing Individual Alarms


Select the symbol in which the alarm is reported. Open the alarm window via the menu
<Fault> <Equipment Alarms...>. In the line containing the alarm to be suppressed, mark
the checkbox in the Suppression column and choose “Apply”. The indicator A in the cor-
responding symbol turns gray and at the same time the red alarm color in the symbol
disappears. The individual alarm is suppressed.
Canceling the suppression:
In the alarm window, click again on the checkbox in the alarm line (the marking disap-
pears) and then choose Apply. The alarm suppression is canceled.

7.8.3 Suppressing all the NE Alarms


Proceed as follows in the menu on the main window:
Select menu items <NE State> <Set to Maintenance>. The message “maintenance” ap-
pears in the main status line at the foot of the main window (in the 3rd field from the left).
Alarms are not indicated anymore. The A indicates (see Chapter 7.8.2) in the different
symbols not turn gray either.
With <Fault> <Alarm List> all present alarms can be viewed.
Canceling the NE alarm suppression:
In the main window, select the menu items <NE State> <Set to Operation>. In place of
“maintenance”, the message “operation” appears in the main status line.
This cancels NE alarm suppression.

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8 Engineering Order Wire


A requirement for using the engineering order wire (EOW) is that the corresponding in-
i terface module for connecting and disconnecting the EOW signal in the transmission
link is present in the network element, connection setup is configured using the OH
bytes and that a telephone number for selective or group calling has been assigned for
the network element (see Installation and Test Manual ITMN for more details).

A telephone handset for DTMF dialing with integrated keypad and internal buzzer is
used to provide the EOW facilities. The key functions are show in Tab. 8.1.

0 9 Telephone number

A C Keys for manual entry of DTMF signals. Applies to EOW type 2 (see Tab. 8.4)

# Enable conference; activates selective receiver and seperates PBX interfaces from
conference

0 9 Special function in combination with PBX subscribers (prevents seperation of the PBX
*
from conference via button # for a time span of 10 s)

9 9 9 Special function in combination with PBX subscribers (seperates subscriber from net)

Tab. 8.1 Function of the Telephone Keys

Call types and allocation of numbers


Tab. 8.2 gives the number codes for the various subscribers/subscriber groups.

Number dialed Subscriber group reached

Collective calling 000 111 to 999

Group calling X00 X11 to X99

XY0 XY1 to XY9

Selective calling XYZ XYZ

where: X, Y, Z = 1 to 9

Tab. 8.2 Number Scheme

Telephone numbers X00, XY0 and 000 are reserved for group calling and collective call-
i ing and can thus not be used as selective calling numbers. Since digit “0” may not be
included for selective calling numbers (nor may “109”, “208” ...), the available number
of purely selective calling numbers is restricted to 729. In addition telephone number
combination *09 should be avoided as this is assigned to a special function.

If, as well as EOW equipment with 3-digit telephone numbers there is also equipment
i with 2-digit telephone numbers in the network (e.g. SMA ... series 1), you should make
sure when allocating telephone numbers that unique subscriber assignment is assured
(e.g. do not allocate the numbers 141, 142, ... if there is already a 2-digit telephone num-
ber of 14 and vice versa).

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Tones and signals


Tab. 8.3 shows a graphical diagram of the audible and visual signaling in the EOW ar-
ea.

Dial tone (three-tone signal at 2-second intervals)


– Sounds for 10 seconds after pickup the handset.

Conference selection tone (2,5 s tone at 3-second


intervals)
– Sounds after pickup the handset if more than
one conference is configured.

Ringing tone (single tone at 5-second intervals)


– Sounds if conference is free.

PBX call tone (double tone at 5-second intervals)


– Sounds if an external call appears.

Busy tone (single tone at 1-second interval)


– Sounds if conference is busy.

Break-in tone (three double tones)


– Sounds if a subscriber is breaking into
an existing conference.

Negative acknowledge tone (single tone, 2 times)


– Sounds if wrong dialing is made.

Notification tone (single tone, 2 times)


– Sounds if a call appears from the opposite
conference if two conferences are established.

Ringing signal tone via buzzer in handset


(single tone at 5-second intervals)
– activated only with handset on hook.

grn Green telephone LED


– off: Handset is on-hook
– flashes: Incoming call
– on: Handset is picked up

Tab. 8.3 Tones and Signals

8.1 Call Setup


Depending on the type of call selected (see Chapter 8.2), all EOW telephones are al-
ways connected to each other via the transmission link, i.e. each subscriber who con-
nects to the same conference can listen in and join in (Party line mode).

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You can break into existing EOW connections at any time by lifting the handset and
pressing # (see 8.1.1).
When collective calling is used all subscribers are reached simultaneously by the ringing
signal via the interconnected equipment and can each participate in the call.
When operating with selective calling individual subscribers or also subscriber groups
(group calling) can be dialed using a three-digit telephone number. The subscriber re-
ceiving the call, but others on the party line as well, can break into the conference, take
part in the conversation or simply listen in.
Breaking into the conference is signaled to other conference participants by a break-in
i tone.

For setting up a connection to specific network network elements it is necessary to ac-


tivate their DTMF receivers (signal/key A) and reset them again after the call
(signal/key B). The type of EOW (which depends on the network element), dicates
whether this is either done automatically or by pressing additional keys.
Audible tones indicating the status of the connection (proceed-to-dial, ring tone, busy
i tone), that originate from associated PBX/public networks, must not lie in the frequency
range of the DTMF signaling otherwise the detection of the DTMF signals in an existing
connection will be disturbed or delayed.

Tab. 8.4 gives an overview of the assignment of the different network elements to the
EOW types.

EOW type

Type 1 Type 2
(Automatic sending of DTMF signals A to C) (Entry of DTMF signals A to C using keypad)

SMA ... series 1 SLA ... series 1

SMA ... series 2 as from Version 2.3 SMA ... series 2 up to and including Version 2.2

SLD ... series 2 as from Version 2.3 SLD ... series 2 up to and including Version 2.2

SLR ... series 2 up to and including Version 2.2

Tab. 8.4 Assigning the Different Network Elements to the EOW Types

8.1.1 Connection to Conference


After pickup of the handset (see Fig. 8.1) the operator will hear the conference select
tone if more than one conference is configured. the conference is selected by dialing the
conference number (1/2). If only one conferencce is configured the handset is directly
connected to this conference.
If the conference is busy the operator is notified with the busy tone. By dialing “#” it is
possible to connect to a busy conference. The other conference participants are notified
in this case.
In order to call another subscriber in a busy conference “#” has to be dialed before the
subscriber number. The special function “*09” should be dialed before “#” if a PBX is
connected to the conference in order to avoid disconnection of the PBX.

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Pickup handset

If more than one conference are available,


Configured >1 select the conference.
confer.
Conference selection tone
1

Dial conference number

If you have selected a wrong conference number,


Correct
yes no you hear a negative acknowledge tone.
confer. number
Proceed with the conference selection or hangup.

no Conference yes
busy?
Busy tone

Conference LED is continuously on Press "#" button to connect to busy conference


DTMF signal "A" is automatically generated Conference LED is continuously on

Dial tone The conference participans will hear the break in tone

call new
yes subscriber?

Notify the other participans if you would like to call a new subscriber

Press "#" button to activate the DTMF receivers for calling a new subsciber.
Note: All PBX connections are disconnected from the conference (this can be avoided by dialing spe-
cial function "*09" before "#") All other participans remain on the conference if they didn"t hang up.
Dial subscriber number (selective, group, collective call)
no
no subscriber yes Call tone (not in case of group or collective call)
busy?
If the suggested subscriber is connected to another conference you will hear the busy
tone. But don"t hang up and wait some moments. The subscriber will hear a notification
tone and he can change to your conference.

talk / dial
The conference is established. If one would like to call a new subscriber repeat as defined above
Before closing the conference, one participant should press the "#" button. This will activate
the conference for new calls.

Hang up

Conference LED is switched off


DTMF signal "B" is automatically generated

Fig. 8.1 Handset Connection to Conference

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8.1.2 Call to Handset


In the case of an incoming call to the handset the conference LED is flashing and the
external ringer is activated. If the handset is not in use (see Fig. 8.2) the internal ringer
is also activated. The handset is automatically connected to the calling conference when
it is picked up. If the handset is in use (see Fig. 8.3) on another conference a notification
tone is injected to the handset and the user can switch over to the calling conference by
hang up and pickup again the handset. If the handset is in use on the same conference
the conference LED is flashing and the external ringer is activated. No further actions
are performed.

Incoming call from the conference.

The internal ringer is activated.

The conference LED is flashing and the contact for the external ringer is activated with the ring-
ing frequency for 30 sec.

Pick up the handset. The handset is automatically connected to the calling conference.
The ringers are deactivated.

Conference LED is continuously on.


DTMF signal "C" is automatically generated

The conference is established. If one would like to add more participants repeat the following
steps:
talk / dial (special function “*09”) → press "#" button → dial number → call tone
The special function “*09” avoids disconnection of the PBX from the conference for the next
10 seconds.
Before closing the conference, one participant should press the "#" button. This will activate the
conference for new calls.

Hang up

Conference LED is switched off


DTMF signal "B" is automatically generated

Fig. 8.2 Call to Handset (Handset Not in Use)

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Incoming call from the conference.

A notification tone is submitted to the handset.

New conference LED is flashing and the contact for the external ringer is activated with the ring-
ing frequency for 30 sec.

Hang up

Curret conference LED is switched off


DTMF signal "B" is automatically generated

The internal ringer is activated.

Pick up the handset. The handset is automatically connected to the calling conference.
The ringers are deactivated.

New conference LED is switched continuously on.


DTMF signal "C" is automatically generated

The conference is established. If one would like to add more participants repeat the following
steps:
talk / dial (special function “*09”) → press "#" button → dial number → call tone
The special function “*09” avoids disconnection of the PBX from the conference for the next
10 seconds.
Before closing the conference, one participant should press the "#" button. This will activate the
conference for new calls.

Hang up

Conference LED is switched off


DTMF signal "B" is automatically generated

Fig. 8.3 Call to Handset (Handset in Use)

8.1.3 PBX Interface


One 3 digit selective call number is configured for the PBX interface by the manage-
ment. The digits “1” to “9” can be used. The PBX can be reached from a conference by
dialing this number. The number “999” is used as parking number. An outgoing call from

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the conference to the PBX is not possible if this number is configured while an incoming
call from the PBX to the conference is still possible. The default number is “999”.
Three different modes for the PBX connection are supported:
• pulse dialing, 25 Hz call
• DTMF dialing, 25 Hz call
• DTMF dialing, c-wire signaling

8.1.3.1 Connection Setup Conference → PBX

Pick up the handset.

connect to
For connection to a free or busy conference see the sections above
conference

DTMF signal "A" is automatically generated (only if conference is not busy)

Dial tone (only if conference is not busy)

Dial number of PBX interface

PBX dial tone (depends on PBX)

Dial number of PBX subscriber

Call or busy tone (depends on PBX)

The conference is established. If one would like to add more participants repeat the following
steps:
talk / dial (special function “*09”) → press "#" button → dial number → call tone
The special function “*09” avoids disconnection of the PBX from the conference for the next
10 seconds.
Before closing the conference, one participant should press the "#" button. This will activate the
conference for new calls.

Hang up

Fig. 8.4 Connection Setup Conference → PBX

A connection to the PBX interface from a conference is performed by dialing the PBX
number (if the number is not “999”). The further proccessing depends on the connected
PBX. Normally the conference hears the PBX dial tone and the number of the PBX sub-
scriber can be dialed. The PBX interface does not react (establish connection to PBX)
on group or collective calls from the conference.

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8.1.3.2 Connection Setup PBX (Pulse Dialing; DTMF Dialing Without C-


Wire)
→ Conference
PBX call to the conference
The call is directed to the local handset
The conference LED is flashing and the contact for the external
ringer is activated with the ringing frequency for 30 sec.

yes handset no
in use?

yes same no
conference?
The external call tone is submitted to the local handset only

Press # button to connect the PBX to the conference.


Use special function “*09” before to avoid disconnection
of other PBX from the conference for the next 10 sec.
A notification tone is submitted to the handset

Hang up

DTMF signal "B" is automatically generated

The internal ringer is activated.

Pickup handset

no Conference yes
in use?
Busy tone

Press # button to connect handset and PBX to


conference

The conference participans will hear the break in tone

Conference LED is continuously on


DTMF signal "C" is automatically generated

The conference is established. If one would like to add more partici-


pants repeat the following steps:
talk / dial (special function “*09”) → press "#" button → dial number → call tone.
The special function “*09” avoids disconnection of the PBX from the
conference for the next 10 seconds.
Before closing the conference one participant has to press the "#" button.
This will disconnect the PBX and activate the conference for a new call.

Fig. 8.5 Connection Setup Conference PBX → (Without C-Wire)

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An incoming call from the PBX is always directed to the local handset.
If the handset is not in use the conference LED is flashing and the internal and external
ringers are activated. The handset and the PBX are automatically connected to the con-
ference when the handset is picked up.
If the handset is in use on another conference the conference LED is flashing, the ex-
ternal ringer is activated and a notification tone is injected to the handset. The handset
user can switch over to the calling PBX conference by hang-up and pickup the handset
again. The handset and the PBX are automatically connected to the conference when
the handset is picked up. If the handset is in use on the same conference the external
call tone is injected to the local handset. The handset user can connect the PBX to the-
conference by pressing the “#” button.
Disconnection of existing PBX connections from the conference can be avoided by
pressing “*09” before “#”.
As long as the PBX is not connected to the conference the PBX subscriber hears the
call tone.
After the connection to the conference a PBX interface with DTMF signaling can dial
new subscribers by its own using the sequence “*09#XXX” (XXX = 3 digit subscriber
number). The sequence “*09” avoids disconnection of the PBX itself and other connect-
ed PBX. A PBX interface with pulse dialing cannot dial by its own and requires support
by other conference participants.
The PBX interface is disconnected by pressing “#” or after the automatic time out de-
fined below.

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8.1.3.3 Connection Setup PBX (DTMF Dialing With C-Wire) → Conference


PBX call to the conference

no Conference yes
in use?
The external call tone is submitted to the conference

A conference participant can press # button to connect the PBX to the


conference. Use special function “*09” before to avoid disconnection of
other PBX from the conference for the next 10 sec.
The PBX is automatically connected after the external call time out.

Dial tone for PBX

Dial subscriber

Call of subscriber; connect subscriber

The conference is established. If one would like to add more participants repeat
the following steps:
talk / dial (special function “*09”) → press ""#" button → dial number → call tone. The special
function “*09” avoids disconnection of the PBX from the conference for the next 10
seconds.

Before closing the conference one participant has to press the "#" button.
This will disconnect the PBX and activate the conference for a new call.

Fig. 8.6 Connection Setup PBX → Conference (With C-Wire)

In case of an incoming call from the PBX interface the interface is directly connected to
the conference if the conference is not busy. The PBX subscriber hears the dial tone
and can call a conference subscriber by dialing the 3 digit number.
If the conference is busy a external call tone is submitted to the conference. A confer-
ence participant can connect the PBX by pressing “#” or it is automatically done after the
external call time out of 30 seconds. As long as the PBX is not connected to the confer-
ence the PBX subscriber hears the call tone.
The PBX subscriber can call other subscribers by using the call sequence “*09#XXX”
(XXX = 3 digit subscriber number). The sequence “*09” avoids disconnection of the PBX
itself and other connected PBX.

8.1.3.4 Automatic Disconnect of PBX


The speech level at the PBX interface is supervised as long as the PBX is connected to
the conference. If the level is below a fixed threshold for 10 minutes the PBX is automat-
ically disconnected.

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8.2 Call Types


With call types selective calling, group calling and collective calling it is possible to call
an individual subscriber, a group of subscribers or all subscribers collectively.

8.2.1 Selective Calling


Selective calling is used to call an individual subscriber.

⇒ Lift the telephone handset and enter the 3-digit number of the desired network
element. For procedure see flowchart in Fig. 8.1.

8.2.2 Group Calling


Group calling is used to call a group of network elements as part of a conference call.
Here network elements with the same tens digit or the same hundreds digit can be called
at the same time as a group. To call a group a 0 should be dialed for the ones digit and/or
the tens digit.

Examples: No. 120 signals 121 to 129


No. 100 signals 111 to 199
No. 000 signals 111 to 999 (= collective calling)

⇒ Lift the telephone receiver and enter the telephone number of the desired group
of network elements, replacing either the last or the last-but-one digit by 0 (see
Tab. 8.2). For procedure see flowchart in Fig. 8.1.

8.2.3 Collective Calling


Collective calling is used to call all subscribers of the conference at the same time.

⇒ Lift the telephone receiver and enter the telephone number 000 (see Tab. 8.2).
For procedure see flowchart in Fig. 8.1.

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9 Abbreviations
This chapter contains all the abbreviations of the operating documentation.

2F-SPRING 2-Fiber Shared Protection Ring


2F-SPRING X 2-Fiber Shared Protection Ring Extra
4F-SPRING 4-Fiber Shared Protection Ring
2WHS 2-Wire Handset
... R1 Release 1
... R2 Release 2
... R3 Release 3
... R4 Release 4
... R5 Release 5
ABR Alarm on Request
ADC Analog Digital Converter
AIS Alarm Indication Signal (G.783)
ALS Automatic Laser Shutdown (G.783)
ANT Alarm Response
APD Avalanche Photo Diode
APS Automatic Protection Switching
AS Alarm Suppression
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ASW Application Software
AU Administrative Unit
AU4 Administrative Unit for VC-4
AU4CTP AU-4 Connection Termination Point
AUAIS Administrative Unit Alarm Indication Signal
AUI Attachment Unit Interface
AULOP Administrative Unit Loss of Pointer (G.783)
AUX Auxiliary Channels
BASW Basic Software
BBE Background Block Error
BDM Background Debug Mode Interface
BER Bit Error Ratio
BG Module/Card
BGT Subrack
BSHR Bidirectional Self-Healing Ring
Bw7R Narrow-Rack Style 7R
C-AL Customer Alarm
CC Cross-Connection
CE Communautè Europèenne
CEPT Confèrence Europèene des Administrations des Postes et des Tèlè-
communications
CF Card Failure
CFG Configuration
CL Configuration Log
CLL Clock Unit Line Module

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CLNS Connectionless Network Layer Service


CONF Configuration Alarm
CPL Current Problem List
CPU Central Processing Unit
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRS Card Release State
CS4 Connecting Switch 4xSTM-1 (Module)
CSO Card out of service
CT Card Type
CTP Connection Termination Point
CUST-AL Customer Alarms
CUST-CT Customer Control
D4CTP Functional Unit “VC-4 Connection Termination Point”
DB Data Base
DC Direct Current
DCC Data Communication Channel
DCCB Data Communication Channel Bus
DCCM Data Communication Channel for Multiplex Section
DCCR Data Communication Channel for Regeneration Section
DCN Data Communication Network
DEMUX Demultiplexer
DIN German Standards Institute
DNU Do Not Use
DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
DSP Domain Specific Part
DTMF Dual-Tone Multifrequency
E&M Exchange and Multiplex
E4 Eletrical Interface Signal 139264 kbit/s
EBC Error Block Count
EBSL EIPS1 Backup Switch Line (Module)
ECC Embedded Communication Channel
ECCM ECC for Multiplex Section
ECCR ECC for Regeneration Section
EDFA Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EGB Electrostatic Discharge
EIPS1 Electrical Interface Plesiochronous/Synchronous 140 Mbit/s / STM-1
(Module)
EL Reminder of Alarm
EM-OS Equipment Management Operations System
EMC, EMV Electromagnetic Compatibility
EOW Engineering Order Wire
EPROM Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
ES Electrical Section or Errored Second(s)
ESD Electrostatic Discharge
ESRT Equipment and Software Release Table

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ETS European Telecommunications Standard


ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
EXC Excessive Bit Error Ratio
F Standardized Interface for Connection of the Operating Terminal
FC/PC Connector Type
FE Functional Unit
FEBE Far-End Block Error
FEC Forward Error Correction
FEPROM Flash Eraseable Programmable Read-Only Memory
FERF Far-End Receive Failure
FET Field Effect Transistor
FG Functional Group
FIFO First-In First-Out
FO Fiber Optic
FOD Fiber Optic Distributor
FOP Failure of (MSP) Protocol
FTA File Transfer Area
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FU Functional Unit
GMT Greenwitch Mean Time
GND Ground
GTP Group Termination Point
GUI Graphical User Interface
HCS Functional Unit “Higher Order Connection Supervision”
HDI Hard Disk Interface
HEL Historical Event Log
HEX Hexadecimal
HO Higher Order
HO-FERF Higher Order Far-End Receive Failure
HOI140M Higher Order Interface 140 Mbit/s
HPC Functional Unit “Higher Order Path Cross-Connect”
HPOM Functional Unit “Higher Order Path Overhead Monitoring”
HPT Functional Unit “Higher Order Path Termination”
HPT-4 Functional Unit “Higher Order Path Termination (VC-4)”
HPX Functional Group “Higher Order Path Cross-Connection”
HPXVC4 Functional Unit “Higher Order Path Cross-Connection VC-4”
HRL High Return Loss (Connector Type)
HSUG Functional Unit “Higher Order Supervisory Unequipped Generator”
HSUM Functional Unit “Higher Order Supervisory Unequipped Monitor”
HW Hardware
ICB Internal Control Bus
ICS Internal Communication System
ICU Internal Control Unit
ID Identification (Service Status)
IDI Initial Domain Identifier
IDP Initial Domain Part
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission

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IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Inc.


IMN Installation Manual
IMTS Internal Multiplex Timing Source
INT Internal Supervision (Summary Fault Indication)
IP Internet Protocol
IS Intermediate System
ISDH Internal SDH Signal
ISF ISDH Signal Fail
ISO International Standards Organization
ISU ISDH-Switch Unit Layer
ITMN Installation and Test Manual
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-T Telecommunication Standardization Sector of ITU
K1, K2 Automatic Protection Switching Channel defined in the SOH of a STM-1
LAN Local Area Network
LAPD Link Access Procedure on D Channel
LCT Local Craft Terminal
LE Reminder Function for ZBBeo
LED Light Emitting Diode
LOF Loss of Frame (G.783)
LOL Loss of Lock
LOP Loss of Pointer or Lower Order Path
LOS Loss of Signal (G.783)
LPA Functional Unit “Lower Order Path Adaptation”
LPA-4 Functional Unit “Lower Order Path Adaptation (VC-4)”
LPC Lower Order Path Connection
LSS Circuit Breaker
LTU Line Termination Unit (Module)
LWL Optical Fiber
LZE Light Signal Equipment
MAC Media Access Control
MAU Medium Attachment Unit
MCF Message Communications Function (Module)
MIB Management Information Base
MIS-PT Mismatch Path Trace
MIS-RT Mismatch Regenerator Termination
MMI Man-Machine Interface
MMN Maintenance Manual
MS Multiplex Section (G.783)
MSA Functional Unit “Multiplex Section Adaptation”
MSAIS Multiplex Section Alarm Indication Signal
MSFERF Multiplex Section Far-End Receive Failure (G.782, G.783)
MSOH Multiplex Section Overhead
MSP Multiplex Section Protection
MSPCO Multiplexer Section Path Connection
MSPTF Multiplexer Section Protection Function
MSPTF-16 Multiplex Section Protection Termination Function STM-16

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MST Functional Unit “Multiplex Section Termination”


MSTTP Functional Unit “Multiplex Section Trail Termination Point”
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
MTG Multiplexer Timing Generator
MTS Multiplexer Timing Source
NC/P Network Connection Protection
NCT Network Craft Terminal
NE Network Element
NE-UniGATE Basis-Management-Software for Network Element
NRZ Non Return to Zero
NRZI Non Return to Zero Invert
NSAP Network Service Access Point
NUBAT Battery Voltage (negative)
NVRAM Non Volatile Random Access Memory
OAS Optical Amplifier Section
OB Optical Booster (Module)
OHA Overhead Access Module
OHCC Overhead Cross-Connection
OHF Overhead-Function
OH-IF Overhead Interface
OHX Overhead Cross-Connect
OIS1 Optical Interface Synchronous STM-1 (Module)
OIS16 Optical Interface Synchronous STM-16 (Module)
OIS16R Optical Interface Synchronous STM-16 for Regenerator (Module)
OIS4 Optical Interface Synchronous STM-4 (Module)
O&M Operation and Maintenance
OMN Operating Manual
O.N.E Optimized Network Evolution (VISION O.N.E)
OP Optical Preamplifier (Module)
OS Operations System
OSC Oscillator
OSNR Optical Signal/Noise Ratio
P4 Plesiochronous Digital Signal 139264 kbit/s
PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange
PBUS Protection Bus
PBX Private Branch Exchange
PCS Plesiochronous Connection Supervision
PCU Peripheral Control Unit
PCUC Peripheral Control Unit in SLR
PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (G.783)
PDH-LT Line Termination 140 Mbit/s
PDH-MUX PDH-Multiplexer
PDU Protocol Data Unit (G.784)
PE Protection Earthing
PET Possible Equipping Table
PJE Pointer Justification Event
PLL Phase Locked Loop

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PLM Payload Mismatch


PM Performance Management or Performance Monitoring
POH Path Overhead (G.782) (G.783)
POM Path Overhead Monitoring
PPI Functional Unit “Plesiochronous Port Interface”
PRC Primary Reference Clock
PROM Programmable Read-only Memory
PSU Power Supply Unit
PSUTP Power Supply Unit Tributary Protection Access (Module)
PUBAT Battery Voltage (positive)
Q Interface to a Telecommunication Management Network
Q-B3 Q-Interface to Operations System via Ethernet-LAN
QD2 RS485 TMN Interface for Deutsche Telekom, Category 2
QD2B3 Q-Interface for Operating Terminal or Network Management System
QD2F Standardized Interface for Connection of the Operating Terminal
QECC Q-Interface via DCC
Q-F Standardized Interface for Connection of the Operating Terminal
QST-B3 QD2-Interface to LCT
Qx Interface to a Telecommunication Management Network
RAM Random-Access Memory
RDI Remote Defect Indicator
REI Remote Error Indicator
RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
ROM Read-Only Memory
RS Regenerator Section
RSOH Regenerator Section Overhead Rows 1-3 from Section Overhead in
STM-1 (G.782) (G.783)
RST Functional Unit “Regenerator Section Termination”
RT Acknowledge Key
RTC Real Time Clock
RTF-16 Functional Group “Regenerator Transport Function” STM-16
RTG Functional Unit “Regenerator Timing Generator”
RTI Regenerator Trace Identifier
RxDeg Receive Degraded Signal
SC Connector Type
SCU Synchronous Control Unit (Module)
SD Signal Degrade (G.782)
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SDI Service and Diagnostic Interface
SEC SDH Equipment Clock
SEMF Synchronous Equipment Management Function
SES Severely Errored Second(s)
SET2 Synchronous Equipment Timing
SETG Synchronous Equipment Timing Generator
SETS Functional Group ”Synchronous Equipment Timing Source”
SF Signal Fail
SHR Self-Healing Ring

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SigVt Signal Distributor


SISA Supervisory and Information System for Local and Remote Areas
SISA-0 Functional Group for Software Management, Date/Time
SL Synchronous Line Equipment
SL series 1 First Generation of SDH Fiber-Optic System
SL series 2 Second Generation of SDH Fiber-Optic System
SL-1 First Generation of SDH Fiber-Optic System
SL-2 Second Generation of SDH Fiber-Optic System
SL16 Synchronous Fiber-Optic System for STM-16 Signals
SL16-2 Second Generation of SDH Fiber-Optic System for STM-16 Signals
SL4 Synchronous Fiber-Optic System for STM-4 Signals
SLD Synchronous Add/Drop Line Multiplexer
SLD16 Synchronous Add/Drop Line Multiplexer STM-16
SLD16-2.5 Synchronous Add/Drop Line Multiplexer of SL Series 2, Release 5
SLD16E Synchronous Add/Drop Line Multiplexer Extended
SLR16 Synchronous Line Regenerator STM-16
SLR16-2.2 Synchronous Line Regenerator STM-16, Release 2.2
SLR4 Synchronous Line Regenerator STM4
SLT Synchronous Line Terminal
SLT16 Synchronous Line Terminal STM-16
SLT4 Synchronous Line Terminal STM-4
SM Synchronous Multiplexer
SM1/4 Synchronous Multiplexer, Hierarchy Level STM-1/STM-4
SMA Synchronous Multiplexer Access
SMA1/4 Synchronous Multiplexer, Access Level STM-1/STM-4
SMN-OS Synchronous Management Network Operations System
SMPTF-16 Functional Group “Terminal Transport Function”
SMT1D Synchronous Multiplexer Terminal, Level 1
SNAP Sub-Network Attachment Point
SNCP Sub-Network Connection Protection
SNL Switching Network for Line Systems (Module)
SOH Section Overhead (G.782)
SONET Synchronous Optical Network
S/P Serial to Parallel Converter
SPB-1 Functional Group “Synchronous Port Block STM-1 (electrical)
SPB-1 Synchronous Port Block STM-1
SPI Functional Unit “SDH Physical Interface (G.782, G.783)”
SPO Spontaneous Alarm
SPRING Shared Protection Ring
SR Synchronous Radio
SRAP Subrack Alarm Panel
SRAP-PI Subrack Alarm Panel - Phone Indication
SSF Server Signal Fail
SSM Synchronization Status Message
SSMB Synchronization Status Message Byte
SSU Synchronous Source Unit (Timing Generator)
STM Synchronous Transport Module

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STM- Synchronous Transport Module Level 1


STM-16 Synchronous Transport Module Level 16 (2.488 Mbit/s)
STM-N Synchronous Transport Module Level N
SW Software
SXC Synchronous Cross-Connect
T0 System Clock
T3 Input for External Clock Reference Signal
T4 Output for Clock Reference Signal
TCN Threshold Crossing Notification
TD Transmit Degraded
TDEG Transmit Degraded
TED Technical Description
TELKAT Interface to TMN
TF Transmit Fail
TIF Telemetry Interface Access (Module)
TIM Trace Identifier Mismatch
T-LCT TransXpress Local Craft Terminal
TMN Telecommunications Management Network
TMP Time Period/Total Measurement Period
T-NCT TransXpress Network Craft Terminal
TP Termination Point
TransXpress Product Family Consisting of SL, SMA, SR, SXC, WL
TSAP Transport Service Access Point
TSD Trail Signal Degraded
TSF Trail Signal Fail
TSL Trail Signal Label
TTE Trail Trace Error
TTF Functional Group “Transport Termination Function”
TTF-16 Functional Group “Transport Termination Function STM-16”
TTI Trail Trace Identifier
TTIP Trail Trace Identifier Processing
TTL Transistor-Transistor Logic
TTP Trail Termination Point
TUG Tributary Unit Group (G.782)
TxDeg Transmit Degrade Signal
TXFAIL Transmit Failure
UAS Unavailable Second(s)
UAT Unavailable Time (G.784)
UBAT Battery Voltage
UCU Universal Control Unit
ULED Feeding Bus for Card LEDs
UNEQ Alarm “VC-4 Path Unequipped”
UNIX Trademark of UNIX System Laboratories Incorporated
USI User Interface
VC Virtual Container (G.782, G.783)
VC-4 Virtual Container Level 4
VC-4-UNEQ VC-4 Path Unequipped

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VC4TTP VC-4 Trail Termination Point


VCDB Variable Configuration Data Block
VCO Voltage Controlled Oscillator
VDD Operating Voltage
VDE Verein deutscher Elektrotechniker
VtM1 Distributor Module
WDM Wavelength Division Multiplexing
WL Optical Multi-Wavelength Line System
WLP Optical Line Amplifier
ZA Disturbance Alarm
ZA(A) High-Priority Alarm
ZA(B) Low-Priority Alarm
ZBBeo Central Service Observation Equipment

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10 Expansions, Operator’s Notes


Dear reader
With this chapter we provide you with the option of storing documentation about speci-
fied corrections or expansions in the manuals.
In this chapter you can also keep the corrections needed for error messages as well as
operator’s notes which are issued and distributed by the editorial offices or other depart-
ments.
If need be, we will include the necessary, summarised corrections and expansions in a
new issue of the manuals and also the CD-ROM or take these into account in the next
release.

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11 Index
A Configuring overhead cross connections 64
Access rights 107 Configuring STM-N 99
Accumulator Configuring the engineering order wire 65
see ’batteries’, ’battery’ Configuring the MCF 74
Acknowledging alarms 132 Configuring the MCF (Ethernet) 79
Acknowledging change of alarm state indication 132 Configuring the required equipping 49
Activate (second) power supply 55 Configuring the TIF module 66
Adjust time 54 Configuring timing sources 70
Alarm displays 131 Configuring VC-4 96
Alarm list 104, 128 Cooling 24
Alarm registration (printing/saving) 132 Cross connections 68
Alarm settings 129 Custom control signals 67
Alarm severities 133
Alarm status 125 D
Alarm status field 127 Damage of an optical module caused by laser
Alarm urgency (severity) 124 radiation 21
Alarm window 125, 126 Define NE status 103
Application software start 41 Disconnecting an optical fiber 21
Display the NE time 54
B
Background bitmap file, assigning 33 E
Batteries Emergency switching OFF 28, 29
gas generation 18 EOW conference 136
high currents 18 EOW, call types 145
Battery handling 27 EOW, number codes 135
Bitmap file (map), assigning 33 EOW, number scheme 135
EOW, requirements for operation 135
C ESD components 25
Central service observation 130 Ethernet interface 31
Circuit breaker 17 Excessive high contact voltages 17
Cleaning optical fibers 27 Excessive high currents 18
Collective call (EOW) 145
Colors of the alarm status LED 127 F
Colors of the functional group symbols 125 Fault management 104, 124
Concatenation 60 FEC 100
Conference (EOW) 136 Fire protection 19
Configuring and activating a 2F SPRING Flashing symbol 50, 124, 125
protection 114 Forced laser startup/shutdown 99
Configuring and activating a 2F SPRING X Front door of the subrack 23
protection 116
Configuring and activating a 4F SPRING G
protection 119 Gas generation by batteries 18
Configuring and activating a module protection 122 Ground
Configuring and activating an 1+1 line protection 110 see ’earth’
Configuring and activating an 1:1 line protection 112 Group call (EOW) 145
Configuring and activating path protection 122
Configuring cross connections 68
H
Configuring DCC 77
Configuring E4 96 Handling batteries and accumulators 18, 27
Configuring network elements 46 Handling modules
Configuring OB 103 ESD 25
Configuring OP 102 plug and pull aids 26

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Handling optical fibers Overhead cross connections 64


bending radius 26 Overvoltage on the power supply input 19
cleaning 27
protective caps 27 P
Handling the equipment Path protection 122
cooling 24 Performance (current) 106
high operating temperatures 25 Performance (history) 106
Handling the subrack Performance alarms 132
front door 23 Performance monitoring 89
high operating temperatures 25 Print alarm list 132
weight 24 Protection against
High contact voltages 17 excessive high contact voltages 17
High currents with batteries 18 excessive high currents 18
gas generation by batteries 18
I laser light 20
Icon outline 124 optical-module damage caused by laser light 21
Identifier 124 power supply input overvoltage 19
Indication of alarm state 124 Protection mode (revertive/non revertive) 111
Indicator elements on slide-in units 38 Protective measures 17
Instructions on safety precautions 32
IP-Configuration 81 Q
Isolation, materials 19 Quality alarms 132

L S
Laser class 20 Safety instructions 32
Laser devices 20 Safety measures
Laser safety shutdown 21, 99 see ’protection against’
Laser startup, manual 99 Safety shutdown of the laser 21
LCT/NCT selection 33 Save alarm list 132
LED symbols on the screen 50, 127 Script configuration 46
LEDs on subrack alarm panel 38 Security 107
Light signal equipment (LZE) 130 Selective call (EOW) 145
Line code (NRZ/NRZI) 79 Sequence for switching OFF the power supply 28, 29
Lithium batteries 28 Set alarm suppression 133
Set date/time 54
M Set operating status 103
Main window 42 Starting the application software 41
Map, assigning 33 Subrack, front door 23
Menu of slot numbers 49 Switching OFF 29
Menu structure 44 emergency OFF 28, 29
Menus, working with 36 sequence of power supplies 28, 29
Module view 47 Switching ON 30

N T
NE time 54 Timing sources 70
Non revertive mode 112
V
O VC-4 96
Offline operation 32
Online operation 32 W
Operator functions 34 Wait to restore time 112
Optical output power, connecting input with output 21 Weight of the subrack 24
Options, settings 108 Windows, working with 36

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Working with menus 36


Working with windows 36

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