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BEAM DEFLECTION FORMULAE

BEAM TYPE SLOPE AT FREE END DEFLECTION AT ANY SECTION IN TERMS OF x MAXIMUM DEFLECTION
1. Cantilever Beam – Concentrated load P at the free end

Pl 2 Px 2 Pl 3
T y 3l  x G max
2 EI 6 EI 3EI

2. Cantilever Beam – Concentrated load P at any point


Px 2
y 3a  x for 0  x  a
Pa 2 6 EI Pa 2
T G max 3l  a
2 EI Pa 2 6 EI
y 3x  a for a  x  l
6 EI
3. Cantilever Beam – Uniformly distributed load Ȧ (N/m)

Zl 3 Zx 2 Zl 4
T
6 EI
y
24 EI
x 2  6l 2  4lx G max
8 EI

4. Cantilever Beam – Uniformly varying load: Maximum intensity Ȧo (N/m)

Zol 3 Zo x 2 Zo l 4
T
24 EI
y
120lEI
10l 3  10l 2 x  5lx 2  x 3 G max
30 EI

5. Cantilever Beam – Couple moment M at the free end

Ml Mx 2 Ml 2
T y G max
EI 2 EI 2 EI
BEAM DEFLECTION FORMULAS

BEAM TYPE SLOPE AT ENDS DEFLECTION AT ANY SECTION IN TERMS OF x MAXIMUM AND CENTER
DEFLECTION
6. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Concentrated load P at the center

Pl 2 Px § 3l 2 · l Pl 3
T1 T2 y ¨  x 2 ¸ for 0  x  G max
16 EI 12 EI © 4 ¹ 2 48 EI

7. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Concentrated load P at any point

Pb(l 2  b 2 ) y
Pbx 2
l  x 2  b 2 for 0  x  a Pb l 2  b 2
32

T1
6lEI
6lEI G max at x l 2
 b2 3
Pb ª l
x  a  l 2  b2 x  x3 º»
3 9 3 lEI
Pab(2l  b) y «
T2
6lEI
6lEI ¬ b ¼ G
Pb
3l 2  4b2 at the center, if a ! b
for a  x  l 48 EI

8. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Uniformly distributed load Ȧ (N/m)

Zl 3 Zx 3 5Zl 4
T1 T2
24 EI
y
24 EI
l  2lx2  x3 Gmax
384 EI

9. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Couple moment M at the right end


Ml 2 l
Ml Gmax at x
T1 9 3 EI
6 EI Mlx § x 2 · 3
y ¨1  ¸ Ml 2
Ml 6 EI © l 2 ¹ G
T2 at the center
3EI 16 EI

10. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Uniformly varying load: Maximum intensity Ȧo (N/m)
7Zol 3 Zo l 4
T1 G max 0.00652 at x 0.519 l
Zo x
360 EI
Zo l 3
y
360lEI
7l 4  10l 2 x 2  3 x 4
Zol 4
EI
T2 G 0.00651 at the center
45 EI EI