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1.

Piston Engine

Continental O-300

Gambar 1 continental O-300 powered 1946


General characteristics
Type: 6-cylinder air-cooled horizontally opposed aircraft piston engine
Bore: 4 1⁄16 in (4.0625 in resp. 103.12 mm)
Stroke: 3 7⁄8 in (3.875 in resp. 98.425 mm)
Displacement: 301.4 in³ (4.94 L)
Length: 39.75 in (101.0 cm)
Width: 31.5 in (80.0 cm)
Height: 23.25 in (59.0 cm)
Dry weight: 268 lbs (121.5 kg) dry, without starter or generator
Components
Cooling system: Air-cooled
Performance
Power output: 145 hp (108 kW) at 2,700 rpm
Specific power: 0.58 hp/in³ (26.5 kW/l)
Compression ratio: 7.0:1
Power-to-weight ratio: 0.54 hp/lb (0.89 kW/kg)
Variants
C145
Six-cylinder, 145 hp (108 kW), direct-drive engine.
C145-2
O-300
Modernized C145, 145 hp (108 kW), direct drive engine.
O-300-A
O-300-B
O-300-C
O-300-D
O-300-E
Limited production for the Beagle B.218X twin that never went into production
GO-300
Geared O-300, 175 hp (130 kW) at 3200 crankshaft rpm, 2400 propeller rpm.
GO-300-A
GO-300-C
GO-300-D
Voyager 300
Liquid-cooled, fuel-injected version developing 170 hp (127 kW) at 2,700 rpm.
Rolls-Royce-Continental O-300
Licence production in the United Kingdom.
Lycoming O-360

Gambar 2 Piper PA44-180 aircraft


General characteristics
Type: Four-cylinder, dual magneto, horizontally opposed, four-stroke aircraft engine
Bore: 5.125 in (130 mm)
Stroke: 4.375 in (111 mm)
Displacement: 361 cu in (5,916 cc)
Dry weight: 258 lb (117 kg)
Components
Fuel type: 91/96 avgas minimum grade
Oil system: 8 US qt (8 l) wet sump
Cooling system: air-cooled
Performance
Power output: 180 hp (134 kW) at 2700 rpm
Compression ratio: 8.5:1
Variants
O-360
HO-360
LO-360
TO-360
LTO-360
IO-360
LIO-360
AIO-360
AEIO-360
HIO-360
LHIO-360
TIO-360

Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema

Gambar 3 Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema


General characteristics
Crew: 1 pilot
Capacity: 950 litres (250 US gal; 210 imp gal) liquid or 750 kilograms (1,650 lb) dry
chemicals
Length: 7.43 m (24 ft 5 in) (tail up)
Wingspan: 11.69 m (38 ft 4 in)
Height: 2.20 m (7 ft 3 in) (tail down)
Wing area: 19.94 m2 (214.6 sq ft)
Aspect ratio: 6.9:1
Empty weight: 1,020 kg (2,249 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 1,800 kg (3,968 lb) (restricted category)
Fuel capacity: 264 litres (70 US gal; 58 imp gal) usable fuel
Powerplant: 1 × Textron Lycoming IO-540-K1J5D air-cooled flat-six, 224 kW (300 hp)
Performance
Maximum speed: 230 km/h (143 mph; 124 kn)
Cruise speed: 213 km/h (132 mph; 115 kn) (75% power)
Stall speed: 92 km/h (57 mph; 50 kn) (power off)
Never exceed speed: 272 km/h (169 mph; 147 kn)
Range: 938 km (583 mi; 506 nmi)
Service ceiling: 3,470 m (11,380 ft)
Rate of climb: 4.7 m/s (930 ft/min)
Take-off run to 15 m (50 ft): 332 metres (1,089 ft)
Landing run from 15 m (50 ft): 412 metres (1,352 ft)
Variants
EMB-200 (December 1971) with a 260 HP Lycoming engine, Mc Cauley propeller and
550 kg capacity.
EMB-200A (December 1973) similar to EMB-200 with Hartzell propeller and an
improved engine.
EMB-201 (September 1974) with 300 HP Lycoming engine, Hartzell propeller and 750
kg capacity, plus improved aerodynamics.
EMB-201A (April 1977) similar to EMB-201 with a new panel, controls and wings.
EMB-201R Single-seat glider-tug aircraft for the Brazilian Air Force. Three were built
for the Air Force Academy gliding club. Brazilian Air Force designation U-19.
EMB-202 (May 1991) with 300 HP Lycoming engine, Hartzell propeller and 950 kg
capacity.
EMB-202A (October 2004) with 320 HP Lycoming engine, using ethanol fuel and a
propeller with better performance, lower maintenance and lower operational costs.
EMB-203 (November 2015) with 320 HP Lycoming engine, certificate in 2015, has a
wingspan of 13.3 m and its winglets redesigned, increasing control and improving the
efficiency of spraying.

Boeing 377 Stratocruiser

Gambar 4 Boeing 377 Stratocruiser


General characteristics
Capacity: Up to 100 passengers on main deck plus 14 in lower deck lounge; typical
seating for 63 or 84 passengers or 28 berthed and five seated passengers.
Length: 110 ft 4 in (33.63 m)
Wingspan: 141 ft 3 in (43.05 m)
Height: 38 ft 3 in (11.66 m)
Wing area: 1769 ft² (164.3 m²)
Empty weight: 83,500 lb (37,876 kg)
Max. takeoff weight: 148,000 lb (67,133 kg)
Powerplant: 4 × Pratt & Whitney R-4360-B6 Wasp Major 28-cylinder radial engines
four-bladed propellers, 3,500 hp (2,610 kW) each
Performance
Maximum speed: 375 mph (603 km/h / 326 knots)
Cruise speed: 301 mph (483 km/h / 262 knots)
Range: 4,200 mi (3,650 nmi, 6,760 km)
Service ceiling: 32,000 ft (9,800 m)
Max cruise: 340 mph (547 km/h / 295 knots)
Variants
377-10-19
Prototype Stratocruiser; one built. Later brought up to 377-10-26 standard and sold to Pan
American World Airways in 1950.
377-10-26
20 delivered to Pan American World Airways with round windows and a rear galley.
377-10-26S
10 refitted with more powerful engines and a larger fuel capacity for Pan American
transatlantic flights. Called the "Super Stratocruiser".
377-10-28
Four ordered by the Scandinavian Airlines System, but taken up by BOAC after SAS
cancelled the order. Aircraft had similar features to the 377-10-26.
377-10-29
Eight delivered to American Overseas Airlines with round windows for the main cabin
and rectangular windows for the lower cabin as well as an aft galley. AOA was merged
with Pan Am the year after their delivery.
377-10-30
Ten for Northwest Orient Airlines with all rectangular windows and an aft galley.
377-10-32
Six for the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC). Had a midships galley and all
cabin windows were circular.
377-10-34
Seven for United Air Lines. Rectangular windows on the main cabin and circular
windows on the lower cabin. Sold to BOAC circa 1954.
377F
Freighter conversion.
377M
In the early 1960s the Israeli Air Force wanted to upgrade to the C-130 Hercules, which
could lift larger payloads, but it was expensive and sales were embargoed by the United
States. Israel Aircraft Industries at Ben Gurion International Airport offered to modify
Boeing 377 Stratocruisers. It had a stronger cabin floor which could handle cargo, plus a
C-97 military Stratocruiser tail section, which included a clamshell cargo door. These
were dubbed Anak (or Giant in Hebrew) and entered service in 1964. Three of these were
modified by the use of a swing tail section, similar to the Canadair CL44D-4 airliner.
Two others served as aerial tankers with underwing hose reel refueling pods. Two others
were ELINT-platforms for electronic reconnaissance, surveillance and ECM (Electronic
Counter Measures) missions. These were later joined by four KC-97G's with the flying
boom system.

Cessna 172

Gambar 5 Cessna 172


General characteristics
Crew: one
Capacity: three passengers
Length: 27 ft 2 in (8.28 m)
Wingspan: 36 ft 1 in (11.00 m)
Height: 8 ft 11 in (2.72 m)
Wing area: 174 sq ft (16.2 m2)
Aspect ratio: 7.32
Airfoil: modified NACA 2412
Empty weight: 1,691 lb (767 kg)
Gross weight: 2,450 lb (1,111 kg)
Fuel capacity: 56 US gallons (212 litres)
Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming IO-360-L2A four cylinder, horizontally opposed aircraft
engine, 160 hp (120 kW)
Propellers: 2-bladed metal, fixed pitch
Performance
Cruise speed: 122 kn (140 mph; 226 km/h)
Stall speed: 47 kn (54 mph; 87 km/h) (power off, flaps down)[84]
Never exceed speed: 163 kn (188 mph; 302 km/h) (IAS)[11]
Range: 696 nmi (801 mi; 1,289 km) with 45 minute reserve, 55% power, at 12,000 ft
Service ceiling: 13,500 ft (4,100 m)
Rate of climb: 721 ft/min (3.66 m/s)
Wing loading: 14.1 lb/sq ft (68.6 kg/m2)
Avionics
Optional Garmin G1000 primary flight display
Variants
172 series A until S
Cessna 172RG Cutlass

2. Wide body

Airbus A310

FedEx ExpressA310-200F
Hapagfly A310-304

A310 MRTT milik Luftwaffe

[2]
A310-200 A310-200F A310-300 A310-300F

Awak kabin 2

Panjang 46.66 m (153 kaki 1 in)

Tinggi 15.8 m (51 kaki 10 in)

Rentang sayap 43.9 m (144 kaki)

Lambaian sayap 28 °

Bagian persilangan 5.64 m (17ft 4in)


Penumpang (2cl) 240 33t kargo 240 33t kargo

MTOW 141,974 kg (312,342 lb) 164,000 kg (361,600 lb)*

80,142 kg 83,100 kg
Berat kosong 72,400 kg 73,900 kg
(176,312 lb) (183,300 lb)

Bahan bakar maks. 55,200 l (14,603 US g) 75,470 l (19,940 US g)

Kecepatan terbang
0.79
(M)

Kecepatan maks. (M) 0.84

Ceiling 12,000 m (40,000 kaki)

Kekuatan (×2) (lb) 50,000-53,200 56,000-59,000

PWJT9D-7R4 atau CF6- PW4156A atau CF6-


Mesin
80C2A2 80C2A8

6,800 km 9,600 km
Jarak 5,550 km 7,330 km
(3,670 nm) (5,200 nm)

* 157,000 kg merupakan standar untuk -300, 164,000 kg merupakan opsi.

Boeing dreamliner
gambar 7 Boeing Dreamliner
Spesifikasi

Schematic of the Boeing 787-8: side, top, front, cross-section views

787 characteristics

Model 787-8 787-9 787-10

Cockpit crew Two

242 : 24J @85" + 290 : 28J @85" + 330 : 32J @85" +


Seating, 2-class
218Y @32" 262Y @32" 298Y @32"

max. 359, exit limit max. 406, exit limit max. 440, exit limit
Seating, 1-class
381 420 440

Length 186 ft 1 in (56.72 m) 206 ft 1 in (62.81 m) 224 ft (68.28 m)


197 ft 3 in (60.12 m) span, 246.9 in / 6.27 m mean chord, 9.59 aspect
Wing[415]
ratio, 4,058 sq ft (377 m2) area,

Wing sweep 32.2°[416]

Height[256] 55 ft 10 in (17.02 m)

Cabin width: 18 ft 0 in (5.49 m)[417]external: 18 ft 11 in (5.77 m), height:


Fuselage
19 ft 6 in (5.94 m),

4,826 ft³ /136.7 m³ 6,090 ft³ / 172.5 m³ 6,722 ft³ / 191.4 m³


Cargo capacity 28 LD3 or 9 (88×125) 36 LD3 or 11 40 LD3 or 13
pallets (96×125) pallets (96×125) pallets

502,500 lb / 560,000 lb / 560,000 lb /


MTOW
227,930 kg 254,011 kg 254,011 kg

380,000 lb / 425,000 lb / 445,000 lb /


MLW
172,365 kg 192,777 kg 201,849 kg

355,000 lb / 400,000 lb / 425,000 lb /


Maximum ZFW
161,025 kg 181,437 kg 192,777 kg

264,500 lb / 284,000 lb /
OEW
119,950 kg 128,850 kg

Max: Mach 0.90 (516 kn; 956 km/h);[415] Cruise: Mach 0.85 (488 kn;
Speed
903 km/h)

7,355 nmi 7,635 nmi 6,430 nmi


Range[a][256]
(13,621 km) (14,140 km) (11,908 km)

hi thrust: 8,500 ft
Takeoff[b] 9,400 ft (2,900 m)
(2,600 m)
33,340 US gal /
126,206 L 33,384 US gal / 126,372 L
Fuel capacity
223,378 lb / 223,673 lb / 101,456 kg
101,323 kg

Ceiling 43,000 ft (13,100 m)[417]

Engines (×2) General Electric GEnx-1B or Rolls-Royce Trent 1000

Thrust (×2) 64,000 lbf (280 kN) 71,000 lbf (320 kN) 76,000 lbf (340 kN)

1. Jump up^ Typical seating


2. Jump up^ MTOW (ISA, SL)

Boeing 767

Gambar 8 boeing 767


Spesifikasi

(gambar dilampirkan)

Varian

767-200

767-200ER

767-300

767-300ER

767-300F

767-400ER

3. Narrow body

Boeing 727

Gambar 9 Boeing 727


Spesifikasi

Boeing 727 Characteristics[71]

Variant 727-100 727-200 727-200 Advanced

Flight crew[72] three: pilot, copilot, and flight engineer

106: 16F@38",
Two-class seats 134: 20F@38", 114Y@34"
90Y@34"

One-class seats 125@34" 155@34"

Exit limit[72] 131 189

Length 133ft2in / 40.59m 153ft2in / 46.68m

Height 34ft3in / 10.44m 34ft11in / 10.65m

Cabin width 140in / 3.56m

Wingspan 108ft / 32.92m

Wing area[73] 1,650 sq ft (153 m2)

MTOW 169,000lb / 76,700kg 172,000lb / 78,100kg 209,500lb / 95,100kg

Operating
87696lb / 39,800kg 97,650lb / 44,330kg 100,700lb / 45,720kg
empty weight

8,090USgal /
Fuel capacity 7,680gal / 29,069L 10,585USgal / 40,060L
30,620L
Pratt & Whitney Pratt & Whitney Pratt & Whitney JT8D-
Engines ×3
JT8D-1/7/9 JT8D-7/9/11 9/15/17/17R

14,000– 14,000–
14,500–17,400 lbf (64–
Thrust ×3 14,500 lbf (62– 15,000 lbf (62–
77 kN)
64 kN) 67 kN)

2,250 nmi 1,900 nmi


Range 2,550 nmi (4,720 km)[b]
(4,170 km)[a] (3,500 km)[b]

Take-off[c] 8,300 ft (2,500 m) 8,400 ft (2,600 m) 10,100 ft (3,100 m)

MMO[72] Mach 0.9 (961 km/h; 519 kn)

570 mph / Mach


Cruise 865-953km/h / 467-515kt [75]
0.86[74]

Ceiling[72] 36,100 ft (11,000 m)

Varian
727-100
Lutfhansa B727-100
Versi awal 727, memiliki panjang 40.6 m. Diluncurkan tahun 1960 dan terbang perdana
pada Februari 1963 dan mulai beroperasi Februari 1964. Konsumen perdananya adalah
United Airlines dan Eastern Air Lines. 572 pesawat dibuat. Pesawat ini juga tersedia
dalam varian convertible (pesawat penumpang-kargo yang dapat diubah konfigurasi
muatannya tergantung kebutuhan). Beberapa pesawat juga beroperasi sebagai pesawat
kargo penuh.
727-200
American Airlines B727-200
Varian dipanjangkan dari seri -100. Memiliki panjang 46.7 m. Terbang perdana pada 27
Juli 1967. Memiliki berat kosong lebih besar dan mesin yang lebih kuat. Terbang perdana
pada Juli 1967. Konsumen perdananya adalah Northwest Airlines. Juga tersedia varian
convertible dan kargo.
Airbus A320 family

Gambar 10 Airbus A320 Family


Spesifikasi
(gambar dilampirkan)
Varian
320
319
321
318
Kargo