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Index

Index terms Links

A
Acoustic emission 71
Acoustic impact 72 98 107
Alternating current field measurement 58
Alternating current potential drop 57
Artificial
intelligence 6 31
neural network 14 32

B
Bayes
cost function 24
criteria 24
risk 14 24
Thomas 25
Bayesian
estimate 157
inference 22 25 95
114 143 166
168 183
statistics 14
Boroscopy 44

C
Chi-squared test 133 139
Classical inference 22
see also impact damage
Composite materials 95
CFRP 103

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204
Index terms Links
Composite materials (Continued)
coin tapping 98 107
computer tomography 107
eddy current testing 100 104 109
examination 104
GFRP 101
infrared thermography 99 108
inspection results 104
laser holography 100
NDT methods 97
panels 103
radiographic inspection 99 110
shearography 100
Tedlar 112 122
ultrasonic testing 98
visual inspection 98 107 109

D
Data fusion see also NDT
applications 34
centralized 15
definition 1 5 13
distributed 15
factors 181
flaw diagram 14 142 185
human 6
methodology 22
models 6 13
paradigm 14
performance assessment 174
pixel level 31 170
process 13
sensors 8
Data integration 13 114

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205
Index terms Links
Decision 22
binary 18
hard 142
output 17
probability 20
rate 18
soft 142
Delamination 102 107
Demagnetisation 51
Dempster-Shafer 13 17 22
26 162 184
belief function 27
data fusion 35 162
decision 29
evidential interval 29 162
plausibility 29
rule of combination 28
Disbond 96 101

E
Eddy current
bridge circuit 54
coil 52 54
conventional 51
impedance diagram 53
multi-sensors 54
pulse 55 57
remote field 57
skin depth 53
testing 51 100 105
109 129
variables 55
Endoscopy see Boroscopy
Expert system 186
Evidential reasoning see Dempster-Shafer

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206
Index terms Links
F
Fuzzy logic 22 30
membership function 30

G
Gaussian normal distribution 132 139
GEP theory 15 22 30

H
Helicopter rotor blade 101
Holography 45 100
Hypothesis
multiple 20
testing 114

I
Image processing 89
Image segmentation 31
Impact damage 96 109
Infrared thermography 71 99 108
Introscopy see Boroscopy

K
Kolmogorov-Smirnov test 135 139
normal plots 136
P-values 135 139

L
Laser holography see Holography
Leak detection 72
Likelihood ratio criterion 23
Liquid penetrant inspection 46

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207
Index terms Links
M
Magnetic
field 48 51 58
flux density 48
flux leakage 48
hysteresis 49
particle inspection 48
Magnetising currents 51
Markov random field 22 32
Maximum a posteriori 23
Microscopy 44
Microwave inspection 72
Multiple sensors 6 16
see also eddy current
combination 16
integration 13
output 17
parallel suite 16
serial suite 16

N
NDT
computers 72
data fusion 34 95 107
114 127 141
definition 1 43
expert systems 73 186
performance assessment 73
underwater 186
visualization 73 91
Neural network see Artificial
Neyman-Pearson test 24

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208
Index terms Links
P
Perceptron 32
POD 10 12 74
116
Probability 20 133 145
see also POD
a priori 26
density function 132 138
posterior 148
prior 166

R
Radiography
computer tomography 69 100 107
electromagnetic radiation 67
gamma rays 66
geometric projection 66
geometric unsharpness 68
half value thickness 68
image formation 66 68
inspection 66 99 110
140
IQI 68
neutron radiography 69
principle 66
radiation intensity 68
real time radiography 69
X-rays 66
X-ray fluorescence 70
Receiver operating characteristic 10 12 75
120 175
ROC see Receiver operating characteristic
ROV 186

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209
Index terms Links
S
Sensor
efficiency 17 129
errors 10
information 8
management 8
performance 10
selection 8
Shearography 72 100
SQUID magnetometers 71

T
Tomography see radiography

U
Ultrasonic
acoustic impedance 63
A-scan 59
attenuation 64
B-scan 60
C-scan 60
couplant 62
DCS 62
EMAT 65
far zone 62
frequency 59
near-field zone 60 62
principle 59
P-scan 60
pulse echo 59
reflection 63
SAFT 65
shear waves 63
testing 59 98 137
through transmission 59 60

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210
Index terms Links
Ultrasonic (Continued)
time-of-flight 65
TOFD see time-of-flight
transducers 60
transmission 63
velocity 63
wave propagation 60
wavelength 62

V
Vagueness 31
Visual inspection 44 98 109
see also microscopy, boroscopy, holography
Visualisation
animation 88
CAD 83 91
colours 84
data visualization 83
definition 82
illusion 86
NDT 73 87 89
91
RGB 85
spreadsheet 84
tools 84
virtual reality 88
visual data analysis 83
volume 87

W
Weld
eddy current testing 129
heat affected zone 128 171
inspection 127
lack of side wall fusion 140

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211
Index terms Links
Weld (Continued)
NDT 129
radiographic inspection 140
samples 128
toe crack 140 171
ultrasonic examination 137

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