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Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр

НАЦІОНАЛЬНИЙ ТЕХНІЧНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ УКРАЇНИ


«КИЇВСЬКИЙ ПОЛІТЕХНІЧНИЙ ІНСТИТУТ»

МОДУЛЬНА КОНТРОЛЬНА РОБОТА

З ДИСЦИПЛІНИ «АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА»

ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТІВ ІI курсу (І семестр)

ХІМІКО-ТЕХНОЛОГІЧНОГО ФАКУЛЬТЕТУ

(напрям підготовки: “хімічна технологія ”)


6.051301

Укладач модульної контрольної роботи


викладач кафедри АМТС №1
Бойко Світлана Олександрівна

Київ – 2008
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр

PAPER 1. READING
I. Read the article and decide if the statements 1-5 are true (T) or false (F).
1. The temperature of the earth is constant because of the presence of CO2, CH4, N2O,
O3, CFC in the atmosphere.
2. "Green House Effect" occurs because the temperature of the earth increases.
3. The carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere could become two times greater in the
next fifty years because oceans and forests do not absorb it.
4. Some land will be covered with water due to the global warming.
5. The greenhouse effect not only affects humans but also animals and plants.

II. Choose the word which is the most close in meaning to the underlined one.
6. The greenhouse effect is a benign feature of the ecosystem.
a) positive;
b) harmful;
c) killing.
7. CO2, CH4 , N2O, O3, CFC allow the sunlight reach the earth but prevent the heat
from escaping.
a) prevent;
b) permit;
c) do not let.
8. People have altered the composition of the atmosphere.
a) changed;
b) improved;
c) studied.

III. Underline the sentences in the text that prove the following points.
9. The greenhouse effect may have a positive influence on the climate of the earth.
10. Our Earth is unable to clean its atmosphere nowadays.
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
The greenhouse effect is a benign feature of the ecosystem. Certain gases in the
atmosphere, such as CO2, CH4 , N2O, O3, CFC, allow the sunlight reach the earth but
prevent the heat from escaping and thus the temperature of the earth remains stable. These
five different gases have different influence on the "greenhouse." Besides, the steam of water
can also lead to the greenhouse effect. The sensitivity of the climatic system to greenhouse
gases is such that the equivalent of a doubling of CO2 could ultimately increase the average
global temperature by somewhere between 1°C and 5°C.
But nowadays the greenhouse gases absorb sunlight and infrared radiation which
produces heat and it increases continuously. In principle, the temperature of the earth also
increases. And this is so-called "Green House Effect".
At present, the concentration of carbon dioxide doubles that before the Industrial
Revolution. And the global temperature has increased about 1.5-3.5J. People have altered the
composition of the atmosphere. Coal-burning factories and motorcycles release more carbon
dioxide into the atmosphere than oceans and forests can absorb. Consequently, the carbon
dioxide content of the atmosphere could double the present level within the next fifty years.
People may ask: "Is it a serious problem? " My answer is: "Yes!" The global warming
can effect us in many aspects, first of all, the level of the oceans has risen. A rise of sea level
may accompany global warming, possibly in the range of 10 to 60 cm. It means that some
islands may disappear quietly and without leaving a trace. In addition, the global warming
causes crisis to the ecosystem and agriculture. Some animals and plants suffer a lot of
difficulties due to the global warming. To sum up, the greenhouse effect not only affects
human lives but also causes financial losses.
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр

PAPER 2. USE OF ENGLISH

I. Match the words and their definitions.


1. to dilute a) ability or proficiency
2. core b) a substance composed of two or more elements
chemically combined
3. property c) to give out, release
4. solvent d) to make a liquid less strong by adding water
5. to occur e) to happen
6. compound f) matter that is combined physically
7. to emit g) a liquid used for dissolving of another substance
8. skill h) an identifying characteristic of a substance
9. mixture i) a word or a word-combination denoting a
scientific notion
10.term j) central or most important part of anything

1. _______ 6. _______
2. _______ 7. _______
3. _______ 8. _______
4. _______ 9. _______
5. _______ 10. _______

II. Choose the correct answer.


11. She … him that she would be late.
A tells B said C told

12. They … to hit us if we didn't give them the money.


A offered B threatened C suggested

13. This is the man …car was stolen last week.


A which B who C whose

14. I … good morning to him, but he ignored me.


A say B said C told
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
15. He for breaking the window.
A admitted B apologised C accused
16. He asked her … she had any experience in banking.
A why B that C if
17. The security guards prevented us …entering the building.
A from B to C of

18. The girl … lives next door wants to be a singer.


A which B who C where
19. The reason … he left is that he felt ill.
A why B who C when
20. “I thought you didn't have any money.”
“Actually, I found … money in my jacket pocket.”
A some B an C a
21. “I don't like the shed in our garden.”
“Why don't you … it taken down?”
A having B had C have
22. “Your hair is too long.”
“I know. I … it cut tomorrow.”
A will be having B am having C have

III. Underline the correct word.


23. My hair is/are too long. I must have it cut as soon as possible.
24. These scissors is/are broken.
25. The police is/are questioning the suspect at the moment.
26. Bob went to the/- Rome last month.
27.Would you like a/- sandwich?
28. I need a book about the/- animals.
29. The/— moon is very bright tonight.
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
IV. Change from direct into reported speech.
30. Mike said to me, “I'm going to a party tonight.”
31. “Are you busy right now?” Chris asked Terry.
32. "Put your hand down,” the teacher said to John.
33. “Don't move!” the police officer said.
34. Gillian said, “Let's go for a walk.”
35. “Give me the box, please,” Alison said to the girl.
36. “Why are you hiding?” the old woman asked her.
37. Lisa said, “Shall we go out tonight?”
38. “Please, please let me go,” he said to them.

V. Rewrite the sentences using “ have something done”.

39. Sarah's clothes have been mended.

40. Helen's wedding dress will be made by a famous designer.


Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр

PAPER 3. LISTENING

As you listen, decide if the statements are true (T) or false (F).
1. Acid rain can harm us.
2. Acid rain ruins structures and homes.
3. Now scientists know how acid rain affects people physically.
4. Acid rain falls on areas where it is formed.
5. Scientists have informed governments about results of CFCs and Halons release.
6. A hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica was discovered more then 30 years ago.
7. A lot of new ozone holes have been discovered over Antarctica.
8. Almost 4% of the world population has encountered some type of skin cancer.
9. Skin cancer can cause death.
10. Air may clean itself in a century or a century and a half.
Test 2 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр

PAPER 1. READING
I. Read the article and decide if the statements 1-5 are true (T) or false (F).

1. Water pollution is contamination of fresh water by substances harmful to living


things.

2. People who swallow polluted water become ill and have children with birth
defects.

3. Oil spill is an example of a point source of water pollution.

4. Pesticides and Herbicides get into water by unwanted animals and plants.

5. Indecomposable chemicals go up through the food chain and become more


harmful.
II. Choose the word which is the most close in meaning to the underlined one.
6. It's defined as contamination of streams, lakes, underground water, bays or oceans by
substances harmful to living things.
d) damage;
e) pollution;
f) harm.
7. The major water pollutants are chemical, biological, and physical materials that
lessen the water quality.
d) decrease;
e) increase;
f) improves.
8. Many petroleum products are poisonous if ingested by animals.
d) breathed in;
e) swallowed;
f) tasted.
III. Underline the sentences in the text that prove the following points.
9. Water is necessary to life on earth.
10. Even if you do not drink polluted water you may get cancer because of water
contamination.
Test 2 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
Water pollution occurs mostly when people overload the water environment with
wastes. It's defined as contamination of streams, lakes, underground water, bays or
oceans by substances harmful to living things.
All organisms contain water, some drink it, some live in it. Water pollution can
kill large numbers of fish, birds, and other animals, in some cases killing all members
of a species in an affected area.
Pollution makes streams, lakes, and coastal waters unpleasant to look at, to smell,
and to swim in. Fish and shellfish harvested from polluted waters may be unsafe to
eat. People who swallow polluted water can become ill and if they're exposed for a long
time, may develop cancers, or have children with birth defects.
There are two types of water pollution: point source and nonpoint source. Point
sources of pollution occur when harmful substances are put directly into a body of
water. A nonpoint source is when pollutants enter the water indirectly through
environmental changes, like when fertilizer is carried into a stream by rain.
The major water pollutants are chemical, biological, and physical materials that
lessen the water quality. Pollutants can be separated into different classes:
1. Petroleum Products - oil and chemicals from oil are used for fuel,
lubrication, plastics manufacturing, and many other purposes. Many petroleum
products are poisonous if ingested by animals and spilled oil damages the feathers
of birds and the fur of animals, often causing death.
2. Pesticides and Herbicides - chemicals used to kill unwanted animals and plants
may be carried into streams by rainwater. These chemicals can remain dangerous for a
long time.
When an animal eats a plant that's been treated with certain indecomposable
chemicals, the chemicals are absorbed into the tissues or the organs of the animals.
When other animals feed on a contaminated animal, the chemicals are passed up to
them. As it goes up through the food chain, the chemical becomes more harmful, so
animals at the top of the food chains may suffer cancers, reproductive problems, and
death.
Test 2 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр

PAPER 2. USE OF ENGLISH


I. Match the words and their definitions.

1. curriculum a) transformation
2. liquid b) hard surface
3. saturated solution c) a course of study in a school or a
college
4. change d) hard or firm
5. solid e) to examine, to investigate
6. concentrated solution f) to change
7. to alter g) to meet with
8. to explore h) readily flowing, fluid
9. crust i) a solution which cannot hold any
more solute at a definite temperature
10. to encounter j) a strong solution which contains a
large amount of solute.
Test 2 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
11. _______ 16. _______
12. _______ 17. _______
13. _______ 18. _______
14. _______ 19. _______
15. _______ 20. ___
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
II. Choose the correct answer.
11. “Do you like these trousers?”
“No. I prefer the black ...”
A one B ones C an
12. “I'm thinking of a new bath … installed.”
“That's a good idea.”
A have B to have C having

13. The office. .. I work is very large.


A where B which C that

14. Jack …whether he was late for the meeting.


A said B asked C told

15. We … the lock fixed before we went on holiday.


A had had B will be having C have had

16. I met a woman … I found very interesting.


A whose B whom C which
17. I … Adam to help me with the project.
A said B wondered C asked

18. She …them that she was leaving the following day.
A asked B told C said

19. I found… money under my bed this morning.


A an B a C some

20. I think I....my hair cut next Saturday.


A have B have had C will have

21. The child … for breaking the vase.


A admitted B apologised C accused

22. He… to hit me if I didn't give him my watch.


A offered B threatened C suggested
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
III. Underline the correct word.
23. The team is/ are training hard at the moment.
24. My best trousers is/are in the wash.
25. She went to the/— Egypt last year.
26. A/The nearest bus stop is at the end of the street.
27. We have some/a cheese in the fridge.
28. The/ - Sun is a star.
29. Do you want an/ - ice-cream?

IV. Change from direct into reported speech.

30. “I promise I won't forget to call”, Julie said to Tim.


31. “No, I didn't break the dish”, Martin said.
32. “Don’t watch the late film”, Dad said to us.
33. “Put your hands up!” the policeman said to the thieves.
34. “Let's go for a walk”, he said.
35. “Please, please, take me with you!” he said to her.
36. “Can I have a cup of tea, please?” Pam said to me.
37. “What are you doing here?” Alison asked the girl.
38. “Why don't we buy Mark a present?” said Paul.
V. Rewrite the sentences using “ have something done”.
39. Tom’s computer has just been repaired.

40. Tina’s car is being serviced at the moment.

PAPER 3. LISTENING
As you listen, decide if the statements are true (T) or false (F).
1. Acid rain can harm us.
2. Acid rain ruins structures and homes.
3. Now scientists know how acid rain affects people physically.
4. Acid rain falls on areas where it is formed.
5. Scientists have informed governments about results of CFCs and Halons release.
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
6. A hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica was discovered more then 30 years
ago.
7. A lot of new ozone holes have been discovered over Antarctica.
8. Almost 4% of the world population has encountered some type of skin cancer.
9. Skin cancer can cause death.
10. Air may clean itself in a century or a century and a half.
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
Text for listening comprehension
Air pollution

One of results of air pollution is acid rain. Acid rain basically appears when factories
release high levels of sulfur into the air. The sulfur then combines with rainwater to form a
weak sulfuric acid. Acid rain itself cannot harm humans, but it can harm our environment
and our quality of life. Over time, the acid rain will kill plants, weaken structures and homes
used by humans, and can even kill life in entire lakes and rivers. And since studies have yet
to be completely conclusive, nobody knows how it affects us physically in the long run.
One of the reasons it is such a threat is because it travels in the air and may fall on areas
that did not produce it. Since acid rain can be prevented by government regulation, stopping
the release of sulfur into the air is a definite first step to curbing acid rain.
In early 1974, scientists warned governments across the globe that the release of
certain industrial chemicals, such as CFCs and Halons, could result in a thinning of our
ozone layer. The ozone layer is a part of our atmosphere that prevents most Ultraviolet rays
from entering the earth's surface layer. It allows only enough high-energy radiation to enter
so that Vitamin D in humans can become active. Too much radiation, and certain human
mutations begin to occur. In 1985, a hole in the ozone layer was discovered over Antarctica.
Over the past 10 years, more and more holes were discovered over different parts of the
world. Since then, skin cancer rates have skyrocketed, as well as levels of radiation among
human beings. "Almost 4% of the world population will encounter some type of skin
cancer within the next five years. Contrary to popular belief, skin cancer can be
deadly if not treated properly. All of these problems stem from air pollution created
by factories and plants. If we can reduce air pollution, the air may be clean within
the next 100 or 150 years.
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
KEYS

Test 1
PAPER 1. READING
1. T.
2. F. 6. a)
3. F. 7. b)
4. T. 8. a)
5. T.
9. The greenhouse effect is a benign feature of the ecosystem. Certain gases in the
atmosphere, such as CO2, CH4 , N2O, O3, CFC, allow the sunlight reach the earth but
prevent the heat from escaping and thus the temperature of the earth remains stable.
10. Coal-burning factories and motorcycles release more carbon dioxide into the
atmosphere than oceans and forests can absorb.

PAPER 2. USE OF ENGLISH


d f A are
j i B ---
h C A a
g B A ---
e C C the
b B B
c B is
a C are

30. Mike told me (that) he was going to a party that night.


31. Chris asked Terry if/whether he was busy then.
32. The teacher told John to put his hand down.
33. The police officer ordered them not to move.
34. Gillian suggested going for a walk/that they should go for a walk.
35. Alison asked the girl to give her the box.
36. The old woman asked her why she was hiding.
37. Lisa suggested going out that night.
Test 1 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
38. He begged them to let him go.
39. Sarah has had her clothes mended.
40. Helen will have her wedding dress made by a famous designer.

PAPER 3. LISTENING
Test 2 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
1. F.
2. T.
3. F.
4. F.
5. T.
6. F.
7. F.
8. F.
9. T.
10. T.

Test 2
PAPER 1. READING
Test 2 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
1. F.
2. F. 6. b)
3. T. 7. a)
4. F. 8. b)
5. T.
9. All organisms contain water, some drink it, some live in it.
10. When other animals feed on a contaminated animal, the chemicals are passed
up to them. As it goes up through the food chain, the chemical becomes more harmful,
so animals at the top of the food chains may suffer cancers, reproductive problems, and
death.

PAPER 2. USE OF ENGLISH


1. c 9. b 17. C 25.---
2. h 10. g 18. B 26.The
3. i 11. B 19. C 27.some
4. a 12. C 20. C 28.The
5. d 13. A 21. B 29. an
6. j 14. B 22. B
7. f 15. A 23. is
8. e 16. B 24. are

30.Julie promised Tim that she wouldn't forget to call


31. Martin denied breaking the dish
32.Dad forbade us to watch the late film.
33.The policeman ordered the thieves to put their hands up.
34.He suggested going for a walk.
35.He begged her to take him with her.
36.Pam asked me if she could have a cup of tea.
37.Alison asked the girl what she was doing there.
38.Paul suggested buying Mark a present.
Test 2 ХТФ ІІ курс І семестр
39.Tom has just had his computer repaired.
40.Tina is having her car serviced at the moment.

PAPER 3. LISTENING
1. F. 6. F.
2. T. 7. F.
3. F. 8. F.
4. F. 9. T.
5. T. 10. T.