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Arheli Peñaloza Sandoval

Institute Techological of Lazaro


Cardenas, Michoacan

Bussines Managment's Engineering

Teacher: Magda Polanco

Module 10
Contact: ar_ely_24@outlook.es
In the following work of investigation, we will find the definitions of several authors, as
for cursograma analytical. As well as also it will be possible find the parts that compose the
cursograma since symbols, his descriptions are his among other things and some examples
of this one the same cursograma, it is necessary to emphasize that there exist different
cursogramas that also are of great usefulness but the analytical one is one of the complete
mas. It is necessary to mention that this work this one supported with the contribution of
the content of some approved articles. Therefore, the generated information, it will be of
great usefulness since the analytical cursograma is one of the instruments mas important for
the industrial engineer, , Since with it is cursograma it is mas easily to eliminate dead times,
to anticipate faults and likewise to know the real time of a process.
Keywords: Cursograma, Symbology, Items, Operations.

According to authors the analytical cursograma is:


The analytical cursograma is a graph that shows the paths of a product, in which all the
facts distinguish themselves by means of the symbol correspond. In this cursograma it is in
use besides the symbols of operation and inspection, those of transport, wait and storage. It
can be of the operative, of the material and of the equipment (Huertas, R. & Domínguez, R.
2015).
Analytical Cursograma of the operative. The graph where there is registered what
the person who works does. Analytical Cursograma of the material. The graph where it
registers since one manipulates or treats the material. Analytical Cursograma of the man-
machine. The graph where it registers since the equipment is used. (Huertas, R. &
Domínguez, R. 2015). This one based on the record of what the worker does, in the record
of what happens to him to the material and in the record of how the machinery or
equipment is in use. (Boschero, M. & Rajz, K. 2003).

Objective
It allows to know functional units, opportunities of improvement, forms and supports of
information and different possible courses of action inside the process, due to the fact that it
represents graphically the order in which there happen the operations, the inspections, the
transport, the delays and the storages during a process or a procedure, and includes
additional information, such as the necessary time and the crossed distance. (Niebel, B.
1992)

According to Kanawaty, G. (1992). The aspects to consider before doing an


analytical cursograma are the following ones

1. That the graph provides a vision more wide than happens and the relation that exists
between the different operations.
2. That the information that appears in the graph was obtained by means of direct
observation.
3. That the production of the graph must be as presentable as possible, taking care of
accuracy, the reliability of the facts, be understandable, legible, and other more.

In agreement with Hodson, W. (2004). The graph must contain the following
information
1. The name of the product, material or equipment representing, with the number of
the drawing or number of key.
2. The work or process that is realized, indicating clearly the point of the item and of
the term and if the method is the used one or the projected one.
3. The place in which there is effected the operation (department, station, etc.).
4. The number of reference of the graph of the leaf, and the number of leaves.
5. The name of the observer and, inopportune case, that of the person who approves
the graph.
6. The date of the study.
7. The description of the used symbols.
8. A summary of the distances, time and, if it is considered to be suitable, cost of the
workforce and of the materials, to be able to compare the ancient methods with the
new ones.
For Hodson, W. (2004). Before finishing the graph, it is necessary to check the
following.
1. That have registered the facts correctly.
2. That have registered all the facts that constitute the process.
3. That have done too many suppositions to themselves and if it is the investigation so
incomplete, that probably is inaccurate.

Symbols that are in use:


Boschero, M. & Rajz, K. (2003) mentions that the symbols used in the analytical
cursogram are:

 Operation: It is the minimal expression of an activity or task, it is said that there is


operation when physics is modified or chemically the qualities of an object.
 Transport: It indicates when an object is moved mechanically or for the man too
and from well from a position to another one.
 Delays: It indicates when for special reasons of production or of the product itself,
this it stays in wait of work suspended between two successive operations or
momentary abandon of any object until it needs.
 Storage: When a product remains stored, protected or guarded against authorized
delivery.
 Inspection: Check of quality and quantity of a product. It is verified if the operation
executed correctly in what it does to the taught situations.
 Operations or combined activities: Several actions or operations are executed at the
same time and in the certain place of work for the same operative.

In agreement to (Boschero, M. and Rajz, K. 2003) the items that compose it are:
 Description: Description of the activity that the operative realizes.
 Position: Position of the body in which the activity of the operative is executed.
Parts of the cargo compromised in the execution of the movements.
 Movements: includes scopes and pressures.
 Distance: Distance crossed to a certain place.
 Quantity: In case of transport or assembly, a number of products.
 Weigh: It was recorded brought near, in the transport or when the operative has to
take a heavy object.
 Observations: Any information that is considered of interest.

More than a graph, it is a technology that you sewed in doing a very detailed
analysis of the process, basically with the intention of reducing the time, the distance, or
both parameters inside a process that already is in functioning. Unlike the graph of
bouquets and of the process graph, which can be used in studies on facilities that still do not
exist, the analytical cursograma is more adapted for studies of redistribution of areas. (Baca
2013)
In the figure 1 shows a format of cursograma analytical, where can be observed the
columns of time and distance, and in the top part the legends current Method and proposed
Method. It hopes that in the method proposed, that is to say, in the redistribution of areas,
the time, the distance or both has diminished. (Baca 2013)
Analytical Cursograma
Current method Date
elaborated
Proposed method number of Cursograma Analitico
Details of the method Activity Time Distance Observations

Total

Figure 1. Analitycal Cursograma (Baca 2013)

Besides registering the operations and inspections, this graph shows all the movements,
delays, and storages with which it advances a product in i´ts tour for the plant. This graph
contains, in general, many more details that the synoptic graph. (Escalante, A. & González,
J. 2015)
Symbology
Transport: It indicates the movement of the workers, materials and equip to and from a
place.

Movement of the Material Moving Movement of the


operative and of the equipment
material
Figure 2: Transport.
(Escalante, A. & González, J. 2015)

Provisional warehouse or wait or delay: It indicates the delay in the development of the
facts: for example. I am employed in suspense between two successive operations. It is the
case of the work accumulated in the soil of the workshop between two operations, of the
booths for opening, of the pieces for placing in pigeonholes or of the letters for affirming.

Persons waiting to The material in Products waiting


be attended wait of being to be moved
processed
Figure 3: Provisional warehouse or wait or delay.
(Escalante, A. & González, J. 2015)
Storage: It indicates the warehouse of an object under vigilance in a store or similar.

Products semi- Fi Products


Products stored in
finished in the process, gure guarded in
shelves.
guarded in the 5. cylinders or
Storage.corresponding
(Escalante, A.store.
& González, J. 2015) containers.

Development process
Later of it indicates the form in which it is necessary to elaborate the analytical
cursograma.
a) The graph must be identified correctly.
b) There is marked the first symbol corresponding to the first activity annotating a
brief description of the movement, indicating the quantity and the crossed
distance.
c) It is continued registering all the activities that happen during the process.
d) There is done a summary of the distance, time, cost of the workforce and of the
materials, to be able to compare the ancient methods with the new ones.
(Escalante, A. & González, J. 2015).
Figure 6. Example of an analytical cursograma. (Escalante, A. & González, J. 2015)

Benefits of the use of the analytical cursograma


It is especially useful to reveal secret not production costs in crossed distances, delays,
and storages because it shows the distances and times in which they happen. It shows all
the movements and storages of an article for its step along the plant. On having shown the
distances the graph has great value for the improvement of the distribution of plant. On
having shown the times, it helps to a better plantation and control of the production. It is a
graph that shows in a general picture of how there happen the principal operations and
inspections of the totality of his process. (Escalante, A. & González, J. 2015)

Conclusion
As conclusion of this work of investigation, the analytical cursograma, is one of the
most important tools for the industrial engineer since it helps us to identify the possible
problems on having measured the times, as well as also, it is important to mention that it is
one of the tools mas easy to use since his complements are of very frequent use.

References
Huertas, R. (Ed.). (2015). Strategic decisions for the direction of operations in companies of
services and tourist. Barcelona, Spain: Publishing house Publicacions and Edicions
Boschero, M. & Rajz, K. (2003). Manners of resolution of the cases of professional
requalification (thesis of posgrado). Opened Inter-American university, Argentina.
Baca, G. (2013). Project evaluation. Mexico DF, Mexico: PUBLISHING McGRAW-
HILL/INTERAMERICANA, S.A. GIVE C.V.
Escalante, A. & González, J. (2015). Industrial engineering. Methods and times with agile
manufacture. Mexico DF, Mexico: publishing Alfaomega Grupo, C.V's S.A..
Niebel, B. (1992). Methods, Times and Movements 3a Ed. Mexico: Alpha Omega
Kanawaty, G. (1992). Introduction to the Study of the Work (O.I.T.) Mexico: Limusa-
Noriega
Hodson, W. (2004). Manual of the Industrial Engineer México:Mc Graw-Hill

Barrio, A (2008).Internet de las cosas, Ed Reus


Perdomo C. (2015) Impacto de La Publicidad En Internet En La Decision de Compra